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Cow CountryNews Cattlemen’s Association

January 2017

Issue Highlights Don’t Miss the KCA Convention January 19-20, 2017 pg. 36-45

KCA Awards Veterinary Scholarships pg. 23 Dealing with Black Vultures pg. 35 Cattlemen’s College Speakers Set for NCBA Convention pg. 68

Ky Cattlemen’s Assoc. 176 Pasadena Drive Lexington, KY 40503

53Annual Winter Sale r d

Saturday • 1 p.m. (EST) • January 28, 2017


A maternal granddaughter by 004 and from the Werner program sells with November heifer calf by a Ten X son, Open and ready to flush.

Central Kentucky Angus Associaiton

Central Kentucky Angus Sales Pavillion • Danville, Kentucky

KB-Pepper of Rampage C42 205 Wt of 721 lbs..

4 miles northeast of Danville on State Route 34, then Chenault Road, then Fork Church Road GPS address: 2286 Fork Church Rd • Lancaster, KY 40444

“The Showcase Event of Central Kentucky Angus Association” Selling 69 Head + 62 Straws of Semen + 2 Embryos

Legacy Rita 71D

A daughter of Stetson, the lead off bull of the champion carload at Denver.

12 Show Heifer Prospects: If purchased by Juniors, all are eligible for the CKAA premium incentives. Born from fall of 2015 to the fall of 2016. 7 Bred Heifers: Big, stout heifers due to calve in the spring. You can’t go wrong with this group. 24 Cows w/16 Calves: Foundation Division of the Winter Sale! Young cows, deep pedigrees. KB-Miss Wix of All In 021 12 EPDs or $ Values in the top 20% 12 with fall calves, 4 with older calves, bred cows to calve in spring. 2 Embryos: SAV RECHARGE 3436 X SAV MADAME PRIDE 0098, a class winner at the 2011 NJAS 8 Bulls: Semen Tested. Ready for service.

Attention Juniors!!!! Heifers purchased by Juniors in any of the CKAA Sales are eligible to show at the CKAA Junior Show and compete for generous premiums, including a sum of $1,000 that goes only to heifers purchased in a CKAA Sale. More than $3,500 in premiums are paid annually at this show.

Legacy Miss Upward 93D A February prospect sired by Tour of Duty.

Legacy Emma of Conanga 99D A Ten X daughter.

Sale Manager:


Tim Dievert 478 Dry Fork Rd. • Danville, KY 40422 Office (859) 236-4591• Cell (859) 238-3195 Logan Goggin (859) 516-3199 email: Sale Book online available after January 1, 2017 at:

Auctioneer: Eddie Burks Sale Day Phones: (859) 583-0364 (859) 238-3195

211th Sale Sponsored by CKAA:

KB-Rita of Payweight D32 Maternal descendant of 2536

KB-Miss of All In 025

Top 1% WW, YW, $F and 3% $B

SALE SPONSOR: CENTRAL KENTUCKY ANGUS ASSOCIAITON President: Bob Clark, Harrodsburg, KY President-Elect: Butch Nunn, Upton, KY Vice-President: Pete Dennen, Harrodsburg, KY Secretary: Joe Goggin, Danville, KY Treasurer: John Goggin, Danville, KY Junior Advisor: Jamie Marksbury, Hodgenville, KY Past President: Tom McGinnis, Shelbyville, KY

Legacy Henrietta Pride 104D Maternal Descendent of Sitz Henrietta Pride 501.

CKAA Directors:

Jared Ayres • Roger Sparrow • Joe Myers • Danny Burris Henry Smith • Tim Shepherd • Logan Goggin • Jason Crowe


Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Myers Madame Pride M22 A true power cow with a straight Schaff pedigree. Due 3-2-17 to Old Hickory.





Saturday • February 25, 2017 • 1:00 PM United Producers Inc. Livestock Center (One mile off of I-65 at exit 28 in Bowling Green, KY)

Selling: 70 Bulls • 80 Commercial Heifers

35 Eighteen-month-old Angus and Sim/Angus Bulls 35 Yearling Angus and Sim/Angus Bulls

All bulls are registered, DNA tested, performance tested and have passed a Breeding Soundness Evaluation.

80 Black and Black Baldy High-quality Replacement Yearling Heifers All heifers have been vaccinated, de-wormed and reproductive tract scored.

Sires Represented:

Ten X


LF Dream Doctor


Sale bulls also sired by:

Bismarck, Right Answer, Full Power, Ten X, Bad Romance, Promotion, and Hammer The following Progressive Breeders are bringing you the sale offerings:


Cowles’ Pleasant Hill Farms, Gil Cowles 270-791-3526 or Jerod Metzger 270-779-6260 Estes Cattle Co., Joe Don Estes 270-791-4084


Cowles’ Pleasant Hill Farms, Gil Cowles 270-791-3526 or Jerod Metzger 270-779-6260 Cooper Cattle, Paul Cooper 931-624-8659 Estes Brothers, Joe Estes 270-202-6653

Contact any of the breeders above for a sale book or any additional information. See you on February 25, 2017 • Sale starts at 1:00 PM • Complimentary lunch served starting at 11:30 AM Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Table of Contents

Paris Stockyards


7 David Lemaster, Thank You! 8 Ryan Quarles, Rinse & Return Program 10 Dave Maples, What Does the Next 15 Years Look Like? 12 Baxter Black, An Imaginary Interview Between Yours Truly and Leaders of the Animal Rights Extremists 24 Darrell Simpson, Evaluate and Improve Pasture and Hay Fields 34 Dr. Michelle Arnold, Cow/Calf Producers: Beware of Johne’s Disease 50 Glen Aiken, The Challenges of Finishing Cattle on Pasture 54 Gordon Jones, Cattle Production Challenges Resulting from the Fall 2016 Drought 86 Roy Burris, Mister, I own a hundred cows...


“Farmers doing business with farmers.”

Wishing everyone a very prosperous New Year!


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21 Hunters Turn Sport into a Way to Feed the Hungry 22 VFD: You have questions? We have answers! 23 Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association Awards Veterinary Scholarship 26 Proposed Tax Regulations Threatens Multigenerational Cattle Operations 27 Southeastern Kentucky farmers may be eligible for drought aid 32 Dealing with Black Vultures 36-46 KCA Convention 2017 48 NYBLS 2016 52 Summit Meat Processing: A Family Tradition Brought Into the 21st Century 53 Consultant Shares Best Times to Apply Phosphorus, Potassium 56 Mike Bach of Bath County Named 2016 Kentucky Farm Bureau Farmer of the Year 58 Brad and Karen Hines named Kentucky Farm Bureau’s 2016 Outstanding Young Farm Family 60 Carey Brown Honored as KFB’s 2016 Communications Award Recipient 62 2016 Kentucky Net Farm Income Likely to Hit Lowest Level Since 2010 63 David Lemaster, Outgoing President of the KCA, Looks Back at 2016 64 KCA Hosts Two Cattle Market Discussion Meetings 66 Cattle History in Kentucky 68 2017 Cattlemen’s College at NCBA Cattle Industry Convention 83 Proper Bull Selection Can Increase Return on Investment

14-19 28-30 36-43 42 70 74-75,77 79-81 88-89 84 85

County News Economic & Policy Update KCA Convention 2017 KJCA Membership Kentucky Beef Council News Releases Kentucky Beef Network Calendar of Events - Advertisers Index Classified Section: - Classified ads

Made with Pride in the USA • Dealer Inquiries Welcome


Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

It only takes a small investment to make your large operation beautiful.


John Deere 5045E for only $179/month. Loader and implement sold separately and not included in monthly payment.

They say a large operation without a tractor is like a canvas without a brush. And they’re right. When you combine the powerful 5045E with dozens of compatible Frontier implements, you’ll see that whether you want to mow fields, move bales, push snow, or build a fence, you have the ability to make your operation everything you want it to be.

1 Offer valid on new 5045E 2WD OOS Tractor purchases made between 10/29/2016 and 1/31/2017. Subject to approved installment credit with John Deere Financial. Up to a 20% down payment may be required. Example: based on a purchase of $18,747 with $3,749 down payment, monthly payment of $179 at 0% APR for 84 months. Taxes, freight, set up and delivery charges could increase the monthly payment. Price and model availability vary by dealer. Valid only at participating US dealers. 2 Beginning 9/1/2016 all 5E Series Utility Tractors purchased new from an authorized John Deere Dealer come standard with a 5 year/2000 hour (whichever comes first) Powertrain Warranty. See the Limited Warranty for New John Deere Turf & Utility Equipment at dealer for details.

For a limited time, the 5045E can be yours for only $179 a month.1 Plus, it comes with an incredible 5-Year Powertrain Warranty2 so you can be sure your purchase is safe. Hurry into your John Deere dealer now because this offer won’t last. It’s never been this affordable to make your operation look like a million bucks.


Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association 68868-6_9.5x9.5.indd 1


12/2/16 1:06 AM

Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association 2016 Leadership REGION 1

KCA Regional Directors:

*Jeff Pettit, Vice President, 270-836-2963 Bobby Bell, 270-547-8547 Daniel Hayden, 270-570-2815 Richard Russellburg, 502-233-4285 Keith Johnson, 270-635-0723 Greg Whitson, 270-725-5906 Lonny Epley, 270-726-0844 Dennis Wilson, 270-952-1714 Lanny Boyd, 270-889-9682 Jim Gilles, 270-929-0558








David Lemaster 1859 Irvine Road Winchester, KY 40391 (859) 749-0258 Chuck Crutcher 4364 Berrytown Rd Rineyville, KY 40162 (270) 877-0239


Bobby Foree 2440 Eminence Rd Eminence, KY 40019 (502) 845-4947

Ken Adams 90 East Horseshoe Ave. Upton, KY 42784 (270) 734-1443

Tim White 3660 Military Pike Lexington KY 40513 (859) 223-0326

Gary Woodall 619 McReynolds Rd. Quality, KY 42256 270-725-0819

Steve Dunning 8200 Antioch Road Hopkinsville, KY 42240 (270) 498-8180


Cary King 250 Bright Leaf Drive Harrodsburg, KY 40330 (859) 734-2173

KCA’s Past Presidents:

1972-73 Jere Caldwell* - Boyle 1974-77 Smith T. Powell* - Lincoln 1978-79 Larry Lovell - Union 1980-82 John Masters* - Mason 1983-85 Seldon Hail - Laurel 1986-87 Bob Vickery - Wayne 1988 Glenn Mackie - Bourbon 1989 Dale Lovell - Muhlenberg 1990 Steve Henshaw - Union 1991 Jerry Fraim - Grayson 1992 Glen Massengale* - Wayne 1993 Dell King - Christian 1994 Kenneth Lowe - Warren 1995 Dr. J.L.Cole - Monroe 1996 Harvey Mitchell - Mercer 1997 Jim Naive - Spencer 1998 Shelby Hughes - Logan 1999 Hoppy Lovell - Barren


2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

Charles Miller - Jessamine Larry Clay - Perry Jack Kimbrough* - Shelby Mark Williams - Crittenden Paul Napier - Lincoln Eddie Young - Washington Greg Ritter* - Barren Don Pemberton - Christian Billy Glenn Turpin - Madison Scotty Parsons - Christian Corinne Kephart - Shelby Greg Robey - Mercer Mike Bach - Bath Don Reynolds - Hart Steve Downs - Marion Gary Woodall - Logan


*Andy Bishop Vice President, 502-275-6177 Jerry Gaddie, 270-325-3703 Dr. Kenneth Green, 270-879-0229 Reva Richardson, 270-735-2959 Joe Stults, 270-358-8182 Joe Mike Moore, 270-464-2458 Frank Rowland, 270-646-0882 Mike Elmore, 270-678-2494 Steve Webb,270-646-8277 Adam Thomas, 270-991-7108 Marion Crutcher, 270-877-5709 Mike Bullock, 270-792-9644 Donald Reynolds, 270-528-5239 Gerry Bowman, 270-427-6922 Phyllis Gentry, 502-549-3798


*Jon Bednarski, Vice President, 502-649-8706 Chris McBurney, 502-741-7088 Irvin Kupper, 502-633-6858 Dallas McCutchen, 502-255-7020

REGION 3 continued

John Ellegood, 502-532-7573 Matt Jackson Larry Bryant, 502-845-4615 Rondal Dawson, 502-829-5489 James Lyons, 859-361-1222 Phillip Douglas, 502-845-4620


*Chris Cooper, Vice President, 859-200-7711 Mickey Staton, 606-674-2195 Endre Fink, 859-559-7765 Doug Marshall, 859-885-3919 Bo Tate, 859-661-2325 Randy Warner, 859-771-5280 Larry Swetnam, 859-293-5600 Jason Sandefur, 859-987-0336 Jeremy Jones, 859-749-2233 Curtis Absher, 859-749-2233


*Gary Ford, Vice President, 270-402-2194 Steve Devine, 859-375-4348 C. Mike Spalding, 270-699-6587 Ian Thomas, 859-613-2453 Larry Clay, 606-438-9914 Larry Parman, 606-878-7516 Greg Robey, 859-734-0067 Eddie Young, 859-262-5682 Phillip Reese, 606-787-1629 Cary King, 859-734-2173 Brenda Williams, 606-669-2909 Tommy Glasscock, 270-692-4336 * Denotes member of Executive committee

Cow Country News

Volume 30 Issue 1


The publisher reserves the right to refuse publication of any material which he feels is unsuitable for the publication. Although the highest journalistic ethics will be maintained, the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association limits its responsibilities for any errors, inaccuracies or misprints in advertising or editorial copy. Advertisers and advertising agencies assume liability for all content of advertisements printed, and also assume responsibility for any claims arising from such advertisements made against the publisher.


176 Pasadena Drive,Lexington, KY 40503 Phone 859/278-0899 Fax 859/260-2060 Web Site: or E-Mail:

Executive Vice President Dave Maples Administrative Assistant Jordan Dorough Staff Accountant Kelly Tucker Director of Kentucky Beef Network Becky Thompson KBN Industry Coordinator Dan Miller KBC Director of Consumer Affairs Kiah Twisselman KBC Director of Education Niki Ellis

KBC Director of Product Development Katelyn Hawkins Membership Coordinator Nikki Whitaker Communications Manager Jacob Redway Publication Coordinator Carey Brown National Advertising Sales Livestock Advertising Network,

Debby Nichols, 859/321-8770

Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Thank You! David Lemaster

----------------Kentucky Cattlemen's Association President


re you ready for this new year? Are you wondering like myself what’s going to happen in the beef business? I sold calves in the middle of December on a stronger futures market. But oh, what a price difference f rom last year! From what I’ve been told, it’s probably going to be this way for a couple more years. I still think if you watch what you’re doing and don’t

ANGUS MEANS BUSINESS. Alex Tolbert, Regional Manager

get excited, there is still room to make some money. I’m going to look hard at my cows and replace some older ones with younger cows or heifers. Maybe, this will put me in a better position for the next high market. I hope. This past year has been a great one for me as president of KCA. I still have a hard time believing I was able to do it. I have enjoyed getting to travel with the staff to different parts of the state and making many new f riends. I hope you know that KCA has a great group of people working very hard for all of us to make sure our voice is heard in the industry. I want to thank you for your kind

words about the articles I’ve written this past year. It’s very hard for me to come up with these words. Remember, the convention is January 19-20 th in Lexington. I will be turning this position over to a great leader, Chuck Crutcher, who will continue to move our organization forward. Again, I want to say thank you for letting me be a part of this organization, and I will leave you with this quote: “We are all faced with a series of great opportunitiesbrilliantly disguised as insoluble problems.” by John W. Gardener.

To subscribe to the Angus Journal, call 816.383.5200. Watch The Angus Report on RFD-TV Monday mornings at 7:30 CST.



Selling over 50 performance tested bulls.

Angus • Simm-Angus • Gelbveigh • Balancer Also selling over 75 high quality bred heifers.

For More Information Contact: Tim Jeffries, 270-528-6605 Barry Smith Jim Shaw Randy Smoot 615-504-9246 270-769-8260 270-789-9317

A reliable business partner is difficult to come by. Contact Alex Tolbert to locate Angus genetics, select marketing options tailored to your needs, and to access Association programs and services. Put the business breed to work for you.

© 2016-2017 American Angus Association

March 23th, 2017 · 6:30PM · Glasgow, KY

Buckner & Jeffries Angus, Canmer, KY BHS Angus, Gordonsville, TN HammerHead Cattle Co., Campbellsville, KY Shaw Family Angus, Hodgenville, KY Voyager Angus, Buffalo, KY C&L Farms, Glendale, KY Apple Farms, TN

273 Chinn Lane Harrodsburg, KY 40330 Mobile: 706.338.8733

3201 Frederick Ave. | St. Joseph, MO 64506 816.383.5100 |

KY-TN Performance Tested Bull Sale Brought to you by the following breeders:

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Monday, March 30th – Smiths Grove, Kentucky

 Full performance information and genomic enhanced EPDs  100+ bulls on test with full performance and ultrasound data

 Passed a BSE and ready for service on 20-25 head in a 60 day season  All bulls available sale day have been tested using GeneSeek GGP-HD  Largest selection of calving ease bulls available anywhere  Contact us today for a listing of bulls currently on test Kenneth D. Lowe Joe K. Lowe II

Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

(270) 202-7186 (270) 202-4399 7


Rinse & Return Program Ryan Quarles

-------------Commissioner of Agriculture


The two most critical times of the year for proper trace mineral and vitamin supplementation in your cow herd are prior to calving and prior to breeding. With many forages, protein supplementation will also be needed at this time. CRYSTALYX® Breed-Up® products differ from the more standard

armers are the first environmentalists. We farm in part because we love working the land and knowing our work means something – we are feeding our friends and neighbors. But, we understand that we have a special responsibility to maintain clean air, clean water, and fertile soils to sustain life. As part of fulfilling that responsibility, the Kentucky Department of Agriculture operates the Rinse and Return Program, a voluntary, cooperative program that provides Kentucky farmers a safe, proper way to dispose of empty agricultural chemical containers at no cost. Under the Rinse and Return Program, the KDA collects used farm chemical containers from farmers and businesses. This material is reformed into many useful items such as agricultural drain pipe, highway sign posts, fence posts, and underground utility conduit. Thanks to this program, the containers are kept out of landfills, and the product in the containers is prevented from leaching into the ground water and surface water. This program is an excellent example of the farm community working together to provide a vital public service. The department has collected 1.6

million pounds of material since the program’s inception in 1991. Participation in the program is a Best Management Practice in Kentucky’s Agriculture Water Quality Plan developed by the state Agriculture Water Quality Authority, a board of agricultural and environmental interests appointed by the governor. The collection process is fully funded by the KDA at no cost to producers. The recycling process is funded by the Ag Container Recycling Council (acrecycle. org), a not-for-profit organization that safely collects and recycles agricultural crop protection, animal health, and specialty pest control product containers. The council is fully funded by its member companies and affiliates. The KDA website contains detailed instructions on properly rinsing agricultural chemical containers and a schedule of container pickup dates and locations for each county. Go to pest-and-recycling.html to find out more. The Rinse and Return Program is just one of many KDA functions that protect the environment and the consumer. We collect unwanted agricultural chemicals, inspect motor fuel pumps for accuracy, test motor fuel for octane and impurities, check price scanners, inspect amusement rides, calibrate scales used in commerce, and perform many other duties that affect every Kentuckian every day. Our dedicated, professional staff is pleased to serve you, and we encourage you to contact us at (502) 573-0282 if we can help you in any way.

CRYSTALYX® supplements in three ways; higher levels of vitamins, more concentrated levels of trace minerals and all CRYSTALYX® Breed-Up® supplements contain organic forms of trace minerals.




Bulls for sale Bred & Open Heifers for sale

Jennye Logsdon • 270-537-3259 • 2318 South Jackson Hwy • Horse Cave, KY 42749 l 800.727.2502

We strive to provide our customers with a superior product with personal attention to innovation, professionalism, and integrity.


Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Spring Sale ~ February 18, 2017 ~ 11 a.m. at the Farm in ridge Spring, South Carolina

Selling 200 BullS & 100 FemaleS Forage Developed Angus Cattle Select Offering of SimAngus & Ultrablacks Free Bull Delivery in SC, NC, GA & FL or with $5000 Total Bull Purchases - Continental US Kevin & Lydia Yon Sally, Drake, & Corbin Yon 318 Aiken Rd. • Ridge Spring, SC 29129 Email:

(803)685-5048 or (803)622-8597

Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



What Does the Next 15 Years Look Like? Dave Maples

-------------Executive Vice President


ontent matters…however the revolution will not be television. I picked up a Sports Illustrated magazine the other day. I guess it was the first one that I have looked at in ten years. The article that got my attention was about the revolution coming to the high dollar sports marketing. It is hard to imagine the media model that created the bull market of NFL, NBA, the SEC and others as crumbling. The article describes that the way games are broadcasted and consumed is chang-

ing radically. The change in time spent watching traditional TV by age group is telling. Ages 2-11 is down 22%, age 12-17 down 40%, 18-24 is a negative 42% and 25-34 is down 30%. Whereas the age group of 50-64 is up only 1% and the age group of 65 plus is up 8%. The entire U.S. population is down 11% . With these numbers you can see why the NFL is having anemic ratings this season. Will we be watching NFL games with virtual reality goggles on and have the opportunity to make a micro bet during the game? In 15 years we won’t even recognize our lives, when you think how much has happened in the last year alone. And this will be in the beef and food industry as well. There will be new players in our game just like the sports game that we never expected, and the players now

21st Annual Smithland’s Lake Cumberland Bull & Female Sale

Friday, March 10, 2016•6:30 P.M. CDT Russell County Stockyard Russell Springs, KY

in the game will find ways to stay in. There have been several articles and speakers at meetings talking about lab ground meat or clean meat that is printed on a 3D printer or if there is a shortage of lean meat you just regenerate it from cells developed in a petri dish. However, at the end of the day it’s content that’s valuable. As the world gets smaller, content gets more valuable. That is true for the beef industry. The content of our product and how the industry merchandises it will be the determining factor of the viability of the industry. So we as an industry have got to do a good job with our animals and practices on our farms. The supply chain is going to have to change as the major players are kicking the can down the road at the thought of having to figure out the transition that is going to take place. A quote from the SI article that interested me was, “If you are in the oil business and can’t own the oil the next best thing is to own the pipeline – and sports is laying new pipe by replacing TV with the web.” As cattlemen you could ask the question to yourself, “If you are in the cattle business and can’t own the beef the next best thing would be to own the_____”.

KCA Convention

I hope you take the opportunity to attend the KCA convention. The Beef Efficiency Conference will get things started on Thursday morning January 19 th. Cattlemen, there are three of the top speakers in the country coming to Lexington that morning. Dr. Tom Fields from the University of Nebraska, Dr. Jon Beever from the University of Illinois and Mr. Johnny Rogers from North Carolina State. Sometimes, I don’t think we make the time to appreciate the speakers that the planning committee brings to our convention. I got the marketing information for the Cattlemen’s College at the NCBA convention in Nashville and I noticed the pictures of all the speakers and I was pleased to see how many of these speakers have spoken at the KCA convention over the past four years. The other thing that struck me was that it cost $500.00 just to attend the education sessions at NCBA and you can come to the KCA meeting and attend all of the meetings and trade show for only $50. We hope you take advantage of educational opportunities like this because I could envision that this won’t always be the case. I hope to see you in Lexington in a couple of weeks.

More details in the February & March issues of Cow Country News

Smithland Angus Farm

5202 East Hwy. 80 Russell Springs, KY 42642 Charles (Bud) B. & Pam Smith 270-866-3898 • cell 270-576-2708 Henry Bryan & Melissa Smith 270-866-2311 • cell 606-271-7520

Since 1940

Come see us at the Farm Science Review, Booth 960 Wool

Quality Buildings Since 1958

Suburban . Commercial . Agricultural . Commercial . Horse Barns & Arenas

Lawrenceburg, Kentucky Toll Free 800. 225. 2590

10 Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Cattlemen’s Boot Camp Schedule Friday, February 17


Friday & Saturday, February 17-18, 2017


Fayette County Extension Office 1140 Red Mile Place, Lexington, KY 40504


Four Points by Sheraton Lexington 1928 Stanton Way, Lexington, KY 40511 (859) 259-1311 Room Rate: $94


Academic and industry professionals presenting timely information to purebred and commercial cattle producers

Registration Deadline:

January 16, 2017 Walk-In registrations are not allowed


Registration forms can be found online at or by contacting the Events & Education department. Registration forms can be completed online or sent to the Association office

College of Agriculture, Food and Environment

7:00 AM ..........Registration 8:00 AM ..........Greetings & Introductions -Alex Tolbert, American Angus Assoc. -Benjamin Crites, UK 8:30 AM ..........It All Ends Here - Chef Josh “Volare” 9:00 AM ..........New beef cuts from the ribeye Dr. Gregg Rentfrow 10:00 AM .......Break 10:15 AM .......Beef Market Update - Dr. Kenny Burdine 10:30 AM .......Consumer Demand in a Changing Marketplace -Mark McCully 11:00 AM .......Marketing? What’s that mean? - Alex Tolbert 11:30 AM .......Recap of the Morning -Mark McCully 12:00 PM ........Lunch 12:30 PM ........Depart for Woodford Farm 1:00 PM ..........Breakout Sessions at Woodford Farm - Live Selection with performance data Dr. Dan Moser/ Alex Tolbert - Visual ID/ Cattle Handling/ DNA Samples Ben Crites - Pasture Management/ Winter Feeding Practices -Dr. Steve Higgins 3:00 PM ..........Depart for Fayette County Extension Office 4:00 PM ..........Cattle Selection in the Genomics Era Dr. Dan Moser and Dr. Darrh Bullock 6:00 PM ..........Dinner 6:30 PM ..........Panel Discussion: Selection, Breeding and Genetics Dr. Les Anderson, Daniel Smith, Charlie Boyd and Joe Myers Marketing: A Proactive Approach Jim Akers, Aaron Burke, Charlie Boyd and Joe Myers

Saturday, February 18

7:00 AM ..........Registration 8:00 AM ..........Maximizing Forage Production for Beef Cattle Dr. Ray Smith 8:30 AM ..........Feeding Cows for Rebreeding Dr. Jeff Lehmkuhler 9:00 AM ..........Getting cows bred - Dr. Les Anderson 9:30 AM ..........Keeping them healthy to maximize growth Dr. Michelle Arnold 10:00 AM .......Break 10:30 AM .......Planning for success: a business and sound financial approach -Rob Lawson with Thrivent Financial 11:00 AM .......Recap and Final Thoughts 11:30 AM .......Depart for home

Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



An Imaginary Interview Between Yours Truly and Leaders of the Animal Rights Extremists Baxter Black

----------------On the Edge of Common Sense


n Imaginary Interview Between Yours Truly and Leaders of the Animal Rights Extremists Let me welcome you to our unending discussion on the Unintended Consequences of Unwanted Horses in the U.S. including Wild Horses. TOPIC 1: Since 2008 when horse slaughter ceased in the U.S., to 2016, 1,151,000 (one million one hundred fifty-one thousand) head have been exported to Mexico and Canada for

slaughter for human consumption, primarily in Europe. Is it more humane to transport unwanted horses far away for slaughter, or closer? AN RITE: We expect within 20 years (another 2,000,000 horses exported for slaughter), people all over the world will quit eating horsemeat. TOPIC 2: In your survey of 1000 random U.S. citizens, 80% declared to be anti-slaughter. Less than 2% (2 million) actually own a horse. 978 people you surveyed did not own a horse; 20 did. Random surveys in the U.S. show that 97% eat meat; 3% are vegetarians. If you wanted to get a good recipe for vegetables, who would you ask? AN RITE: That’s like comparing apples to oranges. TOPIC 3: This fall the Board advising the BLM on Wild Horse and Burro Program voted 8-1 to allow

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euthanasia to control over-population of the 67,000 burros and feral horses today. 27,000 would be an acceptable number to maintain the ecosystem. Today the BLM spends nearly $50 million ($50,000,000) annually for upkeep. In ten years since the slaughter ban, adoptions, rescues, chemical neutering, pleading and even your contributions have not slowed the Unwanted Horse problem. Why have the AN RITES taken opposition to the BLM’s plan to save itself? AN RITES: You don’t get it. Do all of you ‘animal users” think reason and common sense, even unintended consequences, mean anything to urban America? It’s not worth one sad-eyed puppy in the commercials. TOPIC 4: When they shut down horse slaughter plants in 2007, almost every equine-related association predicted dire consequences. They have

all come true, and they’ve all been to the detriment of America’s horses. In good conscious, how much longer can you contribute to this on-going tragedy? AN RITES: As long as the money keeps rollin’ in! Nope, I’m just kiddin’! Really, as long as we can convince the urban donors to feel sorry for other people’s horses we’ve got it made. Oh, and we can’t thank enough the truck drivers, sale barns and Indian tribes that still keep the unwanted horse population under control by hauling them out of the country; 150,000 last year! If it weren’t for them we’d be in one ‘heck of a wreck!’ TOPIC 5: What do you think has been your greatest asset? AN RITES: Cowardly politicians.

