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Daily Helmsman The

Tuesday, October 25, 2011

Tigers Secure Elusive 2nd Victory U of M beats Tulane 33-17 in back-and-forth battle at the Superdome in New Orleans

Vol. 79 No. 32

see page 11

Independent Student Newspaper of The University of Memphis

Date with destiny BY BRYAN HEATER Sports Reporter

Ninety minutes – for some people it’s just an amount of time, but on Thursday at the University of AlabamaBirmingham it will be the only thing standing between the No. 9 University of Memphis women’s soccer team and an undefeated season. The Lady Tigers inched closer to that goal last weekend with road wins over the Southern Mississippi Golden Eagles and the Central Florida Knights. On Friday, the Lady Tigers clinched a share of the Conference USA regular season crown with a 3-0 win over the Golden Eagles. The Lady Tigers pounced on CFU early and never let up. Senior forward Melissa Smith opened the scoring in the 8th minute after sophomore forward Rasheeda Ansari found Smith open inside the box, leading to a goal and a 1-0 lead. “I think the early goal set the tempo for us, and we fed off of that for the remainder of the game,” said Brooks Monaghan, women’s soccer head coach. Sophomore forward Christabel Oduro added to the lead in the 16th minute. After receiving a pass from Smith, Oduro put a move on the Golden Eagles’ goalkeeper and netted the ball for a 2-0 lead. Memphis put the game away in the 54th minute when freshman midfielder Kelley Gravlin hammered the ball past the goalkeeper from 20 yards away.

“We have great leadership on this team,” said Kaitlyn Atkins, freshman forward-midfielder. “All the seniors have really stepped up and it has been an amazing year.” The Lady Tigers followed the win by scoring three second half goals en route to a 3-0 win over Central Florida, clinching the C-USA regular season title in the process. Oduro put the Lady Tigers up 1-0 in the 49th minute after freshman forward-midfielder Kylie Davis attempted to score in traffic. Oduro rebounded Davis’s missed shot and struck the ball from 10 yards out past the Knights’ goalkeeper. Freshman midfielder-forward Natalia Gomez-Junco gave the Lady Tigers a 2-0 advantage in the 71st minute after drawing the goalkeeper out of the net and scoring. Oduro’s team leading 11th goal off of an assist from Smith would give the Lady Tigers their final score of the game in the 85th minute “We are a good team,” said Carly Cassady, freshman midfielder-defender. “Put us up against any of the teams that are ranked and I think we will win.” With one game standing between the Lady Tigers and an undefeated season, Cassady said the team realizes the implications of Thursday’s game against UAB. “It adds pressure to win, but we can handle it,” she said. “We know what we’re up against and we perform well under pressure so it’s a challenge we are ready to face.”

by Aaron Turner

Thursday’s match against UAB represents final regular season test for undefeated Lady Tigers

Sophomore history major Amal Almoraisi began wearing a hijab, a traditional Muslim headscarf, just one month prior to Sept. 11, 2001. She says the garment has generated “a lot of negative reactions” over the years.

Muslims at UM seeking culture of understanding BY ERICA HORTON News Reporter She’s not asking people to convert, but she is asking them to understand. Sophia Malani, president of the Muslim Student Association at The University of Memphis, said that Islamic Awareness Week, which started Monday and lasts through Thursday, is about diminishing ignorance about Islam. “We’re inviting people to step in our shoes,” she said. “It’s a great opportunity for people to learn a reli-

gion and a culture together.” Events for the week include a lecture from Kent Schull, associate history professor at The U of M, in the Rose Theater tonight at 6:30. The lecture will address misconceptions about Islam, as well as its comparisons to Christianity and Judaism. Wednesday, Oct. 26, in The University Center Theater at 6:30 p.m., the MSA will host a screening of “The Deen Show,” a TV show about Islam and the Muslim culture.


Muslims, page 6

UM teams with Rhodes to revisit music’s ‘Chitlin’ Circuit’

courtesy of Jacob Blickenstaff


The Bo-Keys: Scott Bomar, Charles “Skip” Pitts, Archie “Hubby” Turner, Ben Cauley, Howard Grimes, Floyd Newman, Marc Franklin and Kirk Smothers.

The University of Memphis and Rhodes College are set to join the Apollo Theater, the Howard Theatre in Washington, D.C. and the Ritz Theatre in Jacksonville, Fla. as venues in The Chitlin’ Circuit, named for a string of locales throughout the eastern and southern United States where African-American musicians could safely perform during the 1940s, 50s and 60s. Performers on the circuit included Sammy Davis Jr., Duke Ellington and Ike and Tina Turner. The schools will host an annual collaborative week of events co-sponsored by the Marcus W. Orr Center for the Humanities and the Mike Curb Institute for Music at Rhodes. John Bass, Curb Institute director and Rhodes professor, said that since the institute was founded in 2006, its goal has been to “research and promote the music of this region.” “So much of our history revolves around music and African-American history,” said Aram Goudsouzian, interim director for the Marcus Orr Center. Preston Lauterbach, local journalist and author of “The Chitlin’ Circuit and the Road to Rock ‘n’ Roll,” will deliver a keynote lecture in the University Center Theater on Thursday at 6 p.m. He will also discuss and read an


Chitlin’, page 4

2 • Tuesday, October 25, 2011



Letter to the Editor

H elmsman

I thought a prerequisite to attending U of M was the ability to READ!!! I cannot count the number of students who IGNORE the signs by the train tracks telling them to cross on the little sidewalk areas. Another thing I saw today was this incredibly FOOLISH boy sprint across the tracks directly in front of the train, which was picking up speed. Every time I see something that incredibly STUPID it just goes to confirm my views!!!

