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IES MOSSÈN ALCOVER CALENDAR 2014


JANUARY

MONDAY

TUESDAY

WEDNESDAY

THURSDAY

FRIDAY

SATURDAY

SUNDAY

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4

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SANT ANTONI Sant Antoni is on the 17th of January but the best celebration is the day before, Sant Antoni’s Eve. It is a well-known party in Mallorca; the two most famous towns that hold this celebration are Artà and Manacor. However, they celebrate it in different ways. The main characters are the devils. Of course, the way the devils’ dance is so different from one town to the other. Many people go to Artà. They all wear a white shirt and a red scarf a neckerchief. At 8:00 everybody is waiting for the devils’ first dance. During all the morning, the devils walk and dance along the streets with a music band. At 8 pm, people go to church to attend “Completes”. After that, families and friends meet at their bonfires and have dinner. There are many people that go to Manacor, too. Manacor's bonfires are very famous: they are amazing sculptures. The celebration in Manacor is in the afternoon and evening. The devils go to the bonfires with a music band and people follow them. In Manacor, the “Completes” are more popular than in Artà.


FEBRUARY

MONDAY

TUESDAY

WEDNESDAY THURSDAY

FRIDAY

SATURDAY

SUNDAY

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THE CATHEDRAL OF PALMA / LA SEU La Seu is a Gothic Roman catholic cathedral located in Palma, Mallorca. It was built on the site of a preexisting Arab mosque. It is 121 metres long, 55 metres wide and its nave is 44 metres tall. Designed in the Catalan Gothic style but with Northern European influences, it was begun by King Jaume I of Aragon in 1229 but finished only in 1601. It also overlooks the Parc de la Mar and the Mediterranean Sea, so we can say that it's the closest cathedral to the sea in Europe In 1901, fifty years after a restoration of the cathedral had started, Antoni GaudĂ­ was invited to take over the project. Some of his ideas such as moving the choir stalls from the middle nave to be closer to the altar were adopted. Some of the most attractive aspects of this cathedral are its size, its architecture and its two rose windows located facing each other. The biggest rose windows is situated under the apse and is one of the biggest gothic rose windows in the world with 13'3 meters of diameter and it has an incredible design of the David star. Every 2nd of February and 11th of November we can appreciate a strange phenomenon which consists of the projection of the bigger rose window under the smaller rose window because the sun light passes through it.


March

Monday

Tuesday

1

2

Wednesday 3

Thursday

Friday

Saturday

Sunday

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11

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GASTRONOMY Easter is celebrated in March but, depending on the year, it is celebrated in April. In Mallorca, some special desserts and food, like “panades” and “robiols”, are made in every home. Both of them are a type of pie. Panada: a typical salty pie made of flour, eggs, butter, olive oil and water, for the paste. For the filler, we put any type of meat or mix it to our liking. We can put peas or “sobrassada” (typical meat sausage) too. We put them in the oven for about 45 minutes at 180ºC. Panades are round, with curls on the top, to close the pie edge and the top. Panades can be eaten cold or hot. The process to make them Is quite long, but the results are only amazing. Robiol: a typical sweet dessert pie made of flour, eggs, sugar, butter, and orange juice, for the paste. To fill them, we put jam, quince, curd or chocolate. We put them in the oven for about 15 minutes at 200ºC. They are half-moon shaped. They are usually eaten cold and we can add sugar glass on them. Cocarroi: a typical vegetables pie. The paste is made of water, flour and olive oil. It is usually filled with onion, chard, cauliflower, spinach, garlic and raisins. We can put salt, olive oil, pepper and paprika. It is half-moon shaped. We put them in the oven for about 30 minutes at 200ºC. They are generally eaten cold.


APRIL

MONDAY

TUESDAY

7

8

1

WEDNESDAY THURSDAY 2

SUNDAY

4

5

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10

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12

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23

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25

26

27

15

16

28

29

30

22

SATURDAY

9

14 21

3

FRIDAY

17

18

19

20

Saint George’s Day Saint George's Day is celebrated on 23 April throughout the Catalan-speaking regions. It coincides with the Fair of the Book and the Rose. On this day every man offers a rose to his loved one, and in return she gives him a book. The book is in memory of Cervantes. This custom was started in 1926, to commemorate Cervantes’ death. Once upon a time, St. George fought the wicked dragon that held the princess captive. Finally St. George killed the dragon and on the spot where the dragon’s blood was spilled, a rose grew as a symbol of love and friendship. But what has really given importance to this date is that it is now considered to be the "World Book Day". In 1996 this Catalan tradition became an International one, taking one step more towards the unification of peoples all over the world, even the mythical rose was given in the United States, Japan and France as well as other countries when a book was bought. April 23rd is not only famous because of the legend of St. George, but also because it is the anniversary of the death of two great writers, Cervantes and Shakespeare. These grand writers have passed into history for their great works, becoming an important symbol of their respective countries. On 23rd April books are sold in the streets on long stalls prepared specially for the occasion. Many people take advantage of this day, even though they may not normally be regular readers, to buy and enjoy a book. It's one way of encouraging people to read.


