INSIDE Virginia Way page 3 Spade Work page 4 Resurrection Guitar page 6 ivy 15 page 9 Sourwood page 14
Crozet gazette the
July 2012 VOL. 7, NO. 2
Mysterious Buyer Gets Barnes Lumber for $1.9 Million
Brown’s Gap page 15
Dog Senses page 18 Matrimony page 19 Wind Waves page 21 Square Baler page 22 road Kill page 22 hint of lime page 23 plant energy page 24 App searchers page 25 flag of 1812 page 26 buck’s elbow pub page 27 cam scot page 28 olympic rule page 29 gator nemesis page 30 awards page 32 flicks page 34 crossword page 35 ABT Gala page 39
CVFD ladder truck evacuates Mountainside residents without power for the elevators.
Crozet Celebrations Canceled After Storm Rampages Through “It’s total devastation for Crozet,” summed up Crozet Volunteer Fire Department Chief Preston Gentry as daylight spread June 30. He was still on the go Saturday morning, having worked emergencies all over the area through the night. Some of the firefighters were just moving on momentum at that point. No one around had heard or felt shock wave winds like those of the night before. No one could call to mind a wind so singlemindedly lat-
eral in force. It raged through after nightfall at cruise missile height, twisting off tree trunks, popping off limbs, parching all it left behind. When it had passed, everywhere nature was dark and dread of the strange sky lingered. Parade organizers gathered early at the park and found the first pavilion resting pancake flat on its trusses. The telephone poles it once stood on were snapped off. There would be no continued on page 20
An unknown buyer purchased the 18.7acre J.B. Barnes Lumber Company in downtown Crozet at auction June 27. Foreclosure trustee Suzanne Thomas of the Lenhart Obenshain law firm in Charlottesville said the buyer’s identity will not be known until the sale is finalized and a deed recorded, which must happen by July 27 or the property goes to the secondhighest bidder. She declined to reveal the buyer’s identity. Three bidders presented Thomas with cashier’s checks for $50,000, qualifying them to bid on the real estate. When the time came, though, only two bidders contested for the parcels. Keith Woodard of Woodard Properties stayed in the bidding up to the $1.85 million mark. He had Katurah Roell, who has put out a plan for developing the site, at his elbow. The mysterious buyer was apparently represented by an agent who steadily stepped up his bid. That man declined to identify himself to reporters and after settling the deposit with the lawyers, drove away, politely but firmly tight-lipped. No one recognized him. His Ford pickup bore a Hanover County tax sticker. Heatwole Auction Team of Harrisonburg, featuring auctioneers Dick and Rick Heatwole, handled the sale. continued on page 17
Archeological Dig Confirms Irish Village in Greenwood A cluster of what are now farm buildings on the Pollak Vineyard in Greenwood were dwellings for Irish workers who chiseled their way through Afton Mountain to build the Blue Ridge Tunnel in the 1850s. A summer archeology field school led by University of Maryland anthropology professor Stephen Brighton methodically investigated the site and at a layer about 12 to 18
inches below the surface found evidence of habitation during the time frame of the tunnel’s construction. While they did not find a single “smoking gun” artifact, such as an intact small clay pipe of the type the Irish were known to favor, they found parts of one as well as other corroborating ceramics. There were disappointments at the continued on page 10
build crozet l ibrary
“Join me in making a donation toward furnishing the new Crozet/Western Albemarle Library.”
Chair of Albermarle County Board of Supervisors Ann Mallek
Now it’s your turn to... Be Par t o f th e Story Now that the library building is underway, it’s up to us to build from the inside out. We are raising funds for all the things that make a building a library: books, shelves, chairs, tables and desks, A/V equipment... All things we will use in the new library next year.
It’s what’s inside that counts.
Donate today at: buildcrozetlibrary.org/give
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Crozet gazette the
Published on the first Thursday of the month by The Crozet Gazette LLC, P.O. Box 863, Crozet, VA 22932.
www.crozetgazette.com © The Crozet Gazette
Michael J. Marshall, Publisher and Editor email@example.com | 434-466-8939 Allie M. Pesch, Art Director and Ad Manager firstname.lastname@example.org | 434-249-4211 Louise Dudley, Editorial Assistant email@example.com
Offices in Charlottesville, Crozet and Ruckersville
CONTRIBUTING WRITERS: John Andersen, Connor Andrews, Clover Carroll, Marlene Condon, Elena Day, Phil James, Kathy Johnson, Charles Kidder, Dirk Nies, Robert Reiser, Heidi Sonen, Roscoe Shaw
Don’t miss any of the hometown news everybody else is up on. Pick up a free copy of the Crozet Gazette at one of many area locations or have the Crozet Gazette delivered to your home or dorm room. Mail subscriptions are available for $25 for 12 issues. Send a check to Crozet Gazette, P.O. Box 863, Crozet, VA 22932.
From the Editor Back to The Virginia Way The restoration of Teresa Sullivan as president of the University of Virginia is a remarkable victory for the owners of the university—you and me and all other Virginians— but at best marks the end of the beginning of what will amount to a culture war over the fate of the institution. What was most threatened was not the person of the president. Nor was the danger from the “flaws” in the procedure of dismissal, sneaky and nasty though they were. What was menaced and traduced was the essential idea of the University, the ideals of liberal education for citizenship and the enlightened academic vision Jefferson realized in creating the University. What emerged clearly from the firing was the agenda that drove it, and we confront starkly the question of whether the University will have a fundamentally corporate character—this view has been infiltrating higher education for 20 years now—or a traditionally scho-
July 2012 lastic one. It was for this reason that political stripes did not appear among the enflamed believers in the mission of the University. The issue does not admit Democrat or Republican points of view on it; the idea of the University transcends partisanship. The University community and the general public rallied to Sullivan’s side because they believed that she had been fired for defending their idea of the University. Some people have been trying to get universities (and to some degree local public schools) to wear a business suit for a long time, and they just won’t fit because corporations and universities are different creatures. The raw material of universities—students—cannot be commodified. Each is a subject, not an object. Therefore education institutions have their own logic that is not premised on conformity. The University is wasteful and blundering every day, but it is not made wrong. Further, the University is not the property of the men and women who are given the privilege to serve as its trustees. Its “brand,” its reputation, is not theirs to barter away
on faddish hype about digital tools or for teases of largess from corporate owners of online education platforms. Rich donors to the University, however besotted they may be with their personal sense of prerogative, do not acquire proprietary authority over U.Va. by making a gift to it. It belongs to us and we will pass it intact to our heirs. The shabby conspiracy that attempted to remove Sullivan, after months of private intrigue among organizers on the Board of Visitors, and apparently involving influential, self-important alumni who later preferred to retreat into the shadows, had to confront its dishonorable character the moment it achieved it first tactical goal, coercing Sullivan’s resignation. Once in the glare of public inspection, it showed off all the style of a corporate boardroom coup, plotted out by people who believe business school cant about “leadership” and “dynamism.” Never make the mistake of falling for your own jargon and opaque platitudes. “Dragas:” read one sign at an early rally on the Lawn, “You failed your Machiavelli final.” continued on page 23
To the Editor Letters reflect the opinions of their authors and not necessarily those of the Crozet Gazette.
Route 810 Repaving I am staggered by what I think must be one of the worst judgement calls in the wake of the recent storm. A road repaving project between Crozet and Whitehall (Rt 810) continued without interruption after the storm had passed. Basically, a long convoy of dump trucks with hot asphalt, the spreading machine, various utility vehicles and work crews move at a snail’s pace as the new surface is laid down and rolled. One lane traffic is routed in alternate directions past the convoy as it inches along. This might be a tolerable inconvenience under normal circumstances, but the blockage of traffic in the midst of a storm clean up makes no sense whatsoever. The crews seemed indifferent to partial blockage of the road by fallen trees. Instead of removing the debris, they paved right along the narrow lane that went though the entangled trunks, limbs and other vegetation. The project caused long travel continued on page 6
The Evening Menu
The Appellation Trail & da Luca Café & Wine Bar Present “Tapas on the Trail” An evening of fine wines and food pairings July 21st 6 - 9 pm
Asiago Crisp Salad with Garlic Confit, Cucumber Spaghetti, and Balsamic Vinaigrette White Hall Pinot Gris, 2010 Moroccan Curry Hummus with Fresh Grilled Pita White Hall Gewurztraminer, 2009 Glass House Viognier, 2011 Artichoke Gratin with Local Crostini Stinson Chardonnay, 2010 Spanish Meatballs in Tomato and Olive Sauce Glass House Twenty-First, 2010 Mountfair Engagement, 2010 Citrus Poached Shrimp over Crisp Polenta Cake and Pancetta Cream Sauce Mountfair Cabernet Franc, 2010 Shaved NY Strip Slider with Gorgonzola Aioli and Balsamic Glazed Onions Stinson Meritage, 2010
$45 per person (price includes food, wine tastings during meal- does not include tax)
A PPELLATION T RAIL
On this evening the Four Appellation Trail Wineries will converge at the Glass House Winery serving their artisan wines paired with locally prepared tapas by the acclaimed Chef Josh Naber of da Luca Café & Wine Bar.
For reservations, visit
http://wineshop.stinsonvineyards.com For directions to Glass House call: 434-975-0094 5898 Free Union Rd, Free Union VA
Crozet Library Groundbreaking Gold-painted shovels pitched away divots of heaped ceremonial clay in the climactic moment of the Crozet library groundbreaking June 26. The 20,000-square-foot, $5.8 million urban-feeling building is happening. A genial crowd of about 250 library wellwishers came out in the comfortable weather to witness
the tape fall at the finish line. But the real news flash was the announcement that the Friends of the Library, the group that organizes the used books sales at the Gordon Avenue Branch and which every year gives the library system $100,000, had for the last three years squirreled away money and
Friends of the Library President Fran Feigert, Peter McIntosh, Friends Treasurer (center), and Bill Schrader, Crozet Library Fund Raising Chair, with a check for $100,000.
From left: John Halliday, J-MRL director; Crozet librarian Wendy Saz; Tom Morgan of Martin Brothers Construction of Roanoke; Library architect Melanie Hennigan; White Hall Supervisor Ann Mallek; J-MRL board president Tim Tolson; county project manager Ron Lilley; fundraising chair Bill Schrader; and County Executive Tom Foley
now could present $100,000 to the Build Crozet Library fundraising cause. Friends president Fran Feigert passed a ceremonial check to fundraising committee chair Bill Schrader. “We raised this dollar by dollar,” she told him emphatically. The Crozet committee started with $135,000 in the bank and has set out to raise $1.6 million for furnishings, computers, books, DVDs and other content, basically every-
thing indoors that makes the library useable. That leaves $1.36 million to go. After Boy Scout Troop 79’s color guard smartly presented the flags, White Hall Supervisor Ann Mallek told the crowd, “This is about partnerships working for years and years. I’m thrilled to close that chapter. Next year, we’ll have a new library for all of western Albemarle.” She challenged the kids around Crozet to set a new library summer
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July 2012 ago, Tolson noted. “The critical importance of libraries in a community is in providing free access to knowledge,” he said. He offered a quote from the era when community libraries formed in America: a library is “a lighthouse on the great sea of time.” Noting the impending sale of the J. Bruce Barnes Lumber Company next door, Tolson said, “Our presence here declares that a new chapter in downtown Crozet starts today.” Schrader asked the crowd to think about what happens inside the library. The 10-member committee he chairs, he said, is not composed of professional fundraisers, but ordinary good citizens. “It’s
reading record. County Executive Tom Foley thanked the county staff and praised them for their success. Foley said the library is “about redevelopment through master planning.” He mentioned projects the county has undertaken for Crozet, such as the storm water ponds and the planned street improvements. Tim Tolson, departing now as president of the Jefferson-Madison Regional Library Board, his 10 years on the board over, thanked the supervisors for awarding the money and complimented his fellow Crozetians for their determination, since 1995, in getting the library to happen. Crozet citizens organized the town’s first library 100 years
The new Crozet Library design
JULY 2012 sun
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Nancy Virginia Bain, who has seen everything that happened in Crozet for several decades, came to the microphone to emcee the shovel-wielding phase. “What a blessed day,” she said. “The Lord is shining on us. It’s such a happy, happy day. It’s so exciting.” She was all vitality and cheer. Dignitaries gathered in a semicircle, scooped and scattered. Heavy equipment was operating at the scene in two days. The new library is expected to open next summer.
an outreach,” he said. “We are doing the hard work behind the scenes.” J-MRL Director John Halliday predicted that our posterity will be grateful for our foresight in building the new building. “As the years go by, people will be impressed by what the building says about the values of this community,” he said. “This is an investment in the future. We are providing a resource for those who come after us.” Alluding to a Crozet Christmas parade sign, he said, “Today we move the library from the fiction shelf to the nonfiction shelf.”
