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SOAR A Place To Discover Birds of Prey


Soar_Curtis Ryan


Soar_Curtis Ryan

A Special Thanks To my family. To my friends. To my committee.


Soar_Curtis Ryan


Soar_Curtis Ryan

Contents

Introduction Ecology Location Precedent Analysis Climate Education Case Studies Program Sources


Soar_Curtis Ryan


Soar_Curtis Ryan

Introduction Statement The intent of this project is to explore the options available in creating a learning facility that focuses on the eagle and other select birds of prey for the small Southwestern Wisconsin community of Prairie Du Sac. The facility will accommodate people of all ages with interactive exhibits and live birds of prey shows. The towns of Prairie Du Sac and Sauk City, collectively known and Sauk Prairie, currently have a designated time in the year for tourists to come and enjoy eagle viewing and sponsored educational programs. My goal in this project is to provide a place for eagle watching tourists to keep visiting the area throughout the year. The new center will host programs which will draw more eagle watchers to the area as well as provide a place for schools to come visit, giving students a unique learning experience year round.


Soar_Curtis Ryan


Soar_Curtis Ryan

Ecology

Eagle History Benjamin Franklin was initially opposed to the idea of choosing the bald eagle as the national bird of the United States, possibly because of the birds scavenging nature; Franklin favored the wild turkey instead. Despite his argument that the wild turkey was more important to American settlers, the bald eagle was declared the national bird of the United States in 1782. Human activities such as pesticide contamination and hunting caused a severe decline in the eagle population numbers. Even though the bald eagle is protected by several laws, including the Endangered Species Act, the eagle faced extinction. Finally, the trends were reversed, the populations recovered, and the bald eagle was officially removed from the Endangered Species List in 1999. Currently, there are at least 9,789 nesting pairs of Bald Eagles in the United States. According to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Minnesota and Wisconsin have the most with 1,312 and 1,065 respectively.


Soar_Curtis Ryan


Soar_Curtis Ryan

Location

Prairie Du Sac, Wisconsin Right off of the Wisconsin River lies the town of Prairie Du Sac. Currently during the winter months, Eagles are naturally drawn to the area due to the dam upstream keeping the water from freezing. Since 1988, when the first organized eagle-watching days took place, people have been coming to this small town to view the eagles in their natural habitat. The town has a group of volunteers who set up a weekend long program typically in January which allows tourists to view and learn more about the eagles. Along the river, a platform and viewing scope are set up to allow visitors to get a glimpse of these magnificent creatures.


Soar_Curtis Ryan


Soar_Curtis Ryan

Site Information Currently Graff Park, has minimal use from pedestrians. Roughly one-quarter of an acre, the site has an area located right along the road, which is buildable, while the riverfront area is all within the towns floodplain. Eagles Island lies directly out from the site, which is more than 330 feet in separation. This is the recommended distance to observe eagles from outdoors without disturbing them.


Soar_Curtis Ryan


Soar_Curtis Ryan

Graff Park Because of the site’s location, the park does not seem to receive a large amount of use. The main road, within feet of the park, gives visitors a reason to spend time in many of the other parks located in the city. Currently there is no river access given to this site due to a steep grade and fence blocking the way. A flag, several bench seats and small flower garden compose of the park. This site has great potential for a educational center due to its relation to eagle island. It’s location also gives it great views of the rolling landscape, prime access for a river walkway, and a gateway to the downtown district of Prairie Du Sac.


Soar_Curtis Ryan

Site

This zoning map displays that the site is on the edge of the Downtown Overlay. It would be very beneficial to the site to be integrated into the down town area where most activity and stores are located. The zoning map also shows that the flood plain is right along the site edge, which will have much influence on how the shape of the building is determined.


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Dam Heights Rd

CON - Conservancy

Da m

Residential Districts

Rd

R-R - Rural Residential R-1-A - Single-Family Residential R-1-B - Single-Family Residential R-2 - Two-Family Residential R-M - Multi-Family Residential

Keller Rd

Official Zoning Map

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78 " @ 1540

Village of Prairie du Sac

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710

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105

94

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126 120 104

85

50

75

36 20

Webster Ave

165

115

Washington St

Madison St

Sycamore St

Village of Sauk City

175

285

100

470

10

5

Oak St

50

30 45

227 205

185

175

155

163 155

139 125

115 60

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124

116

149 137 135 105

100

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25 25

60 " @ 78 " @

I-1 - Institutional AIR - Airport

A-PPUD - Agricultural Preservation - Planned Unit Development A-H - Agricultural Holding Development TND - Traditional Neighborhood A-T - Agricultural Transition CON - Conservancy

Currently the site is zoned as a conservancy. This Residential is because ofDistricts its current state as a park. As you R-Rit -isRural Residential can see located right next to the B-C (cenR-1-A - Single-Family tral business) area as wellResidential as the PUD. This PUD R-1-Ba- housing Single-Family is actually unitResidential and retail on the street Town of R-2 - Two-Family Residential front. Small boutique shops are located here. Roxbury R-M - Multi-Family Residential

