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The family  is  traditionally  very  important  in  the  Vietnamese  culture.  With  the  advent  of  fast   economic  growth  and  industrialisation,  families  and  communities  face  a  challenge  to  balance   their  cultural  life  with  economic  pressures.  

Working to  create  resilient  communities   The  Centre  for  Social   Research  and  Development   (CSRD)  is  a  Hue-­based,   local  non-­government   organisation  (NGO)  which   works  to  protect  the  natural   environment,  in  particular,   the  river  systems,  and  to   support  poor  and  vulnerable   communities,  many  of   whom  traditionally  depend   on  the  rivers  for  their  quality   of  life  and  their  livelihood.    

industrialisation, in   particular,  the  rapidly-­ expanding  hydropower   industry.    

Working at  the  grass   roots  level,  in  partnership   with  local  communities  in   Thua  Thien  Hue,  other   provinces  in  the  central   region  and  across  borders   where  necessary,  CSRD   provides  support  with   information,  training,   Vietnam  is  increasingly   advocacy  services  and   affected  by  climate  change   practical  assistance.   and  the  negative  impacts  of  

 &65'¶VDSSURDFKLV research  based  providing   communities  with  skills  to   enable  them  to  monitor  their   own  environment.  This   evidence  can  then  be  used   as  a  basis  for  dialogue  with   industry  and  government  to   instigate  improvements  and   positive  change.     CSRD  is  able  to  make  a   GLIIHUHQFHWRSHRSOH¶VOLYHV and  create  communities   that  can  adjust  and  succeed   towards  a  better  future.  


¶2QHRIRXUJUHDWVWUHQJWKVDW&65'LVWKDWZH work at the grassroots level in partnership with WKHFRPPXQLWLHVZHDUHKHOSLQJ·

From the  Director,  Lam  Thi  Thu  Suu   This  year  I  have  been   supported  with  a  strong  team   of  enthusiastic  and  dedicated   staff  and  partners.  Together   we  have  achieved   considerable  success.      I  believe  our  great  strength,   and  that  which  distinguishes   us  from  other  NGOs,  is  that   we  are  working  with   communities  at  the  grassroots   level  and  helping  them  cope   with  the  changes  that  so   drastically  affect  their  lives.   Some  of  our  major   achievements  during  2014   have  been:     x    The  raised  awareness  of   people  concerning  the  impact   of  hydropower  dams,  climate     change,  and  other   environmental  issues.  

x  Helped  vulnerable   communities  by  giving  them   the  methodology  and  skills   necessary  to  monitor  their  

local environment  and  gather   data  to  support     their  case.   x    Provided  the  means  for   people  to  mobilize  and  voice   their  opinions  about   hydropower  plants  in  Quang   Nam  and  Quang  Binh.   x    Conducting  a    series  of   workshops  that  has  increased   confidence  of  women  in  the   affected  areas  who  are  now   able  to  speak  out  about   gender  inequality  and  their   own  issues  around   hydropower.   x    The  creation  of  a  network  of   communities  who  can  support   each  other.   x    Practical  support  for   households  to  mitigate  and   adapt  to  climate  change  in   Quang  Tri  and  Thua  Thien   Hue  Province  helping  them   use  biogas,  solar  panels  and   compost-­making.    Allocation  of   land  to  people  who  have  been  

involuntarily re-­settled  along   with  technical  assistance  to  be   able  to  crop  and  manage   those  lands.   x    Acting  as  the  coordinator  for   the  activities  of  the  Vietnam   Rivers  Network  (VRN)  for  the   central  region  of  Vietnam  and   also  for  national  activities.       During  the  coming  year,  with   the  help  and  funding  from  our   partners,  CSRD  will  continue   to  commit  to  helping  the  poor,   disadvantaged  and  vulnerable.  

Lam Thi  Thu  Suu     3

CSRD Values   x We   aim   to   work   to   protect   the   environment   and   its   complex   eco-­systems   which   are   essential   for   the   continuing   health   and   well-­being   of   our   country   and   our   people.    

x We believe  in  the  value  of  all  human  beings  and  their  right   to  live  a  life  of  dignity.          

x We strive   to   establish   mutually   respectful   partnerships   with  our  stakeholders.    

x We believe   in   ourselves   and   our   capacity   to   introduce   change  peacefully  within  laws  and  regulations.    

x We will   work   to   support   poor   and   vulnerable   people   in   Vietnam   to   live   a   better   life   by   addressing   the   issues   which   produce   negative   impacts   on   them   such   as   industrial   development,   climate   change,   rapid   social   change    and  gender  inequality.  

