Daily Helmsman The
Wednesday, April 20, 2011
Gulf Oil Spill: One Year Later A year after the Deepwater Horizon disaster, effects still lingering over Gulf Coast
Vol. 78 No. 112
see pages 6-7
Independent Student Newspaper of The University of Memphis
High times at Hi-Tone for NORML benefit tonight various prizes from Trilogy Tattoo and Body Piercing, Young Avenue Glassworks, Wizard’s and other local stores. Geraci, a U of M NORML member, said the NORML Andrew Geraci, bassist for Memphis jam band Wampa, benefit concert gives people the chance to come support expects tonight’s benefit concert for The University of both local musicians and an organization that tries to help Memphis chapter of a national marijuana reform group to the community understand its rights. be magical. “Students or whoever are accused (of a marijuana-related “The heavens (will) open up, and elves are going to come offense) are often unaware what they’re allowed to do and out and make people dance and give people gold and candy,” what not to do,” he said. “Hopefully, something like this will Geraci said jokingly. help inform some people.” The NORML benefit concert is also Wampa’s release of Wampa and several other bands will perform tonight at 7 at the Hi-Tone Cafe to benefit The U of M’s chapter of the the band’s EP “Kee Doozle!” and its first time playing at the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws. Hi-Tone. Doors open at 6 p.m., and cover charge is $10 for the 18-andBrittany Brown, president of The U of M’s chapter of up performance. There will also be an optional $5 raffle for NORML, said the organization, a nonprofit advocacy group founded in 1970, increases awareness of public concern about existing marijuana laws and policies, tries to get people involved in political activism and educates the community about the plant and its effects. “I’m fighting for NORML and marijuana rights because I think it’s crazy that the government can have that much control,” the senior AfricanAmerican studies major said. “Everyone should know their rights and know how the government works.” NORML’s main goal is to make marijuana legal and stop the arrests of responsible marijuana users. The group is funded entirely through donations. According to NORML’s website, marijuana is the third Wampa, a jam band with ties to The U of M, will take the stage at the Hi-Tone most popular recreational tonight in Midtown Memphis. drug in the United States.
A patchwork of pot laws
Thirteen states have decriminalized marijuana possession, typically only fining those caught with small amounts. Fifteen states and the District of Columbia allow medical marijuana use.
State marijuana laws Marijuana decriminalized
Medical marijuana legal
R.I. Conn. Del. D.C.
NOTE: Alaska and Hawaii are not to scale
© 2011 MCT Source: National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws Graphic: Adam Zoll, Chicago Tribune
Alcohol is first, followed by cigarettes. The website also notes that the U.S. experienced 848,408 marijuana-related arrests in 2009. “I think it’s crazy the government can make plants illegal when … cigarettes are legal and are honestly more harmful and have more chemicals,” Brown said. In Tennessee, the possession, delivery or sale of a halfounce or less of marijuana is punishable by up to one year in prison and a fine up to $2,500. Brown said many stereotypes surrounding marijuana users have been circulating since the 1920s. “We have to inform people about how it’s not dangerous and the positive benefits of it,” she said. Jonathan Kiersky, owner of the Hi-Tone and 2001 graduate of The U of M, said the Hi-Tone likes to work with people who are doing something good for the community. He said he heard some NORML speeches during his years at U of M and thinks people should come support the group while enjoying the music. Brown said anyone interested in being a member of The U of M’s chapter of NORML can email memphisnorml@ gmail.com to receive information about upcoming events.
U of M alum knows when to hold ‘em BY CHELSEA BOOZER News Reporter Kyle Cartwright has made more money since graduating from The University of Memphis in December than the average alumnus will make in four years — and he didn’t need his degree to do it. In a two-month span, the 23-year-old Cartwright has made just under $200,000 by sitting around card tables in casinos playing Texas Hold ‘em. “Since I graduated from Memphis, I have only played poker,” Cartwright said. “No job as of now, and I am not looking. My plan is to make poker my full-time career.” Between February and April, Cartwright, who graduated with a finance degree, won three World Series of Poker Circuit tournaments — two at Harrah’s Casino in Tunica,
Miss., and one at Harrah’s in St. Louis. He defeated 408 and 510 players, respectively, in Tunica on Feb. 2 and Feb. 11 and 449 in St. Louis on April 9. His complete earnings from the tournaments totaled $199,830 and three WSOP Circuit gold rings. Cartwright said even though he didn’t need college to be a professional poker player, his degree in finance does give him a step up on other players. “My degree helps me out because poker is a lot about numbers,” he said. “I ask myself a lot of questions before I make a decision at the tables. You have to look at pot size, players, chip stack, the bet size, etc. I was actually planning on trying out poker professionally before I made an attempt on a career.” Cartwright said no one else in his family is a poker buff, adding that most of
them don’t know more than the basic rules of the game. He began learning the intricacies of the game from his friend’s dad and then started studying strategies when poker came on the television. ”I wanted to learn as much about poker as I could,” Cartwright said. Duy Tran, who left Middle Tennessee State University during his junior year to become a professional poker player, had only known Cartwright for two months when they roomed together at the St. Louis tournament but said they immediately became good friends. “When I met him, I was expecting some cocky guy walking around with his two WSOP Circuit rings. He proved me wrong,” Tran said. “He was really friendly and a very humble guy.”
Tran said Cartwright’s accomplishments are unbelievable. “He’s a great poker player (who) never lets people bother him,” he said. “He totally deserves every bit of this glory. Winning three rings in a two-month span is amazing. I believe no one will ever achieve what he has done.” With Cartwright’s two wins in Tunica, he became the Casino Champion, which qualified him for a million-dollar, free-roll tournament in Vegas that starts May 27. Only 100 players qualify for this tournament, achieving eligibility by earning points or winning other tournaments. Pokernews.com has called Cartwright “the poster boy for the WSOP Circuit.” The site also compares him to poker super-
Poker, page 3
photo illustration by Brian Wilson
courtesy of Wampa
BY CHRIS DANIELS News Reporter
Students might be tempted to consider dropping the books and hitting the tables — U of M graduate Kyle Cartwright has made nearly $200,000 postgraduation, entirely by playing poker.
