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JUNE 1973

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Photognph E. Gefarfer,


NEVILLE TROPHY THIS ANNUAL COMPETITION with the Special Constabulary Forces of Essex and Southend-onâ‚Źea Joint Constabulary,'K' Division Metropolitan, was held at Chelmsford, Essex, on Sunday,3rd June, 1973, when the lnspecting Officer was J.T. Manuel' Esq-, C,B.E., O.P.M., H.l\,4. lnspector of Constabulary' It was a fine, sunny afternoon, ideal in every respect for the staging of an outdoor competition, and the large number of people who turned up to support the teams were able to sit back and watch in comparative ease and comfort. No doubt the competitors appreciated the fine weather as well, but of course they could not sit back in ease or comfort because they were tied up with the

following tests on which the competition is based:Turn-out, Dri ll, Accident team test (practical), First Aid (practical), Knowledge of Police duties (oral), and of the Highway Code (oral). All three teams did well throughout, the standard generally was very high, and the final result was as

- 154.3 marks; Essex and - 133.6 marks; "K" Division Metropolitan - 131.3 rnarks. This is the

follows:- City of

London

Southend-on-Sea Joint Constabulary

fourth year running that the City have won the Trophy, and the team are to be congratulated on a first class performance, to win by such a large margin is no mean feat, Our team was as follows:- Sgt. G. Warwick (Captain), S,/Cs D,C.W. Harker, H, Pincott, M.H. Deacon, E. Robertson, and G.P. Hey (Reserve), Without detracting in any way from their performance in the other events, particular mention must be made regarding the high standard which they set on the Parade Ground. They looked really smart, the Sergeant in charge was iirst rate, and the rest of the team responded admirably. To liken them to the Army would perhaps be out of place because one must remember that the Navy was also represented. One aspect which should not be overlooked is the number of hours which the team spent in training for this event. This was spread over many weeks and the members themselves would be the first to pay tribute to the high standard of instruction given by the Staff of the Police Training Centre, They, too, gave up a great deal of their time, and by their patience, drive, forceful criticism, etc., welded the individuals into a team. All in all a really good, co-operative effort by all concerned' Mention must be made of the excellent arrangements which had been made for staging the Competition at Chelmsford, and oJ the refreshments provided for the competitors and guests afterwards, A friendly atmosphere, good food, good weather and a keen competition were the ingredients which made that Sunday afternoon at Chelmsford in such pleasant surroundings a most enjoyable one indeed. J. Oakley,

FEDERATION NOTES Annual Conference THE ANNUAL CONFERENCE of the Police Federation was held in Blackpool on 22nd to 24th May; ten delegates and eight observers attended from this Force, LONDON ALLOWANCE - Probably the most important issde dealt with, was the proposal put f orward by the Central Committee and agreed to by Conference, that a non-pensionable allowance should be sought for

the Federated Ranks of the Metropolitan Police. The question of remuneration for the police in London has long been a standing cause of, and at times. bitter disagreement in the Federation, which it is hoped has now been resolved. The central argument put lorward by the Committee was the wastage and recruiting problems in the lvletropolitan Police which began to be serious in 1971 . There is naturally some c'Jncern that this Force will be excluded from the terms of the negotiations to follow at the Police Council. Your Board, however. has made representation in various quarters, pointing out that our own recruiting and wastage in the last few months is showing signs of becoming comparable with the position in the Metropolitan Police. We are hopeful of a satisfactory outcome. SHIFT ANO RENT ALLOWANCE - The Board's proposal that rent allowance should automatically be paid at the maximum limit once a member has obtained permission to reside at premises (this would do away with the need for D.V.A.'s), was defeated on the grounds that the payment of compensatory grant on rent allowance might be affected. Various proposals on extra compensation for shift/weekend work were also defeated The subject of shift allowances crops up regularly at Conferences but without success, for this reason that the payment of such an allowance must in turn produce lower pay scales (which already reflect shift work) and consequently result in lowering the basic pay element on which pensions are calculated. (NOTE:- it is Staff Side policy that there should be a complete review of the pay structure during 1973.) COMPLAINTS AGAINST POLICE - The Horne Secretary was informed that the Federation was completely opposed to any 'Ombudsman' type ex post facto review of the procedure, However, the Federation was not against introducing an independent element into the whole procedure, and accordingly was proposing a comprehensive new system with an independent element at various stages, including the discipline hearing. The Home Secretary was also asked as a matter of natural justice, to approve as general policy, that the original complaint should be made avai lable to members so that legal action could be taken in cases which were malicious and unfounded. lt was quite wrong that dishonest complainants "should be shielded by authority from the legal consequences to which anybody else would be exposed." OUALIFICATION FOR PROMOTION - A proposal that the present qualification examinations for promotion be replaced by one examination taken on completion of probation, was withdrawn on intervention by the Constables Branch Board. The proposal included the suggestion that fai lure at the second attempt would mean tfrat the members services would be dispensed

with'

lan C. Morley.

