Past Latinx Art Helps Understand the Present
From Finland to the CSUDH Soccer Field
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California State University, Dominguez Hills
OCTOBER 10, 2019 • VOL. 23, NO. 3
Basic Needs, Graduation Focus of State Hearing Estimated 41 percent of Toros food insecure; 11 percent housing insecure
By DAYZSHA LINO Staff Reporter
Nova Blanco-Rico Bulletin
Calif. legislators included CSUDH alumni Steven Bradford (far right)
Food insecurity, housing insecurity, access to mental health treatments and how they factor into graduation rates were the focal point of the Select Subcommittee on Student Success hearing held Monday in the Extended Education building.
The committee is heading a two-year plan, or “fact-finding mission,” in the words of chair Steven M. Glazer, to visit various college campuses to evaluate student needs and their effect on graduation. According to the Sacramento CSU website “Hunger, housing insecurity, and lack of access to mental health counseling and services are
the most significant barriers to students’ academic success, according to campus surveys by various California colleges and universities. However, little comprehensive data exists, so the State Senate College Tour was launched by lawmakers to visit selectes California higher education campuses to hear first-hand from those on those campuess who are trying to better reach students’ whose basic needs [See Basic Needs, page 3]
Putting a Campus Focus on World Mental Health Day By VIOLETA ROCHA Staff Reporter In commemoration of Thursday, Oct.10 being World Mental Health Day, the CSUDH Student Health and Psychological Services is holding a series of events on campus this and next week designing to bring awareness of mental health-related issues and how to play a proactive role in recognizing and referring those who need help, and to lowering the stigma around INSIDE mental illness. Battling the Stigma Around Laura Castillo, Asking for Help. Page 3 assistant to the director of the Student Health Center, said that although World Mental Health Day is a global effort, CSUDH President Thomas Parham is a strong supporter of educating and heightening awareness on this campus, which is one reason for the series of events. “One of the main things that [he] is interested in is making sure that our students are not just prepared,” in terms of their education but also in terms of mental health resources and awareness, Painting by Daniel Garcia
[See Campus, page 3]
CSUDH Greets the Dawn of a DuBois Honors Society By MONIQUE DAVIS Staff Reporter On Sept. 24, Dr. Donna J. Nicol and selected students gathered in the Dean’s Conference Room to discuss the beginning of the first West Coast chapter of The W.E.B.
DuBois National Honors Society. Established in 1991, the program was created to honor W.E.B DuBois, a prolific and influential civil rights activist, historian, writer, educator, and one of the founders of the National Associ-
ation for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Though one of the most pre-eminent African Americans in American history, the honors society is designed for all scholars to advance their academic excellence and to captivate their communities
through service. Before DuBois, who lived from 1868-1963, became the first African American to earn a doctorate, he was the leader of the Niagara Movement, a group of activists who fought [See DuBois, page 3]
Library of Congress photo
THURSDAY, OCTOBER 10, 2019
CSUDH BULLETIN STAFF EDITORIAL
Should You Stay or Should You Go?
Brook Ward license ccby-nc2.0/creat
Antonio Brown may be remembered mpre for its turbulent end than for being one of three NFL players to gain 1,000 yards receiving and rushing.
The Strangest Career in NFL History By MALENA LOPEZ Staff Reporter NFL star--sorry, former star-- Antonio Brown has really fumbled his entire career along with making this season one of the strangest in league history. How has a wide receiver once viewed as a living legend been reduced to a guy with a bleached mustache? Don’t worry, I’ll tell you. But before I get to his downfall, let’s talk briefly about his rise to fame. Signing with the Pittsburgh Steelers in June 2010 is where Brown’s Cinderella story begins. In the nine years that Brown was with the Steelers he was one of the league’s biggest stars with his record breaking touchdowns and punt returns. I mean, he was the first player in NFL history to have more than 1,000 yards receiving and returning in the same year. And on top of that he joined Detroit Lion Calvin Johnson and Atlanta Falcon Julio Jones as the only NFL players to reach 10,000 receiving yards in under 116 games. One could argue that these
achievements in concussion, I mean, conjunction with becoming the highest paid receiver at $68 million started to go straight to his head. The end of his career with the Steelers was filled with penalties and missed practices and incurring fines for things like excessive celebrating on the field, wearing the wrong colored shoes, running backwards, and the worst of all, twerking. This is sort of where Brown’s Cinderella story ends. Whereas Cinderella went from rags to riches, Brown went from punts to just straight up trippin. Brown left the Steelers after the 2018 season and was picked up by the Oakland Raiders in March 2019 and it’s been nothing but trouble ever since. Soon after his start with the Raiders, Brown began to raise hell over his helmet in one of his most memed moments of his entire career, as the internet took to calling him Dark Helmet after he threatened to never play football again unless he could continue wearing his old helmet that was no longer approved
by the league (due to it not being up to concussions-CTE standard). THEN he went on to miss even more practices, since he refused to wear a different helmet, and had an explosive altercation that ended with Brown calling the team general manager Mike Maylock, a “cracker” over the whole helmet request being denied. Of course Brown was quick to apologize to him and the entire team. Who wouldn’t when you have $30 million on the line? But ultimately, the Raiders came to realize that this guy was too much drama which led him to be cut and then signed by the New England Patriots only a few days later, a franchise well known for taking in faded NFL stars. But of course, his glory with the Patriots only lasted 11 days after being kicked off for a currently ongoing sexual harassment lawsuit from his former trainer, Britney Taylor. *Inserts clown emoji*. A few days after this allegation, another sexual harassment lawsuit was filed involving an artist Brown had hired to do his portrait. *In-
serts ongoing clown emojis* Understandably so, Brown has left the league and gone into hiding, sort- of. So what is the Dark Helmet up to now, you ask? Well Brown has announced he is leaving the league to clear his name; and going back to school. Brown has enrolled in online classes at Central Michigan University. I’m all for higher education but I cannot figure out his major after seeing the courses he has enrolled in: Sociology. Marketing. English. A death-and-dying course. I am a Steelers fan through and through, so by default I had to embrace AB, but this guy is a complete clown. He thought he was invincible and now no team wants to take a chance with him because of this investigation. So is his NFL career over? Well, the league has given multiple chances to many in the past, so maybe it’s not. Let’s just hope that if his football days are over, he will use his death-and-dying English marketing degree for the good of us all.