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DOMINO’S PIZZA ACROSS 1 “NYPD __” 5 Rather or Aykroyd 8 Actor Jack of “Hawaii Five-O” 9 “Give it __!”; cry from someone who’s being harped at 12 People, places and things 13 “__ at a Time” 14 Wading bird 15 __ collar; pet store purchase 16 Actress __ Farrow 18 Burro 19 “My Two __”; series for Paul Reiser 20 Possesses 21 “Let’s Make a __” 23 Erin go __; Irish phrase 24 Train track piece 25 “__ the Clock” 26 CNN’s __ Morgan 28 Competent 29 Winehouse and Grant 30 Verb in an apple pie recipe 32 President Hayes’ monogram 35 Group praised by Churchill: abbr. 36 Thin opening 37 “__ dead people”; line from Cole in “The Sixth Sense” 38 Instrument for Jimi Hendrix 40 “The __ Duke Show” 41 “What I Did on My Summer Vacation,” for example 42 “__ You Babe”; signature song for Sonny and Cher 43 Stomach muscles, for short 44 Actor Danza DOWN 1 Shapeless masses

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2 Julia __ 3 Fancy vases 4 Sullivan and Begley 5 Actress Claire __ 6 Region 7 “__ Kelly”; Heath Ledger movie 10 Actor on “Law & Order” 11 __ the knot; marrying 12 Peeples or Long 13 “The New Adventures of __ Christine” 15 “The __ Guy”; Lee Majors series 17 Bit of sooty residue 19 Speaker’s platform 20 Televangelist __ Roberts 22 All __; listening intently 23 Actress __ Neuwirth

25 Character on “The Simpsons” 26 __ for the course; normal 27 Spitting __; perfect likeness 30 Broadway productions 31 “Up in the __”; George Clooney movie 33 Wilma Flintstone’s neighbor 34 “__ Jude”; song for the Beatles 36 Puncture 37 Villain in “Othello” 39 “Love __ ManySplendored Thing” 40 “The __ and the Pendulum”; film based on a Poe short story

S u d o k u

Complete the grid so that each row, column and 3-by-3 box (in bold borders) contains every digit 1 to 9.

Solutions on page 5

The University of Memphis

Tuesday, October 25, 2011 • 3


First comes love... Tying the knot while in college fits some couples better than others

by Aaron Turner


The University offers free marriage counseling services to students and their spouses. According to the American Council on Education, 10 percent of undergraduates are married.

Beka Maurer recently joined a small percentage of University of Memphis couples that have walked down the aisle and “made it official.” According to the American Council on Education, 61 percent of undergraduates in the United States are younger than 25 years old, with 10 percent of them being married. Maurer, an elementary education major, is one of the 10 percent who decided to marry while still in school. She said that she made the right choice, but would not recommend it to all students. Only two percent of those married couples have children. “If you are someone who struggles with school, then maybe you should wait,” she said. Marital bliss was often replaced by stress in the first few weeks

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after Maurer and her husband tied the knot, she said. “He would go to work for 55 to 60 hours a week, and I would go to school and work, so we would see each other at night for about 10 minutes,” she said.

“If you are

someone who struggles with school, then maybe you should wait.” — Beka Maurer Elementary education major For students experiencing marital stress, Wilder Tower offers free marriage counseling if at least one partner is a student at The U of M. “Students can walk in from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. any day at no cost,” said Lorna Horishny, senior administrative secretary for the center for counseling, learning and testing. “From there, they will be paired up with a counselor.” For some students, taking the plunge while in school seems a daunting decision. U of M alumna Lauren Smith, 23, said she is very happy with her decision not to marry until after graduation. “I think we could have gotten married earlier if we really wanted to, but I think the stress would have been too much,” she said. “I had to learn how to be a wife, and it would have been hard to balance that with school.” Montana Jones, junior religion in society major, plans to pop the question to his girlfriend of five years while they are still students. Jones said that he believes college is a time to prepare for the future, and it would be beneficial to begin that plan with the person you are going to marry. “It may be difficult with classes and work, but you have to be very active in planning time for school, work and each other,” he said.

delivers... Dave & Ethan 7 P.M. | UC THEATRE


4 • Tuesday, October 25, 2011


New biz apps blend real, virtual worlds BY SHAN LI Los Angeles Times

The mingling of the real and virtual worlds works by overlaying what can be seen in plain sight with digital photos, videos or text. It’s similar to the sophisticated bar codes known as QRs, but has a much wider range of applications. A QR requires a digitally created image, or code, printed on an

