Page 1

PLAN[T]S


Title Plan[t]s Authors Dagmara H. S. Brzeziecka Huong Nguyen Alexane Guillaume

Tallin 2019 Estonian Academy of Arts


Introduction This book is the result of the Urban Ethnography course that took place in the spring semester 2018/2019 at the Estonian Academy of Arts (EKA) and was led by Agata Marzecova and Hanna Husberg. Engaging with the main themes of the course, and particularly the notions of “urban ecologies” and “invisible infrastructures”, our group project initially focused on identifying different user groups of the recently opened EKA building. We noticed that when using the premises of the school, we spontaneously react to dogs or kids entering the studios, losing focus on our work, and feeling comforted by these unexpected encounters. Our reactions were much stronger than if we were to meet a dog in a park. Reflecting upon what triggered this reaction we noticed that while kids and dogs appear randomly in the EKA building, plants and greenery have a different status, and could be defined as “students pets”


or companion species, to use a term proposed by Donna Haraway. Taking into account the scale of the building and its functions, we soon discovered that the building is full not only of common pot plants, but also of artificial plants and of other biological material, used for example by architecture students to simulate trees in their models. Our intention has been to, by mapping and photographing all of them, set up a strategy for representing them in our book project. Mapping all the plants on the floor plans of the EKA building produced a pattern, which made us notice that the frequency of plants varies. In public spaces such as lobbies, corridors, and lecture rooms, the plants occur sporadically. Often, however, these specimen have a strong presence, for example a big bismarck palm tree in the cafeteria, which functions both as decoration and sculpture. In the studios, plants often act as markers of personal space. For instance, when students


want to claim a particular desk they might place a mug, desk lamp, or small flower pot on it. Interestingly, the highest density of plants was to be found in the part of the building, which serves as administration offices. While exploring this curious fact, we earned that this could be explained by a common Estonian cultural practice— plants and cut flowers are often given as gifts on occasions such as birthdays or exhibition openings. In this case, they have been gifted at the opening day of the new EKA building. Even though the building has been designed to offer an abundance of visual connection with the exterior greenery through its panoramic windows, it seems that the users of the building (and their visitors) didn’t want to inhabit the building without plants. Besides the mapping, our intention has also been to represent each plant. Therefore, the book dedicates four pages for each individual. The first two pages are inspired


by the layout of botanic atlases. The left page contains a classificatory description, while the photographic depiction of the “specimen” on the right page evokes historical methods of illustrating plants by reproducing them carefully, and with minute details, on a white background. The following two pages insert the plant in the EKA context. On the left, we have a floor plan map with the dot indicating the plant’s location, and on the right there is a photo of the plant’s ecosystem, or rather in this case, in its EKAsystem. As the reader of our book may notice, we have twisted the descriptive categories to create a mix of archetypal information, such as the species scientific name, withmore ad hoc categories specific for EKA. Interestingly, despite the colonial origins of the binomial nomenclature, the Latin names of plants proved to be useful, as we all have different mother tongues. We observed that when the cleaning staff comes


in the evening or in the morning, they do not attend to, nor water the plants. Rather most of the plants have their individual caretakers. This pushed us to include the caretakers as a category. The other site-specific category is accessibility – some spaces are available for everybody, other require an access with a student card, while accessing some offices or workshops requires extra permission. The plants in this book are arranged by the floors of the EKA building. We would strongly recommend the readers who are in EKA building on everyday bases to use the maps as a plant address book and say hi to some of them every once in a while. Our projects didn’t have the aim of scientifically recording, counting and categorizing the plants. Rather, we wanted to create an affective archive, which shows the current coexistence of plants and human inhabitants and users of the EKA building. We hope that in a few years this book can be


revisited and the situations compared. Who knows what kind of species will predominate? Will they have some new roles? Or, will the plants maybe one day take over the building again?


4

th floor


Silver Ragwort Jacobaea maritima

Origin:

Mediterranean region

Height:

50 to 100 cm

Family: Spread:

Asteraceae

around 60 cm

Accessibility:

easy accessable

Light requirement:

direct sunlight

Caregiver:

Growth rate: Texture:

students

slowly to moderate

hairy


Fourth floor A400

A4


Juniper Juniperus

Origin:

Northern Hemisphere

Height:

up to 6 m

Family: Spread:

Accessibility: Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

Cupressaceae up to 3 m

easy accessable

students

direct sunlight to half-shade moderate coarse


Fourth floor A400

A4


Origin: Family:

Agatha robusta (Kauri Pine) A. palmerstonii

Papua New Guinea, Queensland, Australia

Height: Spread:

Araucariaceae 30 to 45 m

2m

Accessibility:

easy accessable

Light requirement:

direct sunlight

Caregiver:

Growth rate: Texture:

students slow

smooth leafs


Fourth floor A404


Origin:

Family: Height: Spread:

Accessibility: Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

unknown flower unknown

unknown unknown

3 to 5 cm 3 to 5 cm

easy accessable

students

unknown unknown coarse


Fourth floor A405


Origin:

Family: Height: Spread:

Accessibility: Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

unknown flower unknown

unknown unknown

around 2 cm around 2 cm

easy accessable

students

unknown unknown coarse


Fourth floor A405


Narcissus

Narcissus pseudonarcissus

origin: Southern Europe, Northern Africa family:

Amaryllidaceae

Spread:

6 cm

Height: Accessibility: Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

up to 35 cm

easy accessable

Julia

direct sunlight to half-shade fast

smooth


Fourth floor A405


Tulip Tulipa

Origin:

Southern Europe to Central Asia

Height:

10 to 70 cm

Family: Spread:

Liliaceae

up to 15 cm

Accessibility:

easy accessable

Light requirement:

direct sunlight

Caregiver:

Growth rate: Texture:

Julia

fast

smooth


Fourth floor A405


(Bean) Cress

Lepidium sativum

Origin:

Western and Central Asia

Height:

up to 50 cm

Family: Spread:

Accessibility: Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

Brassicaceae

up to 10 cm

easy accessable

Dagmara

direct sunlight to half-shade fast

smooth


Fourth floor A405


Bird’s-Nest Fern Asplenium nidus

Origin: Southeast Asia, Eastern Australia, Hawaii, Polynesia, Christmas Island, India, Eastern Africa Family: Height: Spread:

Accessibility: Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

Aspleniaceae

60 to 100 cm up to 150 cm

easy accessable

Larissa

indirect light

fast

smooth


Fourth floor A405


Rose Rosa

Origin: mostly Asia, partly Europe, North America, Northwestern Africa Family: Height: Spread:

Accessibility: Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

Rosaceae

30 to 700 cm 30 to 700 cm

easy accessable

students

direct sunlight to half-shade fast

smooth leaves, often prickles on stems


Fourth floor A405


Spruce Pinaceae

Origin:

unknown

Height:

170 cm

Family: Spread:

Accessibility: Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

unknown 90 cm

moderate

students, academic staff

no sun needed no growth plastic


Fourth floor B404

A4


Tree Lignum

Origin:

unknown

Height:

around 80 cm

Family: Spread:

Accessibility: Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

unknown

around190 cm

difficult

unknown

no sun required no growth

wooden


Fourth floor B404

A4


Origin: Family:

Agatha robusta (Kauri Pine) A. palmerstonii

Papua New Guinea, Queensland, Australia

Height: Spread:

Accessibility: Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

Araucariaceae 30 to 45 m

2m

easy accessable

academic staff, students

direct sunlight slow

smooth leafs


Fourth floor B407

A4


Jade Plant Crassula ovata

Origin:

South Africa, Mozambique

Height:

up to 90 cm

Family: Spread:

Accessibility: Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

Crassulaceae up to 60 cm

easy accessable

academic staff, students

direct sunlight fast

smooth


Fourth floor B407

A4


Spider Plant

Chlorophytum comosum

Origin:

Tropical and Southern Africa

Height:

about 60 cm

Family: Spread:

Accessibility: Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

Asparagaceae 60 to 90 cm

very difficult

academic staff

direct sunlight to half-shade fast

smooth


Fourth floor B408

A4


Spider Plant

Chlorophytum comosum

Origin:

Tropical and Southern Africa

Height:

about 60 cm

Family: Spread:

Accessibility: Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

Asparagaceae 60 to 90 cm

easy accessable

students

direct sunlight to half-shade fast

smooth


Fourth floor B409

A4


Spider Plant

Chlorophytum comosum

Origin:

Tropical and Southern Africa

Height:

about 60 cm

Family: Spread:

Accessibility: Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

Asparagaceae 60 to 90 cm

easy accessable

students

direct sunlight to half-shade fast

smooth


Fourth floor B409

A4


Chinese money plant Origin:

Family: Height: Spread:

Pilea peperomioides

Southern China Urticaceae

up to 30 cm up to 30 cm

Accessibility:

easy accessable

Light requirement:

direct sunlight

Caregiver:

Growth rate: Texture:

students

fast

smooth


Fourth floor B409

A4


Chinese money plant Origin:

Family: Height: Spread:

Pilea peperomioides

Southern China Urticaceae

up to 30 cm up to 30 cm

Accessibility:

easy accessable

Light requirement:

direct sunlight

Caregiver:

Growth rate: Texture:

students

fast

smooth


Fourth floor B409

A4


Aloe vera

Aloe barbedensis

Origin: South Africa, Madagascar, Jordan, the Arabian Peninsula, various islands in the Indian Ocean Family:

Asphodelaceae

Spread:

up to 15 cm

Height:

10 to 70 cm

Accessibility:

easy accessable

Light requirement:

direct sunlight

Caregiver:

Growth rate: Texture:

students

fast

smooth


Fourth floor B409

A4


Origin: Family:

Mexico, Central America, Colombia

Height: Spread:

Accessibility: Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

Wandering Jew Zebrina pendula

Commelinaceae 15 to 25 cm

around 60 cm

easy accessable

students

indirect light

fast

smooth


Fourth floor B409

A4


Origin: Family:

South and Central America, Africa, Southern Asia

Height: Spread:

Accessibility: Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

Begonia Begonia obliqua

Begoniaceae

15 to 40 cm 20 to 30 cm

easy accessable

students

direct sunlight to half-shade moderate

smooth


Fourth floor B409

A4


Moth Orchids Phalaenopsis

Origin: mostly Indonesia, the Philippines, also India, China, Southeast Asia, New Guinea, Australia Family:

Orchidaceae

Height:

25 to 90 cm

Accessibility:

very difficult

Spread:

Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

18 to 60 cm

academic staff

indirect light moderate

smooth


Fourth floor B408

A4


Grass Herba

Origin:

unknown

Height:

around 2 cm

Family: Spread:

Accessibility: Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

Poaceae

up serveral cm

easy accessable

students

no sun required no growth

hairy


Fourth floor C401


Origin:

Onion Allium cepa unknown

Family:

Amaryllidaceae

Spread:

15 to 45 cm

Height:

Accessibility: Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

75 to 180 cm

easy accesssable

students

direct sunlight fast

smooth


Fourth floor C401


Origin:

Family: Height: Spread:

unknown unknown unknown unknown

around 35 cm 5 to 155 cm

Accessibility:

easy accesssable

Light requirement:

no sun required

Caregiver:

Growth rate: Texture:

students

no growth plastic


Fourth floor C401


Origin:

Family: Height: Spread:

Accessibility: Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

unknown unknown unknown unknown

around 25 cm

1 to 2 cm

easy accesssable

unknwon

unknown

unknwon coarse


Fourth floor C Terrace


Origin:

Family: Height: Spread:

Accessibility: Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

unknown unknown unknown unknown

around 25 cm

1 to 2 cm

easy accesssable

unknwon

unknown

unknwon coarse


Fourth floor C Terrasse


Origin: Family:

east part of Southern Asia, Southeast Asia

Height: Spread:

Accessibility: Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

Rubber Plant Ficus elastica

Moraceae

up to 40 m 3 to 10 m

very difficult

academic staff

indirect light to half-shade fast

smooth


Fourth floor D401

A4


Origin:

Plantain Plantago Europe

Family:

Plantaginaceae

Spread:

up to 60 cm

Height:

Accessibility: Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

up to 60 cm

very difficult

academic staff

direct sunlight fast

smooth to a bit hairy


Fourth floor D401

A4


Tulip Tulipa

Origin:

Southern Europe to Central Asia

Height:

10 to 70 cm

Accessibility:

very difficult

Family: Spread:

Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

Liliaceae

up to 15 cm

academic staff

direct sunlight fast

smooth


Fourth floor D404

A4


Jade Plant Crassula ovata

Origin:

South Africa, Mozambique

Height:

up to 90 cm

Family: Spread:

Accessibility: Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

Crassulaceae up to 60 cm

very difficult

academic staff

direct sunlight fast

smooth


Fourth floor D404

A4


Aloe vera

Aloe barbedensis

Origin: South Africa, Madagascar, Jordan, the Arabian Peninsula, various islands in the Indian Ocean Family:

Asphodelaceae

Spread:

up to 15 cm

Height:

Accessibility: Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

10 to 70 cm

?easy accessable

?administrativ worker

direct sunlight fast

smooth


Fourth floor D404

A4


Origin: Family: Height: Spread:

Accessibility: Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

Japanese banana Musa basjoo

Southern China (previously assumption: Ryukyu Islands, Japan) Musaceae

up to 4,5 m

up to 4 m

very difficult

academic staff

direct sunlight fast

smooth


Fourth floor D405

A4


English Ivy Hedera helix

Origin:

Europe, Western Asia

Height:

20 to 30 m

Family: Spread:

Accessibility: Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

Araliaceae

up to 15 cm

very difficult

academic staff shade

fast

smooth


Fourth floor D405

A4


Origin:

Family: Height: Spread:

Accessibility: Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

unknown bulb flower unknown

unknown unknown

around 45 cm around 20 cm

very difficult

academic staff

unknown unknown smooth


Fourth floor D405

A4


Golden Cane Palm Dypsis lutescens

Origin:

Madagascar, South India

Height:

6 to 12 m

Family: Spread:

Accessibility: Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

Arecaceae 4 to 8 m

very difficult

academic staff

indirect light to half-shade

slow to moderate smooth


Fourth floor D406

A4


Origin: Family:

across the temperate and subtropical regions of the Northern Hemisphere

Height: Spread:

Accessibility: Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

Bellflower Campanula

Campanulaceae up to 2 m

up to 0,9 m

very difficult

academic staff

direct sunlight fast

smooth


Fourth floor D406

A4


Origin:

Family: Height: Spread:

Accessibility: Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

unknown plant unknown

unknown unknown

around 75 cm around 60 cm

?easy accessable

?administrativ worker

unknown unknown smooth


Fourth floor D406

A4


Bird’s-Nest Fern Asplenium nidus

Origin: Southeast Asia, Eastern Australia, Hawaii, Polynesia, Christmas Island, India, Eastern Africa Family: Height: Spread:

Accessibility: Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

Aspleniaceae

60 to 100 cm up to 150 cm

difficult

academic staff

indirect light

fast

smooth


Fourth floor D409

A4


Origin: Family:

east part of Southern Asia, Southeast Asia

Height: Spread:

Accessibility: Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

Rubber Plant Ficus elastica

Moraceae

up to 40 m 3 to 10 m

moderate

academic staff

indirect light to half-shade fast

smooth


Fourth floor D409

A4


Philodendron Philodendron scandens

Origin:

Central and South America

Height:

3 to 6 m

Family: Spread:

Accessibility: Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

Araceae

0,9 to 1,8 m

moderate

academic staff

half-shade

fast

smooth


Fourth floor D409

A4


Origin: Family:

tropical regions of America, southeastern Asia

Height: Spread:

Accessibility: Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

Spath Spathiphyllum

Araceae

30 to 200 cm 30 to 150 cm

moderate

academic staff

indirect light to shade fast

smooth


Fourth floor D409

A4


Origin: Family:

tropical regions of America, southeastern Asia

Height: Spread:

Accessibility: Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

Spath Spathiphyllum

Araceae

30 to 200 cm 30 to 150 cm

moderate

academic staff

indirect light to shade fast

smooth


Fourth floor D409

A4


Pandan Pandanus

Origin: Africa, South and Southeast Asia, Oceania Family:

Pandanaceae

Spread:

4 to 8 m

Height: Accessibility: Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

up to 20 m moderate

academic staff

direct sunlight moderate

smooth


Fourth floor D409

A4


Origin:

Fishbone Prayer Ctenanthe burle-marxii

Brazil

Family:

Marantaceae

Spread:

around 180 cm

Height:

Accessibility: Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

up to 30 cm moderate

academic staff

indirect light to half-shade fast

smooth


Fourth floor D409

A4


Fig Ficus

Origin:

Middle East, western Asia

Height:

7 to 10 m

Family: Spread:

Accessibility: Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

Moraceae

5 to 25 m

moderate

academic staff

direct sunlight moderate

smooth


Fourth floor D409

A4


Origin:

Family: Height: Spread:

Accessibility: Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

Dwarf Umbrella Tree Schefflera arboricola

Taiwan, Hainan Araliaceae up to 9 m 2 to 4 m

moderate

academic staff

direct sunlight to indirect light fast to moderate smooth


Fourth floor D409

A4


Origin: Family:

Canary Islands, Cape Verde, Madeira, Western Morocco

Height: Spread:

Accessibility: Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

Dragon Tree Dracaena draco

Asparagaceae

up to 18 m up to 6 m moderate

academic staff

direct sunlight to half-shade slowly

smooth


Fourth floor D409.2

A4


Moth Orchids Phalaenopsis

Origin: mostly Indonesia, the Philippines, also India, China, Southeast Asia, New Guinea, Australia Family:

Orchidaceae

Height:

25 to 90 cm

Accessibility:

very difficult

Spread:

Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

18 to 60 cm

academic staff

indirect light moderate

smooth


Fourth floor D410

A4


Origin:

Madagascar Jewel Euphorbia leuconeura Madagascar

Family:

Euphorbiaceae

Spread:

up to 150 cm

Height:

Accessibility: Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

up to 180 cm impossible

academic worker

direct sunlight to half-shade fast

smooth


Fourth floor D411

A4


Origin:

Family: Height: Spread:

Accessibility: Caregiver:

Light requirement: Growth rate: Texture:

Benjamin fig Ficus benjamina

Asia, Australia Moraceae

up to 30 m

18 to 21 cm impossible

academic worker

direct sunlight to half-shade moderate

smooth


Fourth floor D411

A4


Profile for Dagmara Helena Scholastyka Brzeziecka

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