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Lthat lighting ightng is introduced as the quintessential design technique. I have first learned to appreciate and learn and transparency conditions are a generative process in architectural design- that is essentially experimental when I started my academic endeavor in Architecture. This has been the foundation for my method and process when practicing Architecture. From this I have learned that there is nothing more beautiful than a shape that is pure, light, clean, and has the ability to bridge form to function. My precedent studies and the inspiration behind my aesthetic taste is everything by Richard Neutra and Case Study 21 in Los Angeles by Pierre Koening. The glowing light above illuminates both houses from within, casting a gradient of shadows on the ground. It was almost as if it was designed with light. Not only are both the structures visually mesmerizing, but also the simplistic lighting creates the experience of the homes and provides a form that was also structurally sound. Through my experimental focus academically, both seemed like the best place for me to further unite the preexisting threads of my creative practice, at the same time learning new ideas and methods. From Neutra to Koening I hope to express in my own work beautiful structures that are as beautiful as they are simple and functional. Using light as a main designing method.


VS 4101 01

DS 1101 01

AS 3100 01

VS 4100 01

CS 2100 01

DS 1100 01

AS 3100 01

WHALE ENCYCLOPEDIA WHALE COOKIE RENDERING WHALE COOKIE MILL

STRATEGIES OF REPRESENTATION II

GRAPHIC NOVEL LIBRARY

PRECEDENT STUDY: BIBLIOHEQUE DE NATIONALE,. PARIS, FRANCE

1GB STUDIO FUNDAMENTAL ARCHITECTURE

GROUP BUCKLING ASSIGNMENT

STRUCTURES 1

MULTITOOL TOY

STRATEGIES OF REPRESENTATION

NEUTRA: GRADUATE RESEARCH

ARCHITECTURE CULTURE I

99 SECTIONS PRECEDENT STUDY: VILLA SAVOYE URBAN FARM

1GA STUDIO FUNDAMENTAL ARCHITECTURE

WOOD GROUP MODULE

TECTONICS MATERIALS PROPERTIES

CONTENTS


DS 1100 01

T hroughout the semester, students are introduced to ways of developing architectural designs through drawing, modeling, and diagramming. This first excercise privileges drawing as a means of initiating and developing a design proposal. The first assignment explores the potential of the section drawing as an iterative tool and a serial technique. An interative design process is one where multiple variations of a single design decision are tested, analyzed, and prototyped in an effort to build intelligence aroudn waht works and what does not work given the value set of a project.

Plans and Sections drawings are slices through a larger architectural body or mass. In studio we will explore the use of plan and section as both an analytical and generative tool; something that allows us to initiate an architectural body and in turn to study it.

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In the first year of our graduate program we were asked to draw nintey nine sections a day for a week in Rhino to prepare us for all the sections we had to draw in our career as an Architect. Chosen for documentation are a series of my favored sections.

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DS 1100 01

Villa Savoye First graduate precedent study. Through the study of existing projects, students are able to inform and expand their own project vocabulary. Forms, building 1. techniques, materials, and most importantly solutions are evident in these selected projects.

1. puzzle piece system of connections 2. base folded 3. top folded

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SECTION A

SECTION B

SECTION C

SECTION D

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AS 3100 01

M aterials, Structures, & Tectonics : Architectural Systems

Different materials were used to create a replica of the small scale model. From Acrylic to museum board and chip board.

This course introduces the structural and material choices that are engaged in the design, creation, and construction processes of architecture. Over the course of the semester, students investigate how materials have been used historically and how contemporary approaches successfully re-work and manipulate materials in innovative ways.

All need in failure to mimic the strength of plywood. The closest was four ply museum board.

Materials are rarely chosen for a singular reason; rather, their consideration is based on their performance and interaction with other systems. As such, materials are studied first for their individual properties and capabilities, and secondly, how they operate in chorus with other materials within architectural assemblies.

1. proposed render for final model

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AS 3100 01

Volumetric Study - create hollow geometry where the skin is attached each other at the edges of the plywood -this allows for large volumes using little material -the skin becomes both the structure and the enclosure -can be stacked atop one another to create a building system

1. first pass on the cnc machine 2. saw dust causing fire and burn marks 3. cnc cut based on module design 4. wooden panals placed through cnc 5. study pieces 6. construction and fabrication

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The primary goal of this project was to test the flexibility and strength of plywood in tension. A secondary goal was to create a large plywood structure that could be constructed cheaply and efficiently using a single module and minimal fasteners. The project was successful in that most of the construction was completed within a single day, and we were only forced to use a small number of screws to hold the structure in place at points of stress. We were able to make the project the intended size while remaining within out budget.