Town of West Point

180

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241

160

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90

385

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187

257

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295

240

46

305 295

225

174 150

121 710

295

230

202

275

247 275

230

235

235

205

240

212

203

Grand Ave

315

240 240 240 230

70 230 70 60

241

250

75

246

85

250

206

249

97

275

229

216

205

265

246

Lincoln Ave

873/ 875

34/36 35

1300

1310

1320

1430/ 1432

1440/ 1442

330 645

375

305

225

245

325

270

260

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1375

24

285/287

415

220 220

210

246 230

248

243

262

259

280 270

Prairie Ave

26

5

575

215

229

1380 1340 1320

28

33

570

480

615 359

372 374 372 374

319

360 325

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250 260 250 535 510 510

620

226

265

260

147

510

655

248

245

274

85

131

630

705

259

273

339

Winnie Ave

50

685

380 350

585

410

555

681/ 683

680 575

665/ 667

660 685 680

785 779

735

725

760

715

650

475

890 855

875

675

370

294

755 750

146

204

650 147

670

732

720/722 725/727

710

690

725

350

6

73

726

685

893

886 885

820

860

840

815

880

835

411

840

182

727

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730

730

108

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106

399

704

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91

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900 901

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1230 1235

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1220 1209

1240 274

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1515

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1220 1225

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1525

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365

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1535

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1530

1510

1525

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1525

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1530 1535

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1540

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1527

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1602

1540

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268

296

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351

350

325

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185

160

278 1

320

295

393 360

350 347

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195

184

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312

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301

306

305

343

330

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505

175

160 157

290

308

352

357

Wilson Ave

1555

315

366 365

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615

180

620

5 95

5 94

84 84 2/ 4

83 84 8/ 0

83 83 0/ 2 3

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704/ 706

8 70

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10

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60 60 5/ 7

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R Pi ende Ct 81

11 38 11 86 11 34 6 112630 86 4 1122 86 11 2 86 11 18 0 111014 85 110 8 6 1102

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2003

2007

2001

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1640

1630

1640

2000

2004

1

5

200

2008

2000

601 2025

2019

2031

909

2003

2004

2005

2004

2008

2012

2013

2009

2012

2008

2009

2013

16

2012

2009

2040

2110

2120

621 610

2037

2111

2101

2121

903

1210

1201

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2004 2007

2009

2007

2006

2008

2001

1271

2024 2027

2028 2029

2027

2029

2008 2009

2010

2011

7

201

2016

2017

2020

20

2017

2112

1 80 1 50

2220

2420

2430

2210

2211

2231

2311

2321

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353

2421

2221

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2450

2440

2410

2411

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2430

2420

2440

2450

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329

387

380

367 351

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326 312

405

390 395

375

364

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Ray St

350

309

185 115 388

363

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315

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272

6

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247

37

360

440 415

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265

370

8

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493

491

460 469 440 430 120 180

45

501

371

340 323 336

306

405/ 407

Broadway St

375

353

351

320

319

414

0

333

325

445 441

440

1st St

357

333

175

285 485

443

43

460

Holly Ct

354 371

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385

240 229

245

220

217

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226

100

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555

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324

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23

227

330

555

280

Park Ave

25

204

340

555

280

385 485

485 385

5th St

24 22

224

202

360

316

309

7th St

27

325

Center St

231

735

Lincoln Ave

26

205

376

365

103

106

1400

1110

375

305

227

505/ 507

115

109

207

1120

415

319

228

3rd St

112

108

209

432 414 376

331

8 61 6/ 61 2 61 8 60 4 60 2 60

260 625 625

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Village Prairie du Sac B-N - of Neighborhood Business B-C - Central Business Village of Sauk City B-H - Highway Business Parcel B-R -Boundary Rural Business Limits Prairie du Sac Extraterritorial O-R -of Office & Research M-L - Limited Manufacturing Zoning Jurisdiction M-Gof - General Right Way Manufacturing Institutional & Transportation Districts Surface Water

Effective: August 18, 2011 Business & Industrial Districts

Amended: _____________

B-N - Neighborhood Business _____________ B-C - Central Business _____________ j k _____________ B-H - Highway Business 0 750 Business 1,500 3,000 B-R - Rural Feet O-R - Office & Research M-L - Limited Manufacturing M-G - General Manufacturing

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28

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24 02

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10

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Eag1l

Golf

1040

1036

Hemlock St

1080

1075

Parkside Dr

1511 1501

Oak St

Town of Prairie Du Sac

107

1510

1215

435

480 405

6th St

23

119

229

9th St

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25 1608

125

116

208

232

8th St

28

27

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1604/ 1518/ 1606 1520

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1325

115

211

785

235

235

465

436

580 405

Club Circle Dr

202

200

240

212

10th St Cir

Locust Ln

1300

13

15

1210

215

204

790

815

1215

470

436 435

604

341 341

244

12th St

206

Fairview Dr

495

465

437

680

363

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624

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585

455

438

440 430

415

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64 0/ 64 8 63

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561 541

720

350

315

335 335

560

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511

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295 285

358 354

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357 345

380

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571

311

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388/ 350 390

655

315

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410

360

330

585

520

505

475

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664

660 655

5th St

350

5

605

530 545

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St Washington 685 485

325

1217

700

4th St

355

1213

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718

723 719

485

685 665 655

610

6th St

350

208

15th St

26

Sauk Prairie Rd

11

530

7th St

335

510

650

545

560 690

360

363

655

685

569

555 505

777

1225

1229

585

569

540

414

8th St

360

104

1565

1240

1075

365

210

1508

Lueders Rd

1611

1640

360

1214

Sunset Cir

395

21

05

15

100

1612 1608

1700

365

1231

1238

620

775

12

15

07

1509

15

1430

1800

385

370

1425

1416

£ ¤

380

375

14th St

200

Locust Ln

390

385 360

13th St

1610/ 1612

15th St

1510

1550

1625/ 1627

Fairview Dr

395

395

1500

Meadowlark Ln

1625/ 1627 1610/ 1612

1103/ 1251 1247 1243 1239 1235 1105

Sunset Circle

649

445

Broadway

405

9th St

350

1625/ 1627

1" 88 Site @

733

729

680

780

428 415

9

741

640

605

780

585

413

60 " @

3

510 480 460

Galena St

424

76

75

710 680

639

630

569 541 541

560

426

1430

12

640

605

560

990

1625/ 1627

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641 631

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641 642

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500

725 717 715

67

401

886

77

732

0

411

400

Ct

5 68 683

612

606

783 752

750 742

735

67

410

410

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0

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753

710

Prairie St

st

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773 755

714

702

Business & Industrial Districts

Special Districts

77

430

421

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3

718

3

685

431

420

91

715

7th St

501

430

5

719

711

70

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511

500

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722

723

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410 400

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Meadowview Dr 791

727

60 " @

794

795 785

8th St

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91

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612/ 613 614 609 610 608 604/ 607 606 605

