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Daily Newswatch

10

World Report MONDAY, DECEMBER 23, 2013

Obama pushes for comprehensive immigration reform Stories by Chris Uba

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resident Obama and his top Democrats on Capitol Hill appear to have reset their sights on the Republicancontrolled House passing comprehensive immigration reform, instead of a step-by-step process, as lawmakers leave Washington for the Christmas holiday break. The president on Friday appeared to urge the House to back the comprehensive, bipartisan immigration bill the Senate passed this summer -- a departure from recent comments that suggested Obama was OK with the lower chamberâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s apparent piecemeal plan. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The Senate bill has the main components of comprehensive immigration reform that would boost our economy, give us an opportunity to attract more investment and high-skilled workers who are doing great things in

places like Silicon Valley and around the country,â&#x20AC;? Obama said in the yearend press conference. â&#x20AC;&#x153;So letâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s go ahead and get that done.â&#x20AC;? Though Obama has

pressed House RepubÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;|} qÂ&#x192;{~} Â&#x201E;} xqz} `Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;} months of 2013 on immigration reform, his remarks this week appear in contrast to him saying in November that he had

no problem with House leaders carving the immij{Â&#x192;xÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;} Â Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;} Â&#x201E;xÂ&#x20AC;ÂŚ} |Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;ÂŚ} `Â&#x153;z} pieces. Â&#x2013;|}Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;j}Â&#x192;|}Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;}`Â&#x153;z}Â&#x2021;zÂ&#x2026;z|} get done, I donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t care what it looks like,â&#x20AC;? he told The

56789:7;<=>?@?9;<A7%6?:B56788%697D;EFGG@?<<A7HA9<7+GI879;H?8A9;Eton, D.C.

Wall Street Journalâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s CEO Council. â&#x20AC;&#x153;What we donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t want to do is simply carve out one piece of it . . . but leave behind some of the xÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;jqz{} |xÂ&#x2014;B} xqÂ&#x192;x} |xÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;} needs to get done.â&#x20AC;? Meanwhile, House Speaker John Boehner has repeatedly said he will neither scheduled a vote on the Senate bill, as Vice President Biden called for last week, nor negotiate with Senate Democratic on the upper chamberâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s legislation. â&#x20AC;&#x153;We have no intention of ever going to conference on the Senate bill,â&#x20AC;? The Ohio Republican said last month. Though the House has yet to vote on any part of an immigrations bill, the chamber appears to be Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;z{Â&#x201E;z~}`{|x}Â&#x17D;xq}|zÂ&#x2026;Â&#x2014;{Â&#x201E;j}xqz}Â&#x2019;Â&#x2019;§z¨Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;} Â&#x20AC;{~z{} and not including a path to citizenship for some of the estimate 11 million illegal immigrants already in the Â&#x201E;xz~}xÂ&#x192;xz|Â&#x2019; Senate Majority Leader

Urbanisation helps China eliminate poverty

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he greatest risk China faces in its historic modernization is the massive imbalance between urban and rural areas, according to the countryâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s top agriculxÂ&#x2014;{z}Â&#x20AC;,Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2019; â&#x20AC;&#x153;The most important Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~}~,Â&#x2026;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2C6;x}xÂ&#x192;|Â&#x2020;}|}xÂ&#x20AC;}{zsolve issues concerning agriculture, countryside and farmers ... to realize the agricultural modernization and the urbanization of most farmers,â&#x20AC;? said Minister of Agriculture Han Changfu in an exclusive interview with Xinhua yesterday. Only a week ago, at the highest-level meeting it has ever convened on urbanization, the Chinese leadership pledged proactive yet steady moves in pushing forward human-cantered urbanization as it looks to balance urban-rural development and unleash domestic demand. The statement came against the backdrop of Chinaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s rapid urbanization. By the end of 2012, the country had 710 million urban residents. For xqz} `{|x} xÂ&#x2022;z} Â&#x201E;} qÂ&#x201E;Â&#x192;Â&#x2DC;|} history, its urban population exceeded the rural population, with city-

dwellers accounting for 51.27 per cent of the total population. Resident numbers are not everything, as poverty elimination is more important than household registration. Laiyuan, a povertystricken county about 160 kilometres to the south-

west of Beijing, is home to a number of people living  zÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x17D;}xqz}ÂŤÂ&#x2019;­}Â&#x2019;Â&#x2019;}~Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;{} a day global poverty line. Last year, the per capita annual income of farmers in the county barely reached 3,000 yuan (490 Â&#x2019;Â&#x2019;}~Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;{|°Œ}Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;{} zÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x17D;}xqz} national average of 7,917 yuan.

A walk along the dusty country road in Laiyuan is a reminder of the striking contrast between villages Â&#x201E;}~Bz{zÂ&#x201E;x}{zjÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;|Â&#x2019;}Â&#x192;{Â&#x2022;ers in developed rural areas have built themselves multistory brick houses, while rural residents in the county live in clusters of small, run-down adobe.

Harry Reid, Nevada, appeared to continue the shift among Democrats when he suggested this weekend that Boehner will negotiate next year on comprehensive reform.

Syrian blast kills students

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n eastern Syria, students are reported among the dead from a car bomb explosion near a primary school in the province of Homs. State-run media say the Â&#x192;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2020;} Â&#x201E;} xqz} xÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x17D;Â&#x201E;} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} Â&#x2022;Â&#x2022;} al-Amed killed eight people, Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2014;~Â&#x201E;j}`Â&#x153;z}Â&#x2026;qÂ&#x2C6;~{zÂ&#x201E;Â&#x2019;}Â&#x2021;Â&#x2021;Â&#x20AC;sition activists reported at least 12 people killed. Elsewhere, Syrian rebels say government aircraft continue to bomb rebel-held areas in the northern city of Aleppo. qz} Â&#x192;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2020;|} qÂ&#x192;Â&#x153;z}  zzÂ&#x201E;} jÂ&#x20AC;ing on for eight days. Rebel activists say the government is dropping â&#x20AC;&#x153;barrel bombsâ&#x20AC;? on civilians. qz}Â&#x201E;xz~}Â&#x192;xÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;|}|Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;|}Â&#x192;x} least 100,000 people have been killed in the nearly three-year Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E; Â&#x2026;x} zxÂ&#x17D;zzÂ&#x201E;}Â&#x201A;{Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;}{z zÂ&#x2C6;|} and the government.

Saudi king appoints son as new governor of Mecca

Despite its reputation as an old revolutionary base and home of the countryâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s `{|x}Â&#x2021;{Â&#x2022;Â&#x192;{Â&#x201A;}|Â&#x2026;qÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;}Â&#x2014;Â&#x201E;~z{} the Hope Project, which aims to improve rural primary education, Laiyuan Â&#x192;Â&#x2014;~}{Â&#x192;Â Â&#x192;Â&#x2DC;|}Â&#x20AC;,Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;} remains a â&#x20AC;&#x153;virgin landâ&#x20AC;? news agency says for construction, let alone King Abdullah has urbanization, due to lack appointed his son, Prince Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}`Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;}{z|Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;{Â&#x2026;z|Â&#x2019; Mishaal, as the new governor of Mecca, home to Islamâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s holiest site. The new post for the 43-year-old prince, who gret from the group. â&#x20AC;&#x153;We rid ourselves of is the kingâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s sixth son, what our brother did,â&#x20AC;? is considered one of the al-Rimi said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;We did not most prestigious posiorder him to do so and we tions in Saudi Arabia. are not pleased with what The province contains the Kaaba, the black cubehe did.â&#x20AC;? However, al-Rimi said shaped structure toward despite the group making which Muslims pray, as a mistake, â&#x20AC;&#x153;we are contin- well as the large Red Sea city of Jiddah. uing with our jihad.â&#x20AC;?

S

Al Qaeda in Yemen apologises for hospital attack

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n a rare public apology, the militant leader of Al Qaedaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s branch in Yemen has said that one of his `jqxz{|}~|Â&#x20AC;Â zÂ&#x201A;z~}Â&#x20AC;{~z{|} Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~} Â&#x192;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2020;z~} Â&#x192;} qÂ&#x20AC;|Â&#x2021;xÂ&#x192;Â&#x2C6;} Â&#x192;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;qz~} xÂ&#x20AC;} xqz} zÂ&#x2030;zÂ&#x201E;Â&#x2026;z} Ministry during an assault that killed 52 people earlier this month. Qassim al-Rimi, commander of Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, said in a video posted on militant websites that the Â&#x192;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2020;z{|} Â&#x17D;z{z} Â&#x17D;Â&#x192;{Â&#x201E;z~} in advance not to enter the hospital within the complex, nor a place for prayer there. But he said Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;z}`jqxz{}~~Â&#x2019; â&#x20AC;&#x153;Now we acknowledge our mistake and guilt,â&#x20AC;? al-Rimi said in a video released late Saturday by Al Qaedaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s media arm alÂ&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;qzÂ&#x2022;Â&#x2019;} Â&#x2013;z} Â&#x20AC;Bz{} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;{}

apology and condolences to the victimsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; families. We accept full responsibility for what happened in the hospital and will pay blood money for the victimsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; families.â&#x20AC;? The apology seemed prompted by Yemen state television earlier broadcasting a video showing

Â&#x192;} jÂ&#x2014;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2022;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;} Â&#x192;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2020;Â&#x201E;j} ~Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2026;tors and other hospital |xÂ&#x192;BÂ&#x2019;}zÂ&#x153;z{Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;}Â&#x2C6;}Â&#x192;z~Â&#x192;}Âąhadis tried to dismiss the video as fake on militant websites, but the outcry apparently embarrassed the Al Qaeda branch to the point of issuing an unusual expression of re-

Israeli lawyer becomes effective champions of Palestinian land rights

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rowing up in Jerusalem, Michael Sfard had no contact with Palestinians who lived just across the street from him in the Arab part of the city. In high school, he studied French and English, not Arabic. It was a fairly typical Israeli up-

bringing, largely insulated from the harsh realities of Israelâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s half century of rule over the Palestinians next door. Yet since opening his own law practice, Sfard has emerged as one of the Â&#x2022;Â&#x20AC;|x} zBzÂ&#x2026;xÂ&#x153;z} ~zÂ&#x2030;zÂ&#x201E;~z{|} of Palestinian rights, arguing and winning highÂ&#x2021;{Â&#x20AC;`Â&#x2C6;z} Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;|z|} Â&#x201E;} |{Â&#x192;zÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x2DC;|}

Supreme Court. Major victories include forcing the government to dismantle a large rogue settlement in the West Bank and rerouting Israelâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s separation barrier along some stretches to restore farmland to Palestinian villages. The unlikely champion of the oppressed says he is

trying to make Israel better, not advance the Palestinian national cause. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m not a Palestinian Â&#x2030;{zz~Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2022;} `jqxz{Œ²} Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;{~} said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m an Israeli huÂ&#x2022;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;} {jqx|} Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;{Â&#x201E;zÂ&#x201A;} Â&#x17D;qÂ&#x20AC;} `jqx|} xÂ&#x20AC;} |x{zÂ&#x201E;jxqzÂ&#x201E;} qÂ&#x2014;man rights in Israel and in the territories it occupies and represents my clients the best I can.â&#x20AC;?


Daily Newswatch

11

African Report MONDAY, DECEMBER 23, 2013

Libya suicide bombing at checkpoint kills 13

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s u i c i d e b o m b e r rammed an explosivesladen vehicle into a security checkpoint outside eastern  Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x2DC;|} {z|xÂ&#x153;z} Â&#x2026;xÂ&#x201A;} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} zÂ&#x201E;jqÂ&#x192;¸} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x153;z{Â&#x201E;jqxÂŚ} Â&#x2020;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;ing at least 13 people, the government said yesterday. The countryâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s weak post-revolutionary au-

thorities, which have struggled to stem unrest since the 2011 uprising that toppled dictator Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;Â&#x2022;z{} Â&#x192;~qÂ&#x192;`ÂŚ} Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;z~} Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;{}xq{zz}~Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;|}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;xÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;} mourning and denounced xqz}Â&#x2013;xz{{Â&#x20AC;{|x}Â&#x192;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2020;Â&#x2019;² â&#x20AC;&#x153;This treacherous act comes as the Libyan army, and particularly xqz} Â&#x192;šÂ&#x192;} |Â&#x2021;zÂ&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;} Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;{Â&#x2026;z|} unit, is trying to establish securityâ&#x20AC;Ś namely in

zÂ&#x201E;jqÂ&#x192;¸Œ²} Â&#x2026;{Â&#x192;~Â&#x2C6;z} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} xqz} uprising, the government said in a statement. The bombing also wounded three people, Â&#x2C6;zÂ&#x192;Â&#x153;Â&#x201E;j}xÂ&#x17D;Â&#x20AC;}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}xqzÂ&#x2022;}Â&#x201E;}|zrious condition, and three other people are listed as missing, the statement said, updating an earlier toll. The suicide bombing Â&#x2C6;zÂ&#x2030;x}  Â&#x20AC;~Â&#x201A;} Â&#x2021;Â&#x192;{x|} |x{zÂ&#x17D;Â&#x201E;} around the area, said

Â&#x2021;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2026;z} Â&#x20AC;,Â&#x2026;z{} Â&#x20AC;zxz¸} Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;§ Agouri, who was working at the checkpoint but escaped injury. He said at least seven bodies were Â&#x2022;Â&#x2022;z~Â&#x192;xzÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;} ~zÂ&#x201E;x`z~} while others were torn to pieces by the explosion. } qzÂ&#x192;Â&#x2C6;xq} Â&#x2022;Â&#x201E;|x{Â&#x201A;} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;`Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;} xÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;~} } xqÂ&#x192;x} xq{zz} bodies were taken to AlMorj Hospital morgue, Â&#x17D;qÂ&#x2C6;z}xqz}{zÂ&#x2022;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;|}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;{} other people as well as

Mauritanians vote in run-off legislative, municipal polls

body parts were sent to xqz} zÂ&#x201E;jqÂ&#x192;¸} Â&#x2022;z~Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;} centre. The checkpoint is locatz~} ­Ÿ} Â&#x2020;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2022;zx{z|} zÂ&#x192;|x} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} zÂ&#x201E;jqÂ&#x192;¸ÂŚ} Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x2DC;|}|zÂ&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;~} city, which has seen a se{z|} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} ~zÂ&#x192;~Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;} Â&#x192;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2020;|} Â&#x201E;} recent months â&#x20AC;&#x201D; mainly xÂ&#x192;{jzxÂ&#x201E;j} |zÂ&#x2026;Â&#x2014;{xÂ&#x201A;} Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;{Â&#x2026;z|} Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~} Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;{zjÂ&#x201E;} Â&#x2022;||Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;|} ž} that have killed more than 300 people. zÂ&#x2026;Â&#x2014;{xÂ&#x201A;} Â&#x2021;Â&#x20AC;|x} Â&#x2026;qzÂ&#x2030;} Fraj al-Abdelli, who was Â&#x17D;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x201E;~z~} Â&#x201E;} xqz} Â&#x192;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2020;ÂŚ} said his unit had received |zÂ&#x153;z{Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;} xq{zÂ&#x192;x|} Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x17D;Â&#x201E;j} the arrest in November Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;{}Â&#x2021;zÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2C6;z}Â&#x17D;qÂ&#x20AC;}Â&#x17D;z{z} carrying weapons, explosives, money and a hitlist. The police convoy transporting the suspects

Stories by Chris Uba

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auritanian registered voters went to the polls on Saturday to vote in the legislative and municipal {Â&#x2014;Â&#x201E;§Â&#x20AC;B} Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x17D;Â&#x201E;j} xqz} `{|x} round on 23 November 2013.Voting started at 7 a.m and was due to end at 7 p.m while results are expected within a week. qz} xÂ&#x2014;{Â&#x201E;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;x} Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;{} xqz} `{|x} round was estimated at 75 per cent according to the national independent electoral commission (CENI) Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~} xq|} ~z|Â&#x2021;xz} xqz} Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;x} that hard-line opposition parties gathered under the Â&#x20AC;Â&#x20AC;{~Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;xÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} zÂ&#x2022;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2026;{Â&#x192;xÂ&#x2026;} Â&#x2021;Â&#x2021;Â&#x20AC;|xÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;} ´°}  Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;z~}xqz}Â&#x2021;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;|Â&#x2019; x} xqz} zÂ&#x201E;~} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} xqz} `{|x} round, the ruling Union Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;{}xqz}zÂ&#x2021;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2026;}´°}Â&#x2C6;z~} Â&#x17D;xq} ­œ} |zÂ&#x192;x|ÂŚ} Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x17D;z~}  Â&#x201A;} the Islamist party Tawassoul which secured 12 seats

United Nations (UN) Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon (left), accompanied by Philippine Foreign Secretary Albert Del Rosario, speaks during a press conference in Makati City, the Philippines yesterday.

