INSIDE IT GETS WORSE page 2 HAPPY TRAILS page 5 CHERRY PIE page 6 KEYTONS page 8 SAFETY CORPS page 9
JUNE 2013 VOL. 8, NO. 1
Private Fireworks Shows Now Legal in Albemarle
GOOD ROT page 10
ABT GALA page 11 RT. 151 page 13 CANNED TOMATOS page 14 PARALYSIS page 18 MORE LEAVES page 19 LAWNS ARE BAD page 20 DOG FOOD page 21 CROSSWORD page 22 KUDOS page 23 REBEL’S RUN page 24 SCHOLARSHIP page 26 GREAT VIRGINIA TREES page 27 HISTORIC MARKER page 28 TORNADO PROTECTION page 26 WAHS LAX page 32 SUMMER SOLSTICE page 37 CROZET VILLAGE CHURCH page 38
The Blue Ridge Tunnel in its current condition.
Crozet’s Blue Ridge Tunnel Builders Are Subject of New Documentary University of Maryland archeologist Stephen Brighton is back for a second year of scientific excavation of sites that appear related to the construction of the Blue Ridge Tunnel between 1850 and 1858. Last year he and a crew of student archeologists probed the ground around a set of stone farm buildings at what is now Pollack Vineyards and concluded that they are probably the legacy of Irish workers. This year his team is investigat-
ing three stone foundations nearby each other on a treacherously steep slope off Stagecoach Road in Afton. Each wall creates a small platform that Brighton thinks may have been an outdoor space, or possibly a garden spot, for shanties that perched on the hillside above the scene of the track and tunnel construction. Brighton’s digs, inspired by the schol-
continued on page 6
Until now, Albemarle citizens understood that county ordinances allowed fireworks displays at public events, such as Fourth of July carnivals, so long as they met conditions set out on permits issued by county fire officials. But fireworks displays were not allowed at private events, though enforcement of this rule was often relaxed on the Fourth of July and New Year’s Eve. Thanks to a change in the ordinance suggested by county Fire/Rescue department staffers, private fireworks shows of whatever scale can now get permits and, as a coup de gras to the serenity of a private show’s neighbors, the noise ordinance that prohibited such disturbances was also changed to make the booming sounds of the shows legal. Albemarle County supervisors voted the changes in unanimously at their May 8 meeting. As it stood, the ordinance read: “Public displays of fireworks may be given by fair associations, amusement parks or any organization or group of individuals in accordance with a permit
continued on page 8
WAHS Rowers Win at State Regatta By Tom von Hemert The Western Albemarle High School Rowing Club won several state championship awards at the Virginia Scholastic Rowing Association Regatta held on the Occoquan Reservoir in Northern Virginia May 11. Dani Lucas came in first in women’s varsity single. Owen Coleman (stroke) and Mark Simonds (bow) placed first in the men’s varsity double. The men’s varsity quad, consisting of Sam Tobey (stroke), Jake Amtmann, Carter Spradlin and Cole Bright (bow)
placed second, finishing only threetenths of a second behind first place. Luke von Hemert won third place in men’s varsity single. The women’s varsity quad, including Emmy Thacker (stroke), Georgina Zajonc, Peri Bowser and Kaitlyn Jefferson (bow), finished in third place. Western Rowing was also awarded the men’s Division II state championship award. The club, which is comprised of only 20 students, practices on Beaver Creek Reservoir in Crozet. Most of the WAHS
continued on page 35
From the Editor Secretive Police The Albemarle County Police Department’s decision to go for a “geo-policing” strategy, one where officers largely work in an area they get to know well, sort of like beat cops of old, is a good thing. Lt. Greg Jenkins, responsible for the Blue Ridge District, which covers western and southern sections of the county, recently formed a citizens advisory group that held its first meeting in May. The idea is to improve communication between the citizens and the department, to anticipate crime problems better, and especially to build trust. The police want citizens to tell them more about what we know. This is all good. But communication, and trust, is
a two-way street. In the recent case of the tragic accidental shooting death of Maggie Hollifield at her home in Crozet, police remained tight-lipped in the face of legitimate public questions about the circumstances of her death and especially whether access to the gun involved potentially posed a risk to the public at large. Police even refused to confirm that the shooting was accidental for three days, even though on their crime mapping website they promptly listed it as a case of “negligent manslaughter.” This left gossip at store counters and Facebook postings, some only speculations, to fill in for missing information. Neighbors said what they had heard or heard said. The Gazette has been told various stories, none we consider authoritative because
continued on page 16
To the Editor Western Bypass Update Revealing two “significantly more expensive” designs for the Southern Terminus of the Western “Bypass” of Charlottesville, VDOT subtly confirmed May 23 that the original Skanska-Branch design was never considered functional. Project manager Hal Jones pursed his lips and would say nothing when asked whether political pressure pushed VDOT to certify the original design which is so unsafe that truckers—for whom the $300 million highway is being built—couldn’t use Skanska’s “accepted” Southern Terminus plans. He, and four other engineers, all agreed that the new designs will run up the tab that taxpayers must borrow.
The two new designs, one a “loop” design and one back to the original 1997 “flyovers,” require moving and lowering existing U.S. 250 while building at least one new bridge and roughly doubling the amount of pavement. Engineers indicated the flyover design would be the most efficient for drivers but cost the most money, while refusing to predict exactly how much either of the new designs would add to the $244 million already allocated. Recently, bypass proponent The Daily Progress editorialized that costs will climb $56 million to build a Southern Terminus that decreases, rather than increases like the accepted design, the amount of time it takes to bypass four miles of existing U.S. 29. Bypass proponent Ken Boyd continued on page 16
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Happy Trails to Good and Faithful Servants Two well-known faces in downtown Crozet retired at the end of May. Crozet Postmaster Tucker Johnson and Bank of America manager Irene Baber called time on their careers and they’ve gone on to new things. Baber started at the bank 44 ½ years ago. “I had a few health issues
and I thought it was time to get out,” she said. “I’m going to take it one day at a time. My priority is my family. I’m going to miss my customers and fellow employees. I dedicated my life to helping them.” Bank of America has not named a replacement for her, she said, but meanwhile bank stalwart April Tucker Johnson
Clark will fill in. Bank of America is trying to find the right fit for manager, Baber said. There is no local candidate for the job. Baber started in June of 1969 in the old, temple-style bank building, which was battered down in 1981 in the name of progress. Baber finished college on a Saturday and was on the job the next Monday. “I reconciled the tellers’ work,” she explained. “I have liked bank business. My favorite thing to do is to open new accounts for young people. The next thing is mortgages for
people to get a house.” She worked under longtime Crozet banker Alvin Toms for 25 years. “I did teller jobs and other tasks. Alvin was a good boss. I had no complaints. He taught me a lot about banking. About a year and half after Alvin retired, I decided to give the manager job a try.” She has stayed at it for more than 18 years. “Banking was more personal when I started. Now it’s more commercial and competitive. I know my customers by name. We try to keep
continued on page 31
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Tunnel Film —continued from page 1
arly investigations of Clann Mhor, a local group of citizen researchers into the history of Claudius Crozet’s tunnel, got the attention of Charlottesville independent documentary filmmaker Paul Wagner and he is now making a film about both the history of the tunnel and the effort to secure awareness of its cultural legacy for western Albemarle. Wagner, who received an Academy Award and an Emmy for his film The Stone Carvers, a film about the Italian-American carvers who worked on the National Cathedral in Washington D.C., was at the scene of Brighton’s first efforts to open up the hillside site in late May, filming as students cleared away brush from around the foundations. Wagner will follow this summer’s archeological discoveries for the film. “We have a diary entry from a woman living on Stage Coach Road at the time the tunnel was being
built, so we know there were Irish living here in shanties and raising gardens,” said Brighton, whose professional expertise is in sites related to the Irish diaspora in the wake of the potato famine in Ireland in the 1840s. “They stacked the stone and leveled off a platform. They notched the shanty into the hill and the platform is sort of their outdoor space. Nothing like this has ever been done in archeology.” Joining Wagner were his soundman Neil Means and Paul’s wife Ellen, who is serving as the producer of the film. She is on the board of Preservation Piedmont and got acquainted with the tunnel through an architecture class at the University of Virginia last fall. “We were already aware of Clann Mhor,” she said, “We want to talk about how it’s a case study for how very complex projects happen to preserve a cultural landscape.” Paul Wagner is already working on a similar project, a documentary about the Erie Canal titled “Hard Times: Boom and Bust on the Erie
Paul Wagner, Neil Means and Ellen Wagner filmed the tunnel’s east portal.
The film team is trying to raise money to make the film and has requests before two philanthropic foundations, Wagner said. “We don’t have a dime yet. We’re committed. We think it’s a great film. We’d love to have it finished in a year. It documents an effort to save history. We think it’s a good public
Canal.” “At the time [the canal] was considered a dubious project,” he said. “It essentially connected Europe with the American Midwest. We look at it from its beginnings through the end of World War II when upstate New York went into decline.”
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Dr. Stephen Brighton and the film crew at the shanty site.
TV program. We’ll take it to them and we hope it’s a national program. It’s got the historical interest in the tunnel—that’s a good story—and it’s a story about how local people try to save their own history.” Donations can be made through Wagner’s website, paulwagnerfilms.com and its companion nonprofit organization, American Focus. “We are hoping to make the tunnel trail idea happen,” said Ellen Wagner, “and to connect it with the Appalachian Trail and the ’76 bike route.” Nelson County has been spearheading an effort to reopen the old tunnel to hikers and cyclists. That will require removing two massive walls in the tunnel that were built to close off its middle third when the tunnel was considered for use as a gas storage site during World War II. That storage plan never happened. Ellen (Casey) Wagner has all-Irish heritage and Paul is partially Irish.
“This has resonance for us,” she said. “Our first film was about Irish immigration and we’ve also made one about Irish music.” Wagner has made more than 30 films. He also won an Emmy Award for A Paralyzing Fear, The Story of Polio in America. The film crew trekked to the tunnel’s solid-rock east portal below Rockfish Gap to film the current appearance of the entrance. It is partially blocked by stones that have fallen in front of it and created a small dam for the water that continually flows from the tunnel. A lagoon of clear water extends back into the dark and spooky shaft and tree trunks have fallen from above the tunnel’s face. The tunnel and the archeological site are on private property and are not accessible without permission, which has been granted temporarily to the summer dig crew. Reaching the site is difficult, and there is no parking near either location.
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Fireworks —continued from page 1
from a fire official.” Displays that do not have permits are expressly unlawful. The change to the fireworks ordinance was introduced to the supervisors by county Fire Marshal Howard Lagomarsino “as a housekeeping issue rather than a substantial change.” The change proposed was to drop the word “public” and the purpose of that was to “bring the code in conformity with current practice,” Lagomarsino said. He said “the term ‘public’ in the existing ordinance has been interpreted by the department to mean any firework display that obtained a permit and is done before more than one person. We’ve been issuing permits based on that. If you use the strict interpretation of ‘public’ then the displays at Farmington, Glenmore and the displays at wineries that have weddings would no longer be allowed.” While the term “organizations or groups of individuals” in the ordinance might have been meant to cover civic groups, such as the Crozet Community Association, that sponsor fireworks shows the public is invited to, the department instead considered it to include pri-
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vate “groups of individuals” putting on shows the public is not invited to. Lagomarsino said that the fire/ rescue service considers that “If you hire a pyrotechnician it is considered a public show.” The change was supported by county attorney Larry Davis, who said private shows have short duration. “‘Public’ is unnecessary language,” he said. Permits impose no limits on the duration of the shows. Lagomarsino told the supervisors that only two fireworks permits have been issued so far in 2013, (one a wedding at Glenmore Country Club and the other a wedding at Keswick Hall) and that in a typical year 15 permits are issued, mostly for Fourth of July events. “It’s a whole new world to think about,” observed White Hall Supervisor Ann Mallek. “If I lived next to a winery—and one in my district that has 85 weddings scheduled for this year—and if every one included a fireworks display, it’s a little bit different than Fourth of July, New Year’s Eve and that was it as far as [disturbing the neighbors’] peace and quiet. I’m not real thrilled with that.” She suggested that the ordinance be made more restrictive and that the proposed change “is not compatible with our residential areas. . . . We’re opening ourselves up to fireworks displays every weekend at 29
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Louise Dehne gestures towards the roof where fireworks debris fell.
wineries…. Most people don’t even know this is a possibility.” Davis suggested limiting the number of permits allowed per site, but pressed the supervisors to pass the change presented. Jack Jouett Supervisor Dennis Rooker wanted that idea brought back for the supervisors’ consideration at a future meeting. Mallek asked if neighbors of shows would be notified in advance. Lagomarsino said the permit application requires the applicant to notify neighbors. “The onus is on them,” he said. Mallek said the county has experience with this approach issuing brush fire permits. Permit holders are supposed to tell their neighbors when they are going to burn, but usually they do not bother. She said she doubted that fireworks permit
holders would do any better. Samuel Miller Supervisor Duane Snow noted that fireworks noises can be heard for miles. Mallek called the noise “deafening” if you are nearby. Lagomarsino suggested that a notification requirement be set for a certain distance from the show and the department could handle that procedurally without having to come back to the supervisors. He said that recent state law changes require that a licensed pyrotechnician conduct the show and that there are few of those in Virginia. In fact, there are about 300. The current fee for a fireworks permit is $75. Mallek suggest that it be raised to $250. Lagomarsino said that the fee has not been raised since 2005. Rooker moved for dropping the word ‘public’ and Mallek seconded.
