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Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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v|Lli6o ehg %$% ehgx多 / @%* sf]/;x多

Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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k/d]Zj/sf u'0f != sf]= xNn]n"ofx xf]zGgf xNn]n"ofx -$_ ! k/d lktfsf] :t'lt ufcf}+ xfdLnfO{ arfpg] pg} x'g\ ;a} kfkLnfO{ u5{g\ Ifdf ;a} /f]uLnfO{ u5{g\ r+uf .. @ wGojfb lbO{ pgsf] cf;gdf cfgGbeO{ cfpm pgsf] r/0fdf ;+uLt ufp“b} v'zLn] d'lQmsf] kx/fdf hoho u/f}+ .. # pg} x'g\ xfd|f k/d lktf xfdLnfO{ l67fp“5g\ ;j{ ;bf sfnf] afbnsf] kbf{ h:tf] kfknfO{ x6fOlbG5g\ ;bf .. $ cfdfn] em}+ pgn] zflGt lbP b'lgof“sf] 8/df 5f]8]gg\ s}n] . rf]vf] b"w jrgsf] lkofO{ hLjg cd/ lbP pgn] .. % uf]7fnf]n] em}+ vf]hL pgn] lgsfn] kfksf] bnbnb]lv k|f0f TofuL arfP pgn] u/fP ;anfO{ cfkm\g} clg .. ^ u"“8nfO{ 3l/ 3l/ eTsfOlbP l;sfP xfdLnfO{ p8\g cfkm} kv]6fdf p7fO{ psfan] em}+ kf/]gg\ xfdLnfO{ rf]6\ st} .. @= ! dxfg ;[li6stf{ k/d]Zj/sf] ho ;+;f/nfO{ k|]du/L v|Li6k'q k7fP hf] k|f0f cfkm\gf] TofuL ag] tf/0fxf/ / ;a}sf] nflu vf]n] :ju{åf/ sf]M :t'lt ufpm -@_ pgsf] jrg ;'gfpm, :t'ltufpm -@_ ;a} ldnL /dfpm o]z" k'qåf/f lktfsxf“ cfpm / O{Zj/sf] hohosf/ :t'lt r9fpm . @ xf] /utn] lsg]sf] k"/f] p4f/ ljZjf;Lx?nfO{ O{Zj/sf] s/f/ . hf] ;aeGbf t'R5 Tof] ljZjf; u/] To;nfO{ Ifdf u5{g\ em§} o]z"n] # lbP dxfg\ lzIff, u/] dxfg\ sfd, dxfg\ 5 lg o]z"df xif{ Ogfd . t} o;eGbf a9\tf 5 cfgGb ckf/ xfdL ha x]/f}+nf v|Li6sf] d'xf/ . #= ! O{Zj/ dxf/fhnfO{ u/ k|0ffd, c“ dfg pgsf u'0f ;fdy{ / k|]d hf] xfd|f5g\ 9fn / /Ifs ;w}+, hf] a:5g\ k|tfkdf k}x«g :t'tsfnfO{ @ k|tfk clg t]h t u/ k|sfz, xf] j:q pHofnf] 8]/f cfsfz . x'g\ /y pgsf uh{gsf afbnxhf/ atf;sf kv]6fdf x'G5g\ ;jf/ # e"nf]s clg To;sf pb]ssf wg a;fNof} tkfO{n] ;j{zlQmdfg\ . l:y/ cf1fn] u¥of} b/Lnf] To;nfO{ / 3]¥of} ;d'b|n] vfi6fn] em}+ . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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$ tkfO{sf] lgwf]n] /fvL ljZjf; ;a vf“rf] cG;f/sf] e]6\5 lgsf; . tkfO{sf] cg'ux| ckf/ 5 ;a /Lt x] stf{ x] /Ifs x] qf0fs x] dLt $= sf]/;M /dfpm wdL{ xf] oxj]df gd|nfO{ ;'xfp“5 pgsf] :t'lt -@_ ! jL0ff ahfp“b} b08jt\ u/ l;tf/ bz tf/sf] ahfO{ ufpm -@_ 7"nf] ufg oxj]nfO{ ufpm ;f]/ 7"nf] u/L ahfpm . @ oxj]sf] jrg ;f]em} 5 sfd ;j{ ;Rr]Odf x'“b}5 -@_ lgof wd{nfO{ :g]x ub{5 s?0ffn] k[YjL el/Psf] 5 . # oxj]sf] jrgn] cfsfz algof] d'v}sf] :jf;n] ;j{ ;]gf -@_ h;n] ;d'b| y'k¥ofp“5 ulx/fO{nfO{ 9's'6Ldf /fVb5 . %= ! ;[li6stf{ l;+xf;gdf tf/f / 3fdsf] dlxgfdf . hLjgbftf ;a cfTdfsf] x/ k|]dL hgsf] 5]p xf] .. @ hLjgsf] 3fd tkfO{sf] an xfdLnfO{ kf5{ k|ltkmn cfzfsf] tf/f /ft}df xfd|f] ljZjf; k|e' a9fpm . # lagf tkfO{ ;a dWo/ft Hof]lt tkfO{sf] k|]dL xft OGb|0fL bofsf] k|sfz kfk afx]s ;a tkfO{sf] kf; . $ hLjgbftf p“mwf] pmef] k|]dsf] ls/0f ;r pHofnf] tkfO{sf] z'4 l;+xf;g 5]p xfdLnfO{ k|e' hux b]pm . % ;f“rf]n] xfdLnfO{ 5'8fpm d/]sf] x[bonfO{ hufpm / x/Ps cfTdf tkfO{sf] cfuf] / Hof]tn] k"0f{ xf];\ . ^= ! O{Zj/ tkfO{ pb]ssf 5f}+ ckf/ dxftdsf l;+xf;g zf]ef ljavfg c3ft t]h dlxdf . @ cyfx tkfO{sf] cgGtsfn, x] cfkm} cfkm O{Zj/ . :ju{b"tn] ub{5g\ lbg /ft dfg k"hf lg/Gt/ . #= tkfO{sf] eo d dfGb5' x] O{Zj/ hLp“bf] k5'tfO{ sfDb} sfDb} cf; dfg k"hf d u5'{ . $ t} klg k|e' cfkm} cfkm d klg k|]d u5'{ c“ d]/f] cof]Uo dgsf] k|]d tkfO{n] dfUg'eof] . % x] v|Li6sf lktf k|]dsf] d"n k/dfgGb x'G5 of] j}s'07df ef]Ug' lgTo af; kfO{ bz{g O{Zj/sf] . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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&= ! kljq -#_ k/d]Zj/, laxfg ;w}+ tkfO{sf] cf/fwgf x'“b5 kljq -@_ zlQmdfg bofn', lqPs k/d]Zj/ wGo tkfO{nfO{ . @ kljq -#_ k/d]Zj/, eQmx? 9f]Ub5g\ tkfO{sf] r/0fdf s?jLd / ;/fkmLd b"tn] b08jt\ u5{g\ hf]lyP 5g\ / x'g]5g\ ;bf # kljq -#_ k/d]Zj/, kfkL dflg; b]Vb}g tkfO{sf] dlxdf tkfO{em}+ kljq c?sf]xL 5}g, l;4 5g\ an k|]d ;To tkfO{sf . $ kljq -#_ k/d]Zj/, ub{5g\ ;a} ;[li6n] tkfO{sf] a8fO{ kljq -@_ zlQmdfg bofn' lqPs k/d]Zj/ wGo tkfO{nfO{ . *= ! dxfg\ O{Zj/ ljrf5'{ sfd tkfO{sf] crDdsf] hf] ;[li6 ug'{ ef] x]5'{ tf/f ;'G5' uh{g 8/nfUbf] k|u6 ;fdy{ ;+;f/df tkfO{sf] . sf]M k|z+;f xf]O/xf];\ O{Zj/sf] slt dxfg\ slt dxfg\ . -@_ @ kxf8 kj{t h+un d ha 3'D5' k+IfLx? d ;'G5' ufPsf] ;'Gb/ kxf8b]lv d tn x]5'{ snsn cfjfh vf]nfsf] ;'Gb5' . # ha lktfn] Psnf}6] k'qnfO{ k7fP hudf kfk p7fpgnfO{ d]/f] ab\nL qm";}df pgL r9L p4f/ d]/f] u/] /ut axfO{ . $ hWjgL;fy o]z" ;+;f/df cfp“5g\ c;Ld cfgGb;fy n}hfG5b\ jxf“ ljgd|;fy pgnfO{ jxf“ k'Hg]5' dxfg\ O{Zj/sf] u5'{ k|z+;f . (= ! wGo wGo k/d]Zj/ hutstf{ wGo xf} -@_ :jfut u/L ltdLnfO{, :t'lt r9fp“5f} . cg]s u|x k|s[lt dflg; ;anfO{ agfof}+ k|f0fL ;anfO{ cflzif lbO{, hudf km}nfof} . @ x] gfy k|e' k/d]Zj/ dte]b x'Gy] hudf dflg; kfkdf km“;]y] ub{y] ljnfk . b"tn] eg] a}s'07df, x'G5 ;bf dlxdf k[YjLdf v'zL xj; dflg;df ldnfk . # ltdL ;asf] :jfdL eO{, d'lQmsf] dfu{ b]vfof} kfksf] cGt ug{nfO{, v|Li6nfO{ k7fof}+ . x'“b}g cGt k|0fosf], k|0fosf] lnKt bofn' k|e' wGojfb r9fO :t'lt ufp“5f}+, k/d]Zj/sf] . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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$ x] k/d]Zj/ ltdLnfO{, oL If'b| ljgo r9fp“5f}+ kZrftfkL eO{ kfknfO{ k|sfz u/fp“5f}+ . tL xfd|f kfk ;a Ifdf b]pm, ;b}j /fVgf];\ cfˆgf] 5]pm cGTodf hut 5f]8L cfp“bf xfd|f] cfTdf n]pm . !)= ! /fhf k/d]Zj/sf] ;[li6 :j/ cfˆgf]n] /fu prfnL ufpm :t'lt xNn]n'ofx x] ls/0f 3fdsf] h:tf] ;'g cfsfzdf rf“bL h:tf] h"g, sf]M ufpm :t'lt, pgsf] :t'lt xNn]n"ofx, xNn]n"ofx, xNn]n"ofx @ x] xfjf hf]/df ;fdyL{ cfsfzsf] afbn x] ltdL, ufpm :t'lt ==== laxfgsf] Hof]lt :t'ltufpm j]n's rDsL v"a s/fpm, ufpm :t'lt ==== # x] ;kmf wf/f aUb}ufpm k|e'n] ;'g"g\ /fu ahfpm, ufpm :t'lt ==== x] cfuf] dflns rlDsnf] pHofnf] lbg] dfG5]sf], ufpm :t'lt ==== $ ;a gd| dgsf u//fu dfkm lbO{n]pm cfˆgf]efu, ufpm :t'lt ==== x] b'Mv ;xg]x? xf] z/0f / cfzf pgdf xf], ufpm :t'lt ==== % x]d/0f lbG5 hf]lj>fd ha ul/;Sof] xfd|f]sfd, ufpm :t'lt ==== O{Zj/sf] afns :ju{nfO{ b]vfp“5f} af6f] o]z"s}, ufpm :t'lt ==== ^ ;ayf]sn] ufpmg\ wGojfb bLg eO{ u?g\ ;w}+ ofb, ufpm :t'lt ==== lktfnfO{ :t'lt k'qnfO{ cfTdfnfO{ klg ufpm ho, ufpm :t'lt ==== !!= ! cflbdf lyP k/d]Zj/ ;a yf]s 5 lbgdf ;[h] ;f]daf/ agfP, pHofnf], d+unaf// cfsfz ;[h] sf]M xNn]n"ofx -#_ oxf]j] ufpm xNn]n"ofx oxf]j] @ a'waf/ jg:klt, vfgL, ;[h] ;fu/ / e"ld ljxLaf/ 3fd, h"g, tf/f afbn ah| jifF{ lah'nL . # z'qmaf/ ;fgf 7"nf hGt' auL lx8\g] ;fu/df . Toxl lbg p8\g] ;a} k+IfL rLn wl/ / e';'gf .. $ zlgaf/ w/tLdfly lx8\g] ag kz' / 3/}of . ;[h] dflg; cfˆg} ?kdf lbP clwsf/ ;a yf]sdf .. % 5 lbgdf sfd ef] ;dfKt ;ftf}+ lbg la;fpg' ef] . cfOtaf/ la;fpm ltdL klg egL ;]jf u/ d]/f] .. ^ cflb cGt ;j{zlQmdfg oxf]j] /fhf ;j{dxfg\ . g/–gf/L, afns j[4 ufcf}+ pgsf] :t'ltufg .. Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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!@= sf]M ;fu/ :jfdL xf} k/d lktf hohosf/, ho hosf/ ;j{ ;bf -@_ tf/0fxf/ ltdL o'u o'usf kf/ u¥of} qm'; kf/ u¥of}+ hLjgsf k|e' kfkLsf k|e' xf];\ ho hosf/ ! ltdL xf} k|]d ktj/ ltdL hLjgsf] ;f/ -@_ hn yn l;tn ldnL ltd|} ;gd'v em'sL -@_ kf/ u¥of}+ qm"; kf/ u¥of}+, hLjgsf] k|e', kfkLsf] k|e' xf];\ hohosf/ . @ lsg gxf];\ demwf/, xf];\ yk8Lsf] df/ -@_ x[bo k|km'lNnt /xL, k|e' xfd|f] wL/h w/L -@_ kf/ === # ho hosf/ ufpm nnsf/, k|e' x'g\ v]jgxf/ -@_ ho ho k|e'sf] ho, ho ho snj/Lsf] ho -@_ kf/ === !#= sf]M :t'ltsf] of]Uo dlxdfsf] k/d]Zj/, kfkLsf] ;a kfknfO{ d]6fpg] -@_ tkfO{sf] bz{g kfP/ c6n eO{ Tofu] ;+;f/ k5\ofp“5' k|e'nfO{ -@_ ! cGwsf/ k"0f{ 5 of] kfkL ;+;f/ z}tfgsf] kf;f] / hfn 5 xhf/ -@_ tkfO{sf] bz{g kfP/ c6n eO{ Tofu]/ ;+;f/ k5\ofp“5' k|e'nfO{ -@_ @ uh{g] l;+x em} a}/L s/fp“5 kfgLsf] 5fn em}+ dgnfO{ xNnfp“5 tkfO{sf] zlQm kfP/ c6n eO{ Tofu]/ ;+;f/ k5\ofp“5' k|e'nfO{ -@_ # cf“wL em} z}tfg t;f{pg cfp“5 sdhf]/ ljZjf;sf] h/f xNnfp“5 tkfO{sf] r/0fdf a;]/ c6neO{ k|z+;fhohosf/ r9fp“5' tkfO{nfO{ -@_ $ :juL{o 3/sf] bz{g lbg'xf];\ km]l/ Psrf]l6 cf]nL{ cfpg'xf];\ cfTdfsf] cfuf]n] k|To]snfO{ hufpg'xf];\ laGtL of] xfd|f] u|x0f ug'{xf];\ -@_ !$= sf]M s'x' s'x' ug]{ agdf p8\g] sf]onL r/L 5g\ . v'n'–n'–n ub}{ vf]nf aUg] tkfO{sf ;[li6 x'g\ . x] O{Zj/ tkfO{sf ;[li6 x'g\ . ! hs hs ug]{ aQL em}+ aNg] cfsfzdf tf/f 5g\ h"gsf] ls/0f slt xf] g/d -@_ tkfO{sf ;[li6 x'g\ x] O{Zj/ tkfO{sf ;[li6 x'g\ d[usf kf7f s] /fd|f u/L jgdf pk|m]sf kz' / k+IfL s] /fd|f u/L tkfO{n] /r]sf, x] O{Zj/ tkfO{n] /r]sf Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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@ agdf hfG5' kmnkm"n x'5'{ tkfO{nfO{ ;DemG5' tkfO{sf] /rgf ;Dem]/ dgdf d 5Ss kb{5' x] O{Zj/ GofpnL r/L ljnf}gf ufO{ agdf pk|m]/ kz' / k+IfL s] /fd|f] u/L tkfO{n] /r]sf . # ca|fxd Ohxfs ofs"asf O{Zj/ bftf hLjgsf kfkLsf lglDt clt k|]d u/L -@_ k'q lbP jlnbfg, x] O{Zj/ tkfO{ tf/0fxf/ kfkL x[bo 56\k6 u/L vf]H5g\ d'lQm pkfo d'lQmsf] af6f] :ju{sf a}ej tkfO{n] /r]sf .. !%= ! O{Zj/sf] k|]d 5 slt dxfg\ j0f{g u/L g;lsg] tf/fu0f b]lv cem pRr kftfn;Dd km}lnPsf lj>fd /lxt cfTdfsf] nflu O{Zj/n] k'q lbP kfksf] sfnf] bfunfO{ d]6fO{ lxp+h:tf] ;]tf] kf/] sf]M O{Zj/sf] k|]d slt k|z:t 5 ax'd"No ckf/ ;w}e/L b"tu0f ;d:t ufp“5g\ To;sf] hohosf/ @ ckmzf];L lbg ha laTg]5g ;f+;fl/s /fHo gfz x'g]5 k|fy{gf gug]{ x/]s hg d[To" egL af]nfpg]5 . O{Zj/sf] k|]d /xg] cem slt 5 b[9 / dxfg\ cg'u|x cfbd j+znfO{ egL ufpg]5g\ b"tu0f . # ;d'b| d;Ln] e/]sf] cfsfz kq ePsf] eP x/ ?vsf] 8f“7 snd ag]sf] / x/]s dflg; n]vs eP n]Vg O{Zj/sf] dxfg\ k|]d ;d'b| ;'sL hfGYof] t t c6fp“Yof] cfsfzdf j0f{g Tof] lbJo k|]dsf] . !^= sf]M k/d]Zj/sf] a9fO{ u/f}+ ;f/f ;Gtu0f ldnL -@_ pRr :j/df :t'lt u/f}+ v|Li6 d'lQmbftfs} . -@_ ! ckf/ k|]d k|e'sf] ge'nf}+ hLjgdf s[t1 eO{ r/0f k/L r9fp“m cf/fwgf . @ k|ltlbg ofqfdf v|Li6lt/ b[li6 nfpm“, b'Mv ;'vnfO{ :jLsf/ ub}{ ;bf :t'lt u/f}+ . # hfUg] ;do 5 of] zf]s lrGtfnfO{ kG;fO{ v|Li6sf] xftdf hLjg ;f}+Kb} :t'lt r9fpm“ pgnfO{ . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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!&= sf]M k|e' gbL axfpg' x'g] lgh{n phf8 kxf8x?df ! d?e"ldnfO{ 3gf h+un em} Kof;f e"ldnfO{ cbg em}+ -@_ agfpg' x'g] k|e', tkfO{, abngf];\ k|e', d]/f] x[bo -@_ @ 3f+6Lx?nfO{ k|e', tkfO{n] hLjg–hnn] eg'{x'G5, k|e', tkfO{ ;gftg r§fg, k|e' eg'{xf];\ d]/f] x[bo -@_ # gbLsf tL/sf hLjg j[Ifs} h;sf kft 5g\ :j:y kfg]{ /fVgf];\ hflt hfltsf] aLrdf ;DxfnL k|e', bflxg] xftn] -@_ $ zflGt /lxt 5' zlQmxLg klg t/ tkfO{ d'lQmbftf aufpgf];\ gbL kLzf]g cf} uLxf]g phf8 d]/f]of] hLjgaf6 -@_ % k|e'Ho, d tf 5' clt lgikmn, hh{/, ;+sL0f{ dgsf] aufpg'xf];\ gbL lx2]s]n, km/ft lg/y{s d]/f] hLjgaf6 -@_ !*= sf]M dlxdf, dlxdf, dlxdfxf];\ -@_ O{Zj/nfO{ dlxdfxf];\ dlxdfxf];\ .-@_ ! d[ts cfTdfnfO{, cfzf /lxtnfO{ 3[l0ft u/La z"Go cy{xLg hLjgnfO{ -@_ gjLg bz{g lbg gof“ hLjg lbg dfgj aGg' ef]-@_ k|z+;f -#_ xf];\ . @ ;To cd/ k|]dsf], ;'Gb/ p4f/ k|]dsf] c;Lldt Psdfq hLljt ;fIfft k|]dsf] -@_ k|dfl0ft sf];]nL, d"NoxLg sf];]nL cfh lbg'ef]-@_ wGojfb -#_ xf];\ . !(= sf]M ofxsf] :t'lt, :t'lt O{Zj/sf] ;"o{ cf} rGb|df -@_ kljq b"tu0f, ;]gf O{Zj/sf pRr :yfgdf u/ == :t'lt oxf]jfsf] ! x] Hof]ltd{o tf/fu0f ;a x] ljzfn cfsfz, clg e"nf]ssf lgd{n hn / cl;gf lxp“ /fz, dxf;fu/ cf} kj{t, clUg, cf“wL, d]3 atf;, -@_ k|z+;f u/ kmnjGt j[If lktf O{Zj/sf] u/ === :t'lt oxf]jfsf] . @ /fhf, k|hf, GofowLz xfsLd, /fHo – /fHosf, o'js, o'jtL, afns, j[4 ;f/f k[YjLsf, ag kz' / kz' 3/]n', kIfL uugsf, Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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k|z+;f u/ dxfg\ dlxldt lktf O{Zj/sf] u/ === :t'lt oxf]jfsf] .

o]z" v|Li6sf] hGd @)= ! 3'Db} lkmb}{ ufO{sf] uf]7df cfP uf]7fnfx? b]v] ;fgf] 8f]8\df o]z" uf]7df kl;|/x]sf] .. sf]M xfd|f] cfgGbsf] lbg cfof] wGo xfd|f] d'lQm ef] ufpm ;+;f/sf] ;a} ;[li6n] dflg; ?k lnP v|Li6n] .. @ tf/fsf] cu'jfO{ kfO{ cfP Hof]ltifLx? b]vl b08jt\ ;an] u/L pgnfO{ e]6L r9fP .. # cfpm ;a} efO alxgL ufcf}+ ;Rrf :t'ltufg eg"g\ ;an] xNnn"ofx u/f}+ ;w}+ dlxdfufg .. @!= ! e]8L uf]7 rbf{ lg rbf{ /ft kl/uof] nf} ca NofP uf]7}df uf]7fnfx?n] . @ cfuf]sf jfl/ lg kfl/ uf]7fnf a;] . cfˆgf lg cfˆgf vf]/}df e]8L x} ;a} k;] . # ;a} 7fp“ c“Wof/f] x'“bf pHofnf] eof] . of] Hof]lt s] sf] eGb} lg uf]7fnf ;a} p7] . $ :ju{b"t 5]pdf b]vL 8/n] ;a sfd] . æg8/fpm ;'g ;';dfrf/Æ egL x} b"tn] yfd] . % ufO{sf] uf]7}df ;'g a}tnxd ufp“df . tf/0fxf/ k|e' hlGdP uO{ x]/ Tof] 7fp“df . @@= ! ;'g :ju{b"tsf] ufg xf];\ cf}tf/L v|Li6sf] dfg k[YjLdfly ef] ldnfk u/] dfkm O{Zj/sf] kfk . ;a} b]zsf nf]u /dfpm b"t ;“u;“u} ho ho ufpm ;a} kl§ xf];\ k|rf/ a}tnxddf v|Li6 cf}tf/ . sf]M ;'g :ju{b"tsf] ufg xf];\ cf}tf/L v|Li6sf] dfg .. @ v|Li6sf] ;a :ju{n] k'h]sf] v|Li6 k|e' hf] ;w}+sf] k"/f] ;do cfof] ha sGo]blv hGd] ta . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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O{Zj/ hLpwf/L ef] wGo cf}tf/ O{Zj/sf] wGo v|Li6 u/fpg] d]n wGo v|Li6 Oddfg'Pn .. # wGo s'znsf] k|wfg wd{sf ;"o{nfO{ k|0ffd Hof]lt, hLjg hutnfO{ lbg' x'g' ef] pbo . 5f]8L cfˆgf] k/dwfd cf}tf/ eO{ u/] sfd dfG5] hft gdg{nfO{ hLjg, gof“ hGd kfO{ .. @#= ! sf]qmf] pgsf] 5}g 8f]8\g} cf]5ofgef] ;fgf] k|e'o]z" uf]7df kl;|P :ju{blv tf/fx? pgnfO{ x]b}{ uP ;fgf] k|e' o]z" k/fdf ;'t] @ ufO{–uf]? s/fP, afns lapm“leP g pgL s/fP, g s}n] /f]P x] k|e' . Kof/ u5'{, :ju{af6 x]g]{ / laxfg};Dd d;“u /xg" .. # Kof/ ug'{xf];\ dnfO“ of] laGtL u5'{ cgGt;Dd x'g'xf];\ ghLs k|e' cflzif ;anfO{ lbO{ ;asf] /Iff ugf]{;\ xfdLnfO{ :ju{nf]sdf a:g] of]Uo kfgf]{;\ .. @$= ! a}tnxdsf] Tof] z"Go – /ft, pb]ssf] xfd|f] gfy u/LaL 5fgL, t'R5 gdfgL -@_ kl;|g'eof] 8f]8}\df wGo k/d]Zj/sf] Kof/ .. sf]M cfgGb dgfpm, v'zL dgfpm, eP v|Li6 cjtf/ u/fpg d[To" kf/, kfkb]lv arfpg ;+;f/ @ Tofu]/ :ju}{sf] ;'v, p7fpg xfd|f] b'Mv, cfpg'ef] kf7f] xfd|f] ;f6f] -@_ x'gnfO{ dxf alnbfg, wGo of] l;Q}sf] bfg # ;'gg x] alxg–efO . rfxG5g\ v|Li6 cfpgnfO{ uf]7?kL of] t'R5 x[bodf -@_ vf]ng x[bosf] åf/, lgZro x'G5f}+ d[To' kf/ @%= sf]/;M k|e' x} hGd] ufO{sf] uf]7df k|rf/ gfp“ xfdL kfkLsf] p4f/ ug{nfO{ .. ! Tof] ;fgf] 8f]+8\df ;'t]sf] k|e' x}, k|e' x} -@_ jfl/kfl/ Hof]ltn] 9fs]sf] -@_ O{Zj/n] dfgj cf}tf/ lnPsf] -@_ @ x]g{nfO{ hfcf}+ xfdL ;a} g} ldn]/ x} ldn]/ -@_ xif{ dgfp“b} ho hosf/ ub}{ -@_ pgsf] hgdsf] k|rf/ ub}{ -@_ # hfcf}+ xfdL ;a} b08jt\ ug{nfO{ ug{nfO{ -@_ Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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afns k|e'sf] bz{g u/f}+ -@_ cfTdfsf] e]6L r9fp“b} -@_ @^= sf]M nfUb5 dnfO{ /dfOnf], Tof] pHofnf] tf/fsf] a}tnxd ufp“sf] Tof] ;fgf] uf]7 o]z" hGd]sf] ;fgf] 8f]+8 .. ! cGwsf/sf] dfemdf pHhjn k|sfz lnO{ cfP hunfO{ p4f/ u/fpg ;Tosf] hu a;fNg lgb+af6 hfu ! efO xf] d'lQmsf] kydf rNgnfO{, @ v'zLofnL /ft dgfpm“, o; w/tLnfO{ pHhjn u/fpm“ -@_ :ju{–b"tn] ufp“5g\ uLt, afns v|Li6sf] dlxdf -@_ xfdL klg ufpm“ x} uLt, afns v|Li6sf] r/0fdf .. @&= ! o?zn]d zx/sf] a}tnxd uf“j}df, xfd|f] k|e' o]z" hGd] uf]7}df . lyof] cf]5ofg k/fnsf] sf]qmf] pgsf] 8f]+8} ef] cfgGb eO{ xif{u/f}+ ;a}n] @ To} /ft uf]7fnfx? e]8f s'b}{ lyP Pp6f b"t crfgs cfO{ ;dfrf/ lbP ;+;f/}sf] nflu d'lQmbftf hGd] o]z"nfO{ x]g{ hfpm a}tnxddf .. # uf]7fnfx? uP b]v] 8f]+8df o]z" b"tn] eg] em}+ d'lQmbftfnfO{ xif{ / cfgGb eO{ u/] b08jt\ ;a}n] v'zL eO{ /dfp“b} 3/ kms]{ $ h};Lx? klg k"j{b]lv cfP tf/f x]b}{ x]b}{ o]z"nfO{ e]6\g' . b]vL b08jt\ u/] ;an] e]6L r9fP v'zL eO{ /dfp“b} 3/kms]{ % xfdL ;a} ldnL b08jt\ u/f}+ O{Zj/nfO{ pgn] cfkm\gf k'q lbP d'lQmbfg pgdf ljZjf; ug]{ kfp“g]5g\ qf0f d'lQm cfgGb eO{ xif{ u/f}+ ;a}n] @*= ! ;fgf] 8"“8df x]/ efO o]z" hGd] xfdLnfO{ x]/ gd| afn cf}tf/ tflbsf] sxf{/ cG;f/ sf]M wGo ;'vsf] lbg cfof] xfd|f] d'lQm ef] ufpm ;+;f/sf ;a} ;[i6 a}tnxddf hGd] v|Li6 .. @ h;sf] 7fp“ / l;+xf;g ?jLdsf aLrdf 5g\ . h;n] ;[h] ;a} ;[i6 clxn] 8"“8df k|e' v|Li6 .. # uf]7fnf s'/L a:bf b]v] Hof]lt /ft}df . eg] b"tn] xf];\ ldnfk hGd] v|Li6 d]6fpg] kfk .. Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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$ lk|o k'q O{Zj/sf] k|]d tkfO{sf] sqf] ef] . 5f]8L :juL{o cfgGb ;'v ;xg' ef] ;+;f/sf] b'Mv .. @(= ! x]/ uf]7fnfx? cfkm\gf e]8f x]b{5g\ plhofnf] PSsf;L cfsfzdf rDsGb5 v|Li6sf] hGdlbg}df . @ zflGt / ldnfksf] uLt ufp“5g\ kljq b"t lsg xfd|f] k|e'Ho" o; ;+;f/df cfpg' ef] v|Li6sf] hGd lbg}df # o]z" sf]qmf]df a:t] ;a} gfgL Kof/ ug]{ pgsf] sf/0f xfd|f] dg k|]d / xif{n] eb{5g\ v|Li6sf] hGd lbg}df #)= ! s;sf ;fd" uf]7df 3'“8f 6]S5g\ uf]7fnf ? sf]M k|e' xf] pb]ssf] s'/f k|e' xf] ljejsf /fh . 3'“8f 6]Sb} xfdL cfcf}+ k|e' v|Li6df d's'6 nfcf}+ .. @ v'zL eO{ 3/}df cfkm\gf] xftn] sfd ubf{ # ;f/f] ef]sf] h+undf z}tfg;“u o'4 ubf{ . $ cfkm\gf] dLtsf] lrxfgdf peL b'Mvn] ?“bf . % ;+s6 eO{ af/Ldf cfwL /ft k|fy{gf ubf{ . ^ kfksf] qm";df 6f“lubf zq'nfO{ cflzif lb+bf . & cfkm\gf] lgh lrxfg 5f]8\bf, o; ;+;f/sf] qf0f ubf{ . * :ju{sf] l;+xf;gdf al;sg /fHo ubf{ . #!= ! zfGtdo /ft, zfGtdo /ft o]z" v|Li6 s[kfgfy ljZjsf ;j{>]i7 tf/0fxf/ lnP uf]7}df ;t cf}tf/ a}tnxd zx/df, a}tnxd zx/df . @ zfGtdo /ft, zfGtdo /ft ho ho ufcf}+ b"tu0f;fy, afns ;'Gb/ hGd]sf 5g\ afns O{Zj/sf k'q x'g\ o]z" xf] pgsf] gfp“ . -@_ # zfGtdo /ft, zfGtdo /ft o]z" v|Li6 xif{;fy, cfP :ju{b]lv hutdf kfkL dflg;sf] vf]hLdf :jfut u/f}+ pgnfO{ .. -@_ #@= Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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! bfpmb /fhfsf] zx/df ufO{sf] Pp6f uf]7 lyof] afns cfdfn] ;'tfp“bf sf]qmf] eof] 8f]+8}sf] dl/od gd| cfdf rflx“ o]z" afns pg}s} .. @ o]z" afns ;asf :jfdL ;+;f/ cfP cf}tf/ eO{ pgsf] af;f uf]7df clg pgsf] sf]qmf] Tof] 8f]+8} s+ufn clg x]nf of] d'lQmbftf x'g'ef] . # o]z" ;fg} afns b]lv bLg / cf1fsf/L y] cfd rflx“nfO{ k|]dn] x]/L h;sf] sfvdf ;'Tby] v|Li6o afns xf]cf}+ o:t} cf1fsf/L o]z"em}+ .. $ xfdL h:t} afns eP lbg lbg a9\y] xfdL em}+ sdhf]/ clg nfrf/ lyP ?g' xf“:g' ;a p:t} xfd|f] b'Mvdf b'Mlvt 5g\ xfd|f] ;'vdf ;'vL 5g\ .. ##= ! uf]7fnfx? e]8fnfO{ /ftdf s'b}{ lyP ta :ju{b]lv b"t cf]nL{ dlxdf;fy cfP . @ nf} g8fpm b"tn] eGof] d k|rf/ ug{nfO{ cfPsf] 5', ;a dfG5]nfO{ ;';dfrf/ lbgnfO{ . # ltd|f] nflu 5 hGd]sf bfpmb /fhf s'nb]lv qf0fstf{ k|e' cfhsf] lbg b]Vg kfp“5f} ltdL . $ Ps afns ltdL b]Vg]5f}+ bfpmbsf] zx/df n'ufdf a]x«L /fv]sf] / k;|]sf] 8f]+8df . % ha olt s'/f eg]Yof] crfgs cfP lyP ;f/f :ju{b"tu0f hf] of] uLt cfgGb;fy ufP . ^ u'0ffg'jfb xf];\ O{Zj/sf] / hudf xf];\ zflGt xf];\ v'zL dfG5]df clxn] clg ;bfel/ . #$= ! cfpm ;a} ljZjf;L, cfgGb ub}{cfpm . cfpm ;a}hgf ldnL a}tnxddf . hutsf] qftf afns eof] x]/ . cfpm ehg ub}{ k"hf}+, -#_ v|Li6 k|e'nfO{ .. @ x] jrg ;gftg, k/d]Zj/sf] k'q, k|e' o]z" x'g\ v|Li6 Oddfg'Pn . sGofsf] ue{b]lv dfG5] hGd]sf] cfpm ehg ub}{ k"hf}+ -#_ v|Li6 k|e'nfO{ .. # x] ;a :ju{b"t xf], hohosf/ ug'{, k/d]Zj/nfO{ xf];\ :ju{df wGojfb Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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k[YjLdf s'zn dfG5]x?df ldnfk cfpm ehg ub}{ k"hf}+ -#_ v|Li6 k|e'nfO{ ..

#%= sf]M x]/g cfsfzdf tf/fsf] pHofnf] gjhft k|e'sf] bz{g ug{ gu/ laof“nf] . ! O{Zj/sf] jrg k"/f] ug{nfO{ cfP k|e' hudf -@_ dfgjsf] ;a} b'Mv a'em\gnfO{ kl;|P 8f]+8}df . -@_ uf]7fnfx?5Ss k/] ha b]v] :ju{b"tnfO{ 9f8; kfO{ /dfO{ uP va/ lbgnfO{ . -@_ @ tf/fnfO{ cfkm\gf] nIf agfO{ a9] Hof]ltifLu0f -@_ e]6L r9fP bz{g kfO{ u/fP cfglGbt dg . -@_ kfkL hgsf] tf/0fxf/ dflg;sf] ?kdf . Vofn g/fvL 8f“8f sf“8f a9f}+ ;a} k|e'df . -@_

#^= sf]M cfgGb dgfcf}+ / xif{ dgfcf}+ ;f/f b'lgof“nfO{ ;';dfrf/ ;'gfcf}+ ! p7 bfHo' efO xf] . x]/ tf/fnfO{ . o]z'"hLsf] hGd eof] p7 bz{gnfO{ . @ p7 lbbl alxgL x]/ tf/fnfO{ . o]z"hLsf] hGd eof] p7 bz{gnfO{ . #&= ! cfpg' ef] :ju{b]lv d's'6nfO{ TofuL, d]/f] nflu lnO{ cf}tf/ a}tnxdsf] ufp“df lyPg 7fp“ cfkm\gf] nflu x] tf/0fxf/ d sxf“ k|e' o]z" cfpgf];\ d]/f] x[bodf w]/} 5 7fp“ @ Zofnsf x'G5g\ s'/ / r/fsf u'“8, ltgn] nfp“5g\ h+undf t/ tkfO{s} lz/ /fVgnfO{ ufnLndf lyPg 7fp“ d sxf“ k|e' o]z" cfpgf];\ d]/f] x[bodf w]/ 5 7fp“ # hLljt jrg ;fy lnO{ :ju{b]lv cf]nL{ d'lQmbfg lbg cfpg'ef] t/ 7§fn] qm";df r9fP, nufO{ d's'6 sf“8fsf] d sxf“ k|e' o]z" cfpgf];\ d]/f] x[bodf w]/} 5 7fp“ $ :ju{sf]åf/ vf]ln+bf b"tu0fn] ufp“bf tkfO{ dlxdf;fy cfp“bf zAb ;'Gg kfp“ tnfO{ w]/ 5 7fp“, d]/f] 5]p ;bf a:g cf . d]/f] dg ta v'zL x'G5, ha lktfsxf“ k'Ug]5' . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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#*= ! b'lgof“ /dfpm / u|x0f u/ v|Li6 k|e' /fhfnfO{, x/ dgdf xf]];\ pxf“nfO{ 3/ ;+;f/ u/f];\ a9fO, -$_ @ b'lgof“sf] Hof]lt pg} x'g\ kfk Ifdf lbg]5g\ . pgn] xfd|f ;a} b'Mv b"/ ug]{5g\ -/ cflzif lbg]5g\_ -#_ # v'zL dgfpm v|Li6 /fhf x'g\ ;a hg / ;a k|f0f ;d'b| / kxf8 / vf]nf / d}bfg -ufpm :t'ltsf] uLtufg_ -$_ $ pgn] ljZjf; / bofn] /fHonfO{ km}nfp“b5g\ cfkm\gf] b[9 ;To ljejsf af6f]n] -cdf]n k|]d ub{5_ -$_ #(= sf]/;M cfh xfd|f] k|e' o]z" hGd] a}tnxd zx/df d'lSt 5 ;anfO{ pg}df dfq uO x]/ Tof] 7fp“df ! k/d]Zj/sf] Tof] sqf] bof xfdLdf x'g uf], h;sf] sf/0f k'q o]z" -@_ uf]7}df hGd lng' ef] -@_ tg dg wg ;a e]6L r9fp“b} -@_ pgs} r/0fdf cfpm“ -@_ @ ho hosf/ ufp“b} e]6L r9fp“b} -@_ pgs} r/0fdf cfpm“ -@_ hGd lnOsg cfP xfdLdf -@_ hohosf/ pgs} ufp“m -@_ $)= sf]M c4{ lbzfdf lbO{ ;';Gb]z, bLg agL cfof}+ xfdL ltd|f] b'jf/df ! b'b{zf of] ;a b]lv ;+;f/sf] -@_ kfksf] ef/n] dfgjldr]sf] -@_ lhGbuLsf] xfn ;'wfg{egL -@_ O{Zj/k'q hudf cfP ;+sf]r gdfgL @ O{Zj/ / dfgj aLrsf] kbf{ -@_ kfkL dfgjsf] kfkn] ubf{ -@_ tf]8L dfgjnfO{ nfg O{Zj/sxf“ -@_ cfpg' ef] dxfg\ O{Zj/ b[i6 ;+;f/df # zx/ o]?zn]d uf“j} a}tnxd -@_ hGd] uf]7}df afns Ps g/d -@_ v|Li6 hLjgwf/ o]z"tf/0fxf/ -@_ ljZjf;NofO{ cfpg]hlt x'G5g\ d[To'kf/ $!= ! h:t} Hof]ltlifx? Hof]lt x]/] tf/fsf] h:t} To; pHofnf]d} cl3a9] /dfp“b} To:t} xfdL cu'jfO{ kfcf}+ tkfO{sf] ;Gd"vdf cfcf}+ . @ h:t} u/] v"a xtf/ e]6\g afns tf/0fxf/ h:t} x]/L :ju{gfy Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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3'“8f 6]s] gd|;fy To:t} xfdL ;j{bf k/f}+ v|Li6sf] r/0fdf # h:t} k'h] k|e'nfO{ ax'd'No e]6L NofO{ To:t} xif{;fy xfdL kfk–e'nb]lv z'4 agL r9fcf}+ tg–dg–wg tkfO{ :juL{o /fhf o]z"nfO{ $ z'4 o]z", af6f]df xfdLnfO{ 8f]¥ofpm ;bf clg lat]kl5 Hofg :ju{df k'¥ofpg'xf];\ k|f0f hxf“ 5}g 3fd tf/f ;a 5 pHhjn tkfO{df $@= sf]M ufp“b} hfcf}+ k|e'sf] dlxdf pg}sf] hGd lbj;df xf“:b} a9f}+ pgs} ;]jfdf hufp“b} gf}nf] efjgf pg}sf] hGd lbj;df pg}sf] hGd lbj;df ufp“b} hfcf}+ k|e'sf] dlxdf, xf“:b} a9f} pgs} ;]jfdf . ! v'zLsf] of] ;';dfrf/, km}nfcf}+ x}+ lbz} rf/ -@_ @ :ju{/fhsf] a}ejnfO{ Tofu]/, cfP dflg; ?k lnP/ -@_ # kfkLsf] laGtL ;'GgnfO{, :ju{sf 9f]sf vf]NgnfO{ -@_ cfpg'eof] k|e' ;+;f/df, lgDTofcf}+ x} pgnfO{ x[bodf .. $#= sf]M ho ho u/ === v'zLn] === k|e'sf] === hGdlbg -@_ ! dl/od ue{jtL lyOg, kljq cfTdfn] . TofUg] OR5f u/] o';'km bfpmbsf] 5f]/fn] . :ju{b"tn] o';'kmnfO{ va/ k'¥ofP, clg pgn] dl/odnfO{ cfkm\g} u/fP . @ e]8L uf]7df uf]7fnf ;a, uf]7} 5f8]/ ufp“b} uP v|Li6sf] ho ho bz{g u/]/ . a}tnxd eGg] ;fgf] ufp“df v|Li6sf] hGd ef], eljiojQmfn] af]n]sf] jrg k"/f] ef] . # ;fgf] tf/f b]vfk¥of] k"j{ b]zdf Hof]ltlifx? bf}8\b} cfP k|e'sf] vf]hdf afns v|Li6sf] bz{g kfO{ cfglGbt eP sGt'/ vf]nL ;'g w"k d"/{sf e]6L r9fP . $ cfpg'xf];\ cfh} x] efO xf] ljZjf; u/]/ dfUg'xf];\ Ifdf k|e'sf] kfpdf k/]/ cfh k|e' cfpg'ef] d'lQm lbgnfO{ km]l/ k|e' cfp“g]5g\ lgof ug{nfO{ .. Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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$$= sf]M k|e' afns k}bf eof] ufO{sf] uf]7}df ldnLh'nL :t'lt ufcf}+ Ps} :j/df ! k|]dL O{Zj/ bofn'n] k'q lbP xfdLnfO{ h;n] O{Zj/sf ef/ p7fO{ cflTds dfu{ b]vfP @ dfgj ?kdf hGd lnO{ j}ej TofuL cf:dfgL agfpg' ef] k/fn cf]9\gL lj5fP r/0fL # ljZj kfksf] e'“j/Ldf 8'Ab} lyP k|e' ljgf tf/s k|e' hudf cfO{ lbg'eof] ;xf/f $%= sf]M slt /dfx6sf] lbg cfof], of] hutdf . xf“:b} v]Nb} ufgf ufp“b} k|e' o]z"df . ! cfpm j[4hg, cfpm ;a hjfg . :j/df :j/ ldnfO{ ufpm k|e'sf] ho ufg -@_ @ xfdL ;a lyof}+ 3f]/ cGwsf/df . cfP k|e' cf}tf/ lnO{ pxL a}tnxddf -@_ # 5f]8 ca efO b'i6 z}tfgnfO{ . p7 hfu :jfut u/ gjhft k|e'nfO{ -@_ $^= sf]M cfh v|Li6sf] hGd eof] a}tnxdsf] ufp“df -@_ ! Hof]ltlifx?n] tf/fnfO{ x]/L -@_ ul/la 3/df uO{ cl8P -@_ v'zL eO{ e]6L r9fP . -@_ @ O{Zj/sf] k'q k|e' o]z" v|Li6 ufO{sf] uf]7df cf}tf/ lnO{ cfP ho hosf/ pgs} ucf}+ . # lgb|fnfO{ TofuL p7 aGw' efO hfcf}+ xfdL ;a} oz" yfO{ ho hosf/ ufp“b} hfcf}+ . $&= sf]M lxn ldn efO cfof}+ lg hGd pT;jdf ufof}+ lg ;+s6 kf/ nufof}+ lg hunfO{ pHofnf] u/fof}+ lg . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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! o?zn]d zx/sf] a}tnxd ufp“df v|Li6 o]z" hGd] ufO{sf] uf]7df v|Li6 /Tg wg cfof}+ lg ;+s6 kf/ nufof}+ lg hunfO{ pHofnf] u/fof}+ lg . @ k/dwfddf dlxdf dflg;df ldnfk tf/0fxf/sf] hGd cfwf /ftdf zfGtsf] /fhf cfof}+ lg ;+s6 kf/ nufof}+ lg hunfO{ pHofnf] u/fof}+ lg $*= sf]M pbfof] tf/f cfh, gLn uugsf] dfem of] cGw]/L /ftnfO{, pHofnf] agfO{ lbof] . ! ufO{sf] uf]7df k;|]sf] k|e' kfkL hg ;asf] p4f/ ug{ hGd] cfh hGd] k|e' hudf Tof] Psnf] 8f]+8}+df . -@_ @ cfgGb dgfcf}+ of] z'e /ftdf ;';Gb]z ;'gfcf}+ ;f/f hutdf hGd] cfh, hGd] k|e' hudf Hof]ltsf xfd|f /fh -@_ $(= sf]M cxf] slt /dfOnf] v'zLsf] lbg cfof] d'lQmbftf k|e'sf] a}tnxddf hGd ef] 5g\ hf] d]/f] x[bodf v|Li6 /fhf a;]sf] -@_ hoho afns /fhfsf] ho ho ho xf];\ ;bf . ! O{Zj/sf] lk|o k'q k|e' v|Li6 :ju{df dlxldt -@_ afnssf] ?kdf kl;|P 8"“8df, ljZjdf cjx]lnt . @ ;'g–rf“bL 5}g, w"k klg xf]Og, ;Dk"0f{ hLjg n]pm -@_ uf]7?kL x[bo wf]P/ cfh} k|e'hL /fh ul/b]pm . %)= sf]M vrfvr ef]’ a]yn]x]d ufp“, ;/fodf lyPg v|Li6nfO{ 7fp“ cfh klg dflg; Jo:t eO{ ub}{gg\ v|Li6sf] jf:tf ! lk|o k'q O{Zj/sf] -@_ yf]qf] uf]7df kl;|P ;a}af6 TofluP/ -@_ ul/aeGbf u/La eP . @ ltd|f]–d]/f] lglDt v|Li6n] -@_ k|z:t wg ;f“r]sf 5g\ xfd|f] b'Mv p7fP/ -@_ cgGt ;'v /fv]sf 5g\ # clt bLg v|Li6 d[To';Dd -@_ cf1fsf/L ag], Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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ljZjf;LnfO{ cNufpgnfO{ -@_ cfkm} cl3 xf]lrP . %!= sf]M d'lQmbftf tf/0fxf/ o]z" hGd], o]z" hGd] ! uf]7fnfx? Dfemdf, crfgs b]vf k/] :ju{b"t o;f] eGb}, hGd] k|e' uf]7}df -@_ @ pb]ssf] tf/fnfO{ x]b}{ Hof]ltifL klg cfpg nfu], a]yn]x]dsf] ufj}df bz{g ug{ k|e'sf] -@_ # ;'gfpm bfHo", efO{, alxgL, ;';Gb]z ;f/f hut\df tf/0fxf/sf] hGd ef]’ cfgGb dgfpm ;a}n] -@_ %@= sf]M kfksf] sfnf] afSnf] c“Wof/f], x6fpg] pHhjn bLk, o?zn]d zx/sf] a]yn]x]d ufp“df hGd], k|e' v|Li6 kfksf] sfnf] afSnf] c“Wof/f], x6fpg] pHhjn bLk ! uf]7fnf uP, bz{g u/] / cf}wL /dfP, Hof]ltifL cfP, b08jt\ u/] cf} e]6L r9fP -@_ @ slt pb]ssf] k|]d o]z" v|Li6sf] dflg;sxf“ cfpg'ef]’ b'Mv / bb{, rf]6 clt ulx/f], k|e'n] ;xg'ef]’ -@_ # /fd|/L ;f]r, 7Ls lg0f{o u/, ltdL s] r9fpg] < uf]7?kL x[bo vf]Nb5g\ h;n], /fh u5{g k|e'n] -@_

Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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o]z"sf] hLjg %#= sf]M O{Zj/sf] k'q o]z" dflg; ?k wf/0f u/L :ju{sf] ;'vnfO{ Tofu]/ uf]7df hGd lnP ;x]/ b'Mv xfdLnfO{ ;'v lbgnfO{ k|e'n] ;'v lbgnfO{ k|e'n] ! ltgn] ;anfO{ Kof/ u/], la/fdLnfO{ r·f u//] b'MvLnfO{ ;xfotf lbP/ :ju{sf] k|rf/ u/] cGwfnfO{ cf“vf, u"“ufnfO{ af]nL, u"“ufnfO{ af]nL alx/fnfO{ ;'gfP zAb, alx/fnfO{ ;'gfP . @ o]z"nfO{ of] yfxf lyP, ;a}n] kfk u/]sf 5g\ O{Zj/sf] jrgn] eGb5 kfksf] kmn d[To" g} xf], Kfkb]lv d'Qm u/fpg v|Li6n], u/fpg v|Li6n] qm";}df k|f0f Tofu], efO xf], qm";}df k|f0f Tofu] . # O{Zj/sf] k'q o]z" t];|f] lbg af}/L p7] d[To"sf] aGwgnfO{ tf]8]/ :ju{sf] k|rf/ u/] :ju{df r9L O{Zj/sf] 5]pdf, O{Zj/sf] 5]pdf xfdLnfO{ kv{b}5g\ efO xf], xfdLnfO{ kv{b}5g\ . $ s'sd{b]lv kmsL{ k|e'df ljZjf; ug]{ kfp“b5g\ tL ;an] d'lQm, k/d]Zj/ Ifdf u5{g\ o;sf/0f efO xf] ljZjf; u/, ljZjf; u/, k|e', o]z" v||Li6df alxgL, k|e' o]z" v|Li6df . %$= sf]M ;'lgn]pm d]/f] efO xf], o]z"hL d]/f b'lgof“df cfP ! b'lgof“df cfP, d'lQm lnO{ cfP -@_ dflg;nfO{ cfO{ arfP, o]z"hL d]/f b'lgof“df cfP . @ :juL{o lktfsf Ps dfq k'q -@_ dflg;sf k'q elgP, o]z"hL d]/f] b'lgof“df cfP . # cGwfnfO{ cf“vf, u"“ufnfO{ af]nL -@_ alx/fnfO{ zAb ;'gfP, o]z"hL d]/f] b'lgof“df cfP . $ sf]/L, cwf{·L lgsf] u/fP -@_ d'bf{nfO{ a}/fO{ p7fP, o]z"hL d]/f] b'lgof“df cfP . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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% xfdL ;a kfkdf 8'la/x]sf lyof}+ . -@_ cb\e't k|]d b]vfP,, o]z"hL d]/f b'lgof“df cfP . & v|Li6 d/]kl5 lrxfgdf /flvP -@_ / t];|f] lbgdf af}/L p7], o]z"hL d]/f b'lgof“df cfP . %%= ! hut\ ;[li6 kfngstf{, wGo O{Zj/ bftf wGo–wGo k|e' o]z" hut\sf qftf lg wGo . sf]M eh dgnfO{, cfpm hg k|e'sxf“, eh dgnfO{, eh dgnfO{ @ k/d]Zj/sf] k|yd jrg k'q lbpm“nf egL ;f“r} k|e' cjtf/ eP hut\sf] dl0f lg wGo . # tL;} jif{ k'u]kl5 k|rf/ u/L lx8\y] k|e' o]z" dxfbftf chDd/L lbg] lg wGo . $ chDd/L jrg ;'gfO{ b]z}–ljb]z lkm/] qm";sf] dxf b'Mv k|f0f bfg ul/lbP lg wGo . % cfpm kfkL ljZjf; u/L k|e'sxf“ wfpm kfksf] d[To" aGwgb]lv lg:tf/ bfg kfpm lg wGo . ^ k|e'hL lbJo jrg b'MvL kfkL cfpm bfpmbsf] j+zL o]z" v|Li6sf] hoho :t'lt ufcf}+ lg wGo . %^= sf]M ufcf}+ d;Lxsf] ho ufg / wGo eg pgsf] gfd, k[YjL tnsf] g/–gf/Lsf] -@_ Ps ;xf/f d;Lx -@_ ufcf}+ === ! d'lQmsf] kynfO{ k|rf/ ub}{ hLjg d;Lxn] latfP kfk / >fk d]6fpg d;Lxn] qm";df /ut aufP . @ cGwsf/ husf] c“Wof/f]nfO{ k|]dL d;Lxn] x6fP k|]d k|rfb}{, k|]d a9fp“b} O{iof{ / å]if d]6fP . # klysx?nfO{ ky bzf{p“b} O{Zj/ gftf hf]8fP kfksf] aGwgdf xfdL k/]Yof}+ Kof/f] d;Lxn] 5'6fP . $ cdf]n k|]d hf] d;Lxdf kfp“5f}+ Tof] 5f8L sxf“ hfcf}+ < d'lQm / zflGt hf] pgdf kfp“5f} ho hosf/ pgs} ufcf}+ .

Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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%&= ! Ps lbgsf] s'/f ufnLndf ha k|e' o]z" 3'Dby] ;a cfdfx? gfgLx?nfO{ pgsxf“ NofPy] . @ pgn] sfvdf lnO{ x/]snfO{ k|]dn] cflzifsf] xft /fv] oL ;fgfx? Dsxf“ cfpg b]pm, k|e'n] eg]y] . # v'zL ljrf/ / gd| :jefj Ps–csf{nfO{ b]vfO{ bof x] k|e', d]/f] x[bodf tkfO{sf] :ju{ agf];\ . $ o; /x/nfUbf] ;+;f/df O{Zj/sf] k|]d / dlxdf h;n] e]6\5 Tof] wGo xf];\ ;a 7fp“df O{Zj/ 5g\ . %*= ! rfnL; lbgsf ef]sf b]vL z}tfg cfO{ k|e'5]p eGgnfUof], æoL 9'·fnfO{ /f]6L agfO{ vf“b} hfpmÆ . b[i6 z}tfgsf] jrg ;'gL pQ/ lbP k|e'n] æ/f]6Ln] dfq} af“Rg] 5}gf}, arfOG5f}+ jrgn]Æ . @ Pp6f cUnf] 7fp“df k'¥ofO{ eGg nfUof] /fHo b]vfO{, æPs}kN6 k|0ffd\ u/] lbg]5' d ltdLnfO{Æ . æb'i6 z}tfg, n]v]sf] 5 t}n] cfˆgf O{Zj/nfO{ k|0ffd\ ug"{, ;]jf ug"{, ug"{ :t'lt pg}sf]Æ . # dlGb/dfly r9fO eGgnfUof] z}tfgn] æv|Li6 xf} eg] xfdkmfn, cfO{ ;dfp“5g\ b"tn]Æ . pQ/ lbP, æb'i6 z}tfg, k/LIff gu/\ O{Zj/nfO{ nlHht eO{ efluuof] PSn} 5f8L k|e'nfO{Æ . %(= sf]M ;+;f/nfO{ kfkdf km;]sf] b]vL k|e' cfP ;+;f/sf] p4f/ ug{ egL ! ;'v–r}g / :ju{ egL :ju{ /fHonfO{ Tofu]/ -@_ hGd lnP uf]7}df -@_ latfP hLjg b'Mvdf -@_ xfdLh:tf kfkLnfO{ arfpgnfO{ k|e' cfP ;+;f/sf] p4f/ ug{ egL . @ b'Mv s:tf] ;xL–;xL k|rf/ u/L lx8], xfO{–xfO{ -@_ /f]uL, gf·, ef]sfx?nfO{ r}g, hLjg lbP/ -@_ cGwfnfO{ Hof]lt lbP/ -@_ d[tnfO{ hLjg lbP/ -@_ # xft–kfpdf sf“6L 7f]sL qm";df pgnfO{ df/], xfO{–xfO{ -@_ lz/df sf“8] d's'6 klx/fO{ /Qmwf/f aufP qm";df aln eP/ -@_ Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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kljq /ut lbP/ -@_ p4f/ u/] xfdL ;anfO{ clt si6 ;x]/ d'lQm lgZro kfp“5f} hlt cfp“5g\ ljZjf; u/]/ . ^)= sf]M pb]ssf] k|]ldnf] v|Li6 o]z" /fhfsf] wGojfb dlxdf :t'lt xf];\ ;j{bf ! lktfn] k'qnfO{ ;+;f/df lbg'ef]’ of] slt pb]ssf] k|]d O{Zj/ lktfsf], o]z" v|Li6 k|ldnf] k|]dn] :ju{ 5f]8\g'ef]’ u]t;dgL klg k|]dn] hfg'ef]’ . @ k|]dn] qm";sf] d[To" ef]Ug'nfO{ hfg'ef]’ . d[To"af6 t];|f] lbg af}/L p7\g'eof] o]z" v|Li6 hLljt 5g\, d pgdf lhp“b5' tg–dgn] pg}sf] ufpg]5' uLt hosf] . # pb]ssf] k|]ldnf] v|Li6 o]z" /fhfsf] wGojfb dlxdf, :t'lt xf];\ ;j{bf hfg'ef]’ :ju{nf]sdf lkmg]{5g\ afbndf lnP/ xfdLnfO{ k'¥ofp“5g\ To; 7fp“df . ^!= sf]M pbfP lbJo p4f/s w/tLsf] cGwsf/df Hof]ltd{o v|Li6 plbt eP d'lQmsf] k|sfz lnP/ -@_ ! 3f]/ cGwsf/df Hof]ltljxLg eO{ xhf/f}+ 7f]s/ vfO{ af6f] e'n]sf Jofs'n lg/fz lga{n ofqLnfO{ af6f] b]vfO{, kfp 8f]x¥ofO{ k'¥ofpg k/d]Zj/sxf“ lbJo p4f/s Hof]ltd{o k|sfz pbfP o; w/tLdf . @ lrGtf / kL/sf] ef/n] ba]sf] hut\sf] ;'gL rLTsf/, kfk, b'u{Gwdf lg:;fl;Psf] cfTdfsf] ug{ p4f/, dfgjtfnfO{ x/fO;s]sf] hLjgsf] ug{ ;'wf/ pbfP tf/s, k|sfzdo tf/s, arfpg ;+;f/ ;f/f . # k/d k|e'n] s?0ffn] ubf{ k|bLKt v|Li6 k7fP ;+;f/n] cGwf kf/]sf] cf“vf vf]NgnfO{ v|Li6 cfP, cGwsf/af6 Hof]ltlt/ g} kmsf{pg v|Li6 pbfP Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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z}tfgsf] aGwgaf6 pDsfpg k|tfkdo v|Li6 hGd] . $ dxfg\ k|e'sf] s?0ff kfpg] of]Uosf] d lyOg“ d kfksf] /f]uL g/s hfgfn] x'Gyof] :ju{ z"Go < lsg k|e'n] dnfO{ v"a vf]h] < lsg dlxdf lbg < cjfs\ d x'G5' cg'u|x b]vL, gem'sL d ;lQmg“ . ^@= sf]M :ju{sf] dlxldt l;+xf;g 5f]8\g'ef]’ a]yn]x]dsf] k'/fgf] uf]7 v|Li6n] /f]Hg'ef]’ dflg;nfO{ o:tf] Kof/ o]z"n] ug'{ef]’ -@_ ltgnfO{ cNufpg :jo+ xf]lrg'ef]’ -@_ ! kfkLnfO{ arfpg :jo+ kfk aGgef]’ d[To"b08 klg k|e'n] ef]Ug'ef]’ -@_ hojGt hLjg lbg v|Li6 af}/L p7\g'ef]’ xNn]n"ofx k|e' o]z"sf] -@_ @ t'/xLsf] ;fy dlxldt afbndf cfpg]5g\ k|e' v|Li6 km]l/ of] ljZjdf -@_ lnP/ xfdLnfO{ k'¥ofp“5g\ :ju{nf]sdf xNn]n"ofx k|e' o]z"sf] -@_ ^#= ! pb]ssf] Tof] tf/f rlDsof] cfsfzdf hGdg'ef]’ k|e' cfh ufO{sf] uf]7df, xfd|f] hLjgdf . sf]M xf];\–xf];\ k|e'nfO{ dlxdf xfd|f] hLjgdf xf];\–xf];\ k|e'nfO{ dlxdf cgGt sfn;Dd @ pb]ssf] Tof] alnbfg k|e'n] hf] lbg'ef’ >flkt qm";df dg'{ef]’ k|e' lbg' Ps j/bfg xfdLnfO{ d'lQmbfg . # pb]ssf] Tof] cfzf kfp“5f}+ hf] k|e'df cfpg]5g\ afbndf t'/xLsf] ;fydf lng xfdLnfO{ pgs} /fHodf .

Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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v|Li6sf] :t'lt ^$= ! hoho wGo o]z" xfd|f] d'lQmbftf, ;[li6 ;a, crDdsf] k|]d ;'gfpm eh–eh, b"tx? :ju{df ufp“5g\ pgsf] gfdnfO{ Ohht / dfg a9fpm uf]7fnfem}+ o]z" e]8f ;DxfN5g\, sf“wdf af]sL ;fgfnfO{ Nofp“5g\ 3/ cfpm ;a l;of]g 8f“8fdf a:g] ljZjf;L :t'tL u/ o]z"sf] hohosf/ . @ hoho o]z" x'g\ xfd|f d'lQmbftf, kfksf] nflu /ut axfO{ d/] xfd|f] cf8 / cgGt hLjgsf] cfzf, eh–eh o]z" hf] qm"; r9] b'Mv ef]Ug] k|]dk"0f{ d'lQmbftf, sf“8], d's'6n] 3f]Rof] pgsf] lgwf/ nfh, l3g, Ogsf/, lgGbf vfO{ xfd|f]nflu ca hojGt :ju{sf] /fhs'df/ . # hoho wGo o]z" xfd|f d'lQmbftf, :ju{åf/df u'~hfodfg :j/ ;'gfpm v|Li6 p4f/s x'g\, cudjQmf, k"hf/L dxf/fh pgnfO{ d's'6 nufpm d[To" xf¥of], xif{ dgfcf}+ ljZjf;L, x] lrxfg xf], vf]O t hLt t]/f] < o]z" Jo"“t] / d[To" eof] :ju]{ 9f]sf, o]z" Jo"“t] d'lQmbftf xfd|f] . ^%= sf]M cfof}+, cfof}+, cfof}+ xfdL k|e' gfd ;'gL xif{n] -@_ ! cfpm bfHo"–efO–alxgL pgsf] :t'lt ufpgnfO{ -@_ pg}n] lbG5g\ d'lQm xfdLnfO{ -@_ @ pgL x'g\ xfd|f d'lQmbftf, pgL x'g\ husf tf/0xf/ -@_ pgL x'g\ x/]s vf“rf]sf] pQ/ -@_ # clxn] 5g\ pgL :ju{nf]sdf k/d lktfsf] bflxg] xftdf -@_ PskN6 km]l/ cfpg]5g\ pgL -@_ ^^= sf]M wGo k|e' o]z"sf], zflGtbfos h;sf] gfp“ :t'lt u/f}+ af/Daf/ xfd|f] k|e'sf] ! ckf/ 5 k|e'sf] Kof/ cwdL{ hfltk|lt -@_ If0fe/sf] hLjg xfd|f] -@_ ug'{ef]’ km]l/ tf/0f xfd|f] . @ hut\ ;f/f ;+;f/ cGwsf/ kfk}df 5 -@_ Hof]lt agL cfpg'ef]’ k|e' -@_ :juL{o /fHosf] dfu{ agfO{ . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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# pb]s 5 k|e'sf] sfo{, s;/L e"nf}+ x] efO -@_ cfglGbt dgn] pgnfO{ ehf}+ -@_ ;'gfO/xf}+ pgsf] hoho ufg . ^&= sf]M hoho, hoho hohosf/ k|e'sf] dg d]/f] /utn] z'4 eof] . -@_ ! qm";}sf] 5]pdf hxf“ /ut aUof] kfk}n] blab} d uP“ Toxf“ -@_ dg d]/f] /utn] z'4 eof] -@_ @ lgZro b"/ eof] ;a} kfk x[bodf /fHo u5{g\ o]z" cfh -@_ qm";sf] 5]pdf k"0f{ k|tfk -@_ ^*= sf]M /fhf o]z" cfP, xNn]n"ofx cfP -@_ z}tfgnfO{ lhTgsf nflu /fh o]z" cfP -@_ ! kfksf] Ifdf kfO{ x'G5' d cfglGbt -@_ dgnfO{ z'4 kfg{nfO{ /fhf o]z" cfP -@_ @ o; ;+;f/df kfk / b'Mv x'G5g\ w]/}–w]/} -@_ ;To zflGt lbgnfO{ /fh o]z" cfP -@_ # o]z" dxf/fh, dxfk|e' o]z" -@_ xNn]n"ofx ;an] eg /fhf o]z" cfP -@_ ^(= ! o]z" d'lQmbftf x'g\ hut\ qf0fstf{ x'g\ -@_ cfp“5f}+ pgsf] r/0fdf, hLjg pg}df . @ vfln cfzf pg}df, 5}g c? s;}df -@_ k|e' lbg'xf];\ d'lQm ;'Gg'xf]; laGtL . # bof b'Mlvtdfly ef]’ p4f/ d]/f], x] k|e' -@_ k|e' v|Li6sf] u'0f ufcf}+, pgsf] kl5 hfcf}+ . $ wGo O{Zj/ s[kfn', bLg clg bofn' -@_ xf];\ pgsf] dlxdf ;f/f hut\df . &)= ! o]z" d]/f] d'lQmbftf, o]z" d]/f] d'lQmbftf o]z" d]/f] d'lQmbftf, xNn]n"ofx pgsf] ho . sf]M eg ho, o]z" ho -#_ xNn]n"ofx pgsf] ho @ o]z" d]/f] zflGtbftf -#_ xNn]n"ofx pgsf] ho . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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# o]z" d]/f] hLjgbftf -#_ xNn]n"ofx pgsf] ho . $ o]z" km]l/ kmls{cfp“5g\ -#_ xNn]n"ofx pgsf] ho . &!= ! wGo p4f/s s?0ff–;fu/, w]/} g} bofn' :jtGqtf dh:tf] lgwf]{sf] tkfO{ c8];, cfp“b}5' k|e' tkfO{ 5]pdf sf]M wGo p4f/s, pb]s p4f/s, a'l4sf wf/f ;gftgsf cfzf, ljZjf;sf k|sfz, pg}sf], v|Li6 d'lQmbftfs} k|z+;f @ wGo p4f/s, 8/ slQ 5}g, tkfO{df kfp“5f}+ z/0f, /Iff v'zL eO{ k'H5' / ljZjf; u5'{, l:y/ eO{ cfp“5' tkfO{ 5]pdf . # wGo p4f/s, s[kfn' sf]dn, clxn] ;j{b} /xg ddf tkfO{ ;xfos 9fn / /Ifs, ;dflt/fVgf];\ tkfO{ 5]pdf . &@= sf]M x[bosf] /fhf, ho o]z" gfp“, zflGtsf] s'df/ u5'{ k|0ffd\ bz xhf/f}+df tkfO{ ;'Gb/, ;'ulGwt t]nem}+ dw'/f] gfp“, u5'{ k|0ffd\ ! nfvf}+df dL7f] 5 o]z" gfp“, rlDsnf] cg'xf/ ;"of{ ;dfg -@_ cj0f{gLo 5 tkfO{sf] k|]d, d cwdL{n] rfv] Tof] k|]d === u5'{ k|0ffd\ @ af]Ng'ef]’ k|e' tkfO{, eP“ dug, clenfifL eO{ cfP“ r/0f -@_ xlif{t x'“b} k|e' u5'{ k|0ffd\, d cof]Uon] kfP“ hLjgbft . # dnfO{ arfpg'ef]’ lbP/ k|f0f, a'emfOlbgf];\ k|e' :juL{o k|]d -@_ e]6Lsf] ?kdf ;Dk"0f{ hLjg r9fp“5', x] k|e' ulb{gf];\ u|x0f . &#= sf]M ehf}+ dL7f] gfd, k|e' o]z" gfd, Kof/f] k|e' o]z"nfO{, u/f}+ cfb/ dfg Efhf}+ dL7f] gfd ! ;f/ e"nf]s e/sf kfkLx?nfO{, o]z" dfq 5g\ z'4 ug{nfO{ -@_ pgsf] dL7f] jf0fL ;'g dg nufO{, r9fp“b} x[bo e]6L pgnfO{ -xf xf_ @ eh dL7f] gfd . @ o]z" xfd|f] nflu ;+;f/df cfP, xfd|f] cfTdfnfO{ clt k|]d u/] -@_ qm";df sf]vfaf6 /ut aufP, w'gnfO{ xfd|f] kfkL x[bo -xf xf_ @ eh dL7f] gfd . # g/seGbf 7"nf] b08 s]xL 5}g hxf“ ;w}+ cfuf], uGws lgEb}g -@_ kmsf}+ cfh ;a} r9fcf}+ v|Li6nfO{ dg, /dfp“b} u/f}+ pgsf] egh -xf xf_ @ eh dL7f] gfd . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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&$= sf]M ufcf}+ o]z"hLsf] houfg, ufcf}+ o]z"hLsf] z'egfd ! o?zn]d zx/sf], a]yn]x]d ufj}+df cfh hGd] afns, h;sf] o]z" gfd -@_ zflGtsf] /fhf, o]z"nfO{ k|0ffd\ -@_ @ ODdfg'Pnn] hGd lnP, xfd|f] ej ef]’ pHofnf] -@_ kfksf] ljgfz eof], ;Ton] lhTof] -@_ ;Tosf] /fhf, o]z"nfO{ k|0ffd\ -@_ # d;Lx o]z" cjtf/ eP, 3[0ff, x]nf 6f9f] eof] -@_ k|]d hGDof], k|]d a9\of], k|]d a9\b} uf]’ -@_ k|]ldnf] /fhf, o]z"nfO{ k|0ffd\ -@_ &%= ! s'g} Ps lbg k[YjL kfk;fu/ x'+bf,s'g} Ps lbg :ju{ wgL o]z" :ju{nf]saf6 cfO{ sGofaf6 hlGdbf dfgj ?k lnP, pwfx/o0f d]/f]. sf]M k|]d u/L cfP, dbf{ arfP, ufl8“bf kfk d]/f] x6fOlbP Ao'“tL pgn] dnfO{ lgbf]{if 7x/fP, cfpg]5g\ o]z" xf] v'zLsf] lbg @ s'g} Pslbg pgnfO{ snj/L nu], s'g} Pslbg qm";df 6f“u] o]z" luNnf ;+s6 / x]nf vfP/ af]s] ;a kfk, d'lQmbftf d]/f] . # s'g} Pslbg pgnfO{ lrxfgdf /fv], s'g} Pslbg pgnfO{ cf/fd ldNof] :ju{b"t cfP/ kx/f u/], lg/fzfdf cfzf p4f/s d]/f] . $ s'g} Pslbg d/0faf6 lhOp7], s'g} Pslbg lrxfgsf] 9'·f kN6of] o]z" Ao"“t] d[To"dfly, hojGt :ju{ kms]{, dxfk|e' d]/f] . % s'g} Pslbg t'/xL zAb ;'lgG5, s'g} Pslbg kmsL{ cfp“5g\ o]z" hohosf/ pgsf] cfsfzdf u'l~hG5, qftf o]z" dxf/fhf d]/f] . &^= sf]M v|Li6 d]/f] d'lQmbftf x'g\, pgL x'g\ ldq kfkLsf] ;bf :t'lt xf];\ k|e'sf] cfb/ dlxdf pg}sf] ! o]z" ;+;f/sf Hof]lt x'g\, o]z" :ju{sf af6f] x'g\ o]z" tf/0fxf/ x'g\ kfkLsf s]jn ;xf/f x'g\ -@_ Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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@ Tofu] o]z"n] :ju{–;'v, p7fpg kfkLx?sf b'Mv lbP o]z"n] qm";df k|f0f u/fpg kfkLx?sf] qf0f -@_ &&= ! xf];Ggf, hf]/ xf];Ggf ufp“y] afns ;fgf u'~Hof] v'zLsf] :t'lt cUnf] ejgel/, o]z" h;n] cflzif lbP ;asf Kof/f eP ufP :t'lt afnsn] pQd ;fwf tf}/n] . @ k5ofP eL8 ;fy nfuL h}t"g 8f“8faf6} vh"/sf] kft xNnfp“b} rsf]{ ;f]/ lgsfNb}, :ju{b"tn] u] :t'lt gLnf] cfsfzb]lv pRr :yfgdf xf];Ggf, lktfnfO{ dlxdf . # :ju{df xf];Ggf xf], ufcf}+ uLt k'/fgf] of] v|Li6 xfd|f d'lQmbftf :ju{sf k|e' /fhf . ;w}+ :t'lt ug{ kfcf}+ tg–dg / :j/ ;a nfcf}+ pgsf zflGtsf /fHodf cgGt xif{ dgfcf}+ . &*= sf]M lrGg'k5{ ;a}n] -@_, lrGg'k5{ ;a}n] o]z" sf] x'g\ ! pgL zflGt lbg] v|Li6 x'g\, hut\sf x'g\ tf/0fxf/ ltd|f–d]/f d'lQmbftf lrGg'k5{ ;a}n] . @ pgL d]/f Kof/f ldq, dgdf v'zL lb“b5g\ d]/f] hLjgsf pHofnf], lrGg'k5{ ;a}n] . # pgL lgis+ns cjtf/, k'q x'g\ k/d]Zj/sf km]l/ kl5 cfpg] /fhf, lrGg'k5{ ;a}n] . &(= ! k|e' o]z" xfd|f], k[Yjlklt, Kof/f] O{Zj/sf] k'q / dflg;sf] tkfO{nfO{ x] k|e', :t'lt r9fp“b5', dlxdf, cfgGb, ho d]/f] . @ rp/ v"a /dfOnf 5g\, jg t emg\ /dfOnf 5g\, j;Gtsf] zf]efn] 9fs]sf] o]z" em\g /fd|f 5g\ o]z" emg\ z'4 5g\ h;n] x6fp“5g\ b'Mv xfd|f] . # 3fd clt /fd|f] 5, h"g c;fWo /fd|f] 5, cfsfz 5 tf/fn] e/]sf] o]z" emg\ rlDsnf, o]z" x'g\ pHofnf, pgL x'g\ :ju{sf k|e' .

Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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*)= ! bfpbj+zL o]z" v|Li6sf] :t'lt u/, x] efO -@_ :ju{af6 cf]lnPcfP arfpg xfdLnfO{ -@_ xf];Ggf xf];Ggf, cfgGb hut\df . @ dflg; cjtf/ u/L wf/0f cfP g/nf]sdf -@_ cdf]n k|f0f TofuL ;anfO{ kf/]gg\ zf]sdf -@_ xf];Ggf o]z" gfp“ lbP :ju{ nf]s . # lktf O{Zj/, dlxdf pgsf] ;f/f ;+;f/df -@_ rGb|, ;"o{, ;[li6 ;f/f ldnL eg"g\ dlxdf -@_ xf];Ggf, xf];Ggf gof“ o?zn]ddf . *!= sf]M o]z"sf] gfd 5 ;f/f ;+;f/df ;a}nfO{ ug{ p4f/ ! b'lgof“df cfO{, qm";}df r9L b]vfP cfˆgf] Kof/ cfTdf arfpg, zflGt lbgnfO{ o]z" eP alnbfg . @ :ju{sf] d'lg, dfG5]sf] aLrdf s'g} c? gfd} 5}g o]z" gfd dfq, ;a} b'lgof“df kfkLnfO{ ug{ p4f/ . *@= ! :ju{b]lv sf] pq] < o]z" d'lQmbftf u/La g/sf] rf]nfdf o]z" d'lQmbftf . sf]M of] uLt v"a hf]/l;t ufpm pgn] p4f/ NofP5g\ o:tf] k|]dL 5}g, sf]xL o]z" d'lQmbftf @ qm";df aln eP sf] xfd|f] p4f/ ug{nfO{ < # kfksf] dfkmL lbg] sf] ljZjf;LnfO{ arfpg < $ :ju{df lj/fhdfg\ sf] < s;nfO{ xfdL k|]d u/f}+ < % :ju{b]lv cfp“5g\ sf] cfˆgf ;anfO{ n}hfg < *#= ! o]z" j/bfgsf] d"n–wf/f, u“? of]Uo k|z+;f bof–vf]nf nuftf/ alu/x]5 ddf :t'lt ug{ lbgf];\ dnfO{ :ju{b"tn] u/] em}+ k|e' v|Li6sf] k|]d / enfO 5 cufw ckf/ ;w}+ . @ olt~h]n d]/f] p4f/s tkfO{ x'g'ef]’ cfkm} Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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/fvL æPj]g\Ph/Æ :df/s cl3 a9\5' :ju{d} aufn 5f]8\g] e]8fh:tf] dnfO{{ vf]h] o]z"n] gfzb]lv arfpg cfˆgf] cdf]n /ut axfP . # O{Zj/sf] cg'ux| x]/L C0fL cfkm"nfO{ 7fG5' Tof] cg'u|x ;f·nf];/L af“wf];\ r~rn dg d]/f] cfˆgf] ;'/df hfg vf]Hg] dg 5 d]/f], 5}g l:t/ lngf];\ dg, x] lngf];\ k|e', :ju{sf] nflu /fVgf];\ b[9 . *$= sf]M wGo xf];\ k|e' ltdLnfO{, ;gftg /fhfnfO{ -@_ s?0ff ltd|f] ck/dkf/} 5 ;bf -@_ ! :juL{o :ju{ TofUof} ;+;fdf cfP/ qm";}sf] b'Mv ;x]/ alnbfg eP/ -@_ lbof} lg df]If kfkLnfO{ cd"No /Qm axfO{ bofn' lktf ltdLnfO{ a9fO{ xf];\, a9fO -@_ @ hut\sf lbJo k|sfz xf}, oyfy{ ky xf} -@_ b'MvLsf Ps lxt}ifL xf}, :g]xsf /fhf xf} -@_ hLjgsf ltdL wf/f xf}, tf/0fxf/ xf} lktf / k'q cfTdfdf, ltdL k/d]Zj/ xf} -@_ # lgs[i6 t'R5 eP/ z/0fdf cfp“5' -@_ x] k|e' o]z", ltdLdf d b[li6 p7fp“5' -@_ ;+si6do hLjg kydf, ;j{bf ;fy b]pm hojGt hLjg latfpg], x] k|e' ;fdy{ b]pm -@_ *%= ! o]z" gfp“ ckf/, k|]dsf] ;a}eGbf >]i7 of] xf] h;df ;asf 3'“8fn] 6]Sg'k5{ cjZo . @ o]z" gfp“ cdf]n, k|]dsf] kfkL hgsf] nflu xf] h;df lbP5g\ s/f/ pgn] ub{5g\ p4f/ . # o]z" gfp“ hf] bof xf], hf] afnsnfO{ lbOof] h;n] ef]Uof] dxfb'Mv, xfdL ;anfO{ lbg ;'v . $ o]z" gfp“ hf] lbOof] d'lg ;f/f :ju{sf] kfkL o;df kTofp“bf 5f]8fOG5 g} ;bf . % o]z" gfp“ ckf/, k|]dsf] O{Zj/, dfG5] gfp“sf] ef]’ Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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o;df cf>o ug]{ xLg, cfp“b}5f}+ tkfO{ clwg . *^= sf]M xf xf xNn]n"ofx, ldnL xfdL ehf}+, ehg k|e'Ho"sf] -@_ ! pgL /fhfx?sf /fhf, pgsf] r/0fdf cfcf}+ cfh -@_ pgsf] :t'lt ufcf}+, pgsf] dlxdf ufcf}+ -@_ tg–dg;fy pgnfO{ ehf}+ . @ o]z" v|Li6 ;+;f/df cfP, xfd|f] kfksf] ef/ p7fP -@_ pgdf ljZjf; u/f}+, pgsf] z/0f k/f}+ -@_ kfp“5f}+ d'lQmbfg, xfdL ;a cfcf}+ . # hflt–hfltsf dflg; cfcf}+, k|e' o]z"sf] u'0f ufcf}+ -@_ pgn] kfkL dgdf e5{g\ zflGt k"/f -@_ pgn] kfkLnfO{ lbG5g\ hLjg . *&= sf]M hoho o]z" -@_ d[To"dfly ho, hohosf/ ;[hgxf/, kfngxf/, tf/0fxf/ hoho o]z" -@_ ! b'MvLsf] b'Mv x/g]jfnf x[bodf zflGt lbg]jfnf hof ;a eg, b'Mv d]l6of], hohosf/ ;[hgfxf/ . @ dg'io :j?k wf/0f u/L gLr u/LanfO{ lbg'egf]’ 5'6sf/f hoho qftf, ho ;'vbftf hohosf/ . # d[To' aGwg tf]8\g]jfnf, ;a} hLjg lbg]jfnf /f]uL czflGtsf] Ps cfwf/ hohosf/ . $ hohosf/ u/f}+ ;a} Kof/ g/–gf/L Ps;“u k'sf/ gf/f nufpm hohosf, hohosf/ . **= ! ;+;f/sf] rp/df, rf/lt/ x]bf{, kfk}sf] /f;}–/f;, nf} larf“? . @ z}tfgn] 8fS5, z/L/n] lv“R5, kfk}sf] hLt–afhL, nf} larf?“ . # kfksf] kmn vfof}+ lg/fz} eof}+, cfTdfsf] ;j{gfz, nf} larf?“ . $ cfTdfsf] s'ut lktfn] x]/L, k'q kf] lbP bfg, nf} larf?“ . % kfk xfd|f] lnO{ o]z" g} d/], /utn] lslgof}+, nf} larf?“ . ^ tLg lbg lat], tL af}/L p7], arfP cfTdfnfO{, nf} larf?“ . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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& o]z"sf] u'0f xfdLn] kfof}+, cfTdf k7fP bfg, nf} larf?“ . * kljq cfTdf ;a}n] n]pm, pxf“sf] hoho ufcf}+, nf} larf?“ . *(= sf]M :t'lt xf];\ k|e' v|Li6sf], cfb/ / k|z+;f dlxdf pg}sf], xf];\ ;bf–;j{bf -@_ ! kms]{/ x]5'{ ljut lbgx?, jt{dfg lgofN5' -@_ cflzifsf] em/L hLjg}el/ -@_ a;]{sf] yfxf u5'{ cf}wL /dfp“b} k"0f{ x[bon], v|Li6sf] a9fO u5'{ -@_ @ cToGt k|]dL, clt ;fdyL{, v|Li6 d]/f 5g\ ;fyL -@_ d]/f] cljZjf; cf} xf/df klg -@_ o]z" 5g\ ljZjf;L o;sf/0f eG5', ho xNn]n"ofx, wGojfb r9fp“5' -@_ # lg/fzdf cfzf, b'Mvdf zflGt, c;xfosf ;xf/f -@_ /fhfx?sf klg v|Li6 /fhf -@_ d]/f d'lQmbftf ho k|e' o]z", ho d'lQmbftf, hoho xNn]n"ofx -@_ ()= sf]M u/f}+ hohosf/ xfd|f k|e'sf], pg} x'g\ xfd|f ;f“rf] uf]7fnf] xlif{t x[bo lnO{ wGojfb r9fpm“, elQm;lxt ;an] b08jt\ u/f}+ ! kfksf] b08 eo·/ g/s, sdfO of] d]/} lyof] -@_ wd{–sd{sf Rofb/n] 9fsL kfk 9flsO“b}gYof] y'sfO / s'6fO ;xg'ef]’ hlt -arfpg k|f0f lbP_ @ @ x]b{5' snj/L 8f“8fnfO{, 6f“luP k|e' qm";df -@_ xftdf sf“6L, v'§fdf sf“6L, lz/df tLj| kL8f ;x] ;a kL8f, b'Mv czflGt -lyP ;a d]/} lglDt_ @ # crDd}sf] /x]5 k|]d o]z"sf] d b'i6 3[l0ftk|lt -@_ ha kfkdf y]’ v|Li6 d]/f d/] ;a d]/f kfknfO{ af]sL z'4 dnfO{ kfb}{, ax]sf] /utn] -wdL{ dnfO{ t'NofP_ @ $ klys g/ssf] v|Li6n] lkm/fp“bf :ju{sf] ofqL ag] -@_ :ju{ d]/f] b]z ef]’ oxf“ k/b]zL a9\5' k|ltkmn cl3 b]Vbf k|e'nfO{ kL8f e'Ng]5' -c;Ld lj>fd kfpg]5'_ @ (!= sf]M r9fp“5' k|e' wGojfb cfh qm";sf] Tof] k|]dsf] lglDt Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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y'sfO / s'6fO ;xg'ef]’ hlt lt ;a lyP d]/} lglDt -@_ ! sf“8] d's'6 klx/L lz/df, xft–kfpnfO{ h8L qm";df -@_ x'g'ef]’ aln d]/f] g} lglDt lgbf]{if kf7f]sf] ?kdf -@_ @ kL8f tkfO{nfO{, zflGt dnfO{, qm"; tkfO{sf], d's'6 d]/f] -@_ d[To" tkfO{nfO{, hLjg dnfO{, k|]d dnfO{ lsg o:tf] < -@_ # b]V5' dlxldt :ju{ d]/f], t/ xf]Og sdfO d]/f] -@_ xiff{>' emfb}{ k|z+;f u5'{, of] tf xf] bfg tkfO{sf] -@_ $ 3[l0ft kfknfO{ u5'{ 3[0ff, sf/0f oxL xf] nfg] qm";df -@_ ;hfp“5' l;+xf;g k|e' x[bodf, /xg'xf];\ k|e' o;df -@_ (@= sf]M x[bosf] d]/f] /fhf o]z"nfO{ w]/} g} dfof 5 pxf“ rf]vf] k|]db]lv dnfO{ -s]n] kf] 5'6fp“5_ -@_ ! lbg–lbgsf] d]/f] hLjgdf v|Li6sf] cfZro{ sfd b]Vb5' -@_ x/]s c;Dej o]z"df ;Dej ePsf] b]Vb5' -@_ @ h+undf lkP k'vf{n] kfgL ;gftg r§fgsf] -@_ cfP/ lkcf] hLjgsf] kfgL, Tof] r§fg o]z" xf] -@_ (#= sf]M ;+;f/nfO{ l;h{g] d]/f k|e' kfkLnfO{ d'lQm lbg] d]/f k|e' cj0f{gLo ckf/, ;f“r} g} ljzfn d]/f, ltd|f, xfd|f, ;asf Kof/f k|e' ! pgsf] sd{nfO{ hf“r, pgsf] jrg ;'g -@_ hfb" xf]Og snj/L, dGq xf]Og jrg t/ cnf}lss k|]d, ;+;f/nfO{ === k|e' . @ pgsf] dlxdfnfO{ gfk l;4 5g\ pgL k"0f{ -@_ k/d]zj/sf] k|lt?k ;[li6sf] h]7f] x'g\ :ju{ wtL{sf] lz/, ;+;f/nfO{ === k|e' . # pgsf] z/L/nfO{ x]/ rf]6}rf]6 5g\ ;f/f -@_ xft /fvL 5fd pgsf s/–kfp rfv cnf}lss k|]d, ;+;f/nfO{ === k|e' . ($= Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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! :t'lt xf];\, d z'4 eP“, o]z" v|Li6sf] /utn] snj/Lsf] To; wf/fdf, w'g'ef]’ dnfO{ v|Li6n] . sf]M kfksf] ;a} aGwg 5'6\of], k|e' o]z" wGojfb d's'6 pxf“n] lbg'x'G5 dnfO{, ;Dk"0f{ p4f/sf] ;fy @ :t'lt xf];\, ob{gsf] lglDt hxf“ d bkmg eP“ o]z" v|Li6sf] ;fydf d/L, gof“ hLjg–bfg kfP“ . # :t'lt xf];\, k]lGtsf];sf] lbgdf ,cfpg'ef] ’ kljq cfTdf zflGt ,cfgGb, k|]d ,ljZjf; ;fy /xg'x'G5 ;j{bf . $ :t'lt xf];\,k|e' o]z"sf], :ju{af6 cfpg'x'G5 kljq d08nLnfO{ ;fy lnO{, km]l/ :ju{ lkmg'{x'G5 . (%= sf]M lxhf]sf] lbg laltuof], ef]ln slxn] gcfpnf cfhsf] lbg hf] xftdf 5, u5'{ k|e'sf] k+z+;f ! cg'u|x o]z"sf] gbLem}+ alu/x]sf] -@_ d]/f] lglDt k|z:t cgGt;Dd k'Ug]5 . @ k|]dsf] wf/f o]z"sf] l;Ty}df eml//x]sf] -@_ x/ lbg, x/ /ft yfxf u5'{, d'6'el/ k|]d r9fp“5' . # sf]dn s[kf xh'/sf] em/gf;/L al;{Psf] -@_ a'emL k"0f{ x[bosf] txb]lv Kof/f] u5'{ . (^= sf]M d}n] rf/ lbzfdf x]/], cfsfz w/tLdf x]/] ltdLh:t} d'lQmbftf, d}n] st} -kfOg“_ -@_ d}n] rf/ === ! km'sfnL aGwg ;ff/, cfˆgf] /utn] wf]P -@_ l;Ty}df sf];]nL cgGt hLjgsf] ltdL–dnfO{ lbO{ hfg'ef]’ xfd|f] kfksf] nflu x] ;fyL, aln x'g'ef]’ O{Zj/sf] k'q ltdL eG5f} alnbfg o:tf] d}n] st} -b]lvg“_ -@_ d}n] rf/ === . @ cGwsf/leq a;]/ ph]nL yfxf s] ug]{ < -@_ ltdLnfO{ Hof]ltsf] /x:o vf]n]/ b'lgof“sf] aQL agfpg'x'G5 cljZjf;df xf]Og x] efO, cGt/ 5 hLjg d[To"sf] Tofu] pgnfO{ k/fof ;DemL c? sf]xL -5}g g}_ -@_ d}n] rf/ === . (&= Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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sf]M ho xf];\ o]z" /fhfsf], d'lQmbftfsf], p4f/stf{sf] -@_ ! pxf“n] xfdLnfO{ k|]d u/L qm";sf] ;a} b'Mv ef]Ug'ef]’ x/ kfksf] aGwgnfO{ tf]8L xfdLnfO{ :jtGq ug'{ef]’ . @ k'/fgf] hLjg ;a e"nL gof“ hLjg v|Li6df lhpg]5' lktfsf] x/ k|lt1fnfO{ ;DemL v|Li6sf] kfOnf] d k5\ofpg]5' . (*= sf]M ;To, ;'Gb/, l;4 dflg; x'g'x'G5 k|e' v|Li6 -@_ pxf“;“u ;f6]+ d}n] cgGt cgGtnfO{ rf]vf] k|lt != l;4 O{Zj/, l;4 dflg;, d]/f] hLjg :jfdLnfO{ . cGt/fTdfb]lv >4f, eQmL 5 tkfOnfO{ . @= tkfO{ d]/f], d tkfO{sf], cgGtnfO{ xfd|f] k|Lt -@_ b'Mv–;'vdf lbnf]Hofgn], /ft–lbg ufp“5' v|Li6sf] uLt . ((= sf]M dxfg\ k|e' clt pRrdf b"tu0fn] u5{g\ dlxdf x] k|e' tkfO{sf] d08nL cf/fwgf u5f}{ tkfO{nfO{ ! k|]dsf] 7"nf] /x:onfO{, dlxdf uf}/jsf] TofunfO{ -@_ ;DemG5', qm";sf] b'MvnfO{, ck{G5' ;jf{· tkfO{nfO{ -@_ @ cfpg' ef]’ k|e' xfd|f] dfemdf, hl8Psf] dg dlGb/df -@_ e/k"/ 5', el/O/xG5', emg\ ghLs x'g rfxG5' -@_ # dlxdf, cfb/ / wGojfb ;j{bf ub{5' b08jt\ -@_ tkfO{sf] uDeL/ k|]dsf] ;fu/df 8'a]+ k|e' d -@_ !))= sf]M xif{, dgfpm, cfgGb dgfpm, p4f/ xfd|f] of] tf/f rlDsnf b"tu0f x“l;nf O{Zj/ dfgj ef]’ ! h;sf] gfp“ o]z" xf] kfkLnfO{ arfpg] dflg;sf] ;§fdf gof“ hLjg–bfg u/L cfˆgf] agfpg] . @ lt/]/ kfksf] bfd d[To" Wj;+ kfg]{ d[To"sf] ;§fdf agfO{ kmf6s :ju{ / k[YjL hf]8\g] . !)!= sf]M x] O{Zj/, ltd|f] of] ljrf/ d]/f] lglDt clt cgdf]n 5 Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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ltd|f] s?0ff d k|lt ;bf;j{bf alg/xg]5 ! cfh r9fp“5' wGojfb k|e'nfO{, d]/f] lha|f]n] ltd|f] k|z+;f a9fO, :t'lt / u'0fflb ufpg]5' sf/0f ltdL d]/f] d'lQmbftf . @ ljgfzsf] s'08df k'lu;s]sf]nfO{ bof ef]’ ltd|f] arfpg] dnfO{ ;+si6 / d[To"b]lv arfpgnfO{ lbof} qm";df alnbfg o]z"nfO{ . # u/]]y] d}n] kfk b'i6 hut\df d}n] ;xg'kg]{Yof] b08 o;df t/ ;x] o]z"n] si6 qm";df lbgnfO{ gof“ hLjg ;+;f/df . $ ;lQmg“ k|e' a:g r"k oxf“ gu/Lsg k|z+;f ltd|f] gr9fO{ x'Gg wGojfb ltdLnfO{ ;Dem]/ cyfx k|]d v|Li6 k|e'sf] .

Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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o]z"sf] b'Mv / d[To" !)@= sf]M :t'lt xf];\, k|e'sf] hohosf/ ! e'Ng] 5}g d, Tof] b[Zo k|e' o]z"sf], snj/L elgg] 7fp“df pgL 6f“luPsf xft–kfp / z/L/ pgsf] rf]6}–rf]6n] k"0f{ lyof] -@_ d}n] hfg], tL ;a sf/0f d]/f] cwd{ xf] -@_ @ e'Ng] 5}g d, Tof] jrg eg]sf v|Li6n], snj/L elgg] 7fp“df uDeL/ k|]dsf] efjn] k'q t]/f cwd{ ;a} kfksf] C0f ltl/;s] -@_ p4f/ 5 t]/f]nflu oxf“ sdfP hf] d}n] -@_ !)#= ! hLjgsf] :jfdL k|e'nfO{ dlxdf xf];\ ;w}+ d ha e'N5' tkfO{nfO{, snj/Ldf 8f]¥ofpm . sf]M e'N5' ha unuyfsf] si6sf] k|fy{gf tkfO{sf] e'N5' ha k|]d tkfO{sf] snj/Ldf 8f]¥ofpm @ b]vfpm dnfO{ lrxfg pgsf] b"tu0fn] 3]]sf] hxf“ o; s7f]/ x[bo lnO{ ck{0f pgnfO{ . # dl/odn] lrxfgdf bfg lnO{ tkfO{nfO{ vf]h]yL x[bosf] bfg lnO{ d klg vf]Hg ;s" clg . $ 5' k|e' af]SgnfO{ tof/ cfˆgf] Tof] qm";sf] ef/ ug]{5' hLjg b'Mv kf/ zlQm b]pm tf/0fxf/ . !)$= ! d;“u cfpmg, zf]s u?“ d'lQmbftfsf] 5]j}df xfdLx? Ljnfk u?“, v|Li6 k|e' qm";df 6f“luP . @ dfG5]n] lgGbf ubf{df, s] cf“;' cfp“b}g xfd|f] < x] efO, sqf] ;fx; Yof], v|Li6 k|e' qm";df 6f“luP . # ;ft} v]k af]n] k|]dsf] aft, tLg 306f;Dd r"k /x] dfG5]nfO{ d'lQm lbgnfO{ v|Li6 k|e' qm";df 6f“luP . $ x] s8f dg, ca kmls{g", ltdL ck:jfyL{ 3d08L d[To"df pgnfO{ ;'lDkOof], v|Li6 k|e' qm";df 6f“luP . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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% kmf6]sf] x[bo ca dfu, clg lbOG5 ltdLnfO{ o:tf] dgb]lv x'G5 k|]d, v|Li6 k|e' qm";df 6f“luP . !)%= ! Tof] qm";df ha x]b{5' h;df dfl/g'ef]’ o]z" wg–;DklQ d t'R5 7fG5' 3d08 TofuL g/d x'G5' . @ o]z"n] ef]u] d[To"–b08 vfnL o;df u5'{ 3d08 dnfO{ nf]Eofpg] yf]sx? d pgsf] nflu TofUb5' . # nf} pgsf] lz/, xft, kfpb]lv x]/ b'Mv / k|]d ld;L aUof] . 5 lz/df sf“8f a'g]sf] s] cl3 o:t} d's'6 lyof] < $ ;a ;+;f/ eP tf d]/f], Tof] klg t'R5 bfg x'Gyof] nf} oqf] k|]dsf] of]Uo bfg xf] hLjg, cfTdf, hLp / k|f0f . !)^= ! o]z" x} v|Li6sf] qm";}sf] d/0f -@_ x[bo tf n} n} 5]8\g] ut P lbb}, x[bo tf n} n} 5]8\g] ut . @ x]/g lbb}, ;'gg lbb} -@_ /utsf] n} n} wf/}–wf/ x] lbb}+, /utsf] n} n} wf/}–wf/ . # d'6' tf d]/f] /x]g lbb} -@_, eOuof] n} n} r"/}–r"/ x] lbb}, eOuof] n} n} r"/}–r"/ $ uO{ a:5' dtf qm";}sf d'lg -@_, lz/}df n} n} yfK5' wf/ x] lbb}+, lz/}df n} n} yfK5' wf/ . % v|Li6}sf] d/0f kfk}sf x/0f -@_ k5'{ d n} n} v|Li6sf] kfp x] lbb}+, k5'{ d n} n} v|Li6sf] kfp . ^ lktf / k'q, kljq cfTdf -@_ dlxldt n} n} dlxldt x] lbb}+, dlxldt n} n} dlxldt . !)&= ! ho ho ho ho oz"sf] ho -@_, alnbfg hf] eOuof] a]lx;fa, pgsf] Kof/ 5, ho ho o]z"sf] ho -@_ @ ljZjf; Nofcf}+ xfdL o]z"df -@_, alnbfg hf] eOuP pgsf] /utsf] af6f]n] ;a xfd|f] kfk d]6] -@_ # x]/ x]/ v|Li6 o]z"nfO{ -@_, qm";}df hf] d/] qm";}df cfˆgf] k|f0f lbO{ xfdLnfO{ arfP -@_ Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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$ O{Zj/b]lv o:tf] bof -@_ ;+;f/nfO{ arfP -@_ cGTodf pgn] cfˆgf k'q lbP u/] p4f/ -@_ !)*= sf]M g]kfnL, kfkL dgnfO{ kvfnL, o]z"sf] 5]pdf hfcf}+ -@_ ! lknft';n] o]z"Ho"nfO{ sf]/f{ nufOlbP -@_ qm"; af]Sg s'/]gL efOn] -o]z"nfO{ ;3fOlbP_ -@_ @ ;a} ldnL o]z"Ho"nfO{ sf“6L 7f]lslbP -@_ ;a} xfd|f] kfksf] ef/L -o]z"n] af]lslnP_ -@_ # qm";sf] åf/f aUof] 7"nf] /utsf] wf/f -@_ kfkL ;a} k|j]z ug]{ -oxL xf] d'lQmsf] åf/_ -@_ $ unuyfsf] kxf8}df alnbfg eP -@_ Kof/f] k|e' o]z"Ho"n] -k|f0f bfg ul/lbP_ -@_ % z'qmaf/sf] t];|f] kx/ o]z"n] k|f0f Tofu] -@_ d[To" gLbdf k/]sf] k|e' -t];|f] lbgdf hfu]- -@_ !)(= ! lsb|f]g vf]nfkfl/ Ps ;f“em xfd|f] k|e' v|Li6n] b'Mlvt x'“b} of] laGtL u/] -@_ To; af/Ldf cfˆgf] nflu ;Defjgf eP of] Kofnf d b]lv tsf{O{lbg'xf];\, t}klg OR5f tkfO{sf]. @ ;a}n] v|Li6nfO{ 5f8] ks8fO“bf pgL, ;fdgf u/L lgi7'/L dfdnf -@_ cbfntdf pgL Psn}, cflv/df o]z"nfO{ jxf“ b08–cf1f lbP ;a}n], a/Aaf d'Qm u/fOof] . # k|e' qm";df 6f“luP rf]/ / 8fs"sf] ;“u kfksf] af]em / b'Mv ;x“b} -@_ unuyfdf /Qm axfP ta pgn] eg], ca ;dfKt eof] d]/f] sfd, x] lktf, lngf];\ d]/f] k|f0f . $ hLjg v|Li6n] lbgnfO{ u/] d[To" ;fdgf yfxf 5 s] ltdLnfO{ ;f] s'/f -@_ hL, hf] snj/Ldf ltd|f] nflu kv{G5g\ cfh v|Li6 eGb} ltdLnfO{ dw'/ :j/}df cfpg kfpg]5f} hLjgdf . !!)= ! x] wGo lz/ kljq, sf“8], d's'6, nf’sf], b'Mvdo b[Zo Tof] s:tf], /ut au]sf], Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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ylst k|e'sf] d'vdf, dflg;n] y's]sf], j}hgL j:q nufO{, lgufnf] lbPsf] . @ x] wGo k|e' o]z", 3[l0ft ltdL eof}, ;+;f/sf] Joy{ 7fGof], bf]ifL g} 7x/fof], d[To"sf] b08 ef]uL, k|f0f alnbfg lbof}, kfk sf/0f d]/}, d]/f] ltdLn] b'Mv ;xof}+ . # wGo eGg' k|e'nfO{ zAb 5}g d]/f], hlt b'Mv, ;+si6 d]/f] nflu ;xof}+, k|fy{gf oxL xf] d]/f], nf} n]pm, ck{0f u5'{, lgM:jfy{ ltd|f] k|]dsf], ho ho ;w}+ ufp“5' . !!!= sf]M snj/L 8f“8fsf] dxf b'Mv ;xg'k¥of] k|e'n] dh:tf] kfkLnfO{ arfpg' qm";}df k|f0f lbP ! sltsf] lgGbf, sltsf] y's, sltsf] egfO ;x]/ -@_ Tof] ux|f}+ qm"; af]s]/ unuyf k'¥ofP . @ l;kfxLx? ldn]/ o]z"nfO{ qm";df r9fP -@_ pg}sf j:q km'sfO{ lr¶f nufP . # xft}df sf“6L, kfj}df sf“6L 7f]s] b'Zdgx?n] -@_ sf]vfdf efnf xfg]sf] ;x] k|e' o]z"n] . $ ha qm";df r9fP, o]z"sL dftf dl/od -@_ ?“b}–?“b} cfOk'lut\ o]z"sf] 5]j}df . % x] bfHo"–efO, x] lbbL–alxgL, kZrftfk u/f}+ xfdLn] -@_ lbg]5g\ xfdLnfO{ d'lQm k|e' o]z"n] . !!@= ! xl/of] 8f“8f Pp6f lyof] aflx/ zx/sf] v|Li6 k|e' dfl/P xf] arfpg ;anfO{ xf] . @ ;+s6, Sn]z ef]Ug'ef]’ s:tf] j0f{g 5 c;fWo] ljZjf; u5f}{ xfdL o:tf] xfd|}nflu ;x] . # xfd|f] kfk Ifdf lbg' bfg k|f0f cfˆgf] lbg'ef]’ kfcf];\ ;f/f hut\n] qf0f arfO{ /utn] hf] . $ 5}g c? sf]xL tf/0fxf/ kfk ef/ lng] husf] vf]N5g\ pgn] dfq} :ju{åf/ k|j]z lglDt ;asf] . % k|]d slt ;fx|f] u/]5g\, xf]cf}+ p:t} Kof/ ug]{ Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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pgdf u/ ljZjf; ;a} hg, u/f}+ sfd v'z kfg]{ . !!#= ! æb'Mlvt dflg;Æ s:tf] gfd, o]z" 5f]8L :ju{nf]s lt/] kfksf] d'lQm bfd, xNn]n"ofx, d'lQmbftf . @ ef]u] lgGbf nfh x}/fg, d]/f] ;f6f] lbP Hofg /utåf/f Ifdfbfg, xNn]n"ofx, d'lQmbftf . # bf]ifL, gLr, cgfy xfdL, aln O{Zjsf] pgL k"/f d]n–ldnfk clg xNn]n"ofx, d'lQmbftf . $ qm";df dfl/Psf lyP, æca l;l4of]Æ s/fP clg :ju{nf]s kms]{, xNn]n"ofx, d'lQmbftf . % o]z" hudf km]l/ cfO{, 3/ k'¥ofpnfg\ xfdLnfO{ ta ufcf}+nf v"a /dfO{, xNn]n"ofx, d'lQmbftf . !!$= sf]M slt crDdsf] Kof/, O{Zj/ ;[hgfxf/ :ju{sf] ;'vnfO{ Tofu]/ cfP kfkL argpg tof/ -@_ ! g/ ?k wf/0f u/]/ pgn] k|rf/] ;';dfrf/ -@_ kfkLsf] kfksf], b'Mvsf] p7fP pgn] ef/ -@_ cfZro{sd{ u/]/ pgn] b]vfP dlxdf ckf/ -@_ oL ;asf] abnL kfP pgn] qm";}sf] ux|f} ef/ -@_ @ clGtd 38Ldf u]t;dgLdf r]nfu0f;“u eP -@_ lg/Gt/ k|fy{gf u/]/ pgn] kl;gf aufP -@_ x'g ;s] of] srf}/f db]lv x6fO b]pm egL -@_ t/} klg tkfO{sf] OR5f k"0f{ xj;\ eg] -@_ # o]z" ks8fO{ a/Aaf 5'8fOof], sxf“ lyof] of] Gofo -@_ j}hgL j:q nufP pgnfO{ qm";df r9fpgnfO{ -@_ n8\b} / k9\b} unuyf k'u] /f]dLsf] df/f vfO{ -@_ sli6t kLl8t k|e'n] cfˆgf] k|f0f lbOxfn], xfO{ -@_ !!%= sf]M ckf/ 5 k|e', k|]d snj/Lsf] j0f{g s;/L u/f}+ < wGojfb vfln lbG5' tkfO{nfO{, c? d s] r9fpm“ < ! p4f/ ug{ d Ps kfkLsf], qm"; ef/L af]Sg' ef]’, ;dk{0f u/L cfb/, k|z+;f, luNnf g} /f]Hg' ef]’ . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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@ >flkt :yfg Tof] snj/Ldf, sf]xL lyPg k|e'sf]’ t} klg sqf] p2]Zo lyof], åf/ vf]Ng] d'lQmsf] . # kfkL lknft'; clt g} lgi7'/, bf]ifL d]6\g rfxGYof], rf]/ klg Toxf“ k|e' tkfO{sf] lgGbf g} ub{Yof] . !!^= sf]M b]v]sf 5f}+ s] ltdLn] d]/f d'lQmbftfnfO{ ;'g]sf 5f} s] ltdLn] pgsf] dw'/ jf0fLnfO{ -@_ ! wdL{nfO{ t xf]Og t/, arfpg cfP kfkLnfO{, d[To"b]lv kf/ tf/L, cgGt hLjg lbgnfO{ -@_ @ xfdLnfO{ kL/ x] 5, r9] o]z" qm";df, xft–v'§f em'l08P sf“6Lsf] ulx/f] rf]6;fy -@_ # lz/af6 aUof] /ut, plgof] efnf sf]vfdf, lgbf]{if lyP k|e'hL, ;xg' lyof] xfd|f] kfk -@_ !!&= sf]M kfkLsf nflu k|e'Ho" -@_ qm";}df aln eP lgisn+s /ut axfO{ kfkLnfO{ d'lQm lbP -@_ ! e'ln/x]5f} b'i6 of] hut\df bfO xf], 8'la/x]5f}+ k|ltlbg kfkdf kfknfO{ n'sfO/fv]/ bfO xf], kfpg]5f} s;/L cd/ hLjg of] < @ kfksf af]emfn] nflbPsf xf] bfO xf], cfpm o]z"sxf“ lj>fd k|fKt ug{ bLg hgnfO{ pgn] dgdf r}g lbG5g\, O{Zj/sf k'q o]z"sf] s/f/ 5 -@_ # rf}8f g} xf] af6f] g/ss'08 k'Ug] bfO xf], ;f“3'/f] 5 dfu{ :ju{df k'Ug] o]z" Ps dfq ;f“rf] af6f] x'g\ pg}n] s]jn :ju{ k'¥ofp“5g\ -@_ $ latfO/x]5f} 5foft'No hLjg bfO xf], b'Mv, czflGt kfkn] e/k"/ of] bLg eO{ pgsf] /utn] kfk wf]O dfu, ltdLn] t'?Gt} d'lQmbfg kfpg]5f} -@_ !!*= sf]M hf“b}5g\ o]z" snj/Llt/ ltd|f]–d]/f] kfksf] ef/L af]s]/ dfof s:tf], cg'u|x s:tf], gfk]/ gfKg} g;Sg] Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


46

! ;x]/ kL/–dsf{, rf]6 sf]/f{sf] vf“b} ef]s} / Kof;L agL, psfnL–cf]/fnL lx“8\b} qm";sf] ef/L af]s]/ na{l/b}+, wkm{l/b}+ hf“b}5g\ lhp“bf] aln eP/ . @ y'sfO / lgGbf ;x“b}, luNnf / d'Ssf vf“b} cGtdf em'08fP qm";df, au] /utsf] wf/f ltd|f]–d]/f] kfk w'gnfO{ dfkmL dflulbP lktfnfO{ . !!(= sf]M k|e' o]z" v|Li6sf] cgdf]n /ut d'6'df z'? -@_ pxf“sf] dfof gla;{ a}gL, -dg ?G5 w'??_ -@_ ! d, ltdL, xfdL ;a}sf] nflu cfˆgf] k'q lbPsf] -@_ Tofu]sf] k|f0f ;Demgf /fvf}+, /utn] n]v]sf] . @ /utsf] wf/f] cfnf] 5 a}gL, unuyf kxf8df -@_ ltd|f] / d]/f] lglDtdf u'y} sf“8f Tof] lz/df . # af]s]sf yP bogLo qm";, dgdf u'ug -@_ x[bodf cl°t k|e'sf] b]g, ltdLn] ;Demg . $ ge'nf}+ a}gL, si6sf] 3'6sf], o]z"sf] lkPsf -@_ ;a}df lyof] p4f/ pgsf] k|f0fbfg lbPdf . % k|e'sf u'0f gd| / bLg, d'6'df uf“;f}g -@_ Hof]ltsf ;Gtfg ag]/ lkm/f}+ af]s]/ af;gf .

Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


47

o]z" v|Li6sf] k'g?Tyfg !@)= ! cfh lhOp7] o]z" g}, x === Nn]n"ofx, xfd|f] a8f lbgdf, ho x === Nn]n"ofx, h;n] qm";df lbP k|f0f, x === Nn]n"ofx, xfd|f]nflu u/] qf0f, x === Nn]n"ofx . @ ufcf}+ wGojfbsf] ufg, x === Nn]n"ofx, :ju{sf] /fhf v|Li6sf] dfg, x === Nn]n"ofx qm"; lrxfgsf] af]s] ef/, x === Nn]n"ofx, pgsf] af6f] 5 p4f/, x === Nn]n"ofx . # ;x] pgn] b'Mv g}, x === Nn]n"ofx, dnfO{ d'lQm lbgnfO{, x === Nn]n"ofx ca :ju{df /fhf eO{, x === Nn]n"ofx, b"tn] ufp“5g\ pgsf] ho, x === Nn]n"ofx . !@!= ! k|e' v|Li6 lhOp7] g} b"t / dfG5] eGb5g\ :ju{]b"t / dfG5] hft ;an] xNn]n"ofx eg k|]dsf] qf0fsf sfd l;l4P, k|e' ljhL eP km]l/ db}{g k|e' xfd|f] zf]ssf lbg lat] . @ kx/f, 9'·f 5fk Joy{ ef]’, gs{sf] b}nf] kmf]l/of] d[To"n] Joy}{ v|LI6 /f]Sof], v|Li6n] :ju{sf] åf/ vf]n] . qf0fsf] nflu dg'{ef]’, hojGt /fhf 5g\ lhp“bf d[To" sxf“ 5 lvn t]/f], lrxfg sxf“ ho t]/f] < # cfˆgf] hojGt k|e'nfO{ k5ofp“b}–k5ofp“b} hfcf}+ xfdL v|LI6em}+ agfOof}+, pgLh:t} p7\g] 5f}+ hu / :ju{ xfd|f] ef]’, :ju{b"t / dfG5] xf] b'j} nf]ssf] :jfdLsf] ho ho ufcf}+ ;w}+sf] !@@= sf]M af}/L p7] k|e' xfd|f], ho ho ufpm“ pgsf] z}tfgdfly hojGt x'“bf p4f/ ef]’ ;asf] ! d[To" aGwg tf]8L pgn] hut\ p4f/ u/fP -@_ Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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xfd|f] kfksf] bfu d]6fpg -@_ qm";df k|f0f Tofu] -@_ ;fgf–7"nf hut\ ;anfO{ pgn] arfP . @ t];|f] lbgdf af}/L p7\bf pgsf zq' nhfP -@_ cljZjf;L ljZjf; ub}{ -@_ pgsf kfp k/] -@_ ;To–p4f/s o]z" eGb} ufp“–7fp“ ;'gfP . # O{Zj/ k|]dL k'q lbg], s] r9fpg] pg}nfO{ -@_ ;+;f/ pgs}, :ju{ pgs}, -@_ ;f/f ;[li6 g} -@_ wGojfb r9fp“m xfdL ;an] r"0f{ / bLg dg eO{ . !@#= ! lrxfgleq lyP v|Li6 k|e' d]f, ;do k"/f] x'g klv{/x]y] . sf]M lrxfgb]lv v|Li6 p7], hosf] Wjlg;“u v|Li6 p7] cGwsf/sf] /fHonfO{ x6fO{sg Hof]ltdf /fh ug{ ;Gtx/;“u v|Li6 p7], v|Li6 p7], xNn]n"ofx v|Li6sf] ho @ 9'·fdf 5fk nufO{, kx/f /fv] Joy}{df lrxfgnfO{ /Iff u/] . # d[To"n] ;s]g /f]Sg k|e'nfO{, af}/L p7] o]z", hojGt eO{ . !@$= sf]M cfpm–cfpm, bfHo"–efO, ldnLh'nL ufcf}+ -@_ ! o]z" d'lQmbftfn] d[To" ho u/], cfpm–cfpm, ;a} efO, cfgGb dgfcf}+ . @ z}tfgdfly hojGt eO{ km]l/ lhOp7], cfpm–cfpm, efO–alxgL, pgs} ho dgfcf}+ . # d[To"–aGwg tf]l8sg ;anfO{ arfP cfpm–cfpm, v|Li6Lo efO, hohosf/ dgfcf}+ . $ tLg} lbgdf af}/L p7], zq' nhfP cfpm–cfpm, Kof/f efO, hosf] zAb ;'gfcf}+ . % ljZjf; u/L sDd/ s;L v|Li6s} kl5 hfcf}+ cfpm–cfpm, lk|o alxgL, pg}nfO{ k5ofcf}+ . ^ k|]dL O{Zj/ k'q lbg] pgs} u'0f ufcf}+ efO–alxgL ;a ldnL wGojfb r9fcf}+ . !@%= ! ho xf];\ tkfO{sf], o]z" uf}/jdo kfpg'ef]’ cgGt d[To'df ljho Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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rlDsnf] :ju{b"tn] 9'uf+ kN6fP ,hxf“ tkfO+sf] nfz lyof],sfqf] dfq lyof] . sf] M ho xf];\ tkfO{sf],o]z" uf}/jdo kfpg'ef]’ cgGt d[To'df ljho @ nf} lhp“bf] o]z" lrxfgb]lv cfO{ kfk / b'Mv d]6fp“5g\ e]6L xfdLnfO{ v|Li6Lo d08nL u/f];\ k|e'sf] ho ho,xl6uof] ;anfO{ d[To' sfnsf] eo . # k"/f] e/f];f /fV5f}+, t/0fxf/ x] k|tfkL k|e' lbg'xf];\ uf]xf/ hojGteGbf hojGt xfdL ;a agf}+ d[To' vf]nf t/L :ju{nf]s k;f}+ . !@^= ! d lhp“bf] d'lQmbftfsf] ;]jf ub{5' o]z" ;+;f/df 5g\ eg]/ hfGb5' d b]V5' pgsf] bof d ;'G5' pgsf] :j/ / ;fydf a:g] o]z" u5{g\ uf]xf/ . sf]M lhp“bf], lhp“bf] 5g\, o]z" v|Li6 lhp“bf] xf];\ cu'jfO lbG5g\ dnfO{ / ;·lt dL7f] lhp“bf], lhp“bf] ptfg{ kfkb]lv d s;/L lgZro hfGb5' dgd} lhp“5g\ pgL @ d rf/}lt/ x]/L Kof/ pgsf] b]Vb5' b'Mv k/] klg cfzf d u5'{ o; nf]ssf] cf“wL ;fu/df x'G5g\ cu'jf cfpg]5g\ km]l/ o]z" v|Li6 cGTodf . # /dfpm–/dfpm ljZjf;L uLtdf u/L k|rf/ v|Li6 dxf/fhfnfO{ xf];\ cgGt hohosf/ x/ vf]Hg] hgsf] nIo e]§fpg] hgsf] cf8 v|Li6 dfq u5{g enf] p4f/ / Kof/ . !@&= sf]M ufcf}+–ufcf}+ ho uLt, ufcf}+ tfnL ahfP/ ufcf}+ -@_ o]z" /fhf af}/L p7] xNn]n"ofx, /dfP/ ;'gfpm ;dfrf/ -@_ ! lrxfgdf lyof] Tof] 7"nf] 9'·f, x6\of] x]/ s;/L Tof] -@_ /f]dL /fHosf] df]x/, aGwg /fVg ;Sb}g Psnf}t] k'q O{Zj/sf] . @ g/f]pm–g/f]pm, ljnfk gu/, ufnLndf b]pm ;dfrf/ -@_ ls v|Li6 af}/L p7] jrgcg';f/ t'?Gt ;'gfpm of] k|rf/ . # xGgf s}kmf k"/f Gofosf] ;ef 8/n] eP Jofs'n -@_ Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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cGwsf/sf] zlQm gi6 x'gfn] ;fx|f] cflQof] z}tfg . # ljZjf;Lx? lz/nfO{ pef] p7fcf}+ cfp“b}5g\ dxf/fhf -@_ g/l;+uf, l;tf/ / tanf ahfcf}+, k'sf/f}+ xNn]n"ofx . !@*= ! cfhsf] lbg v'zL dgcf}+ ;a}n] xfd|f] k|e' d'lQmbftf km]l/ lhOp7] -@_ cfhsf] lbg el/of];\ v'zLn] ;+;f/ -@_ xfd|f] k|e' d'lQmbftf km]l/ lhOp7] -@_ @ qm";df xfd|f]nflu lbP v|Li6n] k|f0f cfˆgf] /utsf] af6f]n] lsg xfd|f] k|f0f -@_ v|Li6nfO{ wGojfb r9fcf}+ dgn] hoho ufcf}+ -@_ cfˆgf] /utsf] af6f]n] lsg xfd|f] k|f0f -@_ # hfGg'k5{ dgdf xfdL ;a}n] xfdL klg af}/L p7\5f}+ cGtsf] lbgdf -@_ clxn] k|e' o]z" 5g\ ;bf /xG5g\ -@_ xfdL klg af}/L p7\5f}+, cGtsf] lbgdf -@_ $ xfdL kfkLx?nfO{ pgn] lbP ;'v, wGo O{Zj/sf k'q :ju{sf] /fhfnfO{ -@_ k|e' cfp“5g\ Pslbg tof/ a; ;bf -@_ wGo O{Zj/sf k'q :ju{sf] /fhfnfO{ -@_ !@(= sf]M ;'g x} ;'g, of] va/ l5d]sL bfHo"–efO af}/L p7] o]z" xfd|f, hLt xfd|} ef]’ ! o]z" xfd|f slt Kof/f qm";df uO{ dg'{ef]’ t];|f] lbgdf af“r]/ pxf“n wd{ ;fRg'ef]’ . @ lz/ em'Sof] z}tfg / em''6f] ;fIfL af]Ng]sf] cfb/ k|z+;f dlxdf a9of] xfd|f] o]z"sf] . # cfpm ;a} cljZjf;L bf]wf/}df k/]sf af6f] ;To hLjg ldN5 xfd|f] o]z"df . !#)= sf]M af}/L p7\g'ePsf] k|e'nfO{ hLjg e]6L r9fp“5' Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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k'g?Tyfg / hLjg k|e' xf] eg]/ ljZjf; u5'{ ! xfd|f] kfksf] nflu k|e' qm";df 6f“lug'ef]’ jrg cg';f/ t];|f] lbgdf af}/L p7\g'eof] . ca pk|fGt k|e' o]z"nfO{ qm";df gx]/f}+ lhp“bfnfO{ d'bf{x?sf] aLrdf ca gvf]hf}+ . @ rf]/em}+ g} cfpg] k|lt1f 5f8fL k|e' hfg'ef]’ k|fy{gf ub}{ hflu/xg] ;Nnfx lbg'eof] . Hof]lt hLjgsf] ckgfpgnfO{ pxf“df /xg'5, ;+;f/sf] ;'v–zflGtnfO{ xf]Og, k|e'nfO{ x]g'{5 .

Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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o]z" v|Li6sf] bf];|f] cfudg !#!= ! ho ho ho ho o]z"n] lbG5g\ -@_ k"/f] d'lQm, o]z"n] dnfO{ l;Ty} lbG5g\ -@_ @ ho ho ho ho o]z" cfpg]5g\ -@_ ltdLnfO{ lng, dnfO{ lng l5§} cfpg]5g\ -@_ # ho ho ho ho o]z"n] lbG5g\ -@_ k"/f] d'lQm o]z"n] dnfO{ l;Ty} lbG5g\ -@_ !#@= ! nf} o]z" cfp“5g\ afbndf cf]nL{, Tofu] qf0fsf] nflu k|f0f af6f]df pgsf nfvf}+ ljZjf;L ldnL u5{g\ :t'lt, dfg ufpm xNn]n"ofx -#_ hudf cfO{ /fHo unf{g\ . @ cf“vfn] x/]s x]g]{5 v|Li6nfO{, :juL{o u2L a;]]sf] h;h;n] pgnfO{ y's] luHofO{, qm";df xft kfp 5]8\g] hf] unf{g\ lanf}gf -#_ b]Vbf d;LxnfO{ ;f“rf] . # cfldg ;gftg :juL{o qftf ho, tkfO{sf] ;bf xf];\ k/fqmd dlxdf lnO{ d'lQmbftf hudf /fHo ug'{xf];\ l5§f] cfpgf];\ -#_ xNn]n"ofx, o:t} xf];\ . !##= ! ha cfpnfg\, ha cfpnfg\ lgh xL/f a6'Ng ;a} xL/f, d"No xL/f o]z"sf g} x'g\ h:tf tf/f laxfgsf] rDsb} /xb} o:t} log} rDsG5g\ v|Li6sf] d's'6df . @ tL a6'N5g\, tL a6'N5g\ :ju{ /fHosf ;a xL/f hlt /fd|f / rlDsnf o]z"sf g} x'g\ h:tf tf/f laxfgsf] rDsb} /xb} o:t} log} rDsG5g\ v|Li6sf] d's'6df . # g/–gf/L, s]6f–s]6L v|Li6;“u k|]d ug]{ xL/f log}, xL/f Kof/} o]z"sf g} x'g\ h:tf tf/f laxfgsf] rDsb} /xb} o:t} log} rDsG5g\ v|Li6sf] d's'6df . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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!#$= ! o]z" rf8} cfpg'x'G5, afbndf, ox"bLx? cfp“b}5g\ To;a]nf -#_ t'/xL km'lshfg]5, To;a]nf -#_, kfkLx? S] ug]{5g\ To;a]nf -#_ @ ljZjf;L d'bf{ p7\g]5g\ -#_, dlxdfsf] z/L/ x'G5 -#_ b'Mv z'? x'G5, ;+;f/df -#_, xfjfdf d08nL hfg]5g\ -#_ # ;a} eQm e]6 x'g]5g\ -#_, :juL{o d's'6 kfpg]5g\ -#_ y'dfsf] ehg x'g]5 -#_, cf“z' ;a} k'l5lbg]5g\ -#_ $ o]z"nfO{ b08jt\ ug]{5g\ -#_, hohosf/sf] Wjlg x'G5 -#_ h}t"gdf o]z" cfpg]5g\ -#_, o]z"n] /fHo ug]{5g\ -#_ % cflv/ Gofo x'g]5 -#_, kfkL cfuf]df hfg]5g\ -#_ ltdL s] x'g dfU5f}+ -#_, kZrftfk ul/xfn -#_ ^ gof“ :ju{ / gof“ k[YjL -#_, h;df a]x'nf–a]x'nL a:5g\ -#_ d[To", zf]s, si6 x'b}g -#_, z}tfg km]l/ x'g]5}g -#_ &= O{Zj/ ;adf x'g'x'G5 -#_, xNn]n"ofx ;an] eG5g\ -#_ ;w}+ cfglGbt x'g]5g\ -#_, ;a} hg tof/L xf]pm -#_ !#%= ! kf“r} 1fgL, kf“r} d"v{ sGof tof/ eP, k|e' e]6\g hfgnfO{ . j:q nfP lemnLldnL l;·f/–k6f/ kf/], k|e' e]6\g hfgnfO{ . @ x'??? /f“sf] afnL xf“:b}–v]Nb} k'u], k|e' e]6\g hfgnfO{ . b'nxf cfpg' l9nf] x'“bf, ;a} p3], ;'t], k|e' e]6\g hfgnfO{ . # la;]{ d"v{ s'df/Ln] kmfNt' t]n} lng', k|e' e]6\g hfgnfO{ . t]n} ;Sof], /f“sf] lge], yfn] ;a} dfUg, k|e' e]6\g hfgnfO{ . $ 1fgLx? eGg nfu], hfpm l5§} lsGg, k|e' e]6\g hfgnfO{ . xtf/ nfpg, l5§} dfUg, bf}8L–bf}8L cfpg, k|e' e]6\g hfgnfO{ . % ha uP lsGg egL ta cfP b'nxf, k|e' e]6\g hfgnfO{ . 1fgL s'df/L /f“sf] ;RofO{ ho ho u/] xNnf, k|e' e]6\g hfgnfO{ . ^ ha k'u] /fhdxndf 9f]sf–b}nf ;a aGb, k|e' e]6\g hfgnfO{ . kx/f rf}sL rf/}kl§ cfpg' x'Gg sf]xL hg, k|e' e]6\g hfgnfO{ . & d"v{ s'df/L ?b} eG5g\ vf]n–vf]n 9f]sf, k|e' e]6\g hfgnfO{ . t]n} Nofof}+, /f“sf], Nofof}+ e]6L, Nofof}+ kf]sf, k|e' e]6\g hfgnfO{ . * leqaf6 ;f]Wb} eG5g\, sf] xf}, lsg cfof}+ < k|e' e]6\g hfgnfO{ . b'nxf cfp“5g\ hfGb}lyof}, sxf“ x/fO/x\of}, k|e' e]6\g hfgnfO{ . ( o:t} v|Li6n] eG5g\, hfu ehL d]/f] gfp“, k|e' e]6\g hfgnfO{ . kZrftfkL x[bo laGtL ;w}+ ;'Gg kfpm“, k|e' e]6\g hfgnfO{ . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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!#^= sf]M :juL{o dlxdfdf, rlDsnf] j:qdf k|e' cfpg]5g\ ;+;f/df afbnsf] ;jf/Ldf -@_ ! cGtsf] lrGx b]Vg]5f}+, k|e'sf] cfudgdf, b'Mv, n8fO“, clgsfn x'g]5g\ ;+;f/df kf, b'Mv Hofbf a9\g]5g\ ;f/f ljZje/df, lgZro g} k|e' cfpg]5g\ t'/xLsf] ;f]/df . @ dftfsf] ue{af6 g} dflg; kfkdf hGdG5g\, b'i6, 5nL, kfkL x[bo ePsf ;a} x'G5g\, x[bosf /f]u oL g} x'g\ M rf]/L, xTof, Jolerf/, s'b[li6, lgGbf, b'i6tf, nf]e, 8fxf, s'ljrf/ . # o:tf l3gnfUbf kfk lnO{ :ju{ k:g ;Sb}g, bfg, k'08, k|fy{gf u/]/ z'4 x'g ;Sg]5}g, o]z"n] cfˆgf] k|f0f lbP kfkLx? Arfpg, qm";}df /ut aufP l3gnfUbf kfknfO{ w'g . $ hLjg dflg;sf] s] 5 / knsdf k|f0f lg:sG5, s'6'Da, wg–;DklQ 5f]8L g/sdf kg{ hfG5g\, lsg g/sdf kb{5f} < v|Li6 tof/ 5g\ arfpg, kfk–dfu{b]lv kms{, cfpm ljZjf; u/L d'lQm n]pm . !#&= sf]M o]z" rf“8} km]l/ cfpg]5g\ ;To O{Zj/sf] of] jf0fL 5 pgsf] cjfO cf} cGtsf lrGx Ps–Ps u/L k"/f x'“b}5g\ o]z" rf“8} km]l/ cfpg]5g\ ! kfk, b'Mv cf} ;+si6 al9/x]5g\ n8fO{, xnrn hut\df eO/x]5g\ hflt–hfltsf] lj?4df p7\g]5g\, /fHo–/fHosf] lj?4df p7\g]5g\ . @ ljgfzs e'O“rfnf 7fp“–7fp“ hfg]5g\ ?9L, clgsfn ;+;f/df x'g]5g\, cfsfzdf 8/nfUbf nIf0f x'g]5g\, pb]ssf dxfg\ lrGx b]lvg]5g\ . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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# v|Li6 o]z" lah'nL em} :ju{af6 ljZjf;LnfO{ p7fpg cf]n{g]5g\, xfdL /Qmn] lslgPsf pgL;fy /xL, xhf/ jif{;Dd /fHo ug]{5f}+ . $ kZrftfk u/L k|e' o]z"dfly ljZjf; u/L /utn] ;a kfk wf]O{ dfu k/d]Zj/sf wfld{s ;To /fHodf k|j]z ug{nfO{ cfh g} tof/ xf]pm . !#*= sf]M rf“8} cfpg]5g\, o]z" /fhf -@_ :juL{o b"tu0f ;fydf lnO{, afbnsf] ;jf/Ldf cfpg]5g\ xNn]n"ofx -$_ d]/f] o]z" /fhf km]l/ cfpg]5g\ ! ;fgf–;fgf df]tL ;anfO{ a]rL c;n df]ltnfO{ lsg]h:tf] ljZjf; ug]{ x/]s ;anfO{ :juL{o /fHo klg x'G5 o:tf] . @ n'lsPsf] uf8wgnfO{ e]6L cfˆgf] ;f/f e"ld a]r]h:tf] lsGg]nfO{ Tof] ax'd'No e"ld :juL{o /fHo klg x'G5 o:tf] . !#(= sf]M o]z" v|Li6 ca rf“8} cfpg]5g\, lrGx ;a} k"/f x'b}5g\ -dflg; kfk / 1fgåf/f cGwf agL k|e'b]lv 6f9f eO/xg]5g\_ @ ! -;a dflg; kfk}n] el/Psf 5g\ kfk}df al9/x]5g\_ @ -kfks} sf/0fn] gfz Pslbg x'G5g\_ @ -cgGt d[To" / b08 ef]Ug]5g\_ @ @ -ha k|e' cfsfzdf k|s6 x'g]5g\ Ps cb\e't 36gf 36\g]5_ @ -tof/ ljZjf;L ;a p7fOG5g\_ @ -d"v{, nfkjfx ;a 5f]l8Og]5g\_ @ # -;+;f/sf] dfofdf 8'Abf–8'Ab} g} d[To"n] r'8L n}hfG5_ @ -dgn] rfx]sf] ;a lrh 5f]l8G5g\_ @ -l/Q} xft lnO{ d[To"–3f6 t5{g\_ @ $ -s] ltdL rfxG5f} ;DklQ, ;fdfg < :juL{o Jofsdf /fVg yfn_ @ -k/b]zl xf} ltdL sfnf] ;+;f/df_ @ -:jb]znfO{ ;DemL ;+2if{ u/_ @ % -g;Dem cfkm"nfO{ oxL ;+;f/sf], ;ts{ agL cnu /xL_ @ -gq o; ;+;f/;“u} Gofodf k5f}{+_ @ -cgGt–cgGt;Dd bfx|f ls6\g]5f}+_ @

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!$)= sf]M cl3 a9, v|Li6Lo hjfg xf] ;donfO{ gkv{ efO xf], -xfd|f b'nxf cfp“b}5g\_ @ ! clGtd lrGx b]lvb}5, eljiojf0fL k"/f x'b}5 -@_ ;f+;fl/s hLjgnfO{ TofuL cfpm k|e'df gof“ eO{ -@_ @ hLjg k|e'df ck{0f u/L ;Dk"0f{ jrg kfng u/L -@_ k|e'sf] of] qm"; p7fO{ cl3 a9 pgdf eO{ -@_ # hojGt hLjg latfp“b} hfpm k|e'sf] sfddf Jo:t eO{ -@_ pgdf ;bf cfzf /fVb} a9 cem ylst geO{ -@_ !$!= sf]M -d]/f] dLt o]z" dlxldt afbndf dnfO{ lngnfO{ cfp“b}5g\_ @ -;gO{sf] ;f]/n] k[YjL 9fsL dnfO{ lngnfO{ cfp“b}5g\_ @ ! -lg/fz–lg/fz ?kx?df d':sfgsf] 5lj emNsg]5_ @ -t'/xLsf] ;f]/x? ;[li6el/ ul~hg]5g\_ @ @ -b'Mv / Joyf af]s]sf] ;[li6 t'/xLsf] nodf ufpg]5_ @ -b'Mvsf] ;fu/ ag]sf] d'xf/df xf“;f]sf] /]vf b]lvg]5_ @ # -;a} cf“vfn] b]Vg]5g\, ;a} sfgn] ;'Gg]5g\_ @ -t/ o]z"df hf] hLljt 5g\, dlxldt afbndf k'Ug]5g\_ @

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kljq cfTdf !$@= ! k|e' tkfO{kl§ x]5f}{+, ca k|fy{gf ;'Gg'xf]; h:tf] k]lGtsf];df eof] km]l/ cfTdf vGofOof];\ . sf]M cfˆgf] cfTdfn] x] o]z", xfdL Kof;fnfO{ lkofpg'xf];\ ca xfd|f] dgdf cfˆgf] OR5f k'/f] ug'{xf];\ @ cfˆgf] cfuf] xfd|f] dgdf vGofO{ ;fkmug'{xf];\ ;a} sf7 / v/ / k/fn cfuf]n] gfz ug'{xf];\ . # nf]e / 3d08 cfˆgf] x'G5, dgaf6 lgsfNg'xf];\ o;sf] kl5 xfd|f] x[bo–dlGb/ x'G5 tkfO{sf] . $ xfdLdf 5fk cfˆgf] nufP zlQmdfg\ agfpg'xf];\ cfˆgf] dlGb/df x] k|e', cflTds zAb ;'gfpg'xf];\ . % cflTds j/bfg xfdLnfO{ lbO{, xfdL;“u a:g'xf];\ /f]uLx? lgsf] xf]pmg\ ;anfO{ 5'6sf/f lbg'xf];\ . ^ wGojfb / xNn]n"ofx, xfd|f] laGtL ;'Gg'xf];\ cem w]/} ug'{x'G5, cfldg, cfldg, o:t} xf];\ . !$#= ! kljq cfTdf, cfpg'xf];\ t'Nofpg d]/f] dg lgbf]{if xf]O/xg Hof]lt, cu'jf rnfpg ;f]r, aft, a]xf]/f . @ b]vfpg' Hof]ltsf] ;Totf / lx8“" b]vfOPsf] em}+ nufpg" d]/f] dgdf 8/, d lx8"“ cf1fsf] cg';f/ . # ;w}+ kfkb]lv /fVg" b"/, ?·]/ k"/k"/ lnOlx8“\g' O{Zj/ eP 7fp“, d pgsf] cf8df lj>fd kfpm“ . $ lnOlx8\g' kljqtfdf, d a:g kfpm“ O{Zj/sxf“ lnOlx8\g' jrgsf] cG;f/, d l;s" pgsf] 1fg ckf/ . % lnOlx8\g' u/L pksf/, d kfpm“ vf“rf]sf] uf]xf/ lnOlx8\g' cfkm"sxf“ dnfO{, cg'u|x lxtsf d"n tkfO{ . !$$= ! v|Li6 o]z" hut\ 5f]8\bfdf lbOuP labf eO{ Ps zflGtbftf cu'jf ;fy} a:gnfO{ . @ ;a lrGtf pgn] yfDb5g\, b'/ ub{5g\ ;a 8/ Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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/ :ju{sf s'/f af]Nb5g\ hLjg cd/ . # / xfd|f] enfO hlt ef]’ / xfd|f] ;a} ho / ;f]r lktfsf] s'/fsf] x'g\ pg}s} . $ x] cfTdf ;a cg'u|xsf, xf];\ b[li6 bofsf] / xfd|f] cof]Uo x[bodf jf; tkfO{sf] . % xf];\ lktf k'qsf] a9fO, xf];\ klg cfTdfsf] xf];\ :t'lt dlxdf tLgnfO{, hf] Ps} x'g\ . !$%= ! kljq cfTdf cu'jf, ;w}+ a:g'xf];\ ;fydf oxf“ k/b]zL hf] 5', nf} 8f]¥ofpg'xf];\, k|e' ylst k|f0f /dfpg]5 ;f]/ tkfO{sf] ;'g]/ o;f] eGb} u/]sf], cfOh tnfO{ 8f]¥ofp“5' . @ ;fydf a:g'xf];\, ;w}+ uf]xf/ lbO/xg] tkfO{ cGwsf/sf] dfemd} k|e' g5f]8\gf];\ dnfO{ ha cf“wL rNb5, ha ;fgf] x'G5 dg eGg' xj;\ lj:tf/}, cfOh 8f]¥ofp“5' tnfO{ . # d]/f] a]nf cfOk'Ubf hfg] tkfO{5]p jxf“ ha :ju{nfO{ ;DemG5' cfzf ub}{ Ogfdsf] a;Lsg of] 7fp“d} x]5'{ ha tkfO{nfO{ eGg' xj;\ la:tf/}, cfOh 8f]¥ofp“5' tnfO{ . !$^= ! x] kljqfTdf, x[bodf kmnfpgf];\ cfˆgf] kmn x] efjLjQmfsf] k|]/0ff, hLjg / k|]dsf] d"n . @ x] kljqfTdf, h;b]lv af]Ny] efjLjQmf /x:o a'em\g kfcf}+ egL vf]lnlbg'xf];\ tfNrf . # x] :juL{o 9's'/, hudfly km}nfpgf];\ kv]6f xfd|f] ;f+;fl/s /ft x6fO{ pHofnf] xf];\ cfTdf $ ha O{Zj/–cfTdf dgdf cfO{ km}nfp“b5g\ Hof]lt ta cfkm}åf/f O{Zj/nfO{ lrgf}+nf ;a xfdL .

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!$&= ! O{Zj/ oxf“ pkl:yt 5f}+ cflzif\ clxn] lbgnfO{ d]3n] x]/, 3]b}{ cfof], OR5f k"/f xf];\ ltd|} . sf}M xfdL :ju]{ alKt;df dfU5f}+ 3g3f]/ j[li6 u/ lk|o o]z" kv{b} 5f}+ dg hufpm oxL kx/ @ cg'ej ef]’ pkl:yt 5f}+, e}’ uf] kljq e"le t/ cem} a9\tf dfU5f}+, cfpm dgdf o;3/L . # pkl:yt 5 ca laGtL 5, Nofp“b}5f} ca ljZjf;nfO{ cfTdf cfh hnfpm dgdf, clxn] cfˆgf] xft a9fO{ . $ Kof/l;t x[bo ca b]Vb5f}, clxn] vf]n e08f/nfO{ Pp6f u/fpm j[li6 7"nf], cflzif\ clxn] b]pm k7fO{ . !$*= ! ;';dfrf/ km}nfcf}+, hxf“ klg kfp“b5f}+ b'Mlvt, kLl8t dflg;nfO{ / kfkn] ba]sf v'zLsf] of] va/, k|To]sn] k|rf/ u/f}+, cfTdf cfPsf 5g\ . sf]M cfTdf cfPsf 5g\ dgdf xfd|f], gof“ 5 hf] sxf{/ lktfsf] x[bodf v8f 5, v'zLsf] va/ b]pm hxf“ klg hf“b5f}+, cfTdf cfPsf 5g\ @ cGwsf/sf] /ft ;Sof], pHofnf] lbg eof] eof] ljnfk 6f9f v|Li6sf] cg'u|xdf kxf8 d}bfg sxL+ Hof]lt, clt rDsfO{ cfTdf cfPsf 5g\ .

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wd{zf:q !$(= ! /fV5' d v|Li6sf] jrgdf ljZjf; pgsf] >]i7 gfddf lgTo dlxdf xf];\ d]/f] uLt 5 ;bf pgsf] :t'lt xf];\ /fV5' v|Li6sf] jrgdf ljZjf; . sf]M /fV5', /fV5', /fV5' v|Li6sf] k|lt1fdfly e/f];f /fV5', /fV5', d /fV5' pgsf] jrgdf ljZjf; @ 5 ljZjf; To; jrgdf hf] 6Nb}g ha låljwf / eosf] af9 p7\5 . pgsf] hLljt jrgn] lhTg]5' d /fV5' v|Li6sf] jrgdf ljZjf; . # ljZjf; u/L jrgdf d b]Vb5' kfknfO{ wf]Olbg] /ut o]z"sf] v|Li6n] lbPsf] 5'6sf/f uLt ufp“5' /fV5' v|Li6sf] jrgdf ljZjf; . !%)= ! hLjgsf] Tof] /f]6L ef“r]/ b]pm, h;/L ef“Rg'ef]’ ;d'Gb|5]p kljq k':tsdf vf]h ub{5', 5' vf]hL tkfO{s}, x] k|f0f k|e' . @ hLjgsf] Tof] /f]6L dnfO{ h'/f];\, tkfO{sf] Tof] jrg dgdf a;f];\ / ;'w|f];\ d]f] dg, x'“ k/:jfyL{, ;a d]/f] a]xf]/f tkfO{dfly . # Tof] jrg vf]lnb]pm, d b]Vg kfpm“, Tof] jrg vf]lnb]pm, d a'em\g kfpm“ tkfO{sf] ;·tdf ;“u} lx8\b}, ddf tkfO{sf] ?k k|sfz x'b} . $ k|e' ;To cjtf/, cfzL{jfb b]pm, h;/L /f]6Ldf ufnLnsf] 5]p ta aGwg 5'6\nf ;f“unf] ef“rL, zflGt ta kfpmnf ;To zflGt . !%!= ! x] k|]ddo k|e', tkfO{sf] jfSo -cd[tt'No 5_ @ k|e', cd[tt'No 5 ;'g]/ k|]ddo tkfO{sf] jfSo -k|f0f d]/f] /xG5_ @ k|e', k|f0f d]/f] /xG5 . @ 3f]/ cGwsf/df dfu{ / Hof]lt -tkfO{sf] jfSo 5_ @ k|e', tkfO{sf] jfSo 5 5 eg] s]xL z+sf olb -tkfO{;fy 5g\ o]z"_ @ k|e', tkfO{;fy 5g\ o]z" . # b'O wf/] v·t'No tkfO{sf -t]lhnf jfSo 5g\_ @ k|e', t]lhnf jfSo 5g\ Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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zq' xftb]lv /Iff u/f];\ -5 lga{n xfd|f] dg_ @ k|e', 5g\ lga{n xfd|f] dg . $ zf]s / ;Gtfk, kfk / hLjg -oL ;asf jf; 5g\_@ k|e', oL ;asf af;5g\ tkfO{sf] zfGtk"0f{ jfSon] -/fVg'xf];\ xfd|f] k|f0f_ @ k|e', /fVg'xf];\ xfd|f] k|f0f . !%@= ! k|e' lx8\5f}+ hlt, jrg x'G5 aQL h;n] ljZjf; nfp5, xif{ Hof]lt kfp“5 . @ ha zq' cfp“5, jrgsf] ;Demp“5 ;fx; lbg lzIff, d'lQmsf] k|ltIff . # cfp“bf d]3 c“Wof/f], ha 3/ 5 6f9f] ofqL jrg lnG5, af6f] b]vfOlbG5 . $ jrg s] sf] t'No < slt ax'd"No < ;'v–ljnf;sf] sf/0f dfG5]nfO{ ;fwf/0f . % k/d]Zj/sf s'/f a'emf}+, jrg k"/f tkfO{;“u k|]d u/L a;f}+ ;w}+el/ .

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;·lt !%#= ! ge{d efO xf], b'lgof“sf] hfndf gk/ alxgL, z}tfgsf] vfndf, Tof] xfd|f] ;f/f] b[i6 b'Zdg xf] Tof] 5f]8\g ;f“Rr} efO xf], v'zdg xf] . @ dg kmsf{pm efO xf], of] kfk}b]lv kZrftfk u? /f]O{–/fO{ xf] ls, cfzf tf u? efO xf] v|Li6}df ;'v kfp“5f} lk|o efO xf], :ju{nf]sdf . # 5f]l8b]pm efO xf], rfnrng a'/f] gu/ a}gL, g/fd|f] s'/f], k|]d ub}{ k|e' v|Li6nfO{ k5ofpm g/fd|f] rfn / :jefj ;Rofpm . $ k|]d u/ efO xf], ;a;“u Ps} ho ho xf];\ k|e', of] ltd|} cf1} cfk;df ldlna; ;a};fy x]/, d x'G5', ;a lbg ltd|f];fy . !%$= ! cNuf, rf}8f kvf{nleq :juL{o zx/df o'u–o'u, b]z–b]zsf ;a} ;Gt a:5g\ cfgGb ;fydf . @ kljq em'08, Ps b[9 ;]gf, Ps >]i7 ljrf/ ;asf] ufp“5g\ Ps /fu, u5{g Ps sfd Ps dxf/fhfsf] . # tkfO{sf] jrg ;f“rf] 5 k':tf–k':tfb]lv :jtGqtf, ;To / k|]d logsf] /fHo 5 a9\b} . $ g k}/f], g 7"nf] enn] gi6 x'G5 Tof] kx/f hxf“ 5 Tof] zx/ dxfg\, cd/, cgGt ;bf . !%%= ! d08nLsf] ;t cfwf/ x'g\ k|e' v|Li6 o]z" hn ;fy} jrgåf/f Tof] ;[li6 xf] pgsf] . p;nfO{ b'nxL agfpg v|Li6n] :ju{nf]s Tofu] Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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/ p;sf] Hofg arfpg /Qm cfˆgf] axfP . @ b]z–b]zsf] ePklg d08nL x'G5 Psgf; Ps cflTds hGd dfgL, Ps k|e', Ps ljZjf; . Ps gfd kljq dfG5, Ps ef]h kljq vfO{ Ps nIolt/ hfG5 sbd cl3 a9fO{ . # kl/>d, o'4, qmflGt / b'Mvsf] dfem}df p;n] cgGt zflGtsf] u5{ k|ltIff cfp“bf o; nf]ssf] cGt v|Li6 bz{g kfpg]5 / d08nL hojGt cf/fddf a:g]5 . $ lqPs O{Zj/ k|e';fy 5 Pslqt lgZro ;fy} 5 ;Gtx?;fy ;·t /x:odo . x] wGohg, kljq tLh:tf gd| xf]cf}+ / xfdL :ju{leq k|e';fy a:g kfcf}+ .

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cf/fwgf / :t'lt !%^= ! x] k|e' :ju{ / hut\sf tkfO{sf] :t'lt dlxdf of]Uo wGojfb c;fWo 5 x] ;j{bftf . @ 3fd, xfjf, km"n / kmn lg/f]u h'g–h'g j/bfgsf] u¥of}+ ef]u tL ;asf dfgf}+ u'0f ;a hg, x] ;j{bftf . # ;+;f/sf] nflu lbg'ef]’ bfg cfˆg} PSnf] k'qsf] emg\ ;a yf]s lbg'xf]nf, x] ;j{bftf . $ lbg'ef]’ cem} cfTdf bfg / b]cf];\ ;a ;RrfOsf 1fg agfOlbO{ gof“ dg eO{ kmnbftf . % kfk df]rg kfof}+, k|f0f p4f/, cg'u|x /Lt :juf{lwsf/ of]Uo ;f6f] lbpm s'g k|sf/, x] :ju{bftf . ^ x/fOG5 vr{ ck:jfy{sf hf] C0f tkfO{nfO{ lbpmnf Tof] dfq /xG5 ;bf, x] ;j{bftf . & h'g wg lbpmnf tkfO{nfO{ a9fOG5 ;o u'0ff ;o tkfO{nfO{ lbG5f} t /dfO{, x] ;j{bftf . * tkfO{n] hLjg lbg'ef]’, r9fpm aln lhp“bf] tkfO{sf] bfgsf] ;f6f] of], x] ;j{bftf . !%&= ! cg'u|xn] k/d]Zj/sf] 5f}+ kfP ;a} s'zn If]d of] bof xfdLdfly ef]’ t u/f}+ pgsf] ;]jf k|]d . sf]M :t'lt ufO{, :t'lt ufO{, o; lbgnfO{ dfgf}+ k|e's} k|folZrt eP o]z" g}, dfkm lbg'xj;\ kfkLnfO{ :t'lt ufO{, :t'lt ufO{, o; lbgnfO{ dfgf}+ k|e's} @ /dfO{ hfcf}+ luhf{3/, cf/fwgf u/f}+ O{Zj/sf] x] O{Zj/ ug'{xf];\ uf]xf/ / xj;\ ;]jf dgkbf]{ . # tkfO{n] lzIff lbg'xf];\ / ugf]{;\ cfˆgf] wd{ k|sfz lglZrGtnfO{ hufpg'xf];\, lg/fzb]lv dg zFGt /xf];\ . $ ha k'luhfnf d/0fsfn, ta xf]cf}+ v'zL / lg8/ / hfcf}+ tkfO{sxf“ s[kfn / kfcf}+ lj>fd ;bfe/ .

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!%*= ! ofx|]sf] nflu ho ho u/f}+, cfgGb;fy pgsf] ;]jf u/f}+ ufp“b}–ufp“b} pgsf] ;fd' cfcf}+, ofx|] k/d]Zj/ egL hfgf}+ . sf]M pgL xfd|f] ;[hgxf/, pgL xfd|f] tf/0fxf/ pgL xfd|f] kfngxf/, ;'G5g\ pgn] xfd|f] k'sf/ @ pgsf] vs{sf xfdL e]8f xf}+, wGojfb ub}{ 9f]sfleq k;f}+, :t'lt ub}{ cfugdf k;f}+, wGo egf}+, pgsf] gfdnfO{ . # ofx|] dxfg\ k|e' enf] 5g\, pgsf] s?0ff ;bf /xG5, pgsf] ;Totf k':tf–k':tfdf cd/ /xg]5 . !%(= sf]M lg/Gt/ /xg] k|]d v|Li6 o]z"sf], cg'u|x c;Ld ckf/ ufpg]5f}+ dlxdf Oddfg'Pn k|e'sf] xf];\, pxf“sf] hohosf/ ! kfksf] bf; lyof}+ xfdL g/ss'08sf] efuL kfk} ghfGg] d;Lx o]z" k|e'n] ;a} bf]if x6fpg'eof] -@_ @ wGojfb o]z"nfO{ gr9fO{ ;S5f}+ sxf“ < xfd|f] pxf“ ;[hgxf/ tf]8\g'ef]’ 8/nfUbf] zlQm ;a kfksf], x6fpg'ef]’ 3f]/ cGwsf/ cof]Uo ePklg Hof]ltsf ;Gtfg xfdL -@_ o:tf] qf0fstf{ k|]dL o]z" k|e'nfO{ r9fcf}+ ;a}n] wGojfb -@_ # cfglGbt 5f}+ cfh, zlQm kfksf] eof] gfz, 5'6sf/f b}lgs hLjgdf ;Dk"0f{ x[bonfO{ z'4 :jr5 kf/]/ lbg'ef]’ v|Li6n] uLt gof“ hohosf/ d;Lx o]z", ufpg]5f}+ Kof/f] k|e' -@_ af6f]df tkfO{sf] h:t} ePklg :t'lt ufp“b} g} hfg]5f}+ -@_ !^)= ! o; ;+;f/df hlt 5g\ ;fgf–7"nf ;a} hg wGo eg o]z"nfO{ ;a} eg pgsf] ho . @ kfksf] ef/ p7fpgnfO{ :ju{df k'¥ofpgnfO{ xfd|f]nflu lbg ;'v o]z" cfO{ ;x] b'Mv . # qm";df d/] o]z" g}, aln eof] k|e's} d'lQm 5 v|Li6 o]z"df ljZjf; u/ pg}df . $ ho ho u/f}+ o]z"sf], qf0fsf] sfd ;a l;l4of] cfpm ;a} kfkL hg lgsf] kf5{g\ dgsf] /f]u .

