Page 1

sg]S6Ls6 g]kfnL ;dfh -gfsf]g_ sf] ljwfg k|yd ;+zf]wg @)!! kl/R5]b !M ;+:yfsf] gfd / d'Vo sfof{no o; ;+:yfsf] gfd sg]S6Ls6 g]kfnL ;dfh /xg]5 . o; ;+:yfsf] sfo{ ;Dkfbgsf nflu d'Vo sfof{no sg]S6Ls6 /fHosf] xf6{kmf]8{ sfpG6Ldf /xg]5 . kl/R5]b @M ;+:yfsf] p2]Zo o; ;+:yfsf] p2]Zo cd]l/sf, ljz]if u/L sg]S6Ls6 /fHodf, tyf g]kfndf /x]sf g]kfnL ;dfh dfem g]kfnL ;+:s[tLsf] hu]gf{ / ljsf; ug]{ /xg]5 . kl/R5]b #M ;+:yfsf] sfo{qmdx? o; ;+:yfn] cfkm\gf] p2]Zok"lt{ ug{sf nflu b]xfo jdf]lhdsf sfo{qmdx? ;+rfng ug]{5M !=

ljleGg ;f+:s[lts sfo{qmdx?sf ;fy g]kfnL rf8kj{ dgfpg] .

@= cd]l/sfdf g]kfnL efiff, snf / ;+:s[ltsf] lj:tf/ x'g] sfo{qmdx? ;+rfng ug]]{ . #=

g]kfn / g]kfnL ;dfhsf] lxtdf x'g] u/L ljleGg JolSt tyf ;+:yfx?nfO{ ;xof]u h'6fpg] .

$=

g]kfn / cd]l/sfdf cfOkg{] b'Mv ljkQL tyf cGo cfktsfnLg ;xof]usf nflu ;fwg ;|f]t h'6fpg] .

%=

;dfh / ;b:ox?sf] lxtdf x'g] u/L z}lIfs / cGo sfo{qmdx? ;+rfng ug]{ .

kl/R5]b $M ;+:yfsf] ;b:otf !=

sg]S6Ls6 /fHodf j}wflgs tj/n] :yfoL a;f]af; ug]{ c7f/ jif{ dflysf g]kfnL d"nsf g]kfnL tyf cd]l/sL gful/sx? ljgf s'g} e]befj o; ;+:yfsf] ;fwf/0f ;b:o x'gsf nflu of]Uo dflgg]5g\ . ;+:yfsf] sfo{sf/L ;ldltn] tf]s]sf] 9f+rfdf kmf/d e/L] cfjZos b:t'/ lt/L ;b:otf k|fKt ug{ ;lsg]5 . 1


@= ;fwf/0f ;b:otf b'O{ cfly{s jif{ -hgj/L b]lv l8;]Da/_ sf nflu jxfn /xg]5 . ;b:otf h'g;'s} ;dodf ;dodf k|fKt ug{ ;lsg]5 / ;b:otf k|fKt u/] kZrft\ bf]>f] jif{sf] l8;]Da/ #! df jxfn ;dfKt ePsf] dflgg]5 . ;b:otf cljlR5Gg /xgsf nflu jxfn ;dfKt ePsf] ldltn] #! lbg -hgj/L #!_ leqdf gjLs/0f ul/;Sg' kg]{5 . #=

;fwf/0f ;b:otfsf] cltl/Qm ;+:yfn] b]xfo jdf]lhdsf ;b:otfsf] Joj:yf ug]{5M s=

cfhLjg ;b:oM ;fwf/0f ;b:otf x/]s b'O{ jif{df gljs/0f ug'{kg]{ k|fjwfgsf] ljsNkdf o; ljwfgdf tf]lsPsf] Psd'i6 /sd hDdf u/L cfhLjg ;b:o aGg ;lsg]5 . cfhLjg ;b:ox?n] ;fwf/0f ;b:osf] ;Dk"0f{ clwsf/x? k|of]u ug]{5g\ .

v=

ljWofyL{ ;b:oM g]kfnaf6 ljWofyL{ le;fdf k|j]z u/L sg]S6Ls6 /fHoleqdf ljZjljWofno tyf dxfljWofnodf cWoog/t g]kfnL gfu/Lsx?n] ljWofyL{ ;b:o aGg ;Sg]5g\ .

u=

sg]S6Ls6 g]kfnL ;dfhsf] ;+ul7t ;b:otfM o;} wf/f # sf] -s_ / -v_ adf]lhd ;b:otfsf] of]Uotf gk'u]sf t/ g]kfnL efiff, ;+:s[lt k|lt nufj /fVg] / g]kfn / g]kfnLsf] lxtdf sfd ug{ rfxg] g]kfnL jf u}/ g]kfnL gfu/Lsx?n] tf]lsPsf] kmf/d e/L o; ;+:yfsf] ;+ul7t ;b:otf k|fKt ug{ ;Sg]5g\ . o; ljwfgdf ;+ul7t ;b:o eGgfn] o; bkmf adf]lhdsf] ;b:o a'lemg]5 .

$=

;b:otf z'Ns cfj]bg kmf/d ;fy} ;+nUg ug'{kg]{5 . lgj]bg cl:js[t ePsf] v08df afx]s ;+:yfdf k|fKt ePsf] ;Dk"0f{ ;b:otf z'Ns ;+:yfsf] ;Dklt dflgg]5 / lkmtf{ ul/g] 5}g . ;b:otf z'Ns cd]l/sL 8n/df b]xfo adf]lhd tf]lsPsf] 5M

%=

s=

;fwf/0f ;b:o

!%

v=

ljWofyL{ ;b:o

u=

cfhLjg ;b:o

%))

3=

;+u7Lt ;b:o

!%

!)

;+:yfn] cfjZos 7fg]sf] v08df ;+:yfut ;b:otf pknAw u/fpg ;Sg]5 . ;+:yfut ;b:otfsf] nflu cfjZos lgodx? sfo{;ldltn] tf]s] adf]lhd x'g]5 .