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CROZET gazette It passed unanimously, as did the neutering of the noise ordinance. Why change the ordinance now? One reason might be the year-long objections raised by Greenwood residents Robin McDowel and Louise Dehne to a huge fireworks show launched by their neighbors Terrence and Courtnay Daniels on July 6, 2012. The Daniels set off a magnificent show of 490 shells, including 96 fiveand six-inch tube shells (the largest fired at the Crozet Park Independence Day fireworks show is from a fourinch tube). “The Fourth of July came and went and I thought nothing of it,” said McDowel. “Then I saw a Budget rental truck pull up in the field next door. I went over to see what it was about. They said it was a fireworks show. I said I was worried about damage to my house.” McDowel had built and moved into his house on Back Woods Lane in August 2011. They had moved here from Montgomery County, Maryland, to retire. “He said they would be fired in a different direction,” towards another part of the Daniels’ 340-acre Wilton Farm. The launch location was less than the 600 feet from his house that fire code requires, McDowel said; his estimate put it at about 300 feet. When the show went off, debris began falling on McDowel’s house. “The fallout sounded like hail hitting the roof,” said Dehne. “The dog was terrified. The noise was terrifying. The windows and doors shook with each explosion. We went to the basement. We thought they might be embers and start the roof on fire. The trees that overhang the roof got scorched.” The trees are a pair of hundred-year-old oaks and a younger tulip poplar. “It was a week after the derecho and things were very dry,” Dehne said. They worried that something might fall on their propane tank. Dehne is a cancer survivor who has lost a lung and she worried that the debris might be dangerous to her health. They called the police out to the house that night, but to no effect. From then, McDowel and Dehne began a feisty and determined effort to protect their property from future private shows. They discovered that the ordinance limited fireworks displays to public shows. They had not been invited to, or told in advance about the show, and they did not know anything about who might have been.
“They had to be launched over our house,” contended McDowel, who speculated that the Daniels may not have wanted the debris to fall on their extensive gardens, which lie in the direction he was told the tubes would be fired, or other buildings in that same trajectory. “They set up outside our bedroom window,” said Dehne. “If a tube misfired, it could have hit the house.” McDowel doggedly investigated state and county laws governing fireworks. They filed Freedom of Information requests and eventually assembled a two-inch-thick file of documents on the subject, a copy of which they gave to Community Development department officials. They challenged county officials to enforce the noise ordinance on fireworks. They challenged a zoning department ruling that the fireworks show is an allowable “accessory use” of the Daniels property. McDowel, frustrated, admitted that he was impolitic in some of his dealings with county zoning, legal and fire/ rescue officials over the validity of the permit. Last month they took their cause to the county’s Board of Zoning Appeals, where their case was rejected. They said they are still contemplating a lawsuit against the county. In their researches, they discovered that no proper permit for the Daniels’ show exists. Fire/Rescue officials later explained that the permit application was incomplete because they had taken it over the phone. According to the process, Terrence Daniels was supposed to submit a letter identifying himself as the responsible party. The application instead said the applicant was “Wilton Farm.” “We can prove the permit is not valid. We have them dead on the permit,” said McDowel. “There’s no signature from the applicant to show that he understands the conditions he has to meet. The permit was signed by assistant fire marshal Robert Gilmer.” “It’s sloppy work,” said Dehne. For now, McDowel and Dehne are stymied in their effort to prevent another private fireworks show next to their two-acre home. “The ordinance was right the way it was written,” said McDowel. “It protected the rural areas from private fireworks shows. Taking away the noise ordinance is the real slap in the face. We can’t complain about the noise now.”
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MEMORIES & RECIPES FROM AN ITALIAN KITCHEN [ by denise zito • firstname.lastname@example.org \
Cherry Pie Is life really just a bowl of cherries? Well maybe. There is the cliché of the pits. But there is also the juiciness, the tartness, the sweetness and the opportunity to pick. June is cherry month and if you’re lucky enough to get your hands on some of the marvelous tart cherries available around here, then you can make the very best pie ever. I’ve spent the past few Junes up in the tree watching the Baltimore orioles (the birds, not the baseball players) compete with me for the fruit. I don’t have the heart to chase them. Some people are convinced that they can’t make pie crust. Yes, you can! Over the years I’ve learned a few tricks that keep my anxiety low, improve the chances of success and even have some people convinced that I make a great pie. You can too. Good pie pastry requires the right
Top and Bottom Crust for a 9-inch Pie
amount of ingredients for the pie plate you’re using, cold shortening and as little manipulation of the dough as possible. Remember, you’re not making bread; pastry requires a light touch. If you follow the cookbook recipes, you often end up with less crust than pie plate—that’s what frustrates the novice baker. But think about it: these are inexpensive ingredients so it’s better to have a little extra than to not have enough. Keeping these two points in mind, your crust will improve and there will be fewer failures. If cherries are abundant, I freeze a couple of quarts so that I can make a pie at Thanksgiving (along with the obligatory pumpkin) and one on Washington’s birthday, to honor the legend of his tree-felling adventure. My sister saves hers and celebrates the first snow with a cherry pie. You see, it’s an all-occasion dessert.
Add the pie filling (recipe below) and then repeat with the top crust. Crimp the edges together, turning 3 cups flour the dough under the edge of the pie 1 ½ tsp salt plate to prevent leakage. Cut a few 1 cup chilled shortening (that is key) vent holes into the top to allow 3 T chilled butter steam to escape. Decorate with some of that extra dough you now 6 T ice water have. Go crazy—cut the dough into Sift the flour and salt together. leaf shapes or whatever you fancy. Add half of the shortening and half of the butter and cut it into the Cherry Pie Filling flour with a pastry blender till it has the consistency of cornmeal. Then 4 cups sour cherries, add the other half of the shortening washed and pitted and butter and cut into the dough 2-2/3 T tapioca more coarsely. Add the ice water 1-1/3 cup sugar and stir with a fork until it holds 2 T kirsch (a cherry liqueor) together. It’s the ice water that low2 T butter ers the temperature of the shortening to hold the crust together. Add Mix all ingredients except the more water if you need to. butter. Let stand for 15 minutes, fill Refrigerate until you’re ready to roll the pie crust then dot with the butit. ter and add the top crust. On a floured surface, roll half the Bake at 450°F for ten minutes, dough into a circle about two then lower the oven temperature to inches wider than the circumfer- 350°F for about 40 minutes until ence of your pie shell. Roll it up on the pie is golden brown. your rolling pin and lay carefully Cherry pie is one that I prefer into the pie plate. Pierce the crust a served cold, but you can serve at few times with a fork. whatever temperature you like.
by Phil James email@example.com
Woodrow Wilson Keyton: The Sage of Pasture Fence It was perilous times around the globe in 1918 when Scott and Lizzie Keyton’s seventh child was born in a tenant house on Pasture Fence Mountain. They chose his name to honor then U.S. President Woodrow Wilson, born 62 years earlier just across the Blue Ridge Mountains in Staunton. That year, in addition to our nation being caught up in the throes of a World War, another struggle with life-or-death consequences was waged on home soil, where 600,000 Americans perished during a devastating influenza outbreak. Families in the Blue Ridge were not immune; the ravages of the pandemic of that day added heavily to their daily concerns. Smith’s Pasture Fence Mountain was referenced in Colonial-era land documents. The 2,779’ mountain had been owned by well-to-do planters who lived in the lowlands. Their cattle were fattened on its luxurious bluegrass-covered heights, watched over by slaves and, later, hired tenants who lived on its slopes. “Old man Rinehart used to own that mountain,” said Woodie Keyton, recalling the early decades of the 20th century. “Back in them days
Woodrow and Rosie Mae (Garrison) Keyton, mountain sweethearts, 1942. [Courtesy of Woodrow and Rosie Keyton.]
Rosie Mae and Woodie Keyton: two merry hearts forged together through a lifetime of work and simple pleasures. [Photo by Phil James.]
they said he was a rich man, lived in Charlottesville.” Woodie’s own early decades of employment were spent on various farms and orchards in the area, where the land owners sometimes provided basic housing for their full-time workers. But losing one’s job or accepting work at another place meant changing houses, a frequent occurrence for younger laborers like Keyton. Moletus “Leet” Garrison was a subsistence farmer and a landowner. He lived on and worked his own place high atop the main Blue Ridge west of Pasture Fence. He knew the relative stability of sleeping beneath his own roof, but in the 1920s and ’30s in the Blue Ridge Mountains, that, too, lost its guarantee when the state and federal governments partnered to create Shenandoah National Park. Unfortunately, Leet and his substantial family were among the losers in that protracted struggle. But Moletus Garrison’s ultimate loss of the property where he had long labored turned out to be a boon for a few of the young fellows in the lowlands who wound up meeting and marrying his pretty daughters. That particular lot happened to include Woodie Keyton, who took Leet’s daughter Rosie Mae for his bride.
Woodie Keyton easily relates stories from his nine-plus decades, be they remembrances of hardships or lighthearted recollections. The telling of life’s ordinary moments provides good context for national and world events that tend to overshadow all else. continued on page 12
Woodie, Rosie, and young Edgar Keyton, 1947. [Courtesy of Woodrow and Rosie Keyton.]
—continued from page 11
The U.S. Prohibition laws of the 1920s and ’30s created opportunity, albeit illegal, for some stealthy entrepreneurs who happened to live in the isolated hollows and mountain ridges. One such local occurrence didn’t work out quite as planned for the parties involved, namely Lijah and Blanche. It seems that Lijah had been working at perfecting his recipe, but the skill sets he had mastered in production were sorely lacking in the distribution department. And that’s where Blanche came in—or so he thought. “So they had a load of whiskey going over into the Valley,” recalled Woodie. “Half-gallon jars in the trunk or in the backseat covered up. They had somebody over there they could take it to and sell it. And Lijah couldn’t drive, but [Blanche] could. “They headed down [the north fork Moorman’s River road] to Wayside Church, crossed over [through Black Rock Gap] and come out down in Harriston. And that’s where the agents got after them, down in Augusta County somewhere on the other side of the mountain. She was trying to outrun them and she told Lijah to jump out. Won’t no use to catch both of them. So he did. And she kept on going but they caught her within a couple miles.
Sarah Elizabeth “Lizzie” Garrison Keyton (1879–1984) lived a full life just a few weeks shy of 105 years. She and her husband Lively Scott Keyton (1879–1932) married in 1902 and raised a family of eight. [Courtesy of Woodrow and Rosie Keyton.]
fall hunting. “Years ago, people didn’t do nothing but squirrel hunt, rabbit hunt,” said Woodie. “Deer and bear didn’t come back in here ’til after the Park took over and they turned some loose. That’s the way they got here. I reckon I killed the first deer that was killed in this country. Yeah, got it back yonder where Minnie Via used to live. Down on the falling side of that mountain. The top end of Sugar Hollow. On up above Wayside Church. “Me, Andy Garrison, and Joseph, my brother. The three of us went up there hunting. We walked up the mountain road where Lulie Frazier used to live. After you get up to the top we Woodrow Wilson Keyton was born on Pasture Fence Mountain. His mother Lizzie stands in went off down a walking the doorway of their mountain home. [Courtesy of Woodrow and Rosie Keyton.] path passed the Minnie “She was locked up for hauling five or six gal- Via house. “People had been seeing deer in the park. But lons. But it didn’t bring nothing at that time. they hadn’t spread down in here then like it is Two dollars a gallon is all it brought.” For the Keytons and Garrisons and most of now. I figured, go up there you might see one their neighbors, the pace of life was governed by that come down that far—and I did. And jumped the seasons. The daily toil of planting, tending, a bear while I was shooting the deer! Carl Via and harvesting and food preservation eventually gave a bunch of people living down there were shootway to cooler weather and the welcome respite of ing at him, but they didn’t get him.
“But then we done the wrong thing. We tied all four of the deer’s feet together and got a pole and run down it, and put one end of the pole on my shoulder and one on Andy’s. Old deer back there flopping-like, just wore all the hide off our shoulders. Brought him down here—the road had washed out so you couldn’t get all the way in a Jeep. Got him down part the way on this side of the mountain and met up with Merle Gibson and another fellow out of Blackwell Hollow. They were up there hunting, and they brought him the rest of the way down to the Jeep. Took him out to White Hall and had him checked in.” With Rosie Mae at his side, a satisfied heart and a twinkle in his eye, Woodrow Wilson Keyton reflects the quiet wisdom gained through living in good harmony with loved ones and community.
This watering trough is an enduring reminder of the cattle that were fattened upon the bluegrass-covered heights of Pasture Fence Mountain in western Albemarle. It sits next to a spring below the former home site of Joseph Harris (1873–1938), whose family lived there as tenants on Hollis Rinehart’s 500+ acre tract. [Photo by Phil James.]
