Widening of the approach While CooP-Africa used to lean heavily on its bicycle-on-credit projects in order to achieve its goals, in 2011 we saw a widening of our service to more support for entrepreneurial activities involving bicycles. Demonstration projects such as Bike2Clean en Bike2Rism, delivery service by bicycle and the bicycle repair shops for instance are focussing on entrepreneurship and being selfsupportive in contrast to simply affording access to a bicycle.
Professionalisation of the foundation -
Cycling out of Poverty has decided to continue its work under the name CooP-Africa. It has opted for a professional bookkeeping system that is in line with the requirements of the RJ650 directive. The employment of a programme manager and an executive officer for the Netherlands. Standardisation of the measurement of the impact of the projects.
4 board members
3 staff members
9 partner organisations 6 local coordinators 13 volunteers in Africa 5 countries
Key figures Total income
Income from direct fundraising
Expenses the Netherlands
Costs of direct fundraising
Total cost of fundraising
External factors - The drought in Kenya in spring altered the need for basic requirements such as food and water, so that the instalments of the payments for the bicycles have been delayed. - The Presidential decision in Rwanda that houses with a grass roof should be replaced by corrugated iron roofs within 3 months meant unexpected extra costs for families in rural areas. It meant that payments for bicycles had to be postponed. - Cutbacks in the Netherlands meant that a number of subsidy-windows were closed and the policies of co-financers were altered.
Expenditure on goals Spending ratio (expenditure on goals / total income) Direct fundraising ratio (costs of direct fundraising / income from direct fundraising) Total fundraising ratio (total costs of fundraising / total income)
€ 251,221 76.6%
Good access to medical services is a matter of life and death. Both for patients who want to get to a hospital or medical clinic and for medical assistants who want to visit patients at home for home care, education and support. CooP-Africa offers: - Modified bicycles - Bicycle ambulances More patient sand patients living further away can be reached faster using bikes. Sick and pregnant women about to give birth can be transported to hospital quickly, cheap and comfortably. The bicycle (ambulance) saves lives.
Bicycle taxis, street vendors, entrepreneurs, farmers, waste collectors etc. For Africans who know very well how to make money with a bicycle but who don’t have the means and/or capacity CooP-Africa offers: - (modified) bicycles and trailers, - support for and development of bicycleenterprises, - employment in the bicycle sector (e.g. bicycle workshops), - training of bicycle repair men. In the Bike4Work projects the bicycle is the means to achieve self-empowerment. Entrepreneurs can save on transport costs and increase their incomes so that they can improve their welfare.
CooP-Africa aanpak in Afrika De missie van CooP-Africa is het verbeteren van in toegang CooP-Africa approach Africa (beschikbaarheid en toegankelijkheid) tot een fiets als middel voorThe armoedereductie en het initiëren en promoten mission of CooP-Africa is to improve access (availability van fietsinterventies die kunnen bijdragen het for poverty and accessibility) to a bicycle as aaan means verbeteren van het van Afrikaanse gezinnen. reduction andleven initiating and promoting bicycle interventions that can contribute to improving the lives of African De fiets biedt mogelijkheden voor verbeterde toegang tot families. inkomsten, onderwijs en gezondheidszorg, en zorgt voor verbetering de sociaaleconomische van Thevan bicycle offers opportunitiespositie for improved access to Afrikaanse income, gezinnen. Daarnaast biedt de fiets, education and health care,als and provides milieuvriendelijk vervoermiddel, kansen voorposition een improvement of the socio-economic of African duurzaam leefbare samenleving. families. Additionally, the bicycle gives, as an environmentally friendly means of transport, opportunities for a sustainable society.
CooP-Africa supports the African Bicycle Network so that African organisations can share information and experiences, learn from each other and don’t need to reinvent the wheel.
Students and teachers who have to walk more than 10 km to school will be tired in class and cannot give all their attention to the lessons. CooP-Africa offers: - Bikes on credit for students and teachers. - Activities at school to promote the use of bikes to improve access to education. In the Bike4School projects the bicycle creates favourable conditions that can improve the achievements at school and the access to education.
