How is the water In our World organized?
Water cycler Colegio Americano
What is the water cycle?
Water in our World Where is the world´s water? Water in the world is divided into different groups. This are: 1. Freshwater 2. Surface water and other fresh water 3. Salt water The higher amount of water in the earth is the water in oceans. As you can see in the graph below there are lots of different types of water all around the world that can be found with different compositions from one another. The water in this graph is being reused again and again using the water cycle.
The Water cycle What is the water cycle? The water cycle is the process in which water is used and reused once and again. It is the world’s way of recycling water. It is divided into 4 stages The stages of the water cycle are: •
Evaporation: it is the stage were the sun heats up the surface of the ocean, and based on this some of the particles from the water evaporate and it turns into water vapor that goes into the air.
through the air until becomes colder. cools and changes state and get water droplets.
Condensation: Water vapor rises up the air surrounding it The water vapor then back into a liquid together forming
Precipitation: This stage happens when the water droplets get so heavy and large that they fall to the Earth as rain when temperature is not so cold, and as snow when the temperature is really cold.
Channel Flow: When water falls, it either soaks or runs off a land surface. Then this water is channeled downhill as a run off and into a river, lake or any other water source that then ends up in an ocean.
Percolation: it is the movement of water through soil into the Earth layers by gravity. The prime moving source is considered gravity which pulls water down into the soil, rocks and cracks. Water that is in the zone of saturation is called groundwater and all groundwater originates as surface water. Then pulled by gravity, water can fall into a stream or lake or even visceversa through canals or through pores in the grounds surface.
Below, the water cycle is in a graph showing the different stages that are happening and how it happens. First, water in a lake evaporates and the vapor rises and start to condensate and form clouds. Then, as the level of water in clouds rises, rain or snow fall depending on the temperature. Then either the water is sucked
into the Earth or it foes through a channel ad eventually goes back to the lake were all started and everything happens back again.
How can the water cycle affect climate?
The water cycle can affect climate because of many factors. First, if the water cycle is affected because of sunshine need or because of too much sunshine, then the cloud formation will be affected and rains or snow falling will be affected creating a world disaster. If by any cause, the water cycle is affected because of anything, then the whole climate will be terribly affected because all depends on the water cycle. For example, in Africa there are lots of droughts, and this is happening because the water cycle is being affected because as water in this place has ended, then the sun in this place hits more dangerously and the climate in this case will be very dry.
This can be considered An effect of the water Cycle and how it affects climate
Types of precipitation! Precipitation is divided into five categories in which each have different characteristics from one another.
Rain: it occurs when tiny droplets from clouds collide and form bigger droplets. This happens on and on till this droplets get really heavy and start to fall.
Hail: it is the product of intense thunderstorms. It is rarely seen in the air surface temperature is below freezing. In this precipitation water falls in hailstones that are like blocks of ice that are made during a thunderstorm based on the temperature in the different layers and how much time the water is suspended on air.
Freezing Rain: it is probably one of the most dangerous precipitations. Freezing rain happens when there is a shallow layer of air at the surface that is below freezing followed by a layer of higher than freezing air above it. Some people sometimes get confused between this type of precipitation and rain but this type of rain is the one that creates black ice on roads and can cause lots of damage. 4.
Sleet: sleet is nothing more than frozen rain drops. Here is one layer that is above one that is
freezing and as the raindrops hit this freezing layer they freeze and fall into the ground as little snowice drops. 5.
Snow: Snow happens when the layer of the atmosphere from the surface of the earth all the way through the clouds is completely below freezing.
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