GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT CREDAN The craft of damascene arrived in Toledo at the time of greatest splendour of Al-Andalus, though some damask pieces dating back over 2,500 years have been found. Egyptians, Greeks and Romans used this technique, with different characteristics, for the ornamentation of weapons and decorative elements. At the time when the Roman Empire was transferred to Byzantium, the art of damascene reached its height in Damask (Syria), and thus the name given to this technique. The manufacturing process begins with a mechanical treatment to roughen the base material (copper) and so ensure perfect subsequent adherence of the gold. Then, sheets and threads of 24 and 18-carat gold are applied to produce the design, previously drawn by hand. In order to achieve perfect adherence of the sheets and threads of gold, this material is hammered into place with a burin or punch. The next step is the oxidation of the non-damascened areas, which is achieved by means of a chemical bath that gives the piece an attractive black finish which contrasts with the shine of the gold. Subsequently, the areas with gold are again hammered and worked to engrave small details on each one, contributing to the beauty of the final result and making each piece unique. Finally, the pieces are lacquered so that their beauty remains unchanged over time. The name of the Gómez family has always been linked to the handcraft tradition of Toledo and its most characteristic technique, damascene. The knowledge of several generations and a particular vision in the creation of new articles led Ángel Gómez Alonso to found the company Creaciones Dángel in 1965, initially specialising in the reproduction of works of art in a small workshop no bigger than 25 m2. In 1 975, and after a major investment in technology, Creaciones Dángel was renamed CREDAN and became an industrialised company which, without forgetting its craft origins and based on a carefully-chosen human team, began its adventure in other markets. Thus, it managed to place its products in the most prestigious shops around the world. The quality of the raw materials used (including 24-carat gold) and the refinement and elegance of the finished products, helped to rapidly spread CREDAN’s reputation around the entire world. Kings, princes, sheikhs, ambassadors and the most prestigious figures soon became loyal customers of CREDAN. This tradition of elegance, quality, craftsmanship and historical inspiration can still be seen in all the articles manufactured by CREDAN. This catalogue gives you the opportunity to travel back in time, observing in CREDAN’s collection of gifts the timeless imprint left by the great historical events, their cultural legacy and their most important figures. All of this, skilfully combined with the craftsmanship of CREDAN and the use of first-quality materials such as 24-carat gold, have helped to consolidate our collection, which is available only in the most prestigious, most exclusive stores in the world.
PROCESS 1 By chemical and mechanical process we clean the material base, always pure Copper, in order to have a perfect fixation of the Gold. The thickness of the Copper base depends on the article to produce, the regular thicknes goes from 0,2 mm to 1,4 mm.
PROCESS 2 For this step, we inlay the 18 karat Gold. We obtain 18 Kt. Gold, mixing pure 24 kt gold with silver. The thickness of the wires or its sheets is about 3 microns. This gold has a light green colour.
PROCESS 3 Once the gold of 18 kt is on the copper base, we proceed to inlay 24 kt gold (maximum purity of this metal). The thickness of the wires or its sheets is about 3 microns. That means that in some areas of the pieces we have 6 microns gold thickness (3 of 24 kt plus 3 of 18 kt.)
PROCESS 4 All the work with gold it is already done. Now we proceed to fix permanently the gold into the copper. For this part, golden areas, are covered using hammer and differents tools. This process gives to the damascene piece a nice third dimension embossing.
PROCESS 5 The next step is the oxidation for the not damascened areas. We obtain this introducing the piece into a specific chemical bath (called pavon) wich attack only the non noble metal. This process gives to the piece a lovely black finish wich contrast with the shining gold.
PROCESS 6 Now in order to protect the delicate work done, the piece is protected with a smooth lacquer. This is an extra protection given to the piece in order to mantain clean our product, only a soft clothe is needed for that. At the end, the piece is ready to get fixed or assembled in one of our products.
MADE IN SPAIN
Of the 8.600 bird species which exist today, the ostrich is the largest. The are still found in the wild in certain parts of Africa, and are very well adapted to desert life, getting water from the plants the eat.
These huge birds, which sometimes - reach a height of 2.6 m and a weight of 135 kg, cannot fly, but are very fast runners. Their small, flat heads and long necks are downy and their plump bodies are covered with soft feathers. The maleยกs body plumage is glossy black, and the wings and tail feathers are white. The females and young males are greyish brown. If threatened while sitting on the nest, which is simply a cavity scooped in the earth, the hen presses her long neck flat along the ground, blending with the background. Ostriches, contrary to popular belief, do not bury their heads in the sand. The male ostrich has from two to six females in his flock. The eggs each weigh about 1.5 kg. Ostriches have been raised in captivity as a source of food, and some people have even tried to ride them -a risky business...
This unique piece is made using natural Ostrich eggshell, and its production is numbered and limeted to hundred pieces. Ref. 121100 27 x 14 cm
Emu Treasure The Emu, Dromaius novaehollandiae, is the largest bird native to Australia and, after the Ostrich, the secondlargest bird that survives today. It inhabits most of the lesspopulated areas of the continent, avoiding only dense forest and severe desert. Like all birds in the Ratite group, it is flightless, although unlike some it does have tiny wings hidden under the feathers. The soft-feathered, brown birds reach 1.5 to 2 metres in height and weigh up to 60 kilograms, with the male marginally smaller. Emus are opportunistically nomadic and follow rain, feeding on grains, flowers, fruit, soft shoots, insects, grubs, and whatever else is available. They are able to travel great distances at a fast, economical trot and, if need be, can sprint at 50 km/h. This unique piece is made using natural Emu eggshell, and its production is numbered and limeted to hundred pieces.
Ref. 121110 20 x 8 cm
Carey The hawksbill turtle is a critically endangered sea turtle belonging to the family Cheloniidae. It is the only species in its genus. The species has a worldwide distribution, with Atlantic and Pacific subspecies. E. imbricata imbricata is the Atlantic subspecies, while E. imbricata bissa is found in the Indo - Pacific region. The hawksbillâ€™s appearance is similar to that of other marine turtles. It has a generally flattened body shape, a protective carapace, and flipper-like arms, adapted for swimming in the open ocean. E. imbricata is easily distinguished from other sea turtles by its sharp, curving beak with prominent tomium, and the saw-like appearance of its shell margins. Hawksbill s hells slightly change colors, depending on water temperature. While this turtle lives part of its life in the open ocean, it spends more time in shallow lagoons and coral reefs.
Ref. 172014 15 x 8 x 5 cm
A C gatha
The English writer Agatha Christie (1891-1976) was without a doubt the most prolific author of detective novels. Her sublime pen gave birth to such original detectives as Miss Marple and the incomparable Hercules Poirot. Characterised by the intelligent way in wich she amintained the intrigue from start to finish and her surprising denouements, the novels of Agatha Christie are based on the sharp, intelligent observation of detectives. Thanks to the imagination of this English novelist, many mysterious relics and intriguing manuscripts were investigated, with such classic objects as this magnifying glass and this paper knife we present you here.
Ref. 172015 22 x 14 x 3 cm
Johannes Gutenberg (c. 1398 â€“ February 3, 1468) was a German goldsmith and printer who is credited with being the first European to use movable type printing, in around 1439, and the global inventor of the mechanical printing press. His major work, the Gutenberg Bible (also known as the 42-line Bible), has been acclaimed for its high aesthetic and technical quality. Among the specific contributions to printing that are attributed to Gutenberg are the invention of a process for massproducing movable type, the use of oil-based ink, and the use of a wooden printing press similar to the screw olive and wine presses of the period.
Ref. 174175 25 x 13 x 5 cm
RMS Titanic was an Olympic class passenger liner that collided with an iceberg and sank in 1912. The second of a trio of superliners, she and her sisters, RMS Olympic and HMHS Britannic, were designed to provide a three-ship weekly express service and dominate the transatlantic travel business for the White Star Line. Built at the Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast, Ireland, Titanic was the largest passenger steamship in the world at the time of her sinking. During Titanicâ€™s maiden voyage (from Southampton, England; to Cherbourg, France; Queenstown (Cobh), Ireland; then New York), she struck an iceberg at 11:40 p.m. (shipâ€™s time) on Sunday evening April 14, 1912, and sank two hours and forty minutes later, after breaking into two pieces, at 2:20 a.m. Monday morning April 15.
