CSPA Reporter 2018

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Editorial: Students debate voting for Supreme Court nominee Brett Kavanaugh before or after midterm elections on Page 2

Feature: How volunteers from the Cal Poly Cat Program have helped thousands of ferral cats find loving homes on Page 3




Press yields success in different fields CSPA provides useful skills in all fields from journalism to biology By REBECCA SMITH and CATHERINE ALLEN

F Exploring Broadcast Journalism SARAH BURNICK/CSPA REPORTER

TOURING KSBY–California Scholastic Press Association students tour KSBY 6 News studio on Tuesday, July 10. Students met reporter Scott Daniels and explored the behind-the-scenes details of television broadcasting.

CSPA workshop tackles time and technology By MARY BANCROFT


tudents gathered in San Luis Obispo for the 67th consecutive year of the California Scholastic Press Association summer journalism workshop, but things looked a little different. CSPA selected 24 high school students from across the nation to participate in basic journalistic training, covering different aspects of print media and multimedia platforms. The workshop lasts from July 8-20 and takes place at Cal Poly. The program began in 1950. Famous publisher William Randolph Hearst asked his colleague, Ralph Alexander, to teach a summer program to educate young boys in the art of sportswriting. Alexander and his wife Millie ran the program, even after they lost funding from the Examiner, until their passing in 1981. CSPA has progressed through the years. Girls were eventually allowed and the program expanded to cover beyond sportswriting. However, in the advent of the internet, journalism has been rapidly changing. In turn, CSPA must evolve with it. Rich Hammond, Vice President of the CSPA

Board of Directors, said that it is important to strike a balance between embracing current trends and holding on to the foundations of the workshop. “We’re constantly trying to find that balance between being strong in the fundamentals, keeping up those traditions, but we don’t want to be outdated,” he said. “And that’s very delicate, but it’s important.” Examples of that evolution are apparent in the 2018 schedule. Students learned how to tell stories through social media, create podcasts, take photos, create a TV broadcast and find internships and jobs in an increasingly competitive industry. Not only have the classes expanded to cover different content matter, but their instructors are generally younger than previous years, Hammond said. Laura Nelson of the Los Angeles Times, for example, was a lead instructor during the first week. Returning instructors Matt Hanlon and Saba Hamedy are also recent graduates. Gwen Wu from the CSPA class of 2013 taught her first class. The relative age of the instructors was intentional, Hammond said. It is important to have new instructors in the group for fresh and innovative ideas, according to Hammond.

VOICES “I like being able to manage your time, write concisely and portray all your thoughts in a pressure-filled environment with deadlines that aren’t as prevalent in high school. It gives a really good example of a real life experience that you’d never be able to attain in high school journalism.”

– Farrah Ballou

“During the day, we’re rushing to see who can turn in stories first and who can write best, but at the end of the day, we all eat dinner together. It reminds us that just because journalism is about publishing first, it doesn’t mean you should sacrifice your relationships.”

– Kaitlyn Ho

“It’s time for some of the younger people to step up and take some leadership in the organization,” he said. “If you have the same people around all the time talking to each other, making the decisions, it can get stale really quickly.”

“We’re constantly trying to find that balance between being strong in the fundamentals, keeping up those traditions, but we don’t want to be outdated.” – Rich Hammond A key example of a young instructor stepping up is Hamedy, a political reporter for CNN. Hamedy was made a board member on Saturday night. Regarding her new position, Hamedy said, “I am excited to be able to continue to shape the future of this workshop because it was so meaningful to me and for everyone who comes here. I think I can bring a more youthful perspective to the table.” Hamedy and Hanlon both said that while

students have much to learn from older instructors, there are benefits to a younger perspective. As journalists who entered the industry during the rise of digital media, they were forced early on in their careers to be apart of that change, Hanlon said. “The benefit that we bring as younger instructors is that ever since we’ve been in journalism, it’s been evolving really rapidly,” said Hanlon, “so we can help the workshop evolve so students get that basis of what has changed in journalism over the last few years.” This was exemplified in Wu’s class, which taught skills to find jobs and internships in today’s increasingly competitive industry. Students wrote a cover letter and learned resume skills. Student Kaitlyn Ho said that she found it to be helpful to learn from a recent graduate who got a job in journalism, despite the higher chances of unemployment for the profession. “Seeing how dedicated Gwen is and how she made her own opportunities really inspired me,” Ho said. “She applied to an internship a day until she got one, and I think it just shows that with dedication, you can really do anything.”

