June 9, 2013
Vol. 39 No. 19
BOMBS PG.4 AWAY
Commanding Officer Capt. Jeff Ruth Executive Officer Cmdr. John Cummings Command Master Chief Master Chief Teri M. McIntyre Public Affairs Officer Lt. Cmdr. Karin Burzynski Media Division Officer Lt. Jason Scarborough Media LCPO MCC (SW/AW) Mike Jones Media Production Chief MCC (SW) Gregory Roberts Media LPO MC1 (AW/SW) Michael Cole Editor MC2 (SW) Jason Behnke Lead Designer MCSA Andrew Price MC3 (SW) George J. Penney III Media Department MC2 (SW) Jacquelyn Childs MC2 Ashley Berumen MC2 (SW) Robert Winn MC2 (SW) Andrew Jandik MC2 (SW) Nichelle Bishop MC2 (SW) Ryan Mayes MC2 (SW) Alexander Ventura II MC2 (SW) Devin Wray MC3 (SW) Renée L. Candelario MC3 Shayne Johnson MC3 Jacob Milner MC3 Christopher Bartlett MC3 Raul Moreno MC3 Linda S. Swearingen MC3 (SW) Jess Lewis MC3 W. J. Cousins MC3 Derek Volland MC3 Vanessa David MC3 Phillip Ladouceur MC3 (SW) Sam Souvannason MC3 (SW) Nathan McDonald MC3 Joshua Haiar MCSN Kole Carpenter MCSN Derek Harkins MCSN Kaitlyn Haskett MCSA Aiyana Paschal MCSA Kelly Agee NimitzMCSA News accepts Victoriasubmissions Ochoa in writing. All submissions must be in by Friday, COB. Submissions are subject to review and screening. “Nimitz News” is an authorized publication for the members of the military services and their families. Its content does not necessarily reflect the official views of the U.S. Government, the Department of Defense, the Department of the Navy, or the Marine Corps and does not imply endorsement thereby.
SEXUAL ASSAULT STAND DOWN
Story from Chief of Naval Personnel Public Affairs All Navy commands will conduct a sexual assault prevention and response (SAPR) stand-down between June 10 and July 1st, according to Navy Messages released this week. Reserve component units and deployed personnel will also commence their standdown starting June 10, but will have until July 22 to complete. “Our end state for this stand-down will be that all of our service members and civilian personnel clearly understand SAPR principles and resources,” said Vice Adm. Scott Van Buskirk, Chief of Naval Personnel. “All personnel will understand their accountability and role in reducing with a goal of eliminating sexual assault from the Navy, fostering a command climate of dignity and respect, and upholding our core values of honor, courage and commitment.” The command triad (commanding officer, executive officer, and command master chief) of each command will lead Sailors and Navy civilian personnel in a minimum two hours of focused facilitated instruction on SAPR principles and the importance of fostering a climate of dignity and respect in the workplace. Additionally, targeted professional ethics/standards of conduct refresher training will be conducted for recruiters, sexual
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assault response coordinators (SARCs) and victim advocates (VAs), which emphasizes how violations impact mission readiness. All training center and institutional instructors, as well as personnel who are the first to interact with sexual assault victims, to include health care providers, Fleet and Family Support Center counselors, chaplains, judge advocate general personnel, and NCIS investigators, will receive specialized refresher training, using the Navy’s successful SAPR-Leadership/SAPR-Fleet training programs and other Navy SAPR resources. As part of the stand-down, the Navy will conduct an active review of credentials and qualifications of recruiters, SARCs, VAs, training center and institutional instructors, recruit training center division commanders, NCIS investigators, sexual assault nurse examiners and those qualified to conduct sexual assault forensic examinations. Following the stand-down, a completion report will be submitted to the Secretary of Defense by July 17. A facilitator’s guide and Navy leadership video messages can be found at www.sapr. navy.mil. For more information on the upcoming sexual assault stand-down, see NAVADMIN 156/13 and NAVADMIN 158/13.