621

617/ 619 615 613 611 9 60

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919

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9 70 711 713 71 5 71 2

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410

400

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510

Broadway St

31

916

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701/ 703

0/ 70 2 70

1" 88 @

798

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421

918

923

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431

920

925

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420

520

813

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521

85

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531

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700

(For Village & Extraterritorial Jurisdiction)

Agriculture & Conservancy Districts

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530

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500

600

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1800

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1850

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White Pine Ct

1217

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610

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Prairie St 651

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2100

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15th St

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813

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932

19th St

817

812

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22

816

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1040

1000

2000

20th St

20

20

20

2016

2012

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111

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2001/

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2013

2035

2025

2012

2024

2016

2020

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19th St

1005

1040

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912

830/ 2021

1100

1044

2001 1015

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2008

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07

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900

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817

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829

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1046

20

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20

1010

1015

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1019

2010

20 20 20 / 22 20 16

2104

1025

2020

Taylor Trail

Sandhill Dr

2029

2035

2011

Golf

2030

1035

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2028

1040

1045

1205

1204

2010

2025

2019

2030

2020

2026

Fieldstone Blvd

2025

2035

1100

2108

1201 1108

2030 2028

1103

2101

2116

2112 2113

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2104 2105

2116 2117

2113

2117

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2100 2103

1201

2120

2128

2204

2208

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2120 2119

2211

2203

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2125

2121

2129

35

21 12 20 12 7 121 1216 1213 1212 1209 1208 1200

21

1263 1267

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1104

1101

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2101

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1259

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1205 2100

1107

1103

36

1200

2131

21

24

1108

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J

1239

12

1243 47 12

1228

35

22nd St

2132

2200

1240

1235 2025 1232 1228 2009 12 24 20 07 1229 12 25

20

1200

2212

51 1255

121 6 1212

1220

Longwood Dr

91

2012

2026

2027

2008

Jack Ryan Dr

1209

ive r

1430 1416

2024

2028

2029

1300

2034

12

20

Town of West Point

Club Circle Dr

1510

1425

12

Soar_Curtis Ryan

Institutional & Transportation Districts


Soar_Curtis Ryan

Site Zoning- Road setbacks and the flood plain have to be taken into consideration when layout of the building is being designed.

Views- The site has an ideal view of eagle island where most eagles perch when feeding. The site also has magnificent views of the rolling hillside and Wollersiem Winery’s vineyards.

Traffic Flow- The site anchors the beginning of the business district in Prairie. This building will act as a gateway to the rest of the downtown commercial area.

River Walk- What is currently an abandoned railway, connections will be made from this end of Prairie Du Sac to the other end of Sauk City for recreational and pedestrian use.


Soar_Curtis Ryan

Figure Ground- The lighter blue represents the commercial buildings in the area. The darker blue shows the residential units in the area. Where the building will be placed gives great opportunity for visibility to many passing by. This ideal placement will help advertise and promote the building, hopefully drawing attention and curiosity from many who visit the town.

The red dots on the map show the two nearest parking lots which can be used for the proposed building. They are very close and easily walked to and from. For closer parking for elderly and handicap users street parking will be available within several feet of the building.


Soar_Curtis Ryan

Current Eagle Watching Days visitor information board


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Precedent Analysis Why Eagles come to Prairie Du Sac. Eagles typically spread out in the summer all over the north woods of Wisconsin and Minnesota, but in winter they gather to fish the open water at locks, dams and power plants, where running water throughout the winter provides a reliable feeding ground. As numbers grew after DDT was banned in 1972, the bald eagle population began to rise once again in the lower 48 states. The eagles became a tourist attraction. People would come from all over to watch them in action, soaring, diving and snatching fish from out of the water. In the 1980’’s towns such at Prairie Du Sac began to place spotting scopes and observation decking along the river to draw in these tourists.

Current Eagle Watching Days viewing deck. Eagle island where many birds perch is down river to the right.


Soar_Curtis Ryan Eagle watching has been a huge economic boost for places such as Prairie Du Sac. Hundreds of eagles spend their time here in winter, roosting in the valleys nearby and feeding off the waters below the hydro electric dam, whose turbines stun the fish and make it easy fishing. Currently the Ferry Bluff Eagle Council (FBEC) maintains the lookout point as well as the activities that take part mid January which is known as Eagle Watching Days.

Viewing Scope looking out to the Wisconsin River.

Above: Stone with donars etched in. Below: Surveys show that 80% of the visitors are repeat visitors.


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In 2005 a study showed that during the six weeks of peak eagles season, nearly 50,000 tourists will bring in $1.2 million into the town Prairie Du Sac and Sauk City. This is a substantial amount of money for a town of 5,000 people. Eagle Watching Days provides a reason for tourists to continually visit the area year round. The goal of the SOAR center will be to provide a place for year round eagle watching entertainment.

In the summer months the lookout is periodically used to view the rolling hills opposite the river.


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Most Common Places to View Bald Eagles 1) Ferry Bluff Eagle Council Outlook (previous page): Right off Water Street in Prairie du Sac, here you can use the spotting scopes to see eagles perched on Eagle Island or soaring overhead. This is the main Eagle viewing lookout, with an informational Kiosk set up for basic information.

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2) Veteran’s Park: Located right off the river it is recommended that you stay in your vehicles here so you don’t startle the birds while they are perched in the tall cottonwoods, flying or fishing. 3) Prairie du Sac Hydroelectric Dam: About one mile north of Prairie du Sac, turn right on Dam Heights Road. Follow signs down to the dam. Please stay in your car to watch the eagles fishing as this will bring you right to the foot of the dam. 4) Wollersheim Winery: The winery is roughly right across the river from the proposed site for the Soar Building. You can view the Eagles which frequent the bluff behind the winery while trying out some of the winery’s award winning wines. 5) West End of Water Street: Head through the stop lights in Sauk City, and there will be a pull-off by the railroad bridge which can have good views of eagles loafing in the large oak trees across the channel.

