T ype 2 Diabetes Mellitus Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder of the pancreas that affects the protein, carbohydrates and fat metabolism. There are two major forms of diabetes mellitus, the Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1, it is formerly called as Insulin-dependent diabetes or Juvenile diabetes. This disease usually affects children, teenagers and young adults. It is characterized by no insulin production by the beta cells in the islet of Langerhans of the pancreas. Type 2 diabetes mellitus or Non-insulin-dependent diabetes, runs in the families; it is also called Adult-onset diabetes. It is characterized by insulin resistance or insufficient insulin production. The manifestation occurs when the beta cells of the islet of langerhans secrete insulin into the bloodstream, but the blood glucose level remains elevated because of the peripheral insulin resistance and increased conversion of glycogen to glucose by the liver. Family history and Obesity are the major risk factor in developing type 2 diabetes. Obesity is linked to insulin resistance, because an excessive fat makes it difficult for the cells to react to insulin. Being Obis or overweight makes people inactive; as a result, this reduces further the body's ability to respond to insulin. In the past, more adults are more likely to develop this form of diabetes because they are more prone to be obis, but today, there are more kids and teenagers who are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Children who are in the puberty stage are also more at risk because the rise of hormone levels that can cause insulin resistance. Signs and symptoms might vary in every person who is suffering from this disease. People may not find out that they have the disease until such time they suffered from diabetes complications.
Some people might already have the symptoms but they just ignore it or do not suspect it as diabetes. Clients with type 2 diabetes have a gradual onset of symptoms. The three classic symptoms of type 2 diabetes are polyuria (increased urination), polydipsia (increased thirst) and polyphagia (increased hunger). They might also develop fatigue, blurred vision, weight loss, sore that do not heal, urinary tract and vaginal infection, because the increased in blood glucose level supports bacterial growth. If you already have these signs and symptoms, consult your doctor immediately for the treatment of the disease. Type 2 diabetes can be diagnosed using the following blood testing: ยง Oral glucose tolerance test ยง Fasting blood glucose level ยง Random blood glucose ยง Postprandial glucose ยง Glycosylated hemoglobin or Hemoglobin A1c. The primary goal of the treatment is to lower down the high blood glucose levels. To do this, a client who is manifesting type 2 diabetes should have a regular check up with their doctor, have a regular exercise and have a healthy diet. A regular check up to the doctor is needed to monitor the client's blood glucose level. The doctor might give some medications to prevent diabetes for possible complications.
Regular exercise is necessary to eliminate the fats and calories that control the reaction to insulin. It helps metabolize carbohydrates, thus decreasing insulin requirements. Having a regular exercise will manage your weight and help you to develop your health by improving your blood pressure and blood flow. An exercise program for the client with diabetes specifies the type of exercise and the length of time to perform it. The program is tailored according to the client's needs and lifestyle. A person with type 2 diabetes should have a healthy diet. Diet is a major component for the treatment of every person with diabetes. Person who is suffering from diabetes should eat the same times each they but must choose what kind of food to eat. Meal planning is very necessary; this includes eating the right amount of food, eating the right food and eating meals at the right time. Some client suffering from this disease might stop taking medication after losing weight. After many years, clients who are suffering from this disease might lead to more serious problems if the diabetes cannot be treated after the onset. These are the some of the complications that might arise: Heart failure, stroke, high blood pressure, peripheral vascular disease, nerve damage, foot sores or ulcers, that can lead to amputation, blindness and other eye disease, kidney disease and failure, macular edema and erectile dysfunction, infections of the skin, female genital tract, and urinary tract. It is essential to have a regular check up to your health care provider to in order to prevent diabetes from complications. You can prevent diabetes by keeping a healthy diet, active lifestyle and regular exercise. It is also a help if you stop your vices like smoking if you smoke and drinking alcoholic drinks.