which establishments have been reviewed. Click on a bubble, and the busiYou point your smartphone at ness’ Yelp page appears. an Italian restaurant, and diner In the past year, there’s been reviews of its lasagna pop up a boom in companies tinkering on-screen. with AR, said Windsor Holden, Or you aim your tablet coman analyst at Juniper Research. “A puter’s camera down a residennumber of big brands, especially, tial street, and have become over images interested.” of the housMany of n the future, you’ll be able to es you see the apps benwhich ones point your device at anything around efit specific are for sale companies you and, without prompting, that — along with (or industhe asking device will recognize what is there, tries) and are price, num- incorporate your interests, and layer free to downber of baths load. Beeron information about what you’re and square maker Stella footage. Artois has an looking at.” Haven’t AR app to done this yet? help custom— Brian Blau You probably ers find bars Research director, Gartner Inc. will soon. serving its The techbrews. IPhone nology is users can try called augmented reality, or AR, advertisement or product. out furniture from Ikea and Pier 1 and businesses are racing to incorWith AR technology, a consum- Imports, virtually, by pointing to a porate it in as many consumer er simply points at an object to spot at home and adding pieces on applications as they can. It’s essen- get information. Aim at a house, the SnapShop Showroom app. tially the same technology TV for example, and find out whether House hunters can downsportscasts use to digitally paint a the resident is selling anything on load Emeryville, Calif.-based first-down line on a football field, eBay Classifieds. Or point to an ZipRealty’s free app, go to a adapted and updated for camera- apartment building, and find out neighborhood they like and point equipped smartphones and tablet whether there are vacancies and their phone down the block. Text computers. what the landlord wants for rent. bubbles pop up on-screen, show“In the future, you’ll be able About 6 million AR apps were ing the addresses and distances of to point your device at anything downloaded last year, according to homes for sale nearby. Tapping on around you and, without prompt- ABI Research — still a small frac- a bubble will bring up the list price, ing, that device will recognize what tion of the overall app market. But thumbnail photo, square footage is there, incorporate your interests, the number is projected to increase and the number of days it’s been and layer on information about to 19 million downloads this year on the market. The app has been what you’re looking at,” said Brian and balloon to nearly a billion by downloaded about 350,000 times, Blau, research director at Gartner 2016. Inc. “Point a phone at a building, The firm forecasts the mobile you’ll see the history, for example. AR industry will see $3 billion in Or at a flower, the kind of flower global revenue by 2016, up from comes up.” $87 million this year and $21 milAR has been around for years, lion in 2010. but only recently gained traction One of the pioneers in mobile for consumers with the wide- AR was Yelp, the popular site that spread adoption of smartphones features consumer reviews on equipped with electronic compass- restaurants and other businesses. es and GPS chips to determine Point a phone using the site’s free where the devices are and what app down a street, and text bubbles they’re pointing at. pop up on the screen to identify


ZipRealty said., a San Francisco real estate site, has listed all of its rental properties on a similar app. “Someone can be walking along and hold their phone up to a particular building or down a city block to see if anything is available,” said Rofo Chief Executive Alan Bernier. “Or you could be sitting in the office, point the phone outside the window and see the same results.” Others have found ways to charge. Conde Nast Digital Britain, for example, has AR-enhanced guidebook apps for New York, Rome, Paris and Barcelona, Spain. Priced at $5.99 each, the apps enable tourists to point their phones toward a section of the city and get a rundown of museums, shops, restaurants and other attractions in the vicinity.

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Chitlin’ from page 1

excerpt from his book, which was released in July. Joseph Hayden, associate director of the Marcus Orr Center, said Lauterbach will discuss the post-World War II origins of the circuit and how rock and roll grew out of it. “Elvis was familiar with (the blues circuit) as well as Johnny Cash, Jerry Lee Lewis and Carl Perkins. It was a key influence in their music,” Hayden said. “(That fact) is not well-known; it’s kind of obscure that blues helped shape the 20th century rock and roll.” Rhodes College will host the Chitlin’ Circuit Symposium in the Bryan Campus Life Center in the McCallum Ballroom on Friday. Student presentations at 1 p.m. will be followed by a panel discussion at 3 p.m. Panelists will include Bobby Rush, internationally acclaimed blues musician, and Julius Lewis, instructor to Isaac Hayes and other musicians. Lauterbach will moderate. “This is full circle for me,” Lauterbach said. “(Bobby) Rush introduced me to the Chitlin’ Circuit. People will get to see what I saw that inspired me to write this book.” Bobby Rush and the Bo-Keys will perform at 8 p.m. at the Warehouse, located at 36 G.E. Patterson, a private residence that often hosts events promoting local musicians and music organizations. Hayden described the venue as “small enough to be a huge bar and big enough to host a lot of people for a concert.”

The University of Memphis

Tuesday, October 25, 2011 • 5


Death toll reaches 279 in Turkey quake



Rescue workers hopelessly call out for survivors on Monday in a building that was destroyed by a powerful 7.2-magnitude earthquake that killed at least 279 people and wounded more than 1,000 in Ercis, Van province, mainly Kurdish southeast Turkey.

The death toll in southeastern Turkey climbed to at least 279 Monday, a day after a 7.2-magnitude earthquake devastated the region. Although the death toll was slowly ratcheting upwards, Interior Minister Idris Naim Sahin said it was unlikely to reach the 1,000 deaths feared Sunday. At least 1,300 people were injured in the province of Van, Deputy Prime Minister Bulent Arinc said. In the city of Ercis, which was worst hit by the quake, 970 buildings — or about a

third of the total — collapsed, according to the government’s emergency committee. More than 1,200 doctors and rescue workers from across the country were sent to the region. Heavy machinery was being used to help clear rubble and find those buried beneath, according to a German news agency dpa reporter in Ercis. Cries for help could be heard from several buildings, volunteers said. One 19-year-old man was rescued from a collapsed sixstorey building after calling for help on his mobile phone. There were also reports of two women and two children, aged 3 and 5 years, being pulled alive from the rubble. Two temporary hospitals were set up in tents. “We won’t leave any citizen in the cold,” Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan said early Monday in the provincial capital Van. However, as darkness fell in Ercis, protests were breaking out among families who said they had yet to be issued tents. Witnesses said there were thousands of people with no shelter. Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Germany and Iran also sent help, despite Ankara’s announcement that it would deal with the crisis alone. The government accepted the help because the teams had already set off on Sunday, it said. There were 10 strong aftershocks in the region lasting until midday Monday, according to the German Research Centre for Geosciences. The region, which borders Iran, is mainly populated by Turkey’s Kurdish minority. Experts from the Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute said Sunday that more than 1,000 people had likely been killed, given the magnitude of the quake.


by Aaron Turner

6 • Tuesday, October 25, 2011

While U of M students Sophia Malani, left, Amal Almoraisi, center, and Sarah Noor are all Muslims, Almoraisi is the only one who chooses to wear the hijab. Malani and Noor say donning the hijab is a big responsibility that not every Muslim is spiritually prepared for.