CSPA students share their favorite aspects of the workshop

“I like how inclusive everybody is, like the instructors and all the students. Everybody is here at different levels, but everyone recognizes that and realizes that people have different strengths and weaknesses.”

– Annie Mitchell

“The relationships–not the ones from breaking Rule 6–between the students and the counselors. It’s a lot of people helping each other out on multimedia platforms.”

– Eli Marcus

Continued on page 3

rom covering breaking news to researching public records to creating podcasts, California Scholastic Press Association students are inspired to pursue their passions, no matter what field they go into. Counselor Mohi Andrabi is going into his sophomore year at Occidental College, majoring in biology and computer science. Since technology is a major part of modern journalism, Andrabi learned to bridge his interests together. “As far as computer science is concerned, I use HTML in a lot of web design applications, which has direct use within journalism, specifically on the digital front,” Andrabi said. “This is the most seamless conglomeration of my STEM and journalistic interests. Digital media is definitely a place where I see myself maintaining my immersion within journalism.” Steve Harvey, CSPA’s senior vice president, has been bringing his own son, James, to CSPA since he was five years old. James recalled the impact left on him by CSPA lawyer Stan Kelton, saying that Kelton was part of the reason that he got into law. “He was a very close and personal friend of mine and my dad,” James said. “He really helped me get my foot in the door at the first law firm I worked at. Even beyond that, he was kind of a mentor for me, just as far as work ethic. He was sincere and honest, and that’s someone you want to model yourself after.” Even though he never attended the workshop as a student and is pursuing a career in law, James took his experiences at CSPA and proved them to be applicable in other fields. “I’m sure there are things I’ve picked up on the way, just as far as being inquisitive and not to settle for answers that are on surface level,” James said. “As journalists, you’re expected to dig deeper and try to find the truth, and I think that’s really true of anything you do – journalism, law – there’s a lot of fact finding and case studies.” The researching skills taught at CSPA helped instructor Gwen Wu explore her other interests when she majored in history and sociology at UC Santa Barbara. Those studies enhanced her journalism career. “I really enjoy research,” Wu said. “The skills I learned at CSPA when it came to doing that research, using public records, interviewing people to get firsthand, personal accounts of what happened, really lent itself and all blurred into my love for history.” Wu said her prolonged research of cultural attitudes and cultural sensitivity through her history major helped her journalism career because she was able to interview people to collect research and had new sources to support her writing. “I really learned how to use academic resources to back up journalism. Without a journalism degree… I still wanted to further my skills,” Wu said. “It was really about taking initiative for me and making a path for myself where I didn’t see one. It was really scary a lot of the time, but I had a lot of good role models here that made me confident that I could do that.” Attending the workshop doesn’t necessarily mean pursuing a career in journalism or even majoring in it. CSPA is a place where every individual can grow their skills and help them find success in their future endeavors.


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New Supreme Court Justice divides opinions ‘Glee’ pilot presents deep message



