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Cow CountryNews Cattlemen’s Association

May 2017

Issue Highlights

Making Hay: Getting Good Weather Information pg. 22 May is Beef Month pg. 30-35 Cow/Calf Profitability Expectations for Spring 2017 pg. 52

Baleage: Frequently Asked Questions pg. 61

Ky Cattlemen’s Assoc. 176 Pasadena Drive Lexington, KY 40503




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Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


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Endo-Fighter’s effect on production has been validated by numerous research studies as evidenced by the following:

Cow/Calf Missouri Study Control


Cow/Calf Herd A Cow ADG, lb Calf ADG, lb

-0.24 1.44

0.25 2.02

Cow/Calf Herd B Cow ADG, lb Calf ADG, lb

0.38 2.53

0.81 2.74


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also contains

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Available through Central Farm Supply 800-777-5923 of Kentucky and their dealer network

BioPlex™ and Sel-Plex™ are registered trademarks of Alltech.

Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Paris Stockyards 8 5 9 -9 8 7 -1 9 7 7

“Farmers doing business with farmers.”

Selling ev ery Thu rs da y a t 9 AM Rec eiv ing c a ttle W ednes da y 8 AM - 1 0 PM Call for more information Craig Taylor - 859-771-0146 Ÿ Sara Evans - 859-987-9945

Table of Contents COLUMNISTS 7

Chuck Crutcher, First Hundred Days


Dave Maples, Support & Involvement Vital in Our Industry

8 10 22 26

Ryan Quarles, Celebrate National Beef Month Baxter Black, Pick It Out

Don Sorrell, Making Hay: Getting Good Weather Information

Dr. Michelle Arnold, Baleage Mistakes Can Lead to Major Health Consequences


Glen Aiken, It’s Spring Time and the Fescue is Productive and Hot with


Roy Burris, Farm visits, honesty and coon hounds




Soybeans Up, Corn Down for Kentucky Farmers in 2017 China to Allow U.S. Beef - Trade Specifics Await

30-35 Beef Month

Green River Livestock Campbellsville, KY

PolyDome Bulk Bins Ÿ Translucent polyethylene allows you to see material level Ÿ Made from high-impact, UV stabilized polyethylene Ÿ Corrosion resistant Ÿ Easy cleaning Ÿ Smooth surface reduces bridging Ÿ Large, vented filler cap with pull rope for ground access Ÿ Sturdy outside ladder Ÿ 10 year warranty!


Cattlemen Call on USDA to Withdraw Damaging GIPSA Rules


Cattlemen’s Leadership Program has Third Session in Frankfort



Hunting Blinds Now Available! Made from UV stabilized polyurethane same material as our long lasting feed bins!

Bins in Stock & Ready to Move!


USDA on Tainted Brazilian Meat: None Has Entered U.S., 100 Percent Re-Inspection Instituted


KCA Attends 2017 NCBA Legislative Conference


Cow-calf Profitability Expectations for Spring 2017

50 59 61

12-14 18-20 40 54-55 56-57 67 68

Give Darrel a call for all of your feed bin & cattle handling equipment needs.

Kentucky Cattleman Testifies Before U.S. House Small Business Sub-


Cattle History in Kentucky The Wiley Coyote: Part II

Baleage: Frequently Asked Questions

County News Economic & Policy Update KJCA Membership Kentucky Beef Network News Releases Calendar of Events - Advertisers Index Classified Section: - Classified ads

Darrel Eastridge Ÿ 270-469-5389 4

Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Cover Photo taken by Jacob Redway of the 2017 Kentucky Derby Burger

HELP DEFEND YOUR CATTLE AGAINST THE CHALLENGES OF ENDOPHYTE-INFECTED FESCUE. Tall fescue. A dream to grow, but for cattle, it can be a nightmare. Until now. Fescue EMTTM is a new mineral defense with Endophyte Management Technology. Research-proven and backed by the expertise of Cargill Animal Nutrition. It’s uniquely designed to help defend cattle against the challenges of grazing endophyte-infected fescue while improving growth and overall performance.


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Available from your Cargill dealer Fescue EMT is a trademark of Cargill. ©2017 Cargill, Inc. All rights reserved.


Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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File Name: Trim Size: Color:

43657_FESCUE-EMT-KY_Cow_Country_FullPgAd_FA.indd 8.75"w × 11.5"h 4c process /

Date: Other Info:

April 11, 2017 5:14 PM NA


4/12/17 9:54 AM

Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association 2017 Leadership REGION 1

KCA Regional Directors:

*Jeff Pettit, Vice President, 270-836-2963 Bobby Bell, 270-547-8547 Gary Woodall, 270-725-0819 Ricky Haynes Keith Johnson, 270-635-0723 Wayne Johnson, (270) 726-7896 Lanny Boyd, 270-889-9682 Martin Hayden, (270) 281-4076 JJ Tucker, (270) 257-8548 Dennis Wilson, 270-952-1714 Caleb Jenkin, 270-952-0767



Chuck Crutcher 4364 Berrytown Rd Rineyville, KY 40162 (270) 272-6269


Bobby Foree 2440 Eminence Rd Eminence, KY 40019 (502) 845-4947


Tim White 3660 Military Pike Lexington KY 40513 (859) 223-0326 1972-73 1974-77 1978-79 1980-82 1983-85 1986-87 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999




Ken Adams 90 East Horseshoe Ave. Upton, KY 42784 (270) 734-1443

Chris Cooper 2140 Tates Creek Rd. Richmond, KY 40475 (859) 200-7711



David Lemaster 1859 Irvine Road Winchester, KY 40391 (859) 749-0258

Steve Dunning 8200 Antioch Road Hopkinsville, KY 42240 (270) 498-8180


Cary King 250 Bright Leaf Drive Harrodsburg, KY 40330 (859) 734-2173

KCA’s Past Presidents:

Jere Caldwell* - Boyle Smith T. Powell* - Lincoln Larry Lovell - Union John Masters* - Mason Seldon Hail* - Laurel Bob Vickery - Wayne Glenn Mackie - Bourbon Dale Lovell - Muhlenberg Steve Henshaw* - Union Jerry Fraim - Grayson Glen Massengale* - Wayne Dell King - Christian Kenneth Lowe - Warren Dr. J.L.Cole - Monroe Harvey Mitchell - Mercer Jim Naive - Spencer Shelby Hughes - Logan Hoppy Lovell - Barren

2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016

Charles Miller - Jessamine Larry Clay - Perry Jack Kimbrough* - Shelby Mark Williams - Crittenden Paul Napier - Lincoln Eddie Young - Washington Greg Ritter* - Barren Don Pemberton - Christian Billy Glenn Turpin - Madison Scotty Parsons - Christian Corinne Kephart - Shelby Greg Robey - Mercer Mike Bach - Bath Don Reynolds - Hart Steve Downs - Marion Gary Woodall - Logan David Lemaster, - Clark


*Andy Bishop Vice President, 502-275-6177 Craig Thompson, 270-590-5174 Mark Thomas, 270-723-6175 Joe Stults, 270-358-8182 Joe Mike Moore, 270-670-7493 Frank Rowland, 270-646-0882 Reva Richardson, 270-735-2959 Steve Webb, 270-646-8277 Adam Thomas, 270-991-7108 Richie Thompson, 270-678-4000 Joe Lowe, Mike Bullock, Donald Reynolds, 270-528-5239 Gerry Bowman, 270-427-6922 Phyllis Gentry, 502-549-3798 Adam Estes, (270) 528-3302


*Jon Bednarski, Vice President, 502-649-8706 Chris McBurney, 502-741-7088 Irvin Kupper, 502-633-6858

Dallas McCutchen, 502-255-7020 John Ellegood, 502-532-7573 Kevin Perkins, 502-269-7189 Larry Bryant, 502-845-4615 Wanda Hawkins, 502-220-2264 Jerry Oak, 502-255-7502 Phillip Douglas, 502-845-4620


*Jeremy Jones, 859-749-2233 Mickey Staton, 606-674-2195 Endre Fink, 859-559-7765 Doug Marshall, 859-885-3919 Bo Tate, 859-661-2325 Larry Swetnam, 859-293-5600 Jason Sandefur, 859-987-0336 Randy Warner, 859-771-5280 Curtis Absher, 859-533-9888 Clay Wills, 859-749-8248 Jason Crowe, 606-723-6062


*Gary Ford, Vice President, 270-402-2194 Steve Devine, 859-583-7824 Steve Downs, 270-865-2611 Brent Woodrum, 859-583-3193 Ian Thomas, 859-613-2453 Anne Bays, 615-478-8450 Larry Parman, 606-878-7516 Greg Robey, 859-734-0067 Eddie Young, 859-262-5682 Adam Chunglo, 859-613-2985 Brenda Williams, 606-669-2909 Tommy Glasscock, 270-692-4336 * Denotes member of Executive committee

Cow Country News

Volume 30 Issue 5


The publisher reserves the right to refuse publication of any material which he feels is unsuitable for the publication. Although the highest journalistic ethics will be maintained, the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association limits its responsibilities for any errors, inaccuracies or misprints in advertising or editorial copy. Advertisers and advertising agencies assume liability for all content of advertisements printed, and also assume responsibility for any claims arising from such advertisements made against the publisher.


176 Pasadena Drive,Lexington, KY 40503 Phone 859/278-0899 Fax 859/260-2060 Web Site: or E-Mail:

Executive Vice President Dave Maples Administrative Assistant Amanda Fugitt Staff Accountant Kelly Tucker Director of Kentucky Beef Network Becky Thompson KBN Industry Coordinator Dan Miller KBC Director of Consumer Affairs Kiah Twisselman KBC Director of Education Niki Ellis

Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

KBC Director of Product Development Katelyn Hawkins Membership Coordinator Nikki Whitaker Communications Manager Jacob Redway Publication Coordinator Carey Brown National Advertising Sales Livestock Advertising Network,

Debby Nichols, 859/321-8770


First Hundred Days Chuck Crutcher

----------------Kentucky Cattlemen's Association President


ell Donald and I are approaching our first 100 days in office; judgement day for politicians! I’m glad that the cattlemen’s association does not have such a silly standard. Cattle have no political affiliation! Our job is to keep promoting beef, which has no timetable. It’s just what we do. Your association keeps going forward to finish projects started by others and always looking to the future for producers and consumers. During the last few weeks many counties have responded to the wildfire relief effort for the ranchers in the western states. Cattlemen helping cattlemen has

become the buzz word used by many on social media to help support this relief effort. In my region, 10 counties and parts of Indiana have stepped up to send over $75,000 in fencing and hay supplies to Protection, Kansas. One of our local farm families has relatives in this area and knew their need. I know that many other counties contributed to the relief effort and are to be applauded. If you would like to share your stories send them to Carey Brown ( Helping fellow farmers makes you proud to be a part of this great cattle industry. Over the last 15+ years of serving on the KCA board or committees, I’ve had the opportunity to serve many KCA presidents. I have always observed how these Presidents worked with the members on issues and I’m trying to work their leadership abilities to blend in with mine to move this association forward. My seat in the KCA board room was always facing forward looking at the


Bred &

sitting President, but on the wall behind was the pictures of all the past KCA Presidents. Not knowing some of the Presidents in early years of KCA led me to wonder what leadership skills they had? The mission of KCA has always been to do the little things that promote and educate the consumer about beef. Now that I’m in the front of the room, with my back to the wall, I wonder how I’m being rated. I hope the legacy will be, he didn’t miss a step and we’re still growing. May is national beef month. This is the start of the grilling season. On the local level try to get your county executives to proclaim beef month in your county. Most of the counties have Rotary, Lions and Chamber of Commerce groups. Encourage them to feature beef at one of their lunch meetings or better yet grill them a nice steak. Several years ago I noticed that a lot of people were carrying around “YETI” mugs. The forerunner of the “Yeti” cup

invented right in rural America. When I was growing up on the farm and we went to the field to hoe tobacco or put up hay we were sent with an insulated milk jug. Before we headed out to work, mom would go to the freezer and get out that gallon milk jug that she had filled half full of water days before that was now frozen. She would fill the jug with tap water and get some newspaper to wrap around the milk jug for insulation. The number of sheets depended on how hot the day was going to be. She then proceeded to wrap baler twine around the newspaper to hold it place, hence the R or insulation value. Having 6 brothers there was never a shortage of jugs. Like a lot of other things invented on the farm, we didn’t know how to get patent rights. You probably have other versions, but you heard mine right here. One further thought, I don’t know how we survived as we passed that jug around drinking after one another!!!!!!!


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Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Celebrate National Beef Month Ryan Quarles

-------------Commissioner of Agriculture


ay is a month of celebrations: Mother’s Day, graduations, weddings, and Memorial Day to name a few. What better way to honor these events than by celebrating National Beef Month at the same time? Dust off your grill and share delicious steaks and hamburgers with your non-farming friends and neighbors while educating them about beef ’s role in a healthy diet and its benefits to Kentucky’s economy. Beef supplies our bodies with 10

essential nutrients, including protein, B vitamins, iron, and zinc. These nutrients are important for building muscles, keeping your brain healthy, and maintaining a strong immune system. In addition, lean beef is a heart-healthy food that can help in lowering “bad” cholesterol when included as part of a daily diet. Studies have found that individuals with the highest intake of protein (of which beef is an excellent source) have the lowest risk for coronary heart disease. Protein consumption can reduce cholesterol levels and blood pressure. Some cuts of beef are as lean as a 3-ounce skinless chicken thigh. For more information, including grilling tips and recipes, go to the Kentucky Beef Council’s website, Beef also is an important part of Kentucky’s agricultural economy. Cattle generated more than $927 million in farm gate cash receipts in 2015, according to the National Agricultural Statistics Service. That means income for Kentucky farm families, economic activity in the communities where they live, and jobs for associated businesses such as stockyards, veterinarians, retailers, restaurants, and equipment dealers. The Kentucky Department of Agriculture (KDA) partners with cattlemen across the Commonwealth to help them raise and market their beef. The KDA’s Office of the State Veterinarian works to protect our livestock herds f rom disease and eliminate disease outbreaks when they

occur. The Division of Show and Fair Promotion awards grants to county fairs for facility improvements and helps conduct livestock shows across the state, training the next generation of producers. Our marketing office helps Kentucky farmers and food producers find new markets for their products. As we celebrate National Beef Month, I salute our state’s producers for all you do to produce a wholesome, nutritious product that we all depend on as part of a healthy lifestyle. And I pledge that the KDA will continue to work with the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association to support the Commonwealth’s beef industry and make it stronger in the future.

LIVESTOCK MARKETING GROUP Blue Grass Albany 1274 Hwy 90 W Albany, KY 42602 606-387-4681 Bret Carver, Manager 270-459-0724

Blue Grass East-Mt. Sterling 3025 Owingsville Road Mt. Sterling, KY 40353 859-498-9625 Tim Gayheart, Manager 859-229-4437

Blue Grass Richmond 348 K Street Richmond, KY 40475 859-623-1280 Jim Dause, Manager 859-314-7211

Blue Grass Campbellsville 265 Airport Road Campbellsville, KY 42719 270-465-4051 Ronnie Choate, Manager 270-766-8240

Blue Grass Maysville 7124 AA Hwy E Maysville, KY 41056 606-759-7280 Corey Story, Manager 606-209-1543

Blue Grass South-Stanford 277 Cordier Lane Stanford, KY 40484 606-365-0665 David Holt, Manager 502-680-0797


Upcoming Sales Blue Grass South KY Certified Hereford Influence Sale Thursday, May 11, 2017 10:30 AM

Blue Grass Internet Sales PO Box 1023 Lexington, KY 40588 Jeremy Shryock, Manager 859-967-6479 8

Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

CPH Sale Tuesday, June 13, 2017 5:30 PM


Support & Involvement Vital in Our Industry Dave Maples

-------------Executive Vice President

It is not an ‘I’ thing it is a ‘we’ thing”, those were the words of the Breckinridge County Cattleman’s Association President Bobby Bell as he prepared the truck drivers for their 850 mile trip to Clark County, Kansas. The trucks were loaded with hay, post, wire, troughs and other necessary farm equipment. Jacob Redway and I made the Saturday morning trip to Hardinsburg where a large crowd gathered to finish loading the trucks and celebrated the community effort in collecting nearly $75,000 dollars in cash and purchased supplies. Jacob made the comment on the way home that he was so appreciative to work for the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association. Jacob said, “It is all about the people and cattle people are good people”. Many of our county Cattlemen’s Associations and individual producers made donations and conducted benefit drives and worked to collect materials as well as make the trip west to help those in need.

I personally want to thank everyone that has helped.

Spring Legislative Conference – Washington D.C. We made our annual spring trip to Washington D.C. this past month. Tim White, Nikki Whitaker and I made the yearly trip. On any trip to D.C. it is about the politics and this one was no different because you have the normal politics with Democrats and Republicans, but you also have NCBA politics. I am not sure which is more daunting. Historically, NCBA is a western run organization mainly because farmers in the east don’t go to the meetings on a regular basis. If you want to change something you have to get involved and change it f rom the inside. On our Capitol Hill visits we stopped by Congressman Andy Barr’s office first. Congressman Barr spent a great deal of time with us and it was obvious that he was frustrated. The health care bill had just fallen apart and he needed to talk to someone. After talking to all of our Congressmen it was apparent that the Republicans are all not on the same page.


Calves in barn by 2 PM

Springfield, KY • 646 Bloomfield Rd

Contact Jim Gibson: 859-333-2378 Gelenna Gibson: 859-333-4706

June 22, 2017 • 6 PM EST

Health care was what Senator Paul wanted to talk about as well. He has been on several news networks talking about Association Health Care Plans so I was excited to get to question him about his plans because the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association has an Association Health Care Plan. His views were way bigger than a State Cattlemen’s Association plan but they were much the same just on a national basis. I was so glad to get the time to talk with former Commissioner of Agriculture and now Congressman James Comer. He had to vote on two bills so we got to walk to the Capitol and have our meeting with him in the Capitol. One would expect that most of the NCBA and Congressional

conversation to be centered on the cattle markets and foreign trade. One takeaway however worth keeping an eye on is the Animal Disease Traceability (ADT) movement that is taking place this month. There is a full schedule of Public meetings being held across the country starting in early April and finishing in Billings, Montana on May 24. The talk is about tagging all feeder calves now as well as the mature cows. The trade issue with China is going to be used as a reason to move forward with an ADT program. We have about talked this issue to death. It is either time to move forward or drop the issue.

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Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Pick It Out Baxter Black

----------------On the Edge of Common Sense


he newspaper photo showed them leaning into the harmony like four caroling coyotes! The caption named the pickers and said they were members of a new country singing group. It announced that they would be playing at the Dairy Queen on Thursday. The owner explained that the Troubadours would be appearing at the restaurant for a while, playing for hamburgers and exposure.

It ain’t easy to get into show business! It’s a long way from Monte Vista, Yreba or Blue Earth to Nashville. Music has always been a part of my life. My family emigrated to Oklahoma from Texas. Grandpa played old-time fiddle. He taught his kids. I’ve been seconding good musicians as long as I can remember. And it’s still goin’ on! I married into a nest of Okies who play the same good music I grew up on. They sing and play and let me hammer and pound along behind ‘em. I’ve never really minded playin’ second fiddle. You can’t be good at everything. But there was a time when I shined! Workin’ cows in the fall is somethin’ I’ve always enjoyed. Some

of these ranches I worked were a hundred miles from a K-Mart! It might take several days to preg check 2,000 head so when I showed up I’d take my guitar. There weren’t VCR’s and satellite dishes in the old days. I was a welcome diversion. After a day’s work we’d clean up, have supper and then make music and tell stories in the cookhouse. Sometimes there’d be a cowboy who could sing or a day work uranium miner who’d played the mandolin. We had a high ol’ time every night! Now days I’ve gotten to know folks like Ed Bruce, Red Steagall, Michael Martin Murphy, Charlie Daniels, Reba McEntire, Larry Gatlin, Riders in the Sky, Mo Bandy, Vince Gill, Chris LeDoux and other, not quite so famous but just as

talented. I admire their ability but I don’t envy it. Even if I’d had a portion of their gift and ambition, I suspect I’d still be playin’ at the Starlite Inn in Idaho Falls six nights a week. I’d have spent my life chasin’ fame instead of chasin’ cows. And I’d have missed all those nights singin’ in the cookhouse to a bunch of cowboys starved for entertainment. I’d probably belong to a group that hadn’t named ourselves yet. One seeking a new identity at every engagement. A side man, at the Trailer Court Christmas Concerto. Strummin’ rhythm guitar with Pinto and the Play for Food Band.