MAY

MONDAY

TUESDAY

WEDNESDAY THURSDAY

FRIDAY

SATURDAY

SUNDAY

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The Wall of Eivissa The Eivissa wall is a renaissance fortress which length is 1.800 meters and it has seven towers. All these towers were called with the name of several Saints. For example Santa Tecla, Sant Bernat, Sant Jordi, Sant Jaume, Sant Pere and Sant Joan. The construction of this wall started in 1555 during the reign of Felipe II. It was built to protect the city from Ottoman Empire and French attacks. The fortress was designed for an Italian architecture called Giovanni Battista Calvi.

The Bellver Castle in Mallorca The Bellver Castle is a Gothic style castle near Palma on the Island of Mallorca. It was built in the 14th century for King Jaume II of Mallorca, and is the only circular castles in the world. It has been used as a military prison throughout the 18th to mid-20th century. Nowadays it is one of the main tourist attractions of the island. The castle's plan is a circular floor with a round major tower and three minor towers which are also circular. The tower was used for military protection when the castle was attacked.


JUNE

MONDAY

TUESDAY

WEDNESDAY

THURSDAY

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Sant Joan, Ciutadella de Menorca

Dia des Be (Lamb’s Day) This is the Sunday before Sant Joan. It is generally considered the beginning of the festivities. The members of the Junta de Caixers gather at the Caixer Senyor’s home. On this day you can see l' Homo des Be, representing Sant Joan Baptista barefoot walking the streets of Ciutadella with the white Lamb on his shoulders. In the afternoon, at about 20: 00, there is a 'war' of hazelnuts in l'Avinguda de la Constitució. June 23rd It is the eve of Sant Joan. Ciutadella is packed with visitors from all over. At 14: 00 the “fabioler” (riding a donkey, and with a drum and a fabiol), visits the Caixer Senyor’s home to start officially the festivities of Sant Joan. At 18:00 takes place the 'Caragol des Born”, one of the first major events with some risk for attendees: horses run around the Plaça des Born followed by an orchestra. If the music stops, it is that a person may have been hurt. When “the caragol” finishes, there is another "war" of hazelnuts in the Contramurada. At night you can attend “the Caragol of Santa Clara”, where riders and horses ride into Ciutadella and into people's homes, too. It is suitable for all ages. June 24th: Sant Joan The day of Sant Joan is the culmination of the festivities. At 08:00 in the morning the “fabioler” goes to the Caixer Senyor’s home to start the celebrations. During the morning there are the trials of the Jocs des Pla. At about 17:00, the streets overlooking Es Pla begin to get overcrowded. People get ready for one of the most spectacular parties: els Jocs des Pla. During the Carotades, two riders ride in parallel and as one of them holds a mask, the other tries to break a stone. Try to be far away when the mask breaks because people fight each other for the broken pieces falling to the ground. In the game of the Ensortilla, riders gallop with a spear in their hand from one end of es Pla to the other end, where you can see a ring or ensortilla hanging from a cord. The rider tries to hit the ring, a few centimetres in diameter with his spear. The difficulty of the test is extreme and, each time a rider tries, live music can be heard and people start to dance with joy.


JULY

MONDAY

TUESDAY

7

8

1

WEDNESDAY THURSDAY 2

SUNDAY

4

5

6

10

11

12

13

23

24

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27

15

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22

SATURDAY

9

14 21

3

FRIDAY

17 31

18

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Mallorcan beaches Mallorca is a Balearic Island placed in the Mediterranean Sea. Because of this, it has a lot of beaches, about 200. They are known for their clear water and light sand. You can go by boat to many of them because of their proximity to the harbour. In summer lots of tourists choose Mallorca as a destination to spend their holidays for its beautiful beaches. You can find different types of beaches. On the one hand, depending on their composition, there are sand beaches like Es Trenc and beaches where instead of sand there are only rocks, like Cala Murta (these ones are less known for tourists because of their location). On the other hand, depending on the human involvement, there are artificial beaches which have been created by people, and virgin beaches that they haven’t been modified or they don’t have buildings near them. It’s really nice to go swimming in a beach surrounded by nature, far from the cities and noise pollution. You can relax while you sunbathe just looking around and listening to the sea sound. So, as you can see, Mallorca is a great place to visit if you like the sun and the sea.