From the  CSRD  Board,  Nguyen  Thi  Phuc  Hoa   there  are  many  poor  and   vulnerable  people  who  lack  the   resources  to  adapt  easily  or   successfully  to  this  new  way  of   living.  It  is  these  people  that   CSRD  seeks  to  help.   Industrialisation  brings  benefits   but  also  radical  change  in  the   ways  families  and  villages   operate.  Many  people  have   Vietnam  is  a  country   been  disadvantaged  with  the   undergoing  significant   affects  of  industrialisation.   transition.  We  have  to  cope   Some  have  even  been  forced   with  the  affects  of  climate   to  move  away  from  their  homes   change  as  well  as  a  rapidly   and  their  means  of  livelihood  to   increasing  rate  of  social   areas  where  they  struggle  to   change.   survive  with  little  land  or  access   Some  of  these  changes  the   to  water.       young  people  may  embrace   Many  of  the  women  bear  a   with  enthusiasm.  However,   heavy  burden  because  they  

remain the  primary  carers  for   children  and  older  family   members,  whilst  at  the  same   time,  they  are  expected  to  work   outside  the  home.     It  is  these  vulnerable  groups   that  CSRD  has  aided  over  the   past  year.   On  behalf  of  all  of  the  board   members,  I  wish  to  give  our  full   support  the  work  of  CSRD  and   we  are  proud  of  the   achievements  in  the  past  year   and  will  continue  to  support   them  with  their  projects  in           the  coming  year.         Nguyen  Thi  Phuc  Hoa   Chair,  CSRD  Advisory  Board   4


Community members  discuss   climate  change  strategies.  

CSRD worked    with   communities  and  faith-­based   organisations  (FBO  churches   and  pagodas),  helping  them   understand  how  to  adapt  and   prepare  for  climate  change  in   their  coastal  communities.   The  Department  of  Flood  and   Storm  Control  staff  visited  at-­ risk  communes  and  help  the  

Donor:    Nordic  Church  Aid  (NCA)   Project  Date:      2014   Location:      Hai  Duong  Commune,  in  Huong   Tra  Town,  Phu  Thanh  Commune  in  Phu   Vang  District,  Thua  Thien  Hue  Province   local  people  develop  a  risk   management  assessment  of   their  local  area.   Following  this  a  group  of  20   FBO  members  then  visited   these  communities  in  the   province  discuss  and  share   their  knowledge  and  to  develop   a  train-­the-­training  programme.   The  final  part  of  the  project  

was a  sharing  workshop  to  link   these  groups  and  organisations   from  communities  all  over  the   province  with  others  who  had   the  expertise,  technical   knowledge  and  skills,  including   academics  and  researchers   from  universities  and  staff  from   government  ministries                     and  departments.  

WORKING ACROSS   BORDERS  TO  PROTECT   THE  MEKONG  RIVER   Donor:      Oxfam     Project  Date:      2014  -­  2015   Delegates  take  a  boat  on  Tonle  Sap  in  Cambodia  to  visit  a   dedicated  conservation  area  protected  by  the  community.  

This project  was  to  develop   strong  networks  across  the   Cambodia,  Laos  and  Vietnam   regions  along  the  Mekong   River  to  protect  the  river,  the   surrounding  environment  and   the  livelihood  of  the   communities  that  depend  on   these  resources.     A  regional  workshop  was   held  in  Ho  Chi  Minh  with  the   participation  of  

representatives from  Non-­ Government  Organisations   (NGOs),  Community  Based   Organisations  (CBOs)  and   community  representatives  in   Cambodia,  Laos  and  Vietnam.    The  workshop  was   considered  as  a  kick-­off  step   for  a  regional  network  of   CBOs  and  NGOs  using    a   community-­based  approach  to   safeguard  community  

livelihoods in  a  sustainable   way,  whilst  at  the  same  time   protecting  the  Mekong  River   and  the  surrounding             natural  resources.     All  the  participants  highly   appreciated  the  initiatives               of  the  workshop  which   provided      an  opportunity  to   discuss  issues,  to  exchange   ideas  and  learn  from                   each  other.   5


Just six  pigs  can  provide  enough   biogas  for  a  family  to  cook  meals.  

