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Coupé and Leibman


American Jewish Archives 44, no. 1 (1992):81-140; Rochelle Weinstein, “Sepulchral Monuments of the Jews of Amsterdam in the Seventeenth and Eighteen Centuries” (Ph.D. diss., 2 vols., New York University, 1979). The cemetery is also discussed briefly in David Mayer Gradwohl’s “Benditcha Sea Vuestra Memoria.” 10. Gert Oostindie, Paradise Overseas, 35-36. The slave trade was abolished in Curaçao in 1815, although slaves were not emancipated until 1863. 11. Pauline Winkel refers to the process as “wall cancer.” Pauline Pruneit Winkel, Scharloo. A Nineteenth-Century Quarter of Willemstad, Curaçao: Historical Architecture and its Background (Florence: Edizioni Poligrafico Fiorentino, 1987), 153-55. 12. Douglas Keister, Stories in Stone: A Field Guide to Cemetery Symbolism and Iconography, (Salt Lake City: Gibbs Smith, 2004), 236. 13. Jonathan Sarna, “Port Jews in the Atlantic: Further Thoughts,” Jewish History 20 (2006): 215. Aviva Ben-Ur, “Still Life: Sephardi, Ashkenazi, and West African Art and Form in Suriname’s Jewish Cemeteries,” American Jewish History 92, no. 1 (2004): 40, 44-45.

14. Ben-Ur, “Still Life,” 45.

15. Moshe Chaim Luzzatto, The Way of God, trans. Aryeh Kaplan (Jerusalem: Feldheim, 1996), 53. Rabbi Luzzatto (the “Ramchal”) was a highly influential early-eighteenthcentury Sephardic Kabbalist who lived in Amsterdam for part of his life. 16. Joel Robbins,“Secrecy and the Sense of an Ending: Narrative,Time, and Everyday Millenarianism in Papua New Guinea and in Christian Fundamentalism.” Comparative Studies in Society and History 43(3) 2001: 535-51.

17. Emmanuel, Precious Stones, 81.

18. “The Curaçao Jewish Community Today,” Mikvé Israel-Emanuel, http://www. Date of access?

19. Benjamin, Jews of the Dutch Caribbean, 124.

20. Benjamin, Jews of the Dutch Caribbean, 122, 124. 21. Mikvé Israel-Emanuel for the Sephardim and Shaare Tsedek for the Ashkenazim.

22. Typically Sephardic cemeteries use flat ledger stones while Ashkenazi cemeteries use upright stones.

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Markers XXVII  

Annual Journal of the Association for Gravestone Studies

Markers XXVII  

Annual Journal of the Association for Gravestone Studies

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