fter the nomination of Brett Kavanaugh as a Supreme Court Justice, there has been an uproar in the Senate as Democrats look back to 2016 when Republicans refused to vote for Obama’s Supreme Court Justice nomination, Merrick Garland. Republicans believed that because it was a presidential election year, Obama was simply a “Lazy Duck” and the people’s voices would not be represented in the nomination. Thus, the Supreme Court Justice nomination was left to be decided by the newly elected President, Donald Trump. Now, with the nomination taking place during a Senatorial election year, Democrats have looked to past precedent in 2016 to justify that voting for Justices should not occur in an election year. However, I believe that the voting for Brett Kavanaugh should commence as this is year is not a presidential election year, rather a Senatorial election year. At the idea of a nomination taking place, Democrats such as Charles E. Schumer called “absolute height of hypocrisy” by Republicans stating that “Our Republican colleagues in the Senate should follow the rule they set in 2016: not to consider a Supreme Court justice in an election year. Senator [Mitch] McConnell would tell anyone who listened that the Senate had the right to advise and consent. And that was every bit as important as the president’s right to nominate. ” Looking back, Senator McConnell actually declared on ABC on March 20, 2016 that “The American people are in the middle of choosing who the next president is going to be. And that next president ought to have this appointment, which will affect the Supreme Court, for probably a quarter of a century.” McConnell even referred back to Democrat Joe Biden’s speech in 1992 where he believed that voting for Supreme Court Justice should be stopped until the upcoming election as it was a Presidential year. The precedent is clear. Voting should only be terminated if it is in fact a presidential election year. Never have Republicans been hypocrites for trying to have the voting occur now because in 2016 they made it clear that it was because it was a presidential election year and not just an “election year”. Furthermore, though the Senate has the power to approve or deny a Justice nomination, it is simply seen in society that senatorial election years do not uproot the nation as much as a president does. In presidential election years, the media is swarmed by political campaigns for almost a year and a half while senate campaigns are broadcasted much later and are usually less followed.Thus, voting for Brett Kavanaugh should be allowed since Republicans have made it very clear that in 2016 it was because of a “presidential election year”, as well as because a senatorial election year causes less drama in US society.

CSPA Reporter Staff Opinion

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Vote Now Vote Later



ollowing Justice Anthony Kennedy’s announcement of his plans to retire, senators will vote on Brett Kavanaugh, President Donald Trump’s Supreme Court nomination, even though 2018 is a midterm election year. After declining to hear a Supreme Court nomination in 2016 because it was a presidential year, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell has decided not to value voter input in this midterm year. The value of people’s voices should not change as it is equally important in all elections. “The American people may well elect a president who decides to nominate Judge Garland for Senate consideration. The next president may also nominate someone very different. Either way, our view is this: give the people a voice in the filling of this vacancy,” McConnell said in a Senate floor speech in March 2016. In February 2016, when Justice Antonin Scalia died, President Obama nominated Merrick Garland to fill the vacancy. The Republican majority in the Senate voted and refused to hear Garland since he was nominated during a year of presidential elections, and said they were in the middle of a lame-duck presidency. Republican Senators like McConnell would say that there is a distinction between presidential and nonpresidential election years. However, the type of election should not diminish the importance of voter input. McConnell seems to regard the significance of voting in presidential and midterm election years differently, choosing not to value voter input in a midterm year. It’s not a coincidence that his choice parallels his political interests: in 2016 he wanted to deny a Democrat a nomination, and now he wants to give his own party that power. Don Stewart, McConnell’s spokesman, spoke on why McConnell chose to hold off on Obama’s nominee until after the election in 2016 but is proceeding with Trump’s nomination this fall. “You’ve answered your own question here: McConnell said Senate Republicans are ‘following a longstanding tradition of not filling vacancies on the Supreme Court in the middle of a presidential election year.’ This is not a presidential election year,” Stewart said. In reality, Supreme Court nominations in presidential election years are rare, and there is no tradition of postponing a confirmation. Of the 112 justices that have served on the Supreme Court, 17 of them were confirmed in a presidential election year. A true “lame-duck presidency” is defined as when an elected official continues to hold political office during the period between the election and the inauguration of the successor. The Senate has confirmed six Supreme Court justices who were nominated during a lame duck period, proving the Republican claim of tradition false.



Exploring the corners of Cal Poly


Graeme Davis works for the greenhouse production team in the Cal Poly greenhouses. Davis, a Ventura native, does general plant care at the greenhouses.


Ella Abelli-Amen, 21, spends her time at the Cal Poly greenhouses where students partner with the Cal Poly plant shop to sell flowers to students, staff and more.


