The Bates Family
The Bates Family The Bates family has recently moved to a small town following the death of their father. Norma bates, the mother, 40, owns a small motel off the side of a highway, attached to her home. Dylan Bates, the older son, age 23, works on a farm and lives away from the family. Norman Bates, 18, is the younger son of Norma Bates. Norman works at the motel with his mother, after being released from a psychiatric institution. Alex Romero, 40, is a sheriff of the town and is recently married to Norma. He engages in unlawful behaviors throughout the show.
Family Function The Bates family functions as individual parts that make up a whole. They completely depend on each other for emotional, and financial support. Not one individual can function alone, but rather all parts are needed for the whole family to function.
Structure & Roles Norma, is a housewife and motel owner. She is the sole caretaker of her son Norman who is mentally ill. She has a very strong relationship with Norman, and is constantly protecting him from the law. She is also manipulative to those outside her family. Norman has a very strong and emotional relationship with his mother. He relies on her greatly for support and loves her more than anything. The relationship that Norman has with his mother has stemmed from childhood trauma of watching his mother be abused by his father. Dylan, born from an incestual relationship between Norma and her brother, had a lot of anger towards his mom, however at this point in time, he is coming around and beginning to develop a relationship with her. He acts as a support system for Norman. Alex Romero protects Norma from Normanâ€™s irrational behavior, and provides financial stability for the family.
Condition Norman Bates suffers from a severe, unknown psychiatric illness. He suffers from blackouts, where he loses himself and has no control over what he does during these blackouts. His blackouts are triggered by emotions. During these blackouts, he becomes his mother and acts, feels, and thinks he is his mother. He murders countless numbers of people, who are â€œthreatsâ€? to him, in his motherâ€™s eyes. When he comes out of his blackouts, he has no memory of what has happened. However, every once in a while he experiences flashbacks and what he sees in his flashbacks is his mother murdering everyone that he has murdered, since he thinks he is his mother during these blackouts. This has then lead him to believe that his mother is a threat to society, and is in denial that he is the one committing these crimes. His mother constantly protects him from the law and tries to cover up any possible evidence that his son committed these murders. He was recently admitted to a psychiatric inpatient program, but currently is released.
Communication Communication in the Bates family is often very ineffective between the members. Norma and Norman often yell at each other, despite their strong, loving relationship. Due to Norman’s current state of instability, he struggles with communication with his family. Frequently, the mother is found shouting, pointing fingers, and blaming others. Norma often lies and denies responsibility for her and her son’s actions. But despite their poor communication, their love for each other is stronger than ever. They all love and depend on each other, regardless of what happens.
“I’m afraid of you and I love you, and that’s a bad combination” -Norman Bates
There is a lot of nonverbal communication that occurs. Norma and Norman express physical love for each other through hugging, holding, cuddling, and kissing. Norma’s husband is very affectionate with Norma, yet harsh with Norman. He holds a gun to Norman as a threat.
Developmental Stage According to Duvallâ€™s 8 stages of family development, the Bates family is in the 6th stage, â€œFamilies launching young adultsâ€?. The oldest son, Dylan, has moved out of the house away from his mother and brother. Which is why they are in this stage.
Norman, the younger son, still lives at home with his mother. He depends on her for everything such as emotional support, guidance, financial support, food, clothing, etc. This stage is completed once the last child leaves the family and goes off on their own (Family Development, 2017). The Bates family will not be able to move on in the stages until Norman is able to care for himself.
Culture & Religion & Family Dynamics The Bates family does not practice any specific religion. They do not attend church regularly. Violence is a common recurring theme with the Bates family. Their family culture involves lying, hiding, and manipulating. As well as working hard, caring for each other, and unity.
Strengths and Challenges Strengths: Some strengths in this family include their strong family bond. The bond that they have acts as a strong emotional support system, as well as protection for all of the members. The Bates family has also experienced trauma together and despite their experiences, they continue to remain a close and strong family unit. Each member of the family has very strong work ethic and desire to thrive.
Challenges: Some challenges include Normaâ€™s frequent lying. This is a challenge because their lies could become uncovered and cause the entire family to fall. The Bates family has also suffered from trauma, which has caused immense amounts of stress on the family.
Bioecological Systems Theory Bioecological Systems Theory relates to the Bates family, in that this theory deals with a person’s genetic and environmental influences. It talks about the different environmental systems, and how they each play a role in a person’s development. “A primary feature of this theory is the premise that individual and family development is contextual over time. According to Bronfenbrenner, individual development is affected by five types or levels of environmental systems” (Kaakinen, 2015). The 5 levels of environmental systems include: Microsystem, mesosystem, exosystem, macrosystem, and chronosystem. Microsystem: Norman’s mental illness affects his home and work life. He argues with his mother and his altered sense of reality has led him to feel that his mother his a threat to society. However, Norma and Dylan both know that Norman is the one that is a threat, and they both are constantly trying to keep his secrets from him and their town. Mesosystem: Norman’s mental health has affected his school work, as well as affected his mother’s business. Norma is unable to pay as much attention to the motel since Norman requires a lot of help. Norman is not doing so well in school, due to his blackouts.