Donor: Thailand  Environment  Institute  (TEI)   Project  Date:    2014   Location:    Nam  Dong  and  Phong  Dien   Districts,  Thua  Thien  Hue    

BIOGAS Many  rural  communities  rely  on   using  wood  to  cook  and  heat   their  homes.  However,  the   forested  areas  of  Vietnam  need   to  be  protected  to  ensure  the   integrity  of  the  land  and  prevent   erosion  and  loss  of  soil.     A  further  issue  is  that  many   farmers  used  manure  directly   on  to  their  crops  as  fertiliser,   resulting  in  pollution,  smells   and  the  spread  of  disease.   CSRD  worked  to  install    a   biogas  system  into  13  homes   where  biogas  would  provide  a   means  of  fuel  for  cooking  and  

the process  by-­product  was   safe  to  use  on  crops  as  a   fertiliser.   To  have  biogas  the  homes   had  to  have  at  least  six  pigs   and  the  farmers  had  to   contribute  30  per  cent  towards   the  cost  of  biogas  installation.     Agriculture  specialists  and   advisors,  along  with  CSRD,   provided  training  to  the  farmers   on  how  the  biogas  would  work   and  on-­going  maintenance.   The  results  were  very   successful  with  more  members   of  the  community  now   interested  in  biogas  installation.  


Hien, Phong  Hien  and               Nam  Phu.   Students  learnt  about   climate  change  and  what  they   could  do  to  help.     To  reinforce  the  learning   children  helped  with  tree   plantings  and  took  part  in   school  competitions.       A  poster  competition   involved  groups  of  children   who  drew  pictures  of  their   understanding  of  climate   change.  For  the  older  children,   a  Question  and  Answer   competition  was  organized  

Planting trees  was  one  of                     the  school  activities  in  which   the  children  were  happy                     to  participate..  

An education  program  was   initiated  in  five  rural  schools;;   Bac  Hien,  Dong  Hien,  Tay    


The compost  was  tested  in  the   FRPPXQLW\¶VYHJHWDEOHJDUGHQV  

In the  Phong  Hien  commune   30  households  took  part  in  the   programme  to  learn  about   composting  to  recycle  their   agicultural  waste  and  also  to   improve  the  production  of     their  crops.    

The posters  were  judged  by  a   team  of  CSRD  and  teachers            to   select  the  posters  that  best   conveyed  the  climate  change   message.  

where teams  competed     against  one  another  to       answer  questions  relating  to   climate  change.   6

GIVING A  VOICE  TO  WOMEN   Donor:    Asia  Pacific  Forum  on  Women,   Law  and  Development  (APWLD)   Date:    2014   Women  from  Ben  Van  village,  Loc  Bon   Commune  discuss  the  issues  they  face  since   being  moved  from  their  original  homes.  

This was  a  project  to  change   perceptions  of  women  in  the   community  and  educate   women  about  gender  equality   and  their  rights.   Women  in  these  villages   have  to  work  hard  and  more  so   since  they  were  forcibly  moved   from  their  original  homes  due   to  the  construction  of  the  Ta  

Location: Phu  Loc  District,                                     Thua  Thien  Hue  

Trach reservoir.  The  women,   are  culturally  responsible  for   the  housework,  provision  of   food,  health  of  the  family  and   caring  for  the  children.   Prior  to  being  moved  the   community  was  mainly  self-­ sufficient  in  provision  of  food;;   growing  their  own  crops  and   maintaining  livestock,  in  their  

new situation  they  have  poor   access  to  water,  infertile  and   insufficient  land.  Many  of  the   women  have  to  work  outside   the  community  to  gain  money   to  buy  food.   Workshops  were  held  with   the  women  and  men,  covering   laws  and  the  benefits  of   sharing  ideas  and  feelings.  

MONITORING THE  IMPACT  OF   HYDROPOWER  DAMS   Donor:  Rosa  Luxemburg  Stiftung   (RLS)  and  Oxfam     Project  Date:    2014   Location:    Quang  Binh  and  Quang   Nam  province     When  the  large  concrete  dam  is  built  the  river  and   its  environment  is  changed  forever.  

