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Pollinators in Europe Several of Earth’s animal taxa have developed the ability to pollinate; not only insects, but also, for example, hummingbirds, sun birds and bats are able to fertilise plants. In Europe, only insects act as pollinators.

Flies The contribution of flies to pollination is perhaps underestimated. Flies are extremely abundant and can be found almost everywhere, and unlike familiar pollinators such as honey bees, they can be active at low temperatures. This comparatively lengthy period of activity offers a broad daily window for pollination.

Not a bee A hoverfly of the genus Eristalis.

Several hoverflies mimic the appearance of honey bees, wasps and bumblebees, but they are not able to sting. Next to their contribution to pollination, the larvae of several species of hoverfly support pest control by feeding on aphids. Aphids (a.k.a. plant lice) are a serious agricultural and forestry pest and a nuisance for gardeners.

Flies belong to the order Diptera; a large order, containing an estimated 240,000 species of mosquitoes, gnats, midges and others. Not a wasp A hoverfly of the species Volucella inanis.

Pollinators and agriculture 

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Profile for ECPA

Pollinators & Agriculture  

Agricultural productivity and pollinator protection - Around 70% of the world’s most produced crop species rely to some extent on insect pol...

Pollinators & Agriculture  

Agricultural productivity and pollinator protection - Around 70% of the world’s most produced crop species rely to some extent on insect pol...