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!^!= ! ;f/f ;+;f/sf dflg; xf], k|e'sf] hohosf/ dgfcf] u/ v'zL;fy ;]jf pgsf], pgsxf“ cfO{ ehg ufcf] . @ k/d]Zj/ xfd|f k|e' x'g\, xfdLnfO{ l;h]{ eGg] hfg xfdL ;a} pgsf] xf}+ k|hf / pgsf] vs{sf e]8f . # åf/leq wGojfb;fy cfcf], rf]sleq cfO{ v'zL xf]cf] O{Zj/nfO{ wGojfb r9fcf], gfd pgsf] eg wGosf] . $ sf/0f k|e' x'G5g\ enf, ;w}+el/ pgsf] s[kf /xG5 pgsf] ;Totf / k':tf}+;Dd l:y/ /xnf . !^@= sf]M ufpm v|Li6Lo em'08, ;a} ldnL, k|e'sf] :t'lt ! x[bo jL0ffsf] tf/ ahfO{ -@_ :t'lt–dlxdf b]pm d'lQmbftfnfO{, cfˆgf] ;[hgxf/nfO{ -hohosf/ u/f}+, ;f]/df ;f]/ ldnfO{_ @ @ O{iof{ / å]ifsf] hfn RoftL -@_ Pstfsf] ;"qdf ;a}nfO{ af“wL k|]dsf] ;Gb]z af“8L, -sl7gfOnfO{ k/ ;f/L_ @ # cGwsf/ of] husf] Hof]lt clg -@_ ld7f; lbg] g"g agL xfdL g"g agL, -qm";nfO{ cUNofcf}+ ;fIfL agL_ @ !^#= ! xhff}+ lha|f eP x'Gyof] eHg' v|Li6 tf/0fxf/, hf] /fhf, O{Zj/ x'g\ d]/f], xf];\ pgsf] hohosf/ . @ x] k|e' O{Zj/ bofn', ;3fpg'xf];\ dnfO{, k[YjLel/ u? egL o]z" gfdsf] a9fO . # o]z" gfdn] x6fp“5 8/, d]6fOlbG5 b'Mv, ;'lgG5 kfkLnfO{ dL7f] xf] hLjg, zflGt, ;'v . $ 5'6sf/f lbO{ s}bLnfO{ kfk–zlQm tf]8\b5g\ . pgsf] /utn] z'4 eP dh:tf] 3[l0ft hg . % o]z"sf] jf0fL ;'g]/ gj hLjg kfp“5 nfz /dfp“5g\ b'Mlvt r"0f{ dg, bLg ub{5g\ ljZjf; . !^$= ! O{Zj/nfO{ k'h" kljqtf nfO{sg b08jt\ u? k|rf/L k|tfk cf1f dgfO{ / bLgtf r9fO{sg pg}sf] gfp“ lnb} hf] cfkm}–cfkm . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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@ lkmqmLdf ef/ xfn" O{Zj/sf] r/0fdf, pgn] Tof] x[bodf af]S5g\ p7fO{ zf]s d]l6lbG5g\, k'¥ofp“b5g\ z/0fdf kfp 8f]¥ofO{ df/]sf] em}+ . # O{Zj/sf] dxndf ljgf8/fO{sg 5f}+ cfpg;Sg] bLg–xLg dgdf eO{ vfln ;RrfO / wg k|]dsf] NofO{sg u|x0f ul/G5f}+ oL dfq r9fO{. $ olt g} Nofcf}+ tf o]z"sf] gfp“df O{Zj/n] lnG5g\ tL sf/0f pgsf] xif{sf] lbg lbG5g\ zf]ssf] ;f6f]df sdfOsf] ;f6f] ljZjf; bl/nf] . % O{Zj/nfO{ k'h" kljqtf nfO{sg b08jt\ u? k|rf/L k|tfk cf1f dgfO{ / bLgtf r9fO{sg pg}sf] gfp“ lnb} hf] cfkm}–cfkm . !^%= ! /dfpm, v'zL xf]pm, d'lQmbftf cfP x]g{ hfpm sf]qmf], qm"; / lrxfg o]z"sf] . sf]M pgnfO{ eh, xfd|f] abnL o]z" dg'{ef]’ pgnfO{ eh, xfd|f] nflu v|Li6 Ao'“tg'ef]’ @ /dfpm v'zL xf]pm ca pHofnf] eof] afbn ;a xl6uP /ft uO;Sof] . # /dfpm, v'zL xf]pm, v|Li6n] /ut axfO{ kfksf] b08 lt/]/ arfP xfdLnfO{ . $ /dfpm v'zL xf]pm, l;Q} kfOG5 d'lQm ;a cGofoLsf] ;f6f] d/] GofoL . % /dfpm v'zL, xf]pm, o]z" d/]kl5 km]l/ lhp“bf] eP Ao'“tL d[To"b]lv . ^ /dfpm, v'zL xf]pm, o]z" u5{g\ dfly cGt/laGtL k/d]Zj/nfO{ xfd|f] nflu . & /dfpm, v'zL xf]pm, kf7f] k/d]Zj/sf] km]l/ cfpg]5g\, pxf“ hf] dfl/g'ef]’ . !^^= sf]M k/d]Zj/ lktfsf] hohosf/ ufpm“, xfdLnfO{ agfpg] pgL g} x'g\, cfˆgf] 1fg / zlQmsf] pg}n] ;a} ;[li6 u/] ! cWof/f] z"Godf Hof]lt rDSof], lbg / /ft O{Zj/n] 5'6fP, ;a} tf/f / h"g / 3fd, e"ld / cfsfz pg}sf sfd . @ 8f“8fsf aLrdf vf]nf au], 3f“; / ?v–kft pAhfP, Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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slt ;'Gb/ ;+;f/, of] pgnfO{ cf}wL hflt nfUof] . # kfgLdf df5f v]Ng yfn], cfsfzdf r/fsf ;f]/ ;'lgP, ;fgf–7"nf k|f0fL l;h]{ ;a} /fd|f / pgsf lghL . $ cflv/df ;[li6 dflg;sf] ef]’, O{Zj/sf ?kdf ;[li6 eof], ædl;t ldnf];\ z'4 / ;fkmÆ dflg;k|lt O{Zj/sf] cfz . % O{Zj/l;t g} ldnf}+ xfdL pxf“sf lgod x[bon] dfgL, ;To s'/f xfdL dfgf}+ hLjg cd/ xfdL kfcf}+ . !^&= sf]M cGwsf/df e'ln/x]sf dfgjnfO{ Hof]lt b]vfpg] :t'lt dlxdf 5 k|e'nfO{ -@_ ! lgisn° alnbfg lgbf]{if k|e'sf] cd"No /Qm p4f/sf] af6f] aGof] ;f6f]df o;sf] tkfO{nfO{ s] r9fpm“, :t'lt–dlxdf 5 k|e'nfO{ . @ d[To"dfly ho k|fKt u/L lktfsf] bflxg] xft a;L laGtL ug]{ ;f6f]df o;sf] tkfO{nfO{ s] r9fpm“, :t'lt dlxdf 5 k|e'nfO{ . # k|ltkmn hLjgsf] /Ifs tkfO{, lgM:jfy{ k|]dsf] ;To Hof]lt cgGt, zflGt / cfzf xfd|f], :t'lt dlxdf 5 k|e'nfO{ . !^*= ! o]z" d]/f] k|e' egL hfGb5', kfkdo OR5f d]/f] o;y{ dfb{5' o]z" d'lQmbftf, x] qf0fstf{, d]/f] Kof/f] v|Li6nfO{ k|]d u5'{ ;bf . @ pb]ssf] k|]d k|e' dnfO{ ug'{ef]’, qm";sf] c;Ld b'Mv ;xL dg'{ef] ;a} d]/f]nflu s:tf] k|]d, dxf o]z"nfO{ k|]d u5'{ o;}n] ;bf . # :t'lt hLjgel/ ub}{ /xG5' / k|]ddf tkfO{sf] ;w}+ /xG5' 5fof d[tsf] k5{ ha, hLjgdf Kof/ u5'{ tkfO{nfO{, x] o]z" ;bf . $ u'~hf];\ ejg pHhjn :t'ltn] d]/f], lj>fd kfO{ cgGt hLjg cfgGbsf] nfO{ d's'6 rlDsnf] ufp“5' dlxdf, d]/f] Kof/f] v|Li6nfO{ k|]d u5'{ ;bf . !^(= sf]M ho xf];\ k|e'sf], ho ho ho ho xf];\ ! k/dlktfsf] r/0fsdndf, cfpm lz/ em'sfO{, k|0ffd\ u/f}+, b08jt\ u/f}+, dgsf] uj{ x6fO{ -@_ d;LxL k|]d hf] dgdf hufpm dgsf] å]if x6fpm, d;LxL Hof]lt dgdf rDsfO{ hLjg bLk hnfpm -@_ Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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@ :ju{nf]sdf :t'lt r9fcf}+ ho ho v|Li6sf] dgfcf}+ tf/0fxf/sf] k|]d k|rf/f}+ dflg;nfO{ v|Li6 lrgfcf}+ -@_ hLjg bLk ;a}n] hnfO{, d;lxL hLjg lnO{ cGwsf/n] k"0f{ of] hudf d;lxL Hof]lt lkmhfcf}+ -@_ # hLjg kydf kfp a9fcf}+ dflg;nfO{ v|Li6df Nofcf}+ o]z", ljZjf;L em'08 xf], cfpm xftdf xft ldnfcf}+ -@_ k|e'sf] x's'd kfng ug]{ lbndf pT;fx hufcf}+ tf/0fxf/sf] oz k|rf/f}+, hudf pRr u/f\cf}+ -@_ !&)= sf]M k|e'sf] :t'lt u/f}+ xfdLn], k|e'sf] :t'lt u/f}+ ! k|e'sf] a9fO ;w}+ xf]O/xf];\, pgsf] :t'lt u/f}+, xNn]n"ofx . @ k|e'sf] 3/df ehg xf]O/xf];\, pgsf] :t'lt a9fO . # ;a} sfddf slQ zlQmdfg\, pgsf] zlQm atfpm . $ hosf] hf]8df km's t'/xL, jL0ff, ;f/·L ahfpm . % l;tf/ ahfO{ /flugL 5]8, 8km / tanf ahfpm . ^ d'/nL, ;gO{ /fd|f] ahfpm, l5ªl5ª em\ofnL ahfpm . & ;a} ldnL tfnL ahfpm, k|e'sf] :t'lt u/f}+ . !&!= ! cflb / cGt / hut\sf] Hof]lt r/0fdf tkfO{sf] cfp“b5f}+ -@_ xNn]n"ofx ufp“b}, :t'lt ;'gfpb} lz/ lgx'/fp“b5f}+ . @ cNkmf–cf]d]uf / hLjgsf] /f]6L tkfO{df hLjg kfp“b5f}+ -@_ xNn]n"ofx ufp“b}, xft k;f5f}+, cfzLjf{b kfp“b5f}+ . # /utn] wf]P/ ugf]{;\ kljq, k"/f] kljqtf lbg'xf];\ -@_ xNn]n"ofx ufp“b}, cfzf /fVb}, tkfO{sxf“ cfp“b5f}+ . $ kljq cfTdfsf] bfg lbO{ xfdLnfO{, k|lt1f k"/f] ug'{xf];\ -@_ xNn]n"ofx ufp“b}, hohosf/ ub}{, v'zLn] el/hfcf}+ . % b'nxf x'g\ xfd|f v|Li6 o]z", l5§} lngnfO{ cfpg]5g\ -@_ xNn]n"ofx ufp“b}, v'zL dgfp“5f}, :ju{df nfg]5g\ . ^ el/lbgf];\ k|]dn] of] xfd|f] dgnfO{ / laGtL tkfO{nfO{ ug]{5f}+ -@_ xNn]n"ofx ufp“b}, xfd|f] dg hufcf}+ of] xfdL dfUb5f}+ .

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!&@= sf]M cfpm ;a} bfHo"–efO, v|Li6s} u'0f ufcf}+ ! xfd|f] kfksf] ;f6f] pgL eP kf7f] sqf] k|]d / sqf] bof xfdLdfly u/] . cfpm ;a} bfHo"–efO v|Li6s} u'0f ufcf}+ . @ v|Li6Lofg bfHo", v|Li6Lofg alxgL, v|Li6 x'g\ xfd|f ;fyL :ju{nf]sdf k'¥ofpg], d[To"kfl/ tf/L cfpm ;a} bfHo"–efO, v|Li6nfO{ k5ofcf}+ . # hlt eof] 36L xfd|f], pgnfO{ ;a} dgfcf}+ kfknfO{ n'sfO{ g/s'08sf] efuL s}n] gxf]cf}+ cfpm ;a} bfHo"–efO :ju{df hfcf}+ . !&#= sf]M k|e'lt/ cf“bf prfnf}+, o]z"lt/ cf“vf prfnf}+ hxf“ 5 k|]d, v'zL, cfgGb cfzfx?sf] ;Dk"0f{tf -@_ ! Joltt lbgsf] ofb gu/f}+, kfk cwd{ cg]sf] -@_ e'n b]vfpg], e"n ;'wf/ ug]{ bofn' ;fu/ o]z" . @ eljio s] xf], sxf“ d x'G5' kL/ dgdf glng' -@_ k/Liff, b'Mv, ef/ p7fpg] o]z" d;Lx x'g\ ;xf/f . # rf/}lt/ cGwf/n] 5fof], b'Mv, n8fO“ cg]sf}+ -@_ eoeLt x'G5', sxf“ d hfpm, bofn' ;fu/ o]z" . $ e/f];f hut\df sxL klg 5}g, Joy{ ;f/f Joy{ -@_ tkfO{sf] r/0f, ;f“rf] z/0f, bofn' ;fu/ o]z" . !&$= sf]M k|e'hL, ltdLnfO{ s] r9fpm“, of] d]/f] ;a hLjg ltd|} xf] wGojfb ltdLnfO{ 5 ;bf, :t'lt n]pm daf6 ;j{bf ! ltd|f] k|]d pb]ssf] hf] ddf k|s6 ef]’ d cwdL{ kfkLsf], cwd{ Ifdf ef]’ a9fO xf];\ k|e' o]z"sf] . @ o]z" v|Li6 /fh ug'{ x/]ssf] x[bodf rfxG5g\ 8f]¥ofpg hLjgsf] af6f]df l56f] cfpm k|e' o]z"sxf“ . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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laxfg !&%= ! laxfg ha x'b5, dg hfuL eGb5, o]z"sf] xf];\ a9fO sfdsfh / k|fy{gfdf o]z"sxf“ hfG5' d, o]z"sf] xf];\ a9fO . @ gLb ha 6b{5, cfTdf pbf; x'G5, o]z"sf] xf];\ a9fO s'lrGtf cfp“bfdf, x[bo b"/ /fV5' d, o]z"sf] xf];\ a9fO . # pbf; ha x'“b5', pg}df zflGt 5, o]z"sf] xf];\ a9fO ;f+;fl/s ;'v geP, t} zflGt 5 pgd}, o]z"sf] xf];\ a9fO . $ l;+u} ;+;f/ ldnL, dw'/ /fu prfnL o]z"sf] xf];\ a9fO ldnL eg"g cfsfz, ;d'Gb| / atf; o]z"sf] xf];] a9fO . % ha;Dd 5 ;f;, of] uLt d]/f] /xf];\, o]z"sf] xf];\ a9fO cgGtsf] :t'lt xf];\, ;bf u'l~/xf];\, o]z"sf] xf];\ a9fO . !&^= ! x] d]/f] k|f0f, p7\ ;“u 3fd, / k"/f] u/ ;a cfˆgf] sfd cN5L 5f8 / :t'lt uf, laxfgsf] k|fy{gf r9f . @ latf of] lbg eO{ a'l4dfg\, ;a} lbgnfO{ t cGts} 7fg\ O{Zj/sf] bfgsf] u/ ljrf/, Gofosf] nflu a; t}of/ . # x] O{Zj/, u5'{ k|fy{gf of], h]–h] u?nf cfh d Tof] ;adf dnfO{ uf]xf/ b]pm, dgdf kljq cfTdf b]pm . $ c“ cfh d]/f] af6f]n] cfˆgf] dlxdf a9fOb]pm c“ lktf, k'q, cfTdfsf ;w}+sf] k/d dlxdf .

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a]n'sf / labfO !&&= ! zflGtl;t lhP v|Li6, xfd|f] hLjg pgdf xf];\ zflGtl;t d/] v|Li6, xfd|f] d/0f pgdf xf];\ . @ ;anfO{ lhpgL cgGtsf] v|Li6n] s/f/ lbg'ef]’ xj;\ efO–alxgL xf], xfd|f] labf zflGtsf] . !&*= ! k|e' o]z" xfd|f] ;fydf xf]pm, hLjgsf] af6f]df 8f]¥ofpm xfdLnfO{ cfkm"df ldnfpm, k|e' o]z" xfd|f] ;fydf xf]pm . sf]M ha;Dd e]6\b}gf}+ xfdL k|e' v|Li6sf] r/0fdf ha;Dd e]6\b}gf}+ xfdL k|e' o]z" xfd|f] ;fydf xf]pm @ k|e' o]z" xfd|f] ;fydf xf]pm, b'Mv / ljktb]lv arfpm cflTds ef]hg xfdLnfO{ b]pm, k|e' o]z" xfd|f] ;fydf xf]pm . # k|e' o]z" xfd|f] ;fydf xf]pm, hf]lvd hLjgdf ha cfp“5 v|Li6sf] k|]dL xft ;dfp5f}+, k|e' o]z" xfd|f] ;fydf xf]pm . $ k|e' o]z" xfd|f] ;fydf xf]pm, pRr /fv k|]dsf] em08f d[To"sf] af9n] t;f{pbf, k|e' o]z" xfd|f] ;fydf xf]pm . !&(= ! tkfO{n] lbg'ePsf] lbg uOuof], ca cf1f lbg'ef]’ xj;\ /ft laxfg tkfO{sf] :t'lt ufof}+, la;fcf}+ klg :t'lt;fy . @ xf];\ wGojfb tkfO{sf], d08nL e"d08n 3'Dbf–3'Dbfdf g lbp“;f] g tf /ftL ;'tL ;a e"nf]se/ a:5 kx/f . # ;a dxfåLk / 6fk" x'bf} lzxfgn] lbg k'¥ofp“b5 slxNo} g6'l·g] laGtL ubf{ g uLtsf] ;f]/ r"k x'b5 . $ ha xfdL ;'T5f}+ xfd|f] efO ta hfUb5g\ csf]{ c4df / 306f–306f csf{ hgn] prfNb5g\ gfp“ k|e'sf] . % cfldg x] k|e', /fHo tkfO{sf] 6Nb}g /fHo ;+;f/sf em} t} :of¶} gdfl;~Hofn;Dd cgGt a9\b}5 a9\b} .

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!*)= ! x] O{Zj/, ho xf];\ tkfO{sf], bfg cfh w]/} lbg'ef]’ x] O{Zj/ lktf, ca dnfO{ 7Ls /fVgf];\ d'¶Ldf arfO{ . @ dfkm ugf]{; sf/0f o]z"sf] ;a kfk dåf/f cfh h] ef]’ O{Zj/ / efOsf] d]n gkfO{ d gu?“ cfh /ft ;'tfO . # l;sfpg'xf];\ o;} lhpgnfO{ d 7fg" dg'{ ;'Tg'em}+ l;sfpg'xf];\ o;} dg{nfO{ d af}/L p7" ;'vdo eO{ . $ lgh sfvdf ;'tfpgf];\ dnfO{, cfkm}n] t]/f cf“vf lrDnfO{ / hfu"“ w]/} alnof] eO{ tkfO{sf] ;]jf ug{nfO{ . % ;lsg ;'Tg' eg] t d u? enf] ;f]r–lrGtf x] lktf, k'q, cfTdf tkfO{ g} dfly Wofg u? . !*!= ! ;f“em x'bf, ;"o{ c:tfp“bf la/fdL cfP k|e'sxf“ tL cfP s:tf b'v]sf, eO{ lgsf] lt eP labf . @ x] k|e', km]l/ ;f“em eof] / cfof}+ xfdL b'Mlvt eO{ tkfO{sf] ?k ck|s6, t} x'g'x'G5 oxf“ tkfO{ . # u/fpgf];\ xfd|f] b'Mv la;]s, 5g\ slt /f]uL / pbf; sltsf] k|]d ePg 7Ls, cl3sf] k|]d eOuof] gfz . $ ;+f;fl/s ;f]r sltsf] /f]u 5, sltsf] kfk låljwf 5g\ o:tf sltsf s'ef]u, c;fWo] 5g\ tkfO{ljgf . % ;+;f/ 5 l/Qf] sltn] rfn kfP, t} TofUb}gg\ Tof] dLtb]lv sltnfO{ cGofo, t} 5}g vf]h tkfO{ dLtsf] . ^ c“ 5}g s;}nfO{ k"0f{ r}g, sf]xL 5}g hf] 5 7Ls lgikfk / ;]jf ug{ vf]Hg] hg emg\ kfksf] Vofnn] 5 ljnfk . & tkfO{ v|Li6 dfG5] klg eO{ k/LIff b'Mvdf kg'{eof] ;a x]g'{x'G5 dgdf lg rf]6 klg nfhn] n's]sf] . * v|Li6 cl3h:tf] zlQmdfg\ ;sn tkfO{sf ;a cx|fpm o; ;f“emsf] 38L x] O{Zj/, x/]snfO{ kfg'{xf];\ lgsf] .

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!*@= ! km]l/ x] k|e' :t'lt ufp“b5f}+, Ps dgsf eO{ laGtL ub{5f}+ tkfO{sf bof xfdL u5f}{ ofb / 3'“8f 6]sL dfU5f}+ cfzL{jfb . @ 3/ hfbfv]l/ ldnfk lbg'xf];\, o; lbgsf] cGt;Dd cflzif\ xf];\ cf]7b]lv kfk / x[bob]lv nfh 6f9f] u/fpgf];\ hf] ;]jf u/] cfh . # o; cfp“bf] /ftdf lbg" d]n / ;'v h;af6 xfdLdf gxj;\ b'Mv / gf]S;fgb]lv xfdLnfO{ lgsfNgf];\, x]/rfx ug]{ xf] tkfO{sf] xfn . $ ;+f;fl/s hLjgel/ xfdLnfO{ /Iff u/fpg'xf];\ ha 5 n8fO ho lbgf];\ k|e' clg d]n ;w}+ ldnfksf] /fhf ;j{bf tkfO{ .

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alKt;df / afn–ck{0f !*#= ! o; nf]s ha o]z"n] 5f]8\g'ef]’, k|e' hf] lz/ x'g'x'G5 d08nLsf] ta lbP r]nfnfO{ cf1f o; /Ltn] dfGg' ;j{bf . @ dnfO{ lbOof] o; ;+;f/ / :ju{df ;a clwsf/ o;sf/0f ;a} b]zdf hfpm ;a hfltnfO{ r]nf t'Nofpm . # gfp“ lktf, k'q, cfTdfsf]df u/ ltgnfO{ alKt;df d}n] ;a lbPsf] cf1f ltg}nfO{ dfGgnfO{ l;sfpm . $ /xG5' ;a lbg ;fy ltd|f], c“ cGt;Dd hut\sf] x] k|e', cfˆgf] s'/f]em}+ b]pm, cflzif\ o; /Lt dfGg]nfO{ . !*$= ! x] k|e' u5f}+{ ;dk{0f ljZjf; / k|fy{gf;fy afnaRrf xfd|f tkfO{nfO{, nf} lngf];\ O{Zj/ gfy . @ tkfO{n] cfˆgf] d08nLnfO{ lbg'eof] s/f/ To;df log} efu lnP/ kfpmg\ ;a} p4f/ . # o; k[YjLdf 8'Nbfv]l k|]d u/]/ tkfO{ c·fnf] xfNg'x'bYof] afnaRrfx?nfO{ . $ P]n] klg lbg'xf];\ cg'u|xsf] of] j/ xfdL / xfd|f aRrfnfO{, x] bofn' O{Zj/ . % afn /x'~h]n hf]ufpg'xf];\ ;f+;fl/s nf]eb]lv / wfld{s kydf Nofpg'xf];\ ltgnfO{ hLjgel/ . !*%= ! hf] ljZjf; u5{, alKt;df lnG5 Tof] p4f/ kfpg]5 v|Li6sf] d[To"df lnO{ alKt;df gof“ ;[li6 x'G5 v|Li6 o]z"åf/f kfO{ 5'6\sf/f k'Ug]5 :ju{df hxf“ lgikfkL d08nL k|tfkL;“u x'G5 v8f . @ Ps dgsf eO{ laGtL r9fO{ cfof}+, x] k/d]Zj/ bofsf] ;fydf kljq cfTdf lbg'xf];\ dxfg\ j/ o]zs " f] d/0f ;b\u'0f ;Dem]/ kfk Ifdfbfg lbgf];\ cgGt hLjg kfcf}+ eg]/ pGglt b}lgs xf];\ . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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!*^= ! o]z"n] cfˆgf r]nfx?nfO{ o;/L af]Ng'ef]’, æ:ju{, k[YjLdf clwsf/ ;f/f dnfO{ 5 lbPsf] o;sf/0f ltdL ;a} b]zuO{ hfltnfO{ agfpm r]nf lktf / k'q, kljq cfTdf gfp“df b]pm alKt:df .Æ @ æltdLx?nfO{ h]–hlt cf1f d}n] u/]sf] 5' ltgLx?nfO{ log} ;a s'/f ug{nfO{ l;sfOb]pm / æx]/ r]nf, ;a lbg d x'G5' cGt;Dd hut\sf] ltdLx?sf ;fydf 5b}5'Æ o]z"n] eGg'ef]’ . # hf] kfksf] n]lv d¥of}, xfdL s] kfkdf nflu/xf}+ < s;/L cem} To;}df lhpg] s] xfdL c1fg 5f}+ < ;a xfdL hgf hltn] lnof}+ alKt:df o]z"df xfdLn] lnPsf lyof}+ alKt:df pxf“s} d[To"df . $ xfdL o;sf/0f alKt:dfåf/f ufl8of}+ pxf“sf] ;fy O{Zj/ lktfsf] dlxdfåf/f p7\g'ef]’ o]z" gfy h;/L :jfdL d/]sfaf6 lap“tfOg'eof] To;/L xfdL 9f“rfdf lx8f}+ gof“ x} hLjgsf] .

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k|e' ef]h !*&= ! v|Li6sf] bofn' aftcG;f r"0f{ / bLg dg eO{ x] k|e', / o:tf] u5'{ d ;DemG5', tkfO{nfO{ . @ tkfO{sf] hLp ef“r]sf] :ju{–ef]hg xf];\ d]/f] d lnG5' gof“ s/f/sf] ;Demfpg] srf}/f] . # u]t;dgLsf] ;fx|f] b'Mv / ;+s6 Sn]z x]b}{ s] tL ;a s'/f lal;{G5' ;DemG5' tkfO{nfO{ . $ ha x]5'{ snj/Lsf] qm";, v|Li6 6f“luP To;df O{Zj/sf y'df alnbfg d /fV5' ;Demgf . % c“ ;a tkfO{sf] kL8fsf] / k|]d d;“usf ;f; km]?~h]n, c“ ;w}+e/ d /fV5' ;Demgf . ^ ha d]/f] dg]{ a]nf 5 / d]/f] k|f0f p8fO{ cfˆgf] /fHodf cfp“bfv]l/ ;Demg'xf];\ dnfO{ . !**= ! xfdL v|Li6df kfO{ p4f/ u5f}{ ;Dem]/ tf/0fxf/ k|e'sf] d[To"sf] k|rf/ gcfp~h]n . @ hLp xfd|f] ;§f ef“r]sf] 5 :df/s /f]6Ldf lrgf] vfP/ a9f];\ k|]d xfd|f] gcfp~h]n . # v|Li6n] xfd|f] Hofg–;hfo ef]u] h'g cdf]n /ut axfP b]vfp“5 of] srf}/fn] gcfp~h]n . $ /ft ljZjf;3ftsf] cWof/f] / bf];|f] cfudg o]z"sf] o; k|]d–/Lt–dfnfn] uf“l;of] gcfp~h]n . % x] wGo lbg / s:tf] ljnf; xfd|f gxf];\ dgdf pbf; kv{bf a9f];\ wL/ ljZjf; gcfp~h]n .

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!*(= ! oxf“ x] k|e' e]6" tkfO{nfO{, oxf“ /x:o qm";sf] a'em\g kfpm“ oxf“ ;gftg cg'u|x ;dfO{, ylst hLjgdf cf8 tkfO{df nfpm“ . @ oxf“ k/d]Zj/sf] d /f]6L vfpm“, oxf“ d lkpm“ srf}/f :ju{sf] oxf“ ;f+;fl/s ef/L d la;fpm“, oxf“ d zflGt kfpm“ kfk–Ifdfsf] . # ef]h ca l;l4of] p7\b5f}+ xfdL, t/ k|]d tkfO{sf] ;bf 5 o]z" /f]6L srf}/f l;l4P klg emg\, ghLs /xg'x'G5, x] k|e' . $ ljgf tkfO{ u'xf/ dnfO{ 5}g, kfP tkfO{nfO{ rflxb}g c? o;f] eP k'U5, c“ k|z:t 5, zlQm 5 d]/f] tkfO{df k|e' . % d]/f] xf] kfk, wfld{stf tkfO{sf], d]/f] xf] bf]if, /Qm z'4 tkfO{sf] of] d]/f] j:q, cf>o / zflGt, k|e' tkfO{sf] /ut / ;'wL .

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ljjfx !()= ! x] k|e' o]z" l;4 k|]d b]vfpg] xfd|f] of] k|fy{gf ;'lglng'xf];\ tkfO{n] ev{/ Ps kfg'{ePsf] oL b'j}df cgGt k|]d /xf];\ . @ x] l;4 hLjg latfpg], x] k|e', b'Mv ha nfUnf kL8f ls ckm;f]r oL b'j}nfO{ e/f];f, wL/h, 9f9; / ljZjf;sf] hdfgL x'g'xf];\ . # ;+f;fl/s b'Mv p7fpg] :juL{o cfgGb, :juL{o ldnfk emu8f wkfpgnfO{ log}nfO{ lbgf];\ d[To" ePkl5, tkfO{sf] ;fd' ;“u;“u} a:gnfO{ . !(!= ! ha klxnf ljjfx eof] cfbd / xJjfsf], O{Zj/ xflh/ x'g' ef]’ ljjfx cflzlift ef]’ . @ cfhsf] of] ljjfxdf O{Zj/ pkl:yt 5g\, a]x'nf / a]x'nL b'OnfO{ cfzL{jfb lbg]5g\ . # x] k/d]Zj/, of] a]x'nL lbb}5f} a]x'nfnfO{, h;/L cl3 xJjf lbg'ef]’ cfbdnfO{ . $ k|e', oL b'Osf] x[bo hf]8L Ps agfpg'xf];\ b'Mv, ;'vdf k|e' o]z", s}n] g5f8\g'xf];\ . % c“, x] kljq cfTdf, pq]/ cfpg'xf];\ oL b'Odf ;w}+ d]n xf];\ k|]dsf] cflzif\ a;f]{;\ . ^ v/faLb]lv af“RgnfO{ ;xfotf lbg'xf];\, ha b'On] ;+;f/ 5f]8\5g\ :ju{df 7fp“ lbg'xf];\ .

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;';dfrf/ !(@= sf]M ;'gg ;fyL of] dL7f] jrg dg}df u'gg k|]d}n] NofPsf] d'lQmsf] dfnf -ljZjf;df pgg_ @ ! of] ej;fu/ cf“wLn] k"0f{, kfk}n] cWof/f] -@_ cWof/f] husf] v|Li6 dfq xfd|f] d'lQmsf] pHofnf] -@_ @ ;+;f/sf] Hof]lt tf/0fxf/ O{zk'q lkof/f -@_ Kof/f o]z" z'4sf] lglDt, d'lQmsf] ;xf/f -@_ # l;Q}df NofPsf], l;Q}df n}hfpm eg]/ of] k|rf/ -@_ k|rf/ eof] of] dfgj–wd{ arfpg ;+;f/ -@_ $ z'l4sf] pkfo d'lQmsf] xfd|f] v|Li6 dfq Kof/f] -@_ Kof/f] husf] v|Li6dfly xfd|f] d'lQmsf] pHofnf] -@_ % ljZjf; u/ kfk}nfO{ Tofu ;'g]/ ;+ufn -@_ ehg ;'gL o]z"nfO{ k5ofO{ ;TonfO{ c+ufn -@_ !(#= ! ;'Gg'xj;\ Wofg nufO{ o]z"sf] ;dfrf/ Hof]lt lbg] zlQm lbg] o]z" tf/0fxf/ . @ ;do cfof] kmls{ x]/ Tof] pHofnf] Hof]lt cGwsf/nfO{ x]/ tsL{ pHofnf]df kmsL{ . !($= ! O{Zj/ :juL{o lktfn] k|]d u/L nf]snfO{, Psn] 5f]/f] lbOxfn] hLjg lbgnfO{ efO xf], hLjg lbgnfO{ . @ Psn] 5f]/f] gegL lbP nf]snfO{ ljZjf; u/L ;a}n] n]pmg d'lQmnfO{, efO xf] . # :ju{af6 o]z" cfP d'lQm lnP/ s;n] lnP d'lQmnfO{ dg} u/]/, efO xf] . $ o]z" k'q eP/ cjtf/ lnOcfP ljZjf; ug]{ ;a}n] d'lQmbfg kfP, efO xf] . % b'lgof“ ;+;f/ 5 ;fu/ kfk}sf] 5 Jojxf/ kfknfO{ n'sfO/fv]/ s;/L t5f}{ kf/, efO xf] . ^ h;n] ;'G5g\ k|e'sf] chDd/] jrgnfO{ Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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pgnfO{ d'lQm lbg]5g\ chDd/]nfO{, efO xf] . & O{Zj/ lktf ;fdyL{ ;a} bfg lbgnfO{ dgnfO{ hufO{ tof/ xf}, bfg lbgnfO{ efO xf] . !(%= sf]M cfpm ;a}, d'lQmnfO{ vf]hf}+ d'lQm kfO{, :ju{nf]sdf /fh u/f}+ ! xfdL ;a} kfkL lyof}+ hfg nfUof}+ gfzdf -@_ gfzb]lv arfpgnfO{ -o]z" cfP hudf_ @ @ o]z", tkfO{ hudf cfO{ ug'{eof] k|]d -@_ k|]d u/L a:g'eof] -cfh xfd|f] ;fydf_ @ # /f]uLx? ljZjf; ub}{ cfP pgsf] 5]pdf -@_ ljZjf; u/L lgsf] eO{ -uP cfˆgf 3/df_ @ $ xfdL ;a} kfkL eof}+ hfG5f}+ Sof/] gfzdf -@_ gfzb]lv arfpgnfO{ -o]z" d/] qm";df_ @ % dflg;sf] kfk lnO{ 6f“l;lbP qm";df -@_ qm";df r9L /ut axfO{ -af}/L p7] cGtdf_ @ !(^= ! x] k'q d]/f] sxf“ 5f} ltdL, klv{/x]5' d hf]l8b}g lx8\bf af6f] clt pT;'s eP/ kms]{/ cfpm d eP 7fp“ e]6\g]5 ltdLnfO{ kms]{/ cfpm d eP 7fp“, :yfg xf] Tof] snj/L . @ dftf–lktf 5g\ / w]/} ;fyL Kof/ kfp“5f} ltdLn] t/ ;'g tL ;a} Pslbg 5f]8]/ hfg'k5{ d]/f]df cfpm, tof/ 5' d x'gnfO{ ltd|} dLt cfhef]ln ;bf;j{bf /xg]5' ltd|f] dLt . # ylst 5 xf]nf b'Mlvt ltd|f] dg lrGtfn] ;+;f/sf] eljiosf] 8/ dgdf /fvL hfb}5f}+ emg\ 6f9f] j:q, ef]hg, wg, ;DklQ dl;t 5g\ k|r'/ cgGt zflGtn] kf/L e/k"/ ug]{5', ;a bf]if b"/ . $ x] k'q, d]/f] eg sxf“ 5f}+ cWof/f] x'b}5 l5§} g} cfpm a]nf /xb} aGb x'g]5 åf/ ;'g d]/f] of] lgDtf]nfO{ gu/ c? a]/ kms]{/ cfpm ltd|f] 3/df gq xf]n ca]/ . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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!(&= sf]M ltd|f] dgsf] 9f]sfdf o]z" 9S9sfp“5g\ vf]n ltd|f] 9f]sf pgL cfpg rfxG5g\ ! x'g dfUb5g\ pgL ltd|f] kfx'gf cfh ltd|f] zf]s / lkmqmL pgn] p7fpg dfU5g\ . @ cfpg dfU5g\ pgL leq ltd|f] dgdf /ft–lbg ltd|f] dgdf pgL dfU5g\ a:g . # dw'/ zAbn] eG5g\ d/] ltd|f]nflu 5f]8 cz'4 sd{ vf]n åf/f cfp“b}5' . $ ltd|f]nflu d}n] nufP sf“9] d's'6 ltdLnfO{ d dlxdfsf] d's'6 klx/fp“5' . % vf]Nb5' d 9f]sf dgsf], x] k|e' o]z" cfO{ o;df /xg'xf];\ dfUb5' d dgn] . ^ Kof/f] o]z" eG5g\ ha laGtL ub{5' ;do hf] uOuof] cfp“b}g kmsL{ . !(*= sf]M ;'g]/ dgdf u'gg, o]z"df ljZjf; u/g -@_ ! s'g gfd 5 ;f“rf] :ju{sf] d'lg dflg;nfO{ arfpg] -@_ gu/f}+ xfdL kfk}sf] sd{ g/sdf n}hfg], ;'g efO xf], g/sdf n}hfg] . @ k[YjL 6N5, :ju{nf]s 6N5, 6Nb}g Tof] jrg -@_ O{Zj/sf] jrg dflg;sf] nflu arfpg cdf]n k|f0f . # hLjgsf] 9f]sf vf]lNbG5g\ o]z" ljZjf;Lx?nfO{ -@_ O{Zj/sf] /fHodf cfTdfdf ;w}+ o]z";“u a:gnfO{ . $ o]z"sf] xftdf Gofo 5 xfd|f] O{Zj/n] lbPsf -@_ arfPsf] dflg; 5f]8\b}gg\ pgn] qm";}df lsg]sf] . % ljZjf; 5 xfd|f] v|Li6 o]z"dfly cl3 g} a9\b5f}+ -@_ ljZjf; u5f}+{ :ju{sf] nflu 7fp“ tof/ ub{5g\ . !((= sf]M k|e'nfO{ lnO{ z"Go hLjgdf, d'lQmsf] cfuf] hnfO{ ltd|f] x[bodf ! hLjg latfcf}+ xf“;]/, kfknfO{ Tofu]/ -@_ Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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d'lQmnfO{ uf“;]/ cd/ eP/ -@_ k|]dsf] ;|f]t pDNofP/ z'is x[bodf . @ kfksf] b08 d[To"b]lv lbgnfO{ 5'6sf/f -@_ axfP pgn] /utsf] wf/f -@_ czflGtsf] kL/ xf]nf ltd|f] x[bodf . # Pp6} dfq k|e' xfd|f] hLjgsf] ;xf/f -@_ pbo eof] efUo l;tf/f -@_ d'lQmbftf k|e' o]z" r9] qm";}df . @))= ! ;+;f/df kfk 5, ;+;f/df b'Mv 5, o:t} xf] klg x] efO xf], s;/L xfdL hfcf}+nf :ju}{df < @ kfkkl5 b'Mv kfkLsf] ;hfo cflv/df g/s x] alxgL, o;/L n]lvof] afOan k':tsdf . # O{Zj/ 5g\ k|]dL, O{Zj/ 5g\ GofoL pxf“sf] pkfo x] alxgL, ltdL / xfdL af“Rg ;'g g . $ O{Zj/sf 5f]/f Ps dfq lyP ;+;f/df cfO{ x] alxgL, kfk}sf] ;hfo af]s] qm";}df . % O{Zj/sf] lgufx o]z"sf] k|]dn] af“Rg ;S5f}+ x] alxgL, dg'{ef]’ o]z" xfd|f] ;f6f]df . ^ ljZjf; u/ kfkaf6 kmsf}{, d'lQm lncf}+ l;Q} x] alxgL, ltdL / xfdL hfcf}+nf :ju}{df . @)!= sf]M d'lQmbftfn] af]nfp“b}5g\ -@_ k|]d}n] af]nfp“b}5g\, ltd|} kfk w'gnfO{ ! k|e' 5g\ plePsf x[bo–åf/df -@_ jrg ;'gL vf]ng, x[bo–åf/ vf]ng -@_ x[bo–åf/f vf]ng . @ lsg ca]/ u5f}{ bfHo"–efO xf] -@_ bLbL–alxgL, ;fyL xf} gog vf]ng -@_ x[bo–åf/ vf]ng . # zflGt bftfn] af]nfp“b}5g\ -@_ Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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k|]dn] af]nfp“b}5g\, zflGt lbgnfO{ -@_ zflGt lbgnfO{ . @)@= ! cfpm o]z"sxf“ cfh}, x] efO, pgsf] lgDtf] 5 clxn] g} v|Li6 ghLs 5g\ cflzif\ lbgnfO{, eGb5g\ dsxf“ cfpm . sf]M cfgGb–cfgGb u/f}+nf ;w}+, v'zL xf}nf ha lgikfkL eO{ a;f}+nf lgTo ;“u o]z"s} cgGt 3/}df @ x] kfkL cfpm, k|e'sf] aft ;'gL, ;dfpm k|e'sf] xft cfp“5g\ hf] pgsxf“ ;a kfp“5g\ ;'v, sfl6G5g\ ltgsf b'Mv . # cfpm o]z"sxf“ ljrf u/ efO, 5g\ pgL ghLs j/ lbgnfO{ cfpm, ;a l56f] o]z"sxf“ cfpm, cflzif\ ;w}+sf] kfpm . @)#= sf]M cfpm, cfpm, o]z"sxf“ cfpm, pgn] 8fSb}5g\ clxn] yfs]sf] ;a}, ef/Ln] lyr]sf], kfkb]lv d'lQm pg}df kfp“5 ! o]z" v|Li6n] 8fs]sf ;'g]/ Wofg glbPsf] lsg < ;+;f/df b'Mv slt ;xG5f}, d]xgt u5f}{, r}g kfpb}gf} . @ 8fSb}5g\ clxn] efO, 7fp“ vfnL 5, df}sf kfp“b}gf} km]l/, a]nf 5}g, lbg ljlthfG5, ;+;f/df cWof/f]n] 5f]K5, # o]z" v|Li6sf] gfp“b]lv afx]s d'lQm kfp“b}gf}+ slxNo}, pg}df 5 ;a kfkb]lv 5'6sf/f, lbg;S5 v'zL pgn] dfq efO . @)$= ! o]z"n] xfdLnfO{ arfP cfˆgf] cdf]n /ut axfP, ;a bf]ifL Yof} 5'6\sf/f gkfO{, v|Li6n] arfP xfdLnfO{ . sf]M x] kfkL hg, of] ;';dfrf/ ;w}+sf] nflu u/ :jLsf/ cfpm qm";sf] 5]pdf ef/L la;fO{, v|Li6n] arfP xfdLnfO{ @ kfkb]lv ;a} kfof}+ 5'6\sf/f, v|Li6sf] hg ca eOuof}+ ;f/f k|]d}n] eG5g\ dsxf“ cfpm, ;w}+sf] nflu d'lQm kfpm . # O{Zj/sf k'q s:tf] cfglGbt, clwsf/ pgsf] dlxdf;lxt . d[To" gbL kf/ eO{ lj>fd ug]{5f}+, cfgGb k/dnf]s .

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@)%= sf]M ;lDemb]pm, a'lemb]pm, x[bodf /flvb]pm laGtL xfd|f] k|e'sf] lgDtf] 5 tkfO{ bfHo"–lbbL–alxgLnfO{, k|To]s hjfgnfO{ ! v|Li6 cfP o; ;+;f/df p7fpg kfksf] ef/ ;xL b'Mv, axfO{ /Qm u/fpg d[To" kf/, ug{nfO{ k/d p4f/ . @ hjfgLkgdf ofb u/L, ;Dem ;[hgxf/nfO{ kfkdf 8'aL ;+;f/df e'lna:5f}+ lsg efO, kms{ o]z"sxf“ . # vf]n ltd|f] x[bosf] 9f]sf, vf]ng, Kof/f] efO k|e' rfxG5g\ ltd|f] cfTdf, x[bo, z/L/nfO{, cfpg b]pm k|e'nfO{ . @)^= sf]M cfpm hut\sf efO–alxgL, o]z"n] ltdLnfO{ 8fSb}5g\ -@_ ! hut\df ltd|f] 3/} 5}g -@_ hutdf ltd|f] dfg klg 5}g -@_ /fHo ltdLnfO{ lbgsf nflu o]z"n] ltdLnfO{ 8fSb}5g\ . @ hut\df ltdL wd{ vf]H5f}+ -@_, hut\df ltdL 3'ldlx8\5f}+ -@_ hLjg d'lQm lbgdf nflu o]z"n] ltdLnfO{ 8fSb}5g\ . # lz/df pgsf] sf“8fsf] d's'6 -@_, sf]vfdf pgnfO{ efnfn] 3f]r] -@_ 5]8]sf] xft k;f/]/ o]z"n] ltdLnfO{ 8fSb}5g\ . $ cfpm bfHo"–efO, cfpm lbbL–a}gL -@_ cfP/ o]z"df ljZjf; u/ -@_ ;a} kfknfO{ lngsf nflu o]z"n] ltdlnfO{ 8fSb}5g\ . @)&= ! x/]s ljZjf;L, u/f}+ k|rf/, ;a} 7fp“df u/f}+ of] ;';dfrf/ kfkL dflg; ;an] ;'gf];\ af/Daf/ o]z"sxf“ ;a} cfpm . sf]M o]z" ;a}nfO{ u|x0f ug]{5g\ b]z–ljb]zsf dflg; ;anfO{ lgDtf] 5 s'g} kf/fn] lgsflng] 5}g o]z"sxf“ ;a} cfpm @ x/]s cfpg] dflg; l9nf] gu/f}+, v'Nnf 5 of] kmf6s, aflx/ ga;f}+ of] d'lQmsf] kydf cfˆgf kfp /fvf}+ o]z"sxf“ ;a} cfpm . # olb d'lQm vf]H5f}+, o]z"nfO{ dfg, dfG5]sf] arfp“5g\ pgn] dfq k|f0f pgdf ljZjf; u/f}+, kfp“5f}+ pgdf qf0f o]z"sxf“ ;a} cfpm .

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@)*= ! ;+;f/ kfksf] ;fu/df 8'a]sf] lyof], x'g\ hut\sf] Hof]lt o]z" k|r08 3fdem}+ pgsf] dlxdf rDSof], x'g\ hut\sf] Hof]lt o]z" . sf]M Hof]ltdf cfpm, xf] ltd|} nflu, Hof]lt t k¥of] dnfO{ klg, cGwf] lyP t/ kfP b[li6, xf] hut\sf] Hof]lt o]z" @ cWof/f]df a:g'kb}{g xfdL, x'g\ hut\sf] Hof]lt o]z" lx8\5f} Hof]ltdf cu'jfkl5 nfuL, x'g\ hut\sf] Hof]lt o]z" . # cfpm ;a h;sf dgdf 5 kfk–cGwsf/, x'g\ hut\sf] Hof]lt o]z" cfpm b[li6 kfpg' pgsf] jrgcg';f/, x'g\ hut\sf] Hof]lt o]z" . $ 3fd nfUg'kb}{g c/] :ju{df, x'g\ hut\sf] Hof]lt o]z" :ju{k"/Ldf Hof]lt x'g\, k|e' xfd|f, x'g\ hut\sf] Hof]lt o]z" . @)(= ! dg z'4 kfg{nfO{ o]z"sxf“ uof}+ s], v|Li6sf] /utn] z'4 eof}+ s] < k"/f e/f]; o]z"df /fV5f}+ s], v|Li6sf] /utn] z'4 eof} s] < sf]M ltdL z'4 eof} s] qf0fstf{ o]z"sf] /utn] < ltd|f] dg ;f“Rr} lgisn+s eof] s] o]z"sf] Tof] cdf]n /utn] < @ lbgx'“ ltdL o]z";fy–;fy lx8\5f}+ s] pgsf] /utn] z'4 eof} s] < o]z"sf] cfgGb ltdLn] kfof} s] v|Li6sf] /utn] z'4 eP/ < # v|Li6 cfp“bf ltd|f] n'uf ;fkm xf]nf s] v|Li6sf] /utn] ;fkm / pHhjn < ltdL :ju{ hfgnfO{ tof/ 5f} s] v|Li6sf] /utn] z'4 eP/ < $ kfksf] bfu nfu]sf] j:q km'sfOb]pm v|Li6sf] /utn] z'4 x'g cfpm kfkL dg rf]Vofpg] wf/f aUb}5, v|Li6sf] /utn] z'4 xf]Ohfpm . @!)= sf]M 5}g e/f];f of] lhGbuLsf] -@_, u/f}+ ehg ca o]z"hLsf] -@_ ! afnssfn laTof] v]n}df v]nL, hjfgL laTof] k|]d}df e'nL j[4sfn laTb}5, h~hfndf 8'aL, u/f}+ ehg ca o]z"hLsf] . @ h~hfndf 8'la/xG5f} slt, r]t u/L ca ;'wf/ ult 5}g a]nf efO ca clt, u/f}+ ehg ca o]z"hLsf] . # kfk / ;Gtfk a9\b5g\ hlt x'g]5g\ gi6 hLjg plt kmsf{pm dg ca o]z"kl§, u/f}+ ehg ca o]z"hLsf] .

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@!!= sf]M ;'gg nf} Ps ;';dfrf/ :ju{b]lv cfP Ps tf/0fxf/ -@_ ! ej ltd|f] 8'la;Sof] kfksf] ;fu/df -@_ l56f] laTg] hLjg xfd|f] ldN5 df6f]df, sf] 5 ;f6f]df < @ wGo xfd|f] :ju{–wgL dflg; eO{ cfP -@_ kfksf] af]emf ;a} lnO{ lbP cfˆgf] k|f0f, ug{ xfd|f] qf0f . # j/ x]/, k/ x]/ 5}g s]xL pkfo -@_ u|x0f u/ o]z" v|Li6nfO{, 5}g pgL l;jfo, ;'g d]/f] efO . $ hf] sf]O{ cfp“5 ljZjf; u/L k|e' o]z" v|Li6df -@_ hojGt hLjg laTof] eg] x'G5f} ltdL kmnjGt, hLjg kfp“5f} cgGt . @!@= ! pe} tf x]? :ju{nf]s 5 -@_, pw} tf g/snf]s, x]/ lk|o efO -@_ @ ltdLn] eG5f} :ju{ t5'{ -@_, t5f}{ kf] s;/L x]/ lk|o efO -@_ # :ju{ tg'{ v]n7§f 5}g -@_, wfpg'5 v|Li6sxf“, x]/ lk|o efO -@_ $ :ju{ af6f] Pp6f 5 vfln -@_, pgL x'g k|e' v|Li6, x]/ lk|o efO -@_ % v|Li6nfO{ ehL tg'{ 5 kfl/ -@_, dg u/L Ps lrQ, x]/ lk|o efO -@_ ^ lktfn] lbG5g\ :ju{nf]sdf -@_, a:g' tf lgTolgt, x]/ lk|o efO -@_ @!#= sf]M Tofu] v|Li6n], qm";}df k|f0f ug{ x/]s kfkLsf] qf0f ! kfk}df k/L cfTdfnfO{ gi6 u/L a:5f}+ lsg lglZrGt eO{ ;do x'b} cfcf] cfh o]z"sxf“ cfcf] . @ o]z" d;Lx af]nfp“5g\ x/]s hgnfO{ cfp“5g\ hf] pgLsxf“ sfl6G5g\ ltgsf b'Mv, tL kfp“5g\ cfgGb / ;'v . # cfp“5g\ km]l/ v|Li6 dlxldt afbndf æwGo hf] cGt;Dd l:y/ /xnf, tL kfp“5g\ hLjgsf] tfhÆ . @!$= sf]M vf]n–vf]n 9f]sf, vf]Nb}gf} lsg lg k|e' cfP ltdLnfO{ d'lQmbfg lbg' lg ! kZrftfk u/, z'4 u/, cfpg ;a} l9nf] gu/ -@_ k|e' v|Li6n] tfl/lbG5g\ ljZjf; u/, kfkdf gk/ . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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@ a'l4dfg\ d 5', 1fgL eG5g\ ;a} ;+;f/ -@_ zflGt lbg], d'lQm lbg] eG5g\ k|e' o]z" tf/0fxf/ . # d'lQmbftf cfpg'ef] ;+;f/df Hof]lt ag]/ -@_ bfHo"–efO, lbbL–alxgL cfpmg\ ;a} ljZjf; u/]/ . $ qm";dfly r9\g'eof] xfd|f] k|e' o]z" ljr/f -@_ :t'lt u5'{, r/0fdf k5'{ cfp“b}5', d kfkL cwdL{ . % bfHo"–efO, lbbL–alxgL, a:5f}+ lsg lglZrGt eP/ -@_ a]nf 5}g, laltuof] slt a:5f}+ kfk} u/]/ . @!%= sf]M ;'gg x] bfh'–efO, k|e'sf] jrgnfO{ ;'gg lbbL–alxgL, k|e'sf] jrgnfO{ ! O{Zj/sf] k'q k|e' o]z" v|Li6 arfpg kfkLnfO{ -@_ ;+;f/df cfO{ qm";}df r9L /ut} axfP -@_ @ of] hLjg xfd|f] glatfpm Joy{ kfksf] aGwgdf -@_ k|e' o]z"df ljZjf; u/L k'Ug]5f}+ :ju{nf]sdf -@_ # d[To"sf] kl5 g/sdf guO{ :ju{df hfg' 5 -@_ :ju{ hfg' k|e' o]z"df ljZjf; ug'{ 5 -@_ @!^= ! kfksf] ef/b]lv s] 5'6\g dfU5f}+ < v|Li6sf] /utd} 5 zlQm g} z}tfgdfly hojGt x'g vf]H5f}+ < pb]s zlQm 5 /utdf . sf]M eg ho, ho pb]ssf] zlQm 5 /utdf, /utdf eg ho, ho pb]ssf] zlQm 5 o]z"sf] cdf]n /utdf @ kfksf] 3d08nfO{ s] 5f]8\g dfU5f}+ < v|Li6sf] /utd} 5 zlQm g} snj/L qm";lg/ z'4 x'g cfpm, pb]s zlQm 5 /utdf . # lxp“eGbf ;kmf s] x'g dfU5f}+ < v|Li6sf] /utd} 5 zlQm g} /utdf kfk cfˆgf kvfNg hfpm pb]s zlqm 5 /utdf . $ s] o]z" /fhfsf] ;]jf u5f}{ < v|Li6sf] /utd} 5 zlQm g} s] v|Li6sf] ho ;w}+ ug{ dfU5f}+ < pb]s zlQm 5 /utdf . @!&= ! o]z"nfO{ qm";dfly ;a x]/, xfd|f] b'Mv p;}n] af]s]/ 8fSb}5g\ ;anfO{ k|]d u/]/, o]z"nfO{ x]/ . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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sf]M o]z"nfO{ x]/, x]/ t lhpg] 5f}+ o]z"nfO{ qm";dfly ;a x]/, o]z"nfO{ x]/ @ kfksf] af]emfnfO{ ptfg]{5g\, cd/ hLjg kfpg] kfg]{5g\ d[To" gbLb]lv tfg]{5g\, o]z"nfO{ x]/ . # lrxfgb]lv k|e' af}/]5g\, a9fcf}+ ;a} ha a]nf 5 pgsf] zlQmn] zf]s b"/ u5{g\ o]z"nfO{ x]/ . $ o]z" :ju{nf]sdf a:b5g\, kfkLsf] ;a b'MvnfO{ hfGb5g\ ;f“RrL g} k|e'n] 8fSb}5g\, o]z"nfO{ x]/ . @!*= ! hut\ ;+;f/ s]xL klg 5}g ;'g bfHo"–efO -@_ ljZjf; u/f}+ xfdL ;an], d'lQm kfpgnfO{ -@_ sf]M v|Li6 o]z" 5g\ v|Li6 o]z" 5g\ v|Li6 o]z" 5g\, tof/ d'lQm lbgnfO{ @ nf]e} u5f}{, nfnr u5f}{ ;+;f/sf] yf]snfO{ -@_ oL ;a} yf]s s]xL klg xf]Og ;fydf hfgnfO{ -@_ # cfpm ;a} lkmqmL u/f}+ d'lQm kfpgnfO{ -@_ o]z"afx]s c? 5}g, 5}g s]xL pkfo -@_ $ cfpm ;a} bfHo"–efO xf], ;'g dg nufO{ -@_ v|Li6 o]z" tf/0fxf/sf] lgDtf] 5 ;anfO{ -@_ @!(= sf]M cfP o]z" of] ;+;f/df kfkLx?nfO{ arfpgnfO{ u/f}+ ljZjf; o]z"dfly, kfp“5g\ p4f/ kfksf] Ifdf ! o]z" gf;/L hGd lnP a]yn]x]dsf] ufO{sf] uf]7df -@_ 5f]8L :ju{ cfP pgL kfkLx?nfO{ arfpgnfO{ -@_ @ ;f/f ;+;f/ kfk–;fu/df 8'Ab} lyof] k|e'ljgf -@_ cfpm ;a} qm";sf] 5]pdf d'lQm lbG5g\ o]z" v|Li6n] -@_ @@)= ! of] ;f/f ;+;f/ ;kgfh:tf] 5 -@_ ;kgfdf sxf“ lyof}+, hflup7\bf sxf“ 5f}+ -@_ @ o:t} g} x] efO xf] xfd|f] xfnt 5 -@_ Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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k|f0f} 5'6]kl5 tf ;+;f/} cb[Zo -@_ # sf]xL 5}g ;+;f/df kfkb]lv arfpg] -@_ o]z"afx]s sf]xL 5}g :ju{df n}hfg] -@_ $ 5f]l8b]pm efO–alxgL ;+;f/sf] s'sd{nfO{ -@_ nf} u|x0f u/ ;a}n] :ju{sf] af6f]nfO{ -@_ % ;+;f/sf] dfofdf e'n]/ ga; -@_ To;f] u¥of} eg] tf g/s'08 cjZo -@_ ^ cfˆgf] of] k|f0f x'bf vf]h x} stf{nfO{ -@_ pg}n] ;a} kfkLnfO{ lbG5g\ kfk 5'6fO{ -@_ @@!= sf]M cWof/f] hut\df Hof]lt km}nfO{ pHhjn k|e' o]z" ! ltdLn] cwd{ kfknfO{ qm";df d]6fOlbof} qm";sf] b'MvnfO{ ;x]/ kfkLnfO{ d'Qm u/fof} ufO/x]5f}+ ltd|f] ;j{u]0fufg, ;lDem/x]5f}+ ofb dw'/f] k|]d . @ lg/fz hLjg lnP/ lalt/x]Yof} To;} z'is x[bosf] tfgdf hLljt cfzf lbnfof} ufO/x]5f}+ ltd|f] ;j{u'0fufg, ;lDem/x]5f}+ ofb dw'/f] k|d ] . # kfkdo hLjgnfO{ Tofu] cfTdfsf] bLk hnfp“5f}+ :juL{o cflzif\ lnP/ :t'lt cf/fwgf r9fp“5f}+ ufO/x]5f}+ ltd|f] ;j{u'0fufg, ;lDem/x]5f}+ ofb dw'/f] k|d ] . @@@= sf]M cfxf, slt dL7f] jrg, k|e'n] lbPsf] /rgf -@_ ! ha d jrg k9\b5' emg\ 7"nf] OR5f a9\b5 ha d jrg ;'Gb5', ta dg v'zLn] eb{5 . @ ha d kfkn] e/]y] ta cGwsf/n] 5f]lkP k|e'n] dnfO{ af]nfpg'ef]’ clg v'zLsf] va/ ;'gfpg'ef]’ . # d, ltdL, xfdL, ;a} kfkL lyof}+ clg ;f“rf] k|e'nfO{ lrGbYof} k|e' cfP cfkm} :ju{ 5f]8], xfd|f] nflu pHofnf] Hof]lt afn]/ . $ qm";df k|e' d'g{eof], xfd|f] kfksf] ef/ p7fpg'eof] d[To"af6 af}/L p7\g'ef]’ / xfdLnfO{ :ju{sf] 9f]sf vf]Ng'ef]’ . % cfpm bfHo"–efO, lbbL–alxgL, k|e'sf] dL7f] jrg k9\g cfˆgf kfknfO{ x6fO{ ;f“rf] k|e' o]z"df ljZjf; u/g . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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@@#= sf]M ;';dfrf/ cfh of], x] ldq ltd|f]nflu xf] -@_ ! ;'g g ;fyL, s] dL7f] jf0fL eg]sf] o]z"n] -@_ cfpmg ;a} yfs]sf] k|f0fL -;+;f/df kfk}n]_ @ @ 5}g csf]{ :ju{ hfg] af6f] o]z" d;Lxl;jfo -@_ sf/0f pg}n] k|f0f qm";df Tofu] -kfk aGwg tf]8\gnfO{_ @ # cfpmg ;fyL, lgzfgL /fv k|e'sf] qm";}nfO{ -@_ 5f]l8b]pm dfof, 5f]l8b]pm lkmqmL -:ju{nf]s hfgnfO{_ @ @@$= sf]M efO–alxgL, kfknfO{ wf]O{ dfug o]z"sf] /utn] ! ;do k"/f] eOuof] k/d]Zj/n] /fHo ug]{ d'lQm p4f/ kfpg]5g\ h;n] ljZjf; ug]{ . @ :ju{af6 cf]ln{cfP dflg; rf]nf lnP/ kfksf] aGwg vf]lnlbP cfˆg} /ut lbP/ . # snj/L 8f“8}df qm";df em'08fO{ df/] ltd|f] xfd|f] kfksf] ;f6f] /utsf] wf/f aufP . $ ;do 5}g efO–alxgL rf“8} pl7cfpg'xf];\ ;';dfrf/nfO{ ljZjf; u/L p4f/ d'lQm kfpg'xf];\ . % kfksf] ej;fu/df /xG5f} slt lbg k|e' o]z" tof/ 5g\ kf/ tfl/lbg . ^ ;f“rf] clg Pp6} dfq :juL{o cd/ k|]dnfO{ cfh clg o;} 38L dfu kfpgnfO{ . @@%= sf]M Pslbg hut\nfO{ 5f]8\g'5, Pslbg d/0fdf kg'{5 cfpg' vfnL clns lbg a:g', Pslbg ;a} yf]s 5f]8\g'5 ! wg–;DklQ, dfof, lk/tL hfb}gg\ ;“u} oL ;dofnfO{ Joy{ latfp5f} lsg < ;bf g/xg] tL . @ gfl;g] hut\df ;'v–r}g u5f}{ ;a} of] Joy{ 5 ;bf g/xg] hLjgdf e"n] Joy}{–Joy{ 5 . # dxn agfO{, au}+rf nufO{ a:b5g\ /fgL au}rfdf ;w}+ a'na'n af]Nb}g, of] klg Joy}{ xf] . $ afnskg tf v]ndf laTof], hjfgL kfkdf 5 Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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d/] km]l/ s] ofb 5}g g/sdf hfg'5 . % hut\ u'? ;f/f nf]sdf d[To"df k/] dl/uP ;a} /fhf–dxf/fhf df6f]df ldn] . ^ kfksf] Ifdf k|e' o]z"sf] /utdf kfpg]5f}+ ljZjf; pgdf clxn] Nofpm d'lQm kfpg]5f}+ . @@^= ! cfpm ;a kfkL, bLg, bl/b|, nvt/fg, b'Mlvt, cgfy o]z" ltdLnfO{ arfpg klv{G5g\ k|]d, zlQm;fy . sf]M v|Li6 5g\ of]Uo, v|Li6 5g\ of]Uo, v|Li6 5g\ of]Uo v|Li6 5g\ /fhL, g8/fpm, v|Li6 5g\ /fhL, g8/fpm @ cfpm bl/b|, v|Li6 lgDTofp“5g\, n]pm j/bfg k/d]Zj/sf] kZrftfk / ;To ljZjf; ;a cg'u|x rflxbf] ljgfk};f, ljgfk};f -@_ o]z"af6 lng cfpm -@_ # cfpm ;a a];/L nflbPsf, kfksf] ;fu/df 8'Ag] cfpm z'4 x'g' kVof}{ eg] ltdL slxNo} cfpb}gf} wfld{s xf]Og, wfld{s xf]Og -@_ kfkLnfO{ 8fS5g\ o]z" -@_ $ b]xwf/L O{Zj/ o]z" :ju{ kms]{ tf/0fxf/ /fv pg}df e/f];f, pgsf] jrgdf kTof/ vfln o]z", vfln o]z" -@_ u5{g\ kfkLnfO{ p4f/ -@_ @@&= sf]M czflGtsf] kL/ a9\of] w'gL nufP/ -@_ k|e' v|Li6df ljZjf; u/ dgnfO{ hufP/ x}, ;'g g]kfnL ! ;'v, zflGt g]kfnLsf] d}nf kvfn]/ -@_ cd/ hLjg ldNg] 5}g, w]/} klv{P/ x}, ;'g g]kfnL . @ d'lQm 5}g ;+;fdf dgn] u'lglnP -@_ bfHo"–efO, lbbL–alxgL, ljZjf; ul/lnP x}, ;'g g]kfnL . # ;'gL ljZjf; gu/]df 7"nf] xfd|f] e"n -@_ d'lQm lbg] k|e' o]z" hLjgsf] d"n x}, ;'g g]kfnL . $ :ju{af6 k|e' cfP d'lQm lnP/ -@_ qm";dfly dg'{eof] hLjg lbgnfO{ x}, ;'g g]kfnL . % kfksf] af]emf p7fOnfg] csf]{ 5}g sf]xL -@_ Pp6} dfq k|e' o]z" hLjg lbg] pg} x}, ;'g g]kfnL . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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@@*= sf]M Ao'“em–Ao'“em g]kfnL k/d]Zj/sf] jrg ;'GgnfO{ ! of] cGwsf/df a;]/ z}tfgsf] hfn–em]ndf km;]/ lsg k|e'sf] vf]hL ub}{gf}+, lsg Ps ;f“rf] O{Zj/ k'Hb}gf} < @ h] ltdL ljZjf; ub{5f}, h] ltdL cfzf /fVb5f}+ lg/fzfdf ltdL k'Ug]5f} / z}tfgsf] em]ndf km:g]5f} . # cfpg'xf];\ ljZjf; u/L cfpg'xf];\ of] v'zLsf] va/ ;'Gg'xf];\ k|e'sf] jrg k9\g'xf];\, cfˆgf] cfTdfnfO{ arfpg'xf];\ . $ w]/} jif{cl3 Ps lbgdf a]yn]x]dsf] Tof] ;fgf] ufp“df k/d]Zj/sf] k'q v|Li6 cfpg'ef]’, ufO{sf] uf]7df hGd lng'ef]’ . % :ju{df a:g] xfd|f] lktfn] xfdLnfO{ bof ug'{ef]’ xfd|f] of] kfknfO{ b]v]/ cfˆgf] Psnf] k'qnfO{ k|rf/ u/]/ ^ o; kfkL ;+;f/df cfP :ju{sf] k|rf/ u/]/ k|e' v|Li6 qm";df dg'{ef]’ xfd|f] kfksf] ef/ p7fpg'ef]’ . & xfd|f] ;a} b'Mv–si6 ;x]/ df6f]d'lg tLg lbg;Dd /x]/ k|e' km]l/ af}l/P/ p7\g'ef]’ / :ju{sf] 9f]sf vf]Ng'ef]’ . * k|e' v|Li6n] kfknfO{ lhTg'ef]’ xfdL ;a}nfO{ qm";df lsGg'ef]’ cd"No /ut axfpg'ef]’, ljZjf;L ;a}nfO{ arfpg'ef]’ . ( cfpg'xf];\ x] g]kfnL, cfpg'xf];\, kZrftfk u/L cfh cfpg'xf];\ cfˆgf] kfknfO{ dflglng'xf];\, k|e'l;t kfksf] Ifdf dfUg'xf];\ . !) qm";sf] /utdf ljZjf; ug'{xf];\, z}tfgsf ;a} s'/f 5f]8\g'xf];\ k|e'sf] jrg k9\g'xf];\, k|fy{gf c6"6 ug'{xf];\ . !!= ha k|e' km]l/ cfpg]5g\, ljZjf;L ;anfO{ arfpg]5g\ ljZjf;LnfO{ :ju{ k7fpg]5g\, z}tfg / b'i6nfO{ gfz ug]{5g\ . @@(= sf]M k|]d u/ lgisk6, bof u/ lgisk6 cfˆgf] kfknfO{ Tofu]/ k|e' o]z"df ! h'g s'/f 5 kfk / z}tfgn] e/]sf] ToxL s'/f 5 dg gkg]{ lktf k/d]Zj/sf] 3[0ff u/ Tof] s'/fnfO{ ;w}+ ltd|f] 7fp“df k/} /fv Tof] s'/fnfO{ k/d]Zj/sf] 5]pdf . @ h'g s'/f 5 /fd|f] ;w}+ k/d]Zj/sf] 5]pdf ToxL s'/f xf] ug'{kg]{ k/d]Zj/sf] gfp“df Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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bfHo"–efOdf a/fa// dfof–k|]d u/ sb/ ug]{ efjgf ;w}+ cfˆgf] dgdf e/ . # sf]lzz u/ ;a} sfddf cN5L gag]/ k|e' ;]jf ub}{ a; hf]lznf] ag]/ l:y/ a; ;+si6df cfzfdf, cfgGb u/ wL/hL agL ;a} sfddf, k|fy{gf c6"6 u/ . $ dbt u/ ;ef–3/df kljq hgx?nfO{ wGo eg ;w}+ ltd|f] v]bf] ug]{ hgnfO{ k|e' eG5g\, æabnf lng] sfd ;a} d]/f] xf]Æ t/ ltd|f] ef]sf] zq'nfO{ ltdLn] v'jfpg] xf]pm . @#)= sf]M hut\sf] tf/0fxf/, xfd|f] v|Li6 /fhf -$_ hut\sf] ! xfd|f] lglDt :ju{ 5f]8L cfP hut\df -@_ aln eP xfd|f] lglDt snj/Lsf] qm";df -@_ @ kfksf] p4f/ ug{ cfP v|Li6 o]z" /fhf -@_ kZrftfkL x[bonfO{ Ifdf lbG5g\ cfh -@_ # ;Totfsf] jrg lbP ;f/f hgtfnfO{ -@_ v|Li6df ljZjf; u/] xfdL kf/ t5f}{ efO -@_ $ v|Li6sf] cdf]n jrg kfO{ kfkb]lv kms{ -@_ kfkb]lv kmSof}{ eg] kfp“5f} cfgGb :ju{ -@_ @#!= sf]M k|rf/ u/L ;DemfP ltdLnfO{ lnPgf} a'emL ed{b} uof} lgi7'/ ltdL ! xft, kfp, lz/, sf]vfdf axfP /Qm -cf“z' kl;gf_ @ @ cfh of] 38L ut hLjgel/ ;'Gof}+, ;'Gb}5f}+ ;'gL g} /xG5f}+ sxfgL of] d]/f] . # s] 5 / nfe, eg]/ xfo–xfo lg lg x] k|e', -x] d]/f gfy_ @ $ ljZjsf cGo dflg; klg u'? dfGotf, -elQm r9fp“5g\_ @ % :ju]{ lktfsf], x] kl/jf/ rfxGg oL ;a -d ltdLaf6_ @ ^ r9fPsf], cfGtl/s x[bo wf]O{–kvfnL, -/utn] d]/f]_ @ & jrgcg';f/, ltdL xf} d]/f ckgfof} u/L -:jod\ ltd|f]_ @ * a]/ gu/L, rf8} g} ca cfpg]5' nfG5' -lktfsxf“ d]/f]_ @ ( hf“r u/L, x]/g cfkm"nfO{ p7 u/ nf} kZrftfk /f]O{ -@_ ljZjf; u/L . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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@#@= ! lxdfnr'nL Tof] kNnf]kl§ ?v ;'Sof] ;n{·} kfk d]/f] ;DemL sfnf] g} sfnf] dg kmf6\of] en{·} /f]O{–/f]O{ a;]/, ckm;f];n] e/]/ dg km'6\of] emn{Dd} . @ snj/L 8f8f“ Tof] kNnf]kl§ o]z"sf] qm"; lyof] Toxf“ ltd|f] ab\nL o]z" g} eO{ cfˆgf] k|f0f lbg'ef]’ P7, p7 ;fyL xf], kfk dflglnP/ dfkm dfu O{Zj/sf] . # cf]vn9'·fsf] u0f]z 6f]ndf wfg s'6\y] b]jn] /] hLjg cf]vndf e"; d]/f] kmfNg' s'6\b}g s;}n] < eg, eg ;fyL xf] dh:tf] kfkL hg s;/L pDsg] < $ unuyf 7fp“df Kof/f] o]z"n] s'6lk6 ;xg'ef]’ dflg;n] y's], v"a x]nf u/] xfd|f] efu lyof] of] nf}, nf} lk|o efO, wGojfb lbpm g ;hfo t eO;Sof] . % b'O{ sf]z psfnf] g]kfnsf] 5f]/f ef/L g} af]Sb}5g=\ ef/L 5 d]/f], dgdf t af]S5' of]eGbf 7"nf] emg\ xfo–xfo u/]/ slxn] la;fpg kfpm“, rf}tf/f sxf“5g\ < ^ b'O{ xhf/ jif{ lat]/ uP tfklg clxn] g} O{Zj/sf] 5f]/f la;fpg lbP hf] xfd|f] kx/} /fv–/fv pxf“df 7"nf] of] ef/L g}, dg xj;\ xn'·} . & 6f]S;Ln 3f6df kfl/ x} k'Ug' 8'·f t 5 hf]/bf/ hLjg 5f]8\bf :ju{ x} k'Ug' s;/L x'G5 kf/ < cfd} s] u? < vf]nf 8/nfUbf] 5, sf] x'G5 tf/0fxf/ < * cr]nsf] dfemL s] afgL u5{g\ 9Lnf] t cfp“b}5g\ d[To"sf] vf]nf xft ;dfpg' Pshgf tof/ 5g\ cfpm, cfpm g8/fpm o]z"n] lbG5g\ kf/ chDd/L hLjg . @##= sf]M gof“ hLjg kfpg'5 cfh, xfdL ;a}n] o]z"sf] ;fydf lap“emg'5 cfh ! /Lltl/jfhdf 8'asf] dfG5], -@_ v|Li6sf] gf}nf]kgnfO{ x]/ wd{ xf]Og, sd{ klg xf]Og -@_ x[bosf] d'xf/nfO{ qm";lt/ km]/ . @ ha hLjg ef/ x'G5 -@_ d[To"sf] rf]6 /utdf hN5 Joy{ xf]Og, :jfy{ klg xf]Og -@_ v|Li6sf] cfTdf ;a} d'6'df v]N5 .

