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Cow CountryNews Cattlemen’s Association

June 2017

Issue Highlights

Beef Solutions LLC Gets Approval for Ground Beef Project pg. 20 Breathitt Vet Center Gets a New Home pg. 24 Celebrating the Dairy Industry 2017 pg. 44

Bringing a Vision to Market: Blue Grass Stockyards Regional Marketplace pg. 48

Ky Cattlemen’s Assoc. 176 Pasadena Drive Lexington, KY 40503

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Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


5/3/17 5:42 PM

Buying or Selling Livestock?

We’ve Got Your Back.

LMA member auctions have your best interests in mind. In the livestock business, success is based on established relationships and trust. Members of the Livestock Marketing Association have a vested interest in helping livestock producers stay in business, and thrive even in these challenging times.

We’re here to ensure:

• You earn top dollar for your livestock • Receive immediate payment whether the market receives payment or not • Hassle-free compliance with state and federal livestock disease trace and other health rules • Your animals are handled humanely to reduce shrink and stress • You complete all documentation needed for packers and COOL compliance

Auction markets that belong to the LMA are the most professional and reliable markets in the business. To find LMA members in your area call 1-800-821-2048 or visit (901) 482-3011 •

WeveGotYourBack_KY2016.indd 1

Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


5/9/16 9:11 AM

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Table of Contents COLUMNISTS 7 8 9 10 22 26 36 70

Chuck Crutcher, Building Character Ryan Quarles, Farm Policy is in Good Hands in Kentucky Dave Maples, KCA Embracing Industry Changes with Latest Projects Baxter Black, Who’s In Charge? Tommy Yankey, The Importance of On-Farm Demos Dr. Michelle Arnold, Feeding Steers on Corn Gluten or Distillers Grains? Learn to Recognize Blockage from Urinary Calculi and How to Prevent Them Glen Aiken, Should We Be Concerned with the Digestible Energy in Grazed Forages Roy Burris, And Davis said “Watch This”

FEATURE STORIES 11 16 20 21 24 25 29 30 31 32 34 37

38 40 41 42 43 44 46 48 51 59 61 62 65 12-15 18-19 40 52-53 54-55 56-57 67 68 69

President Trump Signs Executive Orders to Boost Rural America Gene Lanham, The Face of Agriculture: 2017 Hall of Fame Inductee Beef Solutions, LLC Gets Approval for Ground Beef Project Beef Solutions, LLC Frequently Asked Questions Breathitt Vet Center gets a new home Kentucky Expected Wheat Production Down 23 Percent Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association Awards Youth Scholarship Commissioner Quarles Praises End of Chinese Beef Import Embargo Beef Education Center Set to Open this Fall Ag Secretary Perdue Moves to Make School Meals Great Again Always Improving Administration Proposes Comprehensive Tax Reform Plan, Includes Repeal of Death Tax A Guide for Youth Beef Cattle Exhibitors To Cull or Not to Cull Kentucky Beef Council Hires Summer Intern Common Fencing Mistakes Priorities when Starting an Artificial Insemination Program Celebrating the Dairy Industry Cattle History in Kentucky Bringing a Vision to Market FACTS Tour Makes Plans to Visit California Bale Grazing Progressing in Second Year Baleage: Frequently Asked Questions Hay Scam Alert Record Volume for U.S. Pork Exports in March County News Economic & Policy Update KJCA Membership Kentucky Beef Network Kentucky Beef Council News Releases Calendar of Events - Advertisers Index Classified Section: - Classified ads

Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

“West Farm Bull” Cover photo by McKenna Dosier, Kenton County


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Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association 2017 Leadership REGION 1

KCA Regional Directors:

*Jeff Pettit, Vice President, 270-836-2963 Bobby Bell, 270-547-8547 Gary Woodall, 270-725-0819 Ricky Haynes Keith Johnson, 270-635-0723 Wayne Johnson, (270) 726-7896 Lanny Boyd, 270-889-9682 Martin Hayden, (270) 281-4076 JJ Tucker, (270) 257-8548 Dennis Wilson, 270-952-1714 Caleb Jenkin, 270-952-0767



Chuck Crutcher 4364 Berrytown Rd Rineyville, KY 40162 (270) 272-6269


Bobby Foree 2440 Eminence Rd Eminence, KY 40019 (502) 845-4947


Tim White 3660 Military Pike Lexington KY 40513 (859) 223-0326 1972-73 1974-77 1978-79 1980-82 1983-85 1986-87 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999




Ken Adams 90 East Horseshoe Ave. Upton, KY 42784 (270) 734-1443

Chris Cooper 2140 Tates Creek Rd. Richmond, KY 40475 (859) 200-7711



David Lemaster 1859 Irvine Road Winchester, KY 40391 (859) 749-0258

Steve Dunning 8200 Antioch Road Hopkinsville, KY 42240 (270) 498-8180


Cary King 250 Bright Leaf Drive Harrodsburg, KY 40330 (859) 734-2173

KCA’s Past Presidents:

Jere Caldwell* - Boyle Smith T. Powell* - Lincoln Larry Lovell - Union John Masters* - Mason Seldon Hail* - Laurel Bob Vickery - Wayne Glenn Mackie - Bourbon Dale Lovell - Muhlenberg Steve Henshaw* - Union Jerry Fraim - Grayson Glen Massengale* - Wayne Dell King - Christian Kenneth Lowe - Warren Dr. J.L.Cole - Monroe Harvey Mitchell - Mercer Jim Naive - Spencer Shelby Hughes - Logan Hoppy Lovell - Barren

2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016

Charles Miller - Jessamine Larry Clay - Perry Jack Kimbrough* - Shelby Mark Williams - Crittenden Paul Napier - Lincoln Eddie Young - Washington Greg Ritter* - Barren Don Pemberton - Christian Billy Glenn Turpin - Madison Scotty Parsons - Christian Corinne Kephart - Shelby Greg Robey - Mercer Mike Bach - Bath Don Reynolds - Hart Steve Downs - Marion Gary Woodall - Logan David Lemaster, - Clark


*Andy Bishop Vice President, 502-275-6177 Craig Thompson, 270-590-5174 Mark Thomas, 270-723-6175 Joe Stults, 270-358-8182 Joe Mike Moore, 270-670-7493 Frank Rowland, 270-646-0882 Reva Richardson, 270-735-2959 Steve Webb, 270-646-8277 Adam Thomas, 270-991-7108 Richie Thompson, 270-678-4000 Joe Lowe, Mike Bullock, Donald Reynolds, 270-528-5239 Gerry Bowman, 270-427-6922 Phyllis Gentry, 502-549-3798 Adam Estes, (270) 528-3302


*Jon Bednarski, Vice President, 502-649-8706 Chris McBurney, 502-741-7088 Irvin Kupper, 502-633-6858

Dallas McCutchen, 502-255-7020 John Ellegood, 502-532-7573 Kevin Perkins, 502-269-7189 Larry Bryant, 502-845-4615 Wanda Hawkins, 502-220-2264 Jerry Oak, 502-255-7502 Phillip Douglas, 502-845-4620


*Jeremy Jones, 859-749-2233 Mickey Staton, 606-674-2195 Endre Fink, 859-559-7765 Doug Marshall, 859-885-3919 Bo Tate, 859-661-2325 Larry Swetnam, 859-293-5600 Jason Sandefur, 859-987-0336 Randy Warner, 859-771-5280 Curtis Absher, 859-533-9888 Clay Wills, 859-749-8248 Jason Crowe, 606-723-6062


*Gary Ford, Vice President, 270-402-2194 Steve Devine, 859-583-7824 Steve Downs, 270-865-2611 Brent Woodrum, 859-583-3193 Ian Thomas, 859-613-2453 Anne Bays, 615-478-8450 Larry Parman, 606-878-7516 Greg Robey, 859-734-0067 Eddie Young, 859-262-5682 Adam Chunglo, 859-613-2985 Brenda Williams, 606-669-2909 Tommy Glasscock, 270-692-4336 * Denotes member of Executive committee

Cow Country News

Volume 30 Issue 6


The publisher reserves the right to refuse publication of any material which he feels is unsuitable for the publication. Although the highest journalistic ethics will be maintained, the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association limits its responsibilities for any errors, inaccuracies or misprints in advertising or editorial copy. Advertisers and advertising agencies assume liability for all content of advertisements printed, and also assume responsibility for any claims arising from such advertisements made against the publisher.


176 Pasadena Drive,Lexington, KY 40503 Phone 859/278-0899 Fax 859/260-2060 Web Site: or E-Mail:

Executive Vice President Dave Maples Staff Accountant Kelly Tucker Director of Kentucky Beef Network Becky Thompson KBN Industry Coordinator Dan Miller KBC Director of Consumer Affairs Kiah Twisselman KBC Director of Education Niki Ellis KBC Director of Product Development Katelyn Hawkins

Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Membership Coordinator Nikki Whitaker Communications Manager Jacob Redway Publication Coordinator Carey Brown National Advertising Sales Livestock Advertising Network,

Debby Nichols, 859/321-8770


Building Character varied. She then taught a very quick lesson on where their food comes from before each student made their own ice cream to take back to their classroom. ----------------It’s easy to see why they stay booked months in advance. I can personally verify Kentucky Cattlemen's Association President that the Department of Agriculture and all the commodity groups that sponsor eef Month got off to a great these trailers are definitely spending start with Kiah setting up on their money wisely and are getting a the Capitol lawn for a cookout great return on every dollar. Thank you with Governor Matt Bevin and his staff. Brandy for the invite and for educating With the state capitol as a backdrop, me on what you do. Keep up the good delicious hamburgers and kababs were work! served. Governor Bevin then presented The ribbon cutting on the Breathitt the document proclaiming May as “Beef Veterinary Lab on May 11th marked the Month” to Steve Dunning and myself. culmination of years of work to secure For those in attendance, we’ll look back the funding to make the new facility on this day a reality. The and say, “Did I BVL diagnosed tell you about the recent the time that Avian Influenza we grilled on outbreak before the Capitol it was officially lawn for the opened. What a Governor”? great credit to the A few laboratory and weeks back the personnel Brandy Graves, to make such a who is one of timely diagnosis. the instructors After touring for the mobile the BVL it was van Kentucky back on the Ag and road to attend Environment Barren County in the C a t t l e m e n’s Association Classroom monthly meeting. invited me to On the 100+ mile visit her and drive over I got her students to see acres of at Highland corn and wheat E l e m e n t a r y Chuck Crutcher as a young boy feeding a being grown while she lamb. in multiple was in Elizabethtown. The van travels all counties and enjoy the back roads beauty over the state teaching students the of Kentucky. At the Barren County importance of agriculture and how it meeting I can see why they continue to impacts their lives. On this particular lead the state in membership. They had day Brandy was teaching the students a good program with over 100 members how to make ice cream. She started her in attendance. It didn’t hurt that Warren session by asking “Where do we get Wisdom and his cooking crew served up milk?” As expected, the answers were their award-winning rib eyes. I casually

Chuck Crutcher


asked Warren about his seasoning, but I was informed that I wouldn’t be able to leave the county if he told me. Their steak seasoning is a guarded secret just like the Colonel guarded his chicken recipe. The recent announcement of China opening their markets to exports of beef from the U.S. holds great financial potential. Let’s hope they proceed slowly and get it right. Growing up on a diverse family farm as the third of seven sons provided challenges and opportunities. In addition to cattle, hogs, chickens, and turkeys we also raised sheep. Springtime meant that it was time to shear the sheep, hopefully, before they were turned out to grass. After eating hay all winter their by-product was pretty solid, but turning out to grass kind of loosened things up if you get the drift! My two older brothers sheared the sheep while we younger ones cleaned and tied the wool. Cleaning the

wool meant we removed foreign matter and what we called “tags (manure)”. We cut out the tags with hand clippers and the loose green stuff provided a challenge but once into the job it really didn’t matter as cleaning up the wool meant that it would bring a higher price at market. No one really complained because one day you would be shearing and a younger brother would be doing your job. Like a lot of other jobs on the farm we would always ask our dad why we had to do this job. His stock answer was “Builds character, son.” In later years I realized that it’s not what we do along the way, but it’s the final product that is the true measure. As I went into the work force and climbed that “corporate ladder” I realized that “Who you are as a person is just as important as what you know”. By the way, my brother came in second in a state sheep shearing contest.


OAK HOLLOW 1C06 Kenneth D. Lowe (270) 202-7186

Joe K. Lowe II (270) 202-4399

Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


COMPLETE DISPERSAL of the Yoder Angus Herd

Noon • Saturday, June 17, 2017

Sale Location: 4040 Hillsboro Road, Hillsboro, KY


Farm Policy is in Good Hands in Kentucky

The Yoder Family is in the process of selling their current farm in order to relocate – consequently, the entire registered Angus herd will sell!

MORE THAN 100 HEAD SELL: 45 Cow/Calf Pairs and Bred Cows • 15 Yearling Bred and Open Heifers 15 Yearling Bulls and Bull Calves • 1 Herd Sire


Selling more than 20 maternal descendants.

Selling more than 10 maternal descendants.



Y O D E R AN G U S Blackbird, Blackbird Blossom, Blackcap May, Elba, Emblynette, Mahlon & Dave Yoder Erica, Georgina, Juanada, Lucy, 7362 Polecat Pike Madame Pride, Peg, Rosetta, Maysville, KY 41056 Ruby, Sioux – Champion Hill and (606) 742-9054 SAV females included! For your free reference sale booklet, contact anyone in the office of the Sale Manager, TOM BURKE, KURT SCHAFF, JEREMY HAAG, AMERICAN ANGUS HALL OF FAME, at the WORLD ANGUS HEADQUARTERS, PO Box 660, Smithville, MO 64089-0660. Phone: (816) 532-0811. Fax: (816) 532-0851. E-Mail


Ryan Quarles

-------------Commissioner of Agriculture


was honored to serve on a panel at the Agri-Pulse Farm Bill Summit in Washington in March. We talked about ways to attract young people to careers in agriculture. The average age of the Kentucky farmer is more than 60 years old, so I feel that this is a vital issue for the future of America’s food supply. The aging American farmer is just one of many issues that will be considered during the process of crafting the next Farm Bill. As the debate progresses, it’s important for Kentucky to be represented on this issue as well as many others – regulatory reform, trade, food safety, and the environment, to name a few. I spent some time in Washington with Senator Mitch McConnell’s office and the Foreign Agricultural Service, and I will use my D.C. experience and contacts to work for you during Farm Bill talks. But Kentucky also is fortunate at this moment in time to have many friends in the nation’s capital who will advocate on our behalf. Senator McConnell, the Senate majority leader, heads a Kentucky congressional delegation that consistently

works for the Commonwealth’s farmers and agribusinesses. The administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, Scott Pruitt, is a native of the Bluegrass State. The new secretary of agriculture, former Georgia Gov. Sonny Perdue, is the first Southerner to hold that post in more than 20 years, so we can expect his administration’s policies to align closely with Kentucky’s agricultural needs. The president of the American Farm Bureau Federation is another Georgian, Zippy Duvall, whom I had the pleasure of welcoming to Kentucky at the National Farm Machinery Show in February. Kentucky Farm Bureau, half a million strong, is active in Washington and Frankfort as “The Voice of Kentucky Agriculture.” Your Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association (KCA) provides another voice for your interests with federal and state policy makers. Executive Vice President Dave Maples and his staff regularly appear in the corridors of power and in meetings across the state. The KCA also represents you at various public events and operates programs to educate Kentucky’s youth – our future farmers and agribusiness operators. At a time when many critical issues are on the table, Kentucky is uniquely positioned to influence U.S. agricultural policy for years to come. I am pleased to speak on your behalf, and I encourage you to let me know what’s on your mind.


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Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


KCA Embracing Industry Changes with Latest Projects Dave Maples

-------------Executive Vice President


nnually, I get the opportunity to attend a professional development workshop with my colleagues from other states. This year the group met in Kansas City, Missouri. Over the years these meetings have really been beneficial with timely topics on association management and beef industry trends. This year was no exception. Changes that are taking place in our industry are being driven by consumer and societal changes. The technology evolution is in full swing with more changes to come. The changing face of the retail revolution is in its infancy and the desire for transparency and authenticity of the production processes are sought after. I picked up my late spring 2017 copy of Farm Journal the afternoon that I arrived home, and an article titled Transformative Food Trends got my attention. The article verified just what I had heard from the speaker’s just days before. Some of the quotes from the article were: “ They didn’t ask questions. They simply wanted a good hamburger.” “Until, that is, millennials changed everything. For many members of this generation, it isn’t just the food that matters. It’s all of the decisions that happen from planting to plate, including water management, nutrient application and carbon emissions to animal care and handling. Food companies have noticed, and the resulting changes promise to reverberate through the supply chain and into every corner of rural America. As farmers manage margins, partnerships

with supply chain stakeholders will help unlock prof itability. In return, producers will need to adopt practices that conform to industry standards and to push aside the curtain of secrecy some consumers think separate them from farmers.” KCA has two projects in the works that will help address some of these questions. The first is a ground beef project that we will talk more about in the coming issues. This project was just approved by the Ag Development Board but you can see the press release on pg. 21. The second is a classroom that will focus on the beef industry. Education has long been a major driver in the program of works within the KCA organization. Education is a lifelong learning experience that is never completed in our industry. The beef supply chain has many touch points that require constant attention and participation from the various points in the process. Inviting the public to your farm or to a processing plant is a daunting process that brings with it an expense as well as distraction from the daily work that has to be completed. The dairy industry’s Fair Oaks Dairy in Indiana and a Purdue Farms proposed educational poultry barn in the Owensboro area are examples of where the public can come and view the inside of industries that are seldom seen. This would have to be a first for the poultry industry because this industry has gone to great lengths to keep people away from the barns. The new Blue Grass Regional Livestock Marketplace has made the decision to encourage the public to visit the Stockyards. One of the ideas was to have a classroom that could show and tell Kentucky’s beef industry story. After that decision was made KCA was approached with the idea of managing the classroom. The idea was vetted through the

committee process and the full board of some 73 members. Pushing aside the curtain of secrecy seems to be a simple decision with very little to no cost to the association. The classroom will be branded with its own name. “The Yards” is an acronym for Teaching, Health, Environment, Youth, Agriculture Advocacy, Research, Demonstration and Scientific learning. Because of some disagreement with the project, funding will be provided by gifts and donations f rom producers and industry that believe in nontraditional agriculture educational projects. To say the least, the dedicated staff at KCA has been very excited to have a tool in the tool box that no other state cattlemen’s association will have. To

be able to host retail and food service marketing departments in your own class room at a stockyards will be much easier than the way it was done in the pass at the old stockyards. The situation can be controlled and the points of interest can be clearer. The classroom initial design will be for elementary students but will be available for many different groups of all ages. Over the eighteen years that I have worked for KCA the foresight and the encouragement of the many leaders has been to push the envelope and to not be afraid to try something new. We are definately pushing the envelope on these two projects and are excited to see how these can keep moving our industry forward.

STONE GATE FARMS Stone Gate Columbus 4404

CED +13 BW -1.7 WW +47 YW +75 Milk +28

Stone Gate Columbus is one of our good home bred sires. A good selection of yearling bulls available, some are Columbus sons. For additional information please call: Stone G ate F arm s

1 6 6 9 M i l l C r eek R d . • F l em i n g s C ha r l es C a n n on : 6 0 6 - 8 4 9 - 4 2 7 8 J er e C a n n on : 6 0 6 - 8 4 9 - 4 3 6 0 • C C hr i s C a n n on : 6 0 6 - 7 4 8 - 0 4 0 7 V i c tor i a C a n n on : 6 0 6 - 7 4 8 - 5 4 2 0 w w w . s ton eg a tefa r m s . c om • e- m

Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

b u rg , K Y 4 1 0 4 1 • C el l : 6 0 6 - 7 4 8 - 0 7 4 7 el l : 6 0 6 - 7 4 8 - 6 3 0 6 a i l : s ton eg a tea n g u s @ g m a i l . c om



Who’s In Charge? Baxter Black

----------------On the Edge of Common Sense


ometimes we forget who’s in charge.

There has been so much concern lately regarding man’s ability to change the environment. We worry about cutting down the forests, damming up the rivers, endangering the species, warming the globe and paving the wetlands. We have begun to wonder, somewhat self-righteously, how on

earth the earth ever survived without us! Then we have extreme weather. We watch floods in Arizona, avalanches in the Rockies, blizzards in the breadbasket and the mother of all storms closing airports from Albany to Atlanta! Secretaries of State, lettuce growers, Sierra Club members who always paid their dues, cowboys, geniuses and self-made millionaires all huddled in their little holes waiting for Public Service to turn the lights back on. Human beings are pretty small potatoes when Mother Nature decides to put us in our place. And those of us who live on the land seldom need reminding of our status in the pecking order.

When you have to leave your fourwheel drive out on the road for a week and walk the 1/2 mile to the house, it’s a humbling experience for both you and for General Motors. When you can’t feed for three days and only lose two cows, you are thankful. When the flood washed away the machine shed but spares the house, you consider yourself lucky. When the temperatures in your orchard doesn’t reach freezing as predicted, you know you’ve been spared. It has to do with deadlines. People of the land meet a different kind of deadline. It is not manmade. A reporter must meet an arbitrary deadline. Like this column. I must have agreed on the deadline and it can’t be changed.

But every livestock producer, fruit grower or wheat farmer plays the odds. He gets his work done on time only to find that God has changed his deadline! We can only do the best we know how and hope for a little luck. I was a grown man the first time I saw the ocean. I watched the waves wash upon the shore. The timeless inexorable cycle of nature impressed me to the bone. I realized that in spite of our good intentions, our technological advancements and our privileged place on earth, that man, is just a water skipper on the pond of life. From the smallest snowflake to the most awesome volcano, we are reminded that someone else is in charge.

Silver Stream Shelters 30’ x 70’ Double Truss Pipe & Rachet Regularly Priced: $8,200 On sale for: $4,995 (Limit 10 Sheds) 30 X 72 Single Steele Rope Tie $3995.00 *Twice as strong as single steel

Contact Us Today! Derek Woods - 859-588-5416 or Toll Free - 877- 547-4738

Come see us at the Farm Science Review, Booth 960 Wool 10

Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


President Trump Signs Executive Orders to Boost Rural America WASHINGTON (APRIL 26, 2017) resident Trump is sending a clear signal this week that he is interested and engaged in helping boost rural America. With the executive order signed on Tuesday, USDA Secretary Sonny Perdue will chair a newly established Interagency Task Force on Agriculture and Rural Prosperity, charged “to ensure the informed exercise of regulatory authority that impacts agriculture and rural communities.”


rights. “The rural farm economy has suffered with a drop in net farm income and increasing regulatory environment,” said Uden. “This is a great step forward to putting rural America back into focus and addressing the issues that have negatively impacted our industry over the years.” In addition to the executive order establishing the task force, President Trump signed another executive order

Hall of Fame Award Do you know an outstanding cattleman or cattlewoman? The Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association Hall of Fame is designed to honor a member of the organization that has given time, service, and talent to the betterment of the Cattlemen’s Association at the county and/or state levels.

