Joana Duhamel and Francisca Rebelo
D. AFONSO HENRIQUES Afonso I (25 June 1109, Guimarães – 6 December 1185, Coimbra), more commonly known as Afonso Henriques, nicknamed "the Conqueror" (in portuguese: o Conquistador). He was the first King of Portugal. He achieved the independence in 1143, establishing a new kingdom and doubling its area with the “Reconquista”, an objective that he pursued until his death, in 1185, after fourty-six years of wars against the Moors.
LUÍS DE CAMÕES
Luis Vaz De Camões (1525 – June 10 of 1589, Lisbon) was a portuguese poet, son of Simão Vaz de Camões and Ana de Sá e Macedo, Luís Vaz de Camões, One of his exceptional work was Os Lusíadas.
A POEM FROM CAMÕES
Amor é um fogo que arde sem se ver; É ferida que dói, e não se sente; É um contentamento descontente; É dor que desatina sem doer. É um não querer mais que bem querer; É um andar solitário entre a gente; É nunca contentar-se e contente; É um cuidar que ganha em se perder; É querer estar preso por vontade; É servir a quem vence, o vencedor; É ter com quem nos mata, lealdade. Mas como causar pode seu favor Nos corações humanos amizade, Se tão contrário a si é o mesmo Amor?
Love is a fire that burns unseen, a wound that aches yet isn’t felt, an always discontent contentment, a pain that rages without hurting, a longing for nothing but to long, a loneliness in the midst of people, a never feeling pleased when pleased, a passion that gains when lost in thought. It’s being enslaved of your own free will; it’s counting your defeat a victory; it’s staying loyal to your killer. But if it’s so self-contradictory, how can Love, when Love chooses, bring human hearts into sympathy?
FERNANDO PESSOA Fernando Pessoa (June 13, 1888 – November 30, 1935) he was a Portuguese poet, a writer, a publisher and a philosopher, described as one of the most significant literary figures of the 20th century and one of the greatest poets in the Portuguese language. Bibliography: "35 sonnets", 1918. "English Poems I and II", 1921. "English Poems III", 1921. “A Mensagem", 1934. (between others)
AMÁLIA RODRIGUES Amália da Piedade Rodrigues (July 23, 1920 – October 6, 1999) known as Amália Rodrigues, was a Portuguese singer and an actress. She was known as the Rainha do Fado ("Queen of Fado") and was most persuasive in promoting fado worldwide. She was one of the most important figures in the genre's development.
SARAMAGO José de Sousa Saramago (16 November 1922 – 18 June 2010) was a Portuguese novelist, a poet, a playwright, a journalist and received the 1998 Nobel Prize in Literature. His works, some of which can be seen as allegories, commonly present revolutionary perspectives on historic events, accentuating the human factor. Bibliography: Terra do Pecado (1947) Ensaio sobre a Cegueira (1995) Provavelmente Alegria (1970) O Ano de 1993 (1975) (among others)