^=

;+:yfsf] p2]Zo k|flKtsf nflu ljz]if ;xof]u k'/fpg] g]kfnL jf u}/ g]kfnL gful/sx?sf nflu ;+:yfsf] dfgfy{ ;b:otf k|bfg ug{ ;lsg]5 . ;+:yfsf] jxfnafnf ;b:on] To:tf 2


JolStx?sf] of]ubfgsf] k"0f{ ljj/0f ;lxt dfgfy{ ;b:otfsf] nflu sfo{;ldlt ;dIf gfd k|:tfj ug{ ;Sg]5 . dgf]lgt JolStsf] of]ubfg / e"ldsfsf] d'Nof+sg u/L sfo{;ldlt tyf ;Nnfxsf/ ;ldltsf] ;+o'St j}7saf6 b'O{ltxfO{ ax'dtn] cg'df]bg ug'{kg]{5 . &=

;b:ox?n] kfng ug'{kg]{ st{JoM s=

;b:ox?n] ;+:yfsf] sfdx?df :jo+;]jssf] ?kdf efu lng]5g\ .

v=

;b:ox?n] ;+:yfsf] ljwfgnfO{ k"0f{ ?kn] c+lus[t ug]{5g\ .

u=

;b:ox?n] ;dfhdf pbfx/0fLo g}lts cfr/0f kfng ug]{5g\ .

3=

;b:ox?n] ;+:yfsf] u/Ldf a9fpgsf nflu JolStut tyf ;fd'lxs ?kdf lhDd]jf/L lng]]5g\ / ;+:yfsf] u/Ldfdf cf+r cfpg] u/L s'g} sfd ug]{ 5}gg\ .

*= ;b:ox?sf] clwsf/ s=

;b:ox?nfO{ ;dfhdf k|rlnt lzi6frf/ cg?ksf] cfb/ ;Ddfg k|fKt x'g]5 .

v=

;b:ox?df ljgf s'g} e]befj ;+:yfsf] sfddf :j]R5fn] ;xefuL x'g] clwsf/ /xg]5 .

u=

cfhLjg ;b:ox? hxf+ /x] klg ljwfgdf tf]lsP adf]lhdsf] dtflwsf/ hLjg ko{Gt kfpg]5g\ . r'gfjdf pDd]bjf/ x'gsf nflu eg] sg]S6Ls6 /fHodf g} a;f]af; ePsf] x'g'kg]{5 .

3=

wf/f &-s_ df h] pNn]v ul/Psf] eP klgM c=

;fwf/0f ;b:o / cfhLjg ;b:on] dfq r'gfjdf pDd]bjf/L lbg ;Sg]5g\ .

cf=

;+u7Lt ;b:on] dtflwsf/ kfpg] 5}gg\ t/ ;+:yfsf] ljz]if sfo{ ;Dkfbgsf nflu u7Lt ;ldlt jf pk;ldltx?df /x]/ sfd ug{ o; wf/fn] /f]s nufPsf] dflgg] 5}g .

O=

ljWofyL{ ;b:osf] dtbfg ug]{ tyf cGo pDd]bjf/sf] k|:tfjs jf ;dy{s x'g] clwsf/ ;'/lIft x'g]5 t/ :jo+ pDd]bjf/ x'g ;Sg] 5}gg\ .

(= ;b:otfsf] ;dflKt s=

s'g}klg ;b:on] sfo{;ldlt ;dIf lnlvt ?kdf ;"lrt u/L ;b:otfaf6 /fhLgfdf ug{ ;Sg]5 . ;"rgf btf{ x'g cfPsf] ldltaf6 ;b:otf :jtM vf/]h ePsf] dflgg]5 . o;/L /fhLgfdf lbO{ cnu ePsf] k"j{ ;b:on] k'gM ;b:o x'gsf] nflu Go'gtd ^ 3


dlxgf -!*) lbg_ JotLt u/]sf] x'g' kg]{5 . v=

;fwf/0f ;b:o :yfoL ?kdf sg]S6Ls6 af6 jflx/ a;f]af; ug{ uPsf] v08df ;fwf/0f ;b:otf JotLt ePsf] dflgg]5 . o:tf] ;b:on] cg'/f]w u/]sf] v08df ;fwf/0f ;b:otf jxfn /xg] ldlt ;Ddsf nflu ;+u7Lt ;b:osf] ?kdf dfGotf lbOg]5 .

u=

s'g} ;b:oaf6 ;+:yfsf] u/Ldfdf cf+r cfpg] sfo{ ePsf] v08df sfo{;ldltn] lj:t[t ljj/0f ;lxt ;b:otfaf6 lg:sfzg ug{ ;Sg]5 . o:tf] k|:tfj sfo{;ldltsf] ;Dk"0f{ ;b:osf] b'O{ ltxfO ax'dtaf6 lg0f{o x'g]5 . pSt ;b:on] b"O{ jif{ Joltt eO{ lg:sfzg x'+bfsf] ;Dk"0f{ cj:yfx?df ;'wf/ cfPsf] k| df0f ;lxt cfj]bg lbPsf] v08df k'gM ;b:otf lbg ;lsg]5 .

kl/R5]b %M sfo{;ldlt ;+:yfsf] sfo{sfl/0fL clwsf/ ePsf] Ps ;ldltnfO{ sfo{;ldlt elgg]5 . sfo{;ldltnfO{ 5f]6s/Ldf sf; pNn]v ul/g]5 . !=

sfo{;ldltsf] ;+/rgf sfo{;ldltdf lgDg adf]lhdsf !% ;b:o tyf kbflwsf/Lx? /xg]5g\ . cWoIf -!_ pkfWoIf -!_ ;lrj -!_ ;x;lrj -!_ sf]iffWoIf -!_ ;xsf]iffWoIf -!_ ;b:o -(_ cWoIf, pkfWoIf, ;lrj, ;x;lrj / sf]iffWoIf nfO{ ;+:yfsf] kbflwsf/L dflgg]5 . ljifo jf k|;+un] csf]{ cy{ gnfu]df sfo{;ldlt eGgfn] sfo{;ldltsf] ;Dk"0f{ ;b:ox? dflgg]5 .