MAUD lT BECOMES AN accepted fact to write of the retirement of male members of the City Police, whether uniform or civilian personnel, but it is not often that one has the pleasure to offer a "write up" of one of

our lad ies. I doubt if there are many members of the Force that would not instantly recognise the voice of Maud Hinton as one of our switchboard operators, yet there are perhaps a few who might not know her more personally. Maud's introduction to the City Police came during the War Years, namely 1941 (to be more precise November 14th, 1941), when. having been employed in a hosiery firm at.l8 Wood Street, she decided to enlist as a member of the Women's Auxiliary Police Corps and took duties at 26, Old Jewry. Thus began her long association with us, from the Telephone Room, as it was more widely known at Old Jewry, throuqh to the more


spacious comfort of the Wood Street Control Centre. During this time there must have been countless Police Officers passing through the Force Communications system, two readily coming to name. One was a P.C. Stapleton and the other a remarkably youthful and slim cadet with a thick mop of wavy brown hair, Mike Sims. She adds that times changel Maud is not only readily known within the Force, but has also a very close and distinguished service with the Girls' Brigade, Hackney Division. in which we are reliably informed, she sti ll takes a very active part. Monday,3Oth April, 1973, saw the retirement of Maud after a grand total of 31% years. Ch. Supt. Ken Short presented her with a very fine tape recorder and tea set, subscribed by all her friends within the service and expressed the sentiments of us all "A well earned and comf ortable retirement ". I would hasten to add an a-pology to those members who so handsomely subscribed in that the presentation had to be hurried ly arranged to coincide with availability; also just a small appreciation to Elizabeth Goodwin who organised the testimonial and the research for this item.

Further comings and goings:Carol Bennett and Dorothy Winterbottom have recently arrived to take up duties as civilian operators on shift work. Carol arrives from Lancashire Constabulary and Dot comes from the Telegraph Off ice at N.S.Y. Jim Tabor and Roddy Byrne stayed with us a couple

of years but have fled to pastures afield. Roddy has returned to the Watchmaking and Clock business and Jim Tabor is off to Saudi Arabia 'allegedly' to take up a post as a wireless Operator?

NICE TO SEE Malcolm Hine out ot hospital and on his feet again nearly thrce months after the Old Bailey bomb explosion. Reproduced by kind per-

misslon ot Dixie Dean.

John Dibb .ioins lan Camerons "Boff in Box" as a radio mechanic working with the nely legendary Sam Se lvera jah. Dickie Farmer, Marion Gilbert and Elizabeth Goodwin complete the residents panel as civilian operators. From time to time our numbers are made presentable

with the additions of relief operators from Divisions, sometimes called in at short notice to f ill an awkward

vacancy such as Sickness or Annual Lelive. We have to train these chaps to look at things from the "other side of the fence". Most of them offer enjoyable company to the Regular Staff and one member of this reliable band was Geoff Thorndyke; often on loan frorn his parent division and sometimes the subject of a haggle as to which priority he should have his services directed to. We at Control Centre can only express our sadness at his tragic accident and feel that we and his parent division have lost a friend and offer his lady our sincere condolences.

G.J.F.G.

SILVER WHEEL TROPHY ON MONDAY, 21st May, 1973, in the

Livery Hall,

Guildhall,'B'Division, City of London Special Constabulary won the Silver Wheel Road Safety Cornpetition for the Worshipful Company of Wheelwrights Trophy, beating the holders, Barclays Bank lnternational Ltd., in a closely fought final by 117 points to 115.

