SUDDEN CARDIAC ARREST (SCA) Christian Wingert, Derrick Morrison, and RJ Georges Applied Sports Medicine
What is Sudden Cardiac Arrest? Sudden Cardiac Arrest is a condition where your heart suddenly stops beating. When this happens, your blood stops flowing to the brain and other vital organs. If not treated within a few minutes the victim might pass away.
HOW IT HAPPENS Within the heart is an electrical system which controls the rate and rhythm of the heartbeat. If there’s a problem with the electric system in the heart, then there can be an irregular heartbeat called arrhythmia's. An arrhythmia can make the heart beat too fast or too slow while some arrhythmia’s can cause the heart to stop pumping blood to the body cause a sudden cardiac arrest.
The Pennsylvania Law Governor Tom Corbett passed the sudden cardiac arrest law in Pennsylvania to help protect athletes. The law states that all parents of athletes must sign a contract which states the warnings and conditions of sudden cardiac arrest. It also states that all coaches must take an annual training class
on SCA. The last part of the law states that coaches must pull a athlete out of practice or a competition if they notice symptoms of cardiac arrest and the student must stay out until they are cleared. The law was made to educate students, coaches, and parents on symptoms and risks of SCA which is the number one killer of student athletes.
What you can do • • If not treated within a few minutes, athletes experiencing SCA may die. Trainers must use a defibrillator to restore the athletes heart back to normal.
• Learning the warning signs of symptoms including family history, is critical for the early detection of heart conditions that can lead to SCA.
Know your family history Ask questions about your child’s heart health Take symptoms seriously and ask your physician for further cardiac testing Find out if your child’s school, sporting events and practices are equipped with an AED and trained staff