CooP-Africa helps with the design, development and production of modified bicycles and bicycle trailers. The innovative designs of African Bicycle Design provide affordable bikes for every purpose. 4
Kenya A bicycle-on-credit project for entrepreneurs in Ahero is having some start-up problems. During the extreme drought and disappointing harvest in many parts of Kenya at the beginning of 2011, our partner organisation VBBS felt obliged to respond to its members’ requests for other credits. The starting capital for bicycles has therefore been spent on credits for seeds and school fees. It is true that our partner organisation VBBS has trained 100 men and women in entrepreneurship, savings and credit and bicycle maintenance, but only 12 bikes were handed over. Because VBBS has not managed to revive the project successfully in the course of the year the responsibility for the bicycle -on-credit project has been shifted to the bicycle repair shop “Cycling Blue Workshop”.
Burkina Faso Since 2006 women in Burkina Faso have been able to acquire a bicycle in installments through our partner organisation AVO. In 2011 more bikes were provided, again without further financing by CooP-Africa.
Rwanda Our partner organisation FAPDR has proved to be able to supervise the bicycle-on-credit projects very well up to and including 2011. In two villages they now monitor the bicycle-oncredit projects in cooperation with a local Sacco and bikes are being handed out continually. Together with FAPDR CooP-Africa will increase the number of villages the coming years.
Uganda In cooperation with Hope Alive Uganda (HAU) 50 bikes were handed over to a group of female entrepreneurs in the surroundings of Kisozi. Because of mismanagement by HAU it is uncertain whether 50 more bicycles can be paid for out of the installments. Cooperation with HAU will therefore be discontinued. In 2010 BSPW initiated a bicycle-on-credit programme with 100 bikes for entrepreneurs via a number of Saccos and women’s groups. In 2011 another 100 bicycles paid for out of the installments came on the road.
‘The local market where I sell tomatoes is four kilometer away from my house. At the market in the city prices are better, but for that I must travel ten kilometers. With my bicycle I now go once a week, and I can take even more tomatoes!’ Pheobe, 24 years old, entrepreneur in Kenya
Bicycle workshops The three workshops developed by CooP-Africa in Burkina Faso, Uganda en Kenya are working independently at the moment. In order to reach economic independence the workshops do not focus exclusively on bicycles but also on other metal work such as the production of window frames, railings, playground equipment, etc.
Demoproject: Bike2Clean CooP-Africa supports entrepreneurs who work in waste collection and/or recycling with special tricycles that enable the workers to transport large quantities. 10 Entrepreneurs in Uganda were assisted in making a business plan for their waste collection/recycling business. Moreover CooP-Africa has examined the role a bike plays in waste collection: how can the bike be put to the best use in this branch?
Bicycle workshops and demoprojects
Demoproject: Delivery service by bicycle In cooperation with a catering business in Kisumu a delivery service has been set up. This catering service mainly delivers fresh fruit juices door-to-door. In 2012 the marketing of the delivery service will be focused on.
Demoproject: Bike2Rism In 2011 a new project has been set up in Kisumu, Kenya: Bike2Rism. The bike is a perfect means of tansport to see the sights of this city. There are thousands of bicycle taxis called Boda Boda drivers on the streets. In this project tourists are offered the possibility to get to know Kisumu by bike. Bicycle tours are available both for passengers on a Boda Boda and for cyclists using a rented bike. A training for a group of local boda boda drivers has been initiated so that they can act as guides and thus make a living from Bike2Rism. Moreover bicycles-for-rent for tourists have become available in 2011.