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The McPhail Family 320 Coyote Lane Seneca, SC 29678 864/247-0000

Sale Managed by:

Cow Country News, January 2017, ATokeena_Jan17KCC.indd publication of the1Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Ken Brubaker 540/908-5799

12/1/16 2:51 PM

Discover the best source for VALUE! Red Angus and Bull Hill Ranch! Bull Hill Ranch Annual Open House & “More Bull for a Buck” Sale

JANUARY 21, 2017

Featuring 35 outstanding Herd Sire Prospects and 40 Registered and Commercial Red Angus Heifers. A recent independent research study evaluating over 3 million feeder calves for a five-year period found that Red Angus-sired calves out sold ALL other breed groups.

Our bulls deliver value in price and performance, selling for less than the price of four feeder steers.


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A.I. sires include 5L Advantage 221Y, Andras New Direction R240, Beckton Epic R397K, and Brown Premier X7876. Genetics that work from a program that works! That’s no Bull...That’s Bull Hill Ranch! Visit for more information, including a catalog, complete performance information and videos. Call 864-981-2080 today for your sale catalog!

Jim and Alvina Meeks - Owners · Raymond Prescott - Manager 1986 Trinity Church Road Gray Court, SC 29645 · 864-981-2080 ·

Equipment Consignment Auction Saturday, December 31, 2016 9:00 A.M. Located: Chuck Marshall Auction Co. Facility, 4565 Maysville Rd., Flemingsburg, Ky., three (3) miles north of Flemingsburg, Ky. (Hwy 11, Maysville Rd.). Nine (9) miles south of Maysville, Ky. TRACTORS-CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT VEHICLES-TRAILERS FARM EQUIPMENT-MISCELLANEOUS & ESTATE ITEMS To consign, call Chuck 606-782-0374 or Philip 606-782-2592 Note: We will receive consignments starting Monday, December 26th through Friday, December 30th. 8:00 a.m.- 5:00 p.m. daily. Deliver your items anytime during these hours. NO consignments accepted sale day. We have trucking available; contact Philip @ (606) 782-2592. Commission rates: Progressive rates at 10% up to $1000 per item, then 5% over $1000 per item; $450 maximum per item; $10 minimum per item. $10 no sale fee per item. 1% administration fee on any purchase. Cash or good check day of sale. SEE PICTURES OF CONSIGNMENTS @ ID#1198 or NOTE: All announcements day of sale take precedence over all advertisements. Not responsible for accidents, lost or damaged items. All items sell as is where is with no guarantee or warranty actual or implied. Not responsible for no shows. Auction Company is not responsible for price protection of any consigned item.

SALE CONDUCTED BY CHUCK MARSHALL AUCTION & REAL ESTATE COMPANY Chuck Marshall, Auctioneer 606-782-0374 or 606-845-5010 Flemingsburg, KY

Find us on:

* 2011 RAAA Gridmaster Award Winner * 2008 S.C. Seedstock Producer of the Year

STONE GATE FARMS annual production sale MONDAY, MARCH 6th, 2017 At the farm•flemingsburg, ky


60 Bulls 30 Fall Yearlings 30 Spring Yearlings 10 Cows with fall calves at side 20 Spring Calving Bred Heifers 15 Fall Calving Bred Heifers 18 Open Heifers For additional information please contact us.

Stone Gate Farms

1669 Mill Creek Rd. • Flemingsburg, KY 41041 Charles Cannon: 606-849-4278 • Cell: 606-748-0747 Jere Cannon: 606-849-4360 • Cell: 606-748-6306 Chris Cannon: 606-748-0407 Victoria Cannon: 606-748-5420 • e-mail:

Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



ANADA 200-495, Approved by FDA

Enroflox 100 (enrofloxacin) ®

100 mg/mL Antimicrobial Injectable Solution

For Subcutaneous Use in Beef Cattle, Non-Lactating Dairy Cattle and Swine Only. Not for Use in Female Dairy Cattle 20 Months of Age or Older Or In Calves To Be Processed For Veal. Brief Summary: Before using Enroflox® 100, consult the product insert, a summary of which follows. CAUTION: Federal (U.S.A.) law restricts this drug to use by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian. Federal (U.S.A.) law prohibits the extra-label use of this drug in food-producing animals. PRODUCT DESCRIPTION: Each mL of Enroflox 100 contains 100 mg of enrofloxacin. Excipients are L-arginine base 200 mg, n-butyl alcohol 30 mg, benzyl alcohol (as a preservative) 20 mg and water for injection q.s. INDICATIONS: Cattle - Single-Dose Therapy: Enroflox 100 is indicated for the treatment of bovine respiratory disease (BRD) associated with Mannheimia haemolytica, Pasteurella multocida, Histophilus somni and Mycoplasma bovis in beef and non-lactating dairy cattle; and for the control of BRD in beef and non-lactating dairy cattle at high risk of developing BRD associated with M. haemolytica, P. multocida, H. somni and M. bovis. Cattle - Multiple-Day Therapy: Enroflox 100 is indicated for the treatment of bovine respiratory disease (BRD) associated with Mannheimia haemolytica, Pasteurella multocida and Histophilus somni in beef and non-lactating dairy cattle. Swine: Enroflox 100 is indicated for the treatment and control of swine respiratory disease (SRD) associated with Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae, Pasteurella multocida, Haemophilus parasuis and Streptococcus suis. RESIDUE WARNINGS: Cattle: Animals intended for human consumption must not be slaughtered within 28 days from the last treatment. This product is not approved for female dairy cattle 20 months of age or older, including dry dairy cows. Use in these cattle may cause drug residues in milk and/or in calves born to these cows. A withdrawal period has not been established for this product in pre-ruminating calves. Do not use in calves to be processed for veal. Swine: Animals intended for human consumption must not be slaughtered within 5 days of receiving a single-injection dose. HUMAN WARNINGS: For use in animals only. Keep out of the reach of children. Avoid contact with eyes. In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with copious amounts of water for 15 minutes. In case of dermal contact, wash skin with soap and water. Consult a physician if irritation persists following ocular or dermal exposures. Individuals with a history of hypersensitivity to quinolones should avoid this product. In humans, there is a risk of user photosensitization within a few hours after excessive exposure to quinolones. If excessive accidental exposure occurs, avoid direct sunlight. For customer service, to obtain a copy of the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) or to report adverse reactions, call Norbrook at 1-866-591-5777. PRECAUTIONS: The effects of enrofloxacin on cattle or swine reproductive performance, pregnancy and lactation have not been adequately determined. The long-term effects on articular joint cartilage have not been determined in pigs above market weight. Subcutaneous injection can cause a transient local tissue reaction that may result in trim loss of edible tissue at slaughter. Enroflox 100 contains different excipients than other enrofloxacin products. The safety and efficacy of this formulation in species other than cattle and swine have not been determined. Quinolone-class drugs should be used with caution in animals with known or suspected Central Nervous System (CNS) disorders. In such animals, quinolones have, in rare instances, been associated with CNS stimulation which may lead to convulsive seizures. Quinolone-class drugs have been shown to produce erosions of cartilage of weight-bearing joints and other signs of arthropathy in immature animals of various species. See Animal Safety section for additional information. ADVERSE REACTIONS: No adverse reactions were observed during clinical trials. ANIMAL SAFETY: In cattle safety studies, clinical signs of depression, incoordination and muscle fasciculation were observed in calves when doses of 15 or 25 mg/kg were administered for 10 to 15 days. Clinical signs of depression, inappetance and incoordination were observed when a dose of 50 mg/kg was administered for 3 days. An injection site study conducted in feeder calves demonstrated that the formulation may induce a transient reaction in the subcutaneous tissue and underlying muscle. In swine safety studies, incidental lameness of short duration was observed in all groups, including the saline-treated controls. Musculoskeletal stiffness was observed following the 15 and 25 mg/kg treatments with clinical signs appearing during the second week of treatment. Clinical signs of lameness improved after treatment ceased and most animals were clinically normal at necropsy. An injection site study conducted in pigs demonstrated that the formulation may induce a transient reaction in the subcutaneous tissue. Norbrook Laboratories Limited, Newry, BT35 6PU, Co. Down, Northern Ireland I01 March 2015 The Norbrook logos and Enroflox® are registered trademarks of Norbrook Laboratories Limited.




reckinridge County Cattlemen’s Association annual meeting was held on December 8, 2016 with an attendance of over 150 members and guests. Before the meeting we served a delicious steak dinner sponsored by S & S Seed, Inc., Shirley Payne in Hardinsburg, KY and prepared by our cooking committee. We recognized 3 members of our community for their continued support throughout this past year: Carrie Lou and Ricky Haynes, Hardee’s of Hardinsburg, KY and Circle K of Irvington, KY. We also presented a statue of a heifer to the donors of a heifer calf to the the Dustin Worthington Essay contest(top right). They included 2010 Heifer Donor, Gary and Susan Greenwell; 2011 Heifer Donor, Kenny and Sandy Compton; 2012 Heifer Donor, Ginger and Sherry Wilson-Bandy Acres; 2013 Heifer Donor, Alexander-Beauchamp LLC; 2014 Heifer Donor, Ricky and Carrie Lou Haynes; 2015 Heifer Donor, Lynn and Sheila Stull; 2016 Heifer Donor, S.E.A.N.A Charolais. Thank you all for your support to our young generation! Special thanks to Carol’s Original Works for the heifer statues. We also presented Tim Carden (below) with an award of appreciation

for his years of service. Tim has helped our organization, past presidents and current presidents with everything from picking up supplies, cooking, giving moral support, advice and wisdom. Tim has expressed to us he may cut back some this next year. We wanted to let him know how much we appreciate his service for us and in our community. Thank you, Tim, for all you have done for us! We also presented an award of recognition to past President of Breckinridge County Cattlemen’s Association whom was inducted into the Cattlemen’s Hall of Fame – Bobby Shilts. We are very proud of Mr. Shilts and honored he is a member of our organization. Mrs. Ronnie Compton donated a quilt to the BCCA. We auctioned this quilt with the proceeds going to

the Breckinridge County Fair for the renovations of the livestock barn fund. The quilt brought $1600. Thank you to all who assisted in the bidding. President, Bobby Bell advised businesses of our community will be giving discounts to members in the store/office when they present their membership card: Southern States, Burkmann Feed-Hardinsburg, RoeBurke Veterinary Clinic and Greene Point Ag in Hardinsburg. Warren Beeler, Director of Agriculture Policy at the Kentucky Department of Agriculture, was our guest speaker. Mr. Beeler spoke about the value of time. Once it’s gone, it’s gone. Spend time with your family. Have your family outings, get together, watch your kids grow and “play freeze tag”. Mr. Beeler also spoke of our next generation. We need to light a spark in the eyes of our younger generation so that they will keep agriculture going. There are all kind of jobs in agriculture and they are not limited to getting your hands dirty working the ground or caring for the animals. Jobs are limitless in agriculture. At the close of our annual meeting we had a drawing for items donated by: Farm Credit, Hobdy Dye & Reed, Wright Implement, Hancock Bank, Roe-Burke Veterinary Clinic, Burkmann Feed, First State Bank, Greene Point Ag, Crop Production Services, First State Bank, Dan Powers GMC Center, Inc. Don Carman’s NAPA, Hardinsburg Tire, Inc. and The Cecilian Bank.

Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Rest Easy

Healthy Cattle At Work Protecting your cattle investment requires strong, BRD treatment and control.

Enroflox® 100 Injection V V

Single-Dose BRD Treatment & Control


(enrof loxacin 100 mg/mL)

Available in 100 mL and 250 mL Bottles

Same Active Ingredient & Dosing Regimen as Baytril®100 Injection in beef and non-lactating dairy cattle

Enroflox 100 (enrofloxacin) ® Federal law restricts this drug to use by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian. Federal law prohibits the extra-label use of this drug in food-producing animals. Cattle intended for human consumption must not be slaughtered within 28 days from the last treatment. This product is not approved for female dairy cattle 20 months of age or older, including dry dairy cows. Use in these cattle may cause drug residues in milk and/or calves born to these cows. A withdrawal period has not been established in pre-ruminating calves. Do not use in calves to be processed for veal. Use with caution in animals with known or suspected CNS disorders. Observe label directions and withdrawal times. See product labeling for full product information. The Norbrook logos and Enroflox are registered trademarks of Norbrook Laboratories Limited. Baytril is a registered trademark of Bayer Animal Health. 0816-495-I01A


Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Larue County

Madison County

Above: The Madison County Beef Cattle Association held their annual meeting December 8th in Richmond. The guest speaker was Dave Maples with the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association. Below: Madison County Beef Cattle Association cooked November 7 at the Richmond Stockyards for the VFD informational meeting and update.

Mike England, along with his daughter Hannah, owners and operators of Mid South Ag, LLC in Munfordville, KY, were guest speakers at the November 8th meeting of the Larue County Cattlemen’s Association. They spoke to cattlemen regarding their MIX 30 liquid feed supplement.

Barren County

Left: Cooking During Appreciation Day – Members of the Barren County Cattlemen’s Association cooked hamburgers during the Farmers Livestock Market of Glasgow’s Customer Appreciation Day, which was held Monday, November 7. Pictured from left to right is; Bob Gerring, Warren Wisdom, Don Wilson, and Frank Rowland. Right: Cattlemen Donation – During the Farmers Market of Glasgow’s Customer Appreciation Day, which was held November 7 the Livestock Market made a sizeable donation to the Barren County Cattlemen’s Association. Tim Vibbert (right), representing the Farmers Livestock Market, is shown presenting Frank Rowland, President of the Barren County Cattlemen’s Association, with a check.

16 Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Bracken County SUBMITTED BY DANNY COOPER he quarterly meeting of the Bracken County Cattleman was held Thursday, November 10. A hardy meal of beef stew, chili, and brisket was prepared for our members. The meal was sponsored by our local businesses: Augusta Farm Supply, Brooksville Farm Supply, and Stewart’s Farm Supply. After a short business meeting our guest speaker, Steve Peddicord, was introduced. Steve gave an enthusiastic run down of the benefits of a county cattlemen’s association and also the need for a marketing strategy for calves in a depressed market.



At the close of our meeting several local activities were mentioned for our members. We are looking forward to continued growth and participation in our county organization for the benefit of all cattlemen in our area.

Above: Some of the new members attending. Left: County Agent David Appelmen, Speaker Steve Peddicord, County President Danny Cooper.


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Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Meade County Cattlemen’s and United Way Feed Children UNITED WAY


partnership between the Meade County Cattlemen’s Association and United Way of Central Kentucky will prevent more children from going hungry when they’re not being fed at school. The Cattlemen’s Association recently presented UWCK with a $1,000 check to be used to enroll 10 Meade County children in the BackPack program through United Way’s collaboration with Feeding America Kentucky’s Heartland. According to a 2014 study conducted by Feeding America, 21.6% of Meade County children were deemed food insecure, meaning they face limited or uncertain access to food. Of these 1,700 children, approximately 87% are eligible for free or reduced lunch programs to ensure their nutritional needs are met at school. This leaves over 200 children who face hunger but live in households

established to provide all children at risk of hunger with a bag of food on Fridays so they would have access to a meal when food is scare in their homes on weekends. “Teachers were seeing children come in to school on Monday complaining of stomach aches and unable to focus on learning because they were hungry,” said United Way of Central Kentucky President & CEO Megan Stith. “It is heartbreaking to know Meade County Cattlemen’s Association presents that there are families in our a $1,000 donation to United Way of Central community who struggle to Kentucky. put food on the table, but we that are deemed ineligible for federal are grateful for the generosity of those nutrition programs reliant on services who support this program so fewer provided by nonprofits like United Way children have to worry about where their next meal is coming from.” and Feeding America. “As farmers who take great pride in The BackPack program was

feeding our nation, the Meade County Cattlemen’s Association wanted to make a difference in our local community and felt it was unacceptable that we have children going hungry in our own backyards,” said MCCA Vice President David Johnston. “We are proud to have worked alongside United Way for the last two years to support Meade County’s BackPack program, investing a total of $2,500 in local children.” The contribution will allow 10 Meade County children to receive weekly bags of food through the program for a full school year, and with additional support from United Way’s Give a Day for Hunger initiative, during spring and fall breaks. To learn more about how you can support the BackPack program and work to reduce hunger in our local community, contact Megan Stith at or call 270737-6608.

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Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Barren County

Connealy Commonwealth

Connealy Concord

Introducing our new herd sires owned with ST Genetics. Their service will be featured with many females in the sale, semen available through ST Genetics.

Above: The Barren County Cattlemen’s meeting was held Thursday evening, November 17, at the Barren County High School Trojan Academy. Mr. Brian Boone representing USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service and Meghan Edwards representing USDA Farm Service Agency presented a program update on Conservation Program. Pictured from left to right above is; Stan Buchanan representing B&B Fencing LLC, David Pedigo representing Superior Fence Co., Gerry Bowman, Vice President of Barren County Cattlemen’s Association, Meghan Edwards, Brian Boone, and Steve Doan representing the Governors office of Ag Policy. A delicious steak dinner was served which was sponsored by B&B Fencing LLC and Superior Fencing Co. Below: Michael Hale, Barren county Judge executive, made a presentation on possible county cattle holding facility construction. Seated at the table is Frank Rowland, President of the Barren County Cattlemen’s Association.


February 28, 2017 nd

22 Annual Buyer's Choice Bull Sale Sale 5:30 • At the farm • Quality, Kentucky

Selling: 50 18-Month-Old Bulls 15 Bred Heifers 10 Bred Cow/Calf Pairs Bulls have had a Breeding Soundness Test Breeders Guarantee Complete Herd Health DNA tested, BVD, PI and Johnes Negative Herd Tested We are a family owned farm raising forage based, unpampered environment for our cow herd

Auctioneer Tim Haley (270) 542-9175

Gary & David Woodall 619 McReynolds Rd. • Quality, KY 42256 270-755-4252 or 270-847-1010 270-725-0819

Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association woodall bb 1-17.indd 1

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Show: February 24th, 2017 Sale: February 25th, 2017 • 12 Noon (CT) At Western KY University in Bowling Green, KY Selling 85 Lots of the best Black Hereford genetics in the Country. 26 Big Stout coming. 2 Black Hereford Bulls along with 4 top-bred Angus Bulls.

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Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Hunters Turn Sport into a Way to Feed the Hungry BY AIMEE NIELSON


racken County deer hunters set out on a brisk fall morning with more than antlers on their minds. They were hunting to provide meals to the hungry in their communities. “For many years, we have watched the bountiful herd of white-tail deer grow in Bracken County,” said David Appelman, agriculture and natural resources extension agent for the Bracken County office of the University of Kentucky Cooperative Extension Service. “The county benefits economically with the vast number of hunters here during season. Unfortunately, the number of deer

has exceeded the balance and crops, gardens and vehicle damage are at an all-time high. There are even concerns that the size of the herd is affecting the health of the deer.” With the help of Bracken County wildlife officer James Beckett and UK meat science specialist Gregg Rentfrow, Appelman worked on a plan to encourage hunters to harvest a doe. “Many hunters are interested in the trophy bucks,” he said. “To harvest more doe, we had to come up with an option to use the meat in a safe and responsible way while giving hunters a way to increase the doe harvest.” He set up the Hunter’s Harvest deer donation station at the extension office where hunters would bring deer. Even

with challenging weather conditions, hunters were able to bring 14 deer to the station where volunteers were waiting to prepare the deer according to safe food handling practices. Weber Farms and the Kern family provided a refrigerated truck to deliver the meat to the UK Meats Lab, where Rentfrow’s staff ground and packaged the meat. Appelman and other volunteers will distribute the meat to needy families through local food banks. “The weather limited how many deer our hunters were able to bring in, but we are still very pleased with their efforts,” he said. “Still, this is a great place to start, and we already have plans for next year.”

Tim Dievert 478 Dry Fork Rd. • Danville, KY 40422 Office:859/236-4591 (C)859/238-3195 • Logan Goggin • 859/516-3199

Catalogs or more information availabe by contacting Tim Dievert or Logan Goggin. CENTRAL KENTUCKY ANGUS ASSOCIATION 53rd Annual Winter Sale Saturday, January 28, 2017 CKAA Sale Pavilion, Danville, KY KENTUCKY ANGUS SWEEPSTAKES 61st Annual Show & Sale March 3 & 4, 2017 Kentucky Exposition Center, Louisville, KY

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VFD: You have questions? We have answers! NATIONAL CATTLEMEN’S BEEF ASSOCIATION ith Jan. 1, 2017 quickly approaching, it is important that cattle producers understand what changes are coming from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) concerning the Veterinary Feed Directive (VFD). NCBA has developed several resources to inform and educate producers about the regulations and requirements regarding VFDs. NCBA’s Antibiotic Resource Center (ARC), found at antibiotics, is your one-stop location to find information and resources regarding responsible antibiotic use for beef producers and industry stakeholders. These resources include details about the new VFD and changes to antibiotic regulations in feed and water which go into effect on Jan. 1, 2017.


Beef Quality Assurance

The Beef Quality Assurance (BQA) program is rooted in a cattlemen’s belief of doing the right thing. The judicious use of antibiotic technologies is no exception to the goal of producing high quality, wholesome, and healthy beef. BQA guidelines are designed to make sure all beef consumers can take pride in what they purchase – and can trust and have confidence in the entire beef industry. Responsible antibiotic use is important to ensure that such animal health technologies remain viable for the beef industry. It is important that judicious use protocols are implemented so that animals are never marketed with residues and so that cattlemen responsibly and effectively treat sick cattle. The BQA Antibiotic Stewardship for Beef Producers handbook contains guidelines for judicious antibiotic use, steps to avoid violative residues, regulations

regarding animal health products and many other best management practices related to antibiotic use. The Antibiotic Stewardship for Beef Producers handbook can be found on the ARC page referenced above.

Cattlemen’s Webinar Series

Producers can view two previously recorded webinars from the cattlemen’s webinar series. Both webinars cover information on antibiotic use regulations in the cattle industry and how farmers, ranchers and feeders can plan to adjust management systems to achieve compliance. The first webinar, Preparing Cattlemen for Changing Antibiotic Use Regulations, featured speakers Dr. Mike Apley, professor of production medicine and clinical pharmacology at Kansas State University, and Dr. Craig Lewis, veterinary medical officer of FDA’s Center for Veterinary Medicine. The second webinar, Don’t Get Caught Off Guard – Preparing

for Changing Antibiotic Regulations, featured Mike Murphy, DVM, JD, Ph.D., veterinary medical officer in the Office of the Director at the FDA’s Center for Veterinary Medicine, and Tom Portillo, DVM, manager of animal health and wellbeing of Friona Industries and 201617 president of the Academy of Veterinary Consultants. The judicious use of antibiotics results in preserved effectiveness of antibiotics, healthier cattle and less expense for producers, while also helping communicate a story which increases consumer confidence. Marketing beef with antibiotic residues, even unintentionally, is illegal and can result in significant consequences, both legally and financially. When healthy cattle leave the farm and reach the market place, the producer, packer, and consumer all benefit. Be prepared and know the resources available by visiting



Come Visit Us in the Trade Show at the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Convention! 22

Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association Awards Veterinary Scholarship


he Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association (KCA) has been long time supporters of youth aspiring to become veterinarians through local scholarships. Two scholarships are awarded each year to third or fourth year Kentucky students currently enrolled in a College of Veterinary Medicine. These scholarships are funded by the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Foundation (KCF). The KCF Veterinary Medicine Scholarship has been awarded since 2008 providing $45,000 in scholarship funds to youth in Kentucky. Large-animal veterinarians are becoming rare nationwide. The American Veterinary Medical Association states that the number of

veterinarians focusing on large animals has been slowly and steadily decreasing for years, dropping from nearly 6,000 in 1990 to fewer than 4,500 in 2007. Today, the percentage of veterinarians working exclusively or predominantly with “food animals” makes up only 7.5 percent of the veterinary workforce, and the majority of these vets are over the age of 50. This year, the winners of the KCF Veterinary Medicine Scholarship were Shaina Wheatley and Grady Cofield. Shaina Wheatley, from Hawesville, is a graduate from Murray State University and currently enrolled at the Auburn University College of Veterinary Medicine. Upon graduation Shaina

plans to return to Kentucky to practice in mixed animal science. Grady Cofield, from Cadiz, is a graduate from Murray State University and currently enrolled at the Auburn University College of Veterinary Medicine. Upon graduation Lawrence plans to enter a mixed animal practice in rural Western Kentucky. The Kentucky Cattlemen’s Foundation mission is to pursue opportunities that promote the

profitability of the cattle industry in Kentucky through educational and philanthropic endeavors. For more information visit or call 859-278-0899.

