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Concept_Spreading_River Stragegic_Framework Manchester was given life from the River Irwell, it was once a water source for farming it then powered the mills which revolutionised the city. The river was once celebrated but now it has lost its use; the mills closed, the river was moved to a more convienant, organised location. The river has been forgotten, the history of how the river powered Manchester has faded. My stratagy is to bring back this history to the streets of Manchester and to celebrate what the river has done for it. Throughout the city there are buildings and places that have strong links to the river but overtime have been lost, I want to reunite these links. The way to do this is to create green corridors from the building or place back to the river therefore connecting these two places once again. These links will give people ease of access to the city and to its less convienant places, along the way rediscovering the industrial connection Manchester has to the river.

Concept_Explanation To link places and buildings back to river I want to use very organic shapes as if it was the river deciding how to design the layout. I want the green corridor to flow away from the river as the river would flow. By using these organic shapes it will create a much more fluid design. By using liquid and gravity to draw the lines you take away the control from the pen and therefore creating much more natural looking design. This is key for this stratagy since the lines represent the flow of the river.

Craig_Mitchell 09325308 Y3_B5_Site_Programme


Changing of the River Irwell Location

1950- This map was created in 1950 and you can clearly see the location of the river. When the river was in this position it was used by Industrial water mills to power the machinary. When the river was in this location the buildings surrounding the river had a purpose and the streets seemed very organised.

1975- This map was created in 1975 and this shows the development of the moving of the River Irwell. You can see the two locations of the river, the river was moved to open up more space and to speed up the flow of the water therefore lowering the risk of flooding. This left the mills which relied on the river for power supply useless and over time these buildings became derelict and this made the whole area deteriorate and became unorganised.

1990- This map was created in 1990 and it shows the river now

in its new location and the new building layout. Many of the Mills which relied on the river have be demolished and replaced by newer buildings. The mills that are left have become warehouses and have fallen into very poor shape. The road network has not changed much from the original design as shown in the map 1950 so the roads still follow the rivers position before it was moved.

Craig_Mitchell 09325308 Y3_B5_Site_Programme


Views Around Site

Old Mill building with modern extention at the end. This mill was powered by the River Irwell until the river was moved and left it without a purpose.

Old mill close up, filled with small independant shops. This mill was also powered by the river and once it was moved its purpose had been lost.

View into main site, old mill in the background and modern workshops in the fore ground. At the end of the site is the River Irwell, the river once flew through the middle of this site.

Back of the mill by the river, occupied by car repairs workshop. This part of the site gets the sun throughout the day.

View into site along the old mill building. At the end of the building is the river Irwell.

View from river looking in onto the site.

Craig_Mitchell 09325308 Y3_B5_Site_Programme


Development of Idea

The image to the right is of a braided river and this was a huge influence in the change of my design. I decided to try and recreate the feeling and essence of a river on my site rather than the exact coordinates were the river once flew.

These were my first attempts of trying to recreate the feel and the essence of a river on my site. These designs are based on a meandering rivers. I felt these designs are strong but I felt it was still not enough.

This image to the right is the type of path network I would like to create on my site. But with my design I want each path to have a purpose and yet not loose the loosness that this path has in the picture.

This is my idea developing further, the braided river gives the option to create greater improve the network of paths between the two sides. Inside a river the sediment oftens sets in the middle and I want to recreate this by creating grass mounds in middle of my paths.

The site is going to bow in the middle to create almost a bowl in the middle of the site. The links across the site are too direct and they take away from the fluidity that the river gives. I need to create links that flow with the river whilst giving people the chance to go were they would like on the site.

This is a meandering g r a s s enbankment and I like the curves and the changes in levels.

This is photograph of a meadering river, I want to create this fluidity in my design and the mounds in the middle of river.

Craig_Mitchell 09325308 Y3_B5_Site_Programme


5.2 Site_Plan 1:200@A1

Corten Steel Mesh Over River

Artificial River Basin

Resin Bonded Gravel

+26.8m

A Regeneration of a post industrial site which celebrates the industrial past of Manchester and its links to the River Irwell.