2018 applications must be postmarked by August 31, 2017. Call Jacob Redway at 859-278-0899 with questions. Application available at

2017 Inductees:

Region 1 - Bobby Shilts Region 2 - Russell Hackley Region 3 - Nancy Kloentrup Region 4 - John Venable Region 5 - Gene Lanham Craig Uden, National Cattlemen’s Beef Association president, said he is glad to see President Trump’s engagement this week. “We are appreciative for President Trump making agriculture a high priority right out of the gate,” said Uden. “With Secretary Perdue in office and the establishment of this task force, we are in a strong position moving forward to develop policy that will bolster our rural economy rather than the continuous over-regulation we have recently faced.” President Trump has specifically asked the task force to look at issues that have been high priority for NCBA – such as needed changes to the death tax and the protection of private property

this week calling for the review of previous designations under the Antiquities Act. The Act, while intended to preserve Native American artifacts and areas of historical importance, instead has been used to place heavy restrictions on the land, bypassing Congress and local communities. “The end result is a crippling effect to local economies – ranchers forced off the land, conservation efforts halted, and jobs lost,” said Uden. “We are pleased to see that the Administration recognizes the hardships these designations have caused and is willing to re-evaluate previous action. Trump’s action this week is a positive sign for rural America.” Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Madison County

Clark County

On Tuesday May 9th the Clark County Cattlemen took the junior cattlemen on their 3rd annual educational tour. This year students went to the UK beef unit to tour and learn about the research that was going on at the facility. Then students went to Logan’s to eat lunch followed by a tour at Conley Farms in Georgetown. Submitted by Terra M. Pigg

Larue County

34 beef cattle producers from Madison Country visited the Eden Shale Farm and Learning Center in Owenton, Kentucky on May 3. They toured the facilities and learned about some of the farm’s best management practices. Sponsors for the trip included: Central Ky Ag Credit, Madison County Beef Cattle Association, Madison County Farm Bureau, Madison County Conservation District, and Madison County Extension Service.

McLean County

Four Kentucky Junior Cattlemen members and their dates took a photo with the Beef, It’s What’s for Dinner sign before the Larue County High School prom. Members included Kalli Flanders, Jenna Hazelwood, Colton Thompson, and Clay Rogers. 12

Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

The McLean County Cattlemen Association awarded its first annual scholarship to a 2017 McLean Co High school graduating senior majoring in agriculture. This years recipient is Matthew Murray. Pictured is Cody Robertson (left) McLean Co Cattlemen President and Matthew Murray

Metcalfe County


Oldham County

Pictured in photo: Brent Haney, his father Daniel Haney, and Charlie McDonner of Whayne Supply. Charlie McDonner of Whayne Supply was a guest speaker and sponsor of the Oldham County Cattlemen’s Association March meeting. Members elected officers for the current year, President – Maynard Stetten; Vice President – Paul Bradshaw; and Secretary/Treasurer – Jerry Bennett. Submitted by Traci Missun

Todd County

County Judge Declares May 2017 Beef Month in Metcalfe County On May 4, 2017, Metcalfe County Judge Greg Wilson, shown above with Metcalfe County Cattlemen’s President Bobby Druen, signed a proclamation declaring May 2017 as Beef Month in Metcalfe County. Being a member of the Cattlemen’s Association for several years, Wilson knows the economic impact the beef cattle industry has on Metcalfe County and the state of Kentucky as a whole. Kentucky is the largest beef cow state east of the Mississippi River with over 2 million head of cattle on Kentucky farms. Beef is the third most widely consumed meat in the world, accounting for about 25% of meat production worldwide after pork and poultry. So whether you grill it, fry it, barbecue it, broil it, bake it or roast it, when you buy beef for your family, please know that you are supporting your local cattlemen and women in this very important industry.Submitted by Moe Hensley

The Todd County Cattlemen’s presented two college scholarships at the Todd Central FFA Banquet this month to 2 well deserving candidates. The scholarships were awarded to Maci McCuiston of Trenton and Alex Campbell of Elkton. Both recipients will be attending Murray State University in the Fall majoring in Agriculture. Also pictured were Todd County Cattlemen’s Association members - Jack Payne, Don Laster and Tony Berry who presented the awards at the banquet. Thank you! Submitted by Lee Ann McCuiston

Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Twin Lakes Cattlemen’s Association

BY: STEVE PEDDICORD he Twin Lakes Association held their 2nd quarterly meeting on May 2, in Albany at the SKRECC building. 42 members and guests attended and were treated with a ribeye, baked potato, and pie meal cooked by the cooking team of Paul Conner and Carl Sasser. The meal was sponsored by association member Nathan Groce of Amonett’s Eagle Auction and Realty LLC. The guest speaker for the evening was Jim Akers, CEO of Blue Grass Stockyards Inc. Akers gave an update to the crowd on the completion schedule


of the new stockyards being built to replace the Lexington market that suffered fire loss. He also informed the crowd of several updates concerning beef marketing nationwide and the changing export market. During the business session the membership discussed plans for a beef tour to the western part of Virginia later this summer. The board also approved their first annual scholarship details to be awarded to a local high school student that plans to enter college and major in agriculture. The next quarterly meeting of the TLCA will be held on July 25, 2017.

Barren County

The Barren County Cattlemen’s meeting was held Thursday evening, May 11 at the Barren County High School Trojan Academy. During the meeting Richie Thompson, Farm Credit Mid-America, made a presentation on Pasture and Hay Insurance and Emily Pike presented on Ag. Financing and Managing the Beef Herd. Chuck Crutcher, KCA President, also gave a KCA update presentation. A delicious steak dinner was served which was sponsored by Farm Credit Mid-America. Pictured above are (left to right): James W. Bailey, Barren County Cattlemen’s Association Reporter; Emily Pike and Richie Thompson. Pictured below are Chuck Crutcher, KCA President and Gerry Bowman, Barren County Cattlemen’s Association President.

Do you have county news you would like to share? Send your information by the 10th of each month to 14

Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Barren County

The Barren County Cattlemen’s meeting was held Thursday evening, April 20 at the Barren County High School Trojan Academy. During the meeting Jody Wade, Boehringer Ingelheim, presented a program on pre-conditioning beef cattle, and Ricky Houchens, Pinnacle Agriculture made a presentation promoting Pinnacle Ag Company. A delicious steak dinner was served which was sponsored by Boehringer Ingelheim and Pinnacle Agriculture. Pictured above are (left to right): Jody Wade and Hanna McCabe of Boehringer Ingelheim, Ricky Houchens, and Barren County Cattlemen’s Association Secretary, Taylor Craine. Below: The Barren County Cattlemen’s Association is promoting the beef industry! On April 15, Mr. Kevin Bradshaw installed a sign on the edge of his property on Hwy 63, across from the Temple Hill Lions Club Fairgrounds. Pictured left to right: Frank Rowland, Cash McGuire, Caden Hodges, Kevin Bradshaw, Bexley McGuire, Warren Wisdom, Alex Wood, Bob Gerring and Charles Dale Embry. Thanks to Kevin Bradshaw for his outstanding service.


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Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Gene Lanham, The Face of Agriculture 2017 Hall of Fame Inductee BY LESLEY WARD, PHOTOS COURTESY OF THE LANHAM FAMILY


ene Lanham was the face of agriculture for Marion County for years,” says Steve Downs, current president of the Marion County Cattlemen’s Association. “He left me some great big shoes to fill.” Lanham was inducted in the KCA Hall of Fame in 2017. Sadly, the lifelong farmer died before he could receive the award at the annual banquet. “It was such an honor,” said his wife of 63 years, Montrude Lanham. “I wish he had been alive to receive it.” Lanham served as his local association’s president for more than 15 years, and he was credited by many as the driving force behind the group. “If it wasn’t for Gene, I don’t know if we would have had a cattlemen’s association,” said Downs. “He got it started, and built it up from the ground. He took it upon himself to get involved with activities and fundraising cookouts for just about every school organization and charity in Marion County.” “He enjoyed the fundraisers and he just liked cooking,” remembered Mrs. Lanham. “And he wanted to promote beef. We cooked a lot for local factories. We also cooked for the Chamber of Commerce, and we did the fair concession. The largest group we ever cooked for was 900 people.” Mrs. Lanham said her husband liked to be around people. “Gene never met a stranger, and it didn’t matter if you had nothing or if you were rich. He was the same to everyone.” Lanham was born in 1933 and spent his early years in the town of Gravel Switch, where his father was a postal carrier. His family bought a farm with more than 100 acres on Danville Road in 1946 and Gene soon recognized his calling. “He said that all he ever wanted to 16

do in his life was farm and that’s what he did,” said Mrs. Lanham. The Lanhams met on a blind date to a ball game. “I grew up on a farm in Casey County,” explained Mrs. Lanham. “We went to different schools, but I had heard of him.” The couple married in 1952, and quickly bought their own 18-acre farm up the road. A few years later, they bought a bigger farm and began raising

dairy cows. “We were known for dairy all over Kentucky,” said Mrs. Lanham. “Gene was a director for Dairymen Inc., too, and he worked his way up to the national cooperative board.” Lanham was also the only farmer to be recognized as “Outstanding Farmer” by the Marion County Chamber of Commerce twice—once in 1980 as a dairy farmer and again in 1999 as a beef cattle farmer. After serving 10 years as

president of the Marion County Farm Bureau, Lanham received recognition for his distinguished and dedicated service. “We ran the dairy for 42 years, but then it became impossible to get regular help,” remembered Mrs. Lanham. “So, we sold the dairy that fall and decided to start a beef operation. We bought 180 bred heifers, which was a big mistake!” The Lanhams quickly found that beef cattle were very different than dairy cows. “We had an all-registered Holstein herd, and they were very gentle. You could walk up to them,” Mrs. Lanham said with a laugh. “It didn’t take us very long to figure out that you just don’t walk up to beef cattle and put your hands on them. “When they all started calving in February, it was a nightmare. We could always put a dairy cow in the calving pen and be in there with her. We couldn’t even get the beef cows in the pen! We just didn’t know how to handle them.” But, it wasn’t long before the Lanhams learned the beef business. “By the second year, things started to flow really well,” said Mrs. Lanham. “After the second calves, we just turned them out.” Over the years, the Lanham’s mainly had Angus and a few Angus/Charolais crosses on their farm. As their herd grew, the couple bought several other farms in the area, including one just over the county line in Boyle County, where their daughter Terry Williams and her husband, Bill, still live. “We had more than 600 acres when we had a full beef operation going,” said Mrs. Lanham. In recent years, the couple downsized, selling several farms, and Mrs. Lanham continues to live on the family homestead about a mile out of Gravel Switch. From her kitchen window, she can see the plot of land she and Gene donated to the county so it could build a community center. “The county had received a grant for

Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


$80,000 and they were about to lose it, so Gene and I talked one night and he said that it wouldn’t hurt us to give one acre up there,” remembered Mrs. Lanham. The center is now an integral part of the community. “It was used by our local Head Start program,” said Mrs. Lanham. “And the Amish used it as a school.” The center, which holds 150 people, is also used for reunions, weddings and birthday parties. Lanham felt that serving the community in which he lived was essential, and if, at the same time, he could promote farming he was even happier. He especially enjoyed being involved with 4-H.

“He always said that he didn’t have the privilege of being in 4-H,” said Mrs. Lanham. “So, our daughters, Sandy, Terry and Kay were very active in the club. We showed cattle all over the state for 30 some years.” The Lanhams also hosted numerous FFA groups on their farm. “We would show them around the milk parlor to teach them about dairy,” said Mrs. Lanham. “I would always have brownies and milk for them. Those visits were very popular with the kids. “Once we had five busloads of fourth graders visit from a school in Louisville.” The Lanhams were also involved in the Marion County Farm and Garden show, which was held for many years. “Gene wanted people to learn about farming,” said Mrs. Lanham. “He aimed to educate city people about life on the farm. We had great crowds.” Lanham also helped local beef farmers learn about better ways to look after their herds by inviting them to KCA meetings and encouraging them to join

the association. “People enjoyed the gettogethers, and they really enjoyed a steak dinner,” explained Mrs. Lanham. “But they also came to learn. Back then, many people didn’t vaccinate their herds.” Gene was always ready to try new farming methods. “We joined the University of Kentucky’s Rapid Adjustment program in 1972,” said Mrs. Lanham. “They would come out to the farm to see what we were doing. We tried a lot of new ideas that they gave us. Most of them were a success. “We were also the first people in Marion County to try no-till corn, and we were the talk of the community. Other farmers would come over to take a look at our fields. Most of them said it would never work, but it was one of the greatest corn crops we ever had. Gene wasn’t afraid to try new ideas.” The Marion County KCA is feeling

the loss of Gene, and President Steve Downs misses his friend. “My best memories of Gene are after our regular cattle meetings,” he said. “The majority of the members would leave pretty quickly at 9 p.m., but most of the time, Gene, Paul Peterson and I would wind up there talking for another two hours. It wasn’t unusual for us to stay until 11, just shooting the breeze and running over ideas. Just talking among friends. “Gene was a fine gentleman. He took the cattlemen’s leadership to heart and donated untold hours of his own time— and Montrude’s, as well. He’s a hard act to follow.”


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Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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The Agricultural Economics Depar tment publishes the Economic and Policy Update towards the end of each month. Each issue features articles written by extension personnel within the department and other experts across the country. Topics will vary greatly but regularly include marketing, management, policy, natural resources, and rural development issues. If you would like to recieve this newsletter by email, please contact Kenny Burdine at

You can also view current and past issues online at http://www. index.php?p=209 Co-editors: Kenny Burdine, Alison Davis, and Greg Halich



ollowing a very difficult and disappointing 2016 growing season, 2017 could be another challenging year for Kentucky tobacco farmers. While aggregate contract burley prices and contract volume may not change much in 2017, individual company decisions appear to vary considerably across buyers compared to previous years. Burley contract volume remained relatively flat to down 5 to 7% for some contract growers, while one major buyer adopted a double-digit percentage drop across the board for their growers. In total, my best guess is that U.S. burley contract volume may be down by around 5% for 2017. Many burley contract prices by grade remain similar to last year, with some adjustments in the +/- 3 to 5 cents/lb. range. Noticeably, there was significantly more price volatility in lower stalk leaf (i.e., flyings) with one major buyer dropping X grades by 15 cents/lb. The weighted average contract price for #2 quality burley leaf among the top four buyers ranged from $1.86 to $2.00/lb. For 3rd quality leaf, the weighted price differential among the top four buyers was nearly 25 cents/lb. Despite the significant price variability among companies, the overall weighted average burley contract price for the 2017 crop is similar to previous years. However, I would caution against using similar burley market prices received in recent years for 2017 budgeting purposes given the potential for overproducing the 2017 crop relative to anticipated demand levels. USDA’s March planting intentions survey (conducted in early March

prior to most contracts being offered) expenses. H2A wage rates for revealed a 7% increase in Kentucky Kentucky for 2017 increased to burley tobacco acres for 2017, with $10.92/hr compared to $10.85/hr dark fire-cured up 5% and dark air- last year. Housing, travel, workers cured 10% higher. A very short comp, and other fees must be 2016 dark tobacco crop coupled taken into consideration for those with continued growth in smokeless employing this legal seasonal sales probably warrants a modest workforce to determine the total increase in 2017 dark tobacco acres. hired labor wage rate. Most other However, a similar statement cannot input costs will remain close to last be made with much confidence for year’s levels as well. Assuming an burley. average burley price of $1.90/lb. for Assuming average national yields, the 2017 crop, 150 hours of hired the announced USDA planting labor, coupled with relatively flat intentions for burley would result in input costs generates the following a U.S. burley crop exceeding 170 net returns to compensate for a million pounds in 2017. In response producer’s own labor, management, to declining domestic use (caused and land under different wage and by lower cigarette consumption and yield scenarios (see table below). higher import use) coupled with Given these assumptions, improved weak leaf export demand (caused yields and labor efficiency will be by a stronger dollar and declining critical to generate a profitable burley global burley consumption), a U.S. crop in 2017. burley crop in excess of 130 million p o u n d s would likely p r o m p t a ver y volatile and selective market (i.e. 1/ Based on average market price of $1.90/lb. more critical and 150 hours of hired labor/acre g r a d i n g which could easily put downward pressure on market prices.) A s a l w a y s , b u r l e y returns are extremely variable based on assumed y i e l d s 1/ Weighted Average Based on Estimated Percentand labor age Volume Purchased by Buyer and Typical Crop Throw

Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association




write about seasonality in calf and feeder cattle markets pretty regularly and we are at about the time of year when calf markets typically reach their seasonal highs as stocker operations place calves into grazing programs. These same calves tend to reach their lows in the fall as more calves move through markets, and their value is primarily determined by what feedlots and winter backgrounders can pay for them. Heavier feeder cattle prices show less seasonal tendencies, but are usually highest in the late summer and early fall. For the most part, I have written much less about the seasonal patterns that exist in cull cow markets. However, since cull cow sales are very significant for cowcalf operations, it makes sense to spend a little time discussing these price patterns. Figure one plots both a 5-year and 10-year average for 80-85% boning cull cows in Kentucky. While the most recent 5 years clearly saw higher cull cow prices, both series show the same general seasonal pattern. Cull cow prices tend to be lowest in the late fall and early winter, then increase into spring and summer. This pattern actually follows the seasonal pattern for weaned calves closely. Cull cow prices reach their lows in the fall / winter for a couple of reasons. First, since most operations calve in the spring and wean in the fall, more cull cows are marketed during this time as cull cows tend to be sold when calves are weaned. At the same time, feeding costs are higher during the winter months, which makes cull

cows less attractive for another producer to purchase to feed or put back into production at this time. Tracking seasonal patterns has been difficult the last several years given the overall volatility in cattle markets. Many factors outside of seasonality have greatly influenced prices and this has led to exaggerated seasonal, and counter-seasonal, price patterns in many cases. So, taking a longterm view on price seasonality is typically best. Seasonal price indices are often used as a way to quantify seasonal patterns in prices. Figure 2 plots the same data shown in Figure 1, but does so using monthly price indices. A monthly price index is best thought of as a percentage of an annual average. For example, the black line in figure 2 plots monthly price indices from 2007 through 2016. Note that that black line reaches a peak in May at about 107. This means that from 2007-2016, boning 80-85% cull cow prices in May were 7% above the annual average. Similarly, that same series reaches its low in December at around 92. This suggests that from 2007-2016, these same prices in December were 8% below that annual average. (Note that the graph may look somewhat exaggerated since the X-axis does not start at zero. This is done to make the two series easier to distinguish since they are so similar.) While cull cow seasonality does not get near as much attention as seasonality in other markets, it is worth consideration. Cow-calf operations make culling decisions on an annual basis and revenue from cull cows does impact their cash flow and the amount of depreciation incurred annually on

breeding stock. So, like so many other things, cow-calf operators

should be aware of seasonal patterns in cull cow prices.

Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Beef Solutions, LLC Gets Approval for Ground Beef Project LEXINGTON, KY. (MAY 19, 2017)


n Friday, May 19, Beef Solutions, LLC received funding from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund. Beef Solutions, LLC was formed to provide a pathway for Kentucky’s cattle producers to enter the market for locally produced and marketed ground beef, guiding the product from the Kentucky farm to the meat counter. Beef Solutions will provide a way for Kentucky consumers to purchase local ground beef and a way for Kentucky retailers to have a reliable, source verified product. While it will probably be fall before the product hits

the shelves, the venture will provide a f resh, local 80/20 Kentucky ground beef product, “Kentucky Cattlemen’s G r o u n d Beef ”, that will be available to purchase in 1 pound packages. “ O u r producers

are thrilled to finally be able to offer Kentucky beef to consumers across the Commonwealth,” stated Dave Maples, Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association Executive Vice President. “As the largest beef producing state east of the Mississippi River, it is only fitting that we have our very own Kentucky beef product.” The funding through the Agricultural Development Board includes a grant in the amount of $127,096 to begin operations and sustain the business until its operations have reached a sufficient scale to sustain itself. The project will be worked on throughout the summer and a plan for a Kentucky Proud ground beef product

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Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


product to be on Kroger shelves is planned for this fall. For more information contact the KCA office at 800-379-2642 or visit the website at See below for FAQ. Beef Solutions is a single-owner

Limited Liability Company, owned by the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association, Inc., a 501 (c)(5) member-driven organization of cattle producers in Kentucky, consisting of 99 chapters across the Commonwealth and representing the interests of Kentucky’s 38,000 cattle producers.

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for enrollment protocols at www.

Beef Solutions is a single-owner Limited Liability Company, owned by the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association, INC. Beef Solutions was formed to provide a pathway for Kentucky’s cattle producers to enter the market for locally produced and marketed ground beef, guiding the product from the Kentucky Farm to the Kentucky Consumer.

Can my current processor participate in this program?

What is Kentucky Cattlemen’s Ground Beef?

When and where can I purchase this product?

Kentucky Cattlemen’s Ground Beef will be sold as 1-pound net weight package, natural, minimally processed no additives or preservatives, fresh, 80/20 blend Kentucky ground beef product.

The Kentucky Cattlemen’s Ground Beef product will be available on select Kroger store shelves in the Fall 2017.

When can I enroll my cattle? We will begin to enroll early fall. This program will be designed for cows that have served their reproductive life on the farm and ready for the next phase to allow us to focus on the ground beef product. Please continue to watch Cow Country News and our website

All Kentucky processors are encouraged to participate, however they must be Global Food Safety Initiative certified. Please visit http://www.mygfsi. com/ for more information on this certification.

Where can I find future program updates? Please visit our website www.

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Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



The Importance of On-Farm Demos TOMMY YANKEY, ANDERSON COUNTY EXTENSION AGENT FOR AGRICULTURE ne of the major functions of the Extension Service is disseminating useful and practical information. One good way to do this is through well planned and carefully conducted demonstrations. On-farm demonstrations serve as one of the most effective educational tools ever developed. Although on-farm demos require considerable time and effort, the payback comes when producers adopt the practices they perceive to be appropriate under local conditions. This is known as “seeing is believing!” and producers who observe demos and then apply them on their own farm are our present and future Extension leaders. People are inclined to believe and to be influenced by what they see. They are readily convinced by results and performance, not by claims and suggestions. The first documented on farm demonstration was conducted by Dr. Seaman A. Knapp in 1903 in Terrell, TX on a 70 acre site to control boll weevil in cotton. Dr. Knapp stated “what a man hears he may doubt; what he sees he may possibly doubt, but what he does himself, he cannot doubt.” These early result demonstrations sparked the founding of the Cooperative Extension Service in 1914 with the establishment of the Smith-Lever Act. Producers have more confidence in what extension agents teach if they are assured that the agent’s recommendations are practical and based upon results on local farms. Research from Universities and experiment stations lead producers to consider new methods but on-farm demos convince them to actually try these new methods. The first essential for successful on-farm demonstrations is to begin with a definite purpose. What do you want the demo to accomplish? What do you want it to prove? It’s important to select producers who are respected within their community. Most



will agree to help when the purpose, plan and benefits for the demo are explained to them. Some on-farm demonstrations require many visits and much supervision, while others take very little of the agent’s time. Perhaps the most significant improvements from demos are not in the crops or livestock but in the producers themselves. They gain an increasingly high regard for research and become more eager to adopt new methods. When significant benefits of an on-farm demo can be readily observed, meetings or tours can be held to show firsthand the advantages of the new practice. Testimony by an enthusiastic producer is often more effective in getting neighbors to adopt the demonstrated practice than a technical talk. As an Extension Agent, I have conducted dozens of on-farm demos throughout my career. They are a great teaching tool, not only for the farmer but for me as well. I feel they help me stay current on new technology and innovations and add to my credibility. I feel they make me a more effective agent. I am a hands-on person. When doing on-farm demos I work alongside the farmer. I want to be involved; whether it’s calibrating a seed drill before planting a new novel endophyte tall fescue or teaching a farmer how to use controlled internal drug release (CIDR) technology to improve artificial insemination and synchronization results. Demonstrations do not have to be large to be effective. I have conducted many replicated tobacco demos with individual plot size of 5’ by 20’. Test plots are arranged in a randomized design and each treatment is repeated at least four times. The entire demo may be ½ acre in size. Other on-farm demos like corn silage trials may be 15-20 acres in size, depending upon what we hope to study. Many insecticides and fungicides as well as cultural practices used today by tobacco farmers were evaluated in on-farm demos before they became a standard recommendation. Not all demonstrations are successful. I once planted a tobacco variety trial that

Austin Goodpaster and Buddy Smith calibrating seed drill before seeding Texoma Max Q II Fescue On-Farm Demo. received 3 tenths of an inch of rain from transplanting to harvest. All that demo told us was that tobacco needed rain to grow, but we already knew that. Another time migrant workers who thought they were helping co-mingled all treatments into one big bulk, making it impossible to sort data by treatments. Occasionally

Specialists provide guidance to agents when designing demonstrations and often times assist with the establishment or implementation of an on-farm demo as well as data collection. They add much credibility to your position as an agent as well. On farm demonstrations have always

Dr. Joe Bouton, Buddy Smith, Keenan Bishop, and Dr. Jimmy Henning discussing success of Texoma Max Q II On-Farm Demo. these things happen. But the great majority of time we come away with data and information that is meaningful and useful to local farmers. With digital cameras today it’s easy to document all stages of the demo. Photos can always be used later at winter meetings as well. And I always involve an Extension Specialist when doing on-farm demos. As an agent it’s impossible to be versed in every discipline of agriculture.

been one of my favorite teaching tools. Yes, they take a time commitment but I always feel I learn as much as the farmer. As one retired agent once said, “There is a demonstration in every recommendation”. And as they say, you’re never too old to learn. For producers reading this article, if you are interested in doing a demo on your farm contact your local county agent and volunteer.

Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


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Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Breathitt Vet Center gets a new home BY RAY BOWMAN


dward T. “Ned” Breathitt served as Kentucky’s Governor from 1963 to 1967 during an era marked by profound changes in the nation’s civil rights laws and policies and a major focus on conservation and natural resources. An $875,000 bond issue for a state-of-the-art veterinary medicine facility probably didn’t draw much of the spotlight during those heady times. The original 19,000 square-foot center was built in Christian County, KY, near Breathitt’s home town of Hopkinsville in November of 1967. It would later be expanded to 44,000 square-feet and would become the first laboratory in the country to be fully accredited by the American Association of Laboratory Diagnosticians. Initially, the Breathitt Veterinary Center and its sister facility, the Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory in Lexington were operated by the state Department of Agriculture. In 1978, the Lexington Lab was transferred to the oversight of the University of Kentucky and Murray State University assumed responsibility for the BVC, charting a future course for the two facilities that would bring education and research into their missions. The BVC was enlarged and


renovated in 1982 and officially named the Breathitt Veterinary Center, but the mission of the center continued to outgrow the original facility. Following a feasibility study funded by the Governor’s Office of Agriculture Policy with Tobacco Settlement money, the Kentucky General Assembly approved $32 million for construction of a new lab. On May 11, 2017, Governor Matt Bevin joined Murray State University president Robert O. Davies and a host of other dignitaries for the building’s official ribbon cutting ceremony. “I’m grateful for the work that went into this project, and those of you who, from the beginning, had this vision and this passion and didn’t give up,” Governor Bevin said. “It takes time to do things right, and this is done right.” The Governor also thanked the architect who designed the structure. “I cut ribbons on a lot of buildings, government buildings, and they’re kind of sad looking sometimes,” Bevin lamented. “This is a stunning, stunning facility.” Agriculture Commissioner Ryan Quarles took the opportunity to underscore the importance of the facility to Kentucky’s agricultural economy. “Over half of all farm receipts in Kentucky, about $3.3 billion of the $6 billion total, come from animal

agriculture,” Quarles told those in attendance. “Having a diagnostics lab that is internationally known matters, and having it right here in Kentucky is something that we are very, very proud of.” The May 11 event marked the public unveiling of the BVC, however Quarles pointed out that the facility had already had its mettle tested by a real-world emergency and had passed with flying colors. The laboratory was conducting a routine pre-slaughter test of “spent hens,” birds no longer being used for production from a nearby layer facility. The tests revealed the presence of lowpathogenic Avian Influenza prompting quarantines and temporary suspension

of live bird sales at sale and show events. Thanks to quick action made possible by early detection, the poultry industry only experienced a brief disruption. “Fortunately, what used to be a bad scenario ended up pretty minor, and that’s something we can all be thankful for,” Quarles noted. “What a way to break in a new building!” “Almost daily, we update the science used to diagnose disease and protect the public,” commented Dr. Debbie Reed, director of the Breathitt Veterinary Center. “The Commonwealth of Kentucky has placed a great deal of trust in us by investing in this facility, and we need to live up to that trust by being the best public servants possible.”

Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Kentucky Expected Wheat Production Down 23 Percent LOUISVILLE, KY.


he U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) released its May Crop Production report today based on the Agricultural Yield survey conducted at the beginning of the month. Kentucky farmers expect to harvest 24.5 million bushels of winter wheat during 2017. The expected crop for 2017 would be down 23  percent from the previous year. Farmers seeded 490,000 acres last fall with 350,000 acres to be harvested for grain. Based on crop conditions as of May 1 and assuming a normal growing season, farmers expect a yield of 70 bushels per acre, down 10 bushels from 2016. Acres for other uses totaled 140,000 acres and will be used as cover crop for

tobacco or cut as silage or hay. “The March freeze diminished both yield potential and number of harvested acres for grain,” said David Knopf, director of the NASS Eastern Mountain Regional Office in Kentucky. “Some farmers chose not to harvest their wheat for grain, and the remaining acreage is forecast to yield below the average for the last five years. Despite those factors, the outlook is more optimistic than in the first several days following temperatures in the 20s.” Knopf added that wheat is maturing much faster than normal. “On May 7, 88 percent of the crop was headed, compared with the fiveyear average of 55 percent,” he said. “This advanced stage of development should provide a good indication of yield when the next forecast is

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published June 9.” Current Wheat Conditions As of May 7, winter wheat was rated five percent very poor, 16 percent poor, 27 percent fair, 45 percent good and seven percent excellent. Winter wheat production for the

Nation was forecast at 1.25 billion bushels, down 25  percent from 2016. The expected area to be harvested for grain or seed totals 25.6 million acres, down 15  percent from last year. As of May 1, the U.S. yield was forecast at 48.8 bushels per acre, down 6.5 bushels from last year. 


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Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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Feeding Steers on Corn Gluten or Distillers Grains? Learn to Recognize Blockage from Urinary Calculi and How to Prevent Them MICHELLE ARNOLD, DVM (RUMINANT EXTENSION VETERINARIAN, UKVDL), DR. JEFF LEHMKUHLER, BEEF EXTENSION SPECIALIST, UNIVERSITY OF KENTUCKY Have a Question or Topic you would like addressed? Email me at michelle.

Obstructive Urolithiasis” is the veterinary term used for the disease resulting from the formation of stone-like structures (“calculi”) inside the urinary tract of cattle, similar to kidney stones in humans. If a stone lodges in the urethra, it can partially or completely block the flow of urine and eventually lead to rupture of the bladder or urethra and ultimately death. Emergency surgical intervention is necessary or humane euthanasia due to the extremely painful condition and poor chance for recovery in affected animals. Stone formation is due to many factors but high phosphorus/ low calcium intake is perhaps the most important cause. Corn and cornbased coproducts such as dried distillers grains and corn gluten feed both have high concentrations of phosphorus and low calcium content. When feeding these feedstuffs without the supplemental calcium needed to maintain at least a 1:1 ratio of calcium to phosphorus (2:1 is preferred), the potential for bladder or kidney stone formation increases dramatically due to excess phosphorus in the urine. How do urinary calculi form? There are 3 main factors needed for stone formation. These are 1) development of a base or center, 2) formation of crystals in urine and 3) cementing the crystals on 26

Figure 1: Stones inside the Kidney (“Struvite Calculi”). Photo courtesy UKVDL.

the base. Stones begin as a small accumulation of cells, mucus or bacteria floating in the urine in the bladder or kidney. This base of cells is called a “nidus” which is the origin the stone forms around. Crystal formation occurs in urine under certain unique circumstances. Urine is a highly

Figure 2: Male Urinary Tract showing common site for stone to lodge in a steer. Illustration from urolithiasis-in-cattle-sheep-and-goat-ppt.

saturated solution and crystals will form or “precipitate” out of solution especially when urine pH is high (alkaline or “basic”) and when the urine is very concentrated. Cementing these crystals on to the nidus is the work of mucoproteins, an organic “glue” found in high levels in the urine of animals rapidly gaining weight. For a steer on a high grain, low roughage ration with an incorrectly balanced Ca:Phos ratio, the urine pH is typically alkaline (or basic), contains mucoproteins, and has elevated levels of phosphorus and magnesium. If the steer is not drinking adequate water, the urine becomes concentrated and the minerals begin to change to their solid form (“crystallize”) and stick to the small clumps of cells. The mucoproteins serve as the glue that holds it all together. The most common types of stones identified from cattle on grain diets are “struvite” (magnesium ammonium phosphate) or “apatite” (calcium phosphate) calculi. Other types of stones are possible depending largely on the diet. Calcium carbonate stones occur more commonly in forage-fed animals, calcium oxalate stones may be seen if ingesting oxalatecontaining plants and silica stones can form when grasses have high silica content. Is this only a problem in steers? Urinary calculi are mostly problematic for feedlot steers, and less often seen in bulls or females. The male urethra (the tube that transports urine away from the bladder) is a long and winding road from the bladder to the outside of the body (see Figure 2) and decreases in diameter along the way. Stones most often lodge at the “sigmoid flexure”, an “S” shaped curve in the urethra. Early castration reduces the diameter of the urethra, making steers most susceptible to stones

Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


lodging and completely cutting off the flow of urine. Females are rarely affected because they have a shorter and wider urethra that makes passage of stones much easier. Bulls can suffer from this condition but it is less common than steers. How do I recognize a steer with urinary calculi obstructing urine flow? The first indicators are depression,

no interest in feed, labored breathing and walking stiffly. Crystals may be observed on preputial hairs (Figure 3). Early clinical signs look similar to a digestive upset or colic. The steer will lick or kick at his belly, stomp his rear feet, and switch his tail. Attempts to urinate are frequent, with straining and grinding the teeth. Excessive straining can cause the rectum to prolapse and may be confused with constipation. If urine can pass, it often dribbles out and may be blood-tinged, and sometimes urine is completely absent. When the obstruction is complete and no urine can pass, the urethra or bladder will finally rupture. A ruptured urethra results in swelling in the prepuce and scrotum (see Figure 4), and the Figure 3: Crystals on preputial hairs. Photo: https://veteriankey. com/urinogenital-disorders/

diffusion of urine under the skin causes the swelling to extend along the belly toward the chest. The penis may be swollen and protruding. Rupture of the bladder causes urine to gather in the abdomen, causing a progressive distension of the flank areas Figure 4: Ruptured urethra with urine in prepuce. Photo: (“uroperitoneum”). Rupture brings relief from the pain and the steer will seem relieved. There is a temporary improvement in attitude and the animal may briefly resume eating but as urine

accumulates in the body, toxemia and death occur about 48 hours after rupture. The gathering of urine under the skin or in the abdominal cavity is often referred Contʼd on pg. 28


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Contʼd o

pg. 2

to as “water belly”. How do you treat a steer that is “blocked”? Routine observation of cattle is necessary to detect the earliest signs of disease. Timing is important because delayed treatment can lead to complications that lessen the chance of survival. If near the end of the feedlot feeding period, a steer can be slaughtered and will normally pass meat inspection as long as rupture has not occurred. Otherwise, surgery is needed to create a permanent opening in the urethra in the perineal area (just below the rectum). These calves can be marketed after a period of time to eliminate tissue residues of urine and medications. Partial obstructions can sometimes be medically managed with urinary acidifiers, anti-inflammatories and phenothiazine tranquilizers but

surgical management is most often required. How do you prevent urinary calculi? Most importantly, the diet should contain the right balance of calcium to phosphorus of at least 1:1 with 2:1 as the recommended target to avoid excess phosphorus in the urine. As a general rule of thumb, three pounds of corn gluten feed or dried distillers grains provides approximately the same amount of phosphorus intake as 4 ounces of a 6% mineral product. Therefore, it is necessary to provide additional calcium to maintain an adequate calcium to phosphorus ratio to prevent urinary calculi in cornbased diets and when higher levels of corn-based coproducts are used as supplements. Offer a high calcium, low phosphorus mineral (20-25% calcium and 3% or less phosphorus mineral) or use a coproduct balancer mineral pellet

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management issue. Mortality is high in cases of urethral obstruction and treatment is surgical so prevention is the key to limit losses. An improperlybalanced calcium to phosphorus ratio in a high grain diet leads to increased phosphorus intake, resulting in alkaline urine containing too much phosphorus and excess mucoproteins. Limited water intake due to lack of easy access, lack of familiarity with water troughs or poor quality of available water will concentrate the urine allowing crystallization of the minerals. This situation creates the perfect environment for stone formation. Know the nutrient content of feeds or have a nutritionist look at a ration to identify potential problems. In addition, pay attention to the water source because clean and fresh water, close by and with plenty of space to drink, encourages adequate consumption.

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product in the feed. Adding feedgrade limestone to the diet at a rate of 0.1-0.2 pounds per head per day is an easy and inexpensive method to increase calcium when feeding high levels of corn/cornbased coproducts. If grain intake is very high, a switch to straight soyhulls or another feed that allows easier maintenance of the proper Ca:P ratio may be necessary. Besides correcting the mineral imbalance, easy access to fresh, clean drinking water is essential. To increase water consumption and dilute the urine, increase salt in the feed to 0.25%-0.5% of the diet. The addition of ammonium chloride, an anionic salt fed at a rate of 0.5%-1% of the diet dry matter or 30-60 grams per head per day, will help lower the urine pH below 6.5 to prevent formation of stones. In summary, formation of urinary calculi is a metabolic, nutritional and

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Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association Awards Youth Scholarship


he Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association Youth Scholarship, funded by the KCA Foundation, began in 1991 and has provided $104,000 in scholarship funds to students across Kentucky. Student’s applying for the application must attend a Kentucky College or University and must major in Agriculture or an Agriculturally-related subject. The recipients are chosen based on academic performance, community activities, and beef industry essay statements. Five $1,500 scholarships are awarded each year to one student per each KCA Region with the possibility of two additional at large scholarships. The 2017 KCF Youth Scholarship recipients received their award during their respective high school awards night. Each recipient received a 1,500 scholarship towards their college education. The 2017 recipients are: • Jonathon Jones from Elkton is a graduate from Todd County Central High School. Jonathon will be attending Murray State University majoring in Agribusiness Management. • Paige Geer from Rineyville is a graduate from John Hardin High School. Paige will be attending the University of Kentucky majoring in Veterinary Medicine. • Bradon Burks from Park City is a graduate from Barren County High School. Brandon will b e attending Western Kentucky University majoring in Agriculture Education.

• Anna Arthur from Cynthiana is a graduate from Harrison County High School. Anna will be attending Murray State University with a double major in Agronomy and Agribusiness. • Quentin Sowder from Cynthiana is a graduate from Harrison County High School. Quentin will be attending Maysville Community College majoring in Agribusiness. • Matthew DeMoss - Hale from Lexington is a graduate from East Jessamine High School. Matthew will be attending the University of Kentucky majoring in Animal Science. • Elizabeth Osbourne from Springfield is a graduate from Washington County High School. Elizabeth will be attending the University of Kentucky majoring in Agriculture Economics. The Kentucky Cattlemen’s Foundation would like to thank all the participants who applied for the Foundation Scholarship this year and would like to congratulate the 2017 Foundation Scholarship winners. The Kentucky Cattlemen’s Foundation mission is to pursue opportunities that promote the prof itability of the cattle industry in Kentucky through educational and philanthropic endeavors. For more information visit or call 859-278-0899.

Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Commissioner Quarles Praises End of Chinese Beef Import Embargo FRANKFORT (MAY 12, 2017)


griculture Commissioner Ryan Quarles today applauded the announcement made by the

Trump administration that China has decided to end its embargo on beef imports from the United States. “Today is truly a great day for Kentucky agriculture,” Commissioner

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Quarles said. “The end of this embargo will re-open a large market for Kentucky beef producers that has long been closed. As international trade becomes increasingly more important to the future of Kentucky agriculture, this decision allows our farmers access to a market of 1.3 billion people that has been unavailable for over a decade. I am happy that our work with the Trump administration and the USDA on emphasizing trade as essential to Kentucky agriculture has proven successful.” “We are very pleased with the announcement that an agreement has been made to restore trade with China,” said Dav i d Sandus k y Chuck Crutcher, president of the Leb anon 270- 6 9 2- 779 3

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Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association. “The benefits of this agreement will be very positive for our producers.” Kentucky is the largest beef cattle producer east of the Mississippi River with more than 1 million beef cows. In 2016, sales of beef cattle from Kentucky producers generated more than $733 million in farm cash receipts. The administration announced on Thursday that China would begin importing U.S. beef no later than July 16. The Chinese embargo on beef imports from the United States has been in place since 2003. China is currently the second largest consumer of beef in the world.

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Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Beef Education Center Set to Open this Fall LEXINGTON, KY. (MAY 19, 2017)


he Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association is proud to announce that it will be supporting a beef education center set to open this fall at the Blue Grass Stockyards Regional Marketplace called The Yards. The Yards is an acronym for Teaching, Health, Environment, Youth, Agricultural Advocacy, Research, Demonstration and Scientific Learning.

It will be an educational facility focusing on the science and practices of the beef industry. The concept was created when Blue Grass Livestock Marketing Group opted to give a teaching space to the beef industry in their new stockyards being built off of I-75 in Fayette County. The classroom will provide a unique learning experience for all based on its location. In addition to The Yards, the Marketplace will include business, shopping, a full-service restaurant and the stockyards. The educational space will be available to everyone but a highlight will be local students, ranging from

         Coming September 2017

kindergarten through college that will be able to come to the facility and learn more about the beef industry in Kentucky. The space will also host association groups, agricultural industry events and an overall experience for consumers to be educated about beef from pasture to plate. “We are so lucky to have an opportunity to impact so many people through this classroom,” stated Dave Maples, Executive Vice President for

the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association. “It will provide a unique experience to work with students, producers, industry partners and consumers.” Farm Credit Mid-America is the main sponsor of the classroom. Farm Credit Mid-America is dedicated to youth in Kentucky and this partnership will support programs already in place, like the Heifer Initiative program. The facility is set to open in early September 2017. If you have questions or would like to inquire about reserving the space, please call Niki Ellis at 859-278-0899.

Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Ag Secretary Perdue Moves to Make School Meals Great Again LEESBURG, VA, MAY 1, 2017


.S. Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue today announced that the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) will provide greater flexibility in nutrition requirements for school meal programs in order to make food choices both healthful and appealing to students. Perdue made the announcement during a visit to Catoctin Elementary School in Leesburg, Virginia to mark School Nutrition Employee Week.  Perdue signed a proclamation which begins the process of restoring local control of guidelines on whole grains, sodium, and milk.  Perdue was joined by Sen. Pat Roberts (KS), Chairman of the Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry, and Patricia Montague, CEO of the School Nutrition Association. “This announcement is the result of years of feedback from students, schools, and food service experts about the challenges they are facing in meeting the final regulations for school meals,” Perdue said.  “If kids aren’t eating the food, and it’s ending up in the trash, they aren’t getting any nutrition – thus undermining the intent of the program.” “I commend Secretary Perdue for taking this important step,” said Montague. “We have been wanting flexibility so that schools can serve meals that are both nutritious and palatable. We don’t want kids wasting their meals by throwing them away. Some of our schools are actually using that food waste as compost. That shouldn’t be happening.” Schools have been facing increasing fiscal burdens as they attempt to adhere to existing, stringent nutrition requirements.  According to USDA figures, school food requirements cost school districts and states an additional $1.22 billion in Fiscal Year 2015.  At the same time costs are going up, most states are reporting 32

Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue eats lunch with students at Catoctin Elementary School. that they’ve seen a decrease in student But the whole grain variety has little implement a long-term solution. participation in school lunches, as nation- black flakes in it, and the kids won’t eat it. Sodium: wide about one million students choose The school is compliant with the whole For School Years 2017-2018 through not to have a school lunch each day.  grain requirements, but no one is eating 2020, schools will not be required to meet This impacts schools in two ways: The the grits.  That doesn’t make any sense.” Sodium Target 2. Instead, schools that decline in school lunch participation The specific flexibilities are: meet Sodium Target 1 will be considered means reduced revenue to schools while Whole grains: compliant. they simultaneously are encountering Schools are experiencing challenges The time frame will provide schools increased costs. in finding the full range of products and the school nutrition industry with “I was talking to some folks in they need and that their students enjoy the certainty and predictability they need Washington about this, and they said that in whole grain-rich form. They need to make appropriate plans for creating the current program is working.  ‘How do continued flexibility in meeting the whole foods with the appropriate amount of you know?’ I asked.  They said it’s because grain requirements for school meals. sodium.  During this period, USDA will 99 percent of schools are at least partially USDA will allow states to grant take all necessary regulatory actions to compliant.  Well, only in Washington can exemptions to schools experiencing implement a long-term solution. that be considered proof that the system hardship in serving 100 percent of USDA will dedicate significant is working as it was intended,” Perdue grain products as whole-grain rich for resources to providing technical said.  “A perfect example is in the south, School Year 2017-2018.  USDA will assistance to schools as they continue to where the schools want to serve grits.  take all necessary regulatory actions to develop menus that are low in sodium Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


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and appealing to students. Milk: Milk is a key component of school meals, meaning schools must have more options for students who select milk as part of their lunch or breakfast. Perdue will direct USDA to begin the regulatory process for schools to serve 1 percent flavored milk through the school meals programs. USDA will seek to publish an interim rule as soon as possible to effect the change in milk policy. “I’ve got 14 grandchildren, and there is no way that I would propose something if I didn’t think it was good, healthful, and the right thing to do,” Perdue said.  “And here’s the thing about local control: it means that this new flexibility will give schools and states the option of doing what we’re laying out here today.  These are not mandates on schools.” Perdue lauded the efforts of the nation’s food service staff in serving healthful, appealing meals and underscored USDA’s commitment to help them overcome any remaining challenges they face in meeting the nutrition standards. “The hard work and dedication of the people who prepare nutritious meals for our children should serve as an example to all, and we will continue to support them,” Perdue said.  “We also have a responsibility to our shareholders and our customers – the American taxpayers – to provide our school children with healthful and nutritious meals in the most efficient and cost effective way possible.” For more information, please view  a copy of Secretary Perdue’s proclamation (PDF, 123 KB). USDA’s Food and Nutrition Service administers 15 nutrition assistance programs that include the National School Lunch Program, School Breakfast Program, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC), and the Summer Food Service Program. Together, these programs comprise America’s nutrition safety net. For more information, visit


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Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Always Improving BY RAY BOWMAN

This is the first in a series of articles that will be covering those selling beef in Kentucky. We will focus on producers across the state who are all making an impact in their own way. Stories will include individuals selling freezer beef, those selling further processed beef and those selling beef product direct into the retail and food service areas to name a few. It also includes stories like this one on producers who are making decisions on the farm that affect the end product. All of these people are making an impact on our industry and we want to focus on their successes and struggles. Enjoy!


ome Kentucky beef producers are shipping their steers to Iowa. What’s coming back is verified, valuable statistical information that could help them improve the makeup of their herd and have a very positive impact on cattle production in the Commonwealth. The Tri-County Steer Carcass Futurity program has been in place for over 30 years, started by Pottawattamie, Cass and Shelby County Cattleman’s Associations in 1982. The goal of the program is to provide information to beef producers they can use in managing and marketing their product. It provides cow-calf producers information on feedlot performance, average daily gain and carcass data on one or more steers/ heifers entered. The 10-member board that oversees the Futurity is made up of representatives from various segments of the beef industry. Their aim is to identify problems facing cow-calf producers and evaluate alternatives that can be demonstrated and shared with fellow consignors. Producers sending their stock to 34

Doug Shepherd, KCA President Chuck Crutcher and Hardin County Extension agent Matt Adams look over some numbers from the Tri County Steer Carcass Futurity. the program retain ownership of the animals and receive compensation for the animals. When the cattle are harvested, the owners get the sale price of the carcass, minus feed and maintenance costs. “We started back in 2005 when we shipped the first two loads out there,” recalls Doug Shepherd, Hardin County extension agent, who, along with current Kentucky Cattleman’s Association president Chuck Crutcher of Rineyville, was instrumental in starting the project. Shepherd says it was a leap of faith to ship two semiloads of calves to Iowa, even though little was actually known about the Futurity. “Chuck and I hopped on a plane and landed out there four hours after the cattle arrived,” Shepherd continues. “We were totally impressed with what we saw and we came back and told the consignors they needed to go out and see this for themselves.”