@= sfo{;ldltsf] rog s=

sfo{;ldltsf] rog x/]s b'O{ jif{df x'g]5 . 4


v=

sfo{;ldltsf 5 kbflwsf/L / ;ft ;b:osf] rog ;fwf/0f ;b:ox?sf] k|ToIf lgjf{rgaf6 x'g]5 .

u=

af+sL b'O{ sfo{;ldlt ;b:osf] dgf]gog gjlgjf{lrt cWoIfn] ug]{5 . o:tf] dgf]gog ;fdfGotof sfo{ef/ ;dfn]sf] #) lbg leqdf x'g]5 / sfo{;ldltsf] ;fdfGo jx'dtaf6 kfl/t ul/g]5 .

3=

kbflwsf/Lsf] r'gfj clk|n jf d] dlxgfdf x'g]5 .

8=

sfo{;ldltsf] sfo{ef/ h'g ! df z'? eO{ b'O{ jif{ /xg]5 . ;dodf r'gfj x'g g;sL sfo{;ldltsf] u7g h'g ! kl5 x'g uPdf gof sfo{;ldltn] lgjf{lrt 3f]if0ff eP nuQ} sfo{ef/ ;dfNg]5 .

r=

h'g;'s} kl/j]zdf gof sfo{;ldltsf] rog ePklg sfo{;ldltsf] cjlw b'O{ jif{eGbf a9L gx'g] u/L d] #! df ;dfKt x'g]5 .

5=

cWoIfdfqsf] nflu nuftf/ a9Ldf b'O{ sfo{sfnsf] ;Ldf cjlw sfod x'g]5 . ljutdf b'O{ sfo{sfn Joltt u/]sf] cWoIfn] eljiodf ;f]xL kbsf] nflu pDd]bjf/ x'g ;Sg]5g\ .

h=

sfo{;ldltsf ;Dk"0f{ ;b:ox?n] lgjf{lrt cjlw el/ cj}tlgs ?kdf sfd ug]{5g\ . t/ ; +:yfsf] sfdsf] l;nl;nfdf ePsf] vr{sf] kmf+6af/L k]z u/L ;f]wegf{ lngsf nflu of] wf/f jfwf x'g]5}g .

#=

sfo{;ldltsf] bfloTj tyf lhDd]jf/LM sfo{;ldltsf] lhDd]jf/L b]xfo adf]lhd x'g]5 . s=

;+:yfsf] nIo / p2]Zox?nfO{ hgdfg;df k'/fpg] .

v=

x/]s jif{ ;fwf/0f ;ef u/fpg] .

u=

dlxgfsf] Ps k6s sfo{;ldltsf] a}7s a:g] . cGo a}7sx? cfjZostf cg';f/

a:g]5 . 3=

;+:yfsf] gLlt, sfo{qmdx? to ug]{ tyf jflif{s ah]6 th"{df ug]{ .

r=

;fwf/0f ;efaf6 kfl/t gLlt tyf sfo{qmdx?sf] sfof{Gjog ug]{ .

5=

;+:yfsf] b}lgs sfo{ ;Dkfbg ug]{ .

h=

gof sfo{;ldltsf] lgjf{rgsf nflu ljwfgdf pNn]v eP adf]lhdsf] Joj:yf ug]{ .

em= ;+:yf ;+rfngsf nflu cfjZo lgodx? agfpg] / kfng ug]{ . 5


`= $=

ljwfgn] Joj:yf u/]sf cGo ultljlwx? ;+rfng ug]{ .

sfo{;ldltsf] clwsf/M sfo{;ldltsf] b]xfo adf]lhdsf] clwsf/ /xg]5 . s=

;+:yfsf] nIo / p2]Zo k|flKtsf nflu ;+:yfsf] tkm{af6 k|ltlglwTj ug]{ .

v=

o;} kl/R5]bsf] bkmf # cg';f/sf] ;Dk"0f{ sfo{x? ug]{ .

u=

o; ljwfgdf pNn]lvt ;ldltx? tyf kl/R5]b & adf]lhdsf] pk;ldltx?sf] lgo'lSt tyf ;+of]hg ug]{ .

%=

sfo{;ldltsf] sfo{ljwL cGoyf pNn]v ePafx]s sfo{;ldltsf] lg0f{ox? b'O{ ltxfO ;b:osf] pkl:yltdf ;fdfGo ax'dtaf6 x'g]5 . u0fk"/s ;+Vofsf] nflu Go'gtd krf; k|ltzt ;b:o k|ToIf pkl:yt eO{ cGo ;b:ox? k|ljlwsf] k|of]u u/L -cl8of] jf lel8of] sGkm/]G;_ ;f]xL ;dodf pkl:yt x'g ;Sg]5g\\ . a}7ssf] lg0f{odf pkl:yltsf] :ki6 ljj/0f /flvg]5 .