The First Amendment, and what it protects, can be a little tricky; we know that it protects the right NOT to speak; students being able to wear anti-war symbols at school; and our personal favorite, the ability to use certain offensive words and phrases to convey political messages. But what does freedom of speech mean in the following context: You’re walking to class, weaving through crowds, its business as usual. Suddenly you’re stopped by a young woman with a polite smile on her face as she gestures toward you and says, “Have you heard about God, Mother?” This is a scenario that’s played out on campus in the last few weeks. Some students have expressed concern over the proselytizing of members of a particular religious sect with a non-traditional name, non-traditional beliefs (at least to those of us on the Bulletin staff) and an approach to communicating with students that some feels cross the line from enthusiasm into annoyance. But here’s the tricky part: Freedom of Speech is freedom for ALL speech, whether one agrees, understands or doesn’t want to be bothered with that speech. Even hate speech and obscenity, neither kind of expression members of this sect have engaged in, are protected by the First Amendment. Those types of speech are ugly to many, and few could argue they are speaking with the highest ideals in mind, but as long as the practitioners of that speech are not doing anything illegal, they are protected. But that doesn’t mean anyone can articulate whatever speech they like anywhere on this campus. CSUDH has a designated zone where outside organizations or individuals can pitch their tents, so to speak. According to the important campus policies on the campus’ student conduct website, the “Free Expression Area,” which is located on the East Walkway allows any group [See Editorial, page 8]
STAFF BOX EDITOR-IN-CHIEF Jordan Darling MANAGING EDITOR Yeymy Garcia NEWS EDITOR Robert Rios SPORTS EDITOR Jeremy Gonzalez
ASST. SPORTS EDITOR Jessica Olvera CO-OPINION EDITORS Robin Renay Bolton Destiny Jackson CO-LIFESTYLE EDITORS Monique Davis Jasmine Nguyen
PHOTO EDITOR Nova Blanco-Rico COPY EDITOR Andrew Baumgartner LAYOUT MANAGER Lindsey Ball LAYOUT ASSISTANT Chris Martinez
REPORTERS Matthew Alford Yesenia Flores Elicia Gallardo Lavielle Hibbert Dayzsha Lino Malena Lopez Angelica Mozol
Iracema Navarro Jaclyn Okwumabua Violeta Rocha Destiny Torres
ADVISER Joel Beers
The print and digital version of the CSUDH Bulletin is published bi-weekly and is produced by students in Communications 355, News Production workshop. The views and expressions contained on both do not necessarily reflect that of the Communications
Department, or the CSUDH administration. The Bulletin operates within, and is protected by, the First Amendment to the Constitution of the United States of America. Comments, criticism, and story ideas can be emailed to bulletin@ csudh.edu. We reserve the right to edit any letters for length, grammar and punctuation, and libel.
BASIC NEEDS From page 1 are challenged. The hearing was led by chairman Glazer, and included, Senators Steven Bradford, Bob Archuleta and State Assemblymember Al Muratsuchi. Provost Dr. Michael Spagna filled in for President Parham at the hearing and talked about the record enrollment and diversity on campus. Spagna said 82.7% of freshmen are underrepresented minority students, 73% are Pell eligible, 66% are first generation students and he thought that said a great deal about the needs of students on campus. The number of CSUDH students who are food insecure is estimated to be 42 percent, and those who are housing insecure is 11 percent, according to Graduate Research Intern for the Basic Needs Program Hawk Mcfadden, at Wednesday’s Academic Senate meeting. Morgan Kirk, coordinator for the Basic Needs program at CSUDH, listed the various programs offered to fulfill needs for struggling students. Kirk said the undocumented and mixed status students don’t qualify for CalFresh, previously known as California Food Stamps, but they can qualify for a hot meal card that temporarily provides them with food. “Students can be walked through [ how to] apply for these programs.” Kirk said. Stigmas around basic needs assistance programs can lead to feelings of embarrassment and shame which often leads to students not seeking the help they need. Beyond students basic needs mental health is a contributing factor to lower graduation rates, “35% of students were so depressed it was hard for them to function.” Senator Glazer said. Dr. Bruce Wallace a staff psychologist for CSUDH said, “The goal is to reduce the sigma and empower students to succeed.” Wallace talked about the trauma that students in the CSUDH community have faced through situational violence and rough communities and said that the college offers group and crisis sessions for struggling students, but it takes four to eight weeks on average to get an appointment. There were no decisions or policies set during Wednesday’s hearing, which was designed to give members of the committee a boots-onthe-ground sense of what is happening at university campuses.“It is important that for those of us in the lawmaking world that we don’t just pass laws and hope that they get implemented but it’s important that we get on the ground and get, [local experience and knowledge ]”Glazer said.
THURSDAY, OCTOBER 10, 2019
Battling the Stigma Around Asking for Help By DESTINY TORRES Staff Reporter When we don’t understand something in a class, it is obvious to raise your hand and ask for clarification. If you break your arm while learning how to ride a bike, the obvious solution is to go to a hospital for treatment. When it comes to mental health, however, we are hesitant to acknowledge when there is a problem, let alone ask for help. Mental illness is more common than most people know. In the U.S., 19 percent of adults experienced mental illness in 2018, according to the National Alliance on Mental Illness. More and more people
are being open about their mental illness issues, especially with social media. TV and movies are using their platforms to create a conversation regarding mental illness such as Silver Linings Playbook and The Perks of Being a Wallflower. Mental health is being talked about now more than ever but asking for help is still being stigmatized. Of the number of people with a mental illness, only 43 percent receive treatment. For many people, the idea of asking for help is not an option. It can seem like a much easier alternative to put on a brave face and go through the motions of their day. The words, “I need help” are laced with so much
shame that instead they become, “I’m fine,” Asking for help can feel like a sign of defeat, but in reality, pushing past your demons and getting the help you deserve is an act of courage. In 2016, I remember feeling like a shell of a person. Finding joy in day-to-day things became more and more difficult resulting in me shutting everyone and everything out. When asked what was bothering me, I’d dismiss any worry with a quick smile and a convincing, “I’m fine.” I knew I wasn’t. I was silently drowning in my pool of anxiety and depression. No one knew until I finally built up the courage to ask for help.