Silver Stream Shelters 30’ x 70’ Double Truss Pipe & Rachet Regularly Priced: $8,200 On sale for: $4,995 (Limit 10 Sheds) 30 X 72 Single Steele Rope Tie $3995.00 *Twice as strong as single steel

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Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Justin Arnett William Arnett Livestock Justin Baker Megan Baxter Jason Blevins William Boyd OH Caudill Cluxton Farms Cobb Farms Taylor Cooper Estill Farms

Timmy Fergason Fryman Brothers Simmental Robert Fulks Dwain Ginter Maddison Goecke Bourbon Graves Tim Gray Roger Mash Chad Murphy Jimmy Newsome Parish Livestock

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Joey Porter Raymer Livestock Rocking P Ronnie Sexton Jack Stephens Bret Unger Todd Waugh Bobby Wells Withrow Farms


Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Washington County

Barren County


he Barren County Cattlemen’s Meeting was held Thursday evening, March 16 at the Barren County High School Trojan Academy. During the meeting Brent Jones, Regional Agronomist of the Tennessee Farmers Cooperative presented a program on Pasture Management for Cattle. Pictured from left to right; Brent Jones, Jeff Gordan, Winfield United; Leland Glass, C & F Supply Co. of Hiseville; and Don Wilson, Barren

County Cattlemen’s Treasurer. A delicious steak dinner was served which was sponsored by C & F Supply of Hiseville.

Metcalfe County

Pictured above is a group of Washington County Cattlemen’s Association members who traveled to Eden Shale Farm and Learning Center located in Owenton, Kentucky. The Washington County Cattlemen Association Sponsored this trip.

Larue County

Mike Kramer with Wright Implement.

Kevin Laurent with UK Research and Education.

BY MOE HENSLEY he first Metcalfe County Cattlemens meeting of 2017 took place on March 28 at the Metcalfe County Extension Office. After routine business, we had a nice ribeye steak meal prepared by the Metcalfe County Cattlemens Cooking Crew. The sponsor of the meal was Wright Implement. Ken Branstetter and Mike Kramer were on hand for Wright. Mike’s powerpoint presentation talked about reducing feed/hay loss by wrapping your hay. With up front costs being a little higher, the reduction in loss and spoil will be the payoff on the back end. If you need to know more on this, you can contact Wright Implement and one of their associates will be glad to help you. Kevin Laurent, with the University of Kentucky Research and Education Center at Princeton, gave a presentation on Timely Tips and Alternatives. Late winter feeding, body condition scores, mineral recommendations, pasture conditions and getting ready for hay season were a few of the topics. It was a good informative lecture. Kevin left us with one last bit of advice, if nothing else, step out of your comfort zone and try one thing new. If anyone ever has any questions, you can always contact your local ag extension agent.


Right: Warren Beeler, Executive Director of the Governors Office of Agriculture Policy, shown here with Joe Stults, President of Larue County Cattlemen, was guest speaker at the Larue County Cattlemen monthly meeting held April 11th. A large crowd (left) attended to hear Mr. Beeler speak on Ag Development Funds being used toward growth in agriculture industry in Kentucky. Submitted by Brenda Gaddie 12

Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Breckinridge County

Christian County


Marketing Premium Products


hat a cold night it was!!! Love having colder weather on a meeting night. When you mix food and cold weather you get farmers attendance, and that we did. We had over 100 producers attend a meeting on February 9th at the Breckinridge County Extension Community Building. The topic of the meeting was “Marketing Options”. Guest speaker Alex Tolbert Regional Manager of American Angus Association, spoke of how to market beef for a high price thru Angus Source and Angus Source Genetics. To be eligible, calves must be sired by registered Angus bulls, born on the ranch of origin, and have calving or breeding records to document group age. An email is sent weekly to more than 600 potential buyers listing enrolled calves for sale. Once enrollment is complete, producers have the option to add sale date, vaccination information and more to the AngusSource or AngusSource Genetic Marketing Document. There are five steps to this program and the cost for this advertising is a minimum cost. If interested check this information at http://www. Our other guest speaker was Tim Dietrich from Kentucky Department of Ag. Tim discussed the CPH-45 sales in the state and the requirements to participate. Cattle must: Eat from a bunk, drink from a trough, dehorned and healed, castrated and healed, must be weaned at least 45 days, vaccinated, according to sale location guidelines, identified with official Kentucky CPH-45 tag. Tim advised the county extension agent, stock yards and Kentucky Department of Agriculture would assist with putting on such sales. A similar sale is in the works for our area.


David Woodall speaking about VFD at Christian County annual business meeting last night.


Representatives from United Producers Incorporate were also in attendance to show support for sales mentioned and help with the planning of the upcoming sale. We want to keep you informed. Like us on Facebook – Breckinridge County Cattlemen’s Association. We will be announcing upcoming meetings, topics and hopefully upcoming sales information.

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Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


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INDICATIONS: Cattle - Single-Dose Therapy: Enroflox 100 is indicated for the treatment of bovine respiratory disease (BRD) associated with Mannheimia haemolytica, Pasteurella multocida, Histophilus somni and Mycoplasma bovis in beef and non-lactating dairy cattle; and for the control of BRD in beef and non-lactating dairy cattle at high risk of developing BRD associated with M. haemolytica, P. multocida, H. somni and M. bovis. Cattle - Multiple-Day Therapy: Enroflox 100 is indicated for the treatment of bovine respiratory disease (BRD) associated with Mannheimia haemolytica, Pasteurella multocida and Histophilus somni in beef and non-lactating dairy cattle. Swine: Enroflox 100 is indicated for the treatment and control of swine respiratory disease (SRD) associated with Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae, Pasteurella multocida, Haemophilus parasuis and Streptococcus suis. RESIDUE WARNINGS: Cattle: Animals intended for human consumption must not be slaughtered within 28 days from the last treatment. This product is not approved for female dairy cattle 20 months of age or older, including dry dairy cows. Use in these cattle may cause drug residues in milk and/or in calves born to these cows. A withdrawal period has not been established for this product in pre-ruminating calves. Do not use in calves to be processed for veal. Swine: Animals intended for human consumption must not be slaughtered within 5 days of receiving a single-injection dose. HUMAN WARNINGS: For use in animals only. Keep out of the reach of children. Avoid contact with eyes. In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with copious amounts of water for 15 minutes. In case of dermal contact, wash skin with soap and water. Consult a physician if irritation persists following ocular or dermal exposures. Individuals with a history of hypersensitivity to quinolones should avoid this product. In humans, there is a risk of user photosensitization within a few hours after excessive exposure to quinolones. If excessive accidental exposure occurs, avoid direct sunlight. For customer service, to obtain a copy of the Safety Data Sheet (SDS) or to report adverse reactions, call Norbrook at 1-866-591-5777. PRECAUTIONS: The effects of enrofloxacin on cattle or swine reproductive performance, pregnancy and lactation have not been adequately determined. The long-term effects on articular joint cartilage have not been determined in pigs above market weight. Subcutaneous injection can cause a transient local tissue reaction that may result in trim loss of edible tissue at slaughter. Enroflox 100 contains different excipients than other enrofloxacin products. The safety and efficacy of this formulation in species other than cattle and swine have not been determined. Quinolone-class drugs should be used with caution in animals with known or suspected Central Nervous System (CNS) disorders. In such animals, quinolones have, in rare instances, been associated with CNS stimulation which may lead to convulsive seizures. Quinolone-class drugs have been shown to produce erosions of cartilage of weight-bearing joints and other signs of arthropathy in immature animals of various species. See Animal Safety section for additional information. ADVERSE REACTIONS: No adverse reactions were observed during clinical trials. ANIMAL SAFETY: In cattle safety studies, clinical signs of depression, incoordination and muscle fasciculation were observed in calves when doses of 15 or 25 mg/kg were administered for 10 to 15 days. Clinical signs of depression, inappetance and incoordination were observed when a dose of 50 mg/kg was administered for 3 days. An injection site study conducted in feeder calves demonstrated that the formulation may induce a transient reaction in the subcutaneous tissue and underlying muscle. In swine safety studies, incidental lameness of short duration was observed in all groups, including the saline-treated controls. Musculoskeletal stiffness was observed following the 15 and 25 mg/kg treatments with clinical signs appearing during the second week of treatment. Clinical signs of lameness improved after treatment ceased and most animals were clinically normal at necropsy. An injection site study conducted in pigs demonstrated that the formulation may induce a transient reaction in the subcutaneous tissue. Norbrook Laboratories Limited, Newry, BT35 6PU, Co. Down, Northern Ireland I02 September 2016 The Norbrook logos and Enroflox® are registered trademarks of Norbrook Laboratories Limited.


Cattlemen Helping Cattlemen BY SANDRA COMPTON pril 1st was no Fool’s day for Breckinridge County Cattlemen’s Association (BCCA) and surrounding counties. BCCA and the County Extension office hosted a meeting: “Beef, Eggs and AG Issues”. The food was great but the efforts outside the building were no joke on Fool’s Day. Let’s back up a few weeks…. On March 8th a wild fire swept thru Colorado, Texas, Kansas and Oklahoma. Fires burned thousands of acres, seven people perished and several homes are now ash. Thousands of cattle, pigs and wildlife died in the fire fueled by the dry grasses and winds reaching over 70 miles an hour. In days to follow, several cows and calves had to be euthanized because their injuries from the fire were too severe for them to live. What cattle survived had little to no hay to be fed. Farmers and ranchers from all over the United States of America have sent in aid and inspiration of hope and will to continue with ranching. One of the local Cattlemen members Jeremy Armstrong posted on Facebook “Needing some help! Looking for some help getting donations shipped to our farm families out west. Any help would be greatly appreciated!!” He was just thinking a few of his buddies would load up a few gooseneck trailers with hay and supplies and head to Kansas to help out. Well his call was answered but not by just a few friends. By the next morning the efforts of an army were behind him. Jeremy Armstrong, Evan Tate and Bobby Bell with Breckinridge County Cattlemen’s Association started getting calls from people wanting to donate money, barb wire, fence post, milk replacer, nails, gates, T-post and more. Within a little over a week people from all across Kentucky and some from Indiana called these guys, their local University of Kentucky Agriculture Agents and Cattlemen Association leaders wanting to help.


These efforts did not only come from Breckinridge County. Funds and supplies were brought from the following Counties: Bullitt, Spencer, Hardin, Meade, LaRue, Hancock, Ohio, Grayson, Jefferson, Daviess and Dale IN. (If I have missed someone please forgive me.) As you can see, this was not the effort of just one or one group of people but a large community whom understand the devastation and the need for assistance. Several of the local businesses reduced their cost of the supplies to help out. We had people and trucking companies donate their own time, trucks and gooseneck trailers and semi-truck and drivers to deliver supplies. Back to April 1st …. One of the “Ag Issues” was the Wild Fire Relief Effort and the efforts taken to gather supplies and a prayer for the drivers to have a safe trip to Protection, Kansas and back home. Over 150 people from across the state arrived at the Breckinridge County Extension Office to witness Cattlemen Helping Cattlemen. At approximately 8:00 CT the drivers loaded up in 11’ trucks to haul those supplies. On the way the drivers stopped to check straps on the loads. A gentleman stopped the guys to see what they were doing. Once they explained, he asked if they would wait for him to get back. He returned with barb wire he wanted to donate.

The convoy of trucks was escorted by local police officers to the Indiana state line. After the trucks left Hardinsburg, KY, more money came in and another truck/gooseneck trailer loaded with fence post headed west. The drivers arrived on Sunday morning to the most grateful people. One of the contacts in Protection, Kansas had it worked out so that not just one person got all the supplies. The supplies were distributed to other ranchers in need in the area. Check out our Facebook page “Breckinridge County Cattlemen’s Association” for some of the videos. There was over $65,000 worth of time, trucks and supplies donated. The Wildfire Relief Efforts continue on and another trip is planned for April 21, 2017 to go to Kansas. If funds and transportation are available we will send the next loads to Oklahoma. I was born to be a Farmer, to hold, to aid, to help, to save, to farm, to inspire, it’s who I am, my calling, my passion, my life and my world. Unknown author.

Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Soybeans Up, Corn Down for Kentucky Farmers in 2017 LOUISVILLE, KY


he U.S. Department of Agr iculture ’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) released the Planting Intentions report today, showing Kentucky farmers intend to plant less corn, but more soybeans this year. “Soybean acreage is estimated to be a record high, while corn acreage is expected to dip to the lowest level since 2009,” said David Knopf, director of the NASS Eastern Mountain Regional Office in Kentucky. “The survey was conducted before farmers had a chance to assess freeze damage to wheat, and therefore any decisions involving wheat acreage seeded last fall are not reflected in this report.”


Knopf added that these are only the planting intentions for the season. “Farmer intentions often change for a variety of reasons, such as market prices,” he said. “Weather conditions can also often dictate planting decisions between March and July.” Farmers in Kentucky intend to plant 1.32 million acres of corn, 180,000 lower than 2016. U.S. corn growers intend to plant 90  million acres for all purposes in 2017, down four  percent f rom last year and two percent higher than 2015. Soybean acreage in Kentucky was expected to total 1.90  million acres, up 110,000 acres from the previous year. U.S. soybean planted area for 2017 is estimated at 89.5  million

acres, up seven percent from last year and a record high.

Other Planting Intentions

Burley tobacco growers in Kentucky intend to set 65,000 acres for harvest, up 4,000 acres f rom 2016. For the burley producing states, growers intend to set 85,300 acres, seven percent above last year. Producers intend to set 10,000 acres of dark-fired tobacco in Kentucky, up 500 acres f rom the previous year. Acreage set to dark-air tobacco was estimated at 5,300 acres, up 500 acres from 2016. Winter wheat seeded by Kentucky farmers in the fall of 2016 totaled 490,000 acres, down 20,000 acres from previous year. Seeded acreage

for the nation was 46.1 million acres, down nine percent from 2015. Farmers in the state intend to harvest 2.15  million acres of all hay, down 100,000 f rom 2016. U.S. farmers intend on harvesting 52.8  million acres of hay in 2017, down one percent from last year. “The percentage of farmer responses to the survey was up from a year ago, increasing data accuracy,” Knopf noted. “I appreciate their cooperation while they are busy preparing for planting.” For more information on Kentucky surveys and reports, visit https://www. Kentucky/. For more information, call the field office at 1-800-9285277.

Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


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Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


2/1/17 11:17 PM


Whole-Farm Revenue Protection BY AMANDA JENKINS & JONATHAN D. SHEPHERD rop insurance is a critical risk management tool and many farmers utilize some form of revenue protection insurance. However, diverse farm operations have had limited access to revenue protection that covers crops that fall outside of typical grains/small grain crops and tobacco. Crop insurance is a complex topic that is rife with detail, limitations, and restrictions. Our goal here is give you an overview of the lesser-known WholeFarm Revenue Protection (WFRP) policy that may be beneficial for diversified farm operations. While WFRP is available to most farmers, it is designed for diverse farm operations, producing multiple products, and selling directly to local or wholesale markets. It also covers organic and specialty crops. Unlike crop insurance, WFRP provides a safety net for all commodities under one policy. All revenue from commodities, animal and animal products, and commodities purchased for resale (up to 50%) are included. Timber, forest products, and animals for show, sport, or pets are excluded. Replant coverage is also included in the policy and the policy is available in every county in every state of the country. WFRP also includes a 35% growth cap. If a producer can prove that their operation has been growing in size or revenue over the previous years, then the current year’s insured level can be up to 35% above the previous year’s revenues. Under WFRP, claims will be paid when revenue-to-count for the insured year falls below the WFRP insured revenue. Revenue-to- count includes revenue from the tax form approved according to the policy; adjusted by removing inventories from commodities produced in previous years; and adjusted for current year inventories. Other crop insurance policies can be purchased so long as they are higher

C The Agricultural Economics Depar tment publishes the Economic and Policy Update towards the end of each month. Each issue features articles written by extension personnel within the department and other experts across the country. Topics will vary greatly but regularly include marketing, management, policy, natural resources, and rural development issues. If you would like to recieve this newsletter by email, please contact Kenny Burdine at

You can also view current and past issues online at http://www. index.php?p=209 Co-editors: Kenny Burdine, Alison Davis, and Greg Halich


than the catastrophic coverage level. If any indemnities are paid from those coverages, they will be included as revenue for the WFRP. Keeping good records will assist in making the process of determining eligibility easier and ultimately aide in determining your crop insurance claim amount if a loss is incurred. Whole-Farm Revenue Protection requires farmers to provide five consecutive years of Schedule F’s or other approved tax forms, unless the farmer is considered a beginning farmer and then three years are required. Other items required are a farm plan for the current year that shows what commodities are going to be produced and how much will be produced; farm marketing records; summaries of any individual insurance policies purchased; and inventory information for commodities and accounts receivables and payables. Protection coverage ranges from 50 to 85%. The higher the coverage the

more diversified the farming operation has to be. For instance, at the 80 and 85% coverage, three commodities are required on the farming operation. The more diverse the operation the higher the subsidy available. WFRP is not eligible for farms with insured revenue greater than $8.5 million; have more than $1 million expected revenue from animals and animal products; or have more than $1 million from greenhouses and nursery production. This policy may even allow for a growth factor of 35% if a farm operation has been expanding in the previous years. Famers who are diversified or have enterprise mixes that include products not covered by traditional revenue protection insurance should consider this risk management tool. We encourage you to reach out to your crop insurance provider to discuss how this tool could be beneficial in your overall risk management strategies.

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Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Options for Freeze Damaged Wheat: Which Will be Most Profitable WILLIAM M. SNELL, EXTENSION PROFESSOR severe freeze in mid-March has likely damaged much of the wheat crop in Kentucky. The extent and severity of the damage will be better known one to two weeks after the freeze when baseline estimates can be made. Normally, producers would have three options to deal with wheat stands that have been damaged at this stage: 1) Stay the course, harvest the wheat and then doublecrop soybeans. 2) Terminate the wheat stand and plant corn. 3) Terminate the wheat stand and plant full-season soybeans. However, given the current profitability advantage of full-season soybeans over corn for the 2017 crop, the decision this year would mainly be keeping the wheat or terminating the crop and planting full-season soybeans (keeping the rotation). The best option will depend on the extent of the damage to the wheat crop and the relative productivity potential and price levels for wheat and soybeans. Note that if you have forwardedcontracted a portion of your wheat crop your options will be limited by your forward contract obligations. Producers who have forwardcontracted should contact the elevator to understand their options.


