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1. The individual characteristics of Primary School Children are:

a. Age, cognitive factor, sex and multiple intelligences. b. The good language learner. c. Age, sex, cognitive factor, affective factor, personality factor, multiple intelligences, the good language learner. 2. The Primary School stage is referred: a. 3-12 years old. b. 0-6 years old. c. 6-12 years old. 3. Other characteristics of Primary School children are: a. Memory, rhymes, chants and games. b. Motivation and learning strategies. c. Action and interaction. 4. The_____________ considers language learning would be more difficult but not impossible. a. Naturalistic contexts. b. Critical period. c. Sensitive period. 5. Who explain the age and rate of the areas affected by maturational constraints? a. Long 1990 and Dekeyser 2000. b. Berk 1991. c. None of the above two.

6. The context does not guarantee phonological attainment.

a. True. b. False. c. Depends of the context.

7. Younger…..or……tend to obtain higher rates of achievement than…… a. Men



b. Women



c. People



8. Internal to the learner, the cognitive factors affect:

a. Adult and child learning. b. Child rather than adult learning. c. Adult rather than child learning.

9. ……………tend to be better at explicit acquisition processes using their analytic verbal skills.

a. Adults. b. Children. c. People.

10. Females show higher scores in abilities:

a. Mathematics b. Spatial c. Linguistics

11. In the learning of L2, men dominate:

a. Conversations

b. Comprehension c. Discrimination listening tasks

12. Cognitive style refers to: a. Control, autonomy and cognitive regulation of the process of learning b. Control, dependence and cognitive regulation of the process of learning c. Control, autonomy and acquisition of learning. 13. According to Stemberg and Grigorenke (1997) there are several classifications of learning style: a. Cognitive approach, strategies approach and action approach b. Cognitive approach, personality approach, perceptual approach and action approach. c. Cognitive approach, perceptual approach, action approach and strategies approach 14. Classification of strategies: Direct Strategies a) Memory, Cognitive and Compensation Strategies b) Cognitive, Affective Strategies and Social Strategies. c) Compensation Strategies and Social Strategies.

15. Classification of strategies: Indirect Strategies

a) Cognitive, Affective Strategies and Social Strategies. b) Metacognitive Strategies, Affective Strategies and Social Strategies. c) Memory, Cognitive and Compensation Strategies.

16. Affective factors: Motivation

a) Dynamic, cyclical, process oriented

b) Dynamic. c) Cyclical, process oriented. 17. According Howard Gardner, How many intelligences are? a. 5 b. 9 c. 11 18. Which intelligence is related to social communication? a. Interpersonal intelligence. b. Linguistic intelligence. c. Existential intelligence. 19. That learners who were……………………………. obtained higher scores in listening comprehension tasks. a. Risk-taking b. Inhibition c. Tolerance of ambiguity 20. What personality variable connects with reading and grammar skills? a. Introversion b. Empathy c. Tolerance of ambiguity


preguntas tema 2 importantes para estudiar el examen