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@#$= sf]M p4f/sf] lbg 5 cfh g} ldq ;donfO{ gkv{ clglZrt rf]nfsf] e/f];f s] 5 clxn] g} 9Ng ;S5 ! b]lv 8/nfUbf] bzf kfkLsf] v|Li6 cl3 ;g'{ef]’ -@_ ;xL rf]6 Tof] .>flkt qm";sf], d'lQm åf/ vf]Ng'ef]’ _@_ @ lbG5g\ k|e' v|Li6 d'lQm / zflGt k5\tfpg] kfkLnfO{ -@_ l;Q}sf] d'lQm lngsf lglDt cfpm cfh o]z"sxf“ -@_ @#%= sf]M ldq, ltdLnfO{ of] va/ 5 rf“8} g} k|e' cfpg'x'G5 ;';dfrf/ ;'gL /fv, cfˆgf] cfTdfnfO{ arfpm cfh ! ltdL eG5f} ;do 5 d]/f] -@_, t/ ;dor}’ lalt;Sof] k|e'nfO{ u|x0f ul/xfn, gq cGtdf ?g'knf{ -@_ @ clxn] ;'gL e/] ge'n -@_, ;';dfrf/ of] dg}df u'g ltdL cfkm}nfO{ hf“lrxfn, cfˆgf] cfTdfnfO{ arfpm cfh -@_ # ldq k|e'df ljZjf; u/ -@_, cfh g} pgdf cl3 a9 ltd|f] kfknfO{ wf]Olbg'x'G5, pgs} ;Gtfg agfpg'x'G5 -@_ @#^= sf]M sxf“ hf“b}5f} ltdL, kms]{/ cfpm k|e'df 5}g ca t ;do, laof“nf] gu/L k|e' o]z"nfO{ ljZjf; u/ -@_ ! uO/x]5f} ltdL sxf“, yfxf 5 s] ltdLnfO{ < k'U5f} sxf“ ltdL, s'g af6f]df hf“b}5f} < o]z"df cfpm clxn] g}, klv{/xg]5g\ ltdLnfO{ . @ af“r]sf] 5 s] cfTdf, ljrf/ u/]sf 5f} s] < o;sf/0f cfpm rf“8} g}, cfTdfsf] lkmqmL u/L klv{/x]5g\ o]z" cfTdf arfpg ltd|f] . # gu/L l9nf] ca, ;do x'b} rf8} cfpm pgn] :ju{ nfg rfxG5g\, ljZjf; u¥of} eg] dfq klv{/xg]5g\ o]z", ca]/ gu/L cfpm . @#&= sf]M nf} ;'g ;fyL, ;Tosf] jf0fL, of] ltd|} nflu xf], u/La–wgL ;a}sf] nflu, hLjgsf] kfgL xf], Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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O{Zj/sf] k'q, cfPy] w/tL s;}n] lrg]g kfkLnfO{ d'lQmbfg lbg d/], of] s'/f a'em nf} ! dfof / df]x af“r'~h]n;Dd, ;+;f/df b'O{ lbgsf], wd{ / sd{, ;a} Joy{ 5g\ of] ltdL a'em nf} -@_ lz/df d's'6 sf“8fsf] nfO{, em'l08P qm";df kfkLnfO{ d'lqmbfg lbg d/], of] s'/f a'em nf} . @ af“RgnfO{ dfG5] ;w}+ g} vf]H5, hLjgsf] ;xf/f kfksf] jzdf 8'a]sf] dfG5], Pp6} 5 lsgf/f -@_ af6f] / ;To, hLjg 5 x} v|Li6 o]z" k|e'df ljZjf; u/L, x] d]/f ;fyL, hLjg n]pm pg}df . @#*= sf]M ;fyL lbg w]/} 9ln;Sof], kZrftfksf] a]nf lalt;Sof] ;';dfrf/ ;'gfpg hfg] xf] ls qm";nfO{ g} c·flna:g] xf] < ! o]z"sf] hLjgnfO{ x]/, ;/ntfsf] ;hLj zlQm xf] -@_ ;f“rf] dfgj hLjgsf] dfq Pp6f pbfx/0f xf] pxf“s} gh/df t/ xfd|f] cj:yf s:tf]–s:tf] 5 ;f]lrb]pm PsIf0f cfh ltdL, :juL{o k|]d lsg ;:tf] 5 . @ eG5g\ ;a} dfgj oxf“ dfltP/ bfgj x'G5 -@_ dfof gkfO{ ?G5g\ eg] kfP/ km]l/ ;':tfp“5g\ dfof k|e'sf] c;Lldt 5, r]tgf xfd|f] sxf“ x/fof] cg'u|x pgsf] ;bf 5, hf]z xfd|f] lsg ;]nfof] < @#(= sf]M :jfut 5, ltdLnfO{ o]z" v|Li6sf] gfp“df ! cfpm efO, cfpm alxgL, o]z"sf] 5]pdf cfpgnfO{ :jfut . @ snj/L b[Zo ljrf/ u/L x]bf{ clt Sn]z ;xb} :jfut . # unuyfsf] kxf8}df alnbfg eP xfd|f] lglDt :jfut 5 . @$)= sf]M cjtf/ eof] k|e' o]z"sf] pgsf] xf];\ ho ! ;f/f hut\sf] x'g d'lQmbftf -@_, af6f], ;RrfO / hLjgsf] bftf cfpg'ef]’ k|e' -@_ xfd|f] lglDtdf . @ kfkdo hLjg xfd|f] 8'a]sf] -@_ b]vfpg cfpg'ef]’ Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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k|]d O{Zj/sf] cfpg'ef]’ o]z" -@_ zflGt lnP/ . # pxf“sf] nflu x[bo vf]lnb]pm -@_ lkmqmLsf] hLjg pgnfO{ lng b]pm, gjLg hLjg lnO{ -@_ hfpm /dfp“b} . @$!= sf]M g;Dem oxf“ of] hLjg xf“;]/ dfq af“r]sf] ;f]rg dgdf cfkm}nfO{, 5 ltd|f] cfTdf af“r]sf] lg0f{o cfh} g} ul/b]pm, ef]ln t ca]/ eOhfnf geP Pslbg of] hLjg /f]O–/f]O /lxhfnf -@_ ! n'sfO/fV5f} ltd|f] kfk, af]s]/ sxf“ nfG5f} / < la;fpg a? t'?Gt} lnP/ sxf“ hfG5f} / < -@_ uf]/]6f] ;fgf] ;'l/nf] snj/L 8f“8f k'UgnfO{ gdfg ;+sf]r of] dgdf O{Zj/sf] ;fd' em'SgnfO{ . @ /utsf] yf]kf cfnf] 5 unuyfsf] af6f]df k|e'n] af]s] bogLo qm";, xfd|f] kfksf] ;f6f]df -@_ alnbfg oxf“ hLjgsf] si6 / kL/ d'6'df ;x]sf] 5 x} pg}n] ltd|f] / d]/f] lglDtdf . @$@= sf]M nf} bfHo" ;'gg, nf} alxgL ;'gg, o]z"sf] jrg dg}df u'gg, a'lem/fv x[bodf, lrgL/fv o]z"nfO{ -@_ ! snj/L 8f“8fdf Tof] Pp6} qm";}df -@_ d'lQmbftf o]z"sf] Tof] Pp6} qm";}df -@_ Tof] d'lQm ltd|}nflu xf] . cf] -@_ @ hLjg xfd|f] 5f]6f] 5 x}, nfdf] hLjg o]z"df -@_ a'lem/fv cfh g}, gq–ef]ln ;do 5}g xfd|f] o]z" cfpg} nfu]5g\ . cf] -@_ @$#= sf]M n x} Rof·af s]xL eG5', ;'lgb]pm x} lrQ nufO{ o]z"sf] k|]dnfO{ a'em]/ dgleq u'lgb]pm x} ! :ju{sf] ;'v–r}g 5f8L dflg;sf] ?klnO{ -@_ arfpg egL xfldnfO{ xfd|f] abnL dg'{eof] -@_ @ O{Zj/sf] gh/df Rof·af xfdL ;a} kfkL 5f} x} -@_ Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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xfd|f] kfk w'gnfO{ o]z"sf] /ut cfn} 5 x} -@_ # ;+;f/af6 d'lQm kfO{ :ju{ ;'vdf a:g] xf] eg] -@_ n x} Rof·af ltdL klg o]z"df ljZjf; u/ x} -@_ @$$= sf]M lsgeg] O{Zj/n] ;+;f/nfO{ o:tf] k|]d ug'{ef]’ Pp6} gegL xfdLnfO{ pgsf] cfˆgf] k'q klg lbOxfNg'ef]’ pg}dfly ljZjf; ug]{ sf]xL gi6 x'g kfpb}gg\ t/ cgGt hLjg kfO{ k|e'sf] ;fydf ;bf a:g]5g\ ! :ju{sf] d'lg c? s'g} gfp“df p4f/ 5}g efO -@_ ;To xf] em'l08Psf] O{Zj/ ltd|f]nflu . @ oxL ;';dfrf/ ;'gfOb]pm ;f/f ;+;f/df cfh -@_ dflg;sf] ?k lnP/ cfpg'ef]’ o]z" d'lQmbftf . @$%= ! k/d]Zj/n] o]z" k7fP kfk Ifdf r·fO lbgnfO{ lhP d/] Ifdfsf] nflu l/Qf] lrxfg hLljt o]z"sf] k|df0f 5 . sf]M o]z" hLljt ePsf sf/0f ef]lnsf] 8/ xl6uof] sf/0f eljio pgn] ;DxfN5g\ / d]/f] hLjgnfO{ ;fy{s agfp“b5g\ . @ gof“ afnsn] cfgGb Nofp“5, v'zL uf}/j ylkG5 cem pxf“sf] hLljttfn] clglZrt eljio ;a} ;'/lIft 5 . # d[To" gbL t/]/ hf“bf clGtd n8fO ;+3if{;fy d[To"kl5 ljho kfp“bf pxf“sf] dlxdfsf] Hof]lt d b]Vg]5' .

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kZrftfk / ljZjf; @$^= sf]M k|e'sf] :t'lt u/f}+ xfdL ;an] hohosf/ pgsf] tg–dg–wgn] wGo xf];\ k|e'sf] hf] xfd|f] ;[hgxf/ dlxdf pgsf], ag] xfd|f] tf/0fxf/ ! cGwsf/k"0f{ b'lgofdf e'lna:g]5f} lsg efO, bf]ifL agL ;'g of] k'sf/ hf] cfh eGb5 kmsL{ kfkb]lv dsxf“ cfpm . @ v'Nnf 5 kmf6s, hf] sf]xL cfp“b5g\ bfd s]xL nfUb}g k:g Toxf“ hf] sf]xL cfp“5g\ elgG5g\ wGosf b"/ x'G5g\ kfkx? R"0f{ dgsf . # v|Li6 cfh eGg'x'G5 ltdL 5f} sxf“, eg x] ldq xf], k|e' d oxf“ af]emn] blaPsf] kfkn] 5' lkl8t lnP/ hLjgnfO{ u/fpm lglZrt . $ b]Vb5' 9f]sfnfO{ k|e'sf] qm";df, ax]sf] Tof] /ut d]/f]nflu z'4 x'g kfkb]lv, cfp“b}5' k|e' d, hf“r]/ x[bo w'gf];\ dnfO{ . @$&= sf]M /utn] /utn] o]z"sf] /utn] -@_ ! d]/f] kfknfO{ Ifdf ul/b]pm -@_ @ d]/f] kfksf] bfunfO{ d]6fOb]pm -@_ # k"0f{ zflGt dgdf el/b]pm -@_ $ z}tfgdfly ljhL x'gb]pm -@_ % :juL{o Hof]ltsf] /fhdf k:g b]pm -@_ @$*= ! x[bosf] kbf{ p3f/L x]bf{ kfk}n] /f;} /f; larf? . @ kfk lrQn] ubf{ x[bon] xfbf{ kfk}sf] hLtafhL larf? . # kfk}n] lhTbf O{Zj/n] ˆof“Sbf cfTdfsf] ;j{gfz larf? . $ cfTdfsf] s'ut O{Zj/n] x]/L k'qsf] lbP bfg larf? . % kfk xfd|f] x]/L o]z"sf] hoho x[bosf] OR5fn] larf? . ^ nf} cfpm, ufp“m o]z"sf] hoho x[bosf] OR5fn] larf? . & cflTds} ofqf l;4 u/f} ;an] cflTds} uf]xf/n] larf? .

Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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@$(= ! cGwsf/, aGwg, b'Mvb]lv, o]z" d cfpm“, o]z" d cfpm“ kfpg 5'6sf/f, xif{ b[li6 o]z" d cfp“b}5' cfˆgf] /f]ub]lv cf/f]Uodf, cefjb]lv k|z:ttfdf kfk–e"nb]lv kljqtfdf, o]z" d cfp“b}5] . @ dnfO{ nhfpg] afgLb]lv, -o]z" d cfpm“_ @ tkfO{sf] r/0f 3f]K6f] k/L, o]z" d cfp“b"5' cf“wLb]lv tkfO{sf] cf8df, husf] zf]sb]lv ;fGTjgfdf ;+s6b]lv k|z+;fdf, o]z" d cfp“b"5' . # lrGtf, 3d08 a]r}gLb]lv, -o]z" d cfpm“_ @ OR5f tkfO{sf] :jLsf/ u/L, o]z" d cfp“b}5' :jfy{b]lv tkfO{sf] k|]ddf, lg/fzb]lv k/dfgGtdf kIfLem} p8L kv]6fdf, o]z" d cfp“b}5' . $ d[To"sf] qf; eo°/b]lv -o]z" d cfpm“_ :ju{ 3/lt/ cl3 a9L, o]z" d cfp“b}5' ;Togfzb]lv c;Ld ckf/ cf.odf kfpg zflGt p4f/ x]g{ tkfO{sf] lk|o d'xf/, o]z" d cfp“b}5' . @%)= sf]M cfpm, o]z", nf} dnfO{ arfpm kfksf] of] ef/L cfwLdf -@_ ! ;f+;fl/s ;fu/sf] x] alnof] dfemL -@_ b'Mv–bb{ a'lemlx8\g] b'lgofsf] nflu, k|f0f lbg], Hofg lbg] k/d pksf/L -@_ ;Rrf kSsf wd{ Nofpg] cwd{ kvfnL . @ ;'kb]z lbGYof}, k|e' b'lgof rxf/L -@_ wdL{nfO{ wGo egL kfkLnfO{ ptf/L, b'Mv–;'v ;fyL ;DemL xf“;'–/f]pm geO{ -@_ qm";dfly r9\of} k|e', hLjg lbg s7} . # gu/L b]pm l9nf] k|e', nf} g l56f] cfpm g -@_ b'isd{sf] af9L aUof], au] ;a} hg, gfp lvofpm, kf/L n}hfpm, ;'g cfQ{gfb -@_ x] lhGbuL bftf o]z", /fv cfˆg} ;fy . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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@%!= sf]M hLjgsf] s] e/f];f b'O lbgsf] hLjg v]ndf k|e'sf] :t'lt ufcf}+ -#_ ! cfzf ub{5f} Joy{df of] ljBf, a'l4, wgdf -@_ lnP/ 3d08 dgdf nfe x'Gg of] hLjgdf -@_ @ x] v|Li6Lo hflt xf], hfu kfkdo hLjgnfO{ Tofu -@_ :juL{o cflzif\ dfu, k|e'sf] lglDt hfu -@_ # s?0ff–;fu/ o]z", pgL x'g\ xfd|f] ;xf/f -@_ k|e'sxf“ xfdL hfcf}+, k|e'sf] :t'lt ufcf}+ -@_ @%@= ! vNnf] 5 hLjg, gfy clt g} l3gnfUbf] tkfO{sf] of]Uosf] 5}g :jefj d]/f] vf]O{ 7f]s/ n8] w]/, nlHht o; hLjgdf tkfO{sf] lglDt, k|e' nfe 5}g s]xL ddf, ;8]sf] d]/f] b]x dfUg'x'G5 k|e' yfs] d cfkm}l;t, yfSg'x'Gg, x] k|e' . @ eP d afns v|Li6sf] tfklg 5' xtfz kljq k|]d pxf“sf] ub{5' lsg gfz, b'u{Gw kfksf] clt dnfO{ lg;f:b5 hufpg] bf]ifsf] efn] ;w} g} af:b5 rlst d emg\–emg\ 5', ;'G5' ha cfjfh lkmsf o:tf] hLjgnfO{ bfg 5 o]z"sf] /fHo . # kTofpg' ufx|f] nfU5 k|]d s:tf] ulx/f], a]sDdf kmf];|f] dflg; o]z"sf] sfdnfUbf] wL/hL k|e' d]/f] ems{Ggg\ dl;t p7fpg'x'G5 dnfO{ n8\b5' ha d x[bosf] cfzf 6'6f]; of km'6f]; d]/f] dg oy]i6 v|Li6sf] k|]dn] d x'G5' ;'zf]eg . @%#= sf]M k|e'hL, chL{ d]/f] ;'lgn]pm nf} x} r9fP k|e'hL, nf} x} cfh r9fP, nf} x} r9fP k|e'hL, dgsf] d}nf] wf]Ob]pm, nf} x} r9fP Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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! ;+;f/ 5 kfk}n] e/]sf] -@_ wgsf] nf]edf ;a} k/]sf] -@_ nf}g laGtL cfh d}n] r9fP -@_ @ ;+;f/?kL ;d'Gb| rf}8f 5 -@_ hLjg?kL gfp k'/fgf] 5 -@_ nf}g d]/f] gfpnfO{ kf/ nufOb]pm -@_ # /ftf–;]tf km"n} km'n]sf -@_ dfofhfndf b'lgof e'n]sf -@_ nf}g husf] dfofhfnnfO{ km'sfOb]pm -@_ $ 8f“8fkfl/ 3fd} 8'lauf] -@_ rf/} bzf 3f]/ cGwsf/ ef] -@_ nf}g cGwsf/df dnfO{ Hof]lt b]pm -@_ @%$= ! k|e' bof ca dfuL r/0f xfdL kb{5f} cfˆgf kfksf sfon eO{ lnb5f} tkfO{sf] gfp“ , @ kfkL ;f]r, lgik|]dL s'/f xfd|f] lj?4 5g\ ujfxL . cof]Uo sd{, lglZrt ;]jf kg]{ sfd gu/]sf . # k|fy{gf ubf{ klg x[bo tkfO{b]lv ef] 6f9f dfg–dlgtf] ubf{ cf]7n] u/] jrg sk6sf . $ cdf]n a]nf Joy}{ sf6of], cdf]n 38L cgfxsdf s/f/ / o'4 la;L{, 6f/L a'l4sf ;Nnfx . % k|e', bof km]l/ dfuL kZrftfkL 5f} nhfO{ nfe ;dosf] ca u/L lhp“5f} tkfO{sf] eO{ . ^ :ju]{ lktf, cflzif\ b]pm pef]af6 sfg nufO{ k|]dL qftf, kljq cfTdf, ;'g xfd|f] bLg b'xfO{ . @%%= sf]M chL{ xfd|f] ;'Gof} lg g]kfnsf] 9f]sf vf]Nof} lg k\e' dgsf] 9f]sf rf8} lg ;asf vf]lnb]pm, k|e' g]kfnL efOsf ! :ju{sf] j}ej Tofu]/ k|e' ;+;f/df cfP lg -@_ ltdL / dnfO{ d'lQm lbg' qm"; p7fP lg -@_ @ g]kfnL efO, g]kfnL alxgL ca]/ eO;Sof] -@_ lsg a:5f} lglZrGt eO{ a]nf uO;Sof] -@_ Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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# ljZjf; u/ o]z"df xf}, hLjg cd/ n]pm -@_ v|Li6s} lglDt alnof] eO{ g]kfn lhltb]pm -@_ @%^= ! d]/f] ;f6f] d'g{ Pshgf y] tof/ ls d kfkLn] kfpm“ hLjg cfˆgf]dfly af]s] d]/f] kfksf] ;a ef/, o]z"n] ToflulbP cfˆgf] k|f0f . sf]M x]/ qm";dfly Tof] sf“6Ln] 7f]s]sf], slt ux|f} Yof] ;a kfksf] ef/ b'Mv lyof] To;dfly v|Li6 uP snj/L / Toxf“ u/] d]/f] p4f/ @ x]/ crDdsf] k|]d ha pgn] wL/h;fy dgsf] d}nf lgsfN5g\ d]/f] v'zL 5' o;sf/0f o]z" x'g\ d]/f gfy, bf]if ;a} qm";df 6f“lu;Sof] . # d o]z"sxf“ cfp5', v'zL;“u a:5', lbg–lbg} pgsf] kl5 lx8\5' :t'lt xf];\, x] k|e' k|fy{gf oxL xf] d]/f], kfk e"n tkfO{n] d]6fpg'ef]’ . @%&= sf]M ;'wf/ k|e', xfd|f] of] lrQnfO{ v|Li6 O{Zj/sf] k|]dn] klx¥ofO{, ;'wf/ k|e' ! kfkL hg ;asf] v"a t8gf u/L, kfk >fk ;asf] h8 gi6 kf/L, b'i6tf ;anfO{ tL k|]dn] vf/L n}hfpm k|e', of] ej;fu/ tf/L . @ elQmljxLgsf], cfzf/lxtsf], zlQm b]pm k|e' b[9 ljZjf; ug]{, wd{ljxLgsf] Tof] cNk 1fgsf], ltdL 5f} k|e' ;+s6 xg]{ . # x] k|e' o]z", ;a b'Mv xg]{, b'MvL hgsf] d+un d"nsf/L, x[bo s'l6nsf] k|]dn] ;kf/L n}hfpm k|e', of] ej;fu/ tf/L . @%*= ! x] ;gftgsf kx/f v|Li6, kfpm“ z/0f tkfO{df qm";df /ut kfgL hf] sfvfaf6 ax]Yof] z'4 kf/f];\ gLr dnfO{ kfksf] bf]if / jz x6fO{ . @ Joj:yf ug{ k"/f pBf]u k'Ub}gg\ d]/f pT;fx d]/f] eP ckf/, cf“z' r'x] nuftf/ t} tLaf6 kfOGg qf0f, vfnL arfp“5g\ k|f0f . # xftdf e]6L NofpGg d, vfnL qm";df e/ k5'{ cfp“5' gf·f] c;xfo, d]/f] p4f/s tkfO{ wf/f dfU5' eO{ xtfz, w'gf];\ gq x'G5' gfz . $ d]/f] /x'~h]n cfo' ha x'G5 lg d[To" Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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clg :ju{df x]bf{ tkfO{nfO{ l;+xf;gdf x] ;gftgsf kx/f v|Li6, kfp“ z/0f tkfO{df . @%(= sf]M k|e' d tkfO{sf] ;[li6 x'“, tkfOljgf d l/Qf] 5' knknsf] d]/f] hLjgdf ;fy dnfO{ lbg'xf];\ ! ;+;f/ 5 ;f/f cfˆg} w'gdf dbxf]; kfk}sf] h~hfndf -@_ arfpg'xf];\ dnfO{ olb ;+;f/sf] 5' eg] . @ :ju{nfO{ TofuL cfpg'ef]’ k|e' snj/L qm";}df k|f0f lbgnfO{ -@_ arfpg'xf];\ dnfO{ olb kfkL g} 5' eg] . @^)= ! x] O{Zj/ cfˆgf] s?0ffcG;f/ cg'u|x ug'{xf];\ . sf]dn s[kfG;f/ ck/fw d]/f d]6fOlbg'xf];\ . @ dnfO{ g} d]/f cwd{af6 ;kmf;“u w'gf];\ . dnfO{, x] O{Zj/, d]/f kfkaf6 z'4 x} ug'{xf];\ . # lsgls cfˆgf ck/fwx? :jLsf/ u5'{ d . kfk d]/f] ;bf;j{bf, k|e' d]/} ;fDg]df 5 . $ u/]sf] 5' lg kfk d}n] vfln tkfO{s} lj?4df . u/]5' ToxL hf] 5 v/faL tkfO{sf] b[li6df . % x]g'{xf];\, nf} d pTkGg klg eP cwd{df . cfdfn] dnfO{ ue{wf/0f ul/g\ x} kfk}df . ^ cGt:s/0fdf x]g'{xf];\ tkfO{ vf]Hg'x'G5 ;To . / leqL dgdf 1fg hfGg] dnfO{ t'Nofpg'x'g]5 . & lx;kn] dnfO{ d:sfpg'xf];\, x'g]5' d ;kmf . w'g'xf];\ dnfO{ clg d ;]tf] x'g]5' lxp“eGbf . @^!= sf]M k|e' cfp“b}5' d, k|e' cfp“b}5' d, qm";sf] 5xf/Ldf, tkfO{sf] r/0fdf, kfksf] af]emf lnP/ ! hLjg lg/fz 5, ky cWof/f], sxf“ k'Ug' xf], ;DxfNg'xf];\ -@_ k|e' af6f] b]vfpgf];\, snj/Ldf 8f]¥ofpgf];\, tkfO{sf] Hof]lt lbP/ . @ slt phf8 5 kfkdo ;+;f/, sxf“ p4f// 5, arfpg'xf];\ -@_ k|]dn] eg'{xf];\, d]/f] of] hLjgdf, tkfO{sf] k|]d lbP/ . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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@^@= sf]M hLjgbftf ljwftf, cfp“b}5' ltd|f] z/0fdf kb{5' o]z" z/0f, hLjgbftf ljwftf ! Sn]lzt kfkL of] cGwsf/ ejdf -@_ -e6\ls/x]5' kfkL hLjgdf b"/ ltdLb]lv eP, kfksf] kydf sbd a9fP_ @ kl/0ffd 7f]s/ vfP, lktf k5tfpb} z/0fdf ltd|f] d cfP . @ ltdL s?0ffdo lktf d cwd{ -@_ -bLg, b'xfO{ d]/f] k|e' ;'lgn]pm /Iff hLjgsf] ul/b]pm wf]O{ k|e' ltd|f] /utn]_ @ of]Uo kfq agfOn]pm, lktf lgj]bg, x[bosf] d]/f] ;'lgb]pm . @^#= ! o]z"sf] jf0fL ;'g]y], æcfpm ylst, dsxf“ cfpm, 5f} kfksf] af]emn] ba]sf, ddfly af]em la;fpm . d}n] o]z"sxf“ NofPy] ysfO / kfk / b'Mv, pgdf d}n] lj>fd kfP, ca dnfO{ ldNof] ;'vÆ @ o]z"sf] jf0fL ;'g]y], æcfpm ltvf{Psf 5]p, d lhp“bf] kfgL lbg]5' lj>fd u/]/ lkpmÆ . o]z"sxf“ cfO{ lkP hn Tof] lhpbf] vf]nfsf], Kof; d]l6of], cfTdf Ao"em\of] ca pgdf 5' lhpbf] . # o]z"sf] jf0fL ;'g]y], æd husf] x'“ Hof]lt, dlt/ x]/, ltd|f] xf];\ k|sfz hLjgel/Æ . pgnfO{ x]/L a'em] d}n], 3fd d]/f] x'g\ o]z" To; hLljt Hof]ltdf lx8" g;s'~h]n cfo' . @^$= sf]M ;'gg ;fyL of] dL7f] s'/f dgdf u'gg cfgGb} pgL hf] o]z"b]lv gof“ wg kfp“b5 -@_ ! hSs} gfp“ ePsf], y'k|} wg p;sf], 7u]/ o:tf] ef]‘ ;/sf/sf] lt/f] p7fp“bf p;n] dgk/L rf]b{Yof] . @ hLp p;sf] k'8\sf], dg p;sf] 5'Rrf] l3g u/] ;a}n] æx[bosf] zflGt s;/L kfpm“Æ vf]Hof] Tof] pkfo lg . # æo]z"Ho" cfp“bf s;/L e]6\g] <Æ r9of] ?v g]ef/f Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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æca d b]V5' d]/f] kfk d]6\g] kfp“5' ls p4f/ <Æ $ ha v|Li6 cfP dfl:t/ x]/] eg], æcf]n]{/ cfpm ltd|f] 3/ hSs} jf; a:g'kg]{, ;“u;“u} xfdL hfcf}+ .Æ % tn cfO{ hSs} slt /dfof] dg p;sf] km]/]Yof] æh] hlt 7u], g/fd|f] u/], 7Ls} kfg'{k¥of] .Æ ^ p;}sf] 3/df v|Li6 o]z" cfO{ p;nfO{ lbP zflGt ;DklQeGbf kfksf] dfkmL 7"nf] wg ;Dem\of] lg . @^%= ! o]z" 5]p d cfp“bf pgn] /fV5g\ 5]p pgn] zflGt lbG5g\ ha 5' pbf; . sf]M o]z" 5]p d cfp“bf t[Kt 5' ;w} ;fgf gfgL ;anfO{ /fV5g\ 5]p af]nfO{ @ o]z" 5]p d cfp“bf u5{g\ pgn] Kof/ laGtL ;'gL d]/f] lnG5g\ kfksf] ef/ . # o]z" 5]p d cfp“bf lnG5g\ d]/f] xft d]/f] ;fy–;fy lx8\5g\ ;w} lbg / /ft . $ /fd|f] j:q nufO{ :ju{df ;w} x]5'{ d v'a /dfO{ k|e' o]z"nfO{ . @^^= sf]M arfpg'xf];\ k|e' o]z" xfdL kfkLnfO{ -@_ ! cfpg'ef]’ k|e' of] g/nf]sdf 5f]8]/ :ju{nf]s . @ x] lktf, k'q, kljq cfTdf, tLg JolQm Ps O{Zj/ . # b'lgof“ ;anfO{ ljZjf; lbnfpg ug'{ef] pb]s sfd . $ cGwfnfO{ cf“vf, sf]9LnfO{ z'4, d'bf{nfO{ hLjgbfg . % cflv/L xfdL kfkLsf] nflu lbg'ef] qm";df k|f0f . ^ tgn] dgn] wgn] hgn] :t'lt / u/f} dfg . @^&= ! qm";sf] 5]pdf cfp“5', To;df cfzf kfp“b5' h;df eof] alnbfg, h;n] x'G5 d]/f] qf0f . sf]M o]z"df d /fV5' cfzf, aln eof] qm";df vf; qm";sf] cflzif\ dnfO{ b]pm d]/f] ux|f} ef/L n]pm Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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@ d tf kfkL Sn]lzt lyP, cfˆgf sd{n] b'Mlvt lyP vf]Hby] qf0fsf] pkfo, hflGbgy] ;t\ ;xfo . # k|e' o]z" d]/f] gfy, ;dfT5' dpgs} xft vfln o]z" ;t cjtf/ o]z"b]lv 5 p4f/ . @^*= sf]M w]/} if0f u'dfP, s]xL knnfO{ ;f]r] lhGbuLsf If0fnfO{ Joy}{–Joy{ kmfn] Tof] k|uf9 hLjg cfh km'n]sf] 5, Tof] lg/fz d'6' cfh xf“;]sf] 5 ! d]/f] hLGbuLsf] 3fd 5fofdf klg k|e' dnfO{ ;w} ;fy lbg'x'G5 xf“;f]sf tL If0fdf, cf“z'sf tL If0fdf k|e' dnfO{ ;w} xft ;fy lbg'x'G5, dnfO{ 8/ 5}g ;w} pxf“sf] e/ 5, d}n] lx8\g] af6f]df k|e' x'g'x'G5 . @ kZrftfk u/L d hlt r"/ x'G5', d]/f ;a cgy{ k|e' dfkm ug'{x'G5, lhGbuLsf bfu / tL sn+snfO{, k|e' ;w}+–;w}+ ;fkm ug'{x'G5, af“r'~h]n;Dd oxL cfzf u5'{, d'lQmbftf o]z" km]l/ cfpg'x'g]5 . @^(= sf]M ;a}n] eG5 :ju{ d} hfG5f} kf] efO xf] s;/L g]kfn xfd|f] b]z slt /fd|f] v|Li6sf] kfOnf 6]s]/ ! psfnL af6f] gwfpb} kfksf] af]em lnP/ ;'vn] af“rf} ;+;f/df, o]z"nfO{ hLjg lbP/ . @ a'em\5g / s;n] /f]Psf], cf“z'sf] 3'6sf] lkP/ ;'vsf] dfg] e'n]/, s] xf]n Joy}{ lhP/ . # xf“;] cf“z' ;'Sb}g, /f]P/ b'Mv n'Sb}g v|Li6nfO{ ljgfg;DemL, :ju{df xfdL k'Ub}gf} . $ a'l4n] 3d08 u/]/, hLjg oxf“ s] xf]nf kfkaf6 kZrftfk cfh g}, ef]ln t ca]/ xf]Ohfnf . % x]/g cfh lktfn] xfdLnfO{ s:tf] k|]d u/] tkfO{ d]/f] kfksf] ;f6f]df v|Li6 d/]y] . ^ qm";sf] aGwg s] dL7f] p4f/ kfpg' hLjgdf d'v{tf dfq x'g]5 gfz x'g] jfnf hLjgdf .

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@&)= sf]M ;lDemb]pm cfh g} O{Zj/nfO{, e'lnb]pm cfh g} ;+;f/nfO{ e'n]/ ghfpm ;+;f/df uGws / cfuf] hNb}5 -@_ ! kfk ub}{ Joy{df xfdLn] ;+;f/df e'ln/x]5f} b'lgof“nfO{ e'n]/ cfh g}, ;lDemb]pm cfh g} O{Zj/nfO{ -@_ @ ;+;f/sf] /Lltl/jfhn] b'O–rf/ lbg s]jn /fh u5{ tkfO{ / d]/f O{Zj/n] cgGt sfn ts /fh u5{g\ -@_ # ;f+;fl/s w]/} dfu{n] 8/nfUbf ;fu/df k'¥ofp“5g\ hLjgsf] x/]s dfu{df k|e'n] xfdLnfO{ 8f]¥ofp“5g\ -@_

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k"0f{ ljZjf; @&!= ! k/d]Zj/ lktf slt dxfg\ xfd|f ldq ljZjf;L kfngxf/ pgsf] zlQm / k|]d 5g\ ;dfg\, 5g\ b'j} cgGt / ckf/ . @ v|Li6 cflb / cGt x'g\, pgL h;sf] cfTdf k'¥ofp“5g\ :ju{df cflzif\ ;Dembf u/f} :t'lt eljiosf] nflu e/f];f . @&@= ! kfkdf d 8'a]sf] lyP, lans'n eP lg/fz o]z"l;t dfkm dfu], eO{ zf]sn] xtfz d]/f] ta k'sf/ ;'gL ;fu/sf] k|e'n] em§} xft k;f/L dnfO{ arfP . sf]M p7fP dnfO{ -@_, k|]d u/L v|Li6 o]z"n] p7fP dnfO{ p7fP dnfO{ -@_, kfk;fu/df 8'Abf d, p7fP dnfO{ @ d'lQmbftf o]z"nfO{ x]/ t kfkL hg kfk;fu/sf] 5fnb]lv k|]dn] ptfb{5g\ pgL dflns ;fu/sf], cf“wL–atf;sf] gfy ltdLnfO{ arfpg hf] k;f5{g\ xft . # pgnfO{ tg–dg–wg lbG5' d]/f] x'g\ tf/0fxf/ pgsf] z/0fdf a:5' ufP/ hohosf/, ;To k|]d dxfg\ o:tf] k|z+;fof]Uo 5 pgsf] ;To k|]dL ;]jf u5'{ d . @&#= ! k|e'sf] ;fIfL gnhfO{ lbG5' d ;j{b} /fV5' Tof] qm";sf] dlxdf cf1f / dfg ;w} sf]M qm";}df @ dnfO{ k/]Yof] Hof]lt, d]/f] kfksf] ef/l xl6uof] Toxf“ ljZjf; u/L d}n] kfP b[li6 / P]n]sf] hLjg v'zL ef] @ k|e' o]z" xf] pgsf] gfd, of] gfd u5'{ :t'lt dnfO{ lg/fzf, nfhb]lv arfp“5g\ k|]d u/L . # pgsf] ;fdy{ / 5fofdf d[To"sf] lbg;Dd hf] lhDdf /fv] pgsf]df ;a jxf“ s'zn 5 . $ v|Li6n] u|x0f u5{g\ :ju{df lktfsf ;fd"df Tof] gof“ o?zn]ddf 7fp“ kfp“5 Tof] cfTdf . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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@&$= ! km"n} /fd|f km'Nb5g\, O{Zj/nfO{ b]vfp“5g\ xfd|f] hLjg To:t} 5, :juL{o k|]d b]vfp“b5 . @ /ftL h"g / tf/f 5g\, 3fd lbp“;f] rDsb5 xfd|f] hLjg To:t} 5, :ju]{ Hof]ltn] 3]b{5 . # ;a} dflg; kfkL 5g\ d'lQm v|Li6n] lbP5g\ :ju{nf]sdf ;'v–r}g 5, d'lQm kfpg] tb{5g\ . $ k|]d O{Zj/n] u/]5g\, o]z" k'q lbP5g\ pgdf ljZjf; ug]{ hg, kfkL ;a arfOG5g\ . @&%= ! hflGbg d k/d]Zj/n] k|]d lsg ug'{ef] jf v|Li6n] lsg arfpg'ef] cof]Uo k|f0f d]/f] . sf]M t/ s;dfly ljZjf; /fv] ;f] hfGb5' d / lgZro 5' d ls pgnfO{ h] d}n] ;'Dk], /fVg]5g\ ;'/Iff;fy @ hflGbg s;/L arfpg] ljZjf; lbP pgn] jf pgsf] jrg kTofp“bf dgdf zflGt kfP . # hflGbg s;/L cfTdfn] hu bf]ifL 7x¥ofp“5g\ jf jrgåf/f o]z"nfO{ k|s6 u/fp“b5g\ . $ hflGbg s] cfOkg]{5 d dg{eGbf cl3 ls x'G5 dnfO{ b'Mv jf ;'v, t[lKt jf u/LaL . % hflGbg d slxn], sxf“ o]z" km]l/ cfpg]5g\ ls d/]kl5 e]6'nf ls e]6'nf cfsfzdf . @&^= ! of] Ps pb]ssf] s'/f xf], O{Zj/sf] k'q o]z" v|Li6 :ju{nfO{ TofuL cfpg'ef] dh:tf] kfkL arfpg . @ tL u/La 3/df hlGdP sfd u/], ;'v–b'vn] /f]P kfkLsf] nflu tL d/], hfg of] s'/f] ;f“rf] xf] . # of] Ps pb]ssf] s'/f] xf], cU3f]/ 5 pgsf] k|]d ddf of] emg\ pb]ssf] s'/f xf], yf]/} 5 d]/f] k|]d pgdf . $ tkfO{nfO{ k|]d d ug{ kfP x[bodf k|]dsf] cfuf] afn cem} d ug]{5' w]/ k|]d, tkfO{sf] bz{g gkfp~Hofn . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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@&&= ! o]z" d/] d]/f]nflu, pgsf] u5'{ hohosf/ :ju{nf]ssf] b'MvnfO{ TofuL qm";df af]s] kfksf] ef/ . sf]M o]z" d/] d]/f]nflu, d ;'gfp“5' ;dfrf/ clxn] clg :ju{ k'uL ufp“5' v|Li6sf] hohosf/ @ d}n] 8f“8fdf le/fnf] e]8fem} af6f] e'n] v|Li6n] e]§fO df/] c·fnf] dnfO{ k|]d;fy 3/ NofP . # d 7]; vfO{ eP emn:;, lgsf] kf/] rf]6 pgn] cGwf] lyP qf;n] u|:t, o]z"n] p4f/ u/] . $ d[To" gbL k'uLsg dnfO{ tfg]{5g\ o]z" :ju{df k;L lk|o hg km]l/ e]6\g kfpg]5' . @&*= sf]M o]z" xf] d]/f] kfksf] ef/ p7fpg], qm";sf] b'Mv ;x]/ d eGg ;S5' d :ju{ hfG5' k|e'nfO{ kfP/ ! Tof] dxfb'Mv / Tof] dxfsi6nfO{ -@_ o]z"Ho"n] ;xg'ef] o]z"Ho"n] ef]Ug'ef] -@_ lktfsf] cf1f k"/fu/L :ju{ hfg'ef] . @ x] dxfg\ lktf d]/f], tkfO{n] lbg'ef] -@_ tkfO{sf] Tof] bof tkfO{sf] Tof] dfof -@_ lgZro xfdL gfz x'g] lyof} Tof] bof gkfP. # slt lbg 5 / oxf“ d al;/xg' hxf“ -@_ of] ;fgf] k[YjLdf of] b'Mv ;fu/df -@_ kfpg]5' d}n] Tof] cfgGb k|e'sf] e08f/df . $ cfpg'xf];\ ;a} ;fyL kfpg'xf];\ :juL{o zflGt -@_ cfˆgf] kfk w'gnfO{, k|e'sf] hg x'gnfO{ -@_ k|e'nfO{ kfO{, :ju{df uO{ cfgGbdf a:gnfO{ . @&(= ! kfksf] aGwg l5gL uof] d lga{Gw 5', lga{Gw ;a kfk klg 6f9f eof], d lga{Gw 5', lga{Gw . sf]M xNn]n"ofx o]z" d/], d]/f] abnLdf d/] xNn]n"ofx, xNn]n"ofx d lga{Gw 5', lga{Gw @ cfˆgf kfk ha dflglnP, d lga{Gw 5' lga{Gw ta dgdf cfTdf cfP, d lga{Gw 5', lga{Gw . # s]xL aGwg ca 5}g d lga{Gw 5' lga{Gw ca s]xL 8/ 5}g d lga{Gw 5' lga{Gw . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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$ pgsf] :t'lt ufpg]5' d lga{Gw 5' lga{Gw / o]z"sf] ;]jf u5'{ d lga{Gw 5' lga{Gw . @*)= ! O{Zj/n] lbPsf /dfx6 o; kfkL ;+;f/df ls cfˆgf] jrgcg';f/ bof kfOg]5 ls k|To]s l5g / k|To]s lbg k|z:t bof kfOG5 . sf]M xNn]n"ofx xNn]n"ofx xNn]n"ofx o]z" @ cWof/f] ePklg /dfp“5' ;w} lsgls O{Zjn] dnfO{ 5f]8\b}gg slxNo} ofqfdf tslnkm ePklg :ju{df k'Ug]5' lgZro . # d ofqf l;WofPkl5 :ju{nf] cfpg]5' Toxf“ lg/Gt/ /dfx6 o]z";“u kfpg]5' ;a} kljq hg;“u k|z+;f :t'lt u5'{ d . @*!= ! o]z" x'g\ d]/f] s:tf] ljnf;, lbb5g\ dgdf dlxdfsf] cfz d'lQmsf] efuL :ju{ d]/f] 3/, pgdf d a:5' ;w} lg8/ . sf]M of] d]/f] xfn 5, of] d]/f] ufg, u5'{ k|z+;f k|ltlbg} -@_ @ k"/f e/f];f cfgGb /;'v, ca d]/f] dgdf g zf]s g b'Mv v|Li6af6 eof] bofsf] 1fg, b"tu0f ca u5{g\ k|]dsf] jvfg . # ljZjf; d /fV5' v|Li6 d]/f] gfy, pg}df a:5' ;'/Iff;fy pg}df k|]dn] kfp“5' lj>fd hfg]5' cGtdf :juL{o nf]s . @*@= ! wGo xf];\ d'lQmsf] nflu /utdf eP rf]vf] o]z"n] wf]P wf/fdf snj/Ldf hf] ax\of] . sf]M ho ho eg ;a} ldnL kfkb]lv d'lQm kfOof] o]z"n] lbG5g\ d's'6 Tof] hLjgel/ v'zLsf] @ wGo xf];\ ob{gsf] nflu hxf“ d ufl8Psf] lyP Kof/f] o]z";“u d/L lrxfgb]lv af}l/P . # wGo xf];\, cfuf]sf] nflu k]lGtsf];df h'g v:of] kljq cftdfn] dnfO{ k|]d / zflGt lbg'ef] . $ wGo xf];\ dlxdfsf] /fhf km]l/ kmsL{ cfpg]5g\ clg ;a} cfˆgf] d08nL cfˆgf] ;“udf nfg]5g\ . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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@*#= ! o]z" 5]p d hfg]5' Hof]ltdf, Hof]ltdf pgs} ;fy d lx8\g]5', pgs} Hof]ltdf . sf]M lx8\g'5' d -Hof]ltdf_ # lx8\g]5' d Hof]ltdf pgs} Hof]ltdf @ Ifdf lgZro kfpg]5' Hof]ltdf, Hof]ltdf . ;a} kfknfO{ 5f]8\g]5' pgs} Hof]ltdf . # v|Li6s} ;]jf ug]{5' Hof]ltdf Hof]ltdf ;a} ;fdy{ kfpg]5' pgs} Hof]ltdf . $ z}tfg ug{ ;S5 s] < Hof]ltdf, Hof]ltdf . hojGt x'g]5' lgZro pgs} Hof]ltdf . % d[To" ha cfpg]5 Hof]ltdf, Hof]ltdf dnfO{ s] sf] 8/ x'G5 pgs} Hof]ltdf . ^ ha :ju{df k'u'nf Hof]ltdf, Hof]ltdf ta cfgGb dgfp“nf pgs} Hof]ltdf . @*$= ! d /fV5' kfksf] af]emf lgbf]{if v|Li6 y'gfdf v|Li6n] ;a kfk p7fp“b5g\, kfk af]em ;a}sf d cfˆgf] bf]if ;a Nofp“5' bf]if d]6\g] o]z"sxf“ / pgn] wf]Ob]pmg\ d a8f] kfkLnfO{ . @ d cfˆgf 36L /fV5' e/k"/ v|Li6 o]z"df hf] d]/f] lgsf] kfg]{ / k|f0f p4f/bftf d cfˆgf] zf]s ;a Nofp“5' / lkmqmL o]z"sxf“ hf] d]/f] ;fy lbg] eO{ ;fem] ;a b'Mvdf . # d k|f0f la;fOlbG5' o]z"sf] sfv}df pgn] c·fnf] df5{g\ dnfO{ c8]; lbbf o]z"sf] gfp“ 5 lk|o v|Li6 / Oddfg'Pn km}nfObf o; gfp“n] u/fp“5 df]lxt dg . $ d o]z"h:tf] xf]pm“, bLg, k|]dL bofn' d o]z"h:tf] xf]pm“, afns xf]pm“ lktfsf] d o]z;Dd k'u' :ju{b"tu0f eP 7fp“ / ;a};“u ldnL lg/Gt/ :t'lt ufpm“ . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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@*%= ! d}n] o]z" ldq kfP, hf] d]/f] ;a yf]s xf], d]/f] cfTdfsf] nflu s] pQd j/, Tof] ;'Gb/ km"n af6f]df laxfgsf] Tof] tf/f dnfO{ z'4 r· kfg]{ pQd j/ ckm;f];df d]/f] xif{, b'Mvdf d]/f] cfzf eG5g\ pgn] ;f]r–lkmqmL gu/ . sf]M Tof] ;'Gb/ km"n af6f]sf], laxfgsf] Tof] tf/f slt pQd Tof] j/ d]/f] cfTdfsf] @ pgn] d]/f] b'Mv ;a lnP, ;a} ckm;f]; klg k/LIffdf d]/f] 5 u9 alnof] ;a pgsf] nflu la;]{ d]/f] x[bob]lv pgsf] ;“udf a:gnfO{ dnfO{ lnP ;+;f/n] dnfO{ 5f]8\bf z}tfgn] b'Mv lbb v|Li6 k|e' x'G5g\ ;fydf, zf]s gu/ . # dnfO{ 5f]8\g] 5}gg s}n], g e'Ng]5g\ dnfO{ ljZjf;df a;L dfGg]5' pg}nfO{ clUgsf] b]jnleq s]xL dnfO{ 8/ 5}G dGg lbG5g\ ef]sfPsf] cfTdfnfO{ d's'6n] klx¥ofpbf bz{g d ug]{5' aUb5 hxf“ gbL cfgGbsf] . @*^= sf]M Tof] wGo h;sf] ck/fw Ifdf ul/of] / h;sf] ;a} kfk klg 9flsof] ! k|e' h;sf] kfknfO{ n]vf lnb}g Tof] wGo xf] h;sf] dgdf s]xL sk6 5}g @ ha;Dd r"k /x] d]/f xf8x? s/fp“b}–s/fp“b} ;a} dlSsP . # lbgdf clg /ftdf x] d]/f] O{Zj/ tkfO{sf] xft ddfly ef/L lyof] . $ c“, af];f] klg d]/f] klUnof] . hLpsf] ;a} /; klg ;'lsuof] .

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@*&= ! Ps ldq d}n] kfsf] 5' Kof/ ug]{ cl3b]lv k|]d ;"qn] tfg] pgn] dnfO{ ;·tdf af“wL / d]/f] x[bo o:tf] 5 slxNo} pgnfO{ gTofuL d v|Li6sf] x'“, v|Li6 d]/f x'g\ ;bf;j{bfsf] nflu . @ Psldq d}n] kfsf] 5' qf0f lbg' pgL d/] hLjg bfg / pgsf] ;fy v|Li6 cfkm}nfO{ lbOxfn] d cfˆgf ;a} t'R5 dfG5', bftfsf] nflu /fvL x[bo ;fdy{ hLjg ;a} pgsf ;w}sf nflu . # Ps ldq d}n] kfsf] 5' pgsf] xf] ;a} ;fdy{ ofqfdf d]/f] cu'jf h;n] :ju{ k'¥ofp“5g\ :ju{ b]zsf] b]V5' dlxdf, Tof] dnfO{ ;fx; lbG5 ca kx/f sfd / n8fO ta lj>fd ;w} x'G5 . $ Ps ldq d}n] kfsf] 5' bofn', ;f“rf] gd| v"a 1fgL /fhf, cu'jf, ;fdyL{, /Iff ug]{ o:tf] k|]d ug]{b]lv s'g zlQm dnfO{ 5'6ofp“5 < s] hLjg, d[To", :ju{, gs{ < xf]Og, d pgs} x'G5' . @**= ! d x'“ d;LxL, /xG5' klg ha;Dd 3fd / h'g 8'Ab}g d x'“ d;LxL, lbG5' ujfxL ;a ;+;f/ ddf xf“;] klg, d x'“ d;LxL, 5fk ddf pgsf] pg}sf] qm";df /Qm axfP d x"“ d;LxL, of] s:tf] v'zL pgn] lsg] d pgsf] eP“ . @= d x"“ d;LxL, slt crDd, d kfkL lyP“ hf] arfO{P“ d x“ d;LxL, cuf8L qm"; 5, pg}sf] kl5 d lx8\g]5' ;+3{ifnfO{ c?n] 5f]8], d rflx b'i6l;t n8]5' d;xLsf] gfdn] ;a} kfkdfyL k"0f{ cflTds zlQmn] ho kfp“5' . #= d x'“ d;LxL oxf“sf] ofqL, of] b'lgof“ xf]Og 3/} d]/f] of] ofqf d]/f] rf8} l;l4G5 b'Mv / zf]sb]lv cnu x'G5, d x'“ d;LxL of] s:tf] cfzf ls o]z" km]l/ cfpg'x'G5 dflg; oxf“ xf“;f];\, of] s:tf] e]b 5, dnfO{ cfkm';“udf nfg]5g\ . $= d x'“ d;LxL, of] s:tf] uLt xf], hf] d]/f] dgdf cfh p7\of] of] 7§f xf]Og t/ of] ;f“rf], dgdf a:5g\ cfTdf pg}sf] d x'“ d;LxL, lsg 8/fpm“ ha d]/f] ;do oxf“ cfOk'U5 ufpb} of] b'lgof“nfO{ d 5f]8\g]5', o]z" vLi6 dnfO{ lng'x'G5 . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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@*( != xf} zfGt, x] k|f0f, t“lt/ k|e' 5g\ b'Mv zf]ssf] cfkm\gf] qm';;“u wL/h af]s ;a aGbf]a:t O{Zj/nfO{ 5f]8L= hf ;a utdf x'G5g\ pgL kTofpg of]Uo, xf} zfGt, x] k|f0f 5g\ t]/f] :juL{o gfy ;'v nf]sdf lnO{ lx{8fpg] sf“9] dfu{ . @= xf} zfGt, x] k|f0f, O{Zj/sf] 5 :jLsf/ u'xf/ cfpg]5 uP lbgdf em}, g cfz, g e/f];f s}No} klg 5f]8\ hf] P]n] e]b k5fl8 k|s6, xf} zfGt x] k|f0f, 5g\ dfGg] 5fnf, atf; pgnfO{ h;af6 t“}n] u5{;\ cfz . @() sf]M ufp{b} /xG5' hLjg ofqfdf s]jn o]z"sf] 5 :t'lt wGoafb dfgf}, x] ljZjf;Lu0f ldn]sf] 5 d'lQm != xf] s:tf] cfgGb kfk–Ifdf zflGt ltgsf d pd]b\jf/ df}sf 5 dnfO{ ;'gfpg ;anfO{ o]z"sf] ;';drf/, vf]nf] x} bfgsf] Kof/f] k|e' s;/L ax]sf] pkof]u h';sf] ug{ ghfgL z/0fdf k/]sf] . @= hLjg x} d]/f] ;don] ;Lldt s;/L rnfpg' l;sfpg'xf];\ k|e' k|To]s lgd]ifnfO{ sfdnfUbf] agfpg', tkfO“sf] ;]jf ug]{ cj;/ ldn]sf] 5 dnfO{ emnemn aNg] Hof]tL d ag"“ ;Tosf] kmn kmnfO{ . #= bfgf d}n] kfP“ cfTdf / :ju{sf] ;+;f/d} a;L ag]“ d ofqL :juL{o dfu{sf], ljZjn] h:tf] cfzf ulb{g kfpfnfO{ d'lQmbfg cfzf xf] d]/f] hLjgsf] d's'6 k|ltkmn dxfg\ . @(! sf] M jg–kfvf u'~hfOb]pm x} d'lQmn] Pp6f uLtn] ;Tosf] ;Gb]z elgb]pm uLtsf] efsfn] -@_ ! kfksf] >fk d]6\gnfO{ o]z"hL cfpg'ef] Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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dfG5]nfO{ gof ?k lbg /ut axfpg'eof] -@_ :ju{sf] 9f]sf vf]n]5 pg}sf] s[kfn] dfof u/]/ kfkLx?nfO{ pg}n] arfP atfOb]pm ;a}nfO{ a'emfOb]pm ;a}nfO{ ;DemfOb]pm ;a}nfO{ . @ xf/sf] hLjg 5}g oxf“ cGw]/L hut\df a]df]n 5}g dfG5] ;a w/tLsf] cfugdf -@_ vf]Hg]x?nfO{ hLjg 5 snj/L kfvfdf s] g} kf] lyof], dfG5]sf] df]n cfˆg} cf“vfdf atfOb]pm ;a}nfO{ a'emfOb]pm ;a}nfO{ ;DemfOb]pm ;a}nfO{ . @(@= sf]M OGb]|gL h:tf /·la/·L ltd|f Kof/f–Kof/f ;kgfx? d'lQmbftf o]z";“u k|lt1f agf];\ cflzif\sf] hLjg kfO{ OGb|]gL h:tf /·la/·L ! ;lDemx]/ hLjg g} pgsf] bfg xf] d"NoxLg t 5}g of] bfd k/]sf] xf] -@_ j]cy{ gxf];\ hLjgdf l;Ty}df kfPsf] d'lQm of] df};dem} abnL–abnL lx8\g] ltd|f] lhGbuLsf sfdgfx?sf] d'lQmbftf o]z";“u k|lt1f agf];\ cflzif\sf] hLjg kfO{ . @ o:t} x'G5 hLjgdf oL 36Lx? afwf alg cfpg]5g\ tL sldx? 8/fO{ gb]pm hLjgdf, e/ Tof] ;DemL o]z"df afbnh:tf xNsf–xNsf, ltd|f Kof/f ;a}–;a} OR5fx?sf] d'lQmbftf o]z";“u k|lt1f agf];\ cflzif\sf] hLjg kfO{ . @(#= sf]M v|Li6 x'g\ hLjgsf Psdfq c;n uf]7fnf ;xfos aG5g\ pgL ;bf b'Mv–;'vsf] a]nf ! Sn]z, ;+s6n] 3]5{ ltdLnfO{ t/ v|Li6 ltd|}ghLs x'G5g\ cfwL–t'kmfg x6fpg] k|e' ltdL;fy ofqf ub}{5g\ . @ tb}{ubf{ ej;fu/nfO{ cfwL cfp“5, ljZjf; xNnfp5 8'AgnfUbf k'sf/ v|Li6nfO{ lgZro ltdLnfO{ arfp“5g\ . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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# ;tfj6 afwf NofO{ z}tfgn] xNnfp5 v"a hLjg hxfhnfO{ ;fydf v|Li6 5g\ g8/fpm ltdL ;DxfN5g\ pgn] ltdLnfO{ . $ lg/fzf cfp“5g\ cg]s hLjgdf t/ x/]z gvfpm k|e' eG5g\ ljhosf] Ogfd hLjgsf] d's'6 k|e'n] lgZro lbg]5g\ . % o]z" xfd|f zlQmzfnL u9 ;'/lIft pgdf xfdL x'G5f}+ z}tfgsf xdnf ljkmn x'g]5g\ hojGt xfdL aGg]5f}+ . @($= sf]M lbg ;Ty} lbOof] xh'/ snj/L 8f“8fdf /ut} axfP/ pbf;} nfUg] 8f“8}df a;]/ eGg ca 5f]l8b]pm xh'/ ! slt xfdLn] b]jL–b]jtf ;+;f/}df k'HbYof} cflv/df b'Mv kfO{ ;+;f/}df d¥of} xfdLn] ;w} ;+;f/sf] e/kg]{ 5}gf} ;+;f/sf] yf]sn] ;w} zflGt kfpg]5}gf}+ . @ xfd|f] hLjg cl3 ;f/L k|e'df la;fp“5f} ux|f} ef/L qm";sf] 5]pdf cl3 ;f/L Nofp“5f} oxL k|e' qm";df d]/f] pkxf/ lnO{ d[To";Dd} cf1fsf/L ag]/ . @(%= sf]M cfh d}n] hf]z kfP“ o]z"sf] j/bfg kfP“ :ju{ 5f]8L cfP, dlxdf k|s6 u/] ! ;':t hLjg lyof] x[bo hufOlbP e'ln/x]sfnfO{ af6f] jrgsf] lbP . @ :juL{o Hof]lt ddf k|sflzt eof] ofb u/ ca w/tL g} :ju{ eof] . # af]nfp“5g\ xfdLnfO{ o]z" cfˆgf] 5]pdf 5f]8\g ;+;f/sf] df]x ;To k|]d snj/Ldf . @(^= sf]M x] cfx, cfx nf} e]8f kms]{/ cfpm x} uf]7}df 5}gg\ c? uf]7fnf, dfof ug]{ uf]7fnf ! cfˆg} af6f]df nfu]5f}, ;f+;fl/s sf“8fdf cNem]5f} cWof/f] x'g nfUb}5, nf} x} ltd|f] ;f]/ ;'gfpg . @ HofdLn] x]/]sf] efg kf5{ hf]lvddf ltdLnfO{ 5f]8\g]5 Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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8fsfx? cfp“b}5g\ em§} ltd|f] ;f]/ ;'Gg kfpm“ . # zq' vtd kf/]sf] 5' x} d}n] e]8f xf] ltdLnfO{ vf]Hb}5', em§} ltd|f] ;f]/ ;'Gg kfpm“ . $ ltdLnfO{ vf]Hbf rf]6 nfUof] d]/f] d/0f klg ef] sfnnfO{ ldrL lhp“bf] 5' ;f]/ ltd|f] ;'Gg rfxG5' . % d x'“ hflt uf]7fnf] gof“ ug]{ uf]7fnf] gof“ ;[li6sf] x'“ h]7f] o]z" gfd xf] d]/f] . @(&= sf]M d]/f x[bosf kL/x? k|e';“u kf]vfP d'6'leqsf rf]6x? d]/f] dflnsnfO{ b]vfP ! o]z"sf] t]hdo x]/fOn] kL/x? xl6uP -@_ pgsf] sf]dn :kz{n] rf]6x? lgsf] eP d]/f] Kofnf 55Ns]/ yf]kfx? v:gnfu] . @ o]z"sf] k|]dsf] k|sfzn] hLjg Hof]ltdo eof] -@_ v|Li6n] jrgsf] zlQmn] hLjg sf]dn eof] d]/f] Kofnf 55Ns]/ yf]kfx? v:g nfu] .

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e/f];f / ;·lt @(*= sf]M x]g]{5' o]z" /fhfnfO{ -#_ d ;w}+ x]g]{5' ! k|fy{gfdf x]g]{5' o]z" /fhfnfO{ -#_ d ;w} x]g]{5' . @ :ju{b"tsf aLrdf o]z" /fhfnfO{ -#_ d ;w} x]g]{5' . # z}tfgdfly ho x'g] o]z" /fhfnfO{ -#_ d ;w} x]g]{5' . $ cfˆgf] k|f0f qm";df lbg] o]z" /fhfnfO{ -#_ d ;w}+ x]g]{5' . % cfˆgf] /ut axfOlbg] o]z" /fhfnfO{ -#_ d ;w}+ x]g]{5' . ^ s'6fO, lgGbf ;xg] o]z" /fhfnfO{ -#_ d ;w}+ x]g]{5' . & d[To"b]lv af}/L p7\g] o]z" /fhfnfO{ -#_ d ;w}+ x]g]{5' . * dnfO{ d'lQm lbg], k|e' o]z" /fhfnfO{ -#_ d ;w}+ x]g]{5' . ( k"/f] zflGt lbg] k|e' o]z" /fhfnfO{ -#_ d ;w}+ x]g]{5' . !)= kljq cfTdf lbg], k|e' o]z" /fhfnfO{ -#_ d ;w}+ x]g]{5' . !!= /fhfx?sf /fhf o]z" /fhfnfO{ -#_ d ;w}+ x]g]{5' . @((= sf]M o]z" d]/f] uf]7fnf], d pgsf] u'0f ufp“b5' h;sf] x'“ d ;fgf] kf7f], kl5 k5ofp“5' ! xl/of] rp/df dnfO{ r/fp“b5g\ ;'v–r}gsf] kfgLdf dnfO{ 8f]¥ofp“b5g\ pgL cl3–cl3 lx8\b5g\ / d]/f kfp 8f]¥ofp“b5g\ Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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wd{sf af6fdf xft ;dfO{ lnO{ lx8fp“b5g\ . @ d[To"sf] t/fO{df dnfO{ lx8fp“b5g\ z}tfgsf] eob]lv dnfO{ arfp“b5g\ anjGt / zlQmdfg agfO{ hojGt ;w}+ u/fp“b5g\ pgsf] lzIff–b08n] dnfO{ r]tdf Nofp“b5g\ . # b'Zdgsf ;fd'Gg]df ef]h tof/ ub{5g\ hLjgsf] srf}/f] e/fO{ /xb5g\ pgL lz/df t]n dNb5g\ enfO{ s?0ff ub{5g\ pgsf] cgGt /fHodf ;bf a:g] u5'{ . #))= ! snj/L 8f“8fsf] Tof] qm";df hxf“ v|Li6 6f“luP sqf] pb]ssf] Tof] k|]d pgn] ddf k|s6 u/fP pgsf] x[bo 5]l8of] xftdf sLnfsf] bfu kfp sf“6Ln] hf] 3f]lrof], d]/f] / ltd|f] of] efu . sf]M wGo xf] kf7f] O{Zj/sf] :t'lt k|e'sf] o]z"sf] ufp“b} /xg]5' oz ;bf, pgsf] ho xf];\ @ af“Rg] pkfo c? gb]Vbf d qm";df uP v|Li6n] cfˆgf] bofsf] xftn] dnfO{ r·f u/fP pb]ssf] abnfj ddf NofP v|Li6n] x[bosf] b'Mv lgsfn]/ cfˆgf] zflGt lbP . # cfpm x] ldq v|Li6 k|e'df pgn] af]nfp“5g\ x[bo czflGtn] e/]sf] kfkn] ba]sf] hLjg kfk Ifdf / zflGt v|Li6 lbg]5g\ p;nfO{ c? sf]xL bftf 5}g k|e' d;Lx l;jfo . #)!= ! o]z" k|f0fsf] z/0f:yfg, d tkfO{sxf“ eflucfpm“ rNbf af9L d]3, t'kmfg, cfwLb]lv cf8 d kfpm“ hLjg si6 /x'~Hofn /Iff ugf]{; d]/f] k|f0f ha cfp“5' d[To"sfn k;" :juL{o cf>o:yfg . @ d}n] xf/–u'xf/ gkfO{ tkfO{dfly lge{/ 5' Psn} g5f]8L dnfO{ zflGt lbg'xf];\ k|e' d]/f] cfzf tkfO{df dnfO{ ;3fpg] tkfO{ Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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9fsL cfˆgf] 5fofdf cf>o lbg'xf];\ dnfO{ . # o]z" vfnL tkfO{nfO{ d ckgfpg rfxG5' dgsf] cfkb, b'Mv x6fO{ nf} 8f]¥ofpg'xf];\ k|e' d tf ;a cz'4 5', e/]sf] kfk sk6n] tkfO{ kljq k|e' e/]sf] cg'u|xn] . $ d]/f] kfknfO{ 9fSg] 5 dfkm k|z:t tkfO{df bof–vf]nf au]/ kfl//fvf];\ dg ;kmf hLjgbftf nf} dnfO{ lkpg lbg'xf];\ hLljt hn dgdf aGgf];\ d"n tkfO{ pld|/xf];\ ;bfsfn . #)@= sf]M o]z" Kof/f], ltdLafx]s d]/f] sf]xL 5}g, d]/f] c? sf]xL 5}g ! cfˆgf jrgsf vs{df dnfO{ n}hfpm, d]/f Kof/f uf]7fnf] hLjgsf] kfgLdf 8f]¥ofpm dnfO{ cf/fd c? sxL 5}g . @ ha d ed{G5' o; b'lgof“df dnfO{ 5'8fpm x] Kof/f uf]7fnf sf“wdf lnO{ ;To kydf lx8fpm d]/f] c? ;fyL 5}g . # d[To" 5fofsf] t/fO{df ha hfg]5' ;fy xf]pm Kof/f uf]7fnf] ltd|} nf7Ln] d zflGt kfpm“ dnfO{ km]l/ s]xL x'Gg 8/ . $ h+unL hgfj/b]lv /Iff u/ dnfO{, r/fpb} 8f]¥ofpm x] k|e' t]n d]/f] lz/df e/k'/L vGofpm, d]/f] Kofnf e/k'/L xf];\ . % kljq 3/df /fVg'xf];\ dnfO{, bof cg'u|xn] e/k'/ ub}{ d]/} xf] ;a yf]s x] Kof/f] k|e' d]/f] c? sf]xL 5}g . #)#= ! x] O{Zj/ plxn]sf] p4f/ cfzf eljiosf] cfwL atf;df xfd|f] cf8 cgGt nf]s xfd|f] . @ tkfO{sf] u2L 5fofdf xfdL lg8/ a:5f}+ tkfO{sf] xftdf e/f];f /fvL ;'/lIft 5f} . # husf] ;[li6eGbf cl3 tkfO{ x'g'x'G5 k/d]Zj/ cgflbb]lv cgGt sfn;Dd . $ jif{ xhf/ Ps If0fh:tf] tkfO{sf] b[li6df lanfp“5 h:t} cWof/f] ;"o{sf] Hof]ltdf .

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#)$= ! hLjg cWof/f]df ha cfp“5 b'Mv ha x/]; vfG5f} / x/fp“5 ;'v ta cflzif\ ug, o]z"nfO{ x]/ cflzif\ uGbf–uGb} nf} t slt w]/ . sf]M cflzif\ ug, ug Ps}–Ps, cflzif\ ug, x]/ 5g\ cg]s cflzif\ ug, 5Ss kg]{5f}, k|e'n] ltdLnfO{ slt lbg'ef] @ lkmqmL zf]ssf] ef/L ltdL af]S5f} ls cfpg] lbgsf] nflu af“rf} s;/L afOan k9\bfv]l/ ltdL a'em\g]5f} xfd|f k|]dL lktfaf6 ;a kfp“5f} . # wg–;DklQ x]bf{ y'k|} cs}{sf] ta ;Demf} xfd|f] wg 5 :ju[sf] o; ;+;f/sf] wgn] zflGt ldNb}g, t/ o]z" 8fS5g\ hxf“ kL/ 5}g . $ lbg–lbg n8fO x'G5 5bf ;+;f/df z}tfg lhTg vf]H5 xfdLnfO{ ;bf o]z" 5]pdf a:bf zlQm lbg]5g\ :ju{ gk'u];Dd cflzif\ uGb} ug . #)%= sf]M d]/f] hLjgsf] gfy k|e' o]z" hf] d]/f] x/]s knsf] ;f“rf] ldq x'g\ ! lhGbuL of] kfkL d]/f] dgdf :g]xsf] axf/ NofO{ . hLjgsf] d"No a'emfO{ lbP qf0f dnfO{ -@_ lbP qf0f dnfO{ c;Ld k|]d b]vfO{ . @ å]if kfkLsf] of] ;+;f/df k|e' v|Li6sf] k'sf/ ylst / sli6t hg cfpm kfksf] ef/L Nofpm -@_ kfksf] ef/L Nofpm lbg]5g\ lj>fd ltdLnfO{ . # x[bo vf]n]/ cfpm ljZjf; o]z"df nufpm lbG5g\ d'lQm ltdLnfO{ kfksf] ef/L x6fO{ -@_ kfksf] ef/L x6fO{ Hof]ltsf] k|sfz u/fO{ . #)^= ! o]z";fy–;fy lx8\bf jrgsf] Hof]ltdf xf|f] af6f] u/fp“5g\ k|sfz xfd|f] x'g\ kfngxf/ pgsf] OR5fcg';f/ olb ub{5f} / dfg / ljZjf; . sf]M dfg / ljZjf; u/] v|Li6df 5 cfz o]z"nfO{ ug'{k5{ vfln dfg / ljZjf; @ d]3 cWof/f] cfP o]z"sf] d'xf/n] Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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rf8} kfb{5 lgd{n cfsfz g tf z+sf g eo g tf cf“z' g xfo xfdL u?~h]n dfg / ljZjf; . # cfˆgf ef/L af]sL c?nfO{ ;fx; lbO{ >dsf] kmn kfcf}nf v|Li6sf] :ofaf;, ;+s6 cfkb / Sn]z xfdLnfO{ 5 cflzif\ olb ub{5f} dfg / ljZjf; . $ t/ tg–dg / wg ck{0f gu?~Hofn xfdL o]z"df xf}nf lg/fz sf/0f cfgGb / ho o]z" lbG5g\ To;nfO{ h;n] ub{5g\ dfg / ljZjf; . % pgsf] ;·ltdf kfpg]/ a;f}nf af6f]df lx8f}+nf pgsf] kf; pgsf] cf1f dfgf}, hxf“ k7fpg]5g\ hfcf} 8/ gxf];\ vfln dfg / ljZjf; . #)&= ! o]z" ljZjf; u5'{ vfln tkfO{df bf]ifL c;xfo d tkfO{ qf0fstf{ k[YjL :ju{df 5}g sf]xL tkfO{h:tf] dh:tf] kfkLsf] nflu d'g{ef] . @ o]z" ljZjf; u5'{ gfddf ;t ckf/ gfd lbPsf b"tn] æo]z" tf/0fxf/Æ gfd hf] n]lvof] lyof] nfhsf] qm";dfly kfkL cfpm To; gfddf b[9 ljZjf; /fvL . # o]z" ljZjf; u5'{ tkfO{nfO{ ;DemL k|]d / bofk"0f{ 3'Dg'ef] k[YjL sf]/L, bLg–bl/b| kfkL l3gnfUbf] ;an] lgufx kfof} d'lQmbftfsf] . $ o]z" ljZjf; u5'{ jf0fL tkfO{s} æd x6fpGg slxNo} cfp“5 hf];'s}Æ, /ut 5 cd"No ;To 5 s/f/ p4f/sf] x'g\ cfwf/ o]z" tf/0fxf/ .