Analysis Soybeans are assumed to sell for $9.75/bu. and wheat at $4.45/ bu. in this analysis. Table 1 shows the soil productivity levels used. Note that there are three primary productivity levels (one each for corn and full-season soybeans) and two wheat yield levels for each corn and soybean productivity level. This gives six productivity scenarios. Note that the corn yield levels are shown for illustrative purposes only

as many farmers think of general soil productivity relative to corn yields. They are not used in the analysis as the comparison is between wheat + double-crop soybeans and full-season soybeans. The estimated wheat yield loss will have the greatest impact on the analysis, and wheat yield losses from 20-50% are used. Obviously, the higher the wheat yield loss, the more likely full-season soybeans would be the more profitable option. This estimate is the most critical portion of the analysis. Consult with your County Extension ANR Agent to help with this estimate. Soybeans double-cropped after wheat harvest will generally experience a yield decline over fullseason soybeans due to the shorter growing season. Typically, the yield penalty for soybeans averages around 20% but there is concern that the wheat harvest could be delayed this year due to the damage, resulting in a shortened growing season for the double-cropped soybeans. Overall yield losses for double-crop soybeans from 17.5 to 25% are used in this analysis, allowing the reader to pick the estimate most representative for their situation. Only those costs for wheat/ double-crop soybeans that would be in addition to full-season soybeans should be included. Seeding costs for the wheat, previous applications of nitrogen, and previous applications of pesticides are not relevant at this point in time. The additional costs for the wheat crop would likely be herbicides/ fungicide sprayings, harvesting, and trucking costs. Total additional costs of $75 for the wheat crop are used in this analysis. If your estimated costs are different, the results can be easily adjusted, as will be explained later. The results are summarized in Tables 2 through 7 based on soil

productivity levels. Tables 2 and 3 show 200-bushel corn and 60-bushel soybean (full-season) ground with two different wheat yields, 80 and 90 bushels. These wheat yields are what would normally be expected, and not the final yield after the freeze. The tables show expected wheat losses from the freeze from 20 to 50% compared to the base yield. The tables also show the double-crop soybean yields relative to what you would expect for full-season soybeans ranging from 17.5 to 25%. The results for 200 bu. corn ground and 80 bu. wheat ground are show in Table 2. For example, if you expected a 30% wheat loss and a 20% yield drop in double-crop soybeans, the table shows $54. The $54 means that you would expect your net return to be $54 higher by keeping the wheat crop compared to terminating the crop and planting full-season soybeans. Positive values indicate an advantage to keeping the wheat crop; negative values indicate an advantage to terminating the wheat crop and planting fullseason soybeans. Thus in this scenario, at a 40% wheat yield loss, double-crop

soybeans would have to yield 25% less than full-season soybeans before it would make sense to terminate ContĘźd on pg. 20

Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



ContĘźd o pg. the wheat crop. With a 50% wheat yield loss, all the scenarios favored terminating the wheat crop. Table 3 shows the results for the same scenario except that normal

wheat yields are expected to be 90 bu rather than 80 bu. This will reduce the situations where terminating the wheat crop would be warranted. There are only two scenarios at 50% wheat yield loss where this would make sense with the higher wheat productivity. Tables 4 and 5 show the next tier of soil productivity levels: 175 bu. corn, 55 bu. fullseason soybeans, and either 70 or 80 bu. wheat. The results pretty much follow those for the previous two tables. There are just a few more scenarios where it would make sense to terminate the wheat crop. Tables 6 and 7 show the lower tier soil productivity level: 150 bu. corn, 48 bu. full-season soybeans, and either 60 or 70 bu. wheat. More scenarios are now starting to favor terminating the


wheat crop and planting full-season soybeans. With the 60 bu. normal wheat yield, a 40% wheat yield loss favors full-season soybeans in most situations. With the 70 bu. normal wheat yield, it still takes close to a 50% wheat loss to favor full-season soybeans. How to Modify the Analysis This analysis used $75 in additional costs for the combined wheat and double-crop soybeans compared to terminating the crop and planting fullseason soybeans. If your expected costs are different from this, the analysis can be easily modified. For example, if your estimates were $25 lower costs, then you would add the $25 to each cell in the summary tables. If your estimates were $25 higher costs, then you would subtract the $25 from each cell in the summary tables. Producers may have the option of harvesting the damaged wheat for silage before planting full-season soybeans. If this silage has a positive net value (value of the silage minus the costs), you would subtract the net value of this silage (on a per acre basis) from the cells in the appropriate table. Aside from the obvious costs to making the silage, be sure to account for additional fertilizer value you would be removing from the silage crop (particularly K). Producers should

make certain that any pesticides used in production of the wheat are labeled for feed use. Testing is also highly recommended to make certain that nitrate levels are safe for feed. Crop Insurance Producers need to factor in potential crop insurance payments. It is important to understand that insurance payments that affect all options equally should not be included in the analysis. If payments are received regardless of what the producer does, then they will not change the analysis to favor one option over the other. Only payment differences between terminating the wheat or keeping it full-term should be used. First and foremost, producers with wheat that has been potentially damaged should contact their crop insurance agent. Preliminary discussion with some of these agents indicate they may not be as lenient in releasing wheat-damaged crops for other purposes as they were after the wheat freeze of 2007. Find out what your crop insurance options are likely to be taking the wheat to full term as well as terminating the wheat and planting full-season soybeans. Summary Without accounting for crop insurance differences or potential wheat silage value, it appears that wheat stand yields would have to be reduced by at least 30% and more likely 40 to 50% before it would be more profitable to terminate the wheat stand and plant full-season soybeans. Given these results, producers should be careful before spraying-down wheat stands before they get an accurate assessment of the damage. Wheat stands harvested after the 2007 freeze generally did better than initial predicted. Make sure you contact your crop insurance agent to find out what your options are this year.

Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Making Hay: Getting Good Weather Information aking hay in KY in May and June can be especially challenging with the constant movement of high and low fronts across KY that bring sunshine one day and rain the next. Even a slight amount of rain on curing hay can cause serious losses of feed quality. The losses occur because much of the nutrition in the plant is water soluble and can be removed by leaching. Studies (Table 1) shows that a half inch of rain on partially cured alfalfa hay is sufficient to cause significant leaching losses. Increasing amounts of

The passage of a cold front, then, is a signal to the farmer that he can go ahead and cut hay. Some signs which indicate the frontal passage are: a shift of the wind to the west, clearing skies, lowering humidity, and a rapidly rising barometer. While high pressure centers move progressively across the country much like cold fronts, they will sometimes become stationary for several days and bring persistent fair weather. These times are usually extended dry periods with ample sunshine, light winds and low humidity. This is the ideal opportunity to cut hay. Often in the summer months

rain causes greater losses by leaching and also by knocking off the leaves, which contain much of the protein in legume hay. Throughout the hay-harvesting season, rain in Kentucky is usually caused by either the passage of a front or by daytime convective showers. In the first case, a cool front will move through the state and be accompanied by a band of showers and thundershowers. This may occur at intervals of 3 to 4 days, or more than a week may pass without the passage of a front. Fronts are usually followed by clearing, cooler weather. High pressure centers which move across the country behind the fronts generally bring sunny skies, low humidity, and several days of good drying weather.

high pressure centers will become stationary along the southeastern coast of the U.S., and this causes a rather unsettled weather pattern in Kentucky. Southerly winds on the west side of the high pressure center will bring moisture from the Gulf of Mexico up into the Mississippi and Ohio Valleys. When the moist air is heated during the day, it rises until clouds form and finally develops into showers. These are generally small showers which last less than an hour but can bring a half-inch or more rain to a farm. This particular weather pattern can continue for several days. Some farms may not receive any rain, but anyone who cuts hay is taking a risk that one of the showers may move across his field.




Probability of precipitation or ‘POP’ is one of the more confusing terms in meteorology. In the past, you may have heard that a 50% POP meant that 5 times out of ten and under these same weather conditions, precipitation occurred. That means very little and that definition really does not lend itself to being very useful. However, if POP is considered the area of expected coverage of precipitation, it is easier to understand what the

forecast means. POP decreases as you move away from the center of low pressure. Expected coverage of precipitation near the center of a lowpressure system is 70 to 90 percent. As you move away from the center and down, the “area of expected coverage” reduces to 50 percent. So a 50% chance of rain today can be translated to imply 50 percent of the forecast area WILL

Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Contʼd on pg. 2


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Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



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pg. 22

receive rain and 50% of the area will be dry. Further, if the POP is for a 20% chance of rain, this implies that 20% of the area will get rain and 80% will remain dry. Other than your local TV weather forecast, where can you go to get “good” agriculture weather information? The UK Agricultural Weather Center was developed in 1978 with the goal of minimizing weather related surprises for Kentucky farmers. In doing so, numerous tools and models have been developed throughout the years to further help farmers and producers in management and production related decisions Collecting forecast and climatological data has allowed the Ag Weather Center to develop a variety of tools in several different agriculturalrelated operations, all of which can be found on the UK Ag Weather Center website at: One of the more widely-used tools is the ‘Point Ag Forecast.’ This tool consists of a detailed seven-day forecast of both weather and agricultural-related conditions and impacts for any farm across the nation. In the tool, producers

are first presented with a summary of the upcoming 7 days, including max/min temperatures, probability of precipitation, relative humidity (high/low), dew point information, wind speeds and evapotranspiration estimates, among other things. A much more detailed forecast can then be found with forecast information given in three-hour increments for the first three days and six-hour increments for the next four. Analyzing the table on a daily basis can give quick indications of favorable drying conditions. All forecast information is taken from the local National Weather Service office. Just recently, this information has been incorporated into ‘County Ag Weather Summaries.’ While also providing a seven day forecast summary, this product provides a longrange weather outlook and summarizes climatological data for each county across the Commonwealth. The longrange outlooks give a producer a sense to expect above, below, or near normal precipitation in the 6-10 day, 8-14 day, 1 month, and 3 month time spans. The climatological data gives a farmer an idea of precipitation, temperatures, and evapotranspiration estimates for a weather station in their county over different durations. All of these tools can be accessed on a smart phone with the mobile version of the website, in addition to radar and other models. A mobile version of the website will be automatically loaded by typing in Part of this article was written by UK Ag Weather Meteorologists Matt Dixon and Tom Priddy. To view the entire article go to: http://www.uky. edu/Ag/Forage/36th%20Alfalfa%20 Proceedings%20final.pdf

Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


China to Allow U.S. Beef - Trade Specifics Await BY JOSH MAPLES, MISSISSIPPI STATE UNIVERSITY uring the week in which this article was sent to press, it is being reported that China has agreed to allow beef imports from the U.S. for the first time in 14 years. This announcement follows a very similar announcement made in September of 2016, though any actual trade has yet to occur. We are hopeful that this time will lead to American beef being directly sold into China. Gaining direct access to the most populated country in the world would be a very positive development for the U.S. beef industry. China represents a multibilliondollar market and has the greatest growth potential for beef consumption of any country in the world. China has a large and growing middle class and has experienced steady increases in beef consumption. China and Hong Kong combined to be the largest beef importers in the world


in 2016. While the U.S. already exports to Hong Kong, China currently sources much of their beef from Australia, Canada, Brazil, and others. It is important to note that even if and when we finally start exporting beef directly to China, much work will need to be done to grow the popularity of U.S. beef in China. For starters, per capita consumption of beef is much lower in China (8 lbs. per person in 2016) as compared to the U.S. (55 lbs. per person in 2016). While this shows enormous room for growth, the growth will be throttled by household income. Average per capita income in China was $8,028 in 2015 – significantly lower than the U.S. average of $56,116. This leads many Chinese consumers to be very price sensitive and beef ’s higher price relative to pork and chicken will be a barrier for many consumers. However, the population of China leads even very modest per capita consumption totals to have a large impact

on total beef consumption. Any number multiplied by 1.3 billion people is a big number and can have large impacts on trade. Secondly, many Chinese consumers have not been exposed to the type of beef we produce in the U.S. The beef we produce in the U.S. is overwhelmingly grain-fed which produces beef with more tenderness and marbling than the predominantly grass-fed beef produced by most of China’s current trading partners. However, there have been signs of preference shifts in recent years. Western-style restaurants are becoming more popular in China and retail outlets such as Walmart are expanding throughout China. While the news from this second week in April should assuredly be viewed as very positive for U.S. beef producers, we have not yet reached the finish line. Negotiations over trade regulations still must occur before any beef can be shipped.

We can look to the process Canadian beef followed to re-enter the Chinese market as a reference. China closed the door on Canadian and U.S. beef in 2003 as a response to cases of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE). In 2010, China announced they would reopen imports of Canadian beef in stages. The first stage was boneless beef from cattle under 30 months old. Canadian bone-in beef from cattle under 30 months old was not allowed until 2016. The U.S. will not necessarily have to follow the same long process; but, this is an example of the type of discussions and regulatory hurdles that must be negotiated. I am hopeful that by the time you are reading this article in early May, more information will be available about the specific steps needed for U.S. beef to enter the Chinese market. In any case, the fact that we are talking about the possibility to export U.S. beef directly to China is good news for U.S. cattle producers.


QUALITY FEEDS With Southern States® by your side, you’ll find everything you need to make the most out of your cattle. And if you’re looking to add weight and value to your calfcrop, creep feeding is a great place to start. Visit your local Southern States to learn more about creep feeds and discover how we can help you maximize the profits of your beef cattle operation. It’s time you put our century’s worth of experience to work for you. Feed Division Customer Service Questions or Comments Southern States® is a registered trademark of Southern States Cooperative, Incorporated.

Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Baleage Mistakes Can Lead to Major Health Consequences


Have a Question or Topic you would like addressed? Email me at michelle.


aleage or “wet wrapped hay” is simply forage of a relatively high moisture content that is baled with a round baler and then sealed in a plastic bag or wrapped in plastic, to keep oxygen out. Anaerobic bacteria (those that live without air) convert sugars in the forage to lactic acid which in turn lowers the pH and preserves the forage as silage, with full fermentation completed within 6-8 weeks. Round bale silage (“baleage”) is an alternative to baling dry hay that allows shorter curing time and saves valuable nutrients by avoiding rain damage, harvest delays, spontaneous heating and weathering if stored outdoors. Grasses, legumes and small grains can be effectively preserved by this method but only if proper techniques are followed. Forages should be cut at early maturity with high sugar content, allowed to wilt to a 40-60% moisture range, then tightly baled and quickly wrapped in plastic to undergo fermentation (“ensiling” or “pickling”), a process that should drop the pH of the feed below 4.5 where spoilage organisms will not grow. Problems arise when conditions in the bale allow growth of disease-causing organisms and potentially fatal conditions in cattle.

Why do problems occur?

1. Forage cut at the wrong stage of maturity will not have enough fermentable carbohydrates for good ensiling. Coarse, stemmy and overly mature forages have less sugars available for completion of fermentation, especially 26

once the seed head has emerged. Small grains including rye, oats, wheat, and barley have a narrow harvest window and should be cut before the boot stage. 2. Lower bale density makes round bale silage more susceptible to entrapment or penetration of oxygen and increases the chance of air pockets within the bale. Tight, dense bales wrapped with plastic twine, net-wrap or untreated sisal twine are less likely to spoil. 3. Baling at the incorrect moisture

increased mold production. 4. Baled silage is also more likely to spoil due to damage to the plastic covering, resulting in the harmful introduction of oxygen. It is important not to puncture the plastic; isolate the area from cattle, pests and vermin. Anything that claws, bites or otherwise punctures the plastic sets the feed up for spoilage.

What are the health risks to cattle?

1. Botulism is a disease caused by one of the most potent toxins known to man. This toxin is produced by Clostridium botulinum, a spore-forming anaerobic Gram + rod. These spores are found everywhere in the soil and contaminate baleage during harvest, often by raking up dirt. In the absence of oxygen (as is found in wrapped hay) and a pH greater than 4.5 (poor fermentation), the spores enter a vegetative state, multiply and Decreased Tongue and Jaw Tone-The “classic” produce toxin. Two forms of the toxin, Types B and C, are features of botulism. The tongue may found most frequently in KY actually hang from the side of the mouth cattle. Type B is associated as the disease progresses. Without tongue control, a cow will have other associated signs with improperly fermented forage while Type C occurs such as a dirty nose, difficulty chewing and from the accidental feeding swallowing, drooling, and plunging the nose of dead animals or poultry deep in a watering trough to drink (Photo: litter in the ration of cattle. Both types produce the same disease-in-cattle.aspx) characteristic clinical picture in cattle of progressive muscle weakness leading to recumbency content is a recipe for disaster. Wet or non-wilted forages are more likely to (downers) over a 2-5 day period of spoil; bacteria from the Clostridia family time, depending on the amount of toxin thrive in wet environments where forage ingested. Signs may develop as early moistures are in the higher 67-70% as 24 hours to as many as 10 days after range. Greater than 70% moisture ingesting the toxin. Death is due to almost guarantees Clostridial growth paralysis of muscles of the diaphragm, and spoilage. Conversely, forage that is dehydration, or complications from too dry does not ferment but has greatly being a “downer”.

2. Listeriosis or “Circling Disease” is an encephalitis caused by the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes. This organism proliferates in soil, feces and rotting vegetation. It grows in cool temperatures and at a pH greater than 5.4 under anaerobic conditions. It thrives in baleage systems when limited fermentation and entry of air results in spoiled, moldy feed. Common places to find Listeria include spoiled silage at the end of trench silos, decaying forage at the bottom of solid feed bunks, and rotting hay or baleage. A very common mistake by producers is feeding too many bales at once. Baleage that sits out open to the air over several days will begin to rot and spoil, allowing bacteria and molds to proliferate. In order to produce clinical disease, Listeria must survive the fermentation process which it can easily do if the pH never goes below 5. Large numbers of bacteria may gain access to the body through the mucous membranes of the mouth (through small cuts) and travel up the nerves to the brainstem. Fever, anorexia (off feed), depression and neurologic signs develop depending on which cranial nerves are affected. Neurologic signs include leaning to one side, stumbling, circling in one direction, facial nerve paralysis, drooling, difficulty chewing, drooped lower jaw, and head tilt. Early intervention with antibiotic therapy is often successful but, if the cow goes down (becomes recumbent), the odds of survival are low despite aggressive treatment. The prognosis for sheep and goats with listeriosis is poor with an approximate 25% survival rate. Infection with Listeria may also result in eye disorders and abortion. Anterior uveitis or “silage eye” follows conjunctival infection with L. monocytogenes. The symptoms are very similar to pinkeye with tearing, blinking, and sensitivity to light early in the course of disease followed by development

Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


“Silage Eye” due to Listeria monocytogenes. Photo: bulletins/eye-conditions-in-cattle.aspx

of a bluish-white corneal opacity (see photo) then pus and dead cells accumulate just behind the cornea in the anterior chamber. Treatment with long-acting antibiotics should speed healing. Listerial abortion can occur at any stage of pregnancy. The route of infection is through the GI tract into the bloodstream and then to the placenta causing fetal death. 3. Bacterial and fungal abortion is another possible consequence of poorly preserved forages. Forage baled and wrapped too dry provides excellent conditions for germination and growth of a variety of yeast, molds and bacteria. Fungal spores are spread throughout the

Fermentation report from Dairy One Forage Testing Lab (Ithaca, NY) on a sample of poor quality wheat baleage. Legend: The black bar=your results White bar=Goal Value Grey bar=typical values

body by the bloodstream after inhalation or ingestion. Germination and growth of fungal spores in the placenta results in abortion, typically in the last 1/3 of pregnancy. If submitted to a diagnostic laboratory, fungal lesions are almost always identifiable in the placenta. Not all molds are dangerous though; many bales will develop some white surface mold due to small holes in the plastic but it does not penetrate deep into the bale. This outer layer can be removed at feed out or the cows will usually avoid eating these areas. Bacterial contamination of baleage results in similar abortion risks. Bacillus species proliferate in poor quality silage and are partly responsible for deterioration when air is allowed in the bale. Bacterial abortion due to Bacillus species occurs when cows ingest the organism which travels through the bloodstream to the uterus followed by growth of the organism in the placenta and fetus. Cows abort in the last month of pregnancy or calves may be born alive but die within 24 hours. 4. Poor quality baleage, if not adequately supplemented, will lead to loss of body condition in late gestation and early lactation, poor milk production and poor fertility. The feed value of baleage is a function of forage maturity at harvest, baling, handling and storage. The best method to evaluate baleage is a forage analysis that includes a fermentation profile (see example). Important goals include pH<4.5 ( definitely below 5 ), at least 2% lactic acid and greater than 5% total acids on a dry matter basis, and a volatile fatty acid score (VFA) above 5. Prevention is based on ensuring proper harvest and preservation of wrapped forages to reduce the risk of organisms dangerous to cattle. Correct moisture content is of primary importance; there is a field method to assess moisture that will yield a general idea of moisture content but there are far more accurate methods available to determine moisture. Cut forage at the proper stage of maturity so it contains adequate levels of fermentable carbohydrates for good ensiling. See Quality Hay Production (AGR-62) for specific cutting recommendations for various forage crops

“Hand squeeze” field technique for estimating DM content 1. Collect a representative sample of material. Mix and sub-sample if excess is collected. 2. Cut the forage into ½ inch lengths and leave for 1 minute to allow some moisture to escape from the plants. 3. Very tightly squeeze a handful of the sample into a ball for at least 30 seconds, preferably longer. This is the most important part. Can be helpful even to squeeze with both hands. Squeeze the ball in one hand and with the other hand over it. Do not release the pressure over this period. 4. Open your hand quickly and observe how quickly the ball opens out and how wet your hand is. 5. Estimate the moisture content from Table 1.

Table 1. Moisture content - Ball shape and hand moisture observations Above 75% - Ball holds its shape. Free moisture runs through fingers. Lot of free moisture on hand. 70 to 75% - Ball just holds its shape. No free moisture runs. Hand is moist. 60 to 70% - Ball falls apart slowly. No free moisture. Little moisture on hand indicates higher end of range. NO moisture indicates lower end of range

edu/agc/pubs/agr/agr62/agr62.htm . Also, achieving the highest bale density possible, especially with high internal core densities, removes the maximum amount of oxygen with few air pockets. Wrapping the bales quickly after baling with a good quality plastic, preferably with an ultraviolet inhibitor and 6-8mm thickness, and using multiple (4-6) layers will extend the storage time. Bale weight can be a safety and equipment issue. Details of proper techniques

Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Contʼd on pg. 2 27

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- Cedric of Wye UMF 8998 Grandson. athfinder ngus cows in his e tended pedigree, inc uding both his da and granda . - ine bred ti es to uria of ye , weaned near y tons of ca es in her ifeti e and was nown as the ngus breeds’ o dest i ing athfinder ngus cow at the ti e of her death. - ncredib y thic yet ery easy ca ing, oderate fra ed and ery gent e natured. - uper s ic hair coat a ust ha e for fescue-based pastures. - ctua weaning weight at days bs no creep . - , bs year ing weight on pasture with hay p us bs day of pe eted pasture e tender for days, . bs day. - crota circu ference c . at onths, ribeye scanned s . inches at onths.