Follow Secrets of the Blue Ridge on Facebook! Phil James invites contact from those who would share recollections and old photographs of life along the Blue Ridge Mountains of Albemarle County. You may respond to him through his website: www.SecretsoftheBlueRidge.com or at P.O. Box 88, White Hall, VA 22987. Secrets of the Blue Ridge © 2003–2013 Phil James
Crozet Citizens Form Community Safety Group; Meeting June 10 A group of about a dozen citizens in the greater Crozet area are working to organize a community safety group they have named the Crozet Safety Corps, according to Co-Chairmen Tom Loach and Jim Crosby. Community Safety Groups are a way to partner with the Albemarle County Police Department’s Crime Prevention Office and neighborhoods. Crime Prevention Officer A.J. Gluba Jr, is the group liaison for the Crozet group. The groups are formed by a community as a crime prevention tool, to deter criminal activity and promote disaster preparedness. The program emphasizes community involvement and the understanding that a prepared neighborhood is a safer neighborhood. “Community safety groups do not require a lot of time,” Crosby said, “but the benefits and the relationships that are developed are invaluable to creating a well-organized and secure neighborhood. We are working on developing a corps of volunteers to work within their own neighborhoods to promote the goals and objectives of making their neighbors safer and more secure, and to promote disaster preparedness with the distribution of check lists and guidelines among their neighbors. “The Crozet Safety Corps is a community safety and preparedness outreach independent of but fostered by the Albemarle County Police Department, the Crozet Community Association and the Crozet Community Advisory Council to increase our community’s safety, promote and encourage disaster preparedness and help deter criminal activity—all accomplished by volunteers willing to be trained and serve with the group,” said Crosby. “We’re very excited to partner up with the Crozet community to form the Crozet Safety Group,” said Officer Gluba. “It’s based off a program design from the county police but it is a partnership that is citizen-
run with police support. The idea is to encourage community members to cooperate with each other in their neighborhoods. We want to encourage neighborhood bonds.” The four elements of Community Safety Groups as defined by the Albemarle County Police Department are: 1) Emergency preparedness and community relationships are emphasized more than just “watching” for criminal activity and suspicious behavior; 2) The program structure revolves around neighbors getting to know neighbors, using education and social interaction to develop relationships; 3) Crime Prevention strategies and suspicious activity recognition are imperative to the program’s success; and 4) Communication between the community coordinator and the police department’s crime prevention specialist must be free-flowing with questions and concerns addressed in a timely manner. The county police initiative describes what each member of a community safety group can do as: “Get to know your neighbors and become familiar with their routines. Remember, this is a partnership. Communicate with your neighbors! Look after your neighbor’s house when they are away. Ask them to look after your house. Report all unusual or suspicious behavior to the police. Write down the descriptions of people or vehicles. The license numbers of vehicles are very important.” The group will have an organizational meeting Monday, June 10, at 7:30 p.m. in the Crozet Firehouse. Everyone interested in the mission of the group is invited to attend. Anyone seeking additional information is invited to contact the group via their website: www. crozetsafetycorps.org. The site also contains a link to the crime-mapping website used by Albemarle police, which shows the locations and types of crimes reported locally.
Afton Christian Summer Day Camp! June 3 – August 16 K through 5th grade
Call 540-456-6853 or 540-649-5428 for more information or to register
Fostering a Love of Learning Since 2002 A weekday ministry of Hillsboro Baptist Church
Visit www.hcpcrozet.com today!
• Half-day for 2 ½ years to Pre-K • Friendly, Loving, & Experienced Staff • Nurturing, Christian Environment • Affordable Rates • Arts and Crafts Daily
An Outreach Program of Tabor Presbyterian Church Sunday Worship 10:30 a.m. • Adult Sunday School 9:15
• June 1, (12 weeks: Saturdays from 10 - 11 a.m.)
T’ai Chi Beginning Form Level Class • July 22, 23, & 30 from 6 - 9 p.m.
Self Defense for Women
Cost: $25. Instructor Michele Zehr is an experienced, nationally-certified R.A.D. instructor and founder of WE2~Women’s Experiential Empowerment, an organization that offers empowerment programs for women. To register, e-mail Michele at firstname.lastname@example.org and list the name and age of each person you wish to regiser. You will receive an email with registration forms and additional information about the class.
• July 22 – 26 from 8:30 a.m. - Noon
Central Virginia Writing Project: “Young, Mindful Author’s Summer Institute”
For more information call 823-4255 or visit
Cost: $140. Children ages 4 through 7 will begin writing in new ways as they create a variety of original works in a relaxed atmosphere. Taught by Maggie Morris, certified ECE teacher with 25+ years experience teaching Kindergarten/preschool. Register online at curry.virginia.edu/community-programs/ professional-development/cvwp.
• July 13, 20, 27 4 - 6 p.m.
KINDERGARTEN 911: for Parents and Caregivers of Preschoolers to Learn Readiness Skills for Kindergarten
Free! Dinner and child care provided. Not all children have the opportunity for preschool experience. Here’s some help for parents and caregivers to prepare their preschooler for kindergarten success! Three sessions focus strategies for at-home teaching of math, language, and science readiness skills. To register call 434.823-4255 or visit crozetcares.com. Workshop sponsored by Crozet Cares in partnership with the Albemarle County Schools Office of Community Engagement. For more information, call 434-295-5095.
• June 17- 21, 9 a.m. - 3 p.m.
Camp Hanover: A Traveling Day Camp in its 16th Year For children in 1st through 5th grades. $100.
Register online at camphanover.org BY JUNE 10
For Children 1st - 5th Grades
taught by Lee Felton
Staffed by an American Camp Association Accredited Day Camp Director and Counselors
Tabor Presbyterian Church
5804 Tabor Street • PO Box 446 Crozet, VA 22932 www.taborpc.org • 434-823-4255
Swimming Outdoor Outdoor Pool Season Pool Season is Fitness and Begins May 1! Underway! Family Fun Become a member of the Crozet PARC YMCA! Membership includes full access to the pool, full access to the fitness center, including all group exercise classes and discounts on all programs, including summer camp! ONE TIME MONTHLY JOIN FEE RATE
Adult Single $75
Senior (65+) $75
Crozet Great Valu Goes Green
CROZET PARC YMCA
Summer swim lesson registration now open! Have fun and learn to stay safe with swim lessons at the Y. Lessons available for children of all ages and abilities. The kids shouldn’t have all the fun, check out our adult aquatics programs with our Masters Swim Team, Triathlon Clinics, and Adult Swim Lessons. Everyone should learn how to swim. and be safe in the water. Ask us about our scholarship opportunities. With summer around the corner, there are many things to celebrate, so why not have your next party at the Crozet PARC YMCA. Call today and ask about our rental options. 1075 Claudius Crozet Park • Crozet, VA 22932 434 205 4380 • www.piedmontymca.org
Summer Schedule: Life Fellowships for All Ages 9:10 a.m. Worship 10:30 a.m.
Sermon Series June 16-30:
Holey, Holy, Wholly
make a connection — make a difference www.crozetchurch.org 5804 St. George Ave. | 434-823-5171
A trash truck used to pull up to the Crozet Great Valu grocery store every day to empty a dumpster full of refuse. Now it comes once or twice a week to empty two ordinary residential trash carts. CGV has figured out how to recycle virtually all the trash it creates. “Eighty-five to 90 percent of the store’s cardboard is now being recycled,” said store owner Jean Wagner, “baled up and sent back to the store’s main distributor, Supervalu, in Richmond. It’s hard to find someone who will take the waxed boxes that some produce comes in because it’s iced down. All the organics are first taken out. The plastics are taken out and recycled. It doesn’t necessarily pay for us to do it, but we want to do it because it’s the right thing.” That just leaves a small container of refuse that Bootsie Sandridge of Sandridge Disposal comes for. He’s been hauling CGV’s trash away, “since the beginning of time,” Wagner said. Those really are the old days now. One important part of the trashcutting success has been Crozetbased Eric Walter’s Black Bear Composting company, which collects meat and other organic scraps from the store for its composting operation in Crimora, in Augusta County. Walter started up Black Bear Composting after he moved to Crozet—he’s from Virginia originally—from Chicago four years ago. “We focus on recycling food waste,” he said. He’s hauling away from the Charlottesville and Albemarle county school cafeterias, too (but only from Meriwether Lewis Elementary in the Western Feeder Pattern). “The organic material goes into compostable bags and we pick those up twice a week,” said Walter. “We swap out the container when we pick up. Every aspect of the operation is sanitary. We run a clean ship. “When I started with Jean, everything was going to the landfill. About 65 percent of her trash was cardboard. Now it’s down to just a couple of carts.” CGV leased a cardboard compacting machine to take care of the cardboard problem. “We got a check for $400 from Supervalu for the cardboard we’ve sent them since Christmas,” said Wagner. “It’s not much, but it was
Eric Walter of Black Bear Composting
costing us more before. Now the only thing we don’t recycle is the trash that is swept up off the floor. We’ve only gone to twice-a-week trash pick-up because the weather has warmed up.” “CGV is doing this because they see the value in it,” said Walters, whose charge is less than that of trash haulers. “By composting, you break down organics aerobically [in the air] and you don’t create methane, as you do by putting organics in the landfill. Methane is 20 times more potent than carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. A container from CGV will have meat scraps, bread and vegetables, anything but packaging.” Some of the produce department’s scraps, parts cleaned off the produce before is put out for sale, are being picked up separately by local hog and chicken farmers, too. Walter’s operation in Crimora is on 47 acres and is fully licensed by the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality. It has boundary buffers to prevent any potential aromas from reaching neighbors. Walter has two employees. In April, the operation gathered a total of 80 tons of organic waste in the area. “First we weigh it in order to track data,” said Walter. “Then we remove any trash. Then we mix it with carbon sources, wood chips and leaves. The recipe I’m using now is two bins of wood chips and two bins of leaves for each bin of waste.” The mix is laid out in windrows about 200 feet long, eight feet wide
continued on page 17
Albemarle Ballet Theatre Presents Ninth Spring Dance Gala By Lauren Quesenberry More than 400 guests filled the Earl Dickinson Theater at Piedmont Virginia Community College May 18 for Albemarle Ballet Theatre’s (ABT) and Studio for the Performing Arts’ ninth Spring Dance Gala. The dance school based in downtown Crozet continues to highlight the community’s outstanding talent with diverse performances and energetic collaboration. This year’s Gala included everything from Irish step dancing to modern fusion and a witty “Carnival of the Animals” based on Ogden Nash’s poetry. Sally Hart, founder and director of ABT and SFTPA, creates performances where professionals dance alongside students of all ages and levels. Mrs. Hart believes this teaches young dancers what it is like to take initiative and become inspired through dance. “I am trying to really expose [the children] to
what dance is about,” Hart said. “It can be more than about just steps. You can tell a story. You can connect with your audience.” The performance opened up with “Roaring Back,” a re-creation of the Charleston from 1920s America. A group of young ABT dancers made their way on stage to warm up for a show where they found a trunk of costumes and accessories. They dove into the treasures and with the boas to the flapper dresses and feather headdresses, the 20s were alive again. ABT advanced students performed “Tri, Tin, Tres” choreographed by Veronica Hart to capture the identity and uniqueness of three cultures (Ireland, India and Latin America). The title translated is the number “three” in Gaelic, Hindi, and Spanish. The Latin American section “Tres” closed the suite with an intoxicating salsa fusion piece to Rodrigo y Gabriella’s “Diablo Rojo.” Nicky (Hart)
More than 50 performers take a bow at curtain call at ABT’s Spring Dance Gala.
Coelho of James Sewell Ballet performed a solo alongside ABT’s advanced dancers. concorDance contemporary (cDc) performed “Salt and Light” to a medley of soulful gospel tunes. Professional dancers Veronica Hart, Kirsten Glaser and Alanna Mahon exemplified the art of movement with a mixture of West African, Haitian, Brazilian and modern
dance. Alanna Mahon began dancing with Sally Hart when she was four-years old. cDc is a Crozet based professional dance company founded by Veronica Hart. The finale, “Carnival of the Animals,” was jointly choreographed by the schools’ teachers Ashley Geisler, Dinah Gray, Sally Hart, Veronica Hart, and Moira
continued on page 25
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To the Editor —continued from page 2
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confirmed that the reason the highway “should be built” is to ensure overpasses at Rio and Hydraulic Road aren’t constructed. VDOT originally sequenced those overpasses first because they did the most for congestion and safety and said that any bypass should never be built unless the other Places29 projects all failed and there was money available. The overpasses would “cost the small businesses (along 29N) millions during construction. That’s just too expensive for our ‘mainstreet’,” Boyd said. VDOT puts the cost of building overpasses at $80 million, one-third the cost of the 6.2 mile bypass. The overpasses would change 29N “level of service” from an F to a B while building the bypass, VDOT says, will leave the intersections along 29 an F. Overpasses will address almost three-quarters of all accidents along 29N while the bypass might help 25 percent of the roughly 300 accidents annually. Another VDOT engineer, Brent Sprinkel, agreed that the overpasses provide more benefits for less cost but implied political pressure overcame rational thinking. “Yeah, we looked at those overpasses again, but the North Charlottesville business community
From the Editor —continued from page 2
only the police are in a position to accurately explain the facts. But they don’t. A similar case occurred shortly afterward in which a county police officer shot a man in Charlottesville. Since placing the officer on administrative leave, police have made essentially no explanation of what happened. The implication is that we are supposed to forget about the episodes while the police carry out formal investigations. Most likely—though we don’t know—the basic facts of
CROZET gazette didn’t want them,” he said. Building the more expensive bypass for less public benefit is—in effect–the state choosing one business area over others. Spending $244 to $300 million will tie up half of all dollars coming to the entire nine counties in the Culpeper Transportation District through 2050 and all but assures there are no state transportation dollars for other parts of Albemarle County. Meanwhile, similar design issues have shown up on the Northern Terminus of the bypass and VDOT has promised to adjust the route to miss an historic cemetery. Other expensive change orders are likely in the pipeline. “Certainly, it (original design) was a bait and switch,” former Commonwealth Transportation Board member Jim Rich concluded. “We were not told about any issues on the Southern Terminus or elsewhere when we allocated money last summer. We weren’t told about any potential issues. And that’s illegal. I’m asking the attorney general to open an investigation.” Rich, a 20-year member of Virginia’s GOP executive committee, was fired last fall by a Republican governor and secretary of transportation for continuing to talk fiscal reality about the Western Bypass. Randy Salzman Charlottesville each case were known immediately and any details that could come to light now will have the status of footnotes. This is not good. We do not expect the police to tip their hand in pursuing criminal cases or to betray confidences that in fact the public has no right or need to know. But the police must loosen up on their terse possessiveness about what they know and satisfy genuine public anxieties over crime and safety as best they can by offering solid and timely information. If they expect us to be more open with them, they will have to be more open with us.