^=

sfo{;ldltsf] kbflwsf/L tyf ;b:ox?sf] kbLo lhDd]jf/L tyf clwsf/ s=

cWoIfM cWoIfn] ;+:yfsf] g]t[Tj ug]{5 tyf ;+:yf ;fwf/0f ;ef jf sfo{;ldltsf] ;a} a}7sx?df cWoIftf ug]{5 . ;+:yfsf] ;Dk"0f{ ultljlwx?sf] lg/LIf0f tyf lgb]{zg ug]{ sfd cWoIfsf] x'g]5 . cWoIfn] ;+:yfsf] jflif{s k| ltj]bg ;fwf/0f ;efdf k]z ug]{5 .

v=

pkfWoIfM pkfWoIfn] cWoIfsf] lhDd]jf/L lgjf{x ug{sf nflu ;xof]uL e"ldsf ug]{5 tyf cWoIfsf] cg'kl:yltdf cWoIfn] u/L cfPsf] lhDd]jf/L lgjf{x ug]{5 .

u=

;lrjM ;lrjn] ;+:yfsf] ;fwf/0f ;ef tyf sfo{;ldltsf] a}7sx? ;+rfng ug]{5 . ;lrjn] x/]s a}7sdf k|:t't Ph]08f tyf lg0f{ox?sf] nut /fVg]5 . ;+:yfsf] ;b:ox?n] cg'/f]w u/]sf] v08df ;Dk"0f{ a}7sx?sf] ljj/0f pknAw u/fpg]5 . sfo{;ldltsf] lg0f{ox? ;b:ox?nfO{ hfgsf/L lbg] sfd ;lrjn] ug]{5 . sfo{;ldltn] tf]s]sf] cGo sfdx? ;lrjn] ug]{5 .

3=

;x;lrjM ;x;lrjn] ;lrjsf] sfddf ;/;Nnfx / ;xof]u k'/fpg]5 . ;lrjsf] cg'kl:yltdf ;lrjn] ul/cfPsf] lhDd]jf/L ;x;lrjn] lng]5 .

8=

sf]iffWoIfM sfo{;ldltn] tf]lsP adf]lhd ;+:yfsf] cfly{s lx;fa lstfa /fVg] sfd 6


sf]iffWoIfn] ug]{5 . sf]iffWoIfn] ;+:yfsf] ;Dk"0f{ cfDbfgL tyf vr{sf] ljj/0f /fVg]5 / sfo{;ldltsf] lgb]{zg adf]lhd cfly{s k|ltj]bgx? tof/ ug]{5 . sf]iffWoIfn] ;+:yfsf] ;fwf/0f tyf cGo ;b:ox?sf] cWofjlws /]s8{ /fVg]5 . r=

;xsf]iffWoIfM ;xsf]iffWoIfn] sf]iffWoIfsf] sfddf ;/;Nnfx / ;xof]u k'/fpg]5 . sf]iffWoIfsf] cg'kl:yltdf sf]iffWoIfn] ul/cfPsf] lhDd]jf/L ;x;lrjn] lng]5 .

5=

;b:ox?M sfo{;ldltsf ;b:ox? ;fd'lxs tyf JolStut ?kdf sfo{;ldltaf6 tf]lsP adf]lhdsf lhDd]jf/L lgjf{x ug]{5g\ .

h=

o; wf/fsf] bkmf -s_ b]lv -r_ ;Dd pNn]v ul/Psf sfo{;ldltsf kbflwsf/L tyf ;b:ox?df cfcfkm\gf] kbLo bfloTj lgjf{x ug{sf nflu cfjZos ;Dk"0f{ clwsf/ lglxt /xg]5 .

(=

sfo{;ldlt ;b:ox?sf] /fhLgfdf, jvf{:t tyf kb l/Sttf s=

sfo{;ldlt ;b:on] cWoIf ;dIf lnlvt ?kdf !% lbgsf] clu|d ;"rgf lbO{ /fhLgfdf lbg ;Sg]5 . cWoIfn] ;f]xL adf]lhd ;Nnfxsf/ ;ldltdf /fhLgfdf lbg]5g\ .

v=

nuftf/ tLg k6s ;Dd ljgf ;"rgf jf sfo{sf/L cWoIfsf] :jLs[lt j]u/ sfo{;ldltsf] lgoldt a}7sdf cg'kl:yt x'g] ;b:onfO{ sfo{;ldltaf6 lg:sfzg ug{ ;lsg]5 .

u=

sfo{;ldlt ;b:on] kl/R5]b $ adf]lhd ;fwf/0f ;b:otf axfn g/x]sf] v08df sfo{;ldlt af6 d'St ePsf] dflgg]5 .

3=

s'g} sfo{;ldlt ;b:on] cfkm\gf] kbLo bfloTj jxg gu/]sf] nfu]df sfo{;ldltn] pSt ;b:onfO{ kbaf6 lgnDag jf lgZsf;g ug{ ;Sg]5 . kof{Kt k|df0f ;lxt sfo{;ldltsf] s'g} klg ;b:on] o:tf] k|:tfj k|:t't ug{ ;Sg]5 . sfo{;ldlt / ;Nnfxsf/ ;ldltsf] ;+o'St a}7sn] 5nkmn u/L k|yd k6s #) lbgsf] lgnDagsf] k|:tfj kfl/t ug{ ;Sg]5 . #) lbg Joltt u/L;s]kl5sf] lgoldt a}7sdf pSt ;b:osf] k'gM d'Nof+sg u/L lgnDag km's'jf tyf lgZsf;gsf] lg0f{o lnOg]5 . lgnDag jf lgZsfzgsf] lg0f{o sfo{;ldlt / ;Nnfxsf/ ;ldltsf] ;+o'St a}7sdf b'O{ ltxfO ;b:osf] ax'dtaf6 x'g]5 .

8=

;fdfGotof sfo{;ldlt ;b:osf] kb l/St x'g cfPdf o;} kl/R5]bsf] bkmf ^ / & df 7


pNn]v eP cg';f/ sfo{ef/ ljlgof]hg x'g]5 . r=

sfo{;ldltsf Ps ltxfO ;b:on] ;fd'lxs /fhLgfdf lbPdf jf Ps Ps u/L Ps ltxfO eGbf a9L ;b:o kbd'St ePsf] v08df b]xfo adf]lhdsf] Joj:yf ul/g]5M c=

sfo{ cjlw ^ dlxgf eGbf a9L ePsf] v08df ;b:ox?sf] ljz]if clwj]zg af]nfO{ l/St kbsf nflu lgjf{rg x'g]5 .

cf=

sfo{ cjlw ^ dlxgf eGbf sd ePsf] v08df ;Nnfxsf/ ;ldlt ;d]tsf] dt u0fgf u/L sfo{;ldltn] oyfjt sfd ug]{5 . o:tf] kl/l:yltdf lnOg] s'g} klg lg0f{o Psdtaf6 x'g]5 .