'B' Division Special Constabulary was represented by Inspector F.D.A. Ralfe and Special Constables 'B' 156 D,C.W. Hawker (Captain), 'B' 101 S. Simmons, and 'B'175 R, Wheelhouse. Sixteen teams took part in this knockout Cornpetition for City Organisati ons:B.P. Automobi le Club City of London Police Cadets (2) Post Office E.C. Branch Gui ldhal I Statf Association Securicor Ltd. Barclays Bank lnternational Guildhall School of Music and Drama City of London Special Constabulary 'B' Division City of London Special Constabulary 'D' Division Elank of Tokyo St. Bartholomew's Hospital Blackfriars Motor Club League of Safe Drivers King & Co. Barclays Bank Motor Club. This was more than double the number that entered in 1972 when the competition was first started. The competition was arranged by the Road Safety Committee of the Corporation of London and is based on knolledge of the Highway Code and Road Safety in general. The Ouestion Master was James Pestridge, Esq., B.B.C. Motoring Unit; Judges were E,R. Gahan, Esq., B.E.M., M. Knights+Vhitton, Esq., and P. Olds, Esq.; Recorder - C. Emery, Esq.

The Presentation of Awards was made by W.F. Newbury Esq,, F.C.l.S,, F.C.M.A., Master of the Worshipful Company ot Wheelwrights to the winners and runners up. Anyone wishing to see the Trophy will f ind it suitably housed in the Trophy Cabinet, Wakefield Mess, Special Constabulary Wood Street.

Vic Lonnon.


LINCOLNSHIRE POACHER

CITY POLICE GALA

FOR THE NEXT THREE MONTHS Superintendent William Carey from Lincoln City Police' is on attachment to this force. He has swopped temporari ly with

LANCASHI RE AGAI N DOMI

Superintendent D. Smith. Superintendent Carey is a former English colonial' born and educated in lndia. Most of his life has been spent in uniform, After a brief spell in the R.A.F. he spent his military service - from 1944 to 1948 - in the Far East. Most of his army service was with the gurkhas ln 1948 he came to England. where he has relatives' and joined the Lincoln City Police. After arnalgarnation in 1967 he went to Grantham as a Chief lnspector and has since been promoted back to Lincoln as Superintendent. All of us hope that he has a very pleasant and en-

joyable stay.

RICH PICKIIGS AND MUCH MORE. HOW WOULD YOU LIKE suff icient cash to purchase your retirement horne, (without a mortgage), two new cars and a holiday in Bermuda for you and the wife? Add to these the comforting thought that if anything untoward happened to you meantirne - and the recent Old Bailey explosion is a timely reminder of this blessing knowledge that you are getting a tax rebate - plus the over the years - and you have some idea, because there's much more besides, of the pickings I have had from our own Police Mutual Assurance Society. When I

started these various policies early in my service, had no idea how much the small weekly and later monthly payments would appreciate but you can imagine how much my initial efforts to save have paid off. My experience is what we all hope for but, at the other end of the scale, and this is the worse side of the coin, if you've a Mutual policy and you want some money quickly, you can surrender it once it is six months'old, and the older the policy the more you can raise, because unlike commercial assurance companies, the Mutual pay the accrued bonuses even on a surrendered policy. This is much better than having a loan from a bank on which there is a big interest charge. The Mutual will even loan you money on your policy, if you prefer this method. However, I hope you will have no need to use either of these methods, but reap the full benefit of the I

new bonus rate and the much greater maximum holding to which present day members are entitled. The following example conveys the full impact of the new bonus. t500 sum assured (immediately payable on death, plus bonuses to date). Premium payable over a term of thirty years, 25p. per week, which with tax rebate, amounts to f331, Total yield at maturity, including bonus at ihe present rate, f1 ,172, a net profit of f841. And here's more food for thought, this policy (t500 sum assured) is only one eighth of a single man (or woman's) entitlement and one sixteenth of a married couple's maximum holding. I'll leave you to make the calculation. but by any standards the yield is colossal, and if you're sceptical enough to discount these figures because of the decline in the value of the t and soaring property values, then go back to square one, the first paragraph, and my good fortune. lf I had listened to the dismal johnnies way back in the thirties, I wouldn't be anything like as well off as am now. But this is only one of the Mutual's benefits. There are nrany more, such as mortgage protection, unit trust investment, convertible option policies and assistance in house purchase, Can you really affoi'd NOT to be a member of this, your very own Police Mutual Assurance Society?. Bert Treves, I

Authorised Off icer, Police Mutual Assurance Society (Ext.367)