Ref. 174176 28 x 19 x 12 cm
Around the World in Eigthy Days (Jules Verne 1828 - 1905) describes the extraordinary travels of Phileas Fogg and his valet Passepartout. Phileas Fogg he attempts to circumnavigate the late Victorian world in 80 days or less on a wager set by the Reform Club. He takes the wager and on that day leaves with Passepartout, vowing to return by 8.45 pm on Saturday 21 December 1872. He is followed by a detectived named Fix, under suspicion of robbing the Bank of England. Fogg has no idea about Fixâ€™s true intentiones, yet he works with him troughout the last half of the book. While in India, he saves a widow princess from a tribe of natives who wish to sacrifice her. Passepartout rescues her and she accompanies Fogg in his journey around the world. While with Fogg, they eventually fall in love and marry at the end of the book. Fogg is arrested by Fix near the end of the book, but is quickly released. He then believes he has lost his wager. Howeber, he discovers almost too late that he has forgotten to adjust his timekeeping for having crossed the International Date Line, and he wins his bet after all.
Ref. 174177 21 x 21 x 11 cm
William Shakespeare (1564-1616), British poet and playwright, was one of the best writers of plays of universal literature. He was considered to have an unparalleled genius by experts, with his domain of literary arts and magnificent contribution to theatre. It was W. Shakespeare who gave music a quintessential role in theatre, as it became one of the key elements in artistic and literary life of the times. The famous playwright William Shakespeare used popular music in his plays and it was these plays that in turn inspired other songs and music.
Ref. 174178 24 x 24 x 15 cm
Roger Bacon Roger Bacon (1214–1294), also known as “Doctor Mirabilis” (Latin: “wonderful teacher”), was one of the most famous Franciscan friars of his time. An English philosopher who placed considerable emphasis on empiricism, he was one of the earliest European advocates of the modern scientific method. Bacon possessed one of the most commanding intellects of his age, who made many discoveries, and came near to many others. His Opus Majus contains treatments of mathematics and optics, alchemy and the manufacture of gunpowder,the positions and sizes of the celestial bodies,and anticipates later inventions such as microscopes, telescopes, spectacles, flying machines, hydraulics and steam ships.
Ref. 174179 12 x 12 x 24 cm
The Hague, the seat of Government of the Netherlands ( though Amsterdam is the official capital ), is also the capital of the province of South Holland. It is home to the Supreme Court of the Netherlands and the States General ( the Parliament ), as well as numerous embassies. It is also the headquarters of the United Nations International Court of Justice, and is increasingly important as the venue for international conferences. The International Court of The Hague was created in 1945 in order to resolve legal conflicts among nations. Its creation, as a direct result of the Founding Charter of the United Nations, brought with it the drafting of a Statute which established its constitution and functioning.
Ref. 174180 19 x 13 x 18 cm
Considered one of the first science-fiction authors, the French novelist Jules Verne wrote adventure stories that became incredibly popular and which, to a great extent, proved prophetic. In his work (19 th century), he speaks in great detail of certain technological advances that did not take place until a century later, such as journeys into space, guided missiles, planes and submarines. His novels, which include “Journey to the Centre of the Earth” (1864), “From the Earth to the Moon” (1865), “Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea” (1870), “Around the World in 80 Days” (1873) and “The Mysterious Island” (1874), have been turned into films on numerous occasions. Jules Verne’s imagination gave birth to magnificent stories which, though they were considered science fiction at the time, have, thanks to subsequent technological advances, become reality. The inkstand we present here takes us to the private library of this author, a visionary who predicted the future with astonishing precision.
Ref. 174181 46 x 23 x 22 cm
Brussels is located in the centre of Belgium. It is the capital and main city of the country, next to the banks of the River Seine, near the city of Amberes. The city is characterised by its many wooded boulevards, magnificent gardens, numerous monuments, and beautiful buildings, in the centre of northern Europe and acting as the headquarters of international organisations, such as the European Union and the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO). Some of the most important religious monuments of Brussels have a special place in the Cathedral of San Miguel, a true Gothic example built at the end of the 13th Century, famous for its extraordinary stained glass windows; the church of Notre Dame of Finist猫re and the church of Saint Jacques sur Coudenberg. Among the civil buildings we can highlight the H么tel de Ville, with a Gothic style from the 15th century, the Royal Palace, the palace of the Nation from the 18th century, the Palace of Justice and the Stock Exchange, both from the 19th century.
Ref. 174182 45 x 27 x 17 cm
Fully titled The Ingenious Hidalgo Don Quixote of La Mancha is a novel written by Spanish author Miguel de Cervantes. Cervantes created a fictional origin for the story based upon a manuscript by the invented Moorish historian, Cide Hamete Benengeli. Published in two volumes a decade apart (in 1605 and 1615), Don Quixote is the most influential work of literature to emerge from the Spanish Golden Age and the entire Spanish literary canon. As a founding work of modern Western literature , it regularly appears high on lists of the greatest works of fiction ever published.
Ref. 174183 27 x 20 x 7 cm
Iustitia, the Roman Goddess of Justice and sometimes, simply “Justice”, is an allegorical personification of the moral force that underlies the legal system. Since the Renaissance, Justitia has frequently been depicted as a bare-breasted woman carrying a sword and scales, and sometimes wearing a blindfold. Justitia is most often depicted with a set of weighing scales typically suspended from her left hand, upon which she measures the strengths of a case’s support and opposition. As stated above, Lady Justice is often depicted wearing a blindfold. This is done in order to indicate that justice is (or should be) meted out objectively, without fear or favor, regardless of the identity, power, or weakness: blind justice & blind equality.
Ref. 174184 28 x 8 x 20 cm
Alexander Serfeyevich Pushkin (1799-1837), Russian poet and dramatist, the father of Russian literature through his lyrical and epic pooems, plays, novels and short stories. He was born into a noble family on the 6th of June 1799, in Moscow. Among his virtues, particularly notable was his ability to take advantage of his family lineage for his own cultural enrichment and in this way seek to continuously and productively develop his literary aptitudes. He died on the 10th of February 1837, as a result of the wounds he suffered in a duel in St. Petersburg, defending his wifeâ€™s honour. He left Russia a literary legacy of incalculable value. He was a versatile author, of great vigour and optimism, who understood the many different facets of the character of his people. His lyrical poetry and his prose, simpre and at the same time sincere, exercised an enormous influence over several subsequent generations of Russian writers.
Ref. 181078 42 x 42 x 10 cm
Jade CMJade has been and continues to be one of the most highly appreciated semi-precious stonesin the world. Since ancient times, cultures such as oriental or American ones have beenparticularly fond of this mineral, which has always been related to water and purity. In China, all dynasties since the Shang and including the Ming dynasty to the Quingperiod, and in America the Olmec, Aztec and Mayan civilisations used this precious stoneto create religious images, decorate mausoleums and in the making of beautiful pieces ofjewellery.
Ref. 181081 40 x 40 x 9 cm
Save some exceptions, Havana cigars are still made in the traditional manner by the torcedores, the cigar-rollers who give them form and whose experienced hans cannot be matched by any machine. There are four types of cigar-rollers, and only those of the highest category are permitted to make the largest, most complex Havana cigars. It takes many years to reach the summit of this traditional art in which only one thing has changed over time: the vast majority of cigar-rollers are now women, which seems to give credit to the popular myth that Havana cigars are rolled on the thighs of maidens. Both this fact (which dintinguishes Havana cigars from any other type of cigar) and the careful selections of the tobacco leaves from which they are made, are characteristics that mean that this product requires very special care. Thus, it is recommended that Havana cigars always be stored at a temperature of between 16 and 18 degrees centigrade and at relative humidity of between 70 and 72 per cent.
Ref. 181082 35 x 24 x 20 cm
Cleopatra VII, belonging to the powerful Ptolemaic dynasty, was queen of Egypt from 51 BC (the year in which her father died) to 30 BC. Cleopatra, who at that time was approximately seventeen years old, and her brother Ptolemy, 12 years old, together succeeded their father after fulfilling one condition â€“ they had to marry. Cleopatra will always be remembered for the betrayal she suffered at the hands of her brother Ptolemy XIII, for her romance with Julius Caesar and for her love of beauty products and jewels. History tells us that she was possibly the most beautiful, most feminine of all women, which was the reason she conquered Caesar. In her memory, and inspired by the Egyptian art of papyruses, we present this jewel box, in which Cleopatra would surely have enjoyed keeping the jewels of the Egyptian Crown.