BMM

Multi-Stem Platanus × acerifolia

This site only uses heavy solid materials which give reference to its Industrial heritage. The site combines solid granite, light and dark in colour to create a strong contrast and thick white concrete to hold the artificial river. Strong form planting acts as a buffer between the natural looking grass mounds and the strong lines of the buildings. The artificial river flows again along its historical path bringing back what it was that created the industrial area in the beginning; and giving the place meaning once again.

BMM

BMM

+26.8m FrontS hopFro ntShop FrontS hopFro nt

French Drain

BMM

Entran ce

+26.8m

+26.7m

rontSh hopF FrontS

BMM

op rontSh hopF FrontS Shop

t feFron rontCa tCafeF feFron rontCa tCafeF

Shop

ShopF rontSh opFro ntSho pFron tShop Front

BMM +1.3m

Artificial River Basin +26.76m Outdoor Seating For Cafe

BMM

+1m +1.3m

+1m

+1m

+0m

+26.6m French Drain

BMM

+1.2m

Grass Mound B

+0m

Grass Mound A

+0m

Fron tage /

ontage Cafe Fr

BMM

BMM

rontCa CafeF

feFront eFrontCa FrontCaf

Corten Steel Mesh Over River

+0m

+26.64m

feFron ance feFrontCa /Entr feFrontCa

rontCafe ontCafeF ntCafeFr tCafeFro CafeFron

French Drain

+0.8m

/ tage op FronhopFrontSh Shop opFrontS

Corten Steel Mesh Over River

Entr

ance

+1m

Shop FrontS hopF ront

+0m

+1.2m

BMM

+26.64m

BMM +0m

Ground Levels -Cafe -Bars -Shops Upper Levels -Offices -Apartments

Artificial River Basin

BMM

+0m BMM

+1m +1.3m

+0m

Grass Mound C

BMM

+0.4m

BMM

+0.8m

+1.3m +1m

+26.6m

+0m

Trees Along Building Lines Pyrus calleryana Chanticleer Pear

ront ontShopF ntShopFr tShopFro ShopFron

ntrance ont ontage/E FrontShopFrontShopFr Shop Shop Fr

+0m +0m +1m

BMM

Single Stem Platanus × acerifolia

BMM +1.2m

+26.52m

BMM

+26.76m Resin Bonded Gravel

BMM

Grass Mound D

BMM

+1.2m

BMM

+1.2m

BMM +0m

+1.2m

+1.2m

+1.2m

Raised Seating (Basic Meadow Mix top)

BMM

+1m

+0m +0m +1m

BMM

BarFront BarFront BarFront BarFront

+26.52m

+1.3m

Outdoor Seating Area For Bar

Grass Mound H

+26.76m

Old Industrial Building

/Entrance

+0m BMM

rFront BarFrontBa

+26.50m

+0m +1m +1.2m

+1.2m

+1m

BarFront BarFront BarFront

BMM

Shop Frontage

+26.52m BMM

nce /Entra BarFront ontage BarFront Bar Fr BarFront BarFront

+1.2m

Grass Mound G

BMM

Grass Mound F

ShopFrontShopF rontShopFrontS hopFrontShopFr ontShopFrontSh opFrontShopFro ntShopFrontSho pFrontShopFron t

Grass Mound E

BMM

+1m

+1m

+1m

Raised Seating (Basic Meadow Mix top)

Resin Bonded Gravel +0m

+0m

Trees Along Building Lines Pyrus calleryana Chanticleer Pear

+1.3m

Ground Levels -Cafe -Shops Upper Levels -Offices -Apartments

+1m BMM

Seating Looking Over Wetland +26.76m

Basic Meadow Mix

BMM

+0m

BMM -0.5m -1m -2m

To City Centre

Resin Bonded Gravel

Old Industrial Building

Avenue of Tilia x europaea (Common Lime)