BUT

- -

N

AT E

'NEWS OF THE WORLD'

TROPHY RETURNS TO CITY

THE FORCE ANNUAL GALA was held at St. George's Baths on May 16th. A full house saw some very good swimming with Lancashire again providing the outstanding team. Spearheaded by Bill Pearce and Diane Craven they produced a series of very fine swirns and completely dominated the ladies and mens freestyle events. From the City Police point of view, it was a very encouraging evening, The medley team won the 'News of the World'Cup for the first time in l1 years, This was a great team effort with the City swimmers pulling out all the stops to defeat a f ine Birmingham City team. The race was put beyond all doubt when John Mills crushed the opposition with a fantistic two lengths butterf ly that gave the last City swimmer an unassailable four yards I

ead.

The interiivisional relays both produced some titanic efforts and some close finishers, ln the medley relay Alan Phillips, a former PAA champion, produced a vintage breastroke leg to pave the way for a'D'Division victory. The freestyle relay went to the Cadets with 'C' Division a very close second. For the f irst time 'E' Division and the motor cycle wing entered teams. They both swam with great aplomb. Mike Sims had slimmed to a streamlined 17 stone for this event. Going f irst for 'E' Division, he nearly won the race by washing his nearest rivals out of the pool. The motor cycle wing had trouble with their star, Bill King, who, rightly lacking conf idence in his own ability, insisted on swimming from deep to shallow so that he oould walk in case of difficulty, ln the event he forgot to change gear, but by judicious use of the lane ropes, he pulled his team through. ln an exclusive interview afterwards, the motor

cyclewing team manager, John Moss, said, "Next year

they will not swim in their crash helmets." The Cadets and Schools relay provided the tightest f inish with the Met, Cadets beating Alleyns College by 0,1 seconds. The Alleyns boys average age is 14 years. They will surely come again next year. This great gala was followed by a great dance at the McMorran Hall, Organised by Colin Roberts and Brian Hathorn, it rounded off a wonderful evening in the true traditions of the City Police. The only carping note is the continuing lackof support for this event by the Force. Where a section can turn out 40 officers to compete and officiate in their own time they deserve more support than the handful oi City spectators who turned up. At this rate this gala wi | | not last another couple of years. For the City Police who did come and watch, a very sincere thankyou. Come again next year - PLEASE! John Cardwell.


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COLLECTING POLICE BADGES TWENTY Y EARS AG O, the number of collectors

of Police badges could possibly have been counted on the fingers ot two hands. Today, they have become legion. This increased interest doubtless was sparked off by the arnalgamations of 1948, and the more recent amalgamations of .l 965, and, in recent times, the sudden interest that has been shown in many Police Forces to form a museum, showing their Forces' history, in the form of displaying old uniforms, badges, documents and photographs, plus drawing on interesting exhibits f rom their or crime museums, on appropriate occasions. Several Forces have formed quite extensive badge collections and not confined themselves exclusively to their own Force. A clergyman of the Church of England bequeathed his magnificent collection of Police Helmet-Plates of the Forces of England and Wales to the Home Office and his collection of Railway Police Force badges to the Science Museum, South Kensington; but where are his collection of Scottish and lrish Police badges, or did he not collect them? This brings me to the problenE facing the new collector, who is going to f ind it most diff icult to acquire older badges, even at a price. A "nrarket" in Police badges now exists dlle to the great number of policemen, and others, who have been attracted to this hobby, and by the badge manufacturers' decision no longer to hold any stocks - S.E.T, may have played a part here - and the disposing of badges not taken up by the Police Force, which had ordered them, to accredited dealers. As almost all beginners are faced with the position of having no duplicates to offer in exchange, and all hobbies, sooner or later, entail financial outlay, if one is to pursue them, so the "rnarket" in badges is here to stay and with the

being largely in multicoloured enamels, many of them most attractive. The older ones, of the Great War, are in bronze, so whilst being less attractive, are far rarer. Neither are collar{ogs and shoulder titles to be

overlookd. By this time, rnany a collector may have become acquainted with Heraldry, a subject of great interest in itself . Finally, when sending any badges to any col lector known to you or not, the 4p extra for sending by "Recorded Delivery" can obviate a lot of awkward embarrassment, But, bear in mind, it only covers a

loss of up to f 2, M.D.