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Kyle Thomas Album Debut at Crozet Baptist Church July 6 Resurrection Guitar, the newly released album of the original music of Kyle Thomas, will have its public debut at Crozet Baptist Church Friday, July 6, at 7 p.m. “Double Helix,” Kyle’s guitar/trumpet duet with John D’earth, director of jazz performance at the University of Virginia and artist-in-residence at Virginia Commonwealth University, will also be featured. D’earth described Thomas’s music as “deeply improvisational and free form, in the tradition of jazz-rock and avant-garde jazz that gave rise to the jam-band movement. It has that jazz-rock intensity and that blues coloration.” He called Thomas “a raw, natural talent who organized his music around deep feelings.” Thomas has been described as a “one-man jam band.” He played guitar unaccompanied using live phrase looping that allowed him to play and record multiple lines of music simultaneously. A graduate of Murray High School, Thomas grew up in Crozet and studied guitar with local musician Dean Musser. In 2005 he was lead guitarist for the band Rains. He is guitarist and backup vocalist on their 2005 album, Rains Stories. Thomas died March 23, 2010, at age 29. He had been teaching guitar and playing with other musicians in Delray Beach, Florida. After his death his parents, Roy and Jane Thomas, found twenty tapes of Kyle’s original music in a box in his closet. For 18 months, Kyle’s father worked with local sound engineer James McLaughlin
to edit and remaster the music. The memorial album contains 25 original songs, including two unique improvisations on Trey Anastasio/ Phish’s “Bathtub Gin.” D’earth said, “Kyle was a pure artist in that he created his music from love, alone. We have an expression whose only reason for existing is the private passion of the artist, a rare and beautiful thing. It takes a certain amount of self-overcoming to share one’s intimate vision with the world and Kyle died before he was able to deal with that point. His father has done that for him as a celebration of his life and homage to his musical gift.” At the debut, Roy Thomas will reflect on Kyle’s life and music, playing Double Helix and other songs from Resurrection Guitar. Copies of the album, which includes a 16-page booklet with photographs, will be available. Thomas’s music is available at kylethomas1.bandcamp.com. There is a Kyle Thomas Resurrection Guitar page on Facebook where family, friends, and fans can interact.
To the Editor Greenwood —continued from page 3 Designer Selected delays, producing a huge challenge those whose medical problems to Show at Virginia for were worsened by the heat, and those attempting to transport ice Fashion Week Mariah Clark of Greenwood and designer/owner of Mariah Amine Couture in Waynesboro has been selected to show her couture collection during Virginia Fashion Week 2012. Clark’s boutique showcases her handbag line (launched in 2009) and her ready-to-wear collections (first released in 2011) as well as other hand-crafted items. A graduate of Western Albemarle High School and Virginia Tech’s Apparel Department, Clark received the International Textile and Apparel Association’s Paris American Academy 2007 Scholarship Award. She studied fashion and couture sewing techniques in Paris in 2008. She is the daughter of Loi Patkin and Paul Clark. Virginia Fashion Week will take place in Norfolk October 17-21.
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and water to their homes or to others in need, not to mention utility trucks which also had to wait in line. Heaven forbid that fire and rescue personnel would have had to navigate around this rolling roadblock. My understanding is that the contractor continued the work so as to complete the project by the contract’s deadline. But certainly the State could have, and should have, instructed them to cease operations until normal conditions prevailed. Any contract deadline could have been extended owing to the circumstances. Why this was NOT done escapes me. Citizens, emergency services, the utility crews and others performed and cooperated remarkably well under adverse conditions. There is no reasonable explanation for the additional burden imposed by what is arguably an unnecessary project in the first place, and there is no possible explanation for allowing it to continue during emergency recovery operations. Or otherwise, if credible reasons for this monumental example of flawed judgement do exist, I, and others, would be keenly interested in knowing what they are.
On Rt. 250, in Ivy 434-817-4044 SRNB.com
Ask the Experts: Atrial Fibrillation
A Better Beat. A Better Life. Join UVA Experts for a Free Community Lecture Don’t miss the chance to hear UVA experts answer frequently asked questions about atrial fibrillation and provide you with tips for managing this heart rhythm disorder. Enjoy convenient parking and light refreshments at this FREE community event. Wednesday, July 18 6-7:30 p.m. UVA Specialty Care Augusta Cardiology 57 Beam Lane Fishersville, VA 22939
Featuring UVA Heart Rhythm Experts: Andrew Darby, MD John DiMarco, MD Register Today Friends and family are welcome
Call 540.213.9559 or visit uvahealth.com/heartlecture
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at The Lodge at Old Trail
The Third Thursday of every month will bring a new and interesting event to The Lodge at Old Trail. Our Third Thursday programs offer a wide range of topics, many with a local flair. These events are not just for an older audience; your entire family is invited. All Third Thursdays are held at The Lodge at Old Trail, are open to the public and usually free of charge. Light refreshments and beverages will be served. Reservations are required for each event.
The History of the Claudius Crozet Railroad Tunnels Come Tr yO HOME ur Famous FRIED MADE CHICK EN!
Thursday, July 19, 2012 • 5:30 pm
Join this presentation and discussion by Clann Mhór, a non-profit research organization studying the history of the Blue Ridge Railroad. Learn why (and how!) this tunnel structure became known as one of the engineering wonders of the modern world.
The Stinging Effect of the Environmental and Cultural Impact of Bees
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MON. - SAT. 5 am – 10 pm SUNDAY 6 am – 9 pm
Route 250 • Next to Western Albemarle High School • Crozet • 434-823-5251
Thursday, August 16, 2012 • 5:30 pm
The story of a diminishing bee population is making headlines. Come and learn fact from fiction about the impact of bees on our food, flowers, farming and more. Could bee keeping be in your future? Join us to find out more about what we all can do to help.
Crozet Culinary Competition for Charity Thursday, September 20, 2012 • 5:30 pm Join The Lodge at Old Trail and King Family Vineyards as local chefs from several area restaurants compete in this fun culinary challenge. An evening of great local food and wine, tickets are $20.00 per person in advance and $25.00 at the door. A portion of the proceeds will be donated to several Crozet-area charitable organizations.
RSVP- 434.823.9100 or firstname.lastname@example.org 330 Claremont Lane, Crozet, Virginia
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upcoming community events July 14 & 16
Literarcy Volunteers of Charlottesville/ Albemarle New Tutor Training
Literacy Volunteers of Charlottesville/Albemarle will hold new tutor training sessions July 14 from 9:30 a.m. to 2:30 p.m. and July 16 from 5:30 to 8:30 p.m. Both sessions are required. Tutors help an adult in reading, writing and speaking English. Students come from many backgrounds and there is a waiting list of students looking for help. No teaching or tutoring experience is necessary. Call 977-3838 for more information or to register.
Atrial Fibrillation Lecture
UVA cardiology experts Andrew Darby, MD, and John DiMarco,
MD will give a free lecture, “A Better Beat. A Better Life,” at UVA Specialty Care–Augusta Cardiology in Fishersville on Wednesday, July 18, from 6 to 7:30 p.m. The doctors will answer frequently asked questions about atrial fibrillation and share tips for managing this heart rhythm disorder. Convenient parking available and light refreshments provided. Call 540-213-9559 or visit uvahealth.com/heartlecture for more information.
Virginia Southern Gospel Jubilee
The 11th Annual Virginia Southern Gospel Jubilee, hosted by Pentecostal Outreach Church, will be held July 19, 20 and 21 in Glen Maury Park on Maury River Drive in Buena Vista. Special guests this year include Driven Quartet, The Hinson Group, and Ashley Repass on July 19; Primitive Quartet, Heirline, and
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Our friendly church invites you to worship with us. Sunday School • 10 a.m. Traditional Worship Service • 11 a.m. Rev. Sam Kellum, Pastor 4281 Old Three Notch’d Road Charlottesville (Crozet), 22901 Travel 2 miles east of the Crozet Library on Three Notch’d Rd. (Rt. 240), turn left onto Old Three Notch’d Rd., go 0.5 mile to Mountain Plain Baptist Church
The Cornetts on July 20; and Mike and Kelly Bowling, Anchormen Quartet, and The Pentecostal Outreach Church Choir on July 21. Admission is free to all three evenings of professional southern gospel singing and music, but a freewill offering will be received. For more information, call Pastor Larry Clark at 540-261-2556 or go to the event’s website, www. VaSouthernGospelJubilee.com.
SNP Neighbor Appreciation Day Shenandoah National Park will waive entrance fees July 21 for residents of Albemarle, Augusta, Greene, Madison, Nelson, Page, Rappahannock, Rockingham and Warren Counties. “We encourage our neighbors to enjoy a day with their friends and families and get to know their park better,” said park superintendent Martha Bogle. Shenandoah Neighbors’ Day is an annual event. Local visitors on the fee-free day should be prepared to provide proof of residency by showing their
Virginia driver’s license. For information about park activities go to http://www.nps.gov/ shen or call the park at 540-9993500.
Reunion of Jackson & Thomas Families
A reunion of Jackson and Thomas families, hosted by the families of Arkward, Boston, Colemon, Harris, Jackson and Washington, is set for July 27-29 in Waynesboro. Lodging is arranged at the Best Western Conference Center off Interstate 64 exit 94. Activities will begin Friday morning at the West African Village at the Frontier Culture Museum located in Staunton. A family reunion cookout will be held at Ridgeview Park on Magnolia Avenue in Waynesboro July 28. A memorial service will be held at the families’ home church, Piedmont Baptist Church in Yancey Mills, at 11 a.m. on July 29. For more information, call Joyce Colemon at 540-943-2312 or Brenda Arkward at 540-949-7254.
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Come to the Shed!
New Ivy Station Needs Volunteers The new Ivy fire station, which will open next July in the former Kirtley warehouse on Rte. 250 (between U.Va.’s new Transitional Care Hospital and Volvo of Charlottesville), needs 24 volunteer firefighters. Volunteers are being sought now especially so that they can enroll in the Firefighter I training course, a seven-month-long session that will begin in mid-August, said Bob Larsen, a life member of the Crozet Volunteer Fire Department, who is serving as a volunteer recruitment coordinator. The station, which will be designated as number 15, will combine volunteer and paid firefighters. The county will pay for eight career firefighters, among them the station captain, who will also be an advanced life support paramedic. “One person on the truck will always be a paramedic,” Larsen explained. Three-man paid crews will work the Monday through Friday 6 a.m. to 6 p.m. shift. Volunteers will take the overnight and weekend shifts.
They will be assigned to shifts that fit their schedules, Larsen said. U.Va., which holds a 15-year renewable lease on the Kirtley building, is bearing the cost of the space. The station will open with one engine, but it has a second bay and can accommodate another vehicle. A tanker might be desirable because much of the area served does not have hydrants in it. Ivy station will have a day room, kitchen, bath/locker rooms, bunk rooms, administrative offices and a workout room. The Ivy station’s home range will extend from University Heights on Rt. 250 to Morgantown, Owensville and Garth Roads. Most of the area is served by the Charlottesville/ Albemarle Rescue Squad, rather than the Western Albemarle Rescue Squad. The move to open Ivy was decided by the Albemarle Board of Supervisors in December and was precipitated by Charlottesville’s decision to build a $17 million home for Station 10 on Fontaine Avenue. Station 10 is currently next
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to the U.Va. police headquarters and that site will close when the new Station 10 opens next summer. The shift would add four to seven minutes to response times to locations in Ivy and thus would jack up insurance bills for Ivy homeowners, Larsen explained. The station is expected to respond to 800 calls a year. Volunteers must meet state training standards. After finishing Firefighter I, Larsen hopes some volunteers will go on for EMT-P training. Once the training academies are done, recruits will ride along with other crews to gain experience before the Ivy station opens. Station 15 will also have a seven-person oversight board. Larsen said so far 18 people have expressed interest but, given likely attrition during training, he said he would prefer to have 30 volunteers. Volunteers do not take on any expenses, he said. Training, clothing and gear are provided. Another
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$300,000 will be needed to hire paid firefighters if not enough volunteers sign on, Larsen said. Two volunteers at CVFD have said they will help, but they intend to keep their membership at Crozet. Larsen said he expects about half of those who volunteer will eventually seek jobs with the county fire continued on page 17
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Archeology —continued from page 1
dig, too, especially in the interior of what Brighton believes was a small stone cabin duplex that reflects Irish building styles. One of the team’s first goals was to excavate the presumed location of the cabin’s shared central chimney. But not far into the delicate job of shaving away soil in paper-thin layers, the students discovered a deep concrete box, two-feet wide and six feet long. That spot had been dug up to install a mechanics pit for working under vehicles. Any remains from the 1850s were gone. That discovery also explained why the east end wall of the cabin had been knocked out to create an opening large enough to be a garage door. To do a methodical and scientific investigation of the site, Brighton established a grid system overlay for it using a laser transit. The main axis ran down a farm driveway between stone buildings. Originally, it seems to have been the central lane of the settlement. From that base line Brighton extended the grid 20 meters east and west and plotted
out a checkerboard of square meter “units.” Using ground-penetrating radar images that suggested where anomalous objects seemed to be buried and also deductions from existing features, certain locations were chosen for excavation. “This whole area is a piece of graph paper to me and each square has coordinates,” explained Brighton. “Everything is in the grid, so when I get back to my office I’ll have it all in scale. It will take months in the office to analyze the data and organize it.” Six University of Maryland students had signed on for the six-week dig—they earned six credits for it— as well as a graduate student in archeology from the College of William and Mary. “The students are learning not to use computers, but to do it from basic principles,” said Brighton. “They can do unit locations now just by doing the geometry. “The ultimate purpose is that it is reproducible. That’s science. If an archeologist comes back 30 years from now that benchmark will be there. They could set up and they should see every unit and they should be able to reproduce what
University of Maryland student Ben Groce
we did. The first week is always hectic until we get control of the site.” Brighton stressed careful measurement to the students. “It’s real important. I try to hammer on it. They think they are doing it over and over, I know. But this is science. It has to be recorded in detail.” Brighton has been doing archeology for 20 years. “Sometimes I think I can’t face being out in the sun, but I still show up.” His spe-
cialty is sites related to the Irish diaspora after the potato famine in the 1840s. The first unit dug was in the location with the most enticing radar image. “It turned out to be concrete,” said Brighton. “We don’t know why it is there. It might be a footing. A greenhouse used to be here.” Brighton called Dan Walsh, who had done the radar survey with him
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last summer, to tell him. “He laughed. He knows what it feels like.” The next intriguing radar image suggested a building foundation in the lower part of the site near a creek. “We never found it,” he said. “The unit started filling with water. We did one meter and two-meter units. It’s a mystery. At 30 centimeters, the ground water level is really high. Construction over time on a site changes the way groundwater moves. The kids looked like they were in World War I in mud. The
Unit in progress
Left: parts of a clay pipe of a style favored by the Irish; Right: a teacup base
units would never dry out and it got to be not worth it. Whatever it is, it’s under water. You have to come to grips with reality. So we shifted gears. “I had thought there were two cabins making up the large barn [still in use], but it turns out it’s always been one long building. It was a barracks-style building with a walkway along it. It seems like workmen’s quarters to me.” All the Irish stone structures were one story tall and had low-pitched shed roofs on them. Regular gable roofs replaced them some time later. “Census data show that two
groups were here in the 1850s,” Brighton explained. “We know of two households of Irish with children who had been in the United States less than a year. They probably came into New York or Baltimore and then were recruited to come down here. Women came to do service work. If you follow the list of the census, it goes from property to property [through Greenwood]. It seems to be running right through here. There’s the Collins Family, with William as the head and Ellen. Both were born in Ireland. The second family is the Mahoneys, Jeremiah and Judy and
three children under age 10. All Irish. “It was not uncommon for two families to live in the same place. You see it in row houses in Baltimore. The second unit seems to be all women and children. No occupations are given. The ages are 16 to 43. In camp settings where you find that the first reaction is brothel. But here they could be widows and women whose fathers and brothers are working on the rails and living in the shanties along the tracks. They worked as laundresses and cooks; they grew the gardens continued on page 12
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In foreground, from left, students David Owen and Andrew Walker are joined by Clann Mhór member Dan Burke in measuring the location of a building corner.