UN Sec-Gen calls for stopping of violence against civilians in S. Sudan

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N Secretary-Genz{Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;} Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;} Ki-moon urged all political, military and militia leaders to stop hostilities and end the violence against civilÂ&#x192;Â&#x201E;|} Â&#x192;x} Â&#x192;} Â&#x2021;{z||}  {z`Â&#x201E;j} Â&#x201E;} qÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2021;Â&#x201E;z|Â&#x2DC;} Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x2021;xÂ&#x192;Â&#x2C6;} region on Sunday. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I have condemned, in the strongest possible terms, the outrageous Â&#x192;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2020;} Â&#x201E;} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;{}  Â&#x192;|z} Â&#x201E;} Â&#x2020;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x20AC;} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;} zÂ&#x2026;zÂ&#x2022; z{} ºŒ} where two United Na-

tions peacekeepers were killed while protecting ciÂ&#x153;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;|}Â&#x17D;qÂ&#x20AC;}qÂ&#x192;~}xÂ&#x192;Â&#x2020;zÂ&#x201E;}{zÂ&#x2030;uge there,â&#x20AC;? he said. At least 20 civilians who |Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;jqx}{zÂ&#x2030;Â&#x2014;jz}Â&#x201E;|~z}Â&#x192;}} base were killed during Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;} Â&#x192;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2020;} Â&#x17D;qÂ&#x2026;q} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2014;{{z~} in Akobo town, Jonglei State, on Thursday. Two Indian peacekeepers were Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;`{Â&#x2022;z~} ~zÂ&#x192;~ÂŚ} } |sion in South Sudan said on Friday. Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;} §Â&#x20AC;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;} |Â&#x192;~} qz} qÂ&#x192;~} Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;z~} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;} {z|~zÂ&#x201E;x} Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x153;Â&#x192;} {}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;xq}Â&#x2014;~Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;} and opposition political

Â&#x2C6;zÂ&#x192;~z{|ÂŚ} Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2014;~Â&#x201E;j} Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;{Â&#x2022;z{} Â&#x2026;z} {z|~zÂ&#x201E;x} zÂ&#x2020;} Machar, to come to the ta Â&#x2C6;z}xÂ&#x20AC;}`Â&#x201E;~}Â&#x192;}Â&#x2021;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;xÂ&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;}Â&#x17D;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;x}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}xq|}Â&#x2026;{||Â&#x2019; They are responsible to xqz} Â&#x2021;zÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2C6;z} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;xq} Â&#x2014;dan to end the crisis and `Â&#x201E;~} xqz} Â&#x2021;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;xÂ&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;} Â&#x2022;zÂ&#x192;Â&#x201E;|} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}Â&#x192;~~{z||Â&#x201E;j}xqz{}~Bz{ences, he added. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I call on them to do everything in their power xÂ&#x20AC;} zÂ&#x201E;|Â&#x2014;{z} xqÂ&#x192;x} xqz{} Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;lowers hear the message loud and clear that continued violence, ethnic and otherwise, is com-

pletely unacceptable and poses a dangerous threat xÂ&#x20AC;} xqz} Â&#x2030;Â&#x2014;xÂ&#x2014;{z} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} xqz{} young country.â&#x20AC;? Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;} Â&#x2022;Â&#x192;~z} xqz} {zÂ&#x2022;Â&#x192;{Â&#x2020;|}  zÂ&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;{z} xÂ&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2020;Â&#x201E;j} Â&#x192; Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;x} q|} tour to typhoon- hit areas Â&#x201E;} xqz} qÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2021;Â&#x201E;z|} Â&#x192;|} xq|} Â&#x17D;Â&#x192;|} Â&#x2013;Â&#x192;} |Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;{Â&#x2026;z} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} j{Â&#x192;Â&#x153;z} Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;z{Â&#x201E;} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} xqz} Â&#x201E;xz{Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;tional community at this timeâ&#x20AC;? as he described. The secretary-general Â&#x192;{{Â&#x153;z~}Â&#x201E;}xqz}qÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2021;Â&#x201E;z|} Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;xz}{~Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;}Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;{}Â&#x192;}xq{zz§~Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;} visit. He toured on Satur~Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;} Â&#x2026;zÂ&#x201E;x{Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;} qÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2021;Â&#x201E;z} city Tacloban, which bore

xqz} Â&#x2030;{Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;x} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} Â&#x192;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2020;} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} |Â&#x2014;per typhoon Haiyan.

xÂ&#x20AC;} Â&#x192;} zÂ&#x201E;jqÂ&#x192;¸}  Â&#x192;{{Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2020;|} Â&#x192;Â&#x2030;xz{} xqz{} Â&#x192;{{z|x} Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x2022;z} Â&#x2014;Â&#x201E;~z{}Â&#x192;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2020;}Â&#x192;|}x}zÂ&#x201E;xz{z~} xqz}Â&#x2026;xÂ&#x201A;ÂŚ}qz}|Â&#x192;~ÂŚ}Â&#x17D;xq}Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;{} soldiers killed in that attack and three others wounded. Libya has been rocked  Â&#x201A;}Â&#x153;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;zÂ&#x201E;Â&#x2026;z}|Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;z} Â&#x192;~qÂ&#x192;`} was toppled and killed in the 2011 uprising, Â&#x17D;xq} Â&#x2022;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2026;q} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} xqz} Â&#x2014;Â&#x201E;{z|x}  Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x2022;z~} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;} Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;{Â&#x2022;z{} {z zÂ&#x2C6;|} who have resisted appeals by the authorities to integrate into the regular Â&#x192;{Â&#x2022;z~}Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;{Â&#x2026;z|Â&#x2019;

Mozambique plane crash intentional â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Aviation officials

A

Â&#x153;Â&#x192;xÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;} Â&#x20AC;,Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;|} say a Mozambican Airlines plane was intentionally crashed by the pilot last month in Namibia. Flight TM470 crashed zÂ&#x201E;} {Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;xz} xÂ&#x20AC;} Â&#x201E;jÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;} Â&#x192;Â&#x2030;xz{} leaving the Mozambique capital, Maputo on November 29 carrying 27 passengers and six crew members. Mozambican Civil Aviation Institute Chairman

Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;}  {zÂ&#x2014;} |Â&#x192;~}  jqx} recordings showed Captain Herminio dos Santos manipulated the autopilot controls in a way that showed a â&#x20AC;&#x153;clear intentionâ&#x20AC;? to bring down the plane. He said co-pilot was Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2020;z~} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;x} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} xqz} Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2020;pit when the plane went down and that banging could be heard on the cockpit door at the time Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}xqz}Â&#x2026;{Â&#x192;|qÂ&#x2019; Abreau added the altitude selector was manually altered three times and the planeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s speed was also changed. qz} Â&#x2013; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2020;}  Â&#x20AC;¨²}  jqx} recorders were retrieved Â&#x2030;{Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2022;} xqz} Â&#x2026;{Â&#x192;|q} Â&#x17D;{zÂ&#x2026;Â&#x2020;Â&#x192;jz} intact and analyzed by the U.S. National TransÂ&#x2021;Â&#x20AC;{x} Â&#x192;Â&#x2030;zxÂ&#x201A;} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;{~} Â&#x201E;} Â&#x192;|qÂ&#x201E;jxÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2019;}Â&#x153;Â&#x192;xÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;`Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;|} |Â&#x192;~} xqz} Â&#x201E;Â&#x153;z|xjÂ&#x192;tion was ongoing. The dead include pas|zÂ&#x201E;jz{|} Â&#x2030;{Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2022;} Â&#x20AC;¸Â&#x192;Â&#x2022; šÂ&#x2014;zÂŚ} Â&#x201E;jÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;ÂŚ} Â&#x20AC;{xÂ&#x2014;jÂ&#x192;Â&#x2C6;ÂŚ} {Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;zÂŚ}{Â&#x192;¸Â&#x2C6;}Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~}qÂ&#x201E;Â&#x192;Â&#x2019;

Egypt jails symbols of 2011 uprising

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hree leading Egyptian activists were sentenced to three years in prison each on Sunday in a case brought over their role in recent protests, escalating a crackdown on dissent by the army-backed government.

Ahmed Maher, Ahmed Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â&#x192;} Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~} Â&#x20AC;qÂ&#x192;Â&#x2022;z~} ~zÂ&#x2C6;} Â&#x192;{z} |Â&#x201A;Â&#x2022; Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;|} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} xqz} protest movement that ignited the historic 2011 Â&#x2014;Â&#x2021;{|Â&#x201E;j} Â&#x192;jÂ&#x192;Â&#x201E;|x} {z|~zÂ&#x201E;x} Hosni Mubarak. Each one Â&#x17D;Â&#x192;|}Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;|Â&#x20AC;}`Â&#x201E;z~}­ŸŒŸŸŸ}jÂ&#x201A;Â&#x2021;tian pounds ($7,200) by the court.




    

         

 

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33

Daily Newswatch

City & State Monday, December 23, 2013,

80% Nigerians drive without valid driversâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; licence â&#x20AC;&#x201C; CLEEN Foundation !"#$%#&!%

Discussants in a confrence EMEKA IBEMERE

D

o you know that many Nigerians are not aware of the responsibility of the Federal Road Safety Commission (FRSC)? Do you also know that a tiny 20 per cent of drivers have valid driversâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; licences? Are you aware that Nigerians report accident cases to the Nigerian Police rather than to the FRSC, whose duty it is to oversee accident cases in the country? If you are not aware, then read this report from CLEEN Foundation, an NGO, which promotes public safety, security and justice through empirical research and legislative advocacy, demonstrative programmes and publications in partnership with government and civil society groups. In the groupâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s presentation Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} |Â&#x2014;{Â&#x153;zÂ&#x201A;} `Â&#x201E;~Â&#x201E;j|} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;} Ă&#x2020;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;~} Safety and Accidents in Nigeriaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; held at the CLEEN Foundation Resource Centre, in OjoduBerger, Lagos, on December 18, 2013, Nengak Daniel Gondyi, the programme manager said the report was compiled after rigorous and timeless research. He said the essence was to sensitize Nigerians on the crazy zÂ&#x201E;~Â&#x201E;j} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} Ă&#x2020;zÂ&#x2022;Â z{} Â&#x2022;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;xq|Â&#x2DC;} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;}

what causes accidents on Nigerian roads and how to be safe driving and using the roads during after the yuletide. According to the report made available to Daily Newswatch, despite the fact that FRSC is {z|Â&#x2021;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;|Â Â&#x2C6;z} Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;{} zBzÂ&#x2026;xÂ&#x153;z} Â&#x2022;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;toring of road accidents, there is no degree of trust, support Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~}Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;`~zÂ&#x201E;Â&#x2026;z}Â Â&#x201A;}xqz}jz{Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;} population in the FRSC. The report stated that in view of fact that the FRSC has worked among Nigerian road users in its 30 years of existence, the perception of Nigerians about the Commission was very poor, especially in the areas of their jurisdiction. â&#x20AC;&#x153;As an indicator of prevention, citizens were asked

qÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x17D;}zBzÂ&#x2026;xÂ&#x153;z}xqzÂ&#x201A;}xqÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;jqx}xqz} FRSC was in reducing road accidents and fatalities in the country,â&#x20AC;? the report stated. â&#x20AC;&#x153;A large number, 7 in 10 Nigerians (70%) rated the FRSC as Â&#x201E;zBzÂ&#x2026;xÂ&#x153;zĂ&#x2030;}Â&#x201E;zÂ&#x192;{Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;}Â&#x192;}xq{~}´Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2039;°} was of the view that the FRSC Â&#x17D;Â&#x192;|} zBzÂ&#x2026;xÂ&#x153;zÂŚ} Â&#x17D;qÂ&#x2C6;z} Ă&#x152;Ă&#x2039;} Â&#x17D;z{z} undecided.â&#x20AC;? According to the report, â&#x20AC;&#x153;although the Federal Road Safety Commission is the main agency mandated to ensure safety and swift response xÂ&#x20AC;} Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2026;~zÂ&#x201E;x|} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;} xqz} {Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;~|Ă&#x2030;} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;{} survey showed that Nigerians were inclined to reporting accidents to the police rather than FRSCâ&#x20AC;?. It says further that that whereas 38% of the victims of road accidents reported their

and Yobe (76%), while Kwara and Akwa-Ibom both recorded least with 11% each followed by FCT with 13%. Â&#x2013;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2021;Â&#x192;{Â&#x192;xÂ&#x153;zÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;ÂŚ} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;} Â&#x192;} Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;z} above 2 in every 10 (23%) incidences of road accidents in Nijz{Â&#x192;}Â&#x192;{z}{zÂ&#x2021;Â&#x20AC;{xz~}xÂ&#x20AC;}xqz}Ă&#x2030;} this then means nearly 80% of accidents are not reported to xqz} Â&#x2019;} q|} `jÂ&#x2014;{z} {Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;jz~} from Sokoto (47%), Adamawa (46%) and Kebbi (43%) being the states which led in the reporting to the FRSC, while states like Kastina and Ebonyi recorded 0% each and were followed by Bayelsa and Kwara with 7% each, being the lowestâ&#x20AC;?, the report said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;When measured against the 2012 survey, the reporting rate of road accidents to the FRSC still remained unchanged at 23%. It is interesting to note that Sokoto State led both in reporting to the Police as well as to the FRSC.â&#x20AC;? Furthermore, it was noted that victims of road accidents tended to report either to the Police (38%) or to the FRSC (23%), but an average of both institutions showed that only about 31% of road accident incidences are reported to the authorities in Nigeria by 2013, while 69% of victims opt not xÂ&#x20AC;} `Â&#x2C6;z} {zÂ&#x2021;Â&#x20AC;{x|} {zÂ&#x2022;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;|} Â&#x2014;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2C6;zÂ&#x192;{} experience to the police, only but it negatively impacts on the {Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;~} |Â&#x192;Â&#x2030;zxÂ&#x201A;} zBÂ&#x20AC;{x|} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}  Â&#x20AC;xq} xqz} 23%, reported to the FRSC. } Â&#x201E;}|Â&#x2021;xz}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}xqz}qjqz{}`jÂ&#x2014;{z|} police and the FRSC. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Nearly 1 in 2 Nigerians (48%) {zÂ&#x2021;Â&#x20AC;{xz~} xÂ&#x20AC;} xqz} Â&#x2021;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2026;zÂŚ} `Â&#x201E;~ings of the survey revealed that were of the view that they were many road accidents are still likely to be made to pay a bribe unreported. Only less than 4 ´xqÂ&#x192;x}|}Â&#x20AC;Bz{}Â&#x2022;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;zÂ&#x201A;ÂŚ} z|~z}Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x201A;} in every 10 respondents (38%) Â&#x20AC;,Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;}Â&#x2C6;zÂ&#x153;z|}Â&#x20AC;{}Â&#x2026;qÂ&#x192;{jz|°Œ}Â&#x17D;qzÂ&#x201E;} Â&#x17D;qÂ&#x20AC;}Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;xÂ&#x2014;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;}|Â&#x2014;Bz{z~}{Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;~}Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;- they approach the FRSC to get Â&#x2026;~zÂ&#x201E;x|} {zÂ&#x2021;Â&#x20AC;{xz~} xÂ&#x20AC;} xqz} Â&#x2021;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2026;zĂ&#x2030;} help or services. Almost an this means that 60% of road equal number (45%) disagreed accidents are not reported to and uphold that they were unthe police. When compared likely to have to pay bribes to with the 2012 survey, there was the FRSC. Evidently, Nigerians a slight improvement on the seem undecided on the likelireported 37% reported to the hood of demand for bribe by police. It was further revealed the FRSC,â&#x20AC;? the report revealed. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Besides the likelihood to pay also, that the highest reported cases of road accidents to po- bribe, 1 in 5 Nigerians (20%) Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2026;z} Â&#x20AC;,Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;|} Â&#x17D;z{z} {zÂ&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;{~z~} Â&#x201E;} have had actual experience of Sokoto (80%), Adamawa (77%), being asked to pay bribes by xqz}} zÂ&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;{z}Â&#x20AC;,Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;}|z{Â&#x153;Â&#x2026;es could be rendered to them in the past 12 months. While this is a worrying statistic, it is indeed a drop from the 26% demand for bribe reported in 2012â&#x20AC;?. The report also said that across the country, the demand Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;{}  { z}  Â&#x201A;} xqz} } Â&#x20AC;,Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;|} was not evenly spread out. It said: â&#x20AC;&#x153;the most severe instances were recorded in Adamawa (67%), Ogun (60%), Ebonyi and Edo (50%), Anambra (47%), Kebbi (45%), Kano (44%), Imo (42%), which were more than twice the national average of 20%. The lowest incidences were recorded in Bauchi.â&#x20AC;? Despite every day accidents on the countryâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s roads, the re-