Trees Along Building Lines Pyrus calleryana Chanticleer Pear

+26.7m

+0m

Trees Along Building Lines Pyrus calleryana Chanticleer Pear

+1m +0m

+0m

-1.5m +1m

Cafe Frontage/

CafeFrontCafeFron tCafeFrontCafe

+26.6m +0m +1.4m

Wetland/Reeds (Lowest Point on Site)

+0.8m

+1m +0m

Resin Bonded Gravel

Outdoor Seating For Cafe

Grass Mound J

+26.76m

+0.8m

+26.76m

Basic Meadow Mix

Outdoor Seating For Cafe Basic Meadow Mix

Basic Meadow Mix

+0m

-0.5m

Basic Meadow Mix

-1m

CafeFrontCafeFrontCafeFrontCafeFront

CafeFrontCafeFrontCafeFrontCafeFront

Entrance

Cafe Frontage/

Corten Steel Mesh Over River

Area to be flooded by river

FrontCafeFrontCafeFrontCafeFrontCafeFront

Grass Mound I

Entrance

+1.4m

+26.76m Avenue of Tilia x europaea (Common Lime)

-1.5m

Riv er I rwe ll

Seating Looking Over Wetland

-2m

+26.76m

Wetland/Reeds (Lowest Point on Site)

Area to be flooded by river

To Bridge Over River Irwell *BMM=Basic Meadow Mix Craig_Mitchell 09325308 Y3_B5_Site_Programme


Planting Schedule

Basic Meadow Mix (BMM) Specifications: Sow at 30grms per Sqm Notes: Made up of slow establishing, non competitive species. This will allow the wild flowers and herbs to grow into mature plants, once established this mixture is easy to manage and will create an excellent habitat for wildlife.

Grass Slope Seed Mix 295.92m2 8877.6grms

P.xa B.M.M

19.83m2 594.9grms

Grass Slope Seed Mix B.M.M

B.M.M

1.28m2 38.4grms

P.xa

P.xa2

5.05m 151.5grms 2

Percentage %

Grams in Total

Sheep’s fescue Crested dog’s tail Chewings fescue SI creeping fescue Browntop bent

90% 18% 18% 18% 18% 18%

1496.88grms 299.376grms 299.376grms 299.376grms 299.376grms 299.376grms

Herbs Sanguisorba officinalis Cichorium intybus Plantago lanceolata Achillea millefolium

Great burnett Chicory Ribwort plantain Yarrow

5% 1.5% 1% 1.5% 1%

83.16grms 24.948grms 16.632grms 24.948grms 16.632grms

Wild Flowers Silene dioica Prunella Tanacetum vulgare Leucanthemum vulgare Stachys

Red campion Self heal Tansy Ox eye daisy Betony

5% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1%

83.16grms 16.632grms 16.632grms 16.632grms 16.632grms 16.632grms

Total

14

100%

1663.2grms

Festuca ovina

Cynosurus cristatus

Festuca rubra subsp. commutata

(SI) Festuca rubra

Sanguisorba officinalis

Cichorium intybus

Plantago lanceolata

Achillea millefolium

Silene dioica

Prunella

Tanacetum vulgare

Leucanthemum vulgare

Agrostis capillaris

Herb Species

8.31m2 249.3grms

B.M.M

Common Name

Grass Species Festuca ovina Cynosurus cristatus Festuca rubra subsp. commutata (SI) Festuca rubra Agrostis capillaris

Grass Species

P.xa2

Botanical Name

B.M.M 6.77m2

P.xa2

Grass Slope Seed Mix

Wild Flowers

P.cC

293.1grms

P.cC

B.M.M

261.15m2 7834.5grms

7.12m 213.6grms 2

P.cC

P.xa

Specifications: Seed Rate 30gms Per Sqm Notes: The Ryegrass establishes quickly and makes a strong roothold, Red fescue and Smooth stalk meadow grass have strong creeping habbits of growth. The range of grasses work together to hold together the slopes.

