Cow Country News - March 2017

Page 1

Cow CountryNews Cattlemen’s Association

March 2017

Issue Highlights Beef Herd Expansion Continues Despite Lower Prices pg. 20 Kentucky Remains Largest Cattle Producer in the East pg. 26

Record Attendance in Nashville as NCBA Members Elect New Officers pg. 54 Can Cattle Be Finished on Pasture in Kentucky pg. 68

Ky Cattlemen’s Assoc. 176 Pasadena Drive Lexington, KY 40503


Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Selling Selling paternal brothers to Rocking P Legendary C918

selling sons of HPF Mr. Domination Y074

40 Simmental & Sim-Angus Breeding Age Bulls

Selling full & half brothers to RP/MP Trixie C004

SALE WILL BE HELD AT THE PARIS STOCKYARDS IN PARIS, KY AT 6:00 P.M. FOLLOWED BY A SPECIAL COW SALE For catalog requests, please contact Chan, Keith, or Jeff

ROCKING P LIVESTOCK, LLC KEITH 606.584.5626 | CHAN 606.584.7581


Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Paris Stockyards 859-987-1977

“Farmers doing business with farmers.”

Selling every Thursday at 9 AM Receiving cattle Wednesday 8AM - 10PM


Call for more information Craig Taylor - 859-771-0146 Sara Evans - 859-987-9945

Table of Contents COLUMNISTS 7 8 10 12 24 34 52 90


FEATURE STORIES 14 20 22 26 30 36 38 40 42 43 44 47 50 54 55 56 58


“The Callicrate ‘WEE’ Bander is well worth the investment.”


“The Callicrate Bander is phenomenal.”

60 62 64 66 68 74 76 83 85 88 98 101 103

Selling U.S. Beef to the Rest of the World Beef Herd Expansion Continues Despite Lower Prices Landowner Wins Case Against Army Corps Kentucky Remains Largest Cattle Producer in the East Don’t Get Surprised at Market Time: Know Value of Gain Trump Urged to Start Trade Talks with Japan Dewormer Dilemma UK Animal Shelter Study First in More than 20 Years Top 10 Ways to Make Cow Herds More Profitable Quarles backs bill to make KY ag more competitive Henning leaving post as head of UK Cooperative Extension to return to forage programs UK to Offer Hands-On Wheat Field School UK Helps Producer Renovate Hay Field Record Attendance in Nashville as NCBA Members Elect New Officers Insider Shares Political Realities at Record-Breaking Cattle Industry Convention Commodity Price Stabilization Expected in 2017 NCBA’s Stockmanship and Stewardship Partners with Boehringer Ingelheim Vetmedica, Inc. Cattlemen’s College Opens Cattle Industry Annual Convention The Wiley Coyote: Part 1 Statement Regarding Comment Extension of GIPSA Rules Strong Finish for 2016 Red Meat Exports; New Volume Record for Pork Can Cattle Be Finished on Pasture in Kentucky BQA Certification Now Free, Online, 24/7 Messages from Providence Producer Support of Checkoff Softens, but Remains Strong Mid-South Stocker Conference coming March 1 Cattle History in Kentucky The breeding bull: Your Herd’s Ultimate Athlete Why Use a Solar Powered Livestock Watering System How to Prioritize Pasture When Cutting Expenses on the Ranch

George Chambers Carrolton, Georgia

John Blevins, California






Chuck Crutcher, On the Road Again Ryan Quarles, Be Proud to Support the Ag Tag Fund Dave Maples, Imports Effect on Beef Cattle Prices Baxter Black, Anything That Can Go Wrong Chris Teutsch, Can’t Buy Good Management! Dr. Michelle Arnold, Why Antibiotics Fail Glen Aiken, Is Forage Quality that Complicated? Gordon Jones, Capturing the Economic Benefits of Hybrid Vigor in Beef Production Systems Roy Burris, Don’t dumb it down to fit it!

16-18 28-29 84 92-93 94-95 96-97 107 108 109

County News Economic & Policy Update KJCA Membership Kentucky Beef Council Kentucky Beef Network News Releases Calendar of Events - Advertisers Index Classified Section: - Classified ads

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

“She’s my best one” Cover photo by Abbey Biddle, Scott County

Smithland Angus Farm

Selling 50 Perf o rm ance Angus B ulls 15 co m ing tw o year o lds 2 0 f all yearlings 15 sp ring yearlings

Since 1940

Charles (Bud) & Pam Smith – (270) 866-3898 • (270) 576-2708 Cell Henry & Melissa Smith – (270) 866-2311 • (606) 271-7520 Cell 5202 East Hwy. 80 • Russell Springs, KY 42642 Fax – (270) 866-9452

Sires Represented:


FRIDAY, MARCH 10, 2017 6:30 P.M. CST RUSSELL COUNTY STOCKYARDS Russell Springs, Ky. located on South Hwy. 127 just off the Cumberland Parkway

The Difference Is Genuine!

Connealy Black Granite

CED +14

BW +0

WW YW +58 +98

AAR Ten X 7008 SA

Milk CED +25 +8

BW +.2

WW YW +64 +123

Milk +27

Other Sires:

Sitz L o gic Y 4 6 C o nnealy C ap italist 02 8 V AR Reserve 1111 RB To ur o f D uty 177 PV F I nsight 012 9

Selling 60 Mature Cows from the Heart of the Smithland Herd

Many cows and calves, with the remainder being heavy springer’s Cows Sired by these proven Sires Also selling SAV Final Answer 0035 10 Daughters 10 Bred Registered Heifers and HARB Wendy 702 13 Daughters SAV 8180 Traveler 004 5 Daughters 18 Open Registered Heifers! Nichols Extra K205 Sitz Alliance 6595 Mytty Infocus Sitz Upward 307R


6 Daughters 5 Daughters 3 Daughters 3 Daughters

C AL L O R E MAI L F O R A C ATAL O G ! D V Auctio n O nline B idding

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association 2017 Leadership REGION 1

KCA Regional Directors:

*Jeff Pettit, Vice President, 270-836-2963 Bobby Bell, 270-547-8547 Gary Woodall, 270-725-0819 Ricky Haynes Keith Johnson, 270-635-0723 Wayne Johnson, (270) 726-7896 Lanny Boyd, 270-889-9682 Martin Hayden, (270) 281-4076 JJ Tucker, (270) 257-8548 Dennis Wilson, 270-952-1714 Caleb Jenkin, 270-952-0767



Chuck Crutcher 4364 Berrytown Rd Rineyville, KY 40162 (270) 877-0239


Bobby Foree 2440 Eminence Rd Eminence, KY 40019 (502) 845-4947


Tim White 3660 Military Pike Lexington KY 40513 (859) 223-0326 1972-73 1974-77 1978-79 1980-82 1983-85 1986-87 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999




Ken Adams 90 East Horseshoe Ave. Upton, KY 42784 (270) 734-1443

Chris Cooper 2140 Tates Creek Rd. Richmond, KY 40475 (859) 200-7711



David Lemaster 1859 Irvine Road Winchester, KY 40391 (859) 749-0258

Steve Dunning 8200 Antioch Road Hopkinsville, KY 42240 (270) 498-8180


Cary King 250 Bright Leaf Drive Harrodsburg, KY 40330 (859) 734-2173

KCA’s Past Presidents:

Jere Caldwell* - Boyle Smith T. Powell* - Lincoln Larry Lovell - Union John Masters* - Mason Seldon Hail* - Laurel Bob Vickery - Wayne Glenn Mackie - Bourbon Dale Lovell - Muhlenberg Steve Henshaw - Union Jerry Fraim - Grayson Glen Massengale* - Wayne Dell King - Christian Kenneth Lowe - Warren Dr. J.L.Cole - Monroe Harvey Mitchell - Mercer Jim Naive - Spencer Shelby Hughes - Logan Hoppy Lovell - Barren

2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016

Charles Miller - Jessamine Larry Clay - Perry Jack Kimbrough* - Shelby Mark Williams - Crittenden Paul Napier - Lincoln Eddie Young - Washington Greg Ritter* - Barren Don Pemberton - Christian Billy Glenn Turpin - Madison Scotty Parsons - Christian Corinne Kephart - Shelby Greg Robey - Mercer Mike Bach - Bath Don Reynolds - Hart Steve Downs - Marion Gary Woodall - Logan David Lemaster, - Clark


*Andy Bishop Vice President, 502-275-6177 Craig Thompson, 270-590-5174 Mark Thomas, 270-723-6175 Joe Stults, 270-358-8182 Joe Mike Moore, 270-670-7493 Frank Rowland, 270-646-0882 Reva Richardson, 270-735-2959 Steve Webb, 270-646-8277 Adam Thomas, 270-991-7108 Richie Thompson, 270-678-4000 Joe Lowe, Mike Bullock, Donald Reynolds, 270-528-5239 Gerry Bowman, 270-427-6922 Phyllis Gentry, 502-549-3798 Adam Estes, (270) 528-3302


*Jon Bednarski, Vice President, 502-649-8706 Chris McBurney, 502-741-7088 Irvin Kupper, 502-633-6858 Dallas McCutchen, 502-255-7020 John Ellegood, 502-532-7573

Kevin Perkins, 502-269-7189 Larry Bryant, 502-845-4615 Wanda Hawkins, 502-220-2264 Jerry Oak, 502-255-7502 Phillip Douglas, 502-845-4620


*Jeremy Jones, 859-749-223 Mickey Staton, 606-674-2195 Endre Fink, 859-559-7765 Doug Marshall, 859-885-3919 Bo Tate, 859-661-2325 Larry Swetnam, 859-293-5600 Jason Sandefur, 859-987-0336 Randy Warner, 859-771-5280 Curtis Absher, 859-533-9888 Clay Wills, 859-749-8248 Jason Crowe, 606-723-6062


*Gary Ford, Vice President, 270-402-2194 Steve Devine, 859-583-7824 Steve Downs, 270-865-2611 Brent Woodrum, Ian Thomas, 859-613-2453 Anne Bays, 615-478-8450 Larry Parman, 606-878-7516 Greg Robey, 859-734-0067 Eddie Young, 859-262-5682 Adam Chunglo, 859-613-2985 Brenda Williams, 606-669-2909 Tommy Glasscock, 270-692-4336 * Denotes member of Executive committee

Cow Country News

Volume 30 Issue 3


The publisher reserves the right to refuse publication of any material which he feels is unsuitable for the publication. Although the highest journalistic ethics will be maintained, the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association limits its responsibilities for any errors, inaccuracies or misprints in advertising or editorial copy. Advertisers and advertising agencies assume liability for all content of advertisements printed, and also assume responsibility for any claims arising from such advertisements made against the publisher.


176 Pasadena Drive,Lexington, KY 40503 Phone 859/278-0899 Fax 859/260-2060 Web Site: or E-Mail:

Executive Vice President Dave Maples Staff Accountant Kelly Tucker Director of Kentucky Beef Network Becky Thompson KBN Industry Coordinator Dan Miller KBC Director of Consumer Affairs Kiah Twisselman KBC Director of Education Niki Ellis KBC Director of Product Development Katelyn Hawkins

Membership Coordinator Nikki Whitaker Communications Manager Jacob Redway Publication Coordinator Carey Brown National Advertising Sales Livestock Advertising Network,

Debby Nichols, 859/321-8770

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


On the Road Again Chuck Crutcher

----------------Kentucky Cattlemen's Association President


oots, hats and Music City, USA, spells NCBA Convention. The Gaylord Hotel and Convention center hosted over 9,000 farmers and ranchers from across the nation, along with many European, Asian, and South American nations. Probably the greatest representation from outside our boundaries was from Canada and Mexico. These two countries represent our greatest trading partners along with Japan. This points out that they like our beef and they want to continue our trading agreements. When you bring the salt of the earth together, it doesn’t get any better. Dr. Beck Weathers, who wrote the book, ”Miracle on Everest” set the tone for the convention at the opening session on Wednesday afternoon, with his inspirational talk on surviving an attempt to climb Mt. Everest that killed eight of his fellow climbers. He lost his right hand, the fingers on left hand and half his nose due to frost bite. Chilling, but his will to survive brought him through. He left us with a personal message about his supreme appreciation for a second chance at life and encouraged us to cherish every moment. I’m sure that a lot us know someone that can relate to his statement. CattleFax gave the 2017 Industry Outlook on Thursday morning. Cattle Fax does a total survey of all commodities in the US, including looking outside our borders. Weather is the biggest determining factor. When they look at ocean currents, warming or cooling of the waters in Atlantic (La Nina/El Nino) it tells what areas will be in drought or have enough moisture to make a crop or grow grass. If there’s

a drought in Australia it will affect our cattle markets. Just think of this, they (Australia) are Japan’s biggest supplier of beef and we receive a lot of lean product that goes into our hamburger from them as well. In South America they are huge suppliers of corn and soybeans around the world. If they have a good growing season, as they’re having now, it directly affects grain markets here and our future plantings. All commodities experienced a 45% market downturn in 2016. Overall the cattle outlook is positive. We will continue to see an expansion of the cow herd, which will keep cattle prices at their current levels, with some up and down swings but nothing like we’ve seen over the last 18 months. November 2016 saw the largest cattle harvest on record, with 1,500,000 going to the packers. That’s a half million over previous cattle harvests. The real positive on cattle markets is that exports are up 6% and imports are down 7%. The big thing that caught my attention is their forecast that cattle markets should stabilize in 2020. Kentucky is well represented within the NCBA. Tim White has just completed a three year term as Region I Policy Division Vice President. Region I is comprised basically of the 12 Eastern states. Ryan Miller represents us on the Cattlemen’s Beef Board and is also the Region I Young Beef Leaders representative. Brenda and Austin Paul, Timberlawn Farm, Paris, Ky., are to be congratulated for winning the 2016 BEEF National Stocker award. In my last article, I gave you a snapshot of how the leadership is selected at the KCA convention. The real work starts at the local level right in the county associations. For me it started by attending the educational meetings conducted by the extension specialists and then being selected to serve on my county board. As I served, it peaked my interest to learn more about the beef industry and to

contribute more. I guess you might say that I started paying back for all that I had received. Gradually without knowing my path, it evolved to where I am today. Local associations are the foundation of the beef industry. One of the many opportunities that KCA offers is the Leadership program. Class VIII is currently in session and will finish this fall. This program brings together about 25 individuals from all over the state. This program prepares the individual and it is not geared to just the cattle industry. It prepares you to do better in your school, church or civic organization. If you’re up to the challenge, consider enrolling in the next class. The articles in CCN about the local associations certainly is a starting point to bring new events to your associations. A lot of us search for ideas to promote and educate beef at the local level. The best ideas come

from within and I for one am not above using someone else’s idea and adapting to fit our association. Also remember that these articles and pictures give your county points toward the KCA Community Involvement award. KCA awards $500.00 to one county in each membership region for the county that promotes beef through articles, talking to schools or civic groups. Call Nikki at the KCA office for complete details. Let me leave you with this thought that my mother told me. One night when I was playing high school basketball, I led the team in scoring and rebounding. Well you can imagine how proud I was of myself, especially being only 5’10”. After she had observed me all day strutting around, she told me. “When you’re all full of yourself, just remember that your dog only recognizes you as the one that feeds him and scratches his ear.”

OAK HOLLOW FIRST CHOICE BULL SALE Monday, March 27, 2017 At The Farm - Smiths Grove, KY

OAK HOLLOW 1C06 Kenneth D. Lowe (270) 202-7186

Joe K. Lowe II (270) 202-4399

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Be Proud to Support the Ag Tag Fund Ryan Quarles

-------------Commissioner of Agriculture


ou are proud to be a farmer. That is why you buy farm license plates for your farm vehicles. When you renew your farm plates – or “ag tags” – you have the opportunity to make a voluntary donation to the Ag Tag Fund to help support and promote Kentucky agriculture Proceeds from the fund are divided equally among Kentucky 4-H, Kentucky FFA, and the Kentucky Department of Agriculture (KDA), for

youth development and promotional programs. All these programs are essential for the future of Kentucky agriculture. FFA and 4-H, as you are well aware, help mold Kentucky’s young people into productive, responsible citizens and leaders. Many of you participated in one or both of these organizations in your younger days. I would not be where I am today without the life lessons learned in 4-H and FFA, and I know many of you feel the same way. Kentucky FFA has 15,025 members in 153 chapters. Kentucky 4-H has 279,451 members in hundreds of clubs across the Commonwealth. So it’s easy to see that these organizations have a tremendous influence on the future of Kentucky. The Kentucky 4-H Foundation uses its portion of its Ag Tag funds

to support statewide programs such as engineering events, the Issues Conference, the Performing Arts Troupe, the 4-H Summit, and state officer scholarships. Kentucky FFA provides over $20,000 in grants to agriculture programs to make a capital investment in their curriculum or facilities. It provides $1,000 to each of the 12 FFA regions to recognize students at regional FFA banquets. It also supports statewide initiatives such as the Kentucky FFA website, state officer leadership development, and support for teacher educators at the university level. Half of the 4-H and FFA funds go back to the county where the tag is purchased. County 4-H councils use the funds for local programming, paying for leadership and citizenship

opportunities, funding 4-H camp scholarships, and other uses. FFA chapters receive Ag Tag support in the form of Ag Achiever grants, which cover capital improvements in agricultural education facilities and curriculum. Kentucky farmers donated $552,712 to the Ag Tag fund in 2016 – $184,237 to each organization – a 2.3 percent increase over 2015. There is plenty of room to grow, and the need is great. This year’s Ag Tag poster features Triple Crown winner American Pharoah, who achieved historic greatness in 2015, and in the same fashion, your donation to the Ag Tag Fund is a Triple Crown winner for Kentucky’s future greatness. I hope you all will join me in making a voluntary donation to the Ag Tag fund.

Our 65th Year


25 Angus • 5 Charolais 20 Polled Herefords


565 CANDY MEADOW FARM ROAD LEXINGTON, TENNESSEE 38351 Rob Helms (731) 571-8213 Heath Helms (731) 614-3979 Steve or Hayden Helms (731) 968-2012 Email:


For sale book and more information contact Candy Meadow Farms or Jack D. Hedrick (904) 613-4261, cell Email: JDH MARKETING SERVICES LLC

To view the sale book online go to

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

10 Angus 15 Polled Herefords 5 Charolais 6 Commercial Auctioneer: Eddie Burks TFL# 4123, TAL# 4990



KCF Bennett Fortress

8, 2017


KCF Bennett Southside

KCF Bennett Citation

100Commercial Bulls

KCF Bennett Absolute

Montana Deep Well

KCF Bennett Encore Z311

KCF Bennett Y6

85 Bred Heifers H Angus H H Polled Herefords H H Balancers H

H Gelbviehs H Baldies H

Elite Genetics From Three Breeds With The Industry’s Best Guarantee

ANGUS Sale Bulls Average:


KCF Bennett Fortress KCF Bennett Absolute KCF Bennett Southside BW +0.2 MARB +0.81 KCF Bennett Provision WW +61 REA +0.65 Thomas Baker Valley Montana Deep Well YW +110 $W +70.28 Baldridge Jennings Z064 MILK +28 $B +141.08 Connealy Black Granite VAR Reserve 1111 Furtados 3117 Connealy Beef Bank CE




James D. Bennett (434) 376-7299

Jim G. Bennett (434) 664-7935

Paul S. Bennett (434) 941-8245

Brian R. Bennett (434) 664-8309

Dalton G. Bennett (434) 664-7946

Serving the beef industry since 1944!

KnollCrest2_17_MultiBreed_CowCntry.indd 1

KCF Bennett Revolution X51

KCF Bennett The Rock A473

Scott R. Bennett (434) 660-7268

POLLED HEREFORD Sale Bulls Average: SC CED +5.1 +1.3 REA +0.56 BW +1.3 WW +67 MARB +0.33 YW





+$29 +$41

POLLED HEREFORD SIRES: KCF Bennett Encore Z311 KCF Bennett Revolution X51 Gerber Anodyne 001A RST X51 Revised 4113 EFBEEF TFL U208 Tested X651 RST 0124 Times A Wastin 2107 Churchill Red Bull 200Z CRR 719 Catapult 109 MSU TCF Revolution 4R

KCF Bennett Y504

GELBVIEH Sale Bulls Average: MILK CE +8 +33 BW








KCF Bennett Z122 HAHR Ramrod 13Z VRT Sam U451 +0.75 KHR 33A


FPI INDEX +74.22

BALANCER Sale Bulls Average: MILK CE +13 +29 BW






17659 Red House Road • Red House, Virginia 23963 Martha Johnson, Office Manager (434) 376-3567 • Fax (434) 376-7008 •

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



KCF Bennett Y6 KCF Bennett Y504 KCF Bennett Apollo A340 REA +0.63 KCF Bennett Y353 MARB +0.42 GW Premium Beef 021T5

FPI INDEX +86.79

Brad Fahrmeier 816.392.9241

Sale book available upon request.


2/6/17 5:26 PM


Imports Effect on Beef Cattle Prices Dave Maples

-------------Executive Vice President


o many of the comments and questions that I get are about comparing today’s calf prices to the prices we received in 2015. Then the next comments are nearly always about the imports that we are competing with. I received a copy of the February 14th CME Daily Livestock Report and it did a nice job of explaining the facts about beef imports and exports so I thought I would use this space to share it. Despite ‘alternative facts’ of beef

imports flooding the US market, the reality is that beef imports have had a very minor effect on US beef and cattle prices in the last 12 months. For those willing to look at the numbers, here’s what they show. The United States imported a little over 3 billion pounds of beef (carcass weight basis) in 2016. Now that’s a lot of beef and, out of context, it can be made to look like torrent of product. Keep in mind that US consumers bought, in one form or another, 25.8 billion pounds of beef last year. Imports were 11.7% of the beef consumed in the US in 2016. Even this paints an incomplete picture. Much of the beef that we imported was offset by beef that we exported to the rest of the world. US beef exports last year were 2.55 billion pounds, meaning that the

Come see us at the Farm Science Review, Booth 960 Wool 10

net difference between imports and exports last year was just 466 million pounds, or 2% of the beef consumed domestically in the US last year. But as Ron Popeil used to say, wait there is more. While total pounds tell us

greatly value the taste of grain fed fatty beef cuts. We could make the same point for tongues, cheek meat or other products that get a premium in export markets vs. what the domestic market is willing to pay.

There is a lot of talk about Brazilian beef flooding the US market. At this point that is all speculation. Imports of Brazilian beef in 2016 accounted for just 5% of all US beef imports and this was mostly cooked product. about the volume flow across borders, the money flow is a much better measure of the value that trade is bringing for the US producer. US beef and veal sales in 2016, according to US Census data, were $5.440 billion while the value of beef imports last year was $5.249 billion. So even as the US ran a trade deficit in terms of beef pounds traded, it ran a trade surplus in dollar terms. This is important when considering the effect of calls for sharply limiting the supply of imported beef coming into the US. Presumably this would allow us to sell more of our own beef to US customers but the price that we will get for that beef may not be as good as what we could get by sending it to overseas customers. Take one item, for instance, short plates. Cattlemen and beef producers alike know this item pretty well; it is the cattle equivalent of the pork bellies. Unfortunately, US consumers do not have the same taste preference for fatty beef strips that they do for pork. When US beef export access to Asian markets was limited following the BSE induced bans, much of this product would go into trim and valued at 50CL prices. Today, it gets a significant premium because our customers in Japan, South Korea and Hong Kong

So far this year the volume of imported beef coming into the US continues to run well under year ago levels. Imports from Australia through the first five weeks of the year are down about 35% compared to the same period a year ago and down by more than half compared to 2015 levels. There is a lot of talk about Brazilian beef flooding the US market. At this point that is all speculation. Imports of Brazilian beef in 2016 accounted for just 5% of all US beef imports and this was mostly cooked product. In the first five weeks of this year beef imports from Brazil remain minimal as processors there wait for USDA to clear up some final procedural issues. It is entirely possible that we will see a notable amount of Brazilian beef come into the US, in part to fill the vacuum created by the shortage of Australian product. But the lack of quota means that the supply available will likely be constrained to around 40,000 to 50,000 MT. And the reality is that with US cattle slaughter increasing, we are also generating more fat trim and need the supply of lean beef that imports provide. Beef trade so far remains in balance and this is not expected to change much in 2017.

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Ston e G ate Farms

Annual Production Sale Mon day , M arc h 6, 2017 • 12: 30 p .m. At the Farm • Fle mingsb urg, K

Selling 124 Lots

Sons, daughters, and service sells C E D + 1 6

B W - 2 .4

W W + 3 7

Y W + 5 4

M ilk + 2 1


60 Bulls

30 Fall Ye arlings 30 Sp ring Ye arlings

11 Cow


C E D + 9

B W - .7

W W + 4 8

Y W + 9 1

Lot 84 M ilk + 2 7

Mos t w ith f all c alve s at side

20 Bre d H e if e rs

B W + 5 .3

W W + 5 7

Y W + 1 0 0

in the Sp ring

Due to c alve

in Fall 2017

16 Bre d H e if e rs

Lot 7 C E D -4

Due to c alve

M ilk + 3 0

17 O p e n H e if e rs

Lot 85 C E D + 1

B W + 2 .5

W W + 4 0

Y W + 7 3

M ilk + 2 4

Bulls Guaranteed for the first breeding season

Free Delivery up to 250 miles

C E D + 7

B W + 1 .1

W W + 4 3

Y W + 8 1

Lot 16

M ilk + 2 0

Auctioneer Eddie Burks Cell: 270-991-6398 For more information or sale catalog contact: Ston e G ate Farms 1 6 6 9 M ill C C h a rle s C a n Je re C a n n o n C h ris C a n n o V ic to ria C a n

Lot 68 C E D + 8

B W - .7

W W + 3 4

Y W + 6 2

M ilk + 2 6

re e k n o n : 6 0 n : 6 n o n

R d . • F le m : 6 0 6 -8 4 9 -4 6 -8 4 9 -4 3 6 0 0 6 -7 4 8 -0 4 0 : 6 0 6 -7 4 8 -5

Sons and Daughters Sells C E D + 4

B W + 3 .1

W W + 5 8

Y W + 1 0 0

M ilk + 2 8

in g s b u rg , K Y 4 1 0 4 1 2 7 8 • C e ll: 6 0 6 -7 4 8 -0 7 4 7 • C e ll: 6 0 6 -7 4 8 -6 3 0 6 7 4 2 0

w w w .s to n e g a te f a r m s .c o m e - m a il: s to n e g a te a n g u s @ g m a il.c o m

View our sale on DV Auction. View our sale catalog at or

Get and service sells C E D + 1 3

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

B W - 2 .9

W W + 3 9

Y W + 6 0 11

M ilk + 2 1


Anything that can go wrong Baxter Black

----------------On the Edge of Common Sense

“By gosh, that’s a new twist,” thought Terry as he tightened his collar against the biting wind and stared at the heifer. She was trying to calve standing up! He eased up on her and dropped a loop over the horns. She stood atop a swell on the high plains of eastern New Mexico. Terry reached her and tied 100 foot of polyethylene water skiing rope around her horns, as well. A safety line so he could at least get within 100 feet of her if she decided to take off in the 300 acre pasture. Terry was unsuccessfully tugging on the calf’s protruding legs when his father-in-law cautiously drove up behind him. “Got any O.B. chains?” asked Terry. “Nope, but we could make a slip knot in that poly rope,” suggested Dad, owner of the ranch and resident wiseman. Terry soon had the yellow plastic clothes line attached to the calf’s leg. The remainder of the poly rope lay coiled ominously behind these two obstetrical wizards. It snarled and gaped like a rhino trap. “Lemme grab some gloves outta the pickup,” were Terry’s last vertical words. He started toward the truck but stopped when he heard the sound of thundering hooves. He glanced back over his shoulder to see the

heifer sprinting towards the Colorado border! He felt something move underfoot and looked down to discover his boot dead center in the discarded coils. A microsecond of his life flashed before his eyes just as the nest of yellow plastic snakes tightened around his ankle and jerked him off his feet! Down the other side of the swell they sailed, Terry tobogganing like a 200-lb ham tied to a runaway buffalo! Dirt pounded up his pant legs as he scooted and skittered along trying to avoid straddling the brush and yucca that lay like land mines in the obstacle course! Dad, ever the quick thinker, ran to the pickup and took up the chase! He had a plan. He raced alongside the dynamic duo and, at just the right moment, swerved between the heifer and Terry! Folks. Pause here a moment and consider the possibilities. The pickup tire could have stopped on the rope. That, in fact, was the plan. But a cowboy’s fate works in mysterious ways and Murphey was waiting in the wings. Dad did slam on the brakes but the rope flipped over the hood and slid down behind the black iron grill guard. Terry, too, came to a stop when his foot wedged between the headlight and the grill guard. His boot came off and the heifer trotted on no worse for the wear. As Terry stood at an angle emptying twenty pounds of New Mexico soil out of his boxer shorts, he pointed out the flaws in Dad’s plan. “Well,” said Dad, “Heifers that good are hard to come by and you’re just my...well, heifers that good are hard to come by.”

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Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Bull Sale

6:30 PM, Monday Evening, March 27, 2017

Held at the Farm in Winchester, KY

SRA TEN X 5070

56 Bulls Sell!

• 29 Powerful fall yearlings • 27 High performance spring yearling All bulls are genomically tested. SRA INSIGHT 6025

his son of en sells along ith his ush brother as ots and rodu ed fro an outstanding daughter of b e ti e ho re ords B and has daughters o bining for


his i

ressi e son of nsight as born e and se eral ore e ellent s ring earling bulls sell in luding his ush brother

his high erfor an e son of latte ere eigh sells along ith his ush brother rodu ed fro a daughter of ioneer fro the great lba o fa il



his high erfor an e son of B our of ut is rodu ed fro the olid o donor ole an onna ho re ords B and

ro en o erful erfor an e geneti s in this son of e harge ba ed b a high aternal daughter of oo er a e sells

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Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association





ou know that the beef produced in the United States is delicious, nutritious and safe to eat. But did you know that consumers in more than 80 countries worldwide know that, too, thanks in part to your beef-checkoff investments? Foreign marketing of U.S. beef makes sense when you know that 95 percent of the global population – and 80 percent of the global buying power – is outside of U.S. borders. With the global population projected to nearly double by 2050, it’s easy to see that exports of U.S. beef represent a growth opportunity for U.S. beef producers.

The checkoff is helping to increase exports of U.S. beef to consumers across the globe from Japan to the Middle East, Mexico to Russia, Taiwan, Europe and more.

The Beef Checkoff’s Role

In fiscal 2017, the Beef Checkoff Program is investing $7.2 million of national checkoff dollars in foreign marketing and education. Our current domestic marketplace is a good example of why the volunteer producer leaders of the checkoff program have made global marketing a priority. The historic rapid rebuilding of the domestic herd during the past year has resulted in a dramatic increase in U.S. beef production. Add to that similar increases in U.S. pork and poultry production and you get stiff

competition for consumers’ taste buds. But the global marketplace offers tremendous options for selling that expanded beef supply at strong prices. One of our key markets is Japan, which imported more than 425 million pounds of U.S. beef, valued at $1.12 billion, during the first 10 months of 2016 alone! That represented an 11 percent increase in value and a 20 percent increase in the volume of U.S. beef that we sent to Japan during the same period in 2015. During those same 10 months, the U.S. sold another 270.5 million pounds of U.S. beef, valued at more than $715 million, to South Korea, up 17 percent from 2015 and on pace to break the 2014 full-year value record of $847.4 million. In the more than 80 countries where the checkoff helps promote U.S.

beef, it works to see that consumers worldwide understand our product, trust our industry and know how U.S. beef can benefit them. There’s lots of competition for international business, and our checkoff helps make sure that we’re in the running for it.

The Bottom Line

All told, the U.S. exported 2.1 billion pounds of U.S. beef, valued at $5.1 billion during the first 10 months of 2016. What’s more, those sales – and the checkoff-funded programs that support them – add more than $250 in value to each head. We think that’s a powerful return, don’t you? For more information about your beef checkoff investment, visit

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Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Introducing Premium Conditioning Options for 600 and 800 Series Mower Conditioners.

Now you can get the same premium conditioning systems used in our large 900 Series MoCo’s and self-propelled windrowers on our smaller 600 and 800 Series MoC’os. The steel V10 conditioning feature a chevron pattern that provide more crop-crimping action to help strip more moisture from the hay, helping to accelerate drydown. What’s more, the V10 steel rolls last longer, reducing repair costs and downtime. Partner that with the wide swath kit which spreads your windrow 25 percent wider and you’ll reduce your need to ted and rake and see big increases in dry down speed. See it in action at – then visit your John Deere dealer for more details.

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Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


2/1/17 11:17 PM


Barren County

CATTLEMEN’S MEETING – The Barren County Cattlemen’s meeting was held Thursday evening, January 26th at the Barren County High School Trojan Academy. Mr. Tee Watkins representing Southern States Seed Division presented a program on Feeding Minerals to Cattle, and Dr. Al Harrison representing the University of Kentucky Regulatory Service presented a program on Veterinary Feed Directive rule changes. Pictured from left to right is Tim Williams representing the Glasgow Southern States Cooperative, Dr. Al Harrison, Tee Watkins, and Gerry Bowman, President of Barren County Cattlemen’s Association. A delicious steak dinner was served which was sponsored by Southern States Cooperative of Glasgow.

S T A T E CAT T LEM EN S ’ S C O O K O F F CHAMPIONS – The Barren County Cattlemen’s Association Cooking Team won the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Ribeye Cook Off “Judges Award” which was held at the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Convention. The cooking team pictured above are from left to right; Ken Wininger, Bob Gerring, Carol Spiegal, and Warren Wisdom. While at the convention The Barren County Association received awards for having the largest association in the state and for doing the best job recruiting members. PAST PRESIDENT AWARD – During the January 26th meeting, Mr. Frank Rowland received an award for serving as President of the Barren County Cattlemen’s Association for the past two years. Gerry Bowman the newly elected president of the Barren County Cattlemen’s Association is shown presenting the award to Mr. Frank Rowland in appreciation of his outstanding service.


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Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Whitley County Cattlemen Express Thanks to First Responders

Taylor County

Directors for the Taylor County Cattlemen’s Association were appointed at the 2017 Taylor County Cattlemen’s Annual Meeting on February 7. They are as follows: Seated, Allen Burress, Bobby Kirtley, Doug Shive, Darrin Price, Eric Thompson, and Travis Benningfield. Standing, Tommy Maupin, Randy Smoot, Bob Mapes, Ernie Sharp, Jeff Clark, Clint Durham, Daniel Reynolds, Alex Cox, Jamie Cave, James Malone, Jason Miller and Josh Marcum. First Responders from the various departments in Whitley County share not only a meal, but a moment of fellowship and camaraderie at their appreciation lunch sponsored by the Cattlemen’s Association.


Cattlemen’s Association members Wanda Rains, Linda Prewitt, and Verlin Marsee serve the food to first responders while another dozen or so members are busy manning the grill, replenishing supplies, and greeting guests.

ost people try to escape or hide from dangerous or sometimes deadly situations. Not so with the nation’s first responders. They are the ones who run toward danger and trouble, many times placing their lives on the line to defend, protect, and/or rescue victims of violence and disaster. Often this is done with little or no recognition for the sacrifices they make on a daily basis. As a way of saying “Thank you,” members of the Whitley County Cattlemen’s Association provided a free lunch for all the first responders in Whitley County. Approximately 130 police officers, sheriff ’s department employees, firefighters, state police officers, and ambulance service/EMT personnel were treated to ribeye steak sandwiches, cheeseburgers, chips, baked beans, dessert, and a drink. The event appeared to be a great success as the Cattlemen’s Association members were pleased with the turnout, while the first responders were unanimous in their expressions of thanks for a great meal and simply being recognized for the jobs they do. This just might become an annual event in Whitley County!


Mr. Dave Maples, Executive Vice-President of Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association, was guest speaker. Mike Holzknecht was recognized as the 2017 Taylor County Cattleman of the Year at their Annual Meeting on February 7. Shown with Mike (left) is Chad Sullivan, President of Taylor County Farm Bureau Federation, and Darrin Price, President of the Taylor County Cattlemen’s Association. Mike received a Farm Sign, plaque, gift card to Texas Roadhouse and a check from Taylor County Farm Bureau Federation.