Payments Delayed 19%
Disposable income On time 81%
No change 24% Increased 76%
Results No change 3%
Transport cost No change 11%
Bike4Work projects Entrepreneurs Ahero Kenya
Bike2Clean Jinja/Kisumu (incl. tricycles)
Bike2Clean + Bike4Water Burkina Faso
Bike2Rism Kenya Bicycle workshop Kenya Entrepreneurs Uganda
This is Hakizimana Jean de Dieu. He is20 years old and lives in Rwanda. He is one of the people who received a bicycle on credit through a partner organisation of CooP-Africa. He uses his bicycle in the morning to take bananas, beans and cassavas from his fields to the market. In the afternoon he rides around as a bicycle taxi. Three years ago he lived in a mud house. Now there is a stone house on his land. He proudly shows what he has achieved thanks to his bicycle. By the way, Jean d Dieu is still a bachelor. But the women are queuing up now that he has managed to build his own house. Gakenke, November 2011
Uganda At three schools in Uganda the Bike4School programme has been set up. The experiences with the Bike4School programme at the 2 schools that are monitored by FABIO are generally positive. The school results and the attendance rates have improved and risen. However there is a challenge at one of the schools. A small number of teachers is also taking part in the programme. The teachers’ salaries (paid by the government) have been much delayed. That is why the payments for the bikes have been delayed as well. But the teachers state that the bikes enable them to be in class in time and to teach with enthusiasm.
The experiences with the Bike4School projects in Uganda and Kenya became the starting point for a more developed Bike4School concept based on all the lessons learnt in the past 5 years. This concept will be developed in 2012 into a ready-to-use toolkit for schools, partner organisations and local authorities for starting up the Bike4School programme.
Kenya In Kenya the Bike4School programme is up and running at 2 locations: in and around Kisumu and at a school in Ruiru. Here preparations have been made for handing out 50 bikes in 2012.
Bike4School projects Kenya + Uganda Ghana Students active in mobility and development issues
‘When I was at primary school, I used to walk to school every day. Children from high school catched me up by bicycle. I dreamed to go by bicycle to school one day myself. Now I am in fourth class of high school, and own a bicycle on credit. I cycle to school every day and catch up many children from primary school!’ Daniel Odhiambo student in Uganda 10
School attendance No change 17%
No change 25%
Improved 75% Improved 83%
Results Transport cost No change 4%
Payments Delayed 46%
On time 54%
'I go to fetch water by bicycle, with two jerry cans of 20 liter each. I used to go by foot, and carried a jerry can on my head. But then I had to walk twice. Woira Grace Student in Uganda 11
spent € 13,844
After a few pilot projects in the last few years the Bike4Care programme was developed more fully at the beginning of 1211. In Kisumu, Kenya, 102 health workers got access to a bicycle through partner organisation KUAP Pandipieri, and 5 clusters of these health workers were provided with a bike ambulance. The health workers offer home care, health education and counseling in different fields of health care: ranging from TBC, HIV/AIDS to food education. All these health workers have followed a 6-day training about different strategies in health care. The training follows the guidelines of the Kenyan government. Under supervision of the Cycling Blue Workshop, trainers of the Traffic Ministry and the police, the health workers have also had a cycling training. This consisted of theoretical lessons about traffic rules and traffic signs and the position of the bike on the road. There was also a practical lesson on a training circuit. The training also covered the basics of cycling mechanics. After this training the health workers were able to take to the road as qualified health workers full of confidence.
‘I can visit more patients now I don’t have to walk any more. Besides this, Bike4Care gives my work a professional look’. Eunice Ambala Gezondheidswerker Kenia
African Bicycle Design (ABD)
Bicycle trailers In 2010-2011 CooP-Africa organised the African Bicycle Design Contest. Students of the Delft Univerty of Technology were the winners. The winning team travelled to Kisumu. There they developed two prototypes of bicycle trailers. Testing the prototypes in several groups of users has now started, which will be continued and rounded off in 2012. In 2012 the other workshops will also start producing these bicycle trailers.
Tricycle In 2011 a student from Amsterdam University of Appied Sciences together with the employees of the Cycling Blue Workshop and potential users designed a tricycle. They also trained the people in the workshop in putting the bike together by themselves. Now the bicycle workshops in Kenya, Uganda and Burkina Faso are producing this tricycle. The design and the production manual are open-source so that other organisations can use it for free.
Hand driven tricycle The Cycling Blue Workshop is becoming well-known as a workshop where innovative bicycles are being developed and bikes are being modified. More and more requests for special types of bikes are coming in. The Cycling Blue Workshop has produced a hand-driven tricycle. And a reclining bike has been developed in cooperation with a Kenyan student. The hand-driven tricycle will be further developed in 2012 into a design for entrepreneurs.
