By Teddy Mikey Rudolph
Introduction∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙ Algonquian Art∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙ Algonquian Homes∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙ Algonquian Rituals, Costumes , Religion∙∙∙∙∙∙ Algonquian Roles∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙ Algonquian Games∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙ Algonquian Food∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙
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In early New York, Native Americans roamed. They were split up into two tribes the Algonquian and the Iroquois. They fought in many disputes. The Algonquians lived by the Hudson River Valley and Long Island. The Algonquians had different ways of living then we do today. They did not have comfy beds, they had to make their homes. They did not have supermarkets, they hunted. But they had rituals like we do today.
In the Algonquian tribe, they did a lot of beadwork and crafted Wampum belts made from purple and white beads. Purple and white beads were hard to find, but when they found them, they would trade or give them to another family. They also loved to make flower patterns. They love to do oil paintings today!
Algonquian tribes lived in wigwams, longhouses and even redwood-plank houses. But they mostly lived in wigwams. Wigwams were built in groups or villages. Wigwams are made out of birch bark. Wigwams were usually dome, and cone shaped and covered with animal skin. Wigwams could fit one family inside of it.
The Algonquinâ€™s danced in a group. They told stories through their dancing. The Algonquianâ€™s worshiped one Great Spirit or God. They believed in separate god for things like the rain and sun. Sometimes these dances were created to please the Great Spirit. They also communicated through sign language. Most family groups had their own spoken language too.
Algonquian woman gathered plants to eat and did most of the child care and cooking. Algonquian woman would carry the baby strapped to their back on a long, flat board. Men were hunters and sometimes went to war to protect their family. Men also made canoes to fish for food. Both genders took part in storytelling, art work and music, and traditional medicine. The Algonquian Indian chief was always a man, but today a woman can be chief too.
There were many games in the Algonquian tribe. Dancing was the most popular. Today, although the game is quite different, it is played with the same spirit. Boys pretended to be great hunters or warriors. Girls also enjoyed playing hopscotch too. Children play with each other and guessing games were very popular.
Algonquian food was not like our time, they hunted. They hunted different types of animals. Snowshoes helped them get buffalo more easier and more successful. But not all hunted, some fished for fish with poles made from trees. And not all ate meat, some planted and harvest rice , squash, beans, and corn. Algonquians cared for their families and some gathered water and brought it home for their families. They tapped maple trees for there sugar. Some Algonquians that lived by the shore ate clams, oysters, lobsters , mussels , and other shell fish. Some made spears to hunt birds ,beaver ,moose , caribou , and otter. The women Algonquians gathered nuts and berries. Lastly they traded plants and berries to get corn and syrup.
The Algonquin life back then was much harder then it is today. But they were very happy with what their culture did.