Darrin Price (left) and Eric Thompson (right), President and Vice President respectively of the Taylor County Cattlemen’s Association, are shown with Dave Maples, Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association. Dave spoke at the Taylor County Cattlemen’s Association Annual Meeting on February 7 at the Taylor County Extension Office.

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

St.Clair Farms Registered Angus Eighth Annual Production Sale Tuesday April 4, 2017 @ 6PM CST


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Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Beef Herd Expansion Continues Despite Lower Prices BY KENNY BURDINE, UK AG ECONOMICS FEBRUARY 10, 2017


SDA’s annual estimate of the number of cattle in the US held some surprises this year. While this report is typically not a short-term market mover, it has considerable implications in the long-term as we consider the size of the US cowherd. It was not surprising that the US beef herd grew over the course of 2016, but it did grow at a rate that exceeded most expectations. According to the report, US beef cow numbers grew by 3.5% from January 1, 2016 to January 1, 2017. This represents a little over one-million cows, after a slight downward revision to the January 2016 estimate. The immediate implication is for even more calves moving through markets this year than expected. As I have talked with producers across the state, many seem extremely surprised

by this change in national numbers. I think much of that surprise stems from the fact that we didn’t see the same pattern in KY. The USDA estimate for our state was very consistent with our expectations as Kentucky cow numbers were relatively flat. However, we also have to remember that while Kentucky is home to more than one-million beef cows, this only represents about 3.3% of the US beef cowherd. Considerable growth in beef cow numbers was seen in Texas, Oklahoma, Missouri, Nebraska, and Kansas and this really worked to drive the national inventory. Heifer retention provides us an indication of future herd growth expectations and does suggest more moderate expansion for the current year. The number of beef heifers held for replacements was up by a little more than 1%. Ultimately, weather and profitability at the cow-calf level will determine where beef cow numbers go in the future. While

3 Annual Fayette County Farm Bureau Farm Equipment Consignment Auction Saturday, March 1 , 2017 – 8:30 A.M. OPEN TO THE PUBLIC

KENTUCKY HORSE PARK Main Entrance 4089 IRONWORKS PIKE, LEXINGTON, KY (Exit 120, I-75, at Ironworks Pike)

$5.00 Parking Fee will be charged by the Horse Park the day of the sale.

All Types of Farm Equipment And Lawn & Garden Equipment

Equipment Accepted on Thursday, March 9th & Friday, March 10th - 9:00-5:00p.m. (No equipment will be accepted the day of the sale) No Fuel Tanks, Tobacco Sticks, Float Trays, Camper Tops or Junk. Auctioneer Has The Right To Refuse Any Item

For More Information Call:

Carrie McIntosh – Farm Bureau- (859) 253-0023 Todd Clark- (859) 621-6471 Bob James (859) 229-4642

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both are difficult to predict, it is worth thinking about factors that will impact calf prices for 2017. Let’s start by getting on the same page about 2016. The calf market reached a bottom in late October / early November with Medium / Large frame #1-2 steers selling around $120 per cwt on a state average basis. Obviously, larger high quality groups did much better than this and smaller groups and singles did much worse, but that should help set the baseline. Those same steer calves, in early February of 2017, were selling in the low $130’s on a state average basis and are very likely to continue to see price increases as we move towards grass this spring. The seasonal increase in calf prices that typically occurs from fall to spring is driven by stocker demand, not a change in the fundamentals of the beef market. As we think about expectations for fall 2017, we have to think about

what fundamental market factors will be different this year. We are very likely to see increases in beef, pork, and poultry production for 2017, all of which will put pressure on fed cattle prices in the foreseeable future. This expectation can be seen by looking at CME© Live Cattle futures, which are currently trading into April 2018 and suggest declining fed cattle prices over this time period. As we sell feeder cattle in the future, they will be sold with an expectation of lower values at their eventual harvest, which will make them less valuable for placement into finishing programs. While I know the general tone of this article has not been encouraging, I have always preferred a direct and straightforward approach. Barring something unexpected, I don’t think we have seen the bottom of the calf market yet. Cost control and efficiency are usually keys in these types of markets. Here are a few

J & D KERSTIENS GELBVIEH AUCTION VIEWING: MARCH 31, 2017 12 P.M. -4 P.M. AUCTION DAY: APRIL 1, 2017 Will Lunch at vided VIEWING AT 9 A.M. Be Pro April 1 on 12 p.m. AUCTION STARTS AT 1 P.M. LOCATION: J&D Kerstiens Gelbvieh - Jerome Kerstiens Farm Manager: Duane Cassidy 812-661-8005 3928 Old Huntingburg Rd. Huntingburg, IN 47546 8 miles north of I-64 on St Rd 231

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No Trucks, Trailers, Boats or ATV’s will be accepted without proper titles.

Check Out Times: Sat., March 11th, after the sale till 6:00 P.M. Sun., March 12th, 9:00 A.M.- 6:00 P.M., Mon., March 13th 8:00 A.M.- 12 Noon (All items must be removed no later than 12 Noon, Mon., March 14th)

Swinebroad- Denton, Inc.

Auctioneers: Walt Robertson, Ryan R. Mahan & Tom Biederman Do you have an item that you would like to donate for a tax write-off? Please bring any useable item to the Auction, NO JUNK! All items will be auctioned off with 100% of the proceeds going to the Fayette County Farm Bureau Education Foundation. You will receive a tax slip for your records.


Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

**All Bulls Base Bid: $1800


ideas that might be worth consideration. First, truly work to understand your cost per cow. Leave it to an economist to start with this one, but it is impossible to manage what you don’t measure. Through tracking of expenses, producers can get a feel for what it costs them to maintain a cow for a year. Then it is easy to consider what calf prices need to be to cover those costs and leave you with an acceptable return. Second, don’t be afraid to cull hard. With calf markets as high as they were in 2014 and 2015, it was possible to justify keeping some poorer producing cows around. In the current market, cows really need to earn their keep. Additionally, reducing your stocking rate has the added benefit of allowing you to stretch your grazing season and reduce your dependence on winter feed. Third, consider post-weaning programs. There appears to be some premium right now for weaned and well

managed calves which, when combined with weight gain, might make preconditioning programs attractive. Again, this is one where you want to push the pencil, but it is common for these programs to become more attractive when there are more calves on the market. About two years ago, I was talking about how decisions that we make during good times have implications for how we get through the challenging times. I really wish that I could have talked about that a lot longer, but here we are already, talking about challenges. The decisions that we make today, will have implications for us several years from now. As you manage your way through 2017, be sure to think about where you want to be in 3-5 years. The USDA report is summarized in the table at rigth and the full report can be accessed at: http://usda.mannlib.cornell. edu/usda/current/Catt/Catt-01-31-2017. pdf

USDA January 1, 2017 Cattle Inventory Report 2016 2017 (1,000 hd) (1,000 hd) Total Cattle and Calves 91,918.0 93,584.6 Cows and Heifers That Have Calved Beef Cows Milk Cows




30,165.8 9,310.4

31,210.2 9,349.0

103 100

Heifers 500 Pounds and Over For Beef Cow Replacement For Milk Cow Replacement Other Heifers

19,907.3 6,340.2 4,814.0 8,753.1

20,052.0 6,419.2 4,754.0 8,878.8

101 101 99 101

Steers 500 Pounds and Over Bulls 500 Pounds and Over Calves Under 500 Pounds

16,315.4 2,142.4 14,076.7

16,353.5 2,233.6 14,386.3

100 104 102

Cattle on Feed




2015 Calf Crop

ore information. See store for m


2016 35,082.7

2016 as % of 2015 103

Source: NASS, USDA

te shipment Take immedia r take in February o h – May delivery Marc via contract.

2017 as % of 2016 102



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SOUTHERNSTATES.COM Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Landowner Wins Case Against Army Corps

Alex Tolbert, Regional Manager Kentucky Ohio Tennessee


A reliable business partner is difficult to come by. Contact Alex Tolbert to locate Angus genetics, select marketing options tailored to your needs, and to access Association programs and services. Put the business breed to work for you.


To subscribe to the Angus Journal, call 816.383.5200. Watch The Angus Report on RFD-TV Monday mornings at 7:30 CST.

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arlier this week, landowners scored a victory when a federal district court ruled against the Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) for incorrectly claiming jurisdiction over private property. The Corps had claimed a piece of property owned by Hawkes Company, and used by Hawkes to harvest peat, was a “waters of the United States” which requires a federal dredge and fill (404) permit under the Clean Water Act. In March 2016, NCBA filed an amicus brief with the U.S. Supreme Court to support Hawkes’ private property rights and argue that jurisdictional determinations should be reviewable by courts. In a resounding victory, the Supreme Court ruled unanimously in favor of Hawkes, setting a precedent that

Laurel County



in determining the need for a 404 permit, the Corps allows property owners to obtain a jurisdictional determination if a particular piece of property contains a WOTUS and therefore requires a 404 permit before using the land. Upon receiving an approved jurisdictional determination that their land did contain a WOTUS, the companies exhausted the administrative remedies available and then filed suit in Federal District Court challenging the Corps’ jurisdictional determination. “Not only is the Hawkes decision a significant victory itself, it adds to the momentum of getting the flawed WOTUS rule fixed” said Yager. “NCBA is litigating the WOTUS rule, lobbying Congress, and working closely with the new administration to roll back this flawed rule. ”

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landowners may challenge the Corps’ jurisdictional determinations. The case was then remanded back to the district court for a final decision on the facts, which found the Corps failed to prove that a WOTUS was present on Hawkes’ land. “This week’s district court decision is the cherry on top of a significant legal victory for landowners,” said Scott Yager, NCBA environmental counsel. “This case highlights the subjectivity of how the agencies determine the presence of a WOTUS. It also gives landowners the option to use the courts for impartial review when confronted with questionable WOTUS determinations. Before Hawkes, the Corps had a rubber stamp on WOTUS determinations.” The Hawkes case involved three companies engaged in mining peat in Minnesota. Due to the difficulty inherent

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Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association




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Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Dustin N. Layton (405) 464-2455





efore I get into my article, I thought I might take a moment and introduce myself. I am the new forage guy at the Princeton Research Station. I was hired to take Dr. Lacefield’s position and while I may be sitting in his chair, I am certainly way short of filling his shoes! Dr. Lacefield is truly one of the greats when it comes to forages. As a young graduate student at UK, it was an awe inspiring experience to get to meet the man who literally wrote the book on forages. I hope that one day I can have even a fraction of the impact that Dr. Lacefield has had on forage and livestock producers in the Commonwealth and throughout the Southeastern United States. I grew up on a small crop and livestock farm in northeastern Ohio. My father bought day old dairy calves and we took them all the way to finish and sold the beef by the quarter or half. I guess you could say that he was direct marketing before direct marketing was cool. At the time, I did not have a true appreciation for lessons learned on that little farm or how perfect of a system my father had designed. It was a simple three crop rotation of corn followed by small grain with red clover and timothy planted underneath, this would be next year’s hayfield. The field that was in hay would be rotated to corn. All crops produced on the farm were fed on the farm and the manure returned to the land. Lime and fertilizer were applied at a moderate rate. The land that we couldn’t crop was grazed. Following high school, like many teenagers, I lacked direction. Four years in the United States Navy gave me direction! When I left for the navy I thought if I never saw another small square bale of hay that I would be 24

Sam (14), Collin (11), Dieter (83) Hannah (8), and Alex (17) (right to left), on my home farm in Maximo, Ohio. happy. After a year or two away from the farm, I found a love for agriculture that I never realized that I had. After I finished my military service, I was fortunate enough to be selected to participate in an exchange program with Germany. I lived and worked on a German dairy farm and attended a

German agricultural school and it was a tremendous experience. After returning from Germany, I finished bachelor’s and master’s degrees in agronomy at The Ohio State University. The best thing that happened to me at Ohio State was meeting my future wife, Angie. After finishing my master’s degree, I

Production costs for a fall calving cow on a hay ration (VCE, 2015).

was given the opportunity to complete my PhD at the University of Kentucky. I worked on a landscape scale grazing study on reclaimed mined land in southeastern Kentucky. The project evaluated stocking rates for beef cattle production. After graduating from the UK, I was hired at Virginia Tech. I thank the Good Lord every day that a great land grant institution like Virginia Tech took a chance on young graduate student from UK. Over the next decade and half, I built a regionally and nationally recognized forage program at Virginia Tech’s Southern Piedmont Research Station. My wife and I had the opportunity to buy a small farm in Southside Virginia and the most important thing that we raised on it were our four kids. Our oldest, Alex, is graduating from high school this year and I am doing my best to get him to go to UK, but he has his heart set on Virginia Tech. The other kids range from 3rd to 8th grade and are excited about coming to Kentucky, but hesitant about leaving their friends (Photo at left). So that brings me back to the beginning of this article. The title of this month’s article is “Can’t Buy Good Management!”. I had the pleasure of traveling with Dr. Burris and Blair Knight from the research station to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association meeting and tradeshow that was held in Nashville. We attended the opening session and then the tradeshow. The tradeshow was simply amazing. So much new and shiny paint and products and every one of them designed to improve your production. I say that with a little tongue-in-cheek, because if every product did what they advertised, we would be weaning calves that weigh well over a ton. It is certainly easy to get caught up in the moment, but the most important input to your operation is not something you can buy, but rather your time spent managing it! Managing a cow-calf operation is complex. You

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Item Grass Hay Stockpiled Grass Production Cost $100/ton $45/A Yield n/a 1.25 ton/A Feeding Cost $20/ton $20/A Feeding and Storage Losses 20% 25% Feeding Days 53 days/ton 70 days/A Supplementation $0.75/day $0.00 Cost/Feeding Day $3.00/cow/day 0.95/cow/day Table 1. Cost comparison of feeding or grazing stockpile during the winter months (C. Teutsch, 2017). have bull selection, heifer development, cow condition, pasture management, parasite control, vaccinations, mineral supplementation, and the list goes on and on. While all of these things are important, the single biggest cost in cow-calf operations is winter feed

(Figure 2). Figure 2 shows the costs associated with producing a calf in fall calving herd wintering on hay. Approximately 60% of the total costs associated with producing that calf are associated with winter feed. So winter feeding

management, something you can’t buy, is very important to the overall profitability of cow-calf operations in Kentucky and surrounding states. So how do we manage winter feed costs? The competitive advantage that we have in Kentucky is tall fescue. Of all the grasses out there, there is no better grass for stockpiling for winter grazing than tall fescue. I just spoke at my first county meeting (in Kentucky) on February 8 and met a producer from Davies County who was still grazing stockpiled grass and had about a week of grass ahead of him. So it can be done, but it takes a little management. In Table 1, I have done a comparison of how much it costs to feed hay versus graze stockpiled grass. The cost savings are pretty amazing. It costs roughly $3 per day per cow to feed hay versus $1 per day per cow to graze stockpiled grass. I know that some of

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you are reading this and saying, “this guy is a day late and a dollar short, he should have been talking about this last summer.” I would tend to disagree with you. This is the time to think about how we are going to manage next year’s winter feeding and make a plan. I would encourage you to look at your winter feeding costs and think about incorporating stockpiling into your winter feeding program for next year. Stockpiling is not perfect, but no feeding system. However, in most cases it can significantly reduce winter feeding costs. To learn more about extending grazing visit the Kentucky Forages webpage at Ag/Forage/ and the BRAND NEW KYForages YouTube Channel at https:// or contact your local extension agent.

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Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Kentucky Remains Largest Cattle Producer in the East NASS, LOUISVILLE, KY


he U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) released the Cattle report today, showing little change in beef cow numbers, but a continued decline in milk cows in Kentucky. “This report shows cattle production remains a vital part of the Commonwealth’s agricultural economy,” said David Knopf, director of the NASS Eastern Mountain Regional Office in Kentucky. “In 2015, gross receipts from cattle were $927 million, the second leading commodity behind broiler production. The Kentucky cattle and calf inventory for January 1, 2017 was estimated at 2.16 million. Total inventory was down 10,000 head from last year. Five classes showed decreases from the

previous year. “As the state with the largest cattle inventory east of the Mississippi, Kentucky’s role in beef production is significant,” Knopf said. “A majority of the calves born in the state are bought by feedlots in other states and become part of the U.S. beef supply.” Cows and heifers that have calved were estimated at 1.08 million head, unchanged from 2016. Beef cow inventory was estimated at 1.02 million head, and milk cows were estimated at 57,000 head. “Milk cow inventory continues to reach new lows and is down three percent from 2016,” Knopf reported. Heifers 500 lbs. and over were estimated at 300,000 head, down 25,000 head from last year’s estimate. Beef replacement heifers totaled 150,000 head, down 10,000 from January 2016. Dairy heifers, at 40,000 head, were down


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10,000 from 2016. Other heifers, at 110,000 head, were down 5,000 from the previous year. Steers 500 lbs. and over numbered 210,000 head, down 15,000 from 2016. Bulls 500 lbs. and over were unchanged head from a year ago and numbered 70,000 head. Calves less than 500 lbs. were estimated at 500,000 head, up 30,000 from the 2016 estimate. Cattle on feed were estimated at 18,000 head, up 1,000 from the previous year. The 2016 calf crop was estimated at 980,000 head, up 10,000 from the previous year’s estimate. All cattle and calves in the United States, as of January 1, 2017, totaled 93.6 million head. This is 2 percent above the 91.9 million head on January 1, 2016. All cows and heifers that have calved, at 40.6 million head, are 3 percent above the 39.5 million head on January 1, 2016. Beef cows, at 31.2 million head, are up 3 percent from a year ago. Milk cows, at 9.35 million head, are up slightly from the previous year. All heifers 500 pounds and over, as of January 1, 2017, totaled 20.1 million head. This is 1 percent above the 19.9 million head on January 1, 2016. Beef replacement heifers, at 6.42 million head, are up 1 percent from a year ago. Milk replacement heifers, at 4.75 million head, are down 1 percent from the previous year. Other heifers, at 8.88 million head, are 1 percent above a year earlier. Calves under 500 pounds in the United States, as of January 1, 2017, totaled 14.4 million head. This is 2 percent above the 14.1 million head on

January 1, 2016. Steers weighing 500 pounds and over totaled 16.4 million head, up slightly from one year ago. Bulls weighing 500 pounds and over totaled 2.23 million head, up 4 percent from the previous year. The 2016 calf crop in the United States was estimated at 35.1 million head, up 3 percent from last year’s calf crop. Calves born during the first half of 2016 were estimated at 25.6 million head. This is up 4 percent from the first half of 2015. Calves born during the second half of 2016 were estimated at 9.53 million head, 27 percent of the total 2016 calf crop. Cattle and calves on feed for the slaughter market in the United States for all feedlots totaled 13.1 million head on January 1, 2017. The inventory is down 1 percent from the January 1, 2016 total of 13.2 million head. Cattle on feed, in feedlots with capacity of 1,000 or more head, accounted for 81.2 percent of the total cattle on feed on January 1, 2017. This is up 1 percent from the previous year. The combined total of calves under 500 pounds and other heifers and steers over 500 pounds (outside of feedlots) is 26.6 million head. This is 2 percent above one year ago. This and all Kentucky NASS reports are available online at https://www.nass. For more information, call the NASS Kentucky Field Office at (800) 9285277.

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Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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GATES, FENCING & PANELS Cow County News-3.06.2017.indd 1 Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


2/7/17 2:32 PM


Tax Information for Vines, Trees and Hoop Barns


New Bonus Depreciation on Vines and Trees

The Agricultural Economics Depar tment publishes the Economic and Policy Update towards the end of each month. Each issue features articles written by extension personnel within the department and other experts across the country. Topics will vary greatly but regularly include marketing, management, policy, natural resources, and rural development issues. If you would like to recieve this newsletter by email, please contact Kenny Burdine at

You can also view current and past issues online at http://www. index.php?p=209 Co-editors: Kenny Burdine, Alison Davis, and Greg Halich



he 2015 PATH Act allows farmers an election to deduct 50% of the cost of planting or grafting plants that have a pre-productive period of two years or more. This includes orchard and vineyard crops like apples, blueberries, grapes, nuts, and peaches. See IRS Notice 2013-18 for list of crops. Planting costs include plants & planting, ground preparation, fertilizer, equipment, labor, spraying, repairs, and other costs. Plants must be planted or grafted after December 31, 2015 and before January 1, 2020 to qualify. The Act provides two benefits that give taxpayers more flexibility in the timing of deducting costs. First, famers may claim bonus depreciation in the year plants are planted rather than waiting until the year plants become productive. Second, farmers who elect out of uniform capitalization (UNICAP) rules are not allowed to claim bonus depreciation when the plants become productive. Now they may elect the new bonus depreciation on planting costs incurred before the pre-productive period.

What is a Hoop Barn?

This question is asked frequently by farmers wanting to know what depreciation to use and whether Bonus Depreciation and Section 179 Expensing apply. There are two reasons they ask. One reason is that the construction is different from traditional barns. A hoop barn is generally made of fabric stretched over metal hoops. It may or may not be attached to the ground. It is relatively quick and inexpensive to build. The other reason is that the Internal Revenue Code and The Farmers Tax Guide (Pub 225) do not

mention hoop barns. The Revenue Code does define structures used on the farm and their tax treatment. Hoop barns must fit into one of these definitions. The two most likely are general purpose barn and single-purpose livestock structure. A general purpose barn may be used for many different purposes: to store hay, to house livestock, to provide work space, or to store machinery and equipment. Recovery period for a barn is 20 years. Barns may qualify for Bonus Depreciation, but not for Section 179 Expensing. A single-purpose livestock structure is “Any enclosure or structure specifically designed, constructed, and used for housing, raising, and feeding a particular type of livestock and for housing the equipment used to

raise that type of livestock.” The key words are “designed, constructed, and used.” The farmers’ intent is to house, raise, and feed a particular kind of livestock. Occasional use to put up livestock or store hay does not qualifying as specific intent. Recovery period is 10 years for single-purpose livestock structures. They may qualify for both Bonus Depreciation and for Section 179 Expensing. Can a hoop barn be treated as a grain storage structure, similar to a grain bin? Not likely. Tax courts have ruled against treating flat storage buildings as a grain storage facility. They note that flat storage, like a hoop barn, can be easily converted to other uses, making it a general purpose barn.

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Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

both the corn and soybean crop production estimates would decline slightly. The updated USDA projections surprised the mark reducing the soybean crop below even the lowest amount projected by analysts before the report. USDA also reduced the 201 crop to a level below the average expectation but within the range projected by analysts before the report. Like Don Corleone, analysts got pulled back into the details in the USDA reports.


Table 1 provides a combined supply and demand balance sheet for corn, soybeans, and wheat for the 2016-17 marketing-year. 2016 corn and soybean crops are still records even after USDA trimmed the projected size of both crops. While not a record, th 2016 wheat crop was about 250 million bushels larger than last year’s crop despite farmers’ efforts to reduce production by se almost 5 million fewer acres in 2016. Mother Nature blessed the three crops with abundant yields and production that the mar now has to chew through to keep stocks from growing to burdensome levels.

Final Crop Estimates Provide Another Surprise for the Grain Markets TODD DAVIS


s Michael Corleone from the Godfather movie says, “Just when I thought I was out…they pull me back in.” This quote comes to mind when reacting to the January 12, 2017 USDA Crop Production and updated WASDE reports. The corn and soybean markets were lulled into a belief that the final production estimates would not change dramatically from the November estimates. In essence, the market was prepared to be bored by the January report as the analysts surveyed before the report was released believed that both the corn and soybean crop production estimates would decline slightly. The updated USDA projections surprised the market by reducing the soybean crop below even the lowest amount projected by analysts before the report. USDA also reduced the 2016 corn crop to a level below the average expectation but within the range projected by analysts before the report. Like Don Corleone, the analysts got pulled back into the details in the USDA reports. Table 1 provides a combined supply and demand balance sheet for corn, soybeans, and wheat for the 2016-17 marketing-year. The 2016 corn and soybean crops are still records even after USDA trimmed the projected size of both crops. While not a record, the 2016 wheat crop was about 250 million bushels larger than last year’s crop despite farmers’ efforts to reduce production by seeding almost 5 million fewer acres in 2016. Mother Nature blessed the three crops with abundant yields and production that the market now has to chew through to keep stocks from growing to burdensome levels. USDA will not update the production estimates in future reports, so the

focus shifts to Table 1. Consolidated Corn, Soybean & Wheat Balance Sheets for the 2016-17 the demand side of the balance Marketing-Year. sheet. The corn Corn Soybeans Wheat and soybean ------------------- Million Bushels ---------markets have benefited from --------production Beginning Stocks 1,737 197 976 problems in Production 15,148 4,307 2,310 Argentina and Brazil in MarchImports 55 25 125 May 2016 that Total Supply 16,940 4,528 3,410 reduced the soybean and Domestic Use 12,360 2,058 1,249 corn crops. Exports 2,225 2,050 975 Export demand usually met Total Use 14,585 4,108 2,224 by the South A m e r i c a n Ending Stocks 2,355 420 1,186 markets shifted Days of Stocks 59 37 195 to the United U.S. Average Farm Price $3.40 $9.50 $3.80 States providing price rallies Source:January 2017 WASDE - USDA: WAOB. last spring. The stronger than expected export demand is already incorporated into media, this may be the smallest winter crops and prevent planting. The new to crop and side soybean the export projections the 2016 estimates wheat seeded area since 1909. USDA will not update theforproduction in future reports, so theWhile focus shifts the corn demand of thefutures balance sheet. T have increased by $0.10 corn and andsoybean soybeanmarkets use projections. corn andproduction soybeans can tell a story of contracts corn have benefited from problems in Argentina and Brazil in March-May 2016 that reduced t and $0.30 respectively, from Weather and or logistical problems in South domestic and South exportAmerican demand, markets soybean corn crops. Export demandstrong usually met by the shifted ¾, to the United States providing pric their closing prices on January 11 th. America may shift additional export wheat cannot tell that story. Exports rallies last spring. The stronger than expected export demand is already incorporated into the export projections for the 2016 c sales to the United States to increase for 2016 are projected to be 200 Prices have been supported due to and soybean use projections. Weather or logistical problems in South America may shift additional export sales to the United S the amount exported for 2016-17. In million bushels above last year but the slightly smaller 2016 crops and to increase the amount exported for 2016-17. In general, the export projections have limited upside potential. general, the export projections have remain 200 million bushels below the the potential to benefit from South limited upside potential. amount exported in 2013. The U.S. American production problems. Because of theofverythe strong soybean September 2016 to waiting date, soybean pricesJuly are not reflecting thealso impact of proj The 2017 wheat contract Because very strongdemand is a from residual export supplier increase in stocks. If realized, the 2016-17 U.S. average farm price will be $0.55/bushel higher than the previous year. soybean demand from September for production problems elsewhere to has been moving higher by $0.11 ¼ In contra increased stocks soybean are expected to push average corn price lower by about $0.21/bushel from last11year. from the January th closing price 2016 to date, prices are the provide stronger export sales. not reflecting the impact of projected Based on closing prices on January supported by the prospect of a smaller the winter March wheat 2017 seedings corn futures 2017 wheat increase in stocks. thewheat 20this, that The only positive storyIf torealized, tell about are estimated to becrop. reduced by 10% from last year. contract closed $0.01 higher on the Producers holdingWhile old corn crop and cornsoybeans c 2016-17 U.S. average farm price will be According to the agriculture media, this may be the smallest winter wheat seeded area since 1909. report date and had worked $0.12 and soybeans should evaluate if there $0.55/bushel higher than the previous a story of strong domestic and export demand, wheat cannot tell that story. Exports for 2016 are projected to be 200 million bu year. In contrast, increased stocks are ½ higher from the pre-report closing are profitable pricing opportunities above last year but remain 200 million bushels below the amount exported in 2013. The U.S. is a residual export supplier waitin expected to push the average corn price on January 11th. Surprisingly, the for the stored grain. Profitable pricing production elsewhere to provide stronger export sales. March 2017 soybean futures contract opportunities are available for the 2017 price lowerproblems by about $0.21/bushel has increased $0.56 from the January soybean crop, and managers should from last year. The only positive story to tell about 11th closing price. Both the old crop assess th e benefits of protecting wheat is that winter wheat seedings are contracts are reacting favorably to a portion of planned production at estimated to be reduced by 10% from potential production loss in Argentina profitable prices. last year. According to the agriculture from excessive rains that may drown Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Don’t Get Surprised at Market Time: Know Value of Gain BY DAN CHILDS SENIOR AGRICULTURAL ECONOMIST

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alue of gain (VOG) can be useful information for cattle producers who are contemplating purchasing cattle or making retained ownership or marketing decisions for currently owned cattle. VOG can be defined in multiple ways. Some have defined it as the difference in the value (weight × price) from the beginning of a growing period to the end of the growing period divided by the pounds gained. Another way to define it is as the amount of money the market is willing to pay for the next pound of weight a calf or yearling gains.

Know What to Purchase

Knowing the VOG between the various weight ranges can be used to determine which weight would be best to purchase. As long as a producer can purchase pounds for the same price or less than it costs to put pounds on, it makes economic sense to keep evaluating heavier cattle until the market is paying

more than his or her cost of gain.

Know When to Sell

Once a producer has made the purchase or has calves at home, an important question is: at what weight should calves be sold? The answer can be obtained by calculating the total cost to put on a pound of gain and comparing that to the VOG as weight is added to the calf. Too often a producer is guilty of viewing a market report from their favorite point of sale and calculating what the market paid at that time for cattle of different weights. The time it takes to grow the calf to a heavier weight is overlooked. If a producer has five- or six-weight cattle and they are thinking about growing them to 800 pounds, a current market report is not the best information to use because the calf is not going to weigh 800 pounds until possibly 100 to 150 days into the future. Therefore, a future price for an 800-pound calf is a better indicator of what the market will pay for gain rather than using the price for an 800-pounder f rom Cont’d on pg. 32

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


1/24/17 11:29 AM


Cont’d o

pg. 3

the current market report. What price is used for the future date? The only source available today is the cattle futures market. All the reasons why the futures market is not a good indicator could be debated for a lengthy time. A producer could argue they can forward a cash contract with an order buyer. But likely what the order buyer offers is based off the underlying feeder cattle contract for that future time period. Observing the feeder cattle contract for the closest month, but not before the time of planned sell date, then adjusting it for the market where the cattle will be sold is the only price a producer can lock in for the calf at the heavier weight. Therefore, this is the price producers should use in analyzing the retained ownership decision of how big to grow a calf.


Fall 2016 serves as a good example to illustrate the fallacy of using a current market report to determine VOG. Eight-weight cattle were priced such that the VOG f rom 500 pounds to 800 pounds was more than $1 per pound. However, if a producer had a 500-pound weaned

calf, it would likely be March 2017 before the calf would weigh 800 pounds. The March 2017 feeder cattle futures contract was discounted more than $15 per hundredweight to the October cash price, indicating a VOG less than 60 cents per pound. It would be quite a disappointing surprise for a producer to think the market was paying $1 per pound to learn when the calf actually weighed 800 pounds, the market only paid 60 cents per pound or $120 per head less than they thought the calf would be worth. Cow-calf and stocker producers alike can benefit f rom having a knowledge of their cost of gain and comparing their cost to what the market is paying for gain at the various weights as the calf grows. This knowledge is very powerful as marketing and risk management decisions are made for the operation.

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Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association






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Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Why Antibiotics Fail MICHELLE ARNOLD, DVM (RUMINANT EXTENSION VETERINARIAN, UKVDL) Have a Question or Topic you would like addressed? Email me at michelle.


ovine respiratory disease (BRD) continues to be the most common cause of feedlot death loss, despite improved vaccines and expensive long-acting antibiotics formulated specifically against the bugs commonly found in a diseased bovine lung. Beyond death loss due to severe pneumonia, the costs of treatment (antibiotics) and prevention (vaccines), loss of production, and reduced carcass value in chronic cases must also be considered to understand the full economic loss to the industry. In the face of these challenges, consumers are increasingly demanding reduced antimicrobial use in the production of wholesome beef. FDA, concerned that overuse of antibiotics in animals will create resistance and reduce their effectiveness in people, has already limited the use of antibiotics in feed through the Veterinary Feed Directive. Many cattle producers are concerned injectable antibiotics may be FDA’s next target. While antibiotic resistance does occur, it is not the only reason for treatment failure. Given the need to continue using antibiotics in food-producing animals, it is important to review their correct usage and why antibiotics may fail to work. BRD relies on the mixture of host susceptibility, pathogens (viral and bacterial) and the environment to cause disease. Mannheimia hemolytica (formerly known as Pasteurella hemolytica), the most common bacteria found in bovine pneumonia, is an opportunist that gets in the lungs when the calf ’s defenses are down due to a respiratory virus and stress. Weaning, commingling, transportation, 34

castration and dehorning, bad weather, overcrowding, and poor quality air are known to compromise a calf ’s immune system. A persistently- infected (BVDPI) calf in a pen results in continuous exposure of the pen mates to the BVD virus and a constant reduction in their ability to fight sickness. Lightweight calves weaned on the truck that have not begun eating and drinking are at exceptionally high risk for disease and death. Each of these situations leads to poor antibiotic response. It is important to understand why successful treatment of pneumonia is not simply a matter of grabbing a bottle of the latest and greatest antibiotic, drawing up a dart-full, shooting it in the sick calf

check” and give the calf ’s immune system time to gear up and effectively fight the disease. Treatment failure may be due to calf factors including overwhelming stress, infection with BVD virus, or nutrition-related factors such as trace mineral deficiencies or subacute ruminal acidosis. Sound nutrition and management, especially around weaning, will substantially increase the response to antibiotics. Calves vaccinated 2-3 weeks pre-weaning against respiratory viruses are known to respond faster and better to antibiotic therapy if needed. A good environment with plenty of shade, space, clean water and bunk space reduces stress. Identification and removal of PI calves is accomplished through a simple,

Figure 1: The “MIC” is the “minimum inhibitory concentration” or the minimum level of the drug needed to fight bacteria. and waiting for the magic bullet to take effect. Instead, full recovery is a joint effort between the calf ’s immune system and the selected drug to stop the growth of bacteria and destruction of lung tissue. Antibiotics hold bacterial growth “in

inexpensive ear notch skin test. Trace mineral deficiencies can be addressed quickly through an injectable trace mineral supplement while calves are transitioning on to a trace mineral mix. Treatment failure due to human

errors may include poor timing, use of the wrong drug, improper dose or route of administration, mishandling issues or failure to recognize treatment response. Timing is crucial; if calves are treated early in the course of disease, almost any antibiotic will work. Conversely, if calves are treated late in the course of the disease, nothing will work. In addition to timing, dosage is crucial because antibiotics only work if they reach concentrations above the minimum inhibitory concentration or “MIC”. Figure 1 graphically displays the difference between antibiotics that are considered “time dependent” (effectiveness depends on exposure to the drug for a certain length of time) versus “concentration dependent” (bacteria must be exposed to a high concentration of the drug). If label directions are not followed and only a partial dose is administered or perhaps a second dose is required but not given, the drug is unlikely to work effectively because it cannot reach the necessary minimum target concentration. Selection of the best antibiotic class or “family” is an equally important success factor. Figure 2 is an illustration of the mechanisms antibiotic classes use against bacterial cells. Beta-lactams (penicillin, Excede®, Naxcel®, Excenel®) hampers production of the bacterial cell wall that protects the cell from the external environment. Aminoglycosides (gentamicin) and Tetracyclines (LA-300®, Biomycin®, and many others) interfere with protein synthesis by grabbing on to the machinery in the ribosome needed to build proteins. Macrolides (Draxxin®, Micotil®, Zactran®, Zuprevo®, Tylan®) and Chloramphenicol derivatives (Nuflor®) also interfere with protein synthesis although at a different location on the ribosome. The Fluoroquinolones (Baytril®, Advocin®) block genetic replication by interfering with DNA and RNA synthesis. Why is this information important? If a

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


calf requires retreatment, selection of an antibiotic from a different class will attack the bacteria through a different route and often enhances treatment

response. Another good example is treatment for Mycoplasma bovis, a bacterium frequently found in chronic pneumonia cases. Mycoplasma has no

cell wall so treatment with a Beta-lactam (such as penicillin or Excede®) will prove absolutely useless. A veterinarian is well-trained in antibiotic selection and is the best source of information when choosing therapy. Another issue that may affect success is mishandling the product; an antibiotic that gets too hot or is allowed to freeze inactivates the drug in most cases. Sometimes treatment failure is not a “failure” but rather an inability to recognize recovery. A calf that is eating, drinking and looks better after treatment but still has a slight fever often just needs time, rather than more medicine, to fully recover since fever is one of the last clinical signs to disappear. Strategic and correct use of antibiotics

will continue to be of importance for the cattle industry from this point forward. Careful attention to timing of treatment, drug selection, dose, and handling of the product will reduce the human factors that contribute to antibiotic failure. Calf factors including overwhelming stress, infection with BVD, environmental or nutrition-related disorders must be minimized in order for the calf ’s immune system to work effectively with the antibiotic to stop disease in its tracks. Judicious or proper use of antibiotics will ultimately curb the development of antibiotic resistance and help protect human health, a win-win situation.