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It is recommended to stay out of the shaded areas on the map because: -Much of it is private land with no trespassing allowed -You won’t get better viewing there, but do run the risk of flushing the eagles, threatening their survival and ruining other people’s chances of seeing them

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Critical Perching and Foraging Habitat Critical Habitat Bridge Critical Roosting Area


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Tourism Events within the Town January • Chamber Annual Awards Banquet • Eagle Watching Days • Health Trip Kick-Off • Sauk Prairie Show Choir Invitational • Wollersheim Winery Port Release Celebration

In defense of having a building that can serve as a place for tourists to visit year round, here are many of the other activities and festivals that Sauk Prairie Offers. Recently Sauk Prairie has been updating their existing river way and have been urging outdoor activity and taking part in all the activities that Sauk Prairie organizes and supports.

City and Prairie du Sac

July • Fire on the River • Harley Davidson MDA Freedom Ride • Polka on the River & SPOLKA Adventure Race • River’s Edge “Take an Adult Fishing February • McFarlane’s Customer Appreciation Tournament” • Sauk Prairie Riverway Concerts Days • VFW Pork Chop Dinner • Witwen Parade March • Farmers’ Market in Downtown Sauk • Wollersheim Winery Open House City and Prairie du Sac May August • Chamber Golf Outing • Farm Truck and Tractor Pull & Bad• FFA Tractor Pull ger State Tractor Pull • Roxbury Rural Run • Farmers’ Market in Downtown Sauk • VFW Chic-Nic Barbecue City and Prairie du Sac • Wisconsin River Clean-up • Sauk Prairie Riverway Concerts June September • Civil War Re-enactment • Farmers’ Market downtown Sauk • Sauk Prairie Fly-In City and Prairie du Sac • Sauk Prairie Riverway Concerts • Farmers’ Market in Downtown Sauk • Wisconsin State Cow Chip Throw &

Festival October • Autumn Colors Weekend at MidContinent Railway Museum • Indian Pioneer Days • Sauk Prairie Harley Davidson Annual Fall Festival • The Pumpkin Special at Mid-Continent Railway Museum • Trick or Treat on Water Street • Wollersheim Winery “Ice Wine Release” • Wyttenbach Meats Chili Cook-off November • Christmas of Yesteryear in Tripp Museum • Wollersheim Winery Ruby Nouveau Tasting • Wollersheim Winery- A Vintage Christmas December • Sauk Prairie Music Association Madrigal Dinner Theatre • Holiday Light Parade


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Prairie Du Sac Dam in Winter


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Climate

Prairie Du Sac, Wisconsin Climate is a large part of the reasoning behind the eagles migrating to the Sauk Prairie area. Granted the dam just upstream aids in drawing eagles to the area, the temperature is tolerable for the eagles due to the opportunities in the area. The surrounding landscape of rolling hills and thick trees provides a place for the eagles to nest and stay protected from the harsh winter weather. During the colder months eagles need to restrict their amount of energy use so it is not wasted on meaningless activity. The dam provides this opportunity by cutting down the eagles scavenging time for fish. They are able to retreat to their nest sooner and get out of the wintery weather.


Soar_Curtis Ryan Climate Totals and averages Annual average high temperature 56.1 째F Annual average low temperature 35.5 째F Average temperature 45.8 째F Average annual precipitation 31.0 in.

Wind Weather strongly influences eagle activity patterns. Feeding activity peaks at 23 to 32 degrees Fahrenheit and drops significantly when wind speeds exceeded 12.42 mph. Wind Speeds - Miles Per Hour 7-10 10-12 12-13 13-14

14-15 15-16 16-17 17-18

Wind map from 100 ft

Wind map from 200 ft

Wind map from 300 ft


Soar_Curtis Ryan Energetic considerations are important in the ecology of wintering Bald Eagles. Eagles are “time minimizers”, restricting their flight and feeding time to optimize fitness. Examination of a wintering eagle population feeding and foraging under different weather conditions and provides evidence that Bald Eagle foraging strategies minimize energy expenditure during winter.

Percent of Eagles

Sunrise

Food Searching Feeding Hours after sunrise

Winter Scene of the hillside across from Graff Park. Eagle Island pictured. Image by Kurt Eable ‘06.

Food-searching is defined as eagles that were not actively feeding or foraging but were associated with a feeding situation or a potential food


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Education Sauk Prairie and Area School Districts The Sauk Prairie community is proud of its schools. Strong support for quality education and for the activities offered by the district is evident by community involvement and participation in district programs. Besides the high level of excellent teaching students receive during the school year, the district offers an exceptional summer school for school-age children and year-round community education programs for all, from pre-school children to retirees. Not only would Sauk Prairie Schools be using the Soar Center to their benefit but neighboring schools would also be able to tour that facility and take advantage of all it had to offer. The Soar Center would not only benefit the local residents from young to old, but it would also bring interested neighboring schools to the area to teach them general and specific information about the eagles and other birds of prey. Having the Soar Center in Prairie du Sac will only help increase the level of education that the locals expect from the school district. Many programs may be integrated into the curriculum at all levels of learning.


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Nearby Schools and Distances

Baraboo-16 Miles Reedsburg- 29 Miles Wisconsin Dells- 28 Miles

Tower Rock- 10 Miles Leland- 14 Miles Denzer- 11 Miles

A fair amount of nearby school districts which could easily take advantage of the centers educational opportunities lie within 30 Plain- 19 Miles miles of the center. Along with this group of schools lies many more that are outside the that radius. If the center is able to successfully educate and create a fun learning experience for everyone who visits, schools from outside the 30 miles would be more willing to visit.

Merrimac- 10 Miles

Lodi- 11 Miles Poynette- 21 Miles Portage- 27 Miles Dane- 26 Miles Arlington- 19 Miles Deforest- 25 Miles Prairie Du Sac

Sauk City

Arena- 17 Miles Mt. Horeb- 22 Miles Mazomanie- 11 Miles Spring Green- 25 Miles

Madison- 25 Miles Middleton- 19 Miles Cross Plains- 17 Miles Black Earth- 12 Miles Waunakee- 17 Miles Ashton- 17 Miles Verona- 27 Miles


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Nearby Places and Distances

Devil’s Lake- 13 Miles Leopold’s Shack- 27 Miles Aldo Leopold Center- 27 Miles Pee Wee’s Nest- 18 Miles Badger Ammunition Plant- 6 Miles International Crane Foundation- 22 Miles

Parfrey’s Glen State Park- 12 Miles

Lake Wisconsin- 8 Miles Devil’s Head- 13 Miles

MacKenzie Center- 21 Miles

Prairie Du Sac

Sauk City

Having other educational field trip opportunities within the area can also be of benefit to the Soar Center. This gives schools are reason to head in a certain direction and make a day out of it for the kids. This map shows some of the nearby places which offer an educational benefit. Top: Image showing Devils Lake State Park at Sunset. Bottom: Image from Pee Wee’s Nest.