‘White Bicycles’ In principle CooP-Africa does not use second hand imported bikes for projects in Africa, instead bikes are bought on the local market. There are many reasons for this, the main reason being the generally low quality of the bikes, the lack of suitable spare parts, and the distortion of the local bicycle retail market. In cooperation with National Park ‘De Hoge Veluwe’ and Air France-KLM Cargo CooPAfrica started a pilot to try out the sustainable use of second hand bikes. A number of criteria for a well-considered pilot were defined in advance: Only identical maintenance free and sturdy models. Good possibilities to acquire spare parts and to get repairs done. The bikes are identical, easy to maintain, sturdy and uni-sex into the bargain. On arrival they are revised in the repair shop in Kisumu, Kenya. Then they are put in the care of groups who have easy access to the Cycling Blue Workshop for spare parts and repairs. In 2011 the largest group of people who benefited were health workers . The impact and the concept of second hand bikes will be evaluated in 2012.
Sustainable bicycle design for Africa
Work shop development
Boda boda seats 15
African Bicycle Network (ABN)
ABN projects Partner activities World of difference Coaching Urban Matters
The African Bicycle Network has published a report in cooperation with UN-Habitat, titled “Sustainable mobility for African Cities”, as a follow-up of the meeting of experts in 2011.
In 2011 CooP-Africa facilitated the attendance of ABN at the Velocity conference in Sevilla, Spain. Velocity is the main conference worldwide where innovation, knowledge and partners in the field of the bicycle and bicycle policies meet. Three ABN-members were invited to do a presentation on the stage. A dinner-meeting was organised together with Shimano Europe to discuss the bicycle market in Africa. Possible steps to improve the African bicycle market were reviewed, focusing on a sound supply and the right price/quality ratio.
‘It is an enormous eye-opener to see that others are struggling with the same challenges, and refreshing to see how they tackle them. Even though the situation in Burkina Faso differs completely from Rwanda I can use things for my own projects that I learn from others who are here.’ Esther Yameogo from Burkina Faso
Website Because no newsletters were sent in 2011 the number of visitors to the website has decreased.
Website visits 1600 1400 1200 1000 800 600
Visits 2010 Bezoeken 2010
Visits 2011 Bezoeken 2011
Campagne: Wiki-bike (2010-2012) In 2011 an African Bicycle Design Contest was organised. In this campaign the role of mobility (and in particular the bike) in connection with the environment and development is brought to the attention of the Dutch public. To this end the Dutch public was invited to help generate ideas and opportunities for the bike in Educational pack: Students working on Mobility Africa. The 5 best ideas and designs of this contest and development (2011-2012) In 2011 a second voorlichtingscampaign was started. were linked to 5 co-creation teams van polytechnics and universities. On the 10th of June 2011 the winners With the support of the Dutch Foreign Office the were announced: the multifunctional bike trailer made development of an educational pack for secondary by the design team of TU Delft. This campaign was education was initiated which is called ‘Students supported by the Ministry of VROM (Planning and working on Mobility and Development’. In 2011 an Environment) and is being carried out in cooperation online toolkit for students was made available, with Ideal & Co and the Slimmer foundation. which is part of the education material. In 2012 the teachers manual and students user guide will be made available. CooP-Africa cooperates in this campaign together with FairPen Foundation.
Publicity - News papers ‘De Gelderlander’ and ‘De Telegraaf’ - Taifa Leo (Kenya) - Publications in cooperation with DOEN Foundation in among others ‘Trouw’, ‘Nationale Postcode Loterij’ mailing and ‘Visa Versa’
Conferences/trades - Cycling and Walking Fair in RAI Amsterdam: 22.100 visitors; - Bicycle Trade Days in Rosmalen: 6.594 visitors; - Velo-City conference in Sevilla: presentation attended by over 1.000 people - mobility market Nijmegen during the Sustainability Week. -
Information on the website (Dutch and English) Information on social media Publication of annual report Updates of photo and film materials Presentations at schools Presentations at conferences and fairs Press releases and press publications Actions and activities in various parts of the country Contacts by e-mail and daily responses to email Acquisition packs for cyclists Sponsor packs for sponsors
Fundraising (in â‚Ź)
Income from direct fundraising
Revenues from joint campaigns
Revenues from third-party campaigns
Income from interests
% increase of the total of proceeds as compared to previous year
Costs fundraising: â‚Ź 2,357 i.e. 0.72%. CooP-Africa is trying to keep the costs of management, administration and fundraising as low as possible, for instance by means of volunteer work and sponsoring in kind by means of goods or services. This also means . that the costs involved are not paid from private donations.