Annual field trips continue to be a feature of Kentucky’s involvement with the program. Since that initial venture, Shepherd says there has been a consistent flow of cattle from a number of Kentucky counties out to the feed lots designated by the Tri-County board. Kentucky is one of some sixteen states and one Canadian province that have sent stock to the futurity. Cattle entered into the program must meet the Commonwealth’s CPH45 requirements. Currently the cattle are loaded out at a number of sites, primarily stockyards. Shepherd says he hopes a dedicated livestock management facility will be built near Elizabethtown in the coming year. After the steers have spent their time in the feed yard and are harvested, the information starts to flow back to the Kentucky consignors. “It’s a whole lot of data,” Shepherd observes.

When the numbers are in, the producers come to the Hardin County Extension offices to hear economists, meat scientists and animal nutritionists help them make sense – and practical application – of it all in order to improve the quality of their herds and the strength of their bottom line. “They sit down with these guys and go over the numbers, column by column, how their cattle performed, what they need to consider changing in their operation,” Shepherd explains. “When we started this thing, we were averaging 35 to 37 percent choice grades, way below the national average. We’re up to a point where we have some loads hitting 90 percent choice.” “What the consumer is demanding now, they want to know how cattle are treated, how cattle are fed, they’re very conscious of that,” Chuck Crutcher noted. “If we can put a better product on the table, that’s what we all should be doing.”

Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


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Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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Should We Be Concerned with the Digestible Energy in Grazed Forages Glen Aiken



Research Animal Scientist/Agronomist USDA-ARS FAPRU

s it typical to rate a forage’s nutritive value based on its crude protein content? A forage with crude protein of less than 9 percent will possibly meet the protein needs of dry, non-pregnant cows, but there is a good chance the low-energy value, or total digestible nutrients (TDN), of forage will cause the cow to lose body condition. Remember, proteins are the building blocks of the body, but it takes energy to construct and install these building blocks. This is an oversimplification, because energy is required for most physiological processes involved in the maintenance and productivity of all food animals. It is obvious why the TDN value for a forage is a key factor in assessing the forage’s nutritive value. What exactly is TDN? Total digestible nutrients equals the addition of digestible simple carbohydrates, digestible fiber, crude protein and lipids (fat). It can be time consuming and expensive to determine the digestibility of each of these components; therefore, most forage quality service labs use formulas to estimate TDN. Variation in the energy content of forages is directly related to quantity and quality of fiber. The acid detergent fiber fraction, composed of cellulose and lignin, is the primary source of this variation, because lignin is indigestible and increased lignin decreases the digestibility of cellulose. Although TDN is not an actual energy measure, it is closely related to the energy value of the forage and will continue to serve as an estimate of forage energy for formulating rations 36

and meeting cattle requirements for energy for commercial cattle operations. Animal and forage scientists generally do not use TDN as a measure of energy. Beef cattle nutritionists prefer to have a measure of digestible energy in mega calories per pound and then break that down to mega calories used for body maintenance and the calories available for production (reproduction, milk production, calve growth, etc.). Forage agronomists most often take direct measures of the soluble carbohydrates (sugars and starch) or the structural carbohydrates (cellulose and hemicellulose). Measures of digestible dry matter or organic matter, which also can be directly related to energy content, are commonly performed by agronomists and animal scientists. Fertilized and well-managed moderate- to high-quality grasses and legumes can provide sufficient percentages of crude protein and TDN.

As these plants start to bloom and set seed, lignified stems of grasses and branches of legumes will increase. These materials will be lower in crude protein and TDN, and the plants will transport a portion of its protein and energy from the vegetative tissues to the seed. This is a basis for the dramatic decline in nutritive value as forage plants mature. A special case can be made, however, when nitrogen fertilizer is split applied over the growing season rather than one time early in the growing season. Given adequate rainfall, later season applications of nitrogen fertilizer can boost crude protein percentages in the forage, at least, marginal to meeting cattle requirements. Digestible energy of the forage will continue to decline as the plant matures and limit animal performance. I conducted a two-year grazing experiment with beef steers in Arkansas using bermudagrass pastures. Pastures

were grazed from early May to midAugust and nitrogen was applied at the start and midpoint of the grazing experiment with 75 pounds of nitrogen per acre for each application. Groups of steers were fed either 0, 1, 3, or 5 pounds of ground corn per steer each day. Compared to the control treatment (0 corn), daily weight gains per steer averaged over the two years was increased 15 percent by feeding 1 pound of corn per steer a day, 41 percent by feeding 3 pounds per steer a day, and 39 percent by feeding 5 pounds per steer a day (see figure). The energy supplementation clearly boosted steer weight gain efficiency with the 3-pound rate being optimum among the three rates. There was no enhancement with the 5-pound rate, but the consumption of starch was likely high enough to increase the number of starch utilizing bacteria in rumen, while decreasing the number of cellulose utilizing bacteria. My guess is that forage intake dropped for the steers fed the 5-pound rate. The crude protein percentages in the forage declined, on average, from 12 to 14 percent of dry matter to just above 9 percent in the late grazing seasons, which is marginally low in meeting growth requirements of calves. A little protein supplementation would likely have further enhanced the weight gains. On the other hand, the in vitro dry matter digestibility (our measure of energy) declined from 63 to 65 percent to approximately 49 percent in the late season. Digestible energy had, therefore, declined to unacceptably low levels by the end of the season; consequently, there was strong benefit to supplementing in the late season. Next month, I will discuss whether we need to feed supplements daily and if we can strategically feed supplements to target those periods during the grazing season when certain nutrients in forages are most limiting.

Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Administration Proposes Comprehensive Tax Reform Plan, Includes Repeal of Death Tax WASHINGTON (MARCH 24, 2017)


his afternoon, top officials in the Trump Administration released their proposal for comprehensive tax reform, calling it the “biggest tax cut in U.S. history.” The plan is designed to serve as the starting point as Congress and the Administration work to pass a comprehensive tax reform package this year. Danielle Beck, National Cattlemen’s Beef Association director of government affairs, said the Administration included in the proposal immediate repeal of the Death Tax – a priority for NCBA. “Permanent repeal of the death tax has been a priority for cattlemen and women for decades,” said Beck. “Since the Death Tax was implemented nearly a century ago it has not only failed to meet the misguided goals set by Congress, but has threatened the existence of many multi-generational farms and ranches.”

The tax reform proposal comes on the heels of an executive order signed by President Trump yesterday on Promoting Agriculture and Rural Prosperity in America. The EO establishes an Interagency Task Force on Agriculture and Rural Policy and contains specific policy goals aimed at supporting rural agriculture, economic development, job growth, and inf rastructure improvement, including: Promoting the preservation of farms and agribusinesses as they are passed from one generation to the next, including changes to the estate tax and the tax valuation of family or cooperatively held businesses.


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Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



A Guide for Youth Beef Cattle Exhibitors EAST TX YOUTH BEEF CAMP


The next step that you must take is blow- drying your beef project. Common mistakes in blow drying are: drying in an inconsistent manner, and leaving parts of the animal wet. This is commonly the face, legs, and/or belly. Make sure that you dry the entire hair coat completely. You must be consistent when drying the hair of an animal. If you are not, the hair


Washing consists of cleaning the mud, manure, and dirt from the animals hair. It is also beneficial in stimulating hair growth. This is a very simple procedure but, you may get very wet at times. You will need the following when washing your animal: water hose, shampoo of your choice(try not to use harsh oil cutting shampoos), and a wash brush. While in the wash rack secure your animal to the pipe stanchion to restrict his/her movement. Sometimes the wash racks at shows are very full so please try to be considerate of others and wait your turn. Once the animal is secure then wet the entire animal. While you are spraying water on the animal, squirt the soap in the stream of the water. This will evenly disburse the soap on the entire body of the animal. Now comes the important part, take your scrub brush and scrub the entire body of the animal. Don’t forget about the face, legs, and underline. It is very important that you get all of these places very clean. Also, don’t be afraid to scrub hard, you will not hurt your animal at all. Some kids will just use their hands to wash the animal, much like they wash their own hair, this method however, will not cut the mustard. You must scrub hard. After you have completely washed the animal, rinse all of the soap from the body of the animal. If you do not remove all of the soap residue from the hair coat, your animal may end up with a bad case of dandruff, which can make the animals hair coat to look “flakey”. 38

will be going in a thousand different directions. Start drying from the front of the animal and work your way back. It is imperative that you keep the direction of the nozzle in a 30 - 45 angle, much like when you are combing. You may decide to brush or comb while blow drying your animal as well; this will aid in training the hair even more.


Training the hair Brushing/Combing is a very important step in training the hair of the animal. Before you begin the hair

training procedures, make sure your calf is broke to tie. Nothing stimulates hair growth (in long haired animals) like brushing or combing. Brushing is the only way to get the thick coat which is

desired. A good hair coat is your best tool to use in covering many of your calf ’s minor faults. However, don’t think just because your calf has a lot of hair that it will hide every fault. You should brush your animal daily to maintain optimal hair coat. We suggest that you brush their hair each time you feed your calf (which should be twice a day). It is best to wet the animal before you begin combing or brushing the hair. The hair training program should begin as soon as you get a gentle handle on your calf. Generally, cattle should be brushed and combed forward, and slightly up, at a 30-45 degrees angle. Comb the entire body of the animal and don’t forget the inside and outside of the legs. To promote hair growth in warm weather, try to keep your animal cool, and increase the number of times per day you wet down and brush the steer or heifer. It is best to work the hair in the coolest part of the day, early in the morning and late in the evening. If you are brushing the animal adequately you will wear out a rice root brush in a single show season. On Brahman influenced cattle, it may not be necessary to do all of this. Such breeds as Brahmans, Santa Gertrudis and Beefmasters should have their hair coat brushed straight down. Regular brushing is still necessary to train hair as well as stimulating the natural hair oils that add that extra sheen. You will need to check with your breed association on their breed standards on hair coats.


Clipping should only be done after the animal is thoroughly clean and dry. There are several different types and styles of clippers which can be used for beef cattle. There are two basic types of heads for clipping cattle. The first is referred to as the cattle of beef head. It is flat and is used for clipping areas that are to be shaved such as the belly,brisket, head and tail. The other type of head is known as the sheep head. This head

is used for clipping body hair, or clipping legs. Clipping can be done several times before the major shows. For those of you that attend jackpot shows in your community, then your calf should be clipped prior to those shows. Before you attend any of the major shows, you should clip your beef heifer 7-10 days before the show. You can do touch up work a day or two prior to the show. Remember if you are showing steers then you must determine before the show if it is a slick sheer show or if the animals can be shown with hair. If it is a slick sheer show then you need to clip the animal several days before the show. Clipping can be the most rewarding and challenging part of this whole process. Patience and practice are the two most important parts of the clipping process. It sure feels great to see the appearance changes in your cattle while you are clipping. This is very rewarding to see progress. I recommend that before you start clipping your animal, first you must step back and evaluate the strengths and faults of the animal. You must enhance the strong points and try to disguise the weak points. Always remember that no two animals are clipped exactly alike. Once you start clipping always clip against the natural contour of the hair to achieve a close, smooth job.


A. Clip the face from the poll forward using the beef head clippers or a small set of clippers. I use a small set that is not very loud because it does not scare the cattle as much. B. Clip from the face down the dewlap to the brisket. This clip gives a long neck look when it is blended down into the brisket.

Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



A. If you have never clipped an animal before we recommend that you use two hands, one for steading the clippers and the other to hold them. Put your free hand under your clippers to help you guide your way through the hair. B. Always work one area at a time. Evaluate the area that you finished. If you are satisfied you may move to the next section. Remember you can always go back after you have finished. C. When clipping the top line try to make the heifer or steer look square over the top. D. Always try to make the entire body of the animal look square. This is very important especially over the top line and in the hindquarters. E. The hip hair is important to give the animal a level hip. It is lift long and blended into the hip and hindquarter. The area close to the tail is trimmed very short. It is recommended to just clip only one to two clipper widths wide. This adds thickness and dimension. F. When clipping the legs make them look as square as possible. Try to make them look like 4 x 4 post. Never take off to much of the hair when clipping the legs, you will shape them and take more hair off during the fitting process. If you take off to much hair on the legs then you will have nothing to work with later. G. When clipping always try to blend in every part of the animals body. Never have hard lines. Make the animal look as natural as possible.


Show Day Preparation Fitting should be done on the day of show. Fitting your animal consist of pulling the hair up on the legs, hindquarters, and tail head. As you pull the hair up on the legs with your scotch comb, spray adhesive on the hair in order to make it hold. The adhesive is basically a strong hair spray, which can be bought

at show supply dealers at the shows. When we talk about pulling the legs, I am talking about long haired cattle. Before you begin working the legs or any other body parts you must first wash and blow dry the hair thoroughly. You need to allow yourself plenty of time to do this. One suggestion we often make is to wash your animal the night before and bed them down in clean shavings. If you do this, then the next morning, if they’re not to dirty, all you have to do is blow the dirt off your animal and start preparing them for show. Generally most kids wash their animals the morning of the show. Leg Preparation - Boning and clipping the legs promotes straightness and eye appeal. Use a leg adhesive product that can look natural to hold the leg hair in place. Don’t just glob it on, try to make it look as natural as possible. Remember always work small areas at a time. Spray adhesive on the leg and pull through with a scotch comb. If you have been training the hair all along it will look sharp. Remember to pull up and forward. You need to bone the legs up to the twist, which is about halfway up the hindquarter. After you bone the legs you will need to shape them with the clippers. As mentioned earlier make the legs look as straight as possible. The Body - Grooming the body is really simple. All you need to do is take your scotch comb and comb upward and forward. Just as you did in the training process. You then spray an oil base conditioner, like Final Bloom or Final Touch, on the hair coat.

Thank you to everyone who attended the Chatel Farms Open House!

For more information about Chatel Farms, please visit: Brad Chandler 706-910-9397 Ashley Hughes 772-342-4153

Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association





REPORTERS: Kalli Flanders

KJCA Directors Directors At Large: Abigal Smoot, Gabriel Sharp, Trey Tucker & Jessica Tucker REGION 1 Zach Imbruglio & Walter Steely REGION 2 Megan Underwood & Kailey Thompson REGION 3 Quentin Sowder & Jeremy Miller REGION 4



t’s an age old argument amongst cattlemen. Within the industry there are many ideas and theories on culling the cow herd. Thus, the question, do we get rid of Lucy our favorite cow, because she’s reached the ripe old age of eleven and didn’t quite raise the best calf and didn’t breed back, or does she stay in the herd, because she’s Lucy? Well, in our herd culling is not just necessary is something that must be done in order to keep our business running efficiently. You see culling has been a bitter strategy for years on the breeding side of the cattle industry, as well as other species of livestock. Beef producers have had to rid their herds of those females that have been dysfunctional in their job for numerous reasons. Economically this may be the best option for the producer, because this technique grants the producer some money for a new breeding piece, it also gives the breeder a female that can reproduce therefore adding on to the herd quicker, not to mention culling that animal that is not producing or doing their job, can save the cattleman feed costs as well.

First of all, culling gives the cattleman money to purchase a fresh and hopefully reliable female. With a new prospect the producer has an efficient female that isn’t dragging down the herd or breed efficiency and quality. If a true cattleman or woman is earning their living in the cow/calf industry then he or she cannot have futile females that cannot or will not earn their keep, because, ultimately, a producer’s sustainability and reputation in the cattle business depends on the overall quality and performance of his or her herd. Secondly, a new female is going to be able to reproduce progeny that will expand the herd’s reputation, and if all goes well, will be one that can add to the cow herd year after year. This better helps the producer do his job because, without sound, profit making females a producer cannot stay in this ever demanding and changing field. Thirdly, culling the inefficient female that isn’t pulling her weight will free up feed resources, and money that are vital to not only the cow herd but also to the producer. These resources may not seem like much if we’re just talking about Lucy, but if we look at this

across the board the impact of culling or not culling is huge to the entire cattle industry. This course of action frees up countless dollars for cattlemen to put productive animals back into their program as well as increases the quality of the cow/calf industry. Therefore, you have a win-win situation, the cattleman, the industry and the economy all profit from the method of culling the herd. You see the cattlemen’s livelihood depends on his herd. So, if we have a cow that is not sound, won’t milk or for some other reason cannot or will not raise a calf efficiently, it is not an option for the cattleman to cull, but an absolute necessity. In order for him to produce cattle that are going to be economical as well as functional that will be able to produce a product that the consumer or the breeder will find desirable. So , if Lucy, as much as we love her isn’t doing her job as a momma cow in the herd, whether it’s her age, she’s not milking or for some other reason, we’re going to have to do what’s best for our operation and cull her. Is this always easy??? No, but in the cattle industry it’s a necessity.

Kentucky's great commodities!

Addie White & Will Blaydes REGION 5 Julia Weaber & Reba Prather ADVISOR Nikki Whitaker and Niki Ellis


veningt at e , s u l P inmen enterta Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Kentucky Beef Council Hires Summer Intern


been actively involved in the Kentucky Junior Cattlemen’s Association where she has been a director, Secretary, President and now Vice- President. Kathryn now attends Western Kentucky University, where she is majoring in Agbuiness. She is actively involved in the Agbuiness Club, WKU Block and Bridle and a member of the Sigma Alpha Sorority. “I’m very thankful for the opportunities the Agriculture Industry has provided for me, and the beef industry has been a big contributor to this. I must say I am extremely honored and excited to be able to work with the Kentucky Beef Council for an industry that has given me so much. The connections and the memories I have made and will continue to make are

athryn Goodman of Cecilia, Kentucky has been chosen for an internship with Kentucky Beef Council. Goodman will be assisting with consumer events, State Fair activities and working alongside state checkoff members and leaders to increase consumer demand for beef. Kathryn is the daughter of Danny and MaeLynda Goodman, where in 2012 they began running a cow/ calf operation of registered Herefords. She has shown Herefords since they started, anywhere f rom Indiana to Tennessee and everything in Kathryn Goodman helping out at a customer between. Kathryn appreciation event at Boone’s Butcher Shop. excelled in her local FFA chapter, Central Hardin High School, her senior year endless and I cannot wait to be a part (2015) she was treasurer and was on the of a team that represents the strongest state winning AG Issues team, that also industry East of the Mississippi,” stated placed third in the nation. She has also Goodman.

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Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Common Fencing Mistakes WRITTEN BY STEFANI GARBACIK, NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY ivestock fencing is one of those areas where there is always something new to learn. Nobody is perfect and there is usually an improvement that can be made with a little bit of knowledge (and maybe a hammer). There are several top mistakes seen by fencing experts:


Corner posts. Applies to barbed wire, high-tensile, or woven wire fencing. Be sure to use appropriate sized posts and don’t set your corner posts too shallow. A guideline given by Jim Gerrish of American GrazingLands Service LLC “the depth in the ground should be equal to, or greater than the height of the top wire.” A 5-6 strand fence (barbed wire or hightensile) would need a 6-7” diameter corner post.


Post spacing. In an electric-fencing system posts can be spaced about 50-90 feet apart as opposed to the traditional barbedwire fencing, where posts were 16.5 feet apart.



Right sized energizer. Gerrish’s guideline is 1 joule of output per mile of fence (minimum).

Grounding. Rule of thumb is 3 feet of ground rods per joule of energizer output. Ground rods should be placed about 10 feet apart to provide maximum effectiveness. Space ground rods throughout the whole fencing network, not just around the energizer. As far as material goes, copper is the best type but expensive. Using a



galvanized ground rod will be effective as well; if one thing is galvanized it is recommended that everything be galvanized (i.e. 12.5-ga. galvanized wire, galvanized ground rods and galvanized connections).


Wildlife f riendly. Flexibility is important.

Gate openings. For electrical fencing systems, use of a “floating diagonal brace” on either side of the gate opening can be helpful. Running current under the ground, with insulated hot and cold galvanized wires approximately 1’ under the openings, can be useful in keeping the gate “hot.”


Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Insulators. Don’t use a steel post as the insulator… wood-plastic composite PowerFlex post or fiberglass are recommended.

This article was adapted from the June 2014 edition of The Carolina Cattle Connection, vol. 28, no. 6.




he Noble Research Institute owns and operates approximately 14,000 acres that spans seven ranches and three counties. These properties are used in various ways including conducting applied research and demonstration as well as providing a venue for educational and training events. The process of undertaking these important endeavors starts with implementing an overall management plan that is consistent with commercial beef cattle production. Practically speaking, it is only possible to represent the commercial cattle producer in information collection and dissemination if we operate as a commercial cattle producer. Doing so opens opportunities to share our thought process and decisions as we develop and adapt this overall management outline. In the January 2017 Ag News and Views  article  Artificial Insemination Adds Value to Cow Herd, I outlined the value of implementing an artificial insemination (AI) program from a very conceptual perspective. I would now like to expand upon that laid “groundwork” by sharing prioritized considerations, from one cattle producer to another, as we prepare to implement our spring calendar of events, which includes artificially inseminating more than 500 cows. It’s important to note that these considerations are only meant to provide a framework for producers to build upon.