Ref. 181086 39 x 26 x 23 cm
Thomas Alba Edison Thomas Alva Edison (1847-1931), an American inventor whose developmentof a practical light bulb, an electricity generator, a device to record sound and afilm projector, as well as perfecting Bellâ€™s telephone, have had profound effectson modern society.He was born in Milan (Ohio) on the 11th of February 1847. He only went to school for three months in Port Huron(Michigan). When he was 12 years old, he beganselling newspapers in a railway station, dedicatinghis free time to experimenting with printingpresses and with different mechanical andelectrical devices. In 1862, Edison publisheda weekly, the Grand Trunk Herald, and a fewyears later he got a job in Boston (Massachusetts) and dedicated all his free time to research. He inventeda recorder and later, while working at the telegraph companyGold and Stock in New York, introduced considerable improvementsin the companyâ€™s equipment and services. With the sale of telegraphicaccessories, Edison earned 40,000 dollars, which he used to set up the laboratorywhere he developed the carbon telephone transmitter, which had recently beeninvented by the American physicist Alexander Graham Bell.
Ref. 181090 28 x 26 x 11 cm
Alexander Craham Bell Alexander Graham Bell (1847-1922), an inventor of English origin, owes his fame to the invention of the telephone andto his studies to limit the effects of deafness.
From the age of 18, Bell worked on the idea of the transmission of speech. In 1874, while working on a multiple telegraph, he developed the basic ideas of what would become the telephone. The experiments carried out with Thomas Watson were finally successfully proven on the 10th of March 1876.Aspecial mention should go to ademonstration he gave in1876 during the Centenary Exhibition in Philadelphia (Pennsylvania),as thanks to this hisinvention was disseminated all around the world. Bell was one of the cofounders of the National Geographic Society and was its president from 1896 to 1904. He also founded the magazine Science in1883. He died on the 2nd of August 1922, in Baddeck ( Canada ), where the Canadian government conserves a museum containing many of his original inventions.
Ref. 181091 33 x 26 x 30 cm
Grand National, the classic English steeplechase, is held every March or April at Aintree, Liverpool. Though it began in 1839, the race was not officially recognised by the National Hunt Committee until 1865. The course, which has 15 jumps over a length of 3,600 metres, must be covered twice. The Grand National is considered the most difficult steeplechasein the world and each year brings together the most prestigious aristocrats from around the world, who enjoy the equestrian spectacle offered by the finest horses and jockeys.
available in white colour
Ref. 181092 33 x 20 x 22 cm
Guglielmo Marchese Marconi, GCVO (25 April 1874 - 20 July 1937) was an Italian inventor, best known for hisdevelopment of a practical radiotelegraph system, which served as the foundation for the establishment of numerous affiliated companies worldwide. He shared the 1909 Nobel Prize in Physics with Karl Ferdinand Braun,â€œin recognition of their contributions to the development of wireless telegraphyâ€?.
Ref. 181093 31 x 26 x 27 cm
Titan In Greek Mythology, the Titans were a race of powerful deities,descendants of Gaia and Uranus that ruled during the legendary Golden Age.
In the first generation of twelve Titans,the males were Oceanus,Hyperion, Coeus, Cronus,Crius and Iapetus and the females were Mnemosyne, Tethys,Theia,Phoebe, Rhea & Themis. The second generation of Titans consisted of Hyperion’s children Eos, Helios, and Selene; Coeus’s daughters Leto and Asteria;Iapetus’s sons Atlas, Prometheus, Epimetheus, and Menoetius; and Crius’s sons Astraeus, Pallas, and Perses. The role of the Titans as Elder Gods was overthrown by a race of younger gods, the Olympians, in the Titanomachy (“War of the Titans”) which effected a mythological paradigm shift that the Greeks may have borrowed from the Ancient Near East.
Ref. 185001 19 x 19 x 42 cm
C C hristopher
Christopher Columbus (1451-1506), sailor and explorer, perhaps of Genovese origin, was the controversial, self-taught and highly-observant man who, in the service of the Crown of Castile, discovered the American continent on the 12th of October 1492. Columbus was the first admiral, viceroy and governor of the Indies, and he showed the mariners of his day the route to follow to travel to and from the continent that would be called America. In undertaking this indeavour, Christopher Columbus let himself be guided by an incredible seafaring intuition and what he had learnt from different geographical studies, especially those carried out by Marco Polo over a century before. This historical piece, which conveys the image and legend of the celebrated discoverer, imagines the world that existed in the mind of Christopher Columbus before reaching America.
Ref. 185003 24 x 24 x 30 cm
Jean Passepartout is a character in Jules Verne’s novel, Around the World in Eighty Days. He is the French valet to the novel’s English protagonist,Phileas Fogg.His name translates to “Goes-Everywhere” in French.
Jean Passepartout has just been hired by Phileas Fogg after Fogg’s previous valet failed to meet his exacting standards. Passepartout, who has lived an irregular and well-travelled l ife, is looking forward to a restful employment, as Fogg is known for his regular habits which never take him farther afield than the Reform Club. On Passepartouts first day at work, Fogg makes a bet with his friends at the Club that he can circumnavigate the world in no more than eighty days, and Passepartout is obliged to accompany him. In addition to the wager,the valet has an additional incentive to complete the journey quickly.
Ref. 185009 9 x 12 x 4 cm
Considered the most influential monarch of the Middle Ages, Charlemagne, King of the Franks and Holy Roman Emperor during much of the 8th century, ruled over a vast area of central and western Europe. The historical importance of Charlemagne is not merely a matter of his military victories and the size of his empire, but also his particular combination of tradition and innovation. While behaving like a traditional warrior, Carolus Magnus placed his power at the service of culture and justice. For all of this, he was taken as an example for all subsequent kings, personifying the fusion of Germanic, Roman and Christian cultures, which would become the basis of European civilisation. In tribute to this exceptional figure, we have created this inkstand, which takes its inspiration from the two most outstanding facets of Charlemagne: the eagle represents his warlike nature, while the quills illustrate the more cultural side of the monarch.
Ref. 185044 42 x 21 x 28 cm
C B lipper
Its pointed, curved prow and the enormous surface area of its sails made the Baltimore Clipper both speedy and beautiful. The logical evolution of the design principles of the rapid ships that existed in England in the 16th century, the basic form of the hull of the Baltimore Clipper consisted of low, highly curved gunwales, a heart-shaped cross section and small, highly sloping prow and stern keels. The clippers enjoyed great popularity in the middle of the 19th century and until the arrival of steam ships, which superseded them. Thanks to their characteristics, the Clipper ships were unbeatable in their time in terms of speed and agility, representing an important improvement in sailing quality.
Ref. 185046 54 x 22 x 49 cm
The Round Table is King Arthur's famed table in the Arthurian legend, around which he and his Knights congregate. The Round Table first appears in Wace's Roman de Brut, a Norman language adaptation of Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historic Regnum Britanie finished in 1155. Wace says Arthur created the Round Table to prevent quarrels among finished in 1155. Wace says Arthur created the Round Table to prevent quarrels among finished in 1155. Wace says Arthur created the Round Table to prevent quarrels among his barons, none of whom would accept a lower place than the others. Layamon added to the story when he adapted Wace's work into the Middle English Brut in the early 13th century, saying that the quarrel between Arthur's vassals led to violence at a Yuletide feast. In response a Cornish carpenter built an enormous but easily transportable Round Table to prevent further dispute. Wace claims he was not the source of the Round Table; both he and Layamon credit it instead to the Bretons. Some scholars have doubted this claim, while others believe it may be true. There is some similarity between the chroniclers' description of the Round Table and a custom recorded in Celtic stories, in which warriors sit in a circle around the king or lead warrior, in some cases feuding over the order of precedence as in Layamon.
Ref. 185060 38 x 38 x 36 cm
The Royal Trophy is a men's professional team golf tournament which was played for the first time in January 2006 at the Amata Spring Country Club in Chonburi, Thailand. The competing teams represent Europe and Asia. Eight man teams play a series of 16 matches involving foursomes, four-ball and singles for the right to hold a trophy donated by the King of Thailand. It is planned to hold the event in Thailand annually until 2011, and thereafter to stage it in Europe and Asia in alternate years. The Royal Trophy is one of several team golf tournaments between teams from rival regions of the world started since the 1990s, inspired by the popularity of the Ryder Cup.