Story and photo by MC3 Linda S. Swearingen
ailors on board the aircraft carrier USS Nimitz (CVN 68) may sometimes think they are seeing double. With the long work hours out to sea, the first thought many may have is that they need to get more sleep, because their mind is starting to play tricks on them. However, at second glance, Sailors may realize that they aren’t seeing double, they are actually seeing the Wilson twins pass by. Twenty-two-year-old Machinist Mate 3rd Class Steven D. Wilson and his brother, Machinist Mate 3rd Class Michael A. Wilson, of Modesto, Calif., are a set of identical twins stationed on board Nimitz. The Wilson twins, have been inseparable since
birth. “We’re always together and have been since we were born, and now we’re together in the Navy,” said Michael, the youngest of the two by 10 minutes. According to Steven, both he and his brother joined the Navy in February 2010 to get out of Modesto. “We picked the same rate because of the opportunities it brings,” said Michael. “We are already more than halfway through with our [college] degrees in nuclear science.” The twins, who were both rated as machinist mates, left for bootcamp together only to be put in the same compartment, but in different divisions.
“The RDCs (recruit division commanders) didn’t know we were together and that we were twins [in the same compartment] until we were halfway through bootcamp,” said Steven. “They found out when we were doing our nuke screening.” According to Steven, the RDCs in bootcamp were shocked when they found out there had been a set of twins in the same compartment for weeks without their knowing. “They hadn’t realized there was a set of twins in the compartment since our beds were on opposite sides of the room, and we were in different divisions so we were never standing
right next to each other,” said Steven. The Wilson twins have been in the Navy for three years and on board Nimitz for about a year. “[When we were picking orders out of A-school], I picked San Diego and he picked Japan, but somehow we both got sent to the Nimitz in Washington,” said Michael. Steven realizes that having his twin brother with him has been a different experience than most Sailors go through when they first come to a ship. “It’s different having my [twin] brother on board because I didn’t have to go through coming to ship and not knowing anyone,” said Steven. For Steven, it is also beneficial to have his brother on board because he has someone he can talk to about his job that is related to him. “Since we both work in reactor we can’t talk to anyone else in our family about what we do for work, but we can talk to each other about our work days because we both do the same thing all day and we understand what each other is going through,” said Steven. The twins work in different work centers and have opposite work schedules, but they live in the same berthing and try to go to the gym or lunch with each other when their schedules permit. Even though they have a lot in common, the twins do have some things about them that differentiates them from one another. “We listen to different kinds of music, we have different circles of friends we hang out with and we dress differently [when in our civilian clothes],” said Steven. Despite these differences, the twins have used their physical similarities to play jokes on the crew from time to time. “When we first came on board we would purposely wear different uniforms every day so people would get confused trying to figure out how one of us could change our uniform so quickly,” said Michael. Even though the twins have spent most of their lives together, their plans for the future include different paths. Steven said he plans on going to work at a geothermal nuclear power plant in San Diego when he is no longer in the Navy, and Michael said he is indecisive if he is going to go back to school when he gets out of the Navy or go to work in the energy field.
HYDRATE Story by MCSN Derek Harkins Photo by MC1 (AW/SW) Michael D. Cole
Since the aircraft carrier USS Nimitz (CVN 68) departed from Thailand, many of the Sailors and Marines on board have been struck by an illness the crew has dubbed “double dragon.” The ailment has resulted in symptoms such as vomiting and diarrhea, often simultaneously. “Dehydration is a side effect of this bug that’s going around,” said Hospital Corpsman 3rd Class Michael Waltich, a preventive medicine technician aboard Nimitz. Waltich recognizes that Sailors and Marines have been told to hydrate frequently, probably since attending basic training. However, many service members may not understand exactly why. “When you start getting dehydrated, your body tries to push fluids it doesn’t really have,” said Waltich. “Everything dilates, including your blood vessels and your pupils. That’s one of the ways we can tell someone is going into heat exhaustion.” According to Lt. Sarah Browning, a physician’s assistant aboard Nimitz, dehydration can result in a number of different symptoms. These symptoms can include low blood pressure, weakness and altered vision. Heat, such as that experienced aboard Nimitz as temperatures rise, can contribute to dehydration. “Your body starts to sweat in excess,” said Browning. “That’s where
a lot of dehydration really comes from. Your body is trying to cool you down with those fluids. As it progresses, your body won’t have any fluids left. That’s when you stop sweating and could become a heat stroke casualty.” While dehydration can always be a risk if personnel aren’t consuming enough water, Waltich finds that the issue grows when Nimitz is deployed. “We’ve had some issues with dehydration, including people fainting because of it,” said Waltich. “It’s one of the bigger issues during deployment, especially as we move into the Gulf.” According to Browning, hydration needs may differ from person to person. While one and a half or two liters of water may be appropriate for some people, those who exercise frequently or work on the flight deck may require more. Regardless, these people should never get to the point that they are thirsty. “By the time you feel that you’re thirsty, you’re way in the negative,” said Browning. “You’re almost dehydrated at that point.” While dehydration may be a side effect of the illness being spread between Nimitz’ Sailors and Marines, those afflicted should make the effort to combat the problem for their own well being. “People are vomiting and getting diarrhea,” said Waltich. “Your body isn’t holding down all the water you drink because it comes back up when you vomit. You’re also losing water when you have diarrhea. That’s why we’re telling people to drink more water.”