Contʼd o

pg. 2

can be found in the UK Extension Fact Sheet AGR-173 entitled “Baling Forage Crops for Silage” at your local extension office or on the web at http:// agr173.pdf . Another excellent resource is the UK Forage website for more information: Forage/ForagePublications.htm#Silage/ Balage0 and look for Baleage:Frequently Asked Questions.

Moisture Testers

Two types of forage moisture testers are available: one type utilizes heat and the other type utilizes electronics. Heattype moisture testers consist of a heater/ fan drying unit, a screen-bottomed sample container, and a simple spring scale. Moisture content is determined by filling the sample container with a fixed amount of wet forage and drying the forage to a constant dry matter percentage. The mass difference between the wet and dry forage is used to determine the initial forage moisture content. Most heat-type moisture testers require 25 to 35 minutes to operate. Electronic moisture testers provide an instantaneous moisture content reading, but there is some question of their accuracy when testing wet forage (most are made to test hay). Most electronic-type testers are comprised of a sensing probe and a hand-held

display unit. The electrical conductance of the forage is measured between two metal contacts at the tip of the probe when inserted into the forage. Testers determine forage moisture content based on the relationship between moisture content and electrical conductivity. Heat-type moisture testers tend to be more accurate than electronic moisture testers, although results can be affected by many factors including the effects of hay drying agents. Either type of moisture testers can be purchases from agricultural supply houses, such as NASCO, for around $300. A relatively new technology is a hand-held device (Figure 2) that uses Near-Infra-Red (NIR) scanning technology to measure the moisture content of animal feed. This unit comes with software to collect, view, and store recorded measurements.

Microwave Oven Method

The microwave oven method to calculate forage moisture content allows reasonably accurate results to be obtained in a relatively short time. This method takes about 20 minutes to complete. However, the measured moisture content is much more accurate than when using electronic moisture testers. Before using the microwave oven method, obtain the following items: •Microwave oven

The creation of the Dutch Creek cowherd, 36 years in the making, has always focused on the female and her ability to be profitable in a low input, all forage environment. Forager 308 is the cornerstone sire of the Dutch Creek Farms own branded beef program, known for featuring CHOICE Certified Grassfed Beef.

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Figure 2: Koster Moisture Tester

Figure 3: Moisture Tracker:NearInfra Red Scanning Device for measuring moisture content

Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Woodside Cow Herd Dispersal

Saturday • May 27, 2017

•Scale (must weigh in grams) •Microwave safe plate •10- to 12-ounce cup of water •Pencil and paper Use the following procedure to obtain the best results: 1.Obtain a representative forage sample (whole plants). 2.Cut the sample into 1-inch pieces; keep leaves and stems uniformly mixed. 3.Place a paper towel on the plate. 4.Weigh a plate plus 100 grams of forage sample; spread the sample as uniformly as possible. 5.Place a 10- to 12-ounce cup of water in the corner of the oven to capture unabsorbed microwaves as the plant tissue dries to prevent potential fire. 6.Set oven on HIGH for 5 minutes. 7.Weigh sample and plate and record. 8.Change the water in the glass. 9.Set oven on HIGH for 2 minutes. 10.Weigh sample and plate and record. 11.Repeat steps 7 through 10 until weight does not change more the 1 gram (this means the sample is dry). 12.Percent moisture = 100 grams – final weight grams. Make sure to heat samples in short intervals to prevent the forage from igniting. 

10 a.m. in New Market, Virginia Rita 0243 of Rita 7O68 5M2

FWY Lucy V101

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+17315854 Sire: Connealy Impression • Dam: Basin Lucy 3829 Lucy V101 is due 11-19-2017 to Rito 3S10 of 9Q15 Progress.

Woodside Rita 5G75 of 3P15

Woodside Rita 6S2 of 2I43


+18432706 Sire: GAR Sunrise • Dam: FF Rita 2I43 of 5M46 Ingen

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Due 9-30-2017 to GAR Sunrise. Her dam also sells.

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FOR A SALE BOOK OR INFORM ATION, PLEASE CONTACT SALE M ANAGERS OR J ASON AREHART Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


May is Beef Month

MBA Grad of the Month:

Daniel Hayden Being raised on a farm or ranch is something that becomes deeply engrained in a person. Daniel Hayden was raised on his family’s Daviess County farm that his father, Martin, started in the early 80’s with a couple of cows and tobacco. The farm has since transitioned into a commercial cattle and poultry operation with 200 head of momma cows and four chicken houses. Growing up, Daniel was actively involved in agriculture programs such as 4-H and FFA, as well as Block & Bridle and National Beef Ambassadors while in college. He credits these programs for building the foundation for his passion for agriculture. “It instilled in me the heart, the soul, the sweat and blood, that goes into food production. With that passion it drove me back to the farm to do what I really love to do.” Daniel has been managing his family’s farm since he graduated from Murray State University with an Agribusiness degree in 2011. On the farm, raising cattle is one of his favorite things to do. According to him, cows have a superpower. That superpower is being able to take a product inconsumable for human nutrition, which is grass, and create the most powerful protein on Earth—beef. He is proud to be one of America’s farmers and ranchers, producing some of the safest and the most nutritious food in the world. Being able to provide a wholesome product to raise healthy families is what drives him to do what he loves every single day. That being said, there is an abundance of misinformation


Snapchat: @dhayden1999 about agriculture on the internet creating consumer distrust about food production. “We have a very difficult task ahead of us when it comes to consumer perception and education,” says Daniel. He is passionate about proactively sharing his story with anyone interested in learning more about what happens on a poultry and cattle farm. Daniel has taken steps to make himself a better advocate for the beef industry by completing the Masters of Beef Advocacy (MBA) program that was introduced to him when

Facebook: DaniSquared he participated in the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Leadership Program in 2013. The MBA program helped him by providing tips on how to communicate with consumers and how to tell his story in a way that relates to other people. From visiting local schools with his special guest, Valentine the lovable calf, to actively engaging with consumers on social media, Daniel is regularly a positive voice for the agriculture industry. Daniel may be a conventional farmer, but he is sharing his story in an unconventional way. On any

given day, you’ll find him going about his daily chores, but you may notice a cell phone in hand or a camera strapped to his hat. Some people may chalk that up to ‘typical millennial’ behavior, but he’s actually using these tools as a creative platform for sharing his story with others. Because a vast majority of consumers are on social media, he has taken his advocacy efforts digital. On his Snapchat account (dhayden1999) Daniel shares videos from the farm on his popular segments he calls “Chickenology” and “Beef Brag.” Using a GoPro camera attached to his hat, he is even able to share the farmer’s point of view while tagging newborn calves in the pasture. He and his better half, his wife Danielle, also manage a Facebook page together as DaniSquared. You’ll find photos, videos, and blogs covering everything from furry farm animals, to travel, to life as a young married couple on the farm. People connect best with other people. Daniel has opened up his life and farm to create an open door for any curious minds to join the conversation. He is funny, wellspoken, relatable and genuinely himself whether he is speaking in front of a group of people or talking to social media followers through the front lens of his smartphone. If you’re looking to get up close and personal with cattle or learn all there is to know about raising chickens, Dan is your man. Make sure to follow him on social media!

Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

May is Beef Month

Kitchen Hacks and Fun Facts o




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grill, removing debris. Freeze beef for 20 minutes

skillets, then oil before storing.

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If you would like to submit

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your favorite Kitchen Hacks, Place your freezer bag of beef in a bowl of water to help

contact Katelyn Hawkins at

remove excess air, mimicking a vacuum bag.

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a lemon and course salt to deep clean a cutting board, squeezing the lemon occasionally to release the juice.

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Place a wet paper towel under a cutting board to

Remove garlic and onion smell from hands by rubbing them with baking soda.

prevent movement during slicing.

Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association


ndly ie r f r e m u s new con ed logo balanc

Rebrand color swatches


Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association

Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association



Above: Jim Gilles talks with consumers in Owensboro about preparing beef. Below: Jenna Coles presents a Kids in the Kitchen show at the Kentucky State Fair


Right top: Tim Graves talks with students. Right center: What better way to promote beef than to grill steaks for sampling.

Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association


Notes from Niki

Niki Ellis- Director of Education for Kentucky Beef Council

youth and consumers are amazed to hear how their steaks and roasts are raised straight from those who make it happen. Cynthia and Frank Rowland, Joe Mike Moore, Tim Graves, and even our KCA President Chuck Crutcher, have invited us along to events this year where the KBC ladies were able to learn from the best. What a whirlwind this year has been so far! The Beef Council ladies have been on the roads nonstop, teaching people about the benefits of beef and how it makes it to their plate. This year it has taken the entire council plus some, to make sure we are reaching the masses. The amount of visit requests that the council receives is massive! To be able to fulfill all of our responsibilities we sometimes have to call on some help. In Kentucky we are lucky enough to have a strong beef community behind us, and are able to call upon them for help. However, as we make more and more connections we find that there are many more educational efforts going on that we aren’t aware of. To hear about our cattlemen and cattlewomen planning their own efforts gives us much more pride in our jobs. It becomes evident we serve more than a strong industry, we serve a driven community making efforts to achieve a greater purpose. Cattlemen and cattlewomen are modest to say the least, and many of their labors go untold. I want to highlight those people who go the extra mile for the beef industry and do so without asking for anything in return. Advocacy comes in all forms, sizes, ages, and subjects. For some, it’s their job, or it’s a small part they play for a greater purpose, and others advocate without knowing that’s what they’re doing. Some of our cattlemen and cattlewomen call on us to assist in their events and we are always happy to work alongside them. Little do they often realize that they don’t need us,

In those instances that KBC needed help, we learned that we have a support system that is unmatched. It could be we need a master griller, local beef provider, or an outstanding speaker, we don’t have to look far. Mike Malone, Jim Gilles, and Gerald Vice are always there asking what more they can do to teach consumers or youth about beef. We also have those individuals who don’t necessarily call for help, they just need some materials to aid what they already have planned. Those advocates take it upon themselves to plan events, and build their own local programs. Those can be Ag days or Ag weeks, or just annual school visits. Evan Tate, Craig Taylor, Josh Lakes, and Cow Country’s very own Carey Brown; plan and give their time to make sure their communities hear the beef message. Kentucky has outstanding extension agents and teachers who strive to create an in depth learning experience for their communities and classrooms. Those who always go the extra mile to make sure all areas and resources are used. Bonnie Jolly, Darrell Simpson, Molly Tichenor, Savannah Robin, Kerrie Goggin and Kendra Goodpaster always make sure to have KBC make an appearance in their programs. There are professionals that make sure beef is incorporated into their messages, directly and indirectly. These advocates fit beef into their daily business and use their audience to reach the masses. Kayla Godbey ensures that beef

information is dispersed to all Kentucky FCS teachers, Adam Hinton includes KBC in many of his business events, and Jay Busby attends events such as UK Ag Awareness Day to bust myths about the cattle industry. What other industry can say some of their most passionate advocates aren’t old enough to vote or tall enough to ride a roller coaster? I’d say not many, our youth are noted for being passionate, driven, and hardworking. No matter what end of the state I may be in, teachers are always eager to brag on those beef students because of their grit. Students like; AK Phillips who use social media to tell how he is involved in the industry and his love for cattle, Logan Haven who spends his free time serving as the Kentucky Beef Ambassador teaching consumers, or Jenna Coles who is a culinary internet sensation. I know there are more individuals than I have listed, and apologize for not naming those, but if you know of someone who fits this category please let us know! Shoot us an email with their story, we want to highlight our beef advocates! Please engage with your community, by opening up your farm or telling your story. We often times take for granted how much our neighbors know about our industry. Take this as a challenge, to remind your community that in Kentucky, BEEF is still what’s for dinner!

Till next time,


Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



It’s Spring Time and the Fescue is Productive and Hot with Alkaloids Glen Aiken



Research Animal Scientist/Agronomist USDA-ARS FAPRU

ast month, I said this column would address meeting the energy requirements of grazing cattle, but I neglected to look at the calendar. This promise needed to be broken, because the time is here when tall fescue is actively growing and starting to buildup ergot alkaloids. The time is right to do some reminding of approaches to manage around fescue toxicosis. In March and April, fescue can produce an ample supply of lush vegetative growth, assuming it has been adequately fertilized. Although early spring growth of fescue contains ergot alkaloids, it can have a good nutritive value with potential to add body condition on cows and growth on calves. However, things will change as we move into May. Seed heads start emerging in early May in Kentucky. Once the fescue starts setting seed, it has a maturity that reduces the forage quality, and the increasing air temperatures will cause fescue to increasingly accumulate toxic ergot alkaloids. Ergot alkaloids can become extremely high in the seed heads (2 to 8 parts per million compared to 0.1 to 1.0 for leaf blade tissues) and, unfortunately, the cattle readily graze the toxic seed heads that can give them a heavy dose of alkaloids. As I have discussed in previous columns, the ergot alkaloids consumed by cattle cause constricted blood flow to the skin that incapacitates the animal’s ability to dissipate body heat. Unfortunately, ergot alkaloids accumulate in the vasculature systems 36

to cause persistent constriction of blood flows. To make matters worse, the air temperatures in the spring and early summer will reach highs that can induce severe heat stress in fescue cattle. So what can be done to alleviate or reduce the heat stress conditions from grazing fescue in the late spring and summer? Removal of the seed heads is an approach to alleviate the toxic seed heads as a source of highly concentrated alkaloids. The seed heads can either be mowed or sprayed with Chaparral® herbicide, which contains metsulfuranmethyl that suppresses emergence of fescue seed heads. If pastures are mowed, the mowing should occur when the fescue is in the boot stage of growth or shortly thereafter (generally, the first two weeks of May). Our research has shown that cattle preference is to graze the seed heads when they are immature and full of soluble carbohydrates. Therefore, if you wait until the seed heads are mature, you will likely find that the seed heads have already disappeared. You never want to mow too much vegetative leaf material, but you still need to remove as much stem as possible to alleviate the presence of barren stems that could cause a pinkeye outbreak. A second mowing may also be needed to remove a second flush of seed heads. For chemical seed head suppression, pastures must be sprayed following label instructions around mid-April and when the fescue is in the boot stage of growth. Targeting the boot stage for when to spray should minimize the lag in growth and yellowing that occurs when pastures are sprayed in March or early April when air temperatures can be too low to promote active fescue growth. Maintaining the fescue in a vegetative state of growth will cause cattle to graze the fescue harder and not

have a preference for other grasses, such as Kentucky bluegrass or orchardgrass that could be mixed with the fescue. Rotational stocking is strongly recommended to provide more uniform grazing. Furthermore, rotationally stocked pastures of chemical seed head suppressed tall fescue will carry more cattle if a rotational stocking system is implemented. Feeding soy hulls to provide a daily consumption of 0.75 to 1.0 percent of body weight also has shown to mitigate the adverse effects of ergot alkaloids on cattle performance and well-being. This recommendation is too late to implement, but our research is showing a benefit of overseeding toxic endophyte-infected tall with red clover. The red clover can dilute the ergot alkaloids in the diet, but it also contains phytoestrogen isoflavones, which has indication of relaxing the persistent vasoconstriction caused by ergot alkaloids. Good stands of red clover, 25 to 40 percent of the available dry matter, will likely be needed to accomplish mitigation of fescue

toxicosis. This is a good time to think about planting a nontoxic, novel endophyte tall fescue, which is the only way to completely alleviate fescue toxicosis. The time is now for preparing to plant a novel fescue in the fall. Talk to your county Extension agent or specialist about the best novel endophyte and fescue genotype combination for your farm. Replacing Kentucky 31 tall fescue infected with the toxic endophyte with a nontoxic endophyte-infected tall fescue requires making sure that old Kentucky 31 does not emerge with novel fescue and maintaining a strong stand of the novel fescue that will out-compete any Kentucky 31 that emerges. I highly recommend that you discuss with your Extension agent or specialist a planting strategy for providing the best opportunity of rapidly obtaining a strong, solid stand of novel-endophyte tall fescue. Next month, I’ll try to get back on schedule and discuss meeting the energy requirements of grazing cattle.

Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Cattlemen Call on USDA to Withdraw Damaging GIPSA Rules WASHINGTON (MARCH 24, 2017)


oday, the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association called on USDA to withdraw the Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Act interim final and proposed rules, collectively labeled with the misleading title, Farmer Fair Practices Rules. Craig Uden, NCBA president, said the rules stand to threaten market incentives, the quality of American beef the industry is known for, and will ultimately cost $954 million to the cattle industry. “These rules are just as troubling as they were when USDA initially proposed them in 2010, after which Congress immediately stepped in to defund the rules, recognizing them as

a flawed concept that limits producers’ ability to market their cattle and adding layers of crippling bureaucracy,” said Uden. Two proposed rules and one interim final rule came out on December 20, 2016, one month before the end of the Obama Administration. The interim final rule regarding the scope of the Packers and Stockyards Act and the proposed rule regarding undue preference and unjust treatment have a direct negative impact on the cattle industry. Alternative Marketing Arrangements reward cattle producers for producing the quality beef consumers demand. Under the interim final rule, USDA or a producer no longer needs to prove true economic harm but rather one only needs to say that he or she was treated “unfairly” to

sue a packer or processor. “This approach is counter to the decisions of seven federal courts of appeals and it is this change that ultimately makes the interim final rule a trial attorney’s dream and jeopardizes the Alternative Marketing Arrangements cattle producers utilize,” said Uden. “What incentive would a packer have to pay for superior cattle when they may be sued for rewarding quality? The industry will be forced back to treating all beef as commodity beef under a one-size-fits-all approach.” Much like the interim final rule, this proposed rule introduces more litigation into the cattle marketing system. The unfair practices and undue preferences provisions in the proposed rule are extremely vague and so ambiguous that broad interpretation is expected and compliance will be difficult. 

“Vague and ambiguous rules typically result in producers and each segment of the beef supply chain unable to determine which practices are prohibited or permissible,” said Uden. “The resulting uncertainty will simply lead producers to incur litigation costs to protect their respective marketing arrangements. Conversely, it provides other producers an opportunity to file a lawsuit to challenge such arrangements.” Furthermore, GIPSA admits it is “unable to quantify the benefits” of these proposals. “This is concerning since issuing rules with no discernable benefits should alone be grounds to withdraw the interim final rule and the proposed rule,” said Uden.

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Kentucky Cattleman Testifies before U.S. House Small Business Sub-Committee


oday, Tim White, a cattle producer from Lexington, Kentucky, testified before the House Small Business Committee’s Subcommittee on Agriculture, Energy, and Trade regard-

ing the future of America’s small family farms. In his testimony, White called on Congress to address the overly burdensome regulatory environment that is hampering rural America, repeal the

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federal estate tax, and to ensure the 2018 Farm Bill works for America’s cattle producers. White said that as a small business owner, one of the biggest concerns he faces is overregulation. EPA’s “waters of the United States” he said is a prime example of overregulation that would subject farmers and ranchers to unnecessary and costly permitting process. “As a family-owned business, and knowing the detrimental impact this regulation could have on my operation, it is appalling that the agencies asserted that it would not have a significant economic impact on small businesses.” White also called for the repeal of the federal estate tax, which is a

leading cause of the breakup of multigenerational family farms. “U.S. livestock producers understand and appreciate the role that taxes play in maintaining and improving our nation in many ways, however, they also believe that the most effective tax code is a fair one,” explained White. “For this reason, a full, immediate repeal of the estate

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Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


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tax must be a top priority as Congress considers comprehensive tax reform legislation.” The American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 permanently extended the estate tax exemption level to $5 million per person/$10 million per couple. White said, “While we are grateful for the ATRA, the current state of our economy has left many agricultural producers guessing about their ability to plan for estate tax liabilities.” White concluded his testimony discussing the 2018 Farm Bill and how it could positively or negatively affect many small family farms and ranches. White stressed the farm bill must include a strong research title to ensure that the industry can remain as efficient and competitive as we can be in producing beef, a strong conservation title to protect programs like EQIP which have been very successful in helping producers do even more to protect our resources, as well as a robust animal health program including a FMD vaccine bank to respond to any potential outbreaks which would have a devastating impact on the nation’s beef industry. “Estimates show that an FMD outbreak in the United States could cost our nation’s livestock producers billions of dollars in the first 12 months alone, “said White. “NCBA will be requesting support for the creation of a larger and more adequate FMD vaccine bank within the 2018 Farm Bill to include funding of $150 million dollars a year over five years. We feel that this FMD vaccine bank is vitally important to the beef industry as countries around the globe continue to grapple with this disease.” Additionally, White said cattlemen oppose any attempt at government intervention in the marketplace, including mandatory Country-ofOrigin labeling.