Figure 2: Drawing of a bacterium illustrating the ways different “classes” of antibiotics attack them.


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Trump Urged to Start Trade Talks with Japan


head of Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s state visit here, the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association and the National Pork Producers Council urged President Trump to begin negotiations on a free and fair trade agreement with Japan. In a joint letter transmitted today to the White House, NCBA and NPPC asked the president “to initiate f ree trade agreement negotiations with nations in the Asia-Pacific region beginning with Japan. … As you continue to lead America forward, we want to be a resource for your administration for possible strategies in improving existing and future trade agreements for the benefit of our producers.”


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Abe will be in Washington Friday to meet with Trump on a number of matters, including security challenges and bilateral trade. “A successful, comprehensive agreement with Japan would result in one of the greatest trade agreements for the U.S. pork and beef industries and for many other sectors,” said NCBA President Craig Uden, a cattle rancher from Elwood, Neb. Said NPPC President John Weber, a pork producer from Dysart, Iowa, “Securing strong market access to Japan and other Asian markets is a priority for the U.S. beef and pork industries, and we appreciate the president’s leadership and dedication to making our products the most competitive around the world.”


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have been substantially reduced as part of the TPP agreement. An analysis by the U.S. International Trade Commission found that beef exports to TPP countries, which included the United States, Japan and 10 other AsiaPacific nations, would grow by $876 million a year by the end of the phasein period and that most of the growth would be in trade to Japan. Likewise, it found that pork exports to TPP countries would grow by $387 million, with most of the exports going to Japan. Nearly 9,000 U.S. jobs would be generated by increased exports of livestock products, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s export multiplier.


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For U.S. beef and pork exports, Japan is the highest value international market. In fiscal 2016, Japanese consumers purchased $1.4 billion of U.S. beef products and $1.5 billion of U.S. pork products. Demand in the Asian nation for U.S. beef and pork is very strong despite Japanese tariffs and other import measures that limit market access for both products. Under terms of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement, Japan’s 38.5 percent tariff on fresh and frozen beef would have been cut to 9 percent over the agreement’s phase-in period and would have given the U.S. beef industry parity with Australia in the Japanese market. Japan’s tariffs on pork, which are determined through a so-called gate price system, would

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Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Dewormer Dilemma


he benefits of deworming your cattle are well known: increased weight gains and breeding efficiency, reduced pasture contamination, improved immune status and more.1 But it’s not as easy to know which deworming product to use. “To reap these benefits and reduce the risk of resistance, it’s critical to use the most effective product at the most strategic times,” said Dr. Doug Ensley, DVM, professional services veterinarian with Boehringer Ingelheim (BI). He recommends reviewing the following questions with your veterinarian. The answers will help you find the right parasite control product for your operation.


What parasite problems have you had in the past?


How do you manage your cattle?


What have your deworming practices been in the past? Have you been satisfied?


Do you process your cattle once per year or twice per year?


Have you tested the effectiveness of your dewormer using a fecal egg count reduction test?


What has the season been like this year?

1. What type of operation do you have?


What are your pasture management strategies?


What climate do you live in? What are your parasite risks in the summer vs. winter?

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10. Are you handling your calves prior to weaning? 11. How do you market your calves? Do you hold them or sell them at weaning? 12. What are practices?



previously effective, and it continues to grow in U.S. cattle.1 “We have little knowledge about the true extent of the problem,” said Dr. Ray Kaplan, DVM, PhD, University of Georgia College of Veterinary Medicine. “However, based on my own experience testing operations and discussing with colleagues around the country, resistance in some species of parasites is a real problem and quite widespread.” Several factors contribute to antiparasitic resistance.1

Understanding resistance issues

Understanding antiparasitic resistance is also important when considering your parasite control options. Antiparasitic resistance is the genetic ability of parasites to survive the effects of an antiparasitic drug that was

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Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



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Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



UK Animal Shelter Study First in More than 20 Years BY AIMEE NIELSON


t has been more than two decades since the last comprehensive study of conditions and compliance with state shelter laws in Kentucky’s county animal shelters. Researchers at the University of Kentucky College of Agriculture, Food and Environment’s Department of Veterinary Science recently took on the challenge and also used it as an opportunity to partner with a new Tennessee veterinary school. The team traveled across Kentucky to gather information for the study. They collected data that included current conditions and major problems, and identified needs based on visits to the shelters and interviews with shelter personnel.


Students f rom the veterinary school at Lincoln Memorial University in Tennessee collaborated in the study and traveled thousands of miles to curate data. “We divided up the students and assigned them a number of counties. What we found is that the county shelter conditions greatly varied,” said Cynthia Gaskill, researcher at the UK Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory. “Each county is responsible for its own shelter, but no one has any enforcement capability. There was no master list of shelters and locations, so some of them were hard to find.” After the last study of Kentucky shelters, the Humane Shelter Act required all counties to come into compliance with new statutes by 2007, but no formal follow-up studies

tested that progress. The students identified 92 shelters that service Kentucky’s 120 counties. They visually examined the shelters and communicated with available staff and animal control officers. They found that lack of sufficient funding was the major problem identified by the majority of shelter workers. Other significant problems were pet overpopulation leading to overcrowding at shelters, insufficient work force and a lack of education. “Many shelter workers said they just don’t have proper training in proper animal handling, sanitation and disease control. Without funding, it’s hard to provide that training,” Gaskill said. Researchers recommended that

more f ree education be provided. This would give county officials and volunteers access to resources they need to do their jobs and to protect the animals and people who care for them. Gaskill said her hope is people will see that further study is needed to build on the work that has been done. “ We’re talking about broad issues of animal welfare and public health; there’s an enormous need for education and public awareness,” added Craig Carter, UK Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory director. “It [the study] opens a whole universe of issues. But the first step is that we have to have adequately funded shelters that can provide care with a minimum standard.”

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


The students presented their findings to the Kentucky Animal Control Advisory Board in Frankfort, which advises the Kentucky Commissioner of Agriculture about animal control issues. They concluded that although much progress has occurred since the last study in 1996, there is still work to be done. The student team also identified a list of Kentucky’s best shelters—those that appear to be doing a good job of meeting state requirements and providing other essential services such as adoption, spay/neuter programs and basic veterinary care to incoming animals. The shelters that made that list were Boone County, Bowling Green Warren County Humane Society, Grant County Animal Shelter, Hardin County (also serves Larue), Hopkins County, Humane Society of Nelson County, Jessamine County Animal Care and Control, Kenton County, Knox-Whitley (also serves Clay and McCreary County), Lexington Humane Society for Fayette County, McCracken County Humane Society, Ohio County, Oldham County Animal Control, Paris Animal Welfare Society for Bourbon County, Pike County, Scott County and the TriCounty Animal Shelter (Rowan, Bath, Carter and Fleming). The study documented successful animal control programs so this information can be shared with other counties, particularly those with similar population and financial demographics. The full report is available online at agcomm/pubs/misc/2016_KY_ shelter_study_report.pdf.

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Top 10 Ways to Make Cow Herds More Profitable BY ROBERT WELLS, PH.D., LIVESTOCK CONSULTANT


t has been well-documented in popular press and repeatedly confirmed at sale barns and coffee shops that the current calf market is about one-half of where it was just 2 ½ years ago. The short-term projection for both the cattle market and weather are not favorable for ranchers. For ranchers to economically survive the market downturn, they need to get back to the basics, fine-tune their operations and plan for the long-term. The following is a top 10 list of best management practices and concepts to consider that can help keep you from paying to be in the ranching business and losing money for the next few years.

1. Don’t buy average or inferior bulls

Spending as little as $750 more on a known, better bull could net you an additional $1,475 more per bull, annually. This is accomplished by purchasing a bull that will excel in growth traits that allow the rancher to sell the maximum pounds of weaned calves off the ranch. noble. org/proper-bull-selection

2. Join a cattle marketing alliance

The Integrity Beef Alliance adds a verification program for cattle producers and helps them implement best management practices, improve health status of their cattle by following established health protocols, reduce shrink by requiring the calves to be preconditioned, and sell cattle in larger lots through commingling. Historically, producers in this Alliance have achieved premiums for their cattle above the average 42

of other programs. integrity-beef-pays-dividends

3. Moderate cow size

Larger cows require more forage to sustain themselves on a daily basis. This can affect pasture stocking rates. A cow that is 200 pounds, or 17 percent, larger than another increases forage intake by 11 percent. Thus, stocking rate must be accounted for when moving from a 1,200-pound to a 1,400-pound cow. If you cannot increase the forage production accordingly, you will have to decrease stocking rate by 11 percent fewer cows to still have enough forage for the number of cows in the pasture. The heavier cow should wean a heavier calf, but this increase will not be enough to offset the reduced cow numbers.

4. Treat your cows as an employee

Your cows should be expected to work daily for you. A productive cow will efficiently deliver a calf to the weaning pen each year, with little cost or problems along the way. In order to do this, you must select the right female then develop her so she will be successful in the environment you expect her to

5. Cull cows

First, cull what I call the three O’s: old, open and ornery cows. Then, consider additional culls as the situation warrants. Older cows have a difficult time maintaining weight while weaning an even smaller calf. Carrying an open cow through the winter is analogous to hiring an employee, paying them monthly but not expecting them to show up to work for the next year. Ornery cows damage equipment,

injure people and reduce efficiency when they are difficult to work in the pen or take part of the herd to the trees when you come into the pasture.

6. Develop a short and defined breeding season

Increasing the number of earlier calving cows will increase the average weaning weight in the fall. Consider if a calf is born 30 days earlier in the calving season and gains 2 pounds per day while on the cow, the calf will weigh 60 pounds more at the same weaning date in the fall. That is roughly a 10 to 12 percent increase in weaning weight by simply making sure more calves are born in the first third of the calving season.

7. Control feed expenses

Manure scoring is a great way to monitor if a cow is getting enough proper nutrition in almost real-time. It gives the producer an estimation of the digestibility of the diet the cow has been eating for the past 36 to 72 hours. This method allows you to identify nutritional deficiencies before they manifest into lower body condition scores. If you have to feed hay, provide high-enough quality hay that additional feed supplementation is not necessary. At the cow’s highest nutritional requirement, it takes a free-choice diet (28.4 pounds dry matter) of either pasture or hay that is at least 9.9 percent crude protein and 57.6 percent total digestible nutrients (TDN) to meet a 1,200-pound cow’s nutritional requirements during peak lactation (three months post calving). If hay or forage quality is limiting but quantity is not, feed the right supplemental feed at the right time to meet the cow’s requirements

most economically. manure-scoring,,

8. Utilize heterosis

Heterosis is an often overlooked tool to increase the commercial cattleman’s overall efficiency. Heterosis is an easy tool to implement for most cattlemen and can increase weaning weights and longevity of the cow, improve feedlot performance and produce a more desirable feeder calf.

9. If feeding hay, don’t waste it

Hay feeding is probably the most expensive form of delivering forage to the cow. If you are locked into this system by the forage type available on your operation, make sure you don’t waste hay by using antiquatedstyle hay rings. A modified cone hay feeder can save f rom 8 to 15 percent more hay than the older, typical style feeders.

10. Keep records

The old saying is true: you can’t manage what you don’t measure. The more records you keep, from how much feed/mineral and hay is fed to weaning weights and percent weaned calves, the more powerful your management decisions can become. Develop key performance indicators (KPI) to benchmark how your operation compares to itself over time and to others of similar size and in the same area annually. Keep in mind the above referenced best management practices will help most producers survive market- and weather-related disruptions and will allow for more profit year-end and year-out.

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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Senior bulls DA: 3.18 lb.; wt.: 1,063 lb. e13 embbe etest. vlweighed h14. sADG: u s& land r28 oeCreek, S .seyuDl28 sm u o nsire: aStrlo u en t(BCIA) b em w6.73 s.Feb. e2.62 t Test edhYon dgwill thsecewconducted tmore uaA Association (BCIA) Bull will be conducted Sg-bulls cSell teccat aitffno128 o2 nc3 iae3 The bulls were to weighed every 28 days tnBlackville, sforages u sX085; lResearch uab rtEFBT o ibe nm uAngus—Lot Jevery .n5.93 5leu1eb0b2 ,iv1nevery 3eh .ctlb.; -1.44 1wt.: .weights tlpu eEREC, nwt.: rnAssociation o The sale is scheduled scheduled for Oct. 14. aTest aFarm. eteshreettttfeinformation edgtnuaaodr,pth u 4 8 2nr-o3iF0 8mr t adays sdays le b im eibswere S550 .yl4.11 sGenetics, utooUpward eBull aisttaken lTest uWDA: iBull stwill eniteaiw s,b hodthtotal ste97 tcontact ehsenior ttta-u0lol5eh ut3to0or8 hSt;)and toa(c3lln2ethroughout Sit.tattxm oecrS,o3ft4 tthe nr-o4 om ctest, taand Association (BCIA) be The bulls were to TheBCIA isWV scheduled for 14. For Scott awba Warrior 1,080 lb.; test index: Center near S.C., Shaffer, program coordinator, WVU Extension be The bulls were to be weighed The sale is for Oct. Clemson Blackville, S.C.; sire: It14. is aweights 168-day pasture-based was Box 6108, Morgantown, 26505; phone: 1,080 lb.; test Education Center near Blackville, High-ADG senior Angus—Lot 18; Shaffer, program coordinator, WVU Extension Hillwinds Farm, Dublin, Va. unior 52; owner: lb.; wt.: 550 550 index: 7.36 bulls forperformance-test the testRyan were born 2015-Jan. 31, 2017.The sale isD-scheduled The testAngus—Lot sale isService, scheduled for March at ttest, sum slb.; ll1982 utest, b oCommittee itest n uMillers J t.cwebsite 5 1bulls. 0test 2 ,l1l.un 3 .Jc3.82 -ub 1Jsimultaneously. .t5epA713; esire: o b.2.96 griculture Commissioner in the House Agriculture growth in Kentucky in recent Kentucky agricultural industries.” abulls dnhave hgomust imust e taother fwent adAdh egext. tiaeion d p223 simultaneously. bulls have -a0it25. 5id (-0 3e5 2 2@ 3weigh throughout the test, and test website .S.C., 6 1 0test 2rand ,1 31338; h rthe M -lb.; 1Creek, aUpward ndramatic rnHigh-ADG o n bS a For more information contact Scott Sell at eSenior l868 gbfor a52; E.e:trMarch e2.05 w ;1wbeen 0h4chave ta oeL– D -h g H lrOct. aentfo d lupdated c4 r4 oc3i)3flfl-oe4each (25 90.t08xe , sthe ua m s8, bwt.: roe iD 1etest 0 2en,vr1 3h ceindex: 1 .trpe6.73 evlb.; SiRbulls nSenior rWDA: o .reeGbeen tbeen w hutest cae(office); d e4803-450t-a3Ad0.p8uud;)ee.cnioffsom -.3tllx0ee8s,g;3)e (c83 2-9 2 Senior must N.C.; Primus Upward the and the after For more23 information contact Scott Sell atNov. year-round. EFBT was designed to 803-284-3343, ADG: lb.; WDA: lb.; wt.: lb.; wt.: 550 bulls in an environment in to Forage Bull Test simultaneously. throughout the and the website junior Angus—Lot owner: For more information contact Scott Sell at offers a1,throughout unique approach toowner: gain-testing 2084 Agricultural Sciences Bldg., PO ADG: 4.54 lb.; developed, built and started in with 304-293-2669;; High-ADG junior Angus—Lot owner: offers a unique approach to gain-testing bulls. Service, 2084 Agricultural Sciences Bldg., PO Brilee Angus Ranch, Bob Bahr, Timberville; 84-day report (Jan. 4, 2017) feEdisto High-WDA senior Angus—Lot 22; owner: 2016. Junior bulls eligible for the test were WVU Reymann Memorial Farm at . 6 1 0 2 , 1 3 h c r a M 1 . n a J n r n e e b e v a h re eRevwt.: R l31, g assire: E;2015. rleI n o ;vu1must tl(cell) A -,hPoultry Hn0Angus born Sept. 1-Dec. 2015. Junior bulls C, Blackville, S.C.; sire: Yon istb deeggs d A .the cd@ (e5l401; 9@ updated after each weigh date. . 5 . t p e S e u d e r e w s n o i s i v i d h t o b r o f s e i r t n E 803-284-3343, ext. 223 (office); 803-450A Vev:eea868 rhiJunior .:lwill ,Yon pwaJunior lgonaLhThe lror iD sogu;ig1 A4 toLt–laaand enDtoiA wAdditional hntolansnm ooKentucky’s eitlib adHigh-ADG–Lot lA ilalev.usag acm rco f9n0 . 6 1 0 2 , 1 3 h c r a M 1 . n a J n r o b n1-Dec. bi52; rln eenable iD0 R4,eebulls E–EG :must ehsenior w Gbulls -ih g iHt.suedteeare dseri.on)ollsietm lileow s born Sept. 1-Dec. 31, 2015. bulls updated after each weigh date. 803-284-3343, ext. 223 (office); 803-4500995 began test with 10, 2017. z WIU Bull Test 1338; ADG: 3.82 lb.; WDA: 2.96 lb.; performance-test bulls in an environment in born Sept. 31, must updated after each weigh date. Forage Bull Test 803-284-3343, ext. 223 (office); 803-450lb.; index: which bull buyers expect theirpasture-based progeny to intest. Clemson EREC, Blackville, S.C.; Research & Education Center, Iton is aWednesday 168-day was 6.78 Box 6108, Morgantown, WV 26505; phone: Quarles endorsed legislation morning. TheEFBT measure years, and legislation wt.: 698 lb.; testthis index: 6.58 commercial cow-calf producer mind and or Jerry Yates, WVU Reymann Memorial Farm, 22; owner: er: Ga.; born Feb. sire: 1-March 2016. ardensville. pnowner: eEFBT S1982 el401; u rwith w s5River nFarm; i6.78 hdatoesEREC, brahave rw oinformation eo niD Clemson Blackville, S.C.; sire: rEYon i;s1-March I2016. n uD ,;:ee lr0 nis1 haverage E;.lnliIh unu gweight nG A,elnon have been born 31, 2016. ItVAR isbuyers a31, 168-day pasture-based test. was elit1,040 evtand ltAngus, seiohnsto i va High-ADG–Lot owner: Eagle River dtLindy iw lADG iSheppard Hd tEagle aeowner: 4eOverall .tc.index: Othe pvaverages e cRiver cmore yfs(54 rsnebeen viirlsthead)—ADG: esire: Box 6108, Morgantown, WV 26505; 0995 (cell) or orphone: Additional .tboabout lb4.54 6r3o 2 1lb.; :iJan. .rJan. t:ew .1-March b; 6l2.05 5,.p5afor :l31, G 0an 2 o iptavailable a,srlen eD Discovery 2240; ADG: 5.42 lb.; /bk,escw snseA ile/hnttoa iseontiesaverage /liuatdvseaePhil .tn m w The junior and senior tests atorthe .otd piesetiFor S edSylvania, u ew vEborn iADG: d hGAR fR,sA eV nWDA: R ADA V2016. htaEof hisPtest uowebsite gttlb. bbxeeaw niteoalcm e.w lrboDunlap afn lwia Jan. 1-March 31, High-ADG–Lot 401; Ehnle, 0995 (cell) Additional information is,P the atnan 22; owner: ;sto ADG: 4.54 lb.; WDA: 2.05 lb.; have been born High-ADG–Lot 401; Eagle 0995 (cell) Additional the test Macomb, Ill. lb.; which bull expect their progeny Research & Education Center, Upward A713; lb.; developed, built and started in 304-293-2669;; 3.42 lb.; perform. ille, S.C. High-WDA and high-indexing junior capitalizing on the Southeast’s advantage in phone: 304-874-3561; or on theKentucky test website, that would help farmwould extend a ro&Phil 10 weight to compete level leading agricultural Ga.; sire:304-293-2669; GAR :Test GAR Sundown M5591; 4.11 WDA: The testFarm, ison located atat thebuilt Edisto Research information is available from Kevin sjEhnle, dON n2iPAGE win ldlin H tsathe .tcrIll.; O dthe p7averages cfpoultry aEntries w rlb.; e.producers vdfor ielrreport, etapDF2.62 laa67 2 .b; 6 .6 D A:s.t;t0 0g;1i.e nDelb. Entries both divisions were due Sept. 5. smeGtvhil./tb nbulls m Angus, Ehnle, Dunlap, Ill.; sire: VAR inDunlap, u1982 8percent 1 a164 ll4uand b osid n eADG: oatA713; o.tyctest A(54 m information is available available on the test test website at ndivisions .WDA: Fv:divisions k;alb.; t due bb5on o t53e:2 rG e,due h to5si.et2.70 foei/scommodity sntesGeneration llutusdbee/v.fnielo/ensb2100; /iksecn ew iul d5. n istw lefull l9ciVAR H alsa698 4tlb.; O ecindex: cda.b sfor w3both yb,re1e3.42 i.nCarlson ltwere ew D lwere 1w5. w b2w ln 6 5at-r:feGfO AG;0The 012 junior noit/akrceoAngus n.tle /texkte_c/o o tsxADG: ev/w e both Sept. Angus, Phil Ehnle, Ill.; sire: VAR information is available onperform. the test website Upward ADG: 4.54 lb.; 2.05 developed, and started in with; Ga.; sire: GAR Southwest Beef Cattle Improvement Entries for Sept. 5. Angus, Phil Dunlap, sire: information is the website at CONTINUED est index: 6.58 WDA of final contact at 84-day report (Jan. 24, 2016) wt.: test 6.58 Overall head)—ADG: commercial cow-calf producer mind orVirginia Jerry Yates, WVU Reymann Memorial ackville, S.C. Angus—Lot 46; owner: Primus Genetics, its ability toGeneration grow high-quality, lush forages ers transport their goods more efficiently tolerance for vehicles carrying poultry, playing field with producers in other with more than $1 billion year ;and WDA: 2.62 62 lb.; wt.: 1,080 lb.; test index: 6.73 Education Center near Blackville, S.C., and haffer, program coordinator, WVU Extension r o i n u j 8 2 1 d n a s l l u b r o i n e s 7 9 f o l a t o t A . m r a F d n a 7 . b e F n e k a t e b o t e r e w s t h g i e w t s e t f f O Delivery was accepted Oct. 4 at Hillwinds . l m t h . t b fe/stsaeof t_Off-test ll.ulm b/th fein Generation 2100; ADG: 5.56 lb.; wt.: 1,236 lb. . 5 2 . t c O t s e t n o n e w s l l u b h c r a M r o f d e l u d e h c s s i e l a t s e t e h T . 7 1 0 2 , 8 r o i n u j 8 2 1 d n a s l l u b r o i n e s 7 9 f o l t o t A . m r a F d n a 7 . b e F n e k a t e b o t e r e w s t h g i e w t s e t f f O .teweights bbf/ek/csotstseewere t_vlilubto Delivery was accepted Oct. 4 at Hillwinds 2100; ADG: 5.56 lb.; wt.: 1,236 lb. livestock/beef/bull_tests/efbt.html. WDA: 2.62 wt.: 698 lb.; test index: 6.58 commercial cow-calf producer in mind and or Jerry Yates, WVU Reymann Memorial Farm, Delivery was accepted Oct. 4 at Hillwinds Generation 2100; ADG: 5.56 lb.; wt.: 1,236 lb. high-indexing weighed on test with an average weight 309-298-1288 or The The 45th Western Illinois University (WIU) High-WDA and high-indexing junior capitalizing on the Southeast’s advantage in phone:junior 304-874-3561; or on the test website, Millers sire: Primus year-round. EFBT was designed to 73 52; a unique approach toon gain-testing bulls. rvice, 2084 Agricultural Sciences Bldg., POagriculture .5be 2lfeed tbcAngus—Lot O tgsFeb. eFeb. tAnroFarm. n lcThigh-indexing lFarm. u btseoftAAn htotal ctrsenior dsenior eQuarles lUpward udand ehhbulls cc128 srasM ie tseelutdjunior eecash hh Farm. total ofro 97 senior bulls and 128 Off-test weights to taken and htiwwere tseHigh-ADG tto ehbe twere ntaken agineto bjunior sbe lu.taken n e.e5 sw livestock/beef/bull_tests/efbt.html. .T7c.17s01s20i 2 ,0l,a18s tset ehto tseT llutest B UIsale W zis sc 2eA.shtowner: ON.C.; o naeM w sjunior lfbulls lu b rltold oafsd128 e T.71Kentucky 02 ,8 total 97 junior Off-test weights Feb. 7suand 8, 2017.The livestock/beef/bull_tests/efbt.html. 73 of 97 and Off-test weights were 77itnCreek, and livestock/beef/bull_tests/efbt.html. and make Kentucky more livestock, meats, crop products, or states,” Commissioner receipts High-WDA and capitalizing the Southeast’s advantage phone: 304-874-3561; or on the testoffers website, 6; owner: Genetics, Angus—Lot 46; owner: Primus Genetics, its ability to63 grow high-quality, lush forages 735junior lb..7and an average WDA of 2.86 lb.producers. test website Bull Test received bulls from five states, 2.96 performance-test bulls in an z Primus Edisto Forage Bull Test 52; owner: r: EREC, S.C.; It is a 168-dayits pasture-based EFBT was x 6108, Morgantown, WV 26505; phone: tirw taClemson sisentscheduled esale e l,l1u g ien 10r2oF,01 bulls went on Oct. 25. tseT.lllIu,b Bm UoIW z ts 8, 2017.The 2017.The test sale is scheduled for March egha elush venvironment aforages dhntan.a bglscheduled 0bt4in hfor enMarch w eADG: g46; abTYon nsauon dnon neasGenetics, ttest sheTt Oct. e hlb.; t t25. u owt.: ba n868 oitWIU amroBull fni eTest rom caM h is0 wBlackville, tMarch sbfeost tue1338; hgntiA aro gbulls beasire: srelwent lvowner: uh3.82 glb.; ntest ArorWDA: of iOct. e .7102 ,01 25. 8,test. 2017.The test sale for 10, 2017. z 52; owner: bulls went test 8, test is Angus—Lot Primus ability to grow high-quality, competitive with other states. for livestock and poultry on state roads the House Agriculture Committee. Kentucky’s poultry industry is the largest ,4-293-2669; N.C.; sire: Primus Upward Millers Primus Upward EFBT was representing Simmental, sire: Yon developed, built andyear-round. started inAngus, 1982 with the; edesigned gtheir areto vUpward aprogeny dnsauA713; lAg0ar4orADG: 0ein,v1Millers hd elb.; w aCreek, aD atN.C.; rPrimus osire: fetdagnbulls bfcadtest tthe aeem oh enorbulls The senior Angus bulls began with which bullthe buyers expect Ie,rbm 10, 2017. snlPolled lauto b g.bneto uajfnoe4.54 Tg lindex: .g2 fr0N.C.; oe6.78 A2.05 Edisto Research Education Center, z WIU WIU Bull Test Test o atnCeah tct atu tthe n ,ntrMacomb, rttre stest efThe tnIll. ltiwith au iobfm eiFthatmroto )61test 02 ,with 42For .nan amore J( tr.ollpinformation yaodc-a4M 8 ab ahtlb.; n.ibaCreek, .0b7leWDA: 0 4 ,v1senior fonW hlb.; gAngus iesenior w anarAngus etsUpward vslaerbegan rooobegan aooip twith sthe allunrfowere fnbe i erweighed om roF off The 10, 2017. z&WIU Bull TestBull sire: Yon The bulls test 10, 2017. z sire: year-round. EFBT was designed 1338; ADG: 3.82 lb.; WDA: 2.96 lb.; wt.: 868 performance-test bulls in an environment in .82 lb.; WDA: 2.96 lb.; wt.: 868 z Edisto Forage Bull Test average z Virginia Hereford, Red Angus andand Charolais House Bill 174, sponsored by state other than interstate “Supporting our with DA: 2.05 lb.; b.;2.05 cow-calf producer in mind Jerry Yates, WVU Reymann Memorial Farm, b seuglb.; gainnrabout raoninaindex: u .ADG: bu ltg0nan 7o 2d tpoultry a nBull sdAlreDa.Test tc1,040 aand tno3.42 ctllb. ,rtan r84-day tCs8ereport latpurchaser ll,2utr-weights f9 he3tr t2016) an of 1,040 an average 6U1s0iand tW ro d2T-4.8 For more information about the test and for fhighways. oinformation twt.: hsbreeds, glabout ileu698 w eAtest vtest hsj lteliSouthwest w eand hn gA iD whWDA: Macomb, Ill.commercial h Tweight uCwt.: iindustry w @ san coand -p o 1nn-oi8fc(Jan. 9of 024, o2n,i4the lcorn l214. I n.nrfull eatJs(and efinal h1e ttest 5 uh bTt6.58 sOverall A.3.82 raverage oefio ulb.; jean eW Taverage .bBCIA l(54 0e7 .2weight f.oulb.; W alb. oand speljrrraan taverage c8t a2 oep sof etcollected lKentucky-grown a)UnIiW f l(luyftiesFeb. hretvin)13 )6p 0r42yea,report, 4h naJ(co weight of 1,040 lb. average For more information the and for Ill. DA: lb.; averages head)—ADG: lb.; perform. Blackville, S.C. Macomb, average of For more the test for Macomb, Ill. 1338; 2.96 868 performance-test bulls in an environment z Edisto Forage Bull Test which bull buyers progeny EdistoRichard Research &report Education Center, 78 High-ADG senior Dublin, Va. plus number of Simmental composites aDvto High-WDA and high-indexing capitalizing on thea Southeast’s advantage in one: 304-874-3561; or on84-day the test website, ftheir o ttest h ereport, w.experienced gfoarCarlson aW triewvwalb.; tsthis nat onbill hla6.78 galso iWDA e3 .u eiet.Angus u wb@ oeAngus lriTawc..u-w pd jerw 1ins-ob 8se9lw WDA of 2.70 The junior Angus bulls )1U i18; noUrfssowner: i)oU ib ll(I3yn6triedstreseveviW 4or theexpect full final test report, contact Carlson .bghas licontact 6 8 2eand Aecontact ghhag d b 52.70 7 84-day report (Jan. 24, 2016) .td lwliujunior /und w sw i8@ e2tsoybeans. e3jt ro 88University ,s-I8 eWt9a(2tys-t9ies0(WIU) vr3eifvm llnuIW eincU ehrts5tiso eneTih llTIunBrets foneatHillwinds enegataindex: reFarm, vadae.junior nof h tw iw will tlb. sof etThe nehelp ohjunior dTlb. elb. h gscorn es.u h .ou45th i8 r2a-ct9s-0p 2Angus—Lot ljp-carlso WDA bulls the full final test report, at 309-298-1288 (Jan. 24, 2016) The Western Illinois Rep. Heath of Mayfield, passed “The poultry industry growers and 2.70 The bulls the full final Carlson at 84-day report (Jan. 24, 2016) lb.; index: 6.78 averages (54 head)—ADG: 3.42 lb.; whichperform. bull buyers expect their progeny to EdistoBlackville, Research & Education Center, S.C. erages 3.42 lb.; The junior (54 head)—ADG: Bahr, Angus—Lot report its ability to Barzona grow high-quality, lush forages according WIU of .tbslor ee84-day gThe a.r2enOverall d 3on e3tl7lub /uweight de.uiBull w.of e/of tidsAngus b t.sweRanch, t w sfrom weighed on test with an average efive rfisSl,ls,usetest b egco e 309-298-1288 or The nor a to tiw e6School t8 ff.o2 dfoehA46; gDiW ewowner: w sAlnlDuaGenetics, The 45th Western Western Illinois University (WIU) di,seb llteoaw Ptsstates, emmom utag3tn6 nerirtfisntsselwww.wiu.e .balroe6tv8ePrimus faThe oweighed W elhg5Taweighed r7e4, vtest a 2017) nawith don natest .b.tlsaverage 5with .w tweight sw ew tBrilee llusib u e.euwiw w i etBob t,lseaevttinfTimberville; sAwebsite edeveh ivftim lsuTebrlpl3ue6Br de an 309-298-1288 The 45th Western Illinois University (WIU) Test received 63 bulls junior N an average 309-298-1288 45th Illinois University (WIU) a tfiveucomposite, Overall averages (54 head)—ADG: 3.42 lb.; weight of perform. Blackville, S.C. r a l Genetics, Millers Creek, N.C.; sire: Primus year-round. EFBT was designed to d n a h t i w t s e t f f o d e h g i e w e b o e r e w s bUpward .;0% wt.:for 800 lb. 735 lb. and an WDA of 2.86 lb.tseVAR ,lsaitanleo5.42 m it,d n eHrA e test website is . 4 1 d n a 3 1 . b e F d e t c e l l o c s h g i e w gweaherand eTbsenior voatan Bull Test received 63 bulls from states, teWDA saverage uB2.86 AICBlb. arepresenting in igrisire: V wthe htuDiscovery oAngus, S z Simmental, ,dsedleloePrADG: bPolled ram hCiSlb.; sPnuA netAhntd enRm ros,sfeeurrp n a h t i w t s e t f f o d e elb. reaverage wtests slluan bat hethe TT llof d,enslaulogADG ,gla egm iSe gen 735 lb. test website is Bull TestBull received 63 bulls from five states, 2240; The junior Agriculture Bull Test Director John Carlson. The enetics, a 735 and average WDA of 2.86 lb. test website is hflogluieand Test received 63 bulls from five states, u g h t.4:re ESimmental, rbulls rwnoa o Upward iPolled 1338; ADG: lb.; wt.: 868 performance-test bulls environment in Oct. Edisto Forage Bull 1end19, 3 .btoeLF— d3.82 es.4 tuc1 lA oncaroWDA: s3ti1n hg w ecvasThe ca tasImprovement Tvalbe luB A CB,naHereford, iloff n ran saB eFA wsIhd tnBuio The bulls were to be weighed off test with an ,sahdstee risS boCONTINUED sz aem eraR rdoanfeasruseluH ;2016. 811f genld e.bisee2.96 G ilro H representing theSimmental, Angus, Simmental, Polled .aItest V iwith b w H piamlorcalhaCtnON ib Sg164 eob mh,uCdn pgnBC F DdfoA eThe t-elb.; chgegalbulls twere hgibulls ew egweighed reeto tsiugeDtest Ti,Vm llturwith C aS ilnliz griVCharolais tasdenw uetobreeds, ,dsendm esSouthwest ru sfnoiAarld tofobe off z Virginia representing the Angus, Red Angus and B. Upward ill be weighed off Test test June 6. representing were weighed an the Angus, Southwest Virginia Beef Cattle officially the test LinPolled PAGE aansbegan s

Quarles backs bill to make KY ag more competitive



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quest heifer



Embryo Features:

Westminster, S.C.; sire: WTN Catawba Warrior Angus averages (155 head)—ADG: 4.20 lb.; began Dec. 20 in Blackville after the delivery X085; ADG: 5.93 lb.; WDA: 1.44 lb.; wt.: 550 6, 2016. Senior0070 bulls eligible lb.; wt.: 1,063 lb. •WDA: TC 3.18 Maria 6006 (15417902) x of 54 •bulls TCDec. Moonshine lb.; test index: 7.36 for the test were born Nov. 1, 2015-Jan. 31, The test sale is scheduled for March 23 at Barstow Cash (16764253) x HA Cowboy up High-WDA senior Angus—Lot 22; owner: 2016. Junior bulls eligible for the test were the WVU Reymann Memorial Farm at Lindy Sheppard Farm; Sylvania, Ga.; sire: GAR born Feb. 1-March 31, 2016. Wardensville. Sundown M5591; ADG: 4.11 lb.; WDA: 2.62 The test is located at the Edisto Research & Test information is available from Kevin lb.; wt.: 1,080 lb.; test index: 6.73 Education Center near Blackville, S.C., and Shaffer, program coordinator, WVU Extension High-ADG 52; owner: offers a unique approach to gain-testing bulls. Service, 2084 Agricultural Sciences Bldg., PO BJFjunior BVAngus—Lot Forever Lady 8152 - Dam tseuqnoC ylaennoC 6102 rebmetpeS A Clemson EREC, Blackville, S.C.; sire: Yon It is a 168-day pasture-based test. EFBT was Box 6108, Morgantown, WV 26505; phone: featuring a2.05 powerful yearling UpwardAlso A713; ADG: 4.54 lb.; WDA: lb.; eeuhqwnooConnealy 304-293-2669;; developed, built and started in 1982 with the qanf6or1eC0h2ytloaredebnm A September retfsi2016 hCsylllaaeftnsynecouConquest nC anoerCetpt6he1gS0uA2adreb wt.:daughter 698 lb.; test index: commercial cow-calf producer in mind and or Jerry Yates, WVU Reymann Memorial Farm,Connealy &2016 Jeffries • Davis Bend Farm of 6.58 BJF BV Forever Lady 8152 daughter andreother A Buckner September Conquest A September 2016 Connealy Conquest f i e h w o h s l l a f y c n a f r e h t o d n r e f i e h w o h s l l a f y fancy fall show heifer .lles stcepsorp acnreatfhrgeuhatod dn High-WDA and high-indexing junior phone: 304-874-3561; or on the test website, capitalizing on the Southeast’s advantage in Haines Angus •itsKostbabe Cattle sired by Connealy Consensus 7229. 8152 daughter andfancy other fancy fallheifer show heifer daughter and other fall show .lles stcepsorp.lles stcepsorp prospects sell. Angus—Lot 46; owner: Primus Genetics, ability to grow high-quality, lush forages RB Tour of DutyAngus x TC Peggy eN.C.; nihsire: sBJF noBJF oM C T Forever •Forever x )2Lady 0Lady 9and 71458152 1( 600--6 Dam airaM CT • Caveland • sell. Shaw9033 Family Angus BV Millers Primus Upward year-round. EFBT was designed to is07Creek, a00featured donor for BJF Shaw prospects sell. prospects BV 8152 Dam eSale i)h3s5Also n2held o4o602.96 M T( e•wt.: 0C98152 6xhyearling 0s)02a60C9aw The z Lot 1 from 2016 is the maternal sister the 0C1at: 0lb.; nih868 snLady oxoa)M2powerful T71•451-( Dam 7ir1oa4tM • TC Maria 6 3.82 lb.; WDA: performance-test bullsto in an environment in Edisto Forage Bull Test and pu yo1338; bw o0ADG: C70A0H xnAngus. 77Forever 6She s5r1aC(BT6•006 airaM CT • BJF BV Barry Smith JHL Angus featuring Family produced BJF SFA Also powerful buyers expect their progeny Edisto Research & Education Center, • TCtoMaria 6006 0070 p•uTC yolb.; bMaria windex: oC(15417902) A6.78 HpxAlso )y3(15417902) 4featuring 6ox7C6A1featuring (ofx•xBJF hyearling sa0070 C wo8152 tsraB hsaC wotsraB 6006 •6a7TC Moonshine udaughter o5b2w H )TC 3a52Moonshine 4BV 61Forever ( yearling DBF Peggy BJF 6239,Tour ofFouts Duty Angus x which 9033bullselling this year. Barstow C powerful Fouts & • D&D Angus Lady Ten 4918 who was Lot 1 and the of3.42 BJF Forever 8152 up OverallGauge averagesdaughter (54 head)—ADG: lb.; BV perform. Blackville, S.C. Barstow Cash (16764253) x HA Cowboy

BJF BV Forever Lady 8152 - Dam Also featuring a powerful yearling Open Lady 8152 daughter of BJFand BV Forever nepO dna derB •SELLING: sriaP flaCCow/Calf /woC :GNILPairs LES • Bred n e p O d n a d e r B • s r i a P f l a C / w o C : G N I L L E S n e p O d n a d e r B • s r i a P f l a C / w o C : G N I L L E S SELLING sired by Connealy Consensus 7229. 8152 Heifers slCow/Calf luxBTCsCow/Calf uPeggy gnAPairs -m9033 iSPairs nBred a s•uBred g n•AAngus •Open srefOpen ieand H Sim-Angus DBF Erica BJF 6913 3196Bulls FJB acirE FBD RB Tour ofSELLING: Duty SELLING: •d and and is a featured donor for BJF and Shaw s l l u B s u g n A m i S d n a s u g n A • s r e f i e H s l l u B s u g n A m i S d n a s u g n A • s r e f i e H 3 1 9 6 F J B a c i r E F B D 3196 FJB acHeife irE BJF BVmaternal Foreversister Lady 8152 DBF Erica BJF 6913 A The September 20162016 Connealy Conquest Lot 1 from and is the to the- Dam CONSIGNORS: Heifers • Angus and Sim-Angus Bulls DBF DBF Erica BJFdaughter 6913 Heifers • Angus and Sim-Angus Bulls Erica BJF 6913 Family Angus. She produced BJF SFA Also featuring a powerful yearling and other fancy fall show heifer DBF Peggy BJF 6239,Tour of Duty x 9033 selling this year. erutBV aeForever F oyrbLady mE Embryo Ten Gauge 4918 who was Lot 1 and the 8152 prospects sell.daughter of::ssBJF erutConsensus aeF:soeyrrubtm a7229. eEF o8152 yrbmtop-selling E Features: sired by Connealy bull as a calf in 2015 and has RB Tour of Duty x TC Peggy 9033 Embryo Features: Embryo Features: • TCfor Maria x • TC Moonshine 0070in this sale. is a featured donor BJF6006 and(15417902) Shaw progeny featured The Lot 1 from 2016 and is the maternal sister to the CashBJF SFA (16764253) x HA Cowboy up Family Angus. SheBarstow produced 226Cash Angus Road • Canmer,(16764253) KY 42722x HA Cowboy up DBF Peggy BJF 6239,Tour of Duty x 9033 selling this year. Barstow BJF Peggy D8F 5106 Barstow Cash (16764253) xthe HA Cowboy up Ten Gauge 4918 who wasForever Lot 1 and daughter of BJF BV Lady 8152 sired by Connealy Consensus 7229. 8152 BJF Peggy D8F 5106 sired by Connealy Consensus 8152 Fax (270) 528-3315 top-selling bull as a calf RB RB Tour of Duty x TC Peggy 9033 Tour of Duty x TC Peggy 9033 top-selling bull as a calf in in 2015 2015 and and has has

BJF Peggy D8F 5106

BJFPeggy PeggyD8F D8F5106 5106 BJF

BJF Peggy D8F 5106


3.17.indd 162


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sired Consensus 7229. isby featured BJF and8152 Shaw isaaConnealy featureddonor donor for BJF progeny featured in thisfor sale.

:featured SR Odonor NG&Iin SDenise N Oproduced Csale. Todd Jeffries progeny this Keith & Diana Jeffries is aFamily featured for BJF and Shaw Angus. BJF SFA Family Angus. :SsR NShe IeShe SShe C RJproduced O OC SFA CONSIGNORS: raF dneAngus. B i(270) vO aD •Gs528-7246 iproduced r:N fS feO &N reG nBJF kIS cuN BSFA (270) 528-3318 mFamily Ten Gauge 4918 who was Lot Ten Gauge 4918 who was Lot 1 and the CONSIGNORS: CONSIGNORS: m raeF ib vtarsaD rBfwas e•n m ds•neseiu sJ iAv& asLot Dern iru& fB feJeffries Jthe & rethe nkc• uDavis B ltGauge td an CeeBbs a4918 oFK•who gfen is a1ke Hcand Buckner Bend Farm Ten Troy & Tammy Jeffries Tim & Leslie Jeffries bull as agn calf inaia 2015 and has Fax (270) 528-3315 as a calf in 2015 has Buckner •tsbull Davis Bend Farm e ltop-selling ttJeffries ayC e& b a b K • s u g A s e H stop-selling uBuckner gtop-selling n& A lim abull FJeffries w a h S s u n A d n l e v a C eo l t t a C e b a b t s o K • s u g n A s e n i•aH • Davis Bend Farm Haines Angus Kostbabe Cattle as a calf in 2015 and has Todd &held Denise Jeffries Keith & Diana Jeffries in (270) 528-6605 Sale progeny Angus Kostbabe Cattle sugnHaines AAngus y Fs wgH anJ hAS•featured suS gFynrw Arain d athis le C uKostbabe yfeatured aCattle hn Sthis • vsausale. gnA dnalevaC Haines •(270) Sale held at:at:Jeffries sluim gprogeny naA L h524-3440 t•lim B Todd & Denise Keith & Diana Jeffries Caveland Angus • Shaw Family Angus progeny featured in this sale. Sale held at: (270) 528-7246 (270) 528-3318 •D Shaw Angus tuim SuAoyFamily rLrH a sA g JsthuAngus toim Angus • nhFamily Shaw sugAngus nAsuDg&n •LsHuJg stn F &B F S yrraB 2017 KY ANGUSJournal 163 Caveland Angus Road • Canmer, KY 42722 Caveland Angus Road •March Canmer, 42722 (270) 528-7246 (270) 528-3318 226226 Barry Smith JHL Angus

Sale held at: RB Tour of2016 Duty xisanyone TC Peggy 9033 For The your free reference booklet, contact in thematernal office of the Sale Managers, TOM Lot 1 from 2016 and the maternal sister toto the The Lot 1sale from and isat: the sister the Sale held BURKE/KURT SCHAFF/JEREMY HAAG, AMERICAN ANGUS HALL OFsister FAME atto thethe WORLD ANGUS The Lot 1 BJF from 2016 and is the maternal 226 Angus Road • Canmer, KY 42722 DBF Peggy 6239,Tour of Duty x 9033 selling this year. DBF Peggy BJF 6239,Tour of Duty x 9033 selling this year. HEADQUARTERS, Box 226 660, Smithville, MO 64089-0660. Phone (816) (816) 532-0851. E-mail: Angus Road Canmer, KY532-0811. 42722Faxthis DBF Peggy BJF 6239,Tour of• Duty x 9033 selling year. •528-3315 Fax (270)


Angus Road •(270) Canmer, KY Jeffries 42722 Troy & Tammy Barry Tim & Leslie 226 Jeffries Angus sBarry ugnASmith D&D •Smith suuggnnA AJHL tuDoAngus tAngus uAos FtuoF & stuoF sJHL Ds& •FHart s&ugsn Fax 528-3315 Fax (270) 528-3315 Werner• Blackbird 1506 – Progeny Sell! Troy &528-3315 Tammy Jeffries Fouts & Fouts Angus D&D Angus Tim(270) & Leslie Jeffries Fax Fouts Fouts & Fouts AngusAngus • D&D •Angus (270) (270) 524-3440 & Fouts D&D Angus 528-6605 Todd & Denise Jeffries Keith & Diana Jeffries M O T , s r e g a n a M e l a S e h t f o e c i f f o e h t n i e n o y n a t c a t n o c , t e l k o o b e l a s e c n e r e f e r e e r f r u o y r o F (270) 524-3440 (270) 528-6605 Todd & Denise Jeffries Keith&&Diana DianaJeffries Jeffries 0111 ssecnirP FJBFor your free r Todd & Denise SJeffries UG aSEe M HM Keith MNOAT D ,sLreRgOaW naeMhtetla erc hSt eU nliG ceh ,,tGteA lnkA onbY eccJan/tFneForeA e,trC rofRbrU ueK olya/EsrKoeR FcU MhA OtFTfoF ,sO eLigfLfaoA nae ae SNnA eohyNtnA faoCtecIRcaE itfnfMoA ioeH oeM ylnaEasRtE cfH eleSkeoT nB erefer eerf ruoy roF (270) 528-7246 (270) 528-3318 0aU1 19 E1110 sManagers, n iar1 JaBURKE/KURT B sne cgn P SCH BJF 2/13/17 (270) 528-7246 :liam -EG.N 15 8D 0-L2R3 5W )61e8h(t xt1:14 aFUEG .M 1PM 1A8A 0D -2O 3R 5LOL )6W 1H 8e(hSetUntG ohN PA .A 0NF 6A6F 0O -R 98L 0LM4AA 6HO M ,eH lliA vhM tE iAmR SEIRJ,0E 6MF 6AxH o,G B ,A STR EY TM RE A U Q D A EAHHCS .Princess (270) 528-3318 r e t h g u dBthe 616Sale Cs Ae g0 nci1 dTOM n1 tsP tusoF nililr eS S U A O a F F A C I E , G A A Y / F C S R U K / E K R U B S N L a E M S U G N N C A H R E J / F F T R U K / E K (270) 528-7246 (270) 528-3318 Werner Blackbird 1506 Sell! For your free reference sale booklet, contact anyone in the office the Sale Managers, Managers, TOM your free reference sale booklet, anyone inProgeny the office of Sale Managers, TOM For your free reference sale booklet, contact anyone in the officeRof the of .-l3 l2acontact w w wP.1•.– l0)h64t1r6a8in e( @ ll,othe aehoffice h gt6in aof Troy & For Tammy Jeffries Tim &Princess Leslie Jeffries BJF Princess 1110 :liam-E .1For 5SCHAFF/JEREMY 81110 0your -235 )free 61SCHAFF/JEREMY 8:l(reference aF-E.1HAAG, 185o08csale -02 53h5booklet, )s6HAAG, 0.2k-HALL O llPisvu.h0at m 086064Sale xoOB ,S RSelling Q,D iaxm .m )u16g81n(8a(e.n xaocontact FhANGUS 10t86e06n-anyone 39n58iANGUS eM n 6the 0SFAME -the 9,WORLD 6at MANGUS ,eWORLD llE ivThRtiA mUTOM SANGUS 06Aan 6ExHoB ,S.r Re ETtR AgUu Qa DA EH HEADQUARTERS, BJF Princess BJF 1110 h d 6 6 9 E C A g n i d n a t s t u o n a g n i l l e S . r e t h g u a d 6 6 9 E C A g n i d n a t s tuoBo outstanding ACE 966 daughter. Troy & Tammy Jeffries Tim & Leslie Jeffries BURKE/KURT AMERICAN HALL OF the BURKE/KURT AMERICAN OF FAME BURKE/KURT SCHAFF/JEREMY ANGUS HALL WORLD HAAG, ANGUS HALL OF FAME at the WORLD ANGUS Werner Blackbird 1506 Progeny Sell! Perf&Report 03.17.indd 2/13/17 1:14 PM Troy & Tammy Jeffries Tim Jeffries162 o c.ll64089-0660. ahsHAAG, ugnMO aBURKE/KURT .wAMERICAN wPhone w– •mteo nc.(816) klln iPhone lh t532-0811. rganea@ llw ahwsu gtenn(816) a.FAME ah sSCHAFF/JEREMY u .(816) w • OF knilh trat aethe @ llAMERICAN ahE-mail: sugnaANGUS HEADQUARTERS, Box 660, 660,mSmithville, Smithville, 64089-0660. 532-0811. Fax (816) 532-0851. E-mail: (270) 524-3440 HEADQUARTERS, Box 660, Smithville, MO 532-0851. (270) 528-6605 anLeslie outstanding ACE 966 daughter. HEADQUARTERS, Box MO 64089-0660. Phone 532-0811. Fax (816) 532-0851. E-mail: SellingSelling an (270) outstanding ACESelling 966 daughter. HEADQUARTERS, Box(816) 660,Fax Smithville, MO 64089-0660. Phone (816) 532-0811. Fax (816) 532-0851. E-mail: an outstanding ACE 966 daughter. (270) 524-3440 528-6605 (270) 524-3440 • (270) 528-6605 •• • 361 lanruoJSUGNA 7102 hcraM 361

March 2017

2/13/17 1:14 PM lanruoJSUGN cJrSaU MGNABlackbird 36A1 7l1a0n2ruhoWerner 7102 hcra1506 M – Progeny Sell! Werner Blackbird – Progeny Sell! 1:14 PM 2/13/17 Werner Blackbird 15061506 – Progeny Sell! March 2017 ANGUSJournal March 2017 ANGUSJournal 163 March 2017 ANGUSJournal

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Henning leaving post as head of UK Cooperative Extension to return to LOW-COST FARM LOANS AND LEASES forage programs From People Who Know Agriculture

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immy Henning will step down as associate dean for extension and director of the University of Kentucky Cooperative Extension Service on Feb. 15 to return to the College of Agriculture, Food and Environment’s faculty as an extension forage specialist. Henning has led the extension service since 2007. “I have wanted to return to the field for some time,” Henning said. “With the renewed emphasis on forage programs as part of the Grain and Forage Center of Excellence and the continued need for the same in Eastern Kentucky, the timing just seems right.” “About a year ago, Jimmy told me he would like to resume working directly with forage and livestock producers,” said Nancy Cox, dean of the College of Agriculture, Food and Environment. “He has provided great leadership for extension for the past 10 years. I understand his desire to return to the field and know that he will bring great passion to his new role as he did while leading extension.” The search for a new leader will begin after a review of the Cooperative Extension Service is complete later this spring. In the interim, Gary Palmer, UK assistant extension director for agriculture and natural resources, will oversee operations and specialists and agents working in family and consumer sciences, community and economic development, agriculture

and natural resources and 4-H youth development. “We are very fortunate to have Gary Palmer serve in this interim role,” Cox said. “Gary has served extension in an exemplary manner and will provide stability as well as progressive ideas for continuing that service.” As extension director, Henning emphasized local advisory councils, strong county programs and the value of a close connection between counties and campus. He led a team which improved infrastructure at 4-H camps, increased the security of county programs funding and improved campus/county communication and collaboration in programming. Henning and his team brought a greater emphasis to diversity and inclusion in staffing and programs and brokered a new level of partnership with Kentucky State University. This greater collaboration between UK Cooperative Extension and KSU will produce stronger county programs with greater breadth. He also led the process of giving counties a greater voice in the selection process for agents. Henning, a 27-year veteran of the Cooperative Extension Service, has also represented the college and the university in national roles, including chair of the national level Extension Committee on Organization and Policy. Henning was selected by his peers to receive the Southern Region Excellence in Extension Leadership award in 2015.

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


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Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association KY-New Family Ad.indd 1

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Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


UK to Offer Hands-On Wheat Field School BY KATIE PRATT he University of Kentucky Wheat Science Group will offer a series of hands-on trainings during this growing season as an in-depth educational opportunity for experienced wheat producers, crop advisers and farm managers. The first session of the Wheat Production Field School is March 8 at the UK Research and Education Center in Princeton. During the school, participants will learn how to identify and treat challenges that occur during the greenup period. Some of the topics UK College of Agriculture, Food and Environment specialists will discuss include how to assess freeze damage, the impact of ryegrass root depth on the productivity of certain soils and symptoms of herbicide injury due to tank contamination and application timing. The school costs $60 per session. To register for the March 8 session, visit https://www. Preregistration is required, as the class is limited to 30 people per training. Lunch is provided. Continuing education credits are available for Certified Crop Advisers and pesticide applicators for the March 8 session. Certified Crop Advisers can get credits in the following areas: 2.5 each in soil and water and crop management and one in pest management. Pesticide applicators can receive three general and one specific hours in continuing education. The UK Wheat Science Group will host a second field school April 26 at UKREC that will cover issues prior to flowering and a third training in the fall about pre-planting decisions. More information on those two trainings will be available at later dates. The schools are funded in part by the Kentucky Small Grain Growers Association.


Get your fescue pastures in grazing shape this spring. If you have tall fescue pastures, consider an early season herbicide application to both control weeds and lessen the harmful effects toxins found in tall fescue seedheads have on your cattle. Ingesting these toxins leads to a condition called fescue toxicosis, which can cause — among other things — reduced weight gains, poorer conception rates and rough hair coat in beef cattle. An early spring application of Chaparral™ herbicide provides broad-spectrum weed control, while at the same time suppressing toxic fescue seed heads. When applications of Chaparral are timed for optimum seedhead suppression, they will control winter annual weeds and other early season broadleaves, as well as many woody plants. For best results, Chaparral herbicide should be applied at a rate of 2.0 ounces per acre plus 0.25 percent nonionic surfactant. Apply as early as three weeks prior to seed head emergence and as late as the early boot stage, with later applications preferred over earlier applications. Following this pasture treatment plan has shown an increase in average daily gains in stocker cattle of between 0.33 and 0.62 pounds per day, as well as a 9 percent to 18 percent increase in pregnancy rates, with heavier calves (17 to 55 pounds/head) at weaning.

However, just as you can expect to see a difference in the appearance and performance of your cattle when you effectively manage fescue toxicosis, you can expect to see a change in your pastures, too. The early application timing somewhat intensifies the effect Chaparral has on tall fescue. You will see grass yellowing, which can last at least a couple of weeks. Also, because production of these mostly unpalatable stems and toxin-laden seed heads will be suppressed — the result is a noticeable change in the appearance of tall fescue pastures and a reduction in pasture biomass. However, tall fescue pastures treated with Chaparral for seedhead suppression keeps tall fescue leafy and maintains forage quality longer through the season, and fescue will begin growing at a normal rate three to four weeks after application. For more information about spring treatments or Chaparral™ herbicide, contact your local ag-chem dealer, Dow AgroSciences sales representative or county weed department, or visit www. JEFF CLARK 615-295-9620 •

Label precautions apply to forage treated with Chaparral and to manure from animals that have consumed treated forage within the last three days. Consult the label for full details. Trademark of The Dow Chemical Company (“Dow”) or an affiliated company of Dow. Chaparral is not registered for sale or use in all states. Contact your state pesticide regulatory agency to determine if a product is registered for sale or use in your state. Always read and follow label directions. ©2016 Dow AgroSciences LLC R35-371-001 (12/16) BR 010-58591 DARPCHAP6051-P4_A3


Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


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UK helps producer renovate hayfield

BY KATIE PRATT hen Anderson County livestock producer Mike Wilson bought a 60-acre hayfield in Franklin County, he knew he had a lot of work in front of him. The previous owners had let people cut hay for nearly 30 years without putting any nutrients back into the ground, which meant the existing grass stand was a mixture of Kentucky 31 tall fescue and weeds. As he worked on improving the ground’s nutrients, Wilson knew from attending a University of Kentucky grazing school that he also wanted to renovate his field with a novel endophyte tall fescue variety. Novel endophyte tall fescue varieties differ from traditional Kentucky 31 tall fescue in that they do not contain the endophyte that causes fescue toxicosis, a potentially fatal disease affecting many types of livestock, including cattle and horses. Wilson sought advice from UK College of Agriculture, Food and Environment forage extension specialist Ray Smith, Tommy Yankey, Anderson County agriculture and natural resources extension educator; and Glen Aiken, director of the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Forage-Animal Production Research Unit, which is housed in the college. “UK has been a tremendous help for me in providing information and answering questions that I’ve had,” Wilson said. “Glen Aiken was also a big help. This spring, he was talking about pulling some samples from my grass and checking the alkaloid in it to see how it’s performing.” Wilson also applied and was accepted for a USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service cost-share program. The program helped offset the costs of renovating the existing grass stand into a novel endophyte tall fescue. Several years after he planted the novel


Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

FEATURE endophyte variety, he’s seeing positive results. “I think my cows are doing better on it,” said Wilson, a cow-calf operator. “It seems like they maintain their weight better. They come out of the winter with a body condition score of 5 usually. It seems like they just hold their body condition better through the winter on this hay.” Novel endophyte tall fescue varieties have been on the market for several years, but have not been adopted by many Kentucky farmers. In the fall, producers will be able to get seed from Lacefield MaxQ II, a UK-developed variety. To help more farmers learn how they can renovate their tall fescue fields with a novel endophyte variety, UK has partnered with the Alliance for Grassland Renewal to host a Tall Fescue Renovation Workshop March 9 at UK’s Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory and Spindletop Research Farm. Wilson is among the producers scheduled to speak at the event. “Good management is essential, particularly with new varieties like Mike has,” Smith said. “Mike has excellent production. I feel great about a stand like the one he has. Mike has taken the effort to get it established, and he’s going to have it for many more years to come.” Smith has talked with farmers across Kentucky about the benefits of novel endophyte tall fescue varieties, and Yankey has encouraged other farmers in his county like Buddy Smith to make the switch. Buddy Smith reseeded a field this past fall with a novel endophyte variety and is anxious to see the results. “Sometimes it’s hard for the farmer to get over the initial cost of the seed, but after they see the grazing and hay benefits and how well the livestock clean up the forage in the winter months, most have had no problem saying it was good investment,” Yankey said. “We think we are seeing increased gains on the novel endophyte fescues. We certainly know that our cattle are maintaining body condition well through the winter months feeding on novel endophyte varieties.” More information about the Tall Fescue Renovation Workshop is available on the UK forage extension website Ag/Forage/.

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Tim White · 3664 Military Pike · Lexington, KY 40513 · 859-509-5401 · Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Is Forage Quality that Complicated? Glen Aiken



Research Animal Scientist/Agronomist USDA-ARS FAPRU

was fortunate to take a course in graduate school, Forage Quality and Utilization, which was taught by one of the forage quality gurus, Dr. John Moore. On the first day of class, he passed out index cards and had us write our name and definition of forage quality. I wrote that the quality of a forage is dependent on its capability to meet the crude protein and energy requirements of all classes of cattle. He said the cards would be passed back to us on the last day of class to see if our definitions had changed. On that last day, he decided to pick on me by having

me read my definition. After reading my first definition, he asked, “Mr. Aiken, have you changed your definition of forage quality.” I answered, “Dr. Moore, after taking this class I am not certain what the definition of forage quality actually is.” He fired back, “You just made an “A.” The true definition of forage quality is based on performance of the cattle when the forage serves as the major source of nutrients. A high-quality forage is expected to maintain cows in good body condition and facilitate high milk yields and weaning weights. Post-weaned calves have average daily gains above 2 pounds per day and much higher for those with the genetic potential. Depending on the physiological status of the cattle (3rd trimester of pregnancy, lactation, etc.), feeding a moderate quality forage may require supplementation with

concentrates or co-product feeds. A lowquality forage is generally regarded as reliable in meeting the maintenance requirements of dry cows. Of course, you need an estimate of forage quality before the forage is fed Taking a bite of some good-quality sorghum-sudangrass. or grazed; Picture taken by Tommy Yankey, Anderson County Ag Agent. otherwise, how do you know if, when, or how much nutrient digestible energy (total digestible supplementation is required to meet nutrients or digestible dry or organic a production goal. We typically use matter) and crude protein as estimates

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Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


of forage quality. These are the critical however, is extremely useful because the nutrients, but it is not just the density index can provide an estimate of forage of these nutrients in a given forage that quality and the nutrient analysis can be predicts forage quality. Rather, it is used for ration formulation. To determine the need for a protein the amount of intake of the required nutrients that matters. How can you supplement, crude protein values can be know the dry matter intake before a compared with a requirement for crude protein for your given class of animal. forage is fed or grazed? Most service laboratories that Indigestible and rumen un-degraded analyze forage nutrients will provide protein are also informative, but that is a Relative Feed Value and/or Forage a different discussion. Nutrient analyses are valuable and Quality Index. Relative Feed Value provides an index of feed value relative needed when hay is being fed as a to full bloom alfalfa. The calculation primary source of nutrients, but what is based on digestible energy, estimated about a grazed forage when the sample from the acid detergent fiber content, is collected at a given time point and and a predicted dry matter intake. the nutrient content of the forage would Forage Quality Index is calculated from have changed by the time the analysis is total digestible nutrients and a predicted received? I think a periodic sampling of dry matter intake. Both account for an established pasture forage is helpful intake, but neither can be used directly if your knowledge of the forage’s quality in formulating rations. potential Waukaru_Clear Focus Including 2/10/17 7:25 AM Page 1 is not understood. You should know your forages and these indices with a nutrient analysis,

have an understanding of a number of factors: 1) quality potential of the forage species and cultivar, 2) the growth distribution of the forage, 3) when growth is vegetative and relatively higher in quality and when the forage is mature and of less quality, 4) growth and crude protein of the forage in response to nitrogen fertilization or overseeding with high-quality clovers, and 5) use of rotational stocking with stocking densities that can optimize pasture utilization without over- or under-grazing. As discussed, quality of a forage will be dependent on both nutrient densities and intake. In a pasture setting, the availability of forage is a major contributor to forage quality. For example, fertilized and overgrazed pastures in the early growing season can have a lush green appearance that indicates a high density of energy and

protein. This is true; however, the cattle will not consume enough of the forage to meet their requirements. Undergrazing will result in ample supply of forage, even though there can be a large amount of growth that will be unutilized and wasted. Depending on the forage, nutrient requirements can potentially be met, but there can be consumption of low-quality plant tissues, particularly with the tall warm-season bunch grasses. Grazing management to maintain the quality potential of grazed forage must target a utilization of pastures that control accumulation of mature forage and provide residual pasture heights to promote regrowth. Next month, I will discuss the quantities and fractions of forage crude protein and how they relate to meeting animal requirements.

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association





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Record Attendance in Nashville as NCBA Members Elect New Officers


he 2017 Cattle Industry Convention and NCBA Trade Show wrapped up with the election of Nebraska cattleman Craig Uden as the organization’s new president. More than 9,300 people attended this year’s convention, shattering the previous record of 8,200, to engage in grassroots policy process, hear from industry experts and attend the expansive tradeshow. Attendees enjoyed live music all week and closed the convention with a night at the Grand Ole Opry. Kevin Kester of Parkfield, Calif., was voted to serve as NCBA president-elect. Jennifer Houston of Sweetwater, Tenn., will serve as vice president. Jerry Effertz of Velva, N.D., is the new Federation chairman and the new Federation vice chair is Dawn Caldwell of Edgar,

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Neb. The new NCBA Policy Division chairman is Joe Guild, Reno, Nev. and Jerry Bohn of Pratt, Kan., is the new policy vice chairman. Uden, a fourth-generation cattleman from Elwood, Neb., said he is proud to lead the organization. “It is an honor to be selected to lead the industry that my family has worked in for four generations,” Uden said. “We have a great opportunity in the coming year and sharing our story on Capitol Hill and around the country is going to be top priority.” Uden is a partner in Darr Feedlot Inc., a commercial cattle feeding operation in central Nebraska. Craig and his wife, Terri, also own and manage a commercial cow-calf operation. In addition to electing the new

officer team, NCBA members voted on new and expiring policy issues, and set policy priorities for the organization that will direct the efforts of NCBA in Washington D.C., and elsewhere. “The coming year is going to be a huge one for the cattle and beef industry from a policy standpoint,” Uden said. “We are facing unprecedented change in Washington D.C., and we’re going to work tirelessly to make sure our producers’ voices are heard in Washington on important issues like tax reform, regulatory relief and international trade.” As president of NCBA, Uden will lead the organization’s policy work and oversee efforts as a contractor to the Beef Checkoff Program. To learn more about the organization visit the website: www.

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Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Insider Shares Political Realities at Record-Breaking Cattle Industry Convention


ctions of the new administration are like “a dog on ice chasing a marble,” Dana Perino told an audience at the 2017 Cattle Industry Convention and NCBA Trade Show in Nashville, Tenn., Feb. 3. “You have to expect the unexpected.” Perino spoke to many of the more than 9,000 cattlemen and women at the event – a record number of attendees for any cattle industry convention – at Friday’s general session. The previous convention record was in Nashville in 2014, at just under 8,300. Renowned ag broadcast journalist Max Armstrong emceed the event, and introduced National Cattlemen’s Beef Association incoming president Craig Uden of Nebraska. Uden briefly

AG-KY Cow Country News-TurnKEY 916.indd 1

visited with Armstrong about his vision for the organization and the industry. High Fidelity, a Nashville a capella singing quartet sang patriotic songs to open and close the event. Perino was the press secretary for President George W. Bush for seven years and is now a panelist on The Five, which airs daily on the Fox News Channel. Her exposure to the Washington scene brought an insider’s knowledge as keynote speaker at the general session, which was sponsored by Laird Manufacturing. Having grown up in Colorado and Wyoming, she said she felt “right at home” in front of the audience of thousands of cattlemen and women. Perino said the recent presidential election was unique. The odds of

getting an inside straight are 254 to 1, she told the audience, and those are the kind of odds Trump beat to win the presidency. “It was a hard hand to play, and he played it perfectly,” she said. While Hillary Clinton won the popular vote, she didn’t win states she needed, including Pennsylvania, Michigan and Wisconsin. For two years she didn’t visit Wisconsin, Perino said, and she should have listened to her volunteers in the state, instead of her statisticians, who said the state was safe. According to Perino, cattle producers should work to make sure they “get in front of the administration as much as possible” on things like trade. She suggested giving away the upper hand in trade to China through

destruction of the TPP was not a good idea, but “he (Trump) can change his mind.” “Government doesn’t work just like a business,” she said, adding that she hoped “things would settle down for them.” Donald Trump “thrives on chaos,” according to Perino. At some point, however, things will get calmer “or the chaos will take over.” Perino was also confident that the nomination of Neil Gorsuch to the country’s highest court would be successful. “Mark my words,” she said, “he will get confirmed to the Supreme Court.” More than 350 exhibitors featured their wares and services on more than seven acres at the NCBA Trade Show, which wrapped up Friday, Feb. 3.

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


10/4/16 3:30 PM


Commodity Price Stabilization Expected in 2017


fter a volatile year, stability is returning to global commodity markets, at least for the time being, said CattleFax CEO Randy Blach this morning during the popular CattleFax Outlook Session at the 2017 Cattle Industry Convention and NCBA Trade Show. “After the ag market shocks of the past year and an approximate correction of 50 percent in all commodity markets, prices are beginning to stabilize,” said Blach. “That doesn’t mean that we’re past this, or that prices have bottomed, but on a global basis, we’re not likely to see as much volatility during the year ahead.” He said the industry is continuing to become more current in its marketings and cattle feeders are seeing a return to profitability, the

first step in helping to stabilize prices for cow-calf and stocker operations. Blach said that in the near-term, capacity is going to continue to be a significant issue for packing companies in both the beef and pork sectors. A shortage of available labor and an increase in protein production in beef, pork and poultry will continue to keep the packing sector in the driver’s seat during the year ahead. “With limited processing capacity, the leverage shift in the marketplace will continue toward the packing, retail and foodservice segments for the time being,” said Blach. During 2017 and beyond, margins are likely to tighten for cow-calf producers with more stability but also an expectation for lower highs and lower lows. CattleFax analysts noted that the cow-calf sector will shift focus

to finding efficiencies, reducing cow costs and improving productivity to remain profitable. Analysts estimated 2017 price expectations for 550 pound steers at $150 per hundredweight (cwt.) with a range of $130-170/cwt. while 750 pound steers will average $130/cwt. with a range from $120140 during the year ahead. Blach reported that the historical cattle cycle remains intact, although the price break experienced in 2016 was the fastest and deepest of any in recent history. “Even with the rapid growth in the U.S. cow herd, numbers are expected to continue higher for the next twoto-three years,” said CattleFax Senior Analyst Kevin Good. “Absolute price lows likely will not be realized until that period of increasing cow herd numbers is behind us.”