and raised pigs. Because it’s next to two families, I think it’s not a brothel. It’s for people moving up the line. The beauty of archeology is that there is no historical record where you’re working. We’re work-
ing on a mystery. Aside from the payroll documents, the only marks they left behind are the tunnels. “If there is any money anywhere it’s with the single men up on the mountain in the shanties. That’s a
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lethal workplace. The families come down here to live. The women provide the structure for that and maintain the households. “We know a priest came from Staunton to the area and I believe the Irish cemetery [about 200 yards west from the village] is consecrated ground. In that religious climate, Irish would not have been buried with slaves.” Brighton speculated that the village was a place where men with trade skills, such as blacksmiths, made things that were needed to dig the tunnel. The barracks building is about 30 feet wide by 60 feet long. “It’s amazing how they have it in thirds,” said Brighton. “This is the game-changer room,” he said, standing in the central space. “These hewn beams [supporting the roof ] are probably original.” He pointed out a window now half buried by an embankment that perhaps contains the rubble of a demolished building. The Irish buildings were dry-laid and did not have foundations. The walls are simply stacked on top of the ground, a sign they were expected to be temporary. “So this looks like three or four buildings on an intersection,” said Brighton. “All the doors face south. It’s a little street grid and it’s centrally located for all the work of the next eight years. Walking a mile was nothing to them. It’s below the Brooksville tunnel where bricks were needed and close to the Brooksville Inn where Crozet was
living. This is probably rental housing for workers who had other jobs than blasting or tunneling or laying track.” Slightly south of the village, where a main road of the day passed, is another stone cabin, apparently meant for a single family. It is now attached as a wing on a 19th-century farm house. This structure includes what seems to be an office and Brighton thinks it was a superintendent’s house. “He can see everything that’s going on from here.” The digging turned up charred animal bones, and the remains of cooking. Brighton will consult a fellow expert, a zooarcheologist, on what they say about the diet of the Irish. “The workers don’t complain about the food. They complain about not being paid. The tunnel was built on the canal company model. One main individual was doing the whole job and from him the money trickles down. Everybody gets a taste and a lot of it disappears. The guys at the bottom get the smallest share and a promise about getting more later. For them it’s about just staying hired. Railroads are transient labor. [The workers’] footprint almost doesn’t exist. Here is unique because they are here for eight years. You get a good lens on their life because they left more.” An Irish immigrant named John Kelly (Kelly’s Cut, which modern trains still pass though, is named for him) was the main contractor. “The Brooksville tunnel kept falling in,” Brighton related. “Seventy feet of mountain once collapsed on them. Crozet wrote to Richmond and said that ‘where men are now, no craven would venture.’ Kelly somehow got the men to go back in.” Still, gleanings are small. Rockingham pottery and white graniteware, identifiable by their glazes, have been found, as well as a teacup base, molded glass from bottles and parts of a doll’s porcelain limb, proving the presence of children. Apparently the Irish had little they could afford to lose. Bone and small pieces of broken mid-19th century ceramics are about all they gave up on. “These people would mend broken ceramics,” said Brighton. Their technique involved drilling small holes in the broken pieces and then sewing them together. “I’m satisfied with what we’ve found. It’s been fun and if we knew the answers there wouldn’t be a reason to go looking. These bits we are
Crozet gazette finding are telling us their story. We don’t know much yet, but we will. It all ties into the large scope of American history and the expansion of the railroads. We’re frustrated that we haven’t found that one piece of evidence. It’s like fishing. Some days are good.” Brighton also had hopes for a small stone building that he speculated may have been a four-hole latrine. Archeologists like those sites because if people dropped something accidentally through the hole, they generally didn’t try to recover it. Good evidence can be found that way. An open pipe also extended out of the ground inside the door, which Brighton said sometimes indicates a vent for waste pits. Brighton set students to work at all such suspect areas. But two units inside the shed-size building, carefully scraped and sifted, turned up nothing, and the building’s purpose remains a mystery. Student archeologists advanced about 18 centimeters a day (about 7 inches) in their excavations. They dig until they reach what is called “sterile soil.” Joining the students as a volunteer was Amanda Morrison of Greenwood, a sophomore at Western Albemarle High School. “I
July 2012 found out about it through a neighbor,” she said. “They allowed me to come.” She worked on units outside the door of the cabin where sweepings from the dirt floors are sometimes deposited. “Everyone here is self-motivated,” Brighton said about the tedious tasks done under the roasting sun. “So it’s been easy.” Students went into the Waynesboro side of the tunnel and explored it. “It made it real to me, what we are looking for. It actually happened,” said Shelby Van Santan. “The drill holes going up into the ceiling are crazy. Those people must have been crazy strong [to hammer star drills over their heads].” State Archeologist Mike Barber came for a tour of the site, and he and Brighton compared ideas about what they saw. The site is unique in Virginia, which has little that relates to the Irish immigration. Virginia archeology tends to be focused on the colonial period. Clann Mhor, the group of local citizen-scholars who first undertook to research the tunnel’s construction, also sponsored an Irish music festival at Pollak Vineyard June 24, where the public saw items discovered in the dig and talked to
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Amanda Morrison and Jackie Whipple investigate outside a cabin door.
Brighton. He also gave a talk to the Crozet Community Advisory Council at its June meeting, and Supervisor Ann Mallek’s summer science campers also visited the dig. Brighton will organize another summer field school for next year that will focus on a brick kiln location nearby, where he does not expect to find much, and also on a promising array of terraces built on the slope above the tracks near the tunnel opening in Afton. The terraces seem to have been built from
rock removed from the tunnel. Brighton’s theory is that the Irish created level spots near the shanties to plant vegetable gardens. The terraces thus indicate the locations of shanties, and Brighton is excited to have a shanty town to explore because their locations are usually so transient as to be not traceable. He has permission from the landowners to do the work and intends to return during the winter to inspect the site and plan next summer’s grid.
Sourwood Looking for a small- to medium sized tree that flowers in early summer, retains its attractive flower stalks until early fall, and then develops brilliant fall color? The sourwood (Oxydendrum arboreum) fits the bill and can find a place in almost any landscape. Sometimes known as Sorrel Tree or Lily-of-the-Valley Tree, sourwood is the single member of the Heath family—which includes azaleas and rhododendrons—achieving tree stature in our area. Its small, cream-colored flowers appear on gracefully drooping racemes in early summer, attracting bees and yielding the distinctive sourwood honey.
Individual flowers are small, but thousands will cover a tree with a veil of white. Even as the flowers fade, their yellowish stalks and fruits remain ornamental for several weeks. Sourwood leaves are 3” to 8”, elongated and somewhat glossy. A rich green in summer, in fall they turn varying shades of red, purple and yellow, often on the same tree. Even the bark on mature sourwoods is ornamental, a warm brownish gray, divided into deep, blocky furrows. As someone interested in plant geography, that is, the natural distribution of plants rather than where they can be grown in gardens, I’m always pondering where plants grow. And where they don’t grow. Sourwood is a somewhat puzzling example. Its range stretches from southwest Pennsylvania down to the
Sourwood (Oxydendrum arboreum), a.k.a Sorrel or Lily-of-the-Valley Tree.
Florida Panhandle. It is generally found in hilly areas, so is most abundant in the Piedmont and mountains. If you look at range maps of sourwood in Virginia, it grows from the Northern Neck, across the Piedmont through Albemarle County, skips the Shenandoah Valley, but then turns north through most of West Virginia. So, it does grow around here, yet I’ve seen very few in the wild. I do recall seeing one or two on the Blue Ridge Parkway, as well as a conspicuous individual along Miller School Road. (Look for it on the right as you head south, just as you cross over the Interstate. It is possible this particular tree was planted there before I-64 was concontinued on page 38
by Phil James email@example.com
Brown’s Gap Turnpike: A Legacy Highway Virginia Central, toward Meechum’s Station.” Mary Johnston’s novel of a century ago, The Long Roll, thus described the passage of the body of fallen Confederate cavalry commander Turner Ashby through Brown’s Gap into western Albemarle County. The previous evening Stonewall Jackson had paid his final respects to “The Black Knight of the Confederacy” inside the Kemper house in Port Republic. Ashby, who only weeks earlier had been appointed as brigadier general, was killed instantly while leading a cavalry charge on foot, his own steed just having been shot from under him. Completing their ascent of the Blue Ridge, the cortège accompanying the ambulance transporting the fallen warrior paused in Brown’s Gap. From their resting place, they could hear the distant cannon-fire on the battle lines at Cross Keys. A month earlier Gen. Jackson himself had followed the same mountain route, struggling alongside his nearly 17,000 troops up a road made almost impassable by relentless spring rains. Jackson soon surBrown’s Gap Turnpike was constructed 1805–1806 across prised even his closthe Blue Ridge Mountains by Brightberry Brown and William est aides when they Jarman. Their toll road provided a travel and shipping link discovered train cars between Rockingham County in the Shenandoah Valley and waiting at Mechum’s the Three-Notch’d Road (present US Rt. 250) at Mechum’s River in western Albemarle County. [Map courtesy of White Hall River to return them back to the Valley. Media] “Down and down they wound, from the cool, blowing air of the heights into the warm June region of red roads, shady trees and clear streams, tall wheat and ripening cherries, old houses and gardens. They were moving toward the
Bare feet and fancy mail-order footwear were kept dry in the early 1930s by this rustic footbridge. It was located alongside Brown’s Gap Turnpike near the house constructed by that road’s namesake builder. [Photo courtesy of Library of Congress, Photographs Division]
Thus had begun Jackson’s Valley Campaign which was, by then, coming to successful conclusion in the fertile fields around Cross Keys and Port Republic. That June day in 1862, however, a Virginia Central RR train stood waiting at Mechum’s River to transport Turner Ashby’s body to Charlottesville where, following a brief vigil at the Rotunda, his remains were interred in a temporary grave in the University of Virginia Cemetery. The tender passions for that fallen soldier had been evident in those who witnessed his long journey along the route to that place. Home, family ties, scenic views, history and adventure are only a handful of the reasons why people become passionate about a particular stretch of roadway. When Earl Hamner, the popular novelist and screenwriter, returns from the West Coast to his central Virginia roots, his heart quickens as he turns his car east from Route 29 onto Route 6 and follows the Rockfish River to his boyhood village of Schuyler. In the eastern US, millions annually go out of their way to travel a slower pace along the 105 miles of Shenandoah National Park’s famed
Skyline Drive and the Blue Ridge Parkway’s accompanying 469 miles connecting Shenandoah with Great Smoky Mountains National Park. So, what of Brown’s Gap and its storied turnpike? Native people of the Monacan Confederacy were said to have approached the Piedmont first from the west, passing through the mountain gaps and forcing their perceived enemies eastward toward the coast. Hunters’ points and workers’ stone implements still can be found occasionally along the traditional Native American routes. Early in the 20th century, a “massive mortar” was discovered in the Brown’s Cove area of Albemarle County and was removed to a museum. The mortar lends credence to the belief that some groups of early Native Americans sojourned in the region. Beginning in 1805, construction of a toll route through the Blue Ridge Mountains improved an old trail from the west originating in now Hardy County, West Virginia. Road builders Brightberry Brown and William Jarman were celebrated when the road formally opened in 1806. After Jarman sold his interest in 1819, the Browns continued to continued on page 16
Brown’s Gap —continued from page 15
maintain the thoroughfare between Grottoes in Rockingham County and Mechum’s River in Albemarle. They operated the gates until ravages during the Civil War made that task impossible. In 1867 the route became a public road. Generations of prosperous farmers in the Shenandoah Valley drove their cattle up the old turnpike to mountaintop pastures for the summer. Lush bluegrass once covered the parallel ridge stretching south from Brown’s Gap toward Sugar Hollow, naturally endowing it with the name of Pasture Fence Mountain. Families living in the mountains were hired to keep fences in good repair and watch over the livestock until they were driven back to the Valley farms in the fall. The Blue Ridges were increasingly peopled, and, by the mid1800s and early decades of the 1900s, many close-knit communities had been established in the
The left-hand half of this private home was constructed c.1818 by Brightberry Brown. His descendants say that he operated a traveler’s ordinary and collected turnpike tolls here. [Photo courtesy of Ann Early Shelton]
upper mountains. Churches from the lowlands established mission outposts and elementary grade schools. Numerous barefooted children first recited their A-B-Cs and learned to cipher in simple school buildings like the one used near
A westward view c.1910 up Brown’s Gap Turnpike as seen across the picket fence in Horace Nimrod Brown’s front yard. Civil War veteran H. N. Brown was a grandson of the Revolutionary War Patriot Brightberry Brown. [Photo courtesy of Ann Early Shelton]
Brown’s Gap. The establishment of Shenandoah National Park in 1936 forever altered the lives of these mountaineers. Many local governments as well as mountain dwellers believed that the coming of the park with its mountaintop highway would improve their lot with an additional transportation route and prosperity gleaned from the traveling public. But despite early promises that they could remain in their homes, the mountain people were forced to give up their property and to move off lands condemned by the State and then deeded to the US Department of Interior. Among the worst of the blows suffered by the people living in the eight Virginia counties bordering the park, though, was the decision to block all public and private roadways passing through park lands, except for two highway crossings that divide the park into approximate thirds. Most of the mountain roads were abandoned to return to nature. A few others, like the former Brown’s Gap Turnpike, were, and still are, minimally maintained and gated at the park border, allowing limited access for maintenance, fire fighting and recreational hiking. Picturesque waterfalls along Jones Run and Doyle’s River below Brown’s Gap in Albemarle County were highlighted in literature promoting the park. Hiking trails to access those enjoyments appeared on park maps. The Potomac Appalachian Trail Club eventually established a primitive overnight
cabin in that same area. For over 75 years, lovers of history, nature and outdoor recreation have enjoyed public access to Shenandoah National Park via the upper reaches of old Brown’s Gap Turnpike in Albemarle County. They have followed footprints left centuries ago along Route 629 which extends off Route 810, heading westward into the mountains towards Brown’s Gap. The Federal Court system has assured access, allowing for “... the full and free use of all the territory embraced within the [public] road in its full length and breadth.” So get outside, respect private property rights, and enjoy the legacies of this beautiful and interesting region!
