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Afirmativa: I was: yo era o yo estaba. You were: tú eras o tú estabas. He was: él era o él estaba. She was: ella era o ella estaba. It was: eso era o eso estaba. We were: nosotros eramos o nosotros estábamos. You were: vosotros erais o vosotros estabais. They were: ellos eran o ellos estaban. Negativa: I was not: yo no era o yo no estaba. You were not: tú no eras o tú no estabas. He was not: él no era o él no estaba. She was not: ella no era o ella no estaba. It was not: eso no era o eso no estaba. We were not: nosotros no eramos o nosotros no estábamos. You were not: vosotros no erais o vosotros no estabais. They were not: ellos no eran o ellos no estaban. Interrogativa: Was I?: ¿era yo? o ¿estaba yo? Were you?: ¿eras tú? o ¿estabas tú? Was he?: ¿era él? o ¿estaba él? Was she?: ¿era ella? o ¿estaba ella? Was it?: ¿era eso? o ¿estaba eso? Were we?: ¿eramos nosotros? o ¿estabamos nosotros? Were you?: ¿erais vosotros? o ¿estabais vosotros? Were they?: ¿eran ellos? o ¿estaban ellos? Ejemplos: ·He was my friend when I was twelve years old → Él era mi amigo cuando yo tenía doce años. ·I wasn't at school at half-past eleven → Yo no estaba en el colegio a las once y media. ·Were they at home yesterday? → ¿Estaban ellos ayer en casa? (no confundir "where (donde)" con were). Para terminar, decir que las formas negativas contraídas son: was not → wasn't were not → weren't


WH - QUESTIONS What ? - ¿Qué? ¿Cuál? ¿Cuáles?

How often ? - ¿Con qué frecuencia?

What else? - ¿Qué más?

How long ? - ¿Cuánto tiempo? ¿Qué longitud?

Which ? - ¿Qué? ¿Cuál? ¿Cuáles?

How long ago? - ¿Hace cuánto tiempo?

How ? - ¿Cómo? ¿Cuán?

How old ? - ¿Qué edad? ¿Cuán viejo?

How else ? - ¿De qué otra manera?

How soon ? - ¿Cuán pronto?

When ? - ¿Cuándo?

How big ? - ¿Qué tamaño? ¿Cuán grande?

Where ? - ¿Dónde? ¿Adónde?

How far ? - ¿A qué distancia? ¿Cuán lejos?

Where else ? - ¿Dónde más?

How tall ? - ¿Qué estatura? ¿Cuán alto?

Why ? - ¿Por qué? ¿Para qué?

How deep ? - ¿Qué profundidad?

Who ? - ¿Quién? ¿Quienes?

How early ? - ¿Cuán temprano?

Who else? - ¿Quién más?

How late ? - ¿Cuán tarde?

Whom ? - ¿A quién? ¿A quiénes?

How heavy ? - ¿Qué peso? ¿Cuán pesado?

Whose ? - ¿De quién? ¿De quiénes?

How thick ? - ¿Qué espesor? ¿Cuán grueso?

How much ? - ¿Cuánto/a?

What time ? - ¿Qué hora? ¿A qué hora?

How many ? - ¿Cuántos/as?

What kind ? - ¿Qué clase ? ¿Qué tipo?

Am I. ..?

¿No soy yo ...?

What is your name ?

Tell me what your name is.

Where do you work ?

I want to know where you work.

How much does she earn ?

Do you know how much she earns ?

How much is the rent ?

Can you tell me how much the rent is ?

When does the plane arrive ?

I wonder what time the plane arrives.

How often does the bus come ?

Do you know how often the bus comes ?

What kind of movies do you like ?

Tell me what kind of movies you like.

Who will be at the party ?

I want to know who will be at the party ?

Whose books are these ?

I wonder whose books these are.

How long did the flight last ?

Tell me how long the flight lasted.

Why are they fighting ?

Do you know why they are fighting ?

You are from Brazil, aren't you ?

You don't speak French, do you ?

She is a secretary, isn't she ?

Jack and I didn't pass the exam, did we ?

They were in Europe, weren't they ?

They won't come here tomorrow, will they ?

You traveled with them, didn't you ?

We shouldn't change our jobs, should we ?


You have been to Africa, haven't you ? We haven't seen that movie, have we ? There is a party tonight, isn't there ?

She won't go to the conference, will she ?

She should study harder, shouldn't she ?

He can't swim, can he ?

You must work tomorrow, mustn't you You didn't know her, did you ? ? You live in this city, don't you ?

He couldn't answer the question, could he ?

It was a little crowded, wasn't it ?

She doesn't exercise much, does she ?

She speaks Spanish, doesn't she ?

You haven't been there before, have you ?

My first day at school My mother accompanied me to school on the first day. Other parents accompanied their children as well. We all waited in front of the school office. Soon a teacher came and led us to some classrooms. There we were put into four separate classes. This was when some children began to cry as the parents were not allowed into the classrooms. I did not cry because I had been to kindergarten before. Actually my mother went home soon after for she knew I would be all right. It was an enjoyable time for me as I got to know my new classmates. The teacher was very busy writing down our particulars so we had plenty of time to ourselves. Meantime some children continued to sob while their parents looked in anxiously through the windows. Soon recess came. Some of us headed for the tuck-shop while the rest headed for their parents. I bought a drink with the money my mother gave me. Getting to know my new friends had made me thirsty. After recess we went back to out classroom and my new friends and I managed tocoax two boys to stop crying. In fact, soon we were laughing and playing together. Once in a while the teacher had to tell us to keep quiet as we were making too much noise. Still some parents looked in anxiously through the windows. Finally the bell rang for us to go home. Some of us were very relieved to be reunited with our parents. I too was glad to see my mother waiting for me at the school gate. I had made many friends. It had been a wonderful first day at school.

Summary in Unit One