Mazomanie Oak Barrens State Park5 Miles

Indian Lake- 13 Miles


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Case Studies When selecting buildings to research in detail, it was important to broaden my understanding of several key characteristics. These several characteristics which I focused on where people interaction and movement, animal care and display, and how a building such as this can impact a town. Visitor centers are able to keep many tourists organized and moving from place to place. Having spaces strategically located is key to the success of a building such as this. By creating a understanding of the placement of spaces and what that yields for pedestrian movement will thoroughly help determine how the Eagle center will be laid out. Zoo exhibits also provide much information dealing with how to allow visitors to interact with the animals present on site. Crucial to the success of this building will be how people can interact with the animals as well as the ability for caretakers to care for the birds in a private setting. My last study dealt with a small town in Minnesota which has already gone through the transformation of being a small volunteer run program to a thriving informational and educational facility which draws people from all over the Midwest. Understanding how these other buildings are organized will ultimately help determine the best layout and program for my own building.


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Grand Teton National Park Discovery and Visitor Center Moose, Wyoming Bohlin Cywinski Jackson The discovery centers goals for this project were to attract, welcome, educate, and inspire visitors while encouraging them to develop a personal connection to Grand Teton National Park. The center’s architectural design is a refined, contemporary reinterpretation of early national park lodges such as Yellowstone‘s Old Faithful Inn, Grand Canyon’s El Tovar, and Yosememite’s Ahwahnee Lodge. It’s visual striking features dramatic 30 - foot windows, interior log braces, and jagged roof contour mirroring the Teton range - convoy a sense of awe. Through its artistic elements, cutting edge exhibits, and relationship to its natural setting of sagebrush meadow surrounded by aspens and conifers, the Craig Thomas Discovery Center connects park visitors to one of the most iconic landscapes in the world, inspiring them to join the National Park Service in protecting this dramatic landscape for generations to come. Perhaps the center’s most enduring legacy will be its ability to capture the hearts and minds of people, linking them not just to this park, but to all national parks across the United States.


Soar_Curtis Ryan The site enjoys a spectacular view of the Teton Range. BCJ felt the building should not try to compete with that view, but enhance it. As visitors approach the building, the view of the mountain range is temporarily blocked as the mountains recede behind the undulating roof line that echoes the jagged skyline.

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Visitor Drop-off Courtyard Main Entrance Gathering Space

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Information Administration Toilet Rooms Bookstore

9. Exhibits 10. Terrace 11. Art Gallery 12. Evening Entrance

13. Classroom 14. Service


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The building embraces its location through its organization; the primary visitor space opens to the expansive view and the sky, while a courtyard shaped by the arms of the building creates a gathering and community space from the wild landscape beyond it. Equally skillful is the handling of the building’s sectional properties. They subtly encourage the valley’s rich topography, the flat valley bottom, and the upward thrusts of the Teton Range.


Soar_Curtis Ryan After catching your breath from looking through the nearly thirty foot high glass curtain wall which looks directly to the Teton Range, Visitors are guided through a carefully constructed paths of exhibits that introduces them to the park. The exhibits introduce the visitors to what experiences they may encounter on their visit to the park. The display’s encourage everyone to enjoy their stay in the park and slow down to appreciate the natural beauty of the area.


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Adelaide Zoo Giant Panda Exhibit Adelaide, South Australia Hassel Architecture The journey through the Giant Panda Forest provides visitors with an experience of the Chinese Highlands and enables a variety of viewing opportunities, educational and recreational. The exhibit aims to exceed best proactive animal management and accommodates a pair of adolescent giant pandas, Wang Wang and Funi. The main panda holding area is a state-of-the-art facility, with water features, chilled rocks and mature trees. Red pandas and Mandarin ducks also provide the visitor with an educational experience and a close up encounter with these endangered and iconic animals. A purpose of this exhibit is to exceed the best proactive animal management and accommodate a pair of giant pandas and the current context of research and conservation efforts which are strongly associated with the Wolong Sanctuary, the original home of Wang Wang and Funi.


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Entrance Mandarin Duck Water Feature Red Panda Holding Building Red Panda Exhibit

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Giant Panda Exhibit 1 Public Viewing Area Giant Panda Exhibit 2 Day Rooms

9. Holding Dens 10. Nursery 11. Bamboo Cold Store 12. Preperation Kitchen

13. Office 14. Staff Kitchen 15. Viewing Pavillion 16. Exit


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Visitors observing the Pandas

Zoo keepers interacting with the pandas

The resulting architecture and landscape responds to the pandas’ native Chinese heritage within an Australian context. A series of ‘pavilions’ in the landscape frame a changing relationship between the public and the giant pandas, providing alternating views of landscape, animal behavior and habitat. The new exhibit is integrated with the existing pathway network of the Zoo, providing an accessible and attractive journey through the enclosure and implicitly reinforcing conservation messages. Seating, shade trees and pavilions provide opportunities to contemplate the environment and conservation information.


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General Facts and Information The 3,000 square metre exhibit balances the need to provide the pandas with choices, comfort and stimuli while providing management flexibility for keepers and excellent viewing access for visitors. Understanding the behavioral characteristics of the giant pandas was critical to designing an environment that allows the animals to behave as they would in the wild. A central glazed axis provides public views of research, food preparation and holding facilities. The sheltered public viewing terrace incorporates a giant underslung bamboo canopy and large sliding screens to accommodate crowds and manage privacy. As well as the wildlife conservation objectives, the Zoo also aspired to demonstrate environmentally sustainable outcomes within the built environment. Solar orientation was an imperative factor in site planning to maximise the opportunities for the giant pandas to use the external exhibits. The exhibit incorporates several sustainable practices including green roofs and appropriate material selection.