However, parts of the structure were unable to withstand rainy and windy weather, and some warping of the wet plywood did occur. The plywood product

we used a combination of birch and other wood species, was not as hardy as expected, and we speculated that if a higher quality product had been used we would not have encountered periodic issues with the modules peeling and breaking. If we were to attempt this type of construction again, the quality of the wood product would be a higher priority.

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Properties and Systems of Plywood - may create volume and massing with little material - spatial potential with negative space - spring system potential with perforations of material - slotting systems as connections - egg crate systems as connections and spatial potential - variety in perforations may change mate-

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3

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1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

puzzle piece system of connections base folded top folded side elevation top

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INTERNSHIP

M aterials & Applications is a non-profit organization that produces installations twice yearly and hosts open air discussions, workshops, performances and other public events. We also create outreach programs to educate and inspire property and business owners to make choices that increase the sustainability of their buildings and properties. M&A was created to experiment with public space at a scale proportional to a community, a space that can be understood, worked with, reconfigured and used. M&A is ocated in front of the studio of Didier Hess, and is a testbed for us to work with a community to realize new and important concepts in building. This season Materials & Applications has for the first time built installations in new locations and built indoor installations. These departures from our usual building process have opened up numerous opportunities for ne ways to work.

1. fat fringe module and connection points

12 1.


F at Fringe is a collaborative project between the Silver

Lake non-profit Materials & Applications (M&A) and the design office Layer. The aim of the project is to explore techniques for large scale, high volume paper cutting. A die-cut paper canopy has been developed by participants in a series of weekend workshops led by designers Lisa Little and Emily White of Layer.

O ver several weekends, we worked on constructing a full-scale module to prototype the best designs from the previous workshops. The final full-scale design was sent to the die-cutters to be precisely and uniformally mass-produced.

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A t last, Layer and Materials &

Applications debuted their collaborative project, "Fat Fringe" on the evening of March 11th at the FIX gallery in downtown Los Angeles. The glowing light above illuminated the fluttering canopy, casting a gradient of shadows on the gallery floor. Not only was the structure visually mesmerizing, but the folded paper provided a form that was structurally sound.


VS 4101 01

Visual Strategies of Representation II

Unit I: Encyclopedia of Modeling

This course forms the continuation of Strategies of Representation I by expanding on the conceptions of representational tools, emphasizing diagramming and spatial representations, and incorporating the site analysis, topography and three dimensional realizations.

Unit II: The Era of Latent Potential Unit III: Digital Signiture

The program focuses on the developing the precision of intentions in the production of architectural drawings and instilling a critical sensitivity for the inherent bias and interface of each deployed medium of representation.

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polysurface ID: 2ed7e6bf-2cd7-4e46-9fc360ec98d6cea2 (676) Layer name: Default Render Material: source = from layer index = -1 Attribute UserData: UserData ID: B0EE2168-8EC642ed-A962-26DEB8CC8F9A Plug-in: Rhino Render description: Rhino Renderable Object UserData saved in file: no copy count: 1 UserData ID: E298C084-E953-4cb89808-8E8EC85B505E Plug-in: Toucan Render description: Toucan Renderable Object UserData saved in file: yes copy count: 31

surface ID: 4c6aba46-175d-487b-a1a2eb1822f9b982 (734) Layer name: Default Render Material: source = from layer index = -1 Attribute UserData: UserData ID: B0EE2168-8EC642ed-A962-26DEB8CC8F9A Plug-in: Rhino Render description: Rhino Renderable Object UserData saved in file: no copy count: 1 UserData ID: E298C084-E953-4cb89808-8E8EC85B505E Plug-in: Toucan Render description: Toucan Renderable Object UserData saved in file: yes copy count: 25 Geometry:

curve ID: 5d900b6c-6aae-4807-bed2-6e6e6583ac6d (1007) Layer name: grasshopper01 Render Material: source = from layer index = -1 Geometry: Valid curve. Open NURBS curve start = (85.101,-84.3412,7.93483) end = (89.2367,-84.3067,10.7453) degree = 3 control points: non-rational, count=12 knots: non-uniform, domain = -5.4056 to 0 clamped at start and end

curve ID: c82ceeb8-0a88-4162-ab5c1256132c8dfa (666) Layer name: Default Render Material: source = from layer index = -1 Geometry: Valid curve. Open NURBS curve start = (-118.93,-58.6472,0.676747) end = (-117.634,58.6472,0.173803) degree = 3 control points: non-rational, count=10 knots: non-uniform, domain = -110.344 to -88.5359 clamped at start and end History: Record index: 28 Record id: 0C9CA27D-5B16-4e9b-


Digital SIgniture

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In the first two units the screen was understood as the locus of production. In the final unit, we were introduced to some new interfaces. We were asked to produce physical models with compound digital/ analog processes including CNC milling, laser cutting and / or 3D printing.