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Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association





June 9-10

Save The Date KY Junior Cattlemen's Leadership Camp

REPORTERS: Kalli Flanders

KJCA Directors

The Kentucky Cattlemen’s Foundation is proud to sponsor the KJCA Leadership Camp for Junior Cattlemen ages 13-21.

Directors At Large: Abigal Smoot, Gabriel Sharp, Trey Tucker & Jessica Tucker

The theme for this year is Kentucky's great commodities. We will be touring different livestock and crop operations and studying their business models.

REGION 1 Zach Imbruglio & Walter Steely

Full agenda and applications will be available May 1 on under the Youth Activities tab.

REGION 2 Megan Underwood & Kailey Thompson REGION 3 Quentin Sowder & Jeremy Miller REGION 4 Addie White & Will Blaydes REGION 5 Julia Weaber & Reba Prather

Kentucky's Great Commodities

Friday, June 9 - Saturday, June 10 KCA Office - Lexington Visit for more info

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Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Cattlemen’s Leadership Program Has Third Session in Frankfort BY NIKKI WHITAKER he Kentucky Cattlemen’s Leadership Program had their third session February 21-23 in Frankfort. The first day began with the class meeting inside the Kentucky State Capitol to hear from three different areas within the Governor’s Office. Warren Beeler, Director of the Governor’s Office of Agricultural Policy, opened with an overview of ag policy and the programs their office manages. Scott Brinkman, Governor’s Office Executive Cabinet Secretary, and John Hodgson, Governor’s Office Budget & Operations Director, also spoke to the group and discussed how to create jobs and grow the agriculture economy in Kentucky. Later that evening, the group toured the historic Buffalo Trace Distillery. The House Agriculture and Small Business meeting was the setting for the start of day two in Frankfort. For many, it was their first time attending a legislative committee meeting. Afterwards, the group heard from Representative Richard Heath, chair of the House Agriculture and Small Business Committee, Representative Kim King and Representative Wilson Stone, who also sit on the House Ag Committee. Representative King spoke to the class on her responsibilities in legislation and how the role of the citizen is a valuable asset in the legislative


process. The class also heard from Judy Taylor, lobbyist with Keeneland and the Kentucky Veterinary Medical Association, who concluded the program by giving the class a view of legislation from a lobbyist’s perspective. After lunch, the leadership participants headed to the Kentucky Department of Agriculture (KDA) offices to hear from several of the KDA staff. Commission of Agriculture, Ryan Quarles, welcomed the group to the KDA office and spoke on the many programs created through the Kentucky Department of Agriculture. On Thursday, the class heard from Senator Paul Hornback, Senator Jared Carpenter, and Senator Stan Humphries, all of whom sit on the Senate Standing Committee on Agriculture with Senator Hornback serving as chair. The group was able to ask many questions to the legislators and came away with a better understanding of the legislative process and how it can benefit Kentucky’s agriculture industry. The KCA Leadership Program had a very educational and enjoyable

Representative Kim King meets with her constituents in the class. 42

third session. As one participant said, “I thought Session 3 was very insightful and gave us a close-up look at the state

Bo Tate and Allan Bryant meet with Senator Jared Carpenter and Senator Paul Hornback.

government.” The group will meet again the last week of April to discuss business and finance in Somerset.

Represtantive Wilson Stone and Senator Stan Humpries meet with Leadership participants.

Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association




MAY 20

Represtantive for Whayne Supply, Kenton Vaughn presents Commissioner of Ag Ryan Quarles with a model Lexion Combine.






Above: Bo Tate, Kenton Vaughn and Heath Mineer take a break between speakers. Below: Representative Richard Heath welcomes the group to the Capitol.


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Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


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Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


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Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


USDA on Tainted Brazilian Meat: None Has Entered U.S., 100 Percent Re-Inspection Instituted USDA, WASHINGTON, MARCH 22, 2017


oday, the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) announced additional steps to keep the food supply safe for American families in light of the recent investigations of Brazil’s meat industry. While none of the slaughter or processing facilities implicated in the Brazilian scandal have shipped meat products to the United States, FSIS immediately instituted additional pathogen testing of all shipments of raw beef and ready-to-eat products from Brazil upon hearing reports of

the Brazilian investigation. FSIS has also increased its examination of all these products at ports-ofentry across the country.  The agency will indefinitely maintain its 100% re-inspection and pathogen testing of all lots of FSIS-regulated products imported from Brazil. “Keeping food safe for American families is our top priority,” said Mike Young, Acting Deputy Secretary of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.  “FSIS has strengthened the existing safeguards that protect the American food supply as a precaution and is monitoring the Brazilian government’s investigation closely.” The FSIS import inspection system (including equivalence determinations, in-country audits, and


re-inspection processes) is designed to ensure that imported meat, poultry, and processed egg products are safe and wholesome. FSIS works closely with the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) and the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) to ensure that these products are safe before they enter the country. “FSIS will take any additional actions necessary to protect public health,” said Al Almanza, Acting Deputy Under Secretary for Food Safety. “It is our mission to keep the food on American dinner tables safe.” Although none of the establishments implicated in the Brazil scandal have shipped meat products to the United States, effective March 18, FSIS instituted

100% point-of-entry re-inspection of all Brazilian beef imported into the United States, including conducting product examination on 100% of the lots. This re-inspection includes 100% testing of beef trimmings from Brazil for Salmonella, E. coli O157:H7, and non-O157 shiga-toxin producing E. coli (STEC). The 100% re-inspection also includes 100% testing of readyto-eat products f rom Brazil for Salmonella and Listeria monocytogenes. FSIS will take immediate action to refuse entry of product into the United States if there are findings of food safety concern. USDA is an equal opportunity provider, employer and lender.

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Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



KCA Attends 2017 NCBA Legislative Conference


entucky Cattlemen’s Association officers and staff gathered in Washington D.C. with cattle producers from across the country for the annual National Cattlemen’s Beef Association (NCBA) Legislative Conference March 28-30. KCA

Executive VP, Dave Maples and Membership Coordinator, Nikki Whitaker joined KCA Vice President Tim White, to meet with many of Kentucky’s congressional delegation, agency representatives from inside EPA and USDA, and members of the Trump

administration. The meetings are vitally important to provide a strong, proactive voice for all of Kentucky’s beef farm families and KCA’s 10,000 members and to explain Kentucky’s unique position within the nation’s beef industry.

KCA meets in the office of Congressman Thomas Massie.

Above: Nikki Whitaker meets with Congressman Hal Rogers. Right: KCA meets with Congressman James Comer (top) and Andy Barr (bottom).

Above: KCA meets in the office of Congressman Brett Guthrie. Right: Tim White and Dave Maples meet with Senator Rand Paul. 48

Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

KCA was honored to meet with Congresswoman Andy Barr, Congressman Brett Guthrie, Congressman Thomas Massie, Congressman James Comer, Congressman Hal Rogers, and Senator Rand Paul.

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Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Cat�le Histor� in Kent�cky

Lewis Sanders

BY NIKKI WHITAKER n 1781, the Baptist Traveling Church made their last journey westward from Spottsylvania, Virginia to settle in Kentucky. The moving train, which numbered between five and six hundred people, included church members, their children, slaves and other emigrants (who, for better protection, had attached themselves to the group). It was the largest body of Virginians that ever set out for Kentucky at one time. Among the group were John and Jane Sanders and their one month old infant, Lewis. For two months, the group followed the Ohio down to Kentucky and settled at Gilbert’s Creek in Garrard County. Once in Kentucky, John Sanders settled two farms in Fayette County and upon his death, deeded two hundred acres to each of his children, except Lewis who received the cash equivalent. A young man of 24, Lewis Sanders used his inheritance to purchase a five-hundred acre tract on Georgetown Pike, two and a half miles from Lexington, where he settled his residence, Sanders Garden. A few miles from his farm, Sanders established the first cotton and woolen industry in Kentucky powered by steam. Near the factory, he constructed a small village for the workers which became known as Sandersville. The mill gave steady employment to 150 men and cleared about $1,000 a week. In time, Lewis Sanders’ wealth matured and soon he pursued agriculture interests beyond his cotton mill. He introduced and developed the Merino breed of sheep in Kentucky; he invested in real estate and built houses in Lexington along a road he named Merino Street; and in 1810, Sanders traveled to England where he saw exhibitions of livestock displayed at fairs and felt the same could benefit Kentucky’s increasing purebred cattle. He marveled at the price that cattle brought in England for prominent classes of livestock. From that moment his intentions were to import and improve the livestock of Kentucky without any limitations on price. In 1814, a fair was held at Flower’s Garden to which Lewis Sanders attended. Two years later, Sanders would have his Grass Hills own fair at his farm. The 1816 Kentucky Fair was the first opened to cattlemen outside of Fayette County. Sanders awarded premiums with silver cups, which some say is the precursor to the modern day trophy design. The next year, in 1817, Sanders sent $1,500 to a cattle company in Liverpool to “obtain a pair of each of the three most



prominent classes of stock then in England”, he wrote. It appears that there were twelve animals in all purchased and shipped—eight Shorthorns, four bulls and four heifers; and four Long-horns, two bulls and two heifers. No pedigrees came with the cattle, as it was five years previous to the publication of the first volume of the English Shorthorn Herd Book, but the invoice of the cattle still exists with the names and location of each. The cattle made their way from England to Baltimore aboard the “Mohawk”. In Baltimore, they were joined with a pair of Herefords that were being imported by Henry Clay, and made their way to Kentucky. By 1820, Lewis Sanders was recognized as one of the most distinguished business men of Kentucky. But in 1823 the sheep market plummeted and this, along with a bad business deal with the notorious Aaron Burr, left Sanders almost bankrupt. His farm, his cattle, his holdings, and even his unfinished home Placentia were sold and he and his family moved to his wife’s family farm in Carroll County. Never to be defeated, Sanders slowly prospered and was able to buy back into some of the original purebred cattle that he had imported from England. He kept an accurate and detailed herd book of all his cattle breeding operations entitled “Cattle Imported in 1817” and lovingly referred to the stock as “The Seventeens”. He built a new home in the city of Ghent called Grass Hills and began experimenting with grasses, grains, and other farm crops. He wrote up the results of these experiments in lengthy articles for farm magazines, setting standards for the various types. Having been a manufacturer of textiles, Sanders was a highly competent judge of fibers, especially wool, hemp and cotton. Because of this knowledge, Sanders was appointed agent for the U. S. Hemp Agency of Kentucky, in April 1845. As an agent, Sanders expended most of his energy attempting to convince farmers to improve their method of processing hemp so that the U. S. Navy would buy Kentucky hemp, rather than foreign-manufactured hemp. Sanders lived the remainder of his life at Grass Hills and it is there he and his family are buried in the Sanders Family Cemetery. His life was devoted to the improvement of agriculture in Kentucky and it is evident in the detail and hard work that he accomplished while here. Grass Hills still stands today, being renovated in 2006, on Ghent-Eagle South Rd in Carroll County. The family ownership was sold shortly after Lewis Sanders death in 1861. *This is the eighth of a multi-part series looking at the history of domestic cattle into Kentucky.

Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Hall of Fame Award Do you know an outstanding cattleman or cattlewoman? The Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association Hall of Fame is designed to honor a member of the organization that has given time, service, and talent to the betterment of the Cattlemen’s Association at the county and/or state levels.

2018 applications must be postmarked by August 31, 2017. Call Jacob Redway at 859-278-0899 with questions. Application available at

2017 Inductees:

Region 1 - Bobby Shilts Region 2 - Russell Hackley Region 3 - Nancy Kloentrup Region 4 - John Venable Region 5 - Gene Lanham





View Catalog online at : Auctioneer COL JOHN SPIKER

Ohio Valley

Limousin Association

Sale Consultant BILL HELTON 256-962-0256

For Catalog or Information Sale Manager

Limousin Today Rep COREY WILKINS 256-590-2487


Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Cow-calf Profitability Expectations for Spring 2017 (Fall Calving Herd) KENNY BURDINE AND GREG HALICH, UNIVERSITY OF KENTUCKY AGRICULTURAL ECONOMISTS hile calf prices have rebounded somewhat from the lows they made in fall of 2016, they remain down drastically from where they were two years ago, which continues to create challenges for cowcalf operators. Last fall, we provided an estimate of cow-calf returns to a spring calving cowherd given calf prices and expected costs. In this article, we will attempt to do the same thing, but will do so for a fall calving cowherd. Calf prices reflect this spring’s market and expected costs for a fall calving cowherd at the time this article was written (early-April 2017). Table 1 summarizes estimated spring 2017 costs and returns to a traditional fall-calving cow-calf operation. Every operation is different, so producers



should modify these estimates to fit their situation. Average weaning weight is assumed to be 550 lbs and the steer / heifer average calf price is assumed to be $1.45 per pound. Weaning rate is assumed to be 90%, meaning that it is expected that a calf will be weaned and sold from 90% of the cows that are managed and exposed to a bull. This is a relatively high weaning rate as this analysis will generally assume a wellmanaged operation and reflects more favorable weather during the breeding and calving seasons for fall calving cows (this is in comparison to 85% that we used for a spring-calving herd last fall). Based on these assumptions, calf revenue per cow is $718. The pasture stocking rate is assumed to be 2 acres per cow-calf unit and pasture maintenance costs are assumed to be relatively low. At $25 per acre, this would include one pasture clipping and seeding some legumes on a portion

of the pasture acres each year. Producers who apply fertilizer to pasture ground would likely see much higher pasture maintenance costs and these costs should be adjusted accordingly. Producers should also consider the stocking rates for their operation as this will vary greatly, especially for fall calving herds. Stocking rate impacts the number of grazing days and winter feeding days for the operation, which has large implications for costs on a per cow basis. The primary cost difference between a fall-calving herd and a spring-calving herd is winter feed. Since fall calving cows are lactating during the winter, their nutrient requirements are higher when stored feed is typically fed. For the initial purposes of this analysis, fall calving cows are assumed to consume 2.5 tons of hay through the winter and that hay is valued at $90 per ton. This hay value is considerably above “market” price in most areas, but is high due to the greater hay quality needs of fall calving cows (this is in comparison to $75/ton hay that we used for a spring-calving herd last fall). In some settings, fall calving cows may be fed lower quality hay, in which case weaning weights (and revenues per cow) would likely be lower. An alternative strategy for some operations might be to feed lower quality hay and supplement cows during the winter. If this is done both the cost of the supplemental feed and the additional feeding labor should be considered. Regardless, winter nutrient needs are higher for fall calving cows, and this comes at an additional cost. Mineral cost is set at $35 per cow, veterinary / medicine costs $25, trucking costs $10, machinery costs $20 (primarily for feeding hay as this does not include machinery for hay production or pasture clipping as they are included in those respective costs), and other costs $25. Breeding costs are assumed to be $40 per cow and are one of the most misunderstood costs on a cow calf

Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

operation. Breeding cost on a per cow basis should include annual depreciation of the bull and bull maintenance costs, spread across the number of cows he services. For example, if a bull is purchased for $3,500 and is sold two years later for $2,500, the bull depreciated $500 each year. Then, if his maintenance costs were $500 per year (feed, pasture, vet / med, etc.), his ownerships costs are $1,000 per year. If that bull covers 25 cows, breeding cost per cow is $40. A similar approach can be used for AI, but producers should be careful to include multiple rounds of AI for some cows and the ownership costs of a cleanup bull, if one is used. Breeding costs per cow may be much higher for many operations as these assumptions are likely conservative. Marketing costs are currently assumed to be $32 per cow. Larger operations may market cattle in larger groups and pay lower commission rates, but our analysis assumes 2.95% of value, plus $7 commission, $2 checkoff, and about $2 for insurance. Finally, breeding stock depreciation is another key cost that is often overlooked. Breeding stock depreciate just like any other asset on the farm. For example, if the “typical” cow entered the herd as a bred heifer valued at $1,700 and her expected cull value was $700, then she would depreciate $1,000 over her productive lifetime. If we assume a typical cow has 8 productive years, then annual cow depreciation is $125 using a straight line depreciation method. This is the assumption made in this analysis, but the actual depreciation will vary across farms. When buying bred replacement heifers, this cost is obvious. With farm-raised replacements, this cost should be the revenue foregone if the heifer had been sold with the other calves, plus all expenses incurred (feed, breeding, pasture rent, etc.) to reach the same stage as a purchased bred heifer. Note that based on our assumptions, total expenses per cow are roughly $587


and revenues per cow are $718. So, estimated return to land, labor, capital, and management is $131 per cow managed. At first glance, this return can be misleading, so some additional discussion is warranted. A number of costs were intentionally not included in this analysis because they vary greatly across operations. Notice that no value is placed on the time spent working and managing the operation, no depreciation on facilities, equipment, fences, or other capital items is included, and no interest (opportunity cost) is charged on any capital investments including land, facilities, and the cattle themselves. So, the return needs to be thought of as a return to the operator’s time, equipment, facilities, land, and capital. As one thinks about quantifying these additional costs, it likely makes sense to start with land. Cow-calf operators should at least cover the rental potential of that pasture ground. Similarly, there is a great deal of capital investment on a cow-calf operation in facilities, fencing, and equipment that should be considered. Finally, a cowcalf operator should expect some return to the time they spend managing the operation. This might be best illustrated by using a simple, bare-bones illustration. At a relatively low land rental rate of $30 per acre, this would represent another $60 per cow in opportunity cost given the two acres per cow stocking rate. A similarly low $50 per cow estimate for depreciation and interest on equipment,

fencing, facilities, etc. (this would not include hay equipment as hay is valued at market price in the analysis) and $30 value for the operator’s labor and management, would suggest that return to land, capital, labor, and management would need to be $140 per cow. Again, these numbers are likely low and variable across operations, but thinking through them is important to understanding current cow-calf profitability. Put simply, well-managed fall calving herds are likely covering cash costs and breeding stock depreciation right now, but are not likely receiving anything but minimal returns to the their capital investment, labor, and management. It is likely that the two most variable factors impacting cow-calf profitability are calf prices and hay / winter feed costs. So, table 2 shows estimated returns to this same fall calving cowcalf operation given a range of winter feed costs and calf prices. Note that the center of the table, which represents a steer / heifer average price of $1.45 and hay costs of $225 per cow perfectly matches the detailed budget shown in table 1. From there, calf prices are increased and decreased by $0.10 and $0.20 per lb. Winter feed costs are increased and decreased by $50 per cow in table 2. This is done to capture a wider range of hay costs, winter feeding days, or other nutritional approaches employed by the cow-calf operator. For example, at 2.5 tons per cow through the winter,

a $50 increase in winter feed cost would value hay $20 higher per ton and a $50 decrease in winter feed costs would value hay at $20 less per ton. Producers should consider where their operation likely lies on table 2 to better estimate their likely profit levels in this environment. Both tables 1 and 2 should help producers understand current returns to a fall calving cow-calf operation. This analysis suggests that fall-calving herds are likely covering their cash costs and breeding stock depreciation. However, each operator should also consider what return they need to adequately compensate them for their investment in land, capital (including depreciation), labor, and management. For example, if a producer felt that they needed a minimum of $140 return to compensate them for their time and investment as was previously

discussed, our initial estimates in table 1 suggest that we are not reaching that level. If enough producers feel that way, it is likely that we will start to see herd liquidation in response to the unsustainable profit levels over time. Outside of some major shift in demand, this is what will ultimately be required to see calf prices improve. In the meantime, cow-calf operations should work to better understand their cost structure and what calf prices are needed to reach their profit goals. This will help them determine their best strategy as they make long-term decisions about their cowherds. Kenny Burdine is an Associate Extension Professor in Livestock Marketing and Management and can be reached at or 859-257-7273. Greg Halich is an Associate Extension Professor in Farm Management Economics for both grain and cattle production and can be reached at or 859-257-8841.

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Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association




“It is up to us, as members, to take the initiative and capture opportunities to discuss the value, importance, and safety involved in producing beef not only in Kentucky but nationally as well. What a voice and impact KCA and it's 10,000 members can have!” Aaron Burke– Mercer County

I'm a KCA member because...