Scenes of picturesque waterfalls in Brown’s Gap, including Doyle’s River Falls and Jones Run Falls, were used in early Shenandoah National Park promotions. [Photo from 1933 Shenandoah NP Souvenir Book]
Follow Secrets of the Blue Ridge on Facebook! Phil James invites contact from those who would share recollections and old photographs of life along the Blue Ridge Mountains of Albemarle County. You may respond to him through his website: www.SecretsoftheBlueRidge.com or at P.O. Box 88, White Hall, VA 22987. Secrets of the Blue Ridge © 2003–2012 Phil James
Barnes Auction —continued from page 1
Heatwole registered nearly 130 bidders for the tool auction, which numbered about 340 lots and took nearly all day. At noon, standing on a red box, Dick Heatwole read aloud the public notice of the land sale. The property sold “as is” and with no warranties. The buyer must remove the two sawdust-burning kilns and the dust collection system. The county assessed the property at $3.285 million, he noted. “I might take less today,” said Heatwole, who asked for opening bids at $3 million. When silence answered that suggestion, he dropped that plea by $100,000 notches. At $2.7 million, he said, “Give me an opening bid!” At $2.3 million, he said, “That’s a million dollar discount!” At $1.5 million, he lamented, “That’s half the assessment!” A bid of $300,000 was called out from the crowd. “This isn’t going the right way,” said Heatwole. But he came back
with a call for $400,000. A representative of the foreclosing bank, Union First Market, declared a bid of $1.4 million. From there the two bidders squared off, but within a couple minutes, Woodard was out. Heatwole sought another bidder, making three passes through the crowd while declaring the standing bid. No one spoke up. “Woodard was serious,” said Roell, “but he had his limit. That’s a high price.” Thomas said she expected more bidders to compete and a higher final price. “Given the risk, it’s probably worth 1.9 [million],” said Chris Lee of Piedmont Development Group. “But you’ve got to get it rezoned.” Former lumberyard owner Carroll Conley said of the mystery buyer, “I’ve never seen him before. He got a real buy.” Conley and his wife, Donna, joined by their daughter Candy and son-in-law Mike Maupin, watched from the back. “I don’t think I’ll get a dime,” said Conley of his pros-
Ivy’s New Fire and Rescue —continued from page 9
pects. He was hoping it would go for its tax value. “It’s the sale of the century for Crozet,” noted Freeman Allen. “An heirloom business in town is gone.”
department. “It’s definitely a family decision,” Larsen said, “because it takes time.” The training academy involves six night classes and two Saturdays during the month, with breaks around holidays. Larsen, who works for U.Va., now runs with the Monticello station on Friday nights for the sake of having a predictable schedule. He is also a state trainer at the fire academy, and his daughter is now working on a professional firefighting crew dispatched to fires throughout the west. “There is something about being part of a fire-fighting crew,” Larsen said. “I’m looking for men and women who have it in their hearts to help people. Being in the fire department gives people a sense of purpose and gratification.” Interested individuals should call 434-296-5833 or go online at www. joinalbemarle.org for additional information. DR. HILLARY COOK
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How Dogs Perceive the World Helen Keller, both deaf and blind since a toddler, went on to become a world famous speaker and author, advocating for people with disabilities and for a number of political causes. Even though she lacked the two most important and most refined of the human senses, she was able to use her mind and intellect to accomplish these goals. Conversely, the story of a wolf in the wild who was both deaf and blind would have had a much quicker and tragic end. We sometimes forget the major differences in the way we perceive our world and the way our dogs perceive it. As humans, although we have very good vision and pretty good hearing, it is mostly our intel-
lect which drives our survival and innovation. Now don’t be offended when I tell you your dog isn’t capable of higher thinking, but it’s true—he is but a simple-minded creature. Instead of relying on reason, logic, and forward thinking, his survival is directly linked to his senses and his instinct. His mind is not made for deep thought or contemplation, but rather simply to process his immediate surroundings and react. Take away his vision and his hearing and you have effectively taken away two- thirds of his intelligence. But that is not to say your dog is not smart. I find their sensory perception and their trust of their own natural animal instinct to be pretty incredible. Smell We simply cannot fathom how incredible the dog’s sense of smell is.
is ad a
A dog’s sense of smell is thought to be 1,000 times more sensitive than ours. Whereas we have about 5 million olfactory sensors in our nose, dogs have 100-300 million, depending on the breed! Also, although the dog brain tends to be about onetenth the size of ours, the region of their brain that processes smell is 40 times greater than ours. Consider the working dogs who can sniff out narcotics or explosives, or find survivors in the wreckage of some disaster. There are even dogs who have been trained to detect certain types of cancer by smell. Often while I’m walking my dogs around the block, there are a few choice spots they simply must stop and sniff. I feel like if I didn’t eventually pull them away, they could spend hours sniffing one spot. Where we humans see just a clump of our neighbor’s decorative grass, our dogs can smell an entire story. They can smell the urine of other dogs and are likely able to detect if they were male or female, strong or weak. They can probably smell and remember how those dogs’ urine has been changing, how often they come to this same grass, how their health is changing, perhaps what
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they’ve been eating. And it’s probably a no-brainer to them that some mice live beneath that grass, and bugs, and dirt… I can only imagine what my dogs think of me when I come home from work. I let them smell my pants and my shoes, telling the story of the pets I saw that day and much, much more. Hearing Dogs’ hearing is also better than ours, though less dramatic than our smell differences. The human hearing range is from about 20 Hz (low) to 20,000Hz (high), while a dog has a similar low end, but can hear frequencies up to 45,000Hz. Hence the dog whistles. Or why they may bark at the vacuum (it probably has a lot more sounds than we hear). Additionally, if you’ve ever had a dog with thunderstorm anxiety, you know that they can tell a storm is coming well before we can. Whether they actually have better low-end hearing or have the additional ability of sensing pressure changes better than we do is unclear. Testing a dog’s hearing has proven to be very difficult, since they don’t give us any feedback, but I think there is more to this sense than we yet know. Vision Although many aspects of human vision are superior to dogs’, they still hold some advantages. Our distance vision is generally better (we are at 20/20 while they are roughly 20/75) and our near vision is better as well. However, dogs have much better peripheral vision than we do since their eyes are located more on the sides of their faces. They also have much better night vision than we do—due to having both more low-light cells in their eyes and a reflective layer in their retina that gives them that eye shine at night. Although dogs are not truly colorblind, they tend to see colors more in shades of blue and yellow, with little ability to pick up greens and reds. Dogs can see images on the TV, but many also see a lot of flickering light as their flickering light resolution frequency is different from ours. One of our dogs never pays any attention to the TV, while the other goes crazy anytime there are other dogs on. When we compare the senses and intelligence of dogs and humans, it is easy to consider where one species is better or worse off than another. But I think it more appropriate to just marvel at the creation of the dog. A perfect blend of vision, hearing, and smell matched with a brain continued on page 35
Rachel Marshall & Matthew Browning
LeAnn Raines & Shea Hopkins LeAnn Raines and Shea Hopkins were united in marriage on June 5, 2012, on the beach in St. Lucia. LeAnn is the daughter of Lory Raines and Barry Lawson of Crozet. Shea is the son of Cindy Brand of Charlottesville and Mike Hopkins of Clarksville. The bride is a graduate of Western Albemarle High and is currently employed with UVA Health Systems. The groom is a graduate of Charlottesville High School and earned a Bachelor of Science degree from Old Dominion University. Shea is currently employed at Cableform Inc. in Palmyra. The newleyweds celebrated at Ashlawn Grille & Catering on June 16 with many friends and family, including the bride’s sisters, Shannon Raines, Sierra Raines and Savanna Lawson. The happy couple resides at their home in Palmyra.
Rachel Marshall and Matthew Browning, together with their families, are excited to announce their engagement. Rachel, the daughter of Lela and Richard Marshall of Crozet, is currently attending the University of Virginia. Matt, the son of Bernadette and Daniel Browning of Fluvanna, is attending school at Piedmont Virginia Community College. Rachel graduated from Western Albemarle High School, and Matthew was home-schooled. A May wedding is planned at Jefferson Park Baptist Church.
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Derecho —continued from page 1
parade. No town independence party. Hope was held out for a fireworks show, but the fire marshal regarded talk of it as delusional. Power officials told firefighters that the area would be without electricity, the life force of culture, for at least two days. Most western Albemarle residents went into their fourth day and they got irritable. At Mountainside Senior Living the CVFD’s ladder truck got its first emergency deployment and performed beautifully in evacuating residents who could not walk down the stairwells from the facility’s upper floors. Overtaxed by the 100-degree heat, residents were carried to Albemarle High School to be cool for the duration. They came home as soon as power was restored. The performance of the staff there was exceptional. Evacuating an assisted living facility with 100 residents is an heroic task. Some houses in town are holding up trees and some cars got crushed. Majestic oaks in downtown crashed. St. George Avenue seemed hard hit. But so did Crozet Avenue and Greenwood and White Hall and all
along the eastern shoulders of the Blue Ridge. For all that, it seemed there were more near misses and lucky breaks in how trees toppled. Word got around that water was available at the firehouse and many people went there in search of it, only to discover that the shipment hadn’t come and there was none. It came in overnight. The clean-up task remains daunting. Much debris no doubt will never be bothered with. Albemarle County will take limbs and brush at Mint Springs Valley Park and Walnut Creek Park.
