Thursday, February 24, 2011
CNN Anchor Visits U of M
Vol. 78 No. 085
Independent Student Newspaper of The University of Memphis
l l a Be BY MICHELLE CORBET News Reporter For a few hundred a dollars and a chance to appear in a national advertisement, a few University of Memphis students will shed their Tiger blue for the darker hue of the University of Connecticut.
To celebrate the beginning of spring, The Confucius Institute at The University of Memphis will bring in a performing arts group from across the world. Today at 6 p.m. at the Michael D. Rose Theatre, the Yangzhou University Performance Troupe will present a celebration of the Lantern Festival, a Chinese tradition celebrated after the Chinese New Year. The event is free and open to the public. Riki Jackson, assistant director of the Confucius Institute, said the group comes from Jiangsu, a coastal province in China. She said the institute has been working to get the group to Memphis since last fall. Hsiang-te Kung, director of The U of M’s Confucius Institute, said his organization works hard to provide everyone
see page 4 www.dailyhelmsman.com
Activities e b s n e n p i o tr C ‘Queen of s U e t n g an tha aig
ch amp s r te ike c r o pp y’s N u s r a e G g i y T d u R for
Representatives from Nike were on campus Wednesday casting members of The University of Memphis marching band for a March Madness photo shoot with Memphis Grizzlies forward Rudy Gay. The shoot, part of a national ad campaign featuring NBA stars showing school spirit for their alma maters, will capture Gay’s pride for his alma mater, UConn. Gay will do so with the help of U of M band members decked out in UConn gear. The closed photo shoot will take place from 3 to 7 p.m. in the Memphis University School’s library. Members of The U of M marching band, the Mighty Sound of the South, will act as members of the UConn marching band, the Pride of Connecticut. Last week, Nike shot a similar ad for former University of Memphis point guard Tyreke Evans, who now plays for the Sacramento Kings, with University of California- Sacramento students posing as U of M students, according to Robin Reilly, Nike representative. “I’m glad Nike was able to see the whole picture,” said Albert Nguyen, assistant director of bands and director of athletic bands at The U of M. “I’m glad they thought about including band with basketball and how band is such a huge part of college life.” Marching band members interested in the photo shoot were told to be at the Communications and Fine Arts Building between 11 a.m. and 1 p.m. Wednesday with their instruments for a cast screening.
“The casting process was pretty simple,” said Regina Werkhoven, junior psychology major and marching band trumpeter. “When it was our turn, they asked for our shirt size and shoe size, and they took a few pictures of us with our instruments.” After Nike representatives finished casting with the marching band, they asked U of M senior criminal justice major and band member Shaun Vega for directions to the University Center. Vega said he overheard the representatives say they were looking for more “tall white guys” to match the demographics of UConn’s band accurately. Six to eight students will be chosen for the photo shoot and will wear Nike UConn shirts and tennis shoes. Nike representatives screened more than 50 members of the Mighty Sound of the South in CFA on Wednesday afternoon. The company will only select a few members, but students chosen will be paid $250. When asked if they felt wearing another school on their chest was a betrayal to The U of M and Tiger Pride, band members largely agreed that it was, but the fiscal compensation and chance to appear in a national ad campaign with an NBA star was too great of an opportunity to turn down. “I’m getting paid for it, so that makes me feel better about wearing UConn apparel,” junior music education major and trombone player Mark Bonner said.
Chinese troupe to ring in the spring BY ERICA HORTON News Reporter
Cable news correspondent Soledad O’Brien addresses UM Black Student Association
the opportunity to get out and enjoy the show, which will introduce the spring season. “(The Yangzhou University Performance Troupe) will come here and perform and let us know, ‘Hey, spring is here, and it is the end of the Lunar New Year, so celebrate,’” he said. In the Chinese culture, the arrival of spring is an important occasion, said Yiping Yang, associate director of The U of M’s Confucius Institute. “The Chinese like spring very much,“ Yang said. “Everything will be very new ... in the mind of (the) Chinese, that’s what we wish to have. Spring comes, and the hard times go.” Kung said this year is also the year of the rabbit, which means there will be prosperity in “leaps and bounds.” Yang said the 22 performers in the performance troupe are all college-age students, 20- to 24-year-olds, who are
professionally trained and considered the best not just in their area but in all of eastern China. He said not every Confucius Institute in the world is afforded the opportunity to host such an ensemble. “We are among the top institutions in the country,” he said. There are 322 Confucius Institutes worldwide, in 96 countries. The United States is home to 87 of these. Jackson said The U of M’s Confucius Institute is ranked as one of the top six in the U.S. and one of the top 30 in the world and is the only one with an undergraduate program. “We feel charged with the privilege of expanding the Chinese language and culture to people here throughout Tennessee and for the institute, of course, throughout the world,” she said. “We can’t take every student to China, but we can bring a part of China here, and this is how we do it.”