Ref. 185061 26 x 37 cm
Otto Eduard Leopold von Bismarck (1 April 1815 – 30 July 1898) was a German-Prussian nationalliberal statesman of the late 19th century, and a dominant figure in world affairs. As Ministerpräsident, or Prime Minister, of Prussia from 1862– 1890, he oversaw the unification of Germany. In 1867 he became Chancellor of the North German Confederation. He designed the German Empire in 1871, becoming its first Chancellor and dominating its affairs until he was removed by Wilhelm II in 1890. His diplomacy of Realpolitik and powerful rule gained him the nickname the "Iron Chancellor". As Henry Kissinger has noted, "The man of 'blood and iron' wrote prose of extraordinary directness and lucidity, comparable in distinctiveness to Churchills use of the English language."
Ref. 185062 41 x 24 x 41 cm
Zapata Emiliano Zapata Salazar (August 8, 1879 â€“ April 10, 1919) was a leading figure in the Mexican Revolution, which broke out in 1910, and which was initially directed against the president Porfirio DĂaz. He formed and commanded an important revolutionary force, the Liberation Army of the South, during the Mexican Revolution. Followers of Zapata were known as Zapatistas. Emiliano Zapata was born to Gabriel Zapata and Cleofas Salazar of Zacatepillo. Zapata's family were Mestizos,being of mixed Nahua and Spanish ancestry; Emiliano was the ninth of ten children. A peasant since childhood, he gained insight into the severe difficulties of the countryside. He received a limited education from his teacher,Emilio Vara. He had to care for his family because his father died when Zapata was 17. Around the turn of the 20th century Anenecuilco was an indigenous Nahuatl speaking community; there exist eyewitness accounts stating that Emiliano Zapata spoke Nahuatl fluently. Ref. 185063 30 x 24 x 41
Alphonse Gabriel "Al" Capone (January 17, 1899 â€“ January 25, 1947) was an American gangster who led a Prohibition-era crime syndicate. Known as the "Capones", the group was dedicated to smuggling and bootlegging liquor, and other illegal activities such as prostitution, in Chicago from the early 1920s to 1931. Born in Brooklyn, New York to Italian immigrants, Capone became involved with gang activity at a young age after being expelled from school at age 14. In his early twenties, he moved to Chicago to take advantage of a new opportunity to make money smuggling illegal alcoholic beverages into the city during Prohibition. He also engaged in various other criminal activities, including bribery of government figures and prostitution. Despite his illegitimate occupation, Capone became a highly visible public figure. He made various charitable endeavours using the money he made from his activities, and was viewed by many to be a "modern-day Robin Hood".
Ref. 185064 32 x 32 x 38 cm
Yakuza, also known as gokudĹź, are members of traditional organized crime syndicates in Japan. The Japanese police and media, by request of the police, call them bĹźryokudan, literally "violence group", while the yakuza call themselves "ninkyĹź dantai" or "chivalrous organizations". The Yakuza are notoriously known for their strict codes of conduct and very organized nature. They are very prevalent in the Japanese media and operate internationally with an estimated 102,400 members.
Ref. 185065 32 x 32 x 38 cm
L ake Palace Lake Palace (formerly known as Jag Niwas) is a luxury hotel, of 83 rooms and suites featuring white marble walls, located on a natural foundation of 4 acres (16,000 m2) rock on the Jag Niwas Island in Lake Pichola, Udaipur, India. The hotel operates a boat which transports guests to the hotel from a jetty at the City Palace. It has been voted as the most romantic hotel in India.
Ref. 185068 69 x 28 x 29 cm
City Palace, Udaipur, is a palace complex in Udaipur, in the Indian state Rajasthan. It was built by the Maharana Udai Singh as the capital of the Sisodia Rajput clan in 1559, after he moved from Chittor. It is located on the east bank of the Lake Pichola and has several palaces built within its complex. Udaipur was the historic capital of the former kingdom of Mewar in the Rajputana Agency and its last capital.
Ref. 185069 50 x 31 x 30 cm
Fontana del Moro La Fontana del Moro (the Moor Fountain) is a fountain located at the southern end of the Piazza Navona in Rome, Italy. It represents a Moor, or African (perhaps originally meant to be Neptune), standing in a conch shell, wrestling with a dolphin, surrounded by four Tritons. It is placed in a basin of rose-colored marble. The fountain was originally designed by Giacomo Della Porta in 1575 with the dolphin and four Tritons. In 1653, the statue of the Moor, by Gian Lorenzo Bernini, was added. In 1874, during a restoration of the fountain, the original statues were moved to the Villa Borghese and replaced with copies. In 2011 the fountain was damaged after a vandal attacked it with a hammer.
Ref. 185070 26 x 23 cm
Fontana di Trevi The Trevi Fountain is a fountain in the Trevi rione in Rome, Italy. Standing 26 metres (85.3 feet) high and 20 metres (65.6 feet) wide, it is the largest Baroque fountain in the city and one of the most famous fountains in the world. Ref. 185071 24 x 13 cm
San Francisco cocktail is a soft drink whose ingredients include: orange, lemon, pineapple, peach, sugar and grenadine.
Ref. 185072 51 x 36 x 20 cm
Schnapps is a type of distilled alcoholic beverage. The English word schnapps is derived from the German Schnapps (plural, Schn채pse), which can refer to any strong alcoholic drink but particularly those containing at least 32% ABV (64 proof). American schnapps, however, are liqueurs.
Ref. 185073 51 x 36 x 20 cm
Grappa is an alcoholic beverage, a fragrant, grape-based pomace brandy of Italian origin that contains 35%â€“60% alcohol by volume (70 to 120 US proof). It is similar to Spanish orujo, French marc, Georgian chacha, Portuguese bagaceira, Greek tsipouro and Bulgarian, Serbian, Croatian (in Istria: rakija and grappa), Romanian tescovinÄ†, Albanian, Bosnian, Montenegrin, and Turkish rakia/rak.
Ref. 185074 51 x 36 x 20 cm
Cape Dezhnev Cape Dezhnyov or Cape Dezhnev is a cape that forms the eastmost mainland point of Eurasia. It is located on the Chukchi Peninsula in the very thinlypopulated Chukotka Autonomous Okrug of Russia. This cape is located between the Bering Sea and the Chukchi Sea, 82 km ( 51 mi ) across from Cape Prince of Wales in Alaska. The Bering Strait lies in between and the Diomede Islands and Fairway Rock are located in the midst of the strait. The cape is the eastern tip of a high, rocky headland,about 20 km (12 mi) from Uelen in the north to Cape Peâ€™ek in the south, connected to the mainland by a neck of lower-lying land peppered with swamps and shallow lakes.That low-lying land is so low in elevation that the cape appears as an island from a distance far to the west of it.
Ref. 185075 33 x 25 x 44 cm
Cape Horn is the most southerly point of South America, and marks the northern boundary of the Drake Passage; for many years it was a major milestone on the clipper route, by which sailing ships carried trade around the world. However, the waters around the Cape are particularly hazardous, owing to strong winds, large waves, strong currents and icebergs; these dangers have made it notorious as a sailorsâ€™ graveyard. The need for ships to round the Cape Horn was greatly reduced by the opening of the Panama Canal in 1914. However, sailing around the Horn is widely regarded as one of the major challenges in yachting. Thus, a few recreational sailors continue to sail this route, sometimes as part of a circumnavigation of the globe, and almost all of these choosing routes through the channels to the north of the actual Cape ( though many take a detour through the islands and anchor to wait for fair weather to actually visit Horn Island or even sail around it to replicate a rounding of this historic point).
Ref. 185076 33 x 25 x 44 cm
The typical grain mixture for bourbon, known as the mash bill, is 70% corn with the remainder being wheat and/or rye, and malted barley. The grain is ground, dissolved in water, and usually, though not always, mash from a previous distillation is added to ensure a consistent pH across batches. Finally, yeast is added and the mash is fermented. The fermented mash is then distilled to (typically) between 65% and 80% alcohol. This clear spirit is placed in charred oak barrels for aging, during which it gains color and flavor from the wood. Changes to the spirit also occur due to evaporation and chemical processes such as oxidation. Bourbons gain more color and flavor the longer they age. Maturity, not a particular age, is the goal. Bourbon can age too long and become woody and unbalanced.
Ref. 185077 49 x 36 x 16 cm
Petite Champagne i s a geographic zone of cognac production of approximately 66,000 hectares, of which about 15,000 are dedicated to wines destined for cognac. It is situated in the dĂŠpartements of Charente and Charente-Maritime. The principal towns of the region are Barbezieux (Charente), Archaic and Jonzac (Charente-Maritime). In order of importance among the cognac crus (regions), Petite Champagne is second in place after Grande Champagne. While having similar characteristics, the cognacs of Petite Champagne have always been considered of a lesser quality than those of Grande Champagne. Geologically, this region is composed of a thinner ayer of calceous material than Grande Champagne.