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#)*= ! k/d k|]dL ;j{>]i7, cf]ln{cfpgf];\ hut\df bofeGbf bof u/L jf; ugf]{;\ t'R5 xfdLdf o]z" bofk"0f{ eO{ lgd{n k|]d ckf/ tkfO{ x/]s gd| dgdf cfO{ nf} arfpg'xf];\ xfdLnfO{ . @ ;j{zlQmdfg\ p4f/s, cfpgf];\ ;a}nfO{ arfO{ kmsL{ hut\df crfgs nf}, g5f]8\gf];\ d08nLnfO{ k|e' tkfO{nfO{ u/f} ;]jf :ju{b"tn] u/] em} k|fy{gf :t'lt u/f} ;bf ehL v|Li6sf] k|]d ;w} . # kl/jt{g k"/f ugf]{;\ xfdL lgisn+s agf} cfkm};“u km]l/ ldnfpgf];\ d'lQmbftfsf] bz{g kfcf}+ t]h}af6 t]h}lt/ kl/jt{g xf];\ ckf/ v|Li6sf] kfp gk/];Dd k|]d;fy u/L hohosf/ . #)(= ! gbLh:tf] /fd|f] O{Zj/sf] zflGt b'Mv x6fp“5 xfd|f] x'“bf v'a j[l4 k"/f 5 t} x'G5 emg\ km/flsnf] k"/f 5 t} a9\5 cem} ulx/f] . sf]M k/d]Zj/df :yflkt dgdf 5 cf/fd jrgcG;f/ kfO{ zflGt / lj>fd @ pgsf] cf8df a:5 hf] sf]xL kfp“5 ;'v zq" Toxf“ g k:5 g tf lbG5 b'Mv lrGtf, kL/, cft'/L cfwLem} cfp“5 t/ k|f0fnfO{ x'/L c;/ kfb}{g . # x/ j/bfg ;jf]{Qdf O{Zj/af6 xf] xfdLnfO{ 5 pQd b'Mv jf ;'vsf] pgdf /fVg ;S5f} k"/f e/f];f /fv] pgdf kfp“5f} ;Tok"0f{tf . #!)= sf]M hLjgsf] ofqfdf 8f]¥ofpg'xf];\ dnfO{ Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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tkfO{sf] af6f]df, tkfO{sf] af6f]df ! d cwd{ kfkL r/0fdf cfP, of] hLjg lng'xf];\ -@_ tkfO{sf] lglDt lhpg]5' k|e' -@_, zlQmbfg lbg'xf];\ -@_ @ tkfO{sf] ulx/f] jrgsf] cy{ dnfO{ l;sfpg'xf];\ -@_ 1fg, a'l4, ljj]s kljq cfTdf -@_ bfg dnfO{ lbg'xf];\ -@_ #!!= ! k|e' o]z" ljZjf; u5'{ vfnL tkfO{df ljgfbfd d kfpm“ eg]/ 5'6\sf/f . @ Ifdf kfpg ljZjf; u5'{ k5'{ r0fdf kfpg tkfO{sf] cg'u|x s?0ff . # z'4 x'g ljZjf; u5'{ w'g'xf];\ dnfO{ cfˆgf] /utn] ;a kfksf] bfu d]6fO{ . $ cu'jfO kfpg ljZjf; u5'{ 8f]¥ofpg'xf];\ dnfO{ ofqfel/ rflxbf] s'/f ;a h'6fO{ . % zlQm kfpg ljZjf; u5'{ tkfO{sf] ckf/ d}n] Tof] kfP/ slxNo} vfGg xf/ . ^ k|e' o]z" ljZjf; u5'{ /x"“ d lg8/ ljZjf; u5'{ ;asf] nflu ;w}el/ . #!@= sf]M ;Dk"0f{ hLjg d]/f] k|e' tkfO{s} xf] /fh ug'{xf];\ ;bf tkfO{sf] k"0f{ xf];\ O{R5f ! dxfg\ k|e' tkfO{sf] k|]d clt ulx/f] ;fu/eGbf rf}8f 5 of] cf;dfgeGbf pRr of] lgsDdfnfO{ r'g]/ hLjg bfg lbg'eof] OR5f, cfzf, p2]Zo k|e' tkfO{ g} xf] d]/f] -@_ @ b"tu0fn] uy]{ tkfO{sf] :ju{df dlxdf dflg;n] u/] pgsf] lg/fb/ / lgGbf :ju{df a:g] o]z", lktfsf] bflxg] xft dflg;n] /fv] >flkt qm";df b'O rf]/sf] ;fy -@_ #!#= sf]M xf/ xf]Og hLjg hLt xf], clezfk xf]Og cflzif\ xf] Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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d'lQmbftf v|Li6sf] /utn] lsg]sf] j/bfg of] hLjg w]/} bfdL xf] xf/ xf]Og hLjg hLt xf], clezfk xf]Og cflzif\ xf] ! P xtf;–xtf; lhpg]x?, P pbf; ePsf dgx? P lg/fz–lg/fz cf“vfx? ljjztfdf ?g] k|f0fx? gof“u/L v|Li6df hGd n]pm gq hLjg Joy{ hfg]5 . @ hLjgb]lv yfs]sfx? cljZjf; u/L efUg]x? dgsf tL ;a} JoyfnfO{ o]z"sf] cufl8 /flvb]pm xft km}nfO{ dfu] lgZro g} ltdLnfO{ of] bfg pgn] lbg]5g\ . #!$= sf]M ljZjf;of]Uo d]/f] k|e' -d ltd|f] :t'lt ufpg]5'_ @ ! cg'u|xdf dnfO{ 8fSof}, dnfO{ ;bf ;DxfNb5f} -@_ o;y{ d ltdLnfO{ eG5', ltd|f] k|z+;f ufpg]5' . @ ltd|f] k|]db]lv x] k|e', d af/Daf/ b"/ eP -@_ t/ d ltdLsxf“ cfp“bf dnfO{ tTsfn Ifdf u¥of} . # kfkdf cfkm"nfO{ gfz kfp“bf dnfO{ xft lbO{ p7fPYof} -@_ zq'sf hfnem]nb]lv dnfO{ hojGt hLjg lbof} . $ d]/f z/0f:yfg ltdL, ltdL g} b[9 lsNnf xf} -@_ ltdL o;sf rf/}kl§ ;b}j /Ifs eO/xG5f} . % ltdL g} ;f“rf] ;fIfL xf}, ljZjf;of]Uo k|e' xf} -@_ d]/f] k|e' cgflbsf d ltd|f] :t'lt ufp“b5' . #!%= sf]M lg/fzfsf] cfwLdf ha 8'A5', nu+/ agL ;fy b]pm k|e' cg'u|xdf dnfO{ lx8fpm cg'u|xdf dnfO{ 8f]¥ofpm ! pn{bf] cfwL ;fdgf ubf{ q:t r]nf ;a xtfz eP -@_ cg'u|xdf af“r]sf] r]nf x'“, xtfz xf]pm“nf ;Dxflnb]pm k|e' . @ ljZjf;sf] cfwf/df af“r]sf] 5' ljZjf;sf] n8fO n8\g l;sfpm -@_ ljZjf;nfO{ l;4 agfpg] k|e' d]/f] ljZjf;nfO{ l;4 agfpm . # k/b]zL 5' d o; ;+;f/df ;xf/f d]/f] oxf“ sf]xL 5}g -@_ ltdL g} d]/f] ;xf/f agL 8f]¥ofOb]pm lbg–lbg cflTds kydf . $ af“lr/x]5' d clGtd lbgdf ;fy b]pm dnfO{ kn–kndf -@_ ;fy ltd|f] kfP o; ofqfdf lgZro bf}8 k"/f ug]{5' d . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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#!^= sf]M k|f0f eP;Dd ljZjf;df /x] ta d ltdLnfO{ hLjgsf] d's'6 lgZro lbg]5' ! :ju{sf] /fHo ghLs cfPsf] 5 kfk–dfu{b]lv x[bonfO{ lkm/fpm dgf]x/ b]zdf :yflkt of] /fHo o'u–o'u;Dd /xg]5, k|e'sf] kydf k|]dk"j{s lx8L To; /fHonfO{ clg d's'6nfO{ kfpm“ . @ P ;fg' em'08 eoeLt gxf]pm k|e'sf] z'e]r5f 5 /fHo lbg] s]jn ltdLn] k|e'nfO{ dgkbf]{ ;'Gb/ rf]vf] hLjg latfpm ljhoL hLjg k|ltlbg lhO{ k|lt1fsf] /fHo clg d's'6nfO{ kfO{ . #!&= sf]M slt dfof u5{g\ dnfO{ d]/f Kof/f k|e'n] d]/} dfofsf] t[i0ffdf ;w}+ g} t8\lklbG5g\ ! dnfO{ cgGt hLjg lbg cfˆgf] k|f0f;Dd lbP d}n] ef]Ug'kg]{ b'Mv pgn] g} lnOlbP . @ d]/f] hLjg ;xf/f agL 8f]¥ofpg'xf];\ uf]/]6f]df d cGwf] 5', oxf“ tkfO{ g} Hof]lt d]/f] . # ;+;f/ 6lnuP klg, d[To" g} cfP klg of] ldng cgGt;Dd of] k|Lt cd/ g} 5 . #!*= sf]M c:tfrnkfl/ dlxldt b]zdf d]/f] 5 Pp6f 3/ -@_ rf“8} g} o]z" cfpg'eP/ k'¥ofp“5g\ ;/f;/ -@_ ! ;fgf] 3/sf] 5fgf]dlg, yf]/} s'/f] ePklg ;a}eGbf ;'vL 5' d sf/0f ;fy 5g\ hojGt o]z" oxf“ ;w} a:g] xf]Og dlxldt b]zdf hfg'5 ;'Gb/ zx/ ;'gsf] ;8s lsgf/ :jR5 rf“blsf] 5 -@_ @ gfRb}, xf“:b}, :t'lt ufp“b} ;Gtx?l;t lx8\g]5' jL0ff ahfpb} ufpg]5' d d's'6 kfO{ /dfpg]5' of] xf] t]/f] rlDsnf] 3/ eG5g\ dnfO{ k|]dL O{Zj/ tof/ 5 of] t]/f]nflu, /fh u/ oxf“ ;w}+ gfgL -@_

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k|]d, cfgGb / zflGt #!(= sf]M ufcf} uLt k|e'sf] ldnLh'nL 5f} ;a hf] -@_ ! k|e' xfd|f] uf]7fnf] ;anfO{ 36L s] xf]nf < xl/of]–xl/of] 3f“;df ;anfO{ r/fO{ lnOlx8\nfg\ -@_ @ k'¥ofO{ lgd{n gbLdf lj>fd lbG5g\ dg}df cfˆg} gfp“sf] lglDtdf 8f]¥ofp“5g\ 7Ls af6f]df -@_ # d[To" 5fof t/fO{df lx8\5' hf]lvd g8/fO{ pgsf] n¶L ;dfO{ zflGt lbG5g\ xfdLnfO{ -@_ $ ;fd' ha j}/L cfof] xfd|f]nflu ef]h /fVof] xfd|f Kofnf plDnof] lz/df t]n nufOlbof] -@_ % lgZro k|e'sf] bof hLjgel/ xf]O/xnf ha :ju{df k'uf}nf ;bf;j{b} a;f}nf -@_ #@)= ! O{Zj/ 5g\ k|]dL arfP dnfO{, O{Zj/ 5g\ k|]dL d]/f]nflu . sf]M o;sf/0f ufp“b}5' / :t'lt ub}{5, O{Zj/ 5g\ k|]dL d]/f]nflu @ d kfksf] ef/n] 8'a]sf] lyP / d]/f] nflu p4f/ lyPg . # qf0f lbg] o]z" k|folZrt eP, kfksf] ef/ clg b'Mv p7fP . $ a9fO xf];\ ltd|f], ;gftg k|]dL, ha;Dd lhp“5' :t'lt u5'{ . #@!= ! xfd|f :juL{o O{Zj/ lktf gfp“ tkfO{sf] kljq xf];\ /fHo tkfO{sf] l56f] cfcf];\ OR5f k"/f] ul/cf];\ h:tf] :ju{df, h:tf] :ju{df -To:tf] k[YjLdf xf];\_ @ @ xfd|f] lbg–lbgsf] ef]hg bof u/L lbg'xf];\ ck/fw xfd|f] bof u/L Ifdf alS;lbg'xf];\ h:tf] xfdL, h:tf] xfdL -Ifdf u5f}{ ;a}nfO_{ @ # xfdL ;a}nfO{ k/LIff / b'i6b]lv arfpgf];\ lsgeg] oL tkfO{sf /fHo, k/fqmd dlxdf xf];\ ;bf;j{bf, ;bf;j{bf -cfldg, cfldg o;f] xf];\_ @

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#@@= ! x[bodf 5 d]/f] lbJo /fu, o]z"sf] dL7f] Wjlg g8/fpm ;b}j 5' d ;fy, k|To]s lbg / /ft klg . sf]M o]z", o]z", o]z", >]i7 / dL7f] gfd Nofof] zflGt, :yfoL qm";df u/L husf] qf0f @ kfksf] ef/n] hLjg lyof] lgs[i6 b'a{n y] d lg?kfo ag]/ ;xfos cfP v|Li6 ug{nfO{ zq'n] Ifo . # Ps ;'gf}nf] laxfg km]l/ v|Li6 cfp“5g\ afbndf lgZro lnP/ z/L/ Tof] dlxldt hfg]5f} v|Li6;fy lge{o . #@#= ! u/ avfg k'/fgf], :ju{sf] s'/fsf] o]z"sf] dlxdf hfg', o]z"sf] k|]d s] ef] u/ avfg ;lhnf] ;fgf afnsnfO{ em} lga{n / x}/fg 5', 5' lgwf]{ / kfkdo . sf]M u/ avfg k'/fgf] -#_ o]z"sf] k|]d s] ef] @ u/ avfg la:tf/}, d a'em\g ;s' aft pb]ssf] Tof] p4f/ hf] d]6\g kfksf] ut u/ avfg bf]xf]¥ofO{ rf8} la;{G5' d laxfgsf] zLt k/fO{ lbp“;f] /xg]5 . # u/ avfg sdnf], ;“u oTg ;f]/ / wL/ o]z"n] k|f0f lbOxfn], p4f/ u/fO{ l:y/ u/ avfg ;a ;do / o:t}u/L g} dnfO{ uf]xf/] ;f“Rr} ;a vf“rf] x'bfd} . $ u/ avfg k'/fgf] b]vf kbf{df o; nf]ssf] Joy{ dfgsf] w]/} OR5f u5'{ d c“ clg ha d vf]h" :ju{nf]ssf] ;To dfg u/ avfg k'/fgf] o]z"n] u5{g qf0f . #@$= ! O{Zj/rflx k|]d x'g\, k|]drflx cd/ xf] O{Zj/ k|]d ;j{>]i7 xf] ljZjf;, cfzf / k|]ddWo] klg k|]d ;a}eGbf >]i7 xf] . @ k"0f{ x[bo / zlqm, an, k|f0fn] k/d O{Zj/nfO{ k|]d u/f} l5d]sL;“ cfkm};“u em} ;j{bf lgisk6 k|]d u/f} . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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# k|]dn] ;bfsfn wL/h wb{5, k|]dn] slxNo} O{v ub}{g k|]dn] slxNo} z]vL ub}{g, k|]drflx slxNo} km'lnb}g . $ k|]dn] s'/Llt slxNo} ub}{g, cfˆg} enfO vf]Hb}g a'/fO{ 3d08, 5n, sk6 ub}{g, k|]drflx slxNo} db}{g . % k|e' o]z"sf] kl5Nnf] cf1f Ps–csf{;“ k|]d u/f} Ps–csf{sf] k|]dsf] C0f af]Sb} o]z"sf] cf1f k"/f] u/f}+ . #@%= sf]M x] o]z" ltd|f] k|]d, slt dxfg\ 5, cfsfzsf] tf/f, kj{t ;d'Gb| ;aeGbf dxfg\ 5 -@_ ! cuDo cfgGbn] x[bo e/k"/ 5, k|e'sf] sfo{ g} w]/} dxfg\ 5 x/]s ;f“em, x/]s ljxfg -:t'ltsf] of]Uo 5_ @ @ ;+s6sf] ;dodf hLjg lg/fz x'G5 x] O{Zj/ k'sf5'{ bof dnfO{ bzf{pm af]nfpeGbf klxnf g} eG5g\, -d ltd|f] ;fy 5'_ @ # cGwsf/ 3f6Ldf dnfO{ lx8\g'5 d[To" / hf]lvdsf] w]/} g} ofqf 5 uf]7fnf] eO{ k|e' 8f]¥ofpg'x'G5 -cgGt ;fyL eO{_ @ $ 36L / sdLsf] dnfO{ s]xL 8/ 5}g xl/of] rp/df dnfO{ lgw{Ss 5 ef]hg–hnn] t[Kt d x'G5, -v|Li6 d]/f] ;fy5g\_ @ % O{Zj/sf] ejgdf :t'lt ;w} u5'{, ;Dk"0f{ x[bon] pgnfO{ ;w} eG5' :t'lt–k|z+;fsf] of]Uo k/d]Zj/ -xNn]n"ofx cfldg_ @ #@^= sf]M s[t1 eO{, lz/ em'sfO{ hLjg r9fpg cfPsf] 5' cd"No e]6 c? s] 5 / < hLjg d]/} ck]{sf] 5' -@_ ! 6f9f] hf“bf k|]dnfO{ e'nL, 3fon x'G5 dg k|e'sf] -@_ x'G5' -ghLs_ @ ltd|f] g} ;lqmg d hfg 6f9f] -@_ @ dgnfO{ lv“rg] j}ej hut\sf ljnf; afws d]/f -@_ v|Li6sf] cb\e't k|]d}sf] lglDt TofU5' lognfO{ dg}af6 -@_ # k|]d 5 cufw k|e' ltd|f] g}, aofg ug]{ zlQm 5}g -@_ cgGtsfn ;]jf g} u?, o; k|]daf6 pC0f d x'Gg“ -@_ $ husf] lglDt lhp“lbg k|e' g tf lhp“5' cfˆg} lglDt -@_ ;lQmg d ck{0f gu/L 5f]6f] hLjg ltd|f] g} lglDt -@_ % b'Mlvt 5' d ;dosf] lglDt lat]Yof] hf] /xbf kfkdf -@_ af“sL hLjg s[t1tfdf clk{t xf];\ k|e's} ;]jfdf -@_ Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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#@&= sf]M k/d]Zj/sf] qmf]waf6 v|Li6n] xfdLnfO{ arfp“5g\ pxf“sf] hLjgn] xfdLnfO{ kfkb]lv arfp“5 ! dlxdfsf] cfzfdf cfglGbt agf} lg/fzf u/fp“b}g cfzfdf /xf} . @ pxf“sf] hLjgåf/f p4f/ kfpg]5f} ldnfk / cfgGb u/f} ;bf;j{bf . #@*= sf]M d'6'el/–el/, 5ftLjl/kl/ d]/f] k|e'sf] dfof gfKg ;Sb}gf}, ckf/ 5 pgsf] k|]dL 5q5fof v|Li6s} k|]ddf 8'A5', v|Li6s} k|]ddf e'N5' d ;bf–;bf 5'6fpg ;S5 s'g rLhn], eg s;n] u5{ afwf ! pgsf] k|]d cfsfzeGbf cUnf], ;fu/eGbf ulx/f], cToGt bfdL, e]befj/lxt, cj0f{gLo -@_ l;Q}df kfOg] slxNo} gk'Ug] -@_ s;n] lbG5 To:tf] k|]d xfd|} d'lQmbftf o]z" . @ ha d x/fPsf] lyP, ;xf/fxLg lbP of] kfkL hudf k|e' cfpg'ef], d]/} g} ;fd' -@_ dfofn' xftn] tfGg'ef] dnfO{ -@_ s;n] u¥of] To:tf] k|]d xfd|} d'lQmbftf o]z" .

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;dk{0f / kljqtf #@(= sf]M cfp“b5' tkfO{sf] r/0fdf, kb{5' tkfO{sf] z/0fdf kfksf] af]em 5 hLjgdf, x6fO{ a:g'xf];\ x[bodf ! l;sfpg'xf];\ dnfO{ Kof/ ug{ tkfO{nfO{ -@_ k|e' dnfO{ tkfO{n] Kof/ ug'{ef] klxn] -@_ @ ;dftL d]/f] xft /fVg'xf];\ dnfO{ ;fy -@_ hLjgsf] Hof]lt lbO{ rDsfpg'xf];\ dnfO{ -@_ ##)= sf]M k|e' ltd|f] :t'lt u5'{, ltd|f] dlxdf ufpg] 5' -@_ ! ltd|f] r/0fdf x] k|e' -@_ x[bo e]6L r9fp“b}5' -@_ @ k"/f] dgn] laGtL u5'{ -@_ ltd|f] bz{g d kfpm“ -@_ # o]z"sf] ?k ddf xf]cf];\ -@_ pgs} u'0f b]vfpgnfO{ -@_ $ ltd|} jrgn] x] k|e' -@_ gof“ hLjg kfpg]5' -@_ % k|e' zlQm b]pm dnfO{ -@_ ltd|f] jrg ;'gfpgnfO{ -@_ ##!= sf]M c·–k|To·sf dflns d u5'{ k|0ffd\ wGo–wGo ;[li6stf{ cd/ 5 ltd|} gfd -@_ ! ltd|f ;[li6 oL b'O xft 5g\ slt /fd|f ltd|f ;[li6 oL b'O kfp 5g\ slt /fd|f oL d]/f xft, oL d]/f kfp c· x'g\ ltd|f h] u?“ d hxf“ hfpm“ d xf];\ ltd|} dlxdf -@_ @ ltd|f ;[li6 oL b'O sfg 5g\ slt /fd\f ltd|f ;[li6 oL b'O cf]7 5g\ slt Kof/f oL d]/f sfg, oL d]/f cf]7 c· x'g\ ltd|f h] ;'g' d, h] af]n' d, xf];\ ltd|} dlxdf -@_ # ltd|f ;[li6 oL b'O cf“vf 5g\ slt /fd|f cGwf] x'g t dgsf cf“vf 5g\ tL rgfvf 5g\ hf] d]/f oL b'O cf“vf c· x'g\ ltd|f hxf“ h] hlt b]v] d}n] xf];\ ltd|} dlxdf -@_ $ 1fg / a'l4 hlt d]/f x'g\, oL ltd|} bfg Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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c·–k|To·df Kof/sf] ltd|f] /x]sf] 5 lgzfg Zjf;–k|Zjf;af6 d]/f], lg:sf]; ltd|} gfp“ d]/f] oL ;jf{·af6, xf];\ ltd|} sfd -@_ ##@= ! kg]{5 cflzif\sf] em/L, k|]dsf] k|lt1fnfO{ dfg x'G5 ;do hLjg lbg] v|Li6 d'lQmbftfsf] bfg . sf]M cflzif\sf] em/L cflzif\sf] em/L k7fpm bofsf] yf]kf] r'x'G5 cflzif\sf] em/L k7fpm @ kg]{5 cflzif\sf] em/L, hLjgdf xf];\ zlQm–an ;a}df pTkGg u/fp“5 kljq cfTdfsf] kmn . # kg]{5 cflzif\sf] em/L, xfdLdf k|e' k7fpm lbP/ cfTdfsf] e/k"/, jrgsf] t]hn] hufpm . $ kg]{5 cflzif\sf] em/L, xf];\ cfhb]lv z'? xfdLn] cfh kfk :jLsf5f}{, ;'Gg'xf];\ laGtL o]z" . ###= ! x] k|]d dnfO{ hfg glbg] d cfˆgf] ylst cfTdf Nofp“5' k|f0f ca ltdLnfO{ lbOxfN5' hLjgsf] ;fu/df a:g e/k'/L x'gnfO{ . @ x] Hof]lt dnfO{ af6f] b]vfpg] d cfˆgf] ;fgf] aQL Nofp“5' cfˆgf] dgsf] Hof]lt kmsf{p“5' ltd|f] pHofnf]df a:5' Hof]ltnf] x'gnfO{ . # x] ;'v hf] dnfO{ b'Mvdf vf]Hg] dg d]/f] sxL efUg g;Sg] afbndf ltd|f] wg'if x]5'{ s/f/df e/f];f u5'{ lbg d]/f] pHhjn xf];\ . $ x] qm";, hf] d]/f] lz/ p7fpg] g ltdLb]lv efUg ;Sg] d k|f0f df6f]df /flvlbG5' km"nh:tf] a9L lgSng' k|f0f d]/f] cd/ xf];\ . ##$= ! x] o]z" d]/f] dg n'sfpm To; wf/fdf To; wf/fdf / kfk / 8/ ;a} d]6fpm /utsf] wf/fdf . sf]M /utsf] wf/fdf, k|e' dnfO{ n'sfpm kljq agfpm / lbg–lbg} dnfO{ 8'afpm /utsf] wf/fdf @ kfkLnfO{ ldNb5 Ifdf To; wf/fdf To; wf/fdf / kfp“b5' :jtGqtf /utsf] wf/fdf . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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# ca e/ cfkm}n] dnfO{ To; wf/fdf To; wf/fdf dnfO{ klg kljq agfO{ /utsf] wf/fdf . $ kljq cfTdf lbg–lbg} To; wf/fdf, To; wf/fdf dnfO{ k|e' b]vfp“b5g\ /utsf] wf/fdf . ##%= ! hLjge/ k|]d v|Li6nfO{ d ug]{5' ;'lgb]pm k|fy{gfnfO{ z/0f k5'{ hLjge/ elQm;fy clws k|]d d u5'{ Tof] clws k|]d v|Li6 d u5'{ . @ ;f+;fl/s df]xdf vf]h] cf/fdf laGtL 5 b]pm dnfO{ cflTds lj>fd ;w}–;w} elQm;fy, clws k|]d d u5'{ tof] clws k|]d v|Li6 d u5'{ . # z}tfgn] af/Daf/ u¥of] nfrf/, ltdL 5f} tf/0fxf/ nfp5f} ej kf/ hohoufg ;fy k|e' clws k|]d d u5'{ Tof] clws k|]d v|Li6 d u5'{ . $ ;+;f/ ha TofUb5' v|Li6 dnfO{ n]pm lqPs O{Zj/sf] d eQm aGg]5' of] d]/f] b[9 k|0f xf], clws k|]d d u5'{ lqPs k|e'nfO{ k|]d d u5'{ . ##^= ! lngf];\ lngf];\ @ lngf];\ lngf];\ # lngf];\ lngf];\ $ lngf];\ lngf];\ % lngf];\ lngf];\ ^ lngf];\ lngf];\

k|e' d]/f] Hofg xf];\ tkfO{nfO{ alnbfg x/]s lbg / If0f ;w} :t'ltdf lat'g\ . d]/f xft, k|e' nfpgf];\ sfddf tkfO{sf] d]/f kfp, k|e' cfˆgf] kydf lx8fpg . d]/f] :j/, k|e' tkfO{sf] a9fO u5'{ d]/f] cf]7 k|e' xf];\ ;'jrg e/]sf] . d]/f] wg, k|e' ;a tkfO{nfO{ a'emfp“5' . a'l4, 1fg, k|e', jzdf NofO{ tkfO{sf] . OR5f x] k|e' cfˆg}l;t ldnfpg' . dg cfˆg} 7fGgf];\ tkfO{sf] l;+xf;g xf];\ . d]/f] k|]d, k|e' r/0fdf d vGofp“5' . tg–dg–wg, k|e' v|Li6s} nflu lhpg]5' .

##&= ! h:t} d 5' xf] tkfO{sf] hLjgsf dLt Kof/ u5{g\ hf] tkfO{nfO{ d ck{0f u5'{, x] k|e' o]z" cfp“b}5' . @ d]/f] cfo'sf] laxfgdf v'zL;fy Hofg / k|lt1f lbG5' Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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geO{ ca]nf, x] k|e' o]z", cfp“b}5' . # ;bf Hof]ltdf a:g kfpm“ ;bf enfO{ sfd ug{ kfpm“ ;]jfdf k"/f] an nufpm“ o;sf/0f o]z" cfp“b}5' . $ hLjg :jtGq d x'“bf z'4 x'g rfxG5' tkfO{df ;f]emf] / eQm, wdf{Tdf, x] hLjg :jfdL, cfp“b}5' . ##*= ! d tkfO{sf] x'“ slt Kof/ dnfO{ k|e' v|Li6 bzf{pg'ef] t/ ljZjf;åf/f tkfO{sf] 5]p cfpg] t[i0ff ub{5' . sf]M dnfO{ ghLs, ghLs x] k|e' Nofpgf];\ cfˆgf] qm";sf] 5]pm dnfO{ -ghLs_ # x] k|e' cfˆgf] 3fon z/L/sf] 5]pm @ O{Zj/sf] cg'u|xsf] zlQmn] d k|e'sf] sfd u? OR5f d]/f] tkfO{sf]df ldnfO{ O{Zj/df cfzf /fv" . # ha k|fy{gfdf ldq;“u em} tkfO{;“u af]N5' d ta cfp“bf tkfO{sf] ;Gd'vdf dnfO{ slt cfgGb 5 . $ d gd?~h]n k|]dsf] cg'ej ug{ ;lQmg k"/f d ga;'~h]n v|Li6sf] ;·tdf d]/f] d]6\b}g t[i0ff . ##(= ! k|lt1f u/] o]z" d ;]jf ug]{5' d;“u ;w} a:gf];\ x] ;fyL / k|e' n8fOb]lv 8/fpGg glhs x'g'eP tkfO{sf] ky la/fpGg kfp 8f]¥ofpg'eP . @ 5]pm d]/f] a:gf];, o]z" ;f+;fl/s dfofn] km;fp“5 dnfO{ ;w} nf]Eofpg] ;f]/n] 5g\ zq' rf/}lt/ dgleq 5g\ klg x] o]z" cfO{ k|f0fnfO{ hf]ufpgf];\ kfkb]lv . # :jfy{sf] emu8fb]lv O{iof{sf] cfwldf d :j/ tkfO{sf] ;'g' dw'/ zfGt ;kmf dnfO{ r]tfpgL, ;fx; jf xKsL xf];\ k|e' af]nL dnfO{ ;'gfpgf];\, x] /If k|f0f}sf] . $ x] o]z" of] k|lt1f r]nfnfO{ lbOof] ls æhxf“ d 5' x'g]5f} Toxf“ ltdL klgÆ x] o]z" jrg lbP d ;]jf ug]{5' Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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tkfO{sf] kl5 nfu" x] ;fyL / k|e' . @$)= ! o]z"nfO{ d ;a yf]s lbG5', ;a}yf]s ck{0f u5'{ k|ltlbg tkfO{sf] ;fydf k|]d / ljZjf;df a9\5' . sf]M ;a yf]s lbG5', d ;a yf]s lbG5' d d'lQmbftf tkfO{nfO{ ;a yf]s lbG5' d @ o]z"nfO{ d ;ayf]s lbG5' b08jt u5'{ tkfO{nfO{ ;f+;fl/s OR5f d 5f]8\5' tkfO{ lng'xf]; dnfO{ . # o]z"nfO{ d ;j yf]s lbG5' cfˆg} agfpgf];\ dnfO{ kljqfTdf xj;\ ;fIfL v|Li6 x'g\ d]/f d v|Li6s} . $ o]z"nfO{ d ;a yf]s lbG5' d]/f] hLjg lng'xf];\ k|]d / zlQm ddf egf]{;\ cflzif\n] ek'/ ugf]{; . % oz"nfO{ d ;a yf]s lbG5' kljqfTdf ofb u5'{ k'/f d'lQmdf v'zL 5' pgsf] gfp“sf] ho ufp“5' . #$!= sf]M tf/0fxf/ v|Li6 o]z"hLsf] lgTo–lgTo hohosf/ xf];\ kfkLx?nfO{ clt k|]d ug]{, o]z"sf] a9fO xf]O/xf];\ ! t8\lklx8\y] hLjg ;f/f ltdLljxLg, x] o]z"hL -@_ wGo xf];\ ltd|f] k|]dsf] lglDt -qm";}df r9L arfpg'of}_ @ @ hLjg kydf b'Mv ;+s6 ;bf g} k|e' lsg gxf];\ cufw k|]dsf] ;f6f]df o]z" -x[bo e]6L oxL /xf];\_ @ # u|x0f u/L x[bo d]/f] k|]d / cfgGb cem a9fpm dg oxL xf] dlGb/ ltd|f], -:t'ltsf] of]Uo of] hLjg agfpm_ @ #$@= ! O{Zj/sf] 5]j}df hfb}5' d k/] klg b'Mvdf nluG5' d :t'lt ufp“b} ho eG5' O{Zj/sf] 5]j}df O{Zj/sf] 5]j}df hfb}5' d . @ k/b]zLh:t} 5' 3fd 8'Ab} 5 jf;–u9 d vf]Hb}5' /ft kb}{5 lgGb|fdf d x'G5' O{Zj/sf] 5]j}df O{Zj/sf] 5]j}df hfb}5' d . # :ju{nf]ssf] af6f] lbG5g\ dnfO{ ;a yf]s lbG5g\ dnfO{ jxf“ cflzif\ kfO{ b'teGbf >]i7 x'G5' O{Zj/sf] 5]j}df O{Zj/sf] 5]j}df hfb}5' d . $ b'Mv–zf]snfO{ Tofu]/, zfGt eP/, rDsb} /xG5' jxf“ uP/ zf]s x'b}g ;fydf O{Zj/sf] 5]j}df O{Zj/sf] 5]j}df hfb}5' d . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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% cfgGbsf] kv]6f ha lnG5' d ;+;f/sf] zf]s lrGtf la;{G5' d :t'lt ufp“b} ho eG5' O{Zj/sf] 5]j}df O{Zj/sf] 5]j}df hfb}5' d . #$#= ! l;sfpg'xf];\ ;·t ug{ tkfO{sf] lbg–lbg x] d]/f] gfy u/fpgf];\ zfGt xnrn x[bosf] ofb ug{ tkfO{sf] ;fy af]Ng'xf];\ ta tof/ d x'G5' -@_, ;'Gg Tof] d[b' cfjfh ug'{xf];\ uf]xf/ d;LxL hLjg latfpg ljgfnfh -@_ @ rfxG5' k|e' lx8\g af6f]df tkfO{sf] lbg k|ltlbg :jfy{s} sf/0f olb dnfO{ x'G5, 5' clt zlQmxLg l;sfpg'xf];\ k|e' ug'{ x} ;]jf -@_ g agL ck:jfyL{ a9fO xf];\ cfh k|e' o]z"sf] ag' d lgM:jfyL{ -@_ # lgZrot, k|e', cfh dnfO{ 5 ePsf] 5' d[To' kf/ kljq cfTdf / k|lt1fsf eP d efuLbf/ Nofpg'xf];\, k|e' tf]8L b]x d]/f] -@_ tkfO{sf] l;4tf s]jn k|sfz xf];\ Hof]lt tkfO{sf] d]/f] o; hLjgdf -@_ #$$= sf]M x] k|e' ug{ bz{g ltd|f] cfPsf 5f} xfdL cfzf nufO{ x] k|e' ug{ === ! -dgnfO{ cfˆgflt/ nufOb]pm_ @ gfkljgf cflzif\ vgfOb]pm . @ -cfˆgf] k"0f{ 1fg nf} b]pm_ @ :juL{o jf0fL cfh nf} ;'gfOb]pm . # -vfnL xf];\ k|e' x[bo d]/f]_ @ df]x nf]e cf} qmf]w d]6fOb]pm . $ -;a} cz'4tfnfO{ wf]Ob]pm_ @ qm";sf] d'lg :gfg u/fOb]pm . % -qm";sf] j]bLdf cfb/;fy cfp“5f}_@ tg–dg–wg ;a} e]6L r9fp“5f} . #$%= ! v|Li6s} nflu ;a} v|Li6s} sfd ug]{ zlQm d]/f] aft, ljrf/ sfdx? ;a} lbg 306f ;a} d]/f v|Li6s} nflu ;a} v|Li6s} sfd ug]{ zlQm d]/f] v|Li6s} nflu ;a} v|Li6s} lbg 306f ;a} d]/f . @ pgsf] sfo{ oL xftn] u?g kfp pgsf] kydf lx8"g cf“vfn] v|Li6nfO{ b]v"g cf]7n] pgsf] :t'lt u?g\ v|Li6s} nflu ;a} v|Li6s} kfp pgsf] kydf lx8"g Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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v|Li6s} nflu ;a} v|Li6s} cf]7n] pgsf] :t'lt u?g\ . # cf“vf ha v|Li6df nfP v|Li6 6fluPsf] b]v] cfTdfn] v|Li6 dfq b]v] c? yf]s d}n] e"n] v|Li6s} nflu ;a} v|Li6s} v|Li6 6fluPsf b]v] v|Li6s} nflu ;a} v|Li6s} c? yf]s d}n] e"n] . #$^= sf]M ltd|f] r/0fdf ltd|f] z/0fdf ltd|f] r/0fdf ltd|f] z/0fdf ! cfof} k|e' e]6L cf/fwgf r9fpb} eG5f} zlQm b]pm k|e' /fHo a9fpg', o]z" gfd km}nfpg' -@_ @ ltd|f] z/0fsf] bf; xfdL eO{ kljq cfTdf lnO{ cl3 a9\b} ;'t]sf] efOnfO{ hufp“b}, x/fPsf] cfTdfnfO{ vf]lhNofpb} a9fp“5f} ltd|f] /fHonfO{ o]z" gfd km}nfp“5f} -@_ #$&= sf]M x[bo e]6L r9fcf} k|e'nfO{, :t'lt houfg klg xfdL ;a ;Gtu0f ldnL -@_ ! kfksf] ef/ p7fpg cfP v|Li6 g/nf]sdf -@_ kfkL hg ;asf] kfk d]6fO{ -@_ hLjg ;gftg lbg . @ c;fWo b'Mv p7fP gd| / bLg agL -@_ vf]nL p4f/sf] åf/ k|e'hL -@_ cd/ cfzf lbnfO{ . # wGo :juL{o of] k|]d xfdL cwdL{k|lt -@_ ge'nf} km]l/ b'i6 ag]/ -@_ ;+;f/df km]l/ kmsL{ . $ ;dk{0f u5f}{ tkfO{nfO{ k|f0f cfTdf x[bo klg -@_ /Iff ug'{xf];\ of] hLjgsf] -@_ ljgo 5 xfd|f] oxL . #$*= sf]M hLjgsf] bLk, hLjg k|ef lr/fgGb k|sfz b]pm x[bo d]/f] lnP/ gljg cflTds agfOb]pm -@_ ! cGt/fTdfn] d]/f] ljgo oxL ub{5 -@_ sn° ;a wf]P/ d;LxL hLjg oxL ub{5 -@_ @ hLjg c?0fsf] /f]zgL NofO{ of] d]/f] x[bofsfzdf -@_ cfTdfdf gj pd· b]pm x] k|e' laGtL ;'lgn]pm . # cfzf, ljZjf; / k|]ddf l:y/ /xg] zlQm b]pm -@_ Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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hLjg–ofqf z]if eP cfTdf of] u|x0f ul/n]pm . #$(= ! xf]pm d]/f] bz{g, d]/f] k|f0f, x] k|e' tkfO{afx]s cfgGb 5}g c? /ftdf–lbgdf xf];\ ;f]r tkfO{s} ;'Tbf jf Jo"embf Hof]lt tkfO{ g} . @ xf]pm d]/f] a'l4 d]/f] ;f“rf] aft d ;bf tkfO{;fy tkfO{ g} . tkfO{ g} lktf d 5f]/f ;f“rr} jf; ugf]{;\ ddf d rflx tkfO{d} # xf]pm d]/f] t/jfn / 9fn n8fOsf] xf]pm d]/f] dof{bf cfgGb d]/f] xf]pm d]/f] u9L w/x/f cUnf] :ju{lt/ p7fpm x] anjfg\ k|e' . $ wg d vf]lHbg g t k|z+;f tkfO{ g} d]/f] ;j{:j ;bf tkfO{nfO{ dfq d]/f] klxn] dfg :ju{sf] /fhf tkfO{ d]/f] wg . % :ju{sf] /fhf ljho eO{ uof] :juL{o cfgGb kfp“5' 3fd rlDsnf] d]/f] k|f0f Kof/f] e"n eP xfd|f] cem} xf]pm bz{g x] ;asf /fhf . #%)= sf]M dg d]/f] lng'xj;\ o]z" tkfO{n] o;nfO{ agfpg'ef] o;df tkfO{ cfˆgf] 3/ agfpgf];\ h;sf] nflu of] agfpg'ef] ! b'lgof“sf] ;a s'/f lgsfNgf];\ o;nfO{ z'4 kljq ug'{xf];\ cz'4 d}nf] kfknfO{ wf]O{sg Tof] /utn] hf] axfpg'ef] . @ ha k9\b5' kljq jrg h;sf] af6f] 5 ;RrfOsf] af6f] ;To hLjg b]vfO{sg ljZjf; clg cfzf a9fpg'ef] . # w]/} ;fn tkfO{b]lv lyP b'/ nfk/jfxLn] g} u/] b'/ cg'u|x, k|]d, bofsf] j/bfgn] wL/h w/L dnfO{ b]vfpg'ef] . $ cfTdf z'4 xf];\ wf]O{sg kljq cfTdfsf] alKt:dfn] x/ ;do x/ hUuf ;fIfL lbpm“ h:tf] tkfO{n] g} l;sfpg'ef] . #%!= ! x] k|e', tkfO{sf] nflu k"/f] zlQm lbG5' / d]/f] dgsf] xif{cG;f/ tkfO{sf] uLt ufp“5' . @ ;+;f/nfO{ x[bo lbP/ k|]d x'Gg tkfO{sf] tkfO{sf] ;]jf ljgfan ug'{ g;Sg] xf] . # tkfO{sf] nflu s'OR5f gxj;\ bfg d]/f] g d]/f] xj;\ cN5] dg g x[bo ck:jfy{sf] . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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$ x] k|e' dnfO{ r'Gg'xf];\ d x'G5' tkfO{sf] tkfO{nfO{ k"/f] an lbG5' ;Dk"0f{ x[bosf] . #%@= ! o]z"sf] gfdn] lbG5 ;'v ljZjf;Lx?nfO{ rf]6 lgsf] kf5{ yfD5 b'Mv / x6fOlbG5 eo . sf]M Kof/f] gfd d'lQmbftsf], Kof/f] gfd d'lQmbftfsf] Kof/f] gfd d'lQmbftfsf], ;jf]{Rr gfd o]z" @ lk|o gfd d]/f] hLjg–cfwf/ 9fn z/0f:yfg d]/f] k|z:t lbg] of] e08f/ c;Ld cg'u|xsf] . # v|Li6 qftf, ldq uf]7fnf], af6f], ;To, hLjg eljiojQmf, k'/f]lxt, /fhf, x[bo u5'{ ck{0f . $ tkfO{sf] k|]d ckf/ ;'gfpm“ k|f0f d]/f] /x'~h]n o; gfdn] km]l/ hfu[t xf]pm“ ha cfp“5 d[To"sfn . #%#= sf]M hjfgLnfO{ k|e'sf] lglDt lhp“bf] alnbfg r9fpm ;+;f/nfO{ TofuL cfˆgf] qm"; p7fO{ k|e'nfO{ g} k5ofpm x} ! of] z/L/ ltd|f] dlGb/ xf] hxf“ O{Zj/n] jf; u5{g\ o;nfO{ ;w}+ kljq /fv, k|e'n] /fh u5{g\ . @ cfkm}nfO{ k|e'sf] l;kfxL agfpm, n8fO 5 nfdf], x/]; gvfpm ljZjf;sf] pQd n8fO{ n8 k|e'n] ho lbG5g\ . #%$= sf]M p7 hfu x] d;LxL ob{gkf/ hfgnfO{ -@_ Tofu, Tofu ld>sf] of] ;'v–ljnf;, dfgnfO{ -@_ ! slt klg z+sf g/fvL o]z"sf] s/f/df -@_ cl3 a9L ljjz geO{ -@_ k|e'sf] ljZjf;df . @ ;d'Gb| uhf]{;\ ysf]{;\ kj{t, af9L a9f];\ of] ofqfdf -@_ kmsL{ gx]/L ;bf]d gu/nfO{ -@_ sbd a9fpm l;of]g kxf8df . # gh/ p7fO{ snj/Ldf x]/L v|Li6 lgzfgfnfO{ -@_ x6fOlbg] afwf / aGwg -@_ gfzug]{ cGwsf/nfO{ . $ ca|fxd, O;xfs, ofs"a, of];]kmnfO{ ;fy lbg], x] ofx|] -@_ xNn]n"ofx, xNn]n"ofx -@_, :t'lt dlxdf, xNn]n"ofx . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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#%%= sf]M ltd|f] hjfgLnfO{ x]nf ug{ gb]pm s;}nfO{ -@_ ;'Dk hLjg k|e'nfO{ 8f]¥ofpg]5g\ ltdLnfO{ -@_ hLjgsf] of] ofqfdf === -@_ ! hLjg of] xfd|f] ;w}+ g/xg] hfg' 5 Pslbg ;a} -@_ kfknfO{ TofuL v|Li6nfO{ lnO{ -@_ x'g]5f} d[To"kf/ . @ nf]e u5f}{ nfnr u5f}{ ;+;f/sf] ;a} yf]snfO{ -@_ oL ;a}yf]s s]xL klg xf]Og -@_ x'gnfO{ d[To"kf/ . # hLjg of] ltd|f] k|e'nfO{ b]pm eg]{5 cflzif\n] -@_ ;+;f/df b'Mv, d[To"kl5 ;'v -@_ kfpg] 5f} ltdLn] . #%^= sf]M d]/f] hLjg of] k|e' ltd|} xf], d]/f] cfzf–pd+u, k|e' ltdL g} ltd|} agL d /lx/x"“ ca laGtL oxL 5 ;bfnfO{ ! d]/f] hLjg o:tf] lyof] ls em/]sf] km"n cGof]ndf af“r]sf] e"n}–e"n l/lQPsf] lhGbuLdf s]xL lyPg ;f/ d]/f] lglDt cfzf s]jn xf/}–xf/ -d}n] hf]z kfP“, d}n] xf]z kfP“ ;a bf]ifsf] dfkm k|e'df kfP“_ @ @ bfdL–bfdL ;Dem]sf tL h]–hlt lyP d]/f] lglDt tL ;a} g} ef/ eP hxf“–hxf“ vf]lhlx8] rflxPsf aft d]/f] lglDt s]xL /x]g ;w}+ l/Qf] xft -d}n] ;To–hLjg / zflGt vf]h] o]z"df afx]s sxL kfOg_ @ #%&= sf]M oxf“ d}n] p4f/sf] uLt ufpg'5, x/ dgdf v|Li6 a;fpg'5 -@_ ! o]z"sf] s?0f qmGbg oxf“ ;'lgb]pm pg}sf] cfb]z hLjgdf emNsfOb]pm Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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pxf“;“u lhpg rfxg]x? pxf“h:t} algb]pm . @ /ft–lbgsf] km]/f]h:t} eO{ ltdL oxf“ af“lrb]pm ;w}–;w} oxf“ af“lrb]pm -@_ #%*= sf]M x]/g /QmfDd] snj/Ldf k|]dsf] k|tLs qm"; v8f Toxf“ 6f“luPsf To;df k|e'hL 5g\, lbg ltdLnfO{ p4f/ dxfg\ -@_ ! af“R5g\ dflg; a]xf];;l/ dfgf}+ slxNo} db}{gg\ tL ldq lgZro d5f}{ ltdL lhp“5f} ta sxf“ o'u–o]uel/ < @ af“RgnfO{ j:t' rflxP klg 5ftLdf xfnL nfb}gf} tL d[To"kfl/ klg lhp“5f} ltdL nfG5f} ls s]xL Toxf“ ;+ufnL < # k|e' v|Li6 ag] u/La} clt, Tofu] ;a}yf]s ltd|}lglDt lk|o, ltdL tf hg xf} v|Li6sf lhp“b5f} ca s;sf] lglDt < $ b]vL v"g–} v'g qm";df v|Li6nfO{ ug]{ s;/L pk]Iff pgnfO{ ;§fdf v|Li6sf] ckf/ k|]dsf] r9fp“b}gf} s] x[bo cfˆgf] < #%(= sf]M d x'“ Pp6f l/Qf] ef“8f] km';|f] df6f]n] ag]sf] s'6L–lk6L, sf6L–5f6L, tkfO{sf] OR5f cg';f/sf] ef“8f] dnfO{ agfpg'xf];\ -@_ ! d 5' d}nf] s6\s6]sf] ;jf{· d]/f] w'g'xf];\ -@_ tkfO{sf] u'0fn] e/]/ aNbf] ;fIfL agfpg'xf];\ -@_ @ kljqfTdf knkndf dnfO{ gd| t'Nofpg'xf];\ -@_ sbd–sbddf 8f]¥ofp“b}, k|fy{gfsf] hLjg lbg'xf];\ -@_ # o]z" tkfO{sf] ef“8f] x'“ clt ylst sdhf]/ 5' -@_ tkfO{sf] ;fdyL{ xftn] ;dft]/ rnfpg'xf];\ -@_ #^)= sf]M tf]8kmf]8 u/L hf]8g'xf];\ km]l/ v|Li6 :jo+ lhpg'xf];\ ;[li6 cl3sf] OR5f tkfO{sf], x] k|e', k"0f{ xf];\ ! :jfy{do hLjg lhP/ slt tkfO{nfO{ ?jfP -@_ tkfO{sf] cf1f tf]8]/ d}n] w]/ sf“8f pdf/] tL sf“8faf6 Ps d's'6 agfO{ k|e'nfO{ klx¥ofP kfk ub}{ oxf“ af“r]/ s}of} af/ qm";df r9fP . @ lhpg rfxGg xf/]sf] hLjg v|Li6lt/ eP/ -@_ Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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hLpg rfxG5' hojGt hLjg v|Li6leq eP/ o;sf/0f k|e' xf/k"0f{ hLjg tkfO{nfO{ ck{G5' d]/f] ;§fdf o]z" lhpg'xf];\ of] ljgo la5fp“5 .

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hLjg–ofqf / cu'jfO #^!= sf]M x] v|Li6Lo hg cl3 a9 hLjgsf] ofqfdf ! hfg'5 b'Mv, Sn]z ;xb} k|e'nfO{ k5ofp“bf . @ g3a/fpm, zf]s, nfh ;xg'5, v|Li6n] hf]ufp“b5g\ . # z}tfgsf] ;fdgf ug'{5, n]pm t/jf/ cfTdfsf] . $ O{Zj/ ;fdyL{ 5g\, ;fydf lx8f}+ pgsf] cf8df . % O{Zj/sf] Hof]lt b]vfp“b} n8\g]nfO{ ;DxfNb} . ^ a9f}+ enfOsf] sfd ub}{ ;'Tg]nfO{ hufpb} . & g 5f]8L O{Zj/nfO{ ;“udf k'Ug]5f} :ju{nf]sdf . * of]Uo /Ltn] of] hLjg latfcf}+ :ju{df hUuf kfcf}+ . #^@= ! o]z"sf] kl5 lx8\g]5' a? b'Mvsf] af6f] xf];\ e~Hofª–kxf8 / d}bfgdf dnfO{ hfg'k/f];\ v'zL dgn] d lx8\g]5' hxf“ pgL hfg]5g\ hfGb5' ls oxL af6f] hfg]5 o?zn]d . @ o;sf/0f d ;f]Wg] 5}g, k|e'n] sxf“ nfg]5g\ d 8/fpg]5}g slxNo}, o]z"af6f] b]vfp“5g\ x's'd dfGb} pgsf] kl5 lx8\g]5' gd|tfn] sf/0f pgsf] l;4 OR5f hftL d d]/f nflu . # b'lgof“n] dnfO{ em'NofP d]l6g]jfnf rLh}n] clg kfkdf km;fP ;w}+ b'Mv lbP/ kfl/b]pm lga{Gw dnfO{ cfTdf, k|f0f / hLjgdf pgsf] ;]jf ug{nfO{ a:g pgs} OR5fdf . $ lnOxfn d]/f] OR5f cfˆgf] OR5fdf /fv ha bf}8df d yfSg]5' d]/f] ;fx;nfO{ a9fpm hLjgel/ pgsf] kl5 lx8\g]5' ;RrfO“n] ta v'zL x'G5' dlxdf tkfO{sf] ;·ltn] . #^#= sf]M bofn' k|e' dnfO{ 8f]¥ofpgf];\ af6f]df tkfO{sf] k"0f{ xf];\ OR5f k/d]Zj/sf] hLjgdf d]/f] Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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hf“Rg'xf];\ k|e' dnfO{ ug'{ ;a :jfy{sf] gfz b]vfpg'xj;\ pkfo dnfO{ ag" d ljZjf;L bf; ! 5fGg'ef] k|e' cof]Uo k|f0fLnfO{ ug{nfO{ tkfO{sf] sfd c1fgL d lga{n nfrf/ 5' a9fpg v|Li6Lo /fHo vfg'xf];\ agfpg'xf];\ hLjgnfO{ k|e' d]/f] sf6\gf]; Joy{ j[l4 aGg :j?k tkfO{sf] . @ hfg]5' d af6f]df o]z"hLsf] gu/L s]xL ug\ug\ k|]dsf] s]Gb| k|e' d]/f] tkfO{, ck{0f u5'{ tg–dg–wg x6fpgf];\ :jfy{ d]/f], xf];\ ek"/L cfTdfsf] b]v"g\ ;an] hLjgdf ;b\u'0f k/d]Zj/sf] . #^$= ! x] k/b]z hfg] hg xf] elgG5f} wGosf v|Li6 lz/}lt/ hfb} v|Li6 ;fyL ;fydf . @ ;+;fsf] qf0fsf] nflu v|Li6s} af6f]df b'Mlvt / ef]sf x'b} elgG5f} wGosf . # h'g qm";nfO{ v|Li6n] af]s] Tof] ltd|f]nflu lyof] h'g sf“8]–d's'6 nfP, Tof] ltd|f]nflu lyof] . $ h'g ljZjf;n] v|Li6 b]V5f} h'g cfzf /fVb5f} h'g k|]dn] v|Li6nfO{ x]5f}{ ha b'Mvdf clNemof} . % oL s] cuf}6] xf]Ogg\ lktfsxf“ k'¥ofpg] . oL cfkm}cfkm d"n Hof]ltsf ls/0f 5f]8L c? s] . ^ h'g si6 Sn]zn] 3]5{g\ h'g b'Mv ef]Ug'5 . h'g a]lx;fa k/LIff 5g\ oxf“ c;fWo . & oL ;a} v|Li6sf zf]ef :ju{sf h:tf l;·f/ . oL ;a} Pp6f ln:g' psfNg] :ju{sf] åf/ . * x] wGo ofqL hg xf] xf];\ :ju{sf] ;Demgf . hxf“ yf]/} b'Mvsf] ;f6f] w]/ ;'v 5 k|e'sxf“ . #^%= ! hLjgsf] af6f] sf“8fn] k"0f{ ;+u|fd 5 ef/L dg x'G5 r"0f{ d?em} z'is x'g5 slxn] /l;nf] clg el/nf] klxn] ;do Tof] lyof] lrGg tkfO{nfO{ wGojfb k|]dL k/d]Zj/ lktf b]Vb5' d Tof] afbnsf] vf“af] pHhjn rlDsnf] 8f]¥ofpg] dnfO{ . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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@ cGwsf/ s:tf] 9fSb5 dnfO{ lg/fzsf] lgTo x'b}5 a9fO s;/L lx8\g' kfOnf sxf“ xfNg', rfxGg k|e', hLjg of] kmfNg' wGojfb, lktf sfnf] afbnsf] kfl/ b]Vb5' Hof]lt hLjgsf] ;f]Wg dg nfU5 lsg x] k|e' l;sfpg'xf];\ dnfO{ w}o{ x] o]z" . # n5f/ / k5f/ ;+;f/sf] clt l3gnfUbf] kfkdo 5 d]/f] ult n8fO / emu8f 5 b]z–ljb]zdf, 3d08 5 ltgs] ljBf / e]ifdf wGo 5 o]z" d]/f] xf] cfzf afbndf pHhjn b]Vg]5' /fhf ;a}sf] dflns zflGtsf bftf, zlqmsf k|e' v|Li6 d'lQmbftf . cfpg'x'g]5 -#_, rf“8} g} dlxldt afbndf o]z"hL cfpg'x'g]5 . #^^= ! k/b]zL efO xf] hfb}5f} sxf“ < e]if xfdL abnL hfG5f} lg jxf“ 6f9}sf] ofqf ub}{5f} /fhfsf] ;dfrf/ kfPsf 5f} :ju{ k'Ug'nfO{ . @ Tof] ;'vsf] 7fp“df k'u"nf eGg] k/b]zL efO xf], s] ltd|f] lrGg] e/f];} ltd|f] 5 xDd] cfzf t ;f“Rr} cuDd] b'Mvsf af6}df . # rlDsnf] j:q o]z"n] lbG5g\ t]lhnf] d's'6 k|e'n] lbG5g\ ;+lunf] cd[t lkpg] 5f} :ju{sf] ;'vnf]s kfpg]5f} :juL{o /fHodf . $ aufn 5 ;fgf] 8/ 5}g w]/} af6f] 5 Psnf] ;fyL 5 yf]/} b"t xfd|f] b'MvnfO{ 5 ;'Gg] k|e' o]z" :jfdL 5g\ x]g]{ /Ifs eO{ cu'jf . % cfpg efO xf] / cfpm lbbL–alxgL aLr–aLrdf k; Ps–Ps} ugL g5f]8 xfdLnfO{ slxNo} ljZjf; u/ v|Li6df clxn] ta k'U5f} ;'vnf]sdf . ^ k/b]zL efO xf], hfG5f} lg xfdL /dfOnf] b]zdf n}hfpm x} hfgL n}hfpm x} xfdLnfO{ ;fy}df :ju{nf]ssf] af6}df 8f]¥ofpg xfdLnfO{ . #^&= ! uf]7fnf] d]/f x'g\ k|e' g 36L 5 dnfO{ xl/of] 3f“;sf] rp/df r/fp“b5g\ dnfO{ . @ pgn] ;'v–r}gsf] kfgLdf 8f]¥ofp“b5g\ dnfO{ / kf5{g\ k'ghL{ljt k|f0f wd{ dfu{df lx8fO{ . # ha lx8\5' d[To"sf] 5fofdf g 8/ g 5 lkmqmL nf}/f] / n¶Ln] pgsf lbG5g\ dnfO{ zflGt . $ ef]h tof/ ub{5g\ pgn] zq'sf] ;fd'Gg]df t]n d]/f] lz/df dNb5g\ kf]lvG5 srf}/f . % d kl5 nfU5 hLjge/ enfO{ / s?0ff . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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/ k/d]Zj/sf] 3/}df d /xg]5' ;bf . ^*= ! hxf“ klg k|e' kfp d]/f] 8f]¥ofpg'ef] ;fy}df xft ;dfTg kfpm“ af6f] sf“8] xf];\ t} e/]sf] hfnn] k5ofp“5' d k|e' 8f]¥ofpg'ef] eg] . sf]M hxf“ klg d'lQmbftf -d k5ofpg]5'_ @ hxf“ klg d'lQmbftf 8f]¥ofof}+ eg] @ hxf“ klg k|e' vfln d':s'/fpm /Iff an / zflGt b]pm kfkdf gk? af6f] cWof/f] xf];\ t/ g8/fpm hxf“ ePklg k|e' ;fy} xf]pm . # hxf“ klg k|e' k|fy{gf oxL u? ;fu'/f] af6f] lx8" s}n] ge]6\s" kfkn] lvRg vf]h] c:jLsf/ u? ;f]emf] af6f] k|e';fy–;fy} lx8" . #^(= ! d clt lga{n tkfO{ k|an s;/L x'g' kf/ < g b]jL–b]jtf o]z" gfp“ Pp6f gfj} 5 tf/0fxf/ . @ t'kmfg} ef/L gfp“ 5 jfl/ u/fOb]pm dnfO{ kf/ ej;fu/ tg'{ s]xL zlQm 5}g pkfo b]pm tf/0fxf/ . # of] gfp ef/L ul/b]pm jfl/ laGtL 5 af/Daf/ ;an] hfgf];\ ;an] dfgf];\ o]z" gfp“ tf/0fxf/ . $ ;+;f/}el/ kfksf] ef/L p4f/ b]pm bLgfgfy . ljnfk u5f}{ z0f k5f}{ cfp“b}5f} tkfO{;fy . % tkfO{ k|]dL tkfO{ GofoL hut\sf kfngxf/ cfTdf b]pm k|e' ;a}nfO{ a'em\g] tkfO{ tf/0fxf/ . #&)= ! :juL{o lktf O{Zj/ tfgf]{;\ ;fu/dfly xfdLnfO{ /Iff, cu'jfO, kfng ug'{xf];\ vfln ;xfos tkfO{ xfdL klg x'G5f} wgL, O{Zj/ xfd|f lktf eP . @ kfk, e"n hfGg] d'lQmbftf Ifdf ugf]{;\ xfdLnfO{ xfdLeGbf cl3 lx8\g'ef] b'Mv vfb} ;+;f/sf] d?e'ldaf6 3'dL nfUof] z"Go, Kof;, ysfO{ . # cf]nL{ x] kljq cfTdf, dgdf cfgGb eg'{xf];\ k|]d x/ cg'ejsf] ;fydf lbJo xif{ lbg'xf];\ o:tf] o'lQm, cu'jfO, d'lQm kfO{ xfd|f] d]n /xf];\ .

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#&!= sf]M e/f]; 5}g hLjgsf], afbn em} of] hLjg xf] Ps lbg xfdLnfO{ hfg'5 o]z" d;Lxsf] ;Gd'vdf ! O{Zj/sf] k'q o]z" x'g\ cjtf/ eP kfkL hut\df kfkb]lv d'lQm pg}n] lbG5g\ af6f] / ;RrfO hLjg pgL :ju{sf] d'lg gfp“ c? 5}g d'lQm lbgnfO{ . @ wd{ / sd{ u/]/ ;+;f/sf] ;'vdf e'n]/ ;do gi6 gu/f} kms]{/ km]l/ cfpb}g, o]z" d;Lx ghLs} 5g\ d'lQm lbgnfO{ . # ;f“rf] x[bo lnP/ ;fi6f· b08jt\ u/]/, x] o]z" d kfkL r/0f ltd|f] kb{5' qm";sf] /ut ckgfp“5' d'lQm lbg'xf];\ . #&@= ! k/d]Zj/ d]/f x'g\ cujf of] ;'Gg' s:tf] ;fGTjgf h] hlt u?, hfpm“ htf, k/d]Zj/ d]/f x'g\ cu'jf . sf]M k/d]Zj/ d]/f x'g\ cu'jf dnfO{ 8f]¥ofp“b5g\ ;bf d pgsf] kl5 nfu"nf sf/0f k/d]Zj/ x'g\ cu'jf @ ej ;fu/ slxn] zfGt 5 / slxn] cfwL rNb5 jf cfkbdf jf ;'v r}gdf k/d]Zj/ d]/f x'g\ cu'jf . # ;dfT5' d pgsf] xft gu? ugugfOsf] aft h] k/] xf];\ /dfpm“ ;bf ls O{Zj/ d]/f x'g\ cu'jf . $ cfp“bf k[YjLsf] sfdsf] cGt cg'u|xåf/f eO{ hojGt lge{o d t5'{ d[t–vf]nf :ju{;Dd, O{Zj/ x'g\ cu'jf . #&#= ! :ju{ b]zdf dnfO{ hfg' 5 :juL{o zx/ a:gnfO{ a6f}/] ;fyL Pp6f 5 zx/sf] 9f]sf vf]NgnfO{ sf]M a6f}/] ;fyL sf] xf] ddfly l67fpg] < a6f}/] ;fyL sf] xf] 9f]sfnfO{ vf]lNbg] < @ ca lx8\5' d af6f]af6} pgn] af6f] b]vfp“5g\ h'g ddfly l67fO{ 9f]sf vf]Ng] O{Zj/sf lk|o k'q x'g\ . # ;Dem Tof] af6f] s:tf] 5 hxf“ d clxn] lx8\g]5' ;Dem Tof] 9f]sf s:tf] 5 hxf“ d clxn] k:g]5' . $ Tof] :juL{o af6f] ;f“u'/f] 5 dg clt sli6t t'Nofpg] Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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Tof] k:t] 9f]sf ;f“u'/f] 5 dnfO{ To; zx/ k'¥ofpg] . % wd{–k':ts d]/f] xftdf 5 dnfO{ 7Ls af6f] b]vfpg] k|fy{gfdf v|Li6Lo zlQm 5 Tof] 9f]sf klg vf]lNbg] . ^ wd{–k':tsnfO{ d 5f]8lbg d k|fy{gf ug{ e'lNbg :ju{nf]ssf] clwsf/L geO{ ca p;} d tf dlb{g . #&$= ! b'Mv zf]s ;a} sfl6of] xNn]n"ofx ;a n8fOdf hLt eof] xNn]n"ofx lat] lbg kl5–kl5 5f8f}, xNn]n"ofx b[li6 cl3 prfnf} xNn]n"ofx . @ pgsf] zAb ;'Gb5f} xNn]n"ofx cflb–cGt ;j{q xNn]n"ofx hxf“ pgn] nfg]5g\ xNn]n"ofx Hof]lt pgn] lbg]5g\ xNn]n"ofx . # xfd|f] hLjgsf] cfwf/ xNn]n"ofx v|Li6df dfq kfp“b5f} xNn]n"ofx xfd|f k/d ldqsxf“ xNn]n"ofx lbg–lbgcl3 a9\b} hfcf} xNn]n"ofx . #&%= sf]M ofx|] d]/f] uf]7fnf] dnfO{ s]xL 36L x'b}g pgn] xl/of] vs{df dnfO{ r/fpg]5g\ ! ;'v–r}gsf] kfgLlt/ ;b}j 8f]¥ofpg]5g\ d]/f] of] t'R5 k|f0fnfO{ gof“ t'Nofpg]5g\ . @ cfˆg} gfp“sf] sf/0f hxL uP tfklg wd{sf] ;'dfu{df dnfO{ cu'jfO ug]{5g\ . # c“ d[To"sf] 5fofdf lx8\g' k/] tfklg /Iff u5{g\ hxL hfcf} ta lsg 8/fcf} . $ ;a} zq'sf] ;Gd'v ef]h tof/ kfg'{x'G5 t]nn] cleif]s u/] srf}/f kf]lvG5 . % lgZro enfO / s[kf hLjgel/ /xG5 ofx|sf] :ju{nf]sdf ;b}j jf; ug]{5' . #&^= ! o]z"sf] kl5 d lx8\g b'lgof“nfO{ TofuL qm"; g} af]sL o]z"sf] kl5 d lx8\g nfu] -kms{lbg, kms{lbg_ @ @ cfdfn] dnfO{ a'afn] dnfO{ ;a}n] dnfO{ Tofu] tfklg . o]z"sf] kl5 d lx8\g nfu] -kms{lbg, kms{lbg_ @ # df6f]sf] d]/f] If0fe·'/ z/L/, df6}df km]l/ gldn];Dd . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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o]z"sf] kl5 d lx8\g nfu] -kms{lbg, kms{lbg_ @ #&&= ! d o]z"sf] ;fy Hof]ltdf lx8\5' lbg / /ft pgsf] kl5 d lx8\g]5' kl5 lx8\g]5' ho kfpg]5' o]z" v|Li6 d]/f] anLbfg . sf]M lx8\b}–lx8\b} Hof]ltdf o]z"sf] ;fy lx8\b}–lx8\b} ;dfT5' o]z"sf] xft Hof]ltdf lx8\g]5' ho kfpg]5' o]z" v|Li6 d]/f] alnbfg @ d o]z"sf] ;fy Hof]ltdf lx8\5' cGwsf/df klg d 8/fp“lbg sbd a9fp“5' dgn] ufpg]5' o]z" v|Li6 d]/f] alnbfg . # d o]z"sf] ;fy Hof]ltdf lx8\5' x]b}{x]b}{ ;a lbg uf]xf/ kfpg]5' zf]s of v'zL xf];\ ghLs 5g\ d]/f] o]z" v|Li6 d]/f] alnbfg . $ d o]z"sf] ;fy Hof]ltdf lx8\5' cfˆgf] cf“vf pgdf d nufpg]5' xftdf 5 qm";, em08f 5 cb\e't, o]z" v|Li6 d]/f] alnbfg . #&*= sf]M x] k/d]Zj/ ltdL g} xf} d]/f] e/f];f, ltdLdf 5 ;w} ! d]/f] hLjgsf] kydf k|e' e/f];f ltd|f] o]z" lnO{ cl3 a9\b} a9\b} a9\b} hLjgsf] sbddf . @ ltd|f] Hof]ltsf] ls/0fnfO{ k|e' hLjg / ky k|bz{s agfO{ :t'lt k|e' ufp“b}–ufp“b} 5' a9\b}–a9\b} hfb}5' . # d]/f] hLjgsf] ofqfnfO{ ;fdy{ ltd|f]n] e/L tg, cfTdf / k|f0fdf k|e' ;kmn l;4 t'NofOb]pm . #&(= ! dgfcf} cfgGb k|e'df / cflTds wg ugf} jrgdf hfx]/ u/]sf ckf/ e08f/ x]/f} . sf]M Ifdf / zlQm, kljqtf / :ju{–lgjf; d]/f]nflu d;Lxdf 5g\ cfgGbsf] :t'lt k|e'nfO{ xj;\ @ O{Zj/n] kfk d]6fpgnfO{ l;Q} lbG5g\ Ifdf Ifdfsf] ;fydf d]n klg o]z"sf] /utdf . # kfksf] zlQm gfz ug{nfO{ k|e'n] an lbG5g\ kljq cfTdfn] dgnfO{ kfkb]lv rf]Vofp“5g\ . $ e/f];f u/L afnsem} of] cflzif\ kfpg]5f} O{Zj/n] v|Li6df lbPsf bfgn] el/g]5f} . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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#*)= sf]M of] hu slxNo} 5}g l:y/ -@_ slxn] ?g', slxn] xf“:g' 5}g ;bf l:y/ ! ;d'Gb|sf] 5fn};l/ ;+;f/}sf] ut 5 -@_ slxn] hGd, slxn] d/0f, ;/fa/L rN5 . @ d]/f]–d]/f] hun] eG5, d]/f] 5}g s]xL -@_ x+;} p8L cfTdfnf]sdf, d§L x'G5 b]xL . # ss{nf]sf] kfgL;/L, 9lnhfG5 b]xL -@_ dfof df]x w]/}–w]/}, nfg]5}g s]xL . $ k|e' xfd|f] :ju{ wgL, l67fO{ bz{g b]pmg -@_ hut\ kfkdf 9lnuof], lrGg] cfTdf b]pmg . #*!= ! k|e' gfy dnfO{ 8f]¥ofpgf];\ ofqL d?e"lddf d t lga{n nf} ;dfpgf];\ cfˆgf] anjfg afx'nLdf :juL{o /f]6L :juL{o /f]6L -dnfO{ lbg'xf];\ ;bf_ @ @ vf]Ngf];\ lhp“bL kfgL wf/f], vf]nf] aUg lbg'xf];\ cfuf] d]3sf] vf“af]åf/f dnfO{ lgTo 8f]¥ofpgf];\ jL/ p4f/s jL/ p4f/s -9fn / uf]xf/ aGg'xf];\_ @ # d[To" gbL tL/ k'u]/ d gdfg" 8/ lrGtf g/s d/0f gb]v]/ s'zn;fy :ju{ k'u"nf :t'lt uLt, :t'lt uLt -ufp“5' tkfO{nfO{ ;bf_ @ #*@= sf]M k/LlIft xfdL em} x'g'eof] v|Li6 lgisn° t}klg lgbf]{if pxf“ ljho–Wjlg æ;dfKt eof]Æ ;'Gof} xfdLn] snj/Ldf ljrlnt kfg]{ s7f]/ k/LIff ;a cg'ej pxf“nfO{ 5 ;j{1 o]z" ;w} tof/L a'em\gnfO{ xfd|f] b'Mv–si6 ! h'6fpg d]/f] vf“rf] z/L/sf] vr{G5' hDd} ;do / wg lrGtf–lkmqmLn] ;a} eljio cWof/f] kf/L t;f{p“5 dg /f]6Ln] dfq dflg; af“Rb}g Jojxf/ o;sf] a'emfpg'xf];\ lg/fzfsf] sfnf] afbnkfl/ cfzfsf] ls/0f b]vfpg'xf];\ . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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@ Vofltsf] emns ?lkof“sf] 6ns r'Dasem} tfG5 d]/f] dgnfO{ ;'vL d xf]pm“ zlQmn] k"0f{ u?g ;a}n] d]/f] a9fO ;+;f/sf] lk/tL /fv]/ dgdf O{Zj/sf] afuL nf} x'Gg d cgGt hLjg k|f0f ax'd"No ;+;f/sf] nflu c·flNbg . # uh{g] l;+x z}tfgsf /fhb"t n8fpg dnfO{ ;w}+ tof/ dnfO{ bf]iofpg] w"t{ lbofan; ub{5 clUg jf0fsf] k|xf/ qf0fstf{ o]z" alnof] u9L o'4df d]/f] em'08sf] sKtfg hosf] e"ldnfO{ ckgfpb} hfG5' andf o]z"sf] g5f8L :yfg . #*#= sf]M x] d]/f O{Zj/, x] d]/f k|e' Psnf] hLjgsf] Ps ;xf/f algb]pm k|e' b[9 kx/f ! pRr hLjgsf] of] clenfif lnO{ hLjgsf] 5f]6f] uf]/]6f]df d hf“b}5' k|e' hfb}5' d 8f]¥ofpg'xj;\ k|e' dnfO{ . @ cfzf lg/fzfsf] 3f]/ ;+u|fddf ljho lg/fz ag]kl5 lhpg' s;/L of] hLjg lnO{ lg/fz hLjgsf] dfq agL . # cfzf–lg/fzfsf] ;';+rfng k|e' tkfO{ g} xf] eg] cfh cu'jfO k|e' cfkm} agL laGtL 5 k|e' ;fydf eO{ . #*$= sf]M ltdL Pp6f af“r]sf] dfG5] v|Li6sf] cg'u|xn] 5flgPsf] xhf/f}af6 ;fIfL b]pm ltdLn] ! Tof] ?vnfO{ x]/L a'em\g ltdL u|Lid ghLs} 5 -@_ O{Zj/sf] /fHo cfOk'u]sf] 5 -@_ ;donfO{ a'em\g . @ gf]cfnfO{ ;Dem k|no x'“bf dflg;sf] d"v{tf -@_ ;f] a'emL cfh} hf]lznf] eO{ -@_ Nofpm leq af]nfO{ . # k|e'nfO{ ;Dem Ogf/sf] 5]pdf kv]{sf Pp6LnfO{ -@_ j/bfg kfO{ ufu|f] 5f]8]/ -@_ ta zx/df uOxfnL . $ x] lk|o cfh ltdLn] s]xL lgZro ug'{5 -@_ o]z"sf] k|]dn] k|]d u/f} ;anfO{ -@_ of] df}sf cfh} 5 . #*%= ! lbgdf afbnsf] vf“af] agL /ftdf cfuf]sf] Hjfnf agL Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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/Iff u¥of} xfdLnfO{ -k|e'hL ;'v–zflGtdf lat] lbg_ @ sf]M wGo, wGo, wGo k|e'nfO{ hf] lbg'eof] xfdLnfO{ 5q5fofdf n'sfO{ -k|e'hL lbg–/ft x/ ;dodf_ @ @ jrgsf] dGg lbof] r6fg km'6fO{ kfgL lbof} cfTdfdf eO{ xfdLnfO{ -k|e'hL ltd|f] af6f]df 8f]¥ofof}_ @ # of] gof“ ;'Gb/ ;fndf klg k|f0f, cfTdf, z/L/, x[bo klg /Iff ul/lbof}, k|e'hL -ul/b]pm cflTds pGglt_ @ $ :ju{ b]zdf k'Ug kfpm“ cgGt ehg ;'gfpg kfpm“ ;w} z/0f k/]/ k|e'hL -;fi6f· k|0ffd\ ug{ kfpm“_ @ #*^= sf]M Psaf/sf] h'gL of] nfg' t s] 5 d/]/ hfg] xf] hLjg oxf“ of] cd/ 5}g g} df6f]df ldNg] xf] ! d[To"kl5 t/ hLjg csf]{ 5 ljZjf;L ;a}nfO{ ljZjf; u/f} g :juL{o lktfnfO{ -@_ @ qm";sf] lgb{oL d[To"nfO{ ;xg' k|e' g} cfpg'ef] pg}n] xfd|f] kfk p7fOnfg'ef] -@_ # h–h;n] pgdfly ljZjf; ug]{5 gfz x'g]5}g g} kfpg]5g\ ltg}n] cgGt hLjg -@_ #*&= sf]M cfh–ef]ln–e/} eGb} hLjg oxf“ c:tfp“5 v|Li6nfO{ dfof ug]{ dfG5] d[To"bkfl/ pbfp“5 ! d]/f] x[bosf d"lt{x?nfO{ v|Li6 x6fOalS;of];\ v|Li6 d]/f] /fhf dflns oxf“ /fh ul/alS;of];\ jLut lbgx? Joy}{ u'dfP jt{dfg r9fp“5' o]z"sf] k|]dsf] syf ;a}nfO{ uLtaf6 ;'gfp“5' . @ ljZjf; ;w} d a:g] xf]Og a6'jf dfq x'“ of] af6f] km]l/ d lx8\g] 5}g Ps tLy{–ofqL x'“ ljhoL v|Li6sf] zlQmn] ;a} st{Jo ;'Nemfp“5' ;Dk"0f{ sfo{ z]if ePkl5 d :jb]z lkmg]{5' . #**= Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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sf]M o]z" x'g\ d]/f /Ifs -@_ r§fg x'g\ d]/f pg} ha cf“wL cfO{ x'Tofp“5, cNemfp“5 n·/ v|Li6d} ! ;f+;fl/s o; ofqfdf -@_ lrGtfn] ha 3]5{ v|Li6sf] Pp6} xKsLn] cf“wLsf] ;a hf]8 tf]8\5 . @ b'Mvn] kLl8t x'bf -@_ kf/ x'g] OR5f x'“bf v|Li6sf] hLljt jrg g} Hof]lt agL 8f]¥ofp“b5 . # dnfO{ 5 k"/f] ljZjf; -@_ Pslbg d k'U5' lsgf/ To; dgf]/d :yfgdf kfpg]5' pgsf] lj>fd . #*(= sf]M cl3 a9f} -@_ x] v|Li6Lo bfHo"–efO xf] cl3 a9f} -@_ x] v|Li6Lo lbbL–alxgL xf] ! d'lQm tf xfdLn] kfO;Sof} cfkm"df dfq ;Lldt g/fvf} t[lift cfTdf xhf/f} 5g\ tL cfTdfx?sf] pksf/ u/f} -@_ @ st{Jo s] xf] ;DemL–a'emL qm";nfO{ ;w} clu /fvL k|e'sf] jrg k|rf/ u/f} o;}n] xfd|f] sDd/ s;f} -@_ # ;dod} xfdL aLp 5/f} kl5 g} xfdL sf]z]nL a6'nf} k|e'sf] cfudg ghLs} 5 o;sf/0f ;w} tof/ a;f}+ -@_ #()= sf]M cfjfh lbO{ lg/jtfdf dnfO{ af]nfpg] sf] xf] < x/ 38L, x/ If0f af]nfO/xg] d]/f] Kof/f] k|e' xf] -@_ ! yfxf gkfO{ kfksf] ef/L lnO{ lxl8/xG5' d cWof/f] kydf 7f]s/ vfbf k|e'nfO{ ;DemG5' d b'O lbgsf] rf]nf kne/ xf]nf o;nfO{ ;DxfNg] sf] xf] < k'sf/ ;'gL b'O xft lbg] d]/f] Kof/f] k|e' xf] . @ cfzf–lg/fzfsf] sfnf] afbn cfO{ dnfO{ 3]b}{5 ky–e|fGt klysem} 8'ln/xbf of] hLjg hfg]5 hLjg d} x'“ eg]/ dnfO{ af6f] b]vfpg] sf] xf] < cgGtsf] Tof] /dfx6df nfg] d]/f] Kof/f] k|e' xf] . # g/snf]s cfO{ k/nf]sdf e"nL e6\ls/x]sf] 5' d Joyf kf]Vg gkfO{ clNem/x]sf] 5' d hLjg Hof]lt lgEg] xf] slxn] o;nfO{ ;DxfNg] sf] xf] M cd/ hLjg l;Ty}df lbg] d]/f] Kof/f] k|e' xf] . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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#(!= ! xfd|f] hLjgsf] x/]s If0fdf v|Li6sf] dfof af“lwPsf] 5 xfd|f] hLjgsf] x/]s kfOnfdf v|Li6sf] zflGt ufl;Psf] 5 . @ ;+;f/nfO{ lsg x]? k|e'sf] ;fy eP k'U5 dnfO{ ;=;f/ rflxb}g dnfO{ k|e' eP k'U5 . # ;donfO{ lsg x]? hLjgsf] af6f] eP k'U5 dnfO{ ;+;fdf af“Rg k|e'sf] jrg eP k'U5 . #(@= sf]M k|e' af6f] b]vfOb]pm hLjgsf] x/ knkndf k|e' Hof]lt b]vfOb]pm hLjgsf] cWof/f]df ! cfp“b5' d tkfO{sf] 5]p lgik6 cWof/f] ;+;f/b]lv kfk} ePsf] hLjg lbO{ tkfO{df hLjg kfpg . @ laTg nfu]sf] p4f/sf] lbg w]/} ;do c? kfkdf latfO{ lhpg rfxG5' lx8\g rfxG5' afsL ;do k|e' o]z"df . #(#= sf]M o]z"n] lbG5g\ :ju[sf] ;f“rf] ;+;f/sf] b'MvaLrdf :ju{ Nofolbg] snj/L 8f“8fsf] qm";nfO{ x]/ To;}n] vf]Nb5 :ju{sf] ;fgf] åf/ ! sl7gfO b]lv lg/fz gxf]pm ;+si6 b]v]/ -@_ tL ;a} leGg ;f“rfx? x'g :juL{o xif{sf] . @ ;+;f/sf] kl5 ghfpm x} ltdL e|ddf k/]/ -@_ qm"; af]sL cfpm o]z"n] eg] ;j{:j Tofu]/ . # b'Mvdf v'zL cf“;'df xf“;f] o]z"n] lbg]5g\ _@_ k|s6 x'g] efjL cfgGb cj0f{gLo 5 . #($= sf]M x] /fhf o]z" ltdLn] xfd|f] cfTdfnfO{ lhtfof} kfksf] h/f] ;+;f/sf] aGwg lgikmn t'Nofof} uh{g] l;+xsf] t;f{pg] af]nL r'krfk u/fof} Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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! y'gfdf s}bL dfgjhflt lga{Gw t'Nofof} -@_ /utsf] df]n lt/L snj/L qm";n] v|Li6sf] k|]dn] . @ ld> g} b]zsf] kmf/f]sf] zf;g rsgfr"/ eOuof] k|lt1f d'n's sgfgdf cfh ho–Wjlg ;'lgof] -@_ sf“8fsf] d's'6 xfd|f] lz/df >Lk]r e}uof] . #(%= sf]M d]/f] hLjg :jfdL o]z"nfO{ x[bo e]6 r9fp“b} :t'lt, k|z+;f, Ohht ;bf;j{bf lbG5' -@_ ! d]/f] hLjg ;'/Iff ltdL xf} cfzf–e/f];f zflGt xf} -@_ hLjgsf] Hof]lt / d'lQm xf} d]/f] hLjgsf] ofqfdf -@_ ltdL Ps ;xf/f xf} -@_ @ k|e' d]/f] x[bodf cfOb]pm Hof]ltdo hLjg agfOb]pm -@_ hLjgsf] x/]s sbddf x] k|e' ;w} 8f]¥ofOb]pm -@_ dnfO{ ;xf/f nf} b]pm -@_

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k|fy{gf #(^= sf]M xNn]n"ofx, xNn]n"ofx, xNn]n"ofx, xNn]n"ofx ! ;f“em–laxfg yfxf u5'{ k|e' ;fydf ePsf pgsf] sf]dn xftn] dnfO{ x/]s kndf 8f]¥ofPsf] hlt pgsf] cfjfh ;'G5' ;fx; zlQm an kfp“5' dxeGbf dL7f] v|Li6sf] Kof/ ;w} g} kfp“b5' -@_ @ ha k|fy{gf u5'{ pgnfO{ pQ/ rf8} ldn]sf] yfxf x'G5 x/ sbddf o]z" ;fydf lx8]sf ef/L 5 of] u?· h'jf, Psn} tfGg ;lQmg k|e' bfof“ d 5' afof“ sl7gfOn] /f]Sb}g -@_ # lsg dnfO{ k|]d ug'{ef] slxNo} klg a'lem\bg ha;Dd lhpg'k5{ ;fy tkfO{sf] 5f]8lbg lng'xf]; of] k"0f{ hLjg w'g'xf]; Tof] /utn] ta ;fIfL aG5' k|e' of] tkfO{sf] hLjgn] -@_ #(&= ! o]z" s:tf] Kof/f] ldq kfksf] ef/ p7fpg'ef] b'Mv–;'v O{Zj/sxf“ Nofpg' xfdLnfO{ j/bfg sqf] < slt zflGt–;'v u'dfp“5f} slt b'Mv 5 Joy}{df < sf/0f O{Zj/sxf“ xfdL ;a Nofpb}gf} k|fy{gfdf . @ rf/}lt/af6 cfp“5 ;+s6 Sn]z / k/LIff nf} x/]; vfg'kb}{g v|Li6nfO{ egf} k|fy{gfdf xfd|f] ;a} b'Mvsf efuL o:tf] ldq sxf“ kfcf}nf < x/ sdhf]/L o]z" a'em\5g v|Li6nfO{ egf} k|fy{gfdf . # xfdL 5f} ls lga{n b'Mlvt lrGtf af]emn] nflbPsf < xfd|f] cf>o vfln o]z" v|Li6nfO{ egf} k|fy{gfdf ;fyLn] s] u5{g xf]nf < v|Li6nfO{ egf} k|fy{gfdf pgn] /Iff u5{g xfd|f] pgdf kfp“5f} ;fGTjgf . #(*= ! k|fy{gfsf] ;do s] dL7f] ;f+;fl/s lrGtf 5f]8\b5 cf} cfˆgf] lktfs] ;Gd'v d ;a atfp“5' cfˆgf] b'Mv Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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ddf ha cfp“5 ljklQ pgn] 5f]8fp“5g\ tL b]lv z}tfgsf] hfnb]lv af“R5' ha k|fy{gf u/L p7\b5' . @ k|fy{gfsf] ;do s] dL7f] ha hfGb5' ;RrfO{ pgsf] lktfnfO{ laGtL r9fp“5' / af6f] cflzif\sf] x]5'{ / ha af]nfp“b5g\ pgn] ls pgnfO{ eg" ;a ;do d cfˆgf] lrGtf k|fy{gfdf /fV5' ub}{ cfzf pg}df . # k|fy{gfsf] ;do s] dL7f] lbnfzf d]/f] ;bfsf] 5 ha;Dd of] ljZjf; d hfg kfp“5' pgsf] kf; ha 5f]8\5' d o; hutnfO{ kfpg]5' jf;:yfg cgGts} k|e'sf] ;fdg] ta cfO{ ug]{5' :t'lt pxf“nfO{ . #((= sf]M k|e' chL{ ;'lgn]pm -@_, uf]vf{nL d'lQm kfpg] 9f]sf vf]lnb]pm ! lktf, k'q, kljqfTdf, chL{ xfd|f] n]pmg\ cfuf] d]3sf] vf“af] pEofO{ af6f] b]vfOb]pg\ . @ k"j{, blIf0f, klZrd lbzf cg]s wd[sf hg 5g\ pQ/ ltAat, dWo] g]kfn uf]vf{nLsf s'/ 5g\ . # yfkfynL, efb\ufp“, kf6g, sf7df08" 5g\ zx/ ltgnfO{ ltd|f] elQm kfg'{ k|e' xfd|f] /x/ . $ p7 efO xf], hfg}k5{ krfO{ lgGb|f nfh wg, hg, r}g / ;'v TofuL, ug'{ wd{sfh . $))+ sf]M cf]7af6 lg:s]sf zAbx? d]/f x[bosf efjx? -@_ u|x0fof]Uo xf];\ ;bf tkfO{sf] s[kf–b[li6df ! ;a}eGbf pQd of] ;a}eGbf >]i7 xf] -@_ tkfO{sf] k|]d / bof, ;To 5g\ ;bf;j{bf . @ d]/f oL cwd{af6 w'g'xf]; dnfO{ -@_ gu/f];\ ddf clwsf/ / abgfdL kfkn] .