Good echoed the expectation for prices to stabilize during 2017, making price and production risk management an easier task for producers. He said fed steer prices will average $110/cwt. with a range of $98-$124/cwt. and the composite Choice cutout will trade from $168 to $204/cwt. with a 2017 average price of $185/cwt. for the year. Grain prices have also stabilized and corn is projected to trade from $2.90-$3.95 per bushel with an average of $3.45 per bushel. Meteorologist Art Douglas, professor emeritus at Creighton University, said the signs of a return to El Nino conditions are already becoming apparent in the Pacific Ocean, which bodes well for portions of the country.

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Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



NCBA’s Stockmanship and Stewardship Partners with Boehringer Ingelheim Vetmedica, Inc.


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Candy Sullivan: (859) 338-0170 Rob Milburn: (859) 255-9483 58

hanks to one of the country’s leading animal health companies, a successful program that helps cattlemen become better animal handlers will reach new heights in 2017. The National Cattlemen’s Beef Association (NCBA) is growing and enhancing the already successful Stockmanship and Stewardship program with support f rom Boehringer Ingelheim Vetmedica, Inc. Beginning this year, Stockmanship and Stewardship will be increasing the number and scope of events that are held across the country to reach cattlemen in all corners of the United States. Cattle producers will notice a renewed focus and increased effort around the hands-on cattle handling demonstrations. Attendees will have the opportunity to learn through new opportunities and redesigned educational events that can improve their bottom line. “We are proud to support NCBA on this important educational program,” said Steve Boren, executive director of the U.S. cattle business for Boehringer Ingelheim Vetmedica, Inc. “We’re passionate about animal well-being and helping protect the future of the cattle industry. Using animal health products correctly and judiciously is part of that solution, and we believe the education producers receive at these events will be very valuable.” The S toc kmanship and Stewardship program will be led by clinicians Curt Pate and Ron Gill, who have hosted educational events at past NCBA Trade Shows

in the Trade Show Demonstration Arena. Pate has been conducting demonstrations and clinics for more than a decade and will continue to entertain and educate audiences with his personal stories and innovative mindset. Gill is a renowned stockman and animal scientist for Texas Agrilife Extension who captivates the attention of cattlemen with his credibility as a rancher and ability to relate to his audience. While local events will still be offered, the enhanced Stockmanship and Stewardship program will be featuring new multi-day events that are sure to attract cattlemen and women from a larger region at a central location. These new events will include a suite of educational opportunities for cattle producers, including sessions with local extension representatives, industry leaders, and government agencies. “ With a variety of new opportunities for cattlemen and women,” said Chase DeCoite, associate director of Beef Quality Assurance for NCBA, “the Stockmanship and Stewardship program is making its way as a ‘must attend’ venue. It will serve as a location to learn from the best in the cattle industry, as well as providing networking opportunities for attendees with fellow producers that are applying these innovative strategies on their own operations.” For more information and to find an event near you visit, www.

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



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Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Cattlemen’s College Opens Cattle Industry Annual Convention


ducation was the focus for the first days of the 2017 Cattle Industry Convention and NCBA Trade Show, with more than 1,250 cattlemen and women on-hand for the 24th edition of Cattlemen’s College, sponsored by Zoetis Animal Health. The event has become the gold standard for educational seminars with more than 15 educational sessions focused on providing opportunities for participants to improve the profitability, productivity and ultimately the sustainability of their farms and ranches. “The focus of Cattlemen’s College is to provide real-world solutions and ideas that participants can take home and apply to their operations. The information that panelists are

providing at this year’s event will provide ideas that can be applied right away,” said Josh White, NCBA executive director of producer education. “We have an impressive array of speakers representing every segment of the beef community. With five different educational tracks, participants can focus on their specific areas of interest. From changing consumer attitudes to topics focused on succession planning and specific animal management information, each session was developed to help move our industry ahead.” The Cattlemen’s College event began Tuesday afternoon with two sessions, “Turning Loss into Gain: Managing Risk to Improve Fertility,” featuring Alison Van Eenennaam,

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Ph.D., and Megan Rolf, Ph.D., who presented new research on cowherd fertility and its impact on profitability. A concurrent session featured Kent Andersen, Ph.D., who examined the use of genetic tools for building more productive cowherds and adding value to feeder and fed cattle. Cameron Bruett, head of corporate affairs for JBS USA, spoke to a packed room about the changing consumer expectations for beef. He emphasized the need for every segment of the beef supply chain to better understand their customers to meet the needs of a changing industry. He also emphasized the significant challenges posed by competing proteins, an uncertain political environment and its impact on labor in the United States. “Today, it’s very difficult to find someone to work in a packing plant,” said Bruett. “Much of our labor force is comprised of first-generation immigrants and they’re great people, but we still face significant turnover and unplanned absenteeism among our work force, and that makes it difficult to run a business. Ultimately, it makes it difficult to get our product out the door. That impacts the cattlemen and women who depend on the packers to supply beef to the consumers. The bottleneck in our industry isn’t in the number of animals any more. The bottleneck is a labor shortage in the plant, and it’s a major problem.” Bruett, who has played key roles in the beef sustainability movement, also spent time defining beef sustainability and illustrating the importance and benefits of the industry’s path of continuous improvement. “There are a lot of labels out

there, but those labels aren’t about sustainability,” said Bruett. “Those labels are about a production practice, but sustainability is much more than any single production practice. In order to evaluate the sustainability of the product, the profitability, social and environmental aspects must be considered equally. Something may be good for the environment, but if it’s not also profitable, then it’s not sustainable. “There’s a great deal of concern that there’s going to be a mandate about practices, but that’s not what sustainability is about; it ’s about the end product. If that product is profitable, contributes to the social landscape and has positive environmental benefits, then it becomes sustainable,” Bruett said. That message resonated with the 200-plus collegiate Cattlemen’s College participants in attendance at this year’s event. “It’s encouraging to see so many college students in attendance,” said White. “These students represent the future of the beef industry and I’m proud that we’ve been able to put together an event that is providing them with information that they will be able to take forward and apply to their future careers. Ultimately, Cattlemen’s College is designed to benefit and improve our industry and I’m confident that these collegiate participants will help to create a bright future for our industry.” Presentations f rom the 2017 Cattlemen’s College will be available online after Feb. 17. Cattlemen and women who were unable to attend the event in Nashville can take advantage of this online option at:

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Grassy Valley Angus

24th Annual Production Sale Saturday, April 1st, 2017 • Noon • Greeneville, TN

Selling 130 Lots!

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Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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oyotes have become common place across all of Kentucky and most of the US over the last several decades. They have become so common that there is no doubt in my mind that all of you reading this article have seen one at some point in your pasture or maybe along a road as you were driving. Being the predator that they are, and now a top predator across much of their range with the loss of wolves and cougars in the Eastern U.S., they have a reputation for causing issues with livestock, row crops, and backyard chicken flocks. But does this mean that every coyote you see is a problem that needs to be dealt with? This is the first article of a two-part series that will cover the basic biology and behavior of coyotes with part 2 discussing different management strategies for those who are experiencing issues with these animals. It is important to cover some of the biology of the coyote because understanding how they tick can play a major role in the decision making for your land when it comes to control.


The coyote (Canis latrans) is the largest of the 3 canid species present in Kentucky, the red and grey foxes being the others, with adult coyotes averaging between 25-45 lbs. The species is incredibly adaptable to its surroundings, being found throughout North America

and even as we speak it is expanding its range into South America. Originally it is believed to be a prairie species prior to European settlement but has expanded to fill the gap that opened with the loss of wolves across much of their range. They are very successful

in human dominated landscapes, being found at high densities both in rural areas and in cities like Los Angeles and Chicago. Coyotes can survive up to 12 years in the wild but most will not make it to 6-8 years old, especially in populations that are hunted or trapped.

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


In reality, most individuals in those populations will not even survive their first year of life. Opportunistic is the best word to use when describing coyotes. They will consume a wide variety of foods from dead animals they find, to foraging on some items that cause issues like watermelons, sweet corn, to a more active strategy of hunting rabbits, mice, voles, and occasionally young or sometimes even adult livestock. Where present, they are not against dumpster diving or searching through landfills to make sure they have something in their bellies. They will consume anything that they think will help keep their, or their pups belly’s full. Speaking of pups, they will mate in February and March each year and have a litter in April or May. Usually coyotes are 2 years or older when they start to breed but healthy pups are able to breed their first year. These litters can range in size from 5-8 pups but can get as large as 13. Litter size is usually linked to food availability. The more food available, the more mouths that can be fed by mom and dad. These pups will stay with their parents until late summer and then they potentially will leave to establish their own home range 20 or 30 miles away or maybe not….. Recent research with the advances in technology of GPS equipment has shown there are multiple types of behaviors in coyotes when they are adults. The first one that most people are familiar with is they will establish a home range they will mark and defend from other coyotes, generally with their mate for that year. These animals are usually the older and healthier individuals making them capable of defending their territories. The second behavior is individuals will wander around and through various controlled territories waiting for one

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Cont’d on pg. Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


l a u n n A h 26t


Southeast Red Angus Association

Grasstime Auction Saturday • April 1, 2017

1 p.m. • Central Time | Cullman Stockyards, Cullman, Alabama

Selling 100 Registered Lots Cow/Calf Pairs | Bred Females | Heifer Calves | Excellent Bull Selection | Embryos and Semen


Statement Regarding Comment Extension of GIPSA Rules WASHINGTON (FEB. 6, 2017)


tatement by Colin Woodall, NCBA Sr. Vice President of Government Affairs, on the recent announcement to extend the comment period until March 24 for the USDA’s Grain Inspection and Packers and Stockyards Administration (GIPSA) rules: “This is a positive sign and we are hopeful that this action indicates that President Trump and his staff are listening to their constituents and are keenly in tune with the needs of the U.S. cattle industry. For years we have called on the administration to reconsider the proposed rules, which would have a devastating impact on the US livestock industry. By allowing additional time for substantive comments, we believe the agency intends to give this proposal the necessary analysis and consideration that was so lacking in the previous administration.”

Don’t miss the opportunity to reach over 20,000 Kentucky cattlemen in the April

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Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

issue of Cow Country News! Call Jacob or Carey at 859-278-0899!


Cont’d o

He wants it all.

pg. 3

to become open. The last identified behavior is similar to the second but these individuals never establish a true territory and roam around for most of their lives. Animals in all of three of these behaviors have been found to select similar habitat types for their movements, hunting, and resting. This means when a coyote dies and opens up a territory, it does not take very long for other coyotes to recognize and fill in the gap. So the big question now is why I just wasted your time reading about the life history of an animal that most people who are involved in agriculture and/ or hunting don’t like, well it’s because of those behaviors, that sometimes, the best thing to do is to leave the darn animals alone. It may sound counter intuitive; a predator in the area is going to do what it knows how to do, kill and eat, but give me a second to explain. There are two key things to remember, 1) the healthier a coyote is the more pups it has and 2) it does not take much time for coyotes to fill the void in the landscape left by a dead coyote. So let’s say you have some adult coyotes set up shop on your farm, and there are coyotes everywhere in Kentucky so you already have some on your farm. They are healthy and good at what they do, eating a lot of mice and voles. They have not caused any issues because they are the ones that were successful at hunting and have survived long enough to acquire and defend a territory so they know how to find enough food to eat. Now something happens to those coyotes and the territory becomes vacant. A younger pair coyote fills the void, one that may not be more than 1 year old. These coyotes may not be as skilled in hunting like the older coyotes were because they are less experienced. This means they may start searching for alternative food sources that can start

causing problems for you and your farm. They will look to take advantage of anything they can, which may mean taking a closer look at those newborn calves as they walk through your pasture or maybe your chicken flock, sweet corn patch or backyard garden. Now this is a very simplified example. There is a lot that goes into what is happening on your farm with wildlife. But what we do know is that predator control is complicated. Simply going out and killing coyotes to reduce the population has not been shown to help reduce conflicts over the long term. What ends up happening is the local population drops for a short period of time, decreasing competition for the coyotes that are still alive. This means they become healthier and produce a lot more pups the following year potentially even raising the number of coyotes higher than it was previously. That means a lot more inexperienced hunters looking for food in the area. There has been a lot of research into coyote control recently relating to white-tailed deer fawn survival in the Southeast. Scientists have removed large numbers of coyotes, reducing populations by half or more in large several thousand acre areas. Even when putting in thousands of dollars and hours and hours of labor they have not been able to reduce the overall coyote population for more than a few months or improve fawn survival. With this being said, the best advice I can give you is if you are not having a problem on your property with coyotes don’t create one. If you are having a problem, try to target those individuals causing it. Search for ways to make things a little more difficult for them and generally they will try to find an easier food source. In part two of this series, I will cover the different ways you can deal with coyotes that are causing issues.

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Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of(c)-Cow the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association AHA 4.625x9.5 4c Country News.indd 1


8/4/16 4:15 PM


Strong Finish for 2016 Red Meat Exports; New Volume Record for Pork UNIVERSITY OF KENTUCKY .S. pork and beef exports wrapped up an excellent 2016 performance with very strong December results, according to statistics released by USDA and compiled by the U.S. Meat Export Federation (USMEF). Pork export volume reached a record 2.31 million metric tons (mt) in 2016, up 8 percent year-over-year and 2 percent above the previous high in 2012. Export value increased 7 percent from a year ago to $5.94 billion. December pork exports totaled 222,635 mt, up 18 percent yearover-year, valued at $564.2 million, up 20 percent. Exports accounted for 25.8 percent of total 2016 pork production and 21.5 percent for muscle cuts – up from 24.2 percent and 20.8 percent, respectively, in 2015. December ratios were 28 percent for total production and 23 percent for muscle cuts only – up significantly from December 2015. Export value per head slaughtered averaged $50.20 in 2016, up 4 percent from the previous year. The December average was $56.06, up 24 percent. Beef exports increased 11 percent in volume (1.19 million mt) and 1 percent in value ($6.34 billion) from 2015. December exports totaled 116,847 mt, up 24 percent year-over-year. This was the largest monthly volume since July 2013 and the largest ever for December. Export value was $619.1 million in December, up 22 percent. Exports accounted for 13.7 percent of total beef production in 2016 and 10.5 percent for muscle cuts – up from 13.1 percent and 10 percent, respectively, in 2015. December exports accounted for 15.6 percent of total December beef production and 12.1 percent for muscle cuts only – each up more than 2 percentage points from a year ago and the highest since 2011. Export value per head of fed slaughter averaged $262.17, down



6 percent from 2015, but the December average was $301.97 – up 14 percent and the highest in nearly two years.

Pork to Mexico sets fifth straight volume record; China/Hong Kong also record-large

A remarkable second half pushed 2016 pork export volume to Mexico to its fifth consecutive record at 730,316 mt – breaking the previous record by 2 percent. Export value to Mexico totaled $1.36 billion, up 7 percent year-over-year and the second-highest on record, trailing only the $1.56 billion mark reached in 2014. “At this time of record-large pork production, it would be hard to overstate the importance of Mexican demand to the U.S. industry,” said Philip Seng, USMEF President and CEO. “This is especially true for hams, as we are locked out of Russia – once a large destination for U.S. hams – and China’s demand for imported hams has moderated in recent months. So now more than ever, we need strong demand from our key customers in Mexico, and they have responded with extraordinary results. December exports to Mexico accounted for nearly $16 per head, and that’s absolutely critical to the entire U.S. pork supply chain.” Though down from the high levels seen earlier in the year, December pork exports to China/Hong Kong were still up 40 percent year-over-year in volume (47,242 mt) and 42 percent higher in value ($96 million). For the full year, exports to China/Hong set a new volume record of 544,943 mt (up 61 percent) and broke the $1 billion mark for the first time ($1.07 billion, up 53 percent). Other 2016 highlights for U.S. pork exports include: •Japan remained the leading value destination for U.S. pork, though exports fell 5 percent in volume (387,712 mt) and 2 percent in value ($1.56 billion) compared to 2015. However, chilled exports to Japan set a new record of

218,211 mt, up 8 percent. •Led by a record performance in Central America and a fourth-quarter surge in Colombia and Chile, exports to the Central/South America region increased 11 percent in volume (135,954 mt) and 9 percent in value ($334.5 million). •Pork shipments increased to both Australia and New Zealand, as export volume to Oceania reached 69,963 mt (up 10 percent) valued at $197.3 million (up 3 percent). •Exports to the Dominican Republic set another record in 2016, topping the previous year’s totals by 10 percent in volume (25,591 mt) and 6 percent in value ($56.4 million). •Fueled by increases in China/Hong Kong and Canada and steady exports to Mexico, pork variety meat exports jumped 20 percent in volume to 523,199 mt and 24 percent in value to $999 million – just short of the record levels reached in 2014.

Asian markets drive strong beef export growth

Driven by strong demand for highervalue chilled cuts, beef exports achieved new value records in South Korea and Taiwan in 2016, and rebounded strongly in Japan. In Korea, December beef exports soared by 81 percent in volume (20,333 mt) and 88 percent in value ($130 million) from a year ago, capping a remarkable year in which exports totaled 179,280 mt (up 42 percent) valued at $1.06 billion – up 31 percent from a year ago and breaking the previous value record by more than 20 percent. Korea’s per capita beef consumption set a new record in 2016 of 34 pounds (carcass weight) – so the U.S. not only gained market share, but also capitalized on the market’s overall growth. Beef exports to Taiwan were also strong in December, with export value ($43.3 million) hitting its highest level ever. Full-year exports to Taiwan were up

25 percent in volume to 44,053 mt and 14 percent in value to $362.8 million. 2016 exports to Japan were the largest of the post-BSE era at 258,653 mt, up 26 percent year-over-year. Export value totaled $1.51 billion, up 18 percent. Chilled beef exports to Japan totaled 112,334 mt, up 44 percent from 2015. “In addition to the strength of the U.S. dollar, U.S. beef overcame other severe challenges in these north Asian markets and achieved remarkable results,” Seng said. “Despite facing higher tariff rates in Japan compared to Australian beef, U.S. beef displaced its competition and won back significant market share. And the investment the U.S. industry made to rebuild consumer confidence in Korea is paying tremendous dividends, especially in the retail sector. We’re seeing U.S. beef featured regularly by retailers who were once reluctant to carry the product.” Other 2016 highlights for U.S. beef included: •Beef exports to Mexico increased 7 percent year-over-year in volume to 242,373 mt, though value fell 11 percent to $974.9 million. While challenged by a weak peso, Mexico remains a key destination for muscle cuts such as shoulder clods and rounds, as well as for beef variety meat. •Led by strong growth in Chile and a doubling of exports to Colombia, beef exports to South America increased 6 percent in volume to 22,810 mt, valued at $92.7 million (down 2 percent). The region should see further growth in 2017 with the reopening of Brazil. •Exports to Central America were up 7 percent in volume (12,745 mt) with top market Guatemala up 1 percent and exports to Honduras nearly doubling. Export value was $71.8 million, up 1 percent. •Fueled by a resurgence in Indonesia and solid growth in Vietnam, beef exports to the ASEAN region were up 41 percent

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


19th Annual in volume (29,920 mt) and 15 percent in value ($156.9 million). Indonesia expanded access for U.S. beef in early August. Despite being closed to many products through the first seven months of the year, U.S. exports to Indonesia set a new value record of $39.4 million. •Beef variety meat exports increased 10 percent in volume (341,433 mt) and 4 percent in value ($902.2 million) in 2016. Liver exports increased 12 percent to 81,727 and reached a broader range of markets. While liver exports to Egypt – the largest destination for U.S. livers – increased 4 percent, further growth was achieved in Central and South America and with the reopening of South Africa to U.S. beef.

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Lamb muscle cut exports continue upward trend

Although U.S. lamb exports were down in 2016, this was largely due to a sharp decline in variety meat exports. While total exports fell 11 percent in volume (8,248 mt) and 4 percent in value ($18.4 million), muscle cut exports increased 26 percent (2,239 mt) and 16 percent ($12.3 million) respectively. Leading market Mexico followed a similar pattern, as variety meat exports declined significantly, but muscle cut exports increased 9 percent in volume (965 mt) and 1 percent in value ($2.8 million). Emerging markets showing promise in 2016 included Bermuda, the Philippines, Vietnam and the United Arab Emirates. Complete 2016 export results for U.S. beef, pork and lamb are available from USMEF’s statistics web page. Monthly charts for U.S. pork and beef exports are also available online. Export statistics refer to both muscle cuts and variety meat, unless otherwise noted. One metric ton (mt) = 2,204.622 pounds.



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Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Can Cattle Be Finished on Pasture in Kentucky


an beef cattle be finished efficiently on pasture here in Kentucky? That was a question that I and another extension specialist at the University of Kentucky had six years ago when corn prices were soaring to unprecedented levels and feedlot finishing costs were high. The two of us had just started raising stocker cattle together in Woodford County and had also been involved in an extension program helping producers get started with pasture-finished beef production. Wanting to see how theory and practice might match up, we decided to keep four steers that would have otherwise been sold that fall, and hold them for an additional year to see how well we could get them to finish. That first year in 2012 had mixed results after making some common mistakes. We learned from that first season however, and the following year, in 2013, we adjusted our management and had impressive results: We finished six animals, four that we direct marketed and two that we sold to our processor. The average liveweight was 1245 pounds, the average carcass weight was 776 pounds, which equated to a dressing percentage of 62%. All four of the animals that were graded (the ones that were direct marketed) hit low Choice marbling grade. Since then, our dressing percentage has averaged right around 60% and we are consistently hitting 50-60% low Choice marbling grade. This has been done with a 100% pasture and hay feeding protocol. We are not on row-crop soils. The farm is in southern Woodford County where shallow soils are the norm, and is representative of typical livestock farms in central Kentucky. So to answer the initial question, yes, beef cattle can definitely be finished efficiently on pasture in Kentucky, but with the caveat that it will take good management skills. Pasture management in particular is critical. Typical pasture management that will work adequately for a cow-calf operation will not work well for finishing. However, if you can 68

Winter Hay Feeding raise stocker cattle purely on pasture and average around 1.5 lbs/day gain for an entire grazing season, you should be able to make the transition to finishing without too much trouble. We have found that our finishing steers (yearlings) gain about .25 lbs/day more than our calves do during the grazing season. While I would never advise someone to try to finish cattle on a pure or mostly fescue pasture, a fescue-based pasture that has a good mix of other forages can work well if managed correctly. White and red clovers can be successfully frost-seeded

into most Kentucky pastures. With good grazing and clipping management they will generally compete well again fescue and other grasses until soil nitrogen levels are built up to high levels. With improved soil fertility, bluegrass will start to compete with the fescue, especially in the spring and early summer. We regularly broadcast perennial ryegrass, orchardgrass, and this year festulolium in addition to clovers in areas that were beat up from winter grazing and hay feeding. This all helps dilute the fescue content of the pastures. Annual lespedeza and

crabgrass (annuals) and johnsongrass (perennial) are warm season forages that can be of tremendous benefit in diluting fescue during July and August when cool season forages slow down. Pasture and grazing management are generally more important than forage species. In general, you will need to allow finishing animals to be much more selective in their grazing compared to brood cows and even stocker cattle. The more predominant fescue is in the pasture,

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Cont’d on pg.




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Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


FEATURE Cont’d o


the more selective they should be. There is an art to grazing management for finishing cattle. They need the absolute best forage quality. If forced to clean up too much in a particular area, their gains will suffer. However, leaving too much grass may lead to reduced forage quality on the next rotation. Finishing cattle on pasture will take good planning skills as well as patience. Pasture-finished cattle will not grow nearly as quickly as they would in a feedlot, and if you try harvesting one at 16-18 months of age you will likely be disappointed with both the quantity of usable meat as well as the quality of that meat. A common mistake is being overly optimistic when estimating expected pasture gains for finishing cattle. From experience, I can tell you it is a lot easier to finish a steer on paper compared to on pasture. What may work well for 2-3 months in controlled conditions may

not work quite as well when you need to put on 600-700 lbs of continuous gain on an animal. In addition, in virtually all pasture-finished markets, implants will not be an option. This will reduce gains by 8-15%. The only systems that I have seen that can reliably finish cattle in 16-18 months are in the Deep South on winter annuals where they have ideal growing conditions during the winter and there is no heat stress. Grain supplemented feeding is an entirely different story. For a 100% pasture-forage protocol on perennial pasture, we have found that spring-born calves finish well in mid-June to mid-July when they are roughly 26-28 months old. Fall-born calves finish well from early September to mid-November when they are 24-26 months old. These are for Kentucky conditions and other regions may have different optimal timeframes. Again, this assumes extremely good grazing management. You can use the “Pasture

Finishing Worksheet for Beef Cattle” tool to help plan your production system available at: AgEcon/pubs/BeefPastureFinishing.xlsx Since you will likely be keeping calves 24-28 months, winter feeding will be necessary. Our calves gain somewhere between .5-.75 lbs/day over the winter. While this is definitely not going to put on marbling during the winter months, our strategy is to put on both the bulk of the gains and the marbling when it is cheapest, during the grazing season. Use compensatory gain to your advantage. The only study I have been able to find that evaluated growing cattle over two pasture seasons was in the 1939 Yearbook of Agriculture (USDA). This study found that although the difference in gains between the high and low winter treatments was 130 lbs, the final weight difference at the end of the second grazing season was only 37 lbs. Thus the cattle that gained slower during the winter gained 72% of the difference

back during the two pasture seasons. It is much cheaper to harness the power of compensatory gain and put on gains while on pasture. Although genetics are important in any cattle enterprise, there is often too much emphasis put on genetics with pasture-finishing enterprises, with a corresponding lack of emphasis on pasture and cattle management. Good genetics combined with good management will work better than premium genetics combined with belowaverage management. Calves that come from cow herds that have thrived solely on pasture and average quality hay will likely finish well on pasture. Conversely, calves from cow herds that can only make it through winter with moderate amounts of grain feeding would not be good candidates for grass finishing. Some people in the grass-finishing community believe that only certain breeds and small frame-sized cattle will work well for pasture finishing. We

KY-TN Performance Tested Bull Sale

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Also selling over 75 high quality bred heifers from these producers: Andy Bishop, Coxs Creek, KY, 502-275-6177 Kevin Jewell, Cave City, KY, 270-646-8619 James Tharp, 270-369-7222 Hammer Head Cattle Co., Randy Smoot, Campbellsville, KY, 270-789-9317

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Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

FEATURE have not found this to be the case. Our preference for finishing is English breeds (Angus and Black-Baldie crosses in particular), but we have successfully finished Continental types to low Choice marbling grade. While small-framed cattle may be a little bit easier to finish on grass, we actually prefer medium to medium-large framed animals. They are almost always more profitable than our small-framed animals even after adjusting for reduced purchase and production costs. Local markets exist for both a grainon-grass and pure pasture-finishing approach. Both typically pay nice premiums over conventional feedlot finished beef. With a grain-on-grass approach, you can get by with lower quality pasture and still get as good or better gains as with a pure pasturefinished approach. For many cattlemen this may be the best option. Your markets will play the biggest role in determining which approach is needed. If customers

mainly want a “local” product that is antibiotic and hormone free and are fine with some grain feeding than the grainon-grass approach may work best. Marketing is usually the biggest hurdle for most finishing operations. A wholesale market where you sell finished animals to a processor are sometimes available (at a reduced sale price), but most often you will have to sell your product as freezer beef (i.e. quarters, halves, or whole) or retail (by the cut). Refer to the publication at the end of this article for details on marketing. There was a lot of volatility over the last six years with calf prices and fat cattle prices so determining profit based on rising and falling markets where you keep animals for two years can be misleading. If I hold the market constant (assume animals were hedged on the market they were bought on) profitability was at least twice the profit per animal per year (adjusted for the longer period held) compared to our stocker cattle. This is assuming

selling directly to our processor where we don’t have to do any marketing. The profit potential on the direct-marketed animals is considerably higher, but you also need to weigh this with the additional time, effort, and headaches you will have dealing with customers. One of the biggest impacts on profitability is having a fully finished animal. The most common mistake that I see is trying to finish a spring-born calf on pasture before its second winter. It will be about 18 months old and will likely be 900-1000 pounds. Yes, you will have additional costs to winter one more season and then keep on pasture for three more months, but that same animal will weight around 1250 pounds and will generally yield 150 additional pounds of wrapped meat. If you are selling that at or near $5/lb you will be far ahead profitwise by waiting. Harvesting an 18 month-old steer on pasture is like cutting a 16-inch diameter walnut tree. If you waited another 10-15

years it would likely be 20-inches in diameter and hit veneer quality. You gain in both volume and quality with both the tree and the steer. The main difference is that you only have to wait another 6-7 months with the steer. Unfortunately, I see the former happening time and time again. One of the most important attributes necessary to be successful in finishing cattle on pasture is learning to work at nature’s pace. The UK extension publication, “Producer’s Guide to Pasture-Based Beef Finishing”, is a 45-page guide that goes into much greater detail on pasturebased finishing and is available at your county extension office or at: http:// ID224.pdf Greg Halich is an Associate Extension Professor in Farm Management Economics for cattle, forage, and grain production at the University of Kentucky. He can be reached at Greg.Halich@uky. edu or 859-257-8841.

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



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Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Noon • Saturday

MARCH 25, 2017 Fayetteville, TN 100 BULLS SELL!
















+119 +161.62 Milk




+.51 $W










+62 +76.74

+110 +134.44

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+29 3/30/15 • Reg. 18185574 Plattemere Weigh Up K360 x GAR Objective 2345



DEER VALLEY UPSIDE 5435 Lot 11 4/29/15 • Reg. 18187585 Sitz Upward 307R x GAR Objective 2345


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+74 +81.09 YW



+29 9/14/15 • Reg. 18506883 VAR Discovery 2240 x SJH Impression of 6108 1614 A full brother to MGR Treasure!








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11 Fred Clark Lane • Fayetteville, TN 37334 Owners: Fred and Rinda Clark – Kim Clark Jonathan Perry • Cell: (931) 703-6330 General Manager: Jonathan Perry • Office: (931) 433-1895 Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Saturday, March 25, 2017 • 1:00 PM ET Chenault Ag Center • Mt. Sterling, KY

Selling 45

Gelbvieh & Balancer Bulls 45 Sixteen To Eighteen Month Old Bulls Red, black & homozygous black bulls Gentle G Mr Captain 18C This homozygous black Watchman son sells

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Selling 35

Gelbvieh & Balancer Females Donor Prospects Spring Cow/Calf Pairs Fall 3-in-1 Pairs Bred Heifers Show Heifer Prospects

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Mr. Fortune 557C ET This homozygous black, Carolina Fortune son sells


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Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

BQA Certification Now Free, Online, 24/7


ou read the head line right. The checkoff ’s Beef Quality Assurance (BQA) certification is now always FREE online! It’s a new interactive online experience that beef and dair y producers can sign up for and complete at their convenience. W hy BQA? Because it tells consumers that you have a commitment to delivering a product that is backed by sciencebased standards. Certification also addresses many questions that consumers have about beef production. BQA ensures consumers that cattle producers are committed to responsibly raising, safe, wholesome, high quality beef. “It only takes a few hours of watching modules and answering questions, but serves as a checklist for producers to make sure they are using the latest management practices,” says Josh White, Executive Director of Producer Education for the beef checkoff. “We have seen time and time again how consumer confidence is positively affected when BQA standards are followed, and producers have shown their commitment to producing quality beef by being BQA-certified.” So whether you need to get certified for the first time, or recertified, do it today! It’s always f ree!


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Bulls of the Bluegrass Sale

April 1, 2017


These 4 bulls and many others like them will sell in the Bulls of the Bluegrass

WHF DYNASTY C372 Purebred Simmental Tattoo C247 C38 C013 C372 C224 C015 C353 C221 C426 C876 D001 D002 D240 D39 D004 D005 D595

Birth Date 8/27/2015 8/30/2015 9/12/2015 9/16/2015 9/18/2015 9/20/2015 9/20/2015 9/21/2015 10/4/2015 12/2/2015 1/3/2016 1/6/2016 1/27/2016 2/10/2016 3/2/2016 3/3/2016 3/15/2016

WHF DYNASTY C426 Purebred Simmental


DAM 247A 38A U8035 372Z 224Y T024 351W 221Z 426W 876A T024 R240 240A 39Z 245S 245S 595Y

BW 78 60 87 76 80 86 80 85 81 74 75 80 90 74 72 76 86

WW 800 687 760 821 746 808 883 781 734 748 723 668 824 836 762 752 745

WHF TOP TEN C247 SimAngus 3/4 Blood

WHF LUTTON C015 SimAngus 1/2 Blood YW 1160 1076 1116 1238 1112 1135 1292 1181 1145 -----1116 1058 1098 1229 1200 1113 1107

CE 13.3 15.8 7 11.7 13.3 11.8 11.5 10.3 10 7.7 13.6 11.4 6.9 10.7 17.3 17.3 10.2

BW 0.1 -1.1 1.6 0.8 -0.5 -0.3 1.9 1.8 0.7 0.5 -0.1 0.2 3.5 0.8 -2.3 -2.3 2.1

WW 68.1 56.8 66.9 78 66.5 54.9 87.8 75.5 72.8 53.5 65.6 66.5 85.3 79.3 63.6 63.6 81.8

YW 105.2 92.5 100.7 117.1 106 79.6 130.5 123.6 104.7 79.3 106.4 100.4 128.2 118.7 94.1 94.1 125

MM 19.7 24.5 23.7 22.8 22.2 22.6 16 24.4 16.6 21.8 26.1 19 15.8 13.2 10.3 10.3 10.3

API 147 143.8 136.9 132.7 137 131.5 139.8 123 134.6 111.8 132.3 135.3 126.4 125.1 132.8 132.8 133

TI 76.9 71.8 76 81.2 75.9 67 86.6 76 77.6 64.3 73.2 73.3 80 76.1 71.4 71.4 82



Homo polled hetro black Homo polled Homo polled and black Homo polled hetro black Homo polled hetro black Homo polled Homo polled and black Homo Polled hetro black Homo polled and black Homo polled and black Homo polled Homo polled Homo polled Homo polled Red Homo polled Red Homo polled Homo polled

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Messages from Providence to urge him up off the ground. When the calf didn’t respond, I could tell he was not going to try to get up and nurse on his own without some more encouragement, so I decided to bring him some colostrum supplement. Back at the house, I washed out an esophageal tube feeder and a bottle, using a wire whisk to blend half a bag of the very high-fat colostrum powder into a bowl


Sunday February 19, 2017


rom a distance, through the foggy early Sunday morning air, I could see that a new calf had been born, and knew it to be at least ten days early. This was a young cow, B4, and she had given birth not long before. The calf was still wet. The cow had obviously done a good job so far, had calved without assistance, licked the calf clean, and was standing over it, lowing softly. Cover crops and stockpiled fescue had fed our cattle throughout the winter of 2015-16, and we had planted cover crops again in the autumn months of 2016, hoping for a similar winter. Sadly, almost no rain had fallen from midAugust through much of December. 76

The seed was slow to germinate, and spotty, and did not grow much until true drought-busting rains in January. To our dismay, we had already found an even more premature calf a couple of weeks before. If these calves had gone full term, both would have been born in a nice clean paddock of rye, just beginning to reach grazing height in the field to the north of our house. Both of them were A. I. calves from calving ease bulls, born instead in a ten-acre sacrifice paddock south of our house, where we have had to feed hay all winter as a result of the long months of drought. Calving in such a place is an invitation for health problems among baby calves. We know that. Too often, we have discovered, calving ease is the result of a hereditary short gestation period. Every gain

contains some loss. We prefer to use homebred bulls as much as possible because they are well adapted to the peculiar microclimate here at the mouth of the Ohio River. But in a herd as small as ours, usually around a hundred cows, that isn’t always possible. As I approached the pair, the B4 cow let me know that my presence was barely tolerable, snorting a little, shaking her head. I checked for the calf ’s sex—a little bull calf—and slipped on by, leaving them alone while I checked the rest of the herd and went searching for another cow I had expected to calve first. Still nothing from her. The new calf didn’t get up while I was away. Though B4 gave another little snort and shook her head, the cow didn’t seem to mind too much when I came back by and rubbed her calf a bit, trying

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

of warm water. While there, I also sent a text message to our young minister to pass along to my husband Toby, who teaches a Sunday morning class at our church in LaCenter, five miles away, to let him know why I would probably be late—if I to should happen to make it to church at all. Taking the bottle of colostrum and the empty tube-feeder back to the field, I approached the pair quietly. The calf barely noticed me. The cow however, was obviously suspicious of my motives. I intended to try to trigger the calf ’s sucking instinct before resorting to the tube feeder. When this young cow again snorted at me—a little tentatively at first, seeming mostly curious about what I was doing—I wasn’t very surprised. As a young calf, B4 had been more flighty than most of our calves, not as trusting. But she had calmed down as a bred heifer, to the point that I could tell no difference in her behavior. She blended in with the rest of the herd. Until today, that is. Keep in mind, as you read on, that I have been working


4th Annual Sale closely with this herd of gentle and thoroughly domesticated Hereford cows for forty years now. I helped my husband raise this heifer’s mother, and I was on site within hours of the birth of all seven siblings of B4, and all four of her grandparents. I knew every animal in this heifer’s pedigree well, and I knew the genetics behind her even better. The maternal great-greatgrandmother of B4 was 501U, the most productive cow we ever purchased, a Hereford Dam of Distinction that we bought at age eight in 1994. She calved every year, until time to sell her at age eighteen, with a total of 33 calves in the Hereford record books including embryo progeny. Old 501U and all of her tribe had been as gentle as lambs for us. The paternal granddam of B4 was E46, also a Hereford Dam of Distinction. When E46 calved for the first time, she also was protective of her newborn. But not like B4. In fact, in all my years of tagging baby Hereford calves—a few thousand of them—I have rarely been threatened. Calm, gentle dispositions have always been a hallmark of our herd, and in fact of most Hereford cattle, if their caretakers have handled them gently. Over the years, I’ve been badly injured several times by horses, and by trucks, and by cattle of other breeds, but never by a Hereford. For the first twelve years of our marriage, while we tried to make our living from a small farm, we took our children to the pasture without fear. Then, while Toby worked as a teacher until full retirement, I stayed on the farm during every calving season, learning all facets of pasture and cattle management, unafraid to work alone with our cattle. I was their caretaker, and the many members of our long-standing herd were my teachers. Over the years, working with them taught me more about Providence than I ever learned Cont’d on pg.

