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Climate change

Beekeeping practices

Changing climatic conditions can have influence over the health of honey bees, but are probably minimal as bees are quite resilient to seasonal changes in weather; they inhabit the extremes of Europe’s climate, from Finland to Portugal. Bees may be affected indirectly through climate driven changes to plant communities, competitor species, parasites and pathogens. Extreme weather events, including those resulting from climate change may also contribute to localised colony losses.

Beekeeping practices are very diverse and differ between individuals and regions. Appropriate animal husbandry is a key factor in successful colony development and should consider many factors including the control of Varroa and diseases, hibernation, food quality, hive transportation technique, and cleanliness and quality of suitability of equipment.

Number of occurence

Figure 11: The number of reported studies of each beekeeping factor responsible for bee mortality [23] 16

14 11

12

7

8

5 4

2

0 ■ Migration

■ Colony density

■ Apiary management

Photo: © Waugsberg

Photo: © USDA Agricultural Research Service

■ Nutrition

A Varroa destructor mite on a honey bee host.

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Pollinators and agriculture

Varroa destructor mites on honey bee pupae.

■ Age of colony

Profile for ECPA

Pollinators & Agriculture  

Agricultural productivity and pollinator protection - Around 70% of the world’s most produced crop species rely to some extent on insect pol...

Pollinators & Agriculture  

Agricultural productivity and pollinator protection - Around 70% of the world’s most produced crop species rely to some extent on insect pol...