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what do you see, think, feel, smell, hear, experience or understand?


to understand something is not to be able to define it or describe it. instead, taking  something that we think we already know and making it unknown thrills us with its  reality and deepens our understanding of it.   kenya hara


everything has potential


meaning i


everyday d acts t


To bemodern modern isa to To be is to live life d fcontradiction. t di d ti lioff paradox live a dlif lifeandof paradox The essential thing is to look and d contradiction. d for beauty y where it is not The essential thing supposed to be found. To be modern is to live a life is to look for beauty of paradox and contradiction contradiction. where it is not The essential thing is to look for beauty not supposed pp y wheretoit isbe supposed to be found. found.

To be modern is to live a life of paradox and contradiction. The essential thing is to look for beauty where it is not supposed to be found.


design research  research


what is research ? what is research ? 


what is research ? what is research ?  a systematic enquiry, the goal of which is knowledge’ d i design research society h i t


what is enquiry ? what is enquiry ?  an enquiry is the transformation of the indeterminate situation (or problematic)  into a  unified situation ‐ ifi d it ti working with the parts and relations that consititute that situation … ki ith th t d l ti th t itit t th t it ti richard buchanan


what is research ? what is research ?  an enquiry in the search knowledge and understanding richard buchanan i h db h


what is research ? what is research ?  an enquiry in the search knowledge and understanding richard buchanan i h db h

Research for Design  Research about Design Research about Design Research through Design


Research for Design Research for Design chemistry research on new plastics

arduino research  to further reduce its size and increase its programmability. 


Research for Design Research for Design chemistry research on new plastics arduino research  to further reduce its size and increase its programmability. 

Research about Design h b article describing and contextualizing the work of Bill Viola the work of Bill Viola


Research for Design Research for Design chemistry research on new plastics arduino research  to further reduce its size and increase its programmability. 

Research about Design article describing the work of Bill Viola

Research through Design Research through Design in the act of designing

Stelarc


what is research ? what is research ?  a systematic enquiry, the goal of which is knowledge’ d i design research society h i t an enquiry in the search knowledge and understanding richard buchanan richard buchanan


knowledge + research + other dichotomous notions + other dichotomous notions


what is knowledge?   g


what is knowledge ? what is knowledge ?   a state of knowing …


what is knowledge?   derived from early questions such as: why are we here? what is the meaning in our lives? what is the structure of the world what we live in?


what is knowledge?  …. justified true belief justified true belief or truth? It has been said that Socrates considered a number of theories as to what  knowledge is, the last being that knowledge is true belief  whose meaning explained or defined in some way = justified  Thus for knowledge / design knowledge to be justified true belief: one must also have a good reason for doing so – in other words, it is justified. one must also have a good reason for doing so  in other words it is justified


what is knowledge ? what is knowledge ?   a state of knowing …. how do we know ?


knowledge can be classified into a priori knowledge,  which is obtained without needing to observe the  world, and a posteriori or empirical knowledge,  which is only obtained after observing the world or which is only obtained after observing the world or  interacting with it in some way. "a priori" and "a posteriori" are used in philosophy  to distinguish two different types of knowledge,  justification, or argument: a priori knowledge is  known independently of experience, and a posteriori knowledge is proven through experience knowledge is proven through experience. the phrases "a priori" and "a posteriori" are Latin for  "from what comes before" and "from what comes  later" (or, less literally, "before experience" and  "after experience").


•there there are five apples in the bag …. are five apples in the bag •I have hands … •my middle finger is longer than my ring finger,    and it is longer than my little finger … •the the tomato I tomato I'm m holding is red all over … holding is red all over …

.. reasons for thinking each of these claims is  true, but the reasons do not appear to derive true, but the reasons do not appear to derive  from experience but one can apprehend the  truth of these claims just by reflecting on their  content. 

Immanuel Kant said that a priori knowledge is “knowledge that is absolutely independent of all experience” (Kant 1787). 


what is knowledge ?   h ti k l d ? how do we know anything ?


what is knowledge ?   h ti k l d ? how do we know anything ? we read it we are told it we observe it we just feel it ‐ intuition? perception ? we just know it‐ instinct ? a hunch ?  we know it … tacit  knowledge


what is knowledge ?   h ti k l d ? how do we know anything ?

we experiment + we experience . It is our interpretation and our understanding of experiments and/or experience from designing  that leads to knowledge.  Knowledge emerges from critical inquiry.


why is  h i knowledge  g so important? so important? where do we find knowledge today? where do we find knowledge today?


constructivists. constructivism is a view of philosophy that knowledge can only be  created / constructed in our minds, and thus only exist in our minds.  the world, environment and objects have information, but that  information doesn’t become qualifiable knowledge until it is processed  by the mind. 


what is design knowledge ? 231 is a creative process through a systematic progression of research to reveal something to you that you do not already know and that is perhaps not known at all, so it becomes unique q knowledge‌ g new in the absolute sense

231 iis to uncover and d di discover something new, to explore the unknown and to take ownership of your process and your what you find find.


fraud r a u d

fraud


Lecture 11 4th October