Every animal that goes through the chute gets a dose of MULTIMIN®

Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association





astures and hay fields are starting to show the effects of several years of drought. This past summer masked a lot of the problem due to the rainfall and ultimately the amount of crabgrass that grew in the absence of desirable forage plants. However; the months of September through November revealed that pastures had more weeds and less usable forage plants than what we thought. Take some time in the next few months to go into your fields and assess what is really there. The green color you are seeing may be winter annuals that have grown where the crabgrass once was during the hot and wet weather. You can assess the forages you have by counting the number of desirable plants in a given area in

several random locations throughout the field. If you are unfamiliar with what some of the forage plants look like, ask for assistance at the county Extension Office. The Extension Agent for Agriculture and Natural Resources can help you or you can ask for the publication AGR 175, Forage Identification and Use Guide. You can also go to the College of Agriculture Food and Environment website at and type the title of the publication in the search box. Photo number one below shows a good stand of a grass and legume mix in a two by two foot area. Sixty to seventy percent of the area is a cool season grass and the remaining portion is white clover. Photo number two shows a weedy pasture. Although there is some white clover in the area being measured, the majority of the area is wild grass and broadleaf plantain. Photo number three (right) shows an overgrazed pasture. There is

Photo 1: Courtesy Dr. Ray Smith and Krista Lea

approximately 10 to 15 percent of bare soil exposed in the area being measured and the forage is grazed to less than two inches tall. Both of these factors result in loss of soil moisture and increased weed competition. Photograph 4 of matted down crabgrass was taken on December 2, 2016. Only two fescue plants had started to regrow in the area being measured. As the crabgrass starts to deteriorate, winter annuals such as henbit and chickweed may start to grow followed by Smallflower buttercup in the early spring which blooms April through early June. After a determination has been made about the availability of forage species, put a management plan together for maintenance or improvement efforts. Soil test and then lime and fertilize according to test results. Liming a few months prior to planting allows for some correction in the soil pH but you may want to wait and apply fertilizer just before or at

seeding. Although cool season grasses such as fescue and orchardgrass can be seeded March 1 through April 15; many people wait until late August through early October to take advantage of the cooler weather, warmer soil temperatures, longer days, and timely rainfall to allow for optimum germination and growth. In contrast to grass seeding, late winter frost seeding of red and white clover is a great way to improve the forage quality and density of your pastures. The ideal time for frost seeding is early February. For a complete guide on seeding forage and grain crops, ask the Extension Service for a copy of AGR 18, Grain and Forage Crop Guide for Kentucky. You can also go to and type the publication title in the search box. Although the Orchardgrass in photograph 5 was no till seeded the third week of September 2016; it was less than six inches tall on December 2, 2016. It is important not to graze

Photo 2: Courtesy Dr. Ray Smith and Krista Lea

24 Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Photo 3: Courtesy Dr. Ray Smith and Krista Lea young stands too early so as to allow for both adequate root and top growth. This stand will initially be harvested for hay in mid to late May 2017. In summary, feed is the number one

Photo 4: Courtesy Darrell Simipson

expense for producing cattle. Production and maintenance of quality forages for grazing should be our number one goal in reducing that expense. Kentucky forage and cattle producers have the

Photo 5: Courtesy Darrell Simipson

good fortune of being able to produce a wide variety of forages. Take some time to evaluate your forage stands, formulate a plan to improve them if need be and work to make them as

productive and profitable as possible. For more information and assistance, contact your local Cooperative Extension Service Office.

Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Proposed Tax Regulations Threatens Multigenerational Cattle Operations NCBA


he Internal Revenue Service hosted a public hearing on a Department of Treasury proposed rule that would eliminate or greatly reduce available valuation discounts for family-related entities. Kevin Kester, National Cattlemen’s Beef Association vice president, said the regulation would effectively discourage families from continuing to operate or grow their businesses and passing them on to future generations. Many cattle operations are family-owned small businesses, facing the same concerns as other small-businesses - making payroll,

complying with numerous federal and state regulations, and paying bills, loans, and taxes. However, cattle producers face a number of unique challenges specific to agriculture. “Ranching is a debt-intensive business, making the U.S. livestock industry especially vulnerable to the estate tax,” said Kester. “Beef producers largely operate an assetrich, cash-poor business model: a cattleman’s biggest asset is his land. In the event of the death of a principal family member, illiquid assets are often sold in order to meet the costs associated with the estate tax. As a result, many families are unable to keep their estates intact.” For more than two decades, livestock producers have utilized

legitimate valuation discounts as a means of maintaining family ownership. These discounts, which accurately reflect the actual market value of minority ownerships in closely-held businesses, reduce the tax burden at death allowing agricultural operations to maintain family ownership from one generation of producers to the next. “Should the discounts be eliminated, a significant number of farmers and ranchers will face an even greater tax burden during the difficult task of transferring minority interests to the next generation,” said Kester. “Having dealt with the death tax on multiple occasions, I can assure you that it’s not easy to settle the estate of a loved one while coping

with the loss of that loved one. To add insult to injury, the proposed rule will upend succession plans, halt planned expansion and growth, and require a majority of livestock operations to liquidate assets in order to simply survive from one generation to the next.” The proposed regulations under Section 2704 will have a profoundly negative impact on the business climate for farmers and ranchers, ultimately dis-incentivizing a new generation of cattle producers f rom carrying on the family business. For that reason, NCBA calls for the IRS to formally withdraw the proposed rule.

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Contact Us Today! Derek Woods - 859-588-5416 or Toll Free - 877- 547-4738 26 Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Southeastern Kentucky farmers may be eligible for drought aid FRANKFORT (NOVEMBER 30, 2016)


armers in 10 southeastern Kentucky counties may be eligible for federal aid under an agricultural disaster declaration issued as a result of the ongoing drought throughout the Commonwealth. “The drought that has gripped Kentucky in recent months has been especially hard on farmers,” Agriculture Commissioner Ryan Quarles said. “Crops have been affected, and livestock producers have been forced to feed hay earlier than usual because their pastures are depleted. This aid will provide much-needed resources for Kentucky farmers.”

U.S. Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack notified Gov. Matt Bevin by letter that Vilsack has designated Bell, McCreary, and Whitley counties as agricultural disaster areas. Farmers in counties contiguous to those counties also may be eligible for aid; those counties are Clay, Harlan, Knox, Laurel, Leslie, Pulaski, and Wayne, as well as Campbell, Claiborne, and Scott counties in Tennessee and Lee County in Virginia. A Secretarial disaster designation makes farm operators in the primary and contiguous counties eligible to be considered for certain aid, including emergency loans, from the U.S. Farm Service Agency (FSA). Farmers in eligible counties have eight months from the date of the declaration to

apply for emergency loans. For more information on available aid, contact your local FSA office or go to fsa. Commissioner Quarles said the Kentucky Department of Agriculture (KDA) is working closely with federal and state agencies, agricultural organizations, weather forecasters, and emergency management officials to monitor local conditions. “We are grateful to Governor Bevin, Kentucky’s congressional delegation, and our agricultural leaders for helping make this disaster aid available,” Commissioner Quarles said. “The wildfires in eastern Kentucky have been the primary concern, but our leaders also were mindful of the drought’s impact on


agriculture, and we appreciate their consideration.” The KDA operates an online hay/ forage sales directory where farmers who need to buy forages can search by county. Entries contain information on the nutritional and energy levels of the forages offered for sale. To search for available forages for sale, go to aspx. Commissioner Quarles also has activated the Hay Hotline for farmers who need to find hay or who want to make hay available for sale. For more information about the Hay Hotline, or to post hay for sale, go to kyagr. com/marketing/hay-hotline.html or call (502) 782-4110.

7th Annual


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FEBRUARY 17, 2017 Noon (EST)

At Barnes Herefords Sale Facility • Cedartown, GA

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Selling 82 Bulls (16 to 18 Months Old)

Bulls are range ready and ready for service. Also Selling a Select Group of Commercial Females.

Auctioneers Eddie Burks, GA Lic No. NR2749 Dustin Layton, GA Lic No. AU004208 JDH Marketing Services LLC Jack D. Hedrick (904) 613-4261 cell

75 Polled & Horned Hereford Bulls 5 Angus Bulls • 2 Black Baldie Bulls

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Gary R. Hedrick (678) 858-0914 Ben Hedrick (404) 216-4274 Herdsman, Diego Gutierrez WHITE HAWK (678) 629-1804


WHR_Jan17_AllBreed_KYCowCntry.indd 1

11/30/16 2:41 PM

Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association




The Agricultural Economics Depar tment publishes the Economic and Policy Update towards the end of each month.  Each issue features articles written by extension personnel within the department and other experts across the country.  Topics will vary greatly but regularly include marketing, management, policy, natural resources, and rural development issues.  If you would like to recieve this newsletter by email, please contact Kenny Burdine at

You can also view current and past issues online at http://www. index.php?p=209 Co-editors: Kenny Burdine, Alison Davis, and Greg Halich


he Farm Financial Standards Council (FFSC) is a non-profit organization that was born out of the farm financial crisis of the 1980’s. It was commissioned to develop a universal loan application and accounting standards for farm businesses. The FFSC publishes guidelines annually and are relied on by those in the agricultural financing and consulting sectors. In the 2017 edition of the Farm Financial Standards Council Financial Guidelines, there are several important changes to be noted. These changes reflect the latest evolution of the guidelines to be more user-friendly and guided by the continual goal of being as consistent as possible between Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) and the distinct challenges inherent in agricultural production businesses. The goal of obtaining a more stream-lined, visually appealing, and more concise set of guidelines was largely achieved by reducing verbosity and minor format changes. Beyond these, the most impactful change affects the Income Statement and subsequent financial analysis ratios calculations and other computations that are derived in part or whole from the income statement. While these calculations have changed, the interpretation of the results have not been affected. It must be noted that the Income Statement format has changed. Interest expense has been moved out of operating expenses resulting in the subtotal, Income from Operations, which is prior to consideration of interest expense. The prior Income Statement format contained the subtotal Net Farm

Income from Operations and was a subtotal that included all operating expenses and only differed on from Net Farm Income by the exclusion of gains/losses on capital assets. This term has been removed from the guidelines. In the current Income Statement format, Net Farm Income differs from Income from Operations by the exclusion of consideration of interest expense and losses/gains associated with the sale of capital assets. Please refer to the following list concerning the specified effects: -Income Statement format: Interest expense removed from operating expenses and is listed below Income from Operations subtotal (Formerly Net Farm Income from Operations) as a line item prior to gain/losses on sale of capital assets. -Rate of Return on Farm Assets and Operating Profit Margin Ratio computations: In the calculation of these ratios the numerators, Net farm income from operations + Interest expense, are replaced with the single expression Income from Operations. The interpretation of these ratios remains unchanged. -Rate of Return on Farm Equity computation: In the calculation of this ratio the numerator, Net farm income from operations,

is replaced with Income from Operations – Interest expense. The interpretation of this ratio remains unchanged. -Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, Amortization (EBITDA) computation: Net farm income from operations + interest expense replaced with the single expression Income from operations. Intermediate subtotal EBIT removed from the calculation to arrive at EBITDA computation. -Capital Debt Repayment Capacity computation: Net farm income from operations replaced by Income from Operations. In this calculation, the addition of interest expense on term debt has been replaced with the subtraction of interest expense on current debt to arrive at Capital debt repayment capacity. -Income from Operations Ratio computation: In this calculation since Net farm income from operations have been removed from the guidelines, Income from operations less Farm interest expense is used as the numerator. The interpretation of this measure remains unchanged. To learn more about the FFSC, become a member, or order your copy of the guidelines, please visit

• Livestock Risk Protection • Livestock Gross Margin Insurance • Pasture Rangeland and Forage Insurance • Crop Insurance Storm Insurance • Farm Property & Casualty 3032 Alvey Park Dr W Insurance Owensboro, KY 42303 • Farm Liability Insurance 270-685-2438 Experienced agents in Owensboro, Harrodsburg, Shelbyville, Hopkinsville and Russellville.

28 Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

If renting out on-farm storage space is an option, the following link can help you determine a fair rental value ( The North Central Farm Management Extension Committee (which includes Kentucky) conducts a Farm Building Rental Rate Survey which includes grain storage rates. The most recent survey in 2014 had an average rental rate of $0.027/bushel/month.


Kentucky producers utilize grain storage to market their crops throughout the year. Figure 1 illustrates the average percent of grain marketed off-farm by month in Kentucky for both corn and soybeans. Most grain in Kentucky is held until January with the intention of capturing higher prices or carry in the market and for accounting (tax) purposes.

Grain Storage in Kentucky KENNY BURDINE AJORDAN M. SHOCKLEY, JORDAN.SHOCKLEY@ UKY.EDU entucky has over 280 million bushels of grain storage capacity across the state (USDA-NASS). Of that, on-farm storage accounts for 73% or 205 million bushels. While overall storage capacity in Kentucky is lower than the neighboring states of Indiana and Illinois, the percent of on-farm storage is significantly higher (64% in Indiana and 51% in Illinois). With the abundance of on-farm storage across the state, it is typically underutilized. On average, only 46% of on-farm capacity is used for storage. This presents an opportunity for producers with on-farm storage to rent out storage space that is not being utilized to increase farm revenue during times of low commodity prices. If renting out on-farm storage space is an option, the following link can help you determine a fair rental value (http://www.extension. c2-24.html). The North Central Farm Management Extension Committee (which includes Kentucky) conducts a Farm Building Rental Rate Survey which includes grain storage rates. The most recent survey in 2014 had an average rental rate of $0.027/ bushel/month. Kentucky producers utilize grain storage to market their crops throughout the year. Figure 1 illustrates the average percent of grain marketed off-farm by month in Kentucky for both corn and soybeans. Most grain in Kentucky is held until January with the intention of capturing higher prices or carry in the market and for accounting (tax) purposes. As mentioned earlier, grain is stored to capture higher prices or carry in the market. Figure 2 illustrates historical carry in the


market and the cash price Figure 1. Average percent of grain marketed off-farm by month in Kentucky (USDA-NASS) received by month as a percent of the October harvest price for both corn and soybeans in Kentucky. Averaging the past five years, a Kentucky corn producer received a 16% increase in cash price over the October price if corn was held in storage until June. W h i l e capturing carry in the market presents a great As mentioned earlier, grain is stored to capture higher prices or carry in the market. Figure 2 illustrates historical opportunity for carry in the market and the cash price received by month as a percent of the October harvest price for both corn grain producers, and soybeans in Kentucky. Averaging the past five years, a Kentucky corn producer received a 16% increase in cash price over the October price if corn was held in storage until June. understanding the costs (both ownership and operating costs) of storing and drying grain are essential in deciding if and how long to store. Decision tools that outline the cost of owning and operating a storage system in Kentucky will be available soon on the following website: http://www. u k y. e d u / A g / AgEcon/shockley_jordan.php

Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



You Are Not Alone on the Range JONATHAN SHEPHERD s farmers continue to wind down harvest it is time to tally the results and determine how this year’s performance will affect plans for next year. Throughout Kentucky, preliminary indications suggest that grain yields are variable depending on where and when the rains hit. You may have been rewarded with higher than average yields while others are closer to average. Relatively higher yields are providing some temporary easing of financial tensions. However, commodity prices are still near break-even assuming a modest cost structure. What remains to be a reality, is that cash-flows are still extremely tight and are expected to be tight for the foreseeable future. This holds true


for most agricultural enterprises in Kentucky. While the relatively higher bean price and potentially better yields may have improved financial

taking the advice they give to clients and are taking a hard look at their loan portfolios and assessing the risks. In this evaluation process, lenders

Almost all farmers, especially those who are primarily dependent on farm income not only for farm operations but for serving personal expenses and debt as well, are being subjected to a more strenuous financial review process. performance for 2016, it is not time to let the pencil dull. We will be entering into 2017 with flat price projections and cash-flows being strained. The turn of events in the agricultural sector of the past couple of years have also led to several changes in terms of lending and farm managers’ potential access to capital. Many lenders are in the same process of

are requiring more timely financial documentation reporting. Even the terms of some operating agreements are being changed. Previously, it was not uncommon for lenders to offer three year operating notes. Some financial institutions are eliminating this as an option for farmers and are returning to a one year operating note agreement. Understandably, farmers

who have been informed they will be moved to a one-year note are generally anxious about what this change really means about the overall financial health of their operation and the commitment of their lender. Some managers see this change as direct indication of the financial health of their operation as opposed to an industry wide trend of risk management. You are not alone. Almost all farmers, especially those who are primarily dependent on farm income not only for farm operations but for serving personal expenses and debt as well, are being subjected to a more strenuous financial review process. Here it is important to point out that the only benefit of having a longer term operating note really boils down to submission of financial

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PEN HEIFER Show: 2 PM, Friday Sale: 2 PM, Saturday Doug Parke, 859-987-5758 859-421-6100 (Cell)

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BEEFALO Show: 2:30 PM, Friday Sale: 9:30 AM, Saturday Kyle Skidmore, 502-641-7878

HEREFORD Show: 1 PM, Friday Sale: 1 PM, Saturday Earlene Thomas, 859-623-5734 LIMOUSIN Show: 10 AM, Saturday Sale: 3:30 PM, Saturday Keith Kissee, 804-353-2220 817-821-6263 (Cell)

SIMMENTAL Show: 4 PM, Friday Sale: 11 AM, Saturday Doug Parke, 859-987-5758 859-421-6100 (Cell)

Kentucky Junior Heifer Show Saturday, Check In: 10:00 - 1:30 PM Show: 4:30 PM

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Don’t Miss These Other Expo Events!!

Junior Heifer, Steer, and Market Heifer Jackpot Shows Trade Show and Youth Judging Contest

More information available at 30 Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Youth Judging Contest Saturday, Check In: 6:45 AM, Contest: 8:00 AM Awards: 3:00 PM

Junior Steer Show Saturday, Check In: 5:00 - 7:30 PM Sunday, Show: 8:00 AM Open Junior Heifer Show Saturday, Check In: 1:30 - 4:00 PM Sunday, Show: 8:00 AM *Kentucky heifer exhibitors will show separately Saturday, March 4 at 4:30 PM and may choose to show in the Open Junior Heifer Show, Sunday, March 5 at 8:00 AM.


documentations by your lender to their underwriters. When longer operating note agreements were the norm, your lender had to submit financials to the underwriter every three years (for a three year-note). Now, your lender will be submitting financial documents to the underwriter yearly assuming you have been switched to a one-year operating note. It would be remiss to not point out that most all lenders still require farm managers to submit yearly financial documents even with a three-year operating note. Further, a three year operating note is not a guarantee of operating fund availability. Even with a multiyear operating note, operating funds draws can be stopped if financial performance deteriorates. So while some of these agreements have changed, truly, the outcome should be the same. The only potential change is that some farm managers will have to be more disciplined and timely in submitting the required financial documentation in order to keep access to their operating notes. The goal here is not to give you false hope. Lending decisions are very much dependent on individual operations business plans and financial performance. However, it is not just your operation that is being singled out. This is an opportunity to more timely manage your business’s finances and have another set of eyes provide feedback on your operation’s performance. Liquidity issues can turn into solvency issues quickly if the underlying cause of the liquidity problem is not addressed. More timely reviews of your operation only increases the chances that any of these potential problems can be addressed. If you would like input about your operation from the Kentucky Farm Business Management Program, please contact your local farm management specialist.

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Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


11/25/16 10:52 PM




lack vultures or commonly called “black headed buzzards” are a native species to Kentucky, and in the last 10-20 years their population numbers have increased to the point where they are common across much of the state. They are slightly smaller than the turkey vulture, our other native vulture in Kentucky, and can be distinguished from them in several ways. Most notably, the adult turkey vulture has a bright red head whereas the black vulture has a gray black head (Figure 1). In flight black vultures hold their wings in a more horizontal position and tend to flap more compared to turkey vultures that have more of a v-shaped profile and soar for longer durations without flapping. Vultures, both black and turkey, provide an important ecological service in consuming carrion which reduces the risk of diseases from breeding in the environment. Vultures, as with all other wildlife, will take advantage of resources available to them. Unfortunately this can cause issues when it involves human dwellings and in some cases livestock operations. Fortunately, vultures respond well to relatively simple methods that harass or discourage them from congregating or feeding in critical areas.


Vultures are a federally protected by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918. This means that the birds, their nests, and eggs cannot be killed or destroyed without a Migratory Bird Depredation Permit. However, it is perfectly legal to harass vultures and use effigies to scare them away. Harassment is done to make the vultures feel unsafe or uncomfortable in an area, which may cause them to leave and not return. Techniques to disturb vultures include

Figure 1. Black vulture on the left and a turkey vulture on the right. Notice the head color and slightly darker plumage on the black vulture. (Photo Credit: Tom Barnes, University of Kentucky) loud noises (i.e., blow horns), spraying with a garden hose, or using pyrotechnics may be required. Other effective tools include the use of non-lethal shooting and propane cannons, especially in large pasture settings. An effigy is a dead or fake dead animal that is hung in an area to deter that specific species from congregating. Effigies are extremely effective at deterring black vultures from using an area if displayed properly. USDA Wildlife Services has completed multiple studies that demonstrate the success of eliminating the use of the area by vultures by simply placing a vulture effigy at the roost sites or landfills. The best way to decrease the likelihood of black vulture causing problems is to place a vulture effigy (Figure 2) around calving areas. Fake effigies (usually plastic dead bird decoys) can be purchased online and have been shown to be effective; however they are not as effective as a real dead bird. When you have obtained an effigy you want to make sure it is highly visible to vultures. in the area you would like to protect. Make sure you hang the effigy by its feet, suspending it in the air making it visible from a distance. Hang it at a high point that is visible from all sides directly adjacent to, or in, the calving pasture. This may mean you need to concentrate your calving operations near that effigy. After you believe the vultures are no longer a threat, or you are no longer

Figure 2. Example of a black vulture effigy hung out in the open and clearly visible (Photo Credit: USDA-APHIS). expecting newborn livestock, you may want to place any non-plastic (i.e., birds taken by a damage permit) effigies in a plastic bag and freeze it so that it can be used again in the future if needed. Another useful method is to try to scare roosts away prior to calving. Roost disturbances should occur around ½ hour prior to sunset till ½ hour after sunset and should be completed over multiple consecutive days to increase the probability of successfully making the birds permanently leave the roost. Prior to beginning harassment, especially those that involve any form of pyrotechnics, local authorities and neighbors should be contacted to ensure compliance with any local ordinances and to lower the potential of conflicts with neighbors. Effigies can also disrupt a vulture roost by hanging it as close to the roost as possible.

Damage Permits

Obtaining a permit to take black vultures is required as they are a protected species and are obtained through U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Obtaining a permit from the Kentucky Farm Bureau is the most efficient manner to obtain a permit at this time. To do so contact

them as soon as the problem exists in order to reduce risk of multiple livestock losses. Individuals can also apply to obtain permits directly from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, however this process takes time and would not allow for a quick remedy of any problems that are currently occurring. If you obtain a damage permit and take a vulture, immediately use that vulture as an effigy in the area you would like to protect.

Disposing of Dead Livestock

When a depredation event occurs or just when livestock succumb to any other form of mortality, disposing of dead livestock correctly can have substantial benefits for deterring both future vulture and other wildlife related issues.

What to Do if You Suspect a Vulture Depredation

Take pictures of the suspected vulture depredated livestock. Make sure you take pictures of the entire animal but focus on the face and rear parts of the animal as seen in images Figure 4a, b, c. Please report this loss to either the USDA or Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources so the extent of the black vulture problem

32 Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


can be determined. Reimbursement is generally possible via the Livestock Indemnity Program. If you have any more questions about or would like more information on black vulture control, ask your local extension agent for extension publication FOR 129. a.



Figure 4. These pictures highlight the damage that can be caused by black vultures. These images are also a good example of the types of pictures needed to identify black vulture kills. Notice how the rump (a,c) and eyes (b) were fed upon. The presence of bleeding from the eyes (b) also clearly shows that the calf was alive before the vultures fed upon it.