2 • Wednesday, April 20, 2011
Letter to the Editor
Helmsman Volume 78 Number 112
Scott Carroll Managing Editor Mike Mueller Copy and Design Chief Amy Barnette News Editors Cole Epley Amy Barnette Sports Editor John Martin Copy Editors Amy Barnette Christina Hessling General Manager Candy Justice Advertising Manager Bob Willis Admin. Sales Sharon Whitaker
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1. Pistol-packing professors? 2. Fear, loathing and firearms
by Erica Horton by Scott Carroll
While I am not 100 percent in favor of Tennessee Bill 51, I would like to point out that those who are against it are the least educated about firearms and carrying them for protection. (Editor-inChief) Scott Carroll assumes that a police officer is more trained, more qualified and better able to respond to a school shooting than a carry permit holder. This is simply not true. First of all, police and carry permit holders are trained to different goals. The former is trained to arrest suspects and enforce the law; the latter is trained to protect his or her life and the lives of love ones within the realms of the law. Yes, Scott, permit holders are indeed trained — and trained to shoot in stressful situations. Second, police officers fire fewer rounds per year at a practice range than an average gun-owning citizen fires in one day. The average permit holder is more likely to actually hit what he shoots at than the average police officer is. To think that the police, or anyone other than yourself, is responsible for your safety and protection is naive. Can you carry a cop in your back pocket and pull him out when someone attacks you? The answer is no. The victims at Virginia Tech believed that the police would resolve the situation, and what did the police do? They cowered in safety and waited for the attacker to shoot himself. The only thing they protected was their own skins. My opinion on Bill 51 is mixed. It has good intentions, yes, and the University of Utah has allowed both students and faculty to legally carry firearms on campus without incident. However, The University of Memphis is not the University of Utah. Legislation that works elsewhere may not work here. If the bill is passed, I hope that those faculty who do carry on campus have been evaluated by The University to show that they are competent enough to do so.
3. Student loan debt nears $1 trillion
Neal Newbill Junior Japanese major
by Erica Horton
4. Colleges that profit, students who don’t 5. Bookstore bonanza
Tweet. Tweet. Tweet.
from our wire services by Erica Horton
DOMINO’S PIZZA Across 1 Berlin Olympics star 6 Test sites 10 Unexpected result 15 “The King’s Speech” Oscar winner Firth 16 Touched down 17 Pheasant ragout 18 Far from fresh 19 Snack in a shell 20 Garden figure 21 *Ages 24 Spelling on screen 25 Old Olds creation 26 Minnesota twins? 27 Buff 29 *Surgery prep area 33 Glob suffix 34 Mack Sennett lawman 35 Hard-twisted cotton thread 39 *”Aha!” 45 “Really __ ...”: “Tears of a Clown” lyric 46 __ tai 47 Form 1040 calc. 48 *Bout with very big contestants 53 Droid 54 Go on and on 56 Prefix with moron 57 He succeeded Boutros 59 Groundbreaking sitcom, and a hint to four different three-letter words concealed by starred answers 64 Arab big shot 65 Sleek, in car talk 66 Live 68 Like the Vikings 69 Fairway club 70 Religious practices 71 Led Zeppelin’s “Whole __ Love” 72 At sea 73 Foam opener Down 1 Fall mo. 2 Klingon officer in the “Star Trek” franchise 3 “The Untouchables” co-author, 1957 4 Powerful liquid, for short
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5 Derisive looks 6 Incurring a fine, maybe 7 Banned apple spray 8 Antacid choice, briefly 9 He who is without sin? 10 Links gp. 11 Prevalent all over 12 Memorial __-Kettering: NYC hospital 13 Tube awards 14 Draw 22 VapoRub maker 23 Durante’s “Inka Dinka __” 27 Japan’s highest mountain 28 Grad 30 Reine’s spouse 31 FedEx rival 32 Bullring shout 36 Balance 37 Kids’ block
38 Do some cutting 40 It usually includes crossed-off items 41 Soccer star Freddy 42 Thurman of “Kill Bill” 43 Used a stool 44 “__ card, any card” 49 Many a Fed. holiday 50 Beefy stew ingredient 51 “You saved me!” 52 Big hits 54 Shout of delight 55 All ears 58 Handy “Mr.” 60 Swedish furniture chain 61 Mythical archer 62 Type type 63 River of Flanders 64 NBC hit since ‘75 67 Chicken general?
S u d o k u
Complete the grid so that each row, column and 3-by-3 box (in bold borders) contains every digit 1 to 9.
Solutions on page 11
The University of Memphis
Wednesday, April 20, 2011 • 3
BY JOHN LETZING MarketWatch Google Inc. said Monday that it recently invested $100 million in an Oregon facility expected to become “the largest wind farm in the world,” as the Internet giant continues to pour money into alternative energy initiatives. Google, which consumes a considerable amount of energy to power its undisclosed number of data centers, said its investment in the Shepherds Flat Wind Farm near Arlington, Ore., brings the company’s total investment in clean energy to more than $350 million. General Electric Co. announced in 2009 that it had won a $1.4 billion contract to build wind turbines for the Shepherds Flat facility. GE said it would be supplying 338 tur-
bines, to be installed through 2012. When the project is completed next year, Google said, it will produce 845 megawatts of energy, or enough to power 235,000 homes. The electricity produced at the wind farm will be sold to the utility Southern California Edison, Google said. “We remain on the lookout for more projects that make business sense and will help all of us take advantage of clean, renewable energy,” Google Director of Green Business Operations Rick Needham said in a post on a company website. Google said it is investing in Shepherds Flat alongside Sumitomo Corp. and Itochu Corp. subsidiary Tyr Energy. Google has invested recently in other alternative energy projects, including a $5 million
Google invests $100M in Oregon wind farm, to be world’s largest
The Vandsycle Ridge wind farm in the Horse Heaven Hills near Pendleton, Ore., harnesses wind to produce electricity. Just over an hour away in Arlington, Ore., lies Shepherds Flat Wind Farm, Google’s newest pet project. contribution to a solar photovoltaic power plant near Berlin and $168 million in financing for a solar energy power plant in California’s Mojave Desert. Google, like other Internet firms, relies on power-hungry data centers stocked with server
computers to keep its services up and running for a growing number of users. In addition to dabbling in a number of energy initiatives, the company has also successfully applied to the U.S. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
for permission to buy and sell power in bulk. Google executive chairman Eric Schmidt has long touted the use of alternative energy sources, both for the greater good and for the immediate needs of his company.