Ref. 185080 36 x 35 x 17 cm
GrandeC hampagne Grande Champagne is a French district, called a cru, known for its cognac. It produces the finest cognacs in a zone of 34703 hectares, of which 17% is dedicated to production of cognac. At its heart is the town of Segonzac , in the DĂŠpartement of Charente. Grande Champagne is situated entirely in this dĂŠpartement.
Ref. 185081 47 x 41 x 21 cm
Dom Pierre Pérignon (c. 1638–14 September 1715) was a Benedictine monk frequently credited (erroneously) with the invention of champagne, though the Méthode champenoise was developed by him. The famous cuvée of champagne Dom Pérignon is named after him. Pierre Pérignon was born to a clerk of a local judge in the town of Saint-Menehould in the Champagne region of France. When he was 19 he entered into the Benedictine, first serving at the Abbey of Saint-Vannes in the town of Verdun. In 1668, he transferred to the Abbey of Hautvilliers near the town of Épernay. He served as cellar master of the Abbey until his death in 1715. Under his stewardship, the Abbey flourished and doubled the size of its vineyard holding. As a sign of honor and respect, the Dom was buried in a section of the Abbey traditionally reserved for only abbots.
Ref. 185082 60 x 56 x 27 cm
hisky The first written record of whisky comes from 1405 in Ireland, where it was distilled by monks. It is also mentioned in Scotland in 1496. However it is thought that whisky had already been around for at least s everal hundred years prior. When or where whisky was first distilled is unknown and the local, undocumented beverage production during the period makes identification of the drinkâ€™s origin difficult. Additionally, it is possible that different groups discovered processes of distillation completely independently of one another. Some scholars believe distilled spirits were first produced between the 8th century and 9th century in the Middle East with the art of distillation being brought to Ireland and Britain by Christian monks.
Ref. 185083 55 x 41 x 18 cm
Courvoisier is a brand of cognac. The company is now based in the town of Jarnac in the Charente department. Although no evidence exists that Courvoisier cognac was the favorite drink of Napoleon Bonaparte, who died in 1821, before Courvoisier was officially established by Felix Courvoisier in 1835, the company website claims the following: The origin of our history goes back to the beginning of the 19th century with Emmanuel Courvoisier and his associate, Louis Gallois, running a wine and spirit merchant company, in the Parisian suburb of Bercy. In 1811 Napoleon visited their warehouses in Bercy and he was hosted by Louis Gallois, t he Mayor, and Emmanuel Courvoisier. Legend has it that Napoleon I later took several barrels of cognac with him to St Helena, a treat much appreciated by the English officers on the ship who named it â€˜The Cognac of Napoleonâ€™.
Ref. 185084 60 x 43 x 18 cm
The â€œvodka beltâ€? countries of central and eastern Europe and Nordic countries are the historic home of vodka, and also have the highest vodka consumption in the world. It was not originally called vodka - instead, the term bread wine was used. Until mid-18th century, it remained relatively low on alcohol content, not exceeding 40% by volume. It was mostly sold in taverns and was quite expensive. At the same time, the word vodka was already in use, but it described herbal tinctures ( similar to absinthe ), containing up to 75% by volume alcohol, and made for medicinal purposes.
Ref. 185085 49 x 42 x 21 cm
In 1673, the French explorers Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet travelled across the area now occupied by Chicago. By 1837, thanks to improvements to the port and the start of construction of the Illinois and Michigan Canal, Chicago had reached the figure of 4,000 inhabitants; this number increased with the completion of the canal in 1848 and the arrival of the railway, at the start of 1850. Initially, the city was above all a port, but it soon became an important nacional railway hub and a notable industrial centre. By 1890,due mainly to the annexation of several outlying districts, ChicagoÂ´s populations had exceeded one million inhabitants.During Prohibition (19191933), Chicago became famous for contraband alcohol and for the clashes between gangsters mobs, including the most famous gangster of all, Al Capone, responsible for the St. ValentineÂ´s Day Massacre in 1929.
Ref. 185086 65 x 48 x 41 cm
A Prestige Cuvée, or cuvée de prestige, is a proprietary blended wine (usually a Champagne) that is considered to be the top of a producer’s range. Famous examples include Louis Roederer’s Cristal, Laurent-Perrier’s Grand Siècle, Moët & Chandon’s Dom Pérignon, and Pol Roger’s Cuvée Sir Winston Churchill. The original Prestige Cuvée was Moët & Chandon’s Dom Pérignon, launched in 1936 with the 1921 vintage. Until then, Champagne houses produced different cuvées of varying quality, but a top-of-the-range wine produced to the highest standards (and priced accordingly) was a new idea. In fact, Louis Roederer had been producing Cristal since 1876, but this was strictly for the private consumption of the Russian tsar.
Ref. 185088 26 x 26 x 28 cm
The House of Bonaparte is an imperial and royal European dynasty. Founded by Napoleon I of France in 1804, a Corsican military leader who rose to notability out of the French Revolution, transforming the French Republic into the First French Empire within five years of his coup d’état. Napoleon turned the Grande Armée against every major European power and dominated continental Europe through a series of military victories. He inserted members of his family on the thrones of client states founding the dynasty.
Ref. 185089 33 x 30 x 29 cm
Brandy de Jerez is a brandy that originates from vineyards around Jerez de la Frontera in southern Spain. It is used in some sherries and is also available as a separate product. It has a Protected Designation of Origin (PDO). The traditional production method has three characteristics: Aged in American oaken casks with a capacity of 500 litres, previously having contained sherry. The use of the traditional aging system of Criaderas and Soleras. Aged exclusively within the municipal boundaries of Jerez de la Frontera, El Puerto de Santa María, and Sanlúcar de Barrameda in the province of Cádiz.
Ref. 185090 20 x 14 x 16 cm
The Battle of Waterloo, fought on 18 June 1815, was Napoleon Bonaparte’s last battle. His defeat put a final end to his rule as Emperor of the French. Waterloo also marked the end of the period known as the Hundred Days, which began in March 1815 after Napoleon’s return from Elba, where he had been exiled. After Napoleon returned to power, many states which had previously resisted his rule formed the Seventh Coalition and began to mobilise armies to oppose him. The first two armies to assemble, close to the French north eastern border, were a Prussian army under the command of Gebhard von Blücher and an Anglo-allied army under the command of the Duke of Wellington. Napoleon chose to attack them in the hope of destroying them before they, with other members of the Seventh Coalition, could join in a coordinated invasion of France. The campaign consisted of four major battles - Quatre Bras (16 June), Ligny (16 June), Waterloo (18 June), and Wavre (18 June-19 June) - with Waterloo proving decisive. The French army left the battlefield in disorder, and was unable to prevent Coalition forces entering France and restoring King Louis XVIII to the French throne. Napoleon was exiled to St Helena, where he died in1821.
Ref. 185092 36 x 25 x 29 cm
Napoleon Bonaparte had a natural genius for war. He was the best strate gist of the 19th century, but also one of the most controversial figures of recent History. He conquered most of Western Europe in the name of France, and introduced several reforms in the conquered territories with the purpose of guaranteeing civil rights and improving the quality of life. He crowned himself Emperor of France in 1804. He established a Code aimed at unifying the nation, which was deeply divided after the revolution. Many of the provisions of that code are still in force,especially those concerning civil rights.
Ref. 185093 28 x 19 x 20 cm
It is a sommelier’s job to harmonise dishes with the appropriate drinks ( wines, spirits, but also waters, beers, teas and coffees), as wellas serving cigars. In the course of its history, the profession of sommelier has constantlyevolved, and today is a demanding, exciting occupation requiringcareful training in many different aspects, in which “savoir-vivre” and“ savoirfaire” combine to satisfy the pleasures of a good meal. Sommeliers are now recognised in many countries, and on manyoccasions the category and experience of the sommelier increases theprestige of a restaurant just as much as the quality of the food on offer.
Ref. 185094 26 x 20 x 29 cm
The same lands that gave birth to the valiant D´Artagnan, the hero of the adventure novel by Alexandre Dumas, “The Three Musketeers”, also produced Armagnac, a noble eau-de-vie with over 150 years of history. Along with its close relative cognac, this spirit is one of the best known and most highly valued in the world. Armagnac, considerd by some historians to be the oldest in France, has never achieved the same commercial succes as cognac. This circumstance has benefited it, as in this way it became considered reserved for a select few, believed to be of greater purity and nobility. Tremendously popular among French high society in the 17th century, Armagnac was attributed with certain curative and medicinal powers, powers for which this spirit was, is and will be known as “the water of life”.