Division 1 (151+ MEMBERS) 2017 Barren Breckinridge Shelby Marion Adair Grayson Logan Madison Bath Lincoln Jessamine Larue Washington Hart Clark Mercer Hardin Christian Warren Casey Meade Green Harrison

443 378 345 307 275 273 253 252 245 226 207 201 200 187 184 181 179 176 174 166 162 162 152

2016 Difference 512 401 338 303 248 290 290 270 212 251 217 230 209 205 187 199 225 200 206 159 170 174 159

-69 -23 7 4 27 -17 -37 -18 33 -25 -10 -29 -9 -18 -3 -18 -46 -24 -32 7 -8 -12 -7

If you need anything for membership, please contact Nikki Whitaker at (859)278-0899 or 54

Division 2 (76-150 MEMBERS) Division 3 (0-75 MEMBERS) 2017 Henry Northern Kentucky Monroe Fleming Allen Laurel Daviess Metcalfe Scott Franklin Trimble Northeast Area Pulaski Anderson Garrard Mountain Edmonson Boyle Webster Purchase Area Jackson Campbell Owen Fayette Bourbon Muhlenberg Caldwell-Lyon Russell Mason Hancock

136 128 127 125 123 121 120 116 109 108 107 104 103 101 99 94 93 88 88 85 84 82 78 75 75 75 72 70 54 52

2016 Difference 150 132 135 120 108 134 123 121 111 111 124 115 113 89 96 85 84 96 79 79 106 81 80 81 92 97 82 83 78 98

-14 -4 -8 5 15 -13 -3 -5 -2 -3 -17 -11 -10 12 3 9 9 -8 9 6 -22 1 -2 -6 -17 -22 -10 -13 -24 -46

2017 Bracken 156 Taylor 81 Clinton-Cumberland75 Woodford 69 Louisville Area 68 Out of State 66 Nelson 64 Todd 62 Trigg 60 Ohio 56 Grant 55 Oldham 55 Rockcastle 54 Whitley 50 Pendleton 50 Highlands 46 Carroll 43 McCreary 42 Wayne 41 Estill 40 Union 39 Butler 39 Lewis 37 Robertson 35 Montgomery 32 Clay 31 Nicholas 31 Calloway 30 Simpson 29 Bullitt 25 McLean 24

Division 3 (CONTINUED)

2016 Difference 27 72 59 57 66 62 70 63 63 75 66 65 63 51 49 54 50 48 50 39 42 37 27 31 51 33 40 27 27 43 35

129 9 16 12 2 4 -6 -1 -3 -19 -11 -10 -9 -1 1 -8 -7 -6 -9 1 -3 2 10 4 -19 -2 -9 3 2 -18 -11

Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

2017 Twin Lakes Livingston Menifee Hopkins Crittenden Henderson Magoffin River Hills Powell Eastern Foothills Knox Pike Gallatin Bell Harlan

24 22 21 19 19 16 12 8 7 7 6 4 2 1 1

2016 Difference 23 26 21 22 27 16 13 13 8 9 5 4 2 1 1

1 -4 0 -3 -8 0 -1 -5 -1 -2 1 0 0 0 0

TOTALS AS OF: APRIL 10, 2017 9970 10470 -500

2016-17 Membership Application * Membership Year 10/1/16– 9/30/17

Name:_________________________________________________________Spouse Name:____________________________________________________________ Farm Name:_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Address:__________________________________________________________City:____________________________State:______Zip:______________________ County:___________________________________________________________Recruited By:_______________________________________________________ Phone: (___________)__________________-____________________________Fax: (___________)_________________-_________________________________ E-Mail:_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ * Payments of KCA membership dues are tax deductible for most members as an ordinary and necessary business expense. However, charitable contributions of gifts to KCA are not tax deductible for Federal Income Tax purposes. Due to new IRS regulations, $2.24 of your dues would not be deductible. Approximately $12 of your dues will go towards the monthly publication Cow Country News.

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Please check the Membership(s) you would like to join: ___ KCA Membership : $30/yr

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(Membership Dues are $30 unless otherwise listed below.)

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___ KCA Couple Membership (To add your spouse please add $15 to your KCA Membership) ___ Kentucky Junior Cattlemen’s Association: $10/year

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Total Contributions: Cattlemen’s Foundation Donation (Voluntary): $_________ ** All donations to KCF are tax deductible.** Total Amount Enclosed:$____________

If you would also like to join the National Cattlemen’s Beef Assoc... The NCBA is now a State Marketing Partner with the KCA. You can pay your dues to both organizations with one check, at the same time.

McCreary $25 Magoffin $20 Menifee $25 Mountain $25 (Breathitt, Knott, Lee, Leslie, Letcher, Morgan, Owsley, Perry & Wolfe) Oldham $35 Taylor $20 Twin Lakes $20 Warren $40 Wayne $25 Whitley $25 Woodford $25

NCBA Annual Producer Dues: # Head


# Head
























+ .38/hd

Complete and return to: Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association 176 Pasadena Dr. • Lexington, KY 40503

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KENTUCKY BEEF NETWORK KBN is Supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund

IRM Farm Program Producer Highlight: Bart Hamilton BY BEN CRITES he UK Beef IRM team has developed the IRM Farm Program, which is designed to increase the use of production practices that favor high reproductive rates in the cowherd. This program is delivered through on-farm learning to demonstrate the benefits of implementing these production practices. This spring marks the beginning of the third year for the program. To date we have 97 producers from 35 counties participating in the program. The results from these producers have been promising and we look forward to continuing to work with these cooperator herds. Of the 97 producers participating, Mr. Bart Hamilton has been a part since the very beginning of the program, starting early in 2015. Mr. Hamilton resides in Bracken County and runs a small herd of Limousin-influenced cattle. In the beginning, Mr. Hamilton did not have a defined calving season and ultimately wanted a fall calving season beginning mid-September. In order to control the calving season, we need to control the breeding season. With that, our first step was to remove the bull from the cowherd until we wanted the breeding season to begin. This eliminated the possibility of having calves born in the spring of 2016. In the first year of the program, the cows that calved in the spring of 2015 were held open until the fall breeding season. In 2015, only 56% of the cows calved in the desired window. Six “done” cows were sold in 2015 for various reasons that included: age, feet/leg problems, and not having a calf. Two open replacement heifers were purchased as well. Mr. Hamilton was also interested in the benefits of using estrous synchronization and AI. In the first breeding season in the program, 12 cows were bred using a timed-AI



Figure 1.

# Cow s # of Calv es Born Calv ing P ercentag e # of Calv es W eaned % W eaned / Cow E x posed T otal W eaning W eig h t ( lb s) W ean W eig h t / Cow E x posed ( lb s) D ate of F irst Calf D ate of L ast Calf Calv ing S eason L eng th % Calv ing in D esired W indow AI %

2015 1 7 1 6 9 4 % 1 3 7 6 % 5 2 8 1 3 1 0 .6 5 1 /1 4 /2 0 1 5 1 2 /2 2 /2 0 1 5 3 4 2 5 6 %

protocol. He had one late-calving cow that received a CIDR device to help move her up in the calving season. 50% of the females conceived to the AI, 12 of the 13 cows had and weaned a calf, and 100% of the herd calved in the desired window. The calving season took place in a 60-day window, beginning September 9th and ending on November 11th. When we look at the increase in weaning weight per cow exposed to the bull, from 2015 to 2016, an increase of 88 pounds (311 lbs to 399 lbs) was observed. Using the current market value (average of steer and heifer) for a 300 lb calf ($155/cwt) and 400 lb calf ($146/cwt), this 88-pound increase equates to an additional revenue of $119 per cow. In 2016, Mr. Hamilton added five replacement heifers, increasing his herd size to 18 total breeding age females. Pleased with the first year results, Mr. Hamilton wanted to implement estrous synchronization and AI again in the fall of 2016. Based upon the pregnancy diagnosis information from this spring, 17 of the 18 females were confirmed pregnant and 75% conceived AI. Two cows that calved in November 2015, received a CIDR device and

2016 1 3 1 2 9 2 % 1 2 9 2 % 5 1 8 4 3 9 8 .7 7 9 /1 0 /2 0 1 6 1 1 /9 /2 0 1 6 6 0 1 0 0 % 5 0 %

2017 (estimated) 1 8 1 7 9 4 %

9 /8 /2 0 1 7 1 0 /1 4 /2 0 1 7 3 6 1 0 0 % 7 5 %

the pregnancy diagnosis indicated that both females will calve in mid-October this fall. The estimated calving season length for fall 2017 is anticipated

to be only 36 days based upon the pregnancy diagnosis. The results from Mr. Hamilton’s operation over the last two years are depicted in Figure 1. In summary, the calving season length has been shortened from 342 days to 60 days, to now an expected 36 days. This reduction in calving season length was possible through controlling exposure to the bull and also implementing an estrous synchronization program and AI. By reducing the length of the calving season we noticed an 88-pound increase in weaning weight per cow exposed, which equals an increase of $119 per cow with today’s market value. The results from Mr. Hamilton’s operation over the last two years are very encouraging and we are looking forward to see what the future has in store.

CPH 45 Sale Dates 2017 March

March 14, Steers & Heifers, Stanford


April 18, Steers & Heifers, Paris April 27, Steers & Heifers, Owensboro


June 13, Steers & Heifers, Stanford June 22, Steers & Heifers, Springfield


July 10, Steers & Heifers, Guthrie


August 10, Steers & Heifers, Owensboro

Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Eden Shale Update

Dan Miller

----------------Kentucky Beef Network Industry Coordinator


n April 6th Eden Shale hosted the Fenceline Feeding System Field Day on what turned out to be a miserable weather day. It rained all day and there was 20-30 mile per hour wind gust making the wet 40-degree day feel much colder. That however, did not stop the 90 producers in attendance from putting on a rain jacket and learning about this winter feeding system. Dr. Steve Higgins discussed the layout and design of each feeder and the importance of proper site selection. Producers were able to walk around the feeders and see how they are constructed and watch as the cattle were actively eating hay from them during the field day. The producers in attendance had a lot of questions and seemed very interested in installing a similar system on their own farms. More information about the system and each individual feeder, visit our blog at Once back at the barn, Dr. Matt Springer, a wildlife extension specialist

with UK, gave a presentation about how to properly manage black buzzard populations around cattle herds. He hung up a manmade decoy buzzard that was constructed out of rubber mat. These decoys have been shown effective in eliminating birds from an area. The decoys can be constructed using only $25 worth of materials. The schematic for making your own decoy will be posted on the Eden Shale Blog. After lunch the group toured other parts of the farm to see multiple winter feeding options and several tire waterer installations. Producers were taking both pictures and measurements of the feeders and the tire waterers. Multiple farmers claimed to have areas where these types of systems would benefit their operation, and they were going to implement some of the things they had seen at Eden Shale Farm. Despite the weather, we had a very successful field day and I want to thank all the producers who braved the elements to come join us. We will be having a follow up field day on May 9th to discuss the results of feeding hay in these feeders for an entire season. That day will cover how much hay we fed in each feeder, how much hay waste each feeder had, which feeder the cows preferred, and which feeders need maintenance after the first season. That field day will start at 3:00pm. In the meantime, you can check our blog for updates and additional information.

Fenceline Feeding System Field Day at Eden Shale Farm 245 Eden Shale Road Owenton, KY 40359

May 9th, 2017 â&#x20AC;˘ 3 - 5 PM ET Follow-up Field Day

- Summary on individual feeder performance - Cattle Preference - Hay Feeding Data

*If you cannot attend, the hay feeding and performance data will be available online at shortly after the field day. *You can still attend this event even if you missed the first field day on April 6th.

Call KCA to RSVP at 859-278-0899 or email 

Eden Shale Farm

Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association


Kentucky Hereford Association KHA Officers

P resident: Vince P oppl ewell P resident-elect: L .W . B eckley S ecretary/ T reasurer: E arlene T homas 859-623-5734 thomasep@

K H A I nvi tes any H eref ord B reed er to B ec ome a M emb er! D ues are $25. S end to 2396 U nion City R d. Richmond, KY 40475

U p c omi ng E KY Certified Hereford Influence Sale M ay 1 1, 2017 C ontac t: L ow el l A tw ood 6069145

Dale & Connie Lisembee 1 2 9 4 7 J ohnson M ill R d. C rofton, K Y

Cell: 270-889-7116 Home: 270-424-5541

tate Sh ow / Ju ni or P revi ew Sh ow Ju ne 2n d & 3r d H orse C ave , K Y B u rl ey F i el d s L i ve stoc k C enter M ore d etai l s w i l l f ol l ow .

Joe B. Gray 10787 New Bowling Green Road Smiths Grove, KY 52171

4 3 9 F la tw o o d Bo b b y & Br e 6 0 6 -5 2 3 -0 5 6 6 0 6 -3 4 4 -0 4 1 w e lls _ fa r m @

U nderwood Farms

P ol l ed H eref ord and Gel b vi eh C attl e 3459 KY H wy . 1284 E . Cyt hiana, KY 41031 ( 859) 234-6956 B en, Jane, S helby a nd L incoln

Registered P olled H erefords VitaFerm D ealer D oug & D arrelyn U nderwood 1883 O ld Mac Road • Campbe llsvi lle, KY 42718

( 270) 789-7788

Thomas Farm

Eric & Ronnie Thomas 2396 Union City Rd. Richmond, KY 40475 (859) 623-5734 • Eric’s Cell (859) 314-8256 “Cattle for sale at all times”


Registered Polled Herefords Bulls & Females for sale Tim & Peggy Wolf 12939 Peach Grove Rd. Alexandria, KY 41001 Home: 859-635-0899 Ÿ Cell: 859-991-3484

Peyton’s Well Polled Herefords o o o d , K h o 5 5


d F a m ily Dr i v e

m e /f a x c e ll

Victor- influenced cattle bred for performance on grass.

“Black cows need a good Hereford Bull”

B E C K L E Y H E R E FO R D S L.W. Beckley D.V.M L. Wayne Beckley 284 Pyrse Lane 1420 Fitchburg Rd. Irvine, KY 40336 Ravenna, KY 40472 Cell: 859-779-1419 Home: 606-723-3021 Clinic: 606-726-0000 Cell: 859-779-0962


Wells Farm

C o d e e Gu f f e y • 1 8 1 5 Gr a s s y Sp r i n g s Ro a d V e r s a ille s , K e n tu c k y 4 0 3 8 3 Ph o n e : 5 0 2 - 5 9 8 - 6 3 5 5 Em a i l : r o c k r i d g e h e r e f o r d s @ g m a i l . c o m w w w .r o c k r id g e h e r e fo r d s .c o m


2017 S

Contact Earlene Thomas for more information: 859-623-5734 Ÿ www.kentuckyhe


Th e Lo w e l l At w 1 3 3 Ed g e w o St a n f o r d (6 0 6 ) 3 6 5 -2 5 2 0 (6 0 6 ) 6 6 9 -1 4

ve nts:

Boyd Beef Cattle

5035 Main Street • Mayslick, KY 41055 Charlie Boyd II · 606-584-5194 Annual Bull Sale second Saturday in March Hereford and Angus Bulls

T K 4H

eref ord s

T ony & Kathy S tapl es 992 Knotts Road B randenburg, KY 40108 270-422-4220 tstapl

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MPH Farms


Jackson Farms

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Registered Polled Herefords Monty G. Hancock 7300 KY 56 Owensboro, KY 42301 270-771-4118

Paul L. Hankcock 8559 KY 56 Owensboro, KY 42301 270-771-4194

C h amb l i ss H eref ord Farms B rad , C arl a, C l ay an d C l i nt C h amb l i ss 916 W i nc h ester B l vd . E l i z ab eth tow n, K Y 42701 H ome ( 270) 9823905 • C el l ( 270) 68 - 7126 fax 270- 735-9922

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Windy Hills Farm Jackie D. Perkins II 367 Mt. Pisgah Rd. • Bremen, KY 42325 270-543-3586 Breeding to produce good cows since 1981.


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Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Multi-Trait Multi-Trait Selection Selection Fertility Disposition

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n the first segment, I discussed the basic ecology of coyotes along with some ideas about coyote management. As a refresher the main points involved keeping the coyotes that aren’t causing problems and only removing the individuals that are causing issues. In this article, I will cover some of the methods to use for dealing with a problem coyote. This is not an allencompassing tutorial about trapping or hunting. I am skipping over things like trap preparation with dye and wax and the small modifications you can make to your traps to increase catch efficiency. I encourage those interested in using the trapping methods to do more research into these items on the internet, obtain a trapping book from your local library, or the best thing is find a successful trapper and talk to them.

The Basics

If our goal is to only target the individual(s) causing the problem, then we should only be hunting or trapping the areas where problems are occurring. This will help decrease the chances of removing individuals that are not causing any problems and limiting the number of new unknown personalities that will move into the area after you remove a coyote.

Hunting vs. Trapping

Hunting can be an effective method of removing coyotes. There are two main ways people hunt coyotes, you either attempting to call coyotes in using coyote or animals in distress sounds, or hunters can setup in an area frequented by coyotes and wait for them to appear, something similar to deer hunting. Coyotes are very intelligent and wary animals so hunt success rates are generally low. However, given the right


circumstances and skills, hunters can be effective at calling in and killing coyotes. There are two things to consider if you attempt to hunt coyotes to remove a problem animal. You want to target the areas that the problem is occurring, like the pasture where coyotes killed a calve or around the chicken coup they may by raiding. If you employ the calling method, there is a good chance you will attract any coyote that is in the area so it increases the chance of harvesting coyotes that are not causing the issues on your farm. This is one of the downsides of employing hunting, the other is the time and energy it takes to successfully harvest a coyote can be substantial. It may take many hours of sitting or calling to finally get a coyote into gun range.

sometimes purchasing traps that have 4-coils vs the normal 2-coils is worth the added expense as the coils increase the holding power and speed of the trap. Effective set strategies when using these traps include dirt-hole set varieties, trail sets, and scent post sets. One advantage to foothold traps are the damage to the trapped animal is minimal so any nontarget animals that you may catch, like a family dog, will usually just have a sore paw for a few days. Place these traps in


Trapping may be the most efficient method at removing coyotes but there is a steep learning curve. Multiple trapping options exist and I will go through the pros and cons of each. At the end I will talk about where you can find help if this is the route you choose to go.

a solid trap bed to stabilize the trap is essential. It will make sure that when the animal steps on the trap it does not shift, potentially causing them to spook or miss catching them. Make sure you stake your trap down with two pieces of rebar or use something called an earth anchor. Coyotes are infamous for pulling traps out of the ground if they are not anchored correctly. Use dry dirt to fill in around and cover the trap. You also want to disturb the area as little as possible while setting the trap. It is a necessity to make blend in the trap sight and have it look as natural and undisturbed as possible. While you are blending the trap in, use sticks and leaves to encourage the animals to step on the pan. It is pretty amazing how the smart placement of a simple twig can make a coyote set its foot down exactly where you want it. While you are making your set envision how the animal may approach the area and investigate the set. This will help to increase your chances of catching the coyote, and is also the

Cage Traps

Cage traps are very effective trapping method for many animals including bobcats. One of their biggest upsides is that if you catch a non-target animal like your neighbor’s cat, you have the ability to let it go unharmed. There is a cage trap on the market advertised for coyotes. It is a rather large and expensive trap (>$100) and is not the suggested route for trapping coyotes or foxes. These species are rather reluctant to enter any cage trap so your trapping efficiency will be very very low and there is a good chance will you never catch a coyote in this style of trap.

Foothold Traps

Foothold traps are an effective trapping tool for coyotes. Leg-hold traps are sold in many sizes, but #2 or #3 leg hold traps are a good size to select for coyotes. The larger the better and

# 3 Foothold trap set for coyotes. The yellow arrow is pointing to the location of the pan and the red arrow is where the lure/scent was placed. The small stump is acting as backing to help funnel the animals to approach the lure from the side with the trap. An similar set would be the dirt hole set where you would dig a hole just in front of the stump and place either a lure or bait down the hole to entice the animals to work the area over, increasing the time spent around the trap. the areas around your issue on the paths you believe the coyotes are using to enter or leave the area. When making a set,

Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Snare set for coyotes along a game trail. Another effective set is at fence crossings. aspect of trapping that has the steepest learning curve. Most people are not good coyote trappers on day one of trapping but become so and learn from many bad trapping days and sets. Contʼd on pg. 0 59

FEATURE Contʼd o



Snares are another tool that is effective at catching coyotes when set correctly. These are used along coyote trails in the woods, where they go through fences, or in along edges or trails within grass fields. The key to using snares is setting the loop at the correct height off the ground, about 10 inches for coyotes, so that the animal is

caught around the neck, holding it in place. Snares come with stops to prevent non-targets from being caught and also to keep animals that are caught from being strangled. Making sure these stops are present on the snares is strongly encouraged, as they are meant to prevent issues with catching animals like your neighbor’s family dog or deer. Just like footholds you want to make sure they are anchored well so the animals do not run off with your snare.