5=

sfo{;ldltsf b'O{ ltxfO ;b:on] ;fd'lxs /fhLgfdf lbPdf] v08df sfo{;ldlt lj36g ePsf] dflgg]5 / o; ljwfgsf] kl/R5]b ^ df pNn]v eP cg';f/sf] Joj:yf nfu" x'g]5 .

kl/R5]b ^M ;Nnfxsf/ ;ldlt o; ;+:yfsf] ultljlwdf of]ubfg k'/fpgsf nflu b]xfo adf]lhdsf] Ps ;Nnfxsf/ ;ldltsf] Joj:yf ul/Psf] 5 . ;Nnfxsf/ ;ldltsf ;b:ox?nfO{ ;Nnfxsf/ elgg]5 . !=

;Nnfxsf/ ;ldltsf] p2]Zo / e"ldsf ;+:yfsf] j[xt p2]Zo k|fKt ug{sf nflu sfo{;ldltsf] ;xof]uLsf] ?kdf x'g]5 . sfo{;ldltsf] ;xdltdf ;+:yfsf] bL3{sfnLg of]hgfx? agfpg] sfo{df ;Nnfxsf/ ;ldltsf] ljz]if e"ldsf /xg]5 . ;Nnfxsf/ ;ldltn] cfkm\gf cNksfnLg ;'emfj, ;Nnfx tyf bL3{sfnLg of]hgfx? sfo{;ldlt dfkm{t k]z ug]{5 .

@= ;Nnfxsf/ ;ldltsf] u7g ljlwM s=

;Nnfxsf/ ;ldltdf hDdf 5 hgf ;Nnfxsf/x? x'g]5g\ . ;+:yfsf] sfo{;ldltsf] lgjt{dfg ;b:o Ps sfo{sfnsf] nflu dfq o; ;ldltsf] kb]g ;b:o x'g]5 .

v=

;Nnfxsf/ ;ldltsf af+sL kf+r ;b:ox? sfo{;ldltsf] ljz]if rogdf x'g]5 . lgjt{dfg cWoIfn] ;Nnfxsf/sf] ?kdf Ps sfo{sfn Joltt ul/;s]sf] cj:yfdf ;Dk"0f{ -5 hgf_ ;b:ox? sfo{;ldltsf] rogdf lgo'St x'g]5g\ .

u=

;Nnfxsf/x?sf] lgo'lSt sfo{;ldltsf] b'O{ ltxfO{ ax'dtaf6 x'g]5 . 8


sfo{;ldltn] ;Nnfxsf/ ;b:o dWo]af6 al/i7 PshgfnfO{ k|d'v ;Nnfxsf/sf] ? kdf 5gf}6 ug]{5 . u=

;Nnfxsf/x?sf] sfo{sfn b'O{ jif{sf] x'g]5 . gof sfo{;ldltn] cfjZostf dx;'; u/]sf] v08df ;Nnfxsf/x? k'gM lgo'St x'g ;Sg]5g\ .

3=

sfo{;ldltn] ;dfhdf pbfx/0fLo r/Lq ePsf], ;+:yfsf] bL3{sfnLg lxtsf nflu kof{Kt e"ldsf v]Ng ;Sg] ;+:yfsf] a'l4hLjL ;b:ox? dWo]af6 ;Nnfxsf/x? sf] rog ug]{5 . ;fdfGotof bL3{sfnLg ?kdf -cfufdL b'O{ jf a9L jif{_ :yfgLo Onfsfdf a;f]af; ug]{ ;Defjgf ePsf ;b:ox? ;Nnfxsf/ x'gsf nflu of]Uo dflgg]5g\ .

8=

;Nnfxsf/df lgo'St x'g] ;b:o cd]l/sL gful/s jf :yfoL cfjf;Lo g]kfnL gful/s x'g' kg]{5 .

#=

;NNFFxsf/x?sf] st{Jo / clwsf/x?M s=

;a} ;Nnfxsf/x?n] jif{sf] slDtdf b'O{ k6s sfo{;ldltsf] a}7sdf ;xefuL x'g]5g\ . o:tf] a}7sdf ;xefuL ePsf] cj:yfdf sfo{;ldltdf dtbfg x'g uPdf sfo{;ldlt ;b:o ;/x dtflwsf/ x'g]5 .

v=

;a} ;Nnfxsf/x? gfsf]g ;d'bfo / o;sf ljleGg s[ofsnfkx?df ;s[o ;xefuL x'g]5g\ . sfo{;ldltn] pko'St nfu]df Ps jf a9L ;Nnfxsf/x?nfO{ ;Nnfxsf/sf] ;xdltdf ljz]if sfdsf nflu lgo'St ug{ ;lsg]5 .

3=

;Nnfxsf/ ;ldltsf] a}7s slDtdf jif{sf] b'O{ k6s a:g]5 . o:tf] a}7ssf] p2]Zo gfsf]g ;d'bfodf eP u/]sf s[ofsnfkx? tyf sfo{;ldltsf] ;du| sfo{ ;Dkfbg d'Nof+sg x'g]5 . ;Nnfxsf/ ;ldltn] sfo{;ldltsf] JolSt ljz]if tf]s]/ d'Nof+sg ug{] 5}g .

