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FUNDAMENTAL

rite I

I I I


FUNDAMENTAL

Fundamental is an architectural research project that investigates the social and political urgency around the management of the human body and its by-products. The project is structured as a ‘Rite of Passage’ - a threestep structure that describes the ritualised process that occurs when an individual leaves one stage of life to enter another. This transition involves separation, ambiguity and, finally, the reassimilation of the individual into the collective. The project is developed through three films that each have a specific socio-political context and associated architectural system. These films consider material transformations, such as the transformation of lard from solid to liquid, food into excrement, or water into a bacterial transport. Rite I: Separation explores the exposure of the fragile human body in the anatomical theatre. Rite II: Liminal explores the erasure of waste and the increasing strain that is being placed on the Victorian sewer system of London. The final film, Rite III: Reassimilation, explores the sharing of bacterial systems in contemporary ecologies. Viewed together, these films analyse and explore the possibilities of architecture in addressing the care and management of the human body in the contemporary city - an issue that is becoming increasingly pressurised.


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

I would like to express my sincere appreciation to my tutors; Clara Kraft, Guan Lee and Satoshi Isono for their continuous support and tremendous generosity throughout this project. I would furthermore like to thank Dylan Radcliffe Brown, Irene Frassoldati and Nigel Tucker for providing invaluable help in the realization of the three films.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

I - Introduction: A Rite Of Passage

RITE I: SEPARATION -

II - Separation III - Material: Lard VI - Site: The Anatomic Theatre V - Movie Stills VI - Close-up: The Anatomical Theatre VII - Close-up: Preparation VIII - Close-up: From Solid to Semi-Liquid IX - Close-up: Use and Disposal

THE MAKING: SET, MANUFACTURED PARTS, RESEARCH

X - The Anatomical Theatre: Designed Space XI - The Anatomical Theatre: Research XII - The Anatomical Theatre: Film Set XIII - Balustrades: Manufactured Part XIV- The Lard Fountain: Manufactured Part XV - Lard Chute: Manufactured Part XVI - Props

XVII - Bibliography


I

A RITE OF PASSAGE

Ethnographer Arnold van Gennep, described in his seminal work, Les Rites de Passage from 1908, the various rites of which societies effect transitions in the life of an individual. From one social identity to another. Such as birth, coming-of-age, marriage, death, etc. Common for them all he observed and identified three distinct phases: Separation (premilinal) Transitional phase (liminal) Incorporation (postliminal)

I have used the steps of the rite of passage as a hierarchy for this thesis. Each step is signified by a film, one for each term, making the final piece a triptych of films.


Joseph Van Gennep 1906

RITE OF PASSAGE

STAGE 1

STAGE 2

rite one

rite two

rite three

Seperation

Transition

Incorporation

An initial stage in which the individual is divorced from his familiar environment and loses identity. Usually abrupt or violent in nature. The phase involves: punishment / intoxication / journey / abduction /change of appearance

Old identity was destroyed but has not yet been fully reincorporated into the community with as a new identity. A period of in-determinate identity, full of ambiguity and paradox. The phase involves: dying symbolically / mutilation of self / losing name or language / scarification / fasting / ordeals and tests / breaking of taboos.

Final stage of in which the individual is moved out of isolation and reintegrated into society with a new identity. The phase involves: religious ceremony / communal meal / gift exchange

Site: Anatomical Theatre

Site: London Underground

Site: Agricultural Landscapes

Material: Lard

Material: Human waste

Material: Water


RITE I

SEPARATION


II

SEPARATION RITE I

The first film represents the first rite, separation. Separation is the initial stage where during which the individual is divorced from his familiar environment and loses his identity. Separation is usually abrupt or violent in nature, it ruptures ties to the self, the family, the community. Often involves alienation or movement across boundaries. Seperation is a stage that may involve: punishment / intoxication / journey / abuction /change of appearance


SEPARATION FILM ABSTRACT

The film is set within an anatomical theatre. In the early days of surgery and before the invention of anaesthesia, the anatomical theatre was a testing ground for elaborated experimentation on the human body. Doctors, scientist and students would fill the stands, closely observing how the surgeon would orchestrate the preparation of the patient before the surgeon finally would pick up his scalpel and cut in to the naked flesh. It was a spectacle of epic proportions as blood would spill on the white coats and desperate screams would fill the auditorium. The auditorium was as a result placed highest in the building, not to disturb the surroundings. The dissection of bodily material was a necessity of acquiring knowledge of the human anatomy and for realising new and undiscovered truths. A necessity that often came with fatal consequences, as many would die during the operation or following complications derived from it. The anatomical theatre thereby became an architectural device for generating meaning and the body becomes a sacrificial product of its function. The film investigates this perverse dialectic of the conflict oscillating between discipline and sheer desire, between situation and condition. The rendering process which occur, turns lard waste from solid to semi- liquid - this change in physical state problematises the use and ability to dispose of such materials


III

MATERIAL LARD

The material of lard is amorphous - in the sense it can be rendered and unrendered - and is a major coagulant in both the human body and waste disposal systems.


IV

SITE THE ANATOMICAL THEATER

The first anatomical theatre was built in Padua, Italy in 1594 by by Girolamo Fabricius Acquapendente. An architectural device used for conducting and observing elaborated and un-aesthetized experimentation on the human body. The anatomical theatres was in use until the 19th century.


t

Thomas Eakins (1875) The Gross Clinic

Thomas Eakins (1889) The Agnew Clinic


V

FILM STILLS RITE I


VI

THE ANATOMICAL THEATRE Opening Apertures


VII

FILM CLOSE-UP Dry-rendering Lard Preparation


VIII

FILM CLOSE-UP Dry-rendering Lard From Solid To Semi-Liquid


IX

FILM CLOSE-UP Dry-rendering Lard Use and Disposal


THE MAKING

SET

MANUFACTURED PARTS

RESEARCH


X

SITE THE ANATOMICAL THEATRE

A 1:1 film set and a 1:15 scale model, have been designed and built for the film. The Model of the Anatomical Theatre figure in the first and last sequence of the movie. It has been realised in scale 1:15 to create a spatial understending of the site in which Rite One, Separation take place.