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Service Road Preparation Kitchen Keeper Corridor Dens / Race

5. Training 6. Public Viewing Area 7. Function Bar/ Visitor Information


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National Eagle Center Wabasha, Minnesota

LHB Architecture

Located along the Mississippi river shoreline in downtown Wabasha, Minnesota, is the National Eagle Center. It is home to Angel, Harriet, Columbia, Donald and Wasaka, the resident eagles. The fourteen thousand square foot facility has two level decks, an exterior high-level deck and a river-level deck from which you get a fantastic view of the Bald Eagles in the wild and other wildlife species with the aid of the telescopes available. In the interior, there is an aviary and rooms set aside for the eagles who suffered injuries while in the wild and are not in a position of returning to their natural habitat after undergoing treatment. Visitors can view preserved animal specimen, Native American items and preserved birds in flight at the exhibition areas. Questions can be answered by the friendly and knowledgeable staff who will give you tour of the facility.


Soar_Curtis Ryan The building has three main levels to it. The first two levels are occupiable while the upper floor is used for mechanical and maintenance. A large double height space is over the gift shop and exhibit area. A breakdown of the rooms on each floor is below. Ground Level: Eagle Care room, Clean room, Aviary, Classroom, Mechanical room, Elevator, Bathrooms, Lobby, Gift Shop, Reception, and Exhibits 1 and 2. Second Level: Gallery, Classroom, Office suite which has three offices and reception are in it, Elevator, Upper level exhibits, Bathrooms, and Conference room. Third Level: Mechanical Suites


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1st floor

2nd floor

3rd floor


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Left: Chain Saw Exhibitionist Upper Right: Eagle Mating Display Lower Right: Live Eagle Lecture


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General Facts and Information Established in 1989 as EagleWatch Inc., Volunteers would stand on the riverbank with a guest book and spotting scopes. Over its 15-year history, EagleWatch evolved to become The National Eagle Center, a public/private partnership between EagleWatch, the City of Wabasha and the Wabasha Port Authority. All five eagles who are permanent residents of the National Eagle Center were rescued. They travel extensively to outreach programs and ceremonies. Since the birds are tethered as opposed to behind glass or caged, visitors get a close up, personal beak-to-nose experience. The interpretive center focuses on the importance of the bald eagle as a national symbol, and its relationship to veterans of the United States of American Armed Forces. Daily programs 3 times a day showcase one of their house eagles and offer time to ask questions. Before the new building was built roughly 25,000 visitors came a year. Once the new building was up and running the current numbers are estimated at over 100,000 visitors per year. The average visit at the National Eagle Center is over 80 minutes.

Above: Exposed Eagle Cage. Room for six Eagles to be tethered.


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Precedent Summary Grand Teton National Park Discovery and Visitor Center Architects: Bohlin Cywinski Jackson Location: Moose, Wyoming Building Size: 23,000 SqFt Completion: August 2007 Inspiration: Teton Range (rugged edges) Design Objective: Classical Proportion system with the golden rectangle (proportion and plan), Enclosed and intimate entrance welcomes visitors before being exposed to the magnificent views beyond (feeling of coming out of a forest and into a open meadow) Structure: Composed of Local materials which keep the building from distracting the views and feeling out of place. Douglas fir logs are used for interior and exterior structure. Special Considerations: Snow Load. Cold roof system is incorporated in the design which keeps cold are flowing under the roof system. This prevents the forming of icicles. The roof system is also designed to gather the snow in the

recessed courtyard.

•Toilet Rooms •Bookstore Awards: •Exhibits •2010, Green GOOD DESIGN Award •Terrace The European Center for Architecture and •Art Gallery the Chicago Athenaeum •Evening Entrance •2009, Honor Award •Classroom AIA Seattle •Service •2008, Merit Award Western Red Cedar Lumber Association Adelaide Zoo Giant Panda •2008, American Architecture Awards Exhibit Chicago Athenaeum •2008, Silver Medal Architects: Hassel Architecture AIA Pennsylvania •2007, Honor Award Location: Adelaide, South Australia Wood Design Awards Building Size: 55,434 SqFt (5,150 SqM) •2007, Award of Excellence AIA Northeastern Pennsylvania Completion: August 2009 Program: Inspiration: Chinese Highlands •Visitor Drop Off •Exterior Courtyard Design Objective: The Zoo’s core princi•Main Entry pals of environment, education, conserva•Gathering Space (interior) tion and research are incorporated. The >Heart of the building goal of the exhibit is to convey an under>Serves as multipurpose room (provid standing of the natural environment of the ing views of the Tetons) Giant Panda as well as the current context >Featured stone and concrete Fireplace of research and conservation efforts based (Focal Point) off the Wolong Sanctuary, the original •Information Center home of the two Giant Pandas which are •Administration housed in this exhibit.

Structure: Viewing terrace has giant underslung bamboo canopies to create shade and a stimulating environment for the animals. Special Considerations: •Redefine the concept of a zoo, create a conservation organization the includes vital breeding and research programs. •The design had to provide the panda’s with comfort and stimuli options while providing management flexibility and excellent viewing access for visitors. •Solar Orientation was a large factor in site planning to allow for the most opportunities in the exterior exhibits for ideal use by the Panda’s. •The zoo aspired to demonstrate environmentally sustainable practices. >Green Roof >Appropriate material selection >Panda’s Day room is composed of ‘Deep Mulch’ which eliminates the waste of water in rinsing out pens. >Day room’s are double glazed and can close down east and west walls to reduce heat loss. >Block work and concrete provide thermal mass to control temperature more efficiently.