In my household, therapy is ‘for crazy people’. Sitting on the green couch in my therapist’s office, I thought, ‘I might as well be in a straight-jacket.’ After a few sessions, I was reverting to my old self and I felt like I could breathe again. Asking for help is not a sign of weakness. It’s easy to convince yourself that you should be able to handle all your challenges on your own, but that’s not always the case. If you would like to learn more about therapy, the Student Health Center at California State University, Dominguez Hills is a great place to start. The office is located between Welch Hall and the University Theater, SHC A-141.
CAMPUS From page 1 she said. Today (Wednesday, Oct. 9), a Let’s Talk about Suicide Prevention discussion will be held in which interested people can learn how to identify someone who is suicidal, how to talk to them about it, and where to refer them to get professional health. It will be held in room 328 of the LSU and is from 5 p.m.-7 p.m. Thursday, a mental health and well -being feast will be held in the Sculpture Garden from 4 p.m.- 6 p.m., in which food will be offered, and strategies and techniques surrounding managing stress and anxiety will be addressed. Also, on Thursday, you can show your support for mental health awareness by going to the Food Court in the LSU and wearing a provided green ribbon as part of the go Green Ribbon Campaign. Two events will be held next week. Monday, Minds Matter at CSUDH, an hour-
DuBOIS From page 1 for the equal rights of African Americans. DuBois strongly advocated for full civil rights and increased political representation, while tirelessly battling against discrimination. Nicol, an associate professor and chair of the Africana Studies Department, kicked off the meeting by introducing herself and then welcomed the attendees and asked them to introduce themselves with their names, year classification, and majors. “The purpose of the W.E.B DuBois Honors society is to achieve academic excellence in all fields of education,” Nicol said. “[It] is also to en-
Nova Blanco-Rico Bulletin
Signs bearing statistics on the North Lawn are reminders that mental disease has no borders.
long presentation beginning at 1 p.m. in front of the Student Health Center, will focus on educating, advocating and raising mental health awareness at the university. Also, on Monday, the first of two two-day sessions of mental health and first aid training will be offered from gage in the service of others and to recognize the leadership and accomplishments of the society’s members.” Dr. Nicol highlighted that the honors society is open to all races, genders, and majors as long as they are sophomores or higher and maintain a minimum of a 3.3 cumulative GPA. “It is important for students to become involved in this program for two primary reasons,” Nicol said. “ One is to honor their academic hard work, but the second is to expose them to the teaching and the philosophy of W.E.B. DuBois. He was a pioneering thinker when it comes to talking about race, education, and pan- African studies. Giving that kind of exposure to DuBois at the same
9 a.m. to 1 p.m. Each session teaches participants how to help someone experiencing a mental health episode or crisis. The second day of training will be held Thursday, Oct. 17, and another two-day training session will be held Nov. 13 and Nov. 20. If participants cannot make it to both dates time of celebrating student’s academic achievements is important.” As members, students will have a distinction among their peers at local and national levels, identification as an individual of successful academic ability, leadership opportunities on the national and local level, pins and graduation cords of honor, and lifetime membership. Students who join will also have the chance to run for leadership positions within the society, Students are very excited about the start of this new program and the great lengths the Africana studies department is going to highlight African- American academic excellence. “As an African- American,
in October, they can complete their first aid training by returning in November. Upon successful completion, participants will obtain a three-certification as a mental health first aider. For more information, including how to register, contact Castillo at firstname.lastname@example.org. I feel like this program is necessary and a great opportunity,” Deja Anderson, a senior health science major, said. “There are hundreds, if not thousands of black scholars on our campus, and they aren’t getting the proper recognition they deserve. I believe the W.E.B. DuBois Honors Society will create a positive and uplifting environment for African- American scholars.” The West Coast Chapter recognition and student induction will take place in Spring 2020. Members of the society will also have to pay a $25 induction fee. An official application will be sent to students at the beginning of October, and the deadline to turn in the application is Nov. 1.
THURSDAY, OCTOBER 10, 2019
Past Latinx Art Helps Understand the Present By ROBERT RIOS News Editor Satire, irony and wit have been wielded for centuries by artists as representations of their ideas and feelings concerning serious social issues. One of the modern masters of those techniques was José Guadalupe Posada, a Mexican-born, prolific illustrator who lived from 1852-1913, and whose work has inspired other artists from the Chicano movements of the 1970s to contemporary Latinx artists. The CSUDH University Art Gallery held an opening reception on Oct. 5 to honor Posada’s chronicle of society, “Legend and Legacy: José Guadalupe Posada and Contemporary Latinx Art.” The event, which includes work from Posada as well as contemporay artists like Lalo Alcaraz, Olivia Y. Armas, Kalli Arte (Adriana Carranza and Alfonso Aceves), and Alvaro Márquez, is open to the public and runs through Dec. 13. “We really wanted to share the work with our students and larger community here with Posada’s work being so familiar with everybody, but I think a lot of people don’t know who he was or the kind of work he did,” said Roderick Hernandez, associate professor of English and co-curator. “That’s why we want to do this, to show that artists have been and continue to use [his style of] iconography to make satirical commentary about immigration or even the commercialization of the Day of the Dead. I don’t think people in the 70’s had any idea that this would be as popular as it has come.” Posada was born in Aguascalientes, Mexico in 1852 and passed away in 1913. His first days of creating political cartoons got his newspaper, El Jicote (The Bumblebee), shut down 11 issues into his run due to him offending a local politician. Most of Posada’s illustrations have challenged political leaders, playing a crucial role for the government during the presidency of Francisco I Madero and the campaign for Emiliano Zapata during the Mexican Revolution. Posada worked tirelessly in the press until the day of his passing. Much of his work consisted of calavera (skeleton) imagery used humorously to poke fun at political and social issues, and leaders. That motivated artists in the Chicana/o movement of the 70’s and later to do the same when addressing problems society encounters today. The gallery is scattered with print art from Posada and from contemporary artist who emulate his themes of socio-political awareness and
Robert Rios Bulletin
“Super Muerto,” by Artemio Rodriguez, is a serigraph made in 2013 that takes iconic American characters redesigned in Latinx form.