Prioritized Considerations

 1. Predetermine outcomes prior to implementation based upon listed goals and objectives. I realize setting goals isn’t fun, but it is necessary, especially as we determine the value in branching into something new. These goals need to include optimizing

soil and forage resources exhibited at the ranch level, minimizing costs of production, and maximizing marketing opportunities. At the Noble Research Institute, we are keenly interested in ensuring a supply of calves for all of our research, demonstration, teaching, herd maintenance/expansion and marketing needs, taking full advantage of opportunities across all segments of beef production. Thus, our breeding program, including AI, must reflect this goal. 2.  Determine limitations to implementation. As I mentioned in the previous article, inadequate facilities and inaccessibility to qualified labor are very real obstacles. Keep in mind that an  AI  program will get you closer to your cattle, but you don’t want them too close. Therefore, adequate facilities and access to labor (quality and quantity) are extremely important. 3.  Differentiate the  AI  from the bull-bred calves. Although benefits of a typical commercial  AI  program include less bull dependency and synchronized heat cycles (assuming timed breeding), utilize this effort as an opportunity to

meet additional objectives by selecting the AI  sire on different/additional criteria than cleanup bulls. Here at the Noble Research Institute, we select our  AI  bulls (Angus) for maternal, paternal and carcass traits. We select our cleanup bulls (Charolais) for paternal and carcass traits. Doing so accomplishes three goals: increases access to the maternal genetics that will positively influence our cow herd long-term, utilizes bull purchases to increase the marketability of younger calves, and genetically stamps the calves so we readily know the difference. 4.  Don›t get hung up on individual pedigrees, but execute a repeatable process. Please don’t interpret this to mean that individual data is not important and shouldn’t be used during the selection process. However, the viability of an  AI  program will come down to  AI  pregnancies and cost of semen. Increasing  AI conception is a standalone topic; however, minimizing semen cost is a balance between selected traits, accuracy of those traits and popularity of the individual sire. If the popularity of the bull grows over time, so will his semen cost. You need a backup

Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

proven selection process to maintain your breeding goals and objectives using another bull. We try to keep our semen costs below $20 per straw. Last year, our average semen cost was approximately $15 per straw. 5. Develop a good relationship with a reputable AI or breeding service representative. This will be especially beneficial during the first year’s transition. There are many out there to choose from, but a point to consider is access to a robust database of available sires. Last year, we sorted through almost 300 potential sires to a list of seven and made our pick from a list of four due to unavailability of semen for the other three, which is a good lesson. Just because a sire is listed in the catalog doesn’t mean he is a viable choice. Start the selection process early and keep your breeding service representative abreast of your progress so they can keep you informed of important company information.

Our Selection Criteria

Specifically, our selection criteria consisted of an AI sire being in the top one-third of the Angus breed for calving ease (direct and maternal), growth (weaning and yearling) and marbling, and moderate (top 50 percent) on other important traits such as birth weight, milk, mature weight/height and the price indexes. We feel this complements our cleanup bulls, which have been selected for high growth and carcass merit and will ultimately provide us with the greatest number of viable options to either retain or market the resulting calf crops. Again, this is not an exhaustive list but points to consider based upon experiential knowledge regarding a progressive management practice that could add significant value to a wellmanaged commercial cow-calf operation, under the right circumstances and for the right reasons. If you need assistance please give us a call. 43


Celebrating the Dairy Industry



une Dairy Month is upon us and it’s time to celebrate the rich dairy heritage of milk and dairy products produced in Kentucky. Established first in 1937 as National Milk Month then changed to National Dairy Month in 1939, milk and delicious dairy products have claimed June as a time to celebrate our dairy farm families and the wonderful products made from fresh, wholesome, nutritious milk. The dairy industry has always seen change and transformation as new technologies have helped increase productivity of dairy animals, producing more total milk volume with fewer animals. As our good friend and Kentucky Agriculture spokesman, Warren Beeler often states, “Our farmers are doing more with less than ever before!” Improvements in cow comfort, nutrition, cow health have resulted in higher production per cow and longer life expectancy. To emphasize this fact, in a recent 2016 report from USDANASS listed in Hoard’s Dairyman, March 25, 2017 issue, pg. 204-205, Kentucky dairy farmers ranked first in the U.S. for increase in milk production per cow at 3,727 pounds over the past five years. This brings the state production per cow per year to 18,069 pounds. The dairy industry is seeing change and continuous improvement in milk quality and safety for consumers. Milk is one of the most regulated and tested products available to consumers. The rigorous testing done before the milk is ever unloaded from the truck at the milk plant ensures safety from any adulteration associated


with excess water, bacteria, antibiotics, and off flavors or smells as well as temperature levels. A test is also done to measure the level of somatic cells present in the milk. The SCC, measured as cells per milliliter is a means of determining the white blood cells in response to pathogenic bacteria which might cause mastitis in the mammary system. All this is done before the milk reaches the inside of the dairy processing plant where it is scrutinized even more. Although dairy’s record is nearly immaculate, it is the dairy industry that continues to scrutinize more with new and more sensitive tests for broader antibiotic screening and quality testing. Product innovation in the dairy industry has been ramped up in the past several years. With the explosion of Greek Yogurt sales, more dairy folks are looking at new and creative ways to package and sell milk and dairy products. Like Greek Yogurt, Fairlife is another of those “new dairy” products making a big splash. T h i s

innovative product captures consumers’ desire for more nutrition with 50 percent more protein and 30 percent more calcium and half the sugars found in typical milk. Sometimes it’s hard to improve on a really good thing. The June 29, 2016 article in Time Magazine, The Case for Eating Butter Just Got Better, states, “The new study analyzed nine papers that included more than 600,000 people and concluded that consuming butter is not linked to a higher risk for heart disease and might be slightly protective against type 2 diabetes.” More studies are coming forward debunking earlier research that suggested no-fat or skimmed milk was much better for you than whole milk. One of those studies is by researchers: Peter J. Huth, PJH Nutritional Science, LLC, Menomonie, WI and Keegan M. Park, Dairy Research Institute, Rosemont, IL in their publication for “Advances in Nutrition”, An International Review Journal; Influence of Dairy Product and Milk Fat Consumption on Cardiovascular Disease Risk: A Review of the Evidence, state in their abstract: The purpose of this review is to examine the published research on the relationship between milk fat containing dairy foods and

Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

cardiovascular health. The findings indicate that the majority of observational studies have failed to find an association between the intake of dairy products and increased risk of CVD, coronary heart disease, and stroke, regardless of milk fat levels. This seems to be something my grandparents intrinsically knew. Fresh, wholesome milk and dairy products taste good and are good for you as well. It’s nice to see the research finally catching up to the quality products offered every day in your local dairy case. I’ve focused mostly on milk and dairy products in this article. But we can never forget about the hard working folks that make those products available and bring it in from the field. Our KY dairy farmers are some of the best in the world and we are proud to support and promote the work that they do. Thank you! We also want to call out a thank you to our KY milk haulers as well. Thanks to all the milk marketers in KY and to our processing plants that prepare the milk to go on the road. We all are the dairy industry. As long as I can remember, the dairy industry has been in transition or possibly a better word, evolving. But one thing remains unchanged; milk is one of nature’s most perfect foods. It is highly nutritious, satisfying and thirst quenching, wholesome and good for you. In its many forms and offerings, enjoy some milk and dairy products during this June Dairy Month and for that matter, every day.

June Dairy Month Dairy Trivia TM

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Brought to you by the dairy farm families of the Southeast

Q: What is pasteurization? A: Pasteurization is the process of heat processing a liquid or a food to kill pathogenic bacteria to make the food safe to eat. Pasteurized milk is 150 times safer than raw milk (Centers for Disease Control).

Q: How many grams of protein can be found in one serving of milk? A: Eight. At 8 grams of protein per 8-ounce serving, milk offers an affordable and nutritious supply of protein.

Q: True or false: Greek yogurt and regular yogurt are made from different types of milk. A: False. Both Greek and regular yogurt are made from cow’s milk.

Q: True or False: Eating yogurt helps with digestion. A: True. Yogurt contains active cultures, also known as “good bacteria,” that help to regulate food digestion.

Q: How many glasses of milk do cows produce daily? A: On average, cows produce 7 to 9 gallons of milk a day, or around 128 glasses.

Q: True or false: All dairy cows are female? A: True. In order to produce the milk we drink, cows must be female.

Q: How many gallons of water do cows drink per day? A: Cows drink more than 50 gallons of water a day - that’s enough to fill a bathtub.

Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Cat�le Histor� in Kent�cky Corn in Kentucky BY NIKKI WHITAKER

Corn has a rightful place in the pages of history. It is the agriculture backbone of our nation. It is the only agriculture cereal that is native to the Western Hemisphere. When the pilgrims arrived at Plymouth, their survival depended on Squanto’s cultivation techniques which yielded better results than their own planting of English crops. Such great emphasis was placed upon the growing of corn in the earliest years of settlement that the act, known as a “Corn Grant”, was accepted as a legal declaration of a settler’s intent to remain on his land permanently. In the rush to occupy the open and unspoiled land, corn provided self-sufficiency, but it never filled the desire to produce a readily marketable surplus. Around the turn of the century, a corn and livestock economy soon gained dominance. Prior to the 1830’s, hogs, hemp, and flour had boosted Kentucky’s income. By the 1830’s, the shift to purebred cattle was proving to be a huge economy builder for the early inhabitants of the bluegrass. There was an abundance of corn, but it was only selling for ten cents a bushel. The only solution was to convert the corn into a marketable produce. Fattening cattle on corn was a tradition began by the German farmers of southern Pennsylvania. In the early days of settlement, the culture of forage crops for winter feed was practically unknown. Taking cues from the German settlers before them, Kentuckians used corn to fatten their beef cattle and sold the heavier animals - for a heavier price - to butchers. As they learned to utilize the resources of land and water, the cattlemen sorted out the lands for different agriculture purposes. Pretty soon, bluegrass pastures became one leg, and corn the other, upon


which the cattle industry of central Kentucky stood. Still, an excess of corn was left in the fields. So to prevent rotting, farmers mashed and distilled the corn to make whiskey. In time, a typical Kentucky farm had thirty to fifty cattle, around twenty-five horses, numerous hogs, some sheep, and a still. Corn was king. Once it was established as a sure crop, no farmer could live without it. In the two and a half decades before the civil war, the feeding regions of Kentucky reached their peak production of fat cattle. Corn production remained heavy in the region extending from Montgomery south to Lincoln County with Bourbon, Clark, Madison and Fayette County each having 10,000 - 12,000 cattle on feed at one time. However, a significant drought hit Kentucky in 1838 and 1839 and severely damaged the bluegrass pastures and reduced the corn harvest that fall. Good corn years came in 1843 and 1845, but by 1850, Kentucky feeders found themselves in a vulnerable position. Demand from distilleries drove the price of corn up to about forty cents per bushel. Purchasing corn for feeding was unthinkable and cattlemen who had corn found it much more profitable to sell than to feed it - an exact reversal of the situation in the 1820’s. By the 1860’s, corn production in Kentucky became overshadowed by the Corn Belt stretching northwest through Iowa. Around this time, raising tobacco surpassed corn production and fattening cattle moved westward. Corn production declined but still remained a popular crop in the bluegrass. Today, corn covers 1.5 million acres of Kentucky farmland and is ranked 14th in the nation, proving that the early cattlemen of Kentucky set a standard of efficiency and production that is still evident today. *This is the ninth of a multipart series looking at the history of domestic cattle into Kentucky.

Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Building the Profitable Cow! An In-depth educational program designed to help beef producers manage and select cattle suited for long term production in today’s challenging marketplace.

Agenda 8:00-9:00AM 9:00 AM 9:20 AM 10:30 AM 12:00PM 12:45 PM 2:00 PM 2:10PM 3:30PM

Registration Genetic considerations for improving the cowherd Matt Spangler, Ph.D, University of Nebraska Lincoln Break Fetal Programming – Start off Right Carl Dahlen Ph.D, South Dakota State University “Eat BEEF!” Lunch Beyond Convenience Traits Matt Claeys Ph. D, Purdue University Break Cow Culling Priorities Les Anderson Ph.D, University of Kentucky Adjourn

August 31, 2017 Owensboro Convention Center Register by August 10, 2017 - $25 Late Registration - $35

For More Information Contact: University of Kentucky - Evan Tate 270-668-3167 • University of Illinois - Teresa Steckler 618-695-4917 • Purdue University - Hans Schmitz 812-385-3491, ext 103 •

Get your Beef Signs Today!

Eby Aluminum Trailers

Gooseneck steel and aluminum trailers

HAYES TRAILER SALES INC Russellville, Kentucky 800-766-7034

Get your Beef, It’s What’s for Dinner customized sign today. These are great for hanging on barns and around town and busy roads! Signs are 8’ wide x 4’ tall and cost $200 per sign. KBC will cost share 50% of the cost on a sign per county association. Form must be submitted by the county. For More Information Contact: Call Steve Dunning for more information at 270-498-8180 or Niki Ellis at 859-278-0899.

Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Bringing a Vision to Market


Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



n January 2016, the Central Kentucky cattle industry changed forever. The change was not planned nor wanted but will be an event that will make a difference on the future. The 3-alarm blaze at Blue Grass Stockyards was heralded as the one of the largest fires in Lexington’s history. Despite the destruction, owners of the Blue Grass Stockyards decided pretty quickly after the fire that they would move forward and rebuild. Less than 1.5 years later, they are doing just that. It wasn’t an easy decision or process but there wasn’t a lot of angst on the decision to rebuild either. This has been a vision that one of the owners, Gene Barber, has dreamed about for decades. The property running alongside I-75 was bought long ago in hopes of building a new stockyard in Fayette County. When discussed 10 years ago, the timing wasn’t right. Now in less than 4 months, that decision and dream will be opening. They officially broke ground on September 2 and today, one can visit the facility and see those hopes and dreams coming to fruition. The new Blue Grass Stockyards Regional Marketplace will be way more than a stockyard. It is a risky step to take as there really isn’t another stockyard like it anywhere in the United States. The facility will be home to over a dozen businesses (see sidebar listing) including retail space; will feature a full service restaurant, as well as an educational center and museum. The location is ideal for producers, consumers, students as well as tourists. It sits on I-75 in Fayette County and is directly across the interstate from the Kentucky Horse Park. The main entrance into the facility is modern with an old twist that includes the brick from the old yards in the hallway. Wide, open hallways lead around the facility filled with agricultural businesses, a museum and The Yards, an agricultural learning center. For those coming to sell cattle,

you can choose to stay in the sale facility including the restaurant and office or you can venture around the rest of the facility to do a little shopping while on-site. The stockyards layout and design has been thoughtfully considered down to every last detail. The barn is almost exactly 5 acres under roof and has a one-time capacity to comfortably handle 3500 head of cattle. Everything except for the catch pens has access to hay and water. The facility is designed for humane handling and to control shrink. As always, the goal is to make it very efficient in the back to ensure a quick

sale and convenience for the producer. The restaurant will be called Hayden’s and will be run by DaRae & Friends Catering out of Lexington, KY. The catering business is very well known in the Lexington area and Blue Grass is excited to have their talents at the new location. DaRae Marcum, current owner of the business is excited to operate the restaurant. “We are looking forward to our patrons gathering around the table to enjoy a great cup of coffee or a southern soul-filled meal featuring our family recipes,” stated Marcum. Hayden’s will be teaming up with JSW Butcher Shop to create daily specials and

Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

hopes to have monthly evening specials of beef and bourbon. The restaurant will be able to seat 125 people and will be open to the public. Careful consideration has been put into making the producers feel at home. If you are bringing cattle they have given several options for quick and easy unloading and plenty of parking for semis, trucks and trailers, as well as individual vehicles. Upon entering the new sale ring, you will feel right at home as designers have made the new sale facility very similar to the old facility. The angles and heights of the seating is Contʼd on pg.



Contʼd o


the exact same as well as the entry angles, number of buyer booths in the back, and the exact same number of seats. There will be differences as well, including a state of the art speaker system, standing room options, as well as technology options that you will never even notice, but will make the seller experience faster and easier. An opening date in September hopes to be announced in early July but currently there are plans to operate very similar to the previous facility. Sale days will be on Monday and Tuesday and special sales will happen on Wednesday. Management will also be hosting purebred sales on the weekends with several sales already planned for the new location in the fall.

Management of the facility also believes that it will be used as a yardage center for those cattle coming in from the Southeast and East. . With changes in trucking regulations and because of the location and having hay and water in all pens, this will be an ideal location for truckers to stop. Blue Grass does plan to have an area dedicated as a museum for the facility. The museum will focus on a couple of things, including the history of the old downtown stockyard as well as a history of the livestock industry in Central Kentucky. This will include importation of the first purebred cattle, a lot of historical photos, sale bills, ads and personal collections. The museum will be open during normal business hours.

Businesses that will be located at the Marketplace: Hayden’s Stockyards Eatery RT Outfitters The Chop Shop Breeder’s Farrier Supply Bromagen Commodities Merrit Trucking Bauer Hay and Straw Wiggington Romine Auctioneers and Real Estate S&B Cattle Co. Eugene Barber and Sons Lease space is still available 50

Right across from the museum will be The Yards, an educational facility operated by the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association. COO of Blue Grass Livestock Marketing Group, Jim Akers, was the driving force behind this portion of the marketplace. “I really wanted to see an educational component as part of this facility because we need it. I feel very fortunate that the owners were willing to include this space at no cost to the association,” stated Akers. The location will be ideal for those coming in and will be a great opportunity to educate everyone on the Kentucky beef industry. Education in this classroom will not be just for students. Niki Ellis, Kentucky Beef Council coordinator for this project, looks forward to using this space for students, producers, consumers and health influencers to name a few. “With Farm Credit stepping up as the sponsor on this project, it opens the door to young producer groups and really brings this whole project together,” stated Ellis. The educational facility will also be a great space to host those coming in for tours. The stockyards has always been a popular tour stop and they are expecting even more with the new facility. It will be nice to start with a background on the cattle industry here in Kentucky and finish with burgers for lunch in the restaurant. Once everything is up and running, the marketplace is expected to employ around 100 people between the stockyards

Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

and other businesses. It will also bring in over $250-300 million per year for the local economy. Amber McCall, already a familiar face around Blue Grass will head up the office management. A yard manager has not been named as of press date but should be named soon. With the facility set to open in September, the crew will be working non-stop for the next few months to make sure everything is ready to go. They already have plans to host the Fall Roundup Internet Auction sale at the new facility on August 11, even if they have to add a tent. There are also several other events being hosted at the site prior to the official opening. Blue Grass wants to make sure everyone has plenty of opportunities to come see it before the official grand opening. “I think everyone that walks in will be shocked when they realize how much work has went into doing this first class to make it farmer-friendly, customerfriendly and consumer-friendly. The owners wanted something that was going to be here, be flexible, and as the industry changes we can change too. There is no doubt that when you walk in, you will understand exactly what that means,” stated Akers. For more information on the Marketplace please visit the new website, beginning June 1, at www. or for Stockyards information go to the existing website at


FACTS Tour Makes Plans to Visit California BY CAREY BROWN


he 2017 FACTS (Feedlot And Carcass TestS) Tour is making plans to visit California this fall. The FACTS Tour is open to any beef producer and provides a great opportunity to see what happens to cattle once they leave the farm and to see farming in other parts of the country. Plans have been made and the dates for the trip are September 10- 15. The trip will take around 50 cattlemen from across the state and they will visit ranches, educational facilities, feedlots as well as industry visits. There will also be some tourist


Hearst Castle & Hearst Cattle Ranch

Sunday, September 10

Cal Poly Madonna Inn Produce Farm

Tentative Agenda

Thursday, September 14

Flying to San Francisco Fisherman’s Warf Napa Valley Winery & Ranch

Monday, September 11

Superior Farms Yolo Land & Cattle University of California, Davis California Cattlemen’s Association

Tuesday, September 12 Central Valley Dairy Hilmar Cheese Company Harris Ranch

Wednesday, September 13 Twisselman Ranch

Friday, September 15

Fly out of Los Angeles This is a tentative agenda and there will be things added to the agenda and it is possible for things listed to change as well. The cost for the trip is $1500 and includes the flight, charter bus, hotels, snacks and meals. We are very lucky to have industry support on the trip, so many meals are also sponsored, helping to keep the cost of the trip minimal.

The deposit for the trip is $750and is due by June 23, with the remainder due August 11. The trip usually fills up within a few days of being announced so if you are interested, please keep this in mind. Spots are reserved only after we have received down payment. You can fill out the participation form below or get a form online at Payments can be made by check or credit card. If you have questions, please contact Becky Thompson (bthompson@, Kelly Tucker (ktucker@ or Kiah Twisselman ( at 859278-0899.

FACTS TOUR 2017 PARTICIPATION FORM September 10 – September 15, 2017

Name (For Nametag) : Name (as listed on drivers licence):___________________________________ Address: City/State/Zip: Phone:




Previous FACTS Tour Participant



Hotel Rooms are double occupancy. Name of person you wish to room with during this trip:

(If you don’t know anyone we will assign you a person to room with)

Emergency Contact Person: Name:


Amount of Payment: $

Deposit is $750 and must be received by June 23! Full amount of $1500 will be due by August 11. Please make checks payable to the KENTUCKY CATTLEMEN’S ASSOCIATION

Please return deposit and this form to the KCA office no later than June 23, 2017.



Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

KCA FACTS Tour 176 Pasadena Drive, Lexington, KY 40503.



“We try to attend all the classes and seminars that KCA has to offer so that we can become better farmers and learn how to take care of cattle better.” Kirk and Amy Cecil – Monroe County

I'm a KCA member because...

Division 1 (151+ MEMBERS) 2017 Barren Breckinridge Shelby Marion Adair Grayson Logan Madison Bath Lincoln Jessamine Larue Washington Hart Mercer Clark Hardin Warren Christian Casey Meade Green Harrison

458 415 357 319 278 278 262 261 249 235 224 204 201 192 190 186 183 182 181 168 166 165 154

2016 Difference 512 401 338 303 248 290 290 270 212 251 217 230 209 205 199 187 225 206 200 159 170 174 159

-54 14 19 16 30 -12 -28 -9 37 -16 7 -26 -8 -13 -9 -1 -42 -24 -19 9 -4 -9 -5

If you need anything for membership, please contact Nikki Whitaker at (859)278-0899 or 52

Division 2 (76-150 MEMBERS) Division 3 (0-75 MEMBERS) 2017 Henry Northern Kentucky Fleming Monroe Allen Laurel Daviess Metcalfe Trimble Northeast Area Pulaski Scott Franklin Anderson Garrard Mountain Edmonson Boyle Webster Purchase Area Jackson Owen Campbell Caldwell-Lyon Russell Bourbon Muhlenberg Fayette Mason Hancock

139 133 131 130 124 124 121 117 115 111 111 110 110 102 101 98 96 93 90 88 88 84 83 80 80 78 78 78 57 55

2016 Difference 150 132 120 135 108 134 123 121 124 115 113 111 111 89 96 85 84 96 79 79 106 80 81 82 83 92 97 81 78 98

-11 1 11 -5 16 -10 -2 -4 -9 -4 -2 -1 -1 13 5 13 12 -3 11 9 -18 4 2 -2 -3 -14 -19 -3 -21 -43

2017 Bracken 156 Taylor 82 Clinton-Cumberland77 Louisville Area 70 Woodford 69 Out of State 68 Nelson 66 Todd 65 Trigg 61 Ohio 61 Grant 58 Rockcastle 56 Oldham 55 Whitley 51 Pendleton 51 Highlands 47 McCreary 44 Carroll 43 Wayne 42 Estill 42 Butler 42 Union 39 Robertson 39 Lewis 37 Montgomery 35 Nicholas 35 Simpson 33 Clay 31 Calloway 30 Bullitt 26 McLean 26

Division 3 (CONTINUED)

2016 Difference 27 72 59 66 57 62 70 63 63 75 66 63 65 51 49 54 48 50 50 39 37 42 31 27 51 40 27 33 27 43 35

129 10 18 4 12 6 -4 2 -2 -14 -8 -7 -10 0 2 -7 -4 -7 -8 3 5 -3 8 10 -16 -5 6 -2 3 -17 -9

Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

2017 Twin Lakes Livingston Menifee Hopkins Crittenden Henderson Magoffin River Hills Powell Eastern Foothills Knox Pike Gallatin

26 25 23 19 19 16 12 8 7 7 6 4 2

2016 Difference 23 26 21 22 27 16 13 13 8 9 5 4 2

3 -1 2 -3 -8 0 -1 -5 -1 -2 1 0 0

TOTALS AS OF: MAY 10, 2017 10326 10470 -144

2016-17 Membership Application * Membership Year 10/1/16– 9/30/17

Name:_________________________________________________________Spouse Name:____________________________________________________________ Farm Name:_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Address:__________________________________________________________City:____________________________State:______Zip:______________________ County:___________________________________________________________Recruited By:_______________________________________________________ Phone: (___________)__________________-____________________________Fax: (___________)_________________-_________________________________ E-Mail:_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ * Payments of KCA membership dues are tax deductible for most members as an ordinary and necessary business expense. However, charitable contributions of gifts to KCA are not tax deductible for Federal Income Tax purposes. Due to new IRS regulations, $2.24 of your dues would not be deductible. Approximately $12 of your dues will go towards the monthly publication Cow Country News.