Ref. 185097 22 x 18 x 17 cm
Perhaps the most famous brandy is cognac, the spirit that bears the name of a French city, Cognac, in the wine producing regi贸n of Charente. White wine is distilled and the ambertoned cognac is obtained, conserving the characteristic colour and smell of the oak vats in which it is aged. Once in the barre, the Cognac is prepared for commercialisation after at least two and a half years from the first of October of the year in which the grapes were harvested. The category of the cognac is calculated according to its age, with following being the most common denominations: V.S. for the youngest cognacs (though never less than four and a half years); V.S.O.P. for those between four and a half and six and a half years; and finally X. O., which must be at least six and a half years o铆d.
Ref. 185098 7 x 15 cm
Well, first I need to take a stab at clearing up the dismaying confusion between plebeian “mixed drinks” and true cocktails. While it’s not uncommon nowadays for people to call any drink with alcohol in it a “cocktail,” much the way just about any drink served in a martini glass is often dubbed a “martini” (even if it never got within three feet of gin, vodka or vermouth), professional bartenders tend to be chary about what they honor with the “cocktail” label. A cocktail is generally considered to be a short (3-4oz.) drink consisting of alcohol and juice or mixers. This definition excludes long drinks like Greyhounds and Screwdrivers, all “shots” and alcoholic milkshakes like the Mudslide from the esteem properly belonging to the “cocktail” label.
Ref. 185099 10 x 15 cm
auvignon S C abernet
Wine is, without a doubt, the drink that has achieved greatest political and cultural significance in the course of history.Since ancient Mesopotamia, wine has been the drink chosen to celebrate important events, from conquests to marriages. Among the endless list of wines of the world, particularly famed are the reds made with the Cabernet Sauvignon grape variety, used in winegrowing areas such as Bordeaux (France), a regi贸n known worldwide for the quality of its wines. These wines are characterised by their liveliness, on occasions austerity,and great longevity. Sommeliers recommend that these wines be drunk at a temperature of between 17 and 21掳C, and in large glasses made of crystal with high lead content. Those, precisely, are the qualities of Bohemian crystal, with which this glass has been made.
Ref. 185100 6 x 20 cm
No drink has achieved such great political andcultural signifĂcame in the course of history as wine, which has accompanied all manner of events, from conquests to marriages, since Mesopotamian ĂĄvilisation. One particularly fine variety is the white wines made fiom the Chardonnay grape. These wines are typically very fruity, often accompanied by attractive vegetable orgrass aromas. The Chardonnay variety of grape is used in the preparation of wines in many regions, such as California, Alsace, Chile or the Mediterranean basin. These white wines should be drunk at a temperature of between 5 and 12Â°C Ideally, they should be served in small glasses made of crystal with a high lead content, such as the Bohemian crystal used in this glass.
Ref. 185101 6 x 18 cm
The vineyards of Champagne, in north-east France, produce the best known sparkling wine in the world. Its invention is attributed to Dom PĂŠrignon, a French monk. Today, no wine produced outside the region has the right to use the Champagne denomination.Though imitated throughout the world, its secret preparation and the particular characteristics of the region of Champagne make this wine unique. Both its bouquet and the quantity and quality of its bubbles have made this wine the ideal accompaniment to all types of sweet and savoury foods. According to tradition, Champagne should be drunk at a temperature of between 5 and 7ÂşC in tall,narrow glasses, known as flutes, which help the wine conserve its characteristic bubbles.
Ref. 185102 6 x 23 cm
Bohemia Glass is one of the materials that has always fascinated man. Of mineral origin, its composition has evolved in the course of history. Though many regions are known for their glass production, the finest of all comes from Bohemia, in the Czech Republic. Both its high lead content (24%) and the high temperature to which it is subjected in furnaces (1200oC), give Bohemian crystal its particular characteristics, such as its unique transparency, unrivalled sparkle and an almost complete absence of impurities. For this piece of skilled craftmanship, the two most widespread techniques in Bohemia have been used. Thus, the cover is made of blown glass, while for the pendulum the faceted glass technique has been employed.
Ref. 185103 9 x 19 cm
Tzar, occasionally spelled Czar or Tsar, is a Slavonic term designating certain monarchs. Originally, and indeed during most of its history, the title tsar (derived from Caesar) meant Emperor in the European medieval sense of the term, a ruler who has the same rank as a Roman or Byzantine emperor. In Russia and Bulgaria, the imperial connotations of the term were blurred with time and by the 19th century it had come to be viewed as an equivalent of king. The modern languages of these countries use it as a general term for a monarch.
Ref. 185104 19 x 13 x 19 cm
Cygnus is a northern constellation. Its name is the Latinized Hellenic (Greek) word for swan. One of the most recognizable constellations of the northern summer and autumn, it features a prominent asterism known as the Northern Cross (in contrast to the Southern Cross). Cygnus was among the 48 constellations listed by the 2nd century astronomer Ptolemy, and it remains one of the 88 modern constellations.
Ref. 185105 22 x 14 x 22 cm
enologist Oenology is the science and study of all aspects of wine and winemaking except vine-growing and grape - harvesting, which is a subfield called viticulture. “Viticulture & oenology” is a common designation for training programmes and research centres that include both the “outdoors” and “indoors” aspects of wine production. An expert in the field of oenology is known as an oenologist. The word oenology is derived from the Greek ǐ?ǎǐǓ - oinos, “ wine, ” and ǌǝǄǐǓ - logos, “word” or “speech.”
Ref. 185106 11 x 4 (top) cm
The surgeon is possibly one of the fish that has inhabited the earth for longest. Its prehistoric nature dates its presence on earth to over 200 million years ago. From this extraordinary fish, the delicate, fragile caviar is obtained, which since ancient times has graced the most select tables. Today, the greatest reserves of caviar in the world are to be found in the Caspian Sea, which contains three of the most important varieties of sturgeon: Beluga (Huso-Huso), Asetra (Acipenser Persicus) and Sevruga (Acipensertellatus). These fish can live for between 80 and 100 years. A number of types of caviar are commercialised, the most popular being Imperia, Royal Black, Classic Grey, Sevrugaand, the most sought-after of all, Beluga. This last variety of caviar is obtained from a rare species of carnivorous sturgeon and is characterised by a very delicate membrane and an unusual dark black colour.
Ref. 185110 35 x 24 x 22 cm
Beluga Beluga caviar consists of the roe (or eggs) of the Beluga sturgeon found primarily in the Caspian Sea. It can also be found in the Black Sea basin and occasionally in the Adriatic Sea. This fish is currently considered to be endangered, causing the United States Fish and Wildlife Service to ban the importation of Beluga caviar which originated in the Black Sea basin. Beluga is also the most expensive of caviars.
Ref. 185111 18 x 18 x 22 cm
6 September of
Ref. 346870 52 x 45 cm
With a crew of 250 men and in command of five ships, in 1519 the navigator Ferdinand Magellan undertook a perilous voyage in the aim of circumnavigating the earth. Captain Magellan died during a clash with Philippine natives, and so his boatswain, Juan Sebastiรกn Elcano, took over the expedition. After sailing for over three years, and with just one of the five ships, Elcano managed to return to the port of departure on the 6th of September 1522. This picture, which represents the moment of departure of the expedition, takes us back to that time, when the crew headed off into the unknown, not knowing when they would return.
12 October of
Ref. 346871 52 x 45 cm
In the service of the Kingdom of Castile, the navigator Christopher Columbus led the expedition that meant the discovery of the Americas by the Europeans. In August 1492, Columbus set sail, in command of three ships with a crew of over 90 men. After overcoming all the difficulties they encountered during the six months of the perilous crossing, Christopher Columbus sighted and set foot on American soil for the first time on the 12th of October 1492. The history of the world immediately changed, as travellers horizons and frontiers expanded from that moment on. This picture, with illustrations of the routes followed by Columbus and representative images from the time, commemorates this important discovery.
E C quus
aballus Ref. 346872 52 x 45 cm
The horse (Equus caballus) is a large odd-toed ungulate mammal, one of ten modern species of the family Equidae. Around the world, horses play a role within human economies, being the most economically important domesticated animals, as horses can be used for leisure activities, sports, and working purposes. Most breeds of horses are able to perform work such as carrying humans on their backs or be harnessed to pull objects such as carts or plows. However, horse breeds were developed to allow horses to be specialized for certain tasks; lighter horses for racing or riding, heavier horses for farming and other tasks requiring pulling power. Because horses and humans have lived and worked together for thousands of years, an extensive specialized vocabulary has arisen to describe virtually every horse behavioral and anatomical characteristic with a high degree of precision.