Poker from page 1 star Dwyte Pilgrim, 28, who has also won three WSOP-Circuit rings, but Cartwright did so in less attempts. Cartwright said he prefers to practice by playing poker online rather than live, though the game’s online fans took a hit last week, when several top poker websites were barred from operation in the U.S. in a federal crackdown. Though poker consumes most of his time, Cartwright still takes up other hobbies. He calls himself a sports fanatic and said that “of course” he’s still a Tiger fan. “I used to be in a bowling league and a softball league but had to quit both in order to play poker full time,” he said. Cartwright said he plans to continue a career in poker. “My goal, like any other poker player, would be to win the World Series main event,” he said.
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4 • Wednesday, April 20, 2011
Drug czar unveils plan to curtail prescription drug abuse
states anchor each end of what’s known as the “pill mill pipeline” — stressed that sales and abuse of prescription drugs, especially oxycodone, had grown to epic levels. Ninety-eight of the top 100 doctors in the country dispensing oxycodone — the generic form of OxyContin — are in Florida, mostly in Miami, Tampa and Orlando, Scott said. According to a study by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, there was a fourfold increase nationally in treatment admissions for prescription pain-pill abuse during the past decade. The increase spans every age, gender, race, ethnicity, education, employment level and region. The study also shows a tripling of pain pill abuse among patients who needed treatment for dependence on opioids.
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The Obama administration on Tuesday unveiled a plan to fight prescription drug abuse, warning that accidental fatal overdoses now exceed the combined deadly overdoses from the crack epidemic of the 1980s and black tar heroin in the 1970s. The initiative to combat the nation’s fastest-growing drug
problem includes boosting aware- grams in place, Kerlikowske said. Kerlikowske said his office ness of the dangers of prescripThe initiative recommends con- would ask Congress for an increase tion drug abuse among patients venient ways to remove and dis- in funding for drug prevention of and health care providers, crack- pose of unused and expired medi- $123 million and for treatment of ing down on $99 million for “pill mills” and 2012, both to train “doctor shophealth oo many Americans are still primary ping,” and care providers not aware of the misuse and requiring drug to intervene in manufacturers cases of abuse of prescription drugs and emerging to develop edudrug abuse and cation programs to expand and how dangerous they can be.” for doctors and improve specialty — Gil Kerlikowske patients. care for addiction. White House drug czar “Too many As part of the Americans are initiative, the Food still not aware of the misuse and cation from the home. Kerlikowske and Drug Administration will abuse of prescription drugs and noted that seven out of 10 pre- require the makers of a certain class how dangerous they can be,” said scription drug abusers obtained of drugs — “extended-release and Gil Kerlikowske, the White House their drugs from friends or rela- long-acting opioids” — to work director of national drug-control tives. A national “take-back” effort together to develop an education policy. last September netted more than plan to help doctors and patients. Accidental drug overdoses are 121 tons of prescription drugs in Opioids — such as morphine now the leading cause of acciden- a day, he said. Another take-back and oxycodone — are used to treat tal death in 17 states — ahead of day is scheduled for April 30, Drug moderate and severe pain. car crashes — Kerlikowske said. Enforcement Administration head The announcement They account for seven a day in Michele M. Leonhart said. came on the heels of Florida, one of the epicenters of the The plan also calls for the drug Kerlikowske’s tesepidemic and the source of much control policy office and the DEA timony last week of the drugs. In Broward County to step up enforcement by target- before a House alone, more than 1 million pills are ing training to states with the high- Energy and Commerce dispensed every month, according est need. Law enforcement agen- subcommittee about the to the Broward Sheriff’s Office. cies and the lawmakers who rep- destructive underground prescripThe plan calls on every state resent them have long complained tion-drug network that weaves its to develop a prescription drug- that clinics where pain medication way up from Florida’s pain clinics monitoring program and encour- often is dispensed without pre- to Kentucky’s Appalachian mounages them to share the information scriptions, or “pill mills,” contrib- tain communities. Kerlikowske, with other states. Thirty-five states ute heavily to the prescription drug Kentucky Gov. Steve Beshear and already have such monitoring pro- epidemic. Florida Gov. Rick Scott — whose
BY HALIMAH ABDULLAH AND LESLEY CLARK McClatchy Newspapers
The University of Memphis
Wednesday, April 20, 2011 • 5
Who doesn’t? BY CHRISTOPHER Our admiration for Fey is BORRELLI deeply aspirational; more than Chicago Tribune We want to go to there. That’s how Liz Lemon herself would probably put it. If she were in a Charlie Kaufman-esque meta movie and the harried, set-upon head writer of the show-within-a-show on “30 Rock” had to explain the appeal of her own creator, Tina Fey, she would say something awkward — like “We want to go to there,” meaning to the grounded, urbane and knowing place where Fey, the 40-year-old writer and actress, resides.
once I’ve found myself behind a car with a “What would Liz Lemon do?” bumper sticker. Fey seems relatable, one of us, overextended, exhausted; yet, since leaving the Chicago improv scene of Second City and iO in the ‘90s, she’s been the head writer of “Saturday Night Live,” written hit movies (“Mean Girls”), starred in vehicles (“Date Night”), created an acclaimed series (NBC’s “30 Rock”) and arguably helped influence a presidential election (with that “SNL” impression of Sarah Palin). She’s even found a rare ability to appear both broad and personal; “We want to go to there”
‘30 Rock’ star and ‘SNL’ alum puts on her ‘bossy pants’ in her new book
is a paraphrasing of “I want to go to there,” a great line from “30 Rock,” first uttered by her young daughter, Alice. “Absolutely, I understand why people feel this way about Tina,” said actress Stephnie Weir, who took Fey’s place at Second City after Fey left for “SNL.” “She tapped into that thing where you’re rooting for her to succeed even as you’re envious. The best part is it’s not a fluke. She earned it. She feels like a hero to people because her thing is not trying to be anything she’s not. I don’t know who else I feel that way about.” Now consider “Bossypants” (Little, Brown and Co.), Fey’s first book, which came out earlier this month.