MusliMs from page 1

The week wraps up with a Fast–a–Thon. Students are invited to the Tiger Den Thursday at 5 a.m. for a free breakfast at Subway and are asked to fast all day afterward. Students will talk about their experience with fasting and have a traditional Indian and Middle Eastern dinner with the MSA from 6-9 p.m. in The University Center Ballroom. “I want students to have more awareness of the Muslim population on campus and understand what Islam is about,” Malani said. “Instead of just ‘that terrorist religion,’ I want them to know the soul and heart of Islam.” Emanne Knefati, vice president of MSA and history major, said the week is meant to symbolize America and the freedom to speak and enlighten others about faith. “People are free to listen and learn and not force anything on someone,” she said. “It’s nice living in a place where we can all sit and learn about each other. These kinds of events eliminate the fear of the unknown.” Amal Almoraisi, historian for MSA and sophomore political science major, said

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Muslims represent a huge part of the world and are often misunderstood. One in every four people in the world are Muslim according to a 2009 report on religion and public life by the Pew Forum. “We’re really misunderstood, and it’s really crucial to get people informed as to understand why we pray, what the jihab means, what is Ramadan and other traditions,” she said. Almoraisi said she is looking forward to learning about people’s different perceptions of Islamic practices. She said MSA planned Islamic Awareness Week months in advance. “If students take anything from it, let it just be an open mind, a new view and a better appreciation for cultures and faith,” she said.


The University of Memphis

Tuesday, October 25, 2011 • 7


Obama says US troops in Iraq will be ‘home for the holidays’ BY DAVID S. CLOUD AND PATRICK MCDONNELL Tribune Washington Bureau By declaring that the last American troops will leave Iraq by the end of the year, President Barack Obama signaled the official close to one of the longest, most politically contentious wars in U.S. history — and the end to an American attempt to transform the Middle East with military might. The soldiers, sailors and Marines will leave behind a stumbling young democracy, still beset by sectarian violence and teetering closer to its neighbor, Iran, a bitter U.S.




Do Americans really possess an unwavering belief in freedom of religion, speech, the press, assembly and petition as guaranteed by the First Amendment to the United States Constitution? Should these tenets of life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness be protected and safeguarded without fail if we are truly to live in a free society? How have events in Greater Memphis, past and present, impacted these rights? These and other issues will be explored.

CONFERENCE SCHEDULE 8:30 a.m. Continental Breakfast 9:15 a.m. Conference Opening & Welcome 9:30 a.m. “The Freedom To Speak Through Music” Speaker: Al Bell, former owner – Stax Records & Winner 2011 Grammy Trustees Award

FOLLOWED BY Q&A SESSION ON THE IMPACT OF MEMPHIS MUSIC ON FREE SPEECH & POP CULTURE 11a.m. Inaugural Norm Brewer 1st Amendment Lecture Speaker: Hank Klibanoff, James M. Cox Jr. Professor of Journalism – Emory University & Pulitzer Prize-winning author of “The Race Beat”

1 p.m. “Religious Freedom: What Does It Really Mean?” How religion and religious freedom have impacted the culture and fabric of Memphis from the Civil Rights Movement to today’s hot-button issues. A Panel Discussion with local religious leaders & Steve Mulroy, Shelby County Commissioner and Cecil C. Humphreys School of Law professor; moderated by David Waters, faith columnist for The Commercial Appeal.

3 p.m. The State of Freedom of the Press Exploring a variety of issues surrounding the First Amendment right to a free press from the history of media in Memphis to the age of social networking. Included will be an examination of the legal and social implications present in today’s 24-hour, non stop media environment. A Panel Discussion with noted local historians, media representatives and academics, moderated by Dr. Thomas Hrach, U of M assistant professor of journalism.

5 p.m. Reception, University Center First Floor 6 p.m. “Freedom Sings®” University Center Theatre Entertaining, irreverent and inspiring multimedia experience of video, narration and live music per formed by an all-star cast of musicians of songs that have been banned or censored or have sounded the call for social change – this program invites the audience to experience the First Amendment in a new way.

CONFERENCE SPONSORS National sponsors of college campus First Amendment initiatives are the McCormick Foundation, American Society of News Editors, the First Amendment Center, the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation, the Gannett Foundation and the Newseum. Local sponsors of “Memphis and the Five Freedoms” are the University of Memphis Department of Journalism, U of M Chapter of Society of Professional Journalists, WREG-TV, and James Gilliland, Attorney.

foe. They will return home to a country that has largely turned inward to face its own economic problems, and which long ago lost heart for a war fought in the name of protecting the world from weapons of mass destruction that were never found. Obama promised Friday that the remaining 40,000 U.S. troops would be “home for the holidays,” fulfilling a campaign promise but also acceding to the reality of a depleted treasury and the overwhelming sentiment of American public opinion. And it reflected the political fact that Iraq demanded an end to the U.S. presence. The Iraq war will be remembered as a stubborn, shifting campaign to restructure a society that had been held together for decades through tyrannical force. It was set against an ever-dangerous landscape of remote-control bombs, unbearable heat and uncertain alliances. Iraq brought a new lexicon to American English: “war of choice,” “shock and awe,” “IED,” “coalition of the willing,” “surge.” It gave new meaning to the term “mission accomplished,” which was emblazoned on a banner behind President George W. Bush as he welcomed home a returning aircraft carrier in May 2003, six weeks after the war had begun and when victory seemed at hand. Eight years later, the war is ending after taking the lives more than 4,400 Americans, most of them killed after the initial invasion. Tens of thousands were injured, including legions of amputees and multitudes suffering from battle trauma. Estimates of the Iraqi dead range from 100,000 upward. Estimates of the dollar cost vary, rising as high as a trillion dollars or more. The end of the war will leave the United States with one major theater of combat: Afghanistan, the only conflict in American history to last longer than Iraq. And yet for the last several months, the administration sought to find a political formula with the Iraq government that would keep a few thousand U.S. troops in the country. The talks foundered largely over Iraqi opposition to granting immunity from prosecution for Americans troops who would remain. In Iraq, a war-weary population appears happy to see the United States leave. The most ardent opponents of a continued U.S. presence are the followers of the virulently antiAmerican cleric Muqtada al-Sadr, whose former Mahdi Army militiamen fought ferociously against U.S. troops in Sadr City and elsewhere. But even some of Washington’s Kurdish allies say that U.S. troops have worn out their welcome. An Iraqi political analyst, Hiader Saeed, said the desire to see the U.S. troops depart is part of a prevalent culture of “antagonism” toward