April 8, 2017 11 a.m. • Michie, TN Tex Rita 5426


SJH Complete of 6108 1564





Sire: Basin Payweight 1682 Dam: Rita 1C43 of 9M26 Complete Selling half interest in Rita 5426 the powerful and exciting full sister to the most talked about bull of the fall season, Playbook 5437. Rita 5426 sells due 9/18/17 to VAR Rubicon 5414.

DRMCTR 1I1 Rita 6108


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a T m

r th

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c e “ o Sire: SS Objective T510 0T26 Dam: GAR 1407 New Design 2232

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Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


FEATURE Cont’d o


from any book—yes, any. I should have known better than to trust this particular first-time mother. Her maternal instincts were even stronger than most. Prying the little calf ’s mouth open, I managed to squirt a swallow of colostrum on his tongue to whet his appetite. Beside me, I heard this shy heifer blow out her breath as she found the courage of her convictions. Glancing at her face, I could read the sudden fury in her eyes: “My calf is none of this woman’s business!” When instinct took over, B4 did more than threaten, she took me completely by surprise. She charged suddenly and in earnest, snorting and bawling as she lowered her head and took aim directly at me. Before I had time to back away, B4 had knocked me off my feet. I landed hard on my back. My head


slammed against the ground, and as I looked up, I saw the cow lunging toward me again, determined to do whatever she could to get me away from her baby. I lifted my right foot toward her face as it loomed over me, slamming the heel of my boot between her eyes as hard as I could, and roared at the top of my lungs. Providence stepped in. Thankfully, B4 was as surprised by my reaction as I had been by hers. Adrenaline quickly lifted me, still roaring, to my feet, and the cow backed up, stepping on her calf ’s leg. When he bawled in pain, her attention quickly focused on her baby and she, again thankfully, forgot all about me. With the bottle of colostrum still in my hand, I scrambled away, picked up my bucket, and limped back toward our house, wincing as I stepped over the electric fences. Determined to be a lot more cautious on my second try, I used the tractor to carry a portable

electric fence wire and some step-in posts back to the field with me. Like all our cattle, B4 had learned respect for electric polywire fences from the time she was a few months old. Meanwhile, Toby had returned a little early from church, changed his clothes and helped me with the tasks of building the temporary fence to separate the cow from the calf, and trying to feed him a bottle. The calf did not respond to the bottle at all, and we resorted to the esophageal tube feeder to get about half of the bottle of colostrum supplement directly to his stomach. And then we gave both of them a break to let Providence take over. During the afternoon, I began writing this account of the days events. As the day progressed, the fog dissipated, the clouds rolled away, and the sun shone down. Providence brought warmer temperatures as the calf rested and gained strength. Our daughter brought

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

our two grandsons to our house for a visit. As Toby returned from his chores, Papa took over hospitality and Grandma went back to the field to tend to the calf. As I repeatedly helped the new baby calf stand up, persuading him to suck from the bottle, I could see grandsons riding bicycles on the driveway in the distance. Cy, the four-year-old, has been helping me tend to a bottle calf at the barn, and has already learned to identify several pasture plants, including some forbs and grasses that human instruction tells us we should regard as weeds. In our situation last autumn, we were grateful for the wide diversity of so-called weeds and forbs— Johnsongrass and crabgrass, dock and boltonia, for example—that saved our herd and kept them in good shape, even fattening them in preparation for winter. Meanwhile the cool season grasses that Cont’d on pg.

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


FEATURE Cont’d o


normally take over after frost languished in summer’s long-enduring heat and drought. As has often happened in the past decade, drought ravaged fall pastures before frost came to trigger cool-season grasses. Last fall, with help from the practice of managementintensive grazing and grateful acceptance of the blessing of those so-called pasture weeds, Providence stepped in to feed our cows. So what exactly is Providence? I looked in many dictionaries, and gleaned these meanings that seem most pertinent to what I have just recorded: prov·i·dence n 1. prov·i·dence or Prov·i·dence: a caring power perceived as guiding humankind 2. wisdom and direction believed to emanate from that higher power 3. good judgment and foresight in the management of resources, issues, situations, or responses to certain occurrences or life events. It’s that third definition that puts some of the responsibility for Providence on our own shoulders. When I checked on that bull calf this morning, he was up walking around, following his mother, who remains highly suspicious of me. She wouldn’t allow me to get close enough to see whether the calf had nursed. He was very vocal, however, and she turned to check on him every time he bawled at her. Maybe Providence will take care of this pair from this point on, but I’ll need to be watchful today, observant, and adapt my schedule to theirs. It won’t be easy, because this is President’s day. School isn’t in session, and we’ll have both grandsons in our care all day long. Adaptation is a day-by-day process. Though skyscrapers and climatecontrolled meeting rooms may insulate many city-dwelling Americans these days from the effects of the weather, human farmers and livestock producers can’t ignore the persistent fact that diversity is the way and the will of God and nature, or that living things 80

are subject to changes in weather and climate—not under human control. People are, of course, slow to admit that any of the daily weather records or disasters we are now facing are our own responsibility. When farmers, ranchers and their leaders learn the necessity of

environments and to the demands of their work requirements with minimal human intervention, or that developed at the hands of humans using breeding techniques that follow the “survival of the fittest” mode. Such animals are not commonly or reliably available at

adapting our human ways to work with Nature, not against—or with Providence, according to the will of Nature—we and the domesticated livestock and the fertile living soils that can continue to sustain our good health only if we allow them to do so—will be more likely to survive the upcoming challenges of climate change. During the late 1990s, I began keeping journals, hit and miss accounts. Each year’s journals have covered a few more days of the year, getting more detailed, and a little more reflective. Following is a passage from my 2012 journal written during the worst drought in memory:

the local livestock sale barn, but are the product of long, patient and careful selection. Landrace herds are families of animals within a breed that have developed, adapted and evolved in a specific locale to a point at which they are well suited for the peculiarities of the environment where they live, having changed to meet the environmental challenges of that particular place, including the extremes of weather and climate, the types of forage species available, and human management, among other things. The single-minded goal of high performance livestock has never worked here in this place for this herd, in our unique local market. In order to produce cows that will thrive under adversity, we have not given in to the common temptation to help them along with supplements and extras that do not grow from the ground. For a registered herd of cattle the temptation to do so has been very strong at times, but except for one year, 2002 [our only public auction} our cow herd has not received corn or any other supplemental feed in the nearly fifty years of the herd’s existence. [Today, the herd has endured for 52 years.] Add to adaptation the requirement

Landrace Breeds

As new weather records of one kind or another are set every year in our part of the country, the adaptability of our livestock to our climate poses even more of a day-to-day challenge, even for cattle that have been selected, born and raised here for many generations. This herd can (so far, at least) respond and adapt because it is a landrace herd, specifically adapted to this particular place in America’s wide transition zone. Landrace livestock breeds are those that have adapted well to specific regional

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

of consistent production of quality meat, and we find that long personal experience is our best tool for selecting which breeding stock animals will work best on our land, in our climate, to produce the best quality food for our local customers. Observation tells us which breeding animals last the longest here. Longevity is the best measure of success within a given environment under natural conditions. Our customers—both cattlemen who purchase bulls and beef buyers— often respond to their purchases by telling us which animals they have found most pleasing. In this way, our landrace herd provides a measure of success that no computer model or other technology can match. We adapt our breeding plans and select which bulls to use in the herd according to which cows and families of cattle have proven most successful here in a wide variety of ways. For that reason, our breeding plans don’t often pay much homage to breed EPD numbers. Do we participate in our breed performance program? Yes, but only because it provides a basic frame of reference for us and for our seedstock customers. EPDs oriented toward feedlot performance do not provide enough information to help us produce better local grass-finished beef. In its present state, the technology of computerized record-keeping doesn’t accurately reflect the reality of which cattle work best to produce beef on forages in the natural world of weather and pastures. Research published back in 1979 supports landrace selection, comparing the performance of different lines of Hereford cattle in the “dissimilar climates of Brooksville, FL and Miles City, MT, from 1961 through 1975,” has told us that Hereford cattle developed in Florida adapted better in Montana than vice versa. Today, with this in mind, we know that using A.I. bulls is a gamble here. A.I. bulls bred and developed in the Dakotas or even in the highlands of Virginia may not work well in our herd here at very low altitude near the mouth of the Ohio River.

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Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


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Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Producer Support of Checkoff Softens, But Remains


n independent survey of producers found 69 percent continue to approve of the Beef Checkoff Program. Importantly, the more producers know about the program, the more supportive they are. The survey also found that producers are generally more optimistic about the cattle industry than they were a year ago. “We’ve all experienced a very challenging year, both within the industry and in other aspects of our lives,” says Jo Stanko, Investor Relations Working Group (IRWG) co-chair. “That ’s why we’re not surprised by a decline in support for the checkoff,” said the Steamboat Springs, Colo., producer. “But it is heartening to see producers becoming more optimistic about the future.”

The random survey of 1,252 beef and dairy producers nationwide was conducted by the independent firm Aspen Media & Market Research in late December 2016. The survey found that while support of the checkoff is down from a year ago, a substantial majority of beef and dairy producers continue to say their beef checkoff is a good value: •76 percent of producers say the beef checkoff has contributed to a positive trend in beef demand, •73 percent of producers say the beef checkoff has value even when the economy is weak, •66 percent of producers say the beef checkoff contributes to the

profitability of their operations, •67 percent say the checkoff represents their interests, •58 percent believe the checkoff is well-managed. “Although most indicators have declined in the past year, 76 percent say ‘if producers don’t promote beef through the checkoff, nobody else is going to pay to promote it’,” says Stanko. “This tells me producers believe in what our checkoff is accomplishing, believe in the programs their investments support, and believe that they have control over their own future through the Beef Checkoff Program. That’s even more reason to be actively engaged

and learn, then share, what your checkoff is doing.” The key priority of the working group is to develop strategies that communicate checkoff-funded program results, educate, and build relationships with checkoff investors to gain a better understanding of the Beef Checkoff Program, says IRWG co-chair Kristin Larson, a producer f rom Sidney, Mont. “One way to start becoming more engaged with your checkoff is to read the 2016 Beef Board Annual Report.” A summary of the Producer Attitude Study research findings is available online. For more information about your beef checkoff investment, go to

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Contact Us Today! Derek Woods - 859-588-5416 or Toll Free - 877- 547-4738 Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association




Check out what the Kentucky Junior Cattlemen’s has to offer!


The Kentucky Junior Cattlemen’s Association is involved in many activities throughout the year. These activities help all the members get involved in knowing each other and learning more about the beef industry.


KJCA Leadership Camp - June 9-10 Kentucky Beef Ambassadors* - June KJCA Summer Field Day & Back to School Social - August 5 KJCA/KDA Fall Classic - October 6-8 KJCA Legislative Session - October

Kaitlin Fouts

REPORTERS: Bradii Walton

KJCA Directors

*Sponsored by the Kentucky Beef Council

Directors At Large: Andrew Milam, Noah Gifford, Luke Trapp, Will Blaydes

Activities of the Junior Cattlemen are always being added! Check out the KJCA webpage at under the Youth Activities tab and follow KJCA on Facebook and Instagram (search KY Junior Cattlemen’s Association) to get information on upcoming activities and events. In addition, be sure to read the Junior Cattlemen’s page in Cow Country News for recaps of past events.

REGION 1 Nolan Pettit & Austin Cole REGION 2 Julia Scott & Hannah Sharp REGION 3 Kelby Tucker & Zach Day REGION 4 Spencer Paul & Jessica Conn REGION 5 Leslie Craig ADVISOR Brandy Graves 84

 If you are interested in joining the Kentucky Junior Cattlemen’s Association, complete and return with $10 membership fee to: Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association 176 Pasadena Dr. • Lexington, KY 40503 Name:____________________________________________________________ Address:__________________________________________________________ City:_______________________________ State:_________ Zip:_____________ County:____________________ Recruited By:____________________________ Phone: (______)________-__________ Cell: (______)_______-______________ E-mail:____________________________________________________________ Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Mid-South Stocker Conference coming March 1 BY AIMEE NIELSON he ever-changing beef industry ebbs and flows with the weather, market prices, fuel and other input costs. With the added influence of external forces such as national and world politics, economics, animal rights and consumer perceptions, beef producers have much to manage and overcome to turn a profit. The 2017 Mid-South Stocker Conference aims to help stocker operators turn these challenges into opportunities to produce and market feeder cattle as efficiently as possible. Beef specialists from the University of Kentucky College of Agriculture, Food and Environment and the University of Tennessee will host the conference March 1 at the Manchester/ Coffee County Conference Center in Manchester, Tennessee. Participants who register by Feb. 20 will pay $50 for individuals, $80 per couple or $30 for students. After Feb. 20, rates rise to $65 for individual tickets or $100 per couple and $45 for students. Participants can take part in a trade show during the lunch hour. Additional details and the conference program are available online at http:// For more information, contact Lehmkuhler at 859-257-2853, jeff.lehmkuhler@uky. edu. Online registration is available or participants may mail registration and payment to The University of Tennessee, attn: Darlene King, 2506 River Drive, 254 Brehm Animal Science Building, Knoxville, TN 37996.

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State and National Beef Promotion and Research Programs Information is required by 7 CRF 1260.201. Failure to report can result in a fine. Information is held confidential per 7 CRF 1260.203.

Today’s Date


Seller’s Name

B u y e r ’s Name

A d d re s s

A d d re s s

C it y

S ta te

Z ip

N u m b e r ( if k n o w n ) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

C it y

Seller’s S ig n a t u r e

S ta te

Z ip

B u y e r ’s Signature

Both the seller & the buyer are responsible for making sure that the $1 per head assessment is collected and remitted to the Kentucky Beef Council.

D a te o f S a le

* S t a te o f O r ig in

T o ta l N u m b e r o f C a ttle S o ld :

$ 1 .0 0 p e r H e a d F e d e ra l C h e c k o ff X

P e r s o n r e m ittin g f o r m :

S e lle r

$ 1 .0 0 p e r H e a d S ta te C h e c k o ff B u y e r

T o ta l C h e c k o ff P a y m e n t fo r F e d e ra l a n d S ta te = =

P h o n e N u m b e r:

*If the cattle purchased came from another state within the last 30 days, indicate from which state the cattle were purchased.

S e n d R e p o r t a n d R e m itta n c e t o :

F o r a d d it io n a l in f o r m a t io n :




Kentucky Beef Council 176 Pasadena Drive Lexington, KY 40503 email

According to the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, an agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to respond to a collection of information unless it displays a valid OMB control number. The valid OMB control number for this information collection is 0581-0093. The time required to complete this information collection is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination in all its programs and activities on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, disability, and where applicable, sex, marital status, familial status, parental status, religion, sexual orientation, genetic information, political beliefs, reprisal, or because all or part of an individual's income is derived from any public assistance program. (Not all prohibited bases apply to all programs.) Persons with disabilities who require alternative means for communication of program information (Braille, large print, audiotape, etc.) should contact USDA's TARGET Center at (202) 720-2600 (voice and TDD). To file a complaint of discrimination, write to USDA, Director, Office of Civil Rights, 1400 Independence Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20250-9410 or call (800) 795-3272 (voice) or (202) 720-6382 (TDD). USDA is an equal opportunity provider and employer.


Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

FEATURE Cont’d o

Join Us for Our 39th Annual Wye Angus Sale

pg. 3

• Dose treatments




“To help preserve the options we have, it’s important to use parasite control products according to label, and to avoid under- or over-dosing them,” said Ensley. Managing “refugia” is a relatively new approach to tackling the issue, Kaplan said, and many producers may not understand it or be aware of its benefits. Refugia is the concept of leaving some internal parasites unexposed to a dewormer, essentially giving them refuge, and thereby reducing the drugresistance selection pressure caused by the dewormer. It can help slow down the development of resistance. Successful implementation of refugia may include: • Not deworming all cattle when there are few parasite larvae on the pasture. In the South, this would be during the hottest part of the year, and in the North, during the coldest part of

the year. • Only deworming incoming cattle and leaving resident cattle untreated during extensive dry periods, when infection is low. • Not using the same class of dewormer on resident cattle repeatedly. • Not using a dewormer and then moving immediately to a clean pasture, as this will contaminate the new pasture with only resistant parasites. • Not deworming at least 10 percent of the animals, known as “selective non-treatment.” “For the selective non-treatment strategy to work, it’s critical that for the 90 percent you are deworming, the drug you use is highly effective,” Kaplan cautioned. Also think about the advantages of available tests—a coproculture (technique of allowing parasite eggs to hatch and identify species of parasite involved) to identify which species you’re fighting, and a fecal egg count reduction to help determine how successful your program really is.

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Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Cat�le Histor� in Kent�cky BY NIKKI WHITAKER


y 1800, Kentucky was well underway to becoming a prosperous and populous state. In the short time since declaring statehood in 1792, central Kentucky was celebrated for their cultivations in tobacco and hemp, and their quality of livestock. The importation of Shorthorn cattle to the region made vast improvements on the domestic livestock already in Kentucky. The English bloodline brought into the bluegrass increased the weight of a four year old bull 25 to 30 percent and improved the quality and quantity of milk in cows. This was a great gain to the cattle herds of Kentucky. Four bulls; Mars, Pluto, Buzzard, and Shaker, who were purchased directly from the Miller and Gough Company imports of England, all lived in Kentucky at some point in their life. These bulls are credited with producing many animals whose pedigrees have been recognized and recorded in the earlier volumes of the American Herd Book. Mars has long been recognized as the first purebred bull brought to Kentucky. He was brought to Clark County by Matthew Patton in 1790 accompanied with a Shorthorn cow named Venus. Mars was described as being red in color, with a white face and rather heavy horns, yet smooth and round in form. Venus produced two bull calves to Mars, and soon afterwards died. Mars produced many calves on the native cows in Kentucky for the then “very exorbitant service price” of $2. When Matthew Patton died in 1803, Mars was sold to a Mr. Peeples in Montgomery County, where he lived out the remainder of his life until his death in 1806. In 1803, Daniel Harrison, James Patton and James Gay, also from Clark County, bought a two-year-old bull from the Miller and Gough Company. This bull, named Pluto, was a direct line of the “milk breed”


Shorthorns from England. He was described as being dark red color, large in size, with a small head and neck, short horns, small-boned, and heavily fleshed. Pluto was bred mostly in Matthew Patton’s herd, and with his pedigree, produced high quality milk cattle. He was taken to Ohio in 1812 and died soon afterwards. In no time, the cross-bred descendants of Mars and Pluto had made their way to Fayette County. In 1810, Captain William Smith of Lexington purchased a bull called Buzzard. He was coarser, larger, and taller than Pluto, but not so heavy. He, unlike his predecessors, proved to be no advantage to the stock of the county. The Shorthorn crosses off Mars and Pluto were furnishing a better basis for breeders, but they were surprised when Buzzard’s issue were course and slow to mature. It was discovered that he was of mixed blood, being by a Shorthorn bull (the sire of Pluto) and out of a Longhorn cow…not Shorthorn as stated in the American Herd Book. Lastly, in 1811, the Pleasant Hill Society of Shakers bought a “milk breed” bull from the Miller and Gough Company and brought him back to Mercer County. The bull, named Shaker, was used some years both by the Pleasant Hill Shakers and Union Village, Ohio Shakers and afterwards sold to a Mr. Welton and Mr. Hutchcraft of Kentucky. As hard as your author has tried and tried to research, she is still uncertain as to whether Shaker was coincidently named before or after he arrived into the Shakers of Pleasant Hill. From these animals, brought to Kentucky before 1817 and crossed on the native cattle, emerged the “Patton Stock”. It is clear that the large opportunities for improving livestock in the state were fully seized by these early cattlemen who had the foresight to do so.

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Capturing the Economic Benefits of Hybrid Vigor in Beef Production Systems Gordon Jones


WKU Animal Science Professor (Retired)


here is undisputable research evidence documenting the economic advantages that hybrid vigor can contribute in beef production systems. However, mating systems or breeding programs for capturing hybrid vigor have been problematic, particularly in smaller herds of cattle like many in KY. As mentioned in my February article, essentially all poultry and pork products are produced by capitalizing on the concept of maximizing hybrid vigor. In the beef industry, negative attitudes about crossbreeding have occurred for several reasons. It is informative to look at major trends in the beef industry that have resulted in the failure of cow/calf operations to take full advantage of the benefits of hybrid vigor. It should be pointed out that prior to the introduction of the Charolais breed to the US, the accepted norm was that “better” farmers had purebred livestock, and farmers with crossbred or nondescript livestock were generally considered “less progressive” farmers.

Early Results of Using Charolais and Others Continental Breeds When the Charolais breed began to gain popularity in the 1960’s, the tremendous growth rate of the Charolais crossbred calves resulted in widespread use of the breed for crossbreeding. In fact, it is fair to say that the Charolais breed was 90

responsible for changing the trend f rom the small “belt buckle” size cattle that had been so popular for 2 or more decades to larger framed, growthier cattle. Although cattle producers appreciated the growth rate of the Charolais crossbred calves, the increased dystocia and reproductive problems that were encountered became a major issue among producers. These experiences clouded the understanding of the real advantages of hybrid vigor. Most producers thought the major advantage of hybrid vigor was growth rate, but much of the growth advantage realized was an additive genetic effect and not hybrid vigor. In the late 1960’s and early 1970’s, several other Continental European breeds were introduced into the US. These new “exotic breeds” (Simmental, Limousin, Gelbvieh, Chianina, Maine Anjou, etc.) experienced the same dystocia and reproductive problems as occurred previously with the Charolais breed. Therefore, these experiences contributed to further development of negative opinions about crossbreeding.

Role of Zebu or Bos Indicus cattle in crossbreeding programs The degree of hybrid vigor obtained when crossbreeding is a function of genetic differences between the breeds being crossed. Research data clearly shows that a much higher level of hybrid vigor is obtained when common European or Bos Taurus breeds are crossed with Brahman, a bos indicus breed. In the early 1980’s in southern KY, there were many introductions of Brahman appearing bulls. In 1982, on a trip f rom Bowling Green, KY to Scottsville, KY (25 miles),

I observed 15 Brahman bulls in pastures with cows. These Brahmanlooking bulls became very popular because of the tremendous hybrid vigor the farmers were witnessing with the Brahman crossbred calves. However, in December of 1983, there was an unusually cold period when the temperature fell to below 0°F. A few of those bulls simply froze to death; others had their scrotums or other loose flaps of skin frozen to the ground. Within a 6-month period, almost all those bulls were gone. Many farmers had experienced another major disappointment with crossbreeding.

Certified Angus Beef The Certified Angus Beef (CAB) program which required black coat color was introduced in 1978, and, within a few years, there appeared to be a small price premium for black cattle. That small premium has continued, particularly for small groups of cattle sold at local stockyards. This small economic return for black hide cattle has resulted in many farmers utilizing multiple generations of Angus bulls and sacrificing the opportunity to take advantage of hybrid vigor. This perceived premium for black coat color is also the reason why black has become the predominant color for many breeds of beef cattle that have “open” herd books.

USDA Meat Animal Research Center-Clay Center, NB When the USDA Meat Animal Research Center was established 50 years ago, a major thrust of the center was to evaluate beef cattle breeds and crossbreeding systems. Even though earlier research studies had

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

clearly reported the role of hybrid vigor in improving fertility, newborn survival, chronic disease resistance, and longevity, the crossbreeding research at the new center became widely publicized. Interest in crossbreeding and the resulting hybrid vigor was rekindled. However, that interest waned as the CAB program gained traction in the industry. An outgrowth of the Clay Center Research was the concept of using “composite” or hybrid bulls. As various combinations of hybrids were produced, hybrid or composite bulls were marketed to commercial producers. The use of these bulls created fewer problems than had been encountered with the use of Charolais and “exotic” bulls. Then the idea of using composite bulls generation after generation showed that a very high degree of hybrid vigor could be maintained without the complications of crossbreeding systems that had been used earlier.

Modern Genetic Evaluation Systems

Modern genetic evaluation systems have allowed commercial producers to select bulls that avoid the problems encountered by previous crossbreeding experiences. A large portion of the problems in earlier years related to the disparity in birth weight among the breeds, and no system was available to allow for accurate estimation of birth weight or calving ease. That problem has largely been solved and the information on young bulls is becoming more accurate as DNA profiles are used to enhance EPDs.

Mating Systems 2-Breed Cross—A x B= 50%A


50%B—results in hybrid vigor for survival, growth rate and vigor associated with diminishing the effects of chronic disease and stress conditions; however, there is NO advantage for fertility except for the possibility of increased embryo survival rate. 3-Breed Terminal Cross-C x 50%A 50%B=50%C 25%A 25%B-same hybrid vigor advantages as for a 2-breed cross with the added advantages of hybrid vigor for a crossbred cow which are decreased age at puberty, higher conception rates, greater % of females bred during first 30 days of breeding season, and, most importantly, more than one extra calf weaned during lifetime production. Most estimates show a $100 to $150 advantage/cow/ year for having crossbred cows. This system is an ideal system for producers who desire to purchase replacement females and use terminal sires. However, the problem is that a limited number of producers are committed to the business of producing crossbred replacement females with superior genetic backgrounds. The production of genetically superior crossbred heifers could become a

very profitable business in the future. Smaller producers could benefit by purchasing crossbred heifers or cows and breeding to a terminal cross bull. Composite Mating Systems-The composites that were first used were usually 4-breed composites; however, in recent years, many of the composites have simply been 2-breed hybrids such as SimAngus, Gelbvieh Balancer, LimFlex or Charolais x Angus or Red Angus hybrids. In earlier years, one of the major problems with the use of such hybrid bulls was the lack of accurate EPDs on the bulls. That problem has been resolved for breeds that are part of International Genetic Solutions (IGS). IGS is able to provide multi-breed and across breed EPDs for hybrids that have the same level of accuracy as for purebreds. Use of 2-Breed Composites Generation after Generation—The most widely used 2-breed composite is the SimAngus, and many herds now have 3, 4 or 5 generations of selection within their 2-breed composites. These type systems have the advantages of providing

breed complementarity (using breeds with distinctively different economic advantages because of differences in genetic variation for production traits) and 50% of maximum hybrid vigor for both the cows and calves each generation. There are commercial herds that have successfully used this simple system for several generations. To maintain the desired level of hybrid vigor, it is important to make sure that bulls used in subsequent generations are unrelated to bulls used in previous generations.

Important Points Related to Crossbreeding and Hybrid Vigor • Crossbreeding results in hybrid vigor for economically important traits. Because modern genetic evaluation systems have allowed better identification of genetically superior sires, inbreeding within purebreds is likely to continue increasing. Consequently, the magnitude of hybrid vigor is could become greater as more inbreeding occurs. • The degree of hybrid vigor is dependent on differences in genetic makeup of the breeds used in the

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

mating scheme-the more different the breeds or breed combinations being crossed, the greater the degree of hybrid vigor expected. • Crossbreeding allows commercial producers to take advantage of both breed complementarity and hybrid vigor. Although hybrid vigor may provide a modest increase in growth rate, this is NOT the major reason for crossbreeding. • The most important economic advantages f rom hybrid vigor are female fertility, calf survival, vigor to handle stressful conditions and chronic disease conditions, and most importantly, longevity of production in cows. • An ideal system is to use a crossbred cow bred to a bull of a different breed or breed combination. Some hybrid vigor is better than none-breeding programs should be designed to exploit the economic advantages of hybrid vigor, but it is important to use mating schemes that are sustainable for the management level of the farm.



Member Benefits:

Division 1 (151+ MEMBERS) 2017 Barren Shelby Marion Grayson Adair Breckinridge Logan Madison Lincoln Bath Larue Washington Clark Mercer Hardin Hart Warren Casey Jessamine Christian Green Harrison Meade

418 338 269 257 249 248 246 223 210 201 197 190 178 170 169 165 164 157 156 155 152 139 135

2016 Difference 512 338 303 290 248 401 290 270 251 212 230 209 187 199 225 205 206 159 217 200 174 159 170

-94 0 -34 -33 1 -153 -44 -47 -41 -11 -33 -19 -9 -29 -56 -40 -42 -2 -61 -45 -22 -20 -35

If you need anything for membership, please contact Nikki Whitaker at (859)278-0899 or 92

Division 2 (76-150 MEMBERS) Division 3 (0-75 MEMBERS) 2017 Henry Monroe Northern Kentucky Allen Metcalfe Daviess Fleming Scott Franklin Laurel Trimble Pulaski Edmonson Mountain Garrard Boyle Purchase Area Webster Campbell Northeast Area Fayette Anderson Jackson Owen Bourbon Muhlenberg Caldwell-Lyon Russell Mason Hancock

124 121 118 118 114 113 109 108 105 105 103 101 93 89 86 86 82 80 79 78 75 75 74 71 71 69 67 65 53 44

2016 Difference 150 135 132 108 121 123 120 111 111 134 124 113 84 85 96 96 79 79 81 115 81 89 106 80 92 97 82 83 78 98

-26 -14 -14 10 -7 -10 -11 -3 -6 -29 -21 -12 9 4 -10 -10 3 1 -2 -37 -6 -14 -32 -9 -21 -28 -15 -18 -25 -54

2017 Bracken 146 Louisville Area 64 Out of State 64 Woodford 64 Todd 61 Nelson 58 Taylor 57 Clinton-Cumberland55 Trigg 54 Grant 53 Oldham 53 Ohio 51 Whitley 49 Pendleton 48 Rockcastle 44 Highlands 42 Wayne 38 Carroll 38 Estill 37 McCreary 35 Robertson 35 Lewis 29 Montgomery 28 Clay 27 Union 27 Calloway 26 Nicholas 26 Simpson 25 Butler 24 McLean 24 Bullitt 22

Division 3 (CONTINUED)

2016 Difference 27 66 62 57 63 70 72 59 63 66 65 75 51 49 63 54 50 50 39 48 31 27 51 33 42 27 40 27 37 35 43

119 -2 2 7 -2 -12 -15 -4 -9 -13 -12 -24 -2 -1 -19 -12 -12 -12 -2 -13 4 2 -23 -6 -15 -1 -14 -2 -13 -11 -21

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

2017 Livingston Menifee Twin Lakes Hopkins Crittenden Henderson Magoffin River Hills Powell Knox Eastern Foothills Pike Bell Harlan Gallatin

22 19 18 18 13 11 9 7 6 6 3 3 1 1 1

2016 Difference 26 21 23 22 27 16 13 13 8 5 9 4 1 1 2

-4 -2 -5 -4 -14 -5 -4 -6 -2 1 -6 -1 0 0 -1

TOTALS AS OF: FEBRUARY 9, 2017 9003 10131 -1128

2016-17 Membership Application * Membership Year 10/1/16– 9/30/17

Name:_________________________________________________________Spouse Name:____________________________________________________________ Farm Name:_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Address:__________________________________________________________City:____________________________State:______Zip:______________________ County:___________________________________________________________Recruited By:_______________________________________________________ Phone: (___________)__________________-____________________________Fax: (___________)_________________-_________________________________ E-Mail:_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ * Payments of KCA membership dues are tax deductible for most members as an ordinary and necessary business expense. However, charitable contributions of gifts to KCA are not tax deductible for Federal Income Tax purposes. Due to new IRS regulations, $2.24 of your dues would not be deductible. Approximately $12 of your dues will go towards the monthly publication Cow Country News.

County Dues

Please check the Membership(s) you would like to join: ___ KCA Membership : $30/yr

____ New

____ Renewal

Dues are $30 except for the counties listed below.

(Membership Dues are $30 unless otherwise listed below.)

Allen $40 Anderson $25 Bourbon $20 Boyle $35 Bullitt $20 Butler $25 Franklin $25 Highlands $20 (Boyd, Floyd, Johnson, Lawrence, & Martin) Hopkins $35 Laurel $35 Lewis $35 Lincoln $25 Louisville Area $20 (Jefferson, & Spencer)

___ KCA Couple Membership (To add your spouse please add $15 to your KCA Membership) ___ Kentucky Junior Cattlemen’s Association: $10/year

___ New

___ Renewal

___ I would like more information on the Young Producer’s Council Total Membership: KCA:




Total Contributions: Cattlemen’s Foundation Donation (Voluntary): $_________ ** All donations to KCF are tax deductible.** Total Amount Enclosed:$____________

If you would also like to join the National Cattlemen’s Beef Assoc... The NCBA is now a State Marketing Partner with the KCA. You can pay your dues to both organizations with one check, at the same time.

McCreary $25 Magoffin $20 Menifee $25 Mountain $25 (Breathitt, Knott, Lee, Leslie, Letcher, Morgan, Owsley, Perry & Wolfe) Oldham $35 Taylor $20 Twin Lakes $20 Warren $40 Wayne $25 Whitley $25 Woodford $25

NCBA Annual Producer Dues: # Head


# Head
























+ .38/hd

Complete and return to: Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association 176 Pasadena Dr. • Lexington, KY 40503

For faster service, join online at Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Derby Burger: Recipe submissions have ofďŹ cially opened to crown the 2017 Derby Burger Challenge Winner. We have partnered once again with the Kentucky Derby Festival and Kroger for the Derby Burger promotion, with one lucky winner receiving tickets to some of the Kentucky Derby Festival events, $100 Kroger gift card, and a prize pack from the Kentucky Beef Council as well as having their burger featured in participating Kroger locations! Entries can be submitted at

Above:Brutus the Bull made his debut at Rupp Arena at a recent UK basketball game.

Below: The Kentucky Beef Council received valuable feedback during a recent focus group.

Bottom: KBC Director of Product Development,

Katelyn Hawkins on the court at Rupp Arena during a recent beef promotion.

