Diabetes Mellitus and Its Common Symptoms and Preventions
Diabetes Mellitus is a kind of diabetic disease wherein the body may not be able to regulate the quantity of sugar (particularly glucose) in the blood. Glucose is the blood sugar that gives energy to the body in performing daily activities, like brisk walking, riding in the bike, running for the bus ride and performing daily house chores. The liver, an organ on the right side portion of the abdomen adjacent to the stomach, produces glucose in the blood. In a healthy individual, several hormones, like insulin regulate the blood glucose. The pancreas, a little organ amid the liver and stomach produces insulin. It also secretes other vital enzymes which aid in digestion of food. Insulin permits glucose to travel from the blood to the liver, fat cells and muscles wherein it is utilized for fuel. People who has diabetes either can not create sufficient insulin (type I diabetes) or may not utilize insulin properly (type II diabetes), or both (that happens with some types of diabetes).
In diabetes, blood glucose can not travel into the cells; hence, it stays within the blood. It inflicts harm to the cells which need glucose as fuel; it also harms particular tissues and organs which are exposed to high scale of glucose. Practice healthy lifestyle or modify lifestyle and/or particular medications may be used with people who have pre- diabetes in order to avoid progression to diabetes. Pre-diabetes may be identified by examination of fasting blood sugar and 2 hours after taking in 75 grams of glucose. If someone has diabetes already, focus should be in the prevention of complications, which may cause severe disabilities like blindness, amputation, kidney failure which needs dialysis or ultimately death.