Troops, page 8

8 • Tuesday, October 25, 2011


from page 7 Washington, a legacy of the years of bloodshed. “My concern is that the political class and the ruling class in Iraq don’t have a vision of a long-term relationship of partnership with the U.S.A.,” said Saeed. But, he said, “We have to remember that those who are ruling Iraq have an education of antagonism against America.” But the decision to proceed with complete withdrawal also reflected the White House’s own ambivalence about keeping forces in Iraq, which White House aides feared would be seen as a betrayal of Obama’s promise, during his 2008 presidential campaign, to end the conflict and withdraw American combat troops. Obama alluded to that in announcing the decision at the White House: “I can report that, as promised, the rest of our troops in Iraq will come home by the end of the year,” the president said after a video conference with Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki. “After nearly nine years, America’s war in Iraq will be over.” Declaring that the “tide of war is receding,” Obama and other administration officials sought to portray the move as a honorable completion of a long and difficult mission and part of a broader shift away from direct U.S. military involvement not just in Iraq, but in Afghanistan and Libya as well. Leading Republicans denounced the White House failure to reach an agreement with Iraq on allowing a small contingent of U.S. troops to remain. They argued that keeping some U.S. troops there would help preserve still fragile security gains, enable continued training of Iraqi forces, prevent a resurgence of sectarian and ethnic violence, and serve as a deterrent to Iran. Iraq’s neighbor and former enemy has sought influence for years by supplying weapons and training to Shia militant groups. Mitt Romney, a candidate for the Republican presidential nomination, said the pullout would “unnecessarily put at risk the victories that were won through the blood and sacrifice of thousands of American men and women.” A Democrat, Sen. Carl Levin of Michigan, chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee said he “was prepared to support a continued presence of U.S. trainers in Iraq beyond the end of this year.” But with Iraq’s reluctance to grant U.S. troops immunity from prosecution in Iraqi courts, “President Obama has made the right decision,” he said. U.S. officials said that more than 4,000 U.S. contractors would remain in Baghdad to provide security to the large American Embassy in Baghdad and to consulates in the cities of Basra and Irbil. A small contingent of U.S military personnel to oversee U.S. arms sales and limited training would remain in Iraq as a permanent part of the U.S diplomatic mission, they said. Bush launched the war against Iraq on March 19, 2003, after declaring that Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein was seeking to develop weapons of mass destruction and had forged links with al-Qaida terrorists. Both claims were later widely deemed to be false. Told they would be greeted as liberators, U.S. forces instead found themselves battling a violent insurgency.


Gadhafi had a ‘staggering’ $200 billion stashed around the world

Deposed dictator’s secret portfolio could fund Libyan democratization

BY PAUL RICHTER Tribune Washington Bureau Moammar Gadhafi secretly salted away more than $200 billion in bank accounts, real estate and corporate investments around the world before he was killed, about $30,000 for every Libyan citizen and double the amount that Western governments previously had suspected, according to senior Libyan officials. The new estimates of the deposed dictator’s hidden cash, gold reserves and investments are “staggering,” one person who has studied detailed records of the asset search said Friday. “No one truly appreciated the scope of it.” If the values prove accurate, Gadhafi will go down in history as one of the most rapacious as well as one of the most bizarre

world leaders, on a scale with the late Mobutu Sese Seko in the Democratic Republic of Congo or the late Ferdinand Marcos in the Philippines. Revelation of the stunning size of the portfolio may stir anger among Libyans—about one-third of whom live in poverty. And it is likely to spur an effort to return the money to Libya’s transitional government, which says it wants to embark on ambitious plan to modernize the country after nearly 42 years of rule by Gadhafi’s whim. During his 42 years in power, Gadhafi steered aid and investments to benefit his own family and tribe, but he denied support for much of the country, especially the eastern region that historically resisted his family’s despotic grip on power. Gadhafi’s death after he was

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captured by revolutionary fighters Thursday outside his birthplace, the coastal town of Sirte, not only ended the armed uprising that erupted last February; it also sets the stage for other governments to begin repatriating a bonanza in sequestered assets to the oil-rich but cash-poor nation. Obama administration officials were stunned last spring when they found $37 billion in Libyan regime accounts and investments in the United States, and they quickly froze the assets before Gadhafi or his aides could move them. Governments in France, Italy, England and Germany seized control of another $30 billion or so. Investigators estimated that Gadhafi had stashed perhaps another $30 billion elsewhere in the world, for a total of about $100 billion.

But subsequent investigations by American, European and Libyan authorities determined that Gadhafi secretly sent tens of billions more abroad over the years and made sometimes lucrative investments in nearly every major country, including much of the Middle East and Southeast Asia, officials said Wednesday. Most of the money was under the name of government institutions such as the Central Bank of Libya, the Libyan Investment Authority, the Libyan Foreign Bank, the Libyan National Oil Corp. and the Libya Africa Investment Portfolio. But investigators said Gadhafi and his family members could have had access to any of the money if they chose to. Libya has the largest proven oil reserves in Africa.

The University of Memphis

Tuesday, October 25, 2011 • 9


How do you feel about the Tigers’ 33-17 victory over Tulane? by Aaron Turner

“I’m excited. I think this victory can encourage more wins.”