8=

;Nnfxsf/ ;ldltn] ljleGg ;dodf sfo{;ldlt ;dIf sfo{qmdx?sf] k|:tfj k]z ug]

r=

sfo{;ldltsf ;Dk"0f{ ;b:ox?n] :j}lR5s /fhLgfdf lbO{ jf ;dodf sfo{;ldltsf]

{5 . r'gfj x'g g;sL jf cGo kl/l:yltaz sfo{;ldltsf] lj36g x'g k'u]df ;Nnfxsf/ ;ldltn] ;+:yfsf] kbflwsf/Lsf] ?kdf o; ljwfgn] tf]s] adf]lhd csf]{ sfo{;ldlt 9


u7g x'g] ;do ;Ddsf nflu ;+:yfsf] sfg'gL tyf /fh:j ;DaGwL bfloTj lnP/ sfo{jfxL cufl8 a9fpg] 5 . c=

x/]s ;Nnfxsf/ cd]l/sL s]Gb|Lo jf /fHo:t/Lo sfg'gx?sf] kfng ub} { gfsf]gsf] cfly{s tyf sfg'gL bfloTj lgjf{x ug]{5g\ .

cf=

;Nnfxsf/ ;ldltsf] k|d'v st{Jo tLg dlxgf leqdf gof sfo{;ldltsf] lgjf{rg u/fO{ sfo{ef/ ;'Dkg] x'g]5 . s]Gb|Lo jf /fHo:t/Lo lgod sfg'gx?sf] kfng ug]{ cj:yf jfx]s ;+:yfsf] cGo ljifox?df lg0f{o ug]{ sfo{sf/L clwsf/ ;Nnfxsf/ ;ldltdf /xg] 5}g . o:tf] clwsf/ gof u7g x'g] sfo{;ldltdf lglxt /xg]5 .

O=

dfly #-cf_ df h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] ePtf klg ;+:yfsf] lgoldt r'gfj x'g] ;do ^ dlxgf eGbf sd /x]sf] cj:yfdf ;Nnfxsf/ ;ldltn] lgoldt ;dodf r'gfj x'g] u/L k"0f{ clwsf/sf ;fy sfd sf/jfxL cufl8 a9fpg]5 .

5=

wf/f r adf]lhd ;Nnfxsf/ ;ldlt ;s[o ePsf] cj:yfdf k|d'v ;Nnfxsf/n] cWoIf jf ; +of]hssf] e"ldsf lgjf{x ug]{5 .

h=

;Nnfxsf/ ;ldlt ;+:yfsf] lgikIf / :jtGq c+u dflgg]5 . ;Nnfxsf/ ;ldlt ;b:on] sfo{;ldltdf /x]/ ;]jf ug{ rfx]sf] v08df ;Nnfxsf/ kbaf6 d'St eO{ slDtdf Ps jif{ Joltt u/]kl5 lgjf{rgdf ;xefuL x'g ;Sg]5g\ .

#=

;NNFFxsf/sf] /fhLgfdf, jvf{:tL tyf kbk"lt{M s=

;Nnfxsf/x?n] sfo{;ldltsf] cWoIf ;dIf lnlvt ?kdf kGw| lbgsf] clu|d ;'rgf lbO{ ;Nnfxsf/ ;ldltaf6 /fhLgfdf lbg ;Sg]5g\ .

v=

;+:yfsf] ;fwf/0f ;b:o g/x]sf] cj:yfdf ;Nnfxsf/ ;ldltaf6 d'St ePsf] dflgg]5 .

u=

s'g} ;Nnfxsf/n] cfkm\gf] kbLo bfloTj lgjf{x gu/]sf] nfu]df sfo{;ldltsf] s'g} klg ;b:on] k|df0f ;lxt sfo{;ldlt ;dIf gLh ;Nnfxsf/sf] jvf{:tuLsf] k|:tfj ug{ ;Sg]5 . olb sfo{;ldltsf] b'O{ ltxfO{ ;b:osf] ax'dtaf6 k|:tfj kfl/t u/]sf] v08df To:tf] ;Nnfxsf/nfO{ kbd'St ePsf] dflgg]5 .

3=

/fhLgfdf jf jvf{:tuL s'g} tj/n] ;Nnfxsf/ ;ldlt ;b:osf] kb l/St x'g cfPsf] v08df sfo{;ldltn] lgjt{dfg ;Nnfxsf/sf] af+sL sfo{sfn;Ddsf nflu gof+ ;Nnfxsf/sf] 10


lgo'lSt ug]{5 . kl/R5]b &M cGo ;ldltx? ;+:yfsf] ljleGg s[ofsnfkx? lglj{jfw ;DkGg ug{sf nflu cfjZos kg]{ ljleGg ;ldlt, pk;ldlt agfpg] clwsf/ sfo{;ldltdf lglxt x'g]5 . o:tf ;ldltx?n] ljwfgsf] clwgdf /x]/ sfo{;ldltn] tf]s]sf] 9f+rfdf sfd ;DkGg ug]{5g\ . kl/R5]b *M cfly{s jif{ o; ;+:yfsf] cfly{s jif{ cjlw x/]s jif{ hgj/L ! df z'? eO{ l8;]Da/ #! df ;dfKt x'g]5 . kl/R5]b (M ;fwf/0f ;ef tyf a}7sx? !=

jif{sf] Ps k6s ;+:yfsf] ;Dk"0f{ ;b:ox?sf] ;fwf/0f ;ef x'g]5 .

@= ;fwf/0f ;efsf] p2]Zo b]xfo adf]lhd x'g]5 M s=

sfo{;ldltsf] jflif{s k|ltj]bg pk/ 5nkmn u/L kf/Lt ug]{

v=

sfo{;ldltn] k|:t't u/]sf] ljwfg ;+;f]wg ;DaGwL k|:tfj pk/ 5nkmn u/L kfl/t

u=

sfo{;ldltn] k|:tfj u/]sf] gof ah]6, gLlt tyf sfo{qmdx? pk/ 5nkmn u/L

ug]{ kfl/t ug]{ #=

sfo{;ldltn] k|:tfj u/]sf] jflif{s k|ltj]bg tyf gof lglt, sfo{qmd / ah]6 ;efdf pkl:yt ;b:osf] ;fdfGo ax'dtf af6 kfl/t x'g]5 .

