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Grounding the city Approaches, Tools and Techniques

Cusco Sun City An experimental territory on the site of the Alejandro Velasco Astete Airport Politecnico di Torino, April 8th 2014


Grounding the city Approaches, Tools and Techniques

Giovanni Battista Nolli, Rome Topography 1748


Grounding the city Approaches, Tools and Techniques

Pierre Patte, Monumental spaces of Paris built to the glory of Louis XV, 1765

Mill Creek, Plan for the Open Space of Philadelhia, 1959


Grounding the city Approaches, Tools and Techniques

Le Corbusier La ville radieuse, 1935


Grounding the city Approaches, Tools and Techniques

Ludwig Hilberseimer, The New City, 1944 Frank Lloyd Wright, Broadacre City, 1950-1955 Archizoom, No Stop City, 1970


Grounding the city Approaches, Tools and Techniques

Open spaces in Milton Keynes (1970)


Grounding the city Approaches, Tools and Techniques

AndrĂŠ Gutton, Plan for an open space network in Saint-Germain-des-PrĂŠs, Paris,1960


Grounding the city Approaches, Tools and Techniques

Berlino, IBA1978-1987

Parigi, 1984-1997

Barcellona, 1981-1992


Grounding the city Approaches, Tools and Techniques

OMA, Parc de La Villette, Paris 1982-83


Strips running east-west. 50 meters width (nature guided program: theme gardens, playgrounds, discovery gardens...)

Point Grids or Confetti: kiosks, playgrounds, bars, picnic areas...

OMA, Parc de La Villette, Paris 1982-83

Composition of the major elements: the Science Museum, the Grande Halle, the Circular forest...

Access and circulation: the Boulevard and the Promenade.


OMA, Parc de La Villette, Paris 1982-83


OMA, Parc de La Villette, Paris 1982-83


Grounding the city Approaches, Tools and Techniques

OMA, Ville Nouvelle Melun-Sènart, 1987


OMA, Ville Nouvelle Melun-Sènart, 1987


OMA, Ville Nouvelle Melun-Sènart, 1987


OMA, Ville Nouvelle Melun-Sènart, 1987


Bands

Islands

Main axes

OMA, Ville Nouvelle Melun-Sènart, 1987


OMA, Ville Nouvelle Melun-Sènart, 1987


OMA, Ville Nouvelle Melun-Sènart, 1987


Grounding the city Approaches, Tools and Techniques

Gregotti Associati, Area Pirelli della Bicocca, Milano 1986-88


Grounding the city Approaches, Tools and Techniques

Bernardo Secchi, Siena, Progetto di suolo, 1991


Grounding the city Approaches, Tools and Techniques

Bernardo Secchi, Firenze-Prato, Progetto di suolo, 1995


plateaux, côteaux et vallées: les relations écologiques © équipe Studio 09, Secchi-Viganò

d’une ceinture verte ne nous aide pas à la mise en relation de ces trois paysages. La forme du système écologique est inscrite dans la topographie et dans le travail des

Grounding the city Approaches, Tools and Techniques

eaux. Les côteaux jouent un rôle de mise en relation des deux autres paysages. Il s’agit d’accentuer les possibilités de percolation au travers des côteaux pour connecter les forêts à l’eau, plutôt que d’imaginer de grands couloirs. 2 les bandes boisées et d’agriculture biologique Aujourd’hui la pollution des eaux est en grande partie déterminée par l’agriculture. On imagine de concentrer autour des zones de captation d’eau potable 20%des terrains dédiés à l’agriculture biologique comme le

préconise le Grenelle de l’environnementd’ici

plateaux, côteaux et va relations écologiques

© équipe Studio 09, Secchi-Vigan

à 2020, avec la recommandation que ces surfaces puissent être situées de préférence sur les 700.000 hectares des périmètres de captation d’eau potable et de renforcer les bandes de végétation le long des cours eaux. côteaux

3 habiter le périmètre Aujourd’hui les parcs sont rarement des lieux de connexion entre les différentes parties qui

eaux

les entourent, mais plutot de distanciation et de séparation. On a étudié les bords des parcs existants et on a sélectionné ceux

connexions écologiques

qui pourraient etre modifiés et transformés.

côteaux

Là on imagine des rives habitées mais espaces verts boisés

perméables qui puissent rendre plus aisée l’appropriation du parc.