“I was at the game and it was pretty cool, but it’s not anything to be proud of because Tulane is just as bad as we are.”

“I hope this gets the fan base up. This is what I expect fom the Tigers.”

“I didn’t see the game but I’m excited. I think it will be the turnaround we need for the season.”

“I was there and it was refreshing that we had a win for once. It was something new.”

— Alesia Putnam, Non-profit management junior

— Andre Jones, Biology sophomore

— Angelika Campbell, English senior

— Hunter Dawson, Criminal justice junior

— James Hudgens, Graphic design sophomore


Hells Angel killed in road rage incident BY MATTHIAS GAFNI, GARY PETERSON AND ALAN LOPEZ San Jose Mercury News

A California paratransit bus driver got into an altercation with a Hells Angel motorcyclist Saturday afternoon while driving on a San Leandro freeway, a section of Interstate 580 in northern California, when he intentionally rammed the biker, dragging him up for to two miles and killing him, a California Highway Patrol spokesman said. The biker, who has not been identified, was traveling eastbound on I-580 near 150th Avenue with a small group of Hells Angels colleagues shortly

before 4 p.m. when the incident began, said CHP Sgt. Trent Cross. San Leandro police have set up a command center at Kindred Hospital and will hold a press conference later Saturday night. All eastbound lanes were closed so police could continue with a homicide investigation over a large area of freeway, Cross said. The lanes could remain closed until 10 or 11 p.m. (Pacific), he said. An East Bay Paratransit bus was seen parked on the shoulder of the freeway near the accident scene. A call to the agency had not been returned at the time of this story. The freeway closure is causing significant traffic delays in the area, according to the CHP.

The U of M Classical Guitar Society presents Dr. James Baur in Concert


At Google, a different type of ‘busy bees’ usher in new product BY MICHAEL D’ESTRIES Mother Nature Network Since it was announced late last month, Google’s new beer has been creating a better buzz than anything related to its terrible online app (Buzz was officially killed off recently) — and I’m happy to hear that Google bees had a hand in it. Didn’t know Google kept bees? The online tech giant installed four hives in the spring of 2010 and ended up with more than 405 pounds of honey during the subsequent fall flow. “The honey is being put to good use — everyone who participated in the extraction got a jar to take home, while the rest of the honey will be used in the cafes and for cooking classes organized by Marc Rasic, an executive chef at Google and one of the people behind the beekeeping initiative,” wrote software

engineer Rob Peterson. Like the White House, Google has recently put some of that honey to use for an official company beer. In partnership with eccentric Delaware brewery Dogfish Head (the same guys with their own series on Discovery Channel), the search giant included the sweet stuff — along with many “interesting” ingredients from around the world to create “Urkontinent.” PC World lists some of them as wattleseed from Australia, amaranth from South America, green roobios tea from Africa, and Myrica Gale from Europe. “It’s what Google does every day — take a fractured world of information and put it into something cohesive and whole,” Dogfish Head founder and president Sam Calagione told the site. URKontinent went on tap Sept. 27 and may be pack-

aged for full distribution depending on how people like it. So far, reviews over on trend toward the positive. “I was expecting the worst given the aroma but it was completely different from what I imagined,” said one. “The wattle seed really came through in the end, with a little malt back bone. Overall very smooth. Mouthfeel was nice, not as heavy on the mouth as the appearance would suggest, but light and good carbonation.” You can check out a comprehensive 13-minute video on Google’s new brew here: watch?v=RiFewPyLlQA. The company, however, is careful to point out that it has no interest in entering the beer business and will not make a dime off of URKontinent. Bottoms up!

A Weekly Devotional For You Cut and Paste Religion

Saturday, Oct. 29 @ 7:30 p.m. Harris Concert Hall Performing a Guitar Concerto with the Contemporary Chamber Players, conducted by Dr. Kamran Ince, U of M professor of music, and featuring compositions by his father, Dr. John Baur, U of M composition & graduate music theory professor, and Dr. Ince.

Everyone who reads this is religious, whether or not you acknowledge that fact. Even atheism and agnosticism are religious postures. It is sometimes amusing to see the great effort that those who profess atheism put forth to “prove” there is no God. If there really is no God why get so worked up about it? The question that should concern us is from whence do we derive our religion? Where do you get your idea of God from and where do you find out how He demands to be worshipped? It seems to be sadly true that many people have a “cut and paste” religion. Some get a little bit from the Bible or some other book. Then they get a little bit from philosophy. Finally they just decide what they think their God should be like. They put this all together with a hefty dose of emotionalism and “presto,” out comes their “god.” Friends, this is dangerous business. There is only one real God. He is the One who has graciously revealed Himself in the Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments. In this, the only divinely-inspired book in the world, He has revealed His nature and how He must be worshipped. Jesus Christ said in John 4:24, “God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth.” Wouldn’t it be unspeakably sad for you to worship a “god” who has been invented by your own imagination and at the end of your life realize that your worship has been in vain?