Sources of income from direct Donaties particulieren Donations of fundraising individuals 8%
Stichtingen Foundationsenand Fondsen funds Sponsoring bedrijven Corporate sponsors
Evenementen met Events tegenprestatie Bijdrage in natura In-kind contributions
In 2011 the funds that CooP-Africa raised itself came mainly from cycling tours and fundraising at schools.
Sources of revenues from thirdparty campaigns
In 2011 CooP-Africa received subsidies from Cordaid, DOEN Foundation, NCDO en ICCO.
ICCO ICCO Cordaid Cordaid
Sources government grants
NCDO NCDO Stichting DOEN DOEN Foundation
24% 3% 73%
SMOM UN-Habitat SBOS
In 2011 CooP-Africa received subsidies (for more years) from the Ministry of VROM, UN-Habitat and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Examples of direct fundraising
An auction of refurbished bikes in Italy: 25 teams of bicycle repairmen/women upgraded 23 second hand bikes and sold them in a public auction.
Film evening Soroptimisten Nijmegen
Roel Peerenboom, owner of the Profile Bicycle Shop in Wageningen has supported CooPAfrica projects since 2010. Customers who buy a bike in his shop can contribute to CooP-Africa.
Contributions by, among other groups, Stichting HGB-V (Dutch Railways employees) for the tricycle production in the African Bicycle Design programme, by an anonymous fund for bicycle-credit for entrepreneurs in Ahero (Bike4Work) and by Wings of Support (KLM aircraft personnel) for bikes-on-credit for schools (Bike4school).
20% Donations of individuals Donaties particulieren
Stichtingen Foundations enand Fondsen funds Sponsoring bedrijven Corporate sponsors 36% 4%
Evenementen met tegenprestatie Events Bijdrage in natura In-kind contributions
Schools - Secondary School ‘De Driemark’ in Winterswijk. - Primary school ‘Zilverzwaan’ in Huissen. - Over 300 pupils of primary school ‘De Marang’ in Angeren - Students of the ‘Vossius Gymnasium School’ in Haarlem. - The first forms of the ‘Stedelijk Gymnasium Nijmegen’. Cycling tours - 4 students cycled from the Netherlands to Istanbul for charity. - Sponsored 10-day bicycle trip though France by Timo Besamusca - Bicycle Tour ‘Lang Zijwegen naar Nijmegen’ organised by women’s Cycling Club ‘Langszij’. - Gea van Veen cycled 2.295 kilometers in 25 days on a ‘world tour’ through the Netherlands. - ‘Fietsen4Fietsen’: 10 cycling friends made a tour from Lausanne to Florence across the Mountains of the Alps and the Apennines. - Erik Heijn’s sponsor tour along the borders of the Netherlands, following in the tracks of the Tour of the Netherlands.
Examples of revenues from third-party campaigns The DOEN Foundation supports the further development of 4 designs as part of African Bicycle Design and the training of bicycle mechanics and women in making the bicycles. An amount of â‚Ź 57,000 was received for this in 2011.
In 2011 CooP-Africa received a â‚Ź 30.000 subsidy from ICCO/Impulsis for the Bike4School programme 2012-2014
Cordaid Cordaid 13%
NCDO NCDO DOEN Foundation Stichting DOEN
In 2011 CooP-Africa received a subsidy for coaching and capacity building for the local partner.
In 2011 CooP-Africa received the last instalment from NCDO for starting a bicycle-on-credit programme in Uganda.