D F RUNDOWN E
Story by MCSN Derek Harkins Photo by MC3 Derek W. Volland
very day aboard the aircraft carrier USS Nimitz (CVN 68), all hands are cordially invited to the ship’s hangar bay and flight deck to participate in a procedure designed to help reduce unnecessary incidents caused by gear adrift. This procedure, a foreign object debris (FOD) walk down, requires Sailors and Marines to walk all the way across the deck in one large group, removing all potentially hazardous items from the deck and surrounding areas. “There are hazards that require us to do a FOD walk down,” said Aviation Machinist’s Mate 1st Class Joseph Richard, assigned to the Gray Wolves of Electronic Attack Squadron (VAQ) 142. Cans, equipment and any other gear left adrift by personnel can cause these hazards. This can even include personal belongings, such as notebook paper or lighters. “The exhaust from aircraft can project or ignite objects, and potentially harm individuals and aircrafts,” said Richard. According to Richard, while the hangar bay can include many risks, the amount of activity on the flight deck can make FOD walk downs performed there even more crucial. “On the flight deck, it’s even more hazardous than in the hangar bay,” said Richard. “A lot of aircraft are running at the same time and there are a bunch of people moving around.” Whether on the flight deck or in the hangar bay, incidents caused by FOD can result in problems for many Sailors and commands. “FOD can affect a lot of personnel on the ship,” said Richard, whose duties include jet engine maintenance. “Aircraft engines could potentially suck in FOD, which
could cause catastrophic damage to the engine, aircraft, and personnel,” said Richard. Damage to an aircraft’s engine that is caused by FOD can put a potential strain on the workload of Richard, his squadron, or many different commands aboard Nimitz. “[FOD] doesn’t just affect me,” said Richard. “FOD affects our mission capability as a squadron. It can put a strain on the supply system when there are parts that have to be replaced [because of a FOD incident.]” The damages inflicted to personnel can be mild or severe. The affect may not even be immediately visible. “A person getting hit by FOD could find themselves part of our next medical emergency,” said Richard. “Depending on the circumstances, it could break skin, require stitches, or create a hole in a flotation device that we don’t know about.” Participation in FOD walk downs doesn’t just help Nimitz and its operations. In extreme cases, it can help save lives.
Sailors conduct FOD walkdown.
A fun and easy guide by Cdr. Matthew Miller N33/N35 Sub Ops/Future Plans
Definitions (my words) This is one of my favorite topics and is the underpinning for my own personal retirement investment strategy.
Stock Index Fund – A mutual fund that mimics an unmanaged set of stocks that make up a well known, publicized stock index. The most famous is the S&P 500 Index which is basically the 500 largest companies in the U.S. There is no hired manager to pick stocks and there is minimal trading. A computer determines what to buy and sell based on what stocks are in the index. If you are buying U.S. stocks (more to follow on International Stocks and Bonds), the best thing you can do is buy a Total Stock Market Index which means you basically own every stock there is in the U.S. Actively Managed Fund – A mutual fund that is managed by an investment professional who tries to pick stocks that are aligned with a certain sector (like health care or energy), aligned with a certain style (like fast growing companies or companies that are undervalued), aligned with a certain size (like small companies or large companies), or some combination. There are fees associated with these types of funds that are not associated with index funds. The investment professional must be paid, research must be conducted, there may be sales commissions associated with buying and/or selling the fund, there are generally higher marketing expenses associated with promoting the fund, there are trading costs associated with buying and selling stocks, and so on. As you can probably guess, these costs add up and ultimately destroy value over time in almost every case.