commentary into their work with skeletons. However, this is not a Day of the Dead show. Many of the art pieces will be recognizable as they parody American icons such as Mickey Mouse, Superman, and Charles M. Schulz, creator of Peanuts. Characters like those are either given a Latinx redesign or portrayed in a manner to prove a point politically or humorously. Pieces like these continue to be featured in the United States pop culture scene. Paintings in the room make sure there is some type of objective to either send a message or show a familiar picture. These are different experiences and perspectives of “Chicanismo” in the gallery said Alvaro Márquez, artist and Cal State Long Beach student. “It helps show what it means to be a person of color at this time, approaches through different lenses, but ultimately it’s critical and satirical,” Márquez said. “The calaveras become a motif that have been used historically as a form of political critique so you can see the different takes on how that idea is used.” The gallery is free and open to the public, Monday– Thursday, from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Appointments can be made by contacting the university art gallery via email at email@example.com. The University Art Gallery at California State University, Dominguez Hills is located in LaCorte Hall, A-107.
“Los Hijos del Nopal” is a 2018 installation by the Boyle Heights duo of Alfonso Aceves and Adriana Carranza.
“Siguendo Los Pasos de Posada,” 2013. Linocut print, collection of the art. By William Acedo, Alvaro Márquez, Victor Rosas, and John Talackson.
THURSDAY, OCTOBER 10, 2019
Corridos class connects students to Latinx culture By DESTINY TORRES Staff Reporter Alexandro Hernández grew up in the small Texas town of Del Río, just across the border from the Mexican city of Ciudad Acuña, Coahuila. But what drove him to become a musician wasn’t the traditional bordertown soundscapes of conjunto, the Texas-Mexican version of norteño, but metal and hardcore punk. But as an undergraduate at the University of Texas in San Antonio, he began learning more about the traditional Mexican music he had always heard, but never seriously studied. One of those forms was the corrido, a type of Spanish-language ballad that merges folk music and oral history and has been used for decades in Mexico and other Latin American countries, particularly El Salvador, as a way to narrate historical events and document the experiences of oppressed communities and individuals. And now Hernández, a professor in the Chicano/a Studies Department, is teaching the history and evolution of the corrido to CSUDH students, as part of a new class offered this semester. The class is CHS 495, Special Topic in Chicano/a Studies, which meets on Tuesday and Thursdays. It is both a history class as well as a participatory class, in that students get to write their own corridos. In the class, which Hernández said is in part derived from the studies of Américo Paredes, one of the first people to receive a doctorate in Chicano Studies, students learn about the history of corridos, which are related to Spanish epic ballads, romances. They began in the Mexican War of Independence from Spain, and reached their peak 100 years
Destiny Torres Bulletin
Dr. Alexandro Hernandez (with guitar) and some of his students from a class being offered this semester that explores the history of the corrido.
later with the Mexican Revolution. In the 1970s, corridos had a renaissance, but now they were associated with the narcos lifestyle, or drug dealers, than their more grassroots origins. That is a version of the form that Hernández wants to dispel with his class. When he first asked his class what they thought corridos were, Hernández, who also writes and performs music as well as teaching it, said most replied that they were about narcos. Hernández tried to set them straight. “It’s a much later manifestation of the corrido,” Hernández said. “That’s the
difference between the commercialization of the corrido versus almost 200 years before.” One reason corridos are so often identified with narcos, Hernández said, is that often the Mexican media glamorizes the lifestyle the same way a large number of U.S. hip hop tracks glamorize drug dealing. Another misconception he deals with is the feeling that corridos are solely strong expressions of Mexican identity. They are also a major part of Central American identities as well, he said. “We mostly see corridos as a nationalistic expression or expression of resistance
for Mexicans, but it’s beyond that,” Hernández said. “It’s beyond borders.” Another misconception of corridos is that what makes a song a corrido is a beat. Hernández points out that a corrido is not a musical style, it is a format. It’s a way of telling a story. As a way of showing that, Hernández made a Spotify playlist of corridos to listen to. Along with those songs, and what they learn in class, students then write their own corridos, both individually and with a group, relating their corrido to the research and history they’ve gone over in class.
Bryan Cantero, a senior Chicano/a studies major, took the class in large part because he was interested in seeing if his idea of the corrido would be challenged. “I grew up with this music, but I would always hear it be demonized or considered to be evil,” Cantero said. “Inevitably, I think I internalized some of that.” Cantero said that it felt good to see himself in the material being taught at a university level. “It forces academic institutions to acknowledge some of the knowledge some of us bring from home,” Cantero said.