Keep fescue from pinching your profits. Is fescue toxicosis costing you money? Chances are it is. Fescue toxicosis — caused when cattle ingest toxins found in tall fescue seed heads — costs the cattle industry nearly $1 billion every year. And a good chunk (85 percent) of the 40 million acres of tall fescue in the United States (mostly the variety Kentucky 31) contains the toxic endophytic fungus at levels high enough to bring about significant harm among grazing animals. The cost to you comes when cattle reduce their feed intake and weight gains. This happens because ingesting toxic endophyte-infected fescue raises their body temperatures, making them uncomfortable and causing them to spend significantly less time grazing, while also increasing their water intake. Fescue toxicosis also leads to lower milk production, higher respiration rate and rough hair coat. But perhaps the most damaging financial hit comes in the form of fewer calves on the ground because of poorer conception rates and lower calving percentages. In several studies, cows grazing toxic fescue lost weight and had lower pregnancy rates, and their nursing calves had lower average daily gains and reduced weaning weights compared with those grazing endophyte-free pastures. And in calves, the telltale signs of toxicosis result in a

generally unthrifty appearance, which can mean lower sale prices. There are remedies, which when implemented together can provide incremental relief from fescue toxicosis. Consider moving cattle to warm-season grass pastures to fill fescue’s summer slump, or have them graze alternative forages, such as millet and sudangrass. Another option is to supplement with nontoxic fescue hay or hay of another species. But it’s the latest innovation that offers dual benefits. An early spring application of Chaparral™ herbicide provides broad-spectrum weed and brush control, while at the same time suppressing the damaging fescue seed heads. It provides a powerful one-two punch to increase forage for grazing. And given that pounds of gain on low-cost grass are so valuable, managing to minimize the impact of fescue toxicosis will certainly produce greater returns. For more information about spring treatments or Chaparral herbicide, contact your local ag-chem dealer, Dow AgroSciences sales representative or county weed department, or visit JEFF CLARK 615-295-9620 •

Trademark of The Dow Chemical Company (“Dow”) or an affiliated company of Dow. Chaparral is not registered for sale or use in all states. Contact your state pesticide regulatory agency to determine if a product is registered for sale or use in your state. Always read and follow label directions. ©2016 Dow AgroSciences LLC R35-371-001 (12/16) BR 010-58591 DARPCHAP6051-P4


Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association




Have a Question or Topic you would like addressed? Email me at michelle.arnold@


ohne’s (pronounced Yo-knees) Disease is a chronic disease of severe, watery diarrhea and weight loss in adult cattle caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis, commonly referred to as “MAP”. The bacteria are very hardy due to a protective cell wall that can withstand harsh conditions and allows survival for long periods in the environment. Once MAP gains entry into an animal, the organism lives permanently within the cells of the large intestine where it multiplies and is then “shed” in the feces in large numbers. This is a slow, progressive disease that calves pick up around the time they are born but the clinical signs of weight loss and diarrhea do not show up until much later, generally at 2-5 years of age or even older. As cow/calf producers, it is easy to buy and sell breeding age animals, especially bulls, with no obvious problems even though they are already infected with the disease. The problem is difficult to detect early in subclinical cattle (subclinical=before symptoms of diarrhea and weight loss develop) but these infected 34

animals often shed high numbers of the MAP organism on the farm. In ideal conditions with moisture and limited sunlight, bacteria can live 8 months in dry feces, 9-12 months in a manure pit/lagoon, 18 months in a water trough, 9-12 months in freezing temperatures and 1 or more years on pasture. This is important because the major route of transmission to newborn calves is nursing teats covered in Johne’s-infected manure. A small number of calves may get the disease while still in the uterus of an infected cow or may ingest the organism from infected colostrum or milk. Once infected, there is a long incubation period (2-7 years) then the disease begins its progression from a silent stage to an advanced disease stage. There is no effective treatment available. In a typical herd, for every animal in the advanced or clinical stage of disease, there are often many other cattle in earlier stages of the disease. Control measures center upon preventing exposure of susceptible animals to the infectious agent, identifying and eliminating infected animals from the herd, and preventing entry of infected animals into the herd. With early diagnosis and prevention of spread, Johne’s Disease will not develop into a significant herd problem five to ten years in the future. Buyers of breeding livestock should make every effort to purchase animals that are not MAP infected. Similarly, seedstock producers should anticipate this request and establish a routine of testing and culling any cattle that test positive for the organism. Seedstock herd owners are commonly reluctant to test for Johne’s Disease for fear that a positive diagnosis will ruin their reputation. However, a herd’s reputation may be damaged much more severely by selling a MAPinfected animal to a customer and

Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


introducing this contagious, incurable disease into the buyer’s herd. The US Voluntary Bovine Johne’s Disease Control Program specifies the testing requirements to officially classify a herd from Test Negative Level 1 (lowest) up to Level 6 (best). The more years of testing following this consistent regimen will yield greater confidence and knowledge of the true Johne’s status of the herd. So how do you begin? A screening

test of all animals at least 2 years of age, such as the Johne’s ELISA test for antibodies in serum (blood), is rapid and low cost but not 100% accurate. Any positive animals on ELISA should be confirmed by detection of the MAP organism in the feces by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Both of these tests are available at the UK Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory (for more information, visit our website: Animals found positive should be removed from the herd promptly. Testing and culling over multiple years along with good herd management will lead to zero or low MAP test prevalence in your herd. Contact your local veterinarian to find out more about the control and prevention of Johne’s Disease. Picture E is an endoscopic view of normal cow intestine. Picture F is an endoscopic view of a Johne’s infected cow, showing the characteristic swelling and corrugation of the lining of the intestine that occurs at the clinical stage of infection. Thickening of the intestinal wall results in poor absorption of nutrients and diarrhea in affected animals.

Picture from W.C. Davis, S.A. Madsen-Bouterse Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology 145 (2012) 1– 6

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Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


2017 Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association Convention & Trade Show Highlights Trade Show

The Ag Industry trade show will be a highlight of the convention again this year. There will be over 100 exhibitors to share their products with our members. A full list of trade show exhibitors can be found on page 43. Producers will have the opportunity to visit with vendors selling pharmaceuticals products, feed, livestock insurance, cattle handling equipment, tractors, hay equipment, forage products, and much much more! Attendees who purchase a full registration or a trade show ticket can enjoy lunch in the trade show on Thursday and breakfast on Friday. The Allied Industry Council will host their annual game night on Thursday. The Blue Grass Marketing Group will be closing the trade show on Friday evening with an internet auction.

Beef Efficiency Conference

We are looking forward to the 4th Annual Beef Efficiency Conference sponsored by the Kentucky Agriculture Development Fund, Kentucky Beef Network, and University of Kentucky Cooperative Extension Service. The Conference is welcoming an impressive list of guest speakers including Dr. Jeff Lehmkuhler, University of Kentucky; Dr. Gordon Jones, Western Kentucky University; Decision Making for Efficient Beef Production- Dr. Tom


Field University of Nebraska-Lincoln; Current Status of Genomic TestingDr. Jon Beever, University of Illinois; and Managing Pasture to Improve Soil Heath- Mr. Johnny Rogers, North Carolina State University. Speakers will discuss simple management strategies and helping producers find efficiencies on their operations.

Opening General Session

KCA President, David LeMaster from Clark County will welcome everyone back to central Kentucky during the Opening Session on Thursday afternoon. Colin Woodall of the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association Washington DC office will give a policy issues update. The Kentucky Beef Council and Kentucky Beef Network will give their annual reports.

Membership Awards and Closing Session

Membership Awards will be presented during the closing session along with our financial report from Treasurer Ken Adams, Nikki Whitaker will present the Community Involvement and Membership Awards while also giving a KJCA report, annual communication and annual KCA report. Regional reports from

meetings held that morning and election of the 2017 KCA officers will follow.

UK Forage Extension Specialist, “How to Maximize Energy Content in Forage Grasses.”

Benefits of Being a KY EXCEL Farm

Ladies Program

KY EXCEL is a free, voluntary leadership program for Kentucky farms. Come learn about the benefits of becoming a member, including free marketing, networking and training opportunities. We will review project ideas that are good for the environment and your bottom line, including waste reduction, energy conservation, water conservation and transportation. A brief overview of the services that Kentucky Division of Compliance Assistance has to offer Kentucky beef producers will also be provided.


The Kentucky Forage and Grasslands Council will host the Annual Forages at KCA Program. As usual, Dr. Ray Smith has coordinated a great group of speakers for cattle producers, including Dr. Michael Flythe, USDA, “Promote Growth and Animal Health with Isoflavones in Red Clover and other Legumes”; Dr. Chris Teutsch, UK Forage Extension Specialist, “Building a Year Round Grazing System”; and Dr. Ray Smith,

The Kentucky Beef Council will again sponsor the Ladies Program. This year attendees will be painting a canvas picture with the guidance from Wine and Canvas inside the trade show. More information can be found on page 44.

Evening Banquet

We will conclude the convention on Friday night with our Evening Banquet. During the banquet we will recognize our Kentucky Beef Council and Kentucky Beef Network Service Recipients, induct our new Hall of Fame members, award the Heifer Initiative Award winners, along with many other awards. The banquet will conclude with the live Foundation Auction.

Burley Tobacco Grower’s Cooperative Partnership

The Burley Tobacco Grower’s Cooperative will again have their annual meeting and educational sessions in conjunction with the KCA Convention and Ag Industry Trade Show.

Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

KCA Convention Registration Form

Event Cost Registration Fees

Number Attending





$10 $10

X________________ X________________

= =


Beef Efficiency Conference (8:30-11:30)


= ________


= ________

Registration Fee


Includes Trade Show & Business Meetings

Trade Show Only Junior Registration

Meals & Events


Thursday, January 19

Friday, January 20

Industry Breakfast Free with Registration Fee or Trade Show Only


Lunch on your own Evening Banquet



Banquet Preferred Seating Table of 10 $600


= ________

Ladies Program


= ________


Total Amount Due $ _______

Names as they should appear on badges: After December 31 the Registration Fee is $75 Please only 1 family or individual per registration form.

Name (s): _______________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ Address: _______________________________________________________________________________________ City:

________________________________________State:______________________Zip: _________________



County (REQUIRED):____________________________ Phone:__________________________________________ Credit Card Type: Expiration Date:

________________________Credit Card #:___________________________________________ _________________________Signature:______________________________________________

Mail to: KCA Convention Registration 176 Pasadena Drive  Lexington, Kentucky 40503 Fax: 859-260-2060

Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Convention & Trade Show

= ________

January 19-20, 2017



S U N I O J ry 19-20, 2017 Janua

Convention & Trade Show Agenda Reserve your hotel room today!

Hotel Information

Hyatt Rooms available on Thursday Friday night - SOLD OUT 859-253-1234 Rate: $119 21c Lexington Hotel 859-899-6800 Rate: $119 Code: 1701KYCATTLE Campbell House 859-255-4281 Rate: $119 Code: KCA Home 2 Suites 859-313-5200 Rate: $109 Code: KCA


Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Lexington Convention Center

430 West Vine Street Lexington, KY 40507 Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Registration Information

Hyatt Regency Lexington 401 West High Street Lexington, KY 40507 859-253-1234 fax 859-254-7430 Lexington Convention Center 430 West Vine Street Lexington, KY 40507 859-233-4567 fax 859-253-2718

Registration The KCA registration desk will be located in the Registration Booths in the Lobby of the Convention Center. Registration is required to attend the educational programs, business meetings, social events and the Trade Show. Student registrations and KJCA registrations are available with Student ID.

Registration Hours

Thursday 7:00 am - 6:00 pm Friday 6:30 am - 6:00 pm The following services are offered in the registration area: • KCA and BTGC Pre-Registration

On-Site Registration Prices

• Event Ticket Sales

Registration including Trade Show $75 Student Registration $10 (Age 9 and up, IncludIng KJCA members) Trade Show Only $10

• KCA Information


• Delegate Sign-In

Convention badges are required for admittance to all convention events and the Trade Show. Hold on to your badge and be sure not to lose it.

• KCA and BTGC On-Site Registration

Listed below are the events/ activities that are open and are included in your registration fees: Beef Efficiency Conference • Welcome Reception including free lunch • Opening General Session • KBC/KCA Ribeye Cookoff • Allied Industry Game Night • Ag Industry Breakfast • Regional Meetings • Membership Awards & Closing Session• Forages Program • Feeder Calf Sale

Tickets You must purchase tickets to attend the following events: Meals • Evening Banquet - $50 • Preferred Banquet Seating - $600 Includes table for 10 Tickets will be collected for all meal events. If you have lost or did not receive the tickets you requested, please check with the staff at the KCA Registration desk. Ladies Program - $15 (Limited Availability) Participation is limited for all the ticketed events. Tickets will be sold on a space-available basis.

General Information Meeting Attire Attire for the meeting sessions and events is business casual.

Meeting Etiquette As a courtesy to our speakers and other attendees, please have your phone in either silent or vibrate 40 Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

mode while you are in the sessions. Your cooperation is appreciated.

Parking There are numerous parking areas close to the Lexington Convention Center.

Smoking The Lexington Convention Center is a non-smoking facility.

Promotional Photography By participating in this event you acknowledge that promotional photographs may be taken at any spot in the Lexington Convention Center and/or in any scheduled functions a the hotels or offproperty. Such photographs become the property of KCA when taken, and by registering and participating in the KCA Convention and Trade Show , you the attendee have granted permission for your photograph to be taken and used at the sole discretion of KCA, without further permission, compensation, or acknowledgement.

Waiver of Liability KCA is not responsible for lost or damaged articles, accidents, any mishap due to alcohol or drug abuse, disasters, government regulation or advisory, death, injury, illness, fire, disruption, delays, modifications or cancels caused by weather conditions, or any mechanical or electrical difficulties, strikes, lockouts, acts or threats of terrorism, civil disorder, acts of Gods, and other events beyond the control of KCA. KCA will make every effort to conduct the program as described; however, KCA reserves the right to make adjustments to the programs without affecting their overall quality.


7 1 0 2


January 19 • 8:30-11:30 a.m. ET Lexington Convention Center • Heritage Ballroom 2&3

Held in conjunction with the 2017 KCA Convention AGENDA & FEATURED SPEAKERS

Welcome - Dr. Gordon Jones, Western Kentucky University Emeritus Professor Decision Making for Efficient Beef Production - Dr. Tom Field, University of Nebraska-Lincoln Current Status of Genomic Testing - Dr. Jon Beever, University of Illinois Managing Pasture to Improve Soil Health - Mr. Johnny Rogers, North Carolina State University Question / Answer Session – Dr. Jeff Lehmkuhler & Dr. Gordon Jones, Moderators

Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



KJCA Makes Convention Plans


ver y year, the KJCA Convention is held in conjunction with the KCA Convention. The KJCA Board of Directors help to plan events during the Convention to make sure that the young people in the cattle business are not left out of the loop when it comes to keeping up with the beef industry!

KJCA Board Elections

In addition to the industry tour and workshop, the KJCA will also hold elections for the 2017-2018 KJCA Board of Directors. If you are at least 16 years old by January 1, 2017 you can run for a seat on the board. This board is unique in that members who are part of various different breed associations or are simply involved in the cattle

industry come together to form a unit that strives to provide for the young people within the beef cattle industry. Please consider this opportunity and feel f ree to contact any current board member or the KCA office for further information. For KJCA members that attend the convention the tentative schedule is:

Thursday, January 19, 2017 7:00 am - 6:00 pm KJCA Registration 11:00 am - 10:00 pm Trade Show Hours

Friday, January 20, 2017 6:30 am - 6:00 pm

Registration Hours 7:00 am - 6:00 pm Trade Show Hours 7:00 am - 9:00 am Ag Industry Breakfast

3:15 pm KJCA Annual Membership Meeting KJCABoard of Director Elections Anyone 15-21 as of January 1

9:00 am Load bus for Tour

4:00 pm KJCA Reception

9:00 am -11:00 am WinStar Farm Tour

6:00 pm KCA/KJCA Evening Banquet(ticketed event)

11:00 am Return from tour 12:30-2:30 pm KJCA Report at the Closing Session 3:00 pm KJCA Officer Elections (Current KJCA Board Memebers Only)

The KJCA Golden Ticket Hunt will be both Friday and Saturday. One Golden Ticket will be hidden Friday and Saturday within the Trade Show. The lucky KJCA member who finds the Golden Ticket will win $100. Must present Golden Ticket at the Registration Booth.

KJCA Convention Registration Form NEW! Register Online!

Friday, January 20, 2017

Lexington Convention Center, Lexington, KY

Name as it should appear on badges:

Event Cost #Attending Totals Friday, January 20th

KJCA Registration $10 __________ _________ Ag Industry Breakfast Free __________ _________ (with paid registration) Address: _________________________________________________________________ Ag Industry Tour Free __________ _________ KJCA Report at Closing Session Free __________ _________ Board Elections Free __________ _________ _________________________________________________________________________ KJCA Reception Free __________ _________ Evening Banquet $50 __________ _________ City __________________________________ State ________ Zip ___________ Name: ___________________________________________________________________

County: ______________________________ Phone: ________________________________ E-mail: _________________________________

Total Amount Due



Send pre-registration with payment to KCA Convention: 176 Pasadena Drive – Lexington, KY 40503 Call Nikki Whitaker with questions at 859-278-0899 Visit for full agenda

42 Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


2017 AG INDUSTRY TRADE SHOW As of 12/16/16 ADM Animal Nutrition ABS Global, Inc AgriClear, Inc Allflex USA, Inc American, KY, Central KY Angus Anderson Group Association Advantage Insurance Group Beefmaster Breeders United Bevins/ACI Dist. Bevins/Kuhn BioZyme, Inc Blue Grass Marketing Group Bobcat of Bowling Green Callicrate Banders Cargill Animal Nutrition Caudill Seed Company Central Kentucky Ag Credit Central Life Sciences Circle A Angus CPC DATAMARS, INC Dependable Livestock Testing Dow AgroSciences LLC Elanco Animal Health Farm Credit Mid-America Great Plains Marketing Gro-Tec, Inc H&R Agri-Power H.J. Baker Hinton Mills John Deere Kentucky Department of Agriculture-State Vet Kentucky Farm Bureau Kentucky FFA Foundation

Select Sires Mid-America Silver Stream Shelters Southern States Cooperatives, Inc Texas Vet Lab The Farmer’s Pride The Lemily Group Triple Trust Feed & Seed United Producers, Inc USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service USDA, Packers & Stockyards Westway Feed Products Whayne Supply XL Catlin Insurance Zoetis

Kurtz Auction & Realty KY AgrAbility KY-TN Red Angus Association McBurney’s Livestock Micronutrients Multimin USA Nebraska Department of Agriculture Norbrook Norbrook Performance Feeds LLC Positive Feed LTD Red Hill Farms Schaeffer Manufacturing Company Schwarz Equipment Company

Burley AG-TECH AGSAFE Arysta LifeScience Burley Tobacco Growers Cooperative Association Continental Industries, Inc. Council for Burley Tobacco, Inc. (SPONSOR) F.W. Rickard Seeds FarmLogic - Soil Test Pro Kentucky Black Hereford Association Kentucky Tobacco Research and Development Center Kentucky Women in Agriculture KY Dept. of Fish and Wildlife Resources Newton Seed, Inc. Ohio Tobacco Museum R. J. Equipment Syngenta, LLC. Workman Tobacco Seed, Inc.


PLATINUM Blue Grass Livestock Marketing Group The Lemily Group GOLD Cargill Animal Nutrition Central KY Ag Credit Dow AgroSciences Farm Credit Mid America H&R Agri-Power SILVER CPC Commodities DATAMARS, INC Kurtz Auction & Realty KY Dept of Ag McBurney’s Livestock Equipment United Producers, INC BRONZE Association Advantage Insurance Group Caudill Seed Company Elanco Animal Health Zoetis

Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Heart of the Farm 2017 KCA Convention Ladies Program At the heart of each farm there is a reason why farmers keep pushing through the cold mornings, late nights, and tragic losses that plague the cattle industry. Family is the Heart of the Farm. KBC would love to see the heart of your farm and provide one lucky lady with a door prize during the Ladies Program at KCA Convention. Send a picture of your family on the farm with an explanation of why you farm to Katelyn via email or mail to the KCA office to be eligible for the door prize drawing at the end of the ladies program. Register now for the 2017 Ladies Program to join KBC in celebrating the Heart of Your Farm while painting a cow portrait with Wine and Canvas. There are only 60 spots available so register early to reserve your spot. Convention registration can be found on page 41 of this issue or online at Does your County Cattlemen’s Association have the best grilling team in the state of Kentucky? Here is your chance to prove it!

Cattlemen’s Ribeye Cook-off Thursday, January 19, 2017 at 4:00PM Kentucky Cattlemen’s Convention Lexington Convention Center Visit for rules and registration. Or send this form to: The Kentucky Beef Council ATTN: Kiah Twisselman 176 Pasadena Drive Lexington, KY 40503

- Entry Fee is $20 per team

Due By January 13th

- Please make checks payable to Kentucky Beef Council

44 Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Attend to Win!

The red cowbell search is on!

Attend the KCA Convention and pay for a full registration to receive a chance to win cash or two Yeti coolers! How to win 1. Attend one of the following sessions at the Convention: Beef Efficiency Conference Opening Session Trade Show Breakfast Closing Session Forages Session 2. Drop your card (received in your registration packet) in the box upon entering the meeting and stay the whole meeting for a chance to win a $100 bill at the end of each meeting. Drawing will take place at the end of the meeting. You must be present at the time of drawing to win the cash prize.

Searching will be Thursday and Friday during trade show hours. Attendees will search for 25 red cowbells hidden throughout the trade show and return them to the registration booth to receive a United Steaks of America t-shirt courtesy of the Kentucky Beef Council.

3. All entries at each of the events listed above will then be combined and two winners will be drawn to receive a Yeti Tundra 45 cooler. Drawing will take place during the Evening Banquet. You do not need to be present to win the Yeti coolers. *Only 1 shirt per person please Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



The Kentucky Cattlemen’s Foundation would like to thank all of the 2016 donors. The Kentucky Cattlemen’s Foundation would like to thank all of the 2015 donors.

Dr. Curtis Absher • Ballard Billy Avery Ashlock • Robert M Bach Robert M Bach • JonBack Bednarski Virgil Jon Bednarski • Bennie Gilbert Terry • JoeBland Bickett Tom BrahmBishop • Bailey Don BrentBland • Terry John S. Bruner • Don Brent Tye Burklow • Charles Browning David Cartinhour • Philip Bundy Chance Cecil MarkColeman Carroll R.• Scott • Lynn Cofield Steve Combs James C. Coomer

Larry Cooper • JamesCowherd Cook Nicholas • Nancy Cox Freddie N Crain • Walter Crutcher Matt DeMoss-Hale Vaughn • AdamDomier Decker Fred J. Farris • Victor Fallis William • DavidFunke Furnish Mike Geyer • Mike Geyer Kevin Girdley • Luke Glasscock Brad Gray • William Grayson Tyler Grimes • Harry Hadden Chris Guarino • Greg Jeff Hall Halich • Joanne Halmess Daniel Haney Stephen Harris

Dan Heltsley • BartHerald Hamilton Lanne •DW Tom M. Hatcher Huey • John P Keeling Helmer Courtney Billy Kegley • Mark Kahmann Curtis • SteveKenimer Miller Jon Kostbade • James J. Naive Timothy Linde • Cari O’Dell Thomas • JamesLobb Patton Raymond Lowe • Steph Ricks D. H. Mattingly • Cody Rucker Duane McCuddy • Billy Ray Smith Matt McQueen • Bill Steward Matthew McQuerry Dodgie Meador

Richard Moore

•Virgil James C.Lynn MooreStull •James Rodney Toothman J. Naive •Charles Kelly Tucker Nall Newton •Ray Austin Veech Smith •Lenn Justin Ward Steward •Bill David Watts Joe Stults • Joe Wright •Roger RyanThomas Miller Shawn Thompson • James Reece Dan D. Vickery Brett Waford Jamie Wilson

Make a donation to the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Foundation today! Enclosed is my contribution in the amount of $ _____________________ Please charge my contribution to my credit card □American Express □Visa □Mastercard □Discover Account Number: _____________________________________________

Expiration Date: _______________Security Code ________

Gifts that work for you

This gift is given

□In Memory of

□In Honor of

Name: ______________________________________________________ This Gift Was Made By: (please print) Name: _____________________________ Phone:____________________

Please mail this form to: Kentucky Cattlemen’s Foundation 176 Pasadena Drive Lexington, KY 40503

Address: ___________________________ Email:_____________________

**Make checks payable to Kentucky Cattlemen’s Foundation**

City:___________________________ State: _______ Zip Code:_________

Cow Country News, January 2016, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

46 Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association





e all know Kentucky is the largest beef producing state east of the Mississippi River, but what is beef production like past the river? Kentucky’s young cattlemen and cattlewomen are always eager to learn about beef beyond our state and learn about what our calves are doing once they leave. Here in Kentucky we have such an experience we can offer our youth so that they can fully understand the beef industry. Through our partnership with the University of NebraskaLincoln, we were fortunate to send a group of young beef enthusiasts to the Nebraska Youth Beef Leadership Symposium (NYBLS). Students chosen this year were: Isaac Carmon (Daviess), Matthew DemossHale ( Jessamine), Allison Paige Geer (Hardin), Jenna Gosney (Pendleton), Karli Graves (Boyle), and Taylor Graves (Boyle). To be selected a student must first fill out the Kentucky Beef Network application, then complete an in person interview. Participants are selected based on academic success, passion for the beef industry, and outstanding character. Those selected this year were nothing short of praiseworthy. Each year Kentucky’s group leaves

a few days prior to the symposium to tour Nebraska beef industry stops. This year we were fortunate enough to tour two Cargill processing facilities, Cargill Meat Solutions: Schuyler and Cargill Turkey & Cooked Meats: Nebraska City. While visiting the Schuyler plant our group learned about the beef harvesting process and were able to see the plant first hand. The group learned about Cargill’s dedication to safety,

sustainability, and community. Tour guides explained each step and equipment thoroughly giving our participants a deeper understanding of harvesting. Tour guides were also former interns and now a part of Cargill’s college graduate program, which offers many opportunities for college students to enter into the company, experience each stage of the process, and move quickly into leadership positions. After leaving Schuyler, we were able to grab

48 Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

lunch on the road and make our way to Nebraska City. There we were greeted and given a tour by complex manager Dr. Brad Carlson. We were shown the safety and sanitation steps taken to ensure the ready to eat products leaving the plant are safe for consumers. Our group was taken back by the amount of work that is done to just simply enter the facility floor. We learned about value added products, how they match consumer demand as well as eliminating food waste. We were even given the chance to sample some of the fine products being processed there, and learned you can find many of them at Kroger, Walmart, Sam’s Club and Costco. These tours were able to show our students the beef cycle from hoof to sandwich. T h e Symposium itself is 3 days, throughout their time there students learn about industry hot topics, new beef innovations, and about the university itself. Students were able to learn about genetics, selection, products, nutrition, and behavior. These topics were covered by university faculty, Nebraska beef influencers, and Omaha Steaks chefs. Throughout the symposium what is learned is applied to a group project, that had students work together to market a new beef cut in a “Shark Tank” style presentation. While working on


projects, each student is observed to help in selecting scholarship recipients. Kentucky attendees always fair well with the presentation and this time was no different, Paige Geer’s team won the product marketing contest while Karli Graves and Isaac Carmon’s team placed second. We also had 2 students receive scholarships to the University of Nebraska, Paige Geer and Karli Graves. Taylor Graves is talking with the university’s livestock judging coach about opportunities in joining their team and the university’s potential to fit her career goals. Jenna Gosney is exploring the animal science/vet science programs to see if they are the right

fit for her interest in becoming a large animal veterinarian specializing in beef cattle. Matthew DeMoss-Hale and Isaac Carmon are taking what they learned on this trip and applying it to their jobs on local beef farms as well as using it as they begin their own cattle operations and college plans. Karli Graves has seen that her interest in agronomy can be easily used to better the beef industry and is exploring options here in our state. Paige Geer is using her experience to better her existing show cattle herd and also to become a better advocate for the industry. Kentucky may not be the largest beef state in numbers but we may be the largest in passion, and that can be shown easily through this group. These individuals represented Kentucky cattlemen and cattlewomen in the upmost manner. Kentucky’s beef future is bright, and is now even brighter after these young leaders have grown through this experience.

Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



The Challenges of Finishing Cattle on Pasture Glen Aiken


Research Animal Scientist/Agronomist USDA-ARS FAPRU


ast month, I discussed how to overcome the challenges of stocker production on toxic endophyte tall fescue. In other words, how to purchase recently weaned calves and cost effectively add 200 to 250 pounds of body weight to fescue calves prior to marketing or shipping cattle to the feedyard. For this column, I am going step it up a notch or two and discuss the challenges of pasture finishing post-weaned calves by adding 600 or 700 pounds of body weight. This can be done in Kentucky, because some producers are doing it. However, these production systems can only be successful if they are managed by a good grass farmer. That’s right! If a calf is going to reach the 1100- to 1200-pound finish weight (depending on breed type) within 30 months, the cattle producer must know more than just a little about forage management. This point can be made by using examples. Let’s assume a group of steers are purchased that average 500 pounds, and the goal is to graze them to weights of 1100 to 1200 pounds. How much time do you target for them to reach this finish weight? The figure on the next page shows what the average daily gain (ADG) would need to be for a given number of months on pasture. Taking 20 to 24 months to finish calves may seem reasonable; after all, the needed performance with a 20- to 24-month finishing period is approximately 1 pound per steer per day. You might think this production goal can be achieved on toxic endophyte tall fescue. However, it doesn’t if the calves are purchased in the spring or fall, the calves will spend almost half of those

A pasture-finishing steer grazing a rye-ryegrass mixture. Photo was provided by Dr. Monte Rouquette of Texas A&M University at the Overton Research and Extension Center. 24 months on pasture with inactive forage growth (slump in forage growth during the summer and winter). There will be a need for concentrate feeds and/ or moderate-quality hay during those periods of inactive growth to achieve targeted weight gains. Further, you may be pressed to achieve much above the 1 pound per day ADG when there is active fescue growth, especially if it is high in ergot alkaloids. Another consideration is a desire and need to have some conditioning on the calves when slaughtered, which is difficult if the cattle have been restricted to toxic fescue. What about finishing periods of 16, 12 or 8 months? With a 16-month period, less than half of the time on pasture will be during periods of inactive pasture growth, but the ADG must

be above 1.25 pounds per day over the 16 months. This can probably be achieved with a novel endophyteinfected tall fescue for spring and fall grazing, a warm-season annual grass, such as forage sorghum, sorghumsudan hybrid or crabgrass, during the July-August summer slump in fescue growth, and stockpiled toxic or novel endophyte-infected tall fescue for winter grazing. Less than 16 months can be accomplished for reaching the 1,100to 1,200-pound body weight target with a good distribution of rainfall and moderate air temperatures during the summer and winter. What about the more intensive 12-month finishing period. For the desire to finish calves in 12 months, the need to obtain ADG above 1.6 pounds per day will require management. This

50 Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

can be done with novel endophyte tall fescues plus clover or orchardgrassalfalfa mixtures for spring and fall grazing, warm-season annual grasses for summer grazing, and stocked piled toxic or novel endophyte tall fescue. Any hay being fed will need to be moderate to high in quality (at least 12 percent crude protein and 60 percent TDN). Is it possible to put the 600 to 700 pounds of body weight on calves during an 8-month finishing period? It is, but it will take extra management. First, it will be necessary to purchase the calves in early spring to avoid winter grazing. Second, ADG above 2.4 pounds per day will be needed over the 8-month period. This is the real challenge because cool-season perennial grass pastures will not get the job done. A system using warm- and cool-season annuals


can provide the best opportunity to meet this highproduction goal. I am not saying the whole farm needs to be converted to annual grasses (a recommendation I will never make!). Convert enough of the farm to pastures that can rotate cool- and warm-season annual grasses and utilize them such that cattle can graze the annuals for 3 or 4 hours a day (early morning or late afternoon). The perennial grass can be grazed in the early fall, while the cool-season annual grass is establishing. Planting rye or a rye-wheat mixture in late August can generate grazing in the middle to late fall, provided there is adequate rainfall and soil fertility. There are many management alternatives for finishing cattle on pasture, but the main thing to understand is that maintaining soil fertility to maximize forage production, implementing good grazing management (rotational grazing), and utilizing higher quality forages are increasingly necessary as production goals intensify. Next month, I will discuss the pasture management and economic considerations in setting production goals for attaining either maximum gain per animal or per acre.

450 Angus, Gelbvieh & Balancer Bulls will sell in Seedstock Plus Sales this spring!! North Missouri Bull Sale * February 25, 2017 * Kingsville Livestock, Kingsville, MO * 200 bulls! All 18 month old bulls! 150 Homozygous Black bulls! 30 Red! Sale will be on

Arkansas Bull Sale * March 4, 2017 * Hope Livestock Auction, Hope, AR * 50 bulls!

2 year old and 18 month old bulls! In conjuction with the 4 State Classic Female Sale! Selling 500 females!

South Missouri Bull Sale * March 25, 2017 * Joplin Regional Stockyards, Carthage, MO * 200 bulls! 18 month old bulls and yearling bulls! 150 Homozygous Black bulls! 30 Red! Sale will be on

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Summit Meat Processing: A Family Tradition Brought Into the 21st Century


ince the late 1800s, the Turpen family has operated local, familyowned meat processing facilities in southcentral Kentucky, owned a meat processing facility in Nancy, and raised quality beef and pork. The August opening of Summit Meat Processing continues the Turpen family passion for the business that has been passed down through generations. This new business will serve Pulaski County and area producers through processing fresh, high quality local meats in Kentucky. “Along with being a 6th generation farmer myself, my grandfather started processing quality meats in the 1960’s and passed down his passion to me,” said Kyle Turpen, owner of Summit Meat Processing. “By partnering with local farm families, we can offer the freshest, highest quality meat with direct traceability back to its home farm.” Kyle lives in a county with some of the highest cattle numbers in Kentucky, yet Pulaski County did not have a processing facility for area producers. In 2012, Kyle envisioned a processing facility in southcentral Kentucky that would offer custom processing as well as USDAinspected products to be sold at a small retail store. Before making the decision to open a processing facility, Kyle turned to the Kentucky Center for Agriculture and Rural Development (KCARD) to help conduct market research. “KCARD worked with us to research the market, see how many producers would be willing to use a new processing facility in the area, and if a facility was even feasible in Pulaski County,” explained Kyle. “We were able to see what a facility would need to offer to producers and create financial projections that would ensure success for the facility.” “From the first meeting, it was obvious that Kyle is very passionate about establishing a business that can benefit both local livestock producers and local consumers,” said Brent Lackey, KCARD

Business Development Specialist. “Kyle put a lot of time and effort into planning Summit Meat Processing and making his vision become reality.” Summit Meat Processing applied for county and state Agriculture Development Funds with assistance from KCARD. From those applications, Summit Meat Processing secured a forgivable loan from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund and received funding through the Pulaski, Lincoln, and Laurel County Agricultural Development Boards to assist with the building and development of Summit Meat Processing. Construction was completed late summer 2016 and Summit Meat Processing opened its doors for custom processing at the beginning of August 2016. “We put the customer first, and let them know that we do care and want to make their order right every time. If the order isn’t right, we will try to make it right by the customer at the end of the day,” explained Kyle. “At the end of each day, we thoroughly clean the entire facility to ensure that the meat processed the next day is processed in a clean environment.” Summit Meat Processing has big plans for the future, including opening a retail

store to offer high quality pork and beef products like custom sausage, cured and smoked hams and bacons, and many more signature pork and beef products. Eventually, they want to offer online ordering with a shipping or delivery option. “We are working on becoming USDA certified to begin offering Summit Meat Processing labeled beef and pork products in a retail store and online store,” said Kyle. “Right now though we are focused on perfecting our processes and making sure the products we put out are of the highest quality.” In an effort to support the local community, Summit Meat Processing is working with the local God’s Food Pantry and Hunters with Heart. Hunters with Heart allows local hunters to donate their deer meat to the local food pantry and provide a quality protein source to numerous families in need in the region. Hunters who want to participate in Hunters with Heart can donate the entire animal to Summit Meat Processing at the time of processing. The cost of the deer tag is the only cost to the hunter. Hunters who wish to keep the back strap can donate $25 to the program, which will help cover the cost of processing and

52 Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Summit Meat Processing Facility. Photo provided by Summit Meat Processing.

delivery to God’s Food Pantry. Summit Meat Processing is located at 244 Ware Road in Science Hill and is open Monday through Friday from 7am to 5pm. The business has extended hours during deer season. To learn more about Summit Meat Processing visit www., call (606) 423-9369, or check out their Facebook page KCARD works with agricultural producers and rural businesses across the Commonwealth. KCARD provides a range of services to their clients including feasibility assessments, business development, marketing development, operations analysis, recordkeeping assistance, cost analysis, and on-site business consultations. KCARD’s work is supported by the Kentucky Agricultural Development Board, the US Department of Agriculture’s Rural Cooperative Development Grant, and other sources. To learn more about KCARD’s services visit


Consultant Shares Best Times to Apply Phosphorus, Potassium BY EDDIE FUNDERBURG ometimes, a rancher takes a soil sample, sends it to a laboratory and the recommendation calls for phosphorus (P) and potassium (K). The rancher knows nitrogen should be applied near the time of use, but wonders if the  P  and  K  can be applied at other times of the year such as fall or winter. The primary reason is to incur some expenses in a different year. The answer is “it depends.”  K  can often be applied during the fall and winter for a summer crop. K does not bind chemically in the soil. It magnetically attaches to the clay and organic matter particles in the soil.  K  is positively charged and will attach to the negatively charged clay and organic matter particles in the soil. If there are not enough of these clay and organic matter particles in the soil, K can be leached from the soil.


This usually happens in very sandy soils. However, if enough negatively charged clay and organic matter particles are in the soil, K  can be safely applied in the fall and winter for next year’s crop. How many clay and organic matter particles are “enough”? On most soil test reports, there is a category called cation exchange capacity (CEC).  CEC  is an estimate of the soil’s ability to hold and exchange positively charged particles like K. If your CEC is less than 4, there is a good chance  K  will leach from the soil. Therefore, we recommend you apply  K  near the time of plant uptake in these soils, which is typically in the spring. If the  CEC  is greater than 8, there is very little chance  K  will leach. In these soils,  K  can be applied at any time. In soils with a  CEC  between 4 and 8, there is a slim chance K can leach. Leaching in these soils will probably occur only in times of high-intensity

excessive rainfall. P acts differently in the soil than K. Instead of being magnetically attached to soil particles,  P  is chemically tied up by certain elements in the soil. The strength and duration of the P reaction depends on soil pH, which is a measure of how basic or acidic a soil is. Soil with a pH higher than 7.0 is considered basic. Soil with a pH of 7.0 is considered neutral. Soil with a pH less than 7.0 is considered acidic. P is most available to plants when the soil pH is between 6.0 and 7.0. When soil is basic, P can be bound up with calcium particles. The higher the pH, the more strongly  P  is tied up. When the soil pH is higher than 8.0, the availability of P to plants is significantly reduced. When soil is acidic, P can be bound up with iron and aluminum particles and become less available for plant uptake.

When the soil is highly acidic, below pH 5.5, P  availability to plants is reduced significantly. The lower the pH from this point, the more strongly P is tied up in the soil. What does this mean from a practical standpoint? The best time to apply P is usually near the time of plant uptake. For spring crops, this means apply in the spring. However, P can be applied in the fall and winter and do almost as well as in spring if the soil pH is between 6.0 and 7.0.  P  availability to plants grown in acidic soils can be increased if lime is applied according to the soil test results. P  and  K  are necessary for plant growth and development. Soil analysis should be used to determine the need for and amount of these elements. If needed, apply the recommended rate at the correct time using the information contained in this article.

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Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Cattle Production Challenges Resulting from the Fall 2016 Drought Gordon Jones


WKU Animal Science Professor (Retired)


major challenge for cow/calf producers is having a successful calving season followed by a highly fertile breeding season. Research results show that several factors influence this challenge. Most producers in KY rely on pasture that results from fall growth of KY 31 fescue. Because of the drought of 2016, there was limited fall growth on most farms in KY. Consequently, there are major challenges for cow/calf producers as the winter/spring calving season approaches. Also, the depressed cattle market may influence producers to be more cautious about purchasing needed nutritional resources.

Body Condition Scores (BCS)

If spring calving cows have stockpiled KY 31 fescue to graze in the fall, those cows will usually deposit enough fat to equate to an increase in BCS of 1 to 2 units. On most farms the resulting BCS for cows prior to calving will be in the range of 5 to 6 which is ideal. However, because of the lack of fall grazing, many cows probably

have lower BCS than usual for this time of the year. This means that supplemental nutrition may be needed to allow cows to increase in BCS prior to calving. Recognizing the problem and providing the necessary nutrition to increase BCS prior to calving is preferred. An increased plane of nutrition may also be needed during early lactation to prevent cows from having a negative energy balance and losing weight prior to breeding. If BCS are highly variable as often occurs when running 2 or 3-year-old cows with mature cows, an ideal management practice is to separate the herd into two management groups. Younger cows and older, thin cows often comprise the group that needs to have an increase in BCS. This separation provides a means to supplement the cows that need to gain body condition from those cows that are already near ideal in body condition. The goal should be to make the most economical use of purchased supplemental resources. Quality of feedstuffs is always important; however, knowing the nutritive value of the feedstuffs being fed this year is probably even more important than usual. The nutritive analysis should be used to determine if cows need to be supplemented with protein or energy or both. With cows in lower BCS than usual, providing the appropriate supplementation becomes even more important. There is now ample evidence to show that nutritional status during the last trimester of pregnancy can

have a major impact on calf performance and even on the reproductive efficiency of the heifer calves that may be retained (fetal programming). Research findings indicate that both protein and energy levels during this period can influence performance of the calves the cows are carrying.

Mineral Supplementation

During periods of depressed cattle prices, producers often search for ways to lower input costs. The result may be a tendency to use cheaper mineral sources or to simply use salt instead of a balanced mineral mixture. There is research data to support the use of a high quality mineral mixture that is well fortified with the critical trace minerals of Zinc, Copper, Cobalt, Manganese, and Selenium. Although very small quantities of these minerals are required, all are essential for normal physiological functions in the cow and in fetal development. In addition, these trace minerals play a key role in the development of high quality colostrum for newborn calves. Although somewhat controversial and not as clearly documented, preliminary research findings show superior performance when organic or chelated forms of these trace minerals are included. Inorganic sources of these minerals are generally not well absorbed in the intestines. The reason for including the organic or chelated forms is because those

minerals that are bound to an organic compound are highly absorbable and more available to the cattle. There is also data to show a positive fetal programming effect when chelated minerals are used. Research data from Dr. Victor Cortezzi, an immunologist with Zoetis, shows that providing chelated forms of these critical trace minerals improves the quality of colostrum. Although important for mature cows, this is even more important for heifers since the colostrum from heifers is generally “weaker” (lower in immunoglobin levels) than the colostrum from cows.


Having a successful calving and breeding season is critical for the financial success of cow/calf operations. With the drought that occurred in the fall of 2016, there is likely to be problems having cows in adequate body condition for the upcoming calving season. Cows and bred heifers should be evaluated for BCS around 2 months before calving, and those with scores below 5 should be fed to increase body condition, preferably being separated from cows with desirable BCS. A nutritive analysis of available feedstuffs should be used to determine the type of supplementation that is needed. Adequate mineral supplementation is also important for normal fetal development, rebreeding of the cows, production of high quality colostrum, and the best performance of the calves.


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54 Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Miller’s Run Farms Spring Herd Dispersal Selling 61 bred heifers and cows

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J & D KERSTIENS GELBVIEH AUCTION VIEWING: MARCH 31, 2017 12 P.M. ­4 P.M.  AUCTION DAY: APRIL 1, 2017 Will Lunch ed at id v VIEWING AT 9 A.M. o Be Pr il 1 on Apr 12 p.m.  AUCTION STARTS AT 1 P.M. L O C A T I O N : J & D   K e r s t i e n s         Gelbvieh - Jerome Kerstiens F a r m   M a n a g e r :    D u a n e   C a s s i d y   8 1 2 - 6 6 1 - 8 0 0 5 3928 Old Huntingburg Rd. Huntingburg, IN 47546 8 miles north of I-64 on St Rd 231 

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34th Annual Fayette County Farm Bureau Farm Equipment Consignment Auction Saturday, March 11, 2017 – 8:30 A.M. OPEN TO THE PUBLIC

KENTUCKY HORSE PARK Main Entrance 4089 IRONWORKS PIKE, LEXINGTON, KY (Exit 120, I-75, at Ironworks Pike)

$5.00 Parking Fee will be charged by the Horse Park the day of the sale.

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Gooseneck steel and aluminum trailers

HAYES TRAILER SALES INC Russellville, Kentucky 800-766-7034

Equipment Accepted on Thursday, March 9th & Friday, March 10th - 9:00-5:00p.m. (No equipment will be accepted the day of the sale) No Fuel Tanks, Tobacco Sticks, Float Trays, Camper Tops or Junk. Auctioneer Has The Right To Refuse Any Item

For More Information Call:

Carrie McIntosh – Farm Bureau- (859) 253-0023 Todd Clark- (859) 621-6471 Bob James (859) 229-4642

Terms & Conditions

$10% Commission $30.00 Minimum Per Lot $750.00 Maximum Per Lot $30.00 Buy-Back Fee including tractors $50.00 Buy-Back Fee for Trucks & Boats

No Trucks, Trailers, Boats or ATV’s will be accepted without proper titles.

Check Out Times: Sat., March 11th, after the sale till 6:00 P.M. Sun., March 12th, 9:00 A.M.- 6:00 P.M., Mon., March 13th 8:00 A.M.- 12 Noon (All items must be removed no later than 12 Noon, Mon., March 14th)

Swinebroad- Denton, Inc.

Auctioneers: Walt Robertson, Ryan R. Mahan & Tom Biederman Do you have an item that you would like to donate for a tax write-off? Please bring any useable item to the Auction, NO JUNK! All items will be auctioned off with 100% of the proceeds going to the Fayette County Farm Bureau Education Foundation. You will receive a tax slip for your records.

Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Mike Bach of Bath County Named 2016 Kentucky Farm Bureau Farmer of the Year serves on the Bath County Farm Bureau Executive Committee; and is a State 4-H Foundation Board member. Bach was also instrumental in getting the Agricultural Marketing Center in Bath County established and was recently elected to the Bath County Agricultural Hall of Fame.

Farmer of the Year Finalist, Darren Luttrell


ike Bach of Bath County was honored as the 2016 Kentucky Farm Bureau (KFB) “Farmer of the Year” during the organization’s 97th annual meeting in Louisville. Each year, KFB recognizes an individual whose efforts not only strengthen the state’s agriculture industry but also demonstrates service and leadership both on and off the farm. Three Kentucky farmers were selected as finalists in this year’s competition – Bach, Darren Luttrell of Ohio County and Gary Cecil of Daviess County. After a careful review of each finalist’s nomination form and an on-site visit to their farms in October, the judging committee selected Bach as KFB’s 2016 “Farmer of the Year.” Over the past 37 years, Bach’s farming 56

operation has grown exponentially to the more than 2,500 acre operation it is today. The business consists of hay and corn silage along with 170 beef cattle, a cow/calf herd, corn, soybeans and hemp. Bach markets the hay and silage through the cow/calf operation and markets his calves in a number of ways including through direct feedlot sales and truck loads through local stockyards. Bach also sells bred heifers. In addition, Bach and his wife Mary raise fruits and vegetables, namely peaches and asparagus. Through selling these items at farmers’ markets, he has been able to better educate consumers about food production. Bach doesn’t have any immediate plans to expand the farming operation, which has been a no-till farm for 15 years, but would like

to see his son Steven, who has a nearby grain operation, continue the family tradition. Bach said while time management and qualified help are problems, with the help of bigger equipment with better technology the operation has overcome those obstacles. “We may work a little longer in the day but we sleep a lot better at night,” he said. Bach is very active in community and church activities. He has served as the president of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association; serves as the Bath County Extension Foundation Board Vice President; has been on the Bath County Farm Bureau Board for more than 20 years; serves on the Kentucky Farm Bureau Forage Advisory Committee;

Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Since 1982, Darren Luttrell has been a part of the family farming operation and has seen production acres double from 1,800 to 3,600 consisting of corn and soybeans. He also operates eight broiler houses and raises 380 head of beef cattle. In addition, he has also been associated with a leading agriculture technology company as a dealer for the last 16 years. While this part of his overall farming experience is not a major revenue contributor, Luttrell said it has allowed him to know and utilize their technology quickly and work with some of the best and most progressive farmers in the area. The Luttrell operation is a true family farm. His two sons are both involved full-time on the farm primarily focusing on the grain and cattle operations while wife Debbie helps him with the poultry business. Luttrell has used different precision farming tools over the years to help reduce input costs and has always been willing to try new farming practices. He would like to expand his grain system and grow more acres in the future. He also plans to give his sons more responsibility in the decision making process on the farm. “The key to our future is a wellexecuted succession plan that will ensure a successful operation for many years to come,” said Luttrell. He has been active in the Ohio


County Farm Bureau, the local Chamber of Commerce, his church and the local school system where he is known as “Farmer Luttrell” and has helped teach children about life on the farm.

Farmer of the Year Finalist, Gary Cecil

Gary Cecil began his farming operation 41 years ago with 10 rented acres of tobacco. Today that number has grown to more than 1,000 acres of tobacco, grain and produce. In fact, Cecil is the largest commercial watermelon grower in Kentucky with 400 acres that produce 1,140 boxes per acre. He contracts with three companies for the watermelons as well as three tobacco companies for his burley crop of 228 acres. Additionally, Cecil grows 370 acres of a variety of vegetables and

grains including: cucumbers, peppers, pumpkins, corn and wheat. The farm also supplies many of the local schools with fresh produce during the spring and fall months. His daughter Suzanne handles much of the produce distribution and local farmers’ market sales and currently has 200 customers in her Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) program. The couple’s other daughter, Katie, is also beginning to work in the operation as she transitions back to the farm. Cecil’s son partners in the tobacco, watermelon and vegetable sides of the business along with a side business called Cecil’s Spreader Service in which they spread fertilizer for farms in Illinois, Indiana and Kentucky. His wife Imelda is a nurse, something Cecil credits as having been helpful with an outside income and insurance in the

early farming years. “We intend to create more opportunities for local food access in our region,” said Cecil. “We have been working on organic production methods for the past three years and are seeing that we will continue to expand this part of our operation, as the consumers are demanding it.” Cecil is very active in his community, having served on Farm Bureau boards, his church, the Soil Conservation Board and local Chamber of Commerce.

Kentucky Farm Bureau Farmer of the Year

Judges met in mid-October to conduct interviews with the finalists and visit the farms. The “Farmer of the Year” recipient will be announced at KFB’s 2016 state annual meeting in Louisville on December 1 and will

receive $1,000 from the Kentucky Farm Bureau Federation. All three finalists will be given a KFB jacket, and the runners up will each receive $250 from the Kentucky Farm Bureau Federation. In addition to the statewide recognition and prizes, KFB’s “Farmer of the Year” winner will represent Kentucky in the Swisher Sweets/Sunbelt Ag Expo Southeastern “Farmer of the Year” contest, the South’s most prestigious agricultural award, in Moultrie, Georgia, October 17-19, 2017. Last year’s winner received a $15,000 cash award plus $2,500 as a state winner from Swisher International, the use of a Massey Ferguson tractor for a year from Massey Ferguson North America, a $500 gift certificate from the Southern States cooperative and a Columbia jacket from Ivey’s Outdoor and Farm Supply.

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Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Brad and Karen Hines named Kentucky Farm Bureau’s 2016 Outstanding Young Farm Family


rad and Karen Hines of Hart County were honored as Kentucky Farm Bureau’s (KFB) 2016 “Outstanding Young Farm Family” during the organization’s 97th annual meeting in Louisville. Each year KFB awards this distinction to a couple, under the age of 35, who has exhibited the strongest farm management skills, most consistent financial growth and highest level of involvement in both Farm Bureau and the community. Growing up on his family’s dairy and tobacco farm in Hart County, Brad Hines worked as a diesel technician at Jacobi Sales and ran his own diesel truck and farm equipment repair business after graduating college. Knowing he wanted to return to his agricultural roots fulltime, Hines purchased his first 113-acre farm at an auction in 2005. Today he manages a 1,900-acre operation where he raises beef cattle and grows alfalfa, corn, soybean, tobacco and wheat. His wife, Karen, who also was raised on a farm and was actively involved in FFA, 4-H and livestock clubs throughout her youth, works as a nurse at a regional hospital in addition to assisting with the farm’s management and office work. In addition to farming their own land, Brad has also generated additional income over the years through his diesel repair business and by providing custom planting and harvesting services on approximately 500 acres of land belonging to neighboring farmers. As the couple continues to learn and implement more effective agriculture management practices, employ singleseason calving and new breeding techniques for their cattle, and gain newer and larger facilities and equipment, their productivity has steadily increased each year. Brad and Karen have both been members of Hart County Farm Bureau since 2001, are active members of

Brad and Karen Hines (center) received the 2016 “Outstanding Young Farm Family” award during Kentucky Farm Bureau’s annual meeting in Louisville. Presenting the award are Mark Haney, KFB President (left) and David S. Beck, KFB Executive Vice President (right). the county, Kentucky and National Cattlemen Associations and participate in many other local industry and community-focused activities. In addition to receiving statewide recognition as the newest “Outstanding Young Farm Family,” the Hines won a Case IH Scout courtesy of KFB Insurance and Case IH, an Apple iPad from Republic Bank & Trust, $1,000 cash from Premier Crop Insurance, a $750 Dyna-Gro Seed voucher from Crop Production Services, a $500 voucher from Southern States Cooperative, and a voucher for 12 bags of seed corn from

Pioneer Seed. They also received an expensepaid trip to compete for the American Farm Bureau Federation’s (AFBF) Achievement Award next month in Phoenix, AZ. Winners of the AFBF national contest will take home their choice of either a 2017 Chevrolet Silverado or a 2017 GMC Sierra, courtesy of General Motors, and a paid registration to the 2017 FUSION Conference in Pittsburgh, PA, in February, 2017.