Pa t Tilghm a n 6 9 0 Lic k Bra nc h Roa d Gla s gow , K entu c k y 4 2 1 4 1


If you are experiencing issues and need to get rid of a problem animal you can try to handle it yourself through trapping or hunting. I suggest finding someone with experience to help with the how-tos on your property the first time. In addition, there are a plethora of videos on Youtube showing how to make various sets for trapping or hunting. A lot of them are very good and show

GE L B V I E H Na m e: Fa rm

several tricks of the trade. In addition, the Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources has a page to help landowners get in contact with local trappers. Trappers are usually looking for access to trap during the winter so you may be able to find someone to help you at that point and time. There are also wildlife control trappers who you could hire to come out and try to remove the animals.


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Telep hone Nu m b er: E-M a il Addres s :

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Clifford Farms

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Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association





s producers seek to maximize the efficiency of forage harvesting and storing systems, baled silage (commonly called baleage) is emerging as a possible alternative technology. Since any new technology has a learning curve, this publication and publication AGR-173 (“Baling Forage Crops for Silage”) have been developed to help producers better understand and utilize a baleage forage harvesting and storage system.

Common Questions About Baleage Why should I consider making baleage?

Baling forage at higher moisture levels than what is required for dry hay

offers some advantages. Typically, a small grain crop such as wheat or a first cutting of cool-season grass is difficult to harvest for hay at the proper maturity stage. Usually, excessive spring rainfall makes it nearly impossible to dry down forages into the 15-18% moister range necessary for hay. As a result, these crops are often over-mature when baled as dry hay. However, such crops would work well in a baleage system, which requires a higher moisture range (4060%) and shorter field-drying time. Many producers who want to get an early, high-quality small grain crop have found baleage to be a good fit for their operation.

What happens during the baleage ensiling process?

If high-moisture forage (40-60%) is baled like normal hay, it will soon be rendered useless by explosive microbial activity. However, if this forage is baled and wrapped in plastic, anaerobic

microorganisms will ferment some of the carbohydrates in the forage to lactic acid, which will inhibit the growth of detrimental microorganisms. This process will consume some dry matter and digestible energy (mainly water soluble carbohydrates), but this loss is small compared to dry matter losses that result from raking, baling, tedding, and storing round bales outside as hay.

What equipment will I need?

A baleage system requires much the same equipment as a conventional hay system, with some additions. The minimum requirements are a mower, possibly a rake, a baler capable of baling wet forage, a tractor of sufficient horsepower to carry these bales safely, a bale spear, and a wrapper. Some balers have a chopping mechanism that aids in increasing bale density as well as reducing particle size for ease in mixing rations, but this is not necessary in situations where no mixing is needed.

Bale spears are inexpensive ways of moving the bales. (Note: Since spears will make holes in the plastic if they are used after wrapping, use spears only when moving the bales to the wrapping/ storage area and the feeding site.) Wrappers range in cost from $6,000 to $25,000 or more and differ considerably in labor and equipment requirements. Some custom operators wrap silage, and many local entities (County Extension, conservation districts, cattlemen’s groups, etc.) may have wrappers available for rent.

What should I use to mow?

Mower-conditioners are the most popular and easiest-to-use mowing implement for the baleage system. This is mainly due to faster wilting and evenly formed swaths. Raking can be avoided if a narrow swath is formed. Using a mowerconditioner exposes more of the forage’s Contʼd on pg.

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Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


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Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Contʼd o


surface area to the microbes involved in fermentation and can result in a faster pH drop and better fermentation earlier in the ensiling process. However, other types of mowers can also be used very successfully.

When do I cut?

The forage crop should be cut at the maturity stage that combines yields and quality sufficient for your feeding requirements. In general, legumes should be cut at 10% bloom and grasses at the boot stage or just as the head emerges. Other crops such as oats, rye, triticale, and barley should be cut before the boot stage. (These crops are difficult to dry at this stage but lose feed value quickly as they mature.) In general, early-maturity forage has much higher sugar content (essential for proper ensiling), while coarse, stemmy, and over-mature forages have a reduced sugar content and will not ferment well. Cutting at earlier maturity stages will produce good baleage and optimal feed value per acre.

Can my round baler handle high-moisture hay?

Most modern variable chamber balers (belt balers) are capable of baling wet forage into a dense package. However, special silage models are recommended because they are specifically designed to bale wet forage—they have scrapers on the belts and rollers to prevent buildup of material, and they have heavy- duty bearings to help handle the increase in bale weight. Several baler manufacturers offer “silage kits” which can be added to older balers that will enable them to handle baleage. Such kits range in price from $400 to $1500 (2012 prices) depending on brand. Consult your local equipment dealer for specific information regarding your particular round baler brand. Fixed chamber and variable chamber

balers will both work well; however, variable chamber balers are much more popular because they allow the control of bale size and maintain uniform density in the bales. Fixed chamber balers are also capable of making dense bales but usually form only one bale size. In either case, it is important to drive slowly and maintain a high PTO speed.

When should I bale?

Baling at the proper moisture content is a key to success in producing baleage. Forage containing less than 40% or much above 65% moisture should not be baled for silage in order to avoid excessive molding or spoilage. Producing bales with too much moisture reduces forage quality, increases the chance of undesirable butyric acid fermentation, and reduces the amount of dry matter stored per storage unit—each of which greatly increases storage costs. Baling with inadequate moisture reduces fermentation and increases mold production, which greatly increase storage losses. Considering all factors, the optimum moisture for baled silage is in the 50-60% range.


Should I apply additives?

Experimental work has shown that excellent baleage can be made without the use of additives. This is true even when ensiling legume crops that have more difficulty reaching the pH range of stabilized fermentation. That being said, inoculating with Lactobacillus buchneri strains can accelerate the rate of fermentation and improve the stability of the silage during feed out. The latter is especially important if the baleage is to be fed during the summer months or in warm climates.

How soon should I wrap the bales?

Delay between baling and wrapping lowers the quality of the bale because undesirable microbial activity and excessive heating occur while the bale is exposed to oxygen. In addition, waiting

too long to wrap allows time for the bale to sag, and a sagging bale is difficult to wrap, uses more plastic film, and wastes time. Ideally, forage should be wrapped immediately after baling; however, research has shown that forage quality is maintained as long as it is wrapped within 12 hours of baling.

Where should I wrap?

Wrapping at the storage site minimizes handling of wrapped bales and reduces the potential for damaging plastic. Mishandling wrapped bales risks damage to and spoilage of the bale. However, bale squeeze attachments are readily available for transporting and stacking individually wrapped silage bales. Individually wrapped bales can be stacked on their sides or ends. It has been Contʼd on pg.

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How should I make the bales?

A slow ground speed during baling helps make tight, dense bales that are less likely to spoil. Plastic twine is recommended, but net-wrap or untreated sisal twine can be used successfully. Treated sisal twine should be avoided since the oils applied during the manufacture process often degrade the plastic film and can result in large storage losses. The most popular bale size is 4 feet wide and 4 to 5 feet in diameter. These bales will weigh 900-1300 lbs. (depending on forage type, bale density, and moisture level) and are best for handling and feeding. Larger bales, which use relatively less film, can also be made; however, handling difficulties may outweigh the advantages. These bales can easily weigh in excess of 2000

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Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


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4 • BURTON & SONS ANGUS Joe D. or Karen Burton Ÿ Bryan Carman, Partner, Ridgeview Angus 480 Hominy Hill Rd. Nancy, KY 42544 Joe: 606-305-3081 Ÿ Bryan: 606-875-3453

0172 K Y A ngu s Association Officers

resident T im Jeffries Ÿ Camner, KY resident G il Ray C owles Ÿ Rockfield, KY Sec res A nne D eMott Ÿ L exi ngton, KY 7 • COFFEY ANGUS FARMS 661 Hopewell Road Liberty, KY 42539 Matt Coffey - (270) 799-6288 Dewey Coffey - (606) 787-2620 Genetics for Maximum Profitability since 1984 8 • D&D LONGVIEW ANGUS Danny & Debbie Burris 550 Willie Nell Road Columbia, KY 42728 270-348-5766 • 270-250-3701 • 270-250-1277

9 • EAGLE REST PLANTATION Jimmy Don Robinson 7665 Paducah Road Kevil, KY 42053 270-462-2150

17 • MUD RIVER ANGUS 10 Oak Hill Drive Russellville, KY 42276 Wayne Johnson 270/303-6354 Gary Johnson 270/498/7208



10 • FALL CREEK ANGUS 448 Corder Farm Road Monticello, KY 42633 Ronnie Corder 606/348-6588 11 • HAINES ANGUS FARMS 5294 Park City- Glasgow Rd. Park City, KY 42160 Kenneth Haines, Jr. 270/749-8862

6 • CLAIREBROOK FARMS, LLC PO Box 192, Carlisle, KY 40311 Paul B. Mulhollem, 217/621-3123 Chad Daugherty, 217/369-0466 Watch for our consignments in upcoming KY sales!


19 • OLD BARK FARM 370 Ferrill Hill, Buffalo, KY 42716 Kenley Conner 270/358-8057 Registered Angus Cattle

Ri c h a 1 2 4 0 H o m e r s ta llo

rd a Do g - (2 n s @

n d Gl e n d a St a l l o n s w o o d K e l l y Ro a d H o p k i n s v i l l e , K e n t u c k y 4 2 2 4 0 7 0 ) 8 8 5 - 4 3 5 2 C e ll- ( 2 7 0 ) 8 3 9 - 2 4 4 2 b e lls o u th .n e t

22 • ANNE PATTON SCHUBERT 4040 Taylorsville Rd • Taylorsville, KY 40071 Phone: (502) 477-2663 • Fax: (502) 477-2637 Gordon Schubert, Cowboy

13 • HIGHVIEW FARMS 827 West Main Street Campbellsville, Kentucky 42718 Ben T. Cox DVM 270-469-5517 Registered Angus Cattle

23 • SHAW FAMILY ANGUS Jim & Cathy Shaw 935 Miller Road • Hodgenville, KY 42748 Cell: 270-769-8260 Quality Registered Angus Cattle since 1975


W i l l i a m N. O f f u t t IV 3 7 9 0 Pa r i s Ro a d Ge o r g e t o w n , K Y 4 0 3 2 4 Ph o n e : ( 8 5 9 ) 5 3 3 - 2 0 2 0 Em a i l : m i l l e r s r u n f a r m @ a o l . c o m W e b s ite : w w w .m ille r s r u n fa r m .c o m Heifers for sale


20 • PLEASANT HILL FARMS Gil, Mary, Corbin, Caroline, and Catherine Cowles 500 Rockfield Richpond Road Rockfield, KY 42274 270/843-9021 • Fax 270/843-9005 Located 7 miles west of Bowling Green, 1/2 mile off Hwy 68/80 21 • RAGS ANGUS FARM

12 • HERITAGE FARM Tom McGinnis 1024 Hinkle Lane • Shelbyville, KY 502-633-1634, home • 502-633-5100, work 502-655-0164, cell

14 • HILL VIEW FARMS Jimmy Gilles 5160 Lee Rudy Road Owensboro, KY 42301 Located 15 mi. W of Somerset 270/686-8876 Bulls & females sold private treaty. Inquiries Welcome. Sell only what we would buy. 270/929-5370 5 • CARDINAL HILL FARMS 15 • JOHNSON FARMS ANGUS 405 Cedar Grove Rd. • Glasgow, KY 42141 Angus Bulls & Females Mike Elmore: (270) 404-6589 Slaughters, KY Bob Johnson: ( 270 ) 427-1410 Keith: 270-635-0723 www. Reese: 270-635-1137

4 K

18 • FOUR KINGS ANGUS 250 Bright Leaf Dr. • Harrodsburg, KY 40330 Cary & Kim King Email: Cary Cell - 859-613-3734 • Colby Myers - Purebred Manager



24 • SMITHLAND ANGUS FARM 5202 East Hwy 80, Russell Springs, KY 42642

Charles “Bud” & Pam Smith 270/866-3898 Henry & Melissa Smith 270/866-2311 25 • ST. CLAIR FARMS REGISTERED ANGUS Eric & Sherry St. Clair 13433 Falls of Rough Road • Falls of Rough, KY 40119 (H) 270-257-2965 (C) 270-617-1079 Performance Tested Bull & Female Sale April2016

26 • TWIN CREEK FARM Shawn, Melissa, Devin & Dylan Gibson 270/337-3072 or 270/692-5304 Dennis & Emily 270/337-2128 or 270/402-4338 Watch for us in Branch View Production Sale in April

Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Limousin Breeders of The Bluegrass


B.F. Evans Cattle Company Contʼd o


suggested that stacking bales on their flat ends reduces the potential for UV degradation of the plastic since the ends have more layers of film. Small holes in the bale’s plastic can be patched using a repair tape that has been treated with a UV inhibitor. UV deterioration of other types of tape, such as duct tape, makes them unacceptable for repairing holes. To avoid degradation of both the silage and the plastic, store the bales on a well-drained sod and away from trees or weeds that might harbor rodents and insects that attract birds and lead to plastic damage. Avoid locations with excessively coarse stubble that may cause small punctures.

What kind of wrap should be used?

The plastic wrap used in making baleage is a polyethylene plastic film that is pre-stretched 50 to 70% by the wrapper as it is applied to the bale. The plastic must be able to withstand the local environmental conditions such as UV radiation and changes in ambient air temperature. Tear strength and tack (or “stickiness”) may also vary among brands of wrap. Most farm supply stores either carry or can obtain stretch-wrap plastic for baled silage. Check with the supplier and/or local producers to see which brands promote proper fermentation in your area. Plastic film may be white or black. White plastic is most common in this region since that film color reflects sunlight better and reduces radiational heating of the plastic. In more northern climates, such heating might be desirable to improve the environment for fermentation or help prevent freezing of the silage that makes feeding more difficult.

What type of wrapper is best?

Four major types of wrappers are

available and all four can be used to produce good baleage. The main wrapper types are 1) platform, 2) swinging arm, 3) in-line, 4) bale spear. Platform wrappers simultaneously rotate and revolve the bale on a platform to feed plastic from a stationary roll. Swinging arm wrappers have rollers that open to enclose and pick up the bale before wrapping. The plastic roll swings around the bale on an arm. More recently, integral balerwrapper designs have become available that wrap the bale just after it is formed. In-line wrappers place bales end-toend in a row while dispensing plastic from rollers that travel around the bale. Bale-spear wrappers have a hydraulic motor to rotate a bale on a spear while the operator moves the plastic along the bale length. Wrappers that make bale rows, such as the in-line type, use less plastic per bale since the ends of bales within the row are placed against other bales and are not covered with plastic. Trailer-type wrappers place less weight on the tractor than three-point-hitch wrappers, and may allow use of a smaller tractor since horsepower requirements for wrapping are relatively low. Some three-point- hitch wrappers that are moved empty and lowered to the ground before the next bale is placed on can also be operated using smaller tractors. A few wrappers have loader arms to elevate the bale onto the platform and eliminate the need for a loader attachment to lead the bales. The most common type of wrapper available today is the in-line wrapper due to quick wrapping rates, reduced plastic consumption, and ease of use. Many have automatic wrapping features with remote control options that allow the producer to operate the machine from the tractor thereby reducing labor requirements. The remainder of this article will be published in the June issue of Cow Country News.

Byron Evans

F u l l b l o o d & Pu r e b r e d Ÿ Em b r y o s & Se m e n St e p h e n : 2 7 0 - 7 9 9 - 8 6 8 5 7 6 0 Em i l y C o u r t Ÿ Bo w l i n g Gr e e n , K Y 4 2 1 0 1

a c h h l i m o u s i n @ i n s i g h t b b . c o m Ÿ F acebook : A C H H L imousin

Buck’s Limousin Farm

“The Best Kept Secret in Eastern Kentucky” John Buck: (606) 474-7451 • (606) 922-8174 2494 South St. Hwy. 7, Grayson, KY. 41143 “cattle for sale - private treaty”


P.O. Box 1509 599 Ray Allen Lane Versailles, KY 40383 Byron 859-509-8046 Rose Ann 270-543-1960


la nd & c a ttle c om p a ny Ed and Becky Chenault P.O. Box 1718 Richmond, KY 40476 859-661-0330 Bill & Susan Hurt 859-230-4288

G ettings L imou sin

CUM M INS POLLED LIM OUSIN Da v i d & Do n a l d P. C u m m i n s Da niel Gettings 4 3 1 2 W i l l o w - Le n o x b u r g Rd . F o s te r, K Y 4 1 0 4 3 Elb ow Bend & Center Point Rd. Tom p k ins v ille, K Y 4 2 1 6 7 Da v i d 6 0 6 - 7 4 7 - 5 8 8 6 Ÿ ( C ) 6 0 6 . 7 8 2 . 7 0 0 3 2 7 0 -4 8 7 -9 4 5 4 or 2 7 0 -2 0 2 -7 7 5 5 Em a i l : c u m m i n s d @ w i n d s t r e a m . n e t “ Regis tered Lim ou s in a nd Angu s Genetic s ” To m & C h r i s Da n i e l

Greg Blaydes 859-338-9402 James Hicks 859-227-0490

5 1 7 1 C a m a r g o - Le v e e Rd . Mt . St e r l i n g , K Y 4 0 3 5 3 8 5 9 - 4 9 8 - 0 0 3 0 Ÿ8 5 9 - 5 8 5 - 1 7 8 5 Ÿ 8 5 9 - 5 8 5 - 8 3 8 8 J o n a t h a n Ra y 8 5 9 -3 3 9 -1 1 3 7

k y r iv e r lim o u s in @ y a h o o .c o m 3 5 5 In d i g o Po i n t La n c a s t e r , K Y 4 0 4 4 4

La u r a Be t h Ra y 8 5 9 -7 9 2 -1 8 3 0

k e n tu c k y r iv e r lim o u s in @ y a h o o .c o m

1225 E. Leestown Rd. Midway, KY 40347

Maple Shade Farm

Pe t e Ma r t h a Pr e w i t t Ÿ 7 2 Em a i l : m a p F le m

Gr a y Ÿ 6 0 6 - 7 4 8 - 3 4 Se c r e s t C r o s s i n le s h a d e 1 @ w in d s in g s b u r g , K Y 4 1 0

7 6 3 g Ÿ6 0 6 -8 4 9 -4 2 4 9 tre a m .n e t 4 1

Pharris Farms Limousin Bo b Mi n e r i c h , 8 5 9 - 5 8 2 0 0 3 Ba r n e s Mi l l Rd . Ÿ Ri c h m m in e g w e n @ a o l.c “ C a ttle fo r s a le p r iv a te

2 -6 8 8 8 o n d , K Y 4 0 4 7 5 o m tre a ty ”

Ri c c i R o l a nD Ricci & Brenda Roland 423 Lebus Lane Cynthiana, KY 41031 859-234-3986 859-234-7344

Sunnyside Farm Dan & Margie Duvall 233 Sunnyside Gott Rd. Bowling Green, KY 42101 270-563-4897

Tr i p l e

K Li m

o u s in

Mike & Daniel Pharris 2888 Salt River Rd. Leitchfield, KY 42754 270-242-6697 or 270-230-2836 Ro


Te r r y W . Mc Ph e t r i d g e 6 0 6 -8 4 3 -6 9 0 3 C e ll: 6 0 6 - 5 2 4 - 9 2 4 1

g Oaks Fa rm

1 6 4 5 W i n d i n g Bl a d e Rd . Ea s t Be r n s t a d t , K Y 4 0 7 2 9


Bill, Greg & Scott Tichenor 3595 St. Rt. 85 West Ÿ Centertown, KY 42328 Home: 270-232-4334 Ÿ Cell: 270-256-0023

Al l e n & J o n An d e r s o n

Pa u l & Br a d K i d d

2 6 0 H e n d e r s o n Rd .

8 2 5 4 H W Y 7 1 1 Ÿ W e s t Li b e r t y , K Y 4 1 4 7 2

Eu b a n k , K Y 4 2 5 6 7

6 0 6 -7 4 3 -7 3 4 9 Ÿ6 0 6 -7 3 8 -9 4 9 3 Ÿ6 0 6 -4 9 5 -6 3 9 6

Al l e n : 6 0 6 - 8 7 2 - 8 0 7 2 Ÿ J o n : 6 0 6 - 3 0 5 - 8 8 5 9

Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Roy , J es s ic a a nd Coop er Ca na da


Attention Kentucky Juniors! K J SA Sta te Show une & 4, 201 elson County Fairgrounds ardstown, KY

6 0 0 Cu m b erla nd Driv e • M orehea d, K Y 4 0 3 5 1 8 5 9 -2 2 7 -7 3 2 3


Friday evening or Saturday morning: Cattle Arrive Saturday, June 3 9-11 AM: Check-in 11-12 PM: Workshop I 12-1 PM: Lunch 2 PM: Showmanship 4-6 PM: Workshops II & III 6 PM: Dinner/Barnyard Olympics/Fun Activities Sunday, June 4 9 AM: Show Begins Steers, Percentage Heifers & Bulls, Cow/Calf, Purebred Heifers & Bulls.