The child care center at Cal Poly provides care for toddlers such as Weyland Sunderland, 2.

on’t stop believing.” This is the iconic message presented in the pilot episode of “Glee,” a comedy show directed by Ryan Murphy in which a group of high school students break through the constraints of high school stereotypes and gain self-confidence through Glee club. In the pilot, “Glee” primarily follows McKinley High School teacher Will Schuester (Matthew Morrison) as he tries to motivate marginalized high school students by having them tap into their unique talent: singing. Although the characters are portrayed seemingly one-dimensionally, the actors’ portrayal is effective in helping convey an encouraging message in a limited time frame. The scenes transition quickly, but they capture the experience of being in an extremely bleak high school environment. “Glee” magnifies the tragic bullying and discrimination that can occur in high school, as well as the discouragement that one can face while juggling responsibilities, high expectations and intolerance from peers. All of the negative aspects of high school are drawn out and amplified. There is Artie (Kevin McHale), who is mocked for being in a wheelchair; Tina (Jenna Ushkowitz), a gothic asian girl; Puck (Mark Salling), a crude football player; Rachel (Lea Michele), a self-obsessed diva; and Quinn (Dianna Agron), a mean cheerleader. However, scenes depicting bullying are a huge contrast to the confidence and happiness depicted at the end. This episode highlights how much people can change for the better when they gain the courage to pursue who they want to be, to break out of the role that society forces upon them. With beautiful a-cappella background music and dramatic dialogues, the “Glee” pilot episode is a classic high school coming-of-age, self-discovery show. The dynamic between the characters, such as that of Mr. Schuester and his wife Terri (Jessalyn Gilsig), reproduces aspects of life that, when isolated, seem plausible, but when compressed in one hour, seem unrealistic. For example, it is unlikely that a high school club, formerly so disorganized and dispirited, can be revitalized so quickly after one person, football player Finn Hudson (Cory Monteith), decides to rejoin and deliver a moving speech about following one’s passions. Regardless, the show’s message is what ultimately makes it worth watching. “Glee” is a must watch that will reinforce your belief in the goodness and hope in life, amidst the darkness that pervades it.


Amanda Giddens, 21, works for the Poly Plant Shop. She does flower arrangements for the local farmers maket and office subscriptions.



Cat program creates ‘pawsitive’ environment

Student volunteers working at the cat shelter have rescued about 1500 cats since 1992 By TRESSA MCIFF


al Poly first begin its cat program in 1992 as a senior project in an attempt to decrease the number of feral cats at the university. There were hundreds of cats roaming around campus due to students bringing their pet cats to college and then abandoning them. At the beginning of the program, volunteers simply caught, medicated, and spayed or neutered the cats before releasing them back out into the wild. Later on, an adoption program was also implemented so that the cats could be adopted into loving homes. Now, dozens of Cal Poly students volunteer for the feral cat program. One such student is Sienna Mok-Reader, a fifth year animal science major at Cal Poly. She started volunteering for the program as a second year student after her friend introduced the shelter to her. She started out giving cats medications every Sunday and then gradually increased the amount of time she spent at the shelter. Now, Sienna helps to manage the feral cat shelter along with one other manager. The job of the managers is to maintain the health and wellness of the cats in the shelter as well as manage the volunteers. Throughout her time at the shelter, Sienna has experienced many ups and downs when working with feral cats. It can be very difficult to keep up with the health of all the animals, especially since there can be up to 40 or 50 at a time. Along with that, it can be very difficult to watch when deserving cats don’t get adopted before they pass away, Sienna said. One of the biggest challenges the shelter faces is not having enough volunteers year-round. Since most of the shelter’s



Sienna Mok-Reader, 23, general manager of the Cal Poly Cat Program, peers at one of the rescue cats at the campus shelter. The shelter currently hosts approximately 25 cats.

volunteers are students at Cal Poly, it can be very difficult to continually run the shelter during school breaks when students leave the area. For this reason, Sienna and other volunteers have been working to get more volunteers from the San Luis Obispo community, and they are slowly building that volunteer pool. Despite all the hardships of volunteering with the cat shelter, the numerous rewards that come with volunteering make the hard times worth it. For one, the experience of working with the animals is great for Sienna who either wants to work with nonprofit organizations or a zoo after she graduates. Beyond that, volunteering with the cats is

campus library for students to play and cuddle with. For Sienna, spending time with cats at the shelter is a great way to calm down before finals. As much as the cats are positively affecting people, the volunteers have also impacted the lives of hundreds The number of feral cats significantly cats. The number of feral cats around around campus has decreased of campus has decreased from nearly 400 in from nearly 400 in 1992 to 1992 to around 30 today. Even then, most of the loose cats at Cal Poly have been through around 30 today. the feral cat program and are therefore safe and sterile. The program has helped around The cats are also great emotional support 1,500 cats to be adopted into loving homes animals for the Cal Poly students. The and will continue to press forward in this shelter will occasionally take cats into the mission. an emotionally rewarding experience for Sienna. It is always a great feeling when cats that have been at the shelter for a long time finally get adopted out or fostered, Sienna said.