58 Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Outstanding Young Farm Family Finalists

Matt and Amanda Gajdzik The Gajdziks have been involved in farming most of their lives. Matt, although not born on a farm, had the benefit of spending time on a dairy operation at a young age. His love for agriculture grew from there, encouraging him to become a first-generation farmer. Amanda’s family were farmers and she grew up on a diverse grain, cattle and tobacco operation. Both received college degrees in agriculture and began their first farming endeavor together in 2002


with 10 cows. The two worked public jobs while growing the farm and today their operation consists of 2,000 acres jointly farmed with Amanda’s sister and brother-in-law. Their farming operation includes corn, soybeans, burley tobacco, apples, peaches and hemp. They also raise cattle, and grow pumpkins, and hay. The couple adds to their business with a lawn mowing and catering service. Their plunge into the produce industry came in 2010 recognizing the need in their community for a local orchard. They now have an on-farm market to sell their produce along with other locally produced goods such as eggs, honey, meats vegetables and crafts. Through strategic planning and a bit of learning from their mistakes, the couple has doubled the foot traffic in their market every year since it began. The couple are members of the Shelby County Farm Bureau. They have

two children and plan on expanding their operation all in an effort to build a farm of which their children can be proud. The Gadjzik’s second place finish earned them 250 hours free use of a Kubota tractor, an Apple iPad from Republic Bank & Trust, $750 cash from Premier Crop Insurance, a $500 Dyna-Gro Seed voucher from Crop Production Services, a $300 voucher from Southern States Cooperative, and a voucher for 8 bags of seed corn from Pioneer Seed. Ben and Katie Furnish In 2003 Ben bought his first group of cows and raised his first tobacco crop utilizing the farming background he grew up with on his parents’ 176 acre cattle and burley tobacco operation. From that point he expanded significantly on what his father had started and purchased his first farm of 46 adjoining acres in 2005.

Over the next decade he would continue to grow through purchased and leased land. Today, he and his family operate on more than 1,400 acres of owned and leased land. Farm production includes stocker steers, burley tobacco, corn, soybeans, wheat, mixed hay and, for the last two years, industrial hemp. The Furnishes also custom harvest hay for a neighboring farm and custom harvest grains for neighboring farms when needed. Katie has a degree in nursing and works part-time as an RN at their local hospital. The couple has two children with another on the way. Ben, who has a degree in agriculture economics, uses the Kentucky Farm Business Management program to help compare his family operation to others of the same size in an effort to improve and be more profitable. The couple plans to expand their stocker operation in the future and are

looking “heavily” at starting a “wean to breeding” hog operation allowing for another source of natural fertilizer, lowering their input cost without sacrificing crop yields. Ben and Katie are members of Harrison County Farm Bureau and are active in many other organizations. They also enjoy many family activities including being active in their church and participating in local recreational baseball. For their third place finish, the Furnishes won 100 hours free use of a New Holland tractor, an Apple iPad from Republic Bank & Trust, $500 cash from Premier Crop Insurance, a $250 Dyna-Gro Seed voucher from Crop Production Services, and a $200 voucher from Southern States Cooperative, and a voucher for 6 bags of seed corn from Pioneer Seed.



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Cow Country News,, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


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Simmental, SimAngus Bulls and Females Saturday - Feb. 18, 2017 Sunset View Farms Family Tradition Simmental Bull Sale Auburn, KY - SVF Sale Facility Consignments are due for these upcoming sales at the KY Beef Expo.

Saturday - March 4, 2017 KY Farm Bureau Beef Expo Simmental Show & Sale Louisville, KY Saturday - March 4, 2017 KY Farm Bureau Beef Expo All Breeds Pen Heifer Sale Louisville, KY

Doug and Debbie Parke Cell: 859-421-6100 Drew and Holli Hatmaker Cell: 423-506-8844 *NEW EMAIL ADDRESS*

Carey Brown (center) received the 2016 Communications Award at Kentucky Farm Bureau’s annual meeting in Louisville. Presenting the award is B. Todd Bright, KFB Communication Division Director (left), and David S. Beck, KFB Executive Vice President (right).


arey Brown, the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association (KCA) publication coordinator, was named the winner of Kentucky Farm Bureau’s (KFB) 2016 Communications Award. She was recognized on December 1 during the general session of KFB’s annual meeting at the Galt House in Louisville. The Communications Award, which consists of a plaque and $300 cash prize, has been presented by KFB annually since 1960. Media outlets, county Farm Bureaus and other agriculture-related agencies nominate candidates whose outstanding journalism work has created a better understanding of Kentucky’s agriculture industry over the last year.

Bath County Farm Bureau nominated Brown for the outstanding work she produces on behalf of Kentucky agriculture. Her career with KCA began nearly 15 years ago beginning as an intern and taking over the organization’s publication, Cow Country News, in 2002. That publication keeps KCA membership updated on current local, state national and international issues related to agriculture and specifically the cattle industry. Brown is responsible for all duties related to the publication including advertising, editorial, graphic design and layout. She is also responsible for the Animal Shelter Assistance program, offered through the KCA Foundation.

60 Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

This program offers assistance to animal shelters and helps build the relationship between animal control officers and shelter staff with local cattlemen. Brown has also worked with the American Black Hereford Association’s magazine and with the Kentucky Dairy Development Council. She comes from a farming background having grown up in Bourbon County on a cattle and tobacco farm. Brown has served as a member of the Livestock Publications Council, the American Agricultural Editors Association and the Ag Media Summit Planning Committee.

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Cow Country News, News, January January 2016, 2017, A A publication publication of of the the Kentucky Kentucky Cattlemen’s Cattlemen’s Association Association Cow Country Cow Country News, January 2016, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

11 11



2016 Kentucky Net Farm Income Likely to Hit Lowest Level Since 2010


entucky net farm income is expected to dip to less than $1.5 billion in 2016, down from $1.7 billion in 2015 and potentially its lowest level since 2010. A significant decline in cash receipts the past couple of years, plus the end of tobacco buyout payments in 2014, have been the major reasons behind the rapid fall in Kentucky’s net farm income since peaking at nearly $3 billion in 2013. The state’s agricultural cash receipts in 2016 are projected to fall to $5.4 billion, off 7 percent from $5.8 billion in 2015 and off 17 percent from the record high of $6.5 billion in 2014. On the national front, prices and incomes fell for the third straight year. “2016 has been another challenging year for Kentucky agriculture with considerable price and weather volatility. Price and profit challenges will remain

a major concern heading into 2017 in the midst of ample commodity supplies, a strengthening U.S. dollar and sluggish global economic growth,” said Will Snell, extension professor in the University of Kentucky Department of Agricultural Economics. “However, assuming there are no major supply or demand shocks, net farm income for Kentucky farmers may show signs of stabilizing in 2017 as the global markets work off excess supplies and global economies begin to show some modest growth.” Snell and other UK College of Agriculture, Food and Environment faculty, including agricultural economists Kenny Burdine, Todd Davis and Tim Woods, Bobby Ammerman from the Department of Forestry, and Kentucky Farm Business Management Program coordinator Jerry Pierce, shared their agricultural economic outlook for 2017

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and an overview of 2016 on Dec. 1 during the Kentucky Farm Bureau 97th annual meeting in Louisville. Poultry receipts should be back on track in 2016 after rebounding from the effects of avian influenza in 2015, with growth continuing in 2017. Poultry remains Kentucky’s No. 1agricultural enterprise with 23 percent of projected sales, followed by equine, which had another steady year and accounted for 17 percent of sales receipts. Soybeans, at 15 percent; corn, at 13 percent, and cattle, at 12 percent, were next on the list. Much of the decline in Kentucky agricultural sales for 2016 can be attributed to rapidly falling cattle receipts, which fell by more than 30 percent in response to mounting beef, poultry and pork supplies. “Efficient operations are likely covering cash costs and breeding stock depreciation, but there is little to no return on capital, land and management costs,” Burdine said. He predicts producers will see some improvement in price during spring 2017, but expects a significant drop from spring to fall, given an expected increase in beef cow numbers, as well as continued growth in the production of competing meats. Horse receipts remain flat. September yearling sales were down about 3 percent. Early November breeding stock sales were solid before slumping at the end when mid- to lower-quality horses were placed on the market. A record U.S. soybean yield and production is projected to increase total supply to a record of more than 4.58 billion bushels. Exports finished 265 million bushels above October 2015 estimates because of South American production problems, which also increased corn exports. U.S. corn supply will set a record in 2016 of more than 17 billion bushels, with exports finishing above April 2016 estimates. In wheat, a record U.S. yield offset a 3.4-millionacre reduction in harvested area, with the

62 Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

supply projected to increase 448 million bushels from 2015. Wheat exports are projected to top the preceding year, but are still 200 million bushels below 2013, Davis said. Tobacco receipts slumped to their lowest post-buyout level due primarily to unfavorable weather and curing conditions. A combination of much lower yields and a very poor quality crop will likely cause the Kentucky value of tobacco production to fall below $300 million in 2016. The excessive rain in summer 2016 resulted in modest decreases in produce sales to about $38 million, down from $40 million in 2015, Woods said. Stronger greenhouse sales should offset slower nursery sales and reach about $96 million, the same as last year. “The big winner in the current depressed ag economy are consumers, with lower meat prices primarily leading the way and fruits and veggies relatively stable in 2016,” Snell said. “Food price inflation is expected to remain relatively tame for 2017 as well.” Overall, the forestry sector declined 4.8 percent over 2015. Lackluster markets for most of the hardwood lumber species, decreased demand for products such as railway ties, and the Verso pulp and paper mill closing in Wickliffe dragged down the sector. Bucking the trend, however, was the increased demand for white oak stave logs used for bourbon whiskey barrels. The seller’s market in that area should continue into 2017. “Without any major supply or demand shocks, ag commodity prices in 2017 may not be as volatile and production expenses may remain relatively stable, but government farm payments could be lower in response to the structure of the current farm bill,” Snell said. A copy of the outlook publication including information on individual farm sectors can be found at http://www.uky. edu/ag/agecon/pubs/extoutlook161758. pdf.




ne of David Lemaster’s goals when he took over as the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association’s president in 2016 was to maintain the membership. “Membership is a reflection of who is leading the troops at the time,” said Lemaster. Under Lemaster’s watch, the membership actually increased by 339. Lemaster, who manages six farms in three counties—Bourbon, Montgomery and Clark—describes himself as “100 percent a full-time farmer,” so he found leading the association an entirely new experience. “I’m still astonished that they let me be president,” he laughed, sitting at the kitchen table on his 100-acre farm near Winchester. As he headed out to county meetings in early 2016, the first thing Lemaster had to conquer was his fear of public speaking. “Luckily, the KCA worked with me on that,” he said. “The meetings were more like dinners. I didn’t have to talk much. I just told members that I was a farmer, just like them. I don’t think my public speaking improved over the year though!” In May, Lemaster put on a suit and tie and headed to Frankfort to present Governor Matt Bevin and Ryan

Quarles, the Kentucky Commissioner of Agriculture, with a load of fresh steaks in honor of Kentucky Beef Month. Bevin and Quarles weren’t the only bigwigs Lemaster hobnobbed with in 2016—he also met Senator Mitch McConnell at a town hall meeting held at Tim White’s farm in Fayette County. “The senator came out and talked about what was going on in the cattle industry, and several farmers got up and spoke,” remembered Lemaster. “He was engaged with them and he listened. I think he knows about the beef cattle industry, but I don’t think he knew about some of the issues that were brought up at the meeting. We talked a lot about cattle prices. Farmers are losing a lot of equity right now.” “Consumers need to buy more beef, so we can get rid of the stockpile we’ve got,” explained Lemaster. “ People are buying beef, but they’re also buying other proteins. It’s a complex deal. With the economy being the way it is, consumers have backed off a bit. I guess if they can buy a cheaper protein, they’re going to buy it. You can’t blame them for that.” Lemaster credits the Kentucky Beef Council for developing innovative programs to encourage consumers to buy more beef.

“The Council is always working on that,” he said. During his presidency, Lemaster spent some time at Eden Shale Farm in Owenton, Ky. The 950-acre research farm is owned by the University of Kentucky and is managed by the Kentucky Beef Network. Lemaster was interested in the research the farm does on pasture management and livestock grazing and how they can benefit Kentucky cattle producers. “There are a lot of things going on at Eden Shale,” he explained. “It’s an educational-type farm where people can see what’s happening in farming and learn from it. Because the farm has cows and calves, it’s in the same business that I am.” Lemaster pointed out that Eden Shale holds several open houses and field days a year and he encouraged cattle farmers from around the state to visit the farm. Lemaster also flew out to Denver, Colo. in July to attend the National Cattleman’s Beef Association Summer Business Meeting. “I learned some stuff there about the futures market and how it works,” said Lemaster. Lemaster believes farmers always have something to learn. That’s why he thinks being a member of the KCA is essential.

Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

“The educational programs are very important to me,” said Lemaster. “The KCA knows what’s going on in the beef industry, and it keeps me and other farmers informed. The KCA is out there on the forefront. It goes to bat for all of us. With prices the way they are right now, that’s really important. “Prices aren’t great right now, and a lot of farmers are hurting.” As the president of the Clark County Cattlemen’s Association, Lemaster believes that the county chapters play a huge role in recruiting new members to the KCA. “I found out about the KCA through word of mouth,” explained Lemaster. Years ago, a friend, Eugene Willis, introduced Lemaster to the association by taking him to the yearly convention. “In Clark County, we are really involved with our junior members,” explained Lemaster. “About two years ago, we didn’t have any junior members and now we have about 40. Two of the local agricultural board members are agriculture teachers here and that really helps.” “We try to encourage kids to learn about farming. We have a county beef tour for the junior members, and we take them to different places around the country on educational trips. We visit farms. We look at cattle.” The trips aren’t always about cows though. “This year, we went to an Apache Sprayer factory,” explained Lemaster. “We also visited a feed lot, and the owner grew vegetables, too. The kids ended up picking green beans while we were there. That was a bit different.” Does Lemaster have any advice for incoming president, Chuck Crutcher? “I don’t think Chuck will face many challenges, because the KCA runs pretty smoothly. The toughest part of the position for me was writing the monthly column in Cow Country News,” laughed Lemaster. “Every president I’ve talked to has said the same thing!” For more information about visiting Eden Shale Research and Demonstration Farm, visit



KCA Hosts Two Cattle Market Discussion Meetings

64 Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association




he Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association continued their efforts to discuss the cattle market crash by hosting two open discussion meetings in November in Larue and Clark counties. In all, over 130 members attended the meetings and many more viewed the livestream on Facebook. In addition to these meetings, representatives from the KCA Board of Directors and other cattle industry leaders met with Senator Mitch McConnell during a town-hall style meeting in October to express concerns of the declining market. Some of the main issues KCA members have are the impact of electronic trading replacing traditional pit trading, packer concentration, and imports/exports. On hand to answer questions regarding these topics were Ed Greiman, a cattle feeder from Iowa who also serves as chair to NCBA’s Cattle Marketing and International Trade Committee and Terry Ryan, procurement manager for JBS Five Rivers Cattle Feeding LLC, which is a wholly owned subsidiary of JBS. Greiman spoke on the cattle market, focusing on volatility and price discovery.

“We know we have cattle cycles, but we have never seen anything like this…where we’ve come down this hard, this fast,” Greiman said in his presentation. “We’re all asking the question, what’s going on with this volatility?” His charts detailed to the audience beef cow inventory, feedlot capacity, and slaughter percentage, and how these all play a part in market integration among other things. Commenting on the packer side, Ryan said the carcass weight explosion was more volume than anyone predicted. “Grain was getting cheaper, so what are we going to do? We’re going to feed them longer. We’re going to make them bigger,” he said showing a data chart of historic cattle weights. “We were guilty of it, so was everybody else.” Both Greiman and Ryan pointed out that there was no clear cut answer to fixing the cattle market. “Out of all the issues that are out there, what can we play a role in,” Greiman asked the audience. That seems to be the question all cattlemen are asking. To follow more discussion on the cattle market, visit the Kentucky Cattlemen’s website under the Legislation tab.

Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Cat�le Histor� in Kent�cky BY NIKKI WHITAKER


n 1782, about 92% of all households owned bovine livestock. Records of the State Enumerations in Virginia totaled the amount of cattle present in America that year as 10,760 head. The first settlers into Kentucky; like Boone, Harrod, Logan, and Patterson, brought their cattle for milk and butter. Fish was the primary source of protein for the coastal region settlers while deer and poultry fed the pioneers to the west. It wasn’t until the areas of grazing land were extended that raising beef cattle became common practice in Kentucky. The settlers quickly realized if they were going to improve their livestock for beef, they needed to breed their cattle with purebred “English stock”. Shorthorn cattle were the first of the modern beef breeds introduced into Virginia in 1783. The Shorthorn breed was popular with America’s early settlers. Its hardiness, wide range of adaptation, and efficiency provided milk and meat; and the settlers found Shorthorns a willing power for the wagon and plow as well. The breed was developed in the North East of England in the late 18th century as dual-purpose, suitable for both dairy and beef production; however, certain blood lines within the breed always emphasized one quality or the other. Over time, these different lines diverged, and by the second half of the 20th century, two separate breeds had developed – the Beef Shorthorn, and the Milking Shorthorn. How Shorthorns arrived into Kentucky is debatable. Herd record books and researchers will tell you that an unknown number of both types, the milk breed and the beef breed, were brought from England by a “Mr. Gough” of Maryland and his partner, a “Mr. Miller” of Virginia. But past this, there are no authentic records of who these men were. In the decades since, two theories have developed on who “Mr.


Gough” was. Harry Dorsey Gough of Baltimore County, Maryland was a man of substantial wealth and social status. He originated from England and maintained ownership of property there as well as land in Baltimore. In 1786 he was elected president of the Society for the Encouragement and Improvement of Agriculture and charged with improving Maryland’s rural economy. Harry Dorsey Gough was a breeder of Shorthorn cattle, suppling animals to George Washington, and could easily be the “Mr. Gough” of Maryland that history states. However, John Goff asserted in 1923 that his great, grandfather, Thomas Goff, joined the cattle owning majority in 1783 as a member of the company of Goff and Miller and that the incorrect spelling of the name got into American Shorthorn history as “Gough and Miller”. It is logical that Thomas Goff could be the “Mr. Gough” in question since two years after, in 1785, a young bull and several heifers, said to have been purchased by “Mr. Gough”, were taken into Clark County, KY by the Patton family. Thomas Goff subsequently moved to Stode’s Station in Clark County in 1790, quadrupling his herd size in just three years. The Goff family of Kentucky was active in the shorthorn industry. Benjamin Goff, grandson of Thomas Goff, was a breeder and his son, Strauder Douglas Goff, was named secretary of the American Shorthorn Record. Who the elusive “Mr. Gough” was may never be known. What is known is the Shorthorn breed changed the livestock production for the new settlers and brought forth a new era of beef production. *This is the fifth of a multi-part series looking at the history of domestic cattle into Kentucky.

Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

CPH-45... Let it Work for You!


Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association 859.278.0899 Kevin Laurent UK Ext. Associate 270.365.7541 x 226

Tim Dietrich KDA Beef Marketing Specialist 502.782.4109 Supported with Kentucky Agriculture Development Funds

Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association














Concurrent Sessions: Turning Loss Into Gain: Managing Genetic Risk to Improve Fertility New Genetic Tools for Building More Productive Cow Herds and More Valuable Feeder and Fed Cattle

6:30pm- 8:00pm

BBQ & Biscuits Welcome Reception

WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 1 7:00am-8:00am

The Big Picture for Beef: Meeting the expectations of a changing consumer


Managed Grazing for Soil Health & Animal Performance

Production Efficiency and Profit

Healthy Business Strategies

Breeding Cattle with Staying Power


25 Years of National Beef Quality Audit Impact

The Basis for Soil Health Management in Pasture and Rangeland Systems

Immune Priming and the Value of Calf Management

The Family Ranch- Part Reality TV Show and Part Paradise!

Reducing Lameness & Improving Cattle Structure Through Genetics and Management


Beef’s Taste Experience

Managed Grazing to Optimize Sustainability of Rangeland and Pasture-based Systems

Improving Cattle Health through Genetic Selection

Alternative Income Sources for the Farm or Ranch

Developing Heifers for the Long Haul


International Beef Trade – What Now?

Managing Forage to Meet Beef Cattle Nutrient Needs

The Future of Cattle Feeding in America

Capturing Value of Genetics & Management

Cow Efficiency & Stayability

Class Type


Price: $250 Student: $130

Grab and Go Lunch Registration for Cattlemen’s College is only available to Convention attendees who purchase a Full Registration or One Day: Wednesday registration — it cannot be added to Trade Show Only registrations.


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68 Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

12/9/2016 3:32:42 PM



Cameron Bruett, Head of Corporate Affairs - JBS USA Consumer and customer expectations for transparency and often times demand for change in actual on-ranch management practices has become the norm in the beef supply chain over the past decade. In a highly competitive protein market place, the beef value chain is under constant pressure to meet the rapidly changing expectations of our customers and balance input costs related to our businesses. In this presentation Cameron Bruett, Head of Corporate Affairs for JBS USA will address evolving customer and consumer expectations (domestic and international) and how cattlemen and women and the U.S. beef industry can prepare for them. He will discuss competition from other proteins and share his insights on both challenges and opportunities facing the U.S. beef industry in an increasingly global protein market place.




For a complete list of session details and speakers please visit #BEEFMEET BEEFUSA.ORG CC_KY_ad.indd 3

12/9/2016 3:32:43 PM

Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Check back in the February issue to see who won the Priefert chute!

Division 1 (151+ MEMBERS)

Division 2 (76-150 MEMBERS) Division 3 (0-75 MEMBERS)


2016 Difference


333 512 -179

Daviess Allen

102 123 -21

Barren Shelby Marion Adair Grayson Lincoln Bath Madison Logan Breckinridge Larue Mercer Hart Clark Casey Christian Warren Harrison Washington Hardin Jessamine Green Meade

235 338 -103 229 303 -74 226 248 -22 221 290 -69 188 251 -63 162 212 -50 153 270 -117 147 290 -143 147 401 -254 147 230 -83 144 199 -55 143 205 -62 142 187 -45 132 159 -27 130 200 -70 117 206 -89 117 159 -42 112 209 -97 107 225 -118 94 217 -123 86 17

174 -88 170 -153

If you need anything for membership, please contact Nikki Whitaker at (859)278-0899 or

Henry Franklin

96 108 -12 95 150 -55

92 Northern Kentucky 90 Pulaski 87 84 Fleming Metcalfe 80 Laurel Trimble Monroe

2016 Difference

79 78

111 132

-19 -42

113 120

-26 -36

121 -41 134 -55 124 -46

73 135 -62 Edmonson 71 84 -13 Garrard 67 96 -29 Purchase Area 66 79 -13 Boyle 64 96 -32 Mountain 62 85 -23 Scott 61 111 -50 Jackson 60 106 -46 60 115 -55 Northeast Area Muhlenberg 56 97 -41 Fayette 52 81 -29 Bourbon 51 92 -41 Campbell 48 81 -33 Russell 46 83 -37 Webster 45 79 -34 Mason 43 78 -35 Caldwell-Lyon 43 82 -39 Owen 40 80 -40 Anderson 29 89 -60 Hancock 28 98 -70


2016 Difference

Bracken 142 27 115 Louisville Area 54 66 -12 Out of State

51 62 -11 45 49 -4

Pendleton Grant 45 66 -21 Ohio 44 75 -31 Taylor 44 72 -28 Whitley 43 51 -8 Trigg 41 63 -22 40 59 -19 Clinton-Cumberland Nelson Oldham

Division 3 (CONTINUED)


Twin Lakes

17 23 -6 16 26 -10

Livingston Crittenden McLean Hopkins Magoffin Henderson

2016 Difference

12 27 -15 12 35 -23 11 22 -11 8 13 -5

7 16 -9 6 13 -7 River Hills Powell 6 8 -2 3 9 -6 Eastern Foothills

39 70 -31 39 65 -26

Knox 3 5 -2 Pike 3 4 -1

Woodford 38 57 -19 Todd 34 63 -29 Highlands 33 54 -21 Estill 30 39 -9 Rockcastle 28 63 -35 Robertson 28 31 -3 Wayne 27 50 -23 Carroll 26 50 -24 McCreary 26 48 -22 Clay 25 33 -8 Simpson 23 27 -4 Montgomery 23 51 -28 Nicholas 22 40 -18 Union 21 42 -21

Bell 1 1 0 Harlan 1 1 0 Gallatin 0 2 -2

Butler Lewis Calloway Menifee Bullitt

21 37 -16 20 27 -7 17 27 -10 17 21 -4 17 43 -26

70 Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

TOTALS AS OF: NOVEMBER 9, 2016 6686 10131 -3445

2016-17 Membership Application * Membership Year 10/1/16– 9/30/17

Name:_________________________________________________________Spouse Name:____________________________________________________________ Farm Name:_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Address:__________________________________________________________City:____________________________State:______Zip:______________________ County:___________________________________________________________Recruited By:_______________________________________________________ Phone: (___________)__________________-____________________________Fax: (___________)_________________-_________________________________ E-Mail:_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ * Payments of KCA membership dues are tax deductible for most members as an ordinary and necessary business expense. However, charitable contributions of gifts to KCA are not tax deductible for Federal Income Tax purposes. Due to new IRS regulations, $2.24 of your dues would not be deductible. Approximately $12 of your dues will go towards the monthly publication Cow Country News.