$=

ljwfg ;+;f]wg k|:tfjsf] lg0f{o pkl:yt ;b:ox?sf] b'O{ ltxfO dtaf6 kfl/t ul/g]5 .

%=

sfo{;ldltsf] lgo'lStsf nflu lgoldt ;fwf/0f ;efsf] ;dodf jf ljz]if clwj]zg cfXjfg u/L r'gfj ug{ ;lsg]5 .

^=

;fwf/0f ;efsf] nflu Go'gtd tLg ;ftf cl3 / ljz]if clwj]zgsf] nflu Go'gtd Ps ;ftf cl3 a9L eGbf a9L ;b:ox?sf] kx'+r x'g] u/L Ps eGbf a9L dfWodx? -kmf]g, Od]n, cflwsfl/s j]e;fO6_ sf] k|of]u u/L ;"lrt ul/g]5 .

&=

;fwf/0f ;ef jf ljz]if clwj]zgaf6 kfl/t ePsf] lg0f{o clGtd x'g]5 . cGoyf pNn]v eP afx]s lg0f{o ePsf] ldltaf6 nfu" ePsf] dflgg]5 . 11


*=

;fwf/0f ;ef jf ljz]if clwj]zgaf6 kfl/t lg0f{o sfo{;ldltn] ;Dk"0f{ ;b:ox?nfO{ Od]n, cflwsfl/s j]e;fO6 jf;+:yfsf] d'vkq dfkm{t hfgsf/L u/fpg]5 .

kl/R5]b !)= sfo{;ldltsf] r'gfj !=

lgjf{rg ;ldltsf] nflu ;fwf/0f ;b:ox? dWo]af6 of]Uo ;b:ox?sf] gfdfjnL sfo{;ldlt / ;Nnfxsf/ ;ldltsf] ;+o'St a}7sdf k|:tfj x'g]5 . o:tf] k|:tfj pk/ 5nkmn u/L ;j{;Ddltsf] lg0f{oaf6 tLg ;b:oLo lgjf{rg ;ldltsf] u7g ul/g]5 . s'g} ;b:on] lgjf{rg ;ldltdf a;L ;]jf ug{ cl:jsf/ u/]sf] v08df ;+o'St ;ldltsf] csf]{ a}7s tTsfn a;L a}slNks ;b:osf] rog ug]{5 .

@= gof sfo{;ldltsf] lgjf{rg ldlt sfo{;ldltsf] a}7saf6 Go'gtd #) lbg cl3 kfl/t eO{ 3f]if0ff x'g]5 . lgjf{rg ldltsf] 3f]if0ff ;+u} lgjf{rg ;ldltsf] 3f]if0ff ul/g]5 . #=

lgjf{rg ;ldltsf] cWoIftf ;ldltsf] cfkm\g} 5nkmn / ;xdltdf 5flgg]5 . lgjf{rg ;ldltn] o; ljwfg;+u gaflemg] xb;Dd :jtGq /xL u7g ePsf] & lbg leqdf lgjf{rg k|s[ofsf] rog u/L lgjf{rg sfo{ tflnsf k|sfzg ug]{5 .

$=

lgjf{rg sfo{tflnsfsf] k|sfzg ;+u} kl/R5]b % df pNn]v eP adf]lhdsf sfo{;ldltsf lgjf{lrt kbx?sf] nflu pDd]bjf/Lsf] cfXjfg x'g]5 . kl/R5]b $ df pNn]v eP adf]lhd of]Uo 7xl/Psf pDd]bjf/x?n] lgjf{rg ;ldltn] tf]lsPsf] k|s[of k'/f u/L pDd]bjf/L blvnf ug]{5g\ .

%=

lgjf{rgdf efu lng rfxg] pDd]bjf/x?n] tf]lsPsf] b:t'/ a'emfO dgf]gog kmf/d eg] {5g\ . pDd]bjf/Lsf] nflu Ps hgf k|:tfjs / Ps hgf ;dy{ssf] x:tfIf/ x'g' kg]{5 . ; +:yfsf] lgjf{rg ;DaGwL ;fdfGo Jooef/ sd ug{sf nflu kmf/d b:t'/ lkmtf{ gx'g] u/L cd]l/sL 8n/ @% tf]lsPsf] 5 .

^=

lgjf{rgdf dtbftf x'gsf] nflu lgjf{rg ldltn] #) lbg cl3 ;b:otf lnPsf] jf gjLs/0f ul/;s]sf] x'g' kg]{5 . lgjf{rg ;ldltsf] 3f]if0ff ePsf] nuQ} ;lrjn] ;b:ox?sf] cWofjlws ljj/0f lgjf{rg ;ldltnfO{ pknAw u/fpg]5 .

&=

dtbftfx?sf] ;";'lrt x'g kfpg] clwsf/sf] kfngf ub}{ lgjf{rg ;ldltn] lgjf{rgsf] @! lbg cl3 k|yd dtbftf gfdfjnL k|sfzg ug]{5 . 12


*=

lgjf{rg ;ldltn] lgjf{rgsf nflu cfjZos ;fdu|L h'6fpg]5 tyf lgikIf ?kdf r'gfj ;Dkfbg / dt u0fgf u/L lg0f{osf] 3f]if0ff ug]{5 .

(=

sfo{;ldltsf] rog uf]Ko dtbfgsf] k|s[ofaf6 x'g]5 / tf]lsPsf] kbdf ;a}eGbf a9L dt k|fKt ug]{ pDd]bjf/nfO{ qmdzM ljhoL 3f]if0ff x'g]5 .

!)=

b'O{ jf a9L pDd]bjf/sf] ;a}eGbf w]/} t/ a/fa/L dt k|fKt ePsf] v08df ;f] dt k|fKt ug]{ pDd]bjf/x?sf] dfq uf]nf k|yfaf6 ljhoL 3f]if0ff ul/g]5 .