Summer Internship: KBC is currently accepting applications for their summer KBC Programs Intern. Please send resume with three references, cover letter, and transcript (unofficial accepted) by March 3, 2017 to: Kiah Twisselman: Director of Consumer Affairs, More information at 94

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Keeping Up With Kiah Kiah Twisselman - Kentucky Beef Council Director of Consumer Affairs

This last month marked my oneand-a-half-year anniversary as a Kentuckian. Although that is not very long in the large scheme of things, I’d like to think I’ve assimilated fairy quickly. I own a Kentucky blue monogrammed sweatshirt, I’ve finally mastered the pronunciation of “Loo-vull” (I think), and I’ve probably been to more counties than many locals have. While touring around a few of my friends visiting from back home in California, I realized that there are a few things I’ve found to be true about the Bluegrass state. Let’s call them Kentucky-isms. Kentucky-ism #1: Accents are contagious. My mother has noticed on my Sunday calls home that I’ve suddenly developed some “y’alls and drawls.” Am I a southern belle in the making? Maybe. Kentucky-ism #2: Seasons are irrelevant to the weather forecast. Okay, but seriously, am I the only one confused here? Don’t get me wrong, I’m not complain-

ing that we haven’t had one of those nightmarish ice storms I’ve heard about yet, but this weather is giving me major whiplash. In the meantime, I’ll keep my parka, umbrella, and flip-flops in my truck because only Lord knows what tomorrow will bring. Kentucky-ism #3: Basketball is like a religion. When you’re home to the top basketball team in the nation, I guess this really shouldn’t be all that surprising. This past month, we got the opportunity to stand at center court, a dream for many I’m sure! On February 7 th KBC sponsored the UK vs. LSU basketball game at Rupp Arena. We brought along our mascot, Brutus the Bull, who was without a doubt a fan favorite! We promoted beef and our Facebook sweepstakes giveaway partnered with City BBQ to all of the beef-loving BBN fans. Kentucky-ism #4: Beef is more than what’s for dinner, it’s a tradition. Perhaps this is one way Kentucky has stolen my heart. As we continue our rebranding process, I am continuing to learn more about our Kentucky consumers. In February, we conducted four focus groups with Sandbox, our

rebranding agency partner, with urban consumers in Louisville and rural consumers in Lexington. What I heard over and over again was that beef wasn’t just a food that their families enjoyed to eat, but it was a food that brought them together. Whether it’s a family reunion, Tuesday taco nights, cook-outs, or game day, beef is consistently found at the center. Beef is nostalgic and reminds people of their grandma’s homemade chili, holiday comfort foods, and summertime grilling with their dad’s. It reminds them of their uncle that is a farmer, family excursions to the State Fair, and cows grazing the rolling hills of the Bluegrass. Kentuckians definitely love beef, even statistics show that they consume more than the national average, but more than that Kentuckians LIVE beef. It’s an item in their shopping carts, an ingredient in their stew, and a fond memory in their life. As we continue to plan our consumer launch set for this May, I look forward to exploring more ways we can share beef with Kentuckians and continue its tradition across the state. Till next time,


Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


KENTUCKY BEEF NETWORK KBN is Supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund

Strong Attendance at the Kentucky Beef Efficiency Conference


he Kentucky Beef Efficiency Conference was held again this year in conjunction with the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Convention. This year’s conference was hosted in Lexington, KY. The 2017 program marked the 4th annual conference sponsored by the Kentucky Agriculture Development Board, Kentucky Beef Network, and the University of Kentucky Cooperative Extension Service. Producers had the opportunity to hear from several industry specialists on improving their production efficiency. Dr. Gordon Jones and Dr. Jeff Lehmkuhler served as moderators for the event. The program kicked off with Dr. Tom Field from the University of NebraskaLincoln. Dr. Field encouraged producers to take time to stop and reflect, and to ask yourself, “What can we be doing better, what do we need to stop doing, and what do we need to start doing.” He challenged participants to develop action plans to avoid “decision paralysis.” Representing the University of Illinois, Dr. Jon Beever presented information on genomics and selection. Dr. Beever described the progression in the last 25 years on the number of DNA markers that can be utilized; starting with tens of markers, to hundreds, thousands, and now millions of markers. In a further discussion of his presentation, Dr. Beever noted “Genetic progress is based on the

accuracy we can select individuals and we can use DNA based information to make selection decisions with increased accuracy.” The last session of the conference was presented by Mr. Johnny Rogers, from North Carolina State University. Being a producer and coordinator of the Amazing Grazing program at NCSU, Mr. Rogers shared how producers can implement pasture management to improve soil health. During his discussion, Mr. Rogers emphasized the importance of soil health and stressed to not graze too close; as it allows you to maintain soil structure. This year’s Beef Efficiency Conference was attended by approximately 275 producers from all across the state of Kentucky. As part of attending the conference, participants were asked to fill-out a voluntary survey of the program. Based on the feedback, producer’s knowledge and understanding increased at least 1.5 times for each topic, illustrating the information increased attendee’s knowledge base. When asked about the usefulness of the material presented, 89% indicated the information will be very useful on making future decisions. Based upon the improvement in the knowledge and understanding on the three topics, leads us to believe that these Kentucky producers value the importance of increasing the efficiency of their operations.

Another Round of Master Cattleman Programs Starting this Spring


e are pleased to announce that the Master Cattleman program will be offered again this year to meet the continued demand for this successful educational effort. The Master Cattleman program was developed by the University of Kentucky in cooperation with the Kentucky Beef Network and is possible through funding from the Kentucky Agriculture Development Board. This is one of the most highly recognized programs that is put on by the University of Kentucky Beef Extension specialists. Over 4,000 producers have already participated and seen the benefits of learning more about beef management in Kentucky. There are 10 different sessions that are Counties Involved part of the program; L ew i s ,M a s on,F lem i ng,B ra c ke n,R obe rts o n with topics covering H a rdi n,L a rue ,M ea de all aspects of beef production. Master J ohns on,F loyd,L a w renc e,B oyd Cattleman is designed M etc a lf e,H a rt,B a rren,E dm ons on,M onr oe to increase producer’s M a ri on, W a s hi ngt on, N els on overall productivity and profitability. In M a di s on,C la rk,E s ti ll,M ont gom ery ,P ow ell, order to successfully M eni f ee,C la rk complete the S he lby , T ri m bl e,H enr y ,O ldha m program, participants must attend 8 of the 96

10 sessions and also have a current BQA certification. All program attendees receive a set of materials that serve as a ready reference and those who complete the program requirements receive a personalized farm gate sign. There are many groups that are hosting the Master Cattleman sessions that will be starting this spring. Groups are composed of multiple counties and the program material is consistent throughout the state. Below is a list of the counties and the dates that they will be starting the program this spring. For additional information on the program or to enroll, please contact your local county agriculture agent or Ben Crites at benjamin.crites@uky. edu.

Master Cattleman Session Topics End Product Environment Facilities Forages Genetics Health Management Marketing Nutrition Reproduction

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Eden Shale Update

The warmer weather has also made it an easy year for our cows. To date the hay consumption is below normal and ----------------- our cow’s body condition score is above normal. We should start calving the end Kentucky Beef Network of February and our cows are in great Industry Coordinator shape to be able to produce milk and support the calves until grass gets here. As long as this winter doesn’t take a turn o far this year winter has come at for the worst and linger well into April us in short spurts. A short cold (knock on wood) we should be in good spell will be followed by several shape with both the cows condition and days of warm, wet weather, and then our hay reserves. followed again by a quick cold snap. For This month we switched out our January and the first half of February, two Case IH Farmall 100c tractors for Eden Shale Farm has only had 12 days new ones. The current lease program that the temperature averaged below that we are on with H&R Agri-Power freezing. Don’t get me wrong, I’m not limits the tractors to 250 hours a year. complaining. This is Kentucky and we At the time of trading these two tractors are going to have mud no matter what. in, they had right at 235 hours each. I remember two years ago getting 12 I called and requested that they be inches of snow and the ground still switched out, and we had two 2017 Case being muddy underneath. If it’s going to IH Farmall 100c’s delivered to the farm be muddy, I would rather it be warm too. the next week. The new tractors that

Dan Miller


were delivered are the same models as the first two, however this time, one of them is an open station tractor. This should not be a big deal since this tractor was mainly used for raking/ hauling hay, and mowing pastures. The loader tractor is the one that we use to bale hay in the summer and feed hay in the winter. If it didn’t have a cab it would be more of a problem.

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

I want to thank H&R Agri-Power for their support of Eden Shale Farm and for allowing us to participate in their tractor lease program. Farming this past year has been easier with the use of the two Farmall tractors. For more pictures of these tractors and the kind of work they do at Eden Shale Farm, visit our blog



The breeding bull: Your herd’s ultimate athlete


eBron James. Tom Brady. Usain Bolt. These names bring with them a certain performance standard. Each season, fans expect these athletes to be in top form, to perform and to achieve results no one else is capable of. You expect the same of your breeding bulls each season, but are you treating them like the athletes that they are?

“We need to prepare bulls to be athletes for the duration of breeding season,” says Chad Zehnder, Ph.D. and cattle nutritionist with Purina Animal Nutrition. “Bulls need to remain sound and active. One way we can help prepare them as athletes is by conditioning them.” If bulls are too thin at the start of breeding season they might not hold condition and perform. At the same time,

too much condition could be detrimental. Excess weight can affect structure, soundness and the bull’s ability to remain in active form.

Gradually build condition

The ultimate goal should be to achieve ideal bull condition and start far enough in advance so it’s not a sprint to attain it. A body condition score (BCS) of 6 going into breeding is ideal and should be achieved

K EN T U CK Y G EL BV I EH K entuck y F arm

gradually. “A single point change in BCS equals 80 to 100 pounds of weight. So, for a bull to go from a BCS 5 to a BCS 6, it would require gaining 100 pounds,” says Zehnder. “To achieve that score increase takes time and monitoring.” Start monitoring bulls four to five months before breeding season. Early monitoring allows for gradual changes to


B ureau B eef E x p o

K entu cky F air and Ex p o Center L ou isville, K entu cky

G elb vieh Sho w - F riday, March 3 @ G elb vieh Sale - Saturday, March 4 @

1: 00 p . m . ( eastern) 11: 3 0 a. m . ( eastern)

D avid Slau gh ter, President ( 2 70) 556-42 59 J e Piles , V ice President o ( 502 ) 507-3 845 Pat Tilgh man, Secretary/ Treasu rer ( 2 70) 678-5695

Clifford Farms 3459 Ky Hwy 1284E Cyn thiana, K Y 41031 Since 1937

C a t t l e f or S a l e a t a ll tim e s .

B la c k&


G ol d G

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Gelbvieh, Simmental, & Commerical Cattle

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Brian W. Dye r DV M O w ne r / M a na ge r

G E L B V IE H /B A L A N C E R S 205 G l a s gow R oa d B ru ek s vi l l e , K Y 2714 B r i a n, L a ru e n, K r i s t e n B a r r y ,E m ily& J ul i a

Pleasant Meadows Farm

Meeting modern industry demands: •A r ili • r i • r p


American Gelbvieh Association 303-465-2333 | 98

Gary & Pat Tilghman Lindsey & Daniel Jones Family Carrie & Daryl Derossett Family 690 Lick Branch Road Glasgow, KY 42141 270.678.5695

Mockingbird Hill Farms

Registered Gelbvieh Cattle Shane Wells 10172 Provo Rd. Rochester, KY H: 270-934-2198 C: 270-791-8196

F ull C ircle F arm s

Registered G elb vieh C attle B rad B u rke 989 M etcalf M ill R d. • Ew ing, K Y 4103 9 ( H ) 606-2 67-5609 • ( C) 606-782 -13 67 gb b 789@ w indstream. net

K ilb ou rne G elb vieh East B ernstadt, K Y 606-843 -6583 cell 606-3 09-4662

Bl a c k Re p l a c e m e n t H e i f e r s & Bu l l s Av a i l b l e Em b r y o t r a n s p l a n t & AI s i r e d c a l v e s

Double-Doc Farm Gelbvieh Cattle

Darrell, Beth, Justin & Jessica Johnson 50 Tar Lick Road • Parksville, KY 40464 Farm- (859) 332-2270 Cell- (859) 583-5655

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

B ar I V L ivestock

Ba r r y , Be t h & Be n Ra c k e • Br a d Ra c k e 7 4 1 6 Ti p p e n h a u e r Rd . • C o l d Sp r i n g , K Y 4 1 0 7 6 Ph o n e ( 8 5 9 ) 6 3 5 - 3 8 3 2 • Ba r r y c e l l ( 8 5 9 ) 9 9 1 - 1 9 9 2 Br a d c e l l ( 8 5 9 ) 3 9 3 - 3 6 7 7 • Be n c e l l ( 8 5 9 ) 3 9 3 - 3 7 3 0 F a x (8 5 9 ) 6 3 5 -3 8 3 2 •b a r4 @ tw c .c o m

Bee Lick Gelbviehs

Eddie Reynolds 277 Old Bee Lick Rd. Crab Orchard, KY 40419 606-379-2281(H) 606-305-1972(C) Bulls & Females for sale

L arry C lark &

Son s L L C

R e giste re d G e lb vi e h Cattle

1 1 5 3 R o b e rt L a n La r r y C (2 7 0 ) 2 9 Lp c l a

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Limousin Breeders of The Bluegrass

LBB be made over time, versus trying to make drastic weight changes quickly. “Allowing a bull to gain 1 pound per day over 100 days, as opposed to pushing him to gain 3 pounds per day over 30 days, will be much more conducive to the longevity and performance of the bull,” says Zehnder. An early start to bull preparation also helps ensure bulls have high-quality semen going into breeding. Sperm production takes 60 days and is impacted by the nutrition a bull receives pre-breeding season.

Balancing BCS with nutrition

“Yearling bulls and bulls up to 2 or 3 years of age are still growing and need a diet that meets those requirements,” says Zehnder. “Young bull requirements differ from what more mature bulls need to gain or maintain condition, and the two groups should be developed and fed in separate facilities if possible.” If you have multiple bulls in a group, ensure they have ample bunk space or free-choice supplementation to help reduce displays of dominance at the feed bunk. Supplements with intake control properties encourage snack eating, causing bulls to eat smaller meals more consistently throughout the day versus aggressively trying to consume all their feed in one meal. Supplements can also help keep bulls in prime condition by maintaining or improving BCS and can help balance any nutritional deficiencies of forages. “Developing bulls on the range or in a pasture situation where they can exercise can be advantageous,” he says. “Exercise and reducing the energy fed in the diet can also help over-conditioned bulls get closer to BCS 6.” Quality mineral nutrition is also essential because minerals support the development of a growing bull’s structure and feet. Minerals can support health and sperm quality as well. Consider using a highly available trace mineral source so that bulls get the most benefit from the minerals consumed.

Monitor during and after breeding season

Once bulls are turned out with cows for

the breeding season, continue monitoring their body condition. If bulls fall below a BCS 4, replace those bulls to ensure your cows are getting bred. At the end of breeding season, bulls will need some extra attention again. “Bulls often end the breeding season in a BCS 4 or 5. At that point, younger bulls that are still growing will need more than a maintenance diet to regain condition and allow for growth,” says Zehnder. Purchasing bulls is a significant initial investment, but trying to cut corners during bull development won’t do your herd any favors. “To maximize your investment and use a bull to his full potential, continue developing him with a high-quality nutrition and animal health program,” says Zehnder. “Think of bull development as a marathon rather than a sprint. The goal is to optimize gain and maintain the structural and breeding soundness of a bull for as many years as possible.” Prepare bulls now for an all-star breeding season later. Prepare them for greatness. Wind & Rain® Storm® All Season Mineral with Availa® 4 and Accuration® Range Supplement are just two of many solutions available through the Purina® All Seasons™ Cattle Nutrition Program. Talk to your local Purina representative to learn more, or visit to start your feeding trial. Purina Animal Nutrition LLC (www. is a national organization serving producers, animal owners and their families through more than 4,700 local cooperatives, independent dealers and other large retailers throughout the United States. Driven to unlock the greatest potential in every animal, the company is an industryleading innovator offering a valued portfolio of complete feeds, supplements, premixes, ingredients and specialty technologies for the livestock and lifestyle animal markets. Purina Animal Nutrition LLC is headquartered in Shoreview, Minn. and a wholly owned subsidiary of Land O’Lakes, Inc.

B.F. Evans Cattle Company Byron Evans

F u l l b l o o d & Pu r e b r e d Em b r y o s & Se m e n St e p h e n : 2 7 0 - 7 9 9 - 8 6 8 5 7 6 0 Em i l y C o u r t Bo w l i n g Gr e e n , K Y 4 2 1 0 1

a c h h l i m o u s i n @ i n s i g h t b b . c o m Faceb ook : A CHH L imou sin

Buck’s Limousin Farm

“The Best Kept Secret in Eastern Kentucky” John Buck: (606) 474-7451 • (606) 922-8174 2494 South St. Hwy. 7, Grayson, KY. 41143 “cattle for sale - private treaty”


P.O. Box 1509 599 Ray Allen Lane Versailles, KY 40383 Byron 859-509-8046 Rose Ann 270-543-1960


land & cattle co m p any Ed and Becky Chenault P.O. Box 1718 Richmond, KY 40476 859-661-0330 Bill & Susan Hurt 859-230-4288

G ettings L imou sin

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Greg Blaydes 859-338-9402 James Hicks 859-227-0490

5 1 7 1 C a m a r g o - Le v e e Rd . Mt . St e r l i n g , K Y 4 0 3 5 3 8 5 9 - 4 9 8 - 0 0 3 0 8 5 9 - 5 8 5 - 1 7 8 5 8 5 9 - 5 8 5 - 8 3 8 8 J o n a t h a n Ra y 8 5 9 -3 3 9 -1 1 3 7

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k e n tu c k y r iv e r lim o u s in @ y a h o o .c o m

1225 E. Leestown Rd. Midway, KY 40347

Maple Shade Farm

Pe t e Ma r t h a Pr e w i t t 7 2 Em a i l : m a p F le m

Gr a y 6 0 6 - 7 4 8 - 3 4 Se c r e s t C r o s s i n le s h a d e 1 @ w in d s in g s b u r g , K Y 4 1 0

7 6 3 g 6 0 6 -8 4 9 -4 2 4 9 tre a m .n e t 4 1

Pharris Farms Limousin Bo b Mi n e r i c h , 8 5 9 - 5 8 2 0 0 3 Ba r n e s Mi l l Rd . Ri c h m m in e g w e n @ a o l.c “ C a ttle fo r s a le p r iv a te

2 -6 8 8 8 o n d , K Y 4 0 4 7 5 o m tre a ty ”

Ri c c i R o l a nD Ricci & Brenda Roland 423 Lebus Lane Cynthiana, KY 41031 859-234-3986 859-234-7344

Sunnyside Farm Dan & Margie Duvall 233 Sunnyside Gott Rd. Bowling Green, KY 42101 270-563-4897

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Mike & Daniel Pharris 2888 Salt River Rd. Leitchfield, KY 42754 270-242-6697 or 270-230-2836 Ro


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1 6 4 5 W i n d i n g Bl a d e Rd . Ea s t Be r n s t a d t , K Y 4 0 7 2 9

TICHENOR FARMS Bill, Greg & Scott Tichenor t t est enterto n o e ell ti henorfar sgreg ahoo o

Al l e n & J o n An d e r s o n

Pa u l & Br a d K i d d

2 6 0 H e n d e r s o n Rd .

8 2 5 4 H W Y 7 1 1 W e s t Li b e r t y , K Y 4 1 4 7 2

Eu b a n k , K Y 4 2 5 6 7

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Al l e n : 6 0 6 - 8 7 2 - 8 0 7 2 J o n : 6 0 6 - 3 0 5 - 8 8 5 9

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


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A ngus - The B us iness B reed K E N TU CK Y A N G U S A SO


2016- 2017 K Y Angus Association Officers:

KY Angus Association Membership Application Name:____________________________________________ Farm Name:_______________________________________

President: T i m J e f f r i e s C a m ne r , K Y V. President: G i l R a y C wo l e s Sec/Tres.: A ne D e M to t L e xi gtn n,o K

Address:__________________________________________ City:__________________State:_______ Zip:___________ Phone: Bus-_______________________________________ Res-_____________________________________________ Email:___________________________________________

Return to: Anne DeMott 1220 Angus Trail • Lexington, KY 40509 Annual Dues $35

Contact Anne DeMott to pay for your Kentucky Angus Association dues! 1 • BOYD BEEF CATTLE 6077 Helena Rd. Mayslick, KY 41055 Charlie Boyd II: 606-584-5194 • Blake Boyd: 606-275-5194 • email:

2 • BRANCH VIEW ANGUS 927 Old Liberty Pike • Hustonville, KY 40437 859/238-0771 • James S. & LuAnn Coffey Donald & Donna Coffey Evelyn Hoskins Annual Production Sale- 2nd Saturday in April

3 • BURKS CATTLE CO. 531 Rick Rd. Park City, KY 42160 Eddie Burks • 270-991-6398

4 • BURTON & SONS ANGUS Joe D. or Karen Burton Bryan Carman, Partner, Ridgeview Angus 480 Hominy Hill Rd. Nancy, KY 42544 Joe: 606-305-3081 Bryan: 606-875-3453

7 • D&D LONGVIEW ANGUS Danny & Debbie Burris 550 Willie Nell Road Columbia, KY 42728 270-348-5766 • 270-250-3701 • 270-250-1277 8 • EAGLE REST PLANTATION Jimmy Don Robinson 7665 Paducah Road Kevil, KY 42053 270-462-2150



9 • FALL CREEK ANGUS 448 Corder Farm Road Monticello, KY 42633 Ronnie Corder 606/348-6588 10 • HAINES ANGUS FARMS 5294 Park City- Glasgow Rd. Park City, KY 42160 Kenneth Haines, Jr. 270/749-8862




17 9 14


225 6 20





16 • MUD RIVER ANGUS 10 Oak Hill Drive Russellville, KY 42276 Wayne Johnson 270/303-6354 Gary Johnson 270/498/7208

4 K

17 • FOUR KINGS ANGUS 250 Bright Leaf Dr. • Harrodsburg, KY 40330 Cary & Kim King Email: Cary Cell - 859-613-3734 • Colby Myers - Purebred Manager 18 • OLD BARK FARM 370 Ferrill Hill, Buffalo, KY 42716 Kenley Conner 270/358-8057 Registered Angus Cattle


19 • PLEASANT HILL FARMS Gil, Mary, Corbin, Caroline, and Catherine Cowles 500 Rockfield Richpond Road Rockfield, KY 42274 270/843-9021 • Fax 270/843-9005 Located 7 miles west of Bowling Green, 1/2 mile off Hwy 68/80 20 • RAGS ANGUS FARM

Ri c h a 1 2 4 0 H o m e r s ta llo

rd a Do g - (2 n s @

n d Gl e n d a St a l l o n s w o o d K e l l y Ro a d H o p k i n s v i l l e , K e n t u c k y 4 2 2 4 0 7 0 ) 8 8 5 - 4 3 5 2 C e ll- ( 2 7 0 ) 8 3 9 - 2 4 4 2 b e lls o u th .n e t

11 • HERITAGE FARM Tom McGinnis 1024 Hinkle Lane • Shelbyville, KY 502-633-1634, home • 502-633-5100, work 502-655-0164, cell

21 • ANNE PATTON SCHUBERT 4040 Taylorsville Rd • Taylorsville, KY 40071 Phone: (502) 477-2663 • Fax: (502) 477-2637 Gordon Schubert, Cowboy

12 • HIGHVIEW FARMS 827 West Main Street Campbellsville, Kentucky 42718 Ben T. Cox DVM 270-469-5517 Registered Angus Cattle

22 • SHAW FAMILY ANGUS Jim & Cathy Shaw 935 Miller Road • Hodgenville, KY 42748 Cell: 270-769-8260 Quality Registered Angus Cattle since 1975

13 • HILL VIEW FARMS Jimmy Gilles 5160 Lee Rudy Road Owensboro, KY 42301 Located 15 mi. W of Somerset 270/686-8876 Bulls & females sold private treaty. Inquiries Welcome. Sell only what we would buy. 270/929-5370 5 • CLAIREBROOK FARMS, LLC 14 • JOHNSON FARMS ANGUS BLUE RIDGE CATTLE Angus Bulls & Females PO Box 192, Carlisle, KY 40311 Slaughters, KY Paul B. Mulhollem, 859/289-7019 Keith: 270-635-0723 Chad Daugherty, 217/369-0466 Reese: 270-635-1137 Watch for our consignments in upcoming KY sales! 15 • MILLERS RUN FARM 6 • COFFEY ANGUS FARMS W i l l i a m N. O f f u t t IV 661 Hopewell Road 3 7 9 0 Pa r i s Ro a d Ge o r g e t o w n , K Y 4 0 3 2 4 Liberty, KY 42539 Ph o n e : ( 8 5 9 ) 5 3 3 - 2 0 2 0 Em a i l : m i l l e r s r u n f a r m @ a o l . c o m Matt Coffey - (270) 799-6288 W e b s ite : w w w .m ille r s r u n fa r m .c o m Dewey Coffey - (606) 787-2620 Heifers for sale Genetics for Maximum Profitability since 1984





19 10 13 15 4



23 • SMITHLAND ANGUS FARM 5202 East Hwy 80, Russell Springs, KY 42642

Charles “Bud” & Pam Smith 270/866-3898 Henry & Melissa Smith 270/866-2311 24 • ST. CLAIR FARMS REGISTERED ANGUS Eric & Sherry St. Clair 13433 Falls of Rough Road • Falls of Rough, KY 40119 (H) 270-257-2965 (C) 270-617-1079 Performance Tested Bull & Female Sale April2016

25 • TWIN CREEK FARM Shawn, Melissa, Devin & Dylan Gibson 270/337-3072 or 270/692-5304 Dennis & Emily 270/337-2128 or 270/402-4338 Watch for us in Branch View Production Sale in April

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Why Use a Solar Powered Livestock Watering System BY: ADAM JONES, KENTUCKY NRCS GRAZING SPECIALIST

Three reasons to use solar powered watering systems include: 1. First, using solar power for pumping water from springs, shallow wells, ponds or creeks to watering troughs results in environmental and conservation benefits. These include reduced erosion, less pond and creek bank damage, and cleaner water by reducing contamination from animal waste. 2. Secondly, financial and labor savings results from not installing water lines all over the farm that can freeze or leak. If you have had a water line leak, usually you don’t find out until the water company calls or you get a large water bill! If you are adding water troughs or relocating water troughs, at several dollars a foot of installed water line, it does not take long for the cost to add up. 3. Lastly, the convenience of a solar system is that you can have water where you need it and when you need it. Any cistern, pond, spring, well, or stream can be a water source. With some fence, you can keep livestock away f rom the solar panel and out of the water source and provide the water where you need it. You can put a water trough in a fence line and provide water to two fields from one trough. If your home uses municipal water, but still has a well, you could use the well to water livestock and lower your monthly water bill. During a drought, you won’t have the worry of a municipality limiting the water to a farm. Farmers take pride in being self-sufficient, and there is value in being able to water livestock through

outages of electricity or municipal water supply.

How does a solar panel work?

A thin layer of silicon is sandwiched between electrically conductive layers. The solar cell is made up of two of these “sandwiches”. The photons or particles of sun light, knock the electrons off the silicon atoms. The electrons flow through the conductive layer and together with lots of other electrons become direct current. Multiple solar cells together in series form a solar panel. The electrical current does “work” and then the circuit is completed when the electrons return to the solar cell.

What parts make up a solar water system?

Components of the solar water

system include: Photovoltaic cells (solar panels) and frame assembly, an electrical controller, an electricDC powered pump and pump motor controller, pipeline and water trough. The electrical controller switches the flow of electricity on and off as needed. The electricity powers a DC submersible pump which fills the water trough. A float switch signals the electrical controller to turn off the flow of electricity to the pump. A good location for a solar panel is an area free of trees or buildings that would cast a shadow across the panel. When assembling the solar array, face the panels due south to capture the maximum amount of sunlight. The most common question that I get is “What happens when it is cloudy for a couple of days?” Solar panels will produce some electricity on cloudy days and to minimize this issue, use a large livestock trough, or pump into one trough or tank and

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

gravity flow the water to a second or third trough to keep a 3-4 day water supply at all times. The second most common question is “What financial assistance is there for solar systems?” The Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund (KADF) can assist in the cost of a solar powered livestock watering system through the County Agricultural Investment Program (CAIP). The CAIP Investment Area, and on farm water practice, has water source enhancement/development and water movement categories which include solar powered livestock watering supplies. The Kentucky Division of Conservation State Cost Share Program can help with some of the components of the solar powered watering system. Contact your local conservation district- or extension office for more information on these programs. . 101

Ro y, J essica and C o o p er C anada


6 00 C um b erland D rive • Mo rehead, K Y 4 03 51 859-2 2 7-73 2 3 rac ek annon@ hotmail.c om

K entuck y B eef E x p o Simmental Show Friday, March at 4 PM Simmental Sale Saturday, March 4 at 11 AM. Contact Doug Parke for more info 859-987-5758 859-42 1-6100 ( cell)


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President: Derek Tingle 502 -845-2 589 Vice Pres: Johnny Moore 2 70-43 4-4616

Secretary: Lori Graves 859-481-8143 Treasurer: Tonya Phillips 606-584-2 579

K EN T U CK Y SI MMEN T AL ASSO CI AT I O N MEMBERSHIP APPLICATION NAME ___________________________ ____________ FARM NAME__________________________________ ADDRSS_____________________________________ CITY_________________STATE_____ ZIP__________ PHONE (BUSINESS)___________________________ (HOME)______________________________________


Call or iv sit on e fo the se Simme ntal b re e de rs f or c attle that w or k!

w w w .ke ntuc kys imme ntal.c om

reen V alley D r. • Loui sv ille, K Y 4023

fred erick sw ain@ b ellsou • w w w .sw

F r ed & 50245-2 502 - 9-5

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Kentucky Simmental Officers

Sw ain Se le c t Simme ntal

P h y llis 386 4560

C h i & A ngie 5027-4 972 50287-2 21 16

J udy and R ondal D aw son uz z ard R oost R oad hS e lby v ille, K Y 4065 5025931365 j rdaw son22@ out look .com


Ratliff Cattle Company 100 Carpenter Ridge al ers ille do rat ahoo o i atliff

“UNBELIEVABULL SIMMENTALS” Graves Grandview Simmental Farm Timothy Graves 560 Rudd Lane Springfield, K 40069 859 481- 954

Brian & Heather Swain 3906 Pottertown Road Murray, KY 42071 270-293-4440

S immental and S imA ngus B ulls for S ale 1 9 3 9 H u n t e r t o w n Ro a d V e r s a ille s , K Y 4 0 3 8 3 B ulls for S ale C hris A llen 8 5 9 -3 5 1 -4 4 8 6 callenuk y@

S e dn a pl i c a t i on t :o T ony a P ih l l i ps , 8 1 9 0 S to n e lic k R d . M a y s v ille , K Y 4 1 0 5 6 M e m be r s hi p F e e i s $25.0 WAYWARD HILL FARM

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

D r. H enry A llen 8 5 9 -2 2 9 -0 7 5 5


How to Prioritze Pasture When Cutting Expenses on the Ranch BY HUGH ALJOE, NOBLE FOUNDATION PRODUCER RELATIONS MANAGER hen economic times necessitate “tightening of the purse strings,” so to speak, too often livestock producers cut back severely on pasture management and associated expenses. This often leads to the deterioration of pasture resources, the basis of the food source required to sustain the livestock we strive to produce. There is a better approach to managing pastures during lean economic times: develop a prioritized plan of activities whereby effort and expenses are allocated to the activities and resources that produce the greatest return on investment. Below are steps to help you prioritize key activities in your pasture management plan.



Identify the most productive pasture resources for cropland, introduced pastures and native rangeland. Estimate the number of acres in each of these priority land resource categories.


Determine if herbicide applications are needed for optimum forage production. Prioritize herbicide applications over fertilizer applications, especially on introduced pastures. On rangelands (prioritize the most productive areas), herbicide should be considered if potential weed pressure will significantly inhibit forage production.


Prepare to fertilize the most productive introduced pastures and all cropland established for grazing. If soil sampling has not been performed in recent years, collect samples this winter for analysis to determine which soils require the least amount of fertilizer to achieve production goals.


The cropland established for grazing purposes is of highest priority to receive fertilizer. Usually grazing cropland pastures are established for growing livestock and secondarily for lactating cows. Only establish the amount of pasture required to meet the needs of these classes of livestock and that you can afford to fertilize correctly (using the soil tests recommendations) for the optimum level of production.


The most productive introduced pastures are the second highest priority to receive fertilizer. Hybrid bermudagrass varieties such as Midland 99, Tifton 85 and Coastal are typically very responsive to nitrogen fertilizer, as is B-Dahl bluestem of the introduced bluestem varieties, and tall fescue. Applications of at least 50 to more than 100 units of actual nitrogen are recommended. If pasture is fertilized, be prepared to spray weeds.

management plan, purchase hay instead of producing it. Have forage tests conducted on all possible hay purchases. Only purchase hay at the best price per ton of nutrients that closely meet or exceed the nutrient requirements for the classes (and physiological condition) of livestock to be fed. It is best to feed hay that requires no or very little supplemental feed if you are substitute feeding hay for an extended period of time.


If there is still budget available to address the moderately productive pastures and rangelands, continue through the preceding process/steps again while always considering where you will get the “biggest bang for the



On marginal lands with introduced pastures, consider annual weed control if needed and fertilize at a low rate every other or every third year. This is particularly effective with common or other seeded varieties of bermudagrass and most introduced bluestems. Always be prepared to spray weeds where fertilizer is to be applied.


Destock accordingly to match stocking rate to carrying capacity of your adjusted pasture management plan. Maintain and manage only the most productive livestock as forage availability will be more limited.

Get your Beef Signs Today!


Fertilize early in the growing season for each forage type for all pastures that are deemed a priority for fertilizer applications in the final management plan. Apply herbicides to pastures and rangeland while the primary weed species are immature, typically less than 4 to 6 inches tall. These practices provide for optimum growing conditions for the longest period of time.


Plan and manage grazing of the pastures. Manage for adequate residuals at all times. Do not graze forage too short during any one grazing event (exception perhaps being end-of-season graze-out cropland). Provide adequate recovery for perennial pastures and rangeland.


If hay is required as part of the

Get your Beef, It’s What’s for Dinner customized sign today. These are great for hanging on barns and around town and busy roads! Signs are 8’ wide x 4’ tall and cost $200 per sign. KBC will cost share 50% of the cost on a sign per county association. Form must be submitted by the county. For More Information Contact: Call Steve Dunning for more information at 270-498-8180 or Niki Ellis at 859-278-0899.

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Kentucky Hereford Association K H A I nvi te s any H e re f or d Bre e de r to B e c om e a Me mb e r! D ue s a r e 25.$ S e nd t o 2396 U ni no C i t y R d. R i c hm ond, K Y 0475

A Officers


P r e s i de tn : V i nc e P r e s i de nt - e l e c t : L S e c r e t a r y/ T r e a s ru e r : 6235734 t hom a se

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U p c om ing Eve nts: 2017 K Y Farm Bure au Be e f Exp o Marc h 3rd, 1 P M: H e re f or d Show Marc h 4th, 1 P M: Sale N e w Marke t H all

Dale & Connie Lisembee 1 2 9 4 7 J ohnson M ill R d. C rofton, K Y

Cell: 270-889-7116 Home: 270-424-5541

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Thomas Farm

Eric & Ronnie Thomas 2396 Union City Rd. Richmond, KY 40475 (859) 623-5734 • Eric’s Cell (859) 314-8256 “Cattle for sale at all times”


Registered Polled Herefords Bulls & Females for sale Tim & Peggy Wolf 12939 Peach Grove Rd. Alexandria, KY 41001 Home: 859-635-0899 Cell: 859-991-3484

Peyton’s Well Polled Herefords o o o d , K h o 5 5


d F a m ily Dr i v e

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Victor- influenced cattle bred for performance on grass.

