Essential Guidelines Regarding Diabetes Damaged glucose tolerance or weakened fasting blood sugar is also known as prediabetes. It is an ailment which is treatable wherein the glucose levels in the blood are elevated, but not elevated enough to cause diabetes. When someone has pre-diabetes, he/she is more probable to get diabetes type II and several causes of diabetes in the body may happen throughout pre-diabetes. If somebody has pre-diabetes, there are plenty of ways to control blood sugar levels to remain physically fit and healthy. Generally, pre-diabetes has no signs and can be identified only by the physician by means of A1C laboratory examination, a glucose acceptance test through the mouth or abstained plasma glucose examination. If you have observed the following signs like severe hunger or thirst, fatigue, loss of weight, frequent urination, recurrent infections, blurred vision or sores which do not heal, go to your doctor immediately and ask for medical advices. A1C test for hemoglobin measures the sugar scales in the blood for within the past 2 to 3 months. The proportion of sugar which is found in the protein content of the red cells in the blood which transmit oxygen is measured. If the proportion ranges from 6 - 6.5, prediabetes is present in your body. Fasting plasma sugar examination measures sugar levels in the blood after abstaining for food or anything by mouth overnight. If the levels range from 100 to 125 mg/deciliter, then you are suffering from pre-diabetes. The oral glucose acceptance examination measures sugar scale in the blood after fasting overnight. Sugary solution is taken two hours after and then test is done again for blood sugar. If the sugar scale ranges from 140 to 199, you are suffering from diabetes. If someone has risk factors which include of having members of the family suffering from diabetes, having elevated blood pressure, being overweight, being smokers, high or low cholesterol levels, high triglycerides, heavy utilization of alcohol and acquiring diabetes in time of pregnancy. Anybody having polycystic ovary disorder must be examined every year. Pre-diabetes is curable and easy to treat. You can avoid from acquiring pre-diabetes by means of doing exercises; thirty to sixty minutes of exercise every day. Prevent from smoking and limit use of alcohol. Avoid processed, sugary and fatty food and drinks and also eat little portion sizes. Above all, eat healthy diet which includes fruit, whole grain, dried beans, fish, non-starchy vegetables, lean meat and dairy without fat. If you follow these healthy lifestyles pre-diabetes will be prevented and treated as well. The doctor may prescribe medications to reduce blood sugar, if pre-diabetes is persistent. Glucophage or Precose can be given to lower blood sugar level. Low-dose aspirin is also given to safeguard your heart. Elevated blood sugar and cholesterol medications can also be prescribed. Loss of weight can help you more in managing diabetes. Diabetes if not treated results to many complications like cardiovascular or heart ailments which have been proven to be deadly. The good information is that diabetes onset can be avoided or delayed by good management. Excellent management is done by means of early detection of risk issues in pre-diabetes period and also healthy lifestyles focused on exercise and diets.