The report stated that in view of fact that the FRSC has worked among Nigerian road users in its 30 years of existence, the perception of Nigerians about the Commission was very poor


34

City & State

Daily Newswatch Monday, December 23, 2013

â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;80% Nigerians drive without valid driversâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; licenceâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; Continued from Page 33

port stated that Nigerians feel safe on the road. According to Daniel who read the report, â&#x20AC;&#x153;it varied from the overwhelming 91% perception of safety in Cross River State to the alarming 25% in Yobe State with a national average of 75% - that is 3 out of 4 Nigerians felt safe on the roadsâ&#x20AC;?, he said, adding that â&#x20AC;&#x153;the case of Yobe is peculiar since its 25% does not come near the next state, Kebbi which polled 59%. A trend analysts revealed that the 75% perception of safety in Nigeria is not new; Nigerians reported 71% in 2010, 76% in 2011 and then a momentary dip to 74% in 2012â&#x20AC;?. â&#x20AC;&#x153;When disaggregated by road type, we found that more Nigerian, 1 in 3 Nigerians (or 31%) felt unsafe on the expressways while as low as 8% felt unsafe on street lanes. This suggests that long journeys on the express roads are more dangerous than shorter journeys on the streets.â&#x20AC;? Daniel said considering the report of carnage on Nigerian roads, there were good reasons to worry that the high perception of safety on the road was in fact a concession of fatalism and acceptance of fate rather than the assurance of having accident-free road trips. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Therefore, regardless of this verdict of safety on the roads, there is need for Â&#x2030;Â&#x2014;{xqz{}|xÂ&#x2014;~z|}Â&#x201E;xÂ&#x20AC;}Â&#x2021;Â&#x192;z{Â&#x201E;|}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}{Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;~}Â&#x2014;|age and safety in Nigeria,â&#x20AC;? he quipped. And for those who are afraid on the roads hereâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s what the report said. According to the report, those who confessed feeling unsafe on the roads, the survey probed into why they feel unsafe and discovered that the main Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x2014;|z|}Â&#x17D;z{z}§§} Â&#x192;~}{Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;~|ÂŚ}|Â&#x2021;zz~ÂŚ}x{Â&#x192;,Â&#x2026;} congestion, lack of pedestrian walkÂ&#x17D;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;|}Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~}`Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;}Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2020;}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}¸z {Â&#x192;}Â&#x2026;{Â&#x20AC;||Â&#x201E;j|} and pedestrian bridges. Â&#x2013;Â&#x20AC;}  zz{} Â&#x2014;Â&#x201E;~z{|xÂ&#x192;Â&#x201E;~} xqz} ~{Â&#x153;z{|} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} unsafe driving, we disaggregated the top 2 factors, namely bad roads and |Â&#x2021;zz~}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}x{Â&#x192;,Â&#x2026;} Â&#x201A;}|xÂ&#x192;xz|}Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~}Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x201E;~}xqÂ&#x192;x} an overwhelming majority of Yobe State residents (81%) were most concerned about the state of bad roads in the state. Recall that only 25% of residents of Yobe had reported feeling safe on the roadâ&#x20AC;?, the report added. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Furthermore, only 11% were worried about bad roads in Cross River State where 91% had reported feeling safe on the roads. This then averages to a 37% concern over bad roads as a factor of being unsafe on Nigerian roads.â&#x20AC;?

z} Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;|Â&#x20AC;} |Â&#x192;~} xqÂ&#x192;x} Â&#x201E;} xz{Â&#x2022;|} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} x{Â&#x192;,Â&#x2026;} speed, the national average was 38; this he said implies that on a scale, Nigerians are more concerned about speed Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}x{Â&#x192;,Â&#x2026;}xqÂ&#x192;Â&#x201E;}Â&#x192; Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;x}|xÂ&#x192;xz}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} Â&#x192;~}{Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;~|Â&#x2019;} â&#x20AC;&#x153;This concern is worst in Abia State, where there is a near unanimous conÂ&#x2026;z{Â&#x201E;}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x153;z{}|Â&#x2021;zz~}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}x{Â&#x192;,Â&#x2026;}|qÂ&#x192;{z~} Â&#x201A;}ºĂ&#x2039;} to Zamfara State where only 9% were Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;z{Â&#x201E;z~}Â&#x192; Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;x}x{Â&#x192;,Â&#x2026;}|Â&#x2021;zz~Â&#x2019;² qz} Â&#x2021;{Â&#x20AC;j{Â&#x192;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2022;z} Â&#x20AC;,Â&#x2026;z{} |Â&#x192;~} Â&#x17D;qzÂ&#x201E;} his team asked people to suggest solutions to make roads safer in Nigeria, he said that some respondents pointed out the need to repair the roads and to install streetlights as the most crucial. He added that other suggestions included â&#x20AC;&#x153;installation of speed breakers and reduction of speed as well as removal of hawkers from the streets. For other suggestions which would improve road safety but which are not tied on the quality of roads, respondents suggested  zz{}x{Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x201E;j}Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;{} Â&#x20AC;xq}Â&#x2C6;zÂ&#x192;{Â&#x201E;z{|}Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~}Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;{} šÂ&#x2014;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;`z~} ~{Â&#x153;z{|Ă&#x2030;} ~zÂ&#x2021;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2022;zÂ&#x201E;x} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} Â&#x2022;zÂ&#x192;|Â&#x2014;{z|}xÂ&#x20AC;}{z~Â&#x2014;Â&#x2026;z}x{Â&#x192;,Â&#x2026;}|Â&#x2021;zz~}Â&#x192;|}Â&#x17D;zÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;}Â&#x192;|} more public campaigns and improved

Cleen-foundation

zÂ&#x201E;Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;{Â&#x2026;zÂ&#x2022;zÂ&#x201E;x}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}x{Â&#x192;,Â&#x2026;}{zjÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;xÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;|²Â&#x2019; Daniel stated in the report that overall, the key issue in road safety as sugjz|xz~} Â&#x201A;}Â&#x2022;Â&#x20AC;|x}{z|Â&#x2021;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;~zÂ&#x201E;x|}Â&#x201E;}xqz}`zÂ&#x2C6;~} was a far reaching and comprehensive reforms to ensure safety on the roads Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~}xqÂ&#x192;x}xqz}Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;|x}|Â&#x2021;zz~}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}x{Â&#x192;,Â&#x2026;}Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~}xqz} bad quality of roads constitute a major cause of their concerns. qz}{zÂ&#x2021;Â&#x20AC;{x}Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;|Â&#x20AC;}|qÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x17D;|}xqz}Â&#x2021;Â&#x192;z{Â&#x201E;|}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} road accidents in Nigeria and said particular roads are prone to accidents, â&#x20AC;&#x153;From our dataset, we are in position to shed more light on the trends and Â&#x2021;Â&#x192;z{Â&#x201E;|} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} {Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;~} Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2026;~zÂ&#x201E;x|} Â&#x192;|} Â&#x20AC; |z{Â&#x153;z~} by Nigerians in 2013. Ab initio, we asked respondents to share their views on whether they felt that the roads in their communities were prone to accidents,â&#x20AC;? he said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Across board, an average of 42% of Nigerians saw the roads as prone to Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2026;~zÂ&#x201E;x|Ă&#x2030;} xq|} `jÂ&#x2014;{z} {Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;jz~} Â&#x2030;{Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2022;} xqz} qjqz|x} `jÂ&#x2014;{z|} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} Ă&#x160;Ă?Ă&#x2039;} Â&#x201E;} ~Â&#x192;Â&#x2022;Â&#x192;Â&#x17D;Â&#x192;} State, 73% in Nassarawa and Delta |xÂ&#x192;xz|} xÂ&#x20AC;} xqz} Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x17D;z|x} `jÂ&#x2014;{z|} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} ÂŹÂźĂ&#x2039;} Â&#x201E;} Osun and 17% in Jigawa Stateâ&#x20AC;?. It was included that in terms of actual experience of accidents, it was however discovered that the national average

was 10%; which means that 1 in every 10 Nigerians is a survivor or victim of road accidents in Nigeria. â&#x20AC;&#x153;While majority of states where within 5 percentage points above or below the national average, we saw exceedingly worrying results from a number of states. On the extreme, more than 1 in 4 (26%) residents of Kogi State are victims of road accidents. Kogi is closely followed by 25% in Bauchi State and 24% in neighbouring Gombe State and 23% in the FCT and 21% in neighbouring Nassarawa State,â&#x20AC;? he added. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The lowz|x}`jÂ&#x2014;{z|}Â&#x17D;z{z}ÂśĂ&#x2039;}Â&#x201E;}Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC;ÂŚ}|Â&#x2014;Â&#x201E;ÂŚ}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2020;Â&#x20AC;xÂ&#x20AC;}Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~} Â&#x192;x|Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;}Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~}`Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;}Â&#x192;}­Ă&#x2039;}Â&#x201E;}Â&#x192;jÂ&#x20AC;|} xÂ&#x192;xzÂ&#x2019;} qz} Â&#x2013;xÂ&#x17D;Â&#x201E;Â&#x201E;Â&#x201E;j} zBzÂ&#x2026;x²} Â&#x201E;} Â&#x17D;qÂ&#x2026;q} neighbouring states share similar road Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2026;~zÂ&#x201E;x} Â&#x2021;Â&#x192;z{Â&#x201E;|} Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2022;z|} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;x}  zxÂ&#x17D;zzÂ&#x201E;} Bauchi and Gombe, FCT and Nassarawa, and also between Kano and Kaduna States. This suggests that remedial measures in such pairs of states need to be co-ordinated and synchronised.â&#x20AC;? The report revealed that there was a particular trend analysis of road accidents in Nigeria which is very helpful. According to Daniel, there was 1% drop from 11% in 2012, to 10% in 2013. But he added that across a 4-year grid, there

were possibilities of nearly a 50% consistent drop from the 18% recorded in 2010, to the present 10%. â&#x20AC;&#x153;In terms of degree of damage, 60% of the accident cases were serious â&#x20AC;&#x201C; this included the 46% where serious injuries or vehicular damages were reported and the 14% of the accidents which were fatal. Our data suggests that while the frequency of accidents is down by 1% from 2012, the gravity of the accidents is up by 2% as the 60% cases of serious accidents recorded in 2013 were more than the 58% in 2012,â&#x20AC;? Daniel stated. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Calibrating the accidents by time, we found that no part of the day was |jÂ&#x201E;`Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;xÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;} Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2026;~zÂ&#x201E;x} Â&#x2030;{zzÂ&#x2019;} Ă&#x152;ÂŹĂ&#x2039;} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2026;dents occur in the morning, 35% in the afternoon and the remaining 33% occurred at night. It is possible to theorise that while accident responses must be made available at all times, victims of accidents at night are particularly more vulnerable as they are less likely to receive the aid of fellow road users and passers-by that might be available during the day.â&#x20AC;? The disturbing aspect of the report was on the use of valid driversâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; licences Continued on Page 35

Across board, an average of 42% of Nigerians saw the /1567578/19:;15<<=6:9;7;>=7?@B/:/59@:6D/1E ;>:>=@>:7;?@B/:71D=9$65E5G5H;5;:=9 I5775/5G5596':J;57;5;:7;1;>:J1G:7;?@B/:71D =9K7B9596=9L=@5G5H;5;:


Daily Newswatch

City & State

Monday, December 23, 2013

35

Continued from Page 34

and the skills of drivers. The survey revealed that only 13% of Nigerians drive with driversâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; licences on the roads. The CLEEN Foundation report stated. â&#x20AC;&#x153;To determine the average skills drivers have in Nigeria and to measure compliance with national regulation on the use of driversâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; licences, we found that across Nigeria in 2013, only 13% of all motorists had valid driverâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s licencesâ&#x20AC;?, the report further stated. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Meagre Â&#x192;|} xq|} `jÂ&#x2014;{z} Â&#x2022;jqx}  zÂŚ} x} |} |xÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;} Â&#x192;} Â&#x2021;z{centage drop from the 14% reported in 2012. When disaggregated across states, we found that only 1% of motorists in Zamfara had valid driverâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s licence, 4% Â&#x201E;} Â&#x192;x|Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;ÂŚ} Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~} ÂśĂ&#x2039;} Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2019;} Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;Â&#x2022; {Â&#x192;} had the highest valid driverâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s licence Â&#x17D;xq}ÂŹÂŹĂ&#x2039;ÂŚ}Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x17D;z~} Â&#x201A;} Â&#x192;}´ºĂ&#x2039;°Œ}Â&#x2020;x} ´Ă?Ă&#x2039;°Œ}}Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~}~Â&#x20AC;}|Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;{z~}ÂŤĂ&#x160;Ă&#x2039;}zÂ&#x192;Â&#x2026;qÂ&#x2019;²} It was reported that throughout the country, it shows clearly that nearly Ă?ÂźĂ&#x2039;}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}xqÂ&#x20AC;|z}Â&#x17D;qÂ&#x20AC;}~{Â&#x153;zĂ&#x2030;}~Â&#x20AC;}|Â&#x20AC;}Â&#x17D;xqÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;x} valid driversâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; licences. The Foundation says Nigerians should not assume that drivers who hold valid licences are actually well trained. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Only |Â&#x2C6;jqxÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x153;z{}ÂŤ}Â&#x201E;}ÂŹ}~{Â&#x153;z{|}´­­Ă&#x2039;°}~~}jÂ&#x20AC;} xq{Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;jq}Â&#x192;}~{Â&#x153;Â&#x201E;j}xz|x} zÂ&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;{z}xqz}Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2026;zÂ&#x201E;Â&#x2026;z} was issued to them. This means that Ă&#x2019;­Ă&#x2039;}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}qÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;~z{|}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}Â&#x153;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;~}~{Â&#x153;z{|Â&#x2DC;}Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2026;zÂ&#x201E;Â&#x2026;z|} Â&#x17D;z{z} Â&#x201E;Â&#x20AC;x} xz|xz~}  zÂ&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;{z}  zÂ&#x201E;j} ||Â&#x2014;z~} Â&#x2C6;cences,â&#x20AC;? the Group said in their report. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Across states, 100% of respondents in Zamfara who had licences also went through testing. Zamfara was followed  Â&#x201A;}{Â&#x20AC;||}Â&#x153;z{}´ºœĂ&#x2039;°}Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~}~Â&#x20AC;}´Ă?­Ă&#x2039;°Â&#x2019;}Â&#x201E;} xqz} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2022;ÂŚ}Â&#x17D;z}qÂ&#x192;Â&#x153;z}Â&#x20AC; z}´œĂ&#x2039;°Œ} z  } ´­Ă&#x2039;°Œ}Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~}zÂ&#x2C6;xÂ&#x192;}´Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2039;°Â&#x2019;} Continuing, the report says Zamfara State presents an interesting puzzle: â&#x20AC;&#x153;although only 1% of drivers posses valid licences which suggests high disregard Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;{}x{Â&#x192;,Â&#x2026;}Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x17D;|}Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~}{zjÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;xÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;Ă&#x2030;}Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;}xqÂ&#x20AC;|z} who do possess the licences actually Â&#x17D;zÂ&#x201E;x} xq{Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;jq} xz|xÂ&#x201E;j}  zÂ&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;{z} {zÂ&#x2026;zÂ&#x153;Â&#x201E;j} them which suggests universal compliance with the lawâ&#x20AC;?. Â&#x201E;}xqz}Â&#x2014;|z}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}xqz}|zÂ&#x192;x} zÂ&#x2C6;x|ÂŚ}xqz}j{Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2021;} stated that despite the fact that the use Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} |zÂ&#x192;x}  zÂ&#x2C6;x} |} Â&#x192;} Â&#x153;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2014;Â&#x192; Â&#x2C6;z} Â&#x201E;~Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;xÂ&#x20AC;{} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} road usersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; own safety consciousness that 14% of Nigerians comply with the order. â&#x20AC;&#x153;We found that only 14% of the respondents across the country use |zÂ&#x192;x}  zÂ&#x2C6;x|} Â&#x2013;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;xzÂ&#x201E;²} Â&#x20AC;{} Â&#x2013;Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;{Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;} {zjÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;{Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;²} when driving while another 14% said xqzÂ&#x201A;} Â&#x2013;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;|Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;²} Â&#x2014;|z} |zÂ&#x192;x}  zÂ&#x2C6;x|Â&#x2019;} Â&#x201E;} xqz}Â&#x20AC;xqz{}qÂ&#x192;Â&#x201E;~ÂŚ}Ă&#x160;ÂŹĂ&#x2039;}|Â&#x192;~}xqzÂ&#x201A;}Â&#x2013;qÂ&#x192;{~Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;²} Â&#x20AC;{}Â&#x2013;Â&#x201E;zÂ&#x153;z{²}Â&#x2014;|z}|zÂ&#x192;x} zÂ&#x2C6;x}Â&#x17D;qzÂ&#x201E;}~{Â&#x153;Â&#x201E;j²Œ} the report continued. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Aggregating xqÂ&#x20AC;|z}Â&#x17D;qÂ&#x20AC;}Â&#x2014;|z~}xqz}|zÂ&#x192;x} zÂ&#x2C6;x}zÂ&#x153;z{Â&#x201A;}xÂ&#x2022;z} or fairly regularly, we found that the Â&#x2014;|z}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}|zÂ&#x192;x} zÂ&#x2C6;x|}|}qjqz|x}Â&#x201E;}|xÂ&#x192;xz|}Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2020;z} zÂ&#x201E;Â&#x2014;z}Ă&#x2019;ÂŤĂ&#x2039;ÂŚ}Â&#x192;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2026;q}Ă&#x152;Ă?Ă&#x2039;}Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~}Â&#x20AC; z}Ă&#x152;Ă&#x152;Ă&#x2039;ÂŚ} while state like Ogun and Sokoto scored Ă&#x152;Ă&#x2039;}zÂ&#x192;Â&#x2026;q}Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~} Â&#x192;}ÂŹĂ&#x2039;}Â&#x17D;z{z}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;}xqz} Â&#x20AC;xxÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x2022;}{Â&#x2014;Â&#x201E;jÂ&#x2019;}|Â&#x2014;Â&#x201E;}Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~}Â&#x192;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;{Â&#x192;}|xÂ&#x192;xz} Â&#x20AC;xq} scored 0% each which means none of the drivers interviewed in the state used xqz} |zÂ&#x192;x}  zÂ&#x2C6;x} zxqz{} zÂ&#x153;z{Â&#x201A;} xÂ&#x2022;z} Â&#x20AC;{} Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;{Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;} regularly.â&#x20AC;? It was also revealed in the report that zÂ&#x201E;jÂ&#x192;jÂ&#x201E;j} Â&#x201E;} Â&#x2014;Â&#x201E;Â&#x201E;zÂ&#x2026;z||Â&#x192;{Â&#x201A;} {Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201E;j}  Â&#x201A;} overtaking one another among drivers led to accidents. According to the researchers, the race among drivers is very common and is a common cause Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2026;~zÂ&#x201E;x|Â&#x2019;}Â&#x2013;|}Â&#x2022;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2026;q}Â&#x192;|}Ă&#x160;Ă&#x152;Ă&#x2039;}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}~{Â&#x153;z{|}Â&#x192;~Â&#x2022;z~}Â&#x2021;Â&#x192;{xÂ&#x2026;Â&#x2021;Â&#x192;xÂ&#x201E;j}Â&#x201E;}xqz|z}{Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;z|} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;|Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;ÂŚ}Â&#x17D;qÂ&#x2C6;z}­Ă&#x2039;}Â&#x192;~Â&#x2022;z~}xÂ&#x20AC;}~Â&#x20AC;ing it often/always. Other practices included underestimating the speed of Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2022;Â&#x201E;j} Â&#x153;zqÂ&#x2026;Â&#x2C6;z|} Â&#x17D;qzÂ&#x201E;} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x153;z{xÂ&#x192;Â&#x2020;Â&#x201E;jĂ&#x2030;} œœĂ&#x2039;} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} {z|Â&#x2021;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;~zÂ&#x201E;x|} Â&#x192;~Â&#x2022;z~} xÂ&#x20AC;} qÂ&#x192;Â&#x153;ing done this occasionally at some point Â&#x17D;qÂ&#x2C6;z}~{Â&#x153;Â&#x201E;j}Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~}Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x20AC;xqz{}Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2039;}|Â&#x192;~}xqzÂ&#x201A;} ~Â&#x20AC;} x} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;xzÂ&#x201E;Ă&#x201D;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x17D;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;|²Â&#x2019;} Â&#x2013;{Â&#x153;Â&#x201E;j} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;} xqz} Â&#x17D;{Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;j} |~z} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} xqz} {Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;~} ´zÂ&#x2019;jÂ&#x2019;} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;z} Â&#x17D;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;} Â&#x20AC;{} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;} ~z~Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;xz~}  Â&#x2014;|} Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;z|°} |} Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x20AC;xqz{} Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2022;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;} Â&#x2021;{Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;xÂ&#x2026;zĂ&#x2030;} Ă&#x160;Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2039;} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} {z|Â&#x2021;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;~zÂ&#x201E;x|}

Participants at CLEEN foundation confrence

â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;80% Nigerians drive without valid driversâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; licenceâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; {zÂ&#x2021;Â&#x20AC;{xz~}xq|} zqÂ&#x192;Â&#x153;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;{}zxqz{}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;|Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;ally, often or always when driving. But Â&#x201E;Â&#x20AC;x} Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;} Â&#x20AC; |z{Â&#x153;z~}  zqÂ&#x192;Â&#x153;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;{|} Â&#x192;{z} ~Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;jz{Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;|}Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~}Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2026;~zÂ&#x201E;x}Â&#x2021;{Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;zÂŚ}Ă&#x152;­Ă&#x2039;}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}|Â&#x2014;{veyed drivers often or always stop for pedestrians to cross while another 44% do so sometimesâ&#x20AC;?, the report stated. CLEEN Foundation also reported that Â&#x192; Â&#x2014;|z}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;qÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;}|}Â&#x192;}Â&#x2C6;zÂ&#x192;~Â&#x201E;j}Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x2014;|z}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2026;~zÂ&#x201E;x|} Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;{Â&#x20AC;||} xqz} jÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC; z} Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~} qÂ&#x192;|}  zzÂ&#x201E;} ~zÂ&#x201E;x`z~} Â&#x192;|} Â&#x192;} Â&#x2C6;zÂ&#x192;~Â&#x201E;j} x{Â&#x192;,Â&#x2026;} Â&#x20AC;BzÂ&#x201E;Â&#x2026;z} Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2022;z~} Â&#x201A;}~{Â&#x153;z{|Â&#x2019;} According to the survey, it was gathz{z~}xqÂ&#x192;x}Â&#x192; |zÂ&#x201E;Â&#x2026;z}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}Â&#x192;}{Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2014;|x}|Â&#x201A;|xzÂ&#x2022;}Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;{} xz|xÂ&#x201E;j}Â&#x2C6;zÂ&#x153;zÂ&#x2C6;}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;qÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;}Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;|Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2021;xÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;} Â&#x201A;} drivers in Nigeria is not healthy. â&#x20AC;&#x153;We resorted to self reportage to determine xqz}Â&#x2030;{zšÂ&#x2014;zÂ&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}xq|}Â&#x2021;{Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;xÂ&#x2026;z} Â&#x201A;}Â&#x192;|Â&#x2020;Â&#x201E;j} drivers how often they consume alcoqÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2026;}  zÂ&#x153;z{Â&#x192;jz|}  zÂ&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;{z} ~{Â&#x153;Â&#x201E;jÂ&#x2019;} Ă&#x160;ÂŹĂ&#x2039;} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} surveyed drivers in the rural areas and Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2019;Ă&#x2039;} Â&#x201E;} xqz} Â&#x2014;{ Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;} Â&#x192;{zÂ&#x192;|} {zÂ&#x2021;Â&#x20AC;{xz~} xqÂ&#x192;x} xqzÂ&#x201A;}Â&#x2013;|Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2022;zxÂ&#x2022;z|²}Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;|Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;z}Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;qÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;} zÂ&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;{z}~{Â&#x153;Â&#x201E;j}Â&#x17D;qÂ&#x2C6;z}Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x20AC;xqz{}­Ă&#x2039;}´ Â&#x20AC;xq}{Â&#x2014;{Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;}Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~}Â&#x2014;{ Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;°}|Â&#x192;~}xqzÂ&#x201A;}~Â&#x20AC;}xq|}Â&#x2013;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;xzÂ&#x201E;Ă&#x201D; Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x17D;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;|²Ă&#x2030;}xqz}{zÂ&#x2021;Â&#x20AC;{x}|xÂ&#x192;xz~Â&#x2019;} â&#x20AC;&#x153;Only a total of 22% of respondents Â&#x201E;}xqz}{Â&#x2014;{Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;}Â&#x192;{zÂ&#x192;|}Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~}ÂŹÂŤĂ&#x2039;}Â&#x201E;}xqz}Â&#x2014;{ Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;} {zÂ&#x2021;Â&#x20AC;{xz~}xqÂ&#x192;x}xqzÂ&#x201A;}Â&#x2013;qÂ&#x192;{~Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;²}~Â&#x20AC;}xq|Â&#x2019;} viously the trend of alcohol consumption among drivers is a common pheÂ&#x201E;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2022;zÂ&#x201E;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;}Â&#x201E;} Â&#x20AC;xq}{Â&#x2014;{Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;}Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~}Â&#x2014;{ Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;}Â&#x192;{zÂ&#x192;|} of Nigeria and there are at the moment no easy ways of enforcing the regulaxÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;}Â&#x192;jÂ&#x192;Â&#x201E;|x}xqz}Â&#x192; Â&#x2014;|z}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;qÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;}Â&#x192;Â&#x2022;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;j} drivers, and passengers do not have the means to know the level of intoxication Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}Â&#x192;}~{Â&#x153;z{} zÂ&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;{z}zÂ&#x2022; Â&#x192;{Â&#x2020;Â&#x201E;j}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;}Â&#x192;}ÂąÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;{ney.â&#x20AC;? qz} Â&#x2DC;|}  {Â&#x192;qÂ&#x2022;}  Â&#x2C6;~Â&#x2014;{Â&#x192;qzzÂ&#x2022;ÂŚ} zÂ&#x2026;xÂ&#x20AC;{} zÂ&#x192;~} Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~} Â&#x2014; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2026;} zÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x192;xÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;|} Â&#x2030;`Â&#x2026;z{} Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;`{Â&#x2022;z~} Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;} xqz} {zÂ&#x2021;Â&#x20AC;{x|} |xÂ&#x192;xz~}  Â&#x201A;} xqz} } Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x201E;~Â&#x192;xÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2019;} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;{Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;|x|} Â&#x17D;qÂ&#x20AC;}Â&#x17D;z{z}Â&#x201E;}Â&#x192;zÂ&#x201E;~Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;z}`{z~}šÂ&#x2014;z|xÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;|} on the methodology in conducting the research. But, Shola Moses, while speaking on the methodology used in compiling the reports said that the study employed investigation and research methodology and it was designed to en|Â&#x2014;{z}xqÂ&#x192;x}x|}`Â&#x201E;~Â&#x201E;j|}Â&#x192;~zšÂ&#x2014;Â&#x192;xzÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;}{z zÂ&#x2026;x} the perceptions of Nigerians. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The population sample consisted of Œ­Ă?} jz{Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;|} zšÂ&#x2014;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;} ~|x{ Â&#x2014;xz~} Â&#x192;Â&#x2022;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;j}Â&#x2022;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;z}Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~}Â&#x2030;zÂ&#x2022;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;z}Â&#x192;~Â&#x2014;Â&#x2C6;x|}Â&#x192;jz~}ÂŤĂ?} Â&#x201A;zÂ&#x192;{|} Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~} Â&#x192; Â&#x20AC;Â&#x153;z} Â&#x2030;{Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2022;} Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;} xqz} Ă&#x152;Âś} |xÂ&#x192;xz|} in the country and the Federal Capital

Territory. The data collection method employed was the household survey involving face-to-face personal interÂ&#x153;zÂ&#x17D;|Â&#x2019;} } z|Â&#x2021;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;~zÂ&#x201E;x|} Â&#x17D;z{z} |zÂ&#x2C6;zÂ&#x2026;xz~} xq{Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;jq}Â&#x192;}|x{Â&#x192;x`z~}Â&#x2022;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2C6;x§|xÂ&#x192;jz}{Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2022;} sampling procedure in order to achieve Â&#x192;} {zÂ&#x2021;{z|zÂ&#x201E;xÂ&#x192;xÂ&#x153;z} |Â&#x192;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2C6;zÂ&#x2019;} } z|Â&#x2021;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;~zÂ&#x201E;x|} must have lived in the selected household for a period of not less than six months. qz} `zÂ&#x2C6;~Â&#x17D;Â&#x20AC;{Â&#x2020;} Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;{} xqz} |Â&#x2014;{Â&#x153;zÂ&#x201A;} Â&#x17D;Â&#x192;|} Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;~Â&#x2014;Â&#x2026;xz~} Â&#x201A;}{Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;xÂ&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;}Â&#x192;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201E;j} Â&#x201E;xz{Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;xÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;}´ °Œ}Â&#x192;}{zÂ&#x2021;Â&#x2014;xz~}{z|zÂ&#x192;{Â&#x2026;q}Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2022;pany with a wide experience in quantixÂ&#x192;xÂ&#x153;z}{z|zÂ&#x192;{Â&#x2026;q}Â&#x201E;}xqz}Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x201E;x{Â&#x201A;}Â&#x2030;{Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2022;} Â&#x2014;Â&#x201E;z} xÂ&#x20AC;} Â&#x2014;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;ÂŚ}ŸĂ&#x152;Œ²}qz}|Â&#x192;~Â&#x2019;} â&#x20AC;&#x153;CLEEN Foundation employed monixÂ&#x20AC;{|}xÂ&#x20AC;}Â&#x20AC; |z{Â&#x153;z}xqz}Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;~Â&#x2014;Â&#x2026;x}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}xqz}`zÂ&#x2C6;~} work as an initial quality control measure. The data processing was done in Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192; Â&#x20AC;{Â&#x192;xÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;}Â&#x17D;xq}}{Â&#x20AC;§Â&#x192;xÂ&#x192;}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;|Â&#x2014;Â&#x2C6;x} Â&#x2022;xz~}Â&#x17D;xq}|Â&#x2014;Â&#x2021;z{Â&#x153;|Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;} Â&#x201A;}xqz}}

M>:?:J6G1/O D1/;>:7B/P:Q G57<196B<;:6 UQV/5<;=<5J H5E8J=9@W9;:/95;=195J VHW 5 /:8B;:6/:7:5/<> <1E859QG=;>5 G=6::Y8:/=:9<: =9ZB59;=;5;=P: /:7:5/<>=9;>: <1B9;/QD/1E LB9:;1LBJQ 2013

Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x201E;~Â&#x192;xÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;}{z|zÂ&#x192;{Â&#x2026;q}xzÂ&#x192;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2019;}}Â&#x192;xÂ&#x192;}zÂ&#x201E;x{Â&#x201A;ÂŚ} cleaning and analysis was done using Statistical Package for Social Sciences ´°²Â&#x2019;} qz} j{Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2021;} {zÂ&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2022;zÂ&#x201E;~|} xqz} following suggestions to improve road safety in Nigeria. Â&#x2013;Â&#x20AC;} Â&#x2026;qzÂ&#x2026;Â&#x2020;} xqz} Â&#x192; Â&#x2014;|z} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;qÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;}  Â&#x201A;} drivers on the roads, we recommend xqz} ~zÂ&#x2021;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2022;zÂ&#x201E;x} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}  {zÂ&#x192;xq} Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;|z{|} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;} strategic points on our expressways. qz} } Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~} Â&#x20AC;xqz{} Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x17D;} zÂ&#x201E;Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;{Â&#x2026;zÂ&#x2022;zÂ&#x201E;x} Â&#x20AC;,Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;|} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;} {Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;~} Â&#x2021;Â&#x192;x{Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;|} |qÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2C6;~}  z} equipped with such devices to check drivers and enforce the laws where deÂ&#x153;Â&#x192;xÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;}|}Â&#x20AC; |z{Â&#x153;z~Â&#x2019;}Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;}Â&#x2021;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2026;} Â&#x2014;|}Â&#x2021;Â&#x192;{Â&#x2020;|} |qÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2C6;~} z}zšÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2021;z~}Â&#x17D;xq} {zÂ&#x192;xq}Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;|z{|}xÂ&#x20AC;}Â&#x2026;qzÂ&#x2026;Â&#x2020;}Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~}zÂ&#x201E;|Â&#x2014;{z}xqÂ&#x192;x}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;}|Â&#x20AC; z{} drivers are allowed to leave such park.â&#x20AC;? Also, they recommended that national Â&#x192;Â&#x2014;~x} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} {Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;~} Â&#x192;Â&#x153;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192; Â&#x2C6;xÂ&#x201A;} Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~} šÂ&#x2014;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;xÂ&#x201A;}  Â&#x201A;} |xÂ&#x192;xz} xÂ&#x20AC;}  z} z|xÂ&#x192; Â&#x2C6;|qz~Â&#x2019;} qz} j{Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2021;} said such an audit will show clearly the xÂ&#x201A;Â&#x2021;z|} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} {Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;~|} Â&#x192;Â&#x153;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192; Â&#x2C6;z} xÂ&#x20AC;} Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2014;xz{|} and their current state of repairs and xqÂ&#x2014;|}  zz{} Â&#x2014;Â&#x2021;~Â&#x192;xz} {Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;~} {zÂ&#x2021;Â&#x192;{|} Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~} Â&#x2022;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;jzÂ&#x2022;zÂ&#x201E;x} zBÂ&#x20AC;{x|} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;} jÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x153;z{Â&#x201E;Â&#x2022;zÂ&#x201E;x} departments. CLEEN also calls for installation of |Â&#x2021;zz~}  {zÂ&#x192;Â&#x2020;z{|} Â&#x201E;} {z|~zÂ&#x201E;xÂ&#x192;Â&#x2C6;} Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~} Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;jz|xz~} Â&#x201E;zjq Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;{qÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x20AC;~|Â&#x2019;} Â&#x2026;Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;{~Â&#x201E;j} xÂ&#x20AC;} them, the installation of well-designed |Â&#x2021;zz~}  {zÂ&#x192;Â&#x2020;z{|} Â&#x201E;}  Â&#x2014;|Â&#x201A;} Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2014;Â&#x201E;xz|} would ensure that drivers reduce speed and thus allow for pedestrians to move Â&#x192; Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;x}Â&#x17D;xq}j{zÂ&#x192;xz{}zÂ&#x192;|zÂ&#x2019; Another suggestion according to the CLEEN was the installation of ICT devises to check speed: â&#x20AC;&#x153;There is need to deploy motion detectors, cameras and Â&#x20AC;xqz{}Â&#x2022;Â&#x20AC;~z{Â&#x201E;} }~zÂ&#x153;Â&#x2026;z|}Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;j}Â&#x2022;Â&#x192;ÂąÂ&#x20AC;{} highways to alert authorities on driversâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; overspeeding and allow for the erring ~{Â&#x153;z{} xÂ&#x20AC;}  z} Â&#x192;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2021;{zqzÂ&#x201E;~z~} Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~} ~|Â&#x2026;plined.â&#x20AC;? According to the Group, installation Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} Â&#x2021;z~z|x{Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;}  {~jz|} Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~} ¸z {Â&#x192;} Â&#x2026;{Â&#x20AC;||ing would help and that there was need to ensure that pedestrian crossing spots are installed and clearly marked in residential and commercial zones. â&#x20AC;&#x153;There is need for the standardization of drivers instruction process in Nigeria with driving schools registered and regulated to ensure that all new drivers are imparted the same amount of training Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~}Â&#x192;{z}Â&#x192;~ÂąÂ&#x2014;~jz~}`x}xÂ&#x20AC;}~{Â&#x153;z} Â&#x201A;}xqz}Â&#x192;Â&#x2014;xqÂ&#x20AC;{xz|} zÂ&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;{z} zÂ&#x201E;j}||Â&#x2014;z~}Â&#x17D;xq}~{Â&#x153;ing licences,â&#x20AC;? the group recommended. â&#x20AC;&#x153;There is need for improved sensiti¸Â&#x192;xÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;ÂŚ}Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192; Â&#x20AC;{Â&#x192;xÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;} zxÂ&#x17D;zzÂ&#x201E;}xqz}} and all sections of society to pass the message of safety on Nigerian roads.â&#x20AC;?




 

    

  

 

      

   

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 = '==== = = = =  = = = 6=  = '= = = '= = 5= += = =  = = = = '====< 6== === -6=0++5= =  = ,46= = = =  = '===B== == == == === == = = =  =  = = = = = = <  =  = = /60++6= =  = = !  = = ==5= = =  6= =  = = = != = '= = &= = = = 6=  = = =  =  =  = 7=====  == =5= === = '==== = =<  = == 5= === = = == === = = === = = =  = =  =  =   = = = = = =  = 5= = = =  6=  = = = =  = = = = = = == = == = 2= =,++==5 3 == == =  = = =  = <=  = '=  = = = = !  = = =  === = =< = = = ='5

=  = =  = = = 6= == ==== = =  = = = B== = =  = = '= = '=  =  ='===== <  5=&=== = = = = = =  = =  =  = =  = = = =  ==== 5 &= 6=  = = <  = = =  = =  = = =  = = =  = = = =  =  = = = 4== ===< = =  = = =  = 5=  = ==== <  = =   = = === = = =  = = =   = =  = =   =  = = = = = = < = = = ===5

= = = = = = = = ==* 6==   =='===== =  = = = = < === = === B== = = 6= = =   =  = '5= < = =  =  <'=  =7= ='== = = = =   =  = = <  ======  = = = =  = < = == =5 =  = = =  ==  == = == =< = = = = = = =

 

 5= 3 9= = , ===  ======< =  =  '= =  = 5= + = =  = === = 5= 6= ==== == == ='=   = =  = = =  = = =  = < =  =  =  = '= = == ====  =5=

 = = === == ===  = 5= &= =  = = =  = ==== = ==  == ===  = = = !  = < = = = =  = = = = = = = < = = = =  = = = ===2== = 5========== &= 6=   = =  = 6= !  =

 

= =  = =  = =  =

= == = =< *6= =  = *= = 5= = = =  = = = = = = = < = = = =  = ===== =< 5= $= = 6= = =  == == == = = = = = = ' < '=  =  =  = =  = = 5

*= = &6=  =  = 6= = 3= < = 6== =  == = = ===< =  == ====

9= = =  =  = =  =  = =  = 5= += =  =   = = = =  = =  =  =  == ='==  = = = 2=  =  = = B== 9= < 5

 ='== == = =  = 6= = =  = = =  = /6= 1++= = = .6=,++= == = = '5= $=  = = = = ==  ===< === 26=+++5 :3= =  = < = =  = -.<-4= =  = = =  = = =  = = = = 260++= =

36+++===5; += =  =  = = =  = = =  = = = '= < = = =2= = = =  = =   =  =  = 5= +=== = == =< = = === = = = ='===   = = = =  = 6===== === = 6== ===='== = 5= :=== == == =8='=  9=  = ===  == = < ='==== = = = '= =  = 5= 3 = = = =  = === = ==== =< =  =  =  = = 6;= =5

 6=  =  = < = === = =  = = = = = = = = =2=== < == '== =  = = =  =  = = =   = = = 5= 3 = = = = 6=<

= ==== = = = =  = B=== = 5 :3 =  = = = = =  = =  = == == ===  == == =B== = =  ==2= = = == 6;= =25  =  6= = 6=  =  = =  = = = = = =  = .6= +++=  = = =  =  === /6=1++= = = = == = !  ==== 5 :3 = = =  = < = =  = = '=  = =   =  = =  = =  = =  = === = 5=3 = ====  ===== == =5=3 == = =< = =  = =  = = = == ==== 5= =  = = =  < = = =  = == === =

5; +=== == =<  =  = '= =  = = = =  = = == ===< =6== === = = == = ==6=  == = = = 5

 ==== == == =  < = =  =  = = <    




    

  

      

 

             

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                +!)($4: %: &: +'&: %%! : %: $: : $ %:$: :%&: 9 '&:"$"$&! %:&!:$:! :!'$ +%: &!:B:$ &:!&! %: :&:!' &$+:)&: ! :"'$"!%:! :&$: %:):%:&!: %" : #'&+: &: )&: +: 9 $%:  : $ %: %!: !: )!: &+: (: !&:% :!$::! :&3 &&:%:&:)%:!:&:&, %:&&:!(9 $  &:%!':! %$:&: %:  : &: $%": &&: &+:  !' &$:  :"$!(:!&$:%'&: :&$ 9 &(: %:!:&$ %"!$&&! : : :&: %:( :"$!(:! :)&:%:(: +: %"+: % &% : &: $!: &$ %9 "!$&: %&!$: &&: %: '$$ &+: &: %&: $9 %!$&:!:&:!! : 3


53

Daily Newswatch

Super Story MONDAY, DECEMBER 23, 2013

Christmas: Fast becoming season of fun, profit-making GBENGA AJAYI

N

o other period of the year is order on Lagos streets become too lax thereby making state and other law-enforcement of`Â&#x2026;z{|} xÂ&#x20AC;}  z} Â&#x192;x} xqz{} Â&#x17D;xÂ&#x2DC;|} zÂ&#x201E;~} than the month of December -- when large Â&#x201E;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022; z{} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} x{Â&#x192;~z{|Â&#x2DC;} x{Â&#x20AC;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2021;} xÂ&#x20AC;} xqz} {Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;~|} Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~} armies of sellers colonise highways just to make Christmas sales. From Ojota, the gateway to the Nigerian state of excellence and aquatic beauty, Â&#x17D;qÂ&#x2026;q} |} Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;|Â&#x20AC;} xqz} Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;xÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2DC;|} Â&#x2014;Â&#x201E;~|Â&#x2021;Â&#x2014;xz~} zÂ&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;nomic capital, to Oshodi; its rowdy centre, populated by seas of humans and huge veqÂ&#x2026;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;{} x{Â&#x192;,Â&#x2026;} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;} zÂ&#x153;z{Â&#x201A;} Â&#x192;Â&#x153;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192; Â&#x2C6;z} |Â&#x2021;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;zÂŚ} xÂ&#x20AC;} Â&#x192;jÂ&#x20AC;|} |Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~ÂŚ} xÂ&#x2DC;|} |Â&#x2026;zÂ&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;}  zÂ&#x192;Â&#x2014;xÂ&#x2030;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2C6;} Â&#x201E;Â&#x20AC;|Â&#x201A;} axis blossoming with formal and informal businesses in its length and breadth, the concern of many for trade in the last month on the calendar is obvious, intense and easily noticed even by the blind and the deaf. Oluwole, Martins, Azikiwe, Broad, and other popular streets on the island since December 1, the day that ushered in the Christian Advent season (four Sundays before Christmas), had begun swelling from dawn till midnight with traders selling plastic trees, toys, twinkling lights, red bowler and boater hats, shoes and other yuletide goods, yet with each passing day, the streets continued to record massive addition to human beings and loads of materials. Also full to bursting with patrons are the ubiquitous decorated gift shops and malls, Â&#x2022;Â&#x20AC;|x}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}Â&#x17D;qÂ&#x2026;q}Â&#x20AC;Bz{}Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;{}|Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;z}Â&#x17D;{Â&#x192;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2021;z~}Â&#x2021;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2020;ages, Christmas hampers and sundry other goods, but added for the listening pleasure of their teeming customers, is free Christmas |Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;j|}`Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201E;j}xqz}Â&#x192;{}§§}Ă&#x2020;}Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;z}xÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x17D;Â&#x201E;}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}zxqÂ&#x2C6;zqzÂ&#x2022;ÂŚÂ&#x2DC;}Ă&#x2020;|}Â&#x17D;xq}jÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x192;~Â&#x201E;z||}Â&#x2022;zÂ&#x201E;}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;~ÂŚÂ&#x2DC;}Ă&#x2020;}Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2022;z} Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;}Â&#x201A;z}Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;xqÂ&#x2030;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2C6;ÂŚÂ&#x2DC;}Ă&#x2020; Â&#x192;{Â&#x2020;}xqz}qz{Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;~}Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;jzÂ&#x2C6;|}|Â&#x201E;jÂŚÂ&#x2DC;} §§} Â&#x2021;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;{} Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;{Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;|} Â&#x17D;{zÂ&#x201E;} Â&#x192;|} Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;{}  Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2020;} Â&#x192;|} xqz} 17th Century, sang by vintage voices of angelic youths, but produced from many blaring loud speakers on Nigerian streets. The Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;{Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;|Â&#x2DC;}Â&#x2022;zÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC;~z|}Â&#x192;{z}Â&#x2021;Â&#x2C6;zÂ&#x192;|Â&#x201E;jÂŚ}Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2030;xÂ&#x201E;j}xqz}|Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2C6;} and spirit. Their messages also sync with the mood of the season. The sound heard on entering one of

Christmas shoppers...