An unusual City ot London helmet plate which was nevet issued for wattime wear in the M.P.D.

pound Sterling so inflated, the Continental and

American collectors, who are legion, snap up much that comes to auction, regardless. So, with so much collecting today, the beginner is very well advised to decide to specialise, i.e. U.K. E.ll R helmet plates only; U.K. E.ll R cap badges only; British Colonialand,/or Commonwealth badges only, or parts thereof; Scandinavian badges only; or whatever takes your fancy. However rare a Police badge in one's possession is, NEVER presume that it is unique: the helmet plate locked in the Guildhall munirnent room of the interesting and lovely City of Lichf ield was found to have a half+rother, to the almost total disbelief of the Town clerk, whereas the cap badge of the Ramsgate Royal Harbour Police, the Sudbury, Suffolk, Stratford{pon-Avon and Maidenhead Police helmet plates may well be unique because so few were issued. Always examine the BACKS of old Victorian helmet plates, as the backing-ptate of quite a number will consist of the centre oval of the Metropolitan Police, London, or Birmingham City Police. Among Police bages are a number of unusual centres,,, i,e., the Battle of the Three Kings, which is the seal of the City of Lichfield, and the "St, John's Head on a Charger" worn by the Penzance Police. Also, the pomegranate tree on the old Chesterfield Police Force helmet plate, which, according to Scottâ&#x201A;Źiles, was the Arms of Catherine of Aragon, but which may have been in use much earlier than this. The badges of the Special Constabulary should be mentioned, as they are the only Police bages which incorporate colour into a collection of Police badges,

one period in its history, the Se/geants ot the Lancashire Constabulary used to sew a cloth chevron on to their helmets below the small helmet plate. Eventually, it must have been decided to incorpotate the se/geants lhree strlpes into their helmet plates, as the photograph dlsc/oses. The helmet plates comprise a black wreath, with whitemetal Coat-of'Arms, within a complete Gartet and stripes; one, all in whitemetal, and one, all in black,

At


SQUASHED! MEMBERS OF THE Squash section were honoured on Friday, June 1st, when Azam Khan visited the Souash Courts at Wood Street and demonstrated some of ihe ability which has made him a world class player. His

past achievemerrts make impressive reading

_

British

Open champion for four years in successioi, Canadian Open champion twice, U.S. Open champion once, Pakistan Open champion once and professional champion. ln spite of a good ef fort by Ernie Thompson to slow him down by inviting him to a Senior Off icers, .lunch, he dealt with the opposition provided by Ron Westgate, Joe McMahon, Albie O'Connor, Adrian Maxwell, Don Smith and Ernie Thornpson and our guest, Nick Chamberlain, with astonishing ease and to J-oe McMahon only wentthe honour of winning a point. At the end of the exhibition he was presenied with an inscribed plaque to commemorate his visit and warmjv applauded for h is d isplay. Those members of the Force who have not yet started playing squash can take some hope from the fact that Mr. Khan was 26 before he started playing.

The Police College now have two squash courts.

- 23rd May a squash team from the Ciiy played them On at Bramshill and had a very close match resulting in a 3 - 3 draw-. After the game, the Section Secretary presented a Silver Cup to the College on behalf of the Force. Tte Cup, which will be known as the,City of London Cup', will be awarded to the College Squish Champion at the end of each term. John Linnane.

LETTERS FOLLOWING THE ARTTCLES which appeared in ,'The ln April, May and June, I have received a number of queries as to how we are going to ensure the security of the National Police Computer at Hendon. The short answer is I do not know. However, I can give you some idea of the types of system which are on the market to restrict physical access. One such system on the market js a system called MASTIFF (Modular Automated System to tdentify Friend from Foe). It is marketed in the UK by Lewis Security Systems Ltd. of Leatherhead, Surrey. The system consists essentially of five elements: THE DETECTOR - A sensing device detects the presence of a person at each entrance. The particular choice is dependent upon the configuration of the site, but typical devices include modulated beam infra+ed units and photoâ&#x201A;Źlectric cells. Door handle switches, door contacts or weight mats may also be appropriate devices.

City"

THE DETERRENI - Automatic or locked doors, barriers or turnstiles, visual or audible alarrns, photographic recorders, paging or police links can be provided to meet the organisational requirernents at any particular location or entrance. Existing facilities are used whenever possible. THE TOKEN

-

Each authorised person

is

provided

with a small electronic unit encased in moulded plastic equivalent in size to a packet of ten cigarettes,

which can be carried without difficulty in any pocket. It can be equipped with a clip or ring. This unit or 'token' is individually coded and pre-set to provide identificatron of the level of security to which the individual is authorised. lt willensure unrestricted passage to predetermined areas, but will not permit access to areas outside those designated for the particu lar indiv idual.