Swing’ to hold court on campus BY ROBERT MOORE News Reporter
Norma Miller, the “Queen of Swing”, grew up in 1930s Harlem, N.Y., and achieved fame as a swing dancer with Whitey’s Lindy Hoppers, a group of professional AfricanAmerican swing dancers who popularized the lindy hop dance, appeared in several films and toured around the world. Today, for the first time in her life, Miller, 91, is in Memphis. “This is a big deal,” said Heather Doty, Red Hot president and Ph.D. student in biomedical engineering. “Norma doesn’t go just anywhere — she has to feel as if her presence will make an impact.” Today, The University of Memphis’ Red Hot Lindy Hop swing dance club, Student Event Allocation, Black Student Association and Honors Student Council are hosting a series of events dedicated to Miller and swing dancing in the University Center. “We want to pay tribute to jazz history and Miller black history this month,” Doty said. “We want to focus on the dance culture that started in Harlem during the ‘30s at a time when Norma Miller was dancing.” Miller will be present and available to students at all the events, the first of which, “The A-Train Express: When Harlem was King and the Music was Swing,” starts at 10 a.m. in the UC Ballroom. A panel discussion will feature Norma Miller’s account of 1930s Harlem and her career as a professional swing dancer. The panel will also include the band Casey MacGill’s Blue 4 Trio, which will play swing-era music and discuss its history. At 1 p.m., Miller will screen her biographical film, “Queen of Swing,” in the UC Theatre. The documentary traces Miller’s life story from Harlem through her transgenerational career in swing dance. Following the screening, Miller will sign copies of her books, “Swinging at the Savoy: The Memoir of a Jazz Dancer,” “Stompin’ at the Savoy: The Story of Norma Miller” and “Swing, Baby, Swing,” in the UC’s first-floor atrium. The books will be available for purchase throughout the day. To cap off the event, at 6:30 p.m. The U of M Red Hot Lindy Hop with Chris Lee and Ashley Sarver will teach a free beginners’ swing dance lesson in the UC Ballroom. Lee
Swing, page 5
2 • Thursday, February 24, 2011
thoughts that give you paws
Volume 78 Number 085
“Innovation Drive isn’t just a street on campus. It’s my perpetual state of mind.” — @ccerrito
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1. Dearth of devotion
Down 1 With-the-grain cutters 2 Vacation for the vain? 3 Smoked deli meat
“How about instead of an on-campus football stadium, an on campus basketball stadium? I’d go then. Forum is too far away.” — @G_Spell “How about neither?”
by John Martin
2. Facebook accommodates LGBT users
by Erica Horton
3. Students’ excuses are inexcusable 4. The business of learning
by John Martin by Erica Horton
5. China’s internet censorship thrives
from our wire services
DOMINO’S PIZZA Across 1 Lee followers 5 Works in the Uffizi Gallery 9 Gets ready 14 “__ Rhythm” 15 Role for Carrie 16 Singer Gorme 17 Money for the Warsaw government? 19 Letter alternative 20 They may be precious 21 Divulge 23 Hydrocarbon suffix 24 Fluorescent bulb filler 25 Foot-tapping songs? 27 “1984” protagonist __ Smith 29 Cut it out 30 Place to be pampered 31 French mystic Simone 34 Maundy Thursday period 35 Songwriting, to Porter? 38 G-note 40 Increase in intensity, with “up” 41 Previously 44 Weather map features 46 Ardor 49 Actor’s messages from an agent? 52 __ asada (Mexican meat dish) 53 TV’s Alf and others 54 Skin-soothing stuff 55 Bouquets 56 Rob of “90210” 58 Grain for bagels? 60 Sport with clay pigeons 61 Auth. of many quotes? 62 Old Boston Bruin nickname 63 Newbies 64 Following 65 Remarriage prefix
“23,000 students x $400 / 2,000 seats / 19 home games = $242 per seat, per home game ... we’re getting robbed.” — @danielmangrum
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S u d o k u
Complete the grid so that each row, column and 3—by—3 box (in bold borders) contains every digit 1 to 9.
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4 Dictators’ aides 5 Wistful word 6 “Wonder Dog” of comics 7 Relate with 8 Drawing support 9 Willy-nilly 10 3-Down might be on it 11 Enters carefully 12 Rachmaninoff, e.g. 13 Prime 18 Certain caterpillar’s creation 22 Was in front 25 Look from Snidely Whiplash 26 Broken in 28 Rice University mascot 32 “__ picture paints ...”: song lyric
33 Walks with a cane, perhaps 35 Road marker 36 Shunned ones 37 Clean air org. 38 October Revolution leader 39 It can facilitate drawing 41 With the most open windows 42 Flipped 43 Convenient, shoppingwise 44 Least constrained 45 Erie Canal mule 47 Flat-bottomed boat 48 Ornamental bands 50 Lindsay of “Labor Pains” 51 Sierra __ 55 Cooped (up) 57 Fair-hiring abbr. 59 Bagel topping
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The University of Memphis
Thursday, February 24, 2011 • 3
Health and Fitness Week invites students to shape up during spring break “So You Think You Can Dance,” “The Ellen DeGeneres Show” and BET’s “106 & Park.” The week’s events, held For University of Memphis in honor of American Heart students trying to slim down Association month, and tone up for began Tuesday spring break, the ith spring break right with a workout led University Center is the place to be around the corner, what bet- by a YMCA trainer. Wednesday, a this afternoon. ter way to help people get handful of students The Catholic in a Student Association that ‘spring break body?’” participated Zumba workout. will host a free hipOti said her motihop dance workout — Gabriela Oti vation for organizing the week in the UC Bluff Room from 3 to CSA president was simple. 5 p.m., the final event of CSA’s “I came up with this idea Health and Fitness Week. Instructors from the national- “They seem to have all the cre- because I wanted to do somely and internationally acclaimed dentials, and if you’re going to thing to help people lose U-Dig Dance Academy will hire people who are good at weight,” she said. “And also, lead the workout, said CSA dancing, you might as well hire with spring break right around the corner, what better way to president and U of M junior the best.” The U-Dig Dance Academy help people get that ‘spring Gabriela Oti, who is responsible for creating the weeklong event has been featured on TV shows break body’?”
BY MELISSA WRAY News Reporter
and organizing its activities. “From what I’ve researched on them, The U-Dig Dance Academy is pretty impressive,” the pre-pharmacy major said.