Soar_Curtis Ryan Awards: •2011 Property Council of Australia Innovation and Excellence Awards – South Australian Development of the Year •2010 Australian Institute of Architects (SA) Awards – Commendation - Public Architecture

•Air conditioned day rooms (for the animals) •Design Features >Water Features >Chilled Rocks >Mature Shade Trees (also for climbing) >Streams >Waterfalls for Bathing Publications: >Glass Reinforced Concrete Caves •Giant Panda Forest by Rachel Hurst, (shade and shelter) Artichoke (Australia), no. 32, 2010, pp. •Research area 101-104 •Food preparation area •Adelaide Zoo by Andrew Nimmo, •Holding facilities Architecture Australia, July/August 2010, •Viewing Area for public pp. 105-113 •Keeper Corridor •Giant pandas by Tanya Court, Landscape •Function Bar/ Visitor Information Center Architecture Australia, no. 126, May 2010, pp. 48-54 •Panda central, National Building News National Eagle Center (Australia), March 2010, pp. 1 and 7 Architects: LHB Architects •People, plans, places, and pandas, Landscape Architecture China, no. 8, 2009, pp. Location: Wabasha, Minnesota 120-134 Building Size: 14,000 Sqft •Travels in immersive reality: the Giant Panda enclosure at the Adelaide Zoo by Completion: 2007 Timothy Horton, •Place (Australia), October 2009, pp. Cost: 4.3 Million 10-11 Inspiration: The Eagles. Initially what Program: started by a group of Eagles lovers gather•6,450 SqFt outdoor exhibits ing on a observation deck to observe the

birds in their natural habit has grown several times and is now a staple for the town of Wabasha. Design Objective: Create a place for visitors to be informed more about the eagles as well as a place for the visitors to have the chance to get up close with the birds. Initial plans to upgrade the building to its current state also brought hope for increasing the tourists in the area by four times as many, which it was successful in doing (previously 25,000 tourists a year to what it currently is at 100,000). Structure: Structural steel along with brick masonry walls. Structural steel work was done by Mid City Steel Fabricating who is based out of La Crosse, Wisconsin. Special Considerations: •Initiated by Eagle Watch Inc in 1989 the interest for watching Eagles in Wabasha has grown over time. Starting as what was volunteers standing on a observation platform informing visitors about the eagles and offering Binoculars for viewing expanded in 2000 to a storefront on the main drag in Wabasha. In 2006 the ok was given to build their own building along the Mississippi River.

•Non-Profit •On 1,000 feet of river front. Program: •Viewing Decks oExterior high level deck oRiver level deck •Aviary •Recovery rooms for injured eagles •Children’s Area •Bathroom’s •Classrooms •Auditorium •Elevator •Picture taking area (for those who wish to have a picture taken with an Eagle) •Displays >Preserved animal specimens >Native American items •Interpretive Center >Significance of the bald Eagle >Armed Forces/Veterans display •Gift Shop


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Program

Through an understanding of different building typologies a reasoning behind placement, uses, and sizes of spaces may be determined. A rational and practical program can be compiled to aid in the design process. Granted some changes may take place in the process of materializing ideas to better accommodate instances within the building. This general draft will be a guide to help shape the SOAR center but not limit it to this program only.


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Soar Exploratory Center Location: Prairie Du Sac, Wisconsin Site: Graff Park Completion: 2012 Inspiration: The Eagles. After living in this small southern Wisconsin town for 23 years, it’s hard to ignore the tourists the eagles bring to the area. Design Objective: •Create an indoor viewing area for tourists of all ages to be able to enjoy these birds out of the harsh Wisconsin weather. •Create a place for visitors to be informed more about the eagles •Create a place for the visitors to have the chance to get up close and interact with the birds. •Bring more tourism to the area to support local business. •Incorporate ways to use the building all year long with birds of prey shows •Create a river walk system which ties Prairie Du Sac to Sauk City by use of old rail way paths

•Create a place which can host school events and be used as an educational facility for field trips and special events. •Create a place which studies and projects can developed for beneficial learning of the land. •Make a place that is fun for everyone who visits.

•Administration •Auditorium •Elevator •Picture taking area (for those who wish to have a picture taken with an Eagle) •Displays >Preserved animal specimens >Native American items >History of the land Special Site Considerations: >What draws the eagles to the •Site conditions considering slope to area river. •Interpretive Center •Flood plain. >Significance of the bald Eagle •Natural river way, how to deal with >Armed Forces/Veterans display the current state of the land and keep •Gift Shop/Bookstore it natural. •Service Program: Program Breakdown: •Information desk •Information desk •Gathering Space >250 SqFt. •Viewing Decks >Space for a information desk •Kitchen for birds >Sometimes manned by a worker •Aviary Furnishings •Holding Pens for Eagles >>Counter top •Children’s Area >>Shelving •Bathroom’s >>Computer •Classrooms >>Intercom

>>Display racks

•Gathering Space >1,000 SqFt. >Potential seating area for up to 100 >Break out space for birds of prey shows Furnishings >>Large windows >>Seating (permanent and temporary) •Viewing Deck(s) >300 SqFt. >Room for one or two spotting scopes Furnishings >>Viewing scope(s) >>Sitting bench >>Information posters •Kitchen for birds >150 SqFt. >Food prep area >Usable counter space >Seating area not needed Furnishings >>Counter top >>Sink


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>>Freezer/Fridge >>Storage space (cabinets) >>Polished concrete floors for easy cleanup >>Food Prep area •Aviary Stage (Auditorium) >1,500 SqFt. >Seating for 100 >Stage area for presenters >Access to birds cages Furnishings >>Seating (permanent) >>Stage >>AV system •Holding Pens for Eagles >300 SqFt. (for each bird cage) Furnishings >>Food trays >>Place for birds to perch >>Material for ground cover •Bird Material Supply room >100 SqFt Furnishings >>Shelves •Children’s Area >300 SqFt.