Officers that used to fight homicides and gangs explain the differences in their job, now working on the SLO college campus




ersatility has defined every day of Thomas Morales’ life for nearly 20 years. His journey to becoming a broadcast engineer at Cal Poly began not in the classroom, but behind the scenes of his middle school theater. Morales, fascinated by stagecraft and backstage work, enjoyed technical theater, but his school’s program also required participation on stage. He didn’t want to perform, Morales said. As Morales debated whether to drop theater entirely, an attentive counselor caught word of his wishes and called in a favor from a friend at a local news station. The seemingly inconsequential tour turned out to be a life-changing experience. “I walked into the studio and was mesmerized,” Morales said. “From the control room to the studio to the lighting — everything. I went back every Tuesday night all through high school until I graduated. I just fell in love with it.” From there, Morales invested his time and efforts into learning the ins and outs of the technical aspects of broadcast media. In the following years, Morales applied his media skills to positions at various television stations, including KEYT in Santa Barbara, Calif. and KNAZ in Flagstaff, Ariz, and ultimately accepted a job to teach at California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo. Morales continues to apply his versatile skill set in his career. A typical day involves keeping up with news across campus, managing department recording equipment, ensuring the campus radio station functions properly, checking online school streams, maintaining the television sector and supporting the classrooms in general, Morales said. “Working with the students empowers me,” Morales said. “There’s an energy missing when the students aren’t here.”

Exploring the campus lost and found By ANNIE MITCHELL

Police discuss common crimes commited on Cal Poly campus Thomas Morales

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n his four years working in homicide, Detective David Fenstermaker has responded to over 80 homicides. From gang shootings to robberies, drug dealing to sexual assault, both he and Sergeant Elliott Verdugo spent years experiencing the worst parts of society, often from the same cop car. “The average person would not be able to fathom the amount of cops, the lights, the crime scene tape, a body being shot 20 times,” said Fenstermaker. Verdugo added, “Death is the most severe thing you can deal with in life. Experiencing that much death can be traumatic.” That changed when they arrived at California Polytechnic University, San Luis Obispo’s campus police department in 2016. “I enjoy working at Cal Poly because of my experience in the city,” said Verdudo. “Coming here is a breath of fresh air. It’s a relief. It’s a joy.” The reason for his enthusiasm, he said, was the students at Cal Poly working to improve their lives and be productive in society, while the cases he handled in the

city involved those trying to continue poor behaviors. Still, that doesn’t mean Cal Poly’s campus is free from problems. Both officers cite underage drinking as the most prevalent issue. Verdugo said, while the campus may be officially dry, alcohol has been sold at multiple campus events in recent years.

“It’s all negative. When anyone calls us, it’s never a good thing.”

- Elliott Verdugo

According to the Cal Poly 2017 Annual Security Report, there were 131 arrests and 1,328 referrals to campus discipline officers for alcohol-related issues from 2014-2016. Verdugo described a particular problem that alcohol contributes to. “There’s males,” he said. “And there’s females. And there’s alcohol. So there are those issues that we deal with a lot.” There were 48 cases of rape reported to police from 2014-2016, according to the 2017 Security Report.

With regard to long term solutions for underage or irresponsible drinking, both Verdugo and Fenstermaker cited education. What they say to students is, Fenstermaker said, “You have to understand that you’re not in high school anymore and there are repercussions. If you get in trouble from us, you have committed a criminal act where you could possibly get a citation or even go to the county jail. And it happens.” In addition, Verdugo said, they outline the potential consequences for various alcohol related behaviors, and give students specific advice on how to be responsible, such as using a designated driver and knowing one’s own limitations. Besides alcohol, campus police mostly deals with burglaries of bicycles and computers, as well as vandalism. In regards to the difficulties of their work, both said that being surrounded by so much negativity could take a toll on them. “It’s all negative. When anyone calls us, it’s never a good thing,” Verdugo said. “It’s just seeing someone heading down the wrong path and trying to influence them. And I think that’s the good thing -- being that influence or that one person that talks to someone and changes the course of their whole life.”