Letter to the Editor To John Martin, sports editor: As a proud and recent graduate of Memphis, it bothers me that all parties involved in the student seating discussion are trying to solve this issue with absolutes. While I really appreciate the journalistic quality of your article, there is something that needs to be pointed out. These averages that you list are being thrown off by the extreme outlier that is Conference USA. The “averages” were lower during the Calipari era because games featuring a random Conference USA team vs. Memphis were nowhere close to competitive. As a working student, I would DVR most of those games and catch them later. Before we go and reset this policy, let’s look at a few things first. I would like to know the average student attendance during the following games: Texas, Oklahoma State, Villanova, Arizona, Syracuse, Tennessee, Georgetown and Gonzaga. For those games, if you did not get there early, you were lucky to get in. My suggestion: Talk to the business school. There are professors in marketing and sup-
WHAT DOES IT TAKE TO GO TO LAW SCHOOL? An Important Session for Diverse College Students
11:30 a.m. - 1 p.m. University Center, Bluff Room (304) Free lunch provided
Hear from a panel of law students who can give you the real story on what it takes to get into law school. Yolanda D. Ingram, law school dean for student affairs, and Sue Ann McClellan, assistant dean for law admissions, will be on hand for a question & answer session regarding law school admissions, financial aid and scholarships, and the law school’s diversity access program.
See more by visiting us at www.memphis.edu/law
Friday Film Series “For Colored Girls”
7 p.m. • UC Theatre
ply chain who can definitely help with capacity throttling. There are plenty of better solutions than setting a low or high ceiling. My solution would start with the on-campus box office. There should be a free ticket offered to any student who wants one (with a 2,000 person max). That ticket would only be good with student ID and would be lowersection student general admission. Those tickets could then be converted to general use tickets for an additional fee. It is important for the lower-level student section to be general admission so friends can sit next to one another (first come, first serve seating). After the lower student section has sold out, the upper sections should then be available to students at no additional cost. There should be two guest tickets available for nonmarquee games — for the upper section, of course. For any marquee game (see the list above), guest tickets should be limited to one. Any tickets that are not distributed at The University box office by a prescribed date should then be sold to the general public online and/or at the gate. I think this article addresses a very important issue for The University of Memphis, but let’s not deny the students, the future alumni, the first rights to see the game. I was one of those students glad to be in the building for our games against teams like Texas. It would be a disservice to the students not to let them in because they did not come to enough Rice vs. Memphis games. Keep up the good work on stories like this. Regards,
Teacher Assistants Child Development Center in Cordova is now taking applications for part-time afternoon positions.
Call 737-6091 or fax 737-6097. 8601 Trinity Rd.
Saturday, 2/26 SAC Cinema “Despicable Me”
2 p.m. UC Theatre
4 • Thursday, February 24, 2011
BY AARON TURNER Contributing Writer Before speaking to students at The University of Memphis on Wednesday night, CNN news anchor and correspondent Soledad O’Brien distilled the message of her speech into a question. “If you’re not learning from other people’s life challenges, then what are you learning? “ she said. O’Brien spoke to students Wednesday in the Michael D. Rose Theatre Lecture Hall about race, civil rights and leadership through the life of Martin Luther King Jr. She told the audience of personal experiences with prejudice, including one instance in which she was denied a job in Springfield, Mass., because of her skin color and another in Connecticut when she wasn’t hired because a producer didn’t think viewers would be able to pronounce her name. O’Brien also mentioned individuals who exemplify the type of leadership she believes is necessary to effect change. She cited prep school principal Steve Perry, who started Capital Preparatory Magnet school in Connecticut, which has sent all its graduates to a four-year college. “Leadership is a mindset Dr. King taught us — that if no one else, then it’s me,” O’Brien said. “Faith without acts is dead. Leadership is the extra step.” O’Brien is best known for her reporting in the CNN documentaries “Black in America,” “Latino in America” and the newly released “Pictures Don’t Lie,” which focuses on Memphis photographer Ernest Withers and his ties to the FBI as an informant during the Civil Rights era. News of Withers’ ties to the FBI broke in September 2010 through an investigation by the Commercial Appeal. O’Brien said she was compelled to cover the Withers story because she felt certain there was more going on beneath the surface. “I felt like it was one of the stories that needed to go beyond the headlines,” she said. “We needed to dig deep into it.” In January, O’Brien accepted an invitation to hold a book signing at the Civil Rights Museum in Memphis. The volume, “The Next Big Story,” centers on her life and the stories she has covered, like Hurricane Katrina and the earthquake in Haiti. During the question-andanswer portion of the evening, O’Brien fielded inquiries about issues ranging from the infant mortality rates in Memphis to social media and its role in the future of journalism. Xavier Jones, junior business major and Emerging Leader scholar, attended the event and said O’Brien serves as one of his role models. “(O’Brien’s) outlook in leadership was inspiring to me, and her speech provided me with the
insight on the type of leader I want to be,” he said. Early in the deliberation process of choosing a keynote speaker for Black History Month, Mykila Cobb, Black Student Association president, proposed that the group seek O’Brien. Linda Hall, coordinator of minority affairs, said she thought the organization’s selection of speaker would be valuable to the student body. “It always benefits The University to bring a national speaker to campus like O’Brien, and she brings a wide array of knowledge,” Hall said. “Hopefully the students will learn something.“
by Casey Hilder
CNN’s Soledad O’Brien delivers keynote speech at U of M BSA event
CNN anchor Soledad O’Brien discusses civil rights and leadership with students Wednesday in the Michael D. Rose Theatre Lecture Hall as part of BSA’s Black History Month event.
Pi Beta Phi invites you to participate in
Karaoke Night Sunday, Feb. 27 7 p.m. Rose Theatre
The A-Train Express: When Harlem was King and the Music was Swing Examining the History and Culture of America’s National Dance, “The Swing” with special guest Norma Miller
$7 in advance (from any Pi Phi)
$10 @ the door
Proceeds benefit First Book, a non-profit organization that helps promote literacy among young children
Plunder: The Crime of Our Time A hard-hitting, investigative film that explores how the current financial crisis, the nation’s worst since the Great Depression, was built on a foundation of criminal activity.