“Umm, kind of read ‘Bossypants’ all in one night like it was a grownup woman’s ‘Twilight,’” Mindy Kaling of “The Office” tweeted the day it was released. “She is everything I am not,” Janeane Garofalo groaned in a book review on National Public Radio. And yet the book describes a life so crammed with appointments, 14-hour days, overnight script writing in her Manhattan home with the “30 Rock” staff, as Lemon once said: “My work self is suffocating my life me.” Then again, as Ali Farahnarkian, who was part of Fey’s Second City touring troupe, put it: “The winner of the pie-eating contest will always get more pie, always get people wanting you to try more. And she just worked harder.” I spoke with Fey on the phone from the New York offices of “30 Rock.” As expected, she sounded busy. Q. Please explain the cover of “Bossypants” — you with these big man arms. A. It’s from this guy (the art photographer, who took the picture), Ruven Afanador. I thought that since I was writing a lot about working in male-dominated environments, it sort of made sense. Then once I saw how much it upset people, it made me like it much more. It’s interesting how an image that’s not dirty, violent or incendiary in any makes people really upset. I suppose (the image) has something do with traditionally masculine worlds and what you need ... Q. Big hairy arms. A. Big hairy arms. Q. Is this a memoir? A. I didn’t think about whether I had to define it or not. It’s a sketched memoir because I’m a sketch writer. Q. I ask because there’s an interesting, really subtle split in the book between who you present yourself as and who you seem to actually be. And it’s not just in the book, either. The characters you play seem to be who you are, but not really who you are — we’re hearing what you think, but not everything you’re thinking. A. I think that’s fair. It’s not exactly (the truth), but I see your point. With characters like Liz Lemon, you want to let them make mistakes that maybe you have already actually made and learned from in the past and wouldn’t necessarily make again. I think they are close to me but not literally me. Q. For instance, the chapter on Sarah Palin. I wondered: Does she admire Sarah Palin or her tenacity? A. I don’t feel that strongly one way or another. I had a perfectly pleasant experience with her, but there aren’t a lot of people that I would use that word with. Q. Tenacity? A. Admire. I admire Amy Poehler. Q. You do mention your (Republican) parents got tired of your Palin impression. A. After I did that one (sketch) with Will Ferrell and Darrell Hammond, I heard from my mother, “It’s just getting to be too much.”
6 • Wednesday, April 20, 2011
Gulf still waiting for love Pressure builds to expand drilling one year after titanic BP oil spill
clean-up workers have trampled sandy nesting grounds. They’ve shaven the beaches to A year after the Gulf oil disas- remove oil — and in the process ter, Sue Galliano doesn’t want taken away the miles-long lines our pity. She just wants us to of seaweed and ocean-growing act like grown-ups. Especially plants that always wash ashore Congress, which still hasn’t to serve as food sources and allocated a dime to restoring nesting sites. the Southeast’s natural storm Last week, Sens. Mary buffers. Those wetland barriers Landrieu, D-La., and David protect places, but they also Vitter, R-La., introduced a bill cradle a uniquely American that would finally use BP penway of life that has mixed alties — blood money, for sure gumbo and oil for generations. — to rebuild America’s richWhacked by Katrina, ham- est delta system and the entire mered by Gustav and nearly coastline of the Gulf of Mexico drowned by Ike, Louisiana’s damaged by the BP spill. I Grand Isle is encourage the spit of sand all the lawand wetlands year later, makers from that President the region to Obama used we still grieve for come togethas a backand craft a the 11 lives lost; er drop for his solution that we know greed a d d r e s s e s Gulf photo ops last year. massive and recklessness this With the coundisaster. Get try in a budcaused the BP together, and get-cutting get it done. mood, there’s Horizon blowout A quarsomewhere ... and the drill- ter of our between $5 energy supers have deep, plies come billion and $20 billion in systemic issues t h r o u g h found money these waterto fix. that can be ways and used to restore their comthe gulf because BP owes munities; so does 40 percent of America for what it broke. the seafood from the continenSue is head of the Grand tal United States. Isle Community Development We can create a Gulf coast Team, and she had a simple that rebuilds itself by workmessage for us last week. We ing with the power of the were 50 miles away from the Mississippi River instead of gates of hell we came to know against it. The Army Corps of as Deepwater Horizon. Rebuild Engineers broke this river systhe gulf’s natural barriers, she tem in the name of more effitold a group of New York- cient shipping. Increasingly, a based activists called Women new generation of Corps leadIn Conservation. Her message: ers know they can undo the This isn’t rocket science. It’s damage and make those water about water and mud and rocks highways even more useful. and concrete. And the human benefit to Media from around the the Gulf region? It’s the restoraplanet have reached out to tion of a rich way of life where Audubon’s scientists because food and family seamlessly the gulf is the Grand Central mix with pipelines and energy Station for birds. More than production. And that way of 200 species that migrate to life thrives when natural fresh and from Central and South and saltwater wetlands create America rely on its beaches, the homes for shrimp, oysters, marshes and forests to fatten birds and fish. This is the way up before and after their epic of life in the steamy Southeast flights. Hummingbirds weigh- that we’ve heard in the meloing one-eighth of an ounce dies of Cajuns and jazz masters drop out of the sky after non- for generations. stop trips across the Gulf of A year later, we still grieve for Mexico, hungry and burning the 11 lives lost; we know greed body fat and muscle. And mil- and recklessness caused the BP lions of birds, including brown Horizon blowout, and January’s pelicans, breed in these rich Oil Spill Commission report told coastal lands. us that the drillers have deep, Assessing the damage from systemic issues to fix. a year ago continues to be chalSue Galliano, a life-long resilenging. Birds that never want dent of Grand Isle, is a survito be found still haven’t been. vor. So are the other 1,500 peoThousands of birds became ple who call Grand Isle home. shark food or were eaten by other We owe her an answer. We can predators. And somewhere near use BP penalties to restore the 7,000 pelicans, plovers, terns and Gulf’s way of life by rebuilding other birds were found dead. its wetlands and its coastline. Just as we’re seeing the There are seeds of hope here. impacts of the Exxon Valdez Not a wishing kind of hope, but spill 20 years later, we don’t real potential for change. So, know yet what effect an oil- what can you do? Yes, this is a infested food chain will have. “write your representative” plea But we do know that tar balls at www.audubon.org. Make a are still washing ashore on ruckus for Sue Galliano, for the Grand Isle and that endangered critters that call the Gulf home, birds are eating the worms in for a way of life that is a part of the tar balls. Well-meaning America’s soul.