There is an alrnost unlimited number of code combinations which not only allows for a large variety of security levels but permits periodic changes in the combination, as a safejuard against comprornise. At no time is the authorised user required to take any action or even to be aware of the presence of any security device, at a partjcular door or entrance, THE CONTROL UNIT - Triggered by the detector, the.Control Unit interrogates the person approaching each protected entrance to determine whether or noi that person is to be accorded access. A precise verification is made, and if the entrant is authorised, the appropriate door or barrier is released, any alarm rs suppressed and, if necessary, a permanent or visual record is made. lf the entrance is unauthorised the door remains barred and any alarm may be activated, The control Unit monitors many entrances each of which may give access to authorised personnel of various levels.of_security, the level oi each being governed by his "need to know',. The permutatio-ns are unlimited. For example, access to the computer room may be granted to 1 S authorised personnel only. Within that area, access to the tape library rnay be restricted to one or two individuals from these 15. As an option, the Control Unit can incorporate a pre-programmed timing device which validates various security levels during pre.set periods to cater for shift workers, external visitors, cleaners and

authorised users who would be barred at other times, A standard feature is the incorporation of exit alarms which are tripped whenever an authorised person attempts to leave the outer perimeter without ftrst having returned his token to the security storage unit.

THE CHARGERISTORAGE UNtT - High security Charger/Storage Units are located at appropriate exit points to charge the individual tokens and to house these tokens securely whilst the authorised user is off site. (Similar to the charging units for our personal rad io batteri es). Each authorised user holds an individual key, which f its a multi-level high grade lock ad.iacent to a slot in the storage unit; this securely holds the particular token whilst not in use. A remote indication can be incorporated as a check on those tokens in use or stored and thjs indication can activate a mimic board to provide an 'lN' or 'OUT'display, or operate a work time recorder.

THE SYSTEM /N USE

The system provides positive detection of intruders, including those who might attempt to gain access whilst a normally secured door is in the process of relatching after the passage of an authorised user. lt offers maximum security without hindrance to authorised personnel who may enter secure areas without the need for a key or card or security guards at each entrance. This elimination of any inconvenience removes the temptation to evade (for example by leaving a door on the latch or taping the lock) which is the major weakness of all conventional security systems. Many safeguards are incorporated to ensure complete security; the units are tamper-proof with alarms against interference; the tokens are not individually identifiable and their level of security is known oniy to their user; the removal of a token from a bui lding initiates an exit alarm and its owner is identified. The token becomes inoperative unless charged in the storage unit; a rapid code change on detection of any removal will prevent interim comprbmise of security. Any power failure is accommodated by standby facilities, and dual circuits effectively safeguard againsi electonic failure. But, if the system fails, all comers will be treated as intruders. lan James.


MOUNTIES _ UPHOLDING THE RIGHT FOR ON 23rd MAY, 1873,

1OO

YEARS

and the plague of Ameiican Whisky pedlars, and new problems would include the new Railway, the new settlers, and the lndian question. The North West

Rllles appeared to be a Frontier Patrol to

posts headed by the Commissioner and Subordinate istant Superi ntendents, nspectors and Sub-lnspectors lead NCO's (Sergeant Majors, Staff Sergeants, and Sergeant Corporals) and first-, secondand third.class Constables, AII ranks have annual dri ll, revolver and rifle practice, senior men have refresher courses, officers are drawn from the ranks. Horses are only used ceremonially or for training and there are two musical bands, East and West; the Musical Rides are so famous for the number of intricate patterns, that a booklet was issued some years ago, Matching the nick name of the "Mounties" and the slogan "Always get their man" is the famous Red Coat. Originally in 1874 it was a scarlet Norfolk jacket without facings, plus brown leather belts and haversacks, white helmets with brass spikes and chinstraps, steelgrey cloth breeches and brown jackboots. The men's grey breeches were changed to a blue cloth Commi ss i oner; Ass

just six years after Confedera-

tion, the Dominion Parliament passed a billbringing the North West Mounted Police into being. Recent troubles had included the 1869//0 Rebellion,