Claudius Crozet Park pavilion
Craig’s Store Road, Batesville [Stacey McDonough, Due West Photography]
Crozet Park QuickStart Tennis Courts [Lynda Harrill]
St. George Avenue, Crozet
Crozet Avenue [Misty Mawn]
Thrush Road, Ivy [Mimi Riley]
Weather Almanac June 2012
By Heidi Sonen & Roscoe Shaw | firstname.lastname@example.org
The fireworks and the parade and pretty much everything else in Crozet got cancelled on June 30. It seems we had enough of Mother Nature’s own fireworks the night before. Everybody was too busy using chainsaws and hooking up generators and pulling trampolines out of trees to be too excited about a town party. The storm was the worst wind in our 10 years here. Worse yet, it seemed to happen quickly out of clear blue skies. However, the warning signs were there. The National Weather Service issued a severe thunderstorm watch a full three hours before the storms came and then upgraded to warnings. So, the storm wasn’t entirely
unexpected, but it came on so fast and the damage was so severe that it was shocking. The meteorological explanation was a “squall line” which fed off the heat and smashed us like an ocean wave crashing on shore. Actually, waves form in the air just like in the water. This one started in the intense heat of late afternoon. Virtually everyone hit 100 degrees or more that Friday. A cluster of thunderstorms started over West Virginia and the rain created a strong, cold downdraft. The downdraft then raced ahead of the actual thunderstorm creating a miniature cold front. This tiny cold front had similar physics to an ocean wave and rap-
Clouds on the night of the storm in Crozet [Malcolm Andrews]
Fireworks idly gained speed and strength. Crozet was flattened like a sandcastle on the beach. This kind of squall is common in Tornado Alley in the nation’s midsection, but the mountains usually keep them much weaker here. Forecasting squalls is kind of like surfing or boogey-boarding at the beach. You watch the waves develop and try to estimate when a big one is coming. You jump on to ride and some of them fizzle out to nothing. However, once in a while, a wave grows huge and buries your face in the sand and slams water up your nose until you wonder what hit you. The weather is no different. June Recap Despite the hot end to June and the scorching start to July, June was actually the first cooler-than-normal month of 2012. Most days had lows in the pleasant 50s and ten days never got out of the 70s. We topped 90 six times with 100 degrees on June 29. We had just enough rainfall. With the moderate temperatures and timely rain, we didn’t get dry until the end of the month. August and September are the months
where water supplies are most threatened. Our water tables are below normal and the driest at this stage in quite a few years. However, we are in much better shape than the big drought in 2002, so we think we’ll be okay. Rainfall totals for the month: Crozet 2.77” White Hall 2.57” Greenwood 2.04” Afton Summit 2.31” Waynesboro 2.23” Nellysford 3.50” Charlottesville Airport 3.41” UVA 3.33”
Midway Road, Batesville [Linda Marchman]
St. George Avenue, Crozet [Roscoe Shaw]
June is Haymaking Month
The Blue Ridge Naturalist © Marlene A. Condon | email@example.com
Share the Road
Richard Martin used old gear that was fine-tuned.
Richard Martin cut two acres of hay in the bottomland next to Jarmans Gap Road for Mike Boyle, who has horses to feed. Martin was pulling a reconditioned 1967 New Holland Model 268 square baler with a 1955 Ford Model 850, a 45-horsepower tractor that was stepping right along. Martin said this is the 55th year he has made hay. The yield was above 200 bales, each about 45 pounds, and it was all stored dry.
Boyle has four horses, two quarterhorses, one Tennessee Walker and one miniature that pulls a sulkie. He’s adding two Morgans soon. He teaches his horses under harness and trains them to pull wagons. He is sometimes abroad in Crozet in a horse-drawn green-andwhite wagonette. “I’m trying to start up a carriage business for around here,” said Boyle. He said he is looking for a covered wagon.
Mike Boyle, left, with haymaking friend Matt Walker.
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One morning as I was exercising, I heard the screeching of brakes beyond the curve in the road ahead of me. As I came around the bend, my curiosity turned into heartbreak: A bear cub had been hit and killed by a truck. I don’t know if the driver had been speeding, but I do know that numerous animals get killed because of people driving carelessly and going faster than they should. Many drivers don’t slow down when approaching a blind curve, even though you never know what or who may be on the roadway ahead. And people often drive at speeds in excess of posted speed limits, increasing their probability of hitting animals, such as deer, that may cross in front of them. White-tailed Deer have overpopulated the eastern United States because we wiped out their predators, the cougar and the wolf. Consequently, people need to be extremely cautious when driving through wooded areas, whether or not the highway department has put up yellow, deer-warning signs. If there is a sign, the area is known for high numbers of deer and you should drive slower than the posted speed limit and be especially observant. The Eastern Cottontail Rabbit and the Gray Squirrel are often victims on country roads. You should watch for these animals along the edges. If no one is behind you or the driver is keeping several car lengths back (as he’s supposed to do), you could slow down in areas of tall herbaceous plant growth. A particular worry with these small mammals is that they tend to head towards one side of the road but then zip right back in front of your vehicle. That’s their way of eluding predators, but it’s usually fatal when they are dealing with traffic. So please be aware of this trait and do not make the assumption that they will remain off the roadway.
Some species of birds are particularly vulnerable when they are getting grit or food off the pavement. It’s typical for Northern Cardinals and Indigo Buntings to wait until the last minute to fly away. Crows are sometimes too bold for their own good and vultures are so big and heavy that it’s difficult for them to fly off quickly. You can usually see birds ahead when you are driving, giving you time to slow down. Noticing unusual shapes on the road ahead might also help you to avoid hitting turtles. Roadways provide an easy pathway for these reptiles to travel along, so they are often traffic fatalities, especially at bends in the road. And it’d be great if folks would be especially alert on warm, rainy nights, when toads, frogs, and some species of salamanders are out in force. Spring is the only time of year that the American Toad, the Wood Frog, and the Spotted Salamander can reproduce, so they are anxious to mate as soon as they come out of hibernation. Their travels often take them across roadways as they follow continued on page 38
Rough Green Snakes are lovely colored serpents that are rarely seen, making it all the more tragic to find one hit on the road.. [Photo: Marlene A. Condon]
Limes These summer citrus staples can often leave you with not much juice and a sore wrist. Here are a few tips for getting the most out of your limes. Before you try to juice your lime, microwave it for 5-10 seconds. Then roll it on the counter under your palm. Cut it in half through the middle and squeeze. When squeezing, try using the inside hinge of a pair of tongs to get more out. Then, before you throw all those lime halves into the compost, try freezing a few for easier zesting later.
From the Editor —continued from page 3
Rector Helen Dragas—could she really have conceived this plan for herself?—should have resigned promptly once her role was exposed, as Vice-Rector Mark Kington did. When she clung to her office, oblivious of her shame—”We did the right thing the wrong way,” she said as an excuse—she should not have been reappointed by Gov. Bob McDonnell. By leaving her on the board—for what quid pro quo, one wonders—McDonnell ensures conflict, and possibly even more intrigue, in the administration of the University. For this, he is diminished in the eyes of not just loyal Wahoos but those of all wise and decent Virginians. The corporate conspirators are left standing and we must expect that their agenda is alive too. There is nothing that says the governors must choose rich alumni to occupy the seats on the Board of Visitors. Traditionally governors do it to reward donors to their campaigns, people who will presumably be able to make gifts to the University as well. But for the most part corporate leaders are out of their element in governing a university. They tend to fall back on para-
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digms they are comfortable with when challenged by educational conundrums. Their response is, how can we treat this as a business problem? When the editor was a boy there was still common reference to a virtue called “the Virginia Way.” It’s basically encapsulated in the University’s Honor System. The main point was to be truthful, decent, brave, polite, at all times and to all people, and never underhanded. It held out a sense of what it means to be noble. It was apparently a legacy of old Virginia aristocracy. It failed its own ideals in tolerating segregation and blanched in the face of Massive Resistance, and perhaps that is why it is not upheld as a standard of behavior today. But in the saga of Sullivan’s firing we see that its light has gone missing in the leadership of our cherished institution, as when the power, which we have taken for granted, fails and we are left looking at the dark. In Crozet we are reassured to see that native son Leonard Sandridge, whom we know was taught the Virginia Way, has been made an advisor to the Board. We have survived the surprise attack. Now we must resolve to ensure the victory of the true idea of the University.
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Photosynthesis: The Economy of Green Plants (Part Two) It’s summertime. The sun is at its zenith, having just completed its annual, six-month northward trek from the Tropic of Capricorn across the equator to the Tropic of Cancer. Days are long and the weather hot. Wouldn’t it be nice to capture and store this profuse, abundant solar energy for use toward practical purposes? But that’s the trick isn’t it: how to efficiently collect and store energy in a form that can be used in a controlled and directed way, perhaps months or years later? This is exactly what photosynthesis accomplishes. By capturing the sun’s energy that arrives in the form of photons (the “photo” part of photosynthesis) and storing this energy by making energy-rich molecules from simple starting materials (the “synthesis” part of photosynthesis), green plants efficiently collect and store solar energy for future use, powering the economy of life on earth. Last month we learned that green plants synthesize sugar (glucose) by combining (in a complex, multistep process) atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) with hydrogen obtained by splitting apart water (H2O). Plants use glucose as a versatile building block to construct their cellulosic infrastructure of roots, trunks, branches, stems and leaves
(cellulose is the most common organic compound on earth and is made of thousands of glucose molecules linked together). Plants also use glucose to assemble complex carbohydrate foodstuffs, such as starch found in potatoes, wheat, corn and rice (starch also is made of a large number of glucose molecules linked together, but in a different, more digestible way). Let’s turn our attention to the “photo” (energy) side of the photosynthetic process. For work to be done, for life to flourish, energy must be available in a form that can be directed and controlled, and it must be expended in a useful, purposeful way. For more than a century, we have powered our industrial economy chiefly by extracting, refining and burning fossil fuels. Our technical prowess converts the chemical energy present in the bonds of natural gas, oil and coal into useful work such as generating electricity, heating our homes, cooking our food, and powering our cars. In this respect, our economy is similar to that of animals, fungi, yeast, and many bacteria that derive energy from preexisting materials in a non-renewable way. In contrast to this purely consumptive energy model, green plants accomplish the self-sustaining task of making their food. Using only locally available materials and energy from the sun, green plants
endow us all with biofuel for life. Julius Robert von Mayer, a German physician and physicist, proposed in 1845 that the sun is the originating source of energy utilized by living organisms, and he helped pioneer the concept that photosynthesis converts light energy into chemical energy. To help us envision this process, imagine a solar powered Ferris wheel where CO2 is pictured at the bottom and food at the top. As the wheel rotates clockwise, CO2 is lifted up on the left side of the wheel and converted to high-energy food by photosynthetic plants. Oxygen is given off in the process. On the right side, food descends as it is digested by plants, animals and microorganisms, ultimately regenerating CO2. Oxygen is consumed in the process. The energy-releasing, downhill ride of consuming food and oxygen is possible only because the energy-storing, uphill climb of photosynthesis regenerates food and oxygen. Plants capture solar energy in their leaves using the green pigment called chlorophyll (meaning “green leaf ”). This pigment was first isolated in 1817 by two French chemists, Pierre-Joseph Pelletier and Joseph Bienaimé Caventou. Eightynine years later in 1906, Richard Willstätter, a German organic chemist, found that chlorophyll actually was a pair of compounds he called (somewhat unimaginatively) chlorophyll a and chlorophyll b. His analysis showed that they contained the common and expected elements of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. He also found that nitrogen was present within pyrrole rings that were part of the structure of chlorophyll. His most surprising discovery was finding magnesium; chlorophyll was the first compound of living tissue found to contain
that element. For this work on chlorophyll and other colored substances in plants, he received the Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1915. Two decades later, Hans Fischer, a fellow German chemist and physician, provided more surprising insights into the composition of chlorophyll. When he turned his attention to chlorophyll, Fischer had already won the 1930 Nobel Prize in chemistry for elucidating the structure of the heme molecule of hemoglobin, the iron-containing, red pigment in blood. Heme contains four pyrrole rings linked in a circle to form a larger ring that can hold in its center positively charged metal ions such as iron(II) and magnesium(II). He discovered that chlorophyll also possesses a fourpyrrole ring, with a long hydrocarbon tail as an appendage. Who would have thought that the study of the red pigment that transports oxygen necessary to release food energy in animals would be so pertinent to the study of the green pigment that helps power the formation of food and oxygen in plants? Scientists have since discovered another astonishing parallel between photosynthesis (the upward turning side of the Ferris wheel) and respiration (the downward turning side of the Ferris wheel). Photosynthesis begins within microscopic structures (organelles) called chloroplasts, while respiration occurs at the molecular level within organelles called mitochondria. Both these organelles have their own sets of membranes and their own genetic material that are separate and distinct from the membranes and DNA of the cells in which they reside. Scientists postulate that chloroplasts (which store energy as food) and mitochondria (which
continued on page 35
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By Dr. Robert C. Reiser firstname.lastname@example.org
Is There an App for That? July is a difficult month in the hospital. I have said a lot of goodbyes, to residents, to medical students and to scribes. Scribes are undergraduates and recent college grads who write our charts for us. Our new electronic medical record makes it nearly impossible to see patients and chart effectively, so we have trained scribes to chart on the computer while we see patients. It’s a fair trade-off. Most of the scribes are off to medical school and it is likely I will see some of them again on the wards, in the ER or when they return for residency. Some of the residents have been with me since their first year of medical school all the way through their residencies, so saying goodbye carries a weight. The goodbyes are not what make July a difficult month, though; it is the hellos. The eager idealism of the new interns is overwhelming to my jaded soul, and their utter procedural inexperience heaps a giant workload onto my old shoulders. “Hello, Dr. Reiser, I am your new intern. Do you think I should do a pelvic exam on this young woman with abdominal pain?” “Yes.” “OK, well, you will have to supervise me; I am not certified to perform them independently.” This elicits chuckles from my colleagues who overhear it. Sheesh, what do they teach in medical school these
days? “Hello, Dr. Reiser, the nurses can’t get an IV in my patient, what should I do?” “Use an ultrasound to find some deep veins.” “OK. How do I order that in the computer?” “No, you do it yourself at the bedside.” “Oh, I have never done that.” “Yes, I am getting that,” I reply as the nurses chortle. Where, oh where, are my senior residents? All gone. “Hello, Dr. Reiser, I have a demented patient from a nursing home who is more confused than normal.” “Well, what is the differential and workup for that?” “Um, I don’t know. Is there an app or a smart set in the computer for that?” Oh, boy. Actually there is an altered mental status button on the electronic medical record but that seems like cheating the thought process, so it remains well-hidden to the uninitiated. But July is good for me. The interns’ idealism eventually thaws me and their thirst for knowledge inspires me to try to slake it. This is why I became a teaching physician. But is July good for you? There is a longstanding belief that July is a dangerous month to be a patient in the hospital. An article last year in the Annals of Internal Medicine examined 39 studies of the “July Effect” on mortality from 1989 to 2010 and could come to no firm at Crozet Children’s Health Center P.C.
