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• Each year in the United States, approximately 795,000 people have strokes and 790,000 people have heart attacks, according to the CDC. ď Ź

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Cardiovascular disease is the number one underlying cause of death in the U.S., outnumbering all kinds of cancer. Almost anyone can have a stroke or heart attack, but there is a greater risk if you are obese, diabetic, elderly or a smoker. High-risk individuals should know how to prevent a stroke or heart attack in advance.


• If a person is having a stroke, they may have numbness or weakness in the face or limbs, confusion, difficulty speaking, vision problems, poor coordination or severe headache.

• If a person is having a heart attack, they may have jaw or neck pain, a feeling of lightheadedness, chest pain, pain that radiates into the arm or shoulder or difficulty breathing. • If you notice these signs in yourself or someone else, call 911 right away. The sooner medical professionals can get there, the better the outcome.


• Maintain a healthy weight/BMI, as overweight and obese individuals are at higher risk. • Get plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables, prevent high cholesterol with low-fat, highfiber foods, and limit your sodium intake to prevent high blood pressure. • Strengthen your heart and improve overall physical health with regular cardio exercise (walking, jogging, dancing, etc.), around 2.5 hours per week.


• Smoking is a huge risk factor for both stroke and heart attack, as it can narrow and thicken blood vessels, increase plaque build-up, increase the risk of blood clots and cause a variety of other damage. • According to the CDC, smoking is responsible for as many as one-third of all cardiovascular disease deaths.

• Find a quitting method that works for you. Smoking cessation programs, over-the-counter products and peer support groups can be great resources.


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Stress is a commonly underestimated factor in heart attack and stroke risk. Reduce stress by doing things like talking to a counselor, scheduling time for your hobbies, improving your sleep quality, taking on fewer commitments or meditating.

• For those with anxiety disorders, treatment is extremely important. If constant stress and worry are negatively impacting your life, undiagnosed anxiety could be putting stress on your heart.


• Work with your doctor to monitor your overall health and keep an eye on any health conditions or other risk factors you may already have. • As you age or develop other risk factors, it's especially important to have regular exams and any doctor-recommended testing to detect any potential problems early on. • Taking a proactive approach and knowing you're fully informed about your health can be very reassuring, potentially reducing stress and further lowering your risk.


Crystal Run Healthcare in New York is a leading-edge medical practice providing patient-centered care and patient convenience. Our exceptional primary care providers work with each patient to manage their health and coordinate any tests, labs or follow-up care needed with specialists. To learn more, visit www.crystalrunhealthcare.com


• https://www.cdc.gov/stroke/healthy_living.htm • https://www.cdc.gov/stroke/index.htm • http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/General/Heart-and-Stroke-AssociationStatistics_UCM_319064_SubHomePage.jsp • https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/campaign/tips/diseases/heart-disease-stroke.html

What You Can Do to Reduce Risk of Stroke and Heart Attacks  

Learn about the prevalence of stroke and heart attack, as well as their risk factors and symptoms. Also, discover tips for reducing the risk...

What You Can Do to Reduce Risk of Stroke and Heart Attacks  

Learn about the prevalence of stroke and heart attack, as well as their risk factors and symptoms. Also, discover tips for reducing the risk...

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