Monday, March 21 @ 3:30 p.m. Fogelman Classroom Bldg. Rm 119 Discussion Following Free & Open to all Students, Faculty & Staff Sponsored by
UC Ballroom Panel Discussion on the past, present & future of swing music & dance with Norma Miller Legendary Entertainer & Dancer “The Queen of Swing”
UC Theatre Screening of “Queen of Swing” Documentary film biography of Ms. Miller traces the birth of swing dance in racially integrated Harlem and embodies a generation of cultural transformation where skin color meant everything and nothing.
UC 1st Floor Atrium Book & Poster Signing by Norma Miller Ms. Miller will sign copies of her three books on the birth & life of swing dance, and related posters
UC Ballroom Free Swing Lesson & Dance 1st hour: Free lesson 7:30-10:30: Swing Dance to Casey MacGill’s Blue 4 Trio from Seattle, WA
Come Join The Fun!
This event sponsored by Red Hot Lindy Hop UM Dance Club, Black Student Association, Honors Student Council & Student Event Allocation
The University of Memphis
Thursday, February 24, 2011 • 5
Obama to end defense of gay marriage ban BY STEVEN THOMMA McClatchy Newspapers In a significant change of course, President Barack Obama has decided that a federal law against gay marriage is unconstitutional and will no longer defend it in court, the White House announced Wednesday. Obama’s decision will not have an immediate impact. Attorney General Eric Holder said the president will continue to enforce the Defense of Marriage Act until it’s either clearly struck down by the courts or repealed by Congress, which he’s urged. That means that an estimated 1,140 laws and policies regarding marriage will remain in place and enforced, and that gay couples who are married in the states where they live will still be denied the federal benefits of marriage, in matters such as Social Security
survivor benefits and taxes. But it signaled a change of tack for the administration, and underscored the evolution of the issue over recent years. The law, passed by a Republican Congress and signed into law by Democratic President Bill Clinton as he sought re-election in 1996, defined marriage as between one man and one woman. “Much of the legal landscape has changed in the 15 years since Congress passed DOMA,” Holder said in a statement. “The Supreme Court has ruled that laws criminalizing homosexual conduct are unconstitutional. Congress has repealed the military’s ‘don’t ask, don’t tell’ policy. Several lower courts have ruled DOMA itself to be unconstitutional.” The political landscape also has changed. Gay marriage was broadly unpopular when Clinton signed the law, but is much less
Freshmen & Seniors
Give Us Your Opinion – You might win a prize! Look for the NSSE Survey in your email.
(National Survey of Student Engagement)
This is one way to make your voice heard and guide important decisions that will improve The University of Memphis. All students who complete the survey will be entered into a drawing for ten $25 gift cards for the University Bookstore.
so now. The ranks of Americans who think gay marriage should be illegal have dropped from 68 percent in 1996 to 53 percent in 2010, according to a Gallup poll. At the same time, the total of Americans who think it should be legal has risen from 27 percent to 44 percent. As public opposition has eased, five states have legalized gay marriage since 2004: Massachusetts, Connecticut, Iowa, New Hampshire and Vermont, as well as the District of Columbia. Maryland may soon join them. Obama’s view also has evolved. As a candidate in 2008, he endorsed civil unions to guarantee rights for gay couples but said, “I believe that marriage is the union between a man and a woman.” In December, he told The Advocate, a gay and lesbian maga-
zine, that “like a lot of people, I’m wrestling with this. My attitudes are evolving.” On Wednesday, White House press secretary Jay Carney said Obama is still debating the question personally. “He’s grappling with the issue,” Carney said. While the law’s supporters criticized Obama’s decision, he didn’t initiate it. Lower court challenges to the law required his response. Indeed, Holder and the Justice Department announced the decision, and the White House spoke only about it when asked, and then only briefly. Regardless of his personal opinion of marriage and the politics of the issue, Carney said, Obama agrees with Holder that the law’s definition of marriage, excluding gay couples, is unconstitutional and no longer can be defended in court.
from page 1 and Sarver are the producers of the Castle Dance Project, aimed at educating grade schools on dance as an American art form. Following the lesson, Casey MacGill’s Blue 4 Trio will play swing music while participants are encouraged to dance. Miller is scheduled to perform at least one dance. Amanda Rast, U of M alumna and creator of The University’s Red Hot Lindy Hop, helped organize the event and said she has strong hopes for today. “I hope we can spark an interest in dancing with U of M students,” Rast said. “We want to show the young adults that our type of dance is still popular around the country and at other schools.” Sarver said she encourages all interested students to check out the events. “We don’t want to raise awareness of the lindy hop as just a part of history,” she said, “We want to show students our dance is still part of a vibrant social community.”
6 • Thursday, February 24, 2011
Opposition reportedly seizes city in western Libya the apparent fall of Misurata in the west suggests the rebellion is now flourishing in a region where Gadhafi traditionally has maintained strong tribal support. Two Libyan air force pilots parachuted from their Russianmade Sukhoi fighter jet and let it crash rather than carry out orders to bomb oppositionheld Benghazi, Libya’s secondlargest city, the website Quryna reported, citing an unidentified officer in the air force control room. At least 300 people have been killed in the uprising. MCT
Anti-government protesters claimed control of their first major city in Libya’s far west Wednesday, a significant expansion of their popular uprising a day after embattled strongman Moammar Gadhafi vowed to defend his regime “to the last drop of blood.” Gunfire echoed intermittently in the capital, Tripoli, and residents said police in some neighborhoods had abandoned their posts. Pro-government militias were roaming through
residential streets and shooting from Land Cruisers, they said. “We don’t know who is in charge,” Najah Kablan, a teacher, said by telephone. “It is very frightening.” The renewed violence came as opposition forces reportedly seized control of Misurata, about 75 miles west of Tripoli. Witnesses said that crowds were honking horns and waving flags from the monarchy that Gadhafi overthrew in a military coup in 1969. Protesters already have seized seaports and other cities in Libya’s eastern half, but
Above: Residents of Darnah, Libya, celebrate in the main square Feb. 23. Located near Benghazi, residents have taken control of the town from forces loyal to dictator Moammar Gadhafi. Left: A flag-waving child is hoisted into the air Feb. 23 as residents of Darnah celebrate the liberation of their town from the control of loyalists.
