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2012 Community Profile

Introduction

Introduction The abuse and misuse of prescription pain medications has become increasingly prevalent in Nevada. In 2008-2009, Nevada, Kentucky, Oregon, Oklahoma, and Washington ranked in the top one fifth of states for this measure in all three age groups on the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). A direct consequence of abuse and misuse is overdose deaths due to prescription drugs. The population that overdoses on prescription medications was chosen for the Nevada Community Profile with the intention to learn more about this group of people in order to develop prevention efforts focused on this population. Nearly 7 million Americans are abusing prescription drugs—more than the number who are abusing cocaine, heroin, hallucinogens, ecstasy, and inhalants, combined. That 7 million was just 3.8 million in 2000, an 80% increase in just twelve years. Prescription pain relievers are new drug users drug of choice, vs. marijuana or cocaine. Opioid painkillers now cause more drug overdose deaths than cocaine and heroin combined. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says in the past decade, the number of annual deaths from painkillers has quadrupled to roughly 15,000. Read more: http://newsok.com/prescription-drugabuse-problem-growing-in-oklahoma-nationwide/article/3665787#ixzz1tkgE22mu. Nearly 1 in 10 high school seniors nationwide admits to abusing powerful prescription painkillers. Forty percent of teens and an almost equal number of their parents think abusing prescription painkillers is safer than abusing "street" drugs. Misuse of painkillers represents three-fourths of the overall problem of prescription drug abuse; hydrocodone is the most commonly diverted and abused controlled pharmaceutical in the U.S. Twenty-five percent of drug-related emergency department visits are associated with abuse of prescription drugs. Methods of acquiring prescription drugs for abuse include getting them from friends or relatives (57%),“doctor-shopping (18%),” from one physician (18%), traditional drug-dealing (5%), and, illicitly acquiring prescription drugs via the internet (2%). (Drug Enforcement Administration Brief, December, 2010)

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Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Agency  

Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Agency

Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Agency  

Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Agency

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