Exosystem: In the community, Norman has become a red flag to officer Romero, his step dad, who is trying to protect Norma from Norman. Officer Romero wants Norman to be put back into a psychiatric facility, but Norma feels differently. Officer Romero is trying to protect the town, which is his bigger duty. Macrosystem: Norman constantly breaks the laws. He is not supposed to drive, according to his psychiatrist, yet he still drives. He also has blackouts and murders people. Norma is trying to cover up both of those things for Norman, so that Norman does not get I trouble with the law. Dylan, runs a marijuana farm, which is illegal to have in this town. Norma also tries to cover that up from the government. Chronosystem: Norman killed his father, which has cause Norma to cover it up and move her family away. Norman has no idea that he killed his father. In fact, he thinks that Norma killed his father. This death has cause immense stress on Norman and his whole family, and has played a big factor in the development of his mental illness.
Assessment Upon assessment of the Bate’s Family, three major problems to be addressed came about. ● ● ●
Caregiver role strain Communication problems within the family Need for community support
The Bates Family will engage in effective communication with each other by the next family therapy session. Norma will report her workload as a caregiver of being lessened as well as a lesser burden, after three home visits. The Bates family will use at least one community resource by next month.
Interventions Since Norma most likely suffers from caregiver role strain, a nurse could come to the Bate’s family each week (respite care) and assess their living arrangements and determine the need for adjustments. This would also allow Norma to have some time to herself for a break. The nurse would also develop rapport with Norman and engage in therapeutic communication during this time. Rationale: “Respite care includes in-home or site-specific supervision, assistance with activities of daily living, or skilled nursing care designed to give the caregiver time off... results suggest that respite care may indeed reduce caregiver strain and burden” (Honea et al, 2013).
Another intervention for the Bates family would be family therapy. Their communication between each other needs help, due to lying, shouting, gun pointing, and blaming. Family therapy would help them to communicate effectively with each other and decrease the need for lying and hiding secrets. Family therapy could also help Norma learn how to cope with Norman’s illness, and how to better manage him at home. According to a research study conducted, participants, “had less negative views of their relationships with the patients and that they felt better emotionally when compared to the control group. It was also reported that caregivers increased [their] levels of knowledge about the causes and the treatment of the mental illness and they could better cope with the difficulties experienced with the FFS [family to family support] program” (Bademli et al, 2014).
Community support programs, such as Illness management and Recovery Program, can help patients with mental illnesses and their families. In a research study, it was found that, “Illness management and Recovery Program has been effective in helping people with mental illness to achieve their recovery goals… People gained insight to their illness and became adherent to their treatment and achieved desired outcomes” (Tan et al, 2017). This program is also available for family members to attend. Norman could attend this program with his family, so that he could learn more about his illness, and his family could learn how to better manage him and how to care for him effectively. This program can provide Norman and his family with the emotional support that they need. Other community programs such as NAMI, are also available for members of the community and their families.