- Public Speaking - Sales Talk - Judging - Cattleman’s Quiz

Novice Members are welcome to participate in workshops and the show.

To pre-enter and confirm t-shirt size, please call Tonya Phillips at 606-584-2579.

Kentucky immental resident Derek ingle 502 -845-2 589 ice res ohnny oore 2 70-43 4-4616

f cers

ecretary Lori raves 859-481-8143 reasurer onya hilli s 606-584-2 579

K E N T U C K Y SI M M E N T A L A SSO C I A T I O N MEMBERSHIP APPLICATION NAME ___________________________ ____________ FARM NAME__________________________________ ADDRSS_____________________________________ CITY_________________STATE_____ ZIP__________ PHONE (BUSINESS)___________________________ (HOME)______________________________________


C al l or vi si t one of th ese Si mmental b reed ers f or c attl e th at w ork !

w w w .k entu c k ys i mmental .c om

Sw ai n Sel ec t Si mmental

12113 G reen V alley D r. • L oui sv ille, K Y 40243

f rederick sw ain@ b ellsou t h. net • w w w . sw ainselect . com

F red & Ph y llis 502- 245- 3866 502- 599- 4560

Ch i & A ngie 502- 7-4 9727 502- 287- 2116

J udy and R ondal D aw son 1156 B uz z ard R oost R oad Shelby v ille, K Y 4065 502- 593- 5136 j rdaw son22@ out look .c om


Ratliff Cattle Company

100 Carpenter Ridge Salyersville KY, 41465 Jim Ratliff 606.496-6522

“UNBELIEVABULL SIMMENTALS” Graves Grandview Simmental Farm imothy raves 560 Rudd Lane ring eld, KY 40069 59 4 1 954

Brian & Heather Swain 3906 Pottertown Road Murray, KY 42071 270-293-4440

S immental and S imA ngus B ulls for S ale 1 9 3 9 H u n t e r t o w n Ro a d V e r s a ille s , K Y 4 0 3 8 3 B ulls for S ale C hris A llen 8 5 9 -3 5 1 -4 4 8 6 callenuk y@

S end appl ication to: T ony a P hillips , 8190 S tonelick Rd. May sv ille, KY 41056 Membership F ee is $25.00 WAYWARD HILL FARM

Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

D r. H enry A llen 8 5 9 -2 2 9 -0 7 5 5




he 2017 FACTS (Feedlot And Carcass TestS) Tour is making plans to visit California this fall. The FACTS Tour is open to any beef producer and provides a great opportunity to see what happens to cattle once they leave the farm and to see farming in other parts of the country. Plans are being made and the dates for the trip are September 10-15. The trip will take around 55 cattlemen from across the state and they will visit several agricultural and tourist stops. The tentative agenda and price for the trip will be announced in the June issue of Cow Country News. The cost for the trip will include the flight, charter bus, hotels, snacks and meals. We are very lucky to have industry support on the trip, so many meals are also sponsored, helping to keep the cost of the trip minimal. The trip usually fills up within a few

days of being announced so if you are interested, please keep this in mind. If you would like to be put on the mailing list for this trip, feel free to give us a call. All past participatnts are already included on the mailing list. If you have questions, please contact Becky Thompson, Kelly Tucker or Kiah Twisselman at 859-2780899.



ow Country news mistakenly listed the Grand Champion Angus Bull in the 2017 Kentucky Beef Expo as being consigned by Burks Cattle. This appeared on page 84 of the April Cow Country News. It should have said consigned by Burks Cattle and Anne Patton Schubert. We apologize for any confusion this may have caused.

on April 19, 2017, beginning at 5 p.m. at 4350 Louisville Road. The event will feature a presentation by Tim Dietrich from the Kentucky Department of Agriculture, who will provide valuable information about Grand Champion Angus Bull understanding consigned by Burks Cattle and the grading Anne Patton Schubert system for feeder cattle and how UNITED PRODUCERS producers can maximize their return – BOWLING GREEN TO on investment. Dr. Jody Wade from HOST FEEDER CALF Boehringer Ingelheim, will also provide GRADING SCHOOL valuable information about herd health management. he United Producers, Inc. (UPI) Attendees will have the opportunity Bowling Green location is hosting to meet UPI-Bowling Green’s new a Feeder Calf Grading School management and sales team: Patrick Durham and Bill Chase, co-managers, and Cody Rucker, Cattle Sales Representative. All three bring extensive expertise




in the cattle industry to their new roles with UPI.

















































































COWS wts.




























Feeder cattle were $3-$4 higher for the week. Calves were near steady. Market cows steady to $2 lower. -Troy Applehans

Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Dinner will be provided. Those interested in attending the free event should RSVP to (270) 843-3224 by April 14 to reserve their spot. The Bowling Green facility holds weekly auctions on Tuesdays starting at 1 p.m., and goat sales every second and fourth Thursday at 5 p.m. United Producers, Inc. is one of the largest farmer-owned livestock marketing cooperatives in the United States. In addition to livestock marketing,  United Producers provides credit and risk management solutions,  and serves  more than 35,000 livestock producers  throughout the Midwest. United Producers was formed in 1934 and is headquartered in Columbus, Ohio. For more information about becoming a UPI member or its services, visit www.




May 9 KBN Fenceline Feeding System Field Day, Owenton, KY, See ad on pg. 57 May 20 Tarter Realty & Auction Co., See ad on pg. 43 June 9-10 KJCA Leadership Camp, See ad on pg. 40 June 9-10 Kentucky’s Fort Harrod Beef Festival, See ad on pg. 41


April 27 Great Meadows Spring Sale,Shelbyville, KY April 29 Black Gold Genetics Female Production Sale, Crestwood, KY

April 30 Bridgeview Angus Sale, Frankfort, KY May 27 Woodside Cow Herd Dispersal, New Market, VA, See ad on pg. 29 June 17 Yoder Angus Herd Complete Dispersal, See ad on pg. 45


October 7 Spirit of the Bluegrass Sale, See ad on pg. 24


May 11 KY Certified Hereford Influence Sale, Blue Grass South June 2-3 KHA State Show, Horse Cave, KY, See ad on pg. 58




Santa Gertrudis

May 6 Ohio Valley Spring Sale, Mineral Wells, WV, See ad on pg. 51 May 6 Timberland Cattle Spring Female Cattle Sale, Vernon, AL May 23 West Kentucky Select Bred Heifer Sale, Guthrie, KY, See ad on pg. 59 June 3 Central KY Premier Heifer Sale, Lebanon, KY, See ad on pg. 49

June 24 Kentucky State Saler Heifer Show, Frankfort, KY, Franklin County Fairgrounds April 29 Crimson Classic Sale, Cullman, AL, See ad on pg. May 13 Santa Gertrudis Breeders of the Carolinas Sale, Chester, SC


June 3-4 KJSA State Show, Bardstown, KY

AD INDEX AG SPRAY Allison Charolais B & L Farm Cattle Company Blue Grass Stockyards Burkmann Feeds Bush Hog Byron Seeds CPC Commodities Cargill CattleVac Box Central Farm Supply Central KY Ag Credit Central KY Premier Heifer Sale Dow Agro/Mosaic Dutch Creek Farm FPL Food, LLC

13 44 7 8 46 2 39 53 5 44 3 72 49 23 28 45

Fort Harrod Beef Festival 41 Four Kings Angus 49 Glenview Farms 47 Green River Fence 4 Hayes Trailer Sales 61 John Deere 17 Keeney Angus 63 Kentucky Angus 64 Kentucky Charolais Association 62 Kentucky Gelbvieh Association 60 Kentucky Hereford Association 58 Kentucky Salers Association 68 Kentucky Simmental Association 66 Kuhn North America 37 Limestone Farm 41 Limousin Breeders of the Bluegrass 65

McBurneys Livestock & Equipment 13 Mahlon Yoder 45 Millers Run Farm 38 Neat Steel 46 Norbrook 14, 15 Oak Hollow 7 Ohio Valley Limousin Association 51 P.H. White 49 Paris Stockyards 4 Priefert 21 Quality Cover Buildings 16 Reality Farms LLC 44 Rocking P Livestock 11 Silver Stream Shelters 10 Solid Rock Angus 18 Silver Towne Farms 52

Southern States Stoll Trailers Stone Gate Farms Sugar Creek Red Angus Sullivan Charolais Tarter Real Estate & Auction United Producers Walters Buildings Washington County Livestock Center West KY Select Bred Heifer Sale Willis Farms Woodside Farm


The Balanced Breed S T RI N G E R FA RMS B ruce S tringer 128 T eresa A ve nue Ÿ S omerset, KY 42501 606-875-3553 68

D I A MO N D J S A L E RS D onald Johnson 11660 N . H wy 1247 • E ubank, KY 42564 606-379-1558

W I L L I S FA RMS • D anny W illis 964 Johnson Rd • Frankfort, KY 40601 502-803-5011 • Matt Craig, Farm Mgr. 502-604-0821

Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

25 38 9 47 24 43 21 7 9 61 46 29

Cow Country Classifieds To place a Classified call 859/278-0899

Lost Bridge Cattle Company

PERFORMANCE TESTED PUREBRED ANGUS BULLS FOR SALE Call 270/202-7186 for more info or check out for current availability. ANGUS BULLS FOR LEASE Low birthweight Registered Angus & Charolais bulls for lease. Starting at $350. McCrory Farms, Benton, KY 270-527-3767 FOR SALE 19-20 month old Polled Hereford bulls Good selection. Low birthweight, medium frame. JMS Polled Herefords, Knifley, KY 270-465-6984 FOUNDATION SALE III October 7, 2017, 1 PM CST United Producers, Bowling Green, KY Selling FULLBLOOD & PUREBRED LIMOUSIN Genetics For info call : A C H Holdings, LLC Stephen Haynes 270-799-8685 Charolais Bulls for Sale


Call Jacob Redway today to advertise to over 10,000 cattle producers in Kentucky. Call us at 859-278-0899.

REGISTERED GELBVIEH BULLS 9 registered Gelbvieh bulls. Passed BSE. Ready for service. Yearling to 20 months old. Calving ease, low birth weight, docile bulls. Starting price at $2,000. Trent Jones 270-590-5266



L iv estock H auling Indiana Kentucky Ohio Tennessee 513-678-1042 Ryan Gries

$15 for 4 lines and $5 for each additional line


Jeff, Michelle Nolan Pettit 5745 US HWY 41 SOUTH, SEBREE, KY 42455 270-836-2963 • JP@DIAMONDPCATTLE.COM


STOLTZFUS SPREADERS Lime/Chicken Litter/Fertilizer Leo TMR Mixers- Manure Spreaders Schulte 20 ft batwing - FX520 $19,500 John Deere 6220 cab loader $24,500 Call Charlie @ 859-608-9745 REGISTERED BLACK ANGUS & CHAROLAIS BULLS Angus AI Sires include 10X & 5050. 18-20 months old. $2800 each. Charolais bulls AI Sires include Gridmaker & WR Wrangler. 18-24 month old. $2800 each David Sandusky 270-692-7793 LIMOUSIN, ANGUS & LIM-FLEX BULLS & FEMALES FOR SALE HB Farms Midway, KY Greg Blaydes (859) 338-9402 James Hicks (859)227-0490 RED ANGUS FOR SALE Bulls: Yearlings and 2-year-olds, Open and Bred Heifers Contact: Johnnie Cundiff 606-3056443 or 606-871-7438 BULLS FOR SALE Registered black Simmental bulls. Excellent EPD’s. Semen Tested. Delivery Available. Maximize your profit with proven performance. Adam Wheatley 502-349-2665

Improved with a 1792 sq. ft. brick home, with full basement, a 30 x 50 metal building, 2 large barns, 110 acres grass and hay, all fenced by woven wire, plenty of water, a working cattle farm ready to be used. Contact McCormick Realty 859-498-4317 MLS#-1627016 FOR SALE Registered Polled Hereford Bulls. One four-year old for $1,750. One two-year old for $2,000. Call 606-305-0073

12-18 months old Lundy Farms, 502-727-6898

REGISTERED ANGUS BULLS 21+ months, High Quality, BSE, guaranteed. Starting at $2,000. Western Way Angus. Georgetown, KY 859-621-6175

FALL 2015 BULLS FOR SALE Registered Gelbvieh/Angus Balancer bulls. Homo black and black. Breeding Soundness Evaluation. BVD tested, Semen and Trich tested. Calving ease EPDs. Also fall bred females. Huntingburg, IN J&D Kerstiens 812-482-2688 or Duane Cassidy at 812-661-8005

ANGUS BULLS FOR SALE Commercial yearlings. 2-year-old & 3-year-old bulls. Rand Angus Farm 502-639-4085


Call Jacob Redway today to advertise to over 10,000 cattle producers in Kentucky. The Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association offers print and digital options. Call us at 859-278-0899.

S ee y o u r ad h er e an d r eac h o v er 10, 000 c attl emen eac h mo n th . A ds as l o w as $ 15 p er mo n th .

F o r ad p l ac emen t c o n tac t J ac o b R edw ay at 8 59 - 278 - 08 9 9 .

Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Farm Visits, honesty and coon hounds him that he obviously knew a lot about animal breeding since he had bred a championship coon hound. He must know that bull wasn’t good enough for a herd bull. He replied ----------------that he knew that and was just going University of Kentucky to breed him to his heifers. Extension Beef Specialist “What do you think?” “I think that I would sell him nteracting with farmers and cattlemen before anything comes into heat.” is a large part of what extension Later, I worried that I might have workers do and we love doing it. It offended the gentleman so I called the used to be traditional for a specialist to Ag agent to see if things were okay. The have an opening line that went something agent told me that the farmer had indeed like this – “I’ve been around the state sold the “bull” that very week and had twice this month and this is the best him to help find a better one. Maybe set of cattle that I’ve seen!”. However, honesty is the best policy. sometimes we have our moments when I also remember another when honesty collides with tact and diplomacy. Dr. John Johns and I were visiting a We just open our mouth and “stuff ” purebred breeder. This man had no idea comes out. Hopefully, with good results. of performance in his herd but selected Some of us have a gift for being all of the popular bloodlines. It also brutally honest and getting a favorable seemed that every ownership brand in outcome. Dr. Mac Whiteker, a former that particular breed was present on his U.K. swine specialist, was legendary for farm. I guess a little trading had been his no B.S. approach to extension work. going on. Anyway; as the owner was Like the time that Mac was visiting pointing out all the cows … and their with a farmer who wanted to remodel impressive bloodlines, John and I were his dilapidated hog facilities. As Mac fixated on this one young bull that was surveyed the situation, the farmer asked kind of a “small-framed butterball”. John “What do I need here?” Mac quickly asked “what’s the deal with this calf?” replied “What you need here is a (bleep) The owner proudly exclaimed “that’s an good fire!” own-son of Levi. I gave $20,000 for As specialists and agents, we have him!” Well Hello Pete! John and I were all had our moments. I remember one both speechless … and that was probably time many years ago when I had a similar a good thing. Maybe the owner had experience. I was on a farm visit with just traded two $10,000 heifers for that the county agricultural agent and this $20,000 bull! We hoped so. farmer had to show us his championship Farm visits have, I’m sure, generated coon dog before we looked at his cattle. a lot of interesting experiences for all We then looked at the herd of about extension workers. We want to help and fifty cows (He wasn’t sure how many he be of benefit to our clientele – always. had). The cows looked pretty good but But before we make any sweeping suddenly a little ole yearling bull, that recommendations, it is always a good idea didn’t have enough meat in his rear end to to brag on something – family, cattle, the make a sandwich, came walking up. I was farm or even coon hounds! Folks don’t just thinking out loud and said “What’s care what you know until they know that the deal with that calf? Did you just you care. forget to cut (castrate) him?” The farmer had a pained look on his face and said “That’s my bull. What do you think?” Uh Oh! Fortunately I remembered the Spring-Calving Cow Herd •Bulls should have a breeding coon hound and so I proceeded to tell

Dr. Roy Burris




soundness evaluation (BSE) well before the breeding season. They should also receive their annual booster vaccinations and be dewormed. •Continue supplying a high magnesium mineral until daytime temperatures are consistently above 60 degrees F. •Improve or maintain body condition (BCS 5) of cows before breeding season starts, if necessary. •Schedule spring of “turn-out “working in late April or early May-at the end of calving season and before the start of breeding season. Consult with your veterinarian about vaccines and health products for your herd. “Turn-out” working for the cow herd may include: Prebreeding vaccinations Deworming Replacing lost identification tags Sort cows into breeding groups, if using more than one bull Insecticide eartags (best to wait until fly population builds up) •Turn-out working of calves may include: Vaccinate for IBR-PI3, Clostridial diseases and Pinkeye Dehorn, if needed (can be done with electric dehorner and fly repellent during fly season) Castrate and implant male feeder calves (if not done at birth) Deworm Insecticide eartags •Consider breeding yearling replacement heifers one heat cycle (about 21 days) earlier than cows for “Headstart” calving. Mate to known calvingease bulls. •Record identification of all cows and bulls in each breeding group. •Begin breeding cows no later than mid-May, especially if they are on high endophyte fescue. Cows should be in good condition so that conception occurs prior to periods of extreme heat. •Choose best pastures for grazing during the breeding season. Select those with the best stand of clover and the lowest level of the fescue endophyte, if known. Keep these pastures vegetative by

Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

grazing or clipping. High quality pastures are important for a successful breeding season. If using artificial insemination: Use an experienced inseminator. Make positive identification of cows and semen used. This will permit accurate records on date bred, return to heat, calving date and sire. Good handling facilities and gentle working of the cows are essential. Observe breeding pastures often to see if bulls are working. Records cows’ heat dates and then check 18-21 days later, for return to heat.

Fall-Calving Herd

•Pregnancy check the cow herd. Remove open cows at weaning time. •Plan marketing program for calves. Consider various options, such as maintaining ownership and backgrounding in a grazing program, or precondition and sell in a CPH-45 feeder calf sale. •Initiate fly control for the cows when fly population builds up. •Calves may be weaned anytime now.


•Keep calves on good pasture and rotate pastures rapidly during periods of lush growth. Manage to keep pastures vegetative for best performance. •Provide mineral mix with an ionophore. •Implant as needed. •Control internal and external parasites.


•Harvest hay. Work around the weather and cut early before plants become too mature. Harvesting forage early is the key to nutritional quality. Replenish your hay supply! •Rotate pastures as needed to keep them vegetative. •Clip pastures to prevent seedhead formation on fescue and to control weeds. •Seed warm season grasses this month.


State and National Beef Promotion and Research Programs Information is required by 7 CRF 1260.201. Failure to report can result in a fine. Information is held confidential per 7 CRF 1260.203.

Today’s Date


Seller’s Name

B u y er’s Name

A ddress

A ddress


S tate

Z ip

N u m b er ( if k now n) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _


Seller’s S ig natu re

S tate

Z ip

B u y er’s Signature

Both the seller & the buyer are responsible for making sure that the $1 per head assessment is collected and remitted to the Kentucky Beef Council.

D ate of S ale

* S tate of O rig in

Total N u m b er of Cattle S old: X

P erson rem itting form :

S eller

$1. 00 per H ead F ederal Check off $1. 00 per H ead S tate Check off B u y er

Total Check off P ay m ent for F ederal and S tate = =

P hone N u m b er:

*If the cattle purchased came from another state within the last 30 days, indicate from which state the cattle were purchased.

S end R eport and R em ittance to:

F or additional inform ation:




Kentucky Beef Council 176 Pasadena Drive Lexington, KY 40503 email

According to the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, an agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to respond to a collection of information unless it displays a valid OMB control number. The valid OMB control number for this information collection is 0581-0093. The time required to complete this information collection is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination in all its programs and activities on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, disability, and where applicable, sex, marital status, familial status, parental status, religion, sexual orientation, genetic information, political beliefs, reprisal, or because all or part of an individual's income is derived from any public assistance program. (Not all prohibited bases apply to all programs.) Persons with disabilities who require alternative means for communication of program information (Braille, large print, audiotape, etc.) should contact USDA's TARGET Center at (202) 720-2600 (voice and TDD). To file a complaint of discrimination, write to USDA, Director, Office of Civil Rights, 1400 Independence Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20250-9410 or call (800) 795-3272 (voice) or (202) 720-6382 (TDD). USDA is an equal opportunity provider and employer.

Cow Country News, May 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


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Cow Country News - May 2017  

The Cow Country News is a monthly publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association. Highlighting the latest cattle news, sale information...

Cow Country News - May 2017  

The Cow Country News is a monthly publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association. Highlighting the latest cattle news, sale information...