County Dues

Please check the Membership(s) you would like to join: ___ KCA Membership : $30/yr ____ New

____ Renewal

(Membership Dues are $30 unless otherwise listed below.) ___ KCA Couple Membership (To add your spouse please add $15 to your KCA Membership) ___ Kentucky Junior Cattlemen’s Association:


___ New

___ Renewal

___ I would like more information on the Young Producer’s Council Total Membership: KCA: $________________ KJCA: $________________ Total Contributions: Cattlemen’s Foundation Donation (Voluntary): $_________ ** All donations to KCF are tax deductible.** Total Amount Enclosed:$____________

If you would also like to join the

Dues are $30 except for the counties listed below. Allen $40 Anderson $25 Bourbon $20 Boyle $35 Bullitt $20 Butler $25 Franklin $25 Highlands $20 (Boyd, Floyd, Johnson, Lawrence, & Martin) Hopkins $35 Laurel $35 Lewis $35 Lincoln $25 Louisville Area $20 (Jefferson, & Spencer)

McCreary $25 Magoffin $20 Menifee $25 Mountain $25 (Breathitt, Knott, Lee, Leslie, Letcher, Morgan, Owsley, Perry & Wolfe) Oldham $35 Taylor $20 Twin Lakes $20 Warren $40 Wayne $25 Whitley $25 Woodford $25

NCBA Annual Producer Dues:

# Head Dues # Head Dues #Head Dues

$1900 National Cattlemen’s Beef Assoc... 1-100 $150 751-1000 $900 1751-2000 101-250 $300 1001-1250 $1150 2001+ $1900 The NCBA is now a State Marketing Partner with $1400 + .38/hd the KCA. You can pay your dues to both organiza- 251-500 $450 1251-1500 501-750 $650 1501-1750 $1650 tions with one check, at the same time.

Complete and return to: Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association 176 Pasadena Dr. • Lexington, KY 40503

For faster service, join online at Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Bistro-Style Filet Mignon with Champagne Pan Sauce Makes 4 servings

Total recipe time: 40-45 minutes INGREDIENTS 4 beef Tenderloin Steaks, cut 1 inch thick (about 5 ounces each) 1/2 teaspoon coarse grind black pepper Risotto: 1 tablespoon olive oil 3/4 cup quick-cooking barley 1/2 cup brut Champagne or sparkling wine 1-3/4 cups reduced-sodium beef broth 1 cup diced butternut squash 4 cloves garlic, minced 1/2 cup frozen peas Salt

Students from Carrol County FFA spent the day at Eden Shale farm for some hands-on learning at three different stations. Plans are being made now to host quarterly FFA/youth events at the farm.

Champagne Pan Sauce: 1 tablespoon olive oil 1-1/2 cups assorted mushrooms, such as shiitake, cremini or button, sliced 2 cloves garlic, minced 3/4 cup reduced sodium beef broth 1/2 cup brut Champagne or sparkling wine 1/2 teaspoon chopped fresh thyme or 1/4 teaspoon dried thyme 1 teaspoon cornstarch 1 tablespoon water INSTRUCTIONS FOR BISTRO-STYLE FILET MIGNON WITH CHAMPAGNE PAN SAUCE 1. Heat oil in 3-quart saucepan over medium heat until hot. Add barley and cook 3 to 5 minutes or until golden brown, stirring occasionally. Stir in 1/2 cup of Champagne. Bring to a simmer. Cook and stir 30 to 60 seconds or until liquid is almost absorbed. Add 1-3/4 cup broth, squash and garlic; return to simmer and continue cooking 10 to 15 minutes or until barley is tender, stirring occasionally. Stir in peas, cover and remove from heat. Let stand 5 minutes; keep warm. 2. Meanwhile, press coarsely cracked pepper on both sides of beef steak. Heat large nonstick skillet over medium heat until hot. Place steaks in skillet; cook 10 to 13 minutes for medium rare (145°F) to medium (160°F) doneness, turning occasionally. Remove to platter; season with salt, as desired. Keep warm. 3. Heat oil in same skillet over medium heat until hot. Add mushrooms and garlic; cook and stir 3 to 5 minutes or until mushrooms are tender and browned. Add 3/4 cup beef broth, 1/2 cup Champagne and thyme to skillet, stirring until browned bits attached to bottom of pan are dissolved. Bring to a boil; cook 4 to 8 minutes or until mixture is reduced to 1 cup. Combine cornstarch and water; stir into mushroom mixture. Bring to a boil; cook 1 to 2 minutes or until sauce thickens, stirring occasionally. Season with salt, as desired. 4. Serve steaks with sauce and risotto. 72

Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Notes from Niki

Niki Ellis- Director of Education for Kentucky Beef Council

to start the day. After a welcome and explanation of rules/conduct, students were split into smaller groups so that they could be rotated through 3 stations. The stations were planned by some of our leading educators: Dan Eden Shale has become a must Miller, Dr. Steve Higgins, and Dr. see operation for Kentucky cattle Jeff Lehmkuhler. We wanted each farmers and industry influencers. of these guys to use the facilities Kentucky Beef Network (KBN) has to their max potential so we could hosted many educational events on learn what we can offer and what our the farm for farmers, and has shown challenges could be. Dan had a great to be very successful in teaching idea of utilizing some calves that farmers new methods. At one of had gone through a weaning trial, he the field days hosted this fall, KBN had previous information that could Director Becky Thompson, started be used to calculate weight gain talking with a chaperone who had brought 2 high school age boys to the and the kids could get some hands event. She discovered that the person on experience working the scales. I’m sure if you’ve heard of Eden she was talking to was Mackenzie Shale, you’ve heard of the innovative Wright ,the agriculture advisor from projects that Dr. Steve Higgins Carrol county. Becky saw potential has going on there. To capitalize and interest in this new relationship and passed on the relationship to me. on existing projects, Dr. Higgins chose to have the students learn how Eager to see how our educational to calculate rain water collection efforts, Eden Shale, and FFA groups using his own formula. Finally, Dr. all fit together I contacted Mrs. Lehmkuhler talked with students Wright about a pilot event. about energy in feeds and basic This pilot event was only open to nutritional facts/calculations. their small FFA chapter, as Becky With each group we realize that and I wanted to see how we could accommodate various sized groups at background knowledge and skill level will vary, but with station the farm. The day was set up with a leaders like this we were confident welcome in the tobacco barn, where that they would do an excellent students would get the materials

job explaining what needed to be done. Each classroom is different, agriculture teachers are pressed for time and in some cases resources which in turn causes some experiences to not make the cut for instruction. Eden Shale has facilities, cattle, innovative projects, excellent instructors, and professional partnerships that truly make a trip here worth it. Currently we are planning on hosting a FFA/youth event quarterly, themed around the time of year and what is happening on the farm at that time. This facility is truly unlike any other experience a teacher or advisor could provide their students. The Carrol county group was a great pilot for this program, they took away everything we were able to provide them. They were eager and willing to work the cattle, measure the barns, and use formulas. Mrs. Wright is a teacher who is truly looking for opportunities to enhance her students learning, and loves to watch them grow. Thank you to our farmers who are supporting these efforts that otherwise wouldn’t happen.

Till next time,


Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


KENTUCKY BEEF NETWORK KBN is Supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund



he CPH Report expands the analysis of CPH-45 sales to estimate the economic value of preconditioning calves prior to marketing. This analysis consists of two main components. First, is the CPH Advantage – which compares prices received in the CPH Sale to the average weekly statewide prices reported by the Market News Service of the Kentucky Department of Agriculture. The second component is the Estimated Net Added Value – which compares the CPH Sale value of a calf with the estimated value of the calf at weaning. In these estimates we use a 60 day preconditioning period and an average daily gain of 2.5 lbs. per day. Costs incurred during the preconditioning period such as feed, health program, interest, death loss and differences in sales commission are subtracted from the added value to arrive at an estimated net return. The following charts are an analysis of five recent CPH-45 sales held in Owensboro, Guthrie, Stanford (representing the Lexington Yard), Paris and Richmond. Several items specific to certain sale sites are as follows: Owensboro sells with a 2% pencil shrink. Owensboro and Guthrie charge less commission for CPH calves than at their regular sales. Lexington and Richmond 4 weight CPH calves were only given credit for 2.0 lbs. of gain during the preconditioning period due to small beginning weights. Paris 4 weight steers were too light to analyze for estimated net added value due to a lack of a reliable

Estimated Added Net Returns Guthrie - CPH-45 (60 days - 2.5 lbs Average Daily Gain - 150 lbs gain) No Head

Avg. Start Weight

77 53

1099 Head



10/3-10/8 Avg Price Wean

Avg. CPH Weight

12/5 CPH Price

11/30-12/3 State Avg. Price

CPH Advantage

10/3-11/28 Avg. Cost of Gain

Est. Net Add Value

407 407

Hf St

107.90 124.85

557 557

116.81 138.96

107.80 124.77

9.01 14.19

0.45 0.41

123.21 179.69

176 167

502 504

Hf St

102.51 118.57

652 654

116.86 127.41

104.53 119.65

12.33 7.76

0.55 0.50

142.23 137.57

124 187

586 591

Hf St

97.89 111.85

736 741

115.65 121.59

102.00 117.26

13.65 4.33

0.65 0.59

156.51 127.84
















Added Net Returns Lexington (Stanford) - CPH-45 12/6/2016 ColumnEstimated Descriptions (60 days - 2.5The lbs average AverageCPH Dailyweight Gain minus - 150 lbs 705 Head Start Wt. 150gain) lbs. Avg Price Wean The average price of calves at weaning for the dates listed (60 days prior to CPH Sale) Avg. 10/3-10/8 Avg. at the CPH 12/6 sale. 11/30-12/3 10/3-11/28 Avg CPH Weight The average weight of the calves No Start Avg Price CPH CPH State CPH Avg. Cost CPH Price The weighted average price of calves at the CPH sale held on the date listed. HeadAvg Weight Sex Weight Advantage of Gain State Price The weightedWean average price of calves asPrice reported byAvg. KDAPrice on the dates listed

CPH Advantage 78 of Gain345 Cost 20 351

Net Added Value 61 391 38 391 Special Note

Est. Net Add Value

The difference between the CPH price and the State average price reported the week of the CPH sale 465average116.27 111.07 5.20 0.40 82.13 TheHfaverage112.42 cost of gain using feed prices for the dates listed. St 131.18 471 140.61 132.98 7.63 0.36 133.20 An additional 10% was added to calculate heifer cost of gain. The net returns per head after feed, vet/tag ($12.00), mineral ($3.75), commission (varies by sale), Hf (6.0%) 110.00 112.68 107.80 4.88 0.45 87.99 interest and mortality541 (0.5%). St and equipment 126.66 costs were 541 not included. 133.26 124.77 8.49 0.41 136.19 labor

101 271

487 492

Hf St

103.25 119.88

637 642

111.63 123.00

104.53 119.65

7.10 3.35

0.55 0.50

99.75 97.78
















Column Definitions for summary charts

beginning value at weaning. Column Descriptions Start Wt. weight classes Theof average minus Only 20 or CPH moreweightStart Wt. 150 lbs. Average CPH weight minus 150 lbs. Avg Price Wean The average price of calves at weaning for the dates listedat weaning (60 days prior CPH Sale) Avg Price Wean Average price of calves for the datesto listed (60 days prior to CPH Sale). head were used in comparisons. Avg CPH Weight The average weight of the calves at the CPH sale. Avg CPH Weight Average weight of the calves at the CPH sale. More details on how these figures CPH Price of calves at the CPH saleprice held on the date CPH Price Weighted average of calves at the CPHlisted. sale held on the date listed. were calculated can The be weighted found inaverage the price State Avg Price The weighted average price of calves as reported by KDA on the dates listed State Avg Price Weighted average price of calves as reported by KDA on the dates listed. column definitions below. Also, visit CPH Advantage The difference between the CPH price and the State average price reported the week of the CPH sale CPH Advantage Difference between the CPH price and the state average price reported the week of the CPH sale. the CPH-45 website at www.cph45. Cost of Gain The average cost of gain using average feed prices for the dates listed. Cost of Gain Average cost of gain using average feed prices for the dates listed. com. If you are interested in selling in a An additional 10% was added to calculate heifer cost of gain. An additional 10% was added to calculate heifer cost of gain. CPH-45 sale, contact your local County Net Added Value The net returns per head after feed, vet/tag ($12.00), mineral ($3.75), commission (varies by sale), Net Added Value The net returns per head after feed, vet/tag ($12.00), mineral ($3.75), commission (varies by sale), Extension Agent forinterest Agriculture and mortality (0.5%). (6.0%) and interest (6.0%) and mortality (0.5%). Natural SpecialResources. Note labor and equipment costs were not included. Special Note Labor and equipment costs were not included. Charts Cont’d on pg. 77

74 Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Eden Shale Update

a few small groups that came to the farm for a tour, putting our 2016 total at 33 groups. One of the most popular subjects of these tours has been Dr. ----------------- Higgin’s fenceline feeding system (I Kentucky Beef Network have written about it previously, but Industry Coordinator you can find more details on our blog at Because of its popularity, we are planning to host ime: it never slows down and a field day in the spring to highlight it marches on without failure. this feeding system. This will allow Whether it’s the shortness of producers to come look at the feeders one day, the passing of another week, or after they have been used for an entire the rolling over of the calendar, time just hay feeding season. We will track how keeps ticking. We have all undoubtedly many bales are fed through each design, experienced time’s ability to speed which structures saved/wasted the most up every year which always seems to hay, which feeder the cows preferred, catch us by surprise. Hanging up a new etc. At that field day we will share calendar in January is that surprise for the results and you will be able to me. It just doesn’t seem possible that visually inspect each feeder as to how another year has gone by so quickly. it performed. Stay tuned for a date as December at Eden Shale was we get closer to the beginning of spring. As for the calves, we have 32 heifers relatively quiet this year. We did host

Dan Miller


at the farm that we have decided to retain and develop as replacements. These girls are growing good, and as a group, look better than the CPH steers. As I write this, we are still grazing stockpiled fescue and not having to feed hay. Our goal is to make it to the first of the year depending on conditions. I will update you next month on how far we make it before having to feeding hay. Like many of you this year, we chose to market our steers in a CPH45 sale. We had 33 steers that we sold in the Richmond CPH sale on Dec 7th. There were over 1,200 head at that location alone, which made for a good sale. Our group of steers averaged 655 lbs and sold for an average of 1.22. I was pleased with that price as it ended up being about $0.06 over the normal market that week, which calculated to an additional profit of $916.98 after the tags and extra vaccines were paid for.

Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

I got the opportunity to help unload and pen calves the morning of the sale. I really enjoy that part of the stockyards because you get to talk to all the producers as they unload their cattle. I also enjoy getting to see all the creative ways that producers come up with to keep the doors shut on their cattle trailers. Of course, there were some new trailers that didn’t yet need any assistance as the originally designed latches were still doing the job. However, farmers are a resourceful group of people and if it can still be made to function, that is all that matters. That morning I witnessed everything holding doors shut from bungee cords, a calf halter, a piece of 12-2 wire, every different type of chain/rope, and of course baling twine! Come to think of it, I’m not sure how we could farm profitably without baling twine?


Roy, Jessica and Cooper Canada 600 Cumberland Drive • Morehead, KY 40351 859-227-7323

Swain Select Simmental

12113 Green Valley Dr. • Louisville, KY 40243 •

Fred & Phyllis 502-245-3866 502-599-4560

Chi & Angie 502-477-9727 502-287-2116

Judy and Rondal Dawson 1156 Buzzard Roost Road Shelbyville, KY 40065 502-593-5136

Kentucky Simmental Officers President: Derek Tingle 502-845-2589 Vice Pres: Johnny Moore 270-434-4616

Secretary: Lori Graves 859-481-8143 Treasurer: Tonya Phillips 606-584-2579

KENTUCKY SIMMENTAL ASSOCIATION MEMBERSHIP APPLICATION NAME ___________________________ ____________ FARM NAME__________________________________ ADDRSS_____________________________________ CITY_________________STATE_____ ZIP__________ PHONE (BUSINESS)___________________________ (HOME)______________________________________

Call or visit one of these Simmental breeders for cattle that work! Send application to: Tonya Phillips, 8190 Stonelick Rd. Maysville, KY 41056 Membership Fee is $25.00


1295 Locust Grove Road Shelbyville, KY 40065

502-321-1131 ¬

Registered purebred Simmental and SimAngus breeding stock


Ratliff Cattle Company

100 Carpenter Ridge Salyersville KY, 41465 Jim Ratliff 606.496-6522

“UNBELIEVABULL SIMMENTALS” Graves Grandview Simmental Farm Timothy Graves 560 Rudd Lane Springfield, KY 40069 (859) 481-3954 •

Brian & Heather Swain 3906 Pottertown Road Murray, KY 42071 270-293-4440

Simmental and SimAngus Bulls for Sale Wayward Hill Farm

1939 Huntertown Road Versailles, KY 40383 Chris Allen Dr. Henry Allen Bulls for Sale 859-351-4486 859-229-0755

76 Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

KENTUCKY BEEF NETWORK Estimated Added Net Returns Paris - CPH-45 (60 days - 2.5 lbs Average Daily Gain - 150 lbs gain)

Cont’d from pg. 74

No Head

Avg. Start Weight


1468 Head



10/3-10/8 Avg Price Wean

Avg. CPH Weight

12/6 CPH Price

11/30-12/3 State Avg. Price

CPH Advantage

10/3-11/28 Avg. Cost of Gain

Est. Net Add Value










350 95

413 368

Hf St

107.11 129.26

563 518

114.91 131.99

107.80 124.77

7.11 7.22

0.45 0.41

112.27 119.25

140 545

530 511

Hf St

101.04 117.81

680 661

110.40 123.52

104.53 119.65

5.87 3.87

0.55 0.50

106.06 111.85
















Column Descriptions Start Wt. The average CPH weight minus 150 Owensboro lbs. Estimated Added Net Returns - CPH-45 12/1/2016 Avg Price calves at weaning for the dates listed (60 days (60Wean days - 2.5The lbs average Averageprice DailyofGain - 150 lbs gain) 771 prior Headto CPH Sale) Avg CPH Weight The average weight of the calves at the CPH sale. CPH Price Avg. The weighted average priceAvg. of calves at the CPH sale held on the date listed. 10/3-10/8 12/1 11/30-12/3 10/3-11/28 Est. State The weighted of calves as CPH reported by KDA on the dates listed No Avg Price Start Avgaverage Price priceCPH State CPH Avg. Cost Net Add CPH difference between the CPH price and the stateAvg. average reported the week of the CPH sale HeadAdvantage Weight The Sex Wean Weight Price PricepriceAdvantage of Gain Value Cost of Gain The average cost of gain using average feed prices for the dates listed. An Hf additional106.71 10% was added to calculate heifer cost of gain. 69 416 566 127.00 106.28 20.72 0.45 187.62 Net TheStnet returns per head after ($12.00), mineral commission (varies 63Added Value 411 124.40 561feed, vet/tag 137.00 124.69 ($3.75),12.31 0.41 by sale), 176.15 interest (6.0%) and mortality (0.5%). Special labor 109 Note493 Hf and equipment 102.95 costs were 643 not included. 122.00 104.09 17.91 0.55 174.08 112 496 St 119.45 646 125.77 117.52 8.25 0.50 125.42 33 220

578 599

Hf St

98.03 111.80

728 749

111.50 126.00

98.05 121.06

13.45 4.94

0.65 0.59

128.01 164.75
















Column Descriptions Estimated Added Net Returns - CPH-45 12/7/2016 Start Wt. The average CPH weight minus 150 Richmond lbs. (60 days 2.5 lbs Average Daily Gain 150 lbs gain) 1253 Head Avg Price Wean The average price of calves at weaning for the dates listed (60 days prior to CPH Sale) Avg CPH Weight The average weight of the calves at the CPH sale. 10/3-10/8 12/6 11/30-12/3 10/3-11/28 Est. CPH Price Avg. The weighted average priceAvg. of calves at the CPH sale held on the date listed. No Avg Price Start Avgaverage Price priceCPH State CPH Avg. Cost Net Add State The weighted of calves as CPH reported by KDA on the dates listed HeadAdvantage Weight The Sex Wean Weight Price Priceprice Advantage of Gain CPH difference between the CPH price and the StateAvg. average reported the week of the CPH Value sale Cost of Gain 86 331 62Added Value 331 Net 171 Note407 Special 156 411

The average cost of gain using average feed prices for the dates listed. 451 117.51 111.07 6.44 0.40 86.86 An Hf additional112.55 10% was added to calculate heifer cost of gain. 133.44 451feed, vet/tag 147.2 132.98 ($3.75),14.22 0.36 by sale), 153.32 TheStnet returns per head after ($12.00), mineral commission (varies interest (6.0%) and mortality (0.5%). Hf and equipment 107.90 costs were 557 not included. 116.46 107.80 8.66 0.45 117.14 labor St 124.40 561 139.63 124.77 14.86 0.41 181.15

164 383

506 521

Hf St

102.31 116.73

656 671

111.26 121.71

104.53 119.65

6.73 2.06

0.55 0.50

103.36 105.96
















Column Descriptions Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association Start Wt. Avg Price Wean Avg CPH Weight CPH Price

The average CPH weight minus 150 lbs. The average price of calves at weaning for the dates listed (60 days prior to CPH Sale) The average weight of the calves at the CPH sale. The weighted average price of calves at the CPH sale held on the date listed.


Kentucky Hereford Association KHA Officers

President: Vince Popplewell President-elect: L.W. Beckley Secretary/ Treasurer: Earlene Thomas 859-623-5734

Dale & Connie Lisembee 12947 Johnson Mill Rd. Crofton, KY

Cell: 270-889-7116 Home: 270-424-5541

KHA Invites any Hereford Breeder to Become a Member! Dues are $25. Send to 2396 Union City Rd. Richmond, KY 40475

Upcoming Events:

2017 Farm Machinery Show February 15-18, 2017 KY Expo Center • Louisville, KY Look for KHA booth

Registered Polled Herefords VitaFerm Dealer Doug & Darrelyn Underwood 1883 Old Mac Road • Campbellsville, KY 42718

(270) 789-7788

Thomas Farm


Registered Polled Herefords Bulls & Females for sale Tim & Peggy Wolf 12939 Peach Grove Rd. Alexandria, KY 41001 Home: 859-635-0899 Ÿ Cell: 859-991-3484

Peyton’s Well Polled Herefords The Lowell Atwood Family 133 Edgewood Drive Stanford, KY (606) 365-2520 home/fax (606) 669-1455 cell

Victor- influenced cattle bred for performance on grass.

“Black cows need a good Hereford Bull”

BECKLEY HEREFORDS L.W. Beckley D.V.M L. Wayne Beckley 284 Pyrse Lane 1420 Fitchburg Rd. Irvine, KY 40336 Ravenna, KY 40472 Cell: 859-779-1419 Home: 606-723-3021 Clinic: 606-726-0000 Cell: 859-779-0962

Smiths Grove, KY 52171


Polled Herefords 439 Flatwoods Frozen Camp Road • Corbin, KY 40701 Kevin, Angela, Bobby & Brenda Wells Kenlea & Kyler Murray 606-523-0569 - Home 606-528-1691 - Home 606-344-0417 - Cell 606-682-8143 - Cell

Underwood Farms

“Cattle for sale at all times”

10787 New Bowling Green Road

Wells Farm

Codee Guffey • 1815 Grassy Springs Road Versailles, Kentucky 40383 Phone: 502-598-6355 Email:

Eric & Ronnie Thomas 2396 Union City Rd. Richmond, KY 40475 (859) 623-5734 • Eric’s Cell (859) 314-8256

Joe B. Gray

Contact Earlene Thomas for more information: 859-623-5734 Ÿ


Polled Hereford and Gelbvieh Cattle 3459 KY Hwy. 1284 E. Cythiana, KY 41031 (859) 234-6956 Ben, Jane, Shelby and Lincoln

2017 KY Farm Bureau Beef Expo March 3rd, 1 PM: Hereford Show March 4th, 1 PM: Sale New Market Hall

Boyd Beef Cattle

5035 Main Street • Mayslick, KY 41055 Charlie Boyd II · 606-584-5194 Annual Bull Sale second Saturday in March Hereford and Angus Bulls

TK4 Herefords Tony & Kathy Staples 992 Knotts Road Brandenburg, KY 40108 270-422-4220

Jody & Michelle Huckabay 566 Hume Bedford Road • Paris, KY 40361 Herdsman: Ty McGuire • 937-533-3251 •

MPH Farms

Jackson Farms

Registered Polled Herefords 8103 Bill Moss Road • White House, TN 37188 Home/Fax: 615-672-4483 Cell: 615-478-4483 ® “Farming the Same Land Since 1834”

Registered Polled Herefords Monty G. Hancock 7300 KY 56 Owensboro, KY 42301 270-771-4118

Paul L. Hankcock 8559 KY 56 Owensboro, KY 42301 270-771-4194

Chambliss Hereford Farms Brad, Carla, Clay and Clint Chambliss 916 Winchester Blvd. Elizabethtown, KY 42701 Home (270) 982-3905 • Cell (270) 668-7126 fax 270-735-9922

WCN Polled Herefords Since 1961

Bill & Libby Norris 2220 Celina Road Burkesville, KY 42717 Phone (270) 433-7256 Cell (270) 433-1525 “Every calf needs a white face”

Pile Stock Farm

Sweet T Farm

Registered Polled Herefords

Hansell Pile, Jr. 12045 St. John Rd. Cecilia, KY 42724 270-735-5192•270-862-4462 12 miles West of Elizabethtown

Windy Hills Farm Jackie D. Perkins II 367 Mt. Pisgah Rd. • Bremen, KY 42325 270-543-3586 Breeding to produce good cows since 1981.