Action You should invest in index funds if: • You want to practically GUARANTEE you will get your fair share of the profits (through dividends and earnings growth) earned by corporations over time • You want to eliminate all risk associated with buying stocks in individual companies (who knows ahead of time which companies will go out of business, get sued, or survive and thrive?) – note: you cannot eliminate market risk which is why you need to invest in stocks for the long term • You want to eliminate all risk associated with a specific fund manager (who knows if the manager really knows what he/she is doing or has been getting lucky?) • You want to eliminate all risk in choosing a specific investment style (who knows if growth stocks will outperform value stocks over time?) • You don’t like paying extra to end up worse off (you pay less for an index fund, so why start a race 3 steps behind?) You should invest in actively managed funds if: • You think you can figure out ahead of time which types of stocks will outperform the rest of the market • You don’t mind paying extra for an extremely small chance of coming out ahead over time • You have a complex investing strategy that requires targeted diversification • I can’t think of any other reasons Mathematical Facts (these come from “The Little Book of Common Sense Investing” by John Bogle and are truly ASTOUNDING) • As a group, all stock investors must earn the overall return of the stock market BEFORE TAKING INTO ACCOUNT EXPENSES. If some investors do better, then others must do worse. In aggregate, we are the market, so we cannot beat the market. • Expenses reduce your return and the average annual expenses for actively managed stock funds are 2.5% per year (includes commissions known as sales loads, management expenses, trading expenses, research expenses, marketing expenses, overhead expenses, etc.) – over 50 years, this 2.5% per year will cost you $323,600 on a single $10,000 investment – HOLY SMOKES. • For the last 100 plus years, the U.S. stock market as a whole has returned almost exactly what U.S. businesses have returned in terms of dividends and earnings growth (9.6% annual market return and 9.5% annual investment return from U.S. businesses) • In 1970, there were 355 stock mutual funds.
Their record as compared to the S&P 500 Index has been abysmal. The following pertains: o 223 of the 355 funds have gone out of business (I would guess the people who bought those funds weren’t planning on that) o Only 45 out of 355 funds have beaten the S&P 500 Index (less than 13% of the funds) o Only 24 out of 355 funds have beaten the S&P 500 Index by more than 1% (less than 7% of the funds) o Only 9 out of 355 funds have beaten the S&P 500 Index by more than 2% (less than 3% of the funds, but an incredible accomplishment nonetheless) • Do you know which 3% of funds are going to beat the stock market as a whole (after expenses) over the next 36 years? I know I don’t. To quote John Bogle, “Why look for the needle in the haystack, when you can just buy the haystack?”
Bonds and International Stocks • For the bond fund portion of your portfolio, the case for indexing is even stronger. There is very little difference in the performance of most bond funds before expenses because market interest rates are basically the same for everyone. There is very little a fund manager can do to change the return, so the dominant factor in determining your return is the level of expenses. Just get the cheapest fund and that’s it. • Some of my friends in financial planning will disagree with me here, but I would stick to an index fund for the international funds as well. For sure, there is a wider range of returns because the international markets (at least emerging markets) are not as efficient as the U.S. stock market. But ask yourself honestly, do you really think you can figure out which funds are going to beat the average after expenses? I know I can’t. Over time, index funds will win out because even international fund managers will have difficulty beating the market consistently over time.
Quotes from Famous Investors • “A low-cost index fund is the most sensible equity investment for the great majority of investors.” – Warren Buffet • “It’s bad enough that you have to take market risk. Only a fool takes on the additional risk of doing yet more damage by failing to diversify properly. Avoid the problem – buy a well run index fund and own the whole market” – William Bernstein • “For the most part, fund managers have offered extremely poor value for money. Their records of outperformance are almost always followed by stretches
of underperformance. And all the while they charge their clients big fees for the privilege of losing their money. You will almost never find a fund manager who can repeatedly beat the market”. – The Economist of London • “The investment business is a giant scam. Most people think they can find managers who can outperform, but most people are wrong. Because managers have fees and incur transaction costs, you know that in the aggregate they are deleting value” – Jack Meyer
Bottom Line Buy index funds with the lowest costs that invest in the total U.S. stock market, total U.S. bond market, and total International stock market. The allocation percentage depends on your time horizon. If you want the allocation taken care of for you, buy target retirement funds (NO ADDITIONAL COSTS TO DO THE ASSET ALLOCATION FOR YOU). These are often called Target Retirement Funds or in the case of TSP, Lifecycle Funds. It is incredibly easy to do well investing over the long run if you follow a simple, disciplined strategy and just stick with it.