BY DAVID YARNOLD McClatchy Newspapers
BY MARIA RECIO McClatchy Newspapers A year after the BP oil spill put the brakes on full-bore domestic production, it’s back to “drill, baby, drill” as federal lawmakers, anxious about rising gasoline prices, push legislation to open offshore leases and make it easier to drill domestically. Nowhere is this emphasis on increasing domestic production louder than in the Gulf Coast states hit hard by the oil spill — Louisiana, Mississippi and Texas — where the calls for drilling from members of both parties are louder than last year’s calls for caution as oil spewed into the Gulf of Mexico. “Louisiana is home to the nation’s oil and gas industry that is trying to get back to work after the Deepwater Horizon accident,” said Sen. Mary Landrieu, D-La. The Pelican State lawmaker, one of the Gulf Coast’s few Democrats, is critical of the drilling moratorium imposed by the Obama administration after the spill, as well as its slow restarting of the oil well permitting process on the Outer Continental Shelf. “We need to rapidly accelerate the permitting process in the Gulf to increase production,” she said, as well as expanding it to offshore Alaska and other areas. Last April 20, the Deepwater Horizon oil platform exploded,
What happened to the leaked oil Residual Evaporated 26% or dissolved
(Includes oil on or just below the surface)
Directly recovered from wellhead
Total released as of Aug. 2, 2010 (estimated)
4.9 million barrels** **One barrel equals 42 gallons (159 liters)
*Chemically dispersed, burned and skimmed
New Orleans Deepwater Horizon
Gulf of Mexico
50 km 50 miles
Cumulative extent of spill NOTE: Observations of surface oil from April 22 to Aug. 21, 2010, based on analysis of satellite images Source: Reuters Graphic: Chicago Tribune
killing 11 men and injuring 17. The rig’s blowout preventer failed, sending oil gushing into the Gulf of Mexico for three months, causing widespread economic and environmental damage. The leak was stopped on July 15, after more than 4.9 million barrels of crude oil contaminated the Gulf. The wellhead was permanently sealed Sept. 19. BP initially underestimated the size of the spill. Tony Hayward, then BP’s chief executive, downplayed its impact
© 2011 MCT
without much challenge from the Obama administration, which coordinated the response to the spill with the oil company. Still, Gulf Coast lawmakers say, it’s time to get back into the oil business. Republican lawmakers are pushing legislation that would give leaseholders an additional year to make up for production lost during the moratorium. “At the one-year anniversary mark, I believe progress has been made to clean up after the
Oil, page 7
Applications Are Now Being Accepted for
Fall 2011 Professional Mentor Program This program matches a select group of highly motivated students with community professionals to explore leadership education with the goal of preparing students to be future leaders through leadership development, building community within the City of Memphis and facilitating development of a support network with community leaders.
• Three-month program • Bi-weekly communication between Mentor/Protégé • Reading of assigned leadership book and/or article • Shadowing opportunities (1/2 day) • One-on-one informal meetings
• Have a minimum 2.75 GPA • Attend Friday sessions • Be available to job shadow with Mentor (1/2 day) • Read/discuss leadership topics & discuss relevance of these topics in your life • Participate in mentor-conducted mock interviews
Applications are available online at www.memphis.edu/leadership_programs/professional_mentor.php Submit completed application, along with a résumé and your contact information to the Office of Leadership & Involvement, UC Room 211, by Friday, April 22 @ 4:30 p.m. Selected participants will be notified of their acceptance into the program by Thursday, June 2.
The University of Memphis
Wednesday, April 20, 2011 • 7
THE GULF OIL SPILL, ONE YEAR LATER On April 20, 2010, an explosion aboard an oil rig drilling off the Louisiana coast led to the largest accidental oil spill in history. Nearly 5 million barrels of oil leaked into the Gulf of Mexico before the well was finally sealed, and the jury is still out on the extent of the damage to the Gulf’s ecosystem.
