Part II: The Framework
• Lower prioritization for behavioral health treatment resources within jail and prison. • Intensive monitoring and supervision. • Participation in community-based programming providing cognitive restructuring and cognitive skills programming. • Referrals made to community service providers on reentry as needed to address targeted low-level mental health/substance abuse treatment needs. Case Example: Michael is a 31-year-old male who served several jail sentences in his early 20s for vandalism and lower-level property crimes. He was more recently convicted of disorderly conduct for his involvement in a fight while he was drunk. He was sent to jail for 30 days and given six months of probation. He uses alcohol occasionally and displays some symptoms of depression (but not those typically associated with enduring functional impairments). He is currently divorced (his third marriage) and has no contact with his two young sons. Michael dropped out of high school at age 16 and has never had steady employment outside of day labor pools. He is required as a condition of release to complete anger management and cognitive skills programming.
Some of the interventions that Michael might receive include the following: • The small jail to which he is sent has very limited access to treatment resources. While incarcerated for this short time, Michael may receive information on counseling and self-help resources in the community. • Michael is subject to six months on probation after his release, during which he must comply with all supervision requirements and complete the anger management and other programming that emphasizes self-control, problemsolving skills, and prosocial attitudes. He may also follow up on the information jail personnel gave him about a voluntary reentry program run by a faith-based group that can help with vocational training and job placement, and about a mental health clinic to assess and address his symptoms of depression.
Low Criminogenic Risk with Some High Behavioral Health Treatment Needs System Responses: Individuals who
SA: med/high SA: med/high
MI: med/high MI: low
CR: low MI: med/high
can be screened into these subgroups should not require intensive community supervision resources on release if they are engaged in appropriate treatment and given adequate supports. Individuals with substance abuse disorders need to be given tailored interventions and testing with the goal of advancing recovery and reducing reincarceration.