Athens Athens, the capital of Greece, experienced its golden age in the 5th century BC, when it was governed by the first democracy in history. This democracy was based on the assembly of the people, which took place on a hill behind the Acropolis. In orden to gauge the time allotted to each speaker, the Greeks used clepsydras ( a term which meant water clock and which, by extension, was also used for hourglasses). This hourglass, the successor to those Greek clepsydras and supported by four Ionic columns, pays tribute to the first Greek parliamentarians and evokes the Parthenon.
Ref. 474886 30 x 15 x 15 cm
Atlantic In the early days of transoceanic navigation, all mariners taking to the high seas took great care with the instruments needed on board. One of these vital instruments was the hourglass,which they used to measure the time that had passed and she sailing time. This classic hourglass,crowned by the wind rose and with four decorated columns, pays tribute to those brave mariners.
Ref. 474888 10 x 10 x 18 cm
The Pacific Ocean is one of the largest oceans in the world in terms of extension and depth. It covers more than one third of the earth’s surface and its volume is more than half of the total water volume on earth. It was discovered in 1513 by the Spanish navigator Vasco Núñez de Balboa, who called it the “Sea of the South” after going through the Darién Isthmus of Panama. The current name was given by the Portuguese navigator Fernando de Magallanes in 1520, during his first trip around the world under the service of the Spanish Crown, who travelled with Juan Sebastián Elcano.
Ref. 474889 19 x 13 x 18 cm
The Foucault pendulum, named after the French physicist Léon Foucault, was conceived as an experiment to demonstrate the rotation of the Earth. The experimental apparatus consists of a tall pendulum free to oscillate in any vertical plane. The direction along which the pendulum swings rotates with time because of Earth’s daily rotation. The first public exhibition of a Foucault pendulum took place in February 1851 in the Meridian Room of the Paris Observatory. A few weeks later, Foucault made his most famous pendulum when he suspended a 28-kg bob with a 67 metre wire from the dome of the Panthéon in Paris. The plane of the pendulum’s swing rotated clockwise 11° per hour, making a full circle in 32.7 hours.
Ref. 485036 19 x 19 x 22 cm
After the compass, the sextant was the instrument that most contributed to improving ancient navigation systems. The sextant enabled the navigator to measure the angle of elevation of the sun and other heavenly bodies. With this information, it was possible to determine the latitude and longitude, which together comprise the position of the ship in the ocean. With this same idea, and changing its functions, over a sextant we reproduce a permanent calendar indicating the day, the date and the time.
Ref. 485052 19 x 21 cm
The modern Greenwich Meridian, based at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, was established by Sir George Airy in 1851. By 1884, over two-thirds of all ships and tonnage used it as the reference meridian on their maps.In October of that year,at the behest of U.S. President Chester A. Arthur, 41 delegates from 25 nations met in Washington, D.C., USA, for the International Meridian Conference. This conference selected the Greenwich Meridian as the official Prime Meridian due to its popularity. However, France abstained from the vote and French maps continued to use the Paris Meridian for several decades.
The Greenwich Meridian is now marked at night by a laser beam emitted northwards from the observatory.
Ref. 490001 15 x 15 x 19 cm
In Greek mythology, Atlas was one of the titans that fought against the Greek gods. As punishment for such effrontery, he was condemned to eternally bear on his back the entire weight of the planet Earth.
The figure of Atlas bearing the weight of the world was generally used on the covers of the first collections of maps, and thus his name came to be applied to all such volumes. The design of this clock, with the globe standing watch over time and the hours, represents the mythical figure of Atlas.
Ref. 490004 20 x 20 x 14 cm
In the 16th century, the astronomer Nicholas Copernicus developed a theory that would revolutionise our concept of the universe, as he insisted that the centre of the planetary system was not the earth but rather the sun, around wich all the planets revolved. This clock is inspired by the theory, with the sun turning on its own axis and the planets revolving around the star.
Ref. 490005 20 x 20 x 14 cm
Each one of the 12 signs of the Zodiac indicates the meeting of several heavenly bodies at a given time and in the same phase. These astral sections have been used since time inmemorial to reach conclusions regarding the future, the behaviour and the personality of the people born under each sign. With the creation of this clock, which combines time and the representation of the signs of the zodiac, we reflect the memory of this ancient science.
Ref. 490006 18 x 18 x 15 cm
Venus, was a Roman goddess principally associated with love, beauty and fertility, who played a key role in many Roman religious festivals and myths. From the third century BC, the increasing Hellenization of Roman upper classes identified her as the equivalent of the Greek goddess Aphrodite. The noun form venus means “love” and “sexual desire” in Latin and has connections to venerari (to honour, to try to please) and venia (grace, favour) through a possible common root in an Indo-European wenes-, comparable to Sanskrit vanas- “lust, desire”. Venus’ name might embody the function of honours and gifts to the divine when seeking their favours: such acts can be interpreted as the enticement, seduction or charm of gods by mortals. The ambivalence of this function is suggested in the etymological relationship of the root venes- with Latin venenum (poison, venom), in the sense of “ a charm, magic philtre”.
Ref. 490010 20 x 20 x 50 cm
O T rbis
In 1570, the Flemish cartographer Abraham Ortelius presented what is considered the first modern atlas, which he called Theatrum Orbis Terrarum. This atlas, very carefully prepared and with rich toponymy, reminds us of the great knowledge that the European discoverers had of the recently conquered lands. Inspired by the Orbis Terrarum and the timeless nature of the discoveries of the age, this clock is a tribute to that great event.
Ref. 490105 30 x 16 x 50 cm
Venetian The Venetian Republic was a major maritime power during the Middle Ages and Renaissance,and a staging area for the Crusades and the Battle of Lepanto, as well as a very important center of commerce (especially silk, grain and spice trade) and art in the 13th century up to the end of the 17th century.
Ref. 490106 28 x 14 x 37 cm
The Silk Road, or Silk Route, is an interconnected series of routes through Southern Asia traversed by caravan and ocean vessel, and connecting Chang’an (today’s Xi’an), China, with Antioch, Asia Minor, as well as other points. It extends over 8,000 km (5,000 miles). Its influence carried over into Japan and Korea. These exchanges were significant not only for the development and flowering of the great civilizations of China, ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, Persia, India and Rome but also helped to lay the foundations of the modern world. The continental Silk Road diverges into northern and southern routes as it extends from the commercial centers of North China, the northern route passing through the Bulgar–Kypchak zone to Eastern Europe and the Crimean peninsula, and from there across the Black Sea, Marmara Sea and the Balkans to Venice; the southern route passing through Turkestan – Khorasan into Mesopotamia and Anatolia, and then through Antioch in Southern Anatolia into the Mediterranean Sea or through the Levant into Egypt and North Africa.
The last missing railroad link on the Silk Road was completed in 1992, when the international railway communication Almaty–Urumqi opened.
Ref. 490107 29 x 18 x 32 cm
Michelangelo Michelangelo ( 1475 â€“ 1564 ) was probable the most outstanding figure of the Renaissance and one of the greatest creators of art in history. As an architect,sculptor, painter and poet, he exercised enormous influence both on his contemporaries and on all subsequent western art.
The decoration of the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel and the construction of the BasĂlica of Saint Peter are two of his most famous works.One of the outstanding characteristics of the creations of this Italian artist is their timelessness. Through his work, we contemplate the entire artistic richness of the 16th century.
Ref. 490108 17 x 25 cm
The first recorded information about Lake Victoria comes from Arab traders plying the inland routes in search of gold, ivory, other precious commodities and slaves. An excellent map, known as the Al Idrisi map from the calligrapher who developed it and dated from the 1160s, clearly depicts an accurate representation of Lake Victoria, and attributes it as the source of the Nile.
Ref. 490109 31 x 19 x 31 cm
The equator is one of the five main circles of latitude that are based on the relationship between the Earth’s axis of rotation and the plane of the Earth’s orbit around the sun. It is the only line of latitude which is also a great circle. The imaginary circle obtained when the Earth’s equator is projected onto the sky is called the celestial equator. The Sun in its seasonal movement through the sky, passes directly over the equator twice each year, on the March and September equinoxes.At the equator, the rays of the sun are perpendicular to the surface of the earth on these dates.