U.S. says it will investigate the explosion, approves plans for two relief wells intended to intercept, seal leaking well
Coast Guard ups spill estimate to 5,000 bpd, begins controlled burns on the oil slick to try to keep oil from reaching wetlands
President Barack Obama pledges “every single available resource” to help control the spill
U.S. bans new drilling in the Gulf; conservationists warn of a catastrophic effects to Gulf wildlife, wetlands
Oil on surface
U.S. Coast Guard estimates that the Macondo well, which the rig had been drilling, is leaking 1,000 barrels of oil a day (bpd), approves plan for remote underwater vehicles (ROVs) to activate blowout preventer; plan fails
Location of leak Gulf of Mexico
Obama visits the Gulf; U.S. closes affected waters to fishing; BP starts drilling a relief well
BP’s effort to place a large dome over the leaking well to contain the leak fails; tar balls wash up along Alabama coast
12 © 2011 MCT Source: Oil Spill Intelligence Report, BP, NOAA, U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, BBC, The Guardian, Los Angeles Times, The New York Times, Gulf Coast Claims Facility Graphic: Pat Carr, Lee Hulteng
Adding it up
Gallons (liters) of dispersant
Feet (meters) of boom
1.84 million 3.2 million 31,400 (6.97 million) (1.0 million)
BP considers pumping debris, such as tires and golf balls, into the leaking well (a “junk shot”) and says it is readying a small containment dome (a “top hat”) At congressional hearings, the three companies involved in the drilling – BP, Transocean and Halliburton – blame each other for the accident
After pressure from White House and media, BP releases first underwater video of leak; scientists use it to calculate a flow rate many times greater than official estimates; Federal Flow Rate Task Force set up a week later
BP inserts a tube into the ruptured riser pipe to collect some leaking oil in surface ships; tubes siphons only a small amount
Researchers discover vast amounts of oil floating hundreds of feet below the gulf surface
BP pumps drilling mud into the well (a “top kill”); procedure fails to stem the leak; flow rate raised to 12,000-25,000 bpd
Resources used, April-August, 2010 People deployed
Oil on surface, May 8
Barrels of oily water skimmed
Highest proportion of federal waters in the Gulf closed to fishing
Suspended deepwater exploratory wells in the Gulf
Whales, dolphins, other cetaceans
U.S. announces a criminal investigation into the spill BP places a cap (”lower marine riser package”) on the well BP says the cap is collecting about half the oil being leaked, or about 16,000 bpd Scientists up their estimate of the leak to 35,000-60,000 bpd BP agrees to a $20-billion (later raised to $32-billion) fund to compensate spill victims
JULY Oil from spill reaches Texas; all five Gulf Coast states now affected Admiral Thad Allen, leader of the U.S. response, gives BP 24 hours to develop a plan to increase containment capacity at gushing well BP installs a new, tighter-fitting cap on the blown-out well With new cap in place, BP says it has stopped oil flow for the first time since April
AUGUST BP says it will try to stem the oil flow by pumping heavy drilling mud and cement into the well (a “static kill”) U.S. says all new applications for deepwater drilling will need an environmental assessment
SEPTEMBER BP removes the failed blowout preventer from the well Relief well intercepts Macando well; two days later, well officially sealed
OCTOBER Report says government low balled flow rates; it had a much higher estimate in early days of disaster that it did not make public
NOVEMBER BP estimates the costs of the spill at $40 billion
JANUARY 6, 2011 White House commission reports the spill resulted from management failure at BP, Transocean and Halliburton
Numbers may eventually be found to be much higher Birds
Wildlife and plants destroyed Vessels
Gulf of Mexico
July 26 Surface oil dispersed, but some carried around the tip of Florida and up East Coast by the Loop Current
1 4 6
Location of leak
An explosion aboard the Deepwater Horizon, a Transocean rig leased by BP, kills 11 workers; a blowout preventer designed to prevent leaks fails to activate
Increase over 2009 in amount of brown marsh
Costs and damages paid
By the Gulf Coast Claims Facility, set up to assist those filing claims against BP, as of April 11, 2011 Number of claimants Individuals 404,513 Businesses
$1.6 billion $2.2 billion
Oil: one year later, effects still felt on Gulf Coast from page 6 spill and to begin rebuilding the economy along the coast,” said Sen. Thad Cochran, R-Miss. “I will continue to support legislation to ensure that Gulf energy exploration, and the jobs associated with that industry, are not unjustifiably obstructed by the federal bureaucracy.” A CNN/Opinion Research Corporation survey released Tuesday indicates that 69 percent of Americans favor increased offshore drilling. That’s up 20 percentage points from last June, while the oil spill was still in progress, and is back to the level
of support seen in the summer of 2008. In the GOP-controlled House of Representatives, the Natural Resources Committee last week approved three bills that would force the Interior Department to speed up permits, open leases in the Gulf of Mexico and off the Virginia coast, set a domestic production goal and, as Chairman Doc Hastings, R-Wash., said, “end the administration’s de facto moratorium in the Gulf of Mexico.” The House is expected to vote on the bills, which includes the one-year extension for leaseholders, when Congress returns from its spring break.
8 • Wednesday, April 20, 2011
National Campus Life
BY KAREN SUDOL The Record Freshman Mark Rivera’s roommate experience at William Paterson University wasn’t exactly what he had envisioned. After informing his roommate before school began that he was gay and sensing an air of tolerance, the student barely spoke to him during the first days and eventually switched rooms. He explained to Rivera by text that he was more homophobic than he realized. “For the rest of the semester, I lived alone and still live alone,” said 19-year-old Rivera, of Paterson, N.J. “No one should be robbed of the full college experience. It starts with a roommate.” It’s a core reason why Rivera, vice president of Chosen: The Gay-Straight Alliance, said he and others are encouraging the university to join a growing number of colleges that allow students to choose roommates of the opposite sex to live with — identified as gender neutral housing. The college’s Residence Life office is researching the option and plans to speak to campus student groups, said Joseph Caffarelli, director of Residence Life. It currently requires samesex room assignments. “It would be a university decision once we get all of the information and look at what students think,” he said. Six years ago, only a handful of colleges in the country offered the housing, said Jeffrey Chang, co-founder of the National Student Genderblind Campaign, an organization that promotes LGBT-affirmative policies regarding campus housing. Eight schools have implemented the change just since October, he said. Rutgers University became the 60th school and largest university in the nation to have the policy when it approved the option in March, said Chang, a Rutgers law student. Discussions were partially born out of transgender students not always feeling comfortable rooming with someone of the same sex. As a result, many colleges provided limited options for transgender students such as placing them in single rooms, Chang said. “Making the decision not to offer it tells transgender students that they have to be in a system that doesn’t work for them,” said Jenny Kurtz, director of the Center for Social Justice Education and LGBT Communities at Rutgers. The trend gained additional momentum after last September’s suicide of Rutgers freshman Tyler Clementi, Chang said. Clementi, of Ridgewood, N.J., jumped off the George Washington Bridge after his college roommate allegedly streamed an intimate gay encounter to Internet viewers via
a Web camera. “In the aftermath of the Clementi tragedy, members of the university’s LGBTQ community told the administration that gender neutral housing would help create an even more inclusive environment,” according to a university statement. “Since then, the university has been exploring this in greater detail.” Rutgers will offer the housing this fall at New Gibbons on the Douglass Campus and Demarest Hall and suites in Rockoff Hall both on the College Avenue Campus in New Brunswick, Kurtz said. Gender neutral hous-
Housing, page 11
Gender-neutral housing grows as more colleges give students an option
Ramapo College senior Ali Melillo looks through a drawer in the dorm room she shares with three roommates, one girl and two boys, in Mahway, N.J.