Lights, Camera, Action!: Meet ‘Asuncion’ star Danielle DeGuzman By DAYZSHA LINO Staff Reporter Actress and theatre arts major Danielle DeGuzman is no stranger to the spotlight. Growing up in Temecula, she discovered her passion for dance at the tender age of 4; and though she was a very shy kid, DeGuzman’s personality shined whenever she was given a chance to perform in front of people. Now she is bringing her top-notch performance skills to the Edison Theatre in this fall’s production of “Asuncion,” which opens Friday. DeGuzman didn’t catch the “acting-bug” until the middle of her college career. “I got into theater right around
2015,” she said. “I learned to love musical theater, and then along with musical theatre [was] the acting.” Originally, DeGuzman only wanted to focus on technical theatre and stage management, but since she loved musical theatre so much, she decided to go ahead and pursue acting. Now DeGuzman is getting another chance to shine, this time as the leading lady in Jesse Eisenburg’s critically acclaimed 2011 hit play, “Asuncion.” DeGuzman plays Asuncion, a Filipina woman who ends up living temporarily in the U.S. with two men, Vinny and Edgar, who try time and time again to prove that they aren’t racist. “She’s actually a really
funny character,” DeGuzman said. “She just wants to be accepted for who she is, especially when it comes to meeting these two gentlemen that she ends up temporarily living with at the time.” DeGuzman loves working alongside the other members of the four-person cast, and says they’re like best friends on and off set. She says that they immediately clicked after their first table read. “A lot of us knew each other from previous plays that we had done here,” said DeGuzman, “so getting to see them again, getting to experience a new play, getting to see them develop their characters; we always are very supportive of each other.”
With diversity being such a hot button issue in the acting world, DeGuzman says it’s an honor to be cast in a role that is specifically made for a Filipina woman. For one of the few times in her acting career, she didn’t have to fight to prove that she can portray a role not traditionally associated with her ethnicity. “In other shows that I have done, I’ve had to fight for the spot and prove myself even though I [was] racially not supposed to be type-casted for that show,” DeGuzman said. “It gives it that much more of a challenge because yes, I am a Filipina-American, but one person can incorporate the character differently than I can incorporate it.”
Throughout the play, Vinny and Edgar constantly fall over themselves to prove that they are both culturally accepting of their new Filipina roommate. It becomes clear later that their efforts to try and please her are exploitative, and the right way to approach her would’ve been to just be themselves. DeGuzman believes that the message that audiences should take away from the play is that we should all accept people for who they are. “We as people love to joke around about racial stereotypes,” said DeGuzman, “And I think sometimes we don’t realize that it could possibly affect someone later on.”
THURSDAY, OCTOBER 10, 2019
Erick Miseroy Toros Athletics
Junior Sofia Litendahl (pictured left) is one of three Toros who have registered a goal and an assist this season. She came from a Finland high school that consists the nation’s top players.
From Finland to the CSUDH Soccer Field By JESSICA OLVERA Assistant Sports Editor Most people travel to a foreign country for fun, or to experience a different culture. Sofia Litendahl, a junior on the CSUDH soccer team, is doing both. The 22-year-old didn’t choose to leave Finland for sunny Southern California for pleasure, but for a business trip to continue to play the sport she loves and also take care of her academics so that she can evolve into life after soccer. Litendahl was born in Helsinki, Finland and attended Mäkelänrinteen Lukio, a non-graded senior high school, one of 13 sports-oriented schools in Finland. Unlike many other European countries, where soccer is the most played and watched sport, in Finland, it is second to ice hockey. But it was Litendahls’s first love and as her high school graduation approached, she faced a big decision: staying home in Finland and attending an academic university where she couldn’t play soccer or leave her family and friends
and travel alone to a foreign country, where she could both study and compete. She has found that at CSUDH. “Here in the U.S., we can combine sports with school [but] in Europe we don’t have that,” Litendahl said. “I get the opportunity to play the sport that I love and [get a] higher education.” When first coming to the United States, its sheer vastness in terms of population and cultural diversity came as a shock, Litendahl said (the entire population of Finland is about half that of LA County). But some of the differences were subtler, such as how Americans and European soccer players approach the game of soccer. Litendahl said European players tend to be more technical, meaning that they focus on a more cautious approach, with precise passing to teammates, and sticking to an organized formation throughout a match. In contrast, she said, American players are more free-form, focusing on physical fitness in order to maximize speed. “We [European players] will hold the ball more and
wait for the opportunity to score in games, rather than here where I feel like we go 100 miles per hour the whole game,” Litendahl said. Another difference she mentioned is that in America, players tend to passionately display their emotions, while European players are less emotional and more disciplined. Along with bringing a different technique and demeanor to the women’s soccer team, Litendahl has doubled the Finnish contingent on the Toros this season. Her high school teammate Sara Kattainen, a member of Finland’s national team, joined the team this season after transferring from Ohio State University, largely because after flying to see Litendahl on her birthday, she was instantly taken by the California vibe, particularly Los Angeles. The pair attended the same high school and often speak in Finnish on the field. Litendahl said that living reminder of home right next to her helps keep her grounded. “It’s like a dream come true to get to play with her again,” Litendahl said. Together they share a
similar experience in being far away from home that has allowed them to lean on each other for support and to take pride in representing their Finland heritage. But she said she also found a second home in the U.S., and at CSUDH, something she didn’t expect. She said her overall experience has been overwhelming with the amount of support that she has received, allowing her to push through the challenges that she is faced with in both soccer and academic success. So far, Litendahl has recorded five goals during her three years here at CSUDH and has logged over 2,760 minutes as a consistent starter for the program. Along with having the task of getting accustomed to a new country, and acclimating her style of soccer into the American game, Litendahl has the added difficulty of juggling the life of being a student-athlete. This busy schedule often seems daunting to outsiders but Litendahl takes the challenging opportunity in stride so that she can better herself and make
the most out of her “business trip” here. Academically, Litendahl has declared herself a communication major with an emphasis in advertising and public relations and has her sights on potentially working for an advertising agency in the future. “I’ve definitely learned that nothing will be accomplished if I just back and not do anything,” Litendahl said. “If I had done that, I wouldn’t be here now.” Litendahl mentioned that being so far from her family is difficult, but that celebrating with them back home in Finland once she graduates will make it all worth it. But though she came to America to take care of her business, she has gained valuable insight about one aspect of life: that living one day at a time is more important than worrying about what challenges the future will bring. “I think about my future but you never truly know where you’ll end up,” Litendahl said. “Both countries feel like home to me, so it’s all a matter of time to decide where I want to stay.”