Ref. 490110 23 x 23 x 19 cm
Black Forest The Black Forest is a wooded mountain range in Baden-WĂźrttemberg, south-western Germany. It is bordered by the Rhine valley to the west and south. The highest peak is the Feldberg with an elevation of 1,493 metres ( 4,898 ft ). The region is almost rectangular with a length of 200 km (120 mi) and breadth of 60 km (37 mi). Hence it has an area of approximately 12,000 km2 (4,600 sq mi). The name Schwarz Wald, i.e. Black Forest, goes back to the Romans who referred to the thickly forested mountains there as Silva Nigra, i.e. "Black Forestâ€? because the dense growth of conifers in the forest blocked out most of the light inside the forest.
Ref. 490112 58 x 27 x 13 cm
Danube Johan Strauss was born in the 19th century, in a family dedicated to music and which had its own orchestra. Following the family tradition, Strauss was a conductor as well as a composer, his most important compositions being waltzes, which he converted into the most popular ballroom dance of the time. This work, particularly noteworthy for the rotary movement of the pendulum, which remínds us of the steps ofthe waltz, takes its inspiration from 19th century Vienna and Strauss’s ‘Blue Danube’.
Ref. 490113 20 x 20 x 31 cm
Basel Baselworld Watch and Jewellery Show is a trade show for the watch and jewelery industry organized annually in the city of Basel, Switzerland. The international show unites about 2,100 exhibitors from over 45 countries, including the leading watch and jewelry brands, as well as companies specializing in precious gems. The exhibitors display their latest products to the industryâ€™s experts, mass media representatives, watch collectors and connoisseurs, just everyone interested in the most recent industry novelties.
Ref. 490114 32 x 25 x 40 cm
L ouvre The Louvre in Paris, France, is the most visited and one of the oldest, largest, and most famous art galleries and museums in the world. The Louvre has a long history of artistic and historic conservation, inaugurated in the Capetian dynasty and continuing to this day.The building was previously a royal palace and holds some of the world’s most famous works of art, such as Leonardo da Vinci’s Mona Lisa and Alexandros of Antioch’s Venus de Milo. Located in the centre of the city of Paris, it is accessed by the Palais Royal.
Ref. 490115 26 x 26 x 35 cm
The Palace of Versailles was constructed during the reign of Louis XIV on the outskirts of Paris. Such is its grandiosity and majesty that still today it continues to impress and astonish the millions of people that visit it each year. The Dutch physicist Christian Huygens was the inventor of wave theory and pendular movement applied to clock making. He worked in Paris (1666-1681) on the invitation of Louis XIV, who much admired his creations. This collection piece, in Rococo style and called Versailles for its 24- carat gold decorations, stands out for its majesty and the rhythm imposed by the pendulum.
Ref. 490116 43 x 17 x 49 cm
The State Hermitage Museum (Russian: ǱȜȟȡȒȎȞȟȠȐȓțțȩȗ ȋȞȚȖȠȎȔ, Gosudarstvennyj Èrmitaž) in Saint Petersburg, Russia is one of the largest museums in the world, with 3 million works of art (not all on display at once),  and one of the oldest art galleries and museums of human history and culture in the world. The vast Hermitage collections are displayed in six buildings, the main one being the Winter Palace which used to be the official residence of the Russian Tsars. International branches of The Hermitage Museum are located in Amsterdam, London, Las Vegas and Ferrara (Italy). The Hermitage holds the Guinness World Record as world’s largest collection of paintings. Strong points of the Hermitage collection of Western art include Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Rubens, van Dyck, Rembrandt, Poussin, Claude Lorrain, Watteau, Tiepolo, Canaletto, Canova, Rodin, Monet, Pissarro, Renoir, Cézanne, van Gogh, Gauguin, Picasso, and Matisse. There are several more collections, however, including the Russian imperial regalia, an assortment of Fabergé jewellery, and the largest existing collection of ancient gold from Eastern Europe and Western Asia.
Ref. 490117 53 x 15 x 30 cm
BritishM useum The British Museum in London (England), is a museum of human history and culture. Its collections, which number more than 13 million objects, are amongst the largest and most comprehensive in the world and originate from all continents, illustrating and documenting the story of human culture from its beginning to the present. The British Museum was established in 1753, largely based on the collections of the physician and scientist Sir Hans Sloane. The museum first opened to the public on 15 January 1759 in Montagu House in Bloomsbury, on the site of the current museum building. Its expansion over the following two and a half centuries has resulted in the creation of several branch institutions, the first being the British Museum of Natural History in South Kensington in 1887. Until 1997, when the current British Library building opened to the public, the British Museum was unique in that it housed both a national museum of antiquities and a national library in the same building.
Ref. 490118 24 x 20 x 37 cm
P S alio di
The Venetian Republic was a major maritime power during the Middle Ages and Renaissance, and a staging area for the Crusades and the Battle of Lepanto, as well as a very important center of commerce (especially silk, grain and spice trade) and art in the 13th century up to the end of the 17th century.
available in black colour
Ref. 490120 38 x 20 x 59 cm
In Greek mythology, Aphrodite is the goddess of love, beauty and sexual rapture. According to Hesiod, she was born when Uranus (the father of the gods) was castrated by his son Cronus. Cronus threw the severed genitals into the ocean which began to churn and foam about them.From the aphros (â€œsea foamâ€?) arose Aphrodite, and the sea carried her to either Cyprus or Cythera. Hence she is often referred to as Kypris and Cytherea. Homer calls her a daughter of Zeus and Dione.
Ref. 490121 30 x 23 x 54 cm
Kronos Cronus or Kronos was the leader and the youngest of the first generation of Titans,divine descendants of Gaia, the earth, and Uranus, the sky. He overthrew his father and ruled during the mythological Golden Age, until he was overthrown by his own sons, Zeus, Hades, and Poseidon,and imprisoned in Tartarus.
Cronus was usually depicted with a sickle, which was also the weapon he used to castrate and depose Uranus, his father. In Athens, on the twelfth day of the Attic month of Hekatombaion, a festival called Kronia was held in honor of Cronus to celebrate the harvest, suggesting that, as result of his association with the virtuous Golden Age, Cronus continued to preside as a patron of harvest.Cronus was also identified in classical antiquity with the Roman deity Saturn.
Ref. 490122 25 x 25 x 53 cm
T Mahal aj
The Taj Mahal is a white Marble mausoleum located in Agra, India. It was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal is widely recognized as "the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world's heritage." Taj Mahal is the finest example of Mughal architecture, a style that combines elements from Persian, Turkish and Indian architectural styles.
Ref. 490123 26 x 26 x 43 cm
L uxor obelisk O The Luxor Obelisk is a 23 metres (75 ft) high Egyptian obelisk standing at the center of the Place de la Concorde in Paris, France. It was originally located at the entrance to the Luxor Temple, in Egypt.
The obelisk, a red granite column, rises 23ÂŹ metres (75 ft) high, including the base, and weighs over 250 metric tons (280ÂŹ short tons). It is decorated with hieroglyphics exalting the reign of the pharaoh Ramses II. Given the technical limitations of the day, transporting it was no easy feat : on the pedestal are drawn diagrams explaining the complex machinery that were used for the transportation. The obelisk is flanked on both sides by fountains constructed at the time of its erection on the Place.
Ref. 490502 16 x 16 x 60 cm
Ivory is a term for dentine, which constitutes the bulk of the teeth and tusks of animals, when used as a material for art or manufacturing. Ivory is little used today, but has been important since ancient times for making a range of items, from ivory carvings to false teeth, fans, dominoes, joint tubes, piano keys and billiard balls. Elephant ivory has been the most important source, but ivory from many species including the hippopotamus, walrus, mammoth, sperm whale, and narwhal has been used. The word ultimately derives from the Ancient Egyptian 창b, 창bu "elephant", through the Latin ebor- or ebur.
Ref. 490510 30 x 17 x 36 cm
Crystal decorated with Bronze, on a natural marble base with 24 kt gold decoration.
Ref. 700101 32 x 24 x 39 cm
eco Ref. 700205 37 x 30 x 41 cm
Crystal decorated with Bronze, on a natural marble base with 24 kt gold decoration.
Ref. 700102 16 x 16 x 54 cm
eco Ref. 700103 29 x 29 x 46 cm
www.credansa.com Crta. Mocej贸n s/n. 45280 Ol铆as del Rey (Toledo) Spain Tel. +34 925 490 813 - Fax. +34 925 490 036 firstname.lastname@example.org