P.cC

B.M.M

1.35m2 40.5grms

P.cC B.M.M

P.xa

3.17m2 95.1grms

B.M.M

2.56m2 76.8grms Common Name Flowering Pear ‘Chanticleer’ London Plane London Plane

Abbreviation Quantity Height (cm) P.cC 7 350-425 P.xa 250-300 P.xa2 350-425

Girth (cm) 12-14 8-10 12-14

Breaks 3

Standard Heavy standard Standard Heavy standard

Clear Stem (cm) 200 150 200

Root Specification RB B B

Note Single stem Multi-stem (2) Single stem/low bushy tree

Common Name

Percentage %

Grams in Total

Grass Slope Mix Lolium perenne (Strong) Festuca rubra (Smooth) Festuca rubra Poa pratensis Festuca trachyphylla Festuca ovina Agrostis capollaris Cynosurus cristatus

Amenity Perennial Ryegrass Strong creeping red fescue Slender creeping red fescue Smooth stalk meadow grass Hard fescue Sheep’s fescue Brown top bent Crested dog’s tail

100% 15% 30% 10% 10% 10% 10% 5% 10%

11774.247grms 1766.14grms 3532.27grms 1177.42grms 1177.42grms 1177.42grms 1177.42grms 588.71grms 1177.42grms

Total

8

100%

11774.247grms

Lolium perenne

(Strong) Festuca rubra

(Smooth) Festuca rubra

Festuca ovina

Agrostis capollaris

Cynosurus cristatus

Poa pratensis

Festuca trachyphylla

Trees on Site

Botanical Name Pyrus calleryana ‘Chanticleer’ Platanus x acerifolia Platanus x acerifolia

P.cC

P.xa

70.4m2 2112grms

Botanical Name

Grass Slope Seed Mix

Grass Slope Seed Mix

Stachys

Grass Slope Mix

Pyrus calleryana ‘Chanticleer’

Pyrus calleryana ‘Chanticleer’ Leaves

Pyrus calleryana ‘Chanticleer’ bark

Platanus x acerifolia

Platanus x acerifolia leaves

Platanus x acerifolia bark

Craig_Mitchell 09325308 Y3_B6_Materiality


Long_Cross_Section 1:50@A1

Resin Bonded Gravel Pathway: Detailing Notes: Permiable surface or

G3000 Fine White Picked Small stone sets Large Stone Sets

G2030 Mid Grey Flamed Large Stone Banding

Corten Steel French drain edging Grass edging Resin bonded gravel edging Tree guard

River Pebbles French drain top layer fill Small french drain top layer fill

Scottish River Pebbles Resin bonded gravel material

Artificial River Basin Cast Concrete White Concrete

Pyrus calleryana ‘Chanticleer’ Ornamental Pear Tree

Red Line represents Cross Section

Craig_Mitchell 09325308 Y3_B6_Materiality


Bespoke_Element_Structure_of_Small_Grass_Mound 1:30@A1

Cross Section Shows all the detailing of the bespoke element and how it would be constructed.

Front View How the mound would be constructed from the front/alternate cross section.

Plan View Shows the arrangement of the geoweb cells on the grass mound.

Perspective View Gives you a 3 dimensional view of the grass mound.

+0.8m

+0.8m +0m +0.8m +0.8m +0m +0.8m

+0m

Craig_Mitchell 09325308 Y3_B6_Materiality


Site_Plan_Section 1:50@A1 +0.8m

+1m

Grass Mound B

+1.4m

Grass Consists Of Grass Slope mix

(Refer to planting schedule for details on mix)

26.64m French Drain

+1.4m

30mm Base clean aggregrate Top with 150mm Grey river pebbles From Buy Stone Company (Or equal approved) Ground to be broken up under stones 300mm(W) x 500mm(H) Corten steel edging 30mm(W) x 300mm(H) From K Cut (Or equal approved)

+1m 26.59m

+0.8m

Thin French Drainage

26.66m

Corten Steel Grid from K Cut (or equal approved) 100mm(W) x 500mm(H) 30mm base clean aggregrate Top with 120mm Grey River pebbles Ground to be broken up under stones