CSUDH BULLETIN NOTES FROM THE BULLPEN
Behind Enemy Lines Living in California means we get arguably the best weather in the country. Bright sunshine, clear skies, and a light breeze almost every day guaranteeing that any sporting event will be a delight to watch. It’s something we Angelinos take for granted. So how the hell did I find myself last weekend watching a soccer match 1,500 miles away, drenched in sweat while standing with strangers with the sun blazing down as humidity filled the air? Well those strangers and I shared a bond: we all chose to make the trip to watch our favorite soccer team, the Los Angeles Galaxy, take on a Western Conference rival, the Houston Dynamo, in each team’s final regular season game. We knew that traveling halfway across the country wouldn’t be easy and that our blue, white and gold would be overshadowed by the thousands of Dynamo fans wearing orange, but we still decided to make the trip and cheer on our boys as they fought to secure a home playoff game in the upcoming MLS postseason. Being the away fans at a game meant we were the bad guys. We’re cheering for the villains who came to spoil the home team’s party. We got dirty looks and profanity shouted in our direction by people of all ages. Many people shouted banter at us about our team and we got obscene gestures involving a certain finger from many opposing fans. As we made the quarter-mile march in overwhelming humidity from a local bar to the stadium, we were met with boos at every corner. But there were about 200 of us who flew to Houston, and we were ready: our chants in response growing louder with each group of Dynamo fans we passed. “We love ya, we love ya, we love ya, and everywhere we’ll follow, we’ll follow, we’ll follow, ‘cause we support LA, LA, LA, and that’s the way we like it, we like it, we like it, woah woah woah!” For once, I understood the feeling of wearing the black hat at a sporting event. And I loved every minute of it, even if I didn’t feel comfortable walking along to the concession stand or restroom. It was a feeling I was unfamiliar with, but I welcomed the persona of being the villain in a sports match. The final matchup in the MLS is known as Decision Day. It’s when playoff positions are solidified and you get to see who makes it to the big dance and who gets an early vacation. All 12 games involving all 24 MLS teams began at the same time, so we had to keep one eye on the general scoreboard to see what was going on in the other matches, while the other eye was on the match unfolding right before us. This Decision Day matchup had huge implications for the MLS playoff seeding. The Galaxy needed a victory in Houston to clinch a home playoff game in the first round. There was a chance
Welcome to the Bullpen, where sports editor Jeremy Gonzalez and assistant sports editor Jessica Olvera alternate writing about their favorite subject: sports. This week, Jeremy relates what it’s like to be the hated villain in the room when all you’re doing is cheering for your favorite team... that they could even host two playoff games, depending on the outcome of the other matches. There was also a chance that forward Zlatan Ibrahimovic would claim the MLS Golden Boot award, which is given to the player who has the most goals at the end of the season. The race for the Golden Boot was going to be a photo finish as Ibrahimovic and Carlos Vela from rival LAFC were competing in the two-horse race. All the Galaxy fans knew the monumental impact of this match. We were fired up. As if that wasn’t enough, fans still clearly remembered last season’s Decision Day when the Dynamo traveled to Carson and ruined the Galaxy’s playoff hopes by coming back from a two-goal deficit to win 3-2, single-handedly eliminating them from the postseason. Fans were extremely disappointed with the team then and hoped to exact revenge this time around. Although our seats were tucked into the upper corner of the stadium, we were fully invested from the moment the starting whistle blew and for the two hours that followed, we stood in 95-degree weather with the sun glaring down at us as we chanted and sang with other Galaxy fans in attendance. We celebrated every goal passionately, with water flying from water bottles being waved around and fans high-fiving and hugging in celebration. Unfortunately, the Galaxy lost 4-2, which meant we wouldn’t host a playoff game and Ibrahimovic didn’t win the Golden Boot race as he fell four goals shy of Vela. As heartbroken as we were, we still sang and chanted even after the game was over. Dynamo fans were taunting us since they had spoiled our Decision Day festivities for a second straight season. We threw playful jabs back at them saying that we were still in the playoffs while they were going straight to their couches after the final match. Cheering for your favorite team at home is always a fun experience, especially when you’re surrounded by thousands of fans who share the same love for the team as you. But I now have more respect for soccer fans who travel to watch their team perform in a hostile environment. It is never easy when you’re the underdog or outnumbered by the home fans, but it was definitely an experience I won’t forget and this was certainly not the last time I will be traveling to support my favorite team on the road in a rivalry game.