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compared to counties without teaching hospitals. Much has changed since 2006; we now have clinical pharmacists in the ER monitoring care, pharmacy techs updating patients’ medication lists at every visit and electronic medical records cross-checking every drug ordered. So, yes, there is an app for that. The next study will tell us if it is working. Meanwhile I am doing what any sane practitioner would do in July if he could. I am going on a long vacation.
conclusions, mostly due to the variable quality of the studies. Multiple surgical subspecialties have published studies showing no effect on their surgical mortality in July, though one could argue a lack of impartiality. The most definitive answer probably comes from a 2010 study in the Journal of General Internal Medicine. The authors looked at all death certificates from 1979-2006, an astonishing 62 million records. They found a 10 percent spike in fatal medication errors in July in counties with teaching hospitals, Be healt
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Long May It Wave
The Star-Spangled Banner Francis Scott Key, 1814
by Clover Carroll | email@example.com Every year, the jumbo American flag that hangs from my porch roof during July has only 15 stars— which makes it a great conversation starter. When friends ask me why, I explain that it is a replica of the original star-spangled banner, about which Francis Scott Key wrote our stirring national anthem in 1814—a scant 38 years after the Independence we celebrate this month was gained. With only a few states having joined the original 13 colonies by then, the tattered great garrison flag that Key beheld waving tirelessly above the melee carried only 15 stars and 15 stripes. I acquired this flag on an inspiring and educational visit to the Fort McHenry National Monument and Historic Shrine,
just south of Baltimore’s Inner Harbor, and have displayed it proudly ever since. I highly recommend this field trip, especially for families. A ferry across the Inner Harbor delivers you to the starshaped fort, a national park that features a wealth of special programs, movies, and tours. The original star-spangled banner is on display in the Smithsonian Institutions’ Museum of American History in Washington, D.C. America declared war on Great Britain in June 1812 in defense of its maritime rights against British blockades, mounted to prevent the French—with whom it was at war—from obtaining American exports. In addition, Britain was in the habit of “impressing” American sailors, that is, kidnapping them and forcing them into military service. This year marks the bicentennial of the War of 1812, which
Oh, say can you see, by the dawn’s early light What so proudly we hail’d at the twilight’s last gleaming, Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight O’er the ramparts we watch’d were so gallantly streaming? And the rockets’ red glare, the bombs bursting in air, Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there. Oh, say does that star-spangled banner yet wave O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave? On the shore dimly seen through the mists of the deep, Where the foe’s haughty host in dread silence reposes, What is that which the breeze, o’er the towering steep, As it fitfully blows, half conceals, half discloses? Now it catches the gleam of the morning’s first beam, In full glory reflected now shines in the stream. ‘Tis the star-spangled banner, oh, long may it wave O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave! And where is that band who so vauntingly swore That the havoc of war and the battle’s confusion A home and a country should leave us no more? Their blood has wash’d out their foul footstep’s pollution. No refuge could save the hireling and slave From the terror of flight or the gloom of the grave, And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth wave O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave. Oh, thus be it ever when freemen shall stand Between their lov’d home and the war’s desolation! Blest with vict’ry and peace may the heav’n-rescued land Praise the power that hath made and preserv’d us a nation Then conquer we must, when our cause it is just, And this be our motto, “In God is our Trust,” And the star-spangled banner in triumph shall wave O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave. lasted three years and which historians credit with forming our national identity—and with tying up loose ends from the Revolutionary War.
This complex and little known war encompassed the burning of Washington (including Dolley continued on page 38
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Bucks Elbow Pub Takes Over at Old Trail Clubhouse Charlottesville X Lounge owner J.F. Lequth has taken the lease on the restaurant space in the Old Trail Golf Clubhouse and installed executive chef Justin Juillerat in the kitchen. Juillerat has recently worked under chef Ian Boden at the Blue Light Grill and was trained at Scottsdale Culinary in Arizona, a Cordon Bleu school. He described his style as “classical French.” “We want to be the best restaurant we can be in Crozet,” said Juillerat. “We want to draw from Charlottesville, too. We’re going for Crozet, not for golfers. We’re not a hot dog shack. The market in Crozet is big enough for us.” Juillerat took over in April and for two exhausting months ran the pub with just one other person. The supper menu will change every week, he said, including a weekly dessert and cocktail, and though the lunch menu has the
Crozet United Methodist Church and the
Kingswood Christian Preschool Now Enrolling!
1156 Crozet Avenue www.crozetumc.org (434) 823-4420
Judy Bowes, Lodge executive director; David Spicer, Lodge owner David Hilliard, Norma Wood, and State Senator Creigh Deeds
The Lodge Goes Live
standard variety of choices, it will get shaken up too. “No dish will be over $20 if I can help it,” he said. “I can change whatever I want. I’m doing shrimp and grits now because folks kept asking for it. We’re using Wade’s Mill grits. “We’ll be using local food in season,” he said. By local he means both actually local and things raised or made in Virginia. He will be offering area wines and beers, too. So far the popular items are the steak and cheese sandwich, the crab cake, burgers and wilted salad. The dinner entrees for the week offered steak, fresh pasta, a pork chop and steak tacos. A smoker is coming so that Juillerat can offer pulled pork. “We try to stay healthy with the things for kids, too. The only thing fried is the French fries.” The wall separating a former club room from the original café seating area has been removed, giving the enlarged dining room a woodsy
The Lodge at Old Trail hosted a grand opening event June 21, with the generous and tasteful hospitality the facility is getting known for. At least 250 people came to enjoy free wines and appetizers and check out the club-style ambiance of the common areas. Longtime Crozet resident Norma Wood, who for 30 years accompanied the choir at Crozet Baptist Church and was the first Lodge resident to move in, got the honor of making the ribbon snip. Lodge owner David Hilliard thanked his wife Helen and credited Martin Brother Construction with getting the northern view across the golf course. The restaurant now has seating for 60 inside and for 30 more outside on two terraces that have umbrellacovered tables. The bar seats 10.
building built on schedule. He stressed that The Lodge is going to be a community, oriented inter-generationally, not a facility. Local business leaders from Charlottesville and the Valley heaped encomiums on the project. State Senator Creigh Deeds called The Lodge “visionary.” Referring to Hilliard, Deed’s said, “Part of the spirit of America is to take a chance on a vision, to work hard and to have it pan out. This is economic development. And with the Baby Boomers retiring, this is smart. It’s going to enhance life in Crozet.”
The pub’s hours are 11:30 a.m. to 9 p.m., Monday through Saturday, and from 11 a.m. to 6 p.m. on Sunday, with brunch served all day.
five sermons illustrated by the songs of U2:
sundays in july 10:00 am
Warrior Sports News Scot Finishes as Virginia AA Singles Champion by Connor Andrews After a long road through the high school tennis singles postseason, Cam Scot, a recent graduate of Western Albemarle High School, won the Virginia AA singles championship in Blacksburg in June. Scot defeated William Coffey of Blacksburg High School 6-3 in the first set and 6-0 in the second set to take the title. “[Winning] was an accomplishment, because I had been working at it for four years,” said Scot. The match began with Scot testing Coffey to see how much energy Coffey had left after finishing his semifinal match just prior to stepping on the court to play for the title. “I think [Coffey] had been
cramping his previous match, so he was pretty drained,” said Scot, who saw Coffey sitting in the shade before the match. “It started off with both of us just being consistent and just feeling each other out. Then, as I realized that he didn’t really have too much in the tank, I began to try to work the point more and get him running from side to side, and work my way into the net when he hit a short ball,” said Scot. “That’s the strategy that I kept the entire time, which ended up working.” Scot said he was able to block out distractions and focused on each point as if the game were tied. On the final point, Scot said he kept thinking that he needed to get the return. The Virginia Tech tennis coach
The Western Albemarle Boys’ Tennis team is this year’s AA state champion.
watched Scot, who will be attending Virginia Tech in the fall, during the championship match. “There was already a lot of pressure on me to begin with, so his being there didn’t really add much to it,” said Scot. “I’ve never really played tennis for other people, so it’s always been me and what my goals are. My main focus was to get through the match and achieve the goal rather than try to impress somebody.” Scot said he tries to keep his victory in perspective. He realizes that there are public and private school leagues other than the AA division in which he plays.
“[Winning the state championship] was an accomplishment for me, but in the broad spectrum, it was also just a small portion of what is actually out there,” said Scot. “It meant a lot as a high-schooler, but not as a community tennis player.” The road to the championship was no cakewalk. For Scot, the second match of the regional tournament against Sherando’s Trey Scott was where he believed he played his toughest match all year. “It was so physical and we were running so much,” said Scot. “I knew if I could get through that match, then the rest of my opponents wouldn’t be as good as Trey.”
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Western’s Remedy Rule Competes at Olympic Trials by Connor Andrews Remedy Rule, a rising sophomore at Western Albemarle High School, traveled to Omaha, Nebraska to compete in the Olympic swim trials in June. Rule qualified to compete in the trials for the 100m butterfly with a time of 1:01.96, the 200m butterfly with a time of 2:12.92, and the 200m backstroke with a time of 2:17.22. At the Olympic trials, Rule swam well against the other athletes. She finished 109th out of 161 competitors in the 100m butterfly with a time of 1:02.40, and 167th out of 186 in the 200m backstroke with a time of 2:21.96. “[I’m] glad I got this experience at this age even though I didn’t swim as well as I wanted to,” said Rule. Rule described the trials as having top-notch service and facilities with military guards checking credentials at many entrances. Throughout the facilities, there were areas for massages for the athletes to stay loose, as well as hot tubs and icing stations. “It’s amazing here,” said Rule. “There is no meet I have ever been to that is greater than this meet. It’s amazing that all this is for swimmers because in the United States, swimming isn’t as big a sport as football.” Being at the Olympic trials allowed Rule to watch what the other Olympians did and to see
what they are doing well. “[Seeing them is] pretty intimidating,” said Rule. “I’d see them in the warm-up pool and try not to stare.” “It shows me that dreams do come true,” said Rule. One of her favorite parts of the trials was seeing the reactions of first-time qualifiers for the Olympic team as they realized that they had earned the opportunity to swim for the United States. “I was really excited to be there and nervous, too because there are so many people in the stands,” said Rule. “Hearing them cheer for you motivates you, but makes you nervous at the same time. “It makes me want to be better and makes me want to be the one everyone’s watching qualify for the team,” said Rule. In preparation for the trials, Rule began weight training last fall and also chose not to take the short break from swimming she normally would. She also did butterfly endurance work. Looking ahead, Rule is already thinking about what she will do to improve for her next Olympic trials. She is planning on competing in bigger meets so that she can become used to the crowd and seeing other Olympians. “All the support I have gotten from friends and family cheering me on has been amazing,” said Rule. “I couldn’t have done it without them.”
Remedy Rule swimming butterfly.
Tabor Presbyterian Church (USA) Celebrating the Opening of the Pickford-Chiles Fellowship Hall
Adult Sunday School 9:00 a.m. Worship Service 10:00 a.m. Followed by Fellowship in the New Pickford-Chiles Fellowship Hall
Come See The Art Exhibit by Local Artist Eloise Gardine Giles Rev. Dr. Jewell-Ann Parton, Pastor
Seeking a place to worship?
We are traditional in style, progressive in outreach and mission.
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www.jabacares.org • 434-823-4307 Rule and Coach Norm Wright at the Olympic Trials in Omaha
Winner of the 2007 Governor’s Housing Award • Winner of the Commonwealth Council on Aging 2010 Best Practices Award
SOCA White Lions U-10 Girls’ Team Takes Title in Virginia Beach Tourney
Gator Nemesis Fairview Wins Again By Cannon McIlnay
First row, kneeling: Alice Taylor, Ellie Cox, Erica Repich, Grace Chavez, and Mary Moffett. Second row, standing: Coach Eric Meier, Addie Patterson, Isobel Williamson, Chanti Anderson, Erin Meier, and Kendall Foreman. Third row, standing: Tournament coach, David Foreman. Not pictured: Isabel Brown (player) and Coach Mike Brown.
The SOCA White Lions U-10 girls team, made up of girls from Crozet, Afton and Batesville, beat the Virginia Beach Rush Twisters 1-0 to win the U10 Swoosh Bracket championship game at the Ralph Downey Memorial Day Classic Tournament in Virginia Beach May 27. After going six and four in the fall 2011 season, the team had eight wins and one loss in the spring season. The White Lions defeated SOCA Navy Force, composed of players from Ivy and Crozet, in the tourney’s semifinal game, 2 to 0.
Morale was high in Claudius Crozet Park June 27 as Fairview Swim Club, the defending Jefferson Swim League champions, took on the Crozet Gators. In the end Fairview came away with yet another victory, scoring 559 points to Crozet’s 503, and leaving the Gators with their first loss of the season. “We are the underdog, there is no doubt about it. We’ve prepared and we’re going to do our best,” said Crozet Coach Doc Remaly before the meet. Despite the loss, many Crozet swimmers swam very well that night. Natalie Cronk, who will be swimming for Virginia Tech this
fall, won the girls 15-18 50 meter breaststroke with a time of 36.28 seconds and also scored first in the girls 15-18 100 meter IM with a time of 1:06.75. Savanna Scarborough placed first in the girls 13-14 50 meter freestyle with a time of 31.60 seconds. Jackson Berigan placed first in the boys 11-12 50 meter breaststroke with a time of 42.03. Jason Heilman came in first in the boys 11-12 50 meter butterfly. The Gators still have two meets before the Jefferson Swim League Championship meet on July 27-28 at Fork Union Military Academy. Crozet swims against Boars Head July 11 and Forest Lakes Swim Team on July 18. They defeated Farmington 313-201 on July 3.