>Room for kids to play without be ing in harms way Furnishings >>Toys >>Seating •Bathroom’s >500 SqFt. (250 Each) >One for each gender Furnishings >>Toilets/ Urinals >>Sinks •Classrooms (2) >350 Sqft. >Hold approximately 16 persons Furnishings >>Chairs >>Tables >>Presentation board >>Perimeter Shelving for storage and table top use •Administration Offices (2) >400 SqFt. (200 each) Furnishings >>Chair >>Shelving >>Desk

>>Computer •Administration Lobby >100 Sqft. Furnishings >>Desk >>Seating >>Computer •Administration Storage >70 SqFt. Furnishings >>Shelving •Elevator •Picture taking area (for those who wish to have a picture taken with an Eagle) Furnishings >>Place for eagles to perch •Displays >200 SqFt. >Integrated within the Gathering area. >May allot a little amount of space from some displays. Furnishings >>Free standing Displays •Gift Shop/Bookstore >275 SqFt.

Furnishings >>Shelving >>Counter >>Computer •Service >4% of overall building gross area. Building Size:5,795 SqFt Site (buildable area): 5,000 SqFt Special Interior Considerations •Children’s entry >Placement and proximity >Separate entry or a way to gather all the students >Cubby and coat area for groups of children >Provide area to discuss the buildign etiquette with students •Breakout space >Spaces might have to double uses to make building efficient •Views >Placement of program specific spaces that will benefit the most from viewing either river side or street side


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Sources

Average Annual Wind Speeds. Madison: Wisconsin Department of Adminis- http://www.midwestweekends.com/plan_a_trip/nature/birds_wildlife/eagle_ tration. PDF. watching_mississippi_river.html --Wind Speeds -- Prairie Facts Bald Eagle. Arlington, VA: U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service Endangered Spe- McDowell, Michae A. “Mike’s Birding & Digiscoping Blog: January 2006.” cies Program, June 2007. PDF. Digiscoping by Michael Allen McDowell. 2006. Web. 19 Dec. --Eagle Facts 2011. <http://www.birddigiscoper.com/2006_01_01_archive.html>. “Bald Eagle Facts Sheet.” American Bald Eagle Information. 2011. Web. 03 Ontario Hawking Club. Standards for Facilities and the Care of Raptors Held Sept. 2011. <http://www.baldeagleinfo.com/eagle/eagle-facts.html>. for Falconry. Waterloom Ontario: Ontario Hawking Club, Apr. 011. --Eagle Facts PDF. --Bird Care Standards Blair, Sharon K. Caring For Raptors. July 2000. PDF. --Bird Care Standards PDF. Sauk Prairie: Sauk Prairie Area Chamber of Commerce, 2010. Sauk Prairie WI 2010 Community Profile. Donohue, Carl. Eagle Fishing. Digital image. Web. 16 Dec. 2011. <http:// www.alaskanalpinetreks.com/ImageGallery/Eagles_2/images/b_ea- “Photos.” Ferry Bluff Eagle Council. Ferry Bluff Eagle Council. Web. 07 gle_fishing_a_021.jpg>. Oct. 2011. <http://ferrybluffeaglecouncil.org/photos/index.html>. --Prairie Facts Eagle Fishing. Digital image. Fraser Valley Bald Eagle Festival. 16 Nov. 2011. Web. 19 Dec. 2011. “Prairie Du Sac.” Google Maps. Web. 29 Aug. 2011. <http://maps.google. com/maps?hl=en>. Eagle Sketch. Digital image. Web. <http://static.highschoolsports.net/images/ logos/WI5357810689.gif>. Sande, Julie. Pee Wee’s Glen. Digital image. Oct. 2011. Web. 1 Dec. 2011. Estimated Number of Bald Eagle Breeding Pairs (by State). Digital image. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, Apr. 2007. Web. Oct. 2011. -- Breeding Pairs

Devil’s Lake State Park at Sunset. Digital image. Visual Photos. Web. 19 Dec. 2011. <http://www.visualphotos.com/image/2x2380792/devils_lake_ state_park_at_sunset>.

http://www.jsonline.com/features/travel/111693289.html -- Prairie Facts

Standards for Exhibiting Captive Raptors in New South Wales. Director General, NSW Department of Primary Industries, May 2010. PDF.


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--Bird Care Standards

Steenhof, Karen. Activity Patterns of Bald Eagles Wintering in South Da kota. Puxico, MO: University of Missouri - Columbia. PDF. --Eagle Facts U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. National Bald Eagle Management Guide lines. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, May 2007. PDF. --Bird Care Standards Village of Prairie Du Sac . Web. 11 Aug. 2011. <http://prairiedusac.net/>. --Prairie Facts

Precedent specific sources: Ball, Ryan. Grand Teton National Park Discovery and Visitor Center. PDF. Cornwall, Bruce. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Eagle Center Project Request.â&#x20AC;? Message to the author. 13 Dec. 2011. E-mail. Grand Teton Discovery and Visitor Center. Moose, Wyoming: Bohlin Cywin ski Jackson, Aug. 2007. PDF. HASSELL. WAF_Adelaide Zoo Giant Panda Forest. Adelaide: HASSELL, 2009. PDF. Lehoux, Nic, and Edward Riddell. Grand Teton: a National Park Building : the Craig Thomas Discovery and Visitor Center. San Rafael, CA: Oro Editions, 2009. Print. Lizard1006. National Eagle Center Gift Shop. Digital image. 24 Apr. 2011.

Web. 5 Aug. 2011. <http://easybib.com/cite/form/image>

Mnkaren. Eagle Holding Method. Digital image. 14 Feb. 2009. Web. 1 Oct. 2011. <http://www.flickr.com/photos/mnkaren/3283918672/>. Mjschomer. Eagle In Classroom. Digital image. 1 Oct. 2011. Web. 3 Nov. 2011. <http://www.flickr.com/photos/mjschomer/6222830811/>. National Eagle Center. National Eagle Center, 2012. Web. 19 Sept. 2011. <http://www.nationaleaglecenter.org/>. Vidular. National Eagle Center. Digital image. Flickr. 30 Mar. 2009. Web. <http://www.flickr.com/photos/vidular/3413915845/>. Wheelock, Dana. National Eagle Center Images. Digital image. LHB. Web. 7 Dec. 2011.


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Soar-Birds Of Prey Learning Facility_PreThesis