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BOUNDRAY OF DISNEY PROPERITY BOUNDARY OF MAGNY LE HONGRE TRAIN TRACK MAIN ONEWAY TRAFFIC MAIN TWOWAY TRAFFIC SECONDARY ONEWAY TRAFFIC SECONDARY TWOWAY TRAFFIC


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Benidorm + TERRALIFE + Precedent Study

Disneyland Paris

LOCATION: Marne-la-Vallée, France AREA : 20,000 m2 In classic Walt Disney fashion, Disneyland Paris exemplifies the cutting edge of theme park design and efficiency at a truly massive scale. Modeled almost directly from the successful layout of Walt Disney World Resort in Orlando, Florida, this European counterpart marries the Sullivanesque concept, ‘form follows function’, through the repeated use of a radial framework on a number of levels. From a macro-perspective, one can clearly see that the circular plot of land, measured at over 20,000 square meters, was purchased by Disney in 1987 not only to house the current resort layout, but likewise provide ample room for park expansion in future decades. In this sense, the park, while well established, can be seen as a living, evolving entity responding to the growing success of its current development. Moreover, an expansive radial plot allows developers of Disneyland Paris’ existing theme parks and hotels to maintain a fair distance away from the nearby town of Marne-la-Vallée so as not to overpower the functionality of the Parisian suburb. Transitioning to a micro-perspective, one may notice a similar radial

layout within the individual theme parks themselves. Much like the round-abouts and diverging roads which link each side of the park to a central axis, the Magic Kingdom theme park consists of a similar converging system of pedestrian pathways centered around the iconic Sleeping Beauty castle. Being the tallest building in the theme park, the castle spires also serve as a form of visual orientation for park goers as well as a site for parkwide public events (including a circumferencing parade route). The following analysis of Disneyland Paris will address aspects of the park’s layout from both a macro and micro perspective in relating a number of key concepts addressed in the development of the resort. Through such studies, one may begin to uncover patterns of efficient minded practices which contribute to the largely successful design of Europe’s most highly visited site in the last decade.


Magic Kingdom Park Map


PERMANENT VS. GROWTH, PROGRAMME

P

BOUNDARY OF DISNEY PROPETY

PERMANENT AND GROWTH BUILT IN 1992

BUILT IN 2000

BUILT IN 2002

GROWTH

PROGRAMMES MAGIC KINGDOM

PARKING

HOTELS

DISNEY STUDIO

DISNEY VILLAGE

RESIDENTIRAL

COMMERICAL

N

WAREHOUSE

WAREHOUSE


PROGRAMME VS. CIRCULATION PROGRAMME VS. CIRCULATION

PARK PARKING HOTELS DISNEY STUDIO DISNEY VILLAGE RESIDENTIRAL COMMERICAL WAREHOUSE

N N

CIRCULATION


Boundary Border

Fantasyland

Discoverland

Adventureland

Frontierland

INFRASTRUCTURE VS. TOPOGRAPHY, BOUNDARIES

INFRASTRUCTURE VS TOPOGRAPHY, BOUNDARIES

WATER AND GREEN SPACE

BOUNDARIES

05

04

03

BOUNDRAY OF MAGIC KINGDOM

02

INFRASTRUCTURE

AREA OF WALKING

01

AREA OF MODERATE ACTIVITIES AREA OF EXCITING ACTIVITIES 00

BUILDING FOOTPRINT GREEN SPACE 05

04

03

N

02

WATER

01

00

INFRASTRUCUTURE TOPOGRAPHY


WHOLE PART

PARTS VS. WHOLE, CIRCULATION

CIRCULATION AND PARTS VS WHOLE

“ITS A SMALL WORLD”

PEDESTRAIN CIRCULATION

SPACE MOUNTAIN

SLEEPING BEAUTY CASTLE

LA CABANE DES ROBINSON

MAIN STREET USA ICONIC ATTRACTION 5 MINUTES WALKING RANG FROM SLEEPING BEAUTY CASTEL MOTOR CIRCULATION

BOUNDARY OF MAGIC KINGDOM

RIVER ROGUE KEELBOAT PARADE PEDESTRIAN FANTASYLAND

BACK STAGE ROAD DISCOVERYLAND

TRAIN ROUTE TRAIN STATION

ADVENTURELAND

ADVENTURELAND ENTRANCE FRONTIERLAND

DISCOVERYLAND FRONTIERLAND

N

FANTASYLAND WHOLE AND PARTS ENTRANCE


EXTERIOR VS INTERIOR

INTERIOR EXTERIOR

EXTERIOR VS INTERIOR

EXTERIOR VS INTERIOR

MAIN STREET USA ENTRANCE

DISCOVERYLAND ENTRANCE

FANTASYLAND ENTRANCE

ADVENTURELAND ENTRANCE

FRONTIERLAND ENTRANCE

BOUNDARY OF MAGIC KINGDOM LANDS OUTDOOR ATTRACTIONS

N

INDOOR ATTRACTIONS


REAL VS. IMAGINARY EAL VS IMAGINARY

BOUNDARY OF MAGICKINGDOM

REAL

PERCEPTION FROM TRAIN TRAIN ROUTE TRAIN STATION STRUCTURAL REGIONS VISIBLE TO TRAIN

PERCEPTION FROM PEDESTRIAN PATHWAY ADVENTURELAND IMAGINATION

DISCOVERYLAND IMAGINATION

FRONTIERLAND IMAGINATION

FANTASYLAND IMAGINATION

N ENTRANCE IMAGINATION


VIEW VS. ILLUSION (FORCED PERSPECTIVE) VIEW VS ILLUSION (FORCED PERSPECTIVE) SLEEPING BEAUTY CASTLE to make the castle looks bigger, the taller the structure, the smaller the proportions

MAIN STREET USA to make the castle and buildings looks bigger, buildings’ second level are always shorter than the first ones, and the third level are always shorter than any other level

THE VIEW from the Main Street USA entrance that makes the castle looks bigger and further away

BOUNDARY OF MAGIC KINGDOM POINT OF VIEW AREA


TIME

TIME VS. PROGRAMME

BOUNDARY OF MAGIC KINGDOM ATTRACTIONS SHOPS AND RESTAURANTS SEASONAL ATTRACTIONS DAILY ATTRACTIONS


DISNEYLAND PERCEPTION

DISNEYLAND PARIS PERCEPTION

Space Montain Buzz Lightyear Laser Blast

Main Street USA

Videopolis Autopia

It’s a small world

Sleeping Beauty Castle

Big Thunder Mountain

River Rogue Keelboats

Le Carrousel de Lancelot Le Cabane des Robinson


Precedent Park Study- Disneyland Paris