Come Ride With Us! U of M Cycling Club
Sharing good times in cycling, commuting, mountain biking, road biking and cyclocross MCT
BY BOB DROGIN Los Angeles Times
Group Bike Ride Tuesday, March 1 6-9 p.m. Meet in the parking lot behind The Peddler Bicycle Shop 575 S. Highland
Don’t forget your helmet! Questions? Contact Doug Campbell at: email@example.com
Scholarship Opportunity The Donald K. Carson Leadership Scholarship
Applicants must demonstrate a strong capacity for leadership and be able to show how their leadership helps create opportunities for the growth and development of other people.
Requirements: • Current, full-time U of M undergraduate student • Completion of at least 12 credit hours • Minimum cumulative 2.8 GPA • One or more years remaining before graduation
One or more scholarships totaling $5,500 will be awarded for the 2011-2012 school year Students may be nominated or apply themselves Freshman students are especially encouraged to apply Pick up applications in Office of Dean of Students in 359 University Center
Completed applications must be returned by Friday, March 18 by 4 p.m.
The University of Memphis
Thursday, February 24, 2011 • 7
BY TIFFANY HSU Los Angeles Times In the Mojave Desert just off Interstate 15 on the way to Las Vegas, workers are digging for dirt that may be worth far more than a casino full of chips. The massive hole is about to get even bigger. Molycorp Inc., which owns the open mine, plans to dig out about 40,000 tons of dirt a year by 2014, up 1,200 percent from the current rate of about 3,000 tons. The Colorado company is boosting production to meet an insatiable global appetite for rare earth elements — minerals that have become a hot commodity because they’re used in all kinds of electronics, including smart phone touch screens, wind turbines and fuel cells. The U.S. clean-tech industry, which relies heavily on the minerals, is elated by the stepped-up production rate, but some believe it is not coming soon enough. In recent months the industry has been in a bit of a panic after China, which produces 97 percent of the world’s supply of rare earths, slashed its exports to a trickle to feed its growing domestic needs.
Rare earth shortages could cause companies already weakened by the recession to shrivel or stall, industry officials say. Molycorp’s Mountain Pass mine produces about 3 percent of the world’s rare earths, but the company plans to eventually turn out a quarter of the total supply. “The use of these materials has really skyrocketed, with demand outstripping supply literally overnight,” said Molycorp Chief Executive Mark A. Smith. “We’ve got some serious issues in this industry. It’s going to be a tough year.” The mine, about 16 miles from the Nevada border, has one of the world’s largest deposits of rare earth elements outside Asia and is the only commercial producer in the Western Hemisphere. The elements — 17 total, all with tonguetwisting names such as neodymium and dysprosium — are crucial to the clean-tech and high-tech industries. Rare earth elements aren’t actually rare, having picked up the misleading name in the 18th and 19th centuries before it was clear how common they actually are. Cerium, one of the elements that
Clean tech industry boosts demand for rare earth minerals
Environmental Manager Scott Honan surveys Molycorp’s Mountain Pass rare earth mine in California’s Mojave Desert. The mine produces 3 percent of the world’s rare earth elements. is sometimes used as a catalyst for self-cleaning ovens, is more abundant in the Earth’s crust than copper or lead. But mining for rare earths is difficult and expensive. The elements are usually found scattered in small fragments among rocks and must be separated and then processed. The procedure is rarely eco-
friendly, creating hundreds of gallons of salty wastewater per minute, consuming huge amounts of electricity, requiring toxic materials for the refining process and occasionally unearthing dirt that is radioactive. The high costs and damaging techniques pushed most rare earth mines out of business in the early 1990s. Only China kept its
mines going, positioning itself for the ensuing high-tech boom and the resulting rare earth-hungry products. “Bottom line, we fell asleep as a country and as an industry,” Smith said. “We got very used to these really low prices coming out of Asia and never really
RaRe, page 8
8 • Thursday, February 24, 2011
from page 7 thought about it from a supplychain standpoint.” But recently, China began cracking down on illegal rare-earth mining operations that had cropped up there because of the high demand. As shipments of the materials dwindled in the last year, prices have soared. Cerium, for example, jumped more than 600 percent, from less than $10 a kilogram to nearly $70. The supply squeeze has raised tensions in the delicate relationship between the U.S. clean-tech industry and its Asian counterpart. The U.S. trade representative’s office has said that if China continues to rebuff requests to ease export limits on rare earths, it may take the dispute to the World Trade Organization. “We better get on the ball here, or our green industries are going to be at the complete mercy of China,” said Jack Lifton, co-founder of the rare commodities research firm Technology Metals Research. Many hope the Mountain Pass facility will help loosen China’s chokehold on rare earths mining and manufacturing. Investors recently pushed Molycorp stock to $50 a share from its $13.25 debut price in July. The company is spending more than $500 million to modernize and rebuild the 2,200-acre facility. The project is expected to create hundreds of permanent jobs and eventually produce rare earths at cheaper rates than mines in China. The California mine was discovered in the 1940s by uranium prospectors and at one point became the world’s largest supplier of rare earths as the demand for europium, which is used for color television screens, surged in the 1960s. But the mine went dormant for several years after an uproar over environmental concerns in the early 2000s. Mining efforts left mounds of tailings, or leftover dirt, around the property. Molycorp is now cleaning up the site, implementing a water recycling program, constructing an on-site natural gas power plant and planning to work the tailings back into the surrounding landscape. San Bernardino County officials hope the activity attracts battery manufacturers and other cleantech companies, creating a hub of research and innovation in the area. The U.S. rare earths industry is hoping other domestic mines will open. The U.S. Geological Survey has identified several sites where rare earths could be mined. Congress is considering proposals, some pushing for loan guarantees for rare earths suppliers, to encourage more domestic research and production. Other countries, including Australia, Canada and Brazil, are also on the hunt for more sites. But developing a new mine from scratch requires prospecting, exploration, permitting and construction. And even if more mines open in the U.S., the country has few companies that can process rare earths, use them to manufacture batteries and magnets and work them into products. Without a domestic supply chain, most of the material extracted in the U.S. would have to be shipped overseas anyway. There aren’t many researchers or industry workers in the U.S. with experience working with rare earths. Not long ago, Molycorp