AUGUST

MONDAY

TUESDAY

WEDNESDAY THURSDAY

FRIDAY

SATURDAY

SUNDAY

4

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GEOGRAPHY & CLIMATE Majorca has two mountainous regions each about 70 km (43 mi) in length. These occupy the north-western (Serra de Tramuntana or Tramuntana range) and eastern thirds of the island. The highest peak on Majorca is Puig Major at 1,445 m (4,741 ft) in the Serra de Tramuntana. As this is a military zone, the neighbouring peak at Puig de Massanella is the highest accessible peak at 1,364 m (4,475 ft). The northeast coast comprises two bays: the Badia de Pollença and the larger Badia d'Alcúdia. The northern coast is rugged and has many cliffs. The central zone extending from Palma is generally a flat, fertile plain known as Es Pla. The island has a variety of caves both above and below sea-level. Two of the caves above sea-level also contain underground lakes and are open to tours. Both are near the eastern coastal town of Porto Cristo, the Coves dels Hams and the Coves del Drach. The climate is Mediterranean, with markedly higher precipitation in the Serra de Tramuntana. Summers are hot in the plains and winters mild to cool, getting colder in the Tramuntana range; in this part of the island brief episodes of snow during the winter are not unusual. There are two small islands off the coast of Majorca: Cabrera (southeast of Palma) and Dragonera (west of Palma).


SEPTEMBER

MONDAY

TUESDAY

WEDNESDAY

THURSDAY

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Famous people Although almost everybody knows Mallorca because of Rafel Nadal, the best tennis player in the world, there are also other people that have become famous in different disciplines. In art the most famous person is Miquel Barceló, a painter from Felanitx. He has designed and painted a chapel of Palma’s cathedral. He usually paints everyday scenes and landscapes. In sports, Rafel Nadal is the best known person of Mallorca. He is from Manacor, and, at the moment, he is the best tennis player in the world, who has won a lot of competitions, including Grand Slams and the Olympic Games. Jorge Lorenzo is also famous in sports as a motorbike rider. He has been the world champion of the MotoGP category twice. One of the most famous writers is Sebastià Alzamora. He is from Llucmajor and has won a lot of national awards. He is specialized in novels but he also writes poems. Even though in Mallorca there aren’t a lot of worldwide famous people, our culture is also rich in music, theatre…


OCTOBER

All the pictures are from www.visit Manacor.com

MONDAY

TUESDAY

WEDNESDAY

THURSDAY

FRIDAY

SATURDAY

SUNDAY

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MANACOR Manacor is situated in the East of Mallorca. With its 27 km of coast and an extension of 260.22 square kilometres, it is Mallorca's second biggest district. There is no lack of sun and beaches of transparent blue water on the coastline. The beaches and caves belonging to our township are: Porto Cristo, S'Illot, Cala Anguila, Cala Mendia, s'Estany d'en Mas, Cales de Mallorca and Cala Murada. Manacor, capital of the Llevant area in Mallorca combines furniture industry and rural tourism. The town of Porto Cristo is 12 kilometres away from the capital Manacor and is one of the highlights on tourist routes on the island and on the second most inhabited settlement in the township. Its small bay opens onto the South-east and is almost closed on the right by a big rock, Es morro de sa Carabassa. On that end is a lightower built in 1851. The torre dels Falcons, typical watchtower from 1577 stands out.


NOVEMBER

Monday

Tuesday

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Wednesday 3

Thursday

Friday

Saturday

Sunday

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In November, in Mallorca we always have a celebration whose name is “Matances”, the slaughtering of the pig, where work, food and the family fiesta are all closely linked. It goes on all day and we make a lot of food, for example: -“Sobrassada”: it is cold meat. It is made with selected pig’s meat, salt and pepper. -“Botifarró”: It is cold meat. It is made with pig’s minced meat, blood, salt, pepper and other kind. -“Camaiot”: It is cold meat. It is made with thin minced meat, black pepper, paprika, anise and salt. -“Saïm”: It is the pig’s fat. With “Saïm” we do a typical food in Mallorca, the “Ensaïmada”. -“Ensaïmada”: It is a paste. It is made with wheat flour, water or milk, “saïm” and yeast.


DECEMBER

MONDAY

TUESDAY

WEDNESDAY

THURSDAY

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SUNDAY

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HISTORY In 903 Majorca was conquered by the Muslims. They imposed their language and culture in the islands for more than 300 years, until in 1229 Jaume I, king of Arag贸, came to Mallorca and conquered the island on December 31st of that year. The Catalan language became part of the culture of the islands, taking also other languages of the Iberian Peninsula. The language developed, until in the twentieth century the Spanish Civil War between Francoists and Republicans broke out. Finally, Francoists won the war and suppressed the Catalan culture and language all over the state. Because the country had been destroyed after the war, it did not participate in World War II. In 1975 Franco, the dictator, died and over time the culture, language and democracy recovered. The history will continue, but you cannot tell because we are living it now.


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