Grace Chapel Primitive Baptist Church – Zack Guess, Pastor 828 Berclair Rd. • Memphis, TN, 38122 • 683-8014 • e-mail:

10 • Tuesday, October 25, 2011


Study: $4 billion goes to community college dropouts BY RITA GIORDANO The Philadelphia Inquirer A new national study reports that federal, state, and local governments invested nearly $4 billion in full-time community college students who dropped out after their first year. In Pennsylvania, that fiveyear expenditure amounted to about $87 million — $98 million in New Jersey — in government aid to students and support to schools, according to data released Thursday by the American Institute for Research of Washington. Nationally, the report’s authors say, nearly $1 billion in government funds was spent on these first-time students who dropped out in 2008-09, the most recent year surveyed, a 35 percent increase from five years before. “The Hidden Costs of Community Colleges” comes when the colleges are seeing swelling enrollment and increasing demands on their services. Their student bodies now include displaced workers, remedial students, non-English speakers, and students seeking more affordable higher education. Also, community colleges feature prominently in the Obama administration’s pledge to substantially increase the number of the nation’s college graduates by 2020. “Given the central role that community colleges play in the nation’s plans to regain its position as the number-one country in the world when it comes to college-educated adults, and given the increasing fiscal difficulties facing individual states and the nation as a whole, it is clear that ‘business as usual’ is far too expensive,” the report states. The report by the nonpartisan social-issue and behavioral-science research group calls for improved measures to try to ensure that students who enter certificate and associate-degree programs actually graduate. Jerry Parker, president of Delaware County Community College, was not shocked by the findings and said he has been working to address the root causes. “We’ve been living with this for years. This is not a new real-

ity for us,” Parker said. “What they’re doing is putting dollars to it.” Christopher Mullin, an official with the American Association of Community Colleges, said the colleges serve multiple missions and are committed to seeing more students graduate. He disagreed with the study’s cost estimates and said many dropouts are actually “stopouts” who reenroll. Mark Schneider, AIR vice president, countered with other data that indicate a poor graduation prognosis for students who leave. Locally and nationally, community colleges have been exploring ways to retain their diverse student populations so they meet their education needs and goals, including the nationwide Achieving the Dream project, a collaborative effort by many colleges with foundation funding. “We’ve always been about open access,” said Jacob Farbman, spokesman for the New Jersey Council of County Colleges. While numbers vary from campus to campus, New Jersey’s two-year colleges average about 70 percent of their students requiring some remedial or developmental courses. The Pennsylvania Commission for Community Colleges says it does not keep such statistics, but some campuses report similar numbers. In some parts of the country, they are higher still. For the last two years, county colleges in New Jersey have taken part in the “Big Idea Project” aimed at finding solutions to problems such as the huge need for remediation and the low retention that often goes with spending so much time and funding on noncredit courses. Often community college students have time-consuming jobs, which can cut into their studies, as may other issues. “The issue of remediation in college is a serious one,” said Raymond Yannuzzi, president of Camden County College. His school is one of the New Jersey county colleges working with local schools to give high school students their placement exams before they enter college so they can identify academic weak spots early.

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Campus Life

Students move to expand UC’s musical offerings BY CHRIS SHAW News Reporter

study,” she said. “If they were playing the kind of music that most students listen to it could turn into a party.” Barnett said that choosing the music that gets played in the University Center is a difficult decision and that a slight variation from jazz could make some students feel alienated.

“It’s always great to have the students involved with something like this,” he said. “We Studying in the University have been looking into music Center sans MP3 player or headservices that would provide a phones, you might have noticed range of six different channels certain songs repeating on the that we could program throughbuilding’s new stereo system. out the day. Hopefully we will It’s not a malfunction – the have something like that by the UC is just starved for new matespring semester.” rial. Its current B a r n e t t musical selecdescribed a ven if we varied (the music) musical sertion is limited to six CDs, most of that would from time to time, we don’t want vice which are jazz include chancollections. nels featuring a people to feel like they’re not University variety of genres Center director welcome because of the type of and artists. Bob Barnett said Senior chemmusic we are playing.” that jazz music istry and biol— Bob Barnett sets a certain ogy major Neil mood in the UC. Dempsey said Director, University Center “We don’t that he didn’t want music that like the idea of is so high energy in the building “Even if we varied from time students being able to choose the that would encourage behavior to time, we don’t want people music in the UC. that we don’t want,” he said. to feel like they’re not welcome “I don’t mind music being “Initially, the idea was to try to because of the type of music played out here, and it would be create a sort of feel in the build- we are playing,” he said. “We cool to have different programing that you would have at a also don’t want people to say, ming on the nights and weekStarbucks.” ‘This is my groups building,’ ends, but the thought of the stuThe UC recently loosened because of the type of music we dents being in total control of up on the easy listening back- are playing.” the music terrifies me,” he said. ground music with “Memphis Barnett said that since the “I’m really picky about music, music Friday,” featuring current University Center was built, and I don’t like 90 percent of local artists as well as classic only one student has complained what’s up and coming today… Memphis recording artists from about the music in the building. the music I listen to would drive Sun Studios and Stax Records. The comments sparked the idea everyone else crazy, so instruSenior chemistry major for a student advisory board to mental background music is a Stephanie Kendrick said she provide feedback on UC mat- good common ground.” likes the idea of having instru- ters including music, seating and Because of a University Center mental music playing in the hours of operation. Barnett said policy prohibiting staff from University Center. that he hopes to have the advi- talking to The Daily Helmsman, “I think jazz and instrumental sory board set up by the spring UC employees were unable to music helps encourage people to semester of 2012. comment for this story.


emphis University of M lumni Students and A

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The University of Memphis

Tuesday, October 25, 2011 • 11


Tigers drown Green Wave 33-17

Tigers pull ahead early in New Orleans, thwart Tulane’s second-half comeback attempt to snap 16-game Conference USA losing streak Bottom left: Freshman cornerback Bobby McCain intercepts a pass in the third quarter before returning it 79 yards for a touchdown. Below: sophomore tight end Justin Henderson opens scoring with a touchdown reception over the outstretched arms of a Tulane defender. Top left: senior wide receiver Tanner Rehrer stretches for a second-quarter touchdown. Photos by David C. Minkin

BY ADAM DOUGLAS Sports Editor Entering last Saturday’s game against Tulane, The University of Memphis Tigers football team had lost 23 of their last 25 games dating back to the 2009 season. They also owned a dubious 16-game Conference USA losing streak, with four of those losses suffered this season. But the Tigers (2-6, 1-3 in C-USA) put those streaks to an end as they defeated the Tulane University Green Wave 33-17 in New Orleans. “I would like to compliment our team for coming out and staying focused and playing

a 60-minute game,” said head coach Larry Porter. “We were able to counterpunch and fight off some negative momentum, which gave this team some energy and more passion to fight through for 60 minutes.” That “negative momentum” came after halftime, when Tulane captured the lead midway through the second half against a Tiger defense that controlled the tempo from the outset. Down 14-10 at the break, Tulane took the secondhalf kickoff and drove 80 yards on only six plays to regain the lead, 17-14. Tulane quarterback Ryan Griffin was perfect on the drive, going 4-of-4 on passing

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Go Tigers!