recruiters were unable to find potential hires or even universities that offered rare earths courses. The company has 22 scientists exploring uses and sources of the elements; China has thousands. “It takes a lot to go from some dirt in the ground to magnets,” said Lifton, the analyst. “Finding a deposit is like saying, ‘George Washington slept here.’ It doesn’t mean much. We’ve got enough bananas, but now we’ve got to figure out how to make banana splits.” But some clean-tech executives said that the industry may be relying too much on rare earths. Metallurgy experts point to the cobalt crisis of the late 1970s as an example. The element — used in alloys, batteries, pigments and more — was in short supply as political unrest locked down the primary reserves in Africa just as demand was starting to boom. “Tomorrow, it’ll be something else,” said Alexander King, director of the Ames Laboratory in Iowa, run by the Energy Department. “The thing we need to learn is how to control the
economics, to develop alternative materials on a very short turnaround.” Some suggest recycling existing rare earths materials — known as “urban mining.” Others are considering using substitute materials such as aluminum, copper and iron in place of rare earths. Toyota Motor Corp., which uses rare earths for hybrids like the Toyota Prius, said it plans to switch to a special induction motor that doesn’t require the elements. Battery-powered vehicles such as the Nissan Leaf and the Chevrolet Volt use rare earth magnets that are more compact than other options. But managing fluctuating supply is a “normal risk of doing business,” said Pete Savagian, chief engineer for electric motors for General Motors Co. If rare earths run low or are priced out of the market, the automaker will adapt, he said. “Rare earth magnets are great to have, but they’re also not the only way,” he said. “We’ll go forward using the best methods we have.”
A pattern of blast holes that will be filled with dynamite are drilled 40 feet into the top edge of Molycorp’s Mountain Pass rare earth mine in California’s Mojave Desert.
FOR COLORED GIRLS Rated R
Friday, Feb. 25 7 p.m. UC Theatre
Behind the Swoosh:
Sweatshops and Social Justice Hear about Jim Keady’s experience of working in a Nike sweatshop in Indonesia for a month while making a mere $1.25 a day.
Tuesday, March 1 6:30 p.m. • UC Ballroom
The University of Memphis
Thursday, February 24, 2011 • 9
BY GREG KOT Chicago Tribune Bruce Iglauer started Alligator Records in 1971 because Hound Dog Taylor’s music gave him no other choice. If he didn’t do it, who would? That imperative — the sense that the world must hear this, right now — guides Iglauer to this day. He has put out more than 250 albums by some of the pivotal blues artists of the last 40 years, including Koko Taylor, Albert Collins, Lonnie Brooks, Johnny Winter, Son Seals, Luther Allison, Corey Harris, Mavis Staples and Shemekia Copeland. At his office in the three-story Alligator building on Chicago’s North Side, he remains undeterred by a business that has dealt him his share of heartache: Several close friends, most recently the great blues singer Koko
Taylor, have died; the record business has been in a decadelong economic decline; and the blues is a mere sliver of the U.S. music market, representing less than 1 percent of its sales. Yet Iglauer remains an enthusiast, a vigorous advocate for the blues who runs his label with an energy that can verge on manic. He puts in long days, doing everything from producing records and listening to demos to assisting artists who need help paying bills and drumming up overseas business. He is currently exploring a licensing deal with a Shanghai media conglomerate to bring Alligator recordings to China. With a staff of 15, Alligator Records remains a blues cornerstone, a $2 million-ayear business that dispenses $500,000 in royalty checks to artists annually. “I run this business with the
knowledge that the grandchildren of Hound Dog Taylor are counting on me to make smart decisions,” he said, sitting next to a coffee table brimming with stuffed alligators (the label was named after Iglauer’s habit of clicking his teeth together in time to music) and a pyramid-shaped Blues Foundation trophy awarded to the imprint for “Keeping the Blues Alive.” In an interview, Iglauer reflected on his favorite subject: the blues, and how to ensure that future generations will hear it. Q: How’s business? A: We took a really bad hit in 2009, but the last year turned out to be profitable. Our international business has actually grown. We have so many artists who are successfully touring in Europe and we’ve been aggressive about building those marketplaces. Our download market is growing. For
Blues bite stays strong for man behind Alligator Records
Produce Bruce Iglauer, left, of Alligator Records works with blues artist Lil’ Ed William at Joyride Studios in Chicago. our more straight-up blues artists the digital market is fairly small, but newer artists like JJ Grey and Mofro and Anders Osborne can sell as much as 45 percent digital. Q: In 1991 on your 20th anni-
DESPICABLE ME Saturday, Feb. 26 @ 2 p.m. UC Theatre
Come see how many minions you can spot.
versary you estimated gross revenue of $4 million for Alligator. What’s your revenue like now? A: Our cash flow is about half of what it was 20 years ago. The sales of all recordings in the world are about half of what they were in 1999. We’ve all taken a hit. Q: Many in the industry blame file-sharing for the decline. I know you feel it’s hurt the business. A: It didn’t hurt us as much directly because of our adult consumer base, which likes to buy physical product. But there are many fewer stores today carrying our records. The implosion of commercial recordings started in 1999, and Napster started in 1999. I don’t think that’s coincidental. There is some legal action against file-sharing in the U.S. It’s a good sign. But burning a CD and sending it to your friend is unstoppable. That’s here to stay. We can’t as publishers keep up with all our songs that are showing up on YouTube. We’ve given up. It’s an impossible fight. Q: But is there any benefit to people exposing their friends to your music this way? A: Certainly people hear about music from friends. I used to have friends over, and I’d play my new records for them, and some went out and bought them. But when you give away all the music, burn the entire album and give it to a friend, then no, your friend is not going to go out and purchase it later. ... The effect of downloading is much more negative than positive.