County Dues

Please check the Membership(s) you would like to join: ___ KCA Membership : $30/yr

____ New

____ Renewal

Dues are $30 except for the counties listed below.

(Membership Dues are $30 unless otherwise listed below.)

Allen $40 Anderson $25 Bourbon $20 Boyle $35 Bullitt $20 Butler $25 Franklin $25 Highlands $20 (Boyd, Floyd, Johnson, Lawrence, & Martin) Hopkins $35 Laurel $35 Lewis $35 Lincoln $25 Louisville Area $20 (Jefferson, & Spencer)

___ KCA Couple Membership (To add your spouse please add $15 to your KCA Membership) ___ Kentucky Junior Cattlemen’s Association: $10/year

___ New

___ Renewal

___ I would like more information on the Young Producer’s Council Total Membership: KCA:




Total Contributions: Cattlemen’s Foundation Donation (Voluntary): $_________ ** All donations to KCF are tax deductible.** Total Amount Enclosed:$____________

If you would also like to join the National Cattlemen’s Beef Assoc... The NCBA is now a State Marketing Partner with the KCA. You can pay your dues to both organizations with one check, at the same time.

McCreary $25 Magoffin $20 Menifee $25 Mountain $25 (Breathitt, Knott, Lee, Leslie, Letcher, Morgan, Owsley, Perry & Wolfe) Oldham $35 Taylor $20 Twin Lakes $20 Warren $40 Wayne $25 Whitley $25 Woodford $25

NCBA Annual Producer Dues: # Head


# Head
























+ .38/hd

Complete and return to: Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association 176 Pasadena Dr. • Lexington, KY 40503

For faster service, join online at Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


KENTUCKY BEEF NETWORK KBN is Supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund

KY Excel Farm Program






I The “Cadillac” of cattle feeders has a roof to keep rain off the hay and a textured concrete pad that prevents cattle from slipping and injuring themselves.

Farmers have to be flexible and resourceful to deal with unpredictable weather, disease, fluctuating feed and water costs and meat prices, which are challenges that farmers face daily. In Kentucky, there is a resource available specifically for cattle farmers to learn best management practices that make their jobs easier and more profitable. That resource is Eden Shale Farm in Owenton. In 1955, Eden Shale Farm was established as a research farm for the University of Kentucky. The 961-acre farm is now managed and operated by the Kentucky Beef Network, LLC (KBN). Since 2013, KBN has provided on-farm support, education and resources to Kentucky’s 38,000 beef cattle producers. Eden Shale is a working cattle farm whose purpose is to be similar to the farms of average cattle producers having a commercial herd of cross breeds.

Dan Miller, KBN Industry Coordinator; Becky Thompson, the executive director of KBN; and Dr. Steve Higgins, from the University of Kentucky, work together to realize common concerns and identify solutions. Becky Thompson, said, “As soon as farmers walk onto the farm, their jaws drop because Eden Shale looks just like their farm. With our steep hills and shale soil, farmers know that if we can get something to work here, they can make it work on their farm.” Eden Shale Farm faces the same challenges as other farms and seeks the best ways to deal with those issues. One issue deals with the way hay is fed to the cattle. When hay is placed on the ground for cattle to eat, the loss per round bale is 58 percent. This waste is costly to the farmer, and the hay mixes with dirt or muck, which worsens in the winter. Ensuring cattle Caption for image December 2016


Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

n 2016 the Kentucky Division of Compliance began the KY EXCEL Farm membership program for farmers who desired to highlight environment stewardship on their farms. This is a voluntary program open to individuals who own land and farm livestock or crops; membership is free and can be renewed each year by submitting at least one voluntary project that benefits the environment. Projects may include but are not limited to best management practices associated with the farm’s Agriculture Water Quality Plan (AQWP). If you do not have an AWQP then the establishment of your plan may be your first project. Other projects can look at winter feeding development, water harvesting, soils management, reducing waste or other conservation practices you are probably already doing. Eden Shale has been a member of the Kentucky Excel Farm program since 2016, our first project was the development of a winter feeding pad in a hay field to allow us to graze the hay field and do some winter feeding without tearing up the field. The second project we completed in 2017 was the completion of our water harvesting system at the Dairybarn. This is a hybrid system that allows us to use harvested water in the spring and summer and switch to city water in the winter when we are using the facility as a calving barn. At left is our KY Farm Spotlight article about Eden Shale’s participation in the KY EXCEL farm program. Please visit KYEXCEL.KY.GOV to find out more about the KY EXCEL farm program along with the enrollment applications.


Eden Shale Update

Dan Miller

----------------Kentucky Beef Network Industry Coordinator


his past month has been a whirlwind of activity at the farm. We have had a lot of production activity as well as a lot of visitors. We have recently had six different groups at the farm for a tour or field day. This includes both of our Fenceline Feeding Field Days. The first one in April had 90 people attend and the second one on May 9th had another 55 producers. Using the Fenceline Feeding System was a success this spring. We fed 55 pairs for

6 weeks with these feeders. The cattle did not seem to show any preference to the different types of feeders except when it was raining, they liked the one with a roof over it which had dry hay. All of the footing surfaces held up fine the first year. You could see some slight indentions beginning around the feeders that only had geotextile fabric and rock. Over time these feeders will require maintenance to keep the footing surface level. The usefulness and practicality of these feeders was wonderful. Having the ability to feed hay by yourself and not have to go into the field with the tractor was amazing. You don’t have to worry about cattle trying to run out of the gate while you drive into the field, and the cattle are always eating hay right by the road so you rarely even had to go into the field to check them. I would highly recommend this system to producers. We had another successful year

for calving at the farm. We had 77 head to calve this spring and using the synchronization protocol as part of the AI program, we had 73% (56 head) of the calves on the ground in the first 33 days of the calving season. Our AI conception was “normal” at 62% for the entire herd. Having all these calves born in March when there was almost a complete absence of mud made calving season very easy this year.

Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Other activity at the farm has included the normal rush of springtime work. We have been spraying pastures, spreading fertilizer, baled and wrapped our wheat, planted some sorghum sudan, started making hay, and we have developed a spring as an additional water source for the cattle. I will go into more detail about that project next month. As for now, may the rain hold off and the baler not break! 55



Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Adventures with Alison

Alison Smith, Retail and Foodservice Contractor for Kentucky Beef Council

June - A Month to Celebrate!

June is one of my favorite months of the year – it’s Dairy Month (I love milk, cheese, yogurt, ice cream and on and on). It’s also a month to celebrate some of my favorite little people’s birthday and one of my favorite big people – my daddy! Now before I get in trouble, I want to take a moment to recognize my mom. I love my mommy to the moon and back, but it was not my turn to write the Cow Country News article in May. So, Happy Belated Mother’s Day! June 18 is Father’s Day. It’s a time to celebrate the dads that came before us, are with us, aren’t with us, and the father-figures we look up to. According to The Old Farmer’s Almanac, Father’s Day started back in 1909 (became official in 1972), when Mrs. John Dodd of Washington State was listening to a Mother’s Day sermon. She wanted to recognize her father, William Smart, a FARMER who raised six children on his own because his wife died during child birth. That’s right – it started with a farmer! So, that gives me more reasons to pay homage to dads and farmers this month. My daddy is a third-generation beef farmer who instilled a passion for agriculture and beef in his kids from the beginning. He showed us that working hard and getting the job done right the first time would allow us to have a little fun later – maybe a water fight with buckets or a family baseball game. He also showed us that we have to be dedicated and for goodness sake – have fun, but never let go! As an adult child, it’s fun to see my children look up to their Grandpa Bill, Papaw, and Daddy, who are all beef farmers. As my children are “farming” in the grass, I hear them say, “Let’s go check those cows and bale some hay.” They see their granddaddies’ and daddy’s dedication to taking care of the animals and the land and that’s what they want to do! So, this Father’s Day, let’s celebrate the folks who started the holiday – the farmers! Happy Father’s Day and Farmer’s Day and thank you for being so passionate and dedicated to raising high quality beef!

Here’s a few tips to remember when you are celebrating your farmer with a juicy burger: •The Beef. The ideal mix for burger is 80 percent lean and 20 percent fat. •Don’t play with your patties! When making burger patties, lightly mix and shape them otherwise you will compact them and they will not get cooked throughout. •Heat it up, but turn it down! Your grill needs to be preheated on high, but once you’ve put the burgers on you need to turn it down to medium high. For charcoal, make sure your briquettes are grayish-white with no flames. •Step away from the grill! Don’t be tempted to hang around the grill so you can smash your burgers and flip them every 5 minutes. The burgers will tell you when it is time to flip them – there will be juices that rise to the top. That’s your natural indicator. And again, don’t play with your pattiessmashing them just makes them dry! •Hit the sweet spot. When you are grilling burgers, the sweet spot (temperature) is an internal temperature of 160°F. Make sure you take the burger off the grill and insert

Beer Cheese Burger Ingredients:

1 lb 80/20 ground beef 4 pretzel buns 2 tablespoons unsalted butter 2 tablespoons all-purpose flour ½ bottle beer (I used Sam Adams Summer Ale) 4 ounces sharp cheddar, shredded ½ teaspoon Dijon mustard ½ teaspoon hot sauce French’s crispy onions

the instant-read thermometer horizontally in the thickest part of the burger. •Don’t forget the cheese! It’s Dairy Month and dairy cows give us beef too! KBC celebrated National Beef Month across KY with the Beef. The Life of the Party media tour. Teamed up with Holland Grill and Kroger, KBC will give away two grilling prize packs worth over $800. The tour had 29 stops that ranged from radio and television interviews to consumer grilling events. Although we’ve been celebrating beef since, well every month, please join us this June, fire up those grills, invite some fathers, farmers, and neighbors over and serve them a juicy burger and talk beef! Get the Beer Cheese Burger at




1. Melt butter in a small saucepan over medium heat. Whisk in flour until a smooth paste forms. Pour in beer, whisking constantly. Add cheese, a little at a time, whisking until a smooth sauce forms. 2. Remove from heat and stir in mustard and hot sauce. 3. Form ground beef into four even patties. Place patties on grid over medium, ash covered coals. Grill, covered 8 to 10 minutes (over medium heat on preheated gas grill, covered, 7 to 9 minutes) until instant-read thermometer inserted horizontally into center registers 160°F, turning occasionally. 4. Place burger patty on pretzel bun. Top with beer cheese and crispy onions. Enjoy!

Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Ro y, J essica and C o o p er C anada


Attention Kentucky Juniors! K J SA State Sho w June 3 & 4, 2017 Nelson County Fairgrounds Bardstown, KY

6 00 C um b erland D rive • Mo rehead, K Y 4 03 51 859-2 2 7-73 2 3


Friday evening or Saturday morning: Cattle Arrive Saturday, June 3 9-11 AM: Check-in 11-12 PM: Workshop I 12-1 PM: Lunch 2 PM: Showmanship 4-6 PM: Workshops II & III 6 PM: Dinner/Barnyard Olympics/Fun Activities Sunday, June 4 9 AM: Show Begins Steers, Percentage Heifers & Bulls, Cow/Calf, Purebred Heifers & Bulls.


- Public Speaking - Sales Talk - Judging - Cattleman’s Quiz

Novice Members are welcome to participate in workshops and the show.

To pre-enter and confirm t-shirt size, please call Tonya Phillips at 606-584-2579.

Kentucky Simmental Officers President: Derek Tingle 502 -845-2 589 Vice Pres: Johnny Moore 2 70-43 4-4616

Secretary: Lori Graves 859-481-8143 Treasurer: Tonya Phillips 606-584-2 579

K ENTU CK Y SIMMENTAL ASSOCIATION MEMBERSHIP APPLICATION NAME ___________________________ ____________ FARM NAME__________________________________ ADDRSS_____________________________________ CITY_________________STATE_____ ZIP__________ PHONE (BUSINESS)___________________________ (HOME)______________________________________


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Ratliff Cattle Company

100 Carpenter Ridge Salyersville KY, 41465 Jim Ratliff 606.496-6522

“UNBELIEVABULL SIMMENTALS” Graves Grandview Simmental Farm Timothy Graves 560 Rudd Lane Springfield, KY 40069 (859) 481-3954 •

Brian & Heather Swain 3906 Pottertown Road Murray, KY 42071 270-293-4440

Simmental and SimAngus Bulls for Sale 1939 H u n tertown R oad V ers ai lles , K Y 40383 Bulls for Sale Chris Allen 859-351-4486

S end a pl i c a ti on t o: T ony a P hi l l i ps , 8 1 9 0 S ton el i c k R d . M a y s v i l l e, K Y 4 1 0 5 6 M em be r s hi p F ee i s $25.0 WAYWARD HILL FARM

Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Dr. Henry Allen 859-229-0755


Bale Grazing Progressing in Second Year BY KATIE PRATT hen Adair County farmer Fred Thomas started a bale grazing demonstration project two years ago with the University of Kentucky College of Agriculture, Food and Environment, he was looking for a way to improve the health of his cattle and his pastures. As the project moves along, Thomas continues to be encouraged by the results. “The cattle are happier, and I am happier,” Thomas said. “They did not have to stand in mud at all this year, and it was much easier to maintain their condition through the winter. It might be premature to say, but I have more grass growing this year, than I have since I bought the place in 2001.” While popular in the Northern Plains and Canada, bale grazing is a relatively new concept to Kentucky, but one that is becoming more intriguing to farmers as they look for ways to be better stewards of the environment. In bale grazing, farmers set out hay bales on their land prior to winter feeding. They use temporary fencing to control the cattle’s access to the bales. As the cattle eat the bales, farmers move the temporary fencing to give them access to more. The movement of cattle gives farmers a better nutrient distribution across their land. This is particularly beneficial on land that has not received any other fertilization in recent years. In Thomas’ bale grazing trials, he places the forage on higher elevations, which


limits the time about 75 to 200. cattle spend near The phosphorus the streams and was raised from creeks in the 20 to 25. When valleys. we looked at “Fred is those numbers, going to keep they saved Fred more of those on average $21 nutrients on his per acre on his farm and keep fertilizer bill this the water that is spring. Tools like leaving his farm bale grazing can View of current bale grazing project. cleaner,” said Jeff reduce our inputs The dark green in the upper right is Lehmkuhler, UK and make us more extension beef the newly seeded novel endophyte profitable.” tall fescue. PHOTO: Brian Volland, specialist. The increase Thomas is UK Agricultural Communications in better nutrient working on the distribution due to project with Lehmkuhler and Nick Roy, bale grazing also helped offset fertilizer Adair County agriculture and natural costs during 2016, as Thomas reseeded resources extension agent. Thomas was the area he bale grazed during the winter a prime candidate for the project due of 2015-2016. He first seeded the area in a to the topography of his land, which combination of sudangrass and sorghumincludes rolling hills with flat ridges; direct sudangrass, both summer annuals. Thomas access to water and his need to improve let his cattle strip graze the grasses during his winter feeding program and pastures. the summer. Both Lehmkuhler and Roy have helped “When we planted the sorghumThomas find ways to improve the project sudangrass last year, we did not apply and have helped quantify its impacts. any fertilizer because none was needed,” Before the first winter, they took soil Lehmkuhler said. samples in fields where Thomas did and After the cattle finished grazing the did not use bale grazing. They tested again summer annuals, Thomas reseeded with after winter feeding had stopped. two novel endophyte tall fescue varieties. “At the end of the day, one of our major He plans to graze the cattle on them later goals on the farm is to be profitable,” Roy this year. said. “This past year, Fred has seen his “The nice thing is, by combining bale soil test levels for potassium go from grazing followed by the summer annuals,

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we have eliminated a lot of the old KY 31 fescue here with the spray, smother, spray technique,” Lehmkuhler said. “This demonstrates another opportunity for pasture renovation while giving up minimal from a yield perspective.” The project is still a work in progress. After the first year, Thomas, Lehmkuhler and Roy took inventory of things that were working well and aspects of the project that needed to be improved. During the winter of 2016-2017, Thomas spaced his bales farther apart in larger sections so cattle would not do as much damage to the forage stand around the bales. “As the season unfolded, I learned that it wasn’t so much the bale spacing as the size of the section containing the bales, regardless of bale spacing,” Thomas said. This summer, Roy and Thomas are measuring the amount of forage growth in the fields that were bale grazed this past winter compared to fields he hasn’t bale grazed. Thomas plans to continue the project for at least another year. This fall, he will do another experiment to determine if it causes less damage to the existing forage stand to have larger sections with bales spaced closer together or spread throughout the field. “I can’t see going back to what I used to do, which was every three or four days take three or four hay rolls to the cattle through the mud, snow and rain and try to find a new area to set it,” Thomas said. “I’m going to try it again next year because I like what I see so far.”

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Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Kentucky Hereford Association KHA Officers


P r es i de nt : V i nc e P oppl ew P r es i de nt - el ec t: L .W . B ec S ec r eta r y/ T r ea s ur er : E a r l ene 6235734 t hom a s ep@ r oa rd

K HA Invi tes any Heref ord B reeder to B ec om e a Mem b er! D ue s a r e 25.$ S end t o 2396 U ni on C i ty R d. R i c hm on,d K Y 4075

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Dale & Connie Lisembee 12947 J ohnson M ill R d. Crofton, K Y

Cell: 270-889-7116 Home: 270-424-5541

a rm s

R egi s ter ed P ol l ed H er efor ds V i ta F er m D ea l er D oug & D a r r el yn U nde r w ood 183 O


a c R oa d •

( 270)


C a m pbe


l l s vi l l e, K Y 42718

Thomas Farm


Registered Polled Herefords Bulls & Females for sale Tim & Peggy Wolf 12939 Peach Grove Rd. Alexandria, KY 41001 Home: 859-635-0899 Ÿ Cell: 859-991-3484

Peyton’s Well Polled Herefords T h e L owell A twood F ami ly 133 E d g ewood D ri v e S tan f ord , K Y (6 06 ) 36 5 -25 20 h ome/ f ax (6 06 ) 6 6 9-145 5 cell

Victor- influenced cattle bred for performance on grass.

“Black cows need a good Hereford Bull”

B ECK LEY HEREF ORDS L.W. Beckley D.V.M L. Wayne Beckley 284 Pyrse Lane 1420 Fitchburg Rd. Irvine, KY 40336 Ravenna, KY 40472 Cell: 859-779-1419 Home: 606-723-3021 Clinic: 606-726-0000 Cell: 859-779-0962



P olled H eref ord s 439 F latwood s F roz en C amp R oad • C orbi n , K Y 407 01 K ev i n , A n g ela, B obby & B ren d a W ells K en lea & K y ler M u rray 6 06 -5 23-05 6 9 - H ome 6 06 -5 28-16 91 - H ome 6 06 -344-0417 - C ell 6 06 -6 82-8143 - C ell wells _ f arm@y ah

U n de r w ood F

“Cattle for sale at all times”

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Wells Farm

C od ee G u f f ey • 1815 G ras s y S p ri n g s R oad V ers ai lles , K en tu ck y 40383 P h on e: 5 02-5 98-6 35 5 E mai l: rock ri d g eh eref ord s @g mai www.rock ri d g eh eref ord s .com

Eric & Ronnie Thomas 2396 Union City Rd. Richmond, KY 40475 (859) 623-5734 • Eric’s Cell (859) 314-8256

10787 New Bowling Green Road

Contact Earlene Thomas for more information: 8596235734 Ÿ w w w .ke nt uc kyhe r efor d.or g


Pol l ed Heref ord and G el b iv eh Cattl e 3459 K Y H w y . 1284 E . C yt hi a na , K Y 4103 ( 859) 234 - 695 B en, J a ne , S hel by a nd L i nc ol n

Joe B. Gray

Sh ow i n’ f or th e Ros es Jul y 15- 21, 2017 Loui s vi l l e, K Y

Boyd Beef Cattle

5035 Main Street • Mayslick, KY 41055 Charlie Boyd II · 606-584-5194 Annual Bull Sale second Saturday in March Hereford and Angus Bulls

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J a c ks on F

Registered Polled Herefords Monty G. Hancock 7300 KY 56 Owensboro, KY 42301 270-771-4118

8103 B

Paul L. Hankcock 8559 KY 56 Owensboro, KY 42301 270-771-4194


Ch am b l i s s Heref ord F arm s B rad, Carl a, Cl ay and Cl i nt Ch am b l i s s 916 W i nc h es ter B l vd . El i z ab eth tow n, K Y 42701 Hom e ( 270) 982- 3905 • Cel l ( 270) 68 - 7126 fa x 27073592 w w w .c ha m bl i s s her efor df a r m s .c om


a rm s

R egistered P olled H erefords i l l M os s R oa d • W hi te H ous e, T N 3718 H om e/ F a x: 615672483 C el l : 615478483 bi l l y@ j a c ks onf a r m s .c om ® arm ing th e Sam e Land Since 1834”

WCN Polled Herefords Since 1961

B i ll & L i bby N orri s 2220 C eli n a R oad B u rk es v i lle, K Y 427 17 P h on e (27 0) 433-7 25 6 C ell (27 0) 433-15 25 “ E v ery calf n eed s a wh i te f ace”

Pile Stock Farm

Sweet T Farm

Registered Polled Herefords

Hansell Pile, Jr. 12045 St. John Rd. Cecilia, KY 42724 270-735-5192•270-862-4462 12 miles West of Elizabethtown

Windy Hills Farm Jackie D. Perkins II 367 Mt. Pisgah Rd. • Bremen, KY 42325 270-543-3586 Breeding to produce good cows since 1981.