1. 2. 3. 4. 2.

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milled whale/ cookie hybrid wire frame rhino concept model top half of module bottom half of module


VS 4101 01

Visual Strategies of Representation I An in depth investigation into the funamentals of visual communication through the development of both conventional architectural techniques visual and interpretive skills using a variety of analytical and representational methods.

This course will revolve around analyzing, dissecting, and re broadcasting your OBJECT. The objects should not be seen as passive objects, but are to be understood as active systems embedded with potential dynamic mechanisms.

In addition to new strategies of representation, the class will provide a more in depth conceptual basis for some essential principles employed in the production of generative, descriptive, and explanatory drawing. This class will consist of three major components: a lecture component, a 2-D lab component, and a 3-D lab component. The lecture component of the course will study and apply both theory and drawing, as well as conventions and techniques in orthographic drawings - including notational drawings, plan, section, elevation, axonometric, and constructed perspective.

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For the first assignment we were asked to choose a muti-tool and map out all the major parts of the tool using Auto Cad in 2D. This was to be a representation of the tool not an actual outline.


The next step was to draw a toy we were assigned and combine it with the tool. This was asked to be modeled in 3D Rhino.


AS 3100 01

M ethod Methodology and Results Boundary Conditions: The boundary conditions consist of one fixed end and one roller. The fixed condition was established by designing a slot structure large enough for one end of the column to fit into and rotate freely. The other end of the column was stabalized by a horizontal beam and weight which ran acress the top of the column and also allowed the column to rotate freely.

Application of load: The load was applied vertically, in the center and on top of the column. A plywood beam ran across the top of the column to hold the weights and distribute the load evenly. The weights were placed in the center of the beam, three different weights per column length. We used water jugs for weights, each filled with a different amount of water.

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Trials

column length (in.) weight (lbs.)

deformation laterally (in.) 2 1/2 bottles (2lbs. 7/8” 4.6oz. per full bottle, 1 lb. half bottle)

deformation vertically (in.) 0”

1st deformation

48”

2nd deformation 3rd deformation 1st deformation

48” 48” 44”

6 lb. 15 oz. 6 lb. 21 oz. 10.5 oz + 5lb. 14 oz. 1lb. 1 oz. + 5lb. 14 oz. 5 lb. 14 oz. + 1 lb. 7oz. 5lb. 14oz. 6 1b. 15oz. 5lb. 14 oz. + 1lb. 7 oz.

2 -1/2” 4 - 3/4” 3/4”

.5” 1” 0”

2nd deformation

44”

1- 1/4”

0”

3rd deformation

44”

3 - 1/2”

0.5”

1st deformation 2nd deformation 3rd deformation

41” 41” 41”

1” 2” 3”

0.5” 0.5” 3/4”


Different materials were used to create a replica of the small scale model. From Acrylic to museum board and chip board. All need in failure to mimic the strength of plywood. The closest was four ply museum board.


DS 1101 01

P recedent Studies : Architectural Systems Students will use the provided digital template provided to compile and organize diagrammatic, graphic and textual analyses of assigned historical precedents. All work will be original, interpretive and projective. For example diagrams will be constructed by means of overlays, which distinguish the various explicit and implicit normative organizational systems of a project. Further overlays will communicate the transformative operations that define the discrete formal characteristics and specific architectonic qualities of the project. Project Name: Bibliotheque de Architect: Henri Labrouste Location: Paris France Date: 1860 Student: Crystal Hughes

Nationale

1. Surrounding context with parralleling planes 30.


Different materials were used to create a replica of the small scale model. From Acrylic to museum board and chip board. All need in failure to mimic the strength of plywood. The closest was four ply museum board.

31.


Diagrammatic drawings of the grand reading room. This is the main idea behind the design of this library.