References Bademli, K., & Duman, Z. C. (2014). Effects of a Family-to-Family Support Program on the Mental Health and Coping Strategies of Caregivers of Adults With Mental Illness: A Randomized Controlled Study. Archives Of Psychiatric Nursing, 28(6), 392-398. doi:10.1016/j.apnu.2014.08.011 Family Development Theory (2017). North Texas University. Retrieved from https://parenteducation.unt.edu/sites/default/files/ Honea, N., Brintnall, R., Given, B., Sherwood, P., Colao, D., Somers, S., & Northouse, L. (2013) Putting evidence into practiceÂ®: nursing assessment and interventions to reduce family caregiver strain and burden. Clinical Journal Of Oncology Nursing, 12(3), 507-516. doi:10.1188/08.CJON.507-516 Kaakinen, J. (2015). Family Health Care Nursing: theory, practice, and research (5th ed.). Philadelphia: F.A. Davis Co. Tan, C. S., Ishak, R. B., Lim, T. G., Marimuthusamy, P., Kaurss, K., & Leong, J. J. (2017). Illness management and recovery program for mental health problems: reducing symptoms and increasing social functioning. Journal Of Clinical Nursing, 26(21/22), 3471-3485. doi:10.1111/jocn.13712 [Untitled Image of Norman and Norma heads] Retrieved from https://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=https%3A%2F%2Fpmctvline2.files.wordpress.com%2F2016%2F12%2Fgolden-globe-awards-2017-snubs-bates-m otel.jpg%3Fw%3D620&imgrefurl=http%3A%2F%2Ftvline.com%2F2017%2F01%2F03%2Fbates-motel-season-5-premiere-date-final-episodes%2F&docid= BfAMoChpqHWITM&tbnid=OYtmlMR1sBcqfM%3A&vet=10ahUKEwianKLlotbZAhUE4YMKHd01A5cQMwj6ASgGMAY..i&w=620&h=420&bih=707&biw=151 7&q=bates%20motel&ved=0ahUKEwianKLlotbZAhUE4YMKHd01A5cQMwj6ASgGMAY&iact=mrc&uact=8 [Untitled Image of Norman with pearls] Retrieved from https://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=https%3A%2F%2Fresizing.flixster.com%2FzEETcj0GyuEyYDU1_gLwE-ErLWA%3D%2F206x305%2Fv1.dDsyMDE 5NzE7ajsxNzYyNjsxMjAwOzE2MDA7MjQwMA&imgrefurl=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.rottentomatoes.com%2Ftv%2Fbates_motel%2Fs05%2F&docid=mWhlm gBFqRhUrM&tbnid=pDTYoe-rZof0uM%3A&vet=10ahUKEwianKLlotbZAhUE4YMKHd01A5cQMwj9ASgJMAk..i&w=206&h=305&bih=707&biw=1517&q=bat es%20motel&ved=0ahUKEwianKLlotbZAhUE4YMKHd01A5cQMwj9ASgJMAk&iact=mrc&uact=8
References Cont. Untitled Image of Norman and Norma hiding a body] Retrieved from https://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.gannett-cdn.com%2F-mm-%2F2bb4007e54ddb5b5bcd44e1558e0f52ac3940840%2Fc%3D 0-321-3319-2196%26r%3Dx1683%26c%3D3200x1680%2Flocal%2F-%2Fmedia%2F2017%2F02%2F16%2FUSATODAY%2FUSATODAY%2F6362284796 74893812-Bates-Motel-Highmore-Farmiga-1.jpg&imgrefurl=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.usatoday.com%2Fstory%2Flife%2Ftv%2F2017%2F02%2F18%2Fbates -motel-collides-psycho-final-season%2F97999812%2F&docid=n3aZpSBwFCEzgM&tbnid=6Po53es6LAkXFM%3A&vet=10ahUKEwianKLlotbZAhUE4YMKH d01A5cQMwiYAigWMBY..i&w=3200&h=1680&bih=707&biw=1517&q=bates%20motel&ved=0ahUKEwianKLlotbZAhUE4YMKHd01A5cQMwiYAigWMBY&ia ct=mrc&uact=8 [Untitled Image of Norma and Norman cuddling 1] Retrieved from https://www.google.com/search?rlz=1C1GKLA_enUS609US609&biw=1517&bih=707&tbm=isch&sa=1&ei=7NKdWsf8JauUjwTt_7Q4&q=bates+motel+cuddli ng&oq=bates+motel+cuddling&gs_l=psy-ab.3...321900.322521.0.322618.104.22.168.0.0.0.212.983.0j5j1.6.0....0...1c.1.64.psy-ab..2.2.375...0j0i30k1j0i8i30k1j0i24 k1.0.sZODhiqvQos#imgrc=LjW2QDJAFCK_FM: [Untitled Image of Norma and Norman cuddling 2] Retrieved from https://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=https%3A%2F%2Fs-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com%2Foriginals%2Fca%2F6e%2F7d%2Fca6e7deeb06970cb3bac9 9ec38f26cb5.jpg&imgrefurl=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.pinterest.com%2Fpin%2F422775483741950016%2F&docid=sa0A1muefLOnVM&tbnid=HFBT9Ke_Jhf PDM%3A&vet=10ahUKEwjHosydq9bZAhUryoMKHe0_DQcQMwhCKAswCw..i&w=503&h=244&itg=1&bih=707&biw=1517&q=bates%20motel%20hugging& ved=0ahUKEwjHosydq9bZAhUryoMKHe0_DQcQMwhCKAswCw&iact=mrc&uact=8 [Untitled Image of Norma shouting at Norman] Retrieved from https://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=https%3A%2F%2Fmkserialblog.files.wordpress.com%2F2014%2F03%2Fcheckout4.gif&imgrefurl=https%3A%2F%2 Fmkserialblog.wordpress.com%2F2014%2F03%2F28%2Fbates-motel-norman-loves-his-mum%2F&docid=SSlRANIbtl59bM&tbnid=afYtYD1iwiO61M%3A& vet=10ahUKEwiz7-PtqtbZAhUGS60KHVSIBKUQMwhCKAYwBg..i&w=500&h=281&bih=707&biw=1517&q=bates%20motel%20fighting&ved=0ahUKEwiz7-P tqtbZAhUGS60KHVSIBKUQMwhCKAYwBg&iact=mrc&uact=8
References Cont. [Untitled Image of Bates Family] Retrieved from https://www.google.com/search?q=bates+motel&rlz=1C1GKLA_enUS609US609&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjQjrjZ3d3ZAhVi9IM KHXRIDzgQ_AUICygC&biw=1517&bih=707#imgrc=6GuirdiqwThSVM: [Untitled Image of Norman and Norman] Retrieved from https://www.google.com/search?rlz=1C1GKLA_enUS609US609&biw=1517&bih=707&tbm=isch&sa=1&ei=erShWp2eAeHYjwTQzbKwAw&q=bates+ motel+norman&oq=bates+motel+norman&gs_l=psy-ab.3..0l10.16304.16859.0.17249.7.4.0.22.214.171.124.546.0j4.4.0....0...1c.1.64.psy-ab..2.5.560...0i67 k1.0.6FaS4Sntv-o#imgrc=xsp6rKYkvJCn0M:
Published on Mar 11, 2018