Many people,  often  from  ethnic   minority  groups,  have  been  re-­ settled  to  new  areas  due  to  the   building  of  hydropower  dams.   These  people,  as  well  as   others  living  downstream  of  the   dams,  suffer  from  losing  their   traditional  culture  and  their   livelihood  which  depended  on   the  river  and  surrounding   environment.   &65'¶VZRUNKDVKHOSHG

with workshops  and  training  on   WKHFRPPXQLW\¶VULJKWVDQG existing  laws  that  should   protect    them.  The  people  were   trained  to  use  methodologies   and  skills  to  conduct  their  own   environmental  and  social   research.     With  this  data  CSRD  then   instigated  a  dialogue  with   investors/dam  builders,   provincial  and  district  

authorities to  voice  concerns.   In  July  2014,  a  photo-­voice   exhibition  was  held  in  Hue.   Over  138  photos  were   showcased  by  community   members,  telling  the  story  on   how  their  lives  are  affected  by   the  dams.     The  event  obtained  wide   media  coverage,  spreading  the   message.     7

HELPING DISPLACED   COMMUNITIES  SURVIVE   Donor:  ICCO  Foundation     Project  Date:    2013  ±  2016   Location:  Communities  displaced  by   This  A  Luoi  family  were  displaced  when  the  A   Luoi  dam  was  built.  They  struggle  to  feed  their   family  having  no  longer  access  to  fishing  in  the   river  or  growing  their  own  food.   CSRD  has  been  working   with  groups  of  these   relocated  communities,  due   to  the  building  of  the  Bing   Dien  Dam,  the  Huong  Dien   Dam  and  the  Ta  Trach   Dam  and  A  Luoi  Dam.  A   large  proportion  of  the   affected  people  were  from   the  ethnic  minorities  of  the   Co  Tu,  Bru  Van  Kieu  and   Kinh  (Viet).   The  task  was  to  work  in   the  area  of  Evidence  Based   Advocacy  (EBA),  helping   the  people  understand  their   rights  and  be  able  to   negotiate  solutions.     There  are  laws  requiring   environmental  and  social   impact  assessments  and   the  dam-­building   companies  are  required  to   monitor  impacts  and   address  issues.  However,   this  legislation  is  not   adequately  policed  by  the   authorities,  non-­compliance   with  legislation  was  not   followed-­up  and  the  dam  

Binh Dien  Dam,  Huong  Dien  Dam,  Ta   Trach  Dam  and  A  Luoi  Dam    

owners have  not  addressed   issues  they  have  caused.   On  top  of  this  the  affected   people  were  poorly   educated  and  were  not   aware  of  the  legislation  that   could  protect  them  or  their   rights.   2QHRI&65'¶VILUVWWDVNV was  to  hold  workshops  to   ensure  the  affected   communities  were  aware  of   the  legislation.  They  then   trained  the  people  in   methodologies  and  skills  to   undertake  their  own   Environmental  Impact   Assessment  (EIA).     The  evidence  collected   was  recorded  and  ratified   by  scientists  and   independent  consultants.   CSRD  then  mediated   contact  and  dialogue  with   the  relevant  government   departments  and  dam   owners  to  address  the   issues.   There  have  been  some   positive  results.


x The affected  communities  have   formed  a  network  and  have  been   instrumental  in  working  with  people   in  newly-­planned  dam  areas  to   inform  them  of  their  rights  and  the   possible  negative  outcomes  if  they   are  forcibly  moved  away  from  their   current  homes.  

x Signification media  coverage  has   informed  the  general  public  in   Vietnam    of  the  issues  and  the   negative  impacts  of  the  dams  on  the   Vietnamese  environment.  

x Some additional  land  has  been   made  available  to  some  of  the   affected  communities.  

x 96 hectares  have  been  given  to  re-­ settled  people  in  Huong  Tien   Commune,  for  individual   households  to  grow  of  crops.    

x A further  83  hectares  have  been   allocated  to  groups  in  three  villages:   Hoa  Binh,  Binh  Duong  and  Hoa   Thanh  in  Binh  Thanh  commune.    

x 87 hectares  of  land  was  allocated  to   the  people  of  Bo  Hon  village  in  the   Binh  Thanh  commune.    


Why Hydropower  Dams   are  a  social  and   environmental  issue  

After the  building  of  many  dams,  the  Vu  Gia  River,   once  wide  and  flowing,  is  now  just  a  trickle.  