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1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

diagram of stacks diagram of edge of grand reading room diagram of symmetry of the grand reading room diagram of outer walls diagram of structure


DS 1101 01

G raphic Novel Library : Manhattan, New York Students will use the provided digital template provided to compile and organize diagrammatic, graphic and textual analyses of assigned historical precedents. All work will be original, interpretive and projective. For example diagrams will be constructed by means of overlays, which distinguish the various explicit and implicit normative organizational systems of a project. Further overlays will communicate the transformative operations that define the discrete formal characteristics and specific architectonic qualities of the project.


1. diagram of all public and private libraries in Manhattan

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Diagrams were extracted from a digital 3D model to show intricacy of design process and concepts.

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4. 1. 2. 3. 4.

diagram of the boxes floor plate diagram diagram of the books and stacks circulation diagram


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CS 2100 01

N eutra

In 1938 Richard Neutra, a modernist enthusiast built the Strathmore Apartments in Westwood Los Angeles. Standing at the bottom of the steps of the condominium I felt like was standing in a piece of Hollywood history. Once occupied by Orsen Welles and Luise Rainer, the modern dwellings offered shelter as well as a space where memories have been created. Much like the precedent buildings built before the Strathmore Apartments, Neutra’s collaborations with Shindler on the JardinetteApartment House had a lot of influenceon Neutra’s style later. The floor plan for this apartment complex was also prominently modern.

The Jardinette consisted of long passageways leading to individual apartments. Yet when it came time to design the Strathmore Apartments, Neutra opted to make the apartments flatter and smaller in scale for these garden apartments. Like most of his single-family dwellings, “Neutra brought to this modernist apartment buildings many elements he had used in his single family dwellingswhite walls, flat roofs, ribbon windows, crisp detailing, and generally orthogonal shapes.” Neutra wanted to make good use of not only the building but wanted to create a space where an inhabitant can experience the architecture. The apartment is made up of four individual buildings with eight condominiums total. The four individual buildings consisted of six two bedrooms, two bath and two smaller studio units. The units that I got the chance to experience used the smaller studio either as an office or children’s room.

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that I got the chance to experience used the smaller studio either as an office or children’s room. The ground on which it is built on is inclined in a garden space. The building seemed tucked away among the lush landscape. Cleverly hidden, as it seemed when trying to look for it. In 1937 a family who had already owned the land to build the Strathmore Apartments commissioned Neutra. “The Strathmore is a modernist updating of tow of Neutra’s favorite buildings: the ancient Taos Pueblo in New Mexico and Irving Gill’s Horatio West Court in Santa Monica (1919).” Neutra was deeply influenced by Wrights style. Importantly he very much took to the idea of their stacked housing. Neutra’s love for modernism showed

on both the Landfair Apartments and Strathmore Apartments. Both buildings were completed close to the same year. However, the design for both buildings was very distinctive. They were similar in the fact that both displayed ribbon windows and white stucco walls. Yet, “While the elegant Landfair looks to contemporary European precedents of repetitive units connected in single depth rows, the Strathmore comprises four buildings, six larger, two bedroom, two bath apartments and two one bedroom flats. The sloping site, with four different levels and abundant landscaping, ensures not only privacy but also individuality for each unit, none exactly a like in section or plan. Though the composition tightly interlocks volumes that are stacked one on top of another, with some changing ceiling heights inside, the effect affords relaxed, easygoing

living.” Like other traditional Los Angeles apartment buildings, each apartment comes with its own balcony and all the condominiums line up against a central staircase and courtyard. The site stands on an incline. Kept cleverly hidden away in lush landscape the Strathmore Apartments is truly a hidden away from the rest of the busy university town. The individual condos are all-different from one another and is actually more detail than what meets the eye. Structurally built and designed by Neutra for the community to come together as one, when they descend from their prospective units. They idea that all of the tenants have to come together in order to arrive at the same place is an interesting notion. By this I mean, through architecture the architect can control how an inhabitant circulates through the building.