In Honor of National Organ Donation Week
Tigers for Organ Donation Invites You to Grab a Free Breakfast! (Free chicken biscuits, while they last)
Learn about making a difference by registering to be an organ donor Thursday, April 21 9 a.m. - 1:30 p.m. UC Lobby
(by the elevator)
Questions? Contact Alyssa at firstname.lastname@example.org
The University of Memphis
Wednesday, April 20, 2011 • 9
BY ALISTAIR BARR AND WILLIAM SPAIN MarketWatch
The government also filed a civil suit against the companies in U.S. District Court in Manhattan. Restraining orders were issued against more than 75 bank accounts used by the poker companies and their payment processors, while five Internet domain names used by the companies to host poker games were seized, federal authorities said. The indictment is the U.S. government’s biggest crackdown against online gambling. A 2006 law made it a federal crime to “knowingly accept” most forms of payment from illegal Internet gambling. But poker companies located offshore kept operating, with one firm, Absolute Poker, arguing that Congress had no
Federal authorities unsealed an indictment Friday against founders of the three largest Internet poker companies operating in the United States, alleging they tricked banks into processing billions of dollars in illegal gambling revenue. The indictment, filed in U.S. District Court in Manhattan, charges 11 defendants, including the founders of PokerStars, Full Tilt Poker, and Absolute Poker, with bank fraud, money laundering and illegal gambling offenses, according to federal authorities in New York.
control over its payment transactions, according to federal authorities. “As charged, these defendants concocted an elaborate criminalfraud scheme, alternately tricking some U.S. banks and effectively bribing others to assure the continued flow of billions in illegal gambling profits,” Manhattan U.S. Attorney Preet Bharara said in a statement. “Foreign firms that choose to operate in the United States are not free to flout the laws they don’t like simply because they can’t bear to be parted from their profits,” he added. PokerStars is based in the Isle of Man, while Full Tilt Poker is headquartered in Ireland and
Absolute Poker is in Costa Rica, according to the indictment. The defendants include Isai Scheinberg and Paul Tate, of PokerStars; Raymond Bitar, 39, and Nelson Burtnick, 40, of Full Tilt Poker; and Scott Tom, 31, and Brent Beckley, 31, of Absolute Poker, according to the government’s statement. It estimated Schneinberg is 64 years old and didn’t give an age for Tate. They face multiple charges with maximum prison sentences of up to 30 years, according to the government. It stressed that the defendants are innocent until proven guilty. U.S. banks and credit-card issuers were wary of processing online poker payments, so the companies arranged for money they got from U.S. gamblers to be disguised as payments to hundreds of nonexistent online merchants purporting to sell merchandise such as jewelry and golf balls, the indictment alleged. The poker companies worked with “payment processors,” including defendants Ryan Lang, Ira Rubin, Bradley Franzen and Chad Elie, who set up U.S. bank accounts. The government claims these people lied to the banks about the payments and disguised them using “phony” corporations and websites. By late 2009, U.S. banks and other financial institutions had spotted what was going on and shut down several of those accounts, the indictment said. PokerStars, Full Tilt Poker, and their payment processors then targeted some small, local banks that were struggling in the wake of the financial crisis, the government alleged. They offered to invest millions of dollars in these banks if they agreed to process pay-
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Poker websites’ founders charged with bank fraud; feds put kibosh on internet gambling industry
ments, according to the indictment. One bank targeted in September 2009 was SunFirst Bank, a small, private lender based in Saint George, Utah. John Campos, vice chairman of the board and part owner of SunFirst, allegedly agreed to process transactions in return for a $10 million investment in the bank by Elie and an associate, the government claimed. Campos and Elie were arrested Friday in Saint George and Las Vegas respectively, the government said. William Cowden, a lawyer for Elie, didn’t immediately respond to a request for comment on Friday afternoon. Since the 2006 law, there have been efforts at both the state and national levels to legalize the practice, but all have so far come up short. Late last year, Sen. Harry Reid, the Nevada Democrat and Senate majority leader, was circulating draft legislation that would have lifted the current bar on online poker. He had the full backing of some U.S. casino operators — many of which went to the wall in support of his narrow re-election. The big gambling companies were reluctant to embrace online betting when it first appeared almost two decades ago, for fear it might draw players away from their brick-and-mortar properties. But many have made complete about-faces in the intervening years, recognizing that the pastime was not going to go away and needed proper regulation if they were to get a piece of the billions of dollars in action flowing through cyberspace. Figures as to how big the global and U.S. Internet gambling markets vary, and a precise number is probably impossible to calculate. But according to H2 Gambling Capital, revenue for offshore operators was estimated to total $25.8 billion worldwide in 2009. More than $5 billion of that came from the United States, where online gambling had been curtailed drastically since 2006. For poker alone, global revenue is about $4.9 billion per year with the United States accounting for $1.6 billion, according to PokerTableRatings.com. That market is attractive to an industry that has been especially hurt by the economic slowdown, with profit margins pinched by parsimonious consumers and thousands of jobs lost in Las Vegas and elsewhere.