David H. Ferrall Associate Broker, Nest Realty
434.882.LAND (5263) 5390 Three Notch’d Rd | Crozet, VA 22932
• Contemporary Worship • Home Group Fellowships • Biblical & Relevant Preaching • Prayer Emphasis 470 Twinkling Springs Road, Crozet, VA 22932
VDOT Moves Forward on Route 151 Corridor Study by Kathy Johnson Public turnout was somewhat low at the VDOT meeting held at the Rockfish River Elementary School May 16. Meanwhile VDOT’s plans for safety enhancements along Route 151 move ahead. Over the past five years traffic crashes along a 14-mile stretch of the highway have resulted in four deaths and more than 50 injuries. Between 2008 and 2011, there were 111 reported crashes resulting in 53 injuries and two fatalities (the other two occurred in 2012). The full corridor, designated as being Route 151 between US 250 and Beech Grove Road, has a slightly lower than statewide average for similar areas in injury rates, but the segment from Afton Mountain Road to Route 250 is slightly higher. VDOT staff at the meeting showed plans of possible safety changes and said the idea is to keep Rt. 151 a two-lane, rural highway. VDOT’s next step is to incorporate the public feedback in a final report for Nelson County. Details from the report found “nearly 25 percent of all crashes occur on Saturdays” and the top four crash types comprise nearly 85 percent of all crashes: 1) rear end collisions; 2) deer or wildlife; 3) angle; and 4) fixed objects/off road. Of the four fatalities, two occurred at the intersection of Rt.151 and US 250 (2012); one between Beech Grove Road and River Road; and the other between River Road and Afton Mountain
Road. Possible improvements at Route 151 and US 250 include offsetting the eastbound right turn lane; adding a northbound right turn lane; signalizing the intersection or turning it into a roundabout. VDOT says that roundabouts slow traffic and reduce the severity of crashes and that they provide service comparable to a signalized intersection. VDOT wants to see more consolidation of existing driveways that are close to intersections along Rt.151, more shared driveways for closely spaced businesses, and the creation of inter-parcel connections. Other recommendations include the reconstruction of Route 151 to current geometric standards, installation of new guardrails and improved signage. Most of those who attended the May 28 meeting were generally favorable to VDOT recommendations, according to Rick Youngblood, project manager and district planner. VDOT staffers said plans to improve truck safety include continuing enforcement of speed limit and oversized regulations as well as improvements to the Interstate 64Route 29 interchange, which VDOT has under study.
CGV Compost —continued from page 14
and about five feet high. The rows are under a textile cover. “We need to control rain water to make the composting work,” said Walters. The decomposition process takes six months. In the first two months, the windrows are turned constantly. Samples of the compost are regularly sent away to labs for analysis. “You have to keep the compost over 130 degrees for 15 days to get the pathogens out of it,” Walters explained. After lab tests show the compost is clean, the state no longer regards it as waste. Then there’s four more months in what he called the “curing” phase. “We let it mature. It lets the windrow homogenize and break down more. Then we screen it and it comes out as a moist powder. Then we deliver it by dump truck, six or seven cubic yards to the load. Our biggest customers are local farms that don’t have enough land to let it go fallow, so they want to apply compost. They’re getting great results with it. We’re trying to support the local farms that are supplying local foods to our local restaurants.” The compost goes for $25 per yard, plus delivery, so a load to Crozet costs about $200. “I’m the only one around here focusing on recycling food waste,” said Walters. “This is old news in California. Even New York City is getting into composting now. Schools doing it is great because it’s fantastic for the kids to see it happening. They get it faster than some adults do and they love it.” For now Black Bear’s business is mostly other businesses, but Walter
is getting ready to roll out a residential program for Crozet. “We’re starting here. We’ll carry away all your organics in a five-gallon bucket, or we’ll give you a trash cart if you want to add your grass clippings in.” Black Bear Composting is standing up as a key cog in the local food movement.
Mountain Plain Baptist Church Our friendly church invites you to worship with us. Sunday School • 10 a.m. Traditional Worship Service • 11 a.m. Dr. Sam Kellum, Pastor 4281 Old Three Notch’d Road Charlottesville (Crozet), 22901 Travel 2 miles east of the Crozet Library on Three Notch’d Rd. (Rt. 240), turn left onto Old Three Notch’d Rd., go 0.5 mile to Mountain Plain Baptist Church
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at The Lodge at Old Trail The Science of Hope – Hear the latest news and research about Alzheimer’s Disease from local experts Thursday, June 20, 2013 • 5:30 PM Did you know that every 68 seconds someone in the United States develops Alzheimer’s Disease? Or that 1 in every 9 people age 65 or older has it? Today, an estimated 5.2 million people are dealing with Alzheimer’s disease. Dr. Carol Manning, Director of the Memory Disorders Clinic at the University of Virginia, will present on the brain changes associated with Alzheimer’s disease and research strategies to prevent, slow or stop these changes. Ellen Phipps, Vice President of our local Alzheimer’s Association chapter will share how Alzheimer’s is impacting the Commonwealth with the latest facts and figures. If you know someone who is dealing with Alzheimer’s, this is an important presentation not to be missed.
Please remember to RSVP for this informative Third Thursday. Please also join us for the official dedication of The Alzheimer’s Association’s new “Driving to Defeat Alzheimers” vehicle.
RSVP- 434.823.9100 or firstname.lastname@example.org 330 Claremont Lane, Crozet, Virginia 22932 | www.lodgeatoldtrail.com
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Let’s Rebuild Local Canneries [ by elena day • email@example.com \ As a result of a cool, wet spring we prudently put off planting tomatoes until well past the second half of May. Now we’ll spend almost two months looking to the first home-grown, vine-ripened red fruits. It will be worth the wait. Tomatoes are the fourth most popular vegetable in the US. Florida produces one-third of the fresh tomatoes consumed in the U.S. These are the anemic-looking tomatoes grocery stores provide in winter and that the fast food industry serves up on its entrees. (My husband used to say winter tomatoes “are mined in West Virginia” – more about West Virginia later.) It’s not unusual to find these in more upscale restaurants in our own downtown either, even when local tomatoes are available. The $5 billion industry is centered in Immokalee, Florida, on land that used to be Everglades. Barry Estabrook recently wrote an expose of agribusiness practices in this part of the world titled Tomatoland. I visited Immokalee and the Coalition of Immokalee Workers a few years ago. Immokalee is a mere 30 miles or so from numerous exclusive and gated communities in Lee and Collier counties. Streets in Immokalee are unpaved and lined with substandard bungalows and trailers that often house upwards of 12 tomato workers. Rents are high. I was told the average was $350 a week. The tomato pickers are young men, 17- to 25-year-olds, from Mexico, Guatemala and Haiti. They are recruited by labor contractors. And they are there to send money home. Estabrooke described the working conditions as “modern day slavery.” Since 1993, the Coalition of Immokalee Workers (CIW) has worked to stem the worst management abuses. It has safe houses for workers who “escape” remote labor camps, where they are locked in buildings overnight, sometimes even shackled. It has successfully pressured four of the five major fast food chains – McDonald’s, Burger King, Taco Bell, and Subway (to date only Wendy’s is holding out) to sign onto the Fair Food Program aimed at
improving wages and working conditions. The fast food chains have agreed to pay an extra penny per pound for Florida tomatoes, money that is remanded to the workers. CIW also provides food staples and phone cards at lower prices than Immokalee merchants. CIW also has a low-watt radio station. Justice in the workplace is one thing. Ecological malpractice is another. It remains undeniable that tomatoes grown on the nutrientpoor, sandy soils of South Florida are sprayed with more than 100 different herbicides and pesticides. The tomatoes are picked green and cold-stored. When an order arrives for tomatoes, it includes the date the tomatoes need to arrive reddened and the batch is gassed with ethylene accordingly. As for tomatoes in our spaghetti and pizza sauces, salsas and ketchup, agribusiness practices are no better. Processing (or “paste”) tomatoes account for 75 percent of the tomatoes grown. Unlike those for sandwich and salad bar consumption, processing tomatoes have a thicker skin, are vine-ripened and mechanically harvested. The tomatoes are sprayed to ensure that the whole crop ripens at once. Within six hours of harvest they are transformed into paste that can be stored for up to 18 months. California raises 94 percent of the processing tomatoes. Two percent are raised in Indiana, one percent in Michigan and another one percent in Ohio. In eight counties of the San Joaquin Valley of California, whose primary crops are tomatoes, cotton, lettuce, and melons, 32 million pounds of pesticide were applied in 2006. Because of cooler and wetter conditions, California pesticide applications increased to 173 million pounds statewide in 2010 after a four-year decline. Pesticide applications drift onto people and into water resources. The bottom line is that current agribusiness tomatoes, wherever grown and for whatever purpose, are heavily pesticided (herbicide use is heavy as well) and have 62 percent less calcium, 30 percent less vitamin C, and 19 percent less niacin by weight than those of the 1960s. Today’s tomato also has 14 times more sodium.
continued on page 25
BY DR. ROBERT C. REISER firstname.lastname@example.org
Neglect Paralysis is a problem. I think I would be pretty alarmed if I woke up and couldn’t move an arm or a leg. And yet the majority of people I see in the ED with this kind of problem come in after a day or so. They usually tell me they thought they would wait and see if it wore off. Some of that delay is denial and some of it is a neurologic phenomenon known as neglect. Neurologic neglect develops after certain types of strokes damage the brain, usually strokes on the right side of the brain. The right side of the brain primarily controls spatial orientation, while the left side is more often the language center. With neurological neglect, the patient will completely ignore one half their body, typically the left side, and so will not notice the accompanying paralysis from the stroke. They often will ignore objects to their left as well or, even stranger still, will ignore just the left half of all objects regardless of where the object is, to the right or left of the patient. When they dress, they will dress only the right half of their bodies and shave only the right side of their faces. Neurologic neglect is relatively rare, though, most of the time the delay in seeking care has more to do with wishful thinking, muddled thinking or denial of the seriousness of the problem. Fortunately, with increasing awareness of the signs and symptoms of stroke among the public we are seeing people earlier in the course of their stroke and this improves the prognosis for recovery. If you think you are having a stroke, call 911! I saw a rather different form of self-neglect recently. It was a
Monday afternoon and one of my residents presented a partially paralyzed patient to me. She had woken up the day before unable to move her right wrist or extend her fingers. So of course she waited an entire day and a half to see if it would “wear off” before coming in. The resident wanted to get an emergent head CT and call a stroke alert to activate the emergency neurology team. She had no other deficits. All of the other muscles in her body seemed to work fine; it was just her wrist and hand that were paralyzed. Based on the report of this exam I thought I knew exactly what had happened to her. “Where did she wake up?” I asked the resident. “Where?” He looked at me oddly. “Yes, where did she wake up?” “In her bed, I guess.” “Ask her.” He came back to report that she had actually awakened in her car, in her driveway at noon the previous day. “And why was she sleeping in her car?” “I don’t know, but what difference does that make?” “The difference between having a stroke and not having a stroke.” I could see my sophistry was beginning to wear on the resident, so I directed him to google Saturday Night Palsy. Yes, this is what medical education has come to. It turns out that this lady had managed to drive home drunk at midnight and then passed out in her car in her driveway with her arm draped over the steering wheel. Being intoxicated, she did not feel the pain that this would normally elicit, and in her long deep slumber she had compressed her radial nerve between its course along the humerus (upper arm bone) and the continued on page 29
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From left, front row: Sandy Robertson, Helen Wanner, Sara Haxter and Rob Haxter. Second row: Lisa Marshall, Carolyn Hadley, Pat Miller, Elaine Pack and Dorothy Shields, Back row: Judy Hunt, Sam Kellams, Teri Kostiw, Pat Stubbs, Mary Helen Detmer, Clover Carroll and Nancy Virginia Bain. Contributors not pictured included Martha Weiss, Jo Ann Perkins, Carolyn McGrath, Robin Munson, Laurie Keenan, Lill Huffman, Beth Hodsdon, and Elizabeth Guss.
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Members of the Crozet Library Monday Night Book Group presented their donation of $1,201 to the Build Crozet Library fund in May to help purchase chairs for the meeting room where they will convene after the new library opens in September. They passed a tip jar at every meeting since November, earning them a leaf on the Giving Tree planned for the lobby. Books and computers are still needed—donate at www.buildcrozetlibrary.org.
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From left: Bill Schrader, Chair, Build Crozet Library Fundraising Committee; John Halliday, Director, J-MRL; Allie Haddix, Crozet Library Young Adult Librarian; WAHS Students Taylor Tereskerz, Mac Outlaw, Sierra Brown, Colleen Flanagan, Montana Frayser, and Maddie Neisser; and Clover Carroll, WAHS Librarian.
