Vincent F. Luti
less importantly, lumpy noses. The careful drawing and modeling skill place them apart from the effigy face John New developed about the same time. Border designs range from the simple or non-existent to a very lacy, cyma curve, i.e., leafy vines suspended from rings or rosettes reflecting the same range and usage exhibited on the skull stones (see Figure 8, border design chart). The winged effigies attributable to George, Allen Jr. in chronological order are these:
1739 1759 1759 1760 1760 1760 1761 1761 1761 1761 1763 1763 1763
Thomas Read, Mendon (backdated) Eunice Newton, Shrewsbury John Stevens, Providence Job Cushing, Shrewsbury Joseph Torry, Mendon David Cowell, Trenton, N.J. Richard Davenport, Sutton William Bacon, Norwood Theodore Man, Norfolk (Figure 4) Seth Bennett, Cranston, R.I. Augustus Dexter, Providence (Figure 1) John Spoldin, Providence Mary Walker, Edenton, N.C.
Collaborative stones include: 1761 Luke Thurston, Providence, effigy probably by George Sr. lettered by George Jr. 1763 Jonathan Billings, Sharon, effigy by George Jr., lettered by John New (Figure 7) 1765 Pelatiah Man, Wrentham, effigy by George Jr., lettered by John New 1765 Isaac Temple, Marlboro, effigy by George Jr., lettered by John New (face damaged) Skull Work I sort the round-eyed skulls in relation to a central, unambiguous norm, a design with double outlining. That is, the line outlining the lower two thirds of the skull results from a line that double edges the wing ribs where they rise up around the lower two thirds of the skull. Eight good examples of this design are extant, all substantiated by excellent, general probate payment records proving they are Allen Jr.â€™s lettering. The norm is so distinctive that it cannot be confused with that of any other carver. A telltale feature, ranging from only slight to very pronounced, is the undercut jaw just below the
Annual Journal of the Association for Gravestone Studies