bundle of coffee making supplies for $15.50. Ten Apple iPads for $71. Office chairs, a pH meter and an X-Ray monitor, all priced at less than $12. These are only a few of the unclaimed valuables the Cal Poly lost and found system babysat for three months. The Public Surplus department put them up for auction on its website, where students can bid to score mind-blowing deals. The money goes directly to the school. The projected profit for the 31 items currently for auction amounts to $16,162.52, according to the Cal Poly Public Surplus website. “This helps Cal Poly for student scholarships, anything that can make the campus some money for students,” said Jevon Edwards, administrative coordinator at the school’s Facilities Department. Most of this money came from a $15,000 bid for a horse exercising contraption that will settle in a few days. Some things are not quite as marketable as the EuroXciser, however. Items unsuitable for sale, such as used shoes, are donated to a children’s network, Edwards said. Weapons and other dangerous objects are turned in to Cal Poly’s police department. Edwards grew to know the Lost and Found while working at its reception desk. She was surprised at the volume of valuables, such as laptops, cell phones and car keys that are abandoned by the students. Edwards estimates that only 30 percent of all items find their way back to their owner. “That other 70 percent we do hold onto and it’s unfortunate because it does not get back to its owner, like car keys, things of value,” Edwards said. “A lot of people on campus still do not know we have a lost and found.” However, the department makes an effort to advertise their treasurefinding services. It organizes outreach at university events, handing out flyers and key chains. “A lot of students do like [the keychains], it has a bottle opener on there as well,” Edwards said. To further connect with its students, the Lost and Found has an app, called RepoApp, that allows students to post information about objects. If a loser’s post matches with a finder’s, the app alerts them. As a student assistant, one of Shelby Fechter’s main duties is to update RepoApp. She also takes calls from students and sends crews to pick up lost belongings from the bookstore, recreation center or the library. She guesses the office receives items three or four times weekly. “It’s surprising to me what people don’t come and look for,” Fechter said. “[My job] definitely taught me that if I ever lose something there’s probably something I can do about it.” Fechter has never found any of her own lost belongings through the department, but one student assistant did find her Hydro Flask water bottle while working at the Lost and Found. “We get a ton of Hydro Flasks, like a ton of Hydro Flasks,” Edwards said. “It’s like ‘oh my god, these are $40.’”

‘Voices’ from the workshop community Continued from page 1


“The variety of classes that we have because it’s not all centered around news and it’s not all centered around print publications. For me, it’s opened up my view on the career paths I can pursue.”

“I like being able to meet new people: both people my age who I can see grow in the future and people who are already in the industry. It’s a good way to bond with people who have already found success as a journalist.”





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About me: Massive quake kills 79 Man testifies after CSPA being shot in the head A Faculty by MILLA SURJADI

7.1 magnitude earthquake rattled California on Wednesday afternoon, and resulted in a death toll of 79, at least 4,000 people hospitalized with injuries and 10,000 people homeless. The earthquake occurred around 1:07 PM, according to Oliver Oleander, police chief of the San Luis Obispo Police Department, and was centered approximately eight miles southwest of downtown San Luis Obispo. California Governor Ralph Alexander reported $5 billion of damage due to the earthquake. The earthquake was the biggest one San Luis Obispo has had in 20 years and geologist Rosetta R. Stone says citizens should plan for aftershocks for many weeks to come. Tim Furgeson, Public Information Officer for San Luis Obispo, reported that camps have been set up at Cuesta College and all local high schools. San Luis Obispo has also created two shelters for homeless residents at local elementary schools, according to Mayor Ciarra McCoi. Those searching for missing family members should call 1-800555-CSPA for more information in locating them. Alexander assured citizens that California is budgeted for disaster relief and would receive resources from the federal government, saying, “Whatever folks need, we will be there for them.”