THURSDAY, OCTOBER 10, 2019
California Makes Big Stand Against NCAA By JEREMY GONZALEZ Sports Editor
to be able to skip college. But for sure I would’ve been one of those kids if I would have went off to Ohio State or I went off to any one of these big-time colleges where pretty much that ‘23’ jersey would have got sold all over the place - without my name on the back but everybody would have known the likeness.” James said he would not have been able to benefit at all from it. The university would capitalize on everything during the year or two he would’ve attended. “I understand what these kids are going through,” James said. “I feel for those kids who have been going through it for so long, so that’s why it’s personal to me.” James isn’t the only NBA star who thinks college athletes should receive compensation. Golden State Warriors forward Draymond Green, who played at Michigan State from 20082012, recently called the NCAA a “dictatorship” and applauds James for using his show as a platform to address the issue. One of James’ teammates on the Lakers, Kyle Kuzma, recently signed an endorsement deal with Puma that will pay him nearly $3 million annually. College athletes may not receive as big of a payout as Kuzma or other professional athletes, but expect them to make thousands and maybe even hundreds of thousands through endorsement deals. The NCAA has called the new legislation “unconstitutional.” They feel that while the system does need
A massive earthquake struck the state of California this month that sent shock waves around the rest of the country and could fundamentally shake the foundations of collegiate sports. On Monday Oct. 2, Calif Gov. Gavin Newsom forever changed the sports world by signing into law a plan that would allow NCAA athletes in the state to make money from endorsements. The California State Senate passed the Fair Pay to Play Act in September, with the law set to take effect in January 2023. The governor had the backing of arguably the biggest name currently in sports, NBA and Lakers superstar LeBron James, who made the announcement with Newsom Sept. 30 on his HBO show, “The Shop.” James notably wore a shirt with “More than an athlete” on the front at Lakers practice the same day the legislation was announced. It was a testament to his belief that college athletes, whose performances on the field and court have earned their universities and the NCAA countless millions over the years, should get some of that money themselves, especially those athletes who wouldn’t see that money as a perk, but something that could help them live. “Because I was one of those underprivileged kids,” James said to ESPN’s Dave McMenami on Sept. 30. “Obviously I was fortunate enough and talented enough
change, it should happen on a national level instead of state by state. “As more states consider their own specific legislation related to this topic, it is clear that a patchwork of different laws from different states will make unattainable the goal of providing a fair and level playing field for 1,100 campuses and nearly half a million student-athletes nationwide,” an NCAA statement said. Newsom said collegiate athletes deserve to be treated the same as other students when it comes to money-making opportunities, saying many students can market their name and image through different platforms like YouTube and monetize that, yet athletes are not given that same opportunity. While California was the first state to propose such a bill, others are quickly joining. On the same day Newsom signed the Fair Pay to Play Act, Florida state representative Kionne McGhee also proposed a bill aimed at allowing college athletes to be compensated for the use of their names, images, and likenesses. This legislation would go into effect July 1, 2020, two and a half years before the Fair Pay to Play Act. U.S. Representative Anthony Gonzalez, a Republican from Ohio, has taken it one step further and is planning to propose a new national law to give athletes the opportunity to make endorsement money. He believes the federal government needs to act quickly to avoid potential problems.
Toros Mourn Loss of Alum
Golf Tuning up for Spring
By JEREMY GONZALEZ Sports Editor The CSUDH volleyball team recently mourned the loss of one of their former players, Delea Pursel, who played for the university in 2011-12. Pursel passed away three weeks ago. A moment of silence was held last Tuesday, Oct. 1 before the Toros home match versus UC San Diego. Both teams, along with everyone in attendance, was asked to stand in silence in honor of Pursel. Volleyball head coach Jennifer Adeva said she had a special connection with Pursel. “We’re all heartbroken
by this news,” Adeva told Toros Athletics. “She was part of my first team when I arrived and was a special kid...she touched the lives of so many people in our program, from her teammates, other student-athletes and us as coaches. She will be missed tremendously.” Pursel was a starter for the Toros in 51 of her 54 career matches. In 2011, she led the team in block solos, block assists, and total blocks that year. A memorial service was held at the Clairemont Lutheran Church in San Diego Sunday, Sept. 29 and was followed by a celebration of life at Fellowship Hall later that day.
The CSUDH golf team officially teed off its new season last month at the Sonoma State Men’s Invitational, finishing eighth out of nine teams. Junior Todd Henderson and sophomore Kyle Campano both finished in the top 25. After a tournament this weekend in Chico, the Toros travel to Hawaii at the end of October to participate in the Dennis Rose Invitational held at Hilo University on the Big Island. The team takes three months off, plays once in February and then kicks into high gear in March, with tournaments almost every week leading up to the Divsion II Super Regional Preview and then the conference championship April 20-22, hosted by Cal State San Bernardino.
THURSDAY, OCTOBER 10, 2019
CSUDH Enrollment Record Means Campus Housing Demand Increases 5-minute walk now hour commute for some By MONIQUE DAVIS Staff Reporter With enrollment increasing by about 8 percent this semester, California State University, Dominguez Hills has shattered its enrollment record, as well as the number of people who wanted to live in the University Housing Complex. According to housing student assistant, Daylin Joseph, “ for the 2019- 2020 school year, the housing department has experienced the longest waitlist in the history of housing.” Since the waitlist to get into the dorms was about 500, interim Vice President of Student Life Matthew Smith coordinated with Marymount California University in Rancho Palos Verdes to add an additional 100 beds. This collaboration gave some students on the waitlist the opportunity to live as close to CSUDH as possible. The university also worked with the company Rent College Pads Inc., to create a website that offered alternative living locations besides Marymount California University. This list of alternative housing gave students “ peace of mind of finding fellow CSUDH roommates in a secure fashion,” Lynn Arthur, the housing director of residential life, said. But not all students’ minds were so peaceful. Symphony Kelly, a senior majoring in theatre arts who said she had lived on campus her first three years, had no choice but to lease an apartment at The Lorenzo Complex near The University of Southern California. “It’s incredibly frustrating especially because it was my last year, and it would have been so much easier and cheaper to live on campus like I’ve been doing for the past three years,” she said. “I spend more money on gas, and I have extra
EDITORIAL From page 2 which is located on the west side of the Loker University Student Union,is where any group or individual can express their opinion from 10 a.m to 10 p.m as long as they gain a permit from the office of Procurement, Contracts, Logistical & Support Services