Pete & Gayla Szak 1040 Hick Hardy Rd. Cynthiana, KY (859) 484-2265

Bulls • Heifers • Show Calves



TS TS Tucker Stock Farms F F

“ R eg i s tered A n g u s an d P olled H eref ord s ”


“Breeding Polled Herefords for over 58 Years” John Tucker “Registered Angus and Polled “Registered AngusHerefords” andIIPolled Herefords” Breeding cattle for sale at all times. 1790 Hidden Valley Lane John A. Tucker II John A. Tucker II Hudson, KY 40145 1999 Walnut Hill Rd. • Lexington, KY “Registered 40515 HiddenHerefords” Valley Lane 1790 Hidden Valley Lane Angus and 1790 Polled 270-617-0301 Hudson, KY 40145 Hudson, KY 40145 (859) 271-9086 • cell (859)533-3790 (270) 257-8548 (270) 257-8548

TUCKER STOCK FARMS Offi 257-8167 Office for (270) 257-8167 John A. Tucker IIce (270) “Bulls always Sale”

Po p p lew ell’ s H eref o rds

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Service A ge B u lls O p en and B red F emales F or Sale V ince, Tracy & A lex H ome ( 2 70) 866-4480 152 6 Clearfork R d. Cell ( 2 70) 566-1852 R u ssell Sp rings, K Y 42 642

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Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Multi-Trait Multi-Trait Selection Selection Fertility Disposition

Danny Miller

Fertility Calving Ease Calving Ease Disposition Milking Ability Milking Ability 4850 Ridge Rd. 4850 Caldwell RidgeCaldwell Rd. Knifley, KY 42753 Knifley, KY 42753 270-465-6984 270-465-6984

270-465-6984 • 270-566-2694



Continued from the May issue of Cow Country News

How much plastic needs to be applied?

Stretch-wrap plastic is usually one mil (0.001 in) thick and comes in rolls of 5,000 or 6,000 ft. The plastic is typically pre-stretched 50 to 70% on the wrapper’s film dispensing unit to get the correct tension on the bale surface. Always ensure that the tension of the wrap (tacky side toward bale) is such that film is stretched uniformly on the bales. At least four layers should be applied to each bale. For an individual bale wrapper, the preferred method is the 2+2 system whereby two layers of wrap are applied during one rotation of the bale by a 50% overlapping of successive layers. Keep in mind that some types of wrappers dispense plastic differently than others. In-line wrappers can be purchased to dispense 4 rolls at a time rather than the standard 2 roll types. The 4-roll system increases wrapping speed. Some in-line wrappers also allow extra plastic to be applied at the joints between bales. If this option is available, apply 2-4 extra layers at these joints. Use the high end of this range if bales lack uniformity or do not match up well at the joints. Do not apply too little plastic or oxygen will penetrate the bale and cause spoilage, mold growth, and feed losses. The plastic used in baleage does not create an airtight seal. Lowdensity polyethylene plastic such as that used in silage films is four times more permeable to carbon dioxide gas than it is to oxygen gas, allowing the bales to vent excess carbon dioxide gas as fermentation begins.

How many bales can be

wrapped per hour?

Using an individual bale wrapper, experienced workers can wrap 25-30 bales or more per hour. This is approximately the same number of bales covered by a 20 in. x 6,000 ft. or 30 in. x 5,000 ft. roll of stretch- wrap plastic. Using an in-line wrapper, experienced workers can wrap 40-50 bales per hour.

How much does it cost?

Since each plastic roll costs approximately $80 (2012 prices) and will cover 25-30 bales, the average cost per bale is $3-4. Because the cost of the wrapper varies and the type of wrapper determines the amount of labor and plastic that will be required, the total cost of baleage per ton of dry matter (DM) is highly dependent on the type of wrapper used. The more expensive wrappers (in-line) are usually less labor intensive and can use less plastic than the cheaper models. Producers should use a wrapper that will minimize the capital investment, the amount of plastic used, and labor costs for their system. The cost of baleage, therefore, will vary from $1015 per ton of DM. This is much less expensive than conventional silage methods and is very competitive with the cost of conventional hay when the losses associated with making and storing hay are taken into account.

What if I feed a molded bale?

Despite the best efforts of the producer to limit the amount of mold growth in silage bales, many bales develop some mold. This usually occurs on the flat ends of the bale and around previously undetected pinholes in the plastic. This type of mold is usually just surface mold caused by entry of sufficient oxygen to support some fungal growth, and it rarely penetrates more than an inch into the bale. The animal will usually eat around or even discard this portion. Even if ingested, this type of mold will not significantly

harm the animal.

Is baleage higher in quality?

The feed value of the baled silage will be no better than the quality of the forage at the beginning, and can be worse if the bale was too wet and/or spoilage has occurred. As with conventionally harvested dry hay, quality is a function of forage maturity at harvest, handling during harvest, and storage. Relative to hay, however, the forage going in is higher in quality due to decreased harvest losses, and the resulting baleage will not exhibit the same degree of losses during storage. Therefore, baleage will be higher in quality than comparable hay.

How many bales will I need?

In order to justify the costs associated with storing forage, one should wrap as many bales as possible in a season. However, because of the possibility of less dry matter per bale with baleage, one might be putting up more bales (up to 20% more) of the same size to feed the same number of animals, relative to the number of dry hay bales required. From an acreage standpoint, the number of acres put up as stored forage will be approximately the same.

How soon after wrapping can I feed baleage?

As mentioned earlier, baleage should be wrapped as soon as possible after baling to exclude oxygen and begin the fermentation process. Forage that is baled in the correct moisture range and wrapped with the correct amount of plastic will undergo the full fermentation process within 6 to 8 weeks (usually in less than 4 weeks). Fermentation conditions can vary due to forage maturity, temperature and bale moisture differences. Cool temperatures, mature forage, and insufficient forage moisture levels will reduce fermentation rate. It is advisable to wait at least 8 weeks after

Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

wrapping to begin feeding baleage bales. This will ensure that the silage is stable and that it does not begin to deteriorate or heat when it is fed. This is especially important when attempting to feed in-line bales because feeding out these bales exposes the next bales to oxygen and spoilage risks. However, if there is a dire need, one can feed an individually- wrapped bale at any point as long as the bale is quickly (<24 hours) and completely consumed.

How long can baleage be stored before feeding?

The length of storage depends on forage moisture and maturity. Overmature forage may develop some mold after 3 months. Forage that is baled too wet (>60% moisture) may produce butyric acid during fermentation and cause feed value to be reduced after 3 months. If forages are baled at more than 60% moisture, feed these before they are 3 months old. At 30% to 40% moisture levels, feed value declines after 6 months. In general, forages baled at 40% to 60% moisture will maintain feed value for about 12 months as long as the integrity of the plastic is maintained. However, even where the forage was baled at the appropriate moisture level and the plastic has minimal holes, it is good practice to feed baleage bales within 9 months of when they were made.

What kind of feeding system do I need?

In evaluating costs associated with each wrapped bale, or any other type of stored forage, it is essential to control feeding losses. Some studies have shown up to a 50% loss of the forage when large round baleage bales were fed to cattle without placing the bales in a ring feeder. Use of an elevated hay wagon can reduce this ContĘźd on pg.



Hay Scam Alert and/or taxes. The buyer then askes the seller to just wire the difference to them. The seller wires the money to the buyer, then the buyer’s check bounces. We are asking anyone that feels they are being scammed to contact their local law enforcement and  to file a complaint with the Federal Trade Commission. To file a complaint with the FTC please following the subsequent link:


here seems to be a scam happening across the country where people selling hay have been getting scammed by potential buyers. What is happening is a potential buyer is texting a seller requesting hay; after a price is set, sends a check twice that of the agreed price with the explanation the additional money is for shipping


https://www.ftccomplaintassistant. gov/?utm_source=takeaction Once there scroll down to “Scams and Ripoffs” and follow the instructions. There have been confirmed cases of this happening in Kentucky so please use caution.




K entuck y State J unio r F ield D ay and G elb vieh/ B alancer Sho w

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el bvi


Gelbvieh, Simmental, & Commerical Cattle

R an d y & W an d a W ad e 85 9-234-4803 M i k e, S h elley & R on i n M ey er 85 9-298-9931 K ev i n , S h an n on , & K amber F arrell 85 9-5 88-9121

B ri an W . D yer DV M O w ne r / M a na ge r

G E L B V IE H /B A L A N C E R S 205 G l a s gow R oa d B ru ek s vi l l e, K Y 2714 B r i a n, L a ru en, K r i s ten B a r r y ,E m ily& J ul i a

F ull C ircle F arm s

Registered G elb vieh C attle B rad B u rke 989 M etcalf M ill R d. • Ew ing, K Y 4103 9 ( H ) 606-2 67-5609 • ( C) 606-782 -13 67 gb b 789@ w indstream. net

Pleasant Meadows Farm

Meeting modern industry demands: • Added Fertility • Increased Efficiency • More pounds of calf weaned American Gelbvieh Association 303-465-2333 | 62

Gary & Pat Tilghman Lindsey Tilghman Jones Family Carrie & Daryl Derossett Family 690 Lick Branch Road Glasgow, KY 42141 270.678.5695 Ÿ

K ilb ou rne G elb vieh East B ernstadt, K Y 606-843 -6583 cell 606-3 09-4662

B lack R ep lacemen t H ei f ers & B u lls A v ai lble E mbry o tran s p lan t & A I s i red calv es

Mockingbird Hill Farms

Larry Cl ark &

B ar I V L ivestock

B arry , B eth & B en R ack e • B rad R ack e 7 416 T i p p en h au er R d . • C old S p ri n g , K Y 4107 6 P h on e (85 9) 6 35 -3832 • B arry cell (85 9) 991-1992 B rad cell (85 9) 393-36 7 7 • B en cell (85 9) 393-37 30 F ax (85 9) 6 35 -3832 •

Bee Lick Gelbviehs

Eddie Reynolds 277 Old Bee Lick Rd. Crab Orchard, KY 40419 606-379-2281(H) 606-305-1972(C) Bulls & Females for sale

Sons LLC

Regi s tered G el b vi eh Cattl e Registered Gelbvieh Cattle 1 1 5 3 R ob er t L a n d i s R oa d - G r een s b u r g , K Y 4 2 7 4 3 Shane Wells 10172 Provo Rd. Rochester, KY L arry C lark , O wn er & O p erator H: 270-934-2198 C: 270-791-8196 (27 0) 299-5 16 7 (27 0) 337 -2801 L p clark an d s on s @ms n .com

Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Contʼd o


loss to 10-20%. Losses can be reduced to below 10% using a ring feeder or a cone type ring feeder. When feeding whole baleage bales to any species, it is best to feed a sufficient number of animals that will eat the entire bale within about two days. Baleage bales may also be integrated into rations if grinding and mixing the ration.

What can I feed baleage to?

Traditionally, baleage has been fed to beef and dairy cattle. However, there is no reason, physiological or otherwise, that it cannot be fed to sheep, goats, or even horses. Feeding molded baleage bales to horses, as in hay, should be minimized. However, most of the mold in baleage remains wet and produces a minimal amount of dust. To ensure the most efficient use of the quality in a baleage bale, it is important to match the bale’s quality to the animals’ economic productivity. Baleage can and should be tested for nutrient levels in the same manner as dry hay.

What should I do with the used plastic?

Because the plastic can be used for making baleage only once, plastic disposal is a potential environmental problem. Every effort should be made to prevent this. Currently, there are no standard policies for collection and disposal of used baleage plastic beyond landfill disposal. In the future, used plastic may be collected for recycling. Such efforts have been successful in those areas that have enough plastic to warrant the collection and recycling of other agricultural plastics. Check with your local government or division of solid waste on applicable statutes in your area for disposal or recycling. Some recycling companies will readily accept used plastic wrap.

Can I wrap dry hay as an alternative to inside storage?

Some producers who have limited inside space for storing dry hay rolls have successfully wrapped dry hay for outside storage. Typically only enough plastic to cover the bale is needed, usually 2 layers with about a 20% overlap at the edges. Black plastic is recommended rather than white plastic since it is cheaper, draws heat, and helps to evaporate condensation within the bale. At the bottom, between each bale, a vertical cut should be made to allow for ventilation between bales. A 1-2


inch layer of white mold may develop on the outside of each bale, but any losses associated would be far less than unwrapped outside stored hay. Wrapping hay that is higher in moisture than about 20% will mold more significantly.

How do I determine the proper moisture content of my forage?

1. “Dish rag” test. Take a handful of forage and wring it out like one would wring out a dishrag. If moisture can be expressed from the forage, it is generally above the 65% moisture range. 2. Commercially available testers

are an option for measuring forage moisture levels. However, accuracy may be a problem. At least three moisture readings should be obtained to create an average value. Commercial testing equipment can be costly ($200-$400 range). 3. Koster moisture testers are heated, forced-air dryers that are used in silage production to dry down the forage. It takes longer than a microwave moisture test. 4. The best method to use is the microwave moisture test. Detailed instructions are found in the following text:



1. Chop fresh forage into short lengths (< 1 inch) for ease of handling and uniform drying. 2. Weigh out at least 100 grams (3.5 ounces) of chopped forage. 3. Spread forage thinly on a microwave-safe dish and place into microwave. (A cup of water placed in the microwave beside the sample will help prevent the sample from igniting once dry.) 4. Heat for 1-2 minutes and reweigh. -If forage is not completely dry, shake and redistribute the sample, and repeat the heating cycle until the sample reaches a stable weight. (Microwaves vary considerably in drying capacity. It is better to dry for short intervals and reweigh until the last two weights are constant, than to overdry and run the risk of burning and damage to oven.) If charring occurs, use the previous weight. 5. Calculate moisture content using the following equation: W1- W2 % Moisture Content= W1 Where: W1 = weight of forage before heating W2 = weights of forage after heating Dry matter (DM) is the percentage of forage that is not water. DM equals 100% minus the % Moisture Content. Adapted from: Southern Forages 4th Edition, Page 303 Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


F o r Mo re I nf o rm atio n: In the pasture

Commercial cattlemen trust registered seedstock breeders to make documented genetic improvements that provide them the opportunity to succeed. From 2004-2014, the 2015 AICA National Cattle Evaluation Genetic Trend illustrates Charolais seedstock breeders are doing their job!

Lower birth weight MORE LIVE CALVES Increased weaning weight MORE POUNDS AT WEANING

The trend shows dramatic improvements in every trait of economic importance.

In the feedlot Higher yearling weight MORE POUNDS, EFFICIENTLY

2004-2014 NCE Charolais Genetic Trends BW





REA Marb

At harvest

2004 0.8 19.1 33.7 1.6 11.4 .18 .01 2014 0.4 26.8 49.0 3.4 16.9 .32 .04

Increased carcass weight MORE POUNDS AT HARVEST Larger ribeye BETTER YIELD GRADES More marbling HIGHER QUALITY GRADES

More pounds. More profits. Charolais keep it real. © American-International Charolais Association 2016


Southeast Field Representative

Floyd Wampler (423) 612-2144

kins Ad Farms


6.5x3.75 bw-Cow Country News.indd 1

12/2/15 7:30 AM

2017 Charolais State Show July 8th • Franklin County Fairgrounds L u nch at N oon Show at Noon

T J A d k i n s : 6 06 -87 5 -5 094 S h erman & P h y lli s A d k i n s : 6 06 -37 9-5 129 27 9 B u llock R d . E u ban k , K Y 425 6 7 A d k i n s F arms @h otmai

Mo ntgo m ery C haro lais

Darby Montgomery 36 Thompson Road • Lancaster, KY 40444 859-339-3922 BULLS FOR SALE

Am b urge y Ch arol ai s F arm 317 C 859-


P ol l ed B r eedi R obe r t A m a m a r go R d. • M 2764 ( H om e)

i nc e 196 ge y , J r . t. S ter l i ng, K 59-8 403751 (


606-271-0582 473 Edward Meece Road Science Hill, KY 42553


David, Rhonda, Michael & Nicholas 3200 St. Rose Road Lebannon, KY 40033 270-692-7793

jeffries charolais paul r. jeffries

ng S



Y 04 35 M obi l e)

Cox Charolais

1194 Smith Ridge Road • Campbellsville, KY 42718 270-465-7584 (H) 270-403-4562 Bulls & Select Heifers for Sale

H arro d F arm s T HE N E X T G E N E RAT I O N

B ecca, Je nna and Ja ke 645 Evergreen Rd. Frankfort, KY 40601 Je ff H arrod: 502 -3 3 0-6745 Ch arolais, H ereford & Commercial Cattle


K entuck y C haro lais Asso ciatio n Ch u ck D ru in 2 2 91 D rane L ane Eminence, K Y 40019 502 -3 2 1-1160 or 502 -3 2 1-5919 Je ff H arrod: 502 -3 3 0-6745 Ja cob M iller: 502 -507-4987

1590 jeffries lane

hustonville, ky. 40437 chris cooper 606-669-9009 chris jeffries 606-669-2426

Ji m m y & Li nda Evan s 960 V a l l a ndi n hg a m R oa d D r y R i ged , K Y 4103 5 8594282740

Allison Charolais John Allison

545 Eminence Road New Castle, KY 40050

502-845-2806 502-220-3170

Bulls & Heifers For Sale at the Farm


Home: 3490128 502j ha yde

H a yde n F a r m 4430 Bloomfield Rd. B a r ds tow n, K Y 40 J a m es H a yde n n@

Office: Mobile: 34905 502507498 ha yde ns teel .c om

C an d y S u lli v an 3440 R u d d les M i ll R oad P ari s , K Y 4036 1

85 9-338-017 0 S u lli v an C h arolai s

Quality Charolais Cattle in the Heart of the Bluegrass

F lo yd’ s C haro lais

2 03 9 N ina R idge R oad L ancaster, K Y 40444 H ome: 859-792 -2 956 • Cell: 859-3 3 9-2 653 oyd

Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Record Volume for U.S. Pork Exports in March; Beef Exports Remain Strong


.S. pork and beef exports capped a strong first quarter with excellent March results that included a new record volume for pork, according to statistics released by USDA and compiled by the U.S. Meat Export Federation (USMEF). Pork exports reached 227,955 metric tons (mt) in March, up 16 percent year-over-year and topping the previous monthly high set in November 2016. Export value was $586.6 million, up 22 percent. For the first quarter, pork exports were up 17 percent in volume (627,647 mt) and 22 percent in value ($1.58 billion). March exports accounted for 28 percent of total pork production and 23.3 percent for muscle cuts only, up from 25.4 percent and 22 percent, respectively, last year. First-quarter ratios were also significantly higher at 27.2 percent and 22.6 percent, compared to 23.9 percent and 20 percent in 2016. Export value per hog slaughtered averaged $54.93 in March, up 15 percent year-overyear, while the first-quarter average increased 18 percent to $52.42. Beef exports totaled 105,310 mt in March, up 18 percent year-overyear, with value increasing 22 percent to $588.2 million. First-quarter beef exports were up 15 percent in volume (292,215 mt) and 19 percent in value ($1.61 billion). March exports accounted for 12.5 percent of total beef production and just under 10 percent for muscle cuts only, each up slightly from last year. For the first quarter, the percentage of total beef production exported was down slightly from a year ago (12.4 percent vs. 12.5 percent) despite an increase for muscle cuts (9.8 percent vs. 9.4 percent). Export value per head of fed slaughter averaged $270.14 in March, up 11 percent from a year

ago, while the first-quarter average increased 10 percent to $267.71 per head. “Entering 2017 with record-large pork production and an uptick in beef slaughter, we knew this ‘wall of U.S. meat’ presented a challenge for our industry,” said USMEF President and CEO Philip Seng. “So the fact that first-quarter export volumes are higher than a year ago is not surprising, but it’s important to look beyond that – to the higher percentage of production being exported and the strong return on those exports. The U.S. is not just moving more meat internationally because we have more available. Our products are commanding solid prices and winning back market share in many key destinations, even with a strong U.S. dollar and many trade barriers still in place. But our competitors are working every day to reverse this trend, so we must aggressively expand and defend our international customer base.”

Mexico, Korea and South America fuel record volume for pork exports

The red-hot pace for U.S. pork exports to Mexico continued in March, with volume up 34 percent year-over-year to 68,866 mt, and value increasing 47 percent to $127.2 million. For the first quarter, exports to Mexico totaled 206,262 mt (up 29 percent) valued at $371.9 million (up 42 percent). Strong demand from Mexico is especially important for U.S. ham prices, but pork variety meat exports to Mexico also posted a strong first quarter, increasing 14 percent in volume (37,596 mt) and 38 percent in value ($58.1 million). In leading value market Japan, March exports increased modestly in volume (37,806 mt, up 2 percent) but

climbed 12 percent in value to $155.2 million – the highest since October 2014. In the first quarter, export volume to Japan was up 7 percent in volume (101,581 mt) and 13 percent in value ($411.3 million). Chilled pork exports to Japan increased 3 percent to 56,307 metric tons, while value increased 10 percent to $260 million.

Beef exports move higher in Asian and North American markets

March beef exports to Japan increased 41 percent in volume (28,135 mt) and 39 percent in value ($167.7 million). This capped a very strong first quarter in which exports jumped 41 percent (to 74,411 mt) and 42 percent (to $427.3 million), respectively. This included a 55 percent increase in chilled beef volume to 33,366 mt, as U.S. beef captured its highest-ever market share in Japan’s high-value chilled sector. Coming off a record performance in 2016, beef exports to South Korea posted a very strong first quarter, with volume up 23 percent to 42,551 mt and value increasing 30 percent to $267.5 million. With U.S. beef continuing to gain momentum in Korea’s retail and restaurant sectors, first-quarter chilled beef exports were up 78 percent to 8,508 mt. Other first-quarter highlights (compared to year-ago levels) for U.S. beef included: •Exports to Mexico posted a solid increase in volume (57,057 mt, up 17 percent), while value increased 3 percent to $226.8 million. An important destination for shoulder clods, rounds and other beef end cuts, muscle cut exports to Mexico expanded at an even faster pace, climbing 23 percent in volume

Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

(30,015 mt) and 11 percent in value ($175.1 million). •Despite a recent slump in the value of the Canadian dollar, beef exports to Canada have rebounded in 2017, with solid increases in both volume (29,909 mt, up 14 percent) and value ($190.5 million, up 19 percent). •In Taiwan, where U.S. beef captures more than two-thirds percent of the chilled beef market, exports increased 28 percent in volume to 9,746 mt and 29 percent in value to $85.7 million. This included a 10 percent increase in chilled beef volume to 3,650 mt. •Beef exports to South America were down 2 percent in volume (4,919 mt) but increased 16 percent in value ($23 million), bolstered by a strong performance in Colombia and a recent rebound in Peru. This week USDA also confirmed the arrival of the first U.S. beef shipments to Brazil since a BSE-related suspension was imposed more than 13 years ago. The first significant export volumes for Brazil will likely appear in the May USDA data, which will be available in early July. •March exports to South Africa (1,107 mt) were the highest since the market opened last year, making it the month’s 10th largest volume destination for U.S. beef. For the first quarter, South Africa ranked 11th at 1,971 mt. Export value was $1.5 million, with most of the volume being beef livers. Complete export results for U.S. beef, pork and lamb are available from USMEF’s statistics Web page. Monthly charts for U.S. pork and beef exports are also available online. If you have questions, please contact Joe Schuele at jschuele@ or call 303-226-7309. 65

Angus - The B usiness B reed K E N TU C K Y AN G U S ASSO 2016- 2017 K Y Angu s Ass c Officers

KY Angus Association Membership Application Name:____________________________________________ Farm Name:_______________________________________ Address:__________________________________________ City:__________________State:_______ Zip:___________ Phone: Bus-_______________________________________ Res-_____________________________________________ Email:___________________________________________

Return to: Anne DeMott 1220 Angus Trail • Lexington, KY 40509 Annual Dues $35

Contact Anne DeMott to pay for your Kentucky Angus Association dues! 1 • BOYD BEEF CATTLE 6077 Helena Rd. Mayslick, KY 41055 Charlie Boyd II: 606-584-5194 • Blake Boyd: 606-375-3718 • email:

2 • BRANCH VIEW ANGUS 927 Old Liberty Pike • Hustonville, KY 40437 859/238-0771 • James S. & LuAnn Coffey Donald & Donna Coffey Evelyn Hoskins Annual Production Sale- 2nd Saturday in April

3 • BURKS CATTLE CO. 531 Rick Rd. Park City, KY 42160 Eddie Burks • 270-991-6398


4 • BURTON & SONS ANGUS Joe D. or Karen Burton Ÿ Bryan Carman, Partner, Ridgeview Angus 480 Hominy Hill Rd. Nancy, KY 42544 Joe: 606-305-3081 Ÿ Bryan: 606-875-3453

res e T i m J effr i es Ÿ C a m ne r , K Y res e G i l R a y C ow l es Ÿ Rockfield, KY ec res A ne D eM ott Ÿ L exi ngt on, K Y 7 • COFFEY ANGUS FARMS 661 Hopewell Road Liberty, KY 42539 Matt Coffey - (270) 799-6288 Dewey Coffey - (606) 787-2620 Genetics for Maximum Profitability since 1984 8 • D&D LONGVIEW ANGUS Danny & Debbie Burris 550 Willie Nell Road Columbia, KY 42728 270-348-5766 • 270-250-3701 • 270-250-1277

9 • EAGLE REST PLANTATION Jimmy Don Robinson 7665 Paducah Road Kevil, KY 42053 270-462-2150

17 • MUD RIVER ANGUS 10 Oak Hill Drive Russellville, KY 42276 Wayne Johnson 270/303-6354 Gary Johnson 270/498/7208



10 • FALL CREEK ANGUS 448 Corder Farm Road Monticello, KY 42633 Ronnie Corder 606/348-6588 11 • HAINES ANGUS FARMS 5294 Park City- Glasgow Rd. Park City, KY 42160 Kenneth Haines, Jr. 270/749-8862

6 • CLAIREBROOK FARMS, LLC PO Box 192, Carlisle, KY 40311 Paul B. Mulhollem, 217/621-3123 Chad Daugherty, 217/369-0466 Watch for our consignments in upcoming KY sales!