“I know the road to recovery is going to be a long and difficult one, but I know the people of California are strong and we will all work together to recover.” -Governor Ralph Alexander




Robberies amidst the chaos of the earthquake also led McCoi to institute the Maximum Defense Policy, which urged armed citizens to shoot looters on sight. Since its institution, there has been police resistance to MDP, though the mayor’s office still plans to encourage it. Alexander deemed McCoi’s actions as reactionary. “That’s not something that should ever be tolerated,” he said. “We’re better than that as a people.” Oleander agreed with Alexander, saying, “This is a time of crisis not violence. This is just exacerbating the situation.” Instead, the priority of Oleander’s officers is finding survivors, and he advises citizens to stay at home or at shelters. The earthquake stranded 26 high schoolers on Avila Beach, but they have been rescued. “I want people to stay calm, I want people to stay inside, and I’m urging them to listen to the radio for updates,” he said. Looking forward, Alexander is optimistic about the next steps California will take to recuperate from the earthquake, citing that in history, disasters have often brought people together in times of need. “I know the road to recovery is going to be a long and difficult one,” Alexander said. “But I know the people of California are strong and we will all work together to recover.”

Similarly, McCoi is aware that there will be, “some extensive damages, physically and fiscally,” but believes that San Luis Obispo can handle it. San Luis Obispo has also received medical professionals and supplies from first aid responders and Santa Barbara to help in hospitals. However, many people visiting shelters have said that materials and space was inadequate. Resident Harriete Sprocket visited a shelter, noting “hundreds of families” there, and attributed the lack of supplies to the absence of a strong local government. “They were not prepared for anything of this sort,” she said. McCoi denied these allegations, Editor’s Note: This earthquake was simulated saying the shelters she visited were well supplied. for education purposes.

n Anaheim Hills resident who survived a gunshot to the head during a failed robbery attempt testified Thursday against the man facing attempted murder and robbery charges. Rolland Nesmith, who was critically injured in the shooting, testified that defendant Glenn Ellis O’Conner shot him in the head after robbing him of $2. Nesmith said that he was working in his yard near the driveway of his home when the driver of a pickup truck inquired about a dune buggy on sale at Nesmith’s residence. Nesmith said the encounter turned violent after he denied having a dune buggy and began to walk back towards his home. “I had taken about three steps,” Nesmith said. “I heard the door slam and I knew I was in trouble.” Nesmith stated that O’Conner exited his car with a revolver, which he later identified at the trial. He was later held at gunpoint by O’Conner and was asked if anybody else was inside his home. Nesmith said that he was home alone and was demanded by O’Conner to take him inside the property and return with any money. Nesmith said that O’Conner said that the money was for “dope.” In his testimony, Nesmith revealed that he attempted to stall for time, going out of his way to close gates and intentionally going to locked doors. According to Nesmith, O’Conner later told him, “Don’t think I’m afraid to shoot you — I’ve done this three times before.” Once they entered Nesmith’s home, Nesmith said that they went directly to the bedroom and he was told to lie down on the bed, though he initially refused. Nesmith said that O’Conner searched his room for his wallet and upon finding it, O’Conner was angry it only contained $2. Nesmith said that he was again ordered to lie face down on his bed while O’Conner prepared to tie him up with a heating pad cord. When he attempted to turn around, Nesmith described seeing O’Conner slightly crouched and aiming his gun at Nesmith’s head. “When I looked up in that split second, I heard

Chris Carlson- Staff photographer for the Associated Press. Dean of the photo curriculum at CSPA.


Rolland Nesmith, age 65, of Anaheim Hills, demonstrates how Glenn Ellis O’Conner looked as he was preparing to shoot Nesmith in the head.

as well as felt the impact of that bullet,” Nesmith said. The bullet penetrated Nesmith’s left temple and came out near his right earlobe. “I thought, ‘Am I a dead man or am I alive?’” Nesmith said. In Nesmith’s testimony he said after being shot, he attempted to leave his bed to reach his gun in the hallway closet. Despite partially blacking out, Nesmith said that he obtained his gun and left his home in an attempt to catch O’Conner. Nesmith stated that he heard O’Conner leaving through his backdoor and later confirmed that the door was broken, though he is sure who broke it. Nesmith said that he made it into his yard where he saw O’Conner inside his vehicle driving away with two kids running behind. According to Nesmith, one kid escaped while the other stopped running and began kneeling in front of Nesmith. “[The kid said], ‘Don’t shoot mister - I give up,’” Nesmith said. Police reports state that Nesmith was later found bleeding from the head on Santa Ana Canyon Road and he was taken to the hospital where he went into surgery. O’Conner has yet to be convicted of any crimes and no additional suspects have been named in the trial.