Santa Klaus

the shops on Broad Street, a boutique renowned for its stock of varieties of fashionable clothes, shoes and jewellery was not a carol but the welcoming voice of its salesman, who told Daily Newswatch: â&#x20AC;&#x153;We have everything you want for a good Christmas like quality shirts, skirts made in Europe or Asia. We also have jeans, Italian and American shoes. You are free to make your choice; by doing so, we shall remember you every Christmas.â&#x20AC;? Unlike the last Broad Street salesman, many street traders outside are not as courteous or civil in their relationship with customers. May be for the sake of selling their wares and making fast gains, some abrasively advertise, poking their wares through windows of moving cars and trucks. Not a few hawkers compete with motorists for the use of the roads, while many mildly harass passersby, pricking or touching their arms xÂ&#x20AC;} jzx} xqz{} Â&#x192;zÂ&#x201E;xÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;} Â zÂ&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;{z} Â&#x201E;x{Â&#x20AC;~Â&#x2014;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201E;j} their wares. The consequence is the chal-

Â&#x2C6;zÂ&#x201E;jz}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}x{Â&#x192;,Â&#x2026;}|Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;{Â&#x2C6;|}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;}xqz}Â&#x2022;Â&#x192;ÂąÂ&#x20AC;{}{Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;~|}Â&#x201E;} Â&#x192;jÂ&#x20AC;|} Â&#x192;x} q{|xÂ&#x2022;Â&#x192;|} xÂ&#x2022;zÂŚ}  Â&#x2014;x} x{Â&#x192;,Â&#x2026;} j{~locks are blessings to them. Outside the highways, at traditional markets in suburban Lagos such as Ojo, Agege, ÂąÂ&#x2014;} Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~} Â&#x2022;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x201A;} Â&#x20AC;xqz{|ÂŚ} Â&#x192;} {zÂ&#x2021;zÂ&#x192;x} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} x{Â&#x192;~z{|Â&#x2DC;} wild determination to take optimum advantage of the opportunity the season ofÂ&#x2030;z{|} xÂ&#x20AC;} Â&#x2022;Â&#x192;Â&#x2020;z} Â&#x2022;Â&#x192;¨Â&#x2022;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;} Â&#x2021;{Â&#x20AC;`x} Â&#x2030;{Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2022;} |Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;z|} |} viewed by observers with humour. Many x{Â&#x192;~z{|}Â&#x192;x}Â&#x2021;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;{}Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x20AC;~}|xÂ&#x2014;B}Â&#x2022;Â&#x192;{Â&#x2020;zx}Â&#x192;x}Â&#x2C6;z} 12 and another that shares similar character with it at Oke-Odo, along Abeokuta-Lagos Expressway, were visibly glad and unpretentiously upbeat because of the impressive  Â&#x2014;|Â&#x201E;z||}xqzÂ&#x201A;}qÂ&#x192;~}{zÂ&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;{~z~}Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~}Â&#x2021;{Â&#x20AC;`x|}xqzÂ&#x201A;} had made this year. Sarah Okon, a vegetable oil seller at Oke-Odo Market, told our cor{z|Â&#x2021;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;~zÂ&#x201E;xĂ&#x2013;} Â&#x2013; } xqÂ&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2020;} Â&#x20AC;~} Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;{} |} Â&#x2022;z{Â&#x2026;z|} and favour this December. For me it is like xqz} Â&#x2C6;z||Â&#x201E;j|}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;z{}~Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;|ÂŚ} zÂ&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x2014;|z}|Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;z|}{zcorded so far have made me happy, though the gains are not abnormal enough to make me a millionaire yet, because the exchange rate is high.â&#x20AC;? } z{} Â&#x2022;zÂ&#x201E;xÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} xqz} z¨Â&#x2026;qÂ&#x192;Â&#x201E;jz} {Â&#x192;xz} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} xqz} Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;xÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2DC;|}Â&#x2026;Â&#x2014;{{zÂ&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;ÂŚ}xqz}Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;{Â&#x192;ÂŚ}xÂ&#x20AC;}|x{Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;jz{}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;z|} in international markets, such as the dollar, pound sterling and euro, was a stunning revelation of the fact that most essential commodities available at the Christmas season are not produced in this country, but either imported or smuggled into the country. Facts gathered from a credible source made it known that as early as October, the tempo of activities at most Lagos markets had already reached an intense state as hundreds of vehicles (cars, buses and trucks) laden with bags of rice -- Agric, PIS, Special, Premium Quality and Aroseuer -- had arrived the traditional markets from nearby francophone country, Benin Republic, between the wee hours and dawn before a maddening competition for parking space Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~} Â&#x20AC;B§Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;~Â&#x201E;j} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} xqz} Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;|jÂ&#x201E;Â&#x2022;zÂ&#x201E;x|} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} z|sential commodity into stalls and stores of their owners. Last week, when Daily Newswatch visited a market in Lagos West, every nook and cranny of the market, had a

semblance of a rice warehouse going by the heights of many well-arranged bags of the popular grain imported from Thailand and smuggled into the country through secret Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~} Â&#x20AC;,Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;} {Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;xz|Â&#x2019;} Â&#x201E;} Â&#x192;{Â&#x2022;Â&#x201A;} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} Â&#x2014;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2020;zÂ&#x2022;Â&#x2021;x} urchins working as load carriers were also readily available to help buyers carry it for them at the payment of a fee, to their cars or the bus stops, before onward journey to their homes. Other goods that complement {Â&#x2026;z}zÂ&#x192;xz{|Â&#x2DC;}Â&#x192;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2021;zxxz}|Â&#x2014;Â&#x2026;q}Â&#x192;|}Â&#x153;zjzxÂ&#x192; Â&#x2C6;z}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;}Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~} cartons of frozen chicken also were available in the market. Despite the fact that quantity of these xzÂ&#x2022;|} Â&#x192;Â&#x153;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192; Â&#x2C6;z} Â&#x2C6;xz{Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;} Â&#x2C6;z{z~} xqz} Â&#x2C6;zÂ&#x201E;jxq} and breadth of the market making moveÂ&#x2022;zÂ&#x201E;x} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} Â&#x2026;Â&#x2014;|xÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x2022;z{|} Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~} x{Â&#x192;~z{|} ~,Â&#x2026;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2C6;xÂŚ} Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x2022;zÂ&#x201E;xÂ&#x192;xÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x153;z{}Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;z}Â&#x20AC;{}Â&#x201E;Â&#x20AC;}|Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;z|}xq|}Â&#x2030;z|xÂ&#x153;z} season was the song of many of the sellers. Afusatu Adebiyi, a rice merchant, told Daily Newswatch that she sold less than 10 bags in November while â&#x20AC;&#x153;so far this month (December 17), I have sold just about 15 bags.â&#x20AC;? Many other rice and vegetable oil sellers Daily Newswatch spoke with narrated their sad stories of how no customer came to buy from them until the tail end of the day. â&#x20AC;&#x153;A bad business year, this 2013 is, unlike past years when we started swimming in an ocean of commercial gains days before Christmas day,â&#x20AC;? Omolade Kareem, another rice seller at Oshodi, stated sadly. Maybe the sudden rise in the price of rice is to blame. It was gathered that a bag of Special, the best brand, now cost N10,400. Even though Christmas is a great booster of local and national economies, this blessing may evade under-developing economies which are too import-dependent like Nigeria; unlike China, United States and Japan which now control world trade in plastic Christmas or Yuletide goods such as Christmas trees, balloons, toys, sun shade and explosives also called banger. But in Nigeria, many sellers pray that this period should Â&#x201E;Â&#x20AC;x}Â&#x2021;Â&#x192;||}xqzÂ&#x2022;} Â&#x201A;} zÂ&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x2014;|z}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}x|}Â&#x2021;{Â&#x20AC;`x§Â&#x2022;Â&#x192;Â&#x2020;Â&#x201E;j}  zÂ&#x201E;z`x|} Â&#x20AC;{}  Â&#x2C6;z||Â&#x201E;j|} xq{Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;jq} |zÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201E;j} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} ~Bz{zÂ&#x201E;x} Â&#x17D;Â&#x192;{z|ÂŚ} Â&#x201E;Â&#x20AC;} Â&#x2022;Â&#x192;z{} xqz{} Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;|zContinued on Page 54


54

Super Story

Daily Newswatch MONDAY, december 23, 2013

Christmas: Season of fun, profit-making

quential status. More mind-boggling, though many may strongly controvert this, is Daily Newswatchâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s discovery that animal proteins such as poultry products, goats, sheep, bulls are also imported from countries in the West African sub-region. This is a hard truth nonetheless. A ram seller at Abule Egba, Karimu Ayantola, beamed some light on this: â&#x20AC;&#x153;The security menace posed by the intransigent Boko Haram group in the northern part of the country has made some states in the North a â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;no-goâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; area for us, therefore we went as far as Chad, Niger Republic, Mali and Burkina Faso to buy rams and goats this year for people to enjoy Christmas. This, however, entailed payment in hard currency, which is very scarce in this country now,â&#x20AC;? he explained. No wonder, the cost of the animals ranges between N50,000 and N100,000. The average-sized one enough for a family of six cost between N60,000 and N80,000. He however said that the prices would start falling a day after Christmas. The huge population of buyers from difÂ&#x2030;z{zÂ&#x201E;x}{zjÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;|}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}jz{Â&#x192;}xqÂ&#x192;x} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x20AC;~}|qÂ&#x20AC;~ÂŚ}  Â&#x2014;xz} {Â&#x20AC;ÂŚ} Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2014;Â&#x17D;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;z} Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~} ~Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â&#x20AC;xÂ&#x192;} Â&#x2022;Â&#x192;{Â&#x2020;zx|ÂŚ} where fabrics are sold, gives a lie to the expected gains of traders this festive season, Daily Newswatch has discovered. Even though most of the fabric stores boast of assorted quality textiles such as â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Baby, Swiss, {Â&#x201A;ÂŚ}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;z}Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;zĂ&#x2030;}Â&#x192;{Â&#x2021;qzxÂ&#x192;ÂŚ}{jÂ&#x192;Â&#x201E;¸Â&#x192;ÂŚ} Â&#x2014;Â&#x201E;zÂ&#x192;} brocade, Senegalese, Capiore, Kampala, Ankara, Wax, Daviva, and Jacquard,â&#x20AC;&#x2122; majority Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}xqz} Â&#x2014;Â&#x201A;z{|}Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2C6;~}Â&#x201E;Â&#x20AC;x}zBzÂ&#x2026;xÂ&#x153;zÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;}~zÂ&#x2022;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~} for wares of their choice or pay for them. A university undergraduate, in a chat with our correspondent disclosed that the prices of fabrics were not fair. â&#x20AC;&#x153;A six-yard wax AnÂ&#x2020;Â&#x192;{Â&#x192;} xqÂ&#x192;x} }  Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;jqx} Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;|x} Â&#x2022;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;xq} Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;{} Ă&#x152;Œ­ŸŸŒ} Â&#x201E;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x17D;} Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;|x} ­ŒŸŸŸÂ&#x2019;} } Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2DC;x} Â&#x192;BÂ&#x20AC;{~} xÂ&#x2019;²} Â&#x2014;x} xqz} manager of V Jay Fashion and Textile AcÂ&#x2026;z||Â&#x20AC;{z|ÂŚ} Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;} Â&#x2021;Â&#x192;ÂąÂ&#x192;ÂŚ} Â&#x201A;Â&#x192; Â&#x20AC;~z} Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2014;|ÂŚ} Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;tradicted the opinion of the last speaker on increased prices of fabrics this season. She explained: â&#x20AC;&#x153;The prices of fabrics we sell in recent times have not been increased. What many people donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t realise is that we are not happy seeing our shops still loaded everyday or our wares gathering dust because it Â&#x2022;zÂ&#x192;Â&#x201E;|}Â&#x17D;z}Â&#x192;{z}Â&#x201E;Â&#x20AC;x}Â&#x2022;Â&#x192;Â&#x2020;Â&#x201E;j}|Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;z|}Â&#x20AC;{}Â&#x2021;{Â&#x20AC;`xÂ&#x2019;}qz} reason for the bad business this festive time is the economic crunch in the country that qÂ&#x192;|}Â&#x192;BzÂ&#x2026;xz~}xqz}Â&#x192; Â&#x2C6;xÂ&#x201A;}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}Â&#x2022;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x201A;}xÂ&#x20AC;} Â&#x2014;Â&#x201A;}Â&#x17D;qÂ&#x192;x} they need. We sellers on our part also cannot sell below the average cost of what we buy. z}Â&#x201E;zz~}xÂ&#x20AC;}|zÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;}Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~}Â&#x2022;Â&#x192;Â&#x2020;z}Â&#x2021;{Â&#x20AC;`xÂŚ}xqÂ&#x192;xÂ&#x2DC;|}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;{} aim of doing business.â&#x20AC;? qz}{Â&#x2021;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2C6;z}zBzÂ&#x2026;x}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}xqz}Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x17D;}|Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;z|}{zÂ&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;{~z~} in fabric markets therefore has resulted in the unemployment or underemployment of many tailors and seamstress this time around. Last week at Agege, a suburban La-

Consequently, markets for second-hand textiles became the consolation of the poor at every eventful secular or religious festival because they offer cheap shirts, trousers, jeans, skirts, blouses and shoes

Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~} ÂąÂ&#x2014;zÂ&#x2C6;zj Â&#x192;} Â&#x17D;qÂ&#x20AC;} gos noted for the prehad paid for the anponderance of tailors nual â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;exodusâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; to the who produce native East for Christmas. wear, most of them The same scene is had only styled few replicated in Agege, clothes. Manager of |qÂ&#x20AC;~} Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~} Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192; Â&#x192;} Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;} Â&#x2014;x|ÂŚ} Â&#x2020;z} Â&#x20AC;xÂ&#x20AC;ÂŚ} Rago, Lagos bus staAgege, Jimoh Ayinla, tions for the North informed our corand the South Westrespondent that this bound passengers. year, he was almost But many pason holiday, staying sengers travelling ~Â&#x2C6;z} Â&#x2030;{z{Â&#x201E;j} Â&#x192;Â&#x17D;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;} outside Lagos will q|} xÂ&#x2022;zÂ&#x2019;} Â&#x2013; } Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2C6;~} have to pay heavonly sew few â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;bubaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; ily this Christmas. At and â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;sokoto,â&#x20AC;&#x2122; which |qÂ&#x20AC;~}  Â&#x2014;|} |xÂ&#x192;xÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;ÂŚ} only fetched me few last week, a ride to xqÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;|Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~|Â&#x2019;} } xqÂ&#x201E;Â&#x2020;}  Â&#x192;~Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;}Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;|x}ÂŤÂŚĂ&#x2019;ŸŸ}§§} the bad economy is a 20 per cent increase taking a destructive above what prevailed toll on our profession before last week, because people donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t Â&#x17D;qÂ&#x2C6;z} Â&#x192;x} ~} Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;j{Â&#x20AC;} give high premium station on the same to what they wear. day, many passenThey give priority to gers paid N2,500 housing, childrenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s to travel to Lokoja, education, food, capital of Kogi State. health and security,â&#x20AC;? Two weeks ago, the he highlighted. Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;{z}Â&#x17D;Â&#x192;|}Â&#x192;}Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;z}Â&#x192; Â&#x20AC;Â&#x153;z} Consequently, N1,500, an increase markets for secondmaking the transhand textiles became port operators hapthe consolation of the py. poor at every eventAlso making good ful secular or relijÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;|}Â&#x2030;z|xÂ&#x153;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;} zÂ&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x2014;|z}xqzÂ&#x201A;}Â&#x20AC;Bz{}Â&#x2026;qzÂ&#x192;Â&#x2021;}|q{x|ÂŚ} business this season are Lagos inter-city trousers, jeans, skirts, blouses and shoes. At transport operators, who take advantage Katan Kowa (take your choice), a popular of the gap created by their colleagues that massesâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; market at Abule Egba along Abeokuta-Lagos Expressway, many buyers were haggling or arguing with sellers about prices of fairly used clothes when our correspondent arrived there last Tuesday. Explaining why business is so thriving this time, James Â&#x2020;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2020;Â&#x17D;Â&#x20AC;ÂŚ}Â&#x192;}x{Â&#x192;~z{ÂŚ}Â&#x2021;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2021;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;xz~Ă&#x2013;}Â&#x2013;Â&#x2021;Â&#x192;{x}Â&#x2030;{Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2022;} the fact that money is scarce nowadays, in xq|}Â&#x2022;Â&#x192;{Â&#x2020;zxÂŚ}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;{}jÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x20AC;~|}Â&#x192;{z}Â&#x2026;qzÂ&#x192;Â&#x2021;}Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~}Â&#x192;BÂ&#x20AC;{~able; we sell European fashion and not the Arabic or Yoruba clothes; therefore you can expect to see many Christians coming here to buy what they need to wear this Christmas.â&#x20AC;? The Christmas, being a long holiday period, which also extends to the New Year, is a time many workers are on leave, school children are on vacation, hence there is an increase in travels in the air, on land, sea and rail. World tourism is also promoted while many see it as time for family reunion or auspicious period to stage social events such as marriages, funeral or house warming. Daily Newswatch was not surprised seeing large number of joyful passengers at popular bus Â&#x192;jÂ&#x20AC;|} |xÂ&#x192;xÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;|} Â&#x192;x} Â&#x192;¸Â&#x192;§Â&#x192;¸Â&#x192;ÂŚ} ~~Â&#x20AC;ÂŚ} Â&#x192; Â&#x192;} Rice merchants