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cflTds n8fO“ $)!= sf]M a9\b}–a9\b} hfcf} kl5 gx6f} qm";sf] em08f sf“wdf lnO{ cl3 a9\b} hfcf} -@_ ! ;]gf xfdL v|Li6sf xf} o'4 ub}{ hfcf} sgf b]zsf] af6f]df ;a sbd a9fcf} sbd a9fpb} hfcf} j}/LnfO{ x/fcf} sgfg b]zdf xfdL ;a hojGtsf] uLt ufcf} . @ sKtfg xfd|f] ;]gfsf] v|Li6 cfkm} x'g\ t/jf/ xfd|f] cfTdfsf] lemnd wd{sf] ;xfotf pgL u5{g hLjg ;+u|fddf b}lgs hLjgsf] xfd|f] sbd–sbddf . # j}/L w]/} eP xfdL t} x/]; gvfcf} hojGt zlQm kfpgnfO{ v|Li6 z/0fdf hfcf} zq'nfO{ x/fcf} em08f kmkm{/fcf} x[bo xfd|f] gjLg hf]zn] e/fp“b} hfcf} . $)@= ! d;Lx–d;Lxsf] nflu ljZjf;Ln] n8fO ug'{5 pgsf] qm";sf] em08f p7fO{ af]Sg'5 ho kfpg'5 pgn] lbG5g\ ho kfpg'5 c“ h?/ v|Li6 x'g\ ;a}sf /fhf gi6 x'G5g\ ;a zq' . @ o]z"sf] nflu ljZjf;Ln] n8fO ug'{5 ;a 9f9; an / ;fdy{ v|Li6b]lv kfpg'5 g cfˆgf ann] lhtg' g cfˆgf xltof/ cjZo ;a} nfcf} wd{–k':tfsf] cg';f/ . # o]z"sf] nflu ljZjf;Ln] n8fO ug'{5 o'4 ug]{ a]nf sDd/ ;Ton] af“Wg'5 ljZjf;sf] 9fn nufcf} / t/jfn cfTdfsf] ;';dfrf/sf h'Qf / sjh wd{sf] . $ o]z"sf] nflu ljZjf;Ln] n8fO ug'{5 cfhn8fO ug'{5 ef]ln ho kfpg' 5 Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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lbOG5 :ju]{ d's'6 ljhL ;a}nfO{ / :ju{df ;w} a:g'5 ljhoLsf] uLt ufp“b} . $)#= ! n8fO x'b}5 zq' cfp“b}5 l;kfxL o]x"sf em08f n]pm kf]zfs ;a nufpm pg}nfO{ ;dfpm pg}nfO{ kTofpm / zlQm kfpm . sf]M x] l;kfxL xf] ;fx; u/L p7 ;Lwf p7 xftdf c:q n]pm l56f] lx8 s/fO{–s/fO{ ufpm o]z" cfp“b}5g\ tof/L xf]pm @ zq' cfp“b}5g\ cl3 a9\b} hfpm g8/fO{ ufpm æho o]z" hoÆ 9fn / em08f n]pm cl3 a9\b} hfpm :t'lt ub}{ ufpm o]z"sf] ho . # xfd|f k|e' k|fy{gf ;'Gb5g\ jL/ ;LkfxL xf]pm k|e'df n8fO ;lsG5 ljho kfpg]5f} d's'6 nfpg]5f} :ju{nf]sdf . $)$= ! hf] x'G5 ;fx;L pm otf cfcf];\ hf];'s} xj;\ ut ljZjf;L xj;\ x'b}g lg/fz pm /xG5 l:y/ ;bf / ug]{5 OR5f :ju{–ofqf ug'{ . @ hf]–hf] p;nfO{ ;'gfp“5g\ syf 8/nfUbf] cfkm}nfO{ e'nfp“5g\ an a9\5 p;sf] g l;+xb]lv eo g zq'b]lv 8/ p;sf] 5 clwsf/ :ju{ ofqf ug'{ . # g e"t g z}tfgn] p;nfO{ t;f{p“5 pm hLjg cGTodf cgGt kfp“5 ;a z+sf d]l6of] 8/ 5}g dfG5]sf] lbg–/ft an u5{ pm :ju{ ofqf ug'{ . $)%= ! sf] 5 O{Zj/kl§ o]z"nfO{ dfGg] s;n] u'xf/ ug]{ / k|f0f arfpg] s;n] ;+;f/ TofuL zq'nfO{ lhTg]sf] 5 O{Zj/kl§ / cl3 a9\g] k|e'sf] s[kfn] c“ cg'u|xn] xfdL O{Zj/kl§ xfdL pgsf xf} . @ v|Li6 k|e'n] lsg] g ;'g rf“bLn] t/ cfˆgf] /utn] d's'6sf] nflu e/k'/ cflzif\ lbg' ;a} cfpg]nfO{ xfdLnfO{ v'z u/fO{ :jtGq agfO{ k|f0f cfˆgf] lbO{ lsg] c“ cg'u|xn] xfdL O{Zj/kl§ xfdL pgsf xf} . # n8fO 7"nf] xf]nf zq' anjfg\ 5 o]z"sf] ;]gfnfO{ s;n] lhTg] 5 Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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pgsf] em08Ld'lg lgZro 5 ljho pgsf] jrg ;To hojGt x'gnfO{ cfcf} pgsf /dfpb} c“ cg'u|xn] xfdL O{Zj/kl§ xfdL pgsf xf} . $ 5flgof} l;kfxL zq'sf] b]zdf ulgof} ljZjf;L sKtfgsf] em'08df k|e'sf] sfd ug{ xfdL g8/fcf} xfdL eQm pbf/, ;To, jL/ agf} k|e' 5g\ arfpg] c“ cg'u|xn] ;w} O{Zj/kl§ xfdL pgsf xf} . $)^= sf]M lxDdt u/ cl3 a9 qm";nfO{ n]pm lgzfg lhTg]5f} Kof/f] ldq xfg]{5 z}tfg -@_ ! n8f} n8f} rf8} u/f} o]z" 5g\ sKtfg -@_ lxDdt u/f} cfzf /fvf} efUg]5 z}tfg -@_ @ kfk / b'Mvdf rf/}lt/ db}{5g\ ;a hg -@_ bof u/ dflg; hftdf k/]sf] 5 x}/fg -@_ # 3/–3/ uO{ ;'gfpm ;anfO{ o]z"sf] avfg -@_ o]z" /fhf d'lQmbftf pgdf bof 5 -@_ $ rf“8} u/f} ;'gfcf} ;anfO{ o]z"sf] jrg -@_ ljZjf; u/L cfpg] k|f0fL pgsf af“Rg]5g\ -@_ $)&= sf]M jL/ xf} xfdL jL/ k|e'sf ;]gf ag]sf 5f} hojGt k|e'sf] cf1f kfO{ 3f]if0ff ub{5f} ! Ps dfq hLjg of] C0fL 5' o]z"sf] af“sL hLjg k"0f{ ;do cfˆgf] xf]Og tkfO{sf] . @ bu'b}{–bu'b}{ d'lQmsf /f“sf lnO{ cfˆgf] b]zsf] ;a lhNnfdf rDsg hfpm“ Hof]lt eO{ . # af6f] 5 psfnf] si6n] e/]sf] 8f“8fkfl/ b]Vb5' d slt cfTdf d/]sf] . $ of] b]zn] ha;Dd v|Li6sf] k|]d rfVb}g ;'v–r}g TofuL qm";} af]sL hf“b} guO{ ePg . $)*= sf]M n8\g' 5 w]/} ;+u|fd oxf“ cfTdfsf] kxf8df r9\g'5 zlQm kfO{ d;Lx o]z"sf] aGg'5 of] hLjgdf ! ljZjf;sf cg]sf} n8fOx? ;+;f/df n8]/ -lhTg'5_ @ Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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ljb|fx k|]dsf] af]s]/ c·fnf]df ;anfO{ -af“Wg'5_ @ -jL/tf gb]v"g\ dflg;n]_ @, Ogfd k|e'n] lbg]5g\ -@_ @ dg'{5 w]/} d[To" oxf“ ;Tosf] ;fIfL agL dg'{5 hLjg kfO{ d;Lx o]z"sf] lhpg'5 eO{ cfh gof“ . # cljZjf;sf hLjg hLpg]x? ;anfO{ c·fnf]df -af“Wg'5_ @ l/lQ;s]sf hLjgnfO{ cfˆgf] cflzif\ oxf“ -af“8\g'5_ @ -j}/L ag"g\ ;+;f/ ;f/f_ @, zlQmsf /fhf ;fydf 5g\ -@_ $)(= sf]M v|Li6sf] kmf}hdf x'g' d v'zL 5' -@_ o]z" d]/f] g]tf, pgnfO{ k5ofp“5' v|Li6sf] === ! klxn]sf] hLjg Tofu]/ k|e'df rf“8} cfpm cfˆgf] sDd/ ;Totfsf] s;]/ . @ wfld{stfsf] 5ftLsf] kftf nfP/ k|e'df v8f x'G5f} g} . # 5}g w]/} lhpg' oxf“ cfh g} tof/ xf} k|]dsf] h'Qf nufpg tof/ xf} . $ ;+;f/ xfd|f] 3/ xf]Og ;w} /xb}g ;'–;dfrf/ lbg] / 9fn p7fpg] xf] . % p4f/sf] lbg cfh} 5 k|e'df cfpmg ljZjf;df cl3 a9]/ /L;–qmf]w lgefpm .

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;]jf $!)= ! pgn] rfx] d tTk/ 5' pgn] rfx] d xflh/ 5' pgn] rfx] d v'zL 5' sfd ug]{5' d o]z"sf] h?/ . sf]M sfd ug]{5' d pgsf] bf; x'g]5' d pgs} ;fy lx8\g]5' d v|Li6s} x'“ h?/ -@_ @ zx/, kxf8 xf];\ of dw]z xf];\ zx/, kxf8 xf];\ of h+3f/ xf];\ zx/, kxf8 xf];\ of t/fO{ xf];\ sfd ug]{5' d o]z"sf] h?/ . $!!= ! cfpm sfd u/f} s6gLdf cN5] u/L sf] a:nf < ;alt/ cGg kfs]sf] x'“bf Ps–Ps} bf;nfO{ pgn] eGb5g\ hfpm sfd u/ . @ cfpm sfd u/f} b"tn] gkfPsf] sfddf xft nufcf} ;a}nfO{ of] ;';dfrf/ ;'gfcf} laTb}5' a]nf l9nf] gu/f} /ft kb}{5 . # cfpm sfd u/f} z+sf / 8/ ;a} g"/ u/]/ oxf“ ;a}n] sfd t ug'{ 5 pgn] lgwf{af6 u/fp“b5g\ cfˆgf] OR5f . $ cfpm sfd u/f} 3fd x'“bf xfdlx? gla;fcf} hlxn];Dd xfd|f] w]/ sfd gxf];\ / ha;Dd pgn] eGb}gg\ æt bf; wGoÆ . % cfpm sfd u/f}+ sfd ug]{n] lgZro kfpg]5g\ Ogfd wGo hf] cGt;Dd l:y/ xf]nfg\ tL kfpg]5g\ ;'v, cfgGb / lj>fd k|e';“u . $!@= ! cl3 a9 v|Li6Lo oTg, arfpm Ps} ;fyLnfO{ n}hfpm p;nfO{ o]z"sxf“ l56f] g} af6f] b]vfO{ . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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sf]M cl3 a9 v|Li6Lo oTg, ;To wd{nfO{ a9fpm cGwsf/df a:g] ;anfO{ lgsfnL Hof]ltdf Nofpm @ cl3 a9 v|Li6Lo oTg lsg l9nf] ub{5f} O{Zj/sf] bof ga'em\g] ;fyLnfO{ elglbG5f} . # cl3 a9 v|Li6Lo oTg lhp“bf] /f]6L af“8\gnfO{ o]z"sxf“ ;a}nfO{ Nofpm d'lQm lbG5g\ ;a}nfO{ . $ cl3 a9 v|Li6Lo oTg, agfpm cfglGbt ;anfO{ cl3 a9 :ju{ltl/ uLtn] b'Mv la;f{pb} . $!#= sf]M x] of]gf p7]/ hfpmg lggj] k|rf/ ug{nfO{ ! lggj] kfkL zx/ hfg of]gfnfO{ dg k/]g hxfh r9L tlz{z efu] O{Zj/nfO{ dfg]gg\ . @ ;d'Gb|df g} 7"nf] cf“wL O{Zj/n] k7fOlbP ckm;f]; nfuL cfˆgf] kfknfO{ of]gfn] dflglnP . # hxfhLn] kmflnlbP kfgLdf of]gfnfO{ k|e' O{Zj/n] lbPsf df5fn] :jf§ lgNof] ltgnfO{ . $ df5fsf] k]6df O{Zj/nfO{ ;DemL of]gfn] laGtL u/] kfvf k'uL t];|f] lbgdf df5fn] ltgnfO{ pu]Nof] . % bf];|f]kN6 O{Zj/sf] jrg of]gfnfO{ ;Demfpg cfof] tLg bLgsf af6f] lx8]/ uP lggj]df s/fP . ^ lggj] zx/ kfkLx?n] O{Zj/n] jrg 6]/] kfkb]lv kmsL{ k|fy{gf u/] O{Zj/n] dfkmL lbP . & pgLx?nfO{ O{Zj/sf] lgufx of]gfnfO{ dg k/]g kfkL dflg;nfO{ lsg arfpg' of]gfn] a'em\g ;s]gg\ . * of]gfeGbf dxfg\ o]z" o; ;+;f/df cfP :ju{ 5f]8L ;'v TofuL xfd|f]nflu d/] . ( kfkL dflg; ePklg xfdLnfO{ 5 lgufx v|Li6sf] /Qmn] z'? eO{ xfdLn] kfof} Ifdf . $!$= sf]M ;';dfrf/ km}nfpm x] efO–alxgL xf] k|rf/ b'O–b'O hf]8f eO{ x] lzio b'O–b'O hf]8f eO{ ! ghLs} cfof] /fHo :ju[sf] 5ftL km'sfO{ u/ k\rf/ Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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dfgj kfkLnfO{ === x] lzio arfpg log}nfO{ . @ e|ddf k/L x/fPsf] b'lgof“ dfof–df]xdf k/]sf] nfrf/ ;xfotfljgf === x] lzio nf} u/g k|rf/ . # o]z" v|Li6 cfP ug{ p4f/ ;'gfOb]pm ;dfrf/ dgdf lnO{ d]/f] Kof/ x] d]/f] kl/jf/ === x] lzio jrg hLjgsf] . $ pQ/ blIf0f k"j{ klZrd ;'gfOb]pm s'n ;+;f/ o]z" v|Li6 tf/0fxf/ ufO{ tfnL ahfO{ x] lzio o]z" v|Li6 tf/0fxf/ . $!%= sf]M k|e'sf] bz{g, o]z"sf] bz{g kfP/ efO nfu ;]jfdf -@_ ! g]kfn b]zn] 8fls/x]5 cfpm arfpm xfdLnfO{ -@_ cfTdf db}{5g\ -@_ x]/ xhf/f} kfksf] ;fu/df . @ qm";df cfˆgf] k\f0f k|e'n] hut\sf] nflu lbP -@_ k|]dnfO{ x]/ -@_ g]kfnsf] nflu pgsf] x[bodf . # lgGb|f TofuL hfu p7 x] gjhjfg xf] -@_ clxn] g} u/ -@_ k|e'sf] ;]jf /xn hLjgdf . $ cGwsf/ 5fof] rf/} lbzfdf /ft cfOk'Uof] -@_ h] ug'{k5{ -@_ clxn] g} u/ lbgsf] Hof]ltdf . % o]z"sf] nflu cfTdf arfpg' ltdL l5§} cfpm -@_ cGg 5 kfs]sf] -@_ ;a hDdf u/ o]z"sf] e08f/df . $!^= ! d o]z"sf] ;]js x'G5' cfkm}nfO{ d pgnfO{ lbG5' pgsf] x's'd ;a} dfG5' d o]z"sf] x'“ . sf]M d]/f]nflu cfP d]/f]nflu lhP d]/f]nflu b'Mv p7fP d]/f] nflu d/] d]/f]nflu ufl8Py] d]/f] nflu af}/L p7] d]/f]nflu :ju{df uP o]z" d]/f x'g\ @ kfk daf6 eof] w]/} o;sf] nflu o]z" d/] pgsf] h'jf d}n] lnP d o]z"sf] x'“ . # d}n] ck/fw af/Daf/ u/] o]z"nfO{ b'Mlvt w]/ kf/] d]/f] af]em pg}n] lnP d o]z"sf] x'“ . $ d}n] ljZjf; pgdf /fv] clg p4f/ d}n] kfP pgsf] em08Ld'lg cfP d o]z"sf] x'“ . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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$!&= sf]M 3/–3/ 3'd]/ k|e'nfO{ k|rf/ s; ltd|f] sd/ nf} xf]pm tof/ nf} xf]pm tof/ nf} xf]pm tof/ ! kfk / cGwsf/n] el/of] ;+;f/ -@_ wd{sf] Hof]lt km}nfpgnfO{ nf} xf]pm tof/ -#_ @ lxDdt af“wL ljZjf; u/L qm";nfO{ lnO{ lgzfg -@_ o]z"Ho" x'g\ sKtfg xfd|f] xfg]{5 z}tfg -#_ # v|Li6sf] jrt ;'gfpgnfO{ sDd/ ;an] s;f} -@_ h:t} ;+s6 k/]klg k5fl8 gx6f} -#_ $ u5f}{ hlt v|Li6sf] k|rf/ b'Mv–si6 ;x]/ -@_ lbG5g\ pgn] k|ltkmn hLjgdf cgGt -#_ $!*= ! laxfg ;do /f]K5f} bof?kL aLpnfO{ lbp“;f] klg u5f}{ ;f“em gk?~h]n wL/hn] sfd u5f}{ kmnsf] cfzf /fvL Nofpg]5f} /dfp“b} sfdsf] k"/f] kmn . sf]M sfdsf] k"/f] kmn sfdsf] k"/f] kmn Nofpg]5f} /dfp“b} sfdsf] k"/f] kmn -@_ @ b'Mv ;xL /f]K5f} ;'v ef]uL /f]K5f} em/Ldf, hf8f]df /xG5f} c6n sf6\g] a]nf xfdL kfs]sf] kmn kfp“5f} Nofpg]5f} /dfp“b} sfdsf] k"/f] kmn . # k|e' v|Li6sf] nflu ?b} klg /f}kf} xflgnfO{ b]v]/ gagf} r~rn b'Mvsf] cGt x'G5 Ogfd klg cf“5 Nofpg]5f} /dfp“b} sfdsf] k"/f] kmn . $!(= ! s] sfd hfpm“ l/Q} xft lnO{, o;} e]6" k|e'nfO{ < s] d Ps} lbgsf] sfdnfO{ lbg g;s" pgnfO{ < sf]M s] d hfpm“ l/Q} xft lnO{, o;} e]6" k|e'nfO{ < lsg o]z"sxf“ gNofpm“ Pp6} klg ;fyLnfO{ < @ 8/} 5}g d[To"b]lv v|Li6 arfpg] 5g\ dnfO{ Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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t/ pgsxf“ l/Q} hf“bf ?g]5 d]/f] x[bo . # Tof] ;do hf] kfkdf sf6] Tof] kmls{g ;s] tf k|e'nfO{ Tof] lbg] ly lx8\b} pgsf] OR5fdf . $ v|Li6Lo hg xf], hfu, p7, a]nf x'“bf an nufpm cfˆgf] d[To"eGbf cl3 ;se/ w]/} k|f0f arfpm . $@)= ! O{Zj/sf] dfG5] p7, 5f]8, cof]Uo sd{nfO{ x[bo, dg, cfTdf, ;fdy{ b]pm v|Li6 o]z" /fhfnfO{ . @ O{Zj/sf] dfG5] p7, /fHo cfpb}5 l9nf] ;·tsf] lbg ca l56f] Nofpm x6fpm /ft kfk}sf] . # O{Zj/sf] dfG5] p7 d08nL kv{b5 Tof] sfd lgldQ g;Sg] xf] p;nfO{ k|l;4 agfpm . $ o]z"sf] qm"; p7fpm lx8 af6f] pg}sf] dfG5]sf] k'qsf bfHo"–efOsf] ?kdf p7 dfG5] O{Zj/sf] . $@!= sf]M x[bodf v|Li6 a;fcf} hLjg pgnfO{ r9fcf} hLjg /f]zgL k|e'sf] lnO{ hLjgsf] bLk hnfpm“ -@_ ! k|e' xfd|f] hLjgfwf/ s?0ff h;sf] ckf/ -@_ :ju{sf] j}ej Tofu]/ === xf … cfpg'ef] hudf -@_ @ k|e' v|Li6sf] cfb]z lnO{ hLjg z'4 latfcf} -@_ pgsf] dlxdf lkmhfcf} === xf === ;f/f ;+;f/df -@_ # ;';dfrf/ xfdL k|rf/f} k|e'sf] /fHo a9fcf} -@_ ;gftgL /fhf o]z"nfO{ === xf === dlxldt u/fcf} -@_ $@@= ! o]z" xfdLnfO{ af]nfp“5g\ cfwLdf ej;fu/sf] dw'/ ;f]/n] ;w} eG5g\ ækl5 nfu x] d]/f]Æ . @ plxn] ufnLn emLnsf] 5]pdf r]nfn] v|Li6sf] ;f]/ ;'g] >L–;DklQ, 3/3/fgf pgsf] nflu ;a Tofu] . # ;'vL ;+;f/sf] df]xb]lv o]z" 8fS5g\ xfdLnfO{ log}df ge'nf} egL eG5g\ æu/ k|]d dnfO{Æ . $ lrGtf dHhf b'Mv jf ;'vdf km';{b jf cft'/Ldf Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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o]z" eG5g\ ælog}eGbf dnfO{ u/ k|]d a9\tfÆ . % o]z" xfdLnfO{ af]nfp“5g\ d'lQmbftf ;f]/ ;'gf} ;a}eGbf v|Li6 tkfO{nfO{ ;]jf dg / k|]d r9fcf} . $@#= sf]M sf] xf] l5d]sL -@_ ls:;f o]z"sf] bf]xf]¥ofp“5' lg ! af6f]df hfg] a]kf/LnfO{ rf]/x?n] e]6] s'l6lk6L a]xf];\ kf/L wg ;DklQm n'6] cfˆg} /utdf n6\kl6Psf a]kf/LnfO{ b]vL k'/f]lxt / wd{–u'? lx8] af6f] tsL{ . @ ;fgf] hftsf] ;fd/Ln] a]kf/LnfO{ b]v] rf]6–k6s wf]P/ 3fpx? af“w] . /f]uLnfO{ p7fP/ kz'dfly /fv] . rf]/–8f“s'sf] Vofn gdfgL cfˆgf] af6f] nfu] . # ;fd/L / /f]uL JolQm h;} kf6L k'u] kf6Lbf/sf] xftdf ltgnfO{ lhDdf nfP s]xL vr{ lbP/ a]kf/LnfO{ eg] kmsL{ cfp“bf lt/f}nf d vr{ c? nfu] .

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:ju{nf]s $@$= sf]M hf“b}5' o]z"sxf“ xNn]n"ox eGb} -af]nfp“b}5 xfdLnfO{ kljq jrgn]_@ ! x] bfHo"–efO x] lbbL–alxgL ge"n Tof] 3/nfO{ -@_ hfcf} xfdL ;a} ho ho ufp“b} kfknfO{ Tofu]/ . @ /dfx6 ub}{ :t'lt ufp“b} cgGt 3/}df -@_ hxf“ :ju{b"tu0f ho ho ufp“5g\ o]z"sf] 5]j}df . # hxf“ g ltvf{–ef]s cflb hxf“ g lbg g /ft -@_ a;f}nf dfly :t'lt ub}{ o]z"sf] 5]j}df . $@%= ! :ju{b]z}df 5 lgif]w kfkLnfO{ slxNo} x'b}g gi6 si6 kljq dflg;nfO{ . @ d cfp“5' tf/0fxf/ qm";}df /fV5' ef/ /ut axfO{ z'4 agfO{ dnfO{ arfpg'xf];\ cfTdfnfO{ . # ;fy /fVgf];\ v|Li6 dnfO{ ;bf;j{bf g} Hof]lt / zlQm, hLjg / d'lQm el/lbgf];\ v|Li6 dnfO{ . $ agfpg'xf];\ dnfO{ kljq tkfOem} pHh/ / :jr5 aGg kfpm“ ;bf :ju{ b]z}df . $@^= ! ;'g gof“ uLt ufp“b}5g\ d'lQm kfpg]x? :t'lt k|e' y'dfsf] o;f] eGb} ufp“5g\ . sf]M k|]dn] cfˆgf] /utdf wf]O{ z'4 kf/L xfd|f] cfTdfnfO{ arfpg] k|e'nfO{ xf];\ :t'lt @ xfd|f] j:q pHofnf] 5 wf]O{ pgsf] /utdf xfd|f] dgdf ;a zflGt 5 pgsf] :ju]{ 1fgdf . # pgsf] /utsf] zlQmn] eof] z}tfg lga{n pgsf] ;Tosf] k|tfkn] xfdL eof} ;kmn . $ k"hf} Hof]lt / hLjgsf] k|e' / y'dfnfO{ dlxdf, cfb/ / zlQm ;bf x'G5g\ pgnfO{ .

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$@&= ! d kfksf] af6f] 5f]8\b5' hxf“ w]/} dfG5] db{5g\ :ju{sf] 3/nfO{ vf]Hb5' oxf“ a:g] d]/f] 5}g dg . sf]M of] b'lgof“ d]/f] 3/ xf]Og, ;f“Rr} of] d]/f] 3/ xf]Og o; b'lgof“df cf/fd 5}g of] b'lgof“ d]/f] 3/ xf]Og @ dfG5]n] /f]Sg vf]Hb5g\ g k|fy{gf ug{ lbb+5g\ ltgsf aftnfO{ ;'lGbg d :ju{sf] 3/nfO{ vf]H5' d . # d;“u kfkLx? cfpm :ju{ b]zdf xfdLx? hfcf} / a:g ca l5§} cfpm :ju{sf] 3/nfO{ vf]Hg hfcf} . $@*= ! Tof] k|]dsf] b]z d x]b}{5' k/dfgGbsf] Wofg d u/L ;a pHofnf] eO/x]sf] dlxldtsf] Hof]ltn] e/L . sf]M Tof] k|]dsf] b]z v'z cfgGbsf] 5}g jxf“ /ft ;+;f/sf] lx8b} hfbf k|]dsf] b]zdf l5§} x'G5f} k|]dsf] b]zdf @ Tof] k|]dsf] b]z zfGt 5 ;Ldf jxf“ 5}g b'Mv g kfksf] bfu jxf“ hf] e]6\5g\ 5'l6b}g wdL{x? x'G5g\ e]63f6 . # 5}g cf;dfg oxf“sf] h:tf] /ft g} km/s lbg g} km/s 3fd nfUgnfO{ 5}g b/sf/ 5b} 5}g cWof/f] /ft . $ zf]ssf] xfjf jxf aUb}g To; ;'v / zflGtsf] b]zdf jxf hf] k'U5g\ cf;g kfp“5g\ O{Zj/;“u To; b]z}df . $@(= ! b"/ @ o; nf]ssf dLt v|Li6 d]/f x'g\ b"/ @ o; nf]ssf] ;'v, v|Li6 d]/f x'g\ h+un cWof/f] 5 o; nf]sdf 5}g r}g h'g v|Li6df dfq 5 v|Li6 d]/f x'g\ . @ dnfO{ hf“r gug'{ v|Li6 d]/f x'g\ ;w}el/ a:g' v|Li6 d]/f x'g\ d§Lsf] of] z/L/ ag]sf] Ps lbgnfO{ h'g v|Li6df dfq 5 v|Li6 d]/f x'g\ . # x]lb{g ;+;f/nfO{ v|Li6 d]/f x'g\ x]5'{ d :ju{nfO{ v|Li6 d]/f x'g\ To; 7fp“df k'Ug kfcf} hxf“ ;bf lj>fd ;b}j a:g kfcf} v|Li6 d]/f x'g\ . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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$#)= sf]M ;Demg bfO xf], ;Demg dftf–lktf, efO–alxgL d[To"kl5 sxf“ hfG5f}, ;Demg bfO xf], ;Demg ! ltdLn] eG5f} :ju{ hfG5' -@_ hfG5f} s;/L eg hfG5f} s;/L < ;Demg bfO xf], ;Demg, kfksf] ;fu/ clt 7"nf] -@_ @ ca eg s;n] nfg] -@_ ;fu/kfl/ eg s;n] nfg] ;Demg :ju{ guO{ d[To"kl5 -@_ sxf“ hfg] efO xf], sxf“ hfg] < # o]z" gf;/L ltd|f]nflu -@_ d/] qm";}df efO xf], d/] qm";}df ;f“rf] p4f/ lbgnfO{ -@_ d/] qm";}df efO xf], d/] qm";}df . $ ;do x'b} rf8} u/f} -@_ p4f/ kfpgnfO{ efO xf] p4f/ kfpgnfO{ ;Demg bfO xf], ;Demg Ps lbg o]z" cfp“5g\ -@_ Gofo ug{nfO{ efO xf], Gofo ug{nfO{ . % cfh h;n] d'lQm kfp“5 -@_ :ju{ Tof] hfG5 efO xf], :ju{ Tof] hfG5 cfh h;n] kfk u5{ -@_ g/s Tof] hfG5 efO xf] g/s Tof] hfG5 . ^ l;Ty} d'lQm kfp“5f} o]z"df -@_ cfpm pg}df efO xf] cfpm pg}df ;f“rf] zflGt kfp“5f} pg}df -@_ cfpm pg}df efOxf], cfpm pg}df . $#!= sf]M k[YjLdfly–dfly s:tf] hut\ 5 < sNkgf ug{ ;S5f} ltdL s] PskN6 k|e'sf] emNsf] dfq n]pm yfxf kfpg]5f} -:ju{ To:t} 5_ @ ! ;+;f/eGbf a]Un} x'G5 Tof] hut\df wf]Opsf dflg; x'G5g\ v|Li6sf] /utdf Toxf“ kL/–dsf{ lkmqmL x'b}g Hof]ltsf] /fHo cWof/f] l6Sb}g, :ju{ To:t} 5 . @ :ju{ hfg ltdL d[To" gkv{ b'MvL ;+;f/ klg :ju{ aGg ;s5 5f]6f] 5 of] hLjg df]hdf ge'n :ju{sf] qm";nfO{ c+ufn :ju{ To:t} 5 . $#@= sf]M pkl:yt v|Li6sf] 5fofdf af“lr/x]sf] 5' oxf“ Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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pg}sf] cb\e't dfofdf xf“l;x]sf] 5' oxf“ pg}sf] sf]dn s[kfdf ufO/x]sf] 5' oxf“ ! hLjgdf Pslbg /ft k5{ oxf“ d:t lgbfp“5' snj/Lkfl/ ;'Gb/ laxfg dflg; Ao'emG5 dgf]x/ efudf :juL{o /fhdf hojGtsf] uLt ufp“5' o]z"sf] d'xf/ cfˆg} cl3 b]v]/ /dfp“5' . @ xL/fn] h8L tof/ u/L /fv]sf] zx/df dl0f h8]sf zx/sf 9f]sf af6f 5g\ ;'gf}nf lx8\g]5' ;bf o]z"sf] ;fydf ;Gtu0f nx/df xft–xftdf o]z"sf] ;fy a:g]5' ;j{bf . # ;+;f/sf] b'Mv s]xL klg xf]Og, :ju{sf] ;'vdf ;tfj6 klg s]xL klg xf]Og, :ju{sf] dlxdfdf ;Ddfg / d's'6 ldNg]5g\ dnfO{ Tof] k"0f{ ldngdf laxfgsf tf/f, v|Li6 d]/f Kof/f, k"Hg]5' ;j{bf . $##= sf]M afbnsf] kfl/kl§ 3fdsf] b]zdf d]/f] k|e' /fHo u5{g\ zflGtsf] e]ifdf xNs]nfdf bfu 5 x} sf“6L–sf“6Lsf] sf]lvnfdf dfof af]sL dfgjhfltsf] -@_ ! s}bgLh:tf] dfG5]nfO{ k|e'n] g} Kof/f u/] -@_ cGwf]h:tf] dfG5]nfO{ c·nf]df ;fy lnP . cfˆg} k|f0fn] ;asf] kfksf] df]n lt/] cGwsf/sf] dfemdf gof“ Hof]lt k7fP . @ b'a{nsf d'6'df zlQm lbG5g\ k|e'n] -@_ xtfz ePsf] cfTdfnfO{ hf]z lbG5g\ k|e'n] vf]H5g\ h;n] k|e'nfO{ r"0f{ x[bon] d'lQmbftf /fhfnfO{ e]6\5g\ l5§} ltgn] .

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k|e'sf] /fHo $#$= ! o]z"n] ;w} /fHo u5{g\ hxf“–hxf“ 3fd nfUb5 / h}n];Dd h"g /xnf, pg}sf] /fHo 5 hu\tdf . @ s] k|fy{gf ;w} ul/G5 pg}sf] :t'lt r9fOG5 gfp“ pgsf] af;gf w"jfem} r9fOG5 laxfg ;w} . # ;a b]zsf dfG5] ufp“5g\ uLt pgsf] pb]ssf] k|]d lgldQ afns ;'gfp“5g\ pgsf] gfp“ / u5{g\ lgTo v|Li6sf] j}ej . $ v|Li6n] hxf“ /fHo ub{5g\ Toxf“ cflzif\ kfOb5 . Toxf“ ;a b'Mlvtsf] pksf/ Toxf“ ;a kfkLsf] p4f/ . % ;+;f/sf] u/f];\ wGojfb v|Li6 /fhfsf] u'0ffg'jfb . :ju{df a9fO ul/cf];\ dfG5]n] eg"g\ o:t} xf];\ . $#%= ! O{Zj/ lktf xfd|f] ;'Ggf];\ vfnL ;fgf dfG5] xf} t} tkfO{nfO{ 7"nf] laGtL ug{ clxn] cfPsf 5f} . @ v|Li6sf] /fHo v"a l5§f] cfcf];\ v|Li6df ;an] kfpmg\ ho / tkfO{nfO{ ;an] lrg"g\ ;an] dfg''g\ wGo eO{ . # v|Li6sf] k|]dsf] dL7f] s'/f ;'gLsg dfG5]]n] . o; ;+;f/df :t'lt u?g\ h:tf] :ju{df b"tn] . $ cfcf];\ Tof] ;+;f/ tkfO{sf] x'g] 38L x] lktf . lsgeg] ;a tkfO{sf /fHo k/fqmd dlxdf . $#^= ! xfdLn] ;'g]sf 5f} o]z"n] arfp“5g\ c?nfO{ hgfPsf 5f} o]z"n] arfp“5g\ ;a} b]zdf xf];\ k|rf/ v|Li6n] lbPsf p4f/ k|e'sf] ;';dfrf/ o]z"n] arfp“5g\ . @ kfkLnfO{ ;'gfOof];\ o]z"n] arfp“b5g\ b'MvLnfO{ hgfOof];\ o]z"n] arfp“b5g\ k[YjLdf xf];\ ljZjf; gi6 xj;\ ;a pbf; ;asf dgdf o:t} xf];\, o]z"n] arfp“b5g\ . # cfˆgf] hLjg–d[To"n] o]z"n] arfp“b5g\ Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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:t'lt u/ o; uLtn] o]z"n] arfp“b5g\ ufpm“ b'Mv ;xbf ufpm kZrftfk ubf{ ufpm hLjg 5f]8\bf o]z"n] arfp“b5g\ . $ ;a}nfO{ of] cfJxfg 5 o]z"n] arfp“b5g\ ;a}nfO{ /dfx6 5 o]z"n] arfp“b5g xj;\ b'i6sf] k"/f] Ifo xj;\ v|Li6sf] k"/f] ho ufpm ;w} alxgL–efO o]z"n] arfp“b5g\ . $#&= ! wGojfb xf];\ O{Zj/nfO{ afnL sf6\g] ef] ;do ;a ;'/Iff;fy 3/df cGg 5 a6'n]sf ;[li6stf{ O{Zj/n] xfdLnfO{ ;a h'6fP d08nL cfpm k/d]Zj/sf] afnL sf6\g] ;do ef] . @ xfdL O{Zj/sf] af/Ldf kmN5f} eg] 5 :t'lt ux"“ / ;fy} emf/kft 5g\ b'Mv jf ;'vdf pld|G5g\ klxn] aLp / af]6 clg b]vf kb{5 afnL k|e' xfdL To:t} xf]cf} cGg rf]vf] z'4 agf} . # xfd|f k|e' cfpg]5g\ km;n 3/df nfg]5g\ h]–h] pgnfO{ nfU5 l3g x6fOb]nfg\ To;} lbg emf/–kft :ju{b"tu0fnfO{ kmfNg b]nfg\ cfuf]d} t/ cGg wG;f/ /flvlbg]5g\ ;bf . $ k|e' rf“8} cfpg'xf];\ km;n 3/df nfg'xf];\ hDdf u/fO{ d08nL zf]s kfkb]lv kvfnL :ju{df lgTo a:g]5g\ z'4 kfl/Psf hg km;n 3/df n}hfg rf“8} cfpg'xf];\ k|e' . $#*= ! cflbdf h'g k|sf/ cWof/f] / phf/ kfg'{eof] gfz ca To;} x] O{Zj/ ;';dfrf/sf] 3fd gk'u]sf] ;a :yfg pHofn} xf];\ . @ nf]s cfpg'ef] tkfO{ ;a hgsf] nflu NofO{ nufO{ k|sfz /f]uL la;]s kf/L cGwf]nfO{ k|sfz u/fO x] v|Li6 ca ;a}nfO{ pHofn} xf];\ . # x] kljq cfTdf lhofpg] k/]jf j]u p8\g'xf];\ u/L ef“8f] 3'dfO{ cg'u|x bfg vGofO{ cWof/f] ug'{ Ifo pHofn} xf];\ . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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$ x] lktf, k'q, cfTdf, wGo lqPs dxf qf0f k"0f{ xf];\ ;fu/em} xf] ckf/, hut\sf lbz} rf/ ;RofpgnfO{ ;+;f/ pHofn} xf];\ . $#(= ! x] bofn' :juL{o lktf xfd|f] b]znfO{ x]g'{xf]; cfˆgf] k|e'Tjsf] af6f] cljZjf; d]6fpg'xf];\ ;f“rf] wd{, ;f“rf] wd{ l5§} g} lkmhfpg'xf];\ . @ k|e' v|Li6 O{Zj/sf] k'q ltdLnfO{ bof ug'[xf];\ ltgsf] dgdf ;f“rf] wd{ ca tkfO{n] /fVg'xf];\ cGwljZjf;, e|d 5f]8\g g]kfnLnfO{ l;sfpg'xf];\ . # x] kljq x'g] cfTdf, Hof]lt, 1fg / zflGtsf] cGwsf/df a:g] ;anfO{ v|Li6Lo dfu{sf] pHofnf] lbg'xj;\ lbg'xj;\ p;sf] af6f] d'lQm ef] . $ lktf, k'q, kljqfTdf, xfd|f] laGtL ;'Gg'xf];\ gfp“ :t'lt hf] tkfO{sf] ;anfO{ k|s6 ug'{xf];\ x] qf0fstf{ x], qf0fstf{ /fh tkfO{sf] l:y/ /xf];\ . $$)= sf]M cgGtsf] Tof] /fHodf hfgnfO{ xf]cf} tof/ z}tfgsf] cjZo afwf g} lbG5 k|fy{gfdf nflu/xf} ! s:tf] 5 xf]nf cgGtsf] /fHo j0f{g ug{ g} ;Sb}gf} s:tf] 5 xf]nf Hof]ltsf] ls/0f yfxf kfpg g} ;Sb}gf} . @ b"tu0f ;a}n] ub}{ g} xf]nf k|e'sf] ho–houfg cg]sf} Wjlg aHb} g} xf]nf, O{Zj/sf] k|]ldnf] hg . # ca|fxd, O;xfs, ofs"an] xfdLnfO{ kv{b} xf]nfg\ jxf“ klxn] kf] cfp“5, cgGt 7fp“df eGb} O{Zj/;“u jxf“ . $ xfdL /dfcf}+ v'zL eP/ jxf“sf] houfg u/f} lsgls y'df cfkm} g} jxf“ b'nxf alg/x]sf . $$!= ! k|ltWjlg xf]Og, jrg ;gftgsf] uh{g klg xf]Og ;+uLt u'l~hPsf] ;"o{ n'lsuP km'n} cf]Olnem5{ k|e' v|Li6sf] k|]d Tof] ;bf cd/ x'G5 . @ cflbdf jrg lyof], O{Zj/sf] ;fy lyof] Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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jrg O{Zj/ g} lyof], b]x lnO{ cfpg'ef] d's'6 5f8L :ju{sf] cf]ln{cfpg'ef] hut\df s:tf] d's'6 sf“8fsf] klxl/g'ef] lz/df . # qm";sf] syf Tof] gof“ hLjg lbg vf]nf] Tof] /utsf] d'lQm lslglbg] ljZjf;}df o]z";fy qm";df 6f“lulbP arfOlbG5f} gf}nf] k|f0f v|Li6nfO{ clk{lbP . $ lbOPsf] jrg Tof], km]l/ cfp“5' eGg] ;lHhPsL b'nxLnfO{ p7fOnfG5' eGg] pgL km]l/ cfp“5g\ k|ltWjlg xf]Og ;f“lrPsf] cfzf Tof] lg/fzf x'g] xf]Og .

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afn uLt $$@= ! o]z" dnfO{ u5{g\ Kof/, of] xf] ;a afOansf] ;f/ afns pgsf x'g\ j/bfg, tL lga{n pgL anjfg\ . sf]M Kof/ u5{g dnfO{, Kof/ u5{g dnfO{ Kof/ u5{g dnfO{, o]z"n] u5{g Kof/ @ o]z" dnfO{ u5{g Kof/ k|f0f lbO{ vf]n] :ju{sf] åf/ d]/f] kfk ;a w'g]5g\ afnsnfO{ af]nfp“5g . # o]z" dnfO{ u5{g\ Kof/ h:t} lga{n 5' ladf/ cfˆgf] l;+xf;gb]lv b]Vt5g\ ;w} dnfO{ . $$#= ! dnfO{ cfgGb 5 ls lktf O{Zj/ dnfO{ b]vfp“5g\ pxf“sf] Kof/ afOansf] dL7f] g} syfsf] ;f/ of] xf] ls o]z"n] ub{5g\ Kof/ . sf]M wGo ls dnfO{ ub{5g\ Kof/, ub{5g\ Kof/ ub{5g Kof/ wGo ls dnfO{ ub{5g\ Kof/ ub{5g\ Kof/ dnfO{ @ olb d 6f9f] hfpm“ 5f]8L pgnfO{ t}klg v|Li6n] k|]d u5{g\ dnfO{ afOansf] ;aeGbf dL7f] syf of] xf] ls o]z" k|]d u5{g dnfO{ # :ju{df ha /fhfnfO{ b]Vg]5' pg}sf] :t'ltsf] uLt ufpg]5' o;}sf] lglDt d lgTo ufp“nf o]z"n] dnfO{ k|]d u5{g ;bf . $ d pgnfO{ u5'{ dnfO{ u5{g Kof/ k|]dn pgL eP ;To cjtf/ qm";df r9L u/] d]/f] p4f/ lgZro v|Li6 ub{5g\ pb]ssf] Kof/ . $$$= sf]M ;a yf]s /fd|f / pHh/ ;a hLj ;fgf–7"nf 1fgL / pb]ssf ;a O{Zj/n] agfPsf ! ;a km"n /fd|f hf] km'N5g\ ufp“5g\ ;a} r/f /· ltgsf rlDsnf 5g\ agfP kv]6f . @ lxp“bsf] lr;f] xfjf udL{sf] /fd|f] 3fd kfs]sf] kmn aufgdf pg}sf] ;a sfd . # lxp“sf cUnf kxf8 ;a 5]pdf h+un gbL ;"of{:t / ;'Gb/ laxfg /·Lg cfsfz klg . $ x]g{ lbP cf“vf hf] cf]7 lbP af]NgnfO{ clt dxfg\ O{Zj/ x'g\ agfP ;a /fd|} . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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$$%= ! va/bf/ ;fgf] cf“vf s] x]5{ va/bf/ ;fgf] cf“ s] x]5{ . sf]M ltd|f] :ju]{ afa'n] tn x]5{g Kof/n] va/bf/ ;fgf] cf“vf s] x]5{ @ va/bf/ ;fgf] sfg s] ;'G5 -@_ # va/bf/ ;fgf] xft s] u5{ -@_ $ va/bf/ ;fgf] dg s] ;f]R5 -@_ % va/bf/ ;fgf] kfp sxf“ hfG5 -@_ $$^= sf]M ltd|f] of}jg sfndf cfˆgf] ;[hgxf/nfO{ ;b}j ;Demgf u/ -cfˆgf] ;[hgfxf/nfO{, cfˆgf] ;[hgfxf/nfO{_ @, cfˆgf] ;[hgfxf/nfO{ ;]jf u/ tg–dg–wgn], -wgn]_ @, ;]jf u/ tg–dg–wgn] ! xfd|f] of}jg Joy{ ghfcf];\ s;}n] o;nfO{ t'R5 g7fg"g\ -@_ ;dodf g} cfˆgf] k|e'nfO{ -@_ ;]jf u/ tg–dg–wgn] wgn] ;]jf u/ tg–dg–wgn] . @ k|e' o]z" tf/0fxf/ xfd|f] pgL ;[hgxf/ -@_ x] bfHo"–efO x] lbbL–alxgL xf] -@_ ;]jf u/ tg–dg–wgn] wgn] ;]jf u/ tg–dg–wgn] . # cGwsf/ husf] x'g\ k|e' cgGt k|sfz lbg] pHofnf] -@_ pg} Hof]ltnfO{ gu/L laofnf] -@_ ;]jf u/ tg–dg–wgn] wgn] ;]jf u/ tg–dg–wgn] . $$&= ! hoho u/, ;fgf gfgLx?, v|Li6 x'g\ k|]d, v|Li6 x'g\ k|]d -@_ @ ;]jf u/, ;fgf gfgLx?, v|Li6 x'g\ k|]d, v|Li6 x'g\ k|]d -@_ # wGojfb eg, ;fgf gfgLx?, v|Li6 x'g\ k|]d, v|Li6 x'g\ k|]d -@_ $ pgnfO{ eh, ;fgf gfgLx?, v|Li6 x'g\ k|]d, v|Li6 x'g\ k|]d -@_ % Kof/f] u/, ;fgf gfgLx?, v|Li6 x'g\ k|]d, v|Li6 x'g\ k|]d -@_ ^ k|fy{gf u/, ;fgf gfgLx?, v|Li6 x'g\ k|]d, v|Li6 x'g\ k|]d -@_

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$$*= ! gfgLx?sf] nflu b}nf] g3fl/b]pm c;n uf]7fnf]sf] vf]/df ltgnfO{ e]nf u/f}] sf]xL t 6'x'/f–6'x'/L sf]xL tf ;fx|f] nfrf/ ;a gfgLx?sf] nflu p3f/f} vf]/sf] åf/ . sf]M vf]/sf] b}nf], vf]/sf] b}nf], vf]/sf] b}nf] p3f/f} c;n uf]7fnfsf] vf]/df gfgLx?nfO{ e]nf u/f}+ . @ gfgLx? tf cfp“5g\ b}nf] p3fl/lbcf} lognfO{ vf]/df a;fO{ v|Li6sf] lzIff lbcf} k|fy{gf u/L p3f/f} wd{sf] vf]/sf] b}nf] ofb u/f} O{Zj/sf] /fHonfO{ o:t}x?sf] xf] . $$(= ! o]z"sf] d x'“ kf7f] x[bo v'zL 5 d]/f] k|]d o]z"n] dnfO{ u5{g /fd|f] j/bfg dnfO{ lbG5g kfng–kf]if0f ub{5g gfp“af6 af]nfp“b5g\ . @ d]/f] b}lgs hLjgdf ef]s / ltvf{ hflGbg x"n e]8fsf] pgsf] hxf“ /fd|f] xl/of] r/g Toxf“ nfU5 dnfO{ Kof; hlxn] emgf{ b]vfp“5g\ pgn] . # hLjge// cfglGbt 5' cflzlift o; em'08df 5' kfp“5' uf]7fnf r/fpg] d[To"kl5 hLjg lbg] dnfO[ :ju{df k'¥ofp“5 efUodfgL x'G5' d .s $%)= ! k/d]Zj/ h;n] k[YjL / lqe'jg Hof]lt klg l;h]{ dnfO{ kfN5g\ . @ k/d]Zj/, h;n] agfP /ft / lbg ?v, km"n / kmn l;h]{ dnfO{ kfN5g\ . # k/d]Zj/ h;n] l;h]{ 3fd, tf/f, h"g cf“wLdf x'g\ cf>o dnfO{ kfN5g\ . $ k/d]Zj/ h;n] df};d ldnfp“5g\ kbfy{ ;a l;h]{ dnfO{ kfN5g\ . % O{Zj/ k'qn] qm";dfly lbP k|f0f pgdf ljZjf; /fv] dnfO{ kfN5g\ . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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^ :ju{ k'u]/ ;'gfp“5' pgsf] ho of] ufp“5' O{Zj/n] kfn] dnfO{ . $%!= ! k|e' ;fgf gfgL eO{ :t'lt ug{ cfPsf 5f} tkfO{ wdL{ x'g'x'"G5 dfg / cfb/ lbb5f} v|Li6sf] k|]d / :ju{sf] s'/f] xfd|f] dgdf eg'{xf];\ v|Li6nfO{ v'z gkfg]{ sfo{ ug{b]lv yfDg'xf];\ . @ lsgeg] k|e' v|Li6n] xfdLnfO{ lgTo x]5{g hlt u5f}{ sfd / ljrf/ pgn] :ju{df n]Vb}5g xfd|f kfk dfkm lbg'xj;\ xfdLnfO{ arfpg'xf]; :ju}{df /fd|f] uLt ufpg xfdLnfO{ k'¥ofpg'xf];\ . $%@= ! ;+;f/ v"a /fd|f] b]lvG5 /dfx6 u5'{ d ;a yf]sdf 3fdsf] ls/0f b]vfp“5' dlxdf ;+;f/df a:bfv]l d h?/ xlif{nf] 5 d o]z" v|Li6sf] af6f] k5ofp“5' . @ d ;fgf] ofqL dfq ofqfsf] z'?df d hLjg ofqf ubf{ zf]s e]6\g]5' oxf“ ;+;f/ 5 zf]sn] e/]sf] / ljkb klg 5 t/ o]z" v|Li6sf] af6f] k5ofp“5' . # t ;fgf] ofqLh:t} h]–h] e]6\g]5' xif{ ls b'Mv nfG5' r/0fdf o]z"sf] tL b'Mvdf zflGt lbG5g\ tL k':5g\ ;a cf“;' /dfx6 u/L af6f] k5ofp“5' . $ k/LIff ;tfp“b}g b'Mvb]lv 5}g eo ha o]z" cfp“5g\ ghLs zf]s x'G5 6f9} g} d[To"n] gi6 ub}{g ha d[To" e]6\g]5' :ju{ hfg] af6f] k5ofp“5' .

Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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$%#= sf]M af]nfpg'xf];\ xfdLnfO{ k|e' xfdL afnsnfO{ 5}g xfd|f] hudf sf]xL tkfO{ 5f]8L u'xf/ xfd|f] ug]{ ! lkmb{5 e]8fem} uf]7fnfljgfsf af]nfpg'xf];\ xfdLnfO{ :juL{o /fHod} . @ xfdLh:tf] afnsnfO{ :juL{o /fHo lbgnfO{ ?vf] jrg lzIffnfO{ lk|o xfdLnfO{ . # wGo dftf–lktfn] xfdLnfO{ k|e' lrgfP kfkLsf] ljnfk ;'GgnfO{ v|Li6 /dfP . $ /f]O{–/f]O{ d cfp“bf zflGt kfpg tkfO{df cf“;' k'l5 /fVg'xf];\ xft lz/}df . $%$= ! pHofnf] eOuof] k|e' lbgel/ sfd ug{ cN5L 5f]8L /dfO{ p7" laxfgsf] e]6 lbg -@_ @ af]nL rfndf rf]vf] eO{ k|e' 3fdh:t} pHofnf] ;a} b]V5g\ d]/f] af6f] / ljrf/ ;a d]/f] -@_ # prflnlbgf];\ dg d]/f] k|e' lbgel/ sfd}df b'Mv–;'Mv h]–h] xf]nf tkfO{sf] gfj}df -@_ $ ut /ftsf] gLbsf] nflu k|e' wGojfb lbb5' tkfO{sf] bfg} eG5' dg}df lnb5' -@_ % /Iff xj;\ lbgel/ k|e' tkfO{ g} b]lv ;kmn xj;\ sfd} hlt tkfO{s} nflu -@_ ^ ;To–;To O{Zj/ tkfO{ k|e' sf]xL 5}g d]/f] ;+;f/ eg] kfkn] e¥of] b'Mv}sf] y'k|f] -@_ & cfh af“r" kfk]blv k|e' uf]xf/} kfO{ d'lQmbftf cfkm} tkfO{ arfO{b]pm dnfO{ -@_ $%%= ! kfkL sfd gu/, gaf]n qmf]wL aft v|Li6 x'g\ ltd|f k|e' tL 5g\ ltd|f];fy . @ v|Li6 bofn' k|]dL tL x'g\ z'4 / ;t\ afns}sf] klg xf];\ kljq ut . # z}tfg b'i6 cfTdf clxn] x]b{}5 Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


185

u5{ tof] k/LIff ;w} 3]b}{5 . $ To;sf] aft g;'g ;'Gg' kfk g} 5 ;w} enf] ug'{ v|Li6nfO{ Kof/f] 5 . % v|Li6 x'g\ ltd|f k|e' pQd kljq pgs]f gfgL enf] x'g' plrt 5 . $%^= ! o]z" s[kfn' uf]7fnf cflzif\ lbgf];\ kf7f]nfO{ /ftL /Iff ugf]{;\ dnfO{ laxfg;Dd 5]pdf eO{ . @ cfh tkfO{b]lv kfP n'uf ef]hg cu'jfO k|fy{gf wGojfb ca u5'{ 9lNshfbf ;'TgnfO{ . # d]/f] e'nr's ugf]{;\ Ifdf d]/f lk|ox? k|]d ha d? nfgf];\ :ju{df ;bf lbg / If]d . $%&= ! s]6L s]6f @ s]6L s]6f # s]6L s]6f $ s]6L s]6f % ;a}

M M M M M M M M M

x] bfHo" lsg o:tf] lg ;+;f/df cfh czflGt -@_ v|Li6nfO{ e'n] o:t} lg x'G5 x} alxgL czflGt -@_ v|Li6nfO{ lsg e'Nof] lg of] kfkL ;f/f ;+;f/n] -@_ v"a hfGg] eP ;+;f/L v|Li6nfO{ k/ k;f/L -@_ o:t} s] ;bf x'g] xf] x] lk|o bfHo" egg\ -@_ kfP/ a[l4 O{Zj/s} e"n] x} ;[li6stf{nfO{ -@_ dflg;n] lsg e"n] lg cfˆgf] ;[li6stf{nfO{ -@_ kfP/ a[l4 O{Zj/s} e"n] x} ;[li6stf{nfO{ -@_ kZrftfk u/L kms{ x} d'lQmbftfsf] r/0fdf -@_ d'lQm x} kfO{ :ju{nf]sdf cfgGbl;t k;g -@_ ^ ;a} M O{Zj/sf] gfp“ wGo xf];\ pg}sf] ;To ;bf xf];\ -@_ pg}sf] ;Rrf eQm eO{, xfd|f] hLjgsf] cGt xf];\ -@_ & ;a} M :ju{df a;L cfgGbn] O{Zj/sf] k'hg ug]{5f} -@_ ho, k|e' o]z" ho d'lQmbftf eGb} xfdL ufpg]5f} -@_ $%*= ! :juL{o /fhfnfO{ v'z ug{ s] ;S5g\ ;fgf xftn] < sf]lzz u?g ;fgf xftn] b'MlvtnfO{ b'Mvdf uf]xf/ ug]{ o:tf] cg'u\x kfpm“ . @ :juL{o /fhfnfO{ v'z ug{ s] ;S5g ;fgf cf]7n] < Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


186

:t'lt k|fy{gf ;fgf cf]7n] / g/d enf aft ug]{ o:tf] cg'u|x kfpm“ . # :juL{o /fhfnfO{ v'z ug{ s] ;S5g ;fgf cf“vfn] < x]? :ju{nf]s ;fgf cf“vfn] kljq wd{ k':ts k9\g] o:tf] cg'u|x kfpm“, % :juL{o /fhfnfO{ v'z ug{ s] ;S5g ;fgf dgn] < k|]d dgn] ldq agfpg] kljq cfTdf bfg kfpg] o:tf] cg'u|x kfpm“ . $%(= ! lktf 8f]¥ofO{ lbg–lbg} tkfO{sf OR5fdf g} :jR5 z'4 dg lbO{ ;To l;sfpgf]; dnfO{ . @ ljkbdf lbO{ ;fx; a;L 5]p /Iff ugf]{;\ . lge{o /fVgf];\ dnfO{ ddf k|]d b[li6 nufO{ . # k/Liffsf ;a} lbgdf b[9tf lbg'xf]; dgdf ha x'G5' ;fdy{xLg /Iff ug'{xf];\ Tof] lbg . $ x'G5' v'zL cflzif\ kfO{ ge"n" d tkfO{nfO{ x'G5g\ xlif{t ;a}hgf lrg]/ tkfO{sf] dg . % h]–h] /fd|f] 5 u5'{ tkfO{sf] afns x'G5' cfp“5' ha :ju{df a:5' ;w} g} jxf“ . $^)= ! cfpm ;a} uLt ufpm x} xNn]n"ofx cfldg xf];\ a9fO o]z"s} xNn]n"ofx cfldg ;f]/ / dg prfnL l;+xf;gsf] cl3 dgkbf]{ 5 :t'lt xNn]n"ofx cfldg . @ dg pef] prfNb} xNn]n"ofx cfldg v"a cfsfz uhf{p“b} xNn]n"ofx cfldg v|Li6 xfd|f ldq x'g xfdLdf pqG5g\ k|]d pgsf] 6'l·b}g xNn]n"ofx cfldg . # u'0f ufcf} k|e'sf] xNn]n"ofx cfldg zlQm e/ hLjgsf] xNn]n"ofx cfldg :ju{df k'uf}nf pg}nfO{ e]6f}nf ;w} g} uLt ufcf}nf xNn]n"ofx cfldg .

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187

$^!= ! o]z" l;+xf;gb]lv dfly :ju{df a;L k|]dL b[li6n] x]/L ;'Gg'xf]; lk|o o]z" . @ afns dfGb}gg 8/} x'g'eP ;fy ltgs} lk|o qftf Kof/ ub}{ ;'Ggf];\ lk|o o]z" . # x'gf];\ xfd|f];fy ;bf xfd|f] sfd / v]ns'bdf ha r9fp“5f} k|fy{gf ;'Ggf]; lk|o o]z" . $ xfd|f] ;f]r xf]; kljq aft xf];\ ;To / gd| nf} agfpgf];\ kljq ;'Ggf];\ lk|o o]z" . $^@= ! s;n] s;n] @ s;n] s;n] # s;n] s;n] $ s;n] s;n] % s;n] s;n]

agfP agfP agfP agfP agfP agfP agfP agfP agfP agfP

km"nx?nfO{, km"nx?nfO{, km"nx?nfO{ < km"nx?nfO{ < O{Zj/ hf] :ju{df 5g\ . df5fx?nfO{, df5fx?nfO{, df5fx?nfO{ < df5fx?nfO{ < O{Zj/ hf] :ju{df 5g\ . r/fx?nfO{, r/fx?nfO{, r/fx?nfO{ < r/fx?nfO{ < O{Zj/ hf] :ju{df 5g\ . tf/fx?nfO{, tf/fx?nfO{, tf/fx?nfO{ < tf/fx?nfO{ < O{Zj/ hf] :ju{df 5g\ . ltdLx?nfO{–dnfO{, ltdLnfO{–dnfO{ < ltdLnfO{–dnfO{ < O{Zj/ hf] :ju{df 5g\ .

$^#= ! o]z" eG5g\ afnsx?nfO{ dsxf“ cfpg b]pm lsgeg] :ju{sf] /fHo o:t} g}–x?sf] xf] . @ o;sf/0f xfdL ;a} ldn]/ pgsf] r/0fdf hfcf}+ pgsf] r/0fdf uP/ xfdL dL7f] cfjfhnfO{ ;'gfcf}+ . $^$= ! o]z"nfO{ wGojfb lbg slt /fd|f] ;]tf] lxdfn / cUnf] kxf8 -@_ cfsfz} rlDsnf] . @ o]z"nfO{ wGojfb km"n slt /fd|f] xl/of] 3f“; xNng] ?v -@_ kmn vfg' :jflbnf] . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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# o]z"nfO{ wGojfb k'tnL s] /fd|f] p8\g] r/f / lx8\g] kz' -@_ uLt ufpg] km6]+u|f .

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ljz]if ;do $^%= sf]M gjLg ;fnsf] k|yd lbgdf xif{ xfdL cfh dgfcf}+ oxL ;do k|e' ofb lnO{ gjLg xfdL hLjg ckgfcf}+ ! k|e' o]z" p4f/stf{ cb\e't qftf tf/0fxf/ pgsf] s?0ff ofb ;bf lnO{ gjLg xfdL hLjg ckgfcf}+ . @ k|e' xfdL z/0f k5f}{ ;a} hLjg ck{0f u5f}{ tkfO{sf] ;]jf ;bfe/ g} sfdgf dgdf oxL /xf];\ . $^^= ! ca csf]{ ;ftf -aif{_ lat]5 x] d]/f] dg r]t u/ O{Zj/n] /Iff u/]5g\ k|e'sf] wGojfb u/ . @ o; ;ftf -jif{_ slt lyP ladf/ / slt d/]5g\ z}tfgb]lv slt 8/fO{ b'i6 cfTdf k'h]5g\ . # dnfO{ t h'¥of] cflTds 1fg, z/L/sf] ;'v / cf9 w]/ /f]6L, j:q, dLt, 7]ufg 7Ls vf“rf] g} cg';f/ . $ o; ;ftfsf -jif{sf_ ;a kfk ck/fw x] O{Zj/ dfkm ugf]{;\ 7ls wd{ ug'{5 c;fWo cg'u|x bfg lbgf];\ . $^&= ! ck{0f ub{5f} of] ejgnfO{ k|e' O{Zj/nfO{ qf0fstf{ o]z"nfO{ cf/fwgf :t'lt laGtL / k'sf/ u5f}{ oxf“ ca cGt/Wofg . sf]M ;'lglbgf];\ k'sf/ of] xfd|f] k|e' lng'xf];\ ejg of] -@_ @ ef]sf–Kof;f x[bo, :juL{o ef]hgsf] aGwg 8f]/L kfk}sf] r/0f oxf“ tkfO{sf] pkb]zs tkfO{sf] bf;åf/f lbg'xf]; ef]hg cfTdfsf] . # ehgflb :t'lt ch{laGtL oxf“ r9fOG5g\ ha tkfO{sxf“ ;'lglbgf];\ v|Li6 o]z"df ljgo pQ/ kfcf];\ dg zflGt /xf];\ o]z" gfp“ ;bf dlxldt xf];\ . $ k|lt?k xf] of] dg dlGb/sf] sf/Lu/L of] dflgPsf] k|e' lghL{j ejg of] t} dhL{ xf]cf]; k|e' cfO{ a;L ;'gf}nf dw'/jf0fL tkfO{sf] . % lgTo–lgTo anf];\ rDsL g} /xf];\ k|sflzt xf]cf];\ o]z" ;b\efjgf of] 5 hxf“ e/k"/ hLjg tof/L ;bf kfg'{xf];\ cfp“5 hf] oxf“ ;bf . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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$^*= ! lal;{G5f} s;/L kf]xf]/sf] ;fn of] 38L dfGb} lyof} gof“ ;fn o;/L olt rf“8} Tof] ;fn laTof] cfh klg zlQm 5}g Tof] ;fnnfO{ yfDg] Ps kn klg . sf]M ;do 5 ;do, 5 eGb} lyof} yfxf geO{ Tof] ;fn laltuof] ca Tof] ;fnnfO{ labf u/f} / ca kl;hfpm“ xfdL gof“ ;fn of] gof“ ;fnel/ lx8\gnfO{ O{Zj/sf] cu'jfOdf @ wGojfb r9fpg ;a bfgsf] nflu O{Zj/nfO{ u/f} hLjg ck{0f pgnfO{ lnO{ pgsf] ;fydf a;L pgsf] cf8df of] ;fn dfq xf]Og of] hLjg nufpm pgs} lhDdfdf . # ca labf n]pm x] lk|ox? ub}{ z'esfdgf gof“ ;fnsf] e]6\5f} ls e]6\b}gf} km]l/ gof“ ;fndf e]6f}nf slxn] g5'6\g] u/L Tof] cgGt 3/df .