Vietnam is  a  rapidly   have  downstream,  such  as   growing  economy  and  with   flooding.   industrialisation  comes  the   These  affected   need  for  increased   communities  must  learn   resources  such  as  electricity.   different  ways  of  surviving.    To  cope  with  this  demand   Learning  new  ways  of   Vietnam  has  built  many   farming  will  take  time  to   dams  on  its  rivers.  These   learn  and  many  may  be   Many  fish  species  may  not  survive   dams  have  had  a  significant   due  to  poor  water  quality  and  the   forced  to  use  outmoded  and   impact  on  the  environment   changed  river  ecology.   illegal  slash-­and-­burn   and  on  the  lives  of  those   agriculture  that  destroy   people  who  were  dependent   Hydropower  plant   forests.   on  the  river  for  their   operation  and  deforestation   livelihood.     are  creating  conflict  over   Many  people  and   water  usage.  Hydropower   communities  have  been   requires  vast  quantities  of   forcibly  moved  due  to  the   water  from  the  rivers  and   construction  of  dams.  These   destroys  the  river  ecology.   people  were  poor  but  had   Downstream  from  the   Many  people,  no  longer  able  to   sustainable  lives  along  the   dams,  people  face  many   grow  their  own  food,  try  to  find   river,  growing  their  own  food   water-­related  issues,   seasonal  work  in  plantations  in   and  fishing  in  the  river.  They   including;;  river  bank  erosion,   order  to  be  able  to  buy  food  for   their  families.   have  been  moved  to  areas   water  shortage,  water   where  they  have  insufficient   pollution,  decreasing  fish   There  has  to  be  greater   land  to  grow  their  own  food   stocks  and  flooding.   community  consultation  with   and  provide  for  their  families,   Hydropower  companies   the  affected  people  to   no  access  to  employment   release  water  stored  in  dams   ensure  their  livelihood  and  to   and  often  no  access  to  clean   at  times  which  suit  their  own   secure  the  protection  of  the   water.       operations  only,  without   rivers  and  surrounding   regard  for  the  effect  it  will   environment.     9

Centre for  Social  Research  and  Development     Organisational  Structure   Advisory   Board

Director Vice Director   Technical

Vice Director   Operations

Project Teams

Finance &   Administration

Environment &   Climate  Change Gender  &  Social   Justice Saving  Resources

Team Leader Finance  Officer

Communications/PR International Volunteer

The Centre  for  Social   Research  and   Development  operates   under  the  governance   and  management   guidelines  of    a  Quality   Management  System.   CSRD  values   transparency  and   accountability  in  its  work   and  operations    which   include  annual  financial   audits.    

Project Assistants/   Volunteers


Two CSRD  graduates  who  are  gaining   experience  in  the  office  and  on  projects.   The  Centre  for  Research  and   Development  has  a   permanent  staff  of  12  plus   three  volunteers.    

assist the  permanent  staff  in   Having  a  graduate   the  office  but  also  have  the   internship  programme  is  just   opportunity  to  work  on   another  way  that  CSRD  can   projects  in  the  field.   help  others,  in  this  case   young  university  graduates,   CSRD  helps  train  the   Over  the  years  many  past   who  can  then  enter  the   graduates  in  an  office   volunteers  have  found   workforce  with  real   environment  to  give  them   employment  in  other  NGOs   experience  and  become  a   practical  skills  and  knowledge   or  have  gone  on  to  further   credit  to  their  future   that  will  help  them  find  future   university  study.   employers.   employment.  The  volunteers   10

Centre for  Social  Research  and   Development  Financial  Results   INCOME  2014  

Amount (VND)  

Total funds  received  from  project   donors  


Total funds  receivedfrom  consultancy   contracts  





Project expenses  


Administrative expenses  (salaries,   office  operation  costs)  



Project expenses Administr ative   expenses  

Overheads were  maintained  at   21  per  cent  of  total   expenditure.  The  projects   received  79  per  cent  of  funds   over  the  2014  year.  


Note: total  expenses  were  higher  than  income  2014  but   this  was  offset  by  funds  balance  from  2013    

Our Donors  and  Partners   CSRD  would  like  to  thank   all  of  our  partners  and   donors  with  whom  we   have  worked  during  2014.   Without  their  help  our   projects  could  not  have   succeeded  in  helping  so   many  people  in  our   community.  It  is  with  your   assistance  that  we  are   creating  resilient   communities  that  will  be   able  to  adapt  to  our   constantly  changing  world.  


Some of  the  people  affected  by  the  building  of  Hydropower  Dams  attending  a  photo  exhibition  of   their  work  to  raise  awareness  of  their  plight.    

2/33 Nguyen  Truong  To   Hue  City   Thua  Thien  Hue  Province     Vietnam   Tel/Fax  (+84)  543837714   Email:  info@csrd.vn  Website:  www.csrd.vn   CSRD  was  established  under  the  Decision  numbered    10/QD-­ LHH  by  Thua  Thien  Hue  Union  for  Science  and  Technology   Association  (HUSTA)  


Profile for CSRD

Csrd 2014 annual report  

Some of the major achievement of CSRD during 2014 can be found here

Csrd 2014 annual report  

Some of the major achievement of CSRD during 2014 can be found here

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