Throughout the years the Strathmore Apartments

have offered a home to most of Hollywood’s elite. Since the apartments where carefully tucked away in Westwood not the Hollywood hills the Neutra Condos offered a retreat for the stars away from the chaotic world of Hollywood. Dolores Del Rio and her lover Orsen Welles once occupied the unit 11011. As well as Luise Rainer and her husband playwright Clifford Odets. Lily Latte and director Fritz Lang also shared a home here on Strathmore. The modern homes to some seem inhabitable-housed young couples that chose to share their life there together. The apartments once referred to, as cold and almost hospital like to most renters now stand as a precedent for most modern homes today. With its white walls and flat roofs. The notion that less is more is very apparent. Neutra set as an example to show that great architecture does not need all the ornamentation and 40.


how simple clean lines will triumph and sustain over time and through phases of style change in the design world. . While visiting the site, I could not help but admire the openness and use of color. Since the walls were left white the tiles in the bathroom varied. The main bathroom had ribbon windows as well but the tiles were intricately placed powder blue rectangles that measured quarter of an inch by one inch. The second bathroom that belonged to the Master Bedroom consisted of the same type of material except the blocks were orange and measured at four inches by two inches. Both were the only pop of color I noticed that was still from the original date it was built. Throughout my exploration of one of the units in particular I simultaneously felt the sense of openness and privacy at the same time. of the units in particular I simultaneously felt the sense of openness and privacy at the same time. The unit is on the fourth floor and tucked behind on the North end, made

me feel the enclosed privacy that was offered and designed. . “In organization, two smaller buildings with rectangular footprints are situated on the upper part of the sloping site. The two lower, slightly larger buildings relax and spread out over the site as a broken U shaped volumes facing each other.” Yet, the ribbon windows that ran through the front of the unit allowed plenty of light to shine through. The living room I found especially welcoming due to the fact that the sun poured plenty of sunlight through. The apartments were at one point occupied by Dione Neutra’s sister: Regula Thorston and parents Alfred and Lily Niedermann, who had emigrated from Switzerland to retire in Los Angeles. Neutra himself had owned the North end of the apartment complex. However the two buildings were rarely inhabited because back then not too many renters understood the modern style that Neutra had designed. They considered the space almost unlivable.

Due to the bareness and ribbon windows that allowed a plethora of light to shine through, the prospective renters found the building too cold for their taste. “Moon Architecture… office Architecture…” was phrases offered murmured by potential inhabitants. When arriving at the Strathmore Apartments I noticed the similarity of the building design to the Landfair building crossing on Ophir. Both were strikingly similar as far as design and color- both very distinctively Neutra. Each building was left bare but in a simplistic complicated manner. Minimalism and modernism both played a role in the design. The consistency of the color choices throughout the condominiums was intentional and kept white out of respect and authenticity. throughout the condominiums was intentional and kept white out of respect and authenticity. The walls were left blank white as if was designed by Neutra

as a blank canvas or palette for the resident/ designer to have creative freedom with his or her living quarters. On site, the white walls were more of an eggshell shade. Basically giving off more of an appearance of vanilla almost with a flat finish. Paying attention to detail once can see that the front unit has been remodeled and kept up well. The front unit was also carefully furnished with only brand name furniture that the “stager” felt worth of being in a Neutra apartment. When experiencing the apartment one cannot tell if the light in apartment was more bright because of the sunshine that flooded through the unit, or was it the color palette of the apartment that added the depth of space to the environment. When speculating the front Neutra unit for sale. It is very obvious that one of the reasons why it is priced at near a million dollars is because of the authentic 41.


details that still remained in almost all the units. . This was especially noticeable in the details of both bathrooms. The first one is the guest bathroom next to the living room. This bathroom offered an abundant amount of light. The ribbon windows were shortened and half of the glass was textured to offer privacy to the houseguest or patron. When one first enters this room the first detail to catch one’s attention is first the size. The Washrooms in these condos were larger in size then expected. Especially compared to the VDL Research House where Neutra had to budget and design with limitations. The most distinctive detail is the original tiling. The guest bathroom had powder blue tiling measuring two by three inches. The tiles in the bathroom of the master bedroom offer a huge contrast to the tiles in the guest bathroom. The difference between the bathrooms in the master bath is that it offers a full shower. The tiles are bright tangerine and measure three inches by four inches.

The warm shade of orange offers warmth to the house where as the blue does not. It seems to offer more space, depth, and texture to the room and to the apartment, which is mostly white. It was refreshing to see those pops of color in a surprisingly pleasant unexpected way. As I descended the steps of the Strathmore Apartments I felt that I was leaving part of history behind. Being there I felt that I have experienced not only the architecture but the history of the estate as well. Now that the apartments have been declared as a national landmark the value of the apartments have heightened in value to what they were back then. Neutra has managed to add warmth to modernism and this apartment complex was the precedent for many modern homes that came after it. This site is also the only known as the only condominium style complex designed by Neutra.

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Sciarc_m.arch1_crystal.hughes