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gof“ ehgx? $^(= sf]M o]z" af]nfp“5g\ ;anfO{ -@_, k|]d;fy af]nfp“5g\ c·nf]df pgsf] o]z" af]nfp“5g\ ;anfO{ ! x[bo ltd|f] xtfz eP zlQm 5 ltd|f]nflu -@_ d'lQm / Hof]lt ltd|}nflu o]z"sxf“ lng cfpm cfh -@_ @ ;a /f]unfO{ lgsf] kfg]{ zlQm 5 pgLsxf“ -@_ tTk/ 5g\ ltd|f] d'lQmbftf Kof/ ug{ ;w} ltdLnfO{ -@_ $&)= sf]M o]z" k|e' cfpm xfd|f] dfemdf hLjg d]/f] n]pm ltd|f] xftdf cf]7sf] xf]Og of] eQm x[bosf] xf] of] k'sf/ . cf === ! ofqf d]/f] b'O lbgsf], ;f; d]/f] l5ge/sf] -@_ r"k nfu" s;/L < uLt gufpm“ s;/L < olt 7"nf] d'lQmdf g/dfpm“ s;/L < @ jrg ltd|f] k9]/ k|fy{gf ;w} u/]/ -@_ cf/fwgfsf] lhGbuL d]/f] latf];\ o;/L cGwsf/df h"gem} rDsf];\ ;fIfL To;/L . $&!= sf]M x]/g, x]/g, x]/g snj/Lsf] Tof] 8f“8fnfO{ dxfg k|]d ug'{ef] o]z"n] x]/g, x]/g bfHo"–efO -@_ ! kfkLsf] kfknfO{ d]6fpg qm";df dg'{ef] o]z"hL -@_ ljZjf; u/g–u/g qm";}df 6f“luPsf] o]z"nfO{ -@_ @ cfpg]5g\ ;+;f/df o]z"hL ljZjf;Lx?nfO{ p7fpg -@_ hfgnfO{ tof/ xf]pm bfHo"–efO, cfgGbsf] Tof] b]z}df -@_ $&@= sf]M v|Li6sxf“ cfpm, ;fyL o]z"sxf“ cfpm ;fyL hLjgsf] hn lng cfˆgf] Kof; d]l6lng ! hLjgsf] hn pg} x'g\ o'u–o'u t[lKt lbg] -@_ pgnfO{ olb lkof} eg] ltdL slxNo} Kof;f aGb}gf} o'uffg'o'u;Dd g} . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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@ hLjgsf] af6f] pg} x'g\ :ju{ /fHodf k'¥ofOlbg] -@_ pgnfO{ olb r'Gof} eg] lktfsxf“ lgZro k'Ug] 5f} o'ufg'o'u /fGo ug{nfO{ . # hLjgsf] /f]6L pg} x'g\ ef]sf] dgnfO{ t[lKt lbg] -@_ pgnfO{ ltdL vfof} eg] ltdL slxNo} ef]sf aGb}gf} o'ufg'o'u';DdnfO{ . $ Pp6f dfq} 9f]sf pg} x'g\ :ju{/fHodf k|j]z ug{nfO{ -@_ oxL af6f] k:of} eg] lgZro ltdL :ju{ k'Ug]5f} c;Ld ;'vsf] efuL x'gnfO{ . % Pp6f dfq ;To o]z" x'g\ ;f/f husf] p4f/ ug{nfO{ -@_ olb pgnfO{ ckgfof} eg] cgGt b08af6 pDsG5f} pgL;“u ;bf /xg]5f} . $&#= sf]M cfpg]5g\ -$_ laxfgLsf] tf/fn] cWof/f] x6fpg]5g\ ! xfd|f] k|ltIff k'/f x'g]ef] v|Li6sf] k|lt1f ;f“rf] x'g]ef] -@_ x'g] ef] -#_ cfpg]5g\ -@_ dnfO{ lng cfpg]5g\ . @ lz/ p7fO{ dfly x]/ ltd|f] 5'6sf/f ghLs cfsf] 5 -@_ cfsf] 5 -#_ cfpg]5g\ -@_ dnfO{ lng cfpg]5g\ . $&$= -x x x xNn]n"ofx, cfldg_ sf]M ;f/f ;[li6sf] dflns tkfO{nfO{ ;f/f ;[li6sf] /Ifs tkfO{nfO{ xfd\f] x[bo ;d]tn] cfb/–k|f0ffd, ;b}j xf];\ tkfO{sf] u'0fufg x x x xNn]n"ofx -&_ cfldg ! -;a ;+;f/ 6n]/ hfg]5 6Ng] 5}g tkfO{sf] jrg lat]/ hfg]5 of] hLjg t/ ljZjf;L db}{g slxn]_ @ @ -gof“ ;+;f/ / :ju{ x'g]5 ljZjf; ug]{ ;a}sf] lglDt] k|z+;f cfb/ x'g]5 Toxf“ xfd|f k/d k|]dL lktfnfO{_ @ Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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$&%= sf]M ljZjf; u/L k|e'sf] r/0fdf cfpm cfˆgf e"nnfO{ :jLsf/L pgdf Ifdf kfpg pgL cfP ;+;f/df arfpg xfdL ;a}nfO{ s]jn pgdf 5 d'lQm pgL x'g\ ;f“rf] uf]7fnf] ! snj/L 8f“8fdf o]z"nfO{ em'l08Psf] cfh x]l/b]pm s]jn ltd|} lglDt dfq pgn] cfˆgf] k|f0f;Dd lbP -@_ @ pgs]f k|]dL af]nfj6 ;'lgb]pm cfˆgf] x[bo pgnfO{ vf]lnb]pm pgL cfpg]5g\ ltdLleq lbgnfO{ cgGt hLjg -@_ $&^= ! o]z" k\e' ;a ;[li6n] ;'gfp“5 pgsf] zlQmn] of] k[YjL agfPYof] o]z" k|e' o; hutn] b]vfp“5 3fd, tf/f, h"g atfp“5g\ ls v|Li6 x'g\ k|e' . sf]M o]z" k|e' -@_, ufcf} :t'lt ufcf] xNn]n"ofx ls v|Li6 x'g\ k|e' @ o]z" k|e' eP klg :ju{ TofuL dflg; eO{ dg{ cfP >flkt qm";df o]z" k|e' hLjgbftf ePklg kfkb08 lt/L lsg] xfd\f] 5'6sf/f . # o]z" k|e" p7L ljh]tf eP xl6uof] ca xfd|f] kfk / d[To" o]z" k|e'n] cfTdfnfO{ k7fP an–zlQmn] b]vfpg ls v|Li6 x'g\ k|e' . $&&= sf]M hLjgel/ g} ufpg] xf] uLtx?df eg] xf] o]z" g} x'g\ k|e' -@_ ! ;f; x'g] ;a} k|f0fLn] u/ k|z+;f k/d]Zj/sf] em08fpg] cfkm}nfO{ qm";df /ut axfO{ o]z" g} x'g\ k|e' -@_ @ eg–eg k|e' o]z"nfO{ d]/f] x[bosf /fhf x'g\ :ju{ / k[YjLsf ;a} 3'“8f 6]s o;f] eGb} o]z" g} x'g\ k|e' -@_

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$&*= sf]M x]/ bfh} -@_ d'lQmsf] lbg cfof] o]z"dfly elQm /fvL Wofg /fvL lbg /dfpg] nf} cfof] ! uf]7fnf] hgn] k|e' xf] afns eg]/ hflglnP a]yn]x]d uf]7df r/0f k/L cjtf/ xf] dflglnP . va/ k'/fgf] b"tu0fn] Nofsf] s'/f of] ;f“rf] ljZjf; u/L o]z"nfO{ lng' ;a}sf] vf“rf] xf] . @ ;a}n] dfu] lnP/ efu] ltdL / d l/Qf] sd{sf] rqm wd{sf] lkmqmL h'gL g} ef] tLtf] cfkm}nfO{ lbg o]z" g} dfq w/tLdf xf] cfpg] oxL xf] a]nf eh]/ o]z" dgdf af]nfpg] . # ;f/f e"nf]ssf] dflns x'g\ o]z" a'em\g] of] 1fg lbP uf]7df n8] qm";df r9] cfˆg} Tof] Hofg lbP x6fpg sfnf] kfksf] d}nf] cw]/L hutsf] au]/ cfof] pn]{/ cfof] vf]nf Tof] /utsf] . $&(= sf}M xfd|f] of] hLjg 3fd–5fof dfq xf] xfd|f] of] hLjg au]sf] vf]nf] xf] kms]{/ cfp“b}g lat]sf] hLjg of] /f]P/ lkmb}{g uPsf] of}jg of] ! ldn]/–h'n]/ ;a}n] hohosf/ dgfcf} xf“;]/ ufP ;a}n] k|e'sf] jrg ;'gfcf} . @ cfhnfO{ clg ef]lnnfO{ :ju{sf] dfu{ agfcf} ;Demfp“b}–a'emfp“b} c?nfO{ k|e'sf] jrg ;'[gfcf} . $*)= sf]M xf“;–v]n ub}{ elgb]pm ;+;f/ ;a}nfO{ w/tLsf] af]em p7fOnfg] hlGdP d'lQmbftf dflg;sf] rf]nf lnP/ u/La uf]7}df -@_ ! uf]7fnfx?nfO{ klxn] bz{g k7fP lktfn] -@_ b"tu0f cfO{ eGg nfu] ;f“emsf] a]nfdf tf/0fxf/ k|e' hlGdP bfpgbsf] zx/df -@_ uO{ x]/ ltd|f] k|e'nfO{ klxn] gh/df -@_ Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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@ k"j{sf] 1fgL Hof]ltifL cfsfz x]/]/ aft uy]{ -@_ ;f“emsf] gf}nf] tf/f b]vL xif{n] /dfP /fhfx?sf /fhf hGd]sf] kQf] nufP -@_ k/dlktfnfO{ dg vf]nL wGojfb r9fP -@_ $*!= sf]M afbndf km]l/ cfpg]5g\ o]z" /fhf oxL cfzfdf xf“l;b]pm, cf“;'nfO{ yfldb]pm ! ltdLn] d'6' af“w]/ sf/fuf/x?df kv]{sf 5f} ltdLn] lgGbf rf]6x? pgsf] lglDt eg]/ vk]sf 5f} ;fyL–;dfh 5'6]/ hfbf cfsfzdf pgnfO{ s'/]sf 5f} -@_ lgZro g} k|e' cfpg]5g\ ToxL cfsfzdf ltd|f] wL/hnfO{ gx/fpm s]xL a]/ klv{b]pm . @ ltd|f] gfp“nfO{ klg pgn] hLjgsf] lstfadf n]v]sf 5g\ ltd|f] 7fp“ pgn] cfˆgf] 3/df cgGt;DdnfO{ tf]s]sf 5g\ ltd|f] x[bo b'Mlvt gagf];\ pgsf] jrg ;w} ofb u/ -@_ $*@= sf]M o]z" wGojfb d}n] k'Hg'kb}{g g cfsfz g k[YjLsf cfs[ltx? ltdLn] lrgfOlbof} ;f“rf] k/d]Zj/nfO{ o]z" wGojfb . ! kxf8, gbL, h·n / afbn ltd|} ;[li6 xf] -@_ s;/L k'h" d}n] ltd|f xftsf /rgfx? < ltdLn] atfOlbof} cflb–cGt ltdL g} xf} . @ tf]8" slt d]/f] hLjgnfO{ d'lQmsf] vf]hLdf -@_ k'0o u/] eG5' 5}g zflGt d]/f] cfTdfdf ltdLn] b]vfOlbof} af6f] ;To / hLjg . $*#= sf]M x] ;f/f k[YjLsf dflg; xf] k/dk|e'sf] hohosf/ dgfcf} cfgGb;fy pgsf] ;]jf u/ ehg ufP/ pgsf] ;fdg] cfcf] ! k/dk|e' g} k/d]Zj/ x'g pxf“n] xfdLnfO{ agfpg'eof] -@_ xfdL pxf“sf k|hf clg pxf“sf vs{sf e]8fx? xf} -@_ Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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@ wGojfb;fy / k|z+;f ub}{ pxf“sf] 9f]sf / rf]sleq k; -@_ pxf“nfO{ wGojfb r9fcf} pxf“sf] gfp“nfO{ wGosf] eg -@_ # k/dk|e' enf] x'g'x'G5 pxf“sf] s[kf ;w}el/ 5 -@_ clg pxf“sf] ;Totf k':tf};Dd l:y/ /xG5 -@_ $*$= ! af“Wg ;lsg]5 8f“6\g ;lsg]5 eufpg ;lsg]5 o]z"sf] gfp“df /utsf] b'xfO{n] z}tfg / To;sf] ;]gfsf] xf/ lglZrt 5 . @ ;f·nf erfpg]5g aGwg ;a km'sfpg]5g\ cfˆgf]nfO{ 5'6fpg]5g\ gf;/tsf] o]z"n] cfˆgf] ToxL zlQmdf z}tfg / To;sf] ;]gfnfO{ b"/ eufpg]5g\ . # o]z"sf] gfp“df -#_ /utsf] b'xfO{n] -@_ z}tfg / To;sf] ;]gfsf] xf/ lglZrt 5 . $*%= sf]M snj/L 8f“8fsf] qm";}df o]z"n] cfˆgf] k|f0f lbP ltd|f] / d]/f] kfk w'g rf]6 ;xL /ut aufP -@_ ! g7fg pgL s]jn d/] af}/]/ km]l/ klg p7] /f]Sg ;s]g lrxfgn] lhtg ;s]g d[To"n] -@_ @ d[To" / kfksf] 8/ 5}g ljZjf; u/ o]z"df :ju{sf] af6f] o]z" g} xf], ;'lDkb]pm hLjg pg}df -@_ $*^= ! of] ;'gfcf} lsg o]z"n] u\x0f u5{g kfkLnfO{ :juL{o dfu{df n8\g] af6f] e'Ng] ofqLnfO{ sf]M xfdL ufcf} lg/Gt/ ufcf} kfkLnfO{ u|x0f u5{g ;';dfrf/ k|i6 ;'gfcf{ o]z"n] arfp“b5g\ @ v|Li6sf] jrg ckgfO{ cf/fd kfp“5f} xfdLn] ;a}eGbf b'i6nfO{ u|x0f u5{g o]z"n] . # dnfO{ v|Li6n] z'4 kf/L C0f r'sfP Joj:yfsf] ca 7xl/G5' lgbf]{if ;fd'Gg]df k/d]Zj/sf] . $ o]z"n] u5{g u|x0f kfkL ;a dnfO{ klg :ju{ hfG5' pgsxf“ z'4 eO{ kfkLb]lv . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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$*&= ! v'zLsf] lbg, h;df d}n] o]z"dfly /fv] ljZjf; ;a}nfO{ lsg g;'gfpm 5 d]/f] dgdf ;'v–ljnf; . sf]M v'zLsf] lbg, v'zLsf] lbg o]z"n] kfk ;a d]6fP cfgGb k|fy{gf ub}{ hfpm“ eg]/ dnfO{ l;sfP v'zLsf] lbg v'zLsf] lbg o]z"n] kfk ;a d]6fP @ dxfg\ ;f6km]/ k"/f eof] d k|e'sf] pgL d]/f dnfO{ tfg] :j/n] dL7f] / kl5 nfu] o]z"sf] . # r'na'n] dg km]l/;Sof] kfP5' o]z"df zflGt k|e'b]lv hfGg 6f9f] ;a c;n yf]s lbG5g\ pgL . $**= ! x] k/d]Zj/ v'zL of] dgdf lnP/ dfUb5f} ;a} ldn]/ o]z"sf] cfb/ ug]{ of] 3/ agf];\ tkfO{nfO{ dgkg]{ . sf]M v'zL of] dgdf lnP/ dfUb5f} ;a} ldn]/ o]z"sf] cfb/ ug]{ of] 3/ agf];\ tkfO{nfO{ dgkg]{ @ x] o]z" k|e' sfdgf / e]6L xfd|f] aGg]5 kl5 k'/fgf] -@_ bDklQsf] lz/dfly cflzif\ b]pm ltd|} xft /fvL . # x] kljq cfTdf ltd|f] jf; ;w} /xf];\ of] 5fgf]d'lg zflGt e/]/ -@_ 3fd–5fof / b'Mv–;'vdf k|To]s lbg} 8f]/fP/ . $*(= ! k|an k/fqmdL, gd| / k|]dsf] wgL u'? pgL x'g\ xfd|f, :j?k g} k/d]Zj/sf]] . sf]M xfdLdf eg]{ of] k|f0f kljq cfTdf 7"nf] j/bfg lbg] of] hf]z, cfgGb, ;fx;, /f]Kg]–5g]{ a9fpg] ljZjf; @ u5{ aofg a9fO{ k|e' v|Li6sf] ;a yf]s x6fO{ tNnLg x'g]5 pgdf hf] :ju{ a'em\g;Sg] dflg; xf] . # ;'t]sfnfO{ hufpg] kL/ b'Mv Tof] eufpg] ;a}n] Tofu]sf] hgnfO{ a'lemlbg] cem 5]p cfO{ . $()= ! lktf bofn' labf kfcf} cflzif\ ;a kfO{ 3/df hfcf} e"n–r"s dfkm lbgf];\ hf] u¥of} pkb]zn] dgdf z'4 xf]cf} . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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@ 5f} kfkL xfdL cg]s af/ t}klg bof 5 ckf/ ;]jfnfO{ d~h'/ ug'{xf];\ s'znsf] labf ;anfO{ xf];\ . $(!= sf]M ufpg ;a}n] k|e'sf] :t'lt ldn]/ ;a} ;[li6 -@_ xNn]n"ofx, ldn]/ ;a} ;[li6 nf} eg ;an] ho xNn]n"ofx lhOp7] o]z" v|Li6 ! d[To"sf] aGwg tf]8]/ pxf“n] lrxfgnfO{ 5f]8\g'ef] -@_ hojGt k|e' hf] cfh xfd|f] qf0fstf{ x'g'eof] xNn]n"ofx qf0fstf{ x'g'ef] . @ d[To"sf] eon] /fHon] /fHo ug]{ 5}g o]z" d;Lx ldq -@_ x'g'xG5 xfd|f] tf/0fxf/ ;'gg x] ldq xNn]n"ofx ;'gg x'g'ef] . $(@= ! dlxdfsf] k|e' el//x]sf pHofnf]df ;w} al;/xg] dfG5]sf] aLrdf hGd lnP km]l/ o]z" ;+;f/df cfpg]5g\ -o]z" cfpg]5g\_ @ km]l/ o]z" ;+;f/df cfpg]5g\ dfG5]sf] aLrdf hGd lnP km]l/ o]z" ;+;f/df cfpg]5g\ . @ k[YjL, cfsfzdf c6g ;s]g hf] dlGb/df tkfO{ a:g c;Dej bLg eO{ uf]7df hGd lng' ef] xfd|f] dgdf tkfO{sf] dlGb/ agfpgf];\ o]z" dlGb/ agfpgf];\ -@_ xfd|f] dgdf tkfO{sf] dlGb/ agfpgf];\ bLg eO{ uf]7df hGd lng'ef] xfd|f] dgdf tkfO{sf] dlGb/ agfpgf];p\ . # bflgPnsf] k|fy{gf tkfO{n] ;'Gg'ef] Ph|fnfO{ klg uf]xf/ lbg'ef] afa]ndf hfu[lt k7fpg'ef] cfˆgf hgnfO{ km]l/ d'lQm lbgf];\ o]z" d'lQm lbgf];\ -@_ cfˆgf hgnfO{ km]l/ d'lQm lbgf];\ afa]ndf hfu[lt k7fpg'ef] cfˆgf hgnfO{ km]l/ d'lQm lbgf];\ . $ tDa"df cfP/ bz{g lbgf];\ cfkm"sxf“ dfG5]x?nfO{ kmsf{pgf];\ b]vfpg'xf];\ cfuf] / afbndf km]l/ o]z" cfˆgf] zlQm b]vfpgf];\ o]z" zlQm b]vfpgf];\ -@_ km]l/ o]z" cfˆgf] zlQm b]vfpgf];\ b]vfpg'xf];\ cfuf] / afbndf km]l/ o]z" cfˆgf] zlQm b]vfpgf];\ . % xfdLx?sf] /fhf tkfO{ g} d'lQm lbg;Sg] tkfO{ dfq ;+;f/df km]l/ k|e' cfpg'x'g]5 Kof/f] k|e' o]z" l5§} cfpg'xf];\ o]z" l5§} cfpg'xf];\ -@_ Kof/f] k|e' o]z" l5§} cfpg'xf];\ ;+;f/df km]l/ k|e' cfpg'x'g]5 Kof/f] k|e' o]z" l5§} cfpg'xf];\ . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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$(#= ! vf“rf] 5 hlt x] d]/f] ldq eg v|Li6 o]z"nfO{ h'/fpg'x'G5 xfd|f] k|e'n] e/k"/ ;a} u/fO{ -@_ pxf“sf] nflu ltd|f] / d]/f] clt ax'd"No 5 k|f0f o;}n] ;a} TofuL pxf“n] ug'{ef] xfd|f] qf0f -@_ @ ;dk{0f u/ ltd|f] hLjgnfO{ o]z"sf] xft}df e/f];f klg pxf“dfly /fv hf] xfd|f] ;fy}df -@_ ug'{x'g]5 x[bosf] OR5f xfd|f] k|e'n] k"0f{ k"/f] xf];\ OR5f k|e' o]z"sf] d]/f] xf];\ ;a r"0f{ . $($= sf]M ;'Gg'xf];\ l5d]sL xfd|f] of] b'lgof“df sf] xf]nf ;'Gg'xf];\ -@_ ! Ps k|f}9 ofqL o?zn]db]lv hfb}Yof] h]l/sf] hf“bf x} hf“bf af6f]df k/] xfgtdf 8f“s"sf] . @ cwd/f] kf/L n'[6kf6 kf/] h+undf ˆof“lsof] cfkb\sf] kbf{ sf]xL lyPg To;sf] ;';f/]–uf]xf/ . # Tof] af6f] Pp6f k'hf/L uof] x]/]/ tls{of] d x'“ k'hf/L sbflk 5'Gg ;Dem]/ 8/fof] . $ k'hf/L uOuf] ta n]jL cfof] Tof] af6f] eP/ 8/n] cf“vf tsf{O{ p;} zx/df efluuf] . % cGt}df ;fd/L hft}sf] t'R5 cfP/ l67fof] dnxd–k§L 3fpdf af“wL uwfdf r9fof] . ^ ;/fodf nu] :of/–;';f/ u/] v6f{ :ofxf/] l5d]sL sf] x'g\ egg To;sf] si6df uf]xf/] . & o]z" x'g\ xfd|f ;b}j l5d]sL si6df :ofxfg]{ kfksf] 3fpdf cf}iflw af“wL :ju{ k'¥ofpg] . $(%= ! cdf]n /ut o]z" v|Li6sf] lbP snj/Ldf kfkLx? / ljb|f]xL cfpm ;a pgLsxf“ . sf]M cdf]n–cdf]n ut pgsf] w]/} g} ax]sf] u/ ljZjf; clg u\x0f lgDtf] pgsf] @ cdf]n /utn] o]z"sf] lgsf] kfb{5 Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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ltd|f] k|f0fnfO{ ;kmf ub}{ clxn] kvfN5 . # cdf]n /ut h;n] xfdL n8fO{df lhT5f} kfk, z}tfg, b'i6dfly ;fdy{ /utn] . $ cdf]n /utn] k|e'sf] k'U5f} O{Zj/sxf“ af6f] xfd|f] dlxdfsf] cdf]n /utn] . $(^= sf]M k|e'hLsf] hohosf/ xf]O/xf];\ o]z"hLsf] hohosf/ xf]O/xf];\ ! >flkt hut\df cjtf/ lnO{ cfP b'Mv p7fO{ cf1fsf/L eP -@_ lgisn° /Qm axfO{ -@_ kfkLnfO{ p4f/ u/fP . @ e'ln/x]Yof} kfkL hut\df latfof} hLjg k|ltlbg kfkdf -@_ c;xgLo b'Mv p7fO{ -@_ arfpg'ef] ;dodf . # dw'/ :j/n] af]nfpg'x'b}5 h;–hl;n] pgsf] k'sf/ ;'G5g\ -@_ cd/ hLjg kfpg]5g\ -@_ O{Zj/sf ;Gtfg x'g]5g\ . $(&= ! lj:t[t / ulx/f] cem ulx/f] ;fu/eGbf Kof/ 5 d'lQmbftf v|Li6sf] cgGt cgGt sfn;Dd -@_ @ t/ kfk d]/f 5g\ cg]s s] 5 Kof/ pgsf] dxfg\ < cg'u|x ;a kfksf] nflu Ifdf lbg] /fVg] k|f0f -@_ # d]6\g ;S5g\ ltvf{ ;w} s] cfTdfn] lbG5 an < hLjg hn lknfp“5g\ pgn] x[bob]lv aU5 en -@_ $(*= sf]M d'lQmbftf o]z" gfp“ eg dgn] pgsf] gfp“ ! o]z" gfp“, o]z" gfp“ -@_, o]z" gfp“, efO, o]z" gfp“ . @ cflb gfp“, cGt gfp“ -@_, >]i7 gfp“, efO, o]z" gfp“ . # o]z" gfp“, ;f“rf] gfp“ -@_, d'lQm n]pm, efO, o]z" gfp“ . $ o]z" gfp“, :juL{o gfp“ -@_, :juL{o hLjg o]z" gfp“ . $((= sf]M s;/L r9\of], s;/L d¥of] snj/L qm";}df -@_ ! lktfsf] k|]dnfO{ k|df0f ug{ :ju{nf]s 5f]8\g'ef] xfdL kfkLnfO{ arfpg egL hLjg lbg'ef] . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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@ qm";}df r9L /ut axfO{ kfk gi6 ug'{ef] kfk / >fk gi6 u/]/ d'lQmnfO{ Nofpg'ef] . # wGo xf];\ ltd|f] x] d'lQmbftf / u'0ffg'jfb xf];\ hohosf/ ltd|f] k|z+;f ltd|f] cgGt xf]O/xf];\ . %))= sf]M g]kfn xfd|f] hgd e"le g]kfn xfd|f] hgd e"ld b]z–ljb]z 3'd] tfklg g]kfn xfd|f] hgd e"ld ! rf/} lbgsf] lhGbuLdf e'ln/xof} cfh -@_ s;sf] /xof] 3/–åf/, s;sf] /xof] /fh -@_ @ ;gftgsf] rf]nf 5f]8L b'lgof“sf] e]if -@_ b'lgof“sf] e]if lnO{ e'Nof} :ju{ b]z -@_ # ;+;f/sf] ahf/df afx|df;] d]nf -@_ hGd lbP O{Zj/n] k¥of] sfnsf] km]nf -@_ $ aQL b]Vbf k'tnLn] Hofg};Dd kmfN5 -@_ o]z"nfO{ e'Nof} eg] kfkn] g/s xfN5 -@_ % ;+;f/df lemlnldln slt /fd|f 3/ -@_ o; hLjgdf d'lQm kfp“5f} o]z"nfO{ x]/ -@_ %)!= sf]M l;+xf;gdf lj/fhdfg\ x'g] k/d]Zj/sf] k|hf xfdL cfpm pgnfO{ k'hf} elQm;fy slxn] 5f]8\g] 5}gg xfd|f] xft -@_ ! pxf“sf] /utn] wf]O{ kvfn]sf] kljq hflt cfb/, k|z+;fof]Uo k/d]Zj/sf] k"hfxf/L xfdL ;gftgb]lv ;gftg;Dd cfpm pgnfO{ k'hf} elQm;fy slxn] 5f]8\g] 5}gg xfd|f] xft . @ em/L–3fd / 5fofsf] ;fdgf u/f} xfdL ;a} gof“ ePsf] :jb]zdf hfg] 5f} xfdL afbnkfl/sf] pgsf] b]z cfpm pgnfO{ k'hf} elQm;fy slxn] 5f]8\g] 5}gg xfd|f] xft . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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%)@= sf]M x]/g x]/ ;[li6sf] ;'Gb/tf o;nfO{ agfpg] k|e'sf] dxfgtf wgL / u/La b'j} ldn]/ eGg ;S5g\ ‘ k|e' wGojfb‘ ! v]tsf cfnLx?, cGg / afnx? afbn, j[li6 / atf;x? -@_ r/f–r'?·L p8\b} dfly cfsfz 5'bf -@_ :ju{ g} k'uL lbG5 dg d]/f] . @ cgf}7f aftx?, hLjhLjftx? pHofnf lbg clg /ftx? -@_ c;+Vo hfltx? ljleGg /Ltx? -@_ pb]sn] el/G5 of] dg d]/f] . u/g u/ O{Zj/sf] k|z+;f ;Dk"0f{ x[bon] pkf;gf dfG5]–dfG5]sf] ;a} leGgtf d]l6of] x]/ pgsf] cf“ugdf . %)#= sf]M qm";sf] 5]pdf /fVg'xf];\, hxf“ d'lQmsf] wf/f 5 hxf“ kfksf] k|folZrt 5, hxf“ kL8fsf] cGt 5 qm";sf] 5]pdf /fVg'xf];\ === -tkfO{sf] wGo dfGg]5', ;bf d wGo dfGg]5' tkfO{sf] cfudg;Dd ;bf d wGo dfGg]5'_ @ qm";sf] 5]pdf ha x'g]5' s[kf k|e' dnfO{ ug'{xf];\ qm";sf] 5]pdf ha x'g]5' === . %)$= sf]M d}n] lgZro u/]sf] 5' /dfpg o]z"df -d}n] lgZro u/]sf] 5' ljZjf; ug{ pg}df_ @ ! -rfx] bfvsf] af]6df s'g} km"n gkm'nf];\ rfx] d]/f] hLjgdf s'g} ;'wf/ gxf];\_ @ @ -rfx] xf“:g k/f];\, rfx] ?g k/f];\ Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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rfx] af“Rg k/f];\, rfx] dg{ k/f];\_ @ # -rfx] vf“rf] k/f];\, rfx] k|z:t xf];\ rfx] d]/f] hLjgdf s'g} ;'wf/ gxf];\_ @ $ -k/dk|e' g} d]/f ;xf/f x'g\ k/dk\e' g} d]/f] hLjgsf] Hof]lt x'g\_ @ %)%= sf]M dlxdf dfl/Psf] y'dfnfO{ k|z+;f k|e'x?sf k|e'nfO{ hohosf/ /fhfx?sf /fhfnfO{ -@_ ! wGojfb, :t'lt, cfb/ / elQm dfl/Psf y'dfnfO{ clt -@_ -OHht, dfg, j}ej / zlQm_ @ clt -kljq_ #, O{Zj/k|lt, O{Zj/k|lt, @ xf];Ggf cfldg, uf}/j / uLlt dfl/Psf y'dfnfO{ clt -@_ -k|0ffd\, 9f]u, b08jt\, b[li6_ @ Nofp“5f} -ljhoL_ #, O{Zj/k|lt, O{Zj/k|lt, %)^= sf]M lzv/x? lxp“n] 9fs]em} of] e"ldnfO{ jrgn] 9fSg}k5{ lsgf/x? afn'jfn] 9fs]em} of] k':tfnfO{ o]z" lrgfpg}k5{ -@_ ! -lg/fz 5g\ kxf8df ;fOnf–dfOnfx? czfGt 5g\ t/fO{df ;fgL–7"nLx?_ @ rf}af6f]df ;a}hgf af6f] vf]lh/x]5g\ -o]z" gkfO{ dfG5]x? d[To" klv{/x]5g\_ @ @ -/f]Psf 5g\ zx/df 3/–3/fgfx?, e'n]sf 5g\ kfk}df xfd|f dflg;x?_ @ bf]wf/df ;a}hgf cNdln/x]sf 5g\ -o]z" gkfO{ dfG5]x? d[To" klv{/x]5g\_ @

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%)&= sf]M xft km}nfO{ dfof u/]/ 8fS5g\ xfdLnfO{ eG5g\ o]z" /fhf ;'g ;a} gfgLnfO{ ! hLjgsf] d's'6 ltd|} xf], cfpm yfKgnfO{ sf]xL g/f]s ;fgf afnsnfO{ -dsxf“ cfpgnfO{_ @ gfgL xfdL ;fgf 5f} k|e'sf nflu Kof/f 5f} @ of] ;fgf dgdf ;a} hLjgdf @ @ k|e'sf] /fHo ;w} xf];\ pxf“sf] jf; eO/xf];\ cfsfzsf w]/} tf/fx? em} d}bfgsf ;a} km"nx? em} @ gfgL xfdL w]/}–w]/} 5f} @ k|e'sf] nflu Kof/f 5f}, pxf“s} eP/ lhpg]5f} @ %)*= ! k/dk|e' cl3 a9\b5g\ pgsf] ;]gf ;bf alnof] 5 pgsf] dlxdf o; b]zdfly b]lvg]5 :j/ prfNb} hosf] ufg ufcf} :t'lt u/f} ljhoL ePsf 5f} s'g} xft–xltof/ sfd nfUg] 5}g . @ xfdLx?sf ;]gfklt o]z" x'g\ xfdL pgsf] kfOnf k5ofp“b5f} sf]xL cl3 v8f x'g ;Sg]5}g xfdL d;LxL ;]gf xf} hosf] ;f“rf] pgsf] xftdf 5 k|lt1fsf] b]z lng cl3 a9f} . %)(= ! k|e' tkfO{sf] k|]dsf] pHofnf] rlDs/x]5 hxf“ 5 cWof/f] o]z" tkfO{sf] jrgsf] t]hn] hLjg xfd|f] :jtGq u/fpgf];\ ddf rDsgf];\ . sf]M rDsgf];\, rDsgf];\, o]z" o; b]znfO{ lktfsf] dlxdfn] 9fSb} bGsfpgf];\ cfTdf Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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xfd|f] x[bodf cfuf] hnfp“b} aufpgf];\ gbL o; b]zdf cg'u|x / bofsf] af9L k7fpgf];\ / oxf“ xf];\ pHofnf] @ k|e' d cfp“5' tkfO{sxf“, cGwsf/af6 pHofnf]df tkfO{sf] /utn] dnfO{ leqofpgf];\ vf]Hgf];\ vfgf]{;, cGwsf/ x6fpgf];\ ddf rDsgf];\, ddf rDsgf];\ . # ha x]5f}{ /fhsLo pHofnf]] xfd|f] cg'xf/ x'G5 tkfO{sf] h:tf] dlxdfaf6 dlxdfdf ablnG5f} -xfd|f] hLjgn] tkfO{nfO{ lrgfp“5f}, ddf rDsgf];\_ @ %!)= ! cfsfzeGbf pRr–pRr 5 gfp“ ;fu/eGbf ulx/f]–ulx/f] 5 k|]d cf;dfgeGbf ljzfn–ljzfn cg'u|x 5 xfd|f] k|e' o]z"sf] . sf]M -o;}n] u5f}{ k|z+;f ufp“5f} dlxdf pg} o]z"sf]_ @ @ jfSon] JoQm gx'g] eGgnfO{ zAb gk'Ug] k|]d cflbb]lv clxn];Dd ;don] ;fIfL lbPsf] k|]d :ju{ 5f]8L cfpg'ef] qm";}df dg'{ef] d[To"nfO{ lhTg'ef] xfdLnfO{ d'lQm lbgnfO{ . # ;f/f ;[li6n] 9f]Ug]5 ;a} 3'“8fx? 6]Sg]5g\ lga{n alnof] x'g]5 nf6f]n] k'sfg]{}5 Tof] gfp“ cGwf]n] b]Vg]5 alx/f]n] ;'Gg]5 d'bf{ lap“tg]5 pg}nfO{ dlxdf lbgnfO{ . %!!= ! cf5'5'5' eof] lg hf8f] :j/ ;a}n] vf]nf} ;fx|f] x'b}g s;}nfO{ ufpg ufx|f] hGd] uf]7df k|e' xfd|f] . @ u/La uf]7fnf bz{gdf cfP, o]z"nfO{ e]6L cf}wL /dfP -@_ kfk Ifdf hLjg kfP -@_, ;a}sf] nflu g} d'lQmbfg NofP . # :ju{nfO{ 5f]8L hudf cfP, ?rfP u/La ufO{sf] uf]7 g} -@_ lbPgg\ s;}n] 7fp“ tkfO{nfO{ -@_, cfˆg}n] nTofP xh'/nfO{ . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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%!@= ! k|e' d cfp“5' d]/f] x[bo kl/jt{g ugf]{;\ tkfO{sf] Tof] cg'u|xn] k|e' hfGb5' d]/f sdhf]/Lx? ;a} x6\g]5g\ Tof] k|]dsf] zlQmn] . sf]M c“ufNgf];\ tkfO{sf] k|]dn], 3]gf]{;\ ghLs NofO{ cfˆgf] 5]pdf /fVgf];\ kv{G5' d rLnem} dfly p8\g dnfO{ p8fpg'xf];\ tkfO{sf] cfTdfn] Tof] k|]dsf] zlQmdf @ vf]Ngf];\ cf“vf b]Vg;s" k|]dsf] 1fg h;} tkfO{ d leq jf; ug'{x'G5 gof“ ugf]{;\ x[bo cfˆgf] of]hgfcg';f/ x/]s lbg lhp“bf] Tof] k|]dsf] zlQmdf . %!#= ! atf; rln/x]5 o; b]zaf6 eP/ :juL{o ;'uGw rln/x]5 yfxf 5}g sxf“af6 cfp“5 < yfxf 5}g sxf“ hfG5 < t/ xfdLdf axG5, xf] === xf] === xf] === Tof] atf; xfdLdfly auf];\ . @ j[li6 eO/x]5 jiff{ dflyaf6 k|]d / bofsf a'bx? al;{/x]5g\ :ju{lt/ cf“vf p7fpm Tof] jiff{ ePsf] x]g{ h;n] xfdLnfO{ lehfp“5 xf] === xf] === xf] === Tof] j[li6 xfdLdfly a;f]{;\ . # cfuf] aln/x]5 hf] cfsfzaf6 em5{ cfuf]sf lha|fx? h;n] xfdLnfO{ hnfp“5g\ s] ltdL yfxf ug{ ;S5f} < Tof] cfuf] aln/x]5 xfdLnfO{ z'4 ug{ xf] === xf] === xf] === Tof] cfuf] xfdLdfly a;f]{;\ . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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%!$= sf]M kljq cfTdf, xfdL :jfut u5f}{ / ! cfpgf];\ xfd|f] dfemdf kljq cfuf]em} ;f+;fl/s OR5f xfdL kG5fp“5f} h;} x[boel/ cfzf lnO{ xft prfNb} kljq cfTdf #, :jfut 5f} . @ tkfO{sf] pkl:ylt auf];\ atf;em} tkfO{sf cfˆg}x?n] hfg"g\ lgZro g} s;/L rNg' cfTdfsf] axfpd} kljq cfTdf #, :jfut u5f}{ . # laGtL 5 k"/f ug'{xf];\ cfh g} cg'u|xsf] c;n sfd d]/f] hLjgdf g} :jtGqtf;fy ug'{xf];\ sfd cfˆg} kljq cfTdf #, :jfut u5f}{ . %!%= ! ;a} hfltsf k/d]Zj/ ;f/f k[YjL / :ju{sf] dflns tkfO{sf] gfp“ pRr kf5f}{ tkfO{sf] zlQmsf] a9fO u5f}{ . @ ;f/f ;+;f/n] o]z"nfO{ b]Vg'k5{ ;f/f dflg;n] o]z"nfO{ lrGg'k5{ -@_ sf/0f tkfO{ dfq /fhf / k|e' Ps dfq k/d]Zj/ -@_ # ;f/f hfltn] o]z"nfO{ lrGg]k5{ ;f/f g]kfnLn] o]z"nfO{ kfpg'k5{ -@_ sf/0f tkfO{ dfq /fhf / k|e' Ps dfq k/d]Zj/ -@_ %!^= sf]M dnfO{ tkfO{sf] vf“rf] 5 xft k|]dsf] a9fpg'xf];\ l;+xf;gaf6 cfpg'xf];\ gbL k|]dsf] axfpg'xf];\ x] o]z" ! tkfO{sf] pkl:yltdf 8f]¥ofpg'xf];\ Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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d]/f] x[bo, cfTdf 5'g'xf];'\ gof“ cfzf, e/f];f, gof“ r·fO / d'lQm lbg'xf];\ . @ tkfO{sf] :jtGqtfleq nfg'xf];\ d]/f] x[bo, cfTdf km'sfpg'xdf];\ gof“ cfgGb / v'zL, gof“ prfO / zlQm eg'{xf];\ . %!&= sf]M x] k/d]Zj/ cfˆgf] zlQm b]vfpg'xf];\ cl3 u/] em} cfˆgf] zlQm km]l/ b]vfpg'xf];\ ! k|z+;fn] klv{/x]5 tkfO{nfO{ k|e' k|z+;f cfˆgf] d08nLsf] . @ xif{sf] uLtnfO{ lgDTofpg] cfgGbsf] k|e' dflg;sf] cfzf tkfO{ x'g'x'G5 . # nfvf}–xhf/f} /yx?df ;jf/ x'g] k|e' kljq :yfgdf cfpg'xf];\ . %!*= sf]M Pp6} lktf, Pp6} ljZjf;, Pp6} cfTdf km]l/ s;/L 6'lqmP5f} < @ lktfsf] x[bo, cfpm gb'vfpm, o]z"sf] k|fy{gf k"/f u/f} cfTdfnfO{ ;Gtfk ca gb]pm v|Li6sL b'nxL Ps agf} -@_ ! k|e'sf] km;nsf] lglDt km'6sf] kvf{n tf]8f} xfd|f] b]z, zx/sf] lglDt d08nLn] 3'“8f 6]sf}+ . @ oxL k':tf xf];\, k|e' tkfO{sf] /fHof Nofpg] cfpm xfd|f] x[bonfO{ Roftf}, hfu[lt–rLTsf/ u/f} . %!(= sf]M dxfg\ k|e'nfO{ dlxdf, k/dk|e'nfO{ k|z+;f of] d]/f] hLjgsf] rfxgf -xNn]n"ofx xf];Ggf_ @ ! jt{dfg d]/f] tkfO{sf] xftdf, eljio klg tkfO{sf] ;fydf -cfglGbt 5' zflGtdf 5' k|e'x?sf k|e' k/dk|e'df_ @ @ ;jf{· d]/f] o]z"sf] xftdf ck{0f u5'{ wGojfb;“u -lglZrGt 5' lgw{Ss 5' /fhfx?sf /fhfdf o]z" k|e'df_ @

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%@)= ! -tkfO{sf] jrg d]/f] v'§fsf] lglDt Hof]lt / d]/f] dfu{sf] lglDt pHofnf] xf]_ @ sf]M -sf/0f tkfO{sf] jrg ;gftg / cgGt 5 cfsfzdf Tof] ;bf l:y/ /xG5_ @ @ -tkfO{sf] jrg d]/f] lha|f]sf] lglDt :jflbi6 d]/f] d'vdf dxeGbf klg clt dL7f] 5_ @ %@!= sf]M -:t'lt xf];\ k/d]Zj/nfO{ cfh clg ;bfnfO{ hf] x'g'x'Gyof], x'g'x'G5 / x'g cfpg'x'g]5_ @ -x[bo vf]nL r9fp“5f} elQm, x] O{Zj/ tkfO{nfO{ ck{G5f} tg, dg, k|f0f / zlQm ;a} yf]s tkfO{nfO{_ @ l/Tofpg'xf];\ cfh dnfO{, agfpg'xf];\ cfˆgf] OR5fdf rnfpg'xdf];\ kljqfTdf, -d tof/ 5' k|e'_ @] @ %@@= ! kxf8df km'Ng] km"n–ntfx? slt /fd\f 5g\ kxf8af6 v:g] lxd gbLx? slt rf]vf 5g\ kxf8nfO{ ;[li6 ug]{ k|e' cem slt dxfg\ 5g\ -@_ sf]M d dxfg\ k|e'sf] ;[hgf, d dxfg\ k|e'sf] ljkgf d ;w} u5'{ dxfg\ k|e'sf], dxfg\ k|e'sf] dlxdf @ k[YjLdf lx8\g] kz'–k|f0fLx? slt crDdsf 5g\ kfgLdf a:g] ;a} k|f0fLx? slt cfsif{s 5g\ k|s[ltnfO{ ;[li6 ug]{ k|e' clt clåQLo 5g\ -@_ # k|e'df ;'lDkPsf hLjgx? slt c;fwf/0f 5g\ k|e'nfO{ dfq k'Hg] hLjgx? slt ;Gt'li6df 5g\ xfd|f k/d]Zj/ lktf, k'q, cfTdf slt ct'ngLo 5g\ -@_ %@#= sf]M -cfTdfdf zflGt wL/h w/L kvf}{ x} o]z"nfO{ afbndfly cfpg]5g\ o]z" ltdLnfO{ lngnfO{ [xf], xf]] xfdLnfO{ lngnfO{_ @ Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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! -af6f], ;To / hLjg k|e' o]z" v|Li6 x'g\ arfpm cfTdf cfh ltdLn] [xf], xf]] :ju{ hfgnfO{_ @ @ -cGwsf/sf] Tof] ;+;f/df gk/ x] d]/f bfh'–efO cg'u|xsf] 9f]sf v'nf 5 ltdLnfO{ arfpgnfO{ -xf], xf]_ xfdLnfO{ arfpgnfO{_ @ %@$= ! -d]/f] clGtd :jf;;Dd} v|Li6sf] uLt ufO{ g} /xG5' d]/f] clGtd kfOnf;Dd} pxf“nfO{ g} k5ofOxg]5'_ @ -nf nf nf nf === x'_ $ @ -d]/f] clGtd b[li6;Dd} v|Li6nfO{ d ;bf x]g]{5' d]/f] clGtd cfsf+Iff;Dd} ;';Gb]zsf] aLp 5g'{5' @ -nf nf nf nf === x'_ $ # -d]/f] clGtd :jf;;Dd} Hof]lt 5b}{ 8f“8f–kfvf nfUg]5' d]/f clGtd OR5f;Dd} pxf“nfO{ g} ;bf rfxg]5'_ @ -nf nf nf nf === x'_ $ %@%= sf]M km'6]/ xf]Og h'6]/ n8]/ xf]Og, ldn]/ kl/ro k|]dsf] k|rfg'{ 5, gd"gf o]z"sf] b]vfpg' 5 ._ @ ! -a9]/ hfpm, lht]/ cfpm, cv8f z}tfgsf] l5g e/df -em's]/ cfpm 3'“8fdf cfpm_ @ ljZjf;L xfdL Pstfsf] uf“7f]df] @ @ -u/]/ hfpm, ufP/ cfpm, k|z+;f k|e'sf] Ps :j/df -;Dem]/ cfpm, k|]ddf cfpm_ @, ljZjf;L xfdL o]z"sf] cfJxfgdf] @ %@^= sf]M -nf, nf, nf, nf, n}a/L_ @ n} n} n} -xf] xf]_ -o]z" v|Li6sf] hLjg c+ufnL zflGt, ;'/Iff, k|]dsf] sxfgL_ @ ca hfpm ;'gfp“b} $ ufp“–zx/ @ jl/kl/ xf], xf] ufp“–zx/jl/kl/ ! -lhp“bf] k/d]Zj/sf] k|]d–sxfgL d'lQm cgGt hLjgsf va/ lbO{_ @ -ca hfpm ;'gfp“b}_ $ Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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-d]rLb]lv_ @ dxfsfnL, xf] xf] d]rLb]lv dxfsfnL -nf, nf, nf, nf, n}a/L_ @ n} n} n} -xf] xf]_ . @ -kljq cfTdfsf] cnf}lss zlQm 5'6sf/f :jtGqtfsf] nx/L_ -ca hfpm ;'gfp“b}_ $ -g]kfnb]lv_ @ ;+;f/el/ xf], xf] g]kfnb]lv ;+;f/el// xf] xf], ufp“–zx/–jl/kl/ xf] xf], d]rLb]lv dxfsfnL xf] xf], g]kfnb]lv ;+;fel/ . %@&= ! tf/0fxf/ k|e' hlGdP a]yn]x]d ufj}df O{Zj/sf] k'q cfpg'ef] kfkLx?sf] dfemdf -@_ @ Psrf]l6 lgoflnx]/, syf xf]Og Oltxf; xf] O{Zj/sf] dxfg\ of]hgfdf x'g}kg]{ 36gf xf] -@_ # nf} x} bfHo" lbbL, alxgL, a'em of] syf k|]dsf] afnssf] ?kdf o]z g} d'lQmdf bftf :jod\ g} tf/0fxf/ === ltd|f] d]/f] dfemdf, xfdL ;a}sf] dfemdf . %@*= ! lwGtf·–tf·, lwGtf·–tf· dfbn aHof] -@_ cf === xf nf} x}, x]/ a]yn]x]dsf] ufO{sf] uf]7df hGd]sf x} o]z" /fhf, x]/ x}, x]/ nf}, x]/ @ eljiojQmfn] eg]sf em} xf xf xf xf -@_ zAb–zAb k'/f x'g uf] d'lQmdf bftf cfpg' g} ef] y'gdf gfp“n] k|Voft\ x'g'ef] -@_ # :juL{ob"tn] t;f{P xf xf xf xf -@_ zfGtdo kf/L ;anfO{ ;'gfP va/ ;To / pb]s}sf] ;f/f ;+;f/nfO{ g} ef] -@_ %@(= ! cfP x} cfP Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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cfP x} o]z" ;+;f/df cfP uP x} xfd|f] kfk d]l6uP -cf] xf] cf xf_ $ @ -b'O xhf/ jif{cl3 ufO{sf] uf]7df_ @ k/d]Zj/sf] Psnf] k'q -o;} 7fj}df_ @ d'lQmbftf -@_ tf/0fxf/ -dflg; cjtf/ eP_ # -cf] xf] cf xf_ @ # -xfdL ;a}sf] b'Mv a'em\g ;+;f/df cfP_ @ af6f], ;To, hLjg ;a} -Ps} 7fp“ cfP_ @ o]z" /fhf -@_ xfd|f] dfem -d'lQm agL cfP_ @ -cf] xf] cf xf_ @ %#)= ! uf]7 ufO{sf] k'q lktfsf] kfk xfd|f] qm"; cs}{sf] d'lQm xfdLnfO{ hLjg xfdLnfO{ cfgGb xfdLnfO{ zflGt xfdLnfO{ . @ To; cWof/f] lr;f] /ftdf b"tu0f cfP O{Zj/ ;fydf o]z" kl;|P 8"8}df ufP b"tu0f dL7f] :j/df -dL7f] :j/df_ @ # a]yn]x]dsf] Psnf] ufp“df dl/odsf] ;fgf] sf]vdf -@_ cfudg O{Zj/sf] xif{, cfgGb ;a}nfO{ g} ef] -;a}nfO{ g} ef]_ @ %#!= sfM k|]dsf] lbg of], v'zLsf] lbg of] /dfpg], ufpg] lbg of] o]z"sf] hGd lbg of] o]z"sf] hGd lbg of] ! czflGtdf af“Rg]nfO{ klg zflGt c“ufNg] lbg of] la5f]l8PsfnfO{ klg Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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k|]ddf af“Wg] lbg of] -@_ @ lg/fzfdf af“Rg]nfO{ klg cfzfsf] gof“ lbg of] n8fO{ n8\g]nfO{ klg k|]d, ldnfksf] lbg of] -@_ %#@= sf]M gof“ 3/sf] z'?n] ;'Gb/tf Nofof] k/d]Zj/n] b'j}nfO{ Ps agfP of]hgf k/d]Zj/sf] ca k"/f ef] o; sfo{n] pgnfO{ dlxdf k'¥ofof] ! -k|]d clwsf/ o; 3/df a;f];\ k|e'sf] ;fIfL ;w} km]lnof];\_ @ v|Li6Lofg 3/sf] pbfx/0f agL -@_ c? 3/nfO{ klg k|e'df Nofcf];\ . @ -laGtL of] xfd|f] k|e'df /fV5f} k|fy{gfn] gj–bDklQnfO{ 9fS5f}_ @ OR5f of] tkfO{sf] k"/f xf];\ eGb} -@_ sfdgf xfdL ;a} k|e'df /fV5f} . %##= ! -k/d]Zj/nfO{ wGojfb ;bf r9fp“5f} o; lbgdf cfh oL b'OnfO{ Nofp“5f}_ @ -tflbsf k/d]Zj/ cfh klg pxL lbg'ePsf] k|lt1fnfO{ k"/f] ug'{x'G5 g}_ @ @ pkl:ylt hf] Tof] lyof] au}rf cbgdf cfgGb lnP/ cfpg'ef] xfd|f] o; x[bodf -vf]Hg] ;fyL hLjgsf] sfd xf] of] tkfO{sf] eljio agfpg] ;a of]hgf xf] tkfO{sf] [tkfO{sf]] @_ @ %#$= sf]M hLjgsf] af6f] b]vfpg] af6f] g} pgL x'g\ -ltd|f] / d]/f] hLjgsf] af6f] Ps o]z" x'g\_ @ -hLjgsf] ;To pgL, ;To g} o]z" x'g\_ @ Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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-ltd|f} / d]/f] hLjgsf], ;To g} o]z" x'g\_ @ ! -hGdg] / dg]{ qmd of] s]xL If0fsf] xf“;f] / cf“z' of]_ @ -dfq xf]Og x] ;fyL xf], v|Li6ljgf hLjg cw'/f] ef]_ @ @ -cfˆg} v'zL, cfˆg} OR5fx?, kne/sf cfˆg} hLtx?_ @ -olt xf]Og x] ;fyL xf], v|Li6ljgf hLjg ck"/f] ef]_ @ %#%= sf]M -kxf8L efsf, t/fO{sf] tfn ;a} ldnL o]z"sf] ho–ho ufpm“ a];Lx'b} b]j/fnL hfpm“, hxf“ hfpm“ o]z"sf] ehg ufpm“ @ n -xf] xf] cfxf xf @ ! psfnL x]/ em/gf x]/ hxL hfpm o]z"sf] u'0f ufpm @ jgsf] km"n pkjg x]/ ;[li6stf{sf] ehg ldnL ufpm @ P x] x]_ @ @ ltd|f] d]/f] dgdf xnrn zflGtsf /fhf o]z"nfO{ k|0ffd\ @ alnbfg pgsf] df]rg xfd|f] p4f/stf{ o]z"nfO{ k|0ffd\ P x] x]_ @ zflGtsf /fhf o]z"nfO{ k|0ffd\ p4f/stf{ o]z"nfO{ k|0ffd\ . %#^= sf]M /f]s]/ /f]lsb}g gbLsf] k|jfxnfO{ 5]s]/ 5]lsb}g ;"o{sf] k|sfznfO{ y'g]/ y'lgb}g xfjfsf] ultnfO{ -o:t} 5, o:t} g} xf]_ @ -k|e'sf] /fHo, k|e'sf] sfd_ @ ! [/f]dL zf;sn] /f]Sg vf]h], ox"bL hfltn] 5]Sg vf]Hof] -;f /] ;f ;f /] ;f ;f lg w k ;f /] u /] u d lg ;f /] ;f_ @ -g ;s] /f]Sg, g ;s] 5]Sg_ @ km}lng'kYof]{ km}lnb} cfof] k|e'sf] /fHo, k|e'sf] sfd] @ @ vf]Ng'k5{ cfjfhx? tf]8\g'k5{ aGwgx? ;f /] ;f ;f /] ;f ;f lg w k ;f /] u /] u d lg ;f /] ;f -e};Sof] a]nf gu/f} l9nf_ @ km}lng'kYof]{ km}lnb} cfof] k|e'sf] /fHo, k|e'sf] sfd] @ %#&= sf]M ztfAbLn] x]/ ca km6\sf] df/]5 Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


215

lgzfgfdf k'UgnfO{ ufx|f] kf/]5 ef]ln–ef]ln eGb} ca w]/} ga;f}+ dxfg\ cf1f k"/f ug{ sDd/ s;f}+] @ ! ljBfyL{ xf} xfdLx? o'unfO{ xf“Sg] cGofof / cTofrf/ p7fP/ ˆof“Sg]] @ p7f} ;fyL ljBfyL{ xf], sDd/ s;]/ nIo xfd|f] k"/f x'Gg -o;} a;]/ cfx}_ # @ ljBfyL{n] ljBfyL{nfO{ r]nf agfp“b} xfd|f] oxL st{Jo xf] egL lrgfp“b}] @ nfuf} ca cleofgdf sDd/ s;]/ nIo xfd|f] k"/f x'Gg -o;} a;]/ cfx}_ # %#*= sf]M nx–nx wfgsf] afnf atf;df em'Dbf ;// kftx? p8]/ hf“bf P, n} la/fgf] of] dg km]l/ gfR5, gfR5 dg km]l/ gfR5 ! s]6f M -P, xf] xf], nf nf nf nf_ -km;n tof/ 5 -xf] xf]_ PSnL lg ?G5] v]t_ @ P, lbbL–a}gL, ghfpm x} ca d]nfkft, d]nfkft . @ s]6L M -P, xf] xf], nf nf nf nf_ -;+;f/} /demddf lg, -xf] xf_ 5}g v]tfnf klg_ @ P, bfHo"–efO, n hfpm x} ca ug{ s6gL, ug{ s6gL . %#(= sf]M -3lGsof]–3lGsof] 8Dkm'sf] tfn} 3lGsof] @ kfvf–kv]/f] yls{of] kxf8–dw];, ufp“–a];L, /dfOnf] v'zLsf] ;Gb]z ;'gfp“b} v|Li6 hGd lbj; dgfp“b} @ 3/–cf“ug–;+;f/} pHofnf] @, 3lGsof] ===_ @ Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


216

! -[gfrg d}Rof·, gfrg -x}_, gfrg -cf xf cf_ ;dngdf sDd/ efrg –cf xf cf_] @ eljiojf0fL Tof] hf] k"/f] x'g] ef] Oddfg'Pn v|Li6sf] hGd ef] –xf] xf]_] @ 3lGsof] === _ @ @ -[;'gg kf/·, ;'gg -x}_ ;'gg -cf xf cf_ dgdf s'/f u'gg u'gg -cf xf cf_] @ :t'lt / k|z+;f u/]/ k|e'sf] [x[bodf pgnfO{ /fvg -cf xf xf_] @ 3lGsof] ===_ @ %$)= sf]M ;“u–;“u lx8]sf] of] nfdf] af6f] oxL 6'·]sf] 5}g z'? x'G5 ca ofqf klv{a; d cfp“b}5' @ ! p:t} 5 cfsfz oxf“sf] wtL{ klg p:t} @ ltdLn] /fv]sf] cfzfl;t} klv{a; d cfp“b}5' @ @ lbg klg la:tf/} a:t}5 5f]8]sf] ltdLnfO{ d}n] xf]Og @ xfdLn] af“w]sf] afrfl;t} klv{a; d cfp“b}5' @ %$!= sf]M ;Nnf3f/Lsf] ;'';]nL xfjf slt dL7f] uLt ufp“5 ;[li6stf{ -u/f}+g :t'lt ltdL / xfdL ldn]/ pg}sf]_ @ ! hn–yn–ge ;f/f pg}n] agfsf 3fd–h'g–tf/fx? pg}n] 6f“u]sf vf]nf–gfnf 8f“8f–sf“8f pg}n] a;fsf kz'–k|f0fL–k|s[lt klg pg}n] /r]sf . u/f}+g :t'lt ltdL / xfdL ldn]/ pg}sf] n}, u/f}+g :t'lt ltdL / xfdL pg} O{Zj/sf] . @ lxp“–cl;gf–jiff{ klg pg}n] k7fsf km"n km'nfsf, kmn klg pg}n] kmnfsf /+ula/·L /·x? pg}n] kf]t]sf ;'uGw–atf;–hLjg klg j/bfg pg}sf . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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u/f}+g :t'lt ltdL / xfdL ldn]/ pg}sf] nf}, u/f}+g :t'lt ltdL / xfdL hLjgbftfsf] . ;Nnf 3f/Lsf] === ldn]/ pg}sf] . nf} u/f}+g === pg} O{Zj/sf] . nf} u/f}+g === hLjgbftfsf] . %$@= sf]M pl7x]/ cfsfz}df gof“ tf/f pbfPsf] ;'lgx]/ atf;}df gof“df ;Gb]z NofPsf] cfgGbn] k"0f{ of] zflGtn] k"0f{ of] o]z" /fhf hGd]sf] ;';Gb]z -ltdL d]/} nflu xf] xf] xf]_ @ ! -cGwsf/k"0f{ hut\df Hof]lt NofP pgn] lg/fzfnfO{ hLjg lbg cfzf NofP pgn]_ @ k/d]Zj/ cjtf/ lnO{ dfgj agL cfpg'ef] xfd|f] d'lQmbftf k|e' hut\df cfpg'ef] . @ -nIoxLg hLjgsf] nIo agL v|Li6 cfP hut\df k|f0fxLg hLjg lng 8"8}df k|e' k;|g'ef]_ af6f], ;To / hLjg pxf“ dfgj agL cfpg'ef] ltdL–dnfO{ arfpgnfO{ hut\df cfpg'ef] . %$#= ! p3f/]/ kbf{ d]/f] sf]7fsf] ha d aflx/ x]b{5' a;]{/ kfgL ev{/} /x]sf] xl/ofnL kfvf b]Vb5'- @ -w'g'xf];_ @ o]z" d]/f] dg klg tkfO{sf] kljq cfTdfn]] @ -cem} rf]vf] agfpg'xf];\_ @ tkfO{sf] kljq jrgn] . # lhP/ gd'gf aGg k/]sf] 5 ha d l;sfp“5' c?nfO{ af]n]/ dfq x'b}g /x]5 alnof] hu lgdf{0f ug{nfO{ . %$$= sf]M t'/xLsf] rsf]{ :j/df k|wfg b"t uh{G5g\ /] afnbsf] ;jf/Ldf o]z" Ps lbg cfp“5g\ /] cfˆgf] b'nxL ;fydf nfgnfO{ afbnsf] ;jf/Ldf . ! lrxfgleq ;'t]sfx? dlxldt z/L/df p7\5g\ /] Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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xfdL ;a} b'nxL agL k|e'nfO{ e]6\g hfG5f}+ /] . @ To; lbg ;a} ;fyL–;+uL a]xfn eO{ oxf“ 5'65g\ /] Tof] lbg xfd|f] cf“z' k|e'n] k'5L ;w}+ ;fy /fV5g\ /] . %$%= sf]M -xfdL prfnf}+ dlxldt y'dfnfO{ xfdL prfnf}+ hLljt o]z"nfO{ ufp“b}–ahfp“b}, k|z+;f ub}{ r9fcf}+ wGojfb k|dL k|e'nfO{_ @ ! -xfd|f] k|fy{gfdf xfdL prfnf}+ xfd|f] jrgdf xfdL prfnf}+_ @ -ufp“b}–ahfp“b} :t'lt ub}{ r9fcf}+ wGojfb k|]dL k|e'nfO{_ @ @ -k|z+;f;fy xfdL prfnf}+ :t'lt ub}{ xfdL prfnf}+_ @ -ufp“b}–ahfp“b}, hohosf/ ub}{ r9fcf}+ wGojfb k|]dL k|e'nfO{_ @

Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


219

!=

sf]/; v08 sf]/;x?

-xNn]n"ofx :t'lt–dlxdf ;j{bf o]z" k|e'nfO{ lbG5f}+- @ xf === -xNn]n"ofx_ # xf === -xNn]n"ofx_ # ! qm";sf] alnbfgdf /ut axfpg'ef] @ kfknfO{ x6fO{ z'4 u/fO{ xfdLnfO{ arfpg'ef] @ @ pxf“sf] k'g?Tyfgdf cgGt ljho lnO{ cfpg'ef] @ cfh ltdL–xfdLnfO{ oxL ljho lbgnfO{ o]z"hL cfpg'ef] @ @= lhp“bf 5g\, o]z" lhp“bf] 5g\, d]/f] dgdf o]z" lhp“bf] 5g\ ;+s6df d]/f] ;xf/f x'g\ o]z" ;w}+ lhp“bf] 5g\ . # o]z" ;jf]{Qd gfp“ 5, zflGtbftf k|tfkL k|e' Oddfg'Pn O{Zj/ xfdL;“u wGo p4f/s lhp“bf] jrg . $

xfdL ;a} ldnL -@_ ufcf}+, ehf}+, k"hf}+ v|Li6 o]z"nfO{ -@_ xfdL ;a} hg ldnL ufcf}+ === -@_

%= o]z" gfp“sf] ho xf];\ -@_ d]/f] r§fg, d]/f] lsNnf dnfO{ 5'8fpg] d]/f] e/f];f, o]z" gfp“sf] hohosf/ xf];\ . ^= gfp“ pgsf] pRr 5 c? gfp“eGbf gfp“ pgsf] o]z", o]z" k|e' gfp“ pgsf] pb]ssf], gfp“ pgsf] ;Nnfxsf/ zflGtsf] /fhs'df/ dxfg\ O{Zj/ .

Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


220

&= O{Zj/n] ;+;f/nfO{ o:tf] k|]d u/] -@_ pgn] cfˆgf] Psdfq k'qnfO{ lbP -@_ h–h;n] pgdfly ljZjf; u5{g\ -@_ gfz x'b}gg\ t/ cgGt hLjg kfp“5g\ -@_ *= hLjgsf] /f]6L vf“b}5' / d"nsf] kfgL lkp“b}5' / o]z" eG5g\ h;n] lkp“5 p;nfO{ slxNo} ltvf{ nfUb}g . Sof /] ltvf{ nfUb}g < slxNo} ltvf{ nfUb}g -@_ / o]z" eG5g\, h;n] lkp“5 p;nfO{ slxNo} ltvf{ nfUb}g . (=

!)=

!!=

d'lQmnfO{ d'lQmnfO{ u|x0f u/ clxNo} hf] 5 o]z"sf] cgdf]n /Qmdf o]z"b]lv of] bfg 5 ltd|f] nflu g}, u|x0f u/ d'lQm ljgf8/ . o]z" kfb{5g\ k"/} :jtGq, snj/Ldf d/] lbg 5'6sf/f o]z" kfb{5g\ k"/} :jtGq, pgsf] gfp“sf] ho -o;}sf/0f d ufp“5'_ @ d]/f] kfk Ifdf eof] :ju{ d]/f] 3/ eof], -o;}sf/0f d_ # ufp“5' . o]z" kfb{5g\ k"/} :jtGq pgsf] gfp“sf] ho -o;}sf/0f d v'zL 5'_ @ d]/f] kfk Ifdf eof] :ju{ d]/f] 3/ eof] -o;}sf/0f d_ # ufp“5' . o]z" kfb{5g\ k"/} :jtGq, pgsf] gfp“sf] ho -o;}sf/0f d gfR5'_ @ d]/f] kfk Ifdf eof] :ju{ d]/f] 3/ eof] -o;}sf/0f d_ # gfR5' . xf] -#_ k|e' slt k|]dL 5g\ -#_ d slxNo} pgsf] k|]dnfO{ e'Ng ;lQmg O{Zj/n] ;+;f/nfO{ k|]d u'g{ef] -#_ d slxNo} pgsf] k|]dnfO{ e'Ng ;lQmg . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


221

!@=

!#=

!$=

!%= !^=

t'R5 d kfkLnfO{ k|]d ug'{ef] -#_ d slxNo} pgsf] k|]dnfO{ e'Ng ;lQmg . kljq cfTdfn] el/lbg'ef] -#_ d slxNo} pgsf] k|]dnfO{ e'Ng ;lQmg . d]/f] aQLdf t]n lbgf];\ k|e' d]/f] aQLdf t]n clxn] d]/f] aQLdf t]n lbgf];\ k|e' tkfO{ cfp~h]n;Dd lbgf];\ Hof]lt -ufpm xf];Ggf_ # /fhf o]z"sf] -ufpm xf];Ggf- # /fhf o]z"sf] . pgsf] em08f d]/f]nflu k|]d -@_ pgn] dnfO{ ef]hsf] 3/df lnO{ cfP pgsf] em08f d]/fnflu k|]d pgsf] k|]d -@_ ;'g, rf“bL dl;t 5}g t/ h] 5 d tnfO{ lbG5' gf;/tsf] o]z' v|Li6sf] gfp“df lx8\8'n u/ lx8\b} pk|mb} :t'lt ub}{ -@_ gf;/tsf] o]z" v|Li6sf] gfp“df lx8\8'n u/ . cfpm k'hf}+ /fhk"hf/L, cfpm eh, kljq hflt eh o]z" d'lQmbftf, pgL lk|o dlxdfsf /fhf, -xNn]n"ofx_ * k|]d u/L cfP d/L arfP ufl8bf kfk d]/f] x6fOlbP Ao"tL pgn] dnfO{ lgbf]{if 7x/fP cfpg]5g\ o]z" of] v'zLsf] lbg .

!&= lhp“bf], lhp“bf] 5g\ o]z" v|Li6 lhp“bf] xf];\ cu'jfO lbG5g\ dnfO{ / ;·lt dL7f] lhp“bf], lhp“bf] ptfg{ kfkb]lv . d s;/L lgZro hfGb5' < dgd} lhp“5g\ pgL .

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222

!*= eg ho ho, pb]ssf] zlQm 5 /utdf, /utdf eg ho ho, pb]ssf] zlQm 5 o]z"sf] cdf]n /utdf . !(=

qm";}df qm";}df dnfO{ k/]Yof] Hof]lt d]/f] kfksf] ef/L xl6uf] Toxf“ ljZjf; u/L d}n] kfP b[li6 / clxn]sf] hLjg v'zL ef] .

@)= lngf];\ tg, ck{G5f} lngf];\ dg r9fp“5f} lngf];\ wg, lktf -tkfO{s} xf}_ @ tkfO{s} z'?b]lv 5fg]sf tkfO{s} v|Li6sf] /utn] lsg]sf tkfO{s} cfTdfsf 5fk nfu]sf -tkfO{s} xf}_ @ lngf];\ tg, ck{G5f} lngf];\ dg r9fp“5f} lngf];\ wg, lktf -tkfO{s} xf}_ @ @!=

@@=

@#=

x] /fhf o]z" ltdLn] xfd|f] cfTdfnfO{ lhnfof} kfksf] h/f] ;+;f/sf] aGwg lgikmn t'Nofof} . :t'ltk"0f{ cf]7n] xft prfnL eGb5' k|e' d tkfO{nfO{ -wGosf] eGb5'_ # k|e' d tkfO{nfO{ wGosf] eGb5' . k|e'df ;w} cfgGb u/ km]l/ klg eGb5' -@_ cfgGb, cfgGb km]l/ klg eGb5' -@_ k|e'df ;w} cfgGb u/, km]l/ klg eGb5' .

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@$=

@%=

-wGojfb o]z" -@_, wGojfb o]z" d]/f] dgb]lv_ @ -:t'lt xf];\ k|e' -@_, :t'lt xf];\ k|e' d]/f] dgb]lv_ @ -xNn]n"ofx o]z" -@_, xNn]n"ofx o]z" d]/f] dgb]lv_ @ -k|z+;f xf];\ k|e' -@_, k|z+;f xf];\ k|e' d]/f] dgb]lv_ @ -hohosf/ xf];\ k|e' -@_, hohosf/ xf];\ k|e' d]/f] dgb]lv_ @ lxhf]cfh ;w}el/ o]z" ;dfg 5g\ xfdL km]5f}+{ pgL dfq slxn] km]b}{gg\ -pgsf] gfdsf] ho_ @ xfdL km]5f}{ pgL dfq slxn] km]b}{gg\ .

@^=

xNn]n"ofx -#_ xNn]n"ofx, o]z"sf] ho o]z"sf] ho, xNn]n"ofx -#_ o]z"sf] ho .

@&= cfhsf] lbg, cfhsf] lbg pgn] l;h]{sf pgn] l;h]{sf /dfp“b} hfpm“, v'zL dgfpm -/ cfgGb u/f}+_ @ cfhsf] lbg pgn] l;h]{sf /dfp“b} hfpm“ / v'zL dgfpm -cfhsf] lbg_ @ pgn] l;h]{sf . @*= ! O{Zj/sf] /fh klxn] vf]hL u/ pxf“sf] wfld{stf ;a} yf]s ltdLnfO{ ylkg]5 xNn]n", xNn]n"ofx, -xNn]n"ofx_ # xNn]n" xNn]n"oxf . @ /f]6Ln] dfq dflg; af“Rb}g t/ x/]s jrgn] hf] k/d]Zj/sf] d'vaf6 lg:sG5 xNn]n" xNn]n"ofx, -xNn]n"ofx_ # xNn]n" xNn]n"ofx . # dfu t ltdLnfO{ lbOg]5 vf]h t e]§fpg]5f} 3R3rfpm, 9f]sf p3fl/g]5 xNn]n" xNn]n"ofx, -xNn]n"ofx_ # xNn]n" xNn]n"ofx .

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@(= v'zL–v'zL dgfcf}+, v'zL–v'zL dgfcf}+ -@_ eg–eg, k|e' o]z" v|Li6sf] ho -@_ d]/f]nflu cfP, d]/f]nflu lhP -@_ d]/f]nflu o]z"n] b'Mv p7fP -@_ d]/f]nflu dfl/Py], d]/f]nflu ufl8Py] -@_ d o]z"sf] x'“, xfdL o]z"sf xf} v'zL–v'zL dgfcf}+, v'zL–v'zL dgfcf}+ -@_ eg–eg, k|e' o]z" v|Li6sf] ho -@_ #)= tkfO{sf] bof hLjgeGbf >]i7 -@_ wGosf] eG5' :t'lt d u5'{ tkfO{sf] bof hLjgeGb >]i7 xft prfNb5' tkfO{sf] gfp“df -@_ wGosf] eG5' :t'lt d u5'{ tkfO{sf] bof hLjgeGbf >]i7 -;]jf u5'{ k|e' ;f/f x[bon]_ @ wGosf] eG5' :t'lt d u5'{ tkfO{sf] bof hLjgeGbf >]i7 . #!= ! n hfpm“ x} l;of]g;Dd -#_ o]z"sf] gu/df ho xNn]n"ofx -#_ cfgGb dgfpm“ . @ l;of]gsf] /fhf o]z" -#_ /fh ub}{ hfpm“ ho xNn]n"ofx -#_ cfgGb dgfpm“ . # k|]dL 5g\ l;of]gdf -#_ k|]d ub}{ hfpm“ ho xNn]n"ofx -#_ cfgGb dgfpm“ . $ gfRb} hfpm l;of]gdf -#_ k|]dL o]z"sxf“ ho xNn]n"ofx -#_ cfgGb dgfpm“ . #@= -pxf“nfO{ dlxdf d08nLdf clxn] / ;w}+_ @ -pxf“nfO{_ $ pxf“nfO{ dlxdf d08nLdf clxn] / ;w}+ . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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##=

-dlxdf -#_ xf];\_ @ -O{Zj/nfO{ dlxdf xf];\, dlxdf xf];\_ @ -k|z+;f -#_ xf];\_ @ -O{Zj/nfO{ k|z+;f xf];\ k|z+;f xf];\_ @ -wGojfb -#_ xf];\_ @ -O{Zj/nfO{ wGojfb xf];\ wGojfb xf];\_ @

#$= x] ;a} hfltsf dflg; xf] xNn]n"ofx x] ;a} hg xf] pxf“sf] tf/Lkm u/ lsgeg] xfdLk|lt pxf“sf] s?0ff ckf/ 5 -/ ofx|]sf] ;Totf ;w}sf] lglDt /xG5_ @ xNn]n"ofx, xNn]n"ofx, xNn]n"ofx, xNn]n"ofx . -/ ofx|]sf] ;Totf ;w}sf] lglDt /xG5_ @ #%=

#^=

#&=

-ltd|f k/d]Zj/n] la;]{sf 5}gg\ ltd|f] s'/f e'n]sf 5}gg\ ltdLnfO{_ @ -dfu km]l/ dfu, vf]h cem} vf]h 3/L3/L 3R3rfpm_ @ ;dodf pgsf] ;dodf ;ayf]s ;'Gb/ aG5g\ pgsf] ;dodf dfu{ dnfO{ b]vfpg'xf];\ lbg–lbg} l;sfpg'xf];\ ;bf lx8\gnfO{ tkfO{sf] ;dodf ;dodf, tkfO{sf] ;dodf ;ayf]s ;'Gb/ 5g\ tkfO{sf] ;dodf hLjg d]/f] ;'DkG5' :t'lt ;bf ufpg]5' u|x0fof]Uo xf];\ tkfO{sf] ;dodf . pgL g} x'g\ k|e' d[To"af6 af}/g], pgL k\e' x/]s 3'8f 6]Sg]5 x/ lha|f]n] eGg]5 o]z" v|Li6 g} x'g\ k|e' . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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ltdL g} xf} k|e' d[To"af6 af}/g], ltdL k|e' d]/f 3'8f 6]Sg]5g\ / lha|f]n] eGg]5 o]z" v|Li6 g} x'g\ k|e' . #*= gfp“ pgsf] pb]ssf] -#_ k|e' o]z" k|an /fhf pgL ;a} yf]ssf] wgL gfp“ pgsf] pb]ssf] k|e' o]z" c;n uf]7fnf] ;gftfgsf] r§fg zlQmdfg O{Zj/ pgL b08jt u/f}+ pgnfO{ cfb/ elQm r9fO{ gfp“ pgsf] pb]ssf] k|e' o]z" . #(= ! tfnL ahfp“b} -ufcf} xNn]n"ofx_ @ tfnL ahfcf}+] @ xNn]n"ofx -#_ tfnL ahfcf}+] @ @ xft prfNb}, xfdL -ufcf}+ xNn]n"ofx_ @ xft prfNb}] @ xNn]n"ofx -#_ xft prfNb}] @ $)= xfdL e]8fnfO{ r/fp“5g\ vs{df / hDdf u5{g\ pgsf] c·fnf]df af]S5g\ pgn] cfˆgf] sf“wdf / xfdLnfO{ cu'jfO ub{5g\ . $!= wGojfbL eO{ pxf“sf] 9f]sfleq k:g]5' cf“ugleq k|z+;f;fy eGg]5' of] ToxL lbg hf] k|e'n] agfpg'ef] v'zL 5' pxf“n] v'zL kfg'{ef] -v'zL kfg'{ef] -@_ v'zL 5' pxf“n] v'zL kfg'{ef]_ @ Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


227

$@= pxf“n] dnfO{ ;Togfzsf] vf8n / bnbn] lxnf]af6 tfg]/ lgsfNg'eof] pxf“n] d]/f v'§fx?nfO{ r§fgdfly a;fNg'eof] pxf“n] Pp6f gof“ uLt d]/f] d'vdf xflnlbg'eof] xfd|f] k/d]Zj/sf] :t'lt -$_ $#=

$$=

cfcf] -@_ k/dk|e'sf] lglDt xfdL ufcf}+ xfd|f] p4f/sf] r§fgsf] lglDt hohosf/ -#_ u/f}+ cfcf] -@_ wGojfb ub}{ pxf“sf] ;fdg] cfcf] ehg ufp“b} pxf“sf] -@_ hohosf/ -#_ u/f}+ . :ju{df, k[YjLdfly, k[YjLd'lg ePsf x/]s k|f0fLn] o]z"sf] gfp“df 3'8f 6]Sg'k5{ k/d]Zj/ lktfsf] dlxdfsf] lglDt x/]s lha|f]n] o]z"nfO{ g} k|e' xf] eGg'kg]{5 .

$%= wGojfb;fy pxf“sf] d"n 9f]sfleq / k|z+;f ub}{ pxf“sf] rf]sleq k; pxf“nfO{ wGojfb r9fcf] -@_ pxf“sf] gfp“nfO{ wGosf] eg . $^= kj{tx?lt/ d cfˆgf] cf“vf p7fp“5' dnfO{ uf]xf/ sxf“af6 cfp“5 < dnfO{ uf]xf/ k/d k|e'af6 g} cfp“5 h;n] :ju{ / k[YjL ;[gh'ef] . $&=

x/ avt t k/dk|e'nfO{ wGosf] eGg]5' pxf“sf] k|z+;f lg/Gt/ d]/f] d'vdf -x'g]5_ # Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


228

$*= ;+si6df clt ;lhn} kfOg] ;xfos k/d]Zj/ xfd|f] -z/0f:yfg / an x'g'x'G5_ @ x] b]zsf, ;a} dflg; xf], tfnL ahfcf] -pRr ;f]/n] k/d]Zj/sf] hohosf/ u/_ @ k/d]Zj/ xfd|f] -z/0f:yfg / an x'g'x'G5 ;]gfx?sf k/dk|e' xfd|f] ;fydf x'g'x'G5 ofs"asf k/d]Zj/ xfd|f] z/0f:yfg x'g'x'G5 . -pRr ;f]/n] k/d]Zj/sf] hohosf/ u/_ @ k/d]Zj/ xfd|f] -z/0f:yfg / an x'g'x'G5_ @ $(=

/fhfx?sf /fhf :t'lt xNn]n"ofx k|e'x?sf k|e' :t'lt xNn]n"ofx o]z" zflGtsf] s'df/ xNn]n"ofx -@_

%)= ;gftgsf] k|e' o]z" l;of]gdf x'g\ lj/fhdfg\ p4f/sf] Hof]lt hf] x'g\ :t'ltsf] of]Uo hf] 5g\ . %!=

%@=

;Gtfg xf} xfdL v|Li6sf] u5f}{ k|z+;f pgsf] h;n] u/] xfd|f] p4f/ x6fO{ kfksf] ef/ of] ;+;f/ lanfOhfg]5 ;[li6 x'g]5 gof“ ;+;f/ -@_ v|Li6 oxf“ ug]{5g\ /fh cgGt ljZjf;L hg;fy -@_ s]xL s'/fdf lrlGtt gxf]cf] ;a} s'/fdf wGojfb;fy k|fy{gf u/ k/d]Zj/sf] zflGtn] x[bo / ltd|f] ljrf/nfO{ o]z"df /Iff ug]{5 .

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%#= o; /ft /Iff ugf]{;\ k|e', ;a 8/ d]6fO{ xfdLnfO{ ?·"g\ b"t ;an] 3fd gx'~h]n em'NsfO{ . %$=

cfh /ftel/ :ju{b"t cfpmg\ kv]6f km}nfO{ /Ifs eO/x'g\ .

%%= lktf, k'q / cfTdfsf] hut\ / :ju{df wGo xf];\ b"tu0f / dfG5] ;a} eO{ pg}sf] :t'lt xf];\ ;w}+ . %^=

k|e' o]z" v|Li6sf] cg'u|x, k/d]Zj/ lktfsf] k|]d -@_ kljq cfTdfsf] ;·lt xfdL;“u ;w}+ eO/xf];\ .

%&= xNn]n"ofx ;j{zlQmdfg\ k/d]Zj/ /fh ub{5g\ -@_ cfglGbt xf]cf}+ v'zL xf]cf}+ clg dlxdf pg}nfO{ r9fcf}+ . xNn]n"ofx ;j{zlQmdfg\ k/d]Zj/ /fh ub{5g\ . %*= xfdL k|z+;fsf] aln Nofp“5f} k/d]Zj/sf] 3/df -@_ xfdL r9fp“5f} tkfO{nfO{ alnbfgx? wGojfbsf] xfdL r9fp“5f} tkfO{nfO{ alnx? cfgGbsf] . %(= k|e'sf] pkl:yltdf cfgGb 5 ufcf}+ xNn]n"ofx -cfldg_ @ gfrf}+ v'zL dgfcf}+ cfgGb;fy k|e'sf] cl3 gfrf}+ gfrf}+, v'zL dgfcf}+ k|e'sf] cl3 gfrf}+ .