miles on my car even though it’s only leased. Also, instead of walking from the dorms to my classes, I now have to commute from USC and spend 30 minutes searching for a parking space on campus.” Deja Anderson, a senior majoring in health science, also found her closest alternative living space was the same complex as Kelly. “ I’m extremely hurt and a little depressed,” Anderson said “ I’ve been living on campus since I was a freshman, and the fact that I have to live somewhere else still hasn’t registered yet.” When applying for a dorm, housing emphasizes the importance of submitting all your paperwork on time. If your paperwork is late then your chances of getting a space are slim to none. Due to the enrollment increase and these two students submitting their application not even an hour late caused them to lose their space While the enrollment push means some students are facing challenges they’d never encountered before, residential life director Arthur said it is exciting if one looks at the big picture. “ It is exciting as a new employee to see that Dominguez Hills is the first choice for students and parents, she said. Dominguez is definitely making strides and attracting students from across the state.” According to residential life director Arthur, “If enrollment increases in the future, the housing department is still undecided on what the process for receiving a space will be.” Due to the increasing popularity of living on campus, the university is currently constructing Phase III of the new dormitories. This project will give additional students the opportunity to live on campus. The new residence hall will be a four-story building that can hold 506 beds. It is expected to open by the Fall semester of 2020. in Welch Hall. This campus is a very diverse place with a vast array of people who come from all walks of life carrying different thoughts and opinions. And we believe that diversity should be reflected in groups not affiliated with us to have the same opportunity to express their views. Although controversial or hateful opin-
Examining Diseased Roots Author examines prison-industrial complex in lecture By DESTINY TORRES Staff Reporter It may be surprising to some, but facts are facts: The U.S. has the highest population of prison inmates in the world; 67 percent of them are people of color, which represent only about 37 percent of the American population; and the massive number of incarcerated persons needing to be housed, fed, and clothed has led to a massive privatization of the jail and prison system, leading some to call it a prison-industrial complex. The massive growth of the prison system, and the racial and socioeconomic inequalities that factor into it, are some of the issues that James Forman Jr. will discuss during a guest lecture Thursday. Part of the Social Justice Distinguished Series Series, hosted by the College of Business Administration & Public Policy, Forman’s presentation, “Confronting Mass Incarceration,” will be held on the fifth floor of the south library from 4 p.m. – 6 p.m. The
event is free; however, seating is limited. After the lecture, Forman will sign copies of his book, which will be available for sale, cash only. CSUDH criminal justice professor Clarence Augustis Martin said this lecture can be a reality check for people who don’t realize the United States has more people incarcerated than any other country in the world. “We want to stimulate critical thinking among our students just to make them aware of this reality,” Martin said. In 2018, Forman won a Pulitzer Prize in general nonfiction for “Locking Up Our Own: Crime and Punishment in Black America.” His book digs deep into the roots of the criminal justice system’s ongoing war against people of color by incarcerating them, and e devastating consequences this has had, and his having, on communities of color. One of the things he explores in the books is y African American leaders back in
the 1970s supported the War on Drugs, a war that began a steep increase in people of color being incarcerated. Forman is a law professor at the Yale School of Law. He studied at Brown University and Yale Law School. After school, he served as a clerk for a federal judge William Norris of the Ninth Circuit of Appeals and for justice Sandra Day O’Connor of the U.S. Supreme Court. He later went on to work as a public defender in Washington, D.C. That experience of working within the criminal justice system gave him the ability to see how it works and how it doesn’t. In his book, he also discusses how getting an education can keep people from getting into jail. Seeing the lack of educational opportunities for his clients, he co-founded the Maya Angelou Public Charter School along with David Domenici. This is a school for students who have dropped out or were previously incarcerated.
50 years later ethnic studies still polarizing By JORDAN DARLING Editor-in-Chief Fifty years ago this week the first, and still only, college of ethnic studies opened its doors: on the grounds of San Francisco State University, and only after a four-and-a-half month strike in which students demanded changes be made to a curriculum that many felt was Euro-centric and slighted minorities. Today, nearly 200 universities across the country have ethnic studies departments, including CSUDH, offering the type of classes that 50 years ago would probably not have been offered, including this one from University of Califonria, Berkeley classes ranging from “A History of Race, and Ethnicity in Western North America, 1598-present. And they’re still controversial. Two different pieces of legislation are making the rounds in Sacramento dealing with ethnic studies. One, AB 1460 would require every CSU graduate to take at least one ethnic studies class to graduate. The second, AB 331 would
require an ethnic studies class for anyone graduating from a California high school. The first was introduced earlier this year by Dr. Shirley Weber, a former professor of African American studies at San Diego State. Sponsored by the California Faculty Association, the bill would add ethnic studies courses, including issues of race and gender and sexual identity, as a requirement for graduation at all 23 CSU campuses. However, the legislation which is currently being held in submission by the appropriations committee, has drawn pushback from some who bristle at the legislature making curriculum changes that should be dealt at the faculty level. CSUDH President Thomas Parham is one of them. According to the minutes of the Sept. 11 Academic Senate meeting, Parham said that he wrote a letter of opposition to the bill not based on the importance of ethnic studies but rather that the “legislative intrusion and the precedent that would set, in my opinion,
about the Legislative coming in and dictating to what ought to be the domain of the faculty about what should be the curriculum and scope of impact on the things that we teach.” That bill would affect future and perhaps current CSU students. The other, AB 331, is a result of former California Gov, Jerry Brown in 2016 signing into legislation a bill to create the first statewide model curriculum on ethnic studies and make California the first state in the nation to standardize that type of course. However, that model curriculum, which was introduced to the public in May, sparked deep dissatisfaction from some for excluding the experience of many California minorities including Armenian Americans, Jewish Americans, and Korean Americans. That bill was shelved in late August but gained traction again in mid-September after State Superintendent of Public Instruction Tony Thurmond announced his support for a plan to revise the curriculum. The State Board of Education is expected to vote on the re-tooled curriculum in 2020.
ions may ensue, their speakers have a right to express them. Now, if speakers in the free speech zone get in the way of students trying to get to their classes or anywhere else on the campus, that’s another matter. “ If they block your path, now that’s something the police department can look
into, “ David L.Hall, a CSUDH University Police Lieutenant, said. And if verbal expression escalates into a physical confrontation? That is also something that should be relayed to the police. But remember: why a person shoves or throws the first blow is less important, legally speaking, than who is doing the shoving
or hitting. So engage, question and challenge if you like; or shake your head no if someone approaches you to talk. Just as there is freedom of speech, we also have the freedom to not have to take notice of what others are saying. “If you don’t want any part of them, just walk away,” Hall says.