qÂ&#x192;~}x{Â&#x192;Â&#x153;zÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;z~}xÂ&#x20AC;}xqz{}~Bz{zÂ&#x201E;x}Â&#x153;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;jz|}Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~} towns to jerk up fare by as high as 100 per cent. Now a bus ride that cost N100 from |qÂ&#x20AC;~} xÂ&#x20AC;} jzjz} qÂ&#x192;|} qÂ&#x2020;z~} xÂ&#x20AC;} ­Ÿ} Â&#x17D;qÂ&#x2C6;z} conductors shout Sango N250, meaning that this is what they have to pay instead of N150 they paid many months ago. Surprisingly, organisations outside buyÂ&#x201E;j}Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~}|zÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201E;j}qÂ&#x192;Â&#x153;z} zzÂ&#x201E;} zÂ&#x201E;} Â&#x201A;}xqz}Â&#x2026;{Â&#x192;¸z} to make economic gains from the Christmas season or key into its money-making advantage. Schools, clubs, television and radio |xÂ&#x192;xÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;|ÂŚ}zÂ&#x153;zÂ&#x201E;}qÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;|z|}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} Â&#x20AC;~}xqÂ&#x192;x}Â&#x2021;{Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;xÂ&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;} should be insulated from mammon or love Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} Â&#x2022;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;zÂ&#x201A;ÂŚ} Â&#x17D;zÂ&#x192;Â&#x2C6;xq} Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~} Â&#x2021;{Â&#x20AC;`x} Â&#x20AC;{jÂ&#x192;Â&#x201E;|z} Â&#x192;ther Christmas or Santa Claus shows. The Santa Claus or Father Chrismas is viewed in many lands as the one who brings children gifts. This tradition may be the fascination of many children, including those whose faith is unrelated to Christianity, as they made fun time and funfair of their visit to the Father q{|xÂ&#x2022;Â&#x192;|} Â&#x192;x} Â&#x192;jÂ&#x20AC;|} zÂ&#x2C6;zÂ&#x153;|Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;ÂŚ} Â&#x2020;zÂąÂ&#x192;ÂŚ} Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~} Federal Radio Corporation, Lagos, Victoria |Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~}Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;|x}Â&#x17D;zzÂ&#x2020;Â&#x2019;}qzÂ&#x201A;}Â&#x17D;z{z}Â&#x201E;Â&#x20AC;x}~|Â&#x192;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2021;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;xed as they all returned home clutching bags loaded with Father Christmas goodies, gifts of cookies, toys, biscuits and fruit drinks. None, however appeared before the red Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;z~ÂŚ}qzÂ&#x192;Â&#x153;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;} zÂ&#x192;{~z~}Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~}jÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2014;{Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;}Â&#x153;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2026;z~} Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;xÂ&#x192;} Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x2014;|} Â&#x20AC;{} Ă&#x2020;Â&#x2022;Â&#x192;|šÂ&#x2014;z{Â&#x192;~zÂ&#x2DC;} Â&#x17D;xqÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;x} `{|x} paying the show organisers a fee. With the rank commercialism of Christmas, the traditional day of Jesus Christâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s  {xqÂŚ} xÂ&#x2DC;|} {zÂ&#x2C6;jÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;|} |jÂ&#x201E;`Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;z} Â&#x2022;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;} Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;~z} out easily while its secular importance may reign in the hearts of many.


   



    

 

 



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news 73 north Corruption will continue to thrive in Nigeria until... â&#x20AC;&#x201C;Anglican Bishop Daily Newswatch monday, december 23, 2013

BABA NEGEDU, Kaduna

T

he Bishop of Kaduna Diocese Anglican Communion, Most Reverend Josiah Idowu- Fearon has given reason why corruption will continue to thrive in Nigeria, saying that unless those that perpetrate the act are punished severely the menace will continue to thrive. The Bishop also adduced that the corruption bedeviling Nigeria is as worst as same sex marriage and therefore the National Assembly should start the process of passing a bill to stem the tide, adding that it deserves the same treatment that lawmakers gave homosexuals and lesbianism. } Â&#x201E;|Â&#x17D;z{Â&#x201E;j} šÂ&#x2014;z|xÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;|} from newsmen yesterday shortly after delivering a sermon at ordination of Priests and installation of Canon at the Cathedral of Saint Michael Anglican Church, in Kaduna Bishop Idowu-Fearon also

cited insecurity, large unemployment rate and the uncontrolled looting of the nationâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s treasury as products of corruption in the country, stressing that it deserved urgent

Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~} ~z`Â&#x201E;xz} Â&#x192;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2021;{Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;q} xÂ&#x20AC;} curtail. He stated that corruption has remained a monster that has eaten deep Â&#x201E;xÂ&#x20AC;} xqz} Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;xÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2DC;|} `Â {z|} and is destroying it slow-

ly and steadily. He said, â&#x20AC;&#x153;The church in Nigeria is grateful to the National Assembly for passing the same sex marriage law but I want to inform them and oth-

er Nigerians that there is one monster that we need to tackle and that is corruption, if homosexuals or lesbians go to jail for fourteen years for practicing same sex mar-

People queuing to cash money from ATM in Bauchi State...at the weekend. Photo: NAN

Gunmen kill one, injure several others in southern Kaduna

riage, I think people who engaged in corruptions of any type deserve nothing lesser, because their crime is a sin before God and man. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Let us stop deceiving ourselves it is time corrupt people are punished for their evil deeds. It is only by doing so that we Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;} `jqx} xq|} xq{zÂ&#x192;xÂ&#x2019;} Â&#x2014;x} if people who engaged in corruption walk free on the streets, many will be tempted to follow suit and this is the major reason why corruption has thrived so long in Nigeria but it is time to stop it. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The lawmakers and religious leaders in the country have tasks before xqzÂ&#x2022;} Â&#x201E;} xqz} `jqx} Â&#x192;jÂ&#x192;Â&#x201E;|x} corruption; religious leaders should stop giving recognition to people who are known to have be involved in any forms of corruptionâ&#x20AC;?, he said.

Clergyman commends Kwankwaso, Bayero for promotion of peaceful co-existence in Kano Ted Odogwu Kano

Christians and nonChristians in Kano State have been urged against ne person using the Christmas celhas been ebration to engage in imreportmoral activities or lust for ed killed materialism but to use the while sevÂ&#x2021;z{Â&#x20AC;~}Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;{}|Â&#x20AC; z{}{z zÂ&#x2026;xÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;} eral others sustained to demonstrate love and different degrees of Â&#x192;BzÂ&#x2026;xÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;}Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;{}zÂ&#x192;Â&#x2026;q}Â&#x20AC;xqz{Â&#x2019; injuries as Unknown The Area Superintengunmen suspected to dent of the Apostolic be terrorists on SatChurch Nigeria in Kano, urday night invaded Pastor Felix Okunola Chan Chun village, Olotu, who gave the Madakiya in Zangon charge also commended the Kano State governor, Dr. Rabiu Musa KwankWunti, Mudalawal and instance,a bag of Mama previously is now N3,000 litres sells for N 1,800 as NANKPAH BWAKAN, Bauchi waso and the Emir of central market while a Gold brand and Dan- to N7,000, while a car- against the N1,450. Kano, Alhaji (Dr.) Ado arely two days bags goes for N11,000 as gote rice which sold for ton of tin tomatoes sold While in central mar- Bayero for their role in to this yearâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s against the N8,200. N10,500 is now N11,500. for N3,500 now goes for ket, where the bulk of consistently promoting Christmas celHowever, the price of Tomatoes, is one com- N4,800. commodities are being peaceful co-existence in ebration, mar- rice, a festivity food has modity that is usually in However, vegetable oil sold, fashion dealers in kets in Bauchi gone up from N9,500 per high demand during fes- is not left out as a gallon xqz} ~Bz{zÂ&#x201E;x} Â&#x2022;Â&#x192;{Â&#x2020;zx|} the state, irrespective of state are very busy as bag of 50kg to N11,000, tive period, a basket of of 20 liters now goes for qÂ&#x192;Â&#x153;z} zšÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2021;z~} xqz{} zxqÂ&#x201E;Â&#x2026;} Â&#x20AC;{} {zÂ&#x2C6;jÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;|} Â&#x192;,Â&#x2C6;residents and other visi- depending on the brand tomatoes, which sold be- N4,100 from the previous shops with new cream of ations. Also, the clergyman tors coming to the state of rice and the market. tween N2,500 to N5,000 price of N3,700 while 2.75 clothes, especially chilcharged non- Christians have began shopping in In wunti market for and Christians in the preparation for the fesstate to avoid using the tivities. yuletide season to enA survey conduct regage in lust and matevealed that prices of food DAHIRU SULEIMAN, rialism but to use it as a embarking on cow sur- how to prevent clashes education. |xÂ&#x2014;B} |Â&#x2014;Â&#x2026;q} Â&#x192;|} {Â&#x2026;zÂŚ}  zÂ&#x192;Â&#x201E;|} Dutse â&#x20AC;&#x153;We can only inculcate Â&#x2021;z{Â&#x20AC;~}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}|Â&#x20AC; z{}{z zÂ&#x2026;xÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;} veillance and protection amongst nomads and and onions, clothes, tin moral discipline among to demonstrate love and HE Jigawa against theft in tracking farmers. tomatoes and other food Other concept of the ourselves; as well as Â&#x192;BzÂ&#x2026;xÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2019; State Chapter ~Â&#x20AC;Â&#x17D;Â&#x201E;} Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;z} Â&#x17D;{z|xÂ&#x2C6;z{|} commodities have shot association includes Â&#x192;Â&#x153;z{x} Â&#x2030;{zšÂ&#x2014;zÂ&#x201E;x} Â&#x153;Â&#x20AC;Pastor Olotu, who made Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} xqz} Â&#x201A;z} across Jigawa State. up astronomically but in enlightenment lence and theft of cows the call in Kano yesterÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;q} Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;z} Inaugurating the body public spite, of the hike in the Breeders As- in Dutse, Chairman, on the Fulaniâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s to em- amongst our Fulani chil- day, stressed that Kano prices of most food items both Muslims and chris- sociation, (MACBAN) Alh. Hussaini Isa Fato- brace western educa- dren when we properly residents, irrespective of tians are seen buying the has vowed to bring to an mi, said the idea was to tion through enrolling enlighten our people to religion or tribal sentiÂ&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x20AC;~} |xÂ&#x2014;B} Â&#x201E;} Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;{jz} šÂ&#x2014;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;- end unresolved disputes guide against rampant their subjects in schools enroll their children in ment will never forget between it and farmers, robbery of cows, and xÂ&#x20AC;} Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;šÂ&#x2014;{z} Â&#x17D;z|xz{Â&#x201E;} Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~} |Â&#x2026;qÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;|} xÂ&#x20AC;} Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;šÂ&#x2014;{z} Â&#x17D;z|x- xqz} ÂąÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;x} zBÂ&#x20AC;{x|} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}  Â&#x20AC;xq} tity. The price of beans as well as form a new sheep of the nomads, Islamic education, at- ern education for self Kwankwaso and the Emir sells from N120 per cup group to be known as as well as embark on tributing social vices on ~|Â&#x2026;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201E;z} Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~}  zz{} |Â&#x20AC;- of Kano in ensuring that peace reigns in the State. as against the N70 in the Kautal Fore aimed at public enlightenment on the Fulaniâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s to lack of ciety.â&#x20AC;? BABA NEGEDU, Kaduna

O

Kataf local government area of Kaduna State. The attackers were said to have arrived in their numbers taking the villagers by surprise. A resident who did not want to be named told newsmen on telephone in Kaduna that the attackers stormed the village with so-

phisticated weapons during the raid which took place at about 2pm. According to him, many residents who sustained serious injuries were rushed to undisclosed hospital in Zonkwa for medical attention. He recounted that, â&#x20AC;&#x153;The attackers came in large numbers on Saturday. They killed one

person and many others sustained gunshot injuries. Our people took them to a hospital in Zonkwa for treatmentâ&#x20AC;?, he said. Meanwhile, the Kaduna State Command Police Public Relations Officer,(PPRO) Aminu Lawan confirmed the attack in a telephone interview. According to Aminu,

â&#x20AC;&#x153;Yes the attack happened. Unknown gunmen attacked Chan Chun village in Madakiya in the night. One person died while four other persons sustained injuries. But the situation is calm now and people are going about their normal business. Our men are already on groundâ&#x20AC;?, he revealed.

Xmas fever: Christians, Muslims lament hike in prices of food Item

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Nomads vow to arrest cattle rustlers

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76

news

Daily Newswatch

South south

monday, december 23, 2013

Ikarama people flee homes over oil spillage in Bayelsa

S

ome residents near Shellâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s oil `zÂ&#x2C6;~} Â&#x201E;} Â&#x2020;Â&#x192;{Â&#x192;Â&#x2022;Â&#x192;ÂŚ} Yenagoa Local Government {zÂ&#x192;}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;zÂ&#x2C6;|Â&#x192;ÂŚ}|Â&#x192;~}xqzÂ&#x201A;} abandoned their homes to avert possible health hazards from prolonged exposure to oil spill.

They told the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) Â&#x201E;}zÂ&#x201E;Â&#x192;jÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x192;}xqÂ&#x192;x}xqzÂ&#x201A;} z~} their homes because of the companyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s delay to clean up the November oil spill. } |Â&#x2021;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2020;z|Â&#x2022;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} xqz} Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2014;Â&#x201E;xÂ&#x201A;ÂŚ} {zz Â&#x20AC;{Â&#x201E;} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~ÂŚ}|Â&#x192;~}qz}Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~}Â&#x20AC;xqz{}

residents near the impacted area abandoned their homes because of xqz} qzÂ&#x192;Â&#x2C6;xq} Â&#x2022;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;xÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;|ÂŚ} especially on their children. â&#x20AC;&#x153;My house is surrounded by the spill and because we do not have Â&#x2022;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;zÂ&#x201A;ÂŚ} Â&#x17D;z} Â&#x17D;z{z} Â&#x201E;xÂ&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;}

{zÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2026;xÂ&#x192;Â&#x201E;x} xÂ&#x20AC;} xÂ&#x192;Â&#x2020;z} xqz} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2021;tion of relocation. â&#x20AC;&#x153;We have been endurÂ&#x201E;j} Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~} |Â&#x2014;Bz{Â&#x201E;j} xqz} Â&#x201E;zjÂ&#x192;xÂ&#x153;z} qzÂ&#x192;Â&#x2C6;xq} Â&#x2022;Â&#x2021;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;x|ÂŚ} z|Â&#x2021;zÂ&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;} Â&#x2022;Â&#x201A;} Â&#x2026;qÂ&#x2C6;~{zÂ&#x201E;ÂŚ} my older children suffered the same thing in xqz}Â&#x2021;Â&#x192;|xŒ²}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~}|Â&#x192;~Â&#x2019; Â&#x2026;Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;{~Â&#x201E;j}xÂ&#x20AC;}qÂ&#x2022;ÂŚ}Â&#x2013;q|}

spill happened not long after my wife gave birth xÂ&#x20AC;} xÂ&#x17D;Â&#x201E;|Â&#x2019;} x} Â&#x17D;Â&#x192;|} Â&#x192;} Â&#x2022;Â&#x192;z{} of life and death as my new babies also came down with strange symptoms. Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2020;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;ÂŚ} xq{Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;jq} xqz} help of a Good SamarixÂ&#x192;Â&#x201E;ÂŚ} } qÂ&#x192;Â&#x153;z} Â zzÂ&#x201E;} Â&#x192;Â Â&#x2C6;z} xÂ&#x20AC;}

A r my d e s t roy s 2 t a n ke r s u s e d t o s i p h o n f u e l f ro m p i p e l i n e

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he Nigerian Army yesterday publicly burnt xÂ&#x17D;Â&#x20AC;} xÂ&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2020;z{|} used by suspected vandals to siphon crude oil from a burst pipeÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x201E;z} Â&#x192;x} jÂ&#x20AC;ÂŚ} Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;j} xqz} zÂ&#x201E;Â&#x201E;§ {Â&#x192;Â&#x2020;Â&#x192;} {Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;~} Â&#x201E;} Edo State. Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2019;} ~{|} Â&#x192;Â&#x17D;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;ÂŚ} xqz} Commander of OperaxÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;} qÂ&#x2014;Â&#x201E;~z{} xÂ&#x20AC;{Â&#x2022;ÂŚ}

|Â&#x2014;Â&#x2021;z{Â&#x153;|z~}xqz}xÂ&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2020;z{|Â&#x2DC;} ~z|x{Â&#x2014;Â&#x2026;xÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;ÂŚ}Â&#x17D;qÂ&#x2026;q}Â&#x17D;Â&#x192;|} witnessed by an offiÂ&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}xqz}Â&#x2019; Lawan said that the xÂ&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2020;z{|}Â&#x17D;z{z}Â&#x2022;Â&#x2021;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x201E;~ed by the armyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s pipeline protection team which acted on a tipoff.