10 • Thursday, February 24, 2011
Looking back at the best (and worst) supporting Academy Awards hosts BY STEVEN REA The Philadelphia Inquirer Will James Franco pull a poem out of his tux, or read an excerpt from one of his short stories? Will Anne Hathaway break into song? Will the two of them, virgin cohosts of the 83d Academy Awards, dazzle the Kodak Theatre crowd Sunday night — and more important, dazzle the millions of viewers around the globe? Or will the untested duo drown in a pool of commingled flop sweat? Franco, 32, and Hathaway, 28, are joining a small club of men and women who have hosted the Academy Awards ceremony since its inception in 1929, when the first Oscar ceremony — untelevised, obviously, but also un-radioized — took place at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel. Douglas Fairbanks and William C. deMille worked the room that night. Lionel Barrymore, Will Rogers and director Frank Capra were among those who took turns in those early years. And in 1940, the ski-nosed comic actor Bob Hope hosted for the first time (“Gone With the Wind” won best picture). Hope, of course, went on to front 17 more Oscarfests, ending
his marathon run in 1978 (“Annie Hall” took home the best picture prize). His signature shtick was to bemoan the academy’s complete lack of recognition when it came to his own screen performances. “Welcome to the Academy Awards, or as it’s known at my house, Passover!” Hope quipped at the opening of the 1969 show. “Hosting the Oscars is a very difficult job, because everybody sees you,” says Gil Cates, who produced a record 14 Academy Award telecasts — and handpicked Billy Crystal, Whoopi Goldberg, David Letterman, Steve Martin, Chris Rock and Jon Stewart to preside over those Hollywood lovefests. “It’s not like making a lousy movie, where it just dies. Not only do your colleagues see you, but the agents, the elevator man in your building, the guy who parks your car — everyone sees you. “If you’re the host, you can’t escape that scrutiny, and you need a really strong constitution to do it.” And because of that, Cates says, he has found that standup comedians — folks who have spent years in the field, dodging rotten fruit, overcoming assorted humiliations, thinking fast on their feet — are the breed best suited. “They are used to the unexpected, they’re used
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to carrying the weight of a show on their shoulders, and they really know how to play a room. ... They feel comfortable in that job.” Johnny Carson, who hosted five times in the late ‘70s and early ‘80s, demonstrated particular cool. “His timing was so impeccable, and he was a Hollywood insider, and yet he was a man of the people, too,” says Mary Murphy, a senior lecturer at University of Southern California’s Annenberg School of Journalism. Billy Crystal, an eight-timer, had his share of inspired moments, in addition to introducing, and inserting himself into, the best-picture parody clips. Not that there haven’t been successful hosts who weren’t professional joke-slingers. David Niven, the dapper British actor (and Oscar winner, in 1958, for “Separate Tables”), proved his mettle in 1974 when — as he was about to introduce the presenter for the bestpicture prize at the 46th Academy Awards — a stark-naked guy trotted across the stage. Missing barely a beat, Niven responded to the streaker by noting to the audience, “Isn’t it fascinating to think that probably the only laugh that man will ever get in his life is by stripping off and showing his shortcomings?”
The University of Memphis
Thursday, February 24, 2011 • 11
Athletic department has no love for lacrosse Club team locked in constant struggle for funding, facilities and recognition BY SCOTT HALL Sports Reporter The University of Memphis lacrosse team, which opened its 2011 campaign this month, is currently facing an uphill battle for resources and funding from The University. The University does not support club sports as much as intramural sports, lacrosse coach and program founder Ryan Pavlicek said. “Club sports at The U of M are actually below intramurals on the importance totem pole that (Campus Recreation and Intramural Services) holds,” he said. Lacrosse is not an NCAAsanctioned sport at The U of M and therefore is not eligible to receive funding from the athletic department. Instead, the program must rely on funding from CRIS. Bob Winn, associate athletic director for external affairs, said the athletic department does not provide funding for lacrosse because its budget does not allow it. “(The athletic department) has 19 sports that compete for NCAA championships,” Winn said. “That’s what our budget allows. We don’t sponsor or help the racquetball team or any of those teams.” Club sports do receive fund-
ing from The University, but not enough to Feb. 12 cover all the program’s necesFeb. 12 sities, Pavlicek Feb. 20 said. Feb. 26 “We have Feb. 27 approximately 3 percent of our March 26 annual budget April 3 provided for by April 10 The University, April 16 and as much as it’s appreciated, it just doesn’t go very far,” he said. “It doesn’t meet the needs of the program where things like national dues, league dues and secondary insurance are concerned. We’re not talking about fluffy things like T-shirts, hoodies, jackets and every other little tertiary thing — we’re talking about needs.” CRIS officials could not be immediately reached for comment. One of the bigger hindrances for the lacrosse team is a lack of adequate facilities for practices and games. Echles Field, located off Spottswood Avenue south of the main campus, is the only intramural field on campus with lights. The lacrosse team must compete with the other club and intramural sports for practice time. When another team needs to
Pavlicek said other programs have precedence L: 16-7 over club sports when it comes to L: 21-7 field access. W: 10-4 “We’ve been noon denied Echles noon Field because of intramural noon 2:00 p.m. kickball or a onevarsity 3:00 p.m. on-one soccer practice,” 3:00 p.m. he said. “For every practice that we’re not allowed to be on the field, that’s that much less chemistry my team is going to have. Right now, this University has one and only one lit field on campus. What’s just as bad is they have just one and only one additional field outside of that, and it’s not lit.” The program is also not authorized to represent The University in games. “Intramural (sports) will rarely, if ever, get off campus and support The University, but The University will tell us we do not represent the school,” Pavlicek said. Winn said the main problem the athletic department has with club sports officially representing The U of M is the use of the leaping tiger logo. “The logo is representative of the NCAA-sanctioned sports at
Club Lacrosse Schedule Kansas Iowa Arkansas Mississippi State Washington-St. Louis Tennessee-Martin at Rhodes College Mississippi Nebraska at Arkansas use the field, however, lacrosse and the other club sports have to play and practice at unlit Memorial Field, on campus behind the Elma Neal Roane Fieldhouse. But with practices held at night, it is often too dark for the club to practice there. “We’ve had some issues scheduling practice times,” said Ben Jenkins, senior math and physics major and captain of the lacrosse team. “We go from 8 to 10 at night because our guys have to work or coach other schools’ lacrosse teams. Sometimes it gets frustrating. Last season, we were planning to practice, and they’d be like, ‘Sorry, there’s nothing we can do.’ We just make do with what we have. Sometimes we just play basketball in a gym or something, but that doesn’t help much with lacrosse.”