“Black cows need a good Hereford Bull”



10787 New Bowling Green Road Smiths Grove, KY 52171

ec le r e ane Irvine, KY 40336 Cell Clinic: 606-726-0000 ec le ereford com


Wells Farm

C o d e e Gu f f e y • 1 8 1 5 Gr a s s y Sp r i n g s Ro a d V e r s a ille s , K e n tu c k y 4 0 3 8 3 Ph o n e : 5 0 2 - 5 9 8 - 6 3 5 5 Em a i l : r o c k r i d g e h e r e f o r d s @ g m a i l . c o m w w w .r o c k r id g e h e r e fo r d s .c o m

a ne ec le itc ur d a enna Home Cell

Joe B. Gray

Contact Earlene Thomas for more information: 8596235734 w w w .ke nt uc kyhe r e f or d.or g


Th e Lo w e l l At w 1 3 3 Ed g e w o St a n f o r d (6 0 6 ) 3 6 5 -2 5 2 0 (6 0 6 ) 6 6 9 -1 4

K H A State Show Ju ne 2nd & 3rd H or se Cave , K Y Burle y F ie lds L ive stoc k Ce nte r

Boyd Beef Cattle

5035 Main Street • Mayslick, KY 41055 Charlie Boyd II · 606-584-5194 Annual Bull Sale second Saturday in March Hereford and Angus Bulls

T K 4 H e re f or ds T ony &

K a t hy S t a pl e s 92 K not t s R oa d B r a nde burn g, K Y 4018 70-2 42420 t s t a pl e s @ bt e l .c om

Po l l e d H e r e f o r d s s F r o z e n C a m p Ro a d • C o r b i n , K Y 4 0 7 0 1 K e v i n , An g e l a , n d a W e lls K e n l e a & K y l e r Mu r r a y 9 - H o m e 6 0 6 -5 2 8 -1 6 9 1 - H o m e 7 - C e ll 6 0 6 - 6 8 2 - 8 1 4 3 - C e ll y a h o o .c o m


J o d y & 5 6 6 H u H e rd s m in fo @ e

MPH Farms

Monty G. Hancock 7300 KY 56 Owensboro, KY 42301 270-771-4118

Mi c h e l l e H u c k a b a y m e Be d f o r d Ro a d • Pa r i s , K Y 4 0 3 6 1 a n : Ty Mc Gu i r e • 9 3 7 - 5 3 3 - 3 2 5 1 lm tr e e fa r m k y .c o m • w w w .e lm tr e e fa r m k y .c o m

J a c ks on F

Registered Polled Herefords

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Paul L. Hankcock 8559 KY 56 Owensboro, KY 42301 270-771-4194


Chamb liss H e re f or d Farms Brad, C arla, C lay an d Clint Chamb liss 916 Winc he ste r Blvd . Eliz ab e thtow n, K Y 42701 H om e ( 270) 982- 3905 • Ce ll ( 270) 668- 7126 f a x 27073592 w w w .c ha m bl i s s he r e f or d f a r m s .c om

R egistered P i l l M os s R oa d • H om e C e bi l l y@ ® ar m ing th e Sam

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olled H W hi t e / F a x: 615l l : 615j a c ks e Lan

erefords H ous e , T N 3718 672483 478483 onf a r m s .c om d S inc e 1834”

WCN Polled Herefords Since 1961

Bi l l & Li b b 2 2 2 0 C e l i n a Ro a d Bu Ph o n e ( 2 7 0 ) 4 3 3 - 7 2 5 6 “ Ev e r y c a l f n e e d

Pile Stock Farm

y No r r i s r k e s v ille , K Y 4 2 7 1 7 C e ll ( 2 7 0 ) 4 3 3 - 1 5 2 5 s a w h ite fa c e ”

Sweet T Farm

Registered Polled Herefords

Hansell Pile, Jr. 12045 St. John Rd. Cecilia, KY 42724 270-735-5192•270-862-4462 12 miles West of Elizabethtown

Windy Hills Farm ac ie er in II t i a d • remen 270-543-3586 reedin to roduce ood co

Elm Tree Farm, LLC

Pete & Gayla Szak 1040 Hick Hardy Rd. Cynthiana, KY (859) 484-2265

Bulls • Heifers • Show Calves



TS TS Tucker Stock Farms F F

“ Re g i s t e r e d An g u s a n d Po l l e d H e r e f o r d s ”


“Breeding Polled Herefords for over 58 Years” John Tucker “Registered Angus and Polled “Registered AngusHerefords” andIIPolled Herefords” Breeding cattle for sale at all times. 1790 Hidden Valley Lane John A. Tucker II John A. Tucker II Hudson, KY 40145 1999 Walnut Hill Rd. • Lexington, KY “Registered 40515 HiddenHerefords” Valley Lane 1790 Hidden Valley Lane Angus and 1790 Polled 270-617-0301 Hudson, KY 40145 Hudson, KY 40145 (859) 271-9086 • cell (859)533-3790 (270) 257-8548 (270) 257-8548

TUCKER STOCK FARMS Offi 257-8167 Office for (270) 257-8167 John A. Tucker IIce (270) “Bulls always Sale”

Po p p lew ell’ s H eref o rds

Registered Hereford & Angus Farm

Service A ge B u lls O p en and B red F emales F or Sale V ince, Tracy & A lex H ome ( 2 70) 866-4480 152 6 Clearfork R d. Cell ( 2 70) 566-1852 R u ssell Sp rings, K Y 42 642

O AHl d A & F K H a Al m l e Cm b e r r e • Pre o k v e n F b l o a o d r l i m n e s s

1790 Hidden18-month-old Valley 18-month-old AngusLane & Polled Hereford Bulls For Sale Angus & Polled Hereford Bulls For Sale Hudson, KY 40145 (270) 257-8548 Office (270) 257-8167

Polled Hereford Bulls For Sale Pr i v a t e t r e a t y s a l e s • V i s i t o r s 18-month-old a l w a y s w e l c o m e Angus & LINEBRED LINEBRED VICTOR DOMINO CATTLE VICTOR DOMINO CATTLE

1 8 7 4 O l d F a l l C r e e k Ro a d • Mo n t i c e l l o , K Y 4 2 6 3 3

R eed B ertram 606-3 48-7486 D avid B ertram 606-2 78-3 63 0 w w w . ofcfarms. com

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Multi-Trait Multi-Trait Selection Selection Fertility Disposition

Danny Miller

Fertility Calving Ease Calving Ease Disposition Milking Ability Milking Ability 4850 Ridge Rd. 4850 Caldwell RidgeCaldwell Rd. Knifley, KY 42753 Knifley, KY 42753 270-465-6984 270-465-6984

270-465-6984 • 270-566-2694

KCA Appfor Forthat! That! KCAHas has An an App KCA Has An App For That!

From your phone or tablet, easily access Weather & Markets, KCA Events, Youth Activities, Legislative Issues, Industry Links, and receive INSTANT notifications relevant to cattlemen across the state.

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Cow Country Country News, News, January March 2017, Cow 2016,AApublication publicationofofthe theKentucky KentuckyCattlemen’s Cattlemen’sAssociation Association Cow Country News, January 2016, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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F o r Mo re I nf o rm atio n:

Kentucky Charolais Association

In the pasture

Commercial cattlemen trust registered seedstock breeders to make documented genetic improvements that provide them the opportunity to succeed. From 2004-2014, the 2015 AICA National Cattle Evaluation Genetic Trend illustrates Charolais seedstock breeders are doing their job!

Lower birth weight MORE LIVE CALVES Increased weaning weight MORE POUNDS AT WEANING

The trend shows dramatic improvements in every trait of economic importance.

In the feedlot Higher yearling weight MORE POUNDS, EFFICIENTLY

2004-2014 NCE Charolais Genetic Trends BW





REA Marb

At harvest

2004 0.8 19.1 33.7 1.6 11.4 .18 .01 2014 0.4 26.8 49.0 3.4 16.9 .32 .04

Increased carcass weight MORE POUNDS AT HARVEST Larger ribeye BETTER YIELD GRADES More marbling HIGHER QUALITY GRADES

More pounds. More profits. Charolais keep it real. © American-International Charolais Association 2016


kins Ad Farms

6.5x3.75 bw-Cow Country News.indd 1

Southeast Field Representative


H a dey n F a r m 3 B a r ds t ow ,n K Y 04 J a m e s H a yde n

Bulls Sired By:

LT Ledger VIP Free Lunch LT Bluegrass


Cox Charolais

Allison Charolais John Allison

545 Eminence Road New Castle, KY 40050

Bulls & Select Heifers for Sale

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Su l l i v a n C h a r o l a i s

Quality Charolais Cattle in the Heart of the Bluegrass

F lo yd’ s C haro lais

Bulls & Heifers For Sale at the Farm

2 03 9 N ina R idge R oad L ancaster, K Y 40444 H ome: 859-792 -2 956 • Cell: 859-3 3 9-2 653

jeffries charolais

B ecca, Je nna and Ja ke 645 Evergreen Rd. Frankfort, K 40601 Je ff H arrod: 502 -3 3 0-6745

1590 jeffries lane

Charolais, Hereford & Commercial Cattle

349ha dey

8 5 9 -3 3 8 -0 1 7 0

H arro d F arm s T HE N E X T G E N E RAT I O N


C a n d y Su l l i v a n 3 4 4 0 Ru d d l e s Mi l l Ro a d Pa r i s , K Y 4 0 3 6 1

Ji mmy & L inda Evan s 960 V a l l a din n gha m R oa d D r y R i dge , K Y 4103 5 85928-4 7402

Y 04 35 M bio l e )

1194 Smith Ridge Road • Campbellsville, KY 42718 270-465-7584 (H) 270-403-4562


3200 St. Rose Road Lebannon, KY 40033 270-692-7793

Pat Hamilton 502-867-3386

Amb urge y C harol ais Farm



David, Rhonda, Michael & Nicholas



317 C

Floyd Wampler (423) 612-2144

John Bruner

Darby Montgomery son oad an aster

i nc e 196 ge y , J r . t e r l i ng, K 407513 (

S ee you in Lou isv ille at the Fairgrou nds, I f You ’ re Looking for O u tstanding Cattle.

606-271-0582 473 Edward Meece Road Science Hill, KY 42553

Mo ntgo m ery C haro lais

di gn S m bur M t.S ) 859-

Breed S how - S atu rday, M arch 4 at 12 PM Breed S ale - S atu rday, M arch 4 at 4 PM

12/2/15 7:30 AM

2 7 9 Bu l l o c k Rd . Eu b a n k , K Y 4 2 5 6 7 Ad k i n s F a r m s @ h o t m a i l . c o m

P ol l e d B r e e R obe r t A a m a r go R .d • 2764 ( H om e

KY Farm Bureau Beef Expo


TJ Ad k i n s : 6 0 6 - 8 7 5 - 5 0 9 4 Sh e r m a n & Ph y l l i s Ad k i n s : 6 0 6 - 3 7 9 - 5 1 2 9


Chuck Druin 2291 Drane Lane Eminence, K Y 40019 502 -3 2 1-1160 or 502 -3 2 1-5919 Je ff H arrod: 502 -3 3 0-6745 Ja cob M iller: 502 -507-4987

paul r. jeffries 606-510-4537

hustonville, ky. 40437 chris cooper 606-669-9009 chris jeffries 606-669-2426

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association




he youngest animals on a dairy are often the most vulnerable. Improving mortality rates in this susceptible population can be the key to decreasing costs and improving productivity. On U.S. dairies, the average mortality rates for pre-weaned calves is about 7.8 percent,1 which means nearly all operations can make improvements in this area, says Angel Aguilar, Ph.D., Dipl. ACAN, Technical Services Manager, Lallemand Animal Nutrition. “Supporting calf health can pay dividends in reduced treatment costs, lowered death loss and improved gain,” he says. “To meet these goals, operations must ensure calves get a good start before they are challenged with stress. That takes attention to management practices and nutrition.” To improve calf health, Aguilar suggests producers tackle the main causes of calf illness, which are scours, digestive and respiratory disorders associated with stress.1

He recommends reducing or eliminating the main causes of stress, such as: Abrupt feed changes Poor ventilation Overcrowding Exposure to sudden weather changes Excessive heat or cold Aguilar recommends producers also carefully transport, vaccinate and handle preweaned calves to reduce the stress associated with these events. In addition, a healthy and balanced digestive system can support a calf ’s overall immune system. One way to do this is to include an active dry yeast (ADY) probiotic to the milk replacer, raw or waste milk fed to neonatal calves. ADY probiotics containing Saccharomyces cerevisiae boulardii CNCM I-1079 have been shown to help reduce the negative impact of stress in cattle. “Saccharomyces cerevisiae boulardii CNCM I-1079 is a proven probiotic that positively activates the immune system of cattle during times of stress,” Aguilar says. “It actually works in the animal’s lower gut to influence the calf ’s natural immunity

through an internal active process.” Aguilar cautions that not every probiotic can deliver these effects, particular in newborn calves. Producers should look for specific strains that are proven to deliver results. For more information, please visit www.



he Kentucky Agricultural Finance Corp. (KAFC) approved $1,816,500 in seven agricultural loans for projects in the Commonwealth at its board meeting today.

Agricultural Infrastructure Loan Program (AILP)

Agricultural Infrastructure loans totaled $175,000 for two recipients in Barren



















































































COWS wts.




























Feeder cattle prices were steady to $2 lower for the week. Calves were steady to $2 higher. Market cows were mostly steady, instances of $2 higher. -Troy Applehans

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

($100,000) and McLean ($75,000) counties. KAFC participates with lenders to provide financing (up to $100,000) to producers making capital expenditures for agricultural projects through the AILP. Eligible projects include permanent farm structures with attached equipment that improves the profitability of farming operations. Producers with documented tobacco history may be eligible for up to $150,000 not to exceed 50 percent of the project.

Agricultural Processing Loan Program (APLP)

Agricultural Processing loans totaled $1,000,000 for one recipient in Fayette County. APLP is designed to provide loan opportunities to companies and individuals in Kentucky interested in agricultural processing. KAFC will provide and/ or participate in loans in Kentucky that add value to Kentucky grown agricultural commodities through further processing. These loans may cover construction of a new facility and renovation/expansion of an existing facility. Projects less than $1 million in scope require a participating lender, while projects over $1 million may be direct loans with interest based on Wall Street Journal prime.

Beginning Farmer Loan Program (BFLP)

Beginning Farmer loans totaled $641,500 for four recipients in Daviess ($175,00), Graves ($180,000), Madison ($104,000) and Monroe ($182,500) counties. BFLP is designed to assist individuals with some farming experience who desire to develop, expand or buy into a farming operation. Beginning farmers may qualify for financing to purchase livestock, equipment or agriculture facilities; to secure permanent working capital; for the purchase of farm real estate; or to invest in a partnership or LLC. For more information on the programs offered by the KAFC, contact either Bill McCloskey, deputy executive director, or Beth Mobley, director of loan programs, at (502) 564-4627 or visit the KAFC webpage at



March 1 Mid-South Stocker Conference, Manchester, TN, See article on pg. 85 March 3-5 Kentucky Farm Bureau Beef Expo, Louisville, KY March 8 Wheat Production Field School, Princeton, KY, See article on pg. 47 March 9 Tall Fescue Pasture Renovation Workshop, U of K March 11 Fayette Co. Farm Bureau Farm Equipment Consignment Auction, Lexington, KY, See ad on pg. 20 March 27-31 Hinton Mills Cattle Health Days, See ad on pg. 111 April 8 Cowboy Up for a Cure Rodeo, Kentucky Horse Park, See ad on pg. 82 April 21 Chatel Farms Feeding Facility Showcase, Reidsville, GA, See ad on pg 30


March 3-4 Kentucky Angus Sweepstakes, Louisville, KY, March 4 BoPat Farms Annual Bulls & More Sale, Bradford, TN, March 6 Stone Gate Farms Annual Production Sale, Flemingsburg, KY, See ad on pgs. 11 March 10 Smithland Angus Bull & Mature Cow Herd Reduction Sale, Russell Springs, KY, See ad on pg. 5 March 18 Circle A Angus Bull & Heifer Sale, Iberia, MO, See ad on pg. 32 March 25 Whitestone Farm Annual Pasture Performance Tested Bull and Female Sale, Aldie, Virginia, See ad on pg. 57 March 25 Deer Valley Farm Bull Sale, Fayetteville, TN, See ad on pg. 73 March 27 Solid Rock Angus 2nd Annnual Bull Sale, Winchester,KY, See ad on pg. 13 March 27 Oak Hollow First Choice Bull Sale, Smiths Grove, KY, See ad on pg. 7


AG SPRAY 26 Agri Financial 44 Accelerated Genetics 55 Amburgey Charolais Farm 28 AmeriAg 72 American Angus Association 22 American Hereford Association 65 Andras Stock Farm 46 Angus Opportunity Sale 43 B & L Farm Cattle Company 32 Bayer Animal Health 31 Biederman Real Estate & Auction 81 Black Gold Genetics 63 Blue Grass Stockyards 40 Bluegrass Gelbvieh Invitational 74 Boyd Beef Cattle 33 Branch View Angus 112 Bridgeview Angus Farm 52 Bromagen Commodities 58 Bulls of the Bluegrass 67 Burns Farm 23 CPC Commodities 72 CPH 45 State Ad 89 Candy Meadow Farms 8 108

April 1 Grassy Valley Angus Annual Production Sale, Greeneville, TN, See ad on pg. 61 April 1 Buckner & Jeffries Angus Opportunity Sale, Cammer, KY, See ad on pg. 43 April 1 Wye Angus Annual Sale, Queenstown, MD, See ad on pg. 87 April 4 St. Clair Registered Angus Annual Production Sale, Falls of Rough, KY, See ad on pg. 19 April 8 Branch View Angus Sale, Hustonville, KY, See ad on back cover April 8 Crazy K Ranch Annual Sale, Michie, TN, See ad on pg. 77 April 10 Grass Time Partners Annual Bull/Female Sale, Mt. Sterling, KY, See ad on pg. 85 April 15 CKAA Spring Sale, Danville, KY April 27 Great Meadows Spring Sale, Shelbyville, KY April 29 Black Gold Genetics Female Production Sale, Crestwood, KY, See ad on pg. 63 April 30 Bridgeview Angus Sale, Frankfort, KY, See ad on pg. 52

pg. 74 March 31 J&D Kerstiens Gelbvieh Auction, Huntingburg, IN, See ad on pg. 20

pg. 9 April 11 Gerber Right Kind Sale, Richmond, Indiana, See ad on pg. 54 May 23 West Kentucky Select Bred Heifer Sale, Guthrie, KY, See ad on pg. 60


Polled Shorthorn

March 3-5 National Hereford Show & Sale at KY Beef Expo, April 1 Burns Farms Annual Female Event & Spring Bull Sale, Pikeville, TN, See ad on pg. 23 April 22 Middle TN Hereford Assn. Annual Sale, Cross Plains, TN, See ad on pg. 26 May 11 KY Certified Hereford Influence Sale, Blue Grass South, See ad on pg. 40 June 2-3 KHA State Show, Horse Cave, KY


April 1 Laurel Co. Cattlemen’s 5th Annual Commercial Open Heifer Sale, London, KY, See ad on pg. 22 & 91

Multi-Breed Charolais

April 1 DeBruycker Charolais Bull Sale, Great Falls, Montana, See ad on pg. 2 April 15 Central KY Charolais Classic, Bowling Green, KY, See ad on pg. 72 April 22 Amburgey Charolais Farm Bull & Female Sale, Mt. Sterling, KY, See ad on pg. 28


March 3-5 Gelbvieh/Balancer Show, Sale and Junior Show at KY Beef Expo March 4 Circle M Farms Annual Production Sale, McMinnville, KY, See ad of pg. 45 March 25 Bluegrass Gelbvieh Invitational Bull & Female Sale, Mt. Sterling, KY, See ad on

Caudill Seed 16 Central Farm Supply 39, 69 Central KY Charolais Sale 72 Circle A Angus 32 Crazy K Ranch 77 DeBruycker Charolais 2 Deer Valley Farm 73 Dievert Sales Service 54 Dogwood Farm 79 Dow Agro/Mosaic 47 FPL Food, LLC 30 Fayette County Farm Bureau 20 Four Kings Angus 38 Genetic Advantage Bull Sale 3 Gerber Land & Cattle 54 Glenview Farms 46 Grass Time Partners Sale 85 Grassy Valley Farm 61 Green River Fence 54 Hayes Trailer Sales 38 Hinton Mills 111 Humphries Farms 46 J & D Kerstiens 20 John Deere 15 Keeney Angus 46 Kent Feeds 41

March 4 Arkansas Bull Sale, Hope, AR, See ad on pg. 56 March 4 Kentucky Farm Bureau Beef Expo All Breeds Pen Heifer Sale, Louisville, KY March 11 Boyd Beef’s Angus & Hereford Bull Sale, Mays Lick, KY, See ad on pg. 33 March 14 CPH Sale, Blue Grass South, See ad on pg. 40 March 23 KY-TN Performance Tested Bull Sale, Glasgow, KY, See ad on pg. 70 March 25 South Missouri Bull Sale, Carthage, MO, See ad on pg. 56 March 25 Candy Meadows Farms, The Cowman’s Kind Bull & Female Sale, Lexington, TN, See ad on pg. 8 March 25 Southern WV Bull Test Sale, Henderson, WV, See ad on pg. 49 April 8 Knoll Crest’s Total Performance Bull Sale, Red House, Virginia, See ad on

Kentucky Angus 100 Kentucky Charolais Association 106 Kentucky Gelbvieh Association 98 Kentucky Hereford Association 104 Kentucky Salers Association 109 Kentucky Simmental Association 102 Kentucky Tennesee Performance Tested Bull Sale 70 Knoll Crest Farm 9 Kuhn North America 35 Laurel County Cattlemen’s Assoc. 22 Limousin Breeders of the Bluegrass99 Massey Limousin 91 McBurneys Livestock & Equipment 36 Mid South Ag LLC 10 Middle TN Hereford Assoc. 26 MultiMin USA, INC 17 Neat Steel 72 Newport Laboratories 59 No Bull 4 Norbrook 45 Oak Hollow 7 P.H. White 71 Paris Stockyards 4 Profit through Performance Sale50-51

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

March 18 The Gathering 2017 at Waukaru Farm, Rensselaer, IN, See ad on pg. 53

Red Angus

March 3-4 Red Angus Open Show & Sale at KY Beef Expo, See ad on pg. 65 March 18 Red Hill Farms More Than A Bull Annual Sale, Lafayette, TN, See ad on pg. 12 April 1 “The Andras Kind” Red Angus Bull Sale, Manchester, IL, See ad on pg. 46 April 1 SERAA Grasstime Auction, Cullman, AL, See ad on pg. 64

Red Poll

March 3-4 Kentucky Red Poll Show & Sale at the KY Beef Expo


March 4 Kentucky Farm Bureau Beef Expo Simmental Sale, Louisville, KY March 25 Genetic Advantage Bull Sale, Paris, KY, See ad on pg. 3 March 25 Profit Through Performance Annual Bull & Female Sale, Lexington, KY, See ad on pgs. 50 & 51 March 25 Tingle Farms “Pave the Way” Sale, New Castle, KY, See ad on pg. 48 April 1 Bulls of the Bluegrass Sale, Mount Sterling, KY, See ads on pg. 67 & 75


March 4 Kentucky National Shorthorn Show & Sale, Louisville, KY, See ad on pg. 65

Reality Farms LLC Red Hill Farms Safety Zone Calf Catcher Seedstock Plus Silver Stream Shelters Smithland Angus Farm Southeast Red Angus Assoc. Solid Rock Angus Southern States Coop Southern WV Bull Test St. Clair Farms Stone Gate Farms Tarter Gate Tingle Farms Tru Test Walters Buildings Waukaru Polled Shorthorns Wayward Hills Farm West KY Select Bred Heifer Sale Whitestone Farms Wye Angus Zoetis

14 12 25 56 83 5 64 13 21 49 19 11 27 48 36 12 53 75 60 57 87 37

Cow Country Classifieds T o p la c e a C la s s ifie d c a ll 8 5 9 /2 7 8 - 0 8 9 9

Lost Bridge Cattle Company

L ivestoc k Hauling Indiana Kentucky Ohio Tennessee 513-678-1042 Ryan Gries

PERFORMANCE TESTED PUREBRED ANGUS BULLS FOR SALE Call 270/202-7186 for more info or check out for current availability. ANGUS & CHAROLAIS BULLS Compliance quality Angus & Charolais bulls for lease. Starting at $350. McCrory Farms, Benton, KY 270-527-3767 FOR SALE Fall yearling Polled Hereford bulls Good selection. Low birthweight, medium frame. JMS Polled Herefords, Knifley, KY 270-465-6984 REGISTERED ANGUS BULLS 18 months. Vet Checked. $2,000. Skean Angus, Alvaton, KY 270-535-4123. Call Tim or see bulls @


Jeff, Michelle Nolan Pettit 5745 US HWY 41 SOUTH, SEBREE, KY 42455 270-836-2963 • JP@DIAMONDPCATTLE.COM


ACH HOLDINGS - HAYNES FARMS Fullblood, Purebred Limousin Cattle & Bulls, Embryos, Semen & Seedstock Stephen Haynes - 270-799-8685 760 Emily Court Bowling Green, KY 42101 Facebook: ACHH LIMOUSIN HEREFORD BULLS Low birth weight and high growth. BSE Tested. 18 months old. Sweet T Farm. 859-684-1509 WOLF FARMS Registered polled Hereford bulls for sale. A.I. sired. Excellent EPD’s. Semen-tested. Backed with 30 years of total A.I. breeding. Tim Wolf. 859-991-3484

$ 1 5 fo r 4 lin e s a n d $ 5 fo r e a c h a d d itio n a l lin e

S ee you r ad h er e an d r eac h over 10, c at tlem en eac h m onth . A ds as low as $15 p er m onth .

Registered Red Angus Bulls For Sale • Free Delivery

Four Winds Farm New Castle, KY

502-296-1044 REGISTERED GELBVIEH BULLS 6 registered Gelbvieh bulls. Passed BSE. Ready for service. 14-20 months old. Calving ease, low birth weight, docile bulls. Starting price at $2,250. Trent Jones. 270-590-5266 CHAROLAIS BULLS FOR SALE Harmon Charolais 812-738-7958 Performance tested All Breeds Bulls 812-279-8554 SIMMENTAL BULLS FOR SALE Black and polled. 18 months-2 year olds. Semen checked. $2,500 Bowling Green, KY 270-529-9215 REGISTERED HORNED AND POLLED HEREFORD BREEDING STOCK See Middle TN Hereford Assn’s ad on Pg. 26 for more info.

F or ad p lac em ent c ontac t Car ey B r ow n at 859278089.

STOLTZFUS SPREADERS Lime/Chicken Litter/Fertilizer Leo TMR Mixers- Manure Spreaders John Deere 7410- 2wd- cab $28,900 Gehl 7190 Silage Feeder Cart$3500 Call Charlie @ 859-608-9745 ANGUS BULLS Commercial with great genetics. Some A.I. sired. Yearlings to 2-yearolds and 3-year-olds. Nice selection. Rand Angus Farms 502-639-4085


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Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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Don’t dumb it down to fit it! “To learn about cows?” “Yeah.” “Well, I had a cow to lose her cud the other day.” “She lost her cud?!” ----------------“Sure did. You know what I University of Kentucky did?” Extension Beef Specialist “What?!” “I stuffed a greasy dish rag had just finished high school and down her throat. What do you think it was early summer. All of my about that?” relatives from “up north” were back “Did she live?” in Tennessee for “decoration day” and “Yep.” the annual family picnic at the state “Well, I think that was great!!” park. Some aunts and uncles gave me Sometimes, like this one, you don’t graduation gifts to honor my recent want to come across as a “smart aleck” accomplishment and the conversation but we may try too hard to fit in. I soon turned to my career plans. I am have changed some lately. After a long sure that some relative would have given career as an educated farmer, I will me the usual ride north to a car factory admit that I am proud that I tried and but my mother told them that I was succeeded in obtaining three degrees. I “going to college”. value education and think that it is more Most of my family seemed genuinely important than ever. I will not “dumbimpressed but one of my relatives down” agriculture or butcher the “queen’s quickly added that “Roy is going to be English” just to fit in. I am proud of my an educated farmer!”. That sounded agricultural and rural heritage, and I can about right but I didn’t understand why tell you that some of the smartest people some found it amusing. I could say that that I have met are farmers and cattle I didn’t think anything of it but, since producers. I still remember it after 50 years, you I am concerned about what I see as would know that I was lying. a trend to dumb-down everything and I, as all young folks do, was facing try to fit in with the lowest common a crossroads. Decisions that we make denominator to prove that we haven’t early in our lives have long-lasting effects gotten above “our raising”. We now, on what we will do and who we will more than ever, should value and support become. We can get motivation from a education and our scientific advances. variety of sources. It is especially good You don’t have to spit, dip, chew, cuss to have a support system that always and talk like you “ain’t got no book provides encouragement, but sometimes learning” to fit in. Stop it – our children critics and doubters can provide some are watching. motivation too! It is obvious that some of my relatives Timely Tips for March did not have a full appreciation for the technical nature of our agricultural Spring-Calving Cows •Continue grass tetany prevention pursuits. In fact, I helped one of my uncles cut tobacco that summer and one Be sure that the mineral mix contains of our conversations went something high levels (~15%) of magnesium and that cows consume adequate amounts. like this: “So you’re going to school to be You can feed the UK Beef IRM High Magnesium mineral. a farmer.” •Check cows at least twice daily and “Well, I want to study animal first-calf heifers more frequently than sciences.”

Dr. Roy Burris



that. Be ready to assist those not making progress after 1 to 2 hours of hard labor Chilled calves should be dried and warmed as soon as possible. • ee that each calf gets colostrum within an hour of birth, or administer colostrum (or a commercial colostrum replacement) with an esophageal feeder, if needed. •Identify calves with eartags and/or tattoos while calves are young and easy to handle and record birthdate and Dam ID Commercial male calves should be castrated and implanted as soon as possible. Registered calves should be weighed in the first 24 hours. • eparate cows that have calved and increase their feed. Energy supplementation to cows receiving hay is necessary to prepare them for rebreeding. For example, a 1250 lb cow giving 5 lb/day of milk would need about 25 lb of fescue hay and 5 lb of concentrate daily to maintain condition. If you need to go from a condition score of 4 to 5, you will need to add about 2 more lb of concentrate Cows must be in good condition to conceive early in the upcoming breeding season. • atch for calf scours If scours become a problem, move cows which have not calved to a clean pasture. Be prepared to give fluids to scouring calves that become dehydrated Consult your veterinarian for advice and send fecal samples to diagnostic lab to determine which drug therapy will be most effective. Try to avoid feeding hay in excessively muddy areas to avoid contamination of the dams’ udders. •Plan to vaccinate calves for clostridial diseases (Blackleg, Malignant Edema) as soon as possible. You might choose to do this at the prebreeding working in late April or early May. • btain yearling measurements on bulls and heifers this month (weight, height, pelvic area, scrotal circumference, ultrasound data, etc.) if needed for special sales. Heifers should be on target to be cycling by the start of the breeding season.

Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

•Finali e plans for your spring breeding program Purchase new bulls at least 30 days before the breeding season – demand performance records and check health history including immuni ations se visual evaluation and expected progeny differences EPD s to select a bull that fits your program rder semen now if using artificial insemination. •Prepare bulls for the breeding season. Increase feed if necessary to have bulls in adequate condition for breeding.

Fall-Calving Cows

•Creep feed calves with grain by-products or high quality forage. Calves will not make satisfactory gains on the dam’s milk alone after about 4 mos. of age – since there isn’t much pasture in March, fall calves need supplemental nutrition Consider creep gra ing on wheat pasture if available Calves can also be early weaned •Bull s should be away from the cows now! •Plan to pregnancy check cows soon You can also blood test for pregnancy 30 days after bull removal. •Calves intended for feeders should be implanted. •Consider adding weight and selling your fall calves as “heavy” feeder calves. Keep them gaining!


• atch for lice and treat if needed •Repair fences e uipment and handling facilities. •If you have a dry sunny day use chain-link harrow to spread manure in areas where cattle have overwintered. This may be done in conjunction with renovation. •Renovation and fertili ation of pastures should be completed. •Start thistle control. They can be a severe problem in Kentucky pastures. Chemical control must be done early to be effective.


Frank Hinton & Son 591 Plummers Landing Rd. Plummers Landing, KY (606) 876-3171

Fleming County Farm Supply 1724 Maysville Rd. • Flemingsburg, KY (606) 845-1821

May’s Lick Mill 6538 US Hwy. #68 • May’s Lick, KY (606) 763-6602

Jabetown Mill 99 Ewing Rd. • Ewing, KY (606) 267-2161

Hinton Mills Cynthiana 332 Lincoln Ave. • Cynthiana, KY (859) 234-2122

See stores or Facebook for more details.


w w w

Hinton Mills

You 229 studies from 1995-2014 show an average increased calf weaning weight of 41 MORE POUNDS

won’t find when cows were tagged. Based on $2.50/lb selling price this means $102.50 MORE PROFIT.

We mix ted Medica d Fee . us Bring FD. V your


Cattle Health Days

Drop in to visit with Cattle Health Specialists and SAVE on cattle de-wormers, fly tags, livestock scales & select UNIQUE cattle mineral.

lower prices than at our Cattle Health Days!




229 studies from 1995-2014 show an average increased calf weaning weight at 41 MORE POUNDS when cows were tagged. Based on $1.25/lb selling price this means $51.25 MORE PROFIT. SCAN WITH YOUR


Event Schedule

Y-TEX CORPORATION * Check with stores for specialt product

March 2017


e Be • e-mail: ith Th meetings scheduled throughout the week. ify W t n e Id Check out on facebook

Mon. 27

Tues. 28

Wed. 29

Thurs. 30

Fri. 31

10:30 AM - 2 PM

10:30 AM - 2 PM

10:30 AM - 2 PM

10:30 AM - 2 PM

10:30 AM - 2 PM

Frank Hinton & Son

Hinton Mills Cynthiana

May’s Lick Mill Jabetown Mill

Fleming Co. Farm Supply

*See your Y-Tex animal health dealer for complete details



Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association




APRIL 8, 2017 Hustonville, KY


Largest Angus Sale in Kentucky


100 bulls 80 femalES & 125 Commercial Females

Home of the ABS/Origen sire, BV Pinpoint 1045. The only bull on the Main Sire Summary with his combination of $ indices with his Mature Height and Mature Weight. Selling 8 sons.

BV Tour of Duty 5518 | Reg#18439444 • Top 15% WW, YW. Nine EPDs in the top 20% summarized with a top 5% $B. • Selling 10 paternal brothers.

EPD % Rank

CED +3 70

BW +2.9 85

WW +58 15

YW +104 15

MILK +32 4

$W +63.38 10

$F +71.66 10

$B +150.95 5

BV Prophet 5519 | Reg#18440483 • Powerful EPD profile with top 2% WW, 3% YW and 4% $W, 10% Doc, $QG and $F. • Selling 5 paternal brothers and 4 threequarter brothers.

EPD % Rank

CED +4 65

BW +2.2 75

WW +67 2

YW +115 3

BV Pinpoint 5565 | Reg#18438316 • Calving ease with top 10% $W and $B. Selling 7 paternal brothers.

EPD % Rank

CED +9 25

BW +1.2 50

WW +48 50

YW +91 35

MILK +32 4

$W +62.46 10

$F +50.53 35

$B +144.41 10

MILK +29 15

$W +67.03 4

$F +74.49 10

$B +108.21 50

BV 12E7 Rito 5534 | Reg#18439510 • Outstanding EPD profile with ten in the top 5% of the breed. Including top 1% WW, YW, CW, $F, and $B. 5534’s Pathfinder dam and her two Pathfinder sisters are three of the best cows we’ve owned. • 5534 jumped through all the numerical hoops, recording ratios of WW 117, YW 119, GR 131, IMF 141, and RE 110. Study his performance, he is a true breeding piece from a great cow family. • Selling 5 paternal brothers. EPD % Rank

CED -11 95

BW +5.3 95

WW +69 1

YW +128 1

MILK +29 15

$W 58.27 15

$F $B +100.08 +179.39 1 1

Sale bull info available now:

Guest Consignors: 112

James S. Coffey Twin Creek Angus 859-238-0771 270-337-2128 Cow Country News, March 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association Joe D. Burton & Sons Donald S. Coffey 606-305-3081

Danny Smith 606-706-0355

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