agriculture biologique

connexions écologique

espaces verts boisés

95 wetland

eaux

agriculture biologique

94 wetland

Studio 08, La Metropole Poreuse. Open spaces and waters


106

90

107

Studio 08, La Metropole Poreuse

60

91


Grounding the city Approaches, Tools and Techniques

Adriaan Geuze, West 8, Schouwburgplein, Rotterdam,1991-1996


Adriaan Geuze, West 8, Schouwburgplein, Rotterdam,1991-1996


Adriaan Geuze, West 8, Schouwburgplein, Rotterdam,1991-1996


Adriaan Geuze, West 8, Schouwburgplein, Rotterdam,1991-1996


Grounding the city Approaches, Tools and Techniques

Adriaan Geuze, West 8, Borneo/Sporenburg, Amsterdam,1993-1996


Adriaan Geuze, West 8, Borneo/Sporenburg, Amsterdam,1993-1996


Adriaan Geuze, West 8, Borneo/Sporenburg, Amsterdam,1993-1996


Adriaan Geuze, West 8, Borneo/Sporenburg, Amsterdam,1993-1996


Adriaan Geuze, West 8, Borneo/Sporenburg, Amsterdam,1993-1996


Adriaan Geuze, West 8, Borneo/Sporenburg, Amsterdam,1993-1996


Adriaan Geuze, West 8, Borneo/Sporenburg, Amsterdam,1993-1996


Adriaan Geuze, West 8, Borneo/Sporenburg, Amsterdam,1993-1996


Adriaan Geuze, West 8, Borneo/Sporenburg, Amsterdam,1993-1996


Grounding the city Approaches, Tools and Techniques

“Might be conceivable to construct a park with no style of its own, where all the elements of a garden, all the plants, even all the styles, are loosely linked together? Where the elements are arranged alphabetically, everything easy to find and to refer to, like one unimaginably large collection? A Pixel Town where the boundaries between park and building become indistinct and where the building dissolves into a landscape of differences.�

MVRDV, Buga 2001 / Plant City, Postdam, Berlino, 1997


Saved elements

hills and accesses

97 streets 920 fields 17 avenues

Alphabetical zones

MVRDV, Buga 2001 / Plant City, Postdam, Berlino, 1997


MVRDV, Buga 2001 / Plant City, Postdam, Berlino, 1997


MVRDV, Buga 2001 / Plant City, Postdam, Berlino, 1997


Grounding the city Approaches, Tools and Techniques

Archizoom, No Stop City, 1970


Grounding the city Approaches, Tools and Techniques

Rural model of weak urbanization based on converting and producing natural energies Model that can be used in a lot of reversing different ways Unexpressing materials and buildings

Andrea Branzi, Agronica, 1995


Andrea Branzi, Strijp Philips, Eindhoven, 1999


The design of the ground has not been traced on a car raod model but as a patern composed by pedestrian, cycling and tramway paths . A sort of wide “tartan� made by weak infrastructures traced on the field. On this wide tartan we can design the composition of layers of services, housing and commercial buildings, gardens, transports, lighting. A central axe is located on the north-south railway with theatres, lunaparks, research centers, mills and wind turbines (a sort of wind farm). All the infrastructure related to the distribution of energies are aerial and not grounded

Andrea Branzi, Strijp Philips, Eindhoven, 1999


Andrea Branzi, Strijp Philips, Eindhoven, 1999


Grounding the city Approaches, Tools and Techniques


Grounding the city Approaches, Tools and Techniques

Richard Long, Walking a line in Peru, NY 1986

Christopher Lamarca, Defenders of the Forest, 2005

Richard T.T. Forman Mosaico territorial for the Barcelona Metropolitan Region


Grounding the city Approaches, Tools and Techniques

Dennis Oppenheim, Annual Rings, 1968


Grounding the city Approaches, Tools and Techniques


Grounding the city Approaches, Tools and Techniques

Landscape Ecology Principles in Landscape Architecture and Land-Use Planning, Patches / Edges and Boundaries / Mosaics


Grounding the city Approaches, Tools and Techniques

“Landscape urbanism brings together two previously unrelated terms to suggest a new hybrid discipline� James Corner In the name of: Horizontality Infrastructure Process vs Form Techniques Ecology


Grounding the city Approaches, Tools and Techniques

Hilberseimer, Ludwig, The City in the Landscape


Grounding the city Approaches, Tools and Techniques


Grounding the city Approaches, Tools and Techniques


Grounding the city Approaches, Tools and Techniques

Landslag Ltd. Landscape Architects FILA, Avalanche-protection structures, Islanda, 1998-1999


Grounding the city Approaches, Tools and Techniques

Chriss Reed / Stoss Landscape Urbanism, Riverside Park, New Bedford, Massachusets, 2001-2002