Students from the Western Albemarle High School Leadership class gathered in front of the new library construction site May 10 to present a $1,000 donation to the Build Crozet Library fund. The donation will earn the WAHS Leadership program a leaf on the Giving Tree planned for the lobby of the new library. The donation will be doubled due to a matching grant from BAMA Works, and will help to purchase seating in the Teen Area of the new library. Students raised the money by staffing concessions at football games and through their annual spring pageant, Mr. WAHS, organized by students Mac Outlaw, Colleen Flanagan, Montana Frayser, and Sierra Brown. Mr. WAHS attendees were also asked to bring canned goods for donation to the Blue Ridge Area Food Bank. The WAHS Leadership program had a community-based focus for its fundraising events this year.
The Blue Ridge Naturalist © Marlene A. Condon | email@example.com
Charlottesville Stormwater Utility Fee Won’t Help Save the Bay (Part One: The Problem) Earlier this year, the Democratcontrolled Board of Supervisors of Fairfax County, with the help of Attorney General Ken Cuccinelli, successfully fought the EPA’s attempt to regulate storm water flow into Accotink Creek. The EPA was trying to keep the creek from being drowned in sediment from storm water runoff. The board was trying to keep from using taxpayer dollars to adequately fix this problem that was totally caused by inappropriate development. The sediment from Fairfax County storm water runoff does not just impair Accotink Creek. It affects the Potomac River, which the creek enters, and the Chesapeake Bay, which the Potomac flows into. Therefore the county of Fairfax and the state of Virginia effectively ignored a moral duty to preserve a natural resource that has been historically one of the most productive estuaries on the planet—an economically important source of food and recreation (fishing, birding, boating) for all Virginians. In Charlottesville, the Rivanna River feeds the James River, which flows to the Chesapeake Bay. Because of the huge amount of impervious surface area that people maintain on most properties, rainwater runs over the ground instead of soaking into it as would happen in natural landscapes. The rainwater picks up pollutants, such as oil and grease from machinery as well as pesticides and fertilizers from yards, and is carried by ditches, drains, and pipes straight into local streams and rivers without the benefit of water treatment. Thus virtually all of the pollution created in Charlottesville and picked up by rainwater ends up ultimately in the Bay. The EPA has been trying for years to get governments and citizens in the Bay watershed to voluntarily take steps to limit adverse
Businesses, as well as homeowners, often maintain huge lawns that take an enormous toll on the environment—and ultimately humans. Photo: Marlene A. Condon.
effects upon the Bay. People create the situations that result in storm water runoff, so they need to take responsibility for fixing them (unlike Fairfax, that shirked its duty). In Charlottesville, officials are giving the impression that they are taking steps to address the deleterious effects of runoff on the Bay by instituting a fee system, which Albemarle County may soon emulate. The city will charge citizens for the amount of impervious surface area (such as rooftops, driveways, parking lots) on every developed property other than those built and maintained by government. The fee—referred to as the “rainwater tax” by some folks—is part of the city’s Water Resources Protection Program (WRPP). The point of the WRPP is “to address Charlottesville’s storm water related challenges in a comprehensive and economically and environmentally sustainable manner.” Unfortunately, the main point of the fee is simply to raise money to resize or rehabilitate existing pipes to remove storm water from impervious areas more quickly. This means polluted water will be moved to the Bay more quickly, which means the fee simply enables people to continue to harm it. As too often happens, local government officials are not attacking the root cause of a problem, but instead taking the most expensive route to continued on page 28
By John Andersen, DVM firstname.lastname@example.org
Pet Chow Common etiquette says you should never discuss religion or politics in polite company. I would like to add “dog food” to that list! This topic is rife with misinformation, invokes very strong beliefs that are often not evidence-based, and it is very important to your pets’ health. “What should I feed my pet?” is a routine question for veterinarians and these days it’s getting harder and harder to answer accurately. The one thing I will say for certain is that nobody can stand on a soapbox and tell anyone “you should feed your dog this” or “you should always avoid that.” I will humbly try to give you my opinions on this hot topic, followed by an update on Christianity in the postmodern world, and last by a discussion of the challenges for the Republican Party in 2016…or maybe I’ll just stick to dog food! First, most dogs will be very healthy eating most any commercial dog food out there. Just like us, dogs’ bodies are adaptable. Consider the strong opinions some people have on the merits of feeding a “natural” diet like Nature’s Choice over
let’s say Purina Dog Chow. There is an argument in favor of the Nature’s Choice: higher quality ingredients and fewer byproducts and preservatives. However, consider canine wildlife like wolves and foxes. They fight for every meal, often going for days and sometimes weeks without food, and also battle parasites, weather, and other stresses of the wild. Yet as a species, they have survived for tens of thousands of years because they’re adaptable and their bodies are resilient. They don’t care about their protein percentages or whether they’re eating grains. If they could speak, they’d tell us to quit whining and just feed our spoiled dogs whatever! Our dogs are spoiled, and they live long lives. I have heard many a client wonder if their 17-year-old dog got cancer because of what they were feeding it. My answer is, “I hope my dog lives to be 17!” Let me be clear, though, that diet is a common cause of many ailments in dogs and cats. Dietary intolerances are the most common reason for chronic vomiting and diarrhea, and a very common reason for chronic allergic skin disease. I see several cases every day where the answer to the dog or cat’s problem is in their diet. Interestingly, these issues are often not related to
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would hunt small rodents. Dry food has 30-50 percent carbohydrates, less-than-ideal protein levels (and often much of that is plant-based protein that is NOT the same as meat-based protein), and no water. Canned cat food is much lower in carbohydrates (often 5 to 10 percent), has higher protein levels, usually only meat protein, and is roughly 80 percent water—just like a mouse! Some of the most common issues in cats‚—obesity, urinary problems, and diabetes—are completely related to eating dry food diets. That said, some cats live long lives on dry food only. However, I recommend that at least half of your cat’s calories come from canned food. For dogs: If your dog is active and healthy, and has no history of skin issues, vomiting, or diarrhea/ loose stool, you probably do not need to consider a diet change. I do think, however, that the “ideal” dog food is a diet that has meat as the first ingredient, is grainfree (or limited in grains), and does not have significant amounts of pre-
continued on page 25
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the quality of the diet. I have had many a case where the clients wanted to “upgrade” the dog’s food to a more “natural” diet and switched to more expensive food only to be disappointed as the dog experienced steady diarrhea on the new diet. But again, diet plays a very important role in both health and disease. By optimizing diet on an individual level, I have cured diabetic cats, dissolved bladder stones, stopped chronic diarrhea, halted chronic ear and skin infections, and many other transformations. Still, most pets will do fine on most commercial pet foods out there. So, now I am going out on a ledge and publicly announcing my recommendations on some feeding guidelines for dogs and cats. These are my opinions based on over 10 years of clinical practice, recommendations from nutritional and medical specialists, and a lot of study and research. For cats: All cats should be fed canned cat food. Cats are obligate carnivores, meaning they need very little carbohydrates and outside
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by claudia crozet Solution on page 36
1 2 3 4 Across 1 Pay to play 13 14 5 _____ Korbut, Soviet gold medal gymnast of 1972 17 9 Not us 20 21 13 Noticed 14 W-4 or 1040, for example 23 24 15 “Wouldn’t say _____ a goose”: timid, in Britain 28 29 30 31 17 Gets the weeds out 18 Sellers in stalls 33 34 20 Boredom 22 Short bicycle race or literary 41 analysis, for short 44 23 Outrage 24 Intrusion beyond boundaries 45 47 48 28 Commercials 31 Ewe call 51 52 53 32 Skeleton or answer 33 Second Sunday in May 57 58 37 Multiple choice answers 41 Homer’s tale of Troy 63 64 42 Wide shoes 68 43 _____ II, current cicada crop 44 Diesel fuel in UK 71 45 Stick associated with wickets, pitches, and creases 47 Half of Wisconsin town Down home to wee overalls 1 Richmond tennis great 49 Feel bad 2 Light gas 50 Main and Park, e.g. 3 High-schooler 51 Summer pastime, esp. 4 Follow around DC 5 Bug spray brand 57 Most wanted poster letters 6 “That’s funny” in IM 58 Winglike, or banned apple 7 El _____, painter of the spray Spanish Renaissance 59 Perfume 8 Huge “sun-beetle” genus 63 Greatly please 9 Rocky hilltop 67 State forcefully 10 Va. Tech fan 68 Hard labor online? 11 Forever, for Wordsworth 69 It’s entered in court 12 Polyphonic choral piece 70 Stead 15 Swim or wash 71 Take a break 19 _____ Dolenz, Monkees 72 Elegant flair drummer 73 Other alternative 21 Special place for breakfast 25 Beetle or Spider
Across 1 ___ Ruth 3 Ball thrower 6 A very short hit 8 Three strikes and you’re ___ 9 Baseball mistake
27 30 35
43 46 46
56 55 65
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26 One who demolishes (var.) 27 “I want to touch people with _____.” –Vincent Van Gogh 28 Surrounded by 29 Distribute 30 Mix it up 34 It’s wreaked 35 Agnus _____ 36 Catch _____ catch _____ 38 Dylan and Marley 39 Layer of paint 40 Bug killers banned since 1972: Abbr. 43 Bible and Rust, for instance
45 World’s longest country 46 S. Korean car maker 48 Future auxiliary verb 51 Bed or pipe filler 52 Go fly _____! 53 Beef or fish in shells 54 Water over a dam or glaze over lamb 55 Cook out 56 Bit of fish armor 60 Dastardly 61 Words in wedding announcements 62 False opposition 64 Young fox 65 Teachers’ org. 66 Alpo rival Kal _____
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Solution on page 30
by Mary Mikalson
Down 2 First or home, for example 4 Person behind 6 Down 5 Person behind 4 Down 6 Ball hitter 7 Run all four bases
MON. - SAT. 5 am – 10 pm SUNDAY 6 am – 9 pm Route 250 • Crozet Next to Western Albemarle High
Student Choir Kudos by Eric Betthauser Every November, selected high school singers travel to a live audition for the All-District Choirs. This year, the auditions were held at William Monroe High School. Each singer takes part in a blind audition for two judges, singing a piece indiviually, then doing eight measures of sightreading. Of those who are chosen for All-District Choir, juniors and seniors can next audition for AllVirginia Chorus, an annual event sponsored by the Virginia Choral Directors Association (VCDA). The audition is much the same, but the competition is more fierce, especially for girls. Around 300 of the best highschool singers from around the Commonwealth are selected to be in either the SATB (“Mixed”) Choir or the SSAA (Women’s) Choir. Western Albemarle senior Ian
Grimshaw (pictured) was chosen for the Mixed Choir and junior Ellie Weikle for the Women’s Choir. The 2013 All-Virginia Choruses, three rigorous days of rehearsing culminating in a Saturday afternoon concert, were held April 25-27 at Hanover High School in Mechanicsville. For the Virginia State Middle School Honors Choir, each singer records and mails in an audition recording, of “America (My Country ’Tis of Thee)”, a major scale in a specified key, and a prepared song. This year, the Virginia chapter of the American Choral Directors Association received more applications than ever before. Yet Henley 7th grader Chloe Horner made it through. She was rewarded with three days of music-making of the highest level in Mechanicsville, working with choral director Andrea Ramsey. The choir members performed in a manner far beyond their years.
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Outdoor Food Safety Tips Now that we are all spending more time outside, here are a few tips to keep you and your family safe and healthy at your next picnic. • Keep clean: Use a separate cutting board for raw meat. Be careful not to contaminate utensils on surfaces that have held raw meat. Wipe surfaces often. • Keep portions small: When serving food outdoors, use several small platters instead of one larger ones. Have backup platters prepared in the refrigerator to replace when needed, so no food is sitting out too long. • Use ice: Serve highly perishable foods on platters over ice, such as mayonnaise-based salads, eggs, lunch meats, or shrimp, and replace ice often. A vinegar-based potato or pasta salad can sit out on its own (see below for an alternative to a traditional mayo-based potato salad). • When your picnic comes to an end, keep a two-hour time limit in mind regarding your exposed foods. A good rule is, when in doubt, throw it out.
Zesty Potato Salad 4 lb Yukon Gold potatoes 2 cups chicken or veggie broth 2 cups water 2 Tablespoons sugar ¼ cup white wine vinegar 2 Tablespoons Dijon mustard ½ cup vegetable oil 1 red onion, chopped fine 3 dill pickles minced ¼ cup fresh chopped herbs (such as parsley, dill, chives) Bring potatoes, broth, water, and 1 tablespoon of the vinegar to a boil in a covered pot until potatoes are a little more than half-way cooked. Uncover and continue cooking until liquid reduces and thickens (you should not have to drain the potatoes). Transfer potatoes to a bowl. Wisk remaining ingredients together and add to warm potatoes. Add salt and pepper to taste. Serve warm or at room temperature.
upcoming events JUNE 8
Second Saturday Art Opening Creative Framing and The Art Box will hold an opening Artist Reception for Anne de Latour Hopper on Saturday, June 8, from 4-6 p.m. The artist was born in the Province of Brittany in France and currently resides in western Albemarle. The exhibit includes her gouache and oil paintings of intimate interior and exterior views and still life settings. Creative Framing and The Art Box is located at 5784 Three Notch’d Road. The free event features hand-made ice cream sundaes topped with Chiles Orchard Strawberry Sauce.