Isometric 1:50


The Anatomical Theatre scale 1:50

Section Drawing 1:50

Plan Drawing 1:50

700


6300 2200

1100 1100 2600 5000 10000

600

600

800


THE ANATOMICAL THEATRE

Model 1:15


XI

SITE RESEARCH THE ANATOMICAL THEATRE


Tieranatomisches Theater, Berlin, Germany Carl Gotthard Langhans 1790

Gustavnium, Uppsala, Sweden


Palazzo Bo, Padua, Italy Girolamo Fabricius Acquapendente 1594

Anatomical Theatre of the Archiginnasio, Bologna, Italy 1595


Anfiteatro Anatรณmico de la Real Academia de Medicina, Barcelona, Spain Ventura Rodriguez, 1764

Anatomical Theatre, Ospedale del Ceppo, Pistoia, Italy, 1770


Anatomical Theatre Indiana, USA 1896

Women’s Ward Operating Theatre, London, United Kingdom, 1822


Anatomical Theatre Cambridge, USA 1815

Anatomical Theatre Ether Dome Boston, USA 1821


XII

THE ANATOMICAL THEATRE FILMING RITE I

1:

Main Camera

Black Magic camera - 30MM Lens

2:

Close-Up Camera

Black Magic camera - 30MM Lens

3:

Teleprompter

Connected to camera 1

1:

0000W Ceiling Lamp

Lights entire scene

2:

0000W Ceiling Lamp

Lights entire scene

3:

Dedo Spot

Spots lard fountain

4:

Dedo Spot

Spots main character

5:

Ceiling Rice Lamp

Lights lard tower

6:

1000W Lamp

Lights upwards between balustrade row 1 and 2

7:

1000W Lamp

Lights upwards between balustrade row 1 and 2

1:

Plywood Ring 1,2, 3

1: 850mm (chair), 2: 1500mm (stand), 3: 2150MM (stand). w. printed balustrades

2:

Lard Fountain

Melts lard w. heat from candles. Collects in transparent vacuum form.

3:

Lard Chute

Lard is dispersed into chute and slowly moves towards camera.

4:

Latex Gloves + Matches

Matches ignites candles. Latex gloves is put on before moving lard.

5:

Lard Stack

3 pieces is moved to lard fountain.

6:

Table

with white table cloth

1:

Operator 1

Turns on lights 1 & 2, moves to operate camera 2. Cue: Camera roll

2:

Operator 2

Turns on light 5, in slow fade. Cue: After Light1,2, 6, 7.

3:

Operator 3

Operates camera 1.

4:

Operator 4

Turns on camera 6, 7. Cue: Camera roll

1:

Main Character

Moves into show. Cue: After Light 5


1

4

6

7

6 2

1

4

5

5

3

2

4

3

2 1

3 3

Plan: 1:30

2

1


XIII

1:

BALAUSTRADES

3 x 90gsm, 850mm x 8000mm


XIV

2:

THE LARD FOUNTAIN

Aluminium discs: 2 X 200MM 1X 250MM 1MM vacuum formed acrylic 6MM threaded bar X 5 Bolts X 30

Candles X 3 Lard


354 250 200

354 250 200

150

150

Plan 1:5

215 37 190

190

37

215

Section 1:5


2:

THE LARD FOUNTAIN

Aluminium discs: 2 X 200MM 1X 250MM 1MM vacuum formed acrylic 6MM threaded bar X 5 Bolts X 30

Candles X 3 Lard


2:

THE LARD FOUNTAIN MOULD FOR LARD COLLECTOR AND LARD COLLECTOR

CNC cut 40MM plywood 1MM acrylic - vacuum formed

-


354

354

250 354 200 250

250 200

200

Plan 1:5

354 250

143 143

37

Isometric 1:5

143

37

Section 1:5

37

37

200

143


2:

THE LARD FOUNTAIN MOULD FOR LARD COLLECTOR AND LARD COLLECTOR

CNC cut 40MM plywood 1MM acrylic - vacuum formed

-


XV

3:

THE LARD FOUNTAIN LARD CHUTE

1,5 MM Alluminium


184

184

12

12

1500

1500

1500

1500

79

12

12

79

79

79

184

184


3:

THE LARD FOUNTAIN LARD CHUTE

1,5 MM Alluminium


XVI

4:

PROPS MEDICAL WHITE COAT LATEX GLOVES / MATCHES


XVII

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Rites of Passage- Arnold Van Gennep Purity and Danger - Mary Douglas Taboo - Franz Baermann Steiner The Theatre of Cruelty - Artonin Artaud A Theatre of Operations - A Discussion between Alain Badiou and Elie During New Materialisms: Ontology, Agency, and Politics - Diana H. Coole Vibrant Matter - Jane Bennet Bio Politics and the Emergence of Modern Architecture - Sven-Olav Wallenstein Cremaster Cycle - Matthew Barney The River of Fundament - Matthew Barney


RITE ONE


Fundamental - Rite I  

Fundamental is an architectural research project that investigates the social and political urgency around the management of the human body...

Fundamental - Rite I  

Fundamental is an architectural research project that investigates the social and political urgency around the management of the human body...

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