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^)= o]z" v|Li6 g} k|e' x'g\ ;a k[YjLsf k|e' -@_ Psdfq O{Zj/ /fi6«x?dfly Psdfq k/d]Zj/ c? gfp“df 5}g Tof] d'lQm o]z" v|Li6 g} ;asf k|e' . ^!= ! -xf];Ggf, xf];Ggf, xf];Ggf o]z" /fhfnfO{_ @ pxf“sf] gfp“ prfnf}+ / k|z+;f r9fcf}+ xfd|f] k|e'nfO{ :t'lt xf];\ xf];Ggf o]z" /fhfnfO{ . @ -dlxdf, dlxdf, dlxdf o]z" /fhfnfO{_ @ pxf“sf] gfp“ prfnf}+ / k|z+;f r9fcf}+ xfd|f] k|e'nfO{ :t'lt xf];\ dlxdf o]z" /fhfnfO{ . # -k|z+;f, k|z+;f, k|z+;f o]z" /fhfnfO{_ @ pxf“sf] gfp“ prfnf} / k|z+;f r9fcf}+ xfd|f] k|e'nfO{ :t'lt xf];\ k|z+;f o]z" /fhfnfO{ . ^@= d k/d]Zj/nfO{ k'sf{5' :t'ltsf] of]Uo pgL d d]/f zq'af6 aRg]5' . -k/d]Zj/ lhp“5g\ wGo xf];\ d]/f] r§fg d]/f] d'lQmbftf pRr ul/pmg\_ @ ^#= wGo xf];\ k|e' o]z"sf] gfp“ pgL 5g\ k|z+;f elQmsf] of]Uo o;}n] prfnf}+ Ps;fy xfd|f] xft ufp“b} wGo xf];\ Tof] gfp“, wGo xf]; Tof] gfp“ wGo xf];\ k|e' o]z"sf] gfp“ . ^$= ! of]Uo, tkfO{ of]Uo, ;asf /fhf, ;asf k|e', tkfO{ of]Uo of]Uo tkfO{ of]Uo, ;asf /fhf, ;asf k|e' u5'{ k|0ffd\ . @ kljq, tkfO{ kljq, ;asf /fhf, ;asf k|e', tkfO{ kljq kljq, tkfO{ kljq, ;asf /fhf, ;asf k|e', u5'{ k|0ffd\ . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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# o]z" tkfO{ o]z", ;asf /fhf, ;asf k|e', tkfO{ o]z" o]z" tkfO{ o]z", ;asf /fhf, ;asf k|e', u5'{ k|0ffd\ . ^%=

tkfO{ k|e' ;a k[YjLdfly k|e' x'g'x'G5 ;a} b]jx?eGbf dxfg\ k/d]Zj/ -@_ d prfN5' -#_, tkfO{nfO{ -:t'lt u5'{ #, tkfO{nfO{

^^= of]Uo clt of]Uo k/d]Zj/ tkfO{ wGojfb k|z+;f cf/fwgf, elQmsf of]Uo -@_ ufp“5f} xNn]n"ofx, y'df l;+xf;gdf cf/fwgdf elQm r9fp“5f} hgfp“5f} dlxdf xNn]n"ofx dlxdf /fhfnfO{ ljhoLeGbf ljhoL tkfO{ ;asf k/d]Zj/ . ^&= :juL{o lktf xfdL k|]d u5f}{ pRr kf5f}{ tkfO{sf] gfp“ xfd|f] :t'ltdf :yflkt xf];\ Tof] /fHo h;} u5f}{ dxfg\ sfdsf] k|rf/ . wGo xf];\ k|e' dxfg\ O{Zj/ hf] lyP, 5g\ / x'g cfp“5g\ wGo xf];\ k|e' dxfg\ O{Zj/ /fh u5{g\ h;n] ;bf . ^*= d pRr kfg]{5' Tof] gfp“ -@_ d em08fem} pRr kf5'{ cfsfzdf d pRr kfg]{5' Tof] gfp“ . ^(= ! cf/fwgf ug{ xfdL ;a} e]nf ePsf] 5f}+ -@_ cf/fwgf ug{ xfdL ;a} e]nf ePsf 5f} cfh cf/fwgf u/f}+ o]z"nfO{ . @ la;L{ cfkm}–cfkm}nfO{ Psfu| xf}+ k|e' v|Li6df -@_ la;L{ cfkm}–cfkm}nfO{ Psfu| xf} k|e' v|Li6 o]z"df Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


232

cf/fwgf u/f}+ o]z"nfO{ . # pgL d]/f] wfld{stf /xG5' b[9 eO{ ;bf;j{bf -@_ pgL d]/f] wfld{stf /xG5' b[9 eO{ ;bf;j{bf pgdf cf/fwgf u/f}+ o]z"nfO{ . $ kljq xft prfnL, u/f}+ pgsf] gfp“sf] a9fO -@_ kljq xft prfnL, u/f}+ pgsf] gfp“sf] a9fO cfh cf/fwgf u/f}+ o]z"nfO{ . &)= cf/fwgf u/f}+ pgnfO{ b08jt\ u/f}+ :t'ltsf] uLt ufp“b} xNn]n"ofx eGbs} xNn]n"ofx -#_ cfldg . &!=

dlxdf u/f}+ cf/fwgf o]z"nfO{ xf];\ ;a} dlxdf k|z+;f, cfb/, xf];\ dlxdf /fHosf] clwsf/ l;+xf;gb]lv aU5 xfdLk|lt ufcf}+ pg}sf] ufg pRr kf/f}+ dfly cUNofcf}+ o]z"sf] gfp“nfO{ a9fO u/f}+ dlxldt kf/f}+ v|Li6 /fhfnfO{ dlxdf u/f}+ cf/fwgf o]z" d/] cfh dlxldt ag] /fhfx?sf /fhf .

&@= cf/fwgf u5'{ dxfg\ k|e' tkfO{em} 5}g c? cf/fwgf u5'{ zflGtsf s'df/ o;} ug{ rfxG5' d :t'lt u5'{ tkfO{ d]/f] wfld{stf cf/fwgf u5'{ dxfg\ k|e' tkfO{ em} 5}g c? . &#= o]z" lhp“bf] 5g\ xfd|f] dfem v8f 5g\ -@_ / o;}n] cf/fwgf u/f}+ k|z+;f hohosf/ pg}nfO{ r9fcf}+ -@_

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&$= o]z"n] lnG5g\ pRr cfb/ o]z"n] lnG5g\ k|z+;f k[YjL :ju{ Ps;fy pRr kf5{g\ c? gfp“eGbf pRr Tof] gfp“ 3'8f 6]sf}+ cfb/ / elQmdf To; gfp“df 6]Sg]5 ;a 3'8f ;a lha|fn] :jLsf?g\ pgL v|Li6 O{Zj/–k' dxf/fhf lbG5f} dlxdf ;a} cfb/ / elQm tkfO{s} x'g\ tkfO{s} x'g\ -@_ k|e' o]z" v|Li6 hLljt O{Zj/sf k'q . &%=

k|]d u5'{ k|e' d :j/ prfN5' cf/fwgf ug{ d]/f] dg /dfcf];\ cfgGb lngf];\ h] ;'Gg'x'G5 ToxL dL7f] cfjfh xf];\ tkfO{sf] sfgdf .

&^= ! ha k|e'sf] cfTdf d]/f] x[bodf 5 d ufp“5' bfpmbem}+ -@_ d ufp“5' d ufp“5' d ufp“5' bfpmbem}+ -@_ @ ha k|e'sf] cfTdf d]/f] x[bodf 5 :t'lt u5'{ bfpmbem}+ -@_ :t'lt u5'{ :t'lt u5'{ :t'lt u5'{ bfpmbem}+ -@_ # ha k|e'sf] cfTdf d]/f] x[bodf 5 tfnL ahfp“5' bfpmbem}+ -@_ tfnL ahfp“5' tfnL ahfp“5' tfnL ahfp“5' bfpmbem}+ -@_ $ ha k|e'sf] cfTdf d]/f] x[bodf 5 d gfR5' bfpmbem}+ -@_ d gfR5' d gfR5' d gfR5' bfpmbem}+ -@_ &&=

o]z" xfdL prfN5f}+ /fhf 3f]if0ff ub{5f} tkfO{nfO{ xfd|f]aLrdf k|z+;f;fy prfNb5f}+ xfd|f] :t'ltdf /fh ug'{xf];\ -#_ cfpgf];\ o]z" /fh ug'{xf];\ .

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&*= /fhsLo kf]zfs NofO{, d's'6 :t'ltsf] r9fO{ -k|e' o]z"nfO{ lbcf}+ zlQm / an_ @ /fhfx?sf /fhf, k/dk|e' o'4df anjfg\ zflGtsf /fhs'df/ . &(=

*)=

wGojfb r9fcf}+ x[bob]lv wGojfb kljq k/d]Zj/nfO{ -@_ wGojfb pxf“n] lbg'ef] o]z" v|Li6 cfˆgf] k'q eg lga{nn] d alnof] 5' u/Lan] d wgL 5' sf/0f pxf“n] h] ug'{ef] -@_ xfd|f]nflu, wGojfb . ljZjf;Ln] k|lt1f b]vL O{Zj/nfO{ dfq x]5{ c;DejnfO{ gx]/]/ eG5 æul/g]5Æ -eG5 ælgZro ul/g]5Æ_ @ c;DejnfO{ gx]/]/ eG5 æul/g]5Æ .

*!= ;]jf u5f}{ dxfg\ k|e'sf] -@_ b"tu0fn] pgsf 9f]U5g\ :ju{ k[YjL k'H5g\ ;]jf u5f}{ dxfg\ k|e'sf] . *@=

/fhfx?sf /fhf, k|e'x?sf k|e' gfp“ pgsf] -o]z"_ $ pgL x'g\ /fhf .

*#= -k|e'åf/f axfb'/L ug]{5f}+, pxf“n] xfd|f zq'nfO{ s'Nrg'ef] xfdL ufp“5f} / s/fp“5f} ho v|Li6 dxfg\ /fhf . sf/0f v|Li6n] ho kfpg'ef] cfˆgfnfO{ 5'8fpg'ef] pxf“s} jrgn] zq' d/]sf k[YjL p7]/ Tof] b]Vg]_ @ *$=

cfpm xfdL pT;j dgfcf}+ pT;j dgfcf}+ k|]dbfgsf] nflu O{Zj/–k'qn] k|]d u/L hLjg lbP :t'lt r9fp“b5f} s;}n] glbg] Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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cfgGb lbg'ef] e]6L lnP/ cfp“b5f} pT;jsf] :t'ltdf cfpm xfdL pT;j dgfcf}+ @ pT;j dgfp“b} ufcf}+ @, /fhfnfO{ . *%=

*^=

*&=

**=

cfcf}+ xfdL cf/fwgf u/f}+ ;[li6stf{s} ;fd' 3'8f 6]sf}+ cfcf}+ xfdL b08jt\ u/f}+, ;[li6stf{s} ;fd' 3'8f 6]sf}+ pxf“ g} xfd|f k/d]Zj/ x'g\ / xfdL pxf“sf] vs{df k|hf / pxf“sf xftsf e]8f xf} / pxf“sf xftsf e]8f xf}+ . /utn] dnfO{ w'G5 /utn] hLjg lbG5 /ut g} d]/f] ;f6f]df cfof] p4f/sf] alnbfg dnfO{ w'G5 lxp“eGbf ;]tf] kf/]/ kf/]/ d]/f o]z" k|e'sf] pQd alnbfg . ddf z'4 x[bo ;[hgf];\ k|e' ;To cfTdf k'ghL{ljt kfgf]{;\ dnfO{ tkfO{sf] ;fd'Gg]af6 gkmfNgf];\ daf6 kljq cfTdf gn}hfgf];\ d'lQmsf] pd· dnfO{ km]l/ lbg'xf];\ ;To cfTdf k'ghL{ljt kfgf]{;\ . ltd|f] OR5f k"/f xf]Ohfcf];\ ltd|f] xftdf d]/f] hLjg 5 d df6f] x'“ ltdL xf} s'dfn] dnfO{ agfpm dnfO{ p7fpm dnfO{ p7fpm cfˆgf] v'zLdf d lxl8/x] ltd|f] s'/f d}n] ;'lgg -t/ k|e' cfh d ltd|f] qm";nfO{ p7fpg] 5'_ @

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*(= d'lQm 5 xfd|f] k|e'df hf] l;+xf;gdf lj/fhdfg\ 5g\ pg} y'dfnfO{ :t'lt, dlxdf, 1fg, wGojfb, cfb/, zlQm / an o]z"nfO{ xf];\ ;bf;j{bf # cfldg . p4f/ kfPsfx? alnof x'G5g\ Pstfdf 3f]if8f ub}{ :t'lt dlxdf, 1fg, wGojfb, cfb/, zlQm / an o]z"nfO{ xf];\ . ()= ! ufpm“ xNn]n"ofx k|e'nfO{ -@_ ufpm“ xNn]n"ofx -@_ ufpm“ xNn]n"ofx k|e'nfO{ . @ o]z" ;+;f/sf Hof]lt x'g\ -@_ o]z" ;+;f/sf -@_ o]z" ;+;f/sf Hof]lt x'g\ . # /fh ug{ km]l/ cfpg]5g\ -@_ /fh ug{ km]l/ -@_ /fh ug{ km]l/ cfpg]5g\ . (!=

(@=

(#=

pT;j dgfcf}+ o]z"sf] pT;j dgfcf}+ @ pgL af}/L p7]sf 5g\ /fHo u5{g\ ;bf;j{bf pgL af}/L p7]sf5g\ cfpm xfdL pT;j dgfcf}+ k'g?Tyfg xfd|f] k|e'sf] . cgGtsfn;Dd} xf];\ tkfO{sf] dlxdf $ x] k/dlktf, x] dxfg\ O{Zj/ x] k'q v|Li6, x] cfTdf kljq -o'ufg'o'u_ # xf];\ -dlxdf_ ^ xf];\ . -ha hfu[lt cfpg]5 of] b]zdf_ @ k"j{b]lv klZrd;Dd, pQ/b]lv blIf0f;Dd ha hfu[lt cpg]5 # of] bzdf -o]z" dfly prflng'x'g]5 of] b]zdf_ @ d]rLb]lv dxfsfnL;dd, lxdfnob]lv t/fO{;Dd o]z"nfO{ ;a}n] b]Vg]5g\ o]z"nfO{ ;a}n] lrGg]5g\ o]z" dfly prflng'x'g]5 of] b]zdf . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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($= o]z"dfly prflnPsf b]Vg rfxG5f} of] b]zdf ;a}n] of] ;To hfg]sf] pgL x'g\ af6f] :ju{sf] rfxG5f} -b]VgnfO{_ @ o]z" prflnPsf kfOnf–kfOnf 6]sL cl3 a9\5f} hUuf cfˆgf] agfp“b} k|fy{gf xf] zlQmzfnL xltof/ lsNnfx? kmf]b}{ eTsfpg] eTsfpg] . (%= k|e' cfTdf vGofpgf];\ ;+;f/sf ;a dflg;x?df tkfO{sf 5f]/f5f]/Ln] af]n"g\ cudjf0fL ;kgf / bz{g k7fO{ cfˆgf] x[bo u'~hfcf];\ tkfO{sf] cfpg] lbg . ca 7"nf] hufpg] sfd x'g]5 ca 7"nf] hfu[lt cfpg]5 o; b]zdf ca 7"nf] hufpg] sfd x'g]5 / h–h;n] o]z"nfO{ k'sf5{g\ tL ;a af“Rg]5g\ . cfTdf vGofpgf];\ ;+;f/sf ;a /fi6«x?df tkfO{sf] dlxdf b]v]/ tL ;an] b08jt\ h?g\ k|e' cfTdf vvGofpg'xf];\ ;+;f/sf ;a /fi6«x?df ktkfO{sf] dlxdf b]v]/ tL ;an] b08jt\ u?G\ k|e' b]vfpgf];\ zlQm, :ju{–k[YjL xNnfO{ ;+;f/ klv{/x]5 ;[li6n] b]v"g\ tkfO{sf] === . (^=

oL lbg x'g\ Plnofsf] em}+ jrg k|rf/ ug]{ oL lbg x'g k|e'sf] bf; df]zfsf] em}+ wfld{stf :yflkt ug]{ o:t} oL lbg x'g\ 7"nf] k/LIff, clgsfn, n8fOsf xfdL xf}+ phf8–:yfgdf s/fpg] :j/ k|e'sf] af6f] agfpm . x]/ pgL cfp“5g\ afbndf ;"o{em}+ rDsb} t'/xLsf] cfjfhdf rsf]{ u/L s/fpm 5'6sf/fsf] jif{, l;of]gaf6 cem}+ cfp“5 p4f/ . oL lbg x'g\ OhlsPnsf em}+ ;'Vvf x8\8L z/L/ aGg] oL lbg x'g\ k|e'sf bf; bfpmbsf] em}+ k|z+;f ug]{ dlGb/ aGg] clg oL lbg x'g\ s6gLsf] ;+;f/sf v]tx? Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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xfdL xf}+ k|e'sf v]tsf v]tfnf jrg 3f]if0ff ug]{ ofx|] em}+ 5g\ k/d]Zj/ === . (&=

hfuf}+ zlQmzfnL hflt v8f xf}+ of] wtL{df lncf}+ t/jf/ cfTdfsf] eTsfpm“ of]hgf zq'sf] ha pxf“ laptg'ef] -@_ o]z" laptg'ef] x/fpg'ef] @ zq'x?nfO{ .

(*= g8/fpm d ltdL;“u 5' -#_ eG5g\ k|e' p4f/ u/L ltdLnfO{ af]nfPsf] 5' ltdL d]/f xf} kfgLaf6 eP/ hfbf d Toxf“ x'g]5' cfuf]df klg ltdL slxNo} hNg] 5}gf}+ ltdL slxNo} hNg] 5}gf}+ sf/0f d ltdL;“u 5' . ((=

;fx;L xf}+ alnof] xf}+ k/dk|e' ltdL;“u 5g\ d 8/fpg] 5}g, 5}g, 5}g, 5}g lg/f; x'g] 5}g, 5}g, 5}g d lx8\b}5' ljZjf; / hodf cfpm lx8f}+ ljZjf; / hodf k/dk|e' ltdL;“u 5g\ .

!))= d]/f] hLjg tkfO{df 5 d]/f] an tkfO{df 5 d]/f] cfzf tkfO{df 5 tkfO{df tkfO{df :t'lt u5'{ ;f/f hLjgn] :t'lt u5'{ ;f/f ann] Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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;f/f hLjgn] d]/f] ;f/f ann] d]/f] ;a} cfzf 5 tkfO{df . !)!= tkfO{ d]/f] an k|e' tkfO{ d]/f] ;xfotf tkfO{ h;nfO{ d k'sf5'{ tkfO{ d]/f] 9fn k|e' d]/f] hLjg ck{G5' sf/0f tkfO{ ;j]{;jf{ d]/f . !)@= o]z" -$_ kljq / clelifQm o]z" tkfO{sf] gfp“ dxem}+ d]/f] lha|f]nfO{ tkfO{sf] cfTdf kfgLem}+ d]/f] cfTdfnfO{ tkfO{sf] jrg lbof]em}+ d]/f] kfpnfO{ o]z" k|]d u5'{ o]z" o]z" af}l/P/ prflnPsf o]z" . !)#= ;f/f cfb/ ;f/f dlxdf, ;f/f zlQm tkfO{nfO{ kljq lktf cf/fwgf u5f}{ cgdf]n o]z" xfd|f] p4f/s kljq cfTdf af6f] x]5f}{ -@_ hfu[ltsf] nflu -#_ !)$= pgL x'G5g\ ;bf y'df l;+xf;gdf v'zL;fy 3'8f 6]sL u5'{ cf/fwgf . !)%= O{Zj/ y'df, kljq o]z" v|Li6 O{Zj/ k'q prflnP /fhL eO{ dg{nfO{ dh:tf] bf]ifLn] hfg" /ut aUof] cem aUb}5 z'4 kfb}{ lgsf] kfb}{ . d pRr kf5'{ o]z" d]/f] alnbfg pRr kf5'{ d'lQmbftf d]/f] k|e' Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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d pRr kf5'{ k/d]Zj/sf] y'df b08jt\ u5'{ tkfO{nfO{ l;+xf;gcl3 . !)^= d agfp“b} zlQmzfnL hflt h;n] ug]{5 d]/f] :t'lt d]/f] cfTdf axg]5 of] b]zdf / x'g]5 d]/f] gfp“sf] dlxdf . agfpgf];\ k|e' cfˆgf] d08nL xfdLx?nfO{ alnof] agfO{ Pp6} agfpgf];\ cfˆgf] z/L/df cfˆg} k'qsf] /fHodf . !)&= :jtGq u/fpg'xf];\ kljq cfTdf xfdLnfO{ -@_ ufpg uLt cf/fwgfsf] o]z"nfO{ cf/fwgf ug{ x[bon] k|]d ug{ zlQmn] -@_ !)*= ;'Vvf eof] d?t'No s] ef] hLjg cd"No < sxf“ uof] xl/ofnL af“emf] eof] wtL{ a;f{p k|e' a;f{p km]l/ cfTdf xfdLdfly e/ k|e' e/ km]l/ hLjg of] vfnL–vfnL . z}tfg xfd|f] u5{ pkxf; k7fpm Tof] x'/L–atf; kfk xfd|f] u5f}{ :jLsf/ kmsf{pm xfd|f] clwsf/ x“;fpm k|e' x“;fpm km]l/ k'5 cf“vf xfd|f] ;hfpm k|e' ;hfpm km]l/ phf8 hLjg xfd|f] . !)(= -cleif]s ug'{xf];\ egf]{;\ kljq cfTdfn]_ @ -tkfO{sf] of]hgf a'em\g ;xfotf ug'{xf];\_ @ -ghLs x'g rfxG5' clt ghLs x'g_ @ ghLs x'g rfxG5' -tkfO{s}_ -#_

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!!)= o?zn]dnfO{ kxf8x?n] 3]/]em}+ k/d]Zj/ 3]5{g\ cfˆgf dflg;x?nfO{ 3]g'{xf]; xfdLnfO{ k|e' -@_ tkfO{sf] pkl:yltdf NofO{ 3]g'{xf];\ xfdLnfO{ k|e' . !!!=

-k/d]Zj/sf] rf]vf] j]bLdf r9fp“5' of] d]/f] hLjg -d]/f] ;f/f x[bon]_ @ -tkfO{nfO{ dlxdf xf];\_ @ ! -d]/f] k/d]Zj/, d]/f] ;xf/f, tkfO{sf] jrg d]/f] Hof]lt_ @ -cGwsf/df klg Hof]lt lbg]_ @ -tkfO{nfO{ dlxdf xf];\_ @ k/d]Zj/sf] rf]vf] j]bLdf === @ -prfN5' d]/f oL b'O xft wGojfbsf] e]6L lbgnfO{_ @ -d]/f] ;f/f x[bon]_ @ -tkfO{nfO{ hohosf/ xf];\_ @ k/d]Zj/sf] rf]vf] j]bLdf === !!@= tkfO{ d]/f k|e' tkfO{ d]/f /fhf tkfO{ clt dlxldt k[YjL / :ju{df cf/fwgf u5'{ d tkfO{ k|e' o]z"nfO{ dlxldt kf5'{ d tkfO{sf] gfp“ . !!#=

k|e' wGojfb k|e' k|z+;f k|e' dlxdf xfdL r9fp“5f} tkfO{sf] k|]dsf] lglDt tkfO{sf] x[bosf] lglDt ufpg] 5f} uLt xfdL ldnL -xNn]n"ofx ===_ #

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!!$= cfb/ / dlxdf / -ho tkfO{nfO{ xf];\_ # cfb/ / dlxdf / ho tkfO{nfO{ xf];\ l;+xf;gdf tkfO{nfO{ :t'lt, :t'lt ;a}n] eg"g\ :t'lt :t'lt, :t'lt l;+xf;gdf tkfO{nfO{ xNn]n"ofx, xNn]n"ofx, xNn]n"ofx -@_ xf === xf === xf === xNn]n"ofx -@_ xNn]n"ofx -$_ cfldg xNn]n"ofx cfldg -%_ !!%= ! lktf cf/fwgf u5'{ d]/f] hLjg ck{0f u5'{ d tkfO{nfO{ k|]d u5'{ . @ o]z" cf/fwgf u5'{ d]/f] hLjg ck{0f u5'{ d tkfO{nfO{ k|]d u5{' . # kljq cfTdf cf/fwgf u5'{ d]/f] hLjg ck{0f u5'{ d tkfO{nfO{ k|]d u5'{ . !!^= abnL ugf]{;\ d]/f] x[bo ;w}+sf] nflu ;f“Rr} abnL ugf]{;\ d]/f] x[bo x'g ;s" tkfO{h:t} tkfO{ s'dfn] d x'“ df6f] agfpgf];\ dnfO{ tkfO{sf] ef8f] . !!&= pT;j dgfp“5' k|e'sf] nflu gof“ uLt d pgsf] ufp“5' -@_ :t'lt u5'{ gof“ uLt d pgsf] ufp“5' -@_ xNn]n"ofx -$_ xNn]n"ofx, xNn]n"ofx .

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!!*= o]z"sf] gfp“df -@_ ljho xfd|f] 5 o]z"sf] gfp“df -@_ z}tfg efUg]5 ha v8f x'G5f} o]z"sf] gfp“df eg sf] l6Sg ;Sb5 < o]z"sf] zlQmzfnL gfp“df, ljho xfd|f] 5 . !!(= d tkfO{nfO{ v|Li6sf] k|]dn] k|]d u5'{ -@_ d tkfO{df b]Vb5' k/d]Zj/sf] ;'Gb/tf d tkfO{nfO{ v|Li6sf] k|]dn] k|]d u5'{ . !@)= ljZjf; u/ lg/fz gxf]pm v|Li6 ;f“rf] ldq x'g\ h:t} b'Mv ePklg pgn] ;fy lbg]5g\ b'Mvsf] lbgdf ufcf}+ ;'vsf] lbgdf ufcf}+ k|ltlbg hxf“ klg xfdL ufpg]5f}+ . !@!= -dlxdf /fhfx?sf /fhfnfO{ dlxdf, dlxdf, y'dfnfO{_ @ l;+xf;gdf lj/fhdfg\ 5g\ wfld{stfsf k/d]Zj/ pgn] xfdLnfO{ arfP pg};“u /fh ug{ p7f}+ === wfld{stfsf] vf]hL ug{ lbP p4f/sf] kf]zfs /fi6«x?nfO{ k|rf/ u/f}+ pgsf] dlxdf, p7f}+ === !@@= cfcf] b08jt\ u/f}+ / lgx'/f}+ xfd|f ;[li6stf{ k/dk|e's} ;fd'' 3'8f 6]sf}+ lsgeg] pxf“ g} xfd|f k/d]Zj/ x'g'x'G5 / xfdL pxf“sf vs{sf k|hf pxf“sf xftsf e]8f xf}+ . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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!@#= of]Uo -#_ of]Uo 5g\ y'df hf] dfl/P -@_ kljq k|e' -#_ ;j{zlQmdfg\ . !@$= kljq, kljq, kljq k|e' zlQmdfg\ k|e' :ju{ k[YjL el/G5 pgsf] dlxdfn] xf];Ggf, xf];Ggf, clt pRrdf -@_ !@%= d]/f] dg wGo eg ddf hf]–hlt 5g\ pgsf] kljq gfp“nfO{ ;an] wGo eg /fhf x'g\ /fhfx?sf, k|e' x'g k|e'x?sf /fhf x'g\ /fhfx?sf, ;w}–;w}sf nflu . !@^= g tf ann] g zlQmn], k|e' eG5g\ d]/f] cfTdfn] -@_ of] kxf8 xl6hfg]5 -#_ k|e' eG5g\ d]/f] cfTdfn] . of] cf“wL yfldg]5 -#_ k|e' eG5g\ d]/f] cfTdfn] . of] h'jf ef“lrg]5 -#_ k|e' eG5g\ d]/f] cfTdfn] . !@&= hxf“ gbL aU5 Toxf“ k"0f{tf lktfsf] jf;:yfgaf6 aUb5 o]z" hLjg x'g\ pgL Tof] gbL hf] cfTdfåf/f xfdLaf6 aUb5g\ . !@*= ! tkfO{sf] gbL5]p cfpg lbgf];\ -#_ cfpg lbgf];\ lkpg lbgf];\ lhpg lbgf];\ . @ tkfO{sf] gbLaf6 lkpg lbgf];\ -#_ cfpg lbgf];\ lkpg lbgf];\ lhpg lbgf];\ . # tkfO{sf] gbLåf/f lhpg lbgf];\ -#_ cfpg lbgf];\ lkpg lbgf];\ lhpg lbgf];\ . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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!@(= ;a} cg'u|x 5 ;a C0f r'sfpgnfO{ /ut kfk d]6fpgnfO{ zlQm ;w}+ z'4 /fVgnfO{ d;Lxdf 5 . !#)= o]z"h:t} -@_ x'g rfxG5' o]z"h:t} yf]/} gfkdf xf]Og pgsf] k"0f{tfdf x'g rfxG5' o]z"h:t} . !#!=

;"of]{bob]lv ;"of{:t;Dd k|e'sf] k|z+;f x'g'k5{ @ k|z+;f u/ pgsf ;a} ;]jsx? xf] pgsf] gfp“sf] k|z+;f pgsf] gfp“ wGosf] xf];\ clxn]b]lv ;bf;j{bf .

!#@= k|e'sf] cfgGb d]/f] an xf] -$_ xf“;f]n] el/G5 d]/f] d'v xf xf xf -#_ k|e'sf] cfgGb d]/f] an xf] xf === xf === xf === xNn]n"ofx -$_ k|e'sf] cfgGb d]/f] an xf] . !##=

-wGojfb o]z" -@_ wGojfb k|]dsf] nflu_ @ -snj/L hfg'ef] Toxf“ tkfO{ dg'{ef] wGojfb k|]dsf] nflu_ @ -tkfO{ lhOp7\g'ef] gof“ hLjg lbg'ef] wGojfb k|]dsf] nflu_ @

!#$= ! o]z–" o]z" d]/f] hLjgsf] :jfdL o]z–" o]z" d]/f] hLjgsf] lsNnf -@_ wGojfbsf] e]6L lnO{ cfp“b5' Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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tkfO{sf] Tof] rf]sleq -@_ tfnL ahfp“b} -$_ @ o]z–" o]z" d]/f] hLjgsf] /fhf o]z–" o]z" v|Li6 d]/f] d'lQmbftf -@_ xNn]n"ofx ufp“b} d cfp“b5' cg'u|xsf] l;+xf;gcl3 -@_ kljq xft prfNb} -$_ !#%= wGo hf] k/dk|e'sf] gfp“df cfp“5g\ wGo hf] k/dk|e'sf] gfp“df cfp“5g\ xNn]n"ofx, xNn]n"ofx . af?s xfjf a]z]d Pbf]gfO af?s xfjf a]z]d Pbf]gfO xNn]n"ofx, xNn]n"ofx . !#^= o]z" -@_ xfd|f] 3d08 s]jn tkfO{ g} o]z" -@_ s]jn tkfO{ g} gd|tfsf] cfTdf lbg'xf];\ 3d08 cledfg ;a} TofUg l;sfpg'xf];\ o]z" -@_ s]jn tkfO{ g} s]jn tkfO{ g} . !#&= ! cg'u|xL k|e' tkfO{ bof b]vfpg'ef] dnfO{ rNg'ef] tkfO{sf] x'gnfO{ dh:tf] t'R5 kfkLnfO{ @ k|]ldnf] k|e' tkfO{ k|]d b]vfpg'ef] dnfO{ ;x'gef] qm";sf] b'MvnfO{ cgGt hLjg lbgnfO{ . !#*= o]z", o]z", k|]d ub{5' k|]d / elQmsf] of]Uo tkfO{ o]z", o]z", k|d ] ub{5' k|]d / elQmsf] of]Uo tkfO{ . !#(= Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


247

dfly lz/ p7fpm cfpg] /fhfnfO{ b08jt\ u/f}+ elQm r9fcf}+, ufcf}+ xf] ufcf}+ pgsf] j}ejnfO{ xfd|f] :t'lt ;w}+ xf];\ kljq dlxdfsf] of]Uo /fhfx?sf /fhfnfO{ . !$)= k|e' prfN5' tkfO{sf] gfp“ :t'lt ufpg rfxG5' tkfO{sf] v'zL 5' tkfO{ xfd|f] hLjgdf cfpg'ef] xfdLnfO{ arfpg cfpg'ef] :ju{af6 k[YjL af6f] b]vfpg k[YjLaf6 qm";df xfd|f] C0f r'sfpg qm";af6 lrxfgdf lrxfgaf6 cfsfzdf prfN5' tkfO{sf] gfp“ . !$!= wGojfb r9fp“5' k|e' dflg;x?sf] aLrdf :t'lt u5'{ hflt–hfltsf] dfemdf dxfg\ 5 tkfO{sf] b[9 k|]d cfsfz;Dd} Tof] dxfg\ 5 / tkfO{sf] ljZjf;of]Uotf 5 afbndfly prflngf];\ x] k|e' ;f/f cfsfzdfly tkfO{sf] dlxdfn] 9fsf];\ k[YjL -@_ !$@= tkfO{sf] :t'lt ug{ -ug]{5'_ @ tkfO{sf] gfp“ dlxldt kfg{nfO{ -kfg]{5'_ @ x/]s l:yltdf wGojfb eGgsf] nflu tkfO{nfO{ k|]d ug{ -ug]{5'_ @ tkfO{sf] cf/fwgf / cf1fkfng ug{ tkfO{sf] nflu d algP . !$#= dxfg\ k|e' tkfO{ clt dxfg\ x'g'x'G5 Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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df/]sf] dgnfO{ xf/]sf] x[bonfO{ -dfof ug'{x'G5_ @ dxfg\ k|e' tkfO{ clt bofn' x'g'x'G5 km'6]sf] d'6'nfO{ 6'6]sf] ;kgfnfO{ -km]l/ hf]8\g'x'G5_ @ dxfg\ k|e' tkfO{ clt dfofn' x'g'x'G5 xtfz hLjgnfO{ lg/fz cfTdfnfO{ -gof“ hLjg lbg'x'G5_ @ !$$= tkfO{sf] d'xf/ ddfly rDsfpg'xf];\ tkfO{sf] ;'Gb/tfn] d]/f] hLjg 9fSg'xf];\ tkfO{sf] ?kdf abL x'grfxG5' tkfO{h:t} dnfO{ agfpg'xf];\ -@_ tkfO{sf] d'xf/ === !$%= :t'lt ug]{5' x] k/d]Zj/ cf/fwgf ug]{5' ;w}+ :t'lt ug]{5' k/d]Zj/ cfˆgf] xft prfNb} ;w}+ d08nLdf o]z" cfTdfdf cf/fwgf ug]{5' ;w}+ d08nLdf o]z" cfˆgf] xft prfNb} ;w}+ kl/jf/df o]z" cfTdfdf cf/fwgf ug]{5' ;w}+ kl/jf/df o]z" cfˆgf] xft prfNb} ;w}+ . !$^= o]z"nfO{ prfnf}+ x] o'jf xf] pgsf] gfp“nfO{ ehf}+ x] o'jf xf] :t'lt of]Uo xfd|f k|e' pgL x'g\ o]z" . !$&= d d]/} xf]Og d d]/} xf]Og lslgPsf] utn] d d]/} xf]Og o]z"s} x'“ d o]z"s} x'“ d lslgPsf] /utn] o]z"s] x'“ d . !$*=

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O{Zjn] lbP Tof] c;n 7fp“ d leq k:5' / /dfp“5' pxf“sf] dlxdf d yfxf u5'{ pxf“sf] /fHo emNsfp“5' pxf“nfO{ :t'lt lbG5f} xfd|f] k|f0f, cfTdf / x[bosf] :j/ vf]nL ;Lw}+ hfG5f}+ lgzfgflt/ sgfgsf] e"lddf . !$(= ljho 5 d]/f] v|Li6df, Ifdf sf/f pgL 6f“luP k"0f{tf 5 d]/f] hLjgdf 5'6sf/f pg}sf] hLjgn] pg};“u /fHo ub}{5' ;a} z}tfgsf] zlQmnfO{ lhTb} k|e' / /fhf v|Li6;“u lhp“b} . !%)= xf];Ggf, xf];Ggf, xf];Ggf dlxdf :t'lt k|z+;f cfh clg ;bf;j{bf cfldg -@_ xf];Ggf, xf];Ggf, xf];Ggf dlxdf :t'lt k|z+;f, k|z+;f, cfh clg ;j{bf cfcf}+ xfdL ;a} ldnL ufcf}+ :t'lt pg}sf] -@_ -pg}nfO{ elQm cfb/ dlxdf ;w}+ r9fcf}+ xfd|f] hLjgdf_ @ !%!=

of]Uo O{Zj/sf] kf7f] ;+;f/sf] p4f/s of]Uo ;w}+ k|z+;f ul/g] of]Uo o]z" tkfO{ of]Uo O{Zj/sf] kf7f] ;+;f/sf] p4f/s of]Uo ;w}+ k|z+;f ul/g] of]Uo .

!%@= rf“8}, w]/} rf“8} xfdL /fhfnfO{ e]6\g]5f}+ rf“8}, w]/} rf“8} xfdL /fhfnfO{ e]6\g]5f}+ rf“8}, w]/} rf“8} xfdL /fhfnfO{ e]6\g]5f}+ xNn]n"ofx, xNn]n"ofx xfd|f] /fhfnfO{ e]6\g]5f}+ . v'zL x'g]5f}+ xfdL xfd|f] /fhfnfO{ e]6\g]5f}+ d[To" x'b}g xfdL xfd|f] /fhfnO{ e]6\g]5f}+ ?jfO x'b}g xfdL xfd|f] /fhfnfO{ e]6\g]5f}+ . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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!%#= oL cf]7n] ;bf tkfO{sf] k|z+;f ufO/x'g oL cf“vfn] ;bf tkfO{nfO{ vf]lh/x'g d]/f] of] x[bon] ;bf tkfO{sf] Kof/sf] rfxgf u/f];\ oL d]/f b'O xftx?n] k|]dsf] vflt/ ;]jf u?g\ k/d k/d]Zj/nfO{ wGojfb ;bf dg'{ef] qm";df dh:tf]n] ubf{ e'Ng] d 5}g k|]dsf] anbfg k|z+;f hohosf/ O{Zj/ dxfg\ -@_ !%$= -k|e' lhp“bf] kfgL lbg'xf];\_ # daf6 vf]nf au]/ lgl:sof];\ daf6 vf]nf au]/ lgl:sof];\ . lhp“bf] kfgL lkpg] OR5f 5 of] kfgL dnfO{ lbg'xf];\ tkfO{sf] zlQm lbgx' rflxG5 tkfO{sf] vf]nf au]/ lgl:sof];\ tkfO{sf] vf]nf alulgl:sof];\ . km;n kfs]sf] h:tf] b]lvG5 xfdLn] a6'Ng'kg]{ xf] tkfO{sf] cfTdf x'g' cfjZos 5 xfd|f] srf}/f e/]/ kf]lvof];\ xfd|f] srf}/f kf]lvof];\ . !%%= :t'ltsf] of]Uo tkfO{ xf] :t'ltsf] of]Uo tkfO{ xf] cf/fwgf u5'{ b08jt\ u5'{ k|e' :t'ltsf] of]Uo :t'ltsf] of]Uo tkfO{ xf] .

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!%^= wGo 5f} o]z", wGo 5f} o]z", wGo 5f} o]z" wGojfb r9fp“5', wGojfb r9fp“5' k|e' . !%&= wGo 5 unuyfnfO{ wGo 5 tkfO{sf] ljhonfO{ wGo 5 tkfO{sf] cd"No /utnfO{ wGo 5f}+ af}/L p7\g'ef] tkfO{ . !%*= x] d]/f] cfTdf, k/dk|e'nfO{ wGo eg\ ddf ePsf h]–hlt 5g\ tL ;a}n] pxf“sf] kljq gfp“nfO{ wGosf] eg"g\ !%(= ! Pp6} agfpg'xf];\, Pp6} agfpg'xf];\ Pp6} agfpg'xf];\, xfdLnfO{ Pp6} agfpg'xf];\, Pp6} agfpg'xf];\ Pp6} agfpg'xf];\, xfdLnfO{ . @ Pp6} agfpg'xf];\ lktfsf] gfp“df lktfsf] gfp“df xfdLnfO{ Pp6} agfpg'xf];\ lktfsf] gfp“df lktfsf] gfp“df xfdLnfO{ . # Pp6} agfpg'xf];\ o]z"sf] gfp“df o]z"sf] gfp“df xfdLnfO{ Pp6} agfpg'xf];\ o]z"sf] gfp“df o]z"sf] gfp“df xfdLnfO{ . $ Pp6} agfpg'xf];\ kljqfTdfdf kljqfTdfdf xfdLnfO{ Pp6} agfpg'xf];\ kljq cfTdfdf kljqfTdfdf xfdLnfO{ .

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!^)= ! r'k nfu, hfg d O{Zj/ x'“ -#_ @ d k|e' ltdLnfO{ arfpg] -#_ # d k|e' ltdLnfO{ lgsf] kfg]{ -#_ $ d k|e' ltdLnfO{ Kof/f] ug]{ -#_ % r'k nfu, hfg d O{Zj/ x'“ . !^!= ! ;w}+ cfgGb u/ of] k|e'sf] OR5f xf] -#_ v|Li6 o]z"df ltd|f]nflu . @ lg/Gt/ k|fy{gf u/ of] k|e'sf] OR5f xf] -#_ v|Li6 o]z"df ltd|f]nflu . # ;a yf]sdf wGo dfg, of] k|e'sf] OR5f xf] -#_ v|Li6 o]z"df ltd|f]nflu . !^@= pb]ssf] k|]d 5 o]z"sf] pb]ssf] k|]d 5 o]z"sf] pb]ssf] k|]d 5 o]z"sf] clt pb]ssf] k|]d cUnf] 5 k'Ug ;lStg ulx/f] 5 8'Ag ;lSbg rf}8f 5 gfKg ;lStg clt pb]ssf] k|]d . !^#= ofx|]sf] gfp“nfO{ pRr kfg]{5f}+ ;f/f ;[li6sf] dflnsnfO{ prfNg]5f}+ ;bf;j{bf ofx|]sf] gfp“nfO{ pRr kfg]{5f}+ pgsf] gfp“nfO{ pRr, ;f/f ;[li6sf] dflnsnfO{ prfNg]5f}+ ;bf–;bf . !^$= xf === xf === xf === xf === xNn]n"ofx -@_ k/dk|e' d]/f ;xfos d]/f elQmsf r§fg d]/f cfzfsf lsNnf tkfO{sf] k|]dsf] afx'nLn] 8f]¥ofpg'xf];\ dnfO{ tkfO{sf] cflTds zlQmn] 8f]¥ofpg'xf];\ dnfO{ . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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!^%= /fhfx?sf /fhf xNn]n"ofx k|e'x?sf k|e' xNn]n"ofx xNn]n"ofx ufp“5f} :t'lt tkfO{sf] cfb/, elQm, b08jt\ u5f}{ -@_ dlxdfsf /fhfnfO{ cfb/, :j/ prfnL ho ufp“5f}+ b08jt\ ub{5f}+ cf/fwgf, elQm r9fp“5f}+ l;+xf;gdf lj/fhdfg\ v|Li6 o]z" k|e'nfO{ -@_ !^^= ! of] ;fgf] lbof] o]z"sf], aln/xg b]pm -#_ x/ ;do, x/ 7fp“df Hof]lt b]pm -@_ @ jl/l/sf] l5d]sLdf Hof]lt k'¥ofOb]pm -#_ x/ ;do x/ hut\ Hof]lt b]pm . # z}tfgn] o;nfO{ km'S5 ls, x}g aNg b]pm -#_ x/ ;do, x/ 7fp“df Hof]lt b]pm . $ 8fnf]n] o;nfO{ 5f]K5 ls, x}g aNg b]pm -#_ x/ ;do, x/ 7fp“df Hof]lt b]pm . !^&= zfnf]d, ;fyL xf] -@_ zfnf]d zfnf]d -@_ k|e'sf] zflGt ltdL;“u xf];\ -@_ zfnf]d, zfnf]d . !^*= a"9f afh] g]cfn] hxfh agfP dflg;x? cfP/ luNnf u/] -@_ kz'–kIfL / k|f0fL leq k;] rfnL; lbg, rfnL; /ft kfgL kl/aS:of] ;a} e"ld / kj{t 8'lauP a"9f afh] gf]cf ;'/lIft /x] -@_

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!^(= :t'lt, k|z+;f, cfb/, elQm, wGojfb ;j{zlQmdfg\ k/d]Zj/nfO{ -@_ :t'ltsf of]Uo k|e'nfO{ dlxdf xf];\ ;bf ;f/f :ju{ / k[YjLdf -@_ kljq k/dk|e'nfO{ k|z+;f hohosf/ /fhfx?sf /fhfnfO{ -@_ cfldg, cfldg, cfldg k|e' -@_ !&)= k|]d vf]nfh:tf] aU5 tkfO{ / daf6 aU5 af“emf] 7fp“nfO{ lehfp“5, lgjf{x ;anfO{ ub{5 zflGt === cfgGb === !&!= sf]M s:tf] abnfp ddf, s:tf] abnfp ddf s:tf] abnfp ddf, ha o]z"sxf“ uP“ ! ;w}+ vfg] yf]s d}n] vfg 5f]8] -#_ ha o]z"sxf“ uP . @ ;w}+ lkpg] yf]s, d}n] lkg 5f]8] -#_ ha o]z"sxf“ uP . # ;w}+ hfg] 7fp“ d hfg 5f]8] -#_ ha o]z"sxf“ uP . !&@= dxfg\ ljZjf;of]Uo -@_ axfg–laxfg} gof“ bfg kfp“5' tkfO{n] lbg'ef] hlt rflxG5 dxfg\ ljZjf;of]Uo -@_ O{Zj/ d]/f . !&#= k|an xfd|f] hLjgsf] 5'6sf/f lbg] k|e' xfdL cfp“5f} tkfO{sf] r/0fdf ;]jf ub}{ -@_ 3f]if0ff ub{5f} ljho k|e' o]z"sf] -@_ pxf“sf xfdL r'lgPsf ;]gf xf}+ -@_ Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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!&$= d leq, aflx/, dfly, tn ;w}+ v'zL 5' -@_ ha o]z" cfpg'ef] d]/f] kfk ;a w'g'ef] d leq, aflx/, dfly, tn, ;w}+ v'zL 5' . !&%= ! dl;t hfcf}+ lktfsf] 3/df lktfsf] 3/df lktfsf] 3/df dl;t hfcf}+ lktfsf] 3/df hxf“ cfgGb, cfgGb 5 . @ ;'gsf] ;8s 5 -lktfsf] 3/df_ # ;'gsf] ;8s 5 lktfsf] 3/df hxf“ cfgGb, cfgGb 5 . # ?g' kb}{g -lktfsf] 3/df_ # ?g kb}{g lktfsf] 3/df hxf“ cfgGb, cfgGb 5 . !&^= r§fgsf] dxeGbf dL7f -@_ k|e' r§fgsf] dxeGbf dL7f 5g\ rflvx/ k|e' enf] 5g\ k|e' r§fgsf] dxeGbf dL7f 5g\ . !&&= ! O{Zj/n] cfˆgf] k'qnfO{ ;+;f/df k7fP / qm";df d/Lsg xfdLnfO{ arfP s] lbg' < s] lbg' < Tof] a8f] k|]dsf] ;f6f]df s] lbg' pgnfO{ d < @ d clt ;fgf] kf7f]nfO{ ls pgnfO{ dgk5{ / d}n] lbPsf] yf]s pgn] u|x0f u5{g\ s] lbg < s] lbg' < d ;w}+ afOan k9\5' cf1fsf/L x'gnfO{ d ;w}+ k|fy{gf ub{5' pgsf] OR5f a'em\gnfO{ .

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!&*= dlxdf b]pm cfb/ pg}nfO{ pgL /fhfx?sf /fhf x'g\ :j/ prfn rsf]{ :t'ltdf o]z" k/d]Zj/sf k'qnfO{ -@_ !&(= eg, eg ;a}n] -xNn]n"ofx, xNn]n"ofx_] # v|Li6sf] k|]d clt 7"nf] 5 s7f]/ kfkL x[bo tf]8\g] cGwsf/df n'lsa:g] dfG5]nfO{ vf]lhe]ยงfpg] -@_ v|Li6sf] k|]d clt w]/} 5 ;+;f/n] lbg} g;Sg] v'zL pgsf] crDdsf] 5, vf]h]/ vf]Hg} g;Sg] . !*)= w]/} k|]d, w]/} elQm tkfO{ a9\gf]; hLjgdf -@_ cf/fwgf u5'{ d]/f] d"/f x[bon] cf/fwgf u5'{ d]/f] k"/f dgn] cf/fwgf u5'{ d]/f] k"/f ann] tkfO{ d]/f k/d]Zj/ tkfO{ d]/f . !*!= k/d]Zj/sf] /fh vfglkgdf xf]Og t/ wfld{stf, zflGt, cfgGb -@_ wfld{stf, zflGt / cfgGb, kljq cfTdfdf -@_ !*@= ! a'l4dfg\n] 3/ rยงfgdf agfof] -#_ / kfgL kg{yfNof] kfgL k/]/ en cfof] -#_ / a'l4dfg\sf] 3/ cl8of] . @ d"v{n] 3/ afn'jfdf agfof] -#_ / kfgL kg{yfNof] kfgL k/]/ en cfof] -#_ / d'v{sf] 3/ elTsof] . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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!*#= o]z" Kof/ u5{g\ afnsnfO{ ;+;f/sf ;a afnsnfO{ uf]/f, sfnf ;a} g} pgsf] lglDt 5g\ Kof/f -o]z" Kof/ u5{g afnsnfO{ ;+;f/sf ;a afnsnfO{_ @ wgL, ul/a ;a} g} pgsf] lglDt 5g\ Kof/f o]z" Kof/f u5{g afnsnfO{ ;+;f/sf ;a afnsnfO{ o]z" Kof/ u5{g afnsnfO{ 1fgL, d"v{ ;a} g} pgsf] lglDt 5g\ Kof/f cUnf, k'8\sf === df]6f, b'Anf === !*$= -o]z" d x'“ tkfO{sf] e]8f tkfO{ d]/f c;n uf]7fnf] 8f]¥ofpgf];\ dnfO{ tkfO{;fy–;fy ;dfpglbgf];\ tkfO{sf] xft_ @ !*%= lkO{ g;Sg] Kofnf lkpg'ef] ;xL g;Sg] si6 ef]Ug'ef] t/ tkfO{ dlxldt aGg'ef] clg dnfO{ k|]d ug'{ef] cf/fwgf u5'{ -#_ lhp“bf] o]z" -@_ !*^= cfpg'xf];\ k|e' -@_ cfpg'xf];\ k|e', d]/f] x[bodf tkfO{sf] pkl:yltn] dnfO{ ;w}+ eg'{xf];\ cfpg'xf];\ o]z", cfpg'xf];\ kljq cfTdf . !*&= -eml/sf] k|e' tkfO{nfO{ k'sfb{5f} el/sf] k|e' xfdL Kof;L 5f}+_ @ eml/sf] k|e' cfpgf];\ hfu[t u/fpg'xf];\ -eml/sf] k|e'_ @] @ cfpm tfhf agfpg'xf];\ -eml/sf] k|e'_ @] @ cfpm Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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gof“ hLjg Nofpg'xf];\ -eml/sf] k|e'_ gof“ bfvdB lkofpg'xf];\ -eml/sf] k|e'_ cfpm, eml/ cfpm -^_ cfpm, cfTdf cfpm -^_ -eml/sf] k|e' tkfO{nfO{ k'sfb{5f} eml/sf] k|e' xfdL Kof;L 5f}+_ @ eml/sf] k|e' cfpgf];\ . !**= k|e' ltd|f] lglDt d uLt ufp“5' ;f/f pQd k|of;n] d uLt ufp“5' ltdL 5f}+ d]/f]5]p ltdL 5f} d]/f] ;fy -d]/f] uLtn] k|e' ltdLnfO{ prfN5'_ @ -oL d]/f zAb–zAbdf ;f/f pRrf/0fx?df cfjfh ePsf ;·Ltx?df_ @ hLjg eP/ ltdL dleq 5f} lhpg] sf/0f aGg l;sfPsf] 5f} ltdL 5f} d]/f]5]p ltdL 5f} d]/f];fy d]/f] uLtn] k|e' ltdLnfO{ prfN5' . !*(= tkfO{sf] cfb/ ug]{ rfxgf ;Dk"0f{ x[bosf] cf/fwgf ddf ePsf] ;an] d :t'lt u5'{ d]/f] ;a} elQm 5 tkfO{df k|e' ck{0f u5'{ d]/f] x[bo k|f0f tkfO{sf] nflu lhp“5' ha Zjf; d lnG5' hfuf /xG5' ta tkfO{sf] nflu lhp“5' tkfO{n] rfx'gePem}+ xf];\ ddf -@_ !()= k|z+;fsf] of]Uo k|e' cfb/ / elQm dlxdfsf] of]Uo k|e'x?sf k|e' tkfO{ /fhfx?sf klg /fhf Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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tkfO{ dfq xfd|f] d'lQmbftf o;}n] xfdL ufp“5f}+ / eG5f}+ xNn]n"ofx -@_ !(!= pxf“sf] kljq 8f“8fdf xfd|f k/d]Zj/sf] zx/df k/dk|e'df dxfg\ / pRr :t'ltsf] of]Uo x'g'x'G5 -@_ !(@= d 7"nf] ;efdf p4f/sf] ;';dfrf/ ;'gfpg]5' d]/f cf]7x? d aGb ug]{ 5}g d d]/f] x[bodf tkfO{sf] wfld{stfnfO{ n'sfplbg tkfO{sf] ljZjf;of]Uotf d 3f]if0ff ug]{5' tkfO{sf] k|]d, ;Totf d ;bf ufpg]5' tkfO{sf] k|]d, s[kfdf d xlif{t x'g]5' / ufpg]5' ;'/lIft 5' of] k|]ddf . !(#= ;[li6sf] pQd ;[li6df dfgj tkfO{n] agfpg'ef] cfˆg} :j?kdf ;[lhP/ cfˆg} /ut aufP/ xfdLnfO{ arfpg'ef] -@_ wGojfb === wGojfb -$_ !($= o]z"n] dnfO{ d'lQm lbg'ef] -$_ o;}sf/0f ufpg]5' ;anfO{ ;'gfpg]5' Pp6} /fhf o]z" v|Li6 g} x'g\ -@_ xNn]n"ofx, cfldg, xNn]n"ofx -$_ o]z"n] dnfO{ Ifdf lbg'ef] -$_ o]z"n] dnfO{ hLjg lbg'ef] -$_ Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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o]z"n] o]z"n] o]z"n] o]z"n]

dnfO{ dnfO{ dnfO{ dnfO{

cflzif\ lbg'ef] -$_ zflGt lbg'ef] -$_ cfgGb lbg'ef] -$_ ;ayf]s lbg'ef] -$_

!(%= ! -h;} tkfO{sf] zlQmsf 3f]if0ff u5f}{ h;} tkfO{sf] gfp“sf] k|z+;f u5f}{_ @ 6'6]sf] x[bo hf]8\g'xf];\ aGwg ;a km'sfpg'xf];\ cGwsf/ x6fpg'xf];\ -xf];Ggf, df/fgfyf_ $ @ -h;} tkfO{df ;fx|} v'zL x'G5f}+ h;} tkfO{df x[bo /dfp“b5_ @ xif{sf] t]n vGofpg'xf];\ wfld{stf klx¥ofpg'xf];\ cleif]s k7fpg'xf];\ -xf];Ggf, df/fgfyf_ $] @ cfpg'xf];\ x] o]" cfpg'xf];\ x] o]z" . !(^= nfU5 ufpg dg nfU5 -@_ nfU5 gfRg dg nfU5 v|Li6sf] lglDt ufpg dg nfU5 v|Li6sf] lglDt gfRg dg nfU5 !(&= -h;} ltd|f] cf/fwgf u5'{ ltd|f] dlxldt d'xf/nfO{ x]5'{_ @ ltd|f] pkl:yltleq ha k:5' ltd|f] k|]dsf] cg'ej u5'{ nfu]sf rf]6 / 3ft x[bosf lgsf] x'G5g\ -cfTdf / z/L/sf] /f]u lgsf] x'G5_ @] @ !(*= cf/fwgf u5'{ d]/f] hLjgel/ -@_ xft prfNb} tkfO{sf] :t'lt ufp“5' -@_ tkfO{sf] gfp“ wGosf] eGb5' Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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x[bo k|f0f;d]t d ufp“b5' o]z" cf/fwgf u5'{ -#_ d]/f O{Zj/ / d]/f /fhf . !((= aufpg'xf];\ -@_ gbL hLjgsf] k|e' tkfO{sf] l;+xf;gb]lv d]/f] hLjgdf km]l/ -@_ k|e' aufpg'xf];\ ddf -@_ k7fpg'xf];\ -@_ cfTdf xfdLdfly k|lt1f k"/f ug'{xf];\ d]/f] hLjgdf tkfO{sf] bz{g lbg'xf];\ dnfO{ -@_ a;f{pg'xf];\ === vGofpg'xf];\ === @))= d tkfO{sf] d'xf/ x]g{ rfxG5' d tkfO{sf] d'xf/ vf]hL u5'{ -@_ cf/fwgf u5'{ kljqtfsf] ;'Gb/tfdf -@_ x[bo ;a vf]nL cfp“5' -@_ :t'lt ufpg -$_ xNn]n"ofx, xNn]n"ofx -@_ @)!= -wGo xf];\ tkfO{sf] gfp“_ $ -tkfO{ xfd|f] r§fg xfd|f] k|e'_ @ -o]z"n] /fHo u5{g\ k[YjLdf_ $ -of] ljZj g} k/dk|e'sf] xftdf 5_ @ @)@= sf]dn x[bo lbg'xf];\ dnfO{ tkfO{sf] k|]d cg'ej ug{nfO{ r"0f{ x[bo lg'xf];\ dnFO{ tkfO{sf] jf;:yfg aGgnfO{ tkfO{sf] pkl:ylt, d]/f] cfgGbsf] e/k"/L Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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tkfO{sf] cfgGb g} d]/f] ;fdy{ -ho ufp“5'_ @ tkfO{sf] . @)#= oz}of -#_ eG5g\ k|e' ;f/f k[YjLsf ;[li6stf{ x'g\ pgL alnof / ;fdyL{, pgsf] ;dem c;Lldt b'a{nnfO{ an lbg], zlQmxLgnfO{ zlQm lbg] -@_ o]z" ;fdyL{ of] xf] cfTdfsf] ;do -%_ rLnem}+ pef] p8\g] cfTdfdf e/k"/ x'g] gjLg ;fdy{ kfpg] oz}of eG5g\ === of] xf] km;nsf] ;do -%_ l;kfxLem}+ n8fO n8\g] k|e'sf] /fhO Nofpg] ljhosf] em08f uf8\g] . @)$= hfu[lt k7fpg'xf];\ x] xfd|f :juL{o lktf tkfO{sf] gfp“ kljq xf];\ tkfO{sf] /fHo cfcf];\ . tkfO{sf] gfp“ kljq xf];\ tkfO{sf] /fHo cfcf];\ tkfO{sf] OR5f h:tf] :ju{df 5 To:t} o; k[YjLdf k"/f xf];\ . d efn] af:bf p7\g]5', :t'lt–k|z+;f r9fpg]5' d pgsf] gfp“nfO{ dlxldt kfg]{5' dl//x]sf cfTdfsf] d'lQm / p4f/sf] nflu cGt/laGtLsf] k|fy{gf r9fpg]5' . d kf“r} ah] p7\g]5' :t'lt–k|z+;f r9fpg]5' d pgsf] gfp“nfO{ dlxldt kfg]{5' nfvf}+–nfvf}+ dflg;n] o]z" k|e'nfO{ u|x0f u/L d'lQm / p4f/ kfPsf] d b]Vg]5' . @)%= tkfO{sf] k|hf xfdL tkfO{nfO{ prfN5f}+ Ps} dgsf eO{ xfd|f] xft prfnL tkfO{nfO{ r9fp“5f} dlxdf ;bf–;bfnfO{ -@_ xfd|f] :j/ prfnL tkfO{nfO{ r9fp“5f} :t'lt v'zL eO{ . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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o]z" xfd|f /fhf, /fh ug'{x'G5 ;bf–;bf xfd|f] hLjgdf, b]zdf, ;+;f/df] -@_ @)^= ;]gfx?sf] k|e' xfd|f] k/d]Zj/ ;f/f ;[li6sf k|e' xfd|f] dflns af}/L p7]sf o]z" xfd|f] zlQm k|e'x?sf k|e' xfd|f] p4f/ pgL xfd|f] r§fg, lsNnf, e/f];f -@_ x[bo vf]nL ufp“5f} hosf] Wjlg ho /fhf o]z"nfO{ cfb/ /fhf o]z"nfO{ dlxdf /fhf o]z"nfO{ k|z+;f /fhf o]z"nfO{ uf}/j /fhf o]z"nfO{ . @)&= prfN5' o]z"sf] gfp“ k'sf{5' o]z"s} gfp“ of] gfp“df zlQm 5 of] gfp“df hLjg 5 . lngf];\ k|e' of] d]/f] hLjg lbgf];\ dnfO{ k"0f{ zlQm egf]{;\ ddf v'zL cfgGb u5'{ ;w}+ tkfO{s} elQm @)*= xfdL c6fpg ;St}gf} tkfO{ dxfg\ k|e'nfO{ xfdL a'em\g ;St}gf}+ tkfO{ pb]ssf] k|e'nfO{ xfdLdf zlQm 5}g, efif 5}g, j0f{g ug{ tkfO{ k|e'sf] . tkfO{sf] dlxdfdf x]5f}{ / b08jt\ u5f}{ ;bf tkfO{sf] sfdnfO{ x]5f}{ / b08jt\ u5f}{ ;bf . @)(= eoof]Uo k|e' slt dxfg\ -$_ eg'{xf];\ dnfO{ tkfO{sf] eon] Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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eg'{xf];\ dnfO{ tkfO{sf] k|]dn] tkfO{nfO{ wGosf] eG5' tkfO{sf] af6f] d x]5'{ -@_ @!)= xfdL plePsf 5f} tkfO{sf] l;+xf;gcl3 cf/fwgf ug{ tkfO{ lhp“bf] o]z"nfO{ prfNg tkfO{sf] gfp“nfO{ b08jt\ ug{ k|e'x?sf k|e' o]z"nfO{ o;}n] ca axfpg'xf];\ tkfO{sf] l;+xf;gaf6 x] k|e' axfpg'xf];\ k|]dsf] vf]nf axfpg'xf];\ zlQmsf] vf]nf axfpg'xf];\ cflzif\sf] vf]nf axfpg'xf];\ k|]dsf] vf]nf . @!!= xfdL k|z+;fsf] dflg; o]z"sf] k|z+;f u/f}+ pgsf] dlxdf / k|z+;fn] ;f/f k[YjL 9flslbpm / prfnf}+ o]z"nfO{ ;a} b]jx?eGbf dfly -@_ b]jx?df tkfO{ dxfg\ kljqtfdf clt l;4 pb]ssf] / eoof]Uo, sfd ug]{ k/d]Zj/ / prfN5f}+ tkfO{nfO{ ;a} b]jx?eGbf dfly . @!@= xfdL ljhL x'g]5f}+ -@_ o]z"sf] /utdf o]z"sf] zlQmdf ;a} zq'dfly cfh xfdL ljhoL x'g]5f}+ -@_ o]z"sf] /utn] o]z"sf] zlQmn] ;a} zq'dfly cfh cfcf}+ o]z"nfO{ prfnf}+ ;a} ldnL cfcf}+ o]z"sf] :t'lt ufpm“ ;a} ldnL . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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@!#= -k/dk|e' /fh ug'{x'G5 ;bf l;ofg]df ;bf lj/fhdfg\_ @ -pgsf] /fHosf] 3f]if0ff u/f}+ pgsf] /fHodf ;a} /dfpg]5g\_ @ -OG;fkm / cfgGb / wfld{stf x'g]5 pgsf] /fHodf ;bf_ @ @!$= xfdL wGo 5f}+ cfˆgf] x'gnfO{ 5fGg'ef] tkfO{sf] dlGb/df /xgnfO{ ghLs Nofpg'ef] xfdL vf]Hb5f}+ tkfO{sf] ejgdf tkfO{nfO{ xfdL af“Rg ;Sb}gf} tkfO{ljgf k|e' cfpg'xf];\ kljq ejgdf xfd|f] cf/fwgfdf o; :yfgdf, o; ;·Ltdf . @!%= tkfO{sf] pkl:ylt g} oy]i7 5 -@_ cflzif\nfO{ xf]Og tkfO{nfO{ vf]Hb5f}+ -@_ xfd|f] :t'lt k|z+;f, cf/fwgf k|e' tkfO{ g} cfpg'xf];\ xfd|f] laGtL ;'Gg'xf];\ cf;g u|x0f ug'[{xf];\ -@_ ca t cfpg'xf];\ -#_ d08nLsf] uf}/j [/fhfnfO{] -@_ k'Hb5f}+ . @!^= ljZjf; u5'{, k'sf/ u5'{, hLjg d ck{0f u5'{ ltdLdf s]jn ltdLdf [s]jn o]z" ltdLdf] -@_ e/f];f /fV5' z/0f k5'{ ;+;f/nfO{ ToflulbG5' ltdLdf s]jn ltdLdf [s]jn o]z" ltdLdf] -@_ ;“u} lx8\5' qm";nfO{ cufN5' d[To"kfl/ pbfp“5' ltdLdf s]jn ltdLdf [s]jn o]z" ltdLdf] -@_

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@!&= wGosf] eG5f}+ k|e'sf] gfp“nfO{ -@_ xfdL k|]d u5f}{ o]z"sf] gfp“nfO{ -@_ ;d'Gb|sf] afn'jf, cfsfzsf tf/feGbf w]/} tkfO{sf] k|]d -@_ ufp“5f} xNn]n"ofx ;bf–;bf /fhf o]z"nfO{ ufp“5f} :t'lt–dlxdf ;bf–;bf /fhf o]z"nfO{ . @!*= tkfO{sf] k|]dn] dnfO{ dlxldt kfg'{x'G5 vfg'{x'G5 gof“ t'Nofpg'x'G5 d]/f] k|f0f, cfTdf, z/L/n] tkfO{nfO{ k|]d u5'{ tkfO{sf] k|]d u|x0f ub{5' . @!(= ghLs, ghLs, ghLs cfp“5' tkfO{sf] t[Kt–t[Kt agfpg'xf];\ dnfO{ k|]dn] ghLs, ghLs c·fNg'xf];\ dnfO{ k|]dn] x[bo cem t[lift 5, lkpg k|]d tkfO{sf]] -@_ xft a9fpg'xf];\ k|]dsf] a9fpg'xf];\ sf]7f x[bosf] c6fpg k|]d tkfO{sf] -@_] # @@)= d]/f lk|o ;'Gb/ b; xhf/df Ps -@_ pgsf] lz/, lgSv'/ ;'gsf] pgsf] z/L/ gLndl0fn] h8]sf] pgsf] ;'Gb/ d'xf/ [nafgf]gh:tf]] -@_ ltd|f] af6f] x]5'{ k|]dn] Jofs'n 5' -@_ d]/f] afudf atf; rnf];\ rf/}lt/ ;'af;gf km}lnof];\ -@_ kmn rflvb]pm -d]/f] au}+rfsf]_ -@_ @@!= -kljq cfTdf cfpg'xf];\ xfdLdf_ # -x[bosf] åf/ vf]nL af]nfp“5f} tkfO{nfO{_ @ Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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-kljq cfTdf cfpg'xf];\ xfdLdf_ # -x[bosf] åf/ vf]nL u|x0f u5f}{ tkfO{nfO{_ @ -kljq cfTdf cfpg'xf];\ xfdLdf_ # -x[bosf] åf/ vf]nL af]nfp“5f} tkfO{nfO{_ @] @ -x[bosf] åf/ vf]nL u|x0f u5f}{ tkfO{nfO{_ $ @@@= hfu[lt k7fpm -$_ d08nLsf] rLTsf/, hfu[lt k7fpm b]znfO{ arfpm, hfu[lt k7fpm s[kf kf]vfpm, hfu[lt k7fpm . @@#= kljq agfpg'xf];\ o]z" dnfO{ tfls tkfO{nfO{ b]Vg ;s" kljq agfpg'xf];\ o]z" dnfO{ tfls tkfO{nfO{ u|x0f ug{ ;s" kljq agfpg'xf];\ o]z" dnfO{ tfls tkfO{sf] ;]jf ug{ ;s" kljq o]z"sf] qm";n] kljq o]z"sf] /utn] kljq o]z"sf] d[To"n] kljq o]z"sf] hLjgn] . @@$= cfO/x]sf 5f}+ -#_ y'dfsf] /utsf] sf/0f 5'g l;+xf;gnfO{ cfO/x]sf 5f}+ -@_ b08jt\ ug{ o]z"nfO{ cf/fwgf ug{ k|e'nfO{ cfO/x]sf 5f}+ -#_

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@@%= s;/L r'sfpm of] C0f tkfO{nfO{ s;/L e'n" of] k|]d tkfO{sf] x[bo km'6] cfp“5 === ha ;DemG5' unuyfnfO{ of] hLjg lbP/ klg x'Gg ca s] u? d < of] hLjgdf d5'{ k|ltlbg dlxdf xf];\, ;bf–;bf === nfO{ . @@^= xfd|f] Pp6} rfxgf x[bosf] ulx¥ofOdf ;To x'g xfd|f] Pp6} rfxgf y'dfsf] /utdf z'4 x'g xfd|f] Pp6} rfxgf xfd|f] k|e'nfO{ dlxdf lbg -kljq, kljq, kljq, kljq xfd|f k/d]Zj/_ @ xfd|f] Pp6} rfxgf o]z"sf] hLjgdf ;fy x'g xfd|f] Pp6} rfxgf o]z"sf] k|]ddf dUg x'g xfd|f] Pp6} rfxgf kljq b'nxL pgsL x'g -{xfd|f b'nxf} $ ca cfpg'xf];\_ @] @ -c·fngf];\_ $, xfd|f] hLjgnfO{] @ @@&= d kf]lvg rfxG5' c3{–alnem}+ x[bo d]/f] r8fO{ 5'g rfxG5' tkfO{sf] x[bo . ca ;xg ;lSbg b"/ /xg w]/} c·fNg'xf];\ dnfO{ t[Kt agfpg'xf];\ tkfO{sf] k|]dn] . @@*= k|e' dnfO{ arfpm cflTds ;Gt'li6af6 cem klg lkpg rfxG5' ltd|f] gbLaf6 b"/af6 xf]Og Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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ghLsdf cfpg rfxG5' d]/f] x[bo hf“r k|e' cem el/g rfxG5' kljq cfTdfn] cem klg lx8\g rfxG5' ltd|f] af6f]df ;w}+ /xg rfxG5' ltd|f] pkl:yltdf dnfO{ lhp“bf] agfpm . @@(= h;n] cr"s k|]d k|e'sf] rfv]sf 5g\ ;a}n] eg"g\ [cfldg, k|z+;f xf];\] @ h;n] cb\e't sfd k|e'sf] b]v]sf 5g\ ;a}n] eg"g [cfldg, k|z+;f xf];\] @ h;n] z}tfgdfly ljho kfPsf 5g\ ;a}n] eg"g [cfldg, k|z+;f xf];\] @ cfldg k|z+;f xf];\ o]z"sf] cfldg dlxdf xf];\ o]z"sf] cfldg hohosf/ xf];\ o]z"sf] . @#)= tkfO{ dfq -@_ xfd|f] k/d]Zj/ c? 5}g -@_ xfd|f] k/d]Zj/ o;}n] d ufpg]5' tkfO{ dfq -@_ xfd|f] k/d]Zj/ o;}n] d prfNb5' . @#!= tkfO{nfO{ 5f8L s;nfO{ k'h" s;sf] ;]jf u? tkfO{ d]/f] k/d]Zj/ tkfO{nfO{ 5f8L s;nfO{ eh" s;sf] pkf;gf u? tkfO{ d]/f] 7"nf] Ogfd :ju{df tkfO{ljgf d]/f] sf]xL 5}g k[YjLdf d}n] rfx]sf] tkfO{ dfq x'g'x'G5 .

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@#@= ;j{ pRrsf] k/d]Zj/nfO{ d wGosf] eGb5' ;]gfx?sf k/dk|e'nfO{ d kljqsf] eGb5' sf/0f pgL d]/f] zlQm / :t'ltufg / pgL d]/f] p4f/ x'g'ePsf 5g\ . @##= -d's'6 klx¥ofp“5f} y'df tkfO{nfO{_ # tkfO{sf]df clwsf/ 5 ;a} df]xf]/x? vf]Ng] tkfO{ dfq l;4 kljq xfdL wf]Opsf 5f}+ y'dfsf] /utn] x'g b'nxL tkfO{sf] ;bfnfO{ . # @#$= olb hfn eP klg df5f ;dfTg] lyP olb gfj ePklg gbL tg]{ lyP t/ 5}g d;“u s]xL klg -@_ ltdL dfq xf} -@_ d}n] w]/} ;kgf ;hfP lyP tL ;a tf]l8u] d]/f] :jfy{k"0f{ x[bo of] cfh RofltlbP t/ 5}g d;“u s]xL klg -@_ o]z" dfq xf} -@_ @#%= x] o]z" ltdL g} ;a yf]s xf} d]/f] -@_ ltdL g} /fhf ltdL g} dflns of] hLjgsf] s'l6lk6L dnfO{ agfpm kl5tf] s]xL 5}g Rofltkmf/L dnfO{ a'emfpm u'gf;f] s]xL 5}g . @#^= ltd|f] cfTdf ;a}dfly vGofpm ! ltd|f] :t'lt ufpmg b]pm Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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@ ltd|f] dlxdf x]g{ b]pm # ltd|f] ghLs x'g b]pm . @#&= tkfO{ d]/f] k/d]Zj/ ;w}+ /fHo ug'{x'G5 z}tfgsf] lz/ s'RofO{ tkfO{sf] ho ePsf] 5 d]/f] ;f/f ann] of] 3f]if0ff ug]{5' d]/f] p4f/s hLljt x'g'x'G5 -@_ @#*= -ghLs–ghLs o]z"sf]_ @ -cfP/ dfq xf]Og, 5f]P/ dfq xf]Og_ @ dnfO{ x[bodf n'sfpm, dnfO{ x[bodf c6fpm] # -ghLs–ghLs o]z"sf]_ @ @#(= tkfO{sf] pkl:yltdf d gof“ x'b5' tkfO{sf] pkl:yltdf d rLnem}+ p8\b5' tkfO{sf] pkl:yltdf ljutnfO{ e'Nb5' tkfO{sf] pkl:yltdf d anjfg\ x'b5' sf/0f tkfO{sf] pkl:yltdf g} d]/f] cfxf/ xf] sf/0f tkfO{sf] pkl:ylt g} d]/f] e/f];f xf] sf/0f tkfO{sf] pkl:ylt g} d]/f] hLjg xf] .

@$)= d]/f cf]7n] tkfO{sf] k|z+;f u?g sf/0f tkfO{n] cfˆgf lgodx? dnfO{ l;sfpg'x'G5 d]/f] lha|f]n] tkfO{sf] ehg ufpmg\ sf/0f tkfO{sf cf1fx? wfld{s 5g\ d]/f] lha|f]n] tkfO{sf] ehg ufpmg\ sf/0f tkfO{sf cf1fx? wfld{s 5g\ . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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@$!= d]/f] x[bo l:y/ 5 -$_ x] k/d]Zj/ d ufpg] 5' d /fu ahfpg] 5' d]/f] x[bo l:y/ 5 . x] d]/f] k|f0f, hfu jL0ff / ;f/·L hfu -@_ d k|eftnfO{ hufpg] 5' -#_ d]/f] x[bo l:y/ 5 . @$@= tkfO{sf] ghLs cfp“5f} xfd|f] sd{n] xf]Og s]jn tkfO{sf] cg'u|xn] tkfO{sf] ghLs cfp“5f} . @$#= x' === x' === x' === hLjgsf] gbL aufpg'xf];\ k|e' d]/f] hLjgdf dnfO{ hfu[t u/fpg'xf];\ kljq cfTdfdf . ab\lng rfxG5' k|e' tkfO{sf] ?kdf lktfsf] nflu kmn kmnfpg] hLjg lhpg rfxG5' d]/f] of] hLjgaf6 tkfO{nfO{ cnUofpg rfxG5' . hLjgsf] gbL aufpg'xf];\ x' === x' === x' === sf/0f tkfO{sf] pkl:ylt g} d]/f] hLjg xf] . @$$= cf/fwgf u5'{ d]/f] hLjgel/ -@_ xft prfNb} tkfO{sf] :t'lt ufp“5' -@_ tkfO{sf] gfp“ wGosf] eGb5' x[bo k|f0f;d]t d ufp“b5' o]z" cf/fwgf u5'{ -#_ d]/f O{Zj/ / d]/f /fhf . Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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@$%= -k/d]Zj/ cfTdf x'g'x'G5 cf} pxf“nfO{ k'Hg]x?n]_ @ cfTdf / ;Totfdf -;Totfdf k'Hg'kg]{ 5_ @ @$^= dlxdf, dlxdf, dlxdf xf];\ :ju{nf]sdf dlxdf xf];\ ;f/f ;+;f/df dlxdf xdf];\ d08nLdf x] o]z", x] o]z", dlxdf tkfO{nfO{ . k|z+;f, k|z+;f, k|z+;f xf];\ :ju{nf]sdf k|z+;f xf];\ ;f/f ;+;f/df k|z+;f xf];\ d08nLdf x] o]z", x] o]z", k|z+;f tkfO{nfO{ . @$&= -o]z" x'g\ dflg;sf] Ps dfq ;xf/f_ @ k|]d u/L aufP -/utsf] wf/f_ @ -wGojfb lbG5f}+ xfdL x[bo vf]n]/_ @ prfN5f}+ o]z"nfO{ -:j/ xfd|f] vf]n]/_ @

@$*= sf]M -:t'lt xf];\ k/d]Zj/nfO{ cfh clg ;bfnfO{ hf] x'g'x'Gyof], x'g'x'G5 / x'g' cfpg'x'g]5_ @ -x[bo vf]nL r9fp“5f} elQm x] O{Zj/ tkfO{nfO{ ck{G5f} tg, dg, k|f0f / zlQm ;a} yf]s tkfO{nfO{_ @ l/Tofpg'xf];\ cfh dnfO{ agfpg'xf];\ cfˆgf] OR5fdf rnfpg'xf];\ kljqfTdf, -d tof/ 5' k|e'_ @] @

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Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


275

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Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


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Creation Books 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal, www.cpp.com.np


B O O K S

Kopundol, Lalitpur +977 1 5011600, 5550843 printerscreation@gmail.com 13841, Kathmandu, Nepal www.cpp.com.np


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