The University,” Winn said. “We have to avoid confusion when other entities use those logos to represent what they’re doing. We’ve had parents of swimmers at schools wanting us to come recruit their kid for our swim team, but we don’t have a swim team. Allowing clubs and intramurals to use our logo creates a lot of confusion.” Pavlicek said it is frustrating that The University won’t allow the lacrosse team to represent The U of M in an official capacity. “Everytime the students go off campus, whether it’s in a lacrosse jersey or a T-shirt, they represent the school,” he said. “We are going out to large cities, large universities, and whether or not The University will accept the fact that we represent them on paper, the real tangible fact is that to our opponents, and to our league, we do. And we do a very good job of it.” The team, which plays in the Great Rivers conference in the Men’s Collegiate Lacrosse Association, is 1-2 after a 10-4 win over the Arkansas Razorbacks on Sunday, Feb. 20. The team fell to the Iowa Hawkeyes 21-7 the day before and to the Kansas Jayhawks, 16-7, Feb. 12. They will take on the Mississippi State Bulldogs on Saturday at Echles Field at noon.
12 • Thursday, February 24, 2011
NCAA accuses UT of rules violations
Football, men’s basketball programs under fire amid recruiting infractions; Coach Bruce Pearl slapped with $1.5 million in salary reductions over four years issues in a timely manner,” said Jimmy Cheek, chancellor of Tennessee’s Knoxville campus. “As an institution we have been proactive in dealing with these allegations, and we will continue to cooperate fully with the NCAA.”
by David C. Minkin
The NCAA has charged Tennessee with at least a dozen rules violations committed by the university’s basketball and football programs. Included in the allegations after the NCAA’s 22-month investigation are charges that coach Bruce Pearl acted unethically and failed to monitor compliance activities by his basketball staff. Former Volunteers football coach Lane Kiffin is also charged with failing to monitor his staff. Kiffin is now at Southern California. The notice, which was received by Tennessee on Tuesday and released Wednesday, did not include potential punishments. “Receipt of the NCAA’s notice of allegations by the University of Tennessee is another step in bringing this matter to conclusion,” Tennessee athletics director Mike Hamilton said in a statement. “Our institution has operated in complete cooperation with the NCAA since April 2009 as they have pursued their investigations. We take these allegations seriously and most items noted in this document have already been reported broadly.” Tennessee has until May 21 to respond to the NCAA’s allegations and is expected to appear at a June 10-11 meeting of the Committee on Infractions. Most of the charges against Pearl and his program stem from impermissible calls made to recruits and Pearl’s improper hosting of recruits at his home during a 2008 cookout. Pearl acknowledged in September misleading NCAA investigators about the cookout, and Tennessee punished him by reducing his salary by $1.5 million over four seasons and banning him from offcampus recruiting for a year. The Southeastern Conference punished him with an eightgame suspension, which he has already served. “Throughout this process we have recognized that we made significant mistakes, and we look forward to concluding this matter with the NCAA,” Pearl said in a statement. “The penalties imposed on our program to date have been severe, but I want to commend our student-athletes and staff for staying focused and working through these potential distractions.” The charges against Kiffin and his staff relate to impermissible contact with recruits
by coaches and the program’s student hostesses. The NCAA also reviewed Tennessee’s baseball program during its probe, but did not levy any charges against it. “Any allegation from the NCAA is a serious matter for us, and we will address these
BY JOHN MARTIN Sports Editor
BY BETH RUCKER Associated Press
Tennessee coach Bruce Pearl reacts to a call in the second half of an NCAA college basketball game against Vanderbilt on Tuesday in Nashville. Tennessee upset Vanderbilt, 60-51.
University of Memphis freshman guard Antonio Barton was hospitalized due to dehydration after the Tigers’ 69-58 win against Houston on Wednesday. Barton, who had 10 points and hit a key 3-pointer late in the second half against Houston, was taken to Methodist University Hospital in an ambulance
THE DAILY HELMSMAN
and was kept overnight as a precaution. Hospital officials said Wednesday evening that Barton had been released. The Tigers face defending Conference USA champion University of Temple-El Paso on Saturday. Trainer Brad Anderson and team manager Dan Connolly helped Barton leave the floor Wednesday.
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