Examples of government grants 24%
CooP-Africa hosts the African Bicycle Design Contest and shares bicycle designs for the African context with others. A subsidy from the Dutch Ministry of VROM was one of the factors that enabled us to 3%
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs subsidises the development of an education pack for secondary school students. With this information students study mobility and development issues in an interactive way. 21
UN-Habitat supports the development of a businessmodel that enables the informal sector consisting of small entrepreneurs-on-bicycles to contribute to the improvement of waste management in African cities.
4 board members
The Board met 6 times in 2011.
The volunteer Board has not changed and consists of: - Chair: Gerard van de Sterre (started on 15 Februari 2008) - Treasurer: Ineke Leenders (started on 8 September 2009) - Secretary: Corry Leenders (started on 15 Februari 2008) - Member: Christel Hoogland (started on 16 September 2010) While this annual report was written Ineke Leenders withdrew from the board and Clemens Nijhuis replaced her as treasurer. The members of the Board do not hold any relevant other functions. The members of the board have been appointed for a period of five years.
The board has a supervisory function. The board assesses the year plan and budget before the year begins. The implementation of the plans and financial accountability are evaluated twice a year. Apart from the testing, approval and evaluation of plans and progress, the board has an advisory role. The board can advise strategic choices, dilemmas, etc. Issues discussed - Annual report and planning for the next year - External communication, name and look&feel - Way of working, organisation and professionalisation of the foundation - Progress reports - Financial situation and forecast
Renumeration The members of the Board are not remunerated. Travel expenses made in order to attend meetings are covered, however, on the basis of real costs. Some of the members have donated these costs to CooP-Africa.
Besides the supervisory responsibilities the Board has also worked actively at public realisations, professionalisation of the foundation and the new look&feel.
3 staff members The employees are responsible for executing the day-to-day operational tasks of the foundation in an adequate way. In 2011 2 new employees joined CooP-Africa. At the end of 2011 the executive branch consists of: - Executive Director: Luuk Eickmans - Pogramme manager: Marieke de Wild - Executive officer the Netherlands: Jansje van Middendorp -
6 local coordinators
Kenya : Four local coordinators are working on the basis of a learn-and-work agreement. In this way young enthusiastic people can get work experience in the course of their studies in the field they are specialising in, or after their studies. Uganda and Burkina Faso: In both countries an employee was engaged for local activities.
The foundation separates supervising and execution. Supervising is in the hands of the Board and execution is in the hands of the staff members, local coordinators, volunteers, trainees and partner organisations in The Netherlands and in project countries.
CooP-Africa supports partner organisations in AFrica in the implementation of bike projects. Capacity building The programme manager coaches and assists the partners in the field of the execution of the projects, monitoring and reporting. 2 Partners have been added and 2 partnerships have ended (with HAU and VBBS)
9 partner organisations
13 people have done their best for CooP-Africa in Africa, either as volunteers or as part of their studies.
13 volunteers/ students in Africa
2010 € 1,170
Liabilities Reserves Earmarked reserves
€ 28,901 € 28,901
Deferred vacation money
Deferred income tax
Other debts Total liabilities
Allocation of expenditure 1%
Besteed aan doelstellingen Expenditure on goals Werving Cost of baten generating income 96.5%
Beheer en administratie Management and administration
Income from direct fundraising Donations of individuals
Foundations and funds
Corporate sponsors Sponsor bicycle tours and schools In-kind contributions
€ 57,000 € 30,759 € 3,746 € 91,800
Income from interest Interest on saving account
Government grants UN-Habitat
Revenues from third-party campaigns
Revenues from joint campaigns
€ 2,712 € 2,712
Total income Expenditure Expenditure on goals Cost of generating income Cost of direct fundraising
Cost of joint campaigns
Cost of third-party campaigns
Cost of securing government grants
Management and administration Cost of management and administration Total expenditure Result
- € 49,855
Cost of generating income
Goals Direct fundraising
Management and administration
Subsidies and contributions
Inventory depreciation Office materials Telephone and internet costs Portage
Publications and PR material
Small purchases inventory
Fair and events costs
Dues / subscriptions / COC
Administrative costs Accountant costs Notary costs Travel and lodging costs Bank costs
€ 208 € 12,346
€ 65 € 187
Exchange differences Awareness raising costs Fundraising costs
- € 14
General costs Total