Shenandoah Neighbors’ Day
Shenandoah National Park Superintendent Jim Northup is inviting community neighbors to enjoy a day in the park as a part of Shenandoah Neighbors’ Day June 15, when the park, will waive entrance fees for residents living in counties bordering the park including: Albemarle, Augusta, Greene and Nelson. Visitors will be required to show proof of residency by showing their Virginia driver’s license. For more information about planning a trip to Shenandoah National Park or for information about park activities go to www. nps.gov/shen or call the park at 540-999-3500.
Canneries —continued from page 18
Let’s get back to West Virginia. About four years ago a friend and I set out to find the Paw Paw Tunnel on the C&O Canal. The C&O Canal is a 180-mile long National Historic Park from Cumberland, Maryland to Washington, DC. The Paw Paw tunnel is a 0.6-mile tunnel blasted into a hillside to accommodate the canal and towpath and avoid five horseshoe bends and six miles of the Potomac River. It is an amazing engineering feat that was also accompanied by great loss of life. We found the tunnel, walked through it in the dark in both directions and then went to lunch in Berkeley Springs, West Virginia. Berkeley Springs is an old spa town in Morgan County in West Virginia’s eastern panhandle. It was first noted
Gazette Vet —continued from page 22
servatives or byproducts. These diets are readily available now days. Just as important as what you feed is how much you feed. If your dog is overweight, it doesn’t matter if he is on a perfect diet. His health will suffer. Dogs should be fed to a thin body condition. In other words, if they are overweight, they simply need less food. Just as with people, a diet that is lower in carbohydrates and higher in protein will foster weight loss. Raw diets are generally not a great idea because, as numerous studies show, there is a high prevalence of pathogenic bacteria such as E. coli and Campylobacter contaminating these foods. That said, dogs seem to
ABT Gala —continued from page 15
Price and incorporated the youngest of dancers—age 5—and the school’s 18-year-old advanced dancers. This year’s gala was an incredible success. It is difficult to imagine how each year ABT performances continue getting better, but they do. Hart said that it would be impossible without her talented students, their
as Medicine Springs on a 1747 map drawn up by Peter Jefferson, Tom Jefferson’s surveyor father. We didn’t take the waters. Instead we visited the Tomato Museum. Apparently, Morgan County boasted a booming tomato growing and canning industry from 1890 to 1940. The first cannery opened in 1892, and in 50 years there were 50 more. There was a yearly Tomato Festival with a queen and her court and visiting dignitaries. Of course, it ended after WWII, with changes in agriculture and immigration to urban areas. And so I ask why not ? Can we be satisfied with local, tasty, minimally sprayed or unsprayed tomatoes in season? And can we grow some processing/paste tomatoes and revive a local canning industry, albeit small, with an Albemarle County/ Piedmont Virginia label?
be able to eat cat poop without a problem! I do occasionally suggest a raw food diet in some of my most difficult intestinal cases. And last, to reveal all, what does the Gazette Vet feed his pets? I feed both of my dogs Eukanuba Pure, which is a grain-free diet with limited byproducts and preservatives. It is not outrageously expensive and it’s convenient for me to purchase through my work. We give them their kibble for treats and an occasional Sam’s Yam (dried sweet potato treats). Both 60-pound labs are very active and get only 1¼ cups, twice daily. I feed my cat canned Fancy Feast, classic formula. I even add a little water to it as she has some early kidney failure (she’s 12). She gets one 3oz can in the morning and one 3oz can at night.
supportive families, volunteers and sponsors. Income from the Gala supports SFTPA’s “Dancing Off The Streets,” need-based scholarship fund that has provided more than $60 thousand in dance scholarships to more than fifty local students. The event was cosponsored by Charlottesville Self Storage in Crozet. Find more information about the studio at www.aBallet.org or email Dance@ABallet.org.
CLASSIFIED ADS 2 COMMERCIAL SPACES FOR LEASE in Crozet Shopping Center, Retail or Office only. Space 1 is approx. 859 sq.ft, Space 2 is approx. 1238 sq.ft. or can be leased as a whole. For more information, call Dave at 434.531.8462. ALTERATIONS AND TAILORING: Experienced seamstress with 30 years of tailoring and garment alterations experience, working from home in Crozet (Highlands). Call for a free consultation. Ruth Gerges: 434-823-5086. BABYSITTERS AVAILABLE: WAHS sophomore twin girls available to sit this summer, day or night. They are great with toddlers, up to middle school. Local references not a problem. BevinsGoldGirls@gmail.com or 434.996.8633. BICYCLE REPAIR by Andy Sterling. Pick-up & Delivery. Telephone: 434-971-1644 or 434-989-1492 or email: email@example.com. CRAIG HANDLEY, LEATHEWOOD CONSTRUCTION, INC. Complete residential building and repair/renovation. CLASS A INSURED. Afton, Va. 434.960.4341. nanhand@ hotmail.com
cases, tin embossed mirror, pottery barn & ikea stuff. NO EXCUSES!: Get up, get out and get fit with Boot Camp for REAL People. All ages and abilities are welcome to join this outdoor exercise class. Drop in classes are held at Crozet park on M/W/F from 5:50-6:50 a.m. Results Driven Boot camp will be offered in two-week sessions on Tu/Th from 9:15-10:15 a.m. this summer. For more information or to register call Melissa Miller at 434-962-2311 or visit www. m2personaltraining.com. READY FOR A CHANGE IN YOUR SUMMER WORKOUT? Want to beat the summer heat? Crozet Jazzercise’s summer schedule will start June 17. M, W, F at 5:50am and M, T, W, Th, F at 8:15am. Fridays are free in June so come join us for some summer fun. questions: contact Jane @ 434-466-9933 or www. jazzercise.com.
JOB FAIR—BLUE RIDGE PACE: We are in the process of developing a new center and are looking for talented, experienced professionals who have an interest in working with older adults. We are hosting a job fair on June FISH FRY: Mountainside Senior 15 from 11 a.m. - 2 p.m. at Living, Friday, June 21, 6:30 – 8 JABA located at 674 Hillsdale p.m. Fired Tilapia, Cole Slaw, Dr. Charlottesville, VA 22901 French Fries, Hush Puppies, and are seeking candidates for Mac and Cheese, Assorted the following positions: Clinic Desserts, Beverage. $8 adults, $5 Manager (RN), Home Care children. Eat in or take out. Manager (RN), Registered Thank you for your support. Dietitian, Transportation Manager, Social Work Manager HOUSEMATE WANTED: (MSW), Recreation Therapy $545 includes utilities. Entire Manager, Chaplain, Physical second floor incl. 2 rooms/bath. Therapist, Occupational Share kitchen & W/D w/ profesTherapist, Marketing Manager , sional & cat. Quiet, country setEnrollment Coordinator, ting in Batesville. See photos on Administrative Assistant. Craigslist. (804) 564-2452 Contact La’Tisha Jacob, Recruitment Specialist at 1-855MOVING SALE: Priced to sell! 543-6438 or email latisha. June 8 from 7 a.m. - 1 p.m., firstname.lastname@example.org to learn more Weston Lane (off Buck Rd.) Bar and pre-register. You must prestools, Whirlpool washer, register in order to attend the Kitchenaid dryer, queen Memory job fair. A Program of the Foam mattress, twin set, bookCommonwealth of VA. EOE. To place an ad, or for more information, call 434-249-4211 or email email@example.com
Rebel’s Run Offers Unique Ride By Kathy Johnson Perhaps a casual trail ride through the woods or an exciting ride with the wind in your hair appeals to you. Maybe you’re a novice rider or perhaps you’re an experienced rider looking for something different. Rebel’s Run at afton mountain owner Mimi Paixao offers all of the above with a new twist on the typical trail ride. How about a little wine tasting to go with your ride? Paixao offers a ride from Rebel’s Run through the woods and meadows to nearby Afton Mountain Vineyards. While she waits with the horses, riders take a break and enjoy a little wine tasting before returning to finish their ride. Afton residents Don and Carrie Land decided to try it out. “We’ve been looking for a place that we could take a trail ride,” Carrie said. Including a trip to the winery decided it for them. “This is a hidden treasure,” said Carrie when she
came back from a Saturday afternoon tasting ride. Paixao worked with some of the area landowners to gain permission for the horses to cross their property located between Rebel’s Run and the vineyards, Paixao said. For the summer there’s another option: Afton After Hours at the vineyard. Through August, riders can bring a cooler with food–no drinks–for a ride over to the vineyards for live music on the fourth Saturday of every month. It’s a free event at the vineyard and for the season opening on May 25, featured Eli Cook. Blue Ridge Pizza Company was there with pizza for those that didn’t want to bring a cooler. If you’re looking for some classes, English or western, Paixao offers them for lessons to children on up through adults, beginner to advanced. Paixao horses wear little boots, because “the new trend is not to shoe, to go natural,” she explained.
Carrie Land, Mimi Paixao and Don Lane.
But because the vineyard ride typically goes a little on the road, then through private lane and open spaces, across three creeks with some rocky terrain, before coming out into the field at the vineyard, she prefers to provide her horses with Cavallo boots. “They are made of heavy duty rubber, which gives them better traction than walking bare-hoofed,” she said. The farm stable has seven
horses—Little Rock (a young male), Cheyenne, Mariposa, Pocahontas, Cisco, Rebel and Jesse. There is also an official welcoming party, Jax, a mixed-breed rescue dog. “He’s a Mastidane,” said Paixao, a (very) large cross between a Great Dane and a Mastiff. Typical Mastidanes stand 32-34 inches tall and weigh around 130 pounds. Paixao told the story of how the
continued on page 28
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Lewis Ann Connolly of Crozet and Brendan Connolly of Severna Park, Maryland, happily announce the engagement of their son Patrick Connolly of Crozet to Yu Mengjun of Shanghai, China. Mengjun is the daughter of Yu Ji Ping and Zong Weijun of Shanghai, China. Patrick graduated from Frostburg State University in Maryland, completed his master’s
degree in History at the University of Macau in Macau, where the couple met, and is pursuing his doctorate at the same university. Amelie Yu graduated from Macao University of Science and Technology, where she studied Hotel Management, and currently works in the field and also as a tourism journalist. The couple will celebrate their marriage this June in Crozet.
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From left: Crozet Great Valu owner Jean Wagner, Linda Hexter, Carolyn and Jonathan Hexter
Scholarship Winner Western Albemarle High School senior Linda Hexter of Greenwood won this year’s Crozet Great Valu $1,000 college scholarship, which is open to students from across the county. An AP Scholar with honors, Hexter was captain of the girls’ lacrosse team, president of the Student Council, and vice president
of the National Honor Society chapter. She has also received the Rising Star Award from the Piedmont Council of the Arts and took first place in the P. Buckley Moss Museum Invitational Art Show. She will be a student at Loyola Univerity of New Orleans in the fall.
Naturalist —continued from page 21
accommodate the problem. As with the decision to spend a lot of money to build a new dam at Ragged Mountain instead of getting people to continue to reduce their water usage, local government officials have decided to spend a lot of money for construction work instead of getting people to change their landscaping to minimize storm water runoff. People can’t get rid of rooftops or perhaps even parking lots, but they can replace most of their impervious landscaping. If the City took the intelligent route, they would discourage the societal push for artificial landscapes that are overly manicured and sterile, lacking the life forms necessary to keep them functioning as the natural world is meant to do. Right now, non-environmentally friendly landscapes are enabled by laws and regulations that forbid (city “weed” ordinances, suburban covenants) or discourage (county land-use regs) the nature-friendly landscaping that would not only make land in the Bay watershed permeable, but also perfectly functional without the use of pesticides and excessive amounts of fertilizer. Consider that lawn and turf grass is now considered the largest crop grown in the Chesapeake Bay watershed—“more than 3.8 million acres covering a staggering 9.5 percent of the watershed’s total land area. Turf cover now exceeds total pasture cover (7.7%), hay/alfalfa acres (7.4%) and the acreage of row crops (9.2%—corn, soybean, wheat) grown in the Chesapeake
Bay watershed.” (chesapeakestormwater.net/2009/06/the-grass-cropof-the-chesapeake-bay-watershed/) Farmers are used to getting blamed for causing many of the problems affecting the Bay, but finally some scientists are recognizing that non-farmers (i.e., homeowners) are just as guilty by their cultivation of a turf “crop.” As reported in the same paper: About 19 million pounds of pesticide active ingredients are used each year (mostly herbicides to kill otherwise fine-looking “weeds”). These pesticides are reaching local streams and rivers. According to USGS monitoring data, one or more pesticides were detected in 99% of urban streams, and one out of every five samples exceeded water quality standards to protect aquatic life. Our compacted lawns produce extra runoff to the Bay. Thus, if we truly want to save the Chesapeake Bay, we can no longer ignore the elephant in the room. We must face the reality that every person who maintains more than a minimum amount of lawn for relaxing—especially one that is a thick carpet of grass grown as a monoculture—is contributing to the continued impairment of the Bay. It’s unbelievable that some government agencies, universities, and lawn care companies claim that lawns are “green.” Here are just some of the reasons that a lawn can never be considered environmentally friendly: A lawn consists of one or more nonnative (i.e. invasive) grasses. To maintain the green color of the grass, a lawn tends to be overwatered and over-fertilized (a source of nutrient runoff). People are told that a lawn should
not contain “weeds” or insects, thus they apply poisonous herbicides and insecticides. Continual mowing throughout the growing season is a huge source of air and water pollution from engine exhaust. The continual mowing, week after week, year after year, compacts the soil (especially if it has a high clay content), thus making a lawn a prime source of storm water runoff. If lawns were permeable (as the city of Charlottesville apparently believes since it plans to only charge a fee on hardscaped surfaces), lawn care companies would not need to sell aeration and dethatching services in an attempt to make lawns permeable for the benefit of the grass roots. However, the degree to which a lawn care company can even make a lawn temporarily permeable is minimal. Manmade aeration consists of making holes just a few inches deep (as opposed to the depth of wildlife-performed aeration), leaving the compacted soil below that depth to act as a barrier preventing further penetration of water. Thus a lawn does little to hold back storm water runoff. At its web site, the city boasts that the Stormwater Utility Ordinance is truly a partnership between local government personnel and leaders/partners within the community. It then immediately names numerous conservationrelated organizations that support its fee system. This is exactly what Charlottesville and Albemarle County officials did to “sell” the need for the new Ragged Mountain Dam to area taxpayers. It’s truly puzzling that the city, in concert with all of these conserva-
tion-minded groups, could have totally overlooked lawns as a serious contributor to the storm water problems facing this area as well as the Chesapeake Bay. It’s also deeply disturbing. Next time: Part 2, The Solution: Changing Minds, Changing Laws, and Changing Landscapes.