10 • Wednesday, April 20, 2011
Abandoned cathedral a reminder of Gadhaﬁ’s neglect Benghazi Cathedral was once the largest cathedral in North Africa. Today, it’s the biggest reminder of Benghazi’s lost promise, an imposing monument to eastern Libya’s neglect under Moammar Gadhafi. The pews are long gone, as are various plans for how to make use of the building: as a mosque, the party headquarters for the Arab Socialist Union or a stock market office. Today, the only signs of life are the pigeons that flutter toward one of two still-magnificent domes on the rare occasions when someone opens the front door. Audiotapes of speeches by the late Egyptian President and Arab nationalist Gamal Abdel Nasser and shattered plates depicting Gadhafi litter the floor. Benghazis don’t know what to do with the cathedral, but they know they don’t want it torn down, even though it’s been abandoned for 40 years. It simply has too many links to Libyan history. Italian Roman Catholics ruled Libya until 1951, when King Idris declared independence across the street from the cathedral, but Christianity’s roots go much deeper. Simon — the man who carried Jesus’ cross to Calvary on the day Christians remember as Good Friday — was from Cyrene, on Libya’s coast, and St. Mark, who wrote one of the gospels, was from northern Libya; the ruins of his monastery can be seen near the modern-day town of Susah. “No one has ever talked about tearing it down. It is a part of our history,” said Ramadan Jarbou, a Benghazi political analyst and historian. “I personally think it should be a small museum to Italian occupation so our children will know what happened.” Before the current revolt, there were 20,000 Christians in eastern Libya and 60,000 nationwide. But most were foreigners, and they’ve now fled, said Benghazi Bishop Sylvester Magro, 70. He described that Christian community as a cosmopolitan mix of Filipino, Nigerian and Indian laborers, British oil executives and some Italians still here 60 years after Libya was declared independent. The church has taken no position on the rebellion. “We decided to stay with the people,” Magro said. “The revolution is not our business. We try to support those who have no jobs, no food.” The cathedral was built over 10 years starting in 1929, on land the Italians confiscated. Nearby Muslim shopkeepers were forced to pay taxes to help finance its construction, Jarbou said. It looks out to the city’s seaside corniche. The cathedral’s decline began immediately after King Idris declared independence. Then Gadhafi ordered the remaining Christians to pack up and go in 1970, the year after he overthrew Idris. The cathedral remained open
for seven more years, until maintaining it became too overwhelming for the few Christians who were left. The crosses atop the building came down in the 1970s, replaced with crescents, amid plans to turn the cathedral into a mosque, as had happened to the cathedral in Tripoli. But its location and structure made it impossible for the imams to face Mecca as required, and the idea died, though the crescents still stand above the building. It next became the headquarters of the Arab Socialist Union but that, too, quickly fizzled. Within two years of his coup, Gadhafi had lost the support of Benghazis. By 1977, when he ordered the first public hangings of political opponents, including two in front of the cathedral, his hope for a base of supporters here was over. In the last decade, there was an effort to turn the cathedral into the nation’s stock market headquarters. But to do so
would have given Benghazi more economic clout than Gadhafi wanted it to have; the headquarters went to Tripoli. Benghazi is littered with abandoned buildings: An abandoned theater is around the corner, and nearby is a massive former Turkish palace that dates to when Libya was part of the Ottoman Empire. Locals say Gadhafi always preferred to spend money on projects in Tripoli, rather than Benghazi. “The whole city has been neglected for more than 30 years,” said Jarbou, the historian. “The money goes to Tripoli. I guess we are used to it.”
The Benghazi Cathedral was designed by the Italians in a neo-classical style with two grand domes. Once a huge indicator of Christianity in the region, the cathedral has been sitting abandoned for nearly four decades in Benghazi, Libya.
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The University of Memphis
Wednesday, April 20, 2011 • 11
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U of M volleyball team adds middle blocker to roster BY JOHN MARTIN Sports Editor University of Memphis volleyball coach April Jauregui has signed Alexis Wesley, a middle blocker from Silverdale, Wash., to her 2011 recruiting class. “She is a wonderful person and has a big ceiling for growth in this sport,” Jauregui said. “She is fairly new to the game at a high-competitive level, but I know she will feed off the intense training environment here at Memphis.” Wesley said she chose the Tigers over offers from Gonzaga, George Mason and Miami (Fla.). A second-team all-
league selection her junior and senior years at Central Kitsap High School, she led the West Sound with 65 blocks and was second on the team with 189 kills. “I chose Memphis because I felt comfortable with the team, school and community,” Wesley said. Until she gets to The U of M, Wesley will continue playing club volleyball for the Puget Sound Volleyball Academy under former Tiger Fehi Tuivai. “I know she will be a great addition to our team,” Jauregui said. “I’m looking forward to training her and seeing how far she can go.”
THE DAILY HELMSMAN
Housing from page 8
ing will take place in designated units on the Newark campus as well. Rutgers students had been pushing for the option for the past five years, said Chang. Students entering their sophomore, junior or senior years are eligible and don’t have to reveal their sexual orientation or the reasons for their roommate requests, Kurtz said. Heterosexual students can also apply. A pilot program called Rainbow Perspectives and designed for 40 students interested in attending programs and discussions on LGBT issues, will also be unveiled at New Gibbons for the upcoming semester. While some colleges like Fairleigh Dickinson University’s College at Florham are informally discussing the idea, others began offering the option years ago. Gender neutral housing has existed at Montclair State University at the Hawk Crossings and The Village apartment complexes since 2004, said Amie MacMath, program assistant of the school’s LGBT Center. But the school also launched a housing option in 2010 within
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Hawk Crossings that requires students to take a class within the LGBT minor and perform community projects related to or advocate for LGBT-related issues. “Students need to feel comfortable and supported on campus in order to be successful in other areas,” MacMath said. Ramapo College of New Jersey also launched a pilot program in fall 2009 at the urging of Kat McGee, assistant director of student development and coordinator of the Women’s Center. “Students get to live in housing where they have a safe, welcome environment to call home, especially the students who identify as LGBT,” she said. Some 90 percent of the undergrads who participated in the program the first year at Laurel Hall said they were extremely satisfied with it, she said. It has expanded this year to The Village apartments and The Overlook dorms with 64 students. Corey Chichizola, a Ramapo junior from Paramus, N.J., participated in the pilot program his sophomore year and again this year at Laurel Hall. “I wanted to be guaranteed that the people I was sharing a living environment with would share the same views,” he said. “But I think it should be a nonissue. We’re living on our own and making decisions on our own each day. Being able to choose who you’re living with shouldn’t matter.” His roommate last year, 21-year-old Ali Melillo, said there is a sense of comfortableness living with others who identify as LGBT. “There are no judgments I have to worry about,” said Melillo, a senior from Vineland, Cumberland County. “I take it for granted that I’m so lucky. I haven’t had to worry for two years.” Rivera, the William Paterson freshman, said he’s hopeful discussions at the university will result in students having a choice of whom to live with regardless of sex. “I think my personal experience allowed me to realize that discrimination really occurs,” he said. “To allow me to live with a friend of mine who happens to be a female would allow me to avoid the situation of having to deal with a guy who’s homophobic.”
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