1. fields 2. parkings 3. skateboarding 4. playgrounds 5. basket 6. football 7. garden 8. wind turbine 9. riverside

“This project is conceived as a mutable ground for hydrologic, ecological, and programmatic adaptation. It taps into on-site hydrologies and ecologies, both present and latent, to set in motion a re-appropriation of site, program, and context. Together, landform and vegetal strategies initiate estabilishment of a dynamic performance ground for growth, succession, and modification.�

Chriss Reed / Stoss Landscape Urbanism, Riverside Park, New Bedford, Massachusets, 2001-2002


Chriss Reed / Stoss Landscape Urbanism, Riverside Park, New Bedford, Massachusets, 2001-2002


Chriss Reed / Stoss Landscape Urbanism, Riverside Park, New Bedford, Massachusets, 2001-2002


Chriss Reed / Stoss Landscape Urbanism, Riverside Park, New Bedford, Massachusets, 2001-2002


Grounding the city Approaches, Tools and Techniques

Field Operations, Lifescape. Fresh kills Parklands, Staten Island (NY), 2001


“Staten Island can assume a new identity as an expansive nature sprawl. A spread of lush vegetation, birds, mammals, and amphibians. A new nature-lifestyle island, both destination and envy of the surronding urbanites. As a catalyst for this new identity, the reclaimed Fresh Kills Reserve will form the heart of an expansive green matrix of infinite horizons and newly connected ecosystems.�

Field Operations, Lifescape. Fresh kills Parklands, Staten Island (NY), 2001


“We propose a matrix of linear pathways and elements (threads), surfaces and fields (mats), and clustering groupings (islands) to maximize opportunities for access and movement - movement of seeds and biota as well as people and activities.� Linear Threads: water, energy and matter around the site. Clusters of islands: protected habitat, seed source, program activity Surface mats: renovated salt marsh, eastern prairie, recreation fields, freshwaters wetlands, event surfaces.


Seeding: pubblic access into safe areas of the reserve, restoration of native habitat, creating landscapes for the immediate neighborhoods. Infrastructure: new roadways, utilities, plantings, structures for a wide range programs. Programming: golf, sports, education, arts, green-houses...

Field Operations, Lifescape. Fresh kills Parklands, Staten Island (NY), 2001


Field Operations, Lifescape. Fresh kills Parklands, Staten Island (NY), 2001


Field Operations, Lifescape. Fresh kills Parklands, Staten Island (NY), 2001


Field Operations, Lifescape. Fresh kills Parklands, Staten Island (NY), 2001


Field Operations, Lifescape. Fresh kills Parklands, Staten Island (NY), 2001


Field Operations, Lifescape. Fresh kills Parklands, Staten Island (NY), 2001


“The site presents an opportunity to develop a new form of pubblic-ecological landscape, an alternative paradigm of human creativity, biologically informed, guided more by time and process than by space and form.”

“Ecological reflection, passive recreation, active sports and exercise, creativity, performance and cultural events, community development, economic enhancement and neighborhood revitalization all take their place alongside the micro-macroscopic processes of lifescape.”

Field Operations, Lifescape. Fresh kills Parklands, Staten Island (NY), 2001


Field Operations, Lifescape. Fresh kills Parklands, Staten Island (NY), 2001


Grounding the city Approaches, Tools and Techniques

Ecosistema urbano, Ecological Boulevard for a socially innovative public space, Madrid, 2004-2007


Ecosistema urbano, Ecological Boulevard for a socially innovative public space, Madrid, 2004-2007


Ecosistema urbano, Ecological Boulevard for a socially innovative public space, Madrid, 2004-2007


Ecosistema urbano, Ecological Boulevard for a socially innovative public space, Madrid, 2004-2007


Ecosistema urbano, Ecological Boulevard for a socially innovative public space, Madrid, 2004-2007


Ecosistema urbano, Ecological Boulevard for a socially innovative public space, Madrid, 2004-2007


Ecosistema urbano, Ecological Boulevard for a socially innovative public space, Madrid, 2004-2007


Ecosistema urbano, Ecological Boulevard for a socially innovative public space, Madrid, 2004-2007


Grounding the city Approaches, Tools and Techniques

Plan:b Arquitectos / Mazzanti Arquitectos, Public projects, Medellin /Caracas/BogotĂ , 2000 >>


Grounding the city Approaches, Tools and Techniques

Field Operations, Diller Scofidio + Renfro, The High Line, NY 2003-2009


Grounding the city Approaches, Tools and Techniques

Cusco Sun City An experimental territory on the site of the Alejandro Velasco Astete Airport Politecnico di Torino, April 8th 2014


Grounding the city lr