Rebel’s Run —continued from page 26
farm got its name. “I’ve been doing horses since I was five. My friend sent me these photos of Rebel from Craigslist,” and they eventually went to Bedford to see the horse. “I just fell in love. Something said we were supposed to be together,” she said. She had a Civil War theme in mind for her horse names and she chose Rebel. A short time after she brought him home, he undid the chain, opened the pasture gate and took off. After an extensive search, she finally got a call from the Park Service 35 miles away, where someone had taken him to the Ranger Station. After she retrieved Rebel (who was apparently on his way back to Bedford), she named her business Rebel’s Run. If you choose to ride at Rebel’s Run, you will need to wear a helmet (sanitized and provided by Paiaxo) and you will need to sign a release based on Virginia Code 3.2-62006203. If you aren’t a skilled rider, Paiaxo will explain what to do and how to do it. For more information, contact her at 703-623-5243, or email her at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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Remarkable Trees of Virginia I often consider coffee-table books to be a guilty pleasure, a form of eye candy to distract your guest while you top-off his drink. Which is all well and good, of course. But I have only so much space on my coffee table, so I try to resist such books, even as I flip through them at the store. But then, courtesy of a friend, an exceptional one did find its way into my living room. Remarkable Trees of Virginia by Nancy Ross Hugo and Jeff Kirwan, photography by Robert Llewellyn, (University of Virginia Press, 2008) is the product of a four-year effort by the authors “to document the state’s largest, oldest, most historic, beautiful and beloved trees.” Their website received over a thousand nominations from across the Commonwealth, necessitating 20,000 miles of travel to actually visit the trees. The authors were then confronted with the unenviable task of whittling down the nominees to roughly one hundred for inclusion in the book. Unlike many books of this ilk, this is not just about pictures to drool over, although Robert Llewellyn indeed captures the essence and the beauty of the trees. (Not an easy task, as you know if you’ve ever tried photographing trees.) Each tree is accompanied by informative text, not only about the particular specimen, but also about that species in general. For the most part, we see just one example of a species, although the redoubtable and widespread white oak (Quercus alba) actually appears seven times.
But how many have even heard of a cherrybark oak (Q. pagoda), with a magnificent specimen growing in Colonial Beach? In addition to appearing in several other chapters, the lordly oaks were also accorded a chapter of their own, Mighty Oaks, the only genus to be accorded such status. Aside from the above-mentioned oaks, the book is divided into eight other chapters, and I’ll provide one or two examples from each. Minus the pictures, of course. For that, you will have to get the book. Old Trees The authors did not set a rigid age limit to meet the criterion of “old,” since some species live much longer than others, but they did require some evidence of old age. (And large size is not necessarily a good indicator of age.) One of the eastern hemlocks (Tsuga canadensis) at Mountain Lake has been dated at 427 years old, for example. The sad news about this species is that most individuals have been killed by the wooly adelgid. The better news is that survivorship among the Mountain Lake population is somewhat higher. Historic Trees When dealing with living entities, you can never predict what the future may hold. But when the authors visited Monticello in 2006, a 200-year-old tulip poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera) was already in distress. Sadly, the tree and its neighbor on the other side of the house both had to come down shortly afterward. But the trees left a legacy: Local woodworker Frederick Williamson used some of that wood to carve exquisite bowls and other objects. Champion Trees This is where size matters, determined by a formula that combines a tree’s height,
circumference and crown spread. National champions are the biggest tree of their kind in the whole country, but there are also state champions, and even some localities award champion status. The “Lost Forest” along the Nottoway River in Southampton County is home to “Big Mama,” a twelve foot-diameter bald cypress (Taxodium distichum). Not only the state champion of its species, it also is considered to be the largest tree of any kind in Virginia. Community Trees These are in some way given special recognition by their local communities. This might be a group of trees, such as the avenue of sugar maples (Acer saccharum) planted along Brownsburg Turnpike in Rockbridge County. More often, it is a single tree, such as the sprawling red mulberry (Morus rubra) that inhabits the Children’s Garden at Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden in Henrico County. The mulberry’s inviting shape caused debate about letting children climb the tree. The kids won out. Unique Trees The vast majority of the remarkable trees are species native to Virginia, but a coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) is a notable exception. In 1954, Robert and Allie Baker carried a seedling from California to Suffolk, and it has thrived ever since. It will never achieve the size it would on the Pacific Coast, but it has grown to 90 feet and even withstood hurricane Isabel. Fine Specimens Not necessarily the biggest or oldest of their breed, but these trees are arguably the most beautiful. When most people think
of birches, they probably imagine the paper birch of the north, or the much-planted river birch. The sweet birch (Betula lenta) is relatively anonymous until you get to know it. Scratch a twig, and you’ll get a whiff of wintergreen. The Floyd County sweet birch growing near Milepost 169 on the Blue Ridge Parkway appeals for its spread of 68 feet, its contorted lichen-covered branches dipping almost to the ground. Noteworthy Species Some, like dogwood or redbud, are remarkable for their abundance across Virginia, familiar yet always appreciated. Others, like the gingko (Gingko biloba), are planted here and there across Virginia, never common but always recognizable. In the fall its leaves turn a brilliant yellow, then suddenly drop to the ground. Llewellyn captures this with the Pratt Gingko, planted between the Rotunda and the UVA chapel. Tree Places So, where are you likely to find remarkable trees, either singly or perhaps in a collection? Although the book never gives precise directions or provides a map, many trees will be easy to find, e.g. the white oak at Emmanuel Episcopal Church in Greenwood. Tracking down the large sassafras in Lee County would not be so easy, however. But many wonderful trees are growing in accessible public places: Hollywood Cemetery and Maymont in Richmond, college campuses, historic homesites, botanical gardens, etc. Remarkable Trees of Virginia can be enjoyed not only as a good armchair read, but also as an inspiration to get out and see some of these trees first-hand.
This mechanism of injury of the radial nerve is so characteristically seen after nights of alcohol overindulgence that we have dubbed it Saturday Night Palsy. It can be caused by other awkward sleeping positions like draping your arm over a park bench or a couch and not perceiving the pain that it is causing due to intoxication. I explained to the patient that she had not had a stroke and did not need a CAT scan or a neurologist. She needed a splint and physical therapy and of course alcohol rehab. She accepted only the splint.
—continued from page 19
steering wheel. The nerve was damaged in a fashion similar to when your arm falls asleep, but longer lasting. The radial nerve controls wrist extension and finger extension, and so she now had a condition called wrist drop; she could not lift her wrist or fingers against gravity. Treated with a splint and physical therapy, her likelihood of complete recovery was high.
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Retirement —continued from page 5
the bank on a hometown basis. These are people we know and love.” Baber admitted that she has customers whose checkbooks she has balanced, monthly, for years. She had two big traumas during her career, her husband’s illness and death and the day her house burned down. “The support I received from the community was tremendous,” she said gratefully. “People are really great in this community on a daily basis. My coworkers are just like my family to me.” Baber said she has no big plans. She wants to spend time with her mother and with her grandchildren. She’s helping plan a wedding for next year. “I don’t want to be tied to a desk now.” Tucker Johnson is from an old Albemarle family—here since the 1840s in the Red Hill area. He was in the first class to graduate from Henley Middle School. He has worked for the U.S.P.S. more than 34 years. He was named Crozet’s postmaster in May of 1994. He was a supervisor in the Charlottesville post office at the time and didn’t actually move to the Crozet job for a few months. It snowed twice, accumulating to 30 inches, on the weekend he started. True to the postman’s creed, he came in through snow-choked roads very early to get the office open. When he finally got in, there was no oil for the furnace, he said, and he scrounged a couple of gallons from around town. “Only one person came in the post office that day,” Johnson recalled. “I was very committed. I wasn’t going to fail.” The wet snow that fell in March, 18 years since that first storm, forced him to cut away trees that had fallen across his driveway before he could reach the road. “Everybody scheduled to work here made it in,” he said. “I felt like I have done my job. I was ready to leave. I like to fish and I like to golf. I’ve got projects waiting around the house. I like to cook and I’ll be doing that too.” He’s going to go to Maine with his wife this summer—where she’s from—an annual trip he usually couldn’t make. His daughter is getting married in Hawaii in September, and he’ll be there for that, too.
“I liked to do delivery and counter work. I learned early that the problem of the day would raise its head first thing in the morning, so I made it a practice to be the first person in here. I’m here before 5:30. “When I started the post office was still across the street [in what is now the Region 10 facility]. The post office had been there since the ‘40s. We couldn’t get all the mail in the building. It had steep front steps and bad parking. You had to back out into the road. We had three rural routes. Now we have six routes. We had half the post boxes there that we have now. “I made it my goal to get a bigger space,” Johnson recalled. “I made a home movie about Crozet post office and sent it to [U.S.P.S’s state headquarters in] Richmond. About that time, a gentleman fell backward down the post office steps. Claude Saul, who owned a grocery, Crozet Foods, was closing down his store. We worked out a long-term lease. This space can handle Crozet’s growth. We have some spare room in the back and we could add more routes. Crozet post office pays its way and it would never be considered for closure or reduced hours,” Johnson said authoritatively. “But the younger generation does not buy stamps. They do their shopping and bill paying online,” said Johnson with some worry. “But we do see an increase in parcel volumes and we’re doing “last mile” delivery for UPS and FedEx, 100 to 200 parcels a day, plus whatever comes in the door at the post office. “The Post Office does a wonderful job considering what we are up against. Crozet averages more than 10,000 pieces of mail per day.” “Speaking personally about Crozet Post office, our employees impress me immensely. Our carriers care about doing a good job everyday. We know all our customers by name. We really, truly care about giving excellent service and I’m proud to be associated with them.” Scott Trice from the Charlottesville post office will serve as Crozet postmaster temporarily. The job is governed by U.S.P.S. personnel rules, and the new postmaster will likely not be a local, but probably from the central Virginia region, Johnson predicted. “There are a lot of people interested in the Crozet job,” he said.
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New Highway Sign Marks Greenwood/Afton Historic District Residents of Greenwood gathered at Hillsboro Baptist Church in Yancey Mills May 12 to celebrate the installation of an historical marker nearby along Rt. 250 that describes the recently formed Greenwood/ Afton Historic District. Architect Doug Gilpin, who helped in the survey of more than 1,400 buildings in the 16,000-acre district, served as master of ceremonies for the occasion and presented committee leader Jack Scruby with a bouquet of flowers to express the committee’s appreciation. The district was added to the
National Register of Historic Places in 2011 after a 200-page report on it was submitted. Officials from the Virginia Department of Historic Resources were also on hand for a slide show of representative properties, among them Piedmont, Mirador, Seven Oaks, Blue Ridge Farm, Royal Orchard, Swannanoa, Casa Maria, the Blue Ridge Tunnel and the black communities of Free Town and New Town. Gilpin said he is developing a driving tour of the district that will be available as a brochure.
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Weather Almanac MAY 2013
By Heidi Sonen & Roscoe Shaw | email@example.com
Mountains Protect Us from Tornadoes May was a terrible month for tornadoes, with several major tragedies. The worst damage was in Oklahoma and the El Reno tornado was the widest storm track ever measured at 2.6 miles across, with winds of 200 mph. The storm completely destroyed 600 acres of land per minute! The United States is far and away the most tornado-prone place on earth, and the closer you get to Oklahoma City, the greater the threat. Although tornadoes occur in many countries, nothing compares to “tornado ally” in the central U.S. All the ingredients come together here… cold, dry Canadian air, warm moist Gulf of Mexico air, and flat ground that doesn’t disturb rota-
tion. The last factor, “flat ground,” is what saves us here in Virginia. Strong tornadoes almost always move from the southwest or west. The Blue Ridge Mountains dramatically help to break up the rotation and the tornado frequency map clearly shows the protective effects of the entire Appalachian chain. We aren’t totally safe, though. I was once at Boar’s Head while Heidi was in Crozet and a weak tornado passed between us while we talked about it on cell phones. After the storms, the usual articles and blogs blaming global warming popped up. However, the science doesn’t support these claims. The year 2012 had the lowest tor-
nado activity ever and 2013 was also unusually quiet until mid May. Most climate change science suggests that tornado activity is likely to be steady or actually decrease in a warmer world.
colder than normal in mid-February and the cool stretch has continued, giving us a very late spring. May was a full three degrees below normal.