!!=

lgjf{rg lgikIf ?kdf ;DkGg ug]{ lhDd]jf/L lgjf{rg ;ldltsf] x'g]5 .

kl/R5]b !!M ;+:yf lj36g, ;Dklt j]rljvg tyf lnnfd !=

;Dklt a]rljvgM ;+:yfn] bL3{sfnLg ?kdf k|of]udf Nofpg g;Sg] cltl/St ;fdu|Lx? sfo{;ldltn] lg0f{o u/L a]rljvg ug{ ;Sg]5 . o:tf] a]rljvgaf6 k|fKt /sd ;+:yfsf] cfDbfgLsf] ?kdf lgIf]k ul/g]5 . o:tf] /sd ;+:yf ;+:yfngsf nflu dfq vr{ ul/g]5 .

@= ;+:yf lj36gM k|rlnt s]Gb|Lo tyf /fHo:t/Lo lgod sfg'gsf] clwgdf /xL s'g} klg ;do ;+:yf lj36g ug{ ;lsg]5 . ;+:yfsf] #% k|ltzt ;b:ox?sf] x:tfIf/ ;lxt jf sfo{;ldlt / ;Nnfxsf/ ;ldltsf] ;+o'St a}7ssf] Psdt lg0f{oaf6 o:tf] k|:tfj k]z x'g cfPsf] v08df sfo{;ldltn] ;Dk"0f{ ;b:ox?sf] ljz]if e]nf 8fsL lg0f{ofy{ k|:t't ug] {5 . o:tf] k|:tfj pkl:yt ;b:ox?sf] b'O{ ltxfO dtaf6 kfl/t ul/g]5 t/ o:tf] ;+Vof tTsfn axfn /x]sf ;fwf/0f ;b:ox?sf] %! k|ltzt x'g'kg]{5 . #=

;+:yf lj36g x'g uPsf] kl/l:ytdf ;+:yfsf] a'emfpg' kg]{ vr{ tyf bfloTjsf] lx;fa r'Stf u/L af+sL /xg cfPsf] /sd cfGtl/s /fh:j ljefusf] lgod %)!- c_# cg';f/ btf{ eO{ gfsf]g sf] ;dfgfGt/ p2]Zon] ;+rfng ePsf Ps jf a9L ;+:yfx?nfO{ k|bfg ul/g]5 . ljlwjt ;+:yf lj36g eO;s] kl5 ;Dk"0f{ ;b:ox? k|ltsf] bfloTj ;dfKt x'g]5 .

kl/R5]b !@M /fhlglts sfo{qmdx?df c;xeflutf o; ;+:yf s'g}klg /fhlglts ultljlwx?af6 cnu /xg]5 . cfGtl/s /fh:j ljefusf] lgod %)!- h_ df pNn]v eP cg';f/sf] ultljlw afx]s s'g} klg k|f]kfu08f tyf k|rlnt lgod sfg'gnfO{ k|efljt kfg]{ u/L sfo{qmdx? ;+rfng ul/g] 5}gg\ . ;+:yfsf] tkm{af6 s'g} /fhlglts pDd]bjf/sf] tkm{bf/L u/L ;xdlt, k|rf/ k|;f/, k|sfzg tyf cGo ultljlwx? ul/g] 5}g . 13


kl/R5]b !#M ljwfg ;+;f]wg !=

;+:yfsf] s'g} klg ;fwf/0f ;b:on] lnlvt ?kdf ljwfgsf] wf/f pkwf/f ls6fg u/L ; +;f]wgsf] k|:tfj sfo{;ldlt ;dIf k]z ug{;Sg]5 . sfo{;ldltn] ;fdfGo 5nkl5 ;+;f]wg k|:tfj k|f;+lus 5 eGg] nfu]df ;+;f]wg k|s[of cufl8 a9fpg]5 .

@= ;fdfGotyf tLg jf ;f]eGbf a9L kl/R5]b k|efljt x'g ;Sg] v08df sfo{;ldltn] kf+r ;b:oLo ljwfg kl/dfh{g ;ldlt u7g ug]{5 . o:tf] ;ldltn] !% lbg leqdf cfkm\gf] ;'emfj sfo{;ldlt ;dIf k]z ug]{5 . #=

sfo{;ldltn] 5nkmn u/L pko'St ;+;f]wg k|:tfj cfufdL ;fwf/0f ;efdf lg0f{ofy{ k|:t't ug]{5 . ;fwf/0f ;efsf] lgoldt j}7s tLg dlxgf eGbf k/ /x]sf] cj:yfdf sfo{;ldltn] tLg dlxgf leqdf ;Dk"0f{ ;b:ox?sf] ljz]if e]nf 8fsL lg0f{ofy{ k|:t't ug]{5 .

$=

lg0f{ofy{ k|:t't x'g] & lbg cufl8 ;+;f]wg k|:tfjsf] Ps k|lt ;b:ox?sf] kx'+r x'g]u/L ;+:yfsf] sfof{no / ;+:yfsf] cflwsfl/s j]e;fO6df pknAw u/fOg]5 .

%=

ljwfg ;+;f]wg k|:tfj ;fwf/0f ;efdf pkl:yt ;b:ox?sf] b'O{ ltxfO ax'dtaf6 kfl/t x'g]5 .

^=

lg0f{ofy{ k|:t't ePsf] ;+;f]wg k|:tfj kfl/t ePsf] v08df k|:tfjdf cGoyf pNn]v ePafx]s kfl/t ePsf] ldltaf6 nfu" x'g]5 .

&=

kfl/t eO{ nfu" x'g] ;+;f]lwt ljwfgsf] Ps k|lt ;+:yfsf] sfof{nodf pknAw x'g]5 . kl/dflh{t wf/f tyf pkwf/fx? pNn]v u/L ljwfg ;+;f]wgsf] ;"rgf ;+:yfsf] d'vkq dfkm{t\ hfgsf/L u/fOg]5 .

14

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