Story by MC3 Linda S. Swearingen
Throughout the busy work day of a Sailor or Marine on board the aircraft carrier USS Nimitz (CVN 68) there may be times when they have to transit the hangar bay to easily access other areas of the ship. However there are potential dangers and some safety precautions that need to be observed. “We have aircraft in the hangar bay and a lot of people transit in the hangar bay to get from point A to point B in addition to the people who work out in the hangar bay,” said Religious Programs Specialist 2nd Class Josh R. Smith, of Louisa, Ky., Nimitz’ command safety training petty officer. “It’s a high head strike area and people hit their heads a lot.” According to Smith, no one should walk under the tail hook or the flap wings of the aircraft at any time. Instead, they are encouraged to walk around the aircraft entirely if at all possible. “The most common violation we see is Sailors and Marines walking between the aircraft director and the aircraft when they are moving the aircraft and not wearing cranials when working on their aircraft,” said Aviation Boatswain’s Mate (Handling) 1st Class Laura Butts Fulton, of Douglas, Wy., V-3 leading petty officer. Some of the other potential dangers are in the areas surrounding the aircraft that are blocked off by rope. “If an aircraft is roped off it may mean it has an open fuel cell or it’s up on jacks,”
said Smith. “Only authorized personnel from the squadron should enter the area where the aircraft is roped off.” Aircraft that are roped off between the hours of 11 p.m. to 5 a.m. can be a potential hazard for Sailors transiting through the hangar bay, as that is the designated time for isocyanate painting to be. During this time personnel are encouraged to stay away from the aircraft completely and note the 20 foot radius of space that is roped off around the aircraft. Only the painters and the safety observer who are wearing respirators and proper protective equipment (PPE) are allowed within the 20 foot radius that is roped off. In addition to painting the aircraft in the hangar bay, tests are conducted periodically on the aircraft engines, which can also be potentially hazardous for transiting if safety regulations are not followed. “At any time there can be low power turns, which is when the aircraft engines are being tested and everyone passing through that part of the hangar bay needs double hearing protection and a cranial,” said Smith. “The divisional doors are closed down during that time, but the elevator doors remain open.” According to Chief Aviation Boatswain’s Mate (Equipment) Robert L. Scott, of Leesville, La., Nimitz’ safety leading chief petty officer, even when personnel on board are in a hurry to transit for a drill or an actual casualty, they need to follow hangar bay safety guidelines at all times. “The jets are parked so close together that it’s like going through a maze to go through them,” said Scott. “However, when there are emergencies like a man overboard and people are trying to transit quickly through the hangar bay it is important to be aware of the chains that are tying the aircraft down and to
not trip over them. Transit at a steady pace, but don’t ever run.” According to Smith, running in the hangar bay is only allowed during a designated physical training time in a designated space that is safe to do so. “Sailors and Marines need to be aware of their surroundings,” said Butts Fulton. “The same rules apply in the hangar bay as on the flight deck. Keep your head on a swivel, pay attention to what you’re doing and don’t become complacent about your surrounds because the potential for getting injured is always there.” The red and yellow line on the deck near the elevator doors in the hangar bay is called the safety line and at no time are personnel authorized to cross it without wearing a float coat and being authorized by V-3 hangar bay control. Firefighting equipment, hazmat spill kits and AFFF hose reels are also located in the hangar bay and the immediate areas surrounding them should be kept clear at all times to ensure that they are easily accessible in case of an emergency. “At no point should personnel be sitting on the hose reels or the hazmat spill kits because if there’s an emergency or a casualty the responders need to be able to access them quickly,” said Smith. “If someone is sitting on them and a casualty occurs, it can prevent the responders from quickly accessing things they need if someone is in the way. We [Nimitz’ Safety Department members] encourage Sailors who see other Sailors sitting on the equipment to politely ask them to get off the equipment and we constantly walk around the hangar bay educating people about this safety violation.” For more information on hangar bay safety guidelines go to NIMITZAIRINST 3700.1.