Mounted

SubOivisions and 689 Detachments, plus Air Divisions and two Training Divisions. There are .4,500 men in 600

a

start led Washington and suspicious newspapers. A telegram brought an apology to the American capital, and Prime lvlinister John A. McDonald's ink amendment to Mounted Police allayed American suspicions, and recruiting started in the East. Men had to be between 18 and 40, of sound constitution, active and able+odied, French or English reading and writing, and able to ride. The off icer's oath was "l solemnly swear that will faithfully and diligently impartially execute and perform the duties of ...... in the Police Force on the North West Territories and willwelland truly obey and perform all lawful orders and instructions, which lshall receive as such without fear, favour or affection of or towards any person or party whatsoever, so help me I

God." The Commanding Off icer was the Qommissioner, an ex-

officio Justice of the Peace, with the rank of LieutenantColonel, with a minimum term of off ice of three years for the N.W.Nl.P. was a civic Organisation with military discipline. He could appoint up-to 300 Constables and Sub-Constables for terms of three years, but only 150 were enrolled in the first batch. The Police moved West in July, 1874, and set up the present headquarters at Emersonrnan, with Forts built at strategic points. The initial tasks mentioned above were completed, when in 1885 the North West Bebellion broke out; it was soon crushed by the Police and MilitiA and Louis Riel, who had led the Red River revolt was duly hanged. Then came the Yukon Gold Rush in 1898, the South Atrican War in 1899, new settlers around 1900 and the Police Squadrons in 1918 for (a) Europe and (b) Siberia, with Squadrons meant for the former helping in the Winnipeg General Strike of 19'19. The f irst 47 years brought two changes in style; in 1904 the "Royal" was added to the name and in 1920 the North West Mounted Rifles hbsorbed the Federal Dorninion Police to becorne The Royal Canadian Mounted Police, based in Ottowa, but responsible for all Canada for Dominion Laws. lts subsequent enlargement with new posts and extensive dogâ&#x201A;Źled patrols to the North resulted in the Provincial Statutes being added between 1928 and 1950, except for Ontario and Quebec; thus 162 Municipalities draw their Police requirements from the R.C.M.P. ln 1932 the Marine Division started and the Preventive Service from the National Revenue was taken over; three years afterwards came the Air Division; two years later the first Crime Detection Laboratory was formed at Regina, and Sackville, New Brunswick, followed in 1957. Finally in 1939 the Reserves were founded, and Number One Provost Company sent off to war. Since the war a new section of great importance is S, & 1., Security and lntelligence Directorate, with the two top f loors at H,Q. responsible f or checking strbversives (Communists and fringe groups), monitoring eommunist Party line changes, running the counterespionage system, and operating all Government Security checks. According to the Solicitor-General's Report for 1971n2, there are twelve operational Divisions with 41

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with the broad yellow side stripes which is stillworn, The fatigue suit was brown duck, as now; a cavalry cloak and chain, and a winter issue of fur cap and buckskin mits, hide moccasins, woollen stockings, and buffalo, later Russian lambskin coats, were standard issue. Off icers had plumes on the helmets, gold lace, and yellow cord breeches (later the blue cloth with yellow stripe), and added later braid and a gold lace belt, black horse*rair helmet plumes, black jackboots, white gauntlets, cavalry swords and sabretaches with badge. There were many criticisms, particularly of the heavy helmet (more often dumped in the wagons than worn), and the red tunic, which stood f or integrity in lndian minds, but which was impractical wear in prairie dudt. ln '1901 , there was a complete change of uniform, when the felt hat, service cap, brown gloves, gauntlets, strathcona boots and ankle boots, field service jacket and pantaloons, klondyke fur cap, etc:, replaced the helmet, forage cap, cloak and chain, tunic, black fur cap, etc. Pipeclay and difficult black leather vanished. The new trousers had a leg-of+nutton cut, the stetson shaded the face, and the scarlet serge tunic, less severe than of yore, was retained only for ceremonial and walkingout dress. The Centenary has been marked by a special Commorative lssue, but the fine record of this superlative organisation is its greatestmonument for the past and signpost for the future. John Kennedy Melling.

P,C. Michael F inn in action in a recent display of Ja@nese tighting arts in the McMorran Hall.

Printed by the Printing and Stationery Department of the Corporation ot London.


'City' June 1973