zÂŚ} qÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x17D;zÂ&#x153;z{ÂŚ} |Â&#x192;~} xqÂ&#x192;x} xqz} xÂ&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2020;z{|Â&#x2DC;} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x17D;Â&#x201E;ers fled on sighting the |zÂ&#x2026;Â&#x2014;{xÂ&#x201A;} xzÂ&#x192;Â&#x2022;ÂŚ} Â&#x192;~~Â&#x201E;j}

xqÂ&#x192;x} xqz} xÂ&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2020;z{|} Â&#x17D;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2C6;~} not have been burnt if the owners had been caught. ``You can see that one Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}xqz}xÂ&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2020;z{|}|}Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;{zÂ&#x192;~Â&#x201A;} loaded with crude while the other was trying to load. ââ Â&#x2030;} Â&#x17D;z} qÂ&#x192;~} Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x2014;jqx} xqÂ&#x20AC;|z} Â&#x2014;|Â&#x201E;j} xqz} xÂ&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2020;z{|} xÂ&#x20AC;}|xzÂ&#x192;Â&#x2C6;}Â&#x2026;{Â&#x2014;~zÂŚ}Â&#x17D;z}Â&#x17D;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2C6;~} Â&#x201E;Â&#x20AC;x} qÂ&#x192;Â&#x153;z}  Â&#x2014;{Â&#x201E;x} xqz} xÂ&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2020;z{|Ă&#x2030;} Â&#x201E;|xzÂ&#x192;~ÂŚ} Â&#x17D;z} qÂ&#x192;Â&#x153;z}

prosecuted their ownz{|Œ²}qz}|Â&#x192;~Â&#x2019; Â&#x2026;Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;{~Â&#x201E;j} xÂ&#x20AC;} qÂ&#x2022;ÂŚ} xqz} xÂ&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2020;z{|Â&#x2DC;} ~z|x{Â&#x2014;Â&#x2026;xÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;} Â&#x17D;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;} serve as a deterrent to others. Lawan reiterated the armyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s resolve to stamp out pipeline vandal|Â&#x2022;} Â&#x201E;} xqz} Â&#x192;{zÂ&#x192;ÂŚ} Â&#x17D;Â&#x192;{Â&#x201E;Â&#x201E;j} pipeline vandals to desist from the act or face arrest and prosecution. He said that the army

was collaborating with other security agencies to stamp out pipeline vandalism in Edo and its environs. The News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) reports xqÂ&#x192;x} xqz} xÂ&#x17D;Â&#x20AC;} xÂ&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2020;z{|ÂŚ} with registration num z{} } Ă?ÂźĂ?}  } Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~}  }ÂśĂ&#x160;Ă?}ÂŚ}Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2C6;~}Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;{{Â&#x201A;} Ă&#x152;Ă&#x152;ÂŚ}ŸŸŸ}Â&#x2C6;x{z|}Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~}Ă&#x2019;ÂŹÂŚ}ŸŸŸ} litres of fuel respectively.

IPMAN crisis: Police commences investig ations into shooting SYLVESTER IDOWU, Warri

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team of police detectives from zÂ&#x2C6;xÂ&#x192;} xÂ&#x192;xz} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2026;z} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2022;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~ÂŚ} |Â&#x192; Â&#x192;} Delta State yesterday arrived in Warri to commence investigations Â&#x201E;xÂ&#x20AC;} Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;|x} {~Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;} |qÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x20AC;xings at the office of the Â&#x201E;~zÂ&#x2021;zÂ&#x201E;~zÂ&#x201E;x} zx{Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;zÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2022;} Â&#x192;{Â&#x2020;zxz{|} ||Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;xÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;} ´ °Œ} Â&#x2020;Â&#x2021;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;} Â&#x201E;zÂ&#x192;{} Â&#x192;{{ÂŚ} Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;zjz~Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;}  Â&#x201A;} Â&#x192;} factional leader of the union. Daily Newswatch observed that the detectives were accompanied  Â&#x201A;}xqz}Â&#x153;|Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2026;z} Â&#x2030;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2026;z{}Â&#x201E;}qÂ&#x192;{jz}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}Â&#x2020;Â&#x2021;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;ÂŚ} {Â&#x2019;} zÂ&#x201E;Â&#x201E;zxq} Â&#x2020;Â&#x2014;due and the embattled qÂ&#x192;{Â&#x2022;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} ÂŚ} {Â&#x2019;} Â&#x2020;Â&#x2021;Â&#x20AC;|} ~Â&#x192;Â&#x2030;zÂ&#x153;Â&#x17D;Â&#x20AC;xÂ&#x2014;} and arrived the premises of the association at about 12 noon to investigate the alleged atxÂ&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2020;} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;} Â&#x2022;zÂ&#x2022; z{|} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} xqz} Â&#x2014;Â&#x201E;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;} Â&#x201A;}x|}Â&#x2026;z}qÂ&#x192;{Â&#x2022;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;ÂŚ}qzÂ&#x2030;}zÂ&#x201E;}Â&#x2022;Â&#x20AC;zÂ&#x2030;zÂ&#x2019; The detectives inspected the office of the Chairman which was turned upside down by the invading hoodlums and policemen that allegedly accompanied xqz} Â&#x2026;z} qÂ&#x192;{Â&#x2022;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;} xÂ&#x20AC;} xqz} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2026;z} Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;|x} {~Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;} xÂ&#x20AC;} Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;{Â&#x2026;zÂ&#x2030;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;} xÂ&#x192;Â&#x2020;z} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x153;z{} from his boss.

A group from Suleja, Niger State performing at the Rivers Street Carnival 2013 in Port Harcourt, Rivers State... at the weekend. Photo: NAN

relocate my family twice this year due to oil spill Â&#x201E;} xq|} zÂ&#x201E;Â&#x153;{Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2022;zÂ&#x201E;xŒ²} qz} said. Â&#x2C6;|Â&#x20AC;ÂŚ} {|Â&#x2019;} Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x2020;Â&#x2014;{Â&#x20AC;} Â&#x192;{~z{ÂŚ} Â&#x192;} Â&#x17D;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2022;zÂ&#x201E;} Â&#x2C6;zÂ&#x192;~z{} Â&#x201E;} xqz} Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2014;Â&#x201E;xÂ&#x201A;ÂŚ} |Â&#x192;~} she was concerned about the health implications of the spill. â&#x20AC;&#x153;We have been lamenting all these years about oil spills. Our livelihood has been negatively impacted in terms of damage to farmlands and Â&#x2021;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x20AC;{} Â&#x2026;{Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2021;} Â&#x201A;zÂ&#x2C6;~|ÂŚÂ&#x2DC;Â&#x2DC;} |qz} said. Warder said that water in the area had been polluted due to incessant oil spills and aquatic lives qÂ&#x192;~} zzÂ&#x201E;}Â&#x192;BzÂ&#x2026;xz~Â&#x2019; x} |} {zÂ&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;z~} xqÂ&#x192;x} xqz} |Â&#x2021;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;} Â&#x2030;{Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2022;} xqz} Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2014;zÂ&#x2020;Â&#x2021;z} crude delivery line discharged about 482 barrels of Bonny Medium crude stream into the environment November 2. According to the Joint Â&#x201E;Â&#x153;z|xjÂ&#x192;xÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;} |x} ´ °} report on the spill obtained by NAN in YenajÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x192;ÂŚ} xqz} |Â&#x2021;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;} Â&#x2022;Â&#x2021;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;xz~} Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;} Â&#x192;{zÂ&#x192;} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} œŒĂ&#x2019;ŸŸ} |šÂ&#x2014;Â&#x192;{z} meters. The report added that the spill stretched beyond xqz}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;}`{Â&#x2022;Â&#x2DC;|}{jqx}Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;}Â&#x17D;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;} into the adjoining areas. Â&#x2026;Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;{~Â&#x201E;j} xÂ&#x20AC;} xqz} } {zÂ&#x2021;Â&#x20AC;{xÂŚ} {zÂ&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x153;z{Â&#x201A;} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} xqz} spilled oil commenced Â&#x20AC;Â&#x153;zÂ&#x2022; z{}ÂŤÂŹÂŚ}Â&#x17D;qÂ&#x2C6;z}Â&#x2026;Â&#x2C6;zÂ&#x192;Â&#x201E;} up of the spill site would be completed in April ŸĂ&#x2019;Â&#x2019; } Â&#x2026;qzÂ&#x2026;Â&#x2020;|ÂŚ} qÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x17D;zÂ&#x153;z{ÂŚ} showed that the clean up exercise had yet to commence. } |Â&#x2021;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2020;z|Â&#x2022;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} xqz} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;} `{Â&#x2022;ÂŚ} {zÂ&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;|} Â&#x2020;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x20AC;ÂŚ} declined comments on slow response to the spill.

Akpabio lauds NSCDC on honesty, service

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overnor Godswill Â&#x2020;Â&#x2021;Â&#x192;Â Â&#x20AC;} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} Â&#x2020;Â&#x17D;Â&#x192;} Â Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2022;} State has described the Nigeria Civil Defence Corps as an honz|x} |z{Â&#x153;Â&#x2026;z} xqÂ&#x192;x} Â&#x2022;Â&#x192;Â&#x2020;z|} no room for bribery by

criminals. Â&#x20AC;Â&#x153;z{Â&#x201E;Â&#x20AC;{} Â&#x2020;Â&#x2021;Â&#x192; Â&#x20AC;ÂŚ} who made the assertion Saturday when the ComÂ&#x2022;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;x§ zÂ&#x201E;z{Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;ÂŚ} geria Security and Civil zÂ&#x2030;zÂ&#x201E;Â&#x2026;z}Â&#x20AC;{Â&#x2021;|}´°Œ} Dr. Ade Abolurin paid him a courtesy visit at

Â&#x20AC;Â&#x153;z{Â&#x201E;Â&#x20AC;{Â&#x2DC;|} ,Â&#x2026;zÂŚ} Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC;ÂŚ} stated â&#x20AC;&#x153;The Nigeria Civil Defence Corps is a honest service that criminals cannot bribe to get away with their crimes. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The Nigeria Security and Civil Defence Corps has also extended their

|z{Â&#x153;Â&#x2026;z|} xÂ&#x20AC;} Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2020;} Â&#x201E;xÂ&#x20AC;} xqz} protection of critical inÂ&#x2030;{Â&#x192;|x{Â&#x2014;Â&#x2026;xÂ&#x2014;{zÂŚ}Â&#x17D;qÂ&#x2026;q}Â&#x2020;Â&#x17D;Â&#x192;}  Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2022;} xÂ&#x192;xz} qÂ&#x192;|} {zÂ&#x2026;zÂ&#x201E;xÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;}  zÂ&#x201E;z`z~}Â&#x2030;{Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2022;}Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;{}|z{vice during the recent |z¸Â&#x2014;{z} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} Â&#x192; Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;x} Ă&#x152;Âź} Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;j} xÂ&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2020;z{|} Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;Â&#x153;zÂ&#x201A;Â&#x201E;j} Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;zjÂ&#x192;Â&#x2C6;}Â&#x2021;{Â&#x20AC;~Â&#x2014;Â&#x2026;x|Â&#x2019;}Â&#x201E;~} }Â&#x2022;Â&#x2014;|x}

commend the service for ~Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;j} Â&#x192;} Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC;x} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;} Â&#x17D;Â&#x20AC;{Â&#x2020;} Â&#x201E;} xqÂ&#x192;x}~{zÂ&#x2026;xÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;²Â&#x2019; Congratulating the Commandant-General Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;{} xÂ&#x192;Â&#x2020;Â&#x201E;j} xqz} jz{Â&#x192;} Defence Corps to anothz{}Â&#x2C6;zÂ&#x153;zÂ&#x2C6;ÂŚ} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x153;z{Â&#x201E;Â&#x20AC;{}Â&#x2020;Â&#x2021;Â&#x192; Â&#x20AC;}{zÂ&#x2022;Â&#x192;{Â&#x2020;z~Â&#x2019;}

3 LGs benefit from World Bank-assisted projects

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hree local government areas in Delta have  zÂ&#x201E;z`z~} Â&#x2030;{Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2022;} the community-driven development social component proÂązÂ&#x2026;x|ÂŚ} Â&#x2014;Â&#x201E;~z{} xqz} Â&#x20AC;{Â&#x2C6;~} Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2020;§Â&#x192;|||xz~} xÂ&#x192;xz} Â&#x2022;ployment Expenditure Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;{} z|Â&#x2014;Â&#x2C6;x|} ´°} programme. The Commissioner for

Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2022;zÂ&#x201E;} BÂ&#x192;{|ÂŚ} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2022;munity and Social DevelÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2022;zÂ&#x201E;xÂŚ} qzÂ&#x2030;} zÂ&#x201A;} Â&#x2030;zÂ&#x2020;Â&#x20AC;~qÂ&#x192;ÂŚ} Â&#x2022;Â&#x192;~z} xq|} Â&#x2020;Â&#x201E;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x17D;Â&#x201E;} in an interview with the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) in Asaba. Â&#x2030;zÂ&#x2020;Â&#x20AC;~qÂ&#x192;} |Â&#x192;~} xqz} Â&#x2021;{Â&#x20AC;ÂązÂ&#x2026;x|}Â&#x17D;z{z}Â&#x2022;Â&#x192;{Â&#x2020;zx|ÂŚ}qzÂ&#x192;Â&#x2C6;xq} Â&#x2026;zÂ&#x201E;x{z|ÂŚ} Â&#x17D;Â&#x192;xz{} |Â&#x2026;qzÂ&#x2022;z|ÂŚ} zÂ&#x2C6;zÂ&#x2026;x{Â&#x2026;xÂ&#x201A;ÂŚ}zÂ&#x192;{xq}Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~}Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2020;} roads as well as building/ renovation of classroom

 Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2020;|Â&#x2019; She said the local government areas were ~Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2020;Â&#x17D;Â&#x192;} z|xÂŚ} |Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2020;Â&#x20AC;} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;xq}Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~}jqzÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;}Â&#x20AC;{xqÂŚ} adding that three comÂ&#x2022;Â&#x2014;Â&#x201E;xz|}  zÂ&#x201E;z`z~} Â&#x2030;{Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2022;} each of the councils. The commissioner said that each community got ÂŤÂź} Â&#x2022;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;} Â&#x2021;{Â&#x20AC;ÂązÂ&#x2026;xÂŚ} Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;~} that for a community to  zÂ&#x201E;z`xÂŚ} x} Â&#x17D;Â&#x192;|} {zšÂ&#x2014;{z~}

xÂ&#x20AC;} Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;x{Â Â&#x2014;xz} ÂŤÂź} Â&#x2021;z{} Â&#x2026;zÂ&#x201E;x} counterpart fund. Â&#x2030;zÂ&#x2020;Â&#x20AC;~qÂ&#x192;} |Â&#x192;~} xqz} Â&#x2021;{Â&#x20AC;gramme domiciled in xqz} Â&#x2022;Â&#x201E;|x{Â&#x201A;ÂŚ} Â&#x192;~~Â&#x201E;j} that the interventionist strategy was aimed at addressing unemployment and poverty. She explained that the objective of the programme was to increase the rural dwellersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; acces-

sibility to social amenities and infrastructures through the channeling of funds directly to eligible communities. The commissioner said that the communities were expected xÂ&#x20AC;} zÂ&#x2022; Â&#x192;{Â&#x2020;} Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201E;} Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x201A;} Â&#x2022;cro-project which they Â&#x17D;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2C6;~}z¨zÂ&#x2026;Â&#x2014;xzÂŚ}Â&#x2022;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;xÂ&#x192;Â&#x201E;} and sustain by themselves.


   



   

      

        





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Monday 23 12 2013 e version  

Monday 23 12 2013 e version

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