Henley Middle School Destination ImagiNation
...would like to recognize the following businesses & private donors. Through their generous funding, 18 Henley students were able to compete at the Global Finals, held May 23 - 26, 2012 at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville. Thank you to the following sponsors for their support.
HENLEY MIDDLE SCHOOL PATSO ARBORLIFE PROFESSIONAL TREE CARE MONTCLAIR COMMUNICATIONS WHOLE FOODS MARKET • NBC 29-WVIR TV MANAGEMENT RECRUITERS OF CHARLOTTESVILLE, INC. • RICE & RICE FAMILY DENTISTRY MONSOON SIAM RESTAURANT • BROWNSVILLE MARKET • BIO-CAT, INC. • SARA HAAS 4 STAR CAMPS ACAC FITNESS & WELLNESS CENTERS AMERIPRISE FINANCIAL SERVICES, INC. ANNA’S PIZZA ATF LAWN SERVICE B&B CLEANERS BANGKOK 99 BLUE RIDGE BUILDERS SUPPLY CENTRAL VIRGINIA LITIGATION, PLC CHILES PEACH ORCHARD
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2012 Peachtree 11u All-Star Team. Front Row, Left to Right: Jeremy Wagner, Lucas Knight, Thomas Hexter, Tyler Jones. Second row: Mitchell Morris, Darren Klein, Ethan Murray, Trevor Clements. Third row: Sebastian Crescimanno, Landon Smith, William Wallace, Connor Croll. Back row: Coach Jack Jones, Coach Kevin Murray, Coach Billy Wagner.
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2012 Peachtree 8u All-Stars: First Row: Brendan Quigley, Luca Tesoriere, Braedon Gehring, Matt Heilman, Mason Hughes, Austin Zimmerman. Second Row: Colin Winkler, Michael Holzwarth, Andrew Barrese, Trevor Hughes, Devin Rachwal, Jameson Spence, James Meenan. Back Row: Coach Drew Holzwarth, Coach Austin Zimmerman, Coach Matt Winkler, Coach Mark Rachwal.
Crozet Arts is a 501(c)(3) Non-Profit. Need-based scholarships are available.
The Peachtree 8u All-Star team team went 4-2 at the state tournament June 30 and July 1, losing to Arlington in Arlington. Overall, the team was 15-4 and outscored opponents 305-151. They won two tournaments, including the District 5 championship for Central Virginia.
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Dallas Pugh, Ruritan President Kim Martin, and Kaleb Jessee.
White Hall Ruritans Award Annual Scholarships The White Hall Ruritan Club presented $1,000 scholarships to Kaleb Jessee and Dallas Pugh, both 2012 graduates of Western Albemarle High School. Jessee will use the Dan Maupin Scholarship to attend North Carolina State University, where he plans to study architecture. Pugh, recipient of the Walter Perkins Scholarship, will attend the University of Richmond to study government and law. The scholarships were awarded
based on their scholastic achievement and civic contributions to the Crozet/White Hall area. Kim Martin, president of the club, presented these scholarships June 28. The club also presented the Ann Campbell Awards for Outstanding Effort and Achievement in Academics to Trevor Morris and Lydia Ren, students at Crozet Elementary School. These awards include $50 gift certificates to Over the Moon Bookstore.
Changing of the guard as Lions Presidents exchange pins â€“ Phil Eaton and Karl Pomeroy.
Crozet Lions Club Corner The Crozet Lions installed a new slate of officers for the coming year at their June 25 meeting. Returning as president is Karl Pomeroy, assisted by Phil Eaton, the outgoing president. The club will be serving delicious homemade peach ice cream at Carters Mountain Orchard on Saturday and Sunday, August 4 and 5, from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m.
Girls Scouts Earn Bronze Award Members of Girl Scout Troop 120, most of whom are fifth graders who attended Meriwether Lewis Elementary School and are headed for Henley Middle School in the fall, recently earned their Bronze Award. The girls focused their 15 service hours on animal care and service. Pictured on the top row from left to right are Anna Kreienbaum, Mary Hays Scott, Alexandra Dagli, Abby Cole, Caroline Allison and Jessica Klees. On the bottom row are Juliana Scott, Brianne Lefanowicz, Reagan Burton, Meredith Martin, Presleigh Fitzwater and Caroline McGahren. Not pictured is Davida Rimm Kaufman.
State of Insurance. Joyce A. Dameron Joyce A. Dameron, 70, of Verona, passed away at her residence on Wednesday, June 13, 2012. Born on May 24, 1942, in Rockingham County, she was the granddaughter of Charles E. Roadcap. Joyce married Roger Lee Dameron on December 15, 1967. They shared a union of 43 years until his passing in 2010. Surviving is a sister-in-law, Margaret Dameron; many nieces and nephews; and several good friends; including Kenneth and Josephine Cook, Buddy and Ellen Maddox, Leland and Doris Brown, Arthur Cook, Duane Landry, and
Dennis, Chelsea and Jeffrey McLaughlin. Also left behind to cherish her memory are Kathy Knight, Logan Harden, Susan Molden-Harmon and Catherine Harmon. A graveside service was held June 18, 2012, at Augusta Memorial Park. Pastor Bob Johnson officiated. For those desiring to make memorial contributions, Joyce asked that they be sent in her memory to Augusta Regional SPCA, P.O. Box 2014, Staunton, VA 24401 The family would like to thank her hospice nurse, Joey Mooneyham and caregivers Sherry, Linda, Kara, Sharon and April.
Gazette obituaries are only $25 for up to 500 words, including a photograph. Call 434-466-8939 or emails firstname.lastname@example.org for details.
Lauren Morris, Agent 1207 B Crozet Avenue Crozet, VA 22932 Bus: 434-823-1800 www.laurenmorrisagency.com
State Farm Mutual Automobile Insurance Company, State Farm Indemnity Company, State Farm Fire and Casualty Company, State Farm General Insurance Company, Bloomington, IL • State Farm Life Insurance Company (Not licensed in MA, NY or WI), State Farm Life and Accident Assurance Company (Licensed in NY and WI), Bloomington, IL 1101258.1
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Bereavements Richard O’Connor, 35
March 21, 2012
Laura Josephthal Kavanaugh, 51
April 26, 2012
Edwina Wright Blankenbaker, 79
May 30, 2012
Robert George Moyer, 93
May 30, 2012
Richard Lawrence Robertson, 75
May 30, 2012
Dorothy Burruss Anthony, 92
May 31, 2012
Noel A. Schwieg, 82
June 1, 2012
Roy L. Conley, 75
June 5, 2012
Frank Fornataro Sr., 79
June 6, 2012
Hazel Shifflett Scott, 76
June 6, 2012
Vernon Randolph Kirby Sr., 86
June 7, 2012
Larkin A. Woolfrey, 65
June 7, 2012
Sharon Lynn Boger, 70
June 8, 2012
Stuart Anthony Herring, 51
June 12, 2012
Jeffrey Wayne Morris, 49
June 12, 2012
Nathaniel Eddie Davis Jr., 72
June 14, 2012
Kenneth Virgil Reid Sr., 81
June 14, 2012
Jack Edward Ripley Sr., 69
June 15, 2012
Frederica Frances Jones, 94
June 18, 2012
Mary Madeline Shifflett, 85
June 20, 2012
Rush E. Minter, 85
June 23, 2012
Bobby Franklin Gibson, 50
June 25, 2012
Martha E. Barbour, 85
June 28, 2012
John Phillips Porter, 64
June 29, 2012
Ruth Marie Knight, 75
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Crozet’s Favorite Flicks Here’s what’s popular at Maupin’s Music and Video with a few recommendations for this month from the experts there.
Top Rentals in June Safe House
(Thriller with Denzel Washington)
Machine Gun Preacher (Drama with Gerard Butler)
(Drama with Tyler Perry)
Ghost Rider: Spirit of Vengeance
(Super-hero with Nicolas Cage)
Sherlock Holmes: A Game of Shadows
(Action with Robert Downey Jr.)
Wrath of the Titans
(Sci-Fi with Sam Worthington)
21 Jump Street
(Comedy with Channing Tatum)
(Drama with Jean DuJardin)
Across from MusicToday & Next to the Laundromat
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Serving The Area Since 1964 P.O. Box 598, Crozet, VA 22932
WE ALSO BUY OLD COINS AND CURRENCY
Give the Gift of Hometown News! Send them a subscription to the Gazette! Send a check to:
The Crozet Gazette, P.O. Box 863, Crozet, VA, 22932
$25/year for 12 issues. For more info: (434) 249-4211
(Family with Julia Roberts)
July picks Pete’s Picks The Artist (new) Kitchen Stories
Rick’s Picks Big Miracle (new) Secondhand Lions
Evan’s Picks Machine Gun Preacher (new) Cold Mountain Maupin’s Music & Video 5796 Three Notch’d Road 434-823-2244
—continued from page 24
release energy from food) are modified descendants of ancient bacteria that were taken up whole within larger plant and animal cells. Through the process of photosynthesis, green plants convert sunlight’s electromagnetic energy into usable energy stored in chemical bonds of sugars and other energyrich compounds. And in summer, they take advantage of the heat to run their photosynthetic machinery in high gear. Throughout these processes, plants use environmentally benign compounds and locally available raw materials. This is the way nature generates and stockpiles fuel. Apropos to this natural pattern, Nancy Young, vice president of environmental affairs at Airlines for America, a trade group for U.S. airlines, said at the BIO World Congress this spring: “Our industry is under the tyranny of petroleumbased crude.” She expressed concern not only about the rising cost and price volatility of traditional jet fuel, but also the environmental concerns associated with its emissions. “We need another commodity to compete with fossil fuels. Only a dropin replacement will do, as passenger planes powered by solar energy, electricity, or compressed gas are not going to be part of the solution.” Perhaps by mimicking nature’s way of making fuels photosynthetically, we will provide the answer she is looking for. Next we will learn about more recent advances in photosynthesis, explore intricate cycles and balances that are in play, and contemplate their relevance to our human economy and the environment.
Gazette Vet —continued from page 18
that is uniquely connected to react to these senses and lead to incredible instinctual behaviors. This has allowed wild dogs like wolves, foxes, and coyotes to survive for ages in the ruthless natural world. And now we have domesticated dogs with wonderful personality traits and characteristics, but still with these incredible senses and instincts. So the next time you take your little wolf on a walk, let them indulge a little when they get to their sniffing spots. There’s more than meets the eye!
Ballpark Figures... of Speech Across 1 Home of the brave, for short 2 Shoemaker’s tool 7 Some snobs put them on 11 Bean or decision 12 Con ____, with spirit (mus.) 13 Killed in knightly combat 15 Weird ideas come out of it? 17 Skirt shape 18 Fewer than two 19 Lauder and namesakes 21 To be or _____ to be 22 Westwick and Sullivan (Mr., too) 23 Summers on the Seine 24 Phonograph record 27 Camera kind 28 Many happen at Martha Jefferson 30 Once, once 33 Pearl Harbor island 36 Regions 38 Forbid, in Latin 39 Word said as cards are laid down 40 Beige 41 Anglo-Saxon noblemen 43 “___________ boy!” 45 It’s done to my Lou 46 Fasting one, often 48 Neon or Freon 50 Prayer joint 51 Teen or golden finish 53 Conjunction 56 Consumed 58 Polynesian wrap around 60 Man to be 61 Birds do it 64 Check back in with? 66 It can be little and deuce or ‘de-ville 67 Golden but goody? 68 Gets a very high grade 69 ASAP in the ER 70 Princess problem 71 Free from (with of ) Down 1 Imitate infinity? 2 Not outs 3 Likely
38 42 46
51 56 58 63
by claudia crozet
Solution on page 37
4 Excellence or virtue to Aristotle 5 Seductive strategies 6 Ore store 7 Happy-clam go between 8 Unwell 9 Make up date 10 Chinese in prefix form 11 Gin flavor 12 Small restaurant 14 A swish is nothing but 16 Palpate 20 Reagan’s “Star Wars”: Abbr. 25 Tax deferred acct. 26 Emphasize 27 Five finger discounted 28 Bat squared up 29 Indian wrap dress 30 First mate? 31 Consumed Moby Dick
by Mary Mikalson
Down Across 1 Uncle ___ 1 Hot season of the year 2 One kind of fireworks 4 Ice cream holder 3 A watermelon has a 5 Where the Crozet lot of these parade ends 5 A long line of 6 America (abbr.) marchers 7 There are fifty on 8 One of the colors on our flag our flag 9 Banner 10 Liberty ____ crack
32 Try, try, and fail 34 Culture medium 35 Single or double 37 Eat in the evening 42 Therese of Lisieux or Jeanne d’Arc 44 In baseball, it is free 47 Wide shoes 49 Pirate cry 51 Play _____; take part 52 Cheese made in Crozet monastery 53 Old school calculators 54 Sniffed 55 Hides gray 56 Part of a circle 57 Also words 59 Upon 62 Relaxation station 63 Vietnamese New Year 65 Word to follow wine or sports
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Last month’s best sellers at Over the Moon Bookstore, with a few recommendations for this month from the experts there
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How to Live: Or a Life of Montaigne in One Questions and Twenty [...] by Sarah Bakewell
What Alice Forgot Liane Moriarty
The Hunger Games Suzanne Collins
The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks Rebecca Skloot
Turn Right at Machu Pichu: Rediscovering the Lost City [...] Mark Adams
Richard LaRue, CFS Financial Advisor
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P.O. Box 155 Crozet, VA 22932
*Securities & insurance products offered through Royal Alliance Associates, Inc., and its affiliates, member FINRA/SIPC.