Michelle Madigan (1996)- Producer at Dateline NBC, NBC News. Saba Hamedy (2008)- Breaking news reporter for CNN Politics. Former entertainment writer at L.A. Times. Rich Hammond (1994)- Vice President of the CSPA Board. Former deputy sports editor of the Los Angeles Daily News and beat writer for LA Kings. Sportswriter of the Orange County Register. Todd Harmonson (1985)- Senior editor of the Orange County Register, and former columnist at the Daily Breeze. President/Chairman the the California Scholastic Press Association(CSPA). Matt Hanlon (2008)- Cinematographer at Threaded Films. Former sports reporter Orange County Register and communication assistant American Junior Golf Association. Scott Harris (1973)- Staff writer and columnist at San Jose Mercury News. Former senior writer at The Industry Standard and staff writer for the L.A. Times. Cam Inman (1988)- Media and communications specialist for Bay Area News Group. Former analyst for CBS.

Terril Jones- Instructor at Claremont McKenna College teaching international and political jourEditor’s Note: This trial was simulated for ed- nalism. Former foreign correspondent for the Asucation purposes. sociated Press. Josh Kaplan- Senior executive producer for Fox television in Los Angeles.

STAFF Editors and Assistant Editors: Page 1: Roselyn Romero, Rebecca Smith Page 2: Arul Gnanasivam, Tess McIntyre Page 3: Vivian Feng, Cynthia Phan Page 4: Dünya Taylan, Tressa McIff

Laura Nelson (2007)- Pulitzer-winning transportation reporter for the Los Angeles Times. Evann Gastaldo Lutz (1998)- Managing editor for Newser.com. Pat Saperstein (1976)- Assistant deputy editor for Variety magazine.

Advisor: Mike Daugherty

Fred Schoemehl- Editor of The Tombstone Epitaph. Former editor of Costa Mesa Daily Pilot.

Special thanks: A special thanks to general manager Paul Bittick, the Mustang News staff for helping to produce this newspaper and to the late Stanley M. Kelton, former CSPA instructor, attorney, treasurer and Board member.

Bottom row (from left to right): Annie Mitchell, Catherine Allen, Kaitlyn Ho, Vincent Nguyen, Milla Surjadi, Abby Hasselbrink, Roselyn Romero, Rebecca Smith. Row 2: Amy Weng, Jacquelyn Opalach, Mary Bancroft, Carol Liu, Nicole Konopelko, Arul Gnanasivam, Vivian Feng, Alex Goldberg, Johnny Curley. Row 3: Nerine Uyanik, Tressa McIff, Cynthia Phan, Tess McIntyre, Dünya Taylan, Farrah Ballou, Eli Marcus. Row 4: Fred Schoemehl, Rich Hammond, Kellen Browning, Mohi Andrabi, Olivia Olander, Laura Nelson, Sarah Burnick, Larry Welborn.

Michael Daugherty (1969)- Broadcast and journalism teacher at Desert Sands Unified School District and English teacher at La Quinta High School. Former maritime reporter for the San Pedro News-Pilot and managing director of MCL Uganda Limited.

Keith Sharon- Reporter for Orange County Register. Former reporter at The Jersey Journal. Jessica Davis Smelser (2003)- Digital director for the USA Today Network in Tennessee. Former video director for the Los Angeles News Group, news director of Video News West and former writer and editor for Patch.com. Nicole Vargas (1995)- Internship coordinator and lecturer at San Diego State University Journalism and Media Studies. Former digital and social media consultant at Multimedia Momma, and multimedia producer at The San Diego Union-Tribune Larry Welborn (1965)- Former legal affairs reporter for the Orange County Register. Chairman Emeritus of the CSPA Board. Joe Wirt- Director of affiliate relations as CNPA Services Inc. Former copy editor and page designer for the Sacramento Bee, copy editor and page designer for the Bakersfield Californian and copy editor for the Daily Review. CHRIS CARLSON/CSPA INSTRUCTOR

Gwen Wu (2013)- Reporter for San Francisco Chronicle.