Composition Writing The basic components (parts) of an English 102 composition: Writing a title Writing introduction and thesis statement Writing the body Writing the conclusion
Writing a title Title is the first thing the reader looks at. It is like a mini summary of a writing composition. A good composition title: â€˘
Identifies and clarifies your main idea.
Acts as a guide through the composition.
The composition should be focused on your main topic. You should mention how you want to write your composition.
Exercise 1 1. Global warming
The Causes and Effects of Global Warming
Why smoking should be Banned in Public Places
3. Mobile Phones
The Advantages and Disadvantages of Mobile Phones
Biometric Technology Promises Improved Security
5. Hail University
Engineering courses at Hail University
6. Fuel Cells
Uses of fuel cells/ How fuel cells work
Effects/Causes/Sources of Air Pollution
Applications of GPS/How GPS works
How can you save money? How can you earn money?
Writing an Introductory Paragraph (Introduction)
Gives the specific focus of the composition
Plan of development
The Opening (catch your reader’s attention)
The Thesis Statement (purpose/ aim/focus)
Background to the topic
• Write what your composition about
Context of the topic
• Simple or compound sentence
General introduction to topic Historical background Definition Ask a question
• A forecast of what to expect and what will follow in your composition • How to write it?
Exemplifying and describing (p.37) √ How to solve a problem Unusual data/interesting facts
√ Classification of topic
√ Outline causes and effects √ Describe a process
Characteristics/Qualities of the Thesis Statement 1. Concise: brief/short but cover the main point fully. 2. Specific and focuses the readerâ€™s attention on the main point 3. Limited: It sets limit/boundary, puts a frame around your content. Focus remains on the main point. It closely follows topic sentences and supporting details. 4. Precise: gives accurate information on your main point.
Look at the examples of introductory paragraphs and the thesis statements. How does each paragraph begin? How is each sentence linked with each other? Where do the thesis statements appear? What will each thesis statement follow in the body? Which words are often used to write the thesis statement? Experiments have shown that in selecting personnel for a job, interviewing is, at best, a hindrance (interference) and may even cause harm. These studies have shown the judgments of interviewers differ markedly and bear little or no relationship to the adequacy (quality) of job applicants. Of the many reasons, why should be the case, four in particular stand out.
Useful phrases for writing the thesis statement: the reasons for the causes of /the effects of the steps for/ the procedure for the ways to/ the methods of the different sections/parts/kinds/types/factors/classes of the benefits/ the advantages/ the disadvantages of the applications/ the uses of the characteristics/ traits/ qualities of the problems of
the precautions for the changes to Reference: Gear, J & Gear, R. 2002. Cambridge Preparation for the TOEFL Test. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Exercise: Put the following sentences in the correct order (the opening and the thesis statement) A
1. Road rage may happen due to mainly three factors. 2. This phenomenon is called road rage which seems to be on increase. 3. In a recent survey, it was found that nine out of ten drivers admit to having felt intense anger toward other drivers at the same time. B 1. And for every fatality, 42 more children are admitted to hospitals for treatment. 2. What can you do to save the life of a childâ€”your child? 3. Yet such deaths and injuries can be avoided through these easy steps parents can take right now. 4. Accidents kill nearly 8000 children under age 15 each year. C
1. Cheese is made from the curd of milk. 2. There are literally thousands of varieties, which differ according to the method of preparation and quality of milk. 3. They can be divided into three main classes.
1. One of the reasons a pearl loses its luster or cracks is due to the mineral constituent of the pearl being dissolved by weak acids. 2. If pearls are protected properly, they can last for centuries. 3. There are several kinds of acids that pearls may come in contact with. 4. The finest quality natural pearls have been highly valued and objects of beauty for many centuries. 5. Just like the shell of a clam, a pearl is made up of calcium carbonate in minute crystalline form, which has been deposited in concentric layers. E
1. And for every fatality, 42 more children are admitted to hospitals for treatment. 2. What can we do to save the life of a childâ€”your child? Yet such deaths and injuries can be avoided through these easy steps parents can take right now. 3. Accidents kill nearly 8000 children under age 15 each year.
Write a title, the opening and the thesis statement for the following topics. Car accidents