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for 77 yards, including a 29-yard touchdown strike to Wilson Van Hooser. The turning point of the game happened when Tigers cornerback Bobby McCain intercepted Griffin on Tulane’s next possession, returning the ball 79 yards for a touchdown. A blocked extra point left the Tigers with a 20-17 lead. After blocking a Tulane punt attempt the next possession, Tigers quarterback Taylor Reed gave Memphis a 26-17 lead after scoring on a one-yard touchdown. Kicker Paulo Henriques missed the extra point attempt. Redshirt senior Billy Foster would add to the lead by scampering 22 yards for another touchdown, putting the Tigers up 33-17 late in the fourth quarter and dashing any hopes for a comeback by Tulane. “It feels good to get a ‘w’ on the road, and to top it off this was a conference game,” said senior linebacker Terrance Thomas, who had a team-leading 14 tackles in the game. “Practice will be more fun this week, the enthusiasm will be there and everyone will come out with the will to practice.” The Tigers’ performance, though leading to a win, was still flawed. Tulane gained more total yards than The U of M (459-289), had more first downs (26-15) and a greater time of possession (32:46 to 27:14). Despite those shortcomings, some players still had high hopes for the rest of the season. “Truth be told, if we win out, we can still go to a bowl game,” said sophomore tight end Justin Henderson.

12 • Tuesday, October 25, 2011


Skeptic admits error in denying global-warming evidence BY GEOFF MOHAN Los Angeles Times Remember when scientists who had cast doubt on global temperature studies boldly embarked on an effort to “reconsider” the evidence? They have. And they conclude that their doubt was misplaced. UC Berkeley physicist Richard Muller and others were looking at the so-called urban heat island effect — the notion that because more urban temperature stations are included in global temperature data sets than are rural ones, the global average temperature was being skewed upward because these sites tend to retain more heat. Hence, global warming trends are exaggerated. Using data from such urban heat islands as Tokyo, they hypothesized, could introduce “a severe warming bias in global averages using urban stations.” In fact, the data trend was “opposite in sign to that expected if the urban heat island effect was adding anomalous warming to the record. The small size, and its negative sign, supports the key conclusion of prior groups that urban warming does not unduly bias estimates of recent global temperature change.” Researchers conclude that “(t)he trend analysis also supports the view that the spurious contribution of urban heating to the global average, if present, is not a strong effect; this agrees with the conclusions in the literature that we cited previously.” The literature they cite is the basis for the conclusion that Earth has been warming in an unnatural way during the period of human industrialization. The paper, made available Thursday, amounts to the second time that Muller et al have had to back away from a key plank of climate skeptics’ argument that Earth is simply on a natural temperature path and man-made greenhouse gases are not warming the atmosphere. Several months ago, when called before a congressional panel that likewise has been skeptical of climate research, Muller acknowledged that his team was finding no smoking gun to indict climate scientists. At the time, Muller told the House Science Committee that the work of the three principal groups that have analyzed the temperature trends underlying climate science is “excellent .... We see a global warming trend that is very similar to that previously reported by the other groups.”

Women’s Soccer

Three Lady Tigers net awards

UM posts 12th shutout of season; Pembroke, Oduro, Simonin recognized for contributions in securing Conference USA regular season championship BY BRYAN HEATER Sports Reporter Three Lady Tigers took home weekly awards after winning two matches that helped clinch the Conference USA Regular Season Championship last week. Junior defender Bailey Pembroke, sophomore midfielder-forward Christabel Oduro and senior defender Lizzy Simonin all were honored for their play in the two shutouts. Pembroke, recognized as a Primetime Performer by on Monday, picks up her first career weekly honor and is the

first Lady Tiger to appear on the Primetime Performer list this season. The Flower Mound, Tex. native helped the relentless University of Memphis defense limit Southern Miss to one shot in Friday’s match. On Sunday, Pembroke recorded her first career assist and led the Lady Tigers to a 3-0 shutout against Central Florida. With the clean sheet, the Memphis defense tied the single-season school record with its 12th shutout. “Bailey has been fantastic in the back this year,” said head coach Brooks Monaghan. “We called out Bailey and Christie Kline for their performances yesterday against some very

talented UCF forwards. They did a great job shutting those players down. Bailey has continually improved since she has been here and that’s what you want in a player. She is a prime example of a player improving as time goes on.” Oduro and Simonin were named Conference-USA offensive and defensive players of the week, respectively, as announced by the league office on Monday. Oduro, who has a team-leading 11 goals this season, scored three goals over the weekend. She has scored a goal in four straight matches. “Christabel is playing

extremely well right now,” Monaghan said. “As I always say, the sky is the limit for Christabel. She hasn’t met her potential yet, but you hope with her ability she will continue to move in the right direction.” Simonin earned the Tigers’ defense its fifth accolade of the season, and her second. “Our defense is playing great right now, and Lizzy and Elise Kuhar-Pitters are the anchors back there,” Monaghan said. “Lizzy gives everybody so much confidence back there. I can’t say enough good things about Lizzy and what she brings this program on and off the field.”

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