EMERY F. TAYLOR, JR, DDS General Family Dentistry • Veneers • Cosmetic Dentistry • Whitening • Invisible Fillings • Implant Dentistry • Non-Mercury Fillings
• Sealants • Root Canals • Caps/Crowns/Bridges • Dentures and Partial Dentures • New Patients Welcome
Serving the Crozet & Western Albemarle Community Since 1975 Monday - Thursday 8:30 - 6:30
1191 Crozet Avenue, Crozet
Listening to Color: Blacks & Whites in Aberdeen, North Carolina Anne McKeithen
Recommended by Anne: Adult: Gone Girl by Gillian Flynn Children: Secret Letters by Leah Scheier
Recommended by Elizabeth: Adult: The Yard by Alex Grecian Children: Railsea by China Mieville
Recommended by Scott: Adult: Gifts of the Crow by John Marzluff Children: Interrupting Chicken by David Ezra Stein
CLASSIFIED ADS Babysitter/ Mother’s helper/ dog walker: Our twin girls, 14 1/2 and going into 9th grade at Western, are reliable, wonderful with kids and have pet experience. Please contact Mom, Bevin at 540-456-6216 or BevinsGirls@aol.com. Computer Care: Computer repair at your home or office. Virus removal, Wireless setup, Networking, Tutoring, Speed up your computer. Reasonable rates. Over 15 years’ experience. References. 434-825-2743. Experienced seamstress with 30 years of tailoring and garment alterations experience. I work from home in Crozet (Highlands). Please call for a free consultation. Ruth Gerges: 434-823-5086. For Rent: 1 BR apts CROZET, in country, small complex with lawn & trees, separate office or small BR, W/D, 3 avail from $640$695 all different. No pets. 540447-4476 For Rent: Stylish 1940s house in Tree Streets, Waynesboro. 3 bedrooms, 2 full baths, 2 half baths, library, screened porch, 2-car garage. $1900/mo. 434-981-4705. SEEKING PART TIME WORK: Mature woman with established professional career in admin, accounting, sales & event planning is seeking permanent PT position. Computer skills include QuickBooks, Church Windows, Windows 7, Microsoft & Bill Quick. Please call 434-981-0784 or email email@example.com
Work your own schedule, from your home! The premier Crozet Arts and Crafts Festival is looking for a director to oversee the twice a year Festival that serves as a fundraiser for Claudius Crozet Park. This is a 12-month, part time position, with responsibilities for all aspects of the Festival. This is a rare opportunity as we have only had three directors in the past 30 years. For specific information, please see Crozet Arts and Crafts Festival on www.crozetartsandcrafts.com. Resume and letter of introduction should be sent to PO Box 171, Crozet, VA 22932.
Expectancy... Hope... Vision... “Let us run with perseverance the race marked out for us. Let us fix our eyes on Jesus, the author and perfector of our faith...” SUNDAY CELEBRATION 10 AM
• Contemporary Worship • Biblical & Relevant Preaching • Home Group Fellowships • Prayer Emphasis
NO MORE EXCUSES: Finding it hard to get motivated to exercise? Come try out Boot Camp for REAL People, an outdoor exercise class for all ages and abilities. Have fun, get a great workout, and meet your neighbors. Try your first class for FREE! For more information visit www.m2personaltraining.com or email Melissa Miller at melissa@ m2personaltraining.com
470 Twinkling Springs Road, cornerstonealbemarle.org Crozet, VA 22932
ANN ARDEN Home Furnishings
WORK WANTED: Seasoned yet energetic gardener and LPN seeks local employment. Please call Virginia at 443-447-4127 Want to Rent: utility building, barn, or shop space around Crozet, Ivy, or Greenwood suitable for furniture refinishing, crafting, and light woodworking. Zumba Fitness with Heidi Rose at Cornerstone Church. All levels of fitness are welcome and no dance experience is needed. For more info e-mail me at HeidiRoseZumba@yahoo.com
Solutions to this month’s puzzles: D
C O U
C H B
R O O
H U B
A W L
404 West Main St . Waynesboro . 540-943-0751 www.ann - arden.com . Tuesday -Saturday 10-6
In the Garden Snakes —continued from page 14
—continued from page 22
structed.) So it appears that at least in this corner of the world, we are right on the edge of sourwood’s range. Why? As near as I can figure, it’s not a matter of temperature, so it could be the soil. When grown in the open, sourwoods will assume an irregular pyramidal shape, with branches that are held horizontally, to somewhat drooping. You may have to do a bit of pruning at the base to keep a sourwood to a single trunk, but even then you shouldn’t expect a perfectly symmetrical tree. (The Virginia Tech Forestry department refers to it as a tree with “poor form.” Remember: they’re thinking of turning trees into lumber, not as specimens for your garden.) When you see them in the woods, they almost always seem to curve and lean considerably as they age, often at almost 45 degrees. I’ve heard some people say they were leaning toward the light; if so, why are other species nearby growing straight up? And on various occasions I’ve seen one sourwood leaning to the south, while a few feet away another is leaning north, so this just seems to be their innate growth habit. Sourwoods rarely become really large trees. They might reach thirty or forty feet in height in the wild, with a trunk a foot in diameter, but most garden trees are smaller. In cultivation, they will reach is feet in about as many years. Luckily for us gardeners, they will flower at three to four years of age. They are a bit tricky to transplant, so it’s best to buy a small tree in a container. Native sourwoods are found either in the forest or out colonizing open fields, so they can take either full sun or shade; flowering and fall color will be better with greater light. If you don’t want to give yours specimen status in the middle of a lawn, planting it at the edge of the woods would be a good solution. Sourwoods occur from well-drained bottom lands to dry hillsides, so they’re not too fussy about moisture once established. Like most members of the Heath family, they do want acid soils. Sourwoods may not be at every garden center or big box store but are definitely available at area specialty nurseries such as Lazy S’S Farm and are worth seeking out. Both you and the bees will enjoy one!
routes that have been in use for decades, if not longer, well before asphalt was laid down. It’s difficult to see these animals as you drive along in the darkness. But if you can remember to be alert for their presence, particularly on wet nights in spring and summer, you can keep an eye out for them. Watch for somewhat triangularly shaped “lumps” on the surface of the road. Some of the lumps will jump away as you approach, frogs moving quite far and toads just a short distance. Once you realize what you are looking at, it’s easier to recognize them. You can get an idea of the large number of these amphibians that are killed on damp nights by going for a walk just as soon as the morning sky starts to lighten. You have to get out there before the crows wake up and start patrolling the roadways for breakfast. It’s sad to see so many dead amphibians because these animals are facing numerous other threats to their continued existence upon the planet. Drought, habitat loss, pets, and pesticides are all taking a huge toll on these creatures that serve to keep populations of so many different kinds of invertebrates in check. Lastly, snakes are often run over deliberately. People have an unwarranted and greatly exaggerated fear of these reptiles, which is ridiculously out of proportion to any real danger posed by them. Snakes are so important to the proper functioning of the natural world (they are our prime predators of rodents) that killing one is actually against the law in Virginia, unless you are truly in danger. Such a situation is rare, however, since snakes (especially venomous ones) are afraid of people and will take off if given the chance to do so.
Star Spangled —continued from page 26
Madison’s famous rescue of George Washington’s portrait from the White House just before the British arrived), the battle involving the indestructible USS Constitution, which was later memorialized in Oliver Wendell Holmes’ poem “Old Ironsides,” and the Battle of New
Orleans. I hope you’ve had the pleasure of beholding the red glare of fireworks bursting in air accompanied by Tchaikovsky’s rip-roaring 1812 Overture—composed in 1880 to commemorate Russia’s defense against Napoleon’s invading armies —replete with cannon fire, ringing chimes, and a rousing brass finale. As a major international seaport, Baltimore was a key target of the British navy. As Fort McHenry prepared to defend against attack, Major George Armistead commissioned “a flag so large that the British will have no difficulty in seeing it from a distance” (www.nps. gov/fomc). The resulting version of Old Glory measured 30 feet high by 42 feet long! In September 1814, Francis Scott Key, a young lawyer and poet, was detained while under British guard on an American truce ship in the Patapsco River, just where it enters the Chesapeake Bay, during the Battle of Baltimore. After a fearful night witnessing the bombardment of Fort McHenry, Key awoke to see the huge flag still visible through the fire and smoke, and expressed his elation in the four stanzas of this poem, only one of which is usually sung. Setting his lyrics to the tune of an old drinking song, “To Anacreon in Heaven,” Key’s song was published by the Baltimore Patriot and became so popular that Congress adopted it as our national anthem in 1931. But why does my flag have only 15 stars, when in fact 18 states had been admitted to the union by 1814? And why does it have 15 stripes instead of the customary 13? The Stars and Stripes was officially approved by the Continental Congress in 1777 as the flag of the fledgling nation, with Pennsylvania Congressman Francis Hopkinson playing a central role in its design. In 1795, two more stars and two more stripes were added to reflect the admission to the union of Vermont and Kentucky. This was the version of the flag that Key saw with such joy flying defiantly above Baltimore Harbor. Although Tennessee, Louisiana, and Ohio had also become states by this time, Congress had been too preoccupied with the war effort to redesign the flag. In 1818, Congress enacted legislation adding five stars and removing two stripes. They decided that henceforth the number of stripes should remain 13—symbolizing the 13 original colonies—and the number of stars should always match the number of states. Any new star
The real star spangled banner is on view at the National Museum of American History.
should be added on the July 4 following a state’s admission. This has been the system ever since, with the 50th star added on July 4, 1960, to acknowledge the 1959 admission of Hawaii to the union. Written with majestic diction and syntax, like the 1792 Marseillaise (my favorite national anthem), Key’s lyrics combine a celebration of military strength with the personal poignancy of an anxious patriot fervently hoping for the flag’s survival against heavy odds as it rises above the chaos of battle. The reader is drawn in by the series of questions asked by the poem, feeling as if s/he is present on the watery battlefield. Where is the foul enemy now? What is that flash of color through the dim twilight? Can you see it? Does it still wave? The intensity in the poem mounts as we wait for the answer, finally revealed in the third stanza: Yes! “the starspangled banner in triumph doth wave!” Key employs patriotic diction with noble connotations such as gallantly, hailed, shines, triumph, and glory—words that inspire us to feel pride and admiration for our navy, our flag, and our country. The last stanza even suggests that God is on our side as we fight against tyranny and that our land is heaven blessed—as we who live in beautiful Crozet would certainly agree. Looking to the future, the poet promises that our flag, and symbolically our country, shall continue to thrive. With its soaring music and wide vocal range, our national anthem can be difficult but is still fun to sing. It is a beloved recognition of the flag we salute, the independence we celebrate, and the freedom we treasure expressed in thrilling poetry that has withstood the test of time. Long may it wave!
Albemarle Ballet Theatre Spring Dance Gala Features Pied Piper by Kelly Knox Albemarle Ballet Theatre’s spring dance Gala took place at Piedmont’s Dickinson Theater May 19 before a packed house. In the prelude, sisters Veronica Hart and Nicole Hart Coelho set the stage for the professional-level show with their own pieces. Three Charlottesville Ballet dancers performed for concorDance Contemporary, a new local dance company founded by Veronica
Hart, who also dances with Charlottesville Ballet and teaches at Albemarle Ballet Theatre. Coelho of James Sewell Ballet in Minneapolis was also the production director and stage manager. This year’s main performance was one of ABT’s signature fairytales, a whimsical rendition of the Pied Piper. The production perfectly intertwined the talents of the advanced students with the charm of the youngest performers. From bakers to fair maidens, and cool cats
Alanna Mahon, Rebecca Richardson, Walt Muraca, Dr. Zach Bush, Annie Boczek, Hannah Williams
to Fosse-style jazz rats in black tie and tails, audience members were enthralled by this new take on the classic tale. Jazz and contemporary numbers spread throughout the production, including music from West Side Story, added flair and character to the show while demonstrating the versatility of ABT’s dancers.
under the roof
Choreography and direction were by Audrey Fenske, Sally Hart, Ashley Geisler, Dinah Gray, Veronica Hart, and Moria Price. The innovative choreography, technical prowess, and expressive performances were a testament to the school’s training and showed that it continues to inspire young dancers.
Alexander Salomon, MD, Joins UVA
Dr. Salomon brings to the community his extensive experience in caring for those with diabetes, hypertension and heart disease. He also specializes in addressing the unique needs of geriatric patients. Dr. Salomon attended medical school and completed residency training at Georgetown University and worked in private practice for 12 years before joining UVA. Same day appointments available 434.243.0700 (office hours include Thursday evenings 5 to 7 p.m.)
slipcovers for spring! www.undertheroof.com
406 west main street downtown waynesboro 540-949-5044 . tues-sat 10-6
UVA Family Medicine, Internal Medicine & Specialty Care - Crozet Suite 103, 375 Four Leaf Lane (250 West) Crozet, VA