Page 40

Macro-ecological factors European pollinator habitats are shaped by regional conditions. These regions are independent of national political boundaries. Species dependence on the availability of a suitable habitat results in a specific distribution of pollinator species throughout Europe’s biogeographic regions. Honey bees can be

found across the majority of Europe’s regions, whilst some butterfly species rely upon circumstances so specialised that they exist in a solitary location. Species that live on the margins of their optimal habitat are often labelled as ‘rare’, and become the subject of European protection measures.

Map 1: Biogeographic regions of Europe (2001) [54]

Alpine

Atlantic

Continental

Pannonian

Anatolian

Black sea

Macaronesia*

Steppic

Arctic

Boreal

Mediterranean

* Excluded from this map for presentation purposes, the macaronesia zone incorporates the 5 North Atlantic Ocean archipeligos of the Azores, Canary Islands, Cape Verde, Madeira, and the Savage Islands.

38 

Pollinators and agriculture

Profile for ECPA

Pollinators & Agriculture  

Agricultural productivity and pollinator protection - Around 70% of the world’s most produced crop species rely to some extent on insect pol...

Pollinators & Agriculture  

Agricultural productivity and pollinator protection - Around 70% of the world’s most produced crop species rely to some extent on insect pol...