May was cool and rainy, which made the month a lawn mowing nightmare. Our weather turned
Crozet 5.05” Greenwood 4.27” CHO Airport 4.35”
Area Rainfall Totals: Waynesboro 6.22” Univ. of VA 4.72” Nellysford 3.82”
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Warrior Sports Free Measuring & Installation News WAHS Boys Lacrosse Advances to Regional By David Wagner firstname.lastname@example.org
game. The Warriors got a late first quarter goal from Justin Haws to give them a 2-1 lead. Haws struck After what some would call a dis- again early in the second quarter, appointing season for Western followed by a Sumner Corbett goal Albemarle High School’s boys to give the Warriors a 4-1 lead with lacrosse team, the Warriors rallied six minutes left in the half. Douglass to win the Jefferson District Freeman struck back with two goals Tournament. Western captured the only 30 seconds apart to cut the title with an 8-7 victory over the lead to one. Each team scored twice Monticello Mustangs after knock- before the half and Western led 6-5 ing off the top-seeded Albemarle at the break. Patriots 5-4 in the first round. The Both teams’ defenses made tournament championship vaulted adjustments and buckled down in the Warriors into the Regional the second half. The halftime score Playoffs. suggested it would be a high scoring Western traveled Hunter to Douglass affair, but it wasn’t to be. Haws Douglas lets you control light. Beautifully. Freeman High School in Richmond assisted Corbett for a goal with 5:30 for a regional match-up that proved left in anthe third quarter for a 7-5 Select Offer to be an exciting, down-to-the-wire Warrior lead. Haws then scored
WAHS Boys Lacrosse after winning the Jefferson District title.
unassisted with four minutes to go in the third for an 8-5 lead. Douglass Freeman answered with three minutes to go in the quarter to cut the deficit to two. Freeman managed to add another goal in the fourth quarter, but Western hung on to win 8-7 and moved on to the second round of the regional. Next the Warriors traveled to Lynchburg to take on perennial nemesis E. C. Glass. The Warriors
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fell behind early and couldn’t keep up. Glass cruised to a 14-5 win and the Warriors’ season was done. First year Head Coach Alex Whitten has a lot to build on for next year with the strong run the Warriors made at the end of the year. With the returning players they have, Coach Whitten’s work ethic and their never-say-die attitude, the Warriors have a bright future.
THE FIELD SCHOOL is proud to present
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rowers had less than one year of crew racing experience. At the state championships they won several events against other high schools that have over 200 rowers (with paid coaches) in varsity status programs, which are funded by their schools and communities. All the coaches at Beaver Creek Sculling Boathouse are volunteers and the program is funded by the parents of the rowers. Albemarle High School joined the Beaver Creek boathouse this spring with only six rowers and yet won the men’s varsity quad race at the state championship. The week after the state championships the rowers raced at the Stotesbury Cup Regatta in Philadelphia. More than 10,000 high school rowers from all over the country compete in this race. Dani Lucas placed second at this prestigious event. She will continue her rowing career at Stanford University this coming fall. Lucas was selected to row on the U.S. Junior National
Women’s Quad, 3rd place state champions
Rowing Team last summer. Because the rowers placed so well at the State Championship regatta, these boats were invited to race against the best high school rowers in the United States at the SRAA Nationals in Camden, New Jersey, May 21-22. No Western rowers finished in the medals, but earning this invitation was a tremendous accomplishment.
NOON . m . a 8 • 6 1 E N U J , Y A D SUN
16 kids per race. Races include girls and boys divisions by age. Awards presentation at conclusion of all races (approximately 11:30 a.m.) Not a sanctioned race. Split times not tracked. $25 entry fee.
FOR MORE INFORMATION OR A REGISTRATION FORM SEE
• • • • Owen Coleman, Mark Simonds, Men’s Double State Champions
Dani Lucas placed second in the girls senior single finals at the prestigious Stotesbury Cup Regatta in Philadelphia. On her way to the finals, she logged the second fastest time in time trials and the fastest time in the semi-finals. She will attend Stanford University this fall and will be a member of their women’s rowing team.
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Midsummer Magic Revisted by Clover Carroll | firstname.lastname@example.org We need more magic in our lives. If you agree with this statement, you will be pleased to know there is a strong magic forecast for the month of June. Try going outside on Midsummer’s Eve and looking for signs of fairies, gnomes, and elves all around you. According to ancient beliefs, not only are fairies abroad at Midsummer, but it is also a potent time to perform romantic and fertility rituals. Put some fern seed in your shoe and wish upon a star, or perform a love divination such as this one: with your right hand, throw seed over your left shoulder while saying “hemp-seed I sow, hemp-seed I sow, And he that must be my true love, Come after me and mow” (oxfordreference.com). On the ninth repetition, you will see your lover coming toward you—or hear your death knell. Decorate a maypole with leaves and flowers, weave yourself a wildflower crown, and dance around it. Build a bonfire to keep away the witches. Look for solstice celebrations by the local dancing community. When I was in elementary school (so long ago!), we performed the maypole dance every spring, weaving many-colored ribbons into a lovely braid that hugged the pole when we were through. As I wrote in a previous column, when my mother learned she was pregnant with me she encouraged my five-year-old sister to put a fern in her shoe on Midsummer’s Eve and to wish for a baby sister or brother to keep her company. When her wish for a blond, blue-eyed baby sister came true the following February (you do the math), my sister thought I was a magical gift for which she felt a special responsibility. My sister and I were lucky to be raised to believe in magic and to develop our imaginations, and I miss the sense of wonder this gave to my childhood—a dimension that seems largely missing from modern American life. Dodie Smith’s charming 1998
book I Capture the Castle highlights this contrast of cultures when wealthy Simon, newly arrived in England from America, and narrator Cassandra share their first kiss on a magical Midsummer’s Eve as, wearing flower garlands and dancing around the bonfire, they perform “the rites” of throwing herbs on the fire and eating ceremonial cake. He is bewitched by the romance and magic of the mist-shrouded, dilapidated British castle where Cassandra’s family lives and which she embodies. Their romance blossoms—in spite of his engagement to Cassandra’s sister! What we call the first day of summer is known in Europe as Midsummer—Midsommar in Sweden, or Sommersonnenwende in Germany. The summer solstice on June 21, the longest day of the year, is celebrated in many countries such as Sweden, Denmark, Norway, Britain, Ireland, Germany, Quebec, Bulgaria, Russia, Latvia, Estonia, and even Brazil as a major holiday, often the biggest holiday of the year besides Christmas. In some areas of Scandinavia that may be only a few hundred miles from the Arctic Circle, nighttime is short or nonexistent at this time, leading to all-night revels under the “midnight sun.” This pagan celebration dates back to Viking times, when farmers would appeal to the gods for a generous harvest, and mark the break between spring sowing and summer hay-making. Later Christianized in some countries as the nativity of St. John the Baptist (Juhannus in Finland, Johannesnacht in Germany, and Ivan’s (John’s) Day in Russia), the two traditions have blended into a major festival that often kicks off the summer holidays. In the Swedish celebration revellers wear traditional folk
costumes and wildflower crowns as they dance around a garlanded maypole or midsommarstang. They feast on traditional foods such as pickled herring in dill sauce and smoked salmon with mustard sauce, drink aquavit (water of life)—a vodka-like liquor spiced with cardamom, cumin, or dill—and sing traditional songs such as “Sma Grodorna” and “Helan Gar” (enjoy them on iTunes or YouTube). They light bonfires to ward off evil spirits and young people try to jump over to gain protection. In Austria, a spectacular procession of ships sails down the Danube River through the Wachau Valley as fireworks light the sky and bonfires blaze in the vineyards. In Bulgaria and Spain, sorceresses and enchantresses gather medicinal plants such as fern, rue, rosemary, and foxglove at midnight or sunrise to make charms to cure disease. And in one town in Latvia, according to Wikipedia, people run through the town naked at 3:00 in the morning! The fairy folklore and ancient association of Midsummer’s Eve with romance and fertility did not need Shakespeare to make them famous, but it is in this tradition that he wrote perhaps his most popular comedy, A Midsummer Night’s Dream, with its fairy king and queen, mischievous Puck, love potions, and romantic entanglements that end with multiple weddings. “O, what fools these mortals be!” Puck giggles, affording us a new perspective on romantic affairs! The “secret shadows and mystic lights” of this season are also celebrated in “Ballade of Midsummer Days and Nights” by William Ernest Henley (1849-1903), best known for his poem “Invictus.” This ballad, or song with a repeated refrain (envoy), needs no explanation—just enjoy it! Approach this year’s summer solstice with more awareness of the magic that is all around us. As Roald Dahl admonishes, “those who don’t believe in magic will never find it.”
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Our Growing Church is EXPANDING to Better Serve Crozet! Better Aesthetics, Better Parking, Better Preschool, Better Food Pantry, Better Farmer’s Market
Crozet United Methodist Church and the Kingswood Christian Preschool 1156 Crozet Ave.
NEW SUMMER SCHEDULE! STARTS JUNE 9:
Small groups: 9:00 a.m.
Worship: 10:00 a.m.
Crozet Village Church Begins Meeting at Crozet Park Crozet Village Church, a mission of Lebanon Evangelical Presbyterian Church in Greenwood, has begun holding Sunday services at 10 a.m. in the YMCA building at Crozet Park under the care of pastor Bud Brainerd. “Our first service was the first Sunday in April, the first Sunday after Easter this year,” said Brainerd, who is doing the preaching. “We’re averaging 35 people; about half are coming from Lebanon and the rest are newcomers. Some are new residents to the area and some are simply attracted to the church. ”We consider ourselves ‘reform’ in our theology, which means we have a very high view of the authority of Scripture, of the sovereign authority of God, and we have a high view of the responsibility of all people to serve the community,” he said. “Worship is key and we like people to be involved in one area of ministry. We want people involved in the community.” Brainerd earned a B.A. in religion, was a pro golfer for a couple of years,
and then earned a master’s and a doctorate of divinity from Columbia Theological Seminary in Decatur, Georgia. His dissertation was on church-staff relations, he said. “My background is half business and half ministry,” he said. He’s started six companies and was CEO of his last two, which were technology firms. “I have a different skill set and understanding than many ministers.” He started out as a pastor for United Methodist churches in southern Illinois and moved to the Presbyterian church under the influence of a professor at his seminary. Next he served in two churches in east Tennessee. He was at First Presbyterian Church in Nashville, a congregation of about 3,400, for four years. Next he was at Memorial Presbyterian Church in Montgomery, Alabama. That church planted a new one in Montgomery and Brainerd served in it for five and half years, from 1996 to 2001, building its average attendance from 35 to 150 people.
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In 2001, admittedly a little burnt out, he retired from ministry and went into business. He stayed in the business world until 2010. “One morning I woke up and I wanted to get back full-time in ministry,” he said. “Our purpose with Crozet Village Church is build the church—the people—and secondarily to build a facility. Our slogan is OSAT: one step at a time. That’s the only way anybody ever does anything, including following Jesus. The other thing we are focused on is being the church where ‘the cautious, the curious and the called and commissioned’ followers of Jesus Christ can meet. “There is a real high concentration of people here who were in the church and made to feel hurt by it. They want to come back, but they don’t want to feel hurt again. The curious are on a quest and they have amorphous spirituality, a little of this and a little of that. We want those people to come. The last group, the ‘called and commis-
sioned’—when God calls people into a relationship with Him, they are also called to do good works.” Brainerd said the new church tried to live up to that goal recently by setting up a baby comfort station during the Crozet Arts and Crafts Fair in May, and they are also getting involved with the Blue Ridge Area Food Bank. Brainerd has joined the Western Albemarle Ministers Association, a group of local ministers that tries to coordinate church outreach efforts.
"My first library made me want to read and then to write. In gratitude my most recent book is dedicated to that library. For generations of children to come, the new Crozet Library will be their first library. I hope you will help us build it for them.”
Now it’s your turn to... B e Pa rt o f t h e S to ry Now that the library building is almost finished, it's up to us to fill it with the collection to match our community's needs and interests -- books, DVDs, CDs, magazines, reference, large print, board books, picture books, young adult, teen, and more. Help fill our new shelves with your donation today! It’s what’s inside that counts.
Donate today at: buildcrozetlibrary.org/give
Sam Abell: Internationally acclaimed National Geographic Photographer and Author of The Sam Abell Library
SATURDAY, JULY 6 4 p.m. Parade to Crozet Park Through Downtown Crozet
Parade Grand Marshal: Carroll Conley
5 – 10 p.m. Community Celebration at Crozet Park • LIVE MUSIC: TBA 5 to 7 p.m | Second Draw 7:15 to 9:30 p.m. • SOFTBALL DOUBLE HEADER: 6 p.m.
• • • •
CVFD Firefighters vs. Peachtree Coaches
KIDS’ GAMES & AMUSEMENTS FIREW ORKS BOUNCE -N-PLAY SLIDE, plus TRAIN & PONY RIDES C ROZET P RAFFLES JULY 6ARK 9:30 P TRADITIONAL AMERICAN FOURTH OF JULY FARE .M. Including Pulled Pork BBQ, Hot Dogs, Hamburgers, Corn on the Cob, Popcorn, Apple Pie and more! Starr Hill Beers & Well Hung Vineyard Wines
Bring a lawn chair to watch the bands and ballgame!
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