Photo: ABH3 Matthew Halliday
SPURS LEAD SERIES 1-0
THE LONG AND WINDING ROAD The NBA playoffs are a grueling gauntlet of contests that stand between teams, players and basketball immortality. Along this long and winding road, the body and mind begin to breakdown for even the most unstoppable of teams. That is what we are witnessing through game one of the NBA Finals. Lebron James and company are tired, and they have every right to be. The NBA playoffs follow an 82 game regular season. If all playoff series go the seven-game distance, a player can end up playing a total of 110 games. This is usually followed by a period of rest before the next season begins, unless of course, your two best players spend their summer representing the United States in the Summer Olympics. James and Dwayne Wade have played an unbelievable amount of basketball over the last two years, and signs of wearing down are beginning to show.
The San Antonio Spurs, the only hope to dethrone the Heat, have keyed in on this and are forcing the rest of the Heat to step up. That is when things begin to get messy, as they did in San Antonioâ€™s 92-88 game one victory. Ray Allen is a Hall of Famer, but is clearly on his last legs. Chris Bosh is an all-star in title only and cannot contend with Spurs legend Tim Duncan in the paint, where it matters. This leaves the likes of Shane Battier and Chris Anderson to rally around their exhausted leadership and rise above the Spurs torrid defense, the all-world play of Spurâ€™s guard Tony Parker and a genius of a coach in Gregg Poovich. There is still time for James, who finished game one with a triple-double, to circle the wagons and get back to playing Heat basketball, but it will take championship basketball from the rest of the Heat and a return to form for Dwayne Wade. Chapter two comes Sunday night in Miami.
AROUND THE LEAGUE NUGGETS OUST KARL
After an early playoff ouster, the Denver Nuggets have parted ways with beleaguered coach George Karl. This move comes just weeks after Karl was named NBA Coach of the Year. Karl guided the third-youngest team in the NBA to the third-best record in the Western Conference during the regular season. After losing the Executive of the Year in Masai Uriji and now the Coach of the Year in Karl, the Nuggets face an uphill battle next season in an increasingly difficult Western Conference.
DURANT JOINS JAY-Z With an ever-growing list of clients, newlyminted sports agent Jay-Z added a thunderous new addition to his stable. Kevin Durant, all-world player for the Oklahoma City Thunder has decided to sign with the rap mogul and join the likes of Robinson Cano and Dez Bryant. Still in the early stages of an already legendary career, this could be a move to mega-stardom for the selfless leader of one of the youngest teams in the league.
NEWS & NOTES
THE EAST BRUINS WIN SERIES 4-0
BLACKHAWKS LEAD SERIES 3-1 VS
VS Game 4 proved to be momentous for each conference this week. In the East, the Boston Bruins finished a clean sweep of the Pittsburgh Penguins – a scenario that would have seemed unthinkable only a few weeks ago. Defenseman Adam McQuaid scored the only goal of the game in the third period, perfectly illustrating a common theme throughout the series: Boston finding a way to score and Pittsburgh’s chances foiled at every turn. Whoever wins in the West now faces the daunting prospect of playing a well-rested Bruins team that looks to be at the pinnacle of their game.
Top-seeded Chicago Blackhawks snapped the Los Angeles Kings’ 15-game home winning streak and edged closer to the Stanley Cup finals. The game was a back and forth affair and a thrilling example of playoff hockey. Patrick Kane scored an equalizing goal in the second period and Marian Hossa provided the go-ahead goal early in the third period to give the Blackhawks a crucial road victory. The typically low-scoring Kings managed to score a goal each from Slava Voynov and Dustin Penner, but they were no match for the Blackhawks high-powered offense despite tough back checking and dogged defending. The Kings now face a mustwin situation as they head to Chicago for Game 5.
MAJOR LEAGUE BASEBALL STANDINGS
BOSTON NEW YORK BALTIMORE TAMPA BAY TORONTO
36 34 33 32 25
24 25 26 26 34
ATLANTA PHILADELPHIA WASHINGTON NEW YORK MIAMI
DETROIT CLEVELAND MINNESOTA CHICAGO KANSAS CITY
31 30 26 25 24
26 29 30 32 32
ST. LOUIS CINCINNATI PITTSBURGH CHICAGO MILWAUKEE
31 30 26 25 24
26 29 30 32 32
TEXAS OAKLAND LOS ANGELES SEATTLE HOUSTON
36 36 26 26 22
22 25 34 34 38
ARIZONA COLORADO SAN FRANCISCO SAN DIEGO LOS ANGELES
36 36 26 26 22
22 25 34 34 38
36 34 33 32 25
24 25 26 26 34