19 • OLD BARK FARM 370 Ferrill Hill, Buffalo, KY 42716 Kenley Conner 270/358-8057 Registered Angus Cattle

R i ch ard an d G len d a S tallon s 1240 D og wood K elly R oad H op k i n s v i lle, K en tu ck y 42240 H ome- (27 0)885 -435 2 C ell- (27 0)839-2442 rs tallon s @bells ou th .n et 22 • ANNE PATTON SCHUBERT 4040 Taylorsville Rd • Taylorsville, KY 40071 Phone: (502) 477-2663 • Fax: (502) 477-2637 Gordon Schubert, Cowboy

13 • HIGHVIEW FARMS 827 West Main Street Campbellsville, Kentucky 42718 Ben T. Cox DVM 270-469-5517 Registered Angus Cattle

23 • SHAW FAMILY ANGUS Jim & Cathy Shaw 935 Miller Road • Hodgenville, KY 42748 Cell: 270-769-8260 Quality Registered Angus Cattle since 1975


W i lli am N . O f f u tt I V 37 90 P ari s R oad G eorg etown , K Y 40324 P h on e: (85 9) 5 33-2020 E mai l: mi llers ru n f W ebs i te: www.mi llers ru n f Heifers for sale


20 • PLEASANT HILL FARMS Gil, Mary, Corbin, Caroline, and Catherine Cowles 500 Rockfield Richpond Road Rockfield, KY 42274 270/843-9021 • Fax 270/843-9005 Located 7 miles west of Bowling Green, 1/2 mile off Hwy 68/80 21 • RAGS ANGUS FARM

12 • HERITAGE FARM Tom McGinnis 1024 Hinkle Lane • Shelbyville, KY 502-633-1634, home • 502-633-5100, work 502-655-0164, cell

14 • HILL VIEW FARMS Jimmy Gilles 5160 Lee Rudy Road Owensboro, KY 42301 Located 15 mi. W of Somerset 270/686-8876 Bulls & females sold private treaty. Inquiries Welcome. Sell only what we would buy. 270/929-5370 5 • CARDINAL HILL FARMS 15 • JOHNSON FARMS ANGUS 405 Cedar Grove Rd. • Glasgow, KY 42141 Angus Bulls & Females Mike Elmore: (270) 404-6589 Slaughters, KY Bob Johnson: ( 270 ) 427-1410 Keith: 270-635-0723 www. Reese: 270-635-1137

4 K

18 • FOUR KINGS ANGUS 250 Bright Leaf Dr. • Harrodsburg, KY 40330 Cary & Kim King Email: Cary Cell - 859-613-3734 • Colby Myers - Purebred Manager



24 • SMITHLAND ANGUS FARM 5202 East Hwy 80, Russell Springs, KY 42642

Charles “Bud” & Pam Smith 270/866-3898 Henry & Melissa Smith 270/866-2311 25 • ST. CLAIR FARMS REGISTERED ANGUS Eric & Sherry St. Clair 13433 Falls of Rough Road • Falls of Rough, KY 40119 (H) 270-257-2965 (C) 270-617-1079 Performance Tested Bull & Female Sale April2016

26 • TWIN CREEK FARM Shawn, Melissa, Devin & Dylan Gibson 270/337-3072 or 270/692-5304 Dennis & Emily 270/337-2128 or 270/402-4338 Watch for us in Branch View Production Sale in April

Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association




mith Seed Services is pleased to announce that they have been granted the exclusive worldwide production and marketing rights for CCS 779 daikon radish. In the past, CCS 779 has been widely used in the cover crop marketplace under a popular brand name and is known as the industry standard for cover crop radishes. It is recognized for its large tap root, ability to scavenge and store nutrients, reduce soil compaction, and suppress weeds. CCS 779 was the first US variety developed specifically for cover crop usage. Development work began on CCS 779 in 2001 with Dr. Ray Weil at the University of Maryland and Steve Groff.   Varietal development was completed by Dr. Virginia Lehman. CCS 779 obtained Plant Varietal Protection in 2014.  CCS 779 has be tested and acclaimed worldwide.

CCS 779 is now only sold with Oregon Certified grown tags, ensuring consistent and reliable performance. For further information on distribution opportunities and purchase information, contact Smith Seed Services at 888550-2930 or visit Smith Seed Services is an Oregonbased worldwide wholesale provider of cool season seeds, including grasses, legumes, brassicas, and specialty cover crop seeds.



hen cattle prices are lower and every input cost is scrutinized, it’s tempting to drop parasite control from the health program to save a little money. However, studies have shown a true economic benefit to controlling parasites. “Parasite burdens in grazing cattle can decrease efficiency due to decreased

appetites and utilization of feed that is readily available,” said Libby Fraser, DVM, Beef Technical Services at Zoetis. “When cattle are gathering their own feed, it is important for them to have healthy appetites. That good appetite can often be measured in end-of-grazing season weight gains.” A field trial in preweaned grazing beef calves nursing their dams demonstrated a net value advantage for DECTOMAX® Injectable Solution when compared to LongRange® and a set of control animals that were not treated for parasites.1 Both treated groups received the recommended label dosage of 1 mL per 110 lbs. of body weight at turnout time in June. The DECTOMAX group received a second dose in August at the time calves were processed for preconditioning vaccinations. The LongRange group only received the single dose at the beginning of the grazing season as per its label. While the calves treated for parasites



















































































COWS wts.




























Feeder cattle traded steady to $2 lower for the week on limited volume. Calves were mostly steady. Market cows were steady to $1 higher. -Troy Applehans

Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

showed a significant (P-value < .03) advantage in gain over the control group, there was no difference in gain between DECTOMAX and LongRange. When the labor costs, the costs of the products and the pounds of gain were all analyzed, the DECTOMAX group had a net value advantage over the control group of $65.55, while LongRange had a $62.50 advantage.1 Controlling parasites had a true economic benefit in this field trial. Benjamin Ranch near Silma, Colorado, had a similar experience with the products in grazing yearling stocker cattle. Lee Benjamin and his family operates a commercial cow/calf herd of about 250 Angus cows bred to Charolais bulls, as well as grazing yearlings. Benjamin wanted to see how DECTOMAX Injectable and LongRange would perform in his grazing yearlings. At the end of a 96-day grazing season, during which he conducted a small side-by-side trial, Benjamin was pleased with the results he had in the yearlings receiving DECTOMAX. “Overall, I was really pleased with the health and performance of the cattle receiving DECTOMAX, and it cost less to administer,” said Benjamin. “When you couple those two together, it makes more sense to me.” “My biggest disappointment for 2016 was that I gave all of my yearlings LongRange except the 18 head that received DECTOMAX,” Benjamin said. “I feel like I used the wrong product on 175 head of yearlings.” When developing a parasite control program, work closely with your veterinarian or visit with your Zoetis representative about options available. For more product information, visit DECTOMAX Injectable has a 35-day pre-slaughter withdrawal period. Do not use in female dairy cattle 20 months of age or older. Do not use in calves to be processed for veal. DECTOMAX has been developed specifically for cattle and swine. Use in dogs may result in fatalities.i For more information, visit  www.



General June Celebrate Dairy Month June 9-10 KJCA Leadership Camp June 9-10 Kentucky’s Fort Harrod Beef Festival June 13 CPH Sale, Blue Grass South, See ad on pg. 27 June 22 CPH Sale, Washington Co. Livestock Center, See ad on pg. 25 July 10-16 Lexington Burger Week July 17-23 Cincinnati Burger Week July 24-30 Louisville Burger Week July 28-29 Keeney’s Corner

Gathering, Idaho, See ad on pg. 25 August 31 KCA Hall of Fame Awards Due, See ad on pg. 11 August 31 Midwest Beef Summit, Owensboro, KY, See ad on pg. 47 September 10-15 FACTS Tour, California

Angus May 27 Woodside Cow Herd Dispersal, New Market, VA June 17 Yoder Angus Herd Complete Dispersal, See ad on pg. 8



July 8 Charolais State Show, Franklin County Fairgrounds October 7 Spirit of the Bluegrass Sale

June 3 Central KY Premier Heifer Sale, Lebanon, KY, See ad on pg. 30

Gelbvieh June 10 KY State Junior Field Day & Gelbvieh/Balancer Show, Glasgow, KY

Hereford June 2-3 KHA State Show, Horse Cave, KY, See ad on pg. 60 July 15-21 Showin’ for the Roses, Louisville, KY, See ad on pg. 60

Saler June 24 Kentucky State Saler Heifer Show, Frankfort, KY, Franklin County Fairgrounds

Simmental June 3-4 KJSA State Show, Bardstown, KY, More info on pg. 58

AD INDEX AG SPRAY 35 Blue Grass Stockyards 27 Burkmann Feeds 25 Byron Seeds 33 CattleVac Box 28 Central Farm Supply 23,72 Central KY Premier Heifer Sale 30 Dow Agro/Mosaic 5 FPL Food, LLC 39 Green River Fence 28 Hayes Trailer Sales 47 John Deere 2 KLMA 3 Keeney Angus 25

Kentucky Angus 66 Kentucky Charolais Association 64 Kentucky Gelbvieh Association 62 Kentucky Hereford Association 60 Kentucky Salers Association 68 Kentucky Simmental Association 58 Kuhn Knight 35 Kuhn North America 17 Leitchfield Truck & Trailer 8 Limestone Farm 41 Mahlon Yoder 8 McBurneys Livestock & Equipment 35 Neat Steel 4 Norbrook 15

Oak Hollow Paris Stockyards Priefert Quality Cover Buildings Ridley Crystalyx Silver Stream Shelters Stoll Trailers Stone Gate Farms Superior Fence Company Swain Select Simmental Walters Buildings Washington County Livestock Center Wm. E Fagaly & Son

7 4 29 59 37 10 20 9 37 30 30 25 21


The Balanced Breed 128


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Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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Cow Country Classifieds To place a Classified call 859/278-0899

Lost Bridge Cattle Company


L iv estock H auling Indiana Kentucky Ohio Tennessee 513-678-1042 Ryan Gries

PERFORMANCE TESTED PUREBRED ANGUS BULLS FOR SALE Call 270/202-7186 for more info or check out for current availability. ANGUS BULLS FOR LEASE Low birthweight Registered Angus & Charolais bulls for lease. Starting at $350. McCrory Farms, Benton, KY 270-527-3767 FOR SALE 19-20 month old Polled Hereford bulls Good selection. Low birthweight, medium frame. JMS Polled Herefords, Knifley, KY 270-465-6984 FOUNDATION SALE III October 7, 2017, 1 PM CST United Producers, Bowling Green, KY Selling FULLBLOOD & PUREBRED LIMOUSIN Genetics For info call : A C H Holdings, LLC Stephen Haynes 270-799-8685 Charolais Bulls for Sale


Call Jacob Redway today to advertise to over 10,000 cattle producers in Kentucky. Call us at 859-278-0899.

GELBVIEH Available Bred Cow/calf pairs. Also recently weaned. Gelbvieh Bulls. Smith’s Grove, KY Trent Jones 270-590-5266

$15 for 4 lines and $5 for each additional line


Jeff, Michelle Nolan Pettit 5745 US HWY 41 SOUTH, SEBREE, KY 42455 270-836-2963 • JP@DIAMONDPCATTLE.COM


STOLTZFUS SPREADERS Lime/Chicken Litter/Fertilizer Leo TMR Mixers- Manure Spreaders 20 foot woods 3240 batwing$8995 John Deere 6220-cab-12 speed - $15,750 Call Charlie @ 859-608-9745 REGISTERED BLACK ANGUS & CHAROLAIS BULLS Angus AI Sires include 10X & 5050. 18-20 months old. $2800 each. Charolais bulls AI Sires include Gridmaker & WR Wrangler. 18-24 month old. $2800 each David Sandusky 270-692-7793 LIMOUSIN, ANGUS & LIM-FLEX BULLS & FEMALES FOR SALE HB Farms Midway, KY Greg Blaydes (859) 338-9402 James Hicks (859)227-0490 Nathan Hicks (859) 576-6738 RED ANGUS FOR SALE Bulls: Yearlings and 2-year-olds, Open and Bred Heifers Contact: Johnnie Cundiff 606-3056443 or 606-871-7438 BULLS FOR SALE Registered black Simmental bulls. Excellent EPD’s. Semen Tested. Delivery Available. Maximize your profit with proven performance. Adam Wheatley 502-349-2665

100 used cattle waters available. 15 Used Feed Bins with Augers from 4–15 Tons. Used Cattle Handling Facilities, 3 Available. Guard Rail.

Call 513-678-1042

REGISTERED ANGUS BULLS 21+ months, High Quality, BSE, guaranteed. Starting at $2,000. Western Way Angus. Georgetown, KY 859-621-6175

FALL 2015 BULLS FOR SALE Registered Gelbvieh/Angus Balancer bulls. Homo black and black. Breeding Soundness Evaluation. BVD tested, Semen and Trich tested. Calving ease EPDs. Also fall bred females. Huntingburg, IN J&D Kerstiens 812-482-2688 or Duane Cassidy at 812-661-8005


ANGUS BULLS FOR SALE Commercial yearlings. 2-year-old & 3-year-old bulls. Rand Angus Farm 502-639-4085

20 Fall calving bred heifers. 20 Fall calving cows, 7-8 years old. Call 859-333-0807



12-18 months old Lundy Farms, 502-727-6898

Call Jacob Redway today to advertise. The Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association offers print and digital options. Call us at 859-278-0899.

See your ad here and reach over 10,000 cattlemen each month. Ads as low as $15 per month.

For ad placement contact Jacob Redway at 859-278-0899.

Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



And Davis said “Watch This” swerved to miss him”. I cringed and waited for the officer to point to the fact that there were no footprints from this child who would have to have been out late – on a school ----------------night – in a snow storm – by University of Kentucky himself – in a bank parking lot! But Extension Beef Specialist the officer said “Son, you did the right thing that street light can be here is one thing that I know for replaced but a human life can’t.” He sure and that is – when someone even took us to the flower shop and told says “watch this”, something the owner that Davis had heroically interesting is about to happen. As avoided hitting a kid. Everyone made a matter of fact, when someone says a fuss over him and I thought he was “watch this” what they really mean is going to get a key to the city or some “watch out” or “hang on”! big award. Talk about turning lemons That reminds me of my friend into lemonade! Davis whom I met when I started high Davis moved on to working at the school. He was a year older and already local funeral home where he could wearing his blue and gold FFA jacket. make a few dollars, meet a lot of Soon we were both officers in our local people and he even got to drive a chapter. So when I graduated high big black hearse sometimes – Uh Oh! school and decided to study agriculture Back in those days the hearse at the at Tennessee Tech, he was already there local funeral home also served as an and majoring in animal science. Davis ambulance to make emergency runs called me and said that he had a good for the hospitals. So Davis woke me deal on a room but needed a roommate. late one night to accompany him on a Both of us thought that “the devil run to Livingston. I didn’t ask for any that you know is better than one that details – just jumped in that big, black you don’t know”, so our adventure hearse and Davis said “Watch this!” continued. We were pretty good boys We took off with the siren on and but we got distracted sometimes. were just hitting the high spots. All of Davis was not the most studious a sudden somebody raised up behind person that I have ever met but he me and started cursing and yelling. I definitely possessed the “gift of gab” didn’t know we had a passenger! But, and had an entrepreneurial spirit. Traits this guy had wrecked his car and Davis that would serve him well in his career. had taken him to the ER in Cookeville His first job was delivering flowers but they wouldn’t admit him because for Sammie’s Florist in Cookeville, TN. he was drunk and belligerent. So he He got to drive a big ole station wagon. was getting a ride to Livingston where One night, during the first snow storm hopefully we could unload him. of the year, Davis came by so that we Davis let the hammer down on that could get out in the snow – on slick hearse as our passenger cursed and said roads. He pulled into a bank parking “I ain’t dyin’!” I ain’t dyin’! Am I dyin’? lot and proceeded to show me how you Based on the way he finally settled do a “doughnut” in that big old tank of down and the words that he uttered, I a car. He hadn’t much more than said think that he “found Jesus” in the back “Watch this!” until we crashed into a of that hearse. I know that when we street light. A policeman soon arrived pulled into the Livingston hospital, he at the scene and asked what happened. went into that hospital a changed (and Well, Davis reared back and said “Sir, a sober) man. little boy walked in front of me and I That was a long time ago and both

Dr. Roy Burris



of us happily reminisce when we get together but we wouldn’t advise doing that stuff again. Now when someone says “watch this”, I scream don’t do it. Been there, done that.

Timely Tips for June Spring-Calving Cow Herd

•Observe the cows and bulls as the breeding season continues. Watch bulls for injury or lameness and change bulls if a high percentage of cows are returning to heat. Record cow breeding dates to determine next year’s calving dates and keep records of cows and bulls in each breeding group. •Keep a good pasture mineral mix, which contains adequate levels of phosphorus, vitamin A, selenium and copper, available at all times. •Cows should be on good pasture with clover and preferably low endophyte levels in fescue for the spring breeding season. Keep pastures vegetative by clipping or making hay. They should have abundant shade and water. Cows should become pregnant before July when temperatures and heat stress can ruin the “spring” breeding season. •Consider a special area for creep grazing calves, or practice “forward grazing” this summer, allowing calves to graze fresh pasture ahead of the cows. This can be accomplished by raising an electric wire or building a creep gate.

Fall-Calving Herd

•Cull cows at weaning time -Smooth-mouthed cows -Cows weaning light weight and/or poor-quality calves -Open cows -“Problem cows” with bad feet, teats, udders, etc. •Pregnancy test cows if not done previously. •Select replacement heifers on the basis of: -temperament

Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

-conformation -weaning weight -dam and sire records -Select more than needed to allow for culling after a short breeding season


•Clip grazed-over pastures for weed control and so that seed heads do not irritate eyes. Pastures should be kept in a vegetative state for best quality. •Finish harvesting excess pasture as hay soon! It should be cut before it becomes too mature. Be sure and replenish your reserves. Try to put up more than you think you will need in case of a late summer drought. •Prevent/Control pinkeye -consider vaccinating, -control flies, -clip tall, mature grass, -treat problems quickly. •Control flies. Consider changing insecticides and/or methods of control this year, because insecticide resistant flies may have developed if you have used the same chemical year after year. Consider pour-on and sprays that allow you to put cattle in the corral or through the chute with little stress on them. It will make subsequent trips through the “chute” less stressful. •Maintain a clean water supply and check it routinely. Water is extremely important in hot weather. •Keep pastures small for rotational grazing so that nutritive quality can be maintained. They should be small enough so cattle do not graze longer than a week. As the season progresses, you need several paddocks to give each properly stocked pasture about 4 weeks’ rest. •Pasture should supply adequate energy, protein and vitamins at this time. However, be prepared for drought situations. Don’t overgraze pastures so that recovery time will be faster. Overgrazed pastures will recover very slowly during July/August.


State and National Beef Promotion and Research Programs Information is required by 7 CRF 1260.201. Failure to report can result in a fine. Information is held confidential per 7 CRF 1260.203.

Today’s Date


Seller’s Name

B u y er’s Name

A ddress

A ddress


S tate

Z ip

N u m b er ( if k now n) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _


Seller’s S ig natu re

S tate

Z ip

B u y er’s Signature

Both the seller & the buyer are responsible for making sure that the $1 per head assessment is collected and remitted to the Kentucky Beef Council.

D ate of S ale

* S tate of O rig in

Total N u m b er of Cattle S old: X

P erson rem itting form :

S eller

$1. 00 per H ead F ederal Check off $1. 00 per H ead S tate Check off B u y er

Total Check off P ay m ent for F ederal and S tate = =

P hone N u m b er:

*If the cattle purchased came from another state within the last 30 days, indicate from which state the cattle were purchased.

S end R eport and R em ittance to:

F or additional inform ation:




Kentucky Beef Council 176 Pasadena Drive Lexington, KY 40503 email

According to the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, an agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to respond to a collection of information unless it displays a valid OMB control number. The valid OMB control number for this information collection is 0581-0093. The time required to complete this information collection is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination in all its programs and activities on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, disability, and where applicable, sex, marital status, familial status, parental status, religion, sexual orientation, genetic information, political beliefs, reprisal, or because all or part of an individual's income is derived from any public assistance program. (Not all prohibited bases apply to all programs.) Persons with disabilities who require alternative means for communication of program information (Braille, large print, audiotape, etc.) should contact USDA's TARGET Center at (202) 720-2600 (voice and TDD). To file a complaint of discrimination, write to USDA, Director, Office of Civil Rights, 1400 Independence Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20250-9410 or call (800) 795-3272 (voice) or (202) 720-6382 (TDD). USDA is an equal opportunity provider and employer.

Cow Country News, June 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Cow Country News - June 2017  

The Cow Country News is a monthly publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association. Highlighting the latest cattle news, sale information...

Cow Country News - June 2017  

The Cow Country News is a monthly publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association. Highlighting the latest cattle news, sale information...