+0.5m

26.65m

26.6m Artificial River Basin

+0m

Grass consists of Basic Meadow seed mix

White Concrete from cast 700mm(W) x 250mm(H) 50mm Screed sand 150mm Concrete Heavily compacted soil

(see plant schedule for specific seed details)

26.57m

26.66m

26.66m Grass consists of Basic Meadow seed mix

26.55m

(see plant schedule for specific seed details)

Grass consists of Basic Meadow seed mix

(see plant schedule for specific seed details)

+0.05m

26.64m

(See Bespoke element for details)

Grass consists of Basic Meadow seed mix

Tree Pit

(see plant schedule for specific seed details)

+0m

Corten Steel Tree Grate Tree Grate GP20- Circular tree grid fromButon Industries (or equil approved) Tree Pit 1000mm(W) x 1000mm(L) x 1000mm(H) Perforated, corrigated pipe (60mm) wrapped around rootball to ensure evenly distributed watering Tree pit filled with Helicom tree soil Concrete deadman security

26.59m

Grass Mound D

26.53m

Grass Consists Of Grass Slope mix

+0.5m

(Refer to planting schedule for details on mix)

26.6m French Drain

+1m

30mm Base clean aggregrate Top with 150mm Grey river pebbles From Buy Stone Company (Or equal approved) Ground to be broken up under stones 300mm(W) x 500mm(H) Corten steel edging 30mm(W) x 300mm(H) From K Cut (Or equal approved) Thin Drain 100mm(W) x 500mm(H) No top Layer stones, Corten steel Cover from K Cut (Or equal approved)

26.53m Resin Bonded Pathway

+1.2m

Scottish River Pebbles from Buy Stone (Or equal approved) Surface course 10mm Aggregate Binder course 60mm Geotextile 10mm Sub-base 150mm DOT type 1 Terram Geotextile 10mm Subgrade well compacted ground 50mm Camber

26.52m

Grass consists of Basic Meadow seed mix

+1.2m +1m

(see plant schedule for specific seed details)

+0.5m

26.57m Granite Stone

+0.05m

+0m

26.64m

Steep Grass Mound

26.55m

Granite Stone Banding

G2030 Mild Grey Flamed Finish From Charcon company (Or equil approved) 300mm(W) x 1000mm(L) x 200mm(H) Layed on 40mm mortar 2x100mm DOT type 1 Heavily compacted ground

G3000 Fine White Picked Finish From Charcon company (or equil approved) 1000mm(W) x 1000mm(L) x 90mm(H) Layed on 40mm mortar 2x100mm DOT type 1 Heavily compacted ground

+26.78m

Industrial Building Shops Cafes Apartments

26.51m +0m

+

26.8m (Ground level)

Grass Mound G

Grass Consists Of Grass Slope mix

(Refer to planting schedule for details on mix)

26.47m +0.6m

+0.5m

Granite Stone

Seating

+0.6m

Stone Seating Grass consists of Basic Meadow seed mix

+1m +1.2m

(see plant schedule for specific seed details)

+1m +0.6m +0.5m +0m

26.45m

+1.2m

Granite Stone G2030 Mild Grey Flamed Finish From Charcon company (Or equal approved) Bespoke sizing stones Seat: 600mm(H) x 400mm (D) Planter: 1200mm(H) x 600mm (W) Planter to be filled with Basic Meadow Mix Filled with Helicom soil Layed on 40mm mortar 2x100mm DOT type 1 Heavily compacted ground

G3000 Fine White Picked Finish From Charcon company (or equil approved) 500mm(W) x 500mm(L) x 90mm(H) Layed on 40mm mortar 2x100mm DOT type 1 Heavily compacted ground 40mm Camber from building to thin french drain

Craig_Mitchell 09325308 Y3_B6_Materiality

Craig Mitchell BAhons Selection  

Craig Mitchell's selection of work from BAhons Landscape Architecture degree