Elm Tree Farm, LLC

Pete & Gayla Szak 1040 Hick Hardy Rd. Cynthiana, KY (859) 484-2265

Bulls • Heifers • Show Calves



TS TS Tucker Stock Farms F F

“Registered Angus and Polled Herefords”


“Breeding Polled Herefords for over 58 Years” John Tucker “Registered Angus and Polled “Registered AngusHerefords” andIIPolled Herefords” Breeding cattle for sale at all times. 1790 Hidden Valley Lane John A. Tucker II John A. Tucker II Hudson, KY 40145 1999 Walnut Hill Rd. • Lexington, KY “Registered 40515 HiddenHerefords” Valley Lane 1790 Hidden Valley Lane Angus and 1790 Polled 270-617-0301 Hudson, KY 40145 Hudson, KY 40145 (859) 271-9086 • cell (859)533-3790 (270) 257-8548 (270) 257-8548

TUCKER STOCK FARMS Offi 257-8167 Office for (270) 257-8167 John A. Tucker IIce (270) “Bulls always Sale”

Popplewell’s Herefords

Registered Hereford & Angus Farm

Service Age Bulls Open and Bred Females For Sale Vince, Tracy & Alex Home (270) 866-4480 1526 Clearfork Rd. Cell (270) 566-1852 Russell Springs, KY 42642

Old Fall Creek Farms AHA & KHA member • Proven bloodlines

1790 Hidden18-month-old Valley 18-month-old AngusLane & Polled Hereford Bulls For Sale Angus & Polled Hereford Bulls For Sale Hudson, KY 40145 (270) 257-8548 Office (270) 257-8167

Polled Hereford Bulls For Sale Private treaty sales • Visitors 18-month-old always welcome Angus & LINEBRED LINEBRED VICTOR DOMINO CATTLE VICTOR DOMINO CATTLE

1874 Old Fall Creek Road • Monticello, KY 42633

Reed Bertram 606-348-7486 David Bertram 606-278-3630

78 Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Multi-Trait Multi-Trait Selection Selection Fertility Disposition

Danny Miller

Fertility Calving Ease Calving Ease Disposition Milking Ability Milking Ability 4850 Ridge Rd. 4850 Caldwell RidgeCaldwell Rd. Knifley, KY 42753 Knifley, KY 42753 270-465-6984 270-465-6984

270-465-6984 • 270-566-2694




he Bale and Ring Mover Spear was born from necessity. My Father, Grandfather, and I were tending 100 mother cows across a few different rented farms plus our own farms. We never fed in the same spot, this kept one spot from getting too muddy and it spread the manure and leftover hay around our fields. Feeding these cows was a long strenuous job due to moving all the hay rings, especially for my Grandfather and Father who both have bad backs due to years of hard work that all farmers are familiar with. We could not afford a tractor with a front loader at each farm, but we had a small tractor with a 3point hitch at each farm to set out bales, so my father set out to develop a hay spear for 3 point hitch that would work on any tractor, large or small, that would lift the hay ring and place it over the bale. After many, many prototypes and late nights with the whole family in our welding shop, we finally had a unit that would work on any tractor and any hay ring. This Ring Mover Spear dropped our feeding time down to ¼ of the time it usually took us to feed, not to mention how much easier it was not wading through the mud and wrestling those rings by hand! We even put it on our front loader tractors so if the ring was froze or stuck in the mud it would not bend our rings like a regular spear did. After a few years of building units for family, friends, and anyone that caught wind of it, we offered it for sale through a local distributor. After selling over 1,000 units in our home state of TN we decided to take it across the country and we have been steadily growing ever since! The Bale and Ring Mover is heavy duty, fully galvanized, lifetime warrantied, and will work on cattle and horse rings. It will even move cone and cradle style hay rings. For more information please visit, email buck@, or call 615-2732825



hey Hay Ring Cover is a universal cover that will attach to your cattle rings, horse rings, or plastic poly rings to protect the hay from the weather. T h i s cover was designed with the people in mind who are not feeding a bale every 2-3 days because of course the longer the bale is in the ring exposed to the elements, the more waste there is from the rain or snow. The covers are great for cattle operations where the hay rings do not get filled every few days, bull lots, sick lots, steer lots, horse lots, or any situation where the bale is not consumed quickly. The frame is made from galvanized tubing, all hardware is zinc coated, and the roof is made from high tear strength, UV rated, low temp rated, heavy duty rubber that is actually mixed, machine extruded, and then die cut in one piece so that it lasts for years. This rubber roof allows the Ring Cover to fit any hay ring, be safe for horses or other high headed animals, and keeps the original function of the hay ring unaffected; the ring can still be lifted and rolled by hand to be placed over a new bale, lifted with a front loader, or lifted with our Bale and Ring Mover Spear. “The Hay Ring Cover allows livestock owners to turn the feeders they already have into covered feeders instead of spending more money on a whole different feeder. Even if there is no feeder in use, a person can purchase a hay ring and our Hay Ring Cover and still be cheaper than any covered feeder we have seen on the market.” For more information please visit, email at or call 615-273-2825.

Get your Beef Signs Today!

Get your Beef, It’s What’s for Dinner customized sign today. These are great for hanging on barns and around town and busy roads! Signs are 8’ wide x 4’ tall and cost $175 plus tax per sign. KBC will cost share 50% of the cost on a sign per county association. Form must be submitted by the county. For More Information Contact: Call Steve Dunning for more information at 270-498-8180 or Niki Ellis at 859-278-0899.

Special thanks to the following for purchasing a sign in 2016! Porter Farm Karen Porter Rockfield Christian County Livestock Mkt Andy Scranton Hopkinsville Meade County Cattlemen(4) Alfred Flaherty Guston Clark County Cattlemen(4) David Lemaster Winchester Oldham Co. Cattlemen Jon Bednarski LaGrange Hickory Hill Raymond Oliver Cadiz Bath Co. Cattlemen/Staton Farms(2) Mickey Staton Owingsville Laurel Co. Cattlemens Assoc.(4) Larry Parman London Mercer Co. Cattlemens Assoc. Larry Thom Danville McBurney Livestock Equipment Chris McBurney New Castle 4-E Farms Karen Enright Madisonville Webster County Cattlemens Assoc.(2)Jimmy Goff Slaughters Branchview Angus James Coffey Hustonville Twin Lakes Cattlemen Steve Petticord Albany Welcome to Walnut Hills Farm Danny Harmon Sharpsburg Bath County Cattlemens Assoc Danny Harmon Sharpsburg Vickery Farms est.1816 Dan Vickery Monticello Tanner Time Farms Darrell Billings Stanton Carlile Acres Wanda Hawkins Finchville Haney Farms Dan Haney Crestwood Russell County Cattlemen Bonnie Rings Russell Springs TraderBaker Cattle Co.(2) Jeff Baker LaGrange Clinton/Cumberland Cattlemen Kim Muer Burkesville Edmonson Co. Cattlemen Assoc. (3) Scott Childress Brownsville Estill County Cattlemen Daniel Callahan Irvine

Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


For More Information:

Kentucky Charolais Association

In the pasture

Commercial cattlemen trust registered seedstock breeders to make documented genetic improvements that provide them the opportunity to succeed. From 2004-2014, the 2015 AICA National Cattle Evaluation Genetic Trend illustrates Charolais seedstock breeders are doing their job!

Lower birth weight ■ MORE LIVE CALVES Increased weaning weight ■ MORE POUNDS AT WEANING

The trend shows dramatic improvements in every trait of economic importance.

In the feedlot Higher yearling weight ■ MORE POUNDS, EFFICIENTLY

2004-2014 NCE Charolais Genetic Trends BW





REA Marb

At harvest

2004 0.8 19.1 33.7 1.6 11.4 .18 .01 2014 0.4 26.8 49.0 3.4 16.9 .32 .04

Increased carcass weight ■ MORE POUNDS AT HARVEST Larger ribeye ■ BETTER YIELD GRADES More marbling ■ HIGHER QUALITY GRADES

More pounds. More profits. Charolais keep it real. © American-International Charolais Association 2016


kins Ad Farms

6.5x3.75 bw-Cow Country News.indd 1

KY Farm Bureau Beef Expo

Breed Show - Saturday, March 4 at 12 PM Breed Sale - Saturday, March 4 at 4 PM See you in Louisville at the Fairgrounds, If You’re Looking for Outstanding Cattle.

■ Southeast Field Representative ■ Floyd Wampler (423) 612-2144


12/2/15 7:30 AM


TJ Adkins: 606-875-5094 Sherman & Phyllis Adkins: 606-379-5129 279 Bullock Rd. Eubank, KY 42567

David, Rhonda, Michael & Nicholas

John Bruner

3200 St. Rose Road Lebannon, KY 40033 270-692-7793

606-271-0582 473 Edward Meece Road Science Hill, KY 42553

Montgomery Charolais

Hayden Farm 4430 Bloomfield Rd. Bardstown, KY 40004 James Hayden

HAMILTON FARMS Pat Hamilton 502-867-3386

Bulls Sired By:

Darby Montgomery 36 Thompson Road • Lancaster, KY 40444 859-339-3922 BULLS FOR SALE

LT Ledger VIP Free Lunch LT Bluegrass

Amburgey Charolais Farm

Polled Breeding Since 1966 Robert Amburgey, Jr. 3171 Camargo Rd. • Mt. Sterling, KY 40353 859-498-2764 (Home) 859-404-3751 (Mobile)

Jimmy & Linda Evans 960 Vallandingham Road Dry Ridge, KY 41035 859-428-2740

Cox Charolais

Allison Charolais John Allison

1194 Smith Ridge Road • Campbellsville, KY 42718 270-465-7584 (H) 270-403-4562 Bulls & Select Heifers for Sale

Chuck Druin 2291 Drane Lane Eminence, KY 40019 502-321-1160 or 502-321-5919 Jeff Harrod: 502-330-6745 Jacob Miller: 502-507-4987

545 Eminence Road New Castle, KY 40050

502-845-2806 502-220-3170

Home: Office: Mobile: 502-349-0128 502-349-0005 502-507-4984

Candy Sullivan 3440 Ruddles Mill Road Paris, KY 40361


Sullivan Charolais

Quality Charolais Cattle in the Heart of the Bluegrass

Floyd’s Charolais

Bulls & Heifers For Sale at the Farm

2039 Nina Ridge Road Lancaster, KY 40444 Home: 859-792-2956 • Cell: 859-339-2653

Harrod Farms

jeffries charolais

Becca, Jenna and Jake 645 Evergreen Rd. Frankfort, KY 40601 Jeff Harrod: 502-330-6745

1590 jeffries lane


Charolais, Hereford & Commercial Cattle

paul r. jeffries 606-510-4537

hustonville, ky. 40437 chris cooper 606-669-9009 chris jeffries 606-669-2426

80 Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



residents need a more convenient location to obtain farm loans and rural home loans. Prior to opening the new Frankfort Ag Credit location, the nearest Ag Credit Offices have been in Danville and Lexington. Opening of the new Frankfort location takes financial services several miles closer and more convenient to residents of those two important central Kentucky counties. The Ag Credit Frankfort Office staff will consist of Jeff Zinner, Loan Officer and Lindsay Barnes, Loan Assistant. Information for the office is as follows: 1120 US Highway 127 South (Farm


entral Kentucky Ag Credit has officially opened a new branch location in Frankfort. The new office is now open for business Monday – Friday, 8:00 a.m. – 4:30 p.m. daily and is conveniently located on US 127. According to Jim Caldwell, President & CEO of Central Kentucky Ag Credit, the Board of Directors determined that Franklin and Anderson County farmers and rural

Bureau Building) Frankfort, KY 40601 502-875-0863 – 888-980-9417 Jim Caldwell said opening of the Frankfort Office is a continued improvement in service that Ag Credit has extended to farmers and rural residents in recent years. “The continuing goal of the Association is to provide affordable, convenient and reliable financial services to farmers and rural families. Since area farmers and rural families need access to financial services that cater to their unique production and lifestyle needs,

the Ag Credit Board and management is responding to satisfy that need.” Central Kentucky Ag Credit provides financial services in 17 counties in the Bluegrass Region. The Frankfort Office is the seventh full-service Ag Credit location. Other offices are located in Richmond, Lexington, Paris, Danville, Stanford and Lebanon. A grand opening event for the Ag Credit Frankfort Office is scheduled for Wednesday, March 8, 2017. More information regarding the event will be available soon.


David Slaughter, President (270) 556-4259 Joe Piles , Vice President (502) 507-3845 Pat Tilghman, Secretary/Treasurer (270) 678-5695

Clifford Farms 3459 Ky Hwy 1284E Cynthiana, KY 41031

Cattle for Sale at all times.

Since 1937


Black & Gold Gelbviehs Gelbvieh, Simmental, & Commerical Cattle

Randy & Wanda Wade 859-234-4803 Mike, Shelley & Ronin Meyer 859-298-9931 Kevin, Shannon, & Kamber Farrell 859-588-9121

Brian W. Dyer DVM


GELBVIEH/BALANCERS 2050 Glasgow Road Burkesville, KY 42717 Brian, Lauren, Kristen Barry, Emily & Julia

Pleasant Meadows Farm

Meeting modern industry demands: • Added Fertility • Increased Efficiency • More pounds of calf weaned American Gelbvieh Association 303-465-2333 |

Gary & Pat Tilghman Lindsey & Daniel Jones Family Carrie & Daryl Derossett Family 690 Lick Branch Road Glasgow, KY 42141 270.678.5695 Ÿ

Mockingbird Hill Farms

Registered Gelbvieh Cattle Shane Wells 10172 Provo Rd. Rochester, KY H: 270-934-2198 C: 270-791-8196

Full Circle Farms

Registered Gelbvieh Cattle Brad Burke 989 Metcalf Mill Rd. • Ewing, KY 41039 (H) 606-267-5609 • (C) 606-782-1367

Kilbourne Gelbvieh East Bernstadt, KY 606-843-6583 cell 606-309-4662

Black Replacement Heifers & Bulls Availble Embryo transplant & AI sired calves

Double-Doc Farm Gelbvieh Cattle

Darrell, Beth, Justin & Jessica Johnson 50 Tar Lick Road • Parksville, KY 40464 Farm- (859) 332-2270 Cell- (859) 583-5655

Bar IV Livestock

Barry, Beth & Ben Racke • Brad Racke 7416 Tippenhauer Rd. • Cold Spring, KY 41076 Phone (859) 635-3832 • Barry cell (859) 991-1992 Brad cell (859) 393-3677 • Ben cell (859) 393-3730 Fax (859) 635-3832 •

Bee Lick Gelbviehs

Eddie Reynolds 277 Old Bee Lick Rd. Crab Orchard, KY 40419 606-379-2281(H) 606-305-1972(C) Bulls & Females for sale

Larry Clark & Sons LLC Registered Gelbvieh Cattle

1153 Robert Landis Road-Greensburg, KY 42743 Larry Clark, Owner & Operator (270) 299-5167 (270) 337-2801

Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Angus - The Business Breed KENTUCKY ANGUS ASSOCIATION 2016-2017 KY Angus Association Officers:

KY Angus Association Membership Application Name:____________________________________________ Farm Name:_______________________________________

President: Tim Jeffries Ÿ Camner, KY V. President: Gil Ray Cowles Ÿ Rockfield, KY Sec/Tres.: Anne DeMott Ÿ Frankfort, KY






19 10 13 15 4 21

17 9 14


225 6 20





City:__________________State:_______ Zip:___________ Phone: Bus-_______________________________________ Res-_____________________________________________ Email:___________________________________________

Return to: Anne DeMott 1220 Angus Trail • Lexington, KY 40509 Annual Dues $35

Contact Anne DeMott to pay for your Kentucky Angus Association dues! 1 • BOYD BEEF CATTLE

7 • EAGLE REST PLANTATION Jimmy Don Robinson 7665 Paducah Road Kevil, KY 42053 270-462-2150


8 • FALL CREEK ANGUS 448 Corder Farm Road Monticello, KY 42633 Ronnie Corder 606/348-6588 9 • HAINES ANGUS FARMS 5294 Park City- Glasgow Rd. Park City, KY 42160 Kenneth Haines, Jr. 270/749-8862

5035 Main Street Mayslick, KY 41055

Charlie Boyd II · 606-584-5194

2 • BRANCH VIEW ANGUS 927 Old Liberty Pike • Hustonville, KY 40437 859/238-0771 • James S. & LuAnn Coffey Donald & Donna Coffey Evelyn Hoskins Annual Production Sale- 2nd Saturday in April 3 • BURTON & SONS ANGUS Joe D. or Karen Burton Ÿ Bryan Carman, Partner, Ridgeview Angus 480 Hominy Hill Rd. Nancy, KY 42544 Joe: 606-305-3081 Ÿ Bryan: 606-875-3453

10 • HERITAGE FARM Tom McGinnis 1024 Hinkle Lane • Shelbyville, KY 502-633-1634, home • 502-633-5100, work 502-655-0164, cell

11 • HILL VIEW FARMS Jimmy Gilles 5160 Lee Rudy Road Owensboro, KY 42301 Located 15 mi. W of Somerset 270/686-8876 Bulls & females sold private treaty. Inquiries Welcome. Sell only what we would buy. 270/929-5370 4 • CLAIREBROOK FARMS, LLC 12 • JOHNSON FARMS ANGUS BLUE RIDGE CATTLE Angus Bulls & Females PO Box 192, Carlisle, KY 40311 Slaughters, KY Paul B. Mulhollem, 859/289-7019 Keith: 270-635-0723 Chad Daugherty, 217/369-0466 Reese: 270-635-1137 Watch for our consignments in upcoming KY sales! 13 • MILLERS RUN FARM 5 • COFFEY ANGUS FARMS William N. Offutt IV 661 Hopewell Road 3790 Paris Road Georgetown, KY 40324 Liberty, KY 42539 Phone: (859) 533-2020 Email: Matt Coffey - (270) 799-6288 Website: Dewey Coffey - (606) 787-2620 Heifers for sale • See ad on pg. 55 Genetics for Maximum Profitability since 1984 6 • D&D LONGVIEW ANGUS Danny & Debbie Burris 550 Willie Nell Road Columbia, KY 42728 270-348-5766 • 270-250-3701 • 270-250-1277


14 • MUD RIVER ANGUS 10 Oak Hill Drive Russellville, KY 42276 Wayne Johnson 270/303-6354 Gary Johnson 270/498/7208

15 • FOUR KINGS ANGUS 250 Bright Leaf Dr. • Harrodsburg, KY 40330 Cary & Kim King Email: Cary Cell - 859-613-3734 • Colby Myers - Purebred Manager


16 • OLD BARK FARM 370 Ferrill Hill, Buffalo, KY 42716 Kenley Conner 270/358-8057


Registered Angus Cattle 17 • PLEASANT HILL FARMS Gil, Mary, Corbin, Caroline, and Catherine Cowles 500 Rockfield Richpond Road Rockfield, KY 42274 270/843-9021 • Fax 270/843-9005 Located 7 miles west of Bowling Green, 1/2 mile off Hwy 68/80 18 • RAGS ANGUS FARM

Richard and Glenda Stallons 1240 Dogwood Kelly Road Hopkinsville, Kentucky 42240 Home- (270)885-4352 Cell- (270)839-2442 19 • ANNE PATTON SCHUBERT 4040 Taylorsville Rd • Taylorsville, KY 40071 Phone: (502) 477-2663 • Fax: (502) 477-2637 Gordon Schubert, Cowboy


20 • SMITHLAND ANGUS FARM 5202 East Hwy 80, Russell Springs, KY 42642 Charles “Bud” & Pam Smith 270/866-3898 Henry & Melissa Smith 270/866-2311 21 • ST. CLAIR FARMS REGISTERED ANGUS Eric & Sherry St. Clair 13433 Falls of Rough Road • Falls of Rough, KY 40119 (H) 270-257-2965 (C) 270-617-1079 Performance Tested Bull & Female Sale April2016

22 • TWIN CREEK FARM Shawn, Melissa, Devin & Dylan Gibson 270/337-3072 or 270/692-5304 Dennis & Emily 270/337-2128 or 270/402-4338 Watch for us in Branch View Production Sale in April

82 Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Proper Bull Selection Can Increase Return on Investment NOBLE FOUNDATION


he past few years have seen a dramatic downturn in calf prices f rom historic highs to the lowest prices in four or five years. Unfortunately, some input prices are slow to come down while other inputs still remain high; thus causing a strain on budgets. This has greatly reduced the net profit of most cattle raisers. There is a desire and justifiable need by producers to reduce costs proportionally with the reduced calf prices to remain economically viable in the next few years until prices improve again. One area some producers have considered cutting back on is the amount spent for

replacement bulls. This can translate to using a bull of reduced quality. Prices for bulls have moderated along with the calf market, but some producers are extremely hesitant to pay for quality bulls. Rather, they opt for lower priced and lower quality bulls. However during times like now, bull quality is not an area that should be shorted. Bull selection will impact profit for many years to come in the form of the following potential adverse impacts: heavier birth weights, lower weaning weights, lower carcass quality or less desirable heifers to be kept for replacements. Beef producers who continue to produce quality calves with desirable genetics and valueadded traits will have the greatest likelihood of remaining profitable

during the low of the cattle cycle. Those who do not will likely be in the red and will be “paying to stay in the business” for the next few years. So the question becomes, how can one justify spending more on a quality bull in difficult economic times? For the rest of the article, we will use the following two scenarios. Scenario 1: use an average quality bull that cost $2,750 to purchase. Scenario 2: purchase a high quality bull in the top 20 percent for weaning weight expected progeny difference (EPD) that cost $3,500 to purchase. Both bulls will remain in the breeding herd for four years and breed 25 cows per year, totaling 100 calves. The annual cost for each bull on a cow basis is $35.60 and $43.10 for Scenario 1



















































































COWS wts.




























Feeder cattle prices were from $2 to $8 lower for the week. Calves ranged from $2 to $5 lower. Market cows were mostly $2 to $4 higher. -Troy Applehans

and Scenario 2, respectively. Annual bull cost consists of all ownership costs, including pasture, feed/mineral, veterinary and depreciation expenses. Therefore, Scenario 2 bull only costs $7.50 per cow more annually to purchase and own compared to the lower quality bull in Scenario 1. This means that bull’s calves only have to bring $7.50 to breakeven and pay for the better quality bull. Now, let’s take a look at the revenue side of the equation. All calves will be weaned at the same time in early October. Calves from Scenario 1 bull will wean at 535 pounds, valued at $1.35 pound or $722 per head. Scenario 2 bull will sire calves with heavier weaning weights at 600 pounds valued at $1.32 per pound or $789 per head. This is an increase in total value of $67 per calf for the heavier calves from the better bull. The better bull from Scenario 2 will wean a calf that has a positive net difference of about $59 more per calf ($67 minus $7.50) or a total of $1,475 more for the 25 head of calves sired by this bull annually. The total additional purchase cost of the better bull can be easily be made up in the first calving season. As calf prices decline and total ranch profit diminishes, producers must look to increase profits by purchasing inputs that provide a profitable return to the ranch. The above example demonstrates how reducing input costs by decreasing the quality of genetics likely does not result in increased profits.

Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association




December 31 Equipment Consignment Auction, Flemingsburg, KY, See ad on pg. 13 January 18-19 Heart of America Grazing Conference, Quincy, IL January 19-20, 2017 KCA annual Convention, More info on pgs. 36-45 February 1-3, 2017 NCBA Convention, Nashville, TN, See ad on pg. 68-69 February 4 American Society of Animal Science 2017 Summit, Franklin, TN February 17-18 Cattlemen’s Boot Camp, Lexington, KY, See ad on pg. 11 March 3-5 Kentucky Farm Bureau Beef Expo, Louisville, KY, See ad on pg. 30 March 11 Fayette Co. Farm Bureau Farm Equipment Consignment Auction, See ad on pg. 55


January 7 Genetic Excellence Angus Bull Sale, Cookeville, TN, See ad on pg.

January 28 Tokeena Angus Bull & Female Sale, Seneca, SC, See ad on pg. 12 January 28 CKAA Winter Sale, Danville, KY, See ad on pg. 2 February 4 Champion HIll Angus Complete Dispersal, Gallipolis, OH, See ad on pg. 31 February 18 Yon Family Farms Spring Sale, Ridge Spring, SC, See ad on pg. 9 February 25 Cowles’ Pleasant Hill Farms March Madness Bull & Heifer Sale, UPI, Bowling Green, KY, See ad on pg. 3 February 27 Robert Elliott and Sons 82nd Anniversary Production Sale, See ad on pg. 18 February 28 Woodall Angus Buyer’s Choice Bull Sale, Quality, KY, See ad on pg. 19 March 3-4 Kentucky Angus Sweepstakes, Louisville, KY March 6 Stone Gate Farms Annual Production Sale, Flemingsburg, KY, See ad on pg. 13

March 10 Lake Cumberland Bull & Female Sale, Russell Co. Stockyard, Russell Springs, KY, See ad on pg. 10 April 8 Branch View Angus Sale, See ad on pg. 88


February 25 North Missouri Bull Sale, Kingsville, MO, See ad on pg. 51 March 4 Arkansas Bull Sale, See ad on pg. 51 March 4 Kentucky Farm Bureau Beef Expo All Breeds Pen Heifer Sale, Louisville, KY March 23 KY-TN Performance Tested Bull Sale, Glasgow, KY, See ad on pg. 7 March 25 South Missouri Bull Sale, Carthage, MO, See ad on pg. 51

Black Hereford

Feb. 24 Black is the Color Sale, Bowling Green, KY, See ad on pg. 20


Red Angus

March 4 Judd Ranch 39th Annual Gelbvieh/Balancer/ Red Angus Bull Sale, Sale, Pomona, KS March 31 J&D Kerstiens Gelbvieh Auction, Huntingburg, IN, See ad on pg. 55

January 21 Bull Hill Ranch Open House and “More Bull for a Buck” Sale, See ad on pg. 13 March 18 Red Hill Farms More Than A Bull Annual Sale, Lafayette, TN, See ad on pg. 49


Feb. 17  Beef Maker Bull and Female Sale, At Barnes Herefords Sale Facility, Cedartown, GA, See ad on pg. 27


February 18 Sunset View Farms Family Tradition Simmental Bull Sale, Auburn, KY March 4 Kentucky Farm Bureau Beef Expo Simmental Sale, Louisville, KY


The Balanced Breed STRINGER FARMS Bruce Stringer 128 Teresa Avenue Ÿ Somerset, KY 42501 606-875-3553


AGRI Financial SVS Allflex AmeriAg American Angus Association B & L Farm Cattle Company Beefmaster Breeders United Blue Grass Stockyards Branch View Angus Buckner and Jeffries Angus Bull Hill Ranch Burkmann Feeds CKAA Winter Sale CPC Commodities CPH 45 State Ad

35 25 4 7, 11 8 22 47 88 7 13 20 2 57 67

DIAMOND J SALERS Donald Johnson 11660 N. Hwy 1247 • Eubank, KY 42564 606-379-1558

Caudill Seed 54 Central Farm Supply 21 Century Livestock 12 Champion Hill 31 Chuck Marshall Auction and Realestate 13 Crystalyx 8 Cutting Edge 53 DP Sales Service 60 Dievert Sales Service 21 Dow Agro/Mosaic 33 Ellegood Farm Products 20 Fayette County Farm Bureau 55 Four Kings Angus 57 Green River Fence 18 Hayes Trailer Sales 55 J & D Kerstiens 55

WILLIS FARMS • Danny Willis 964 Johnson Rd • Frankfort, KY 40601 502-803-5011 • Matt Craig, Farm Mgr. 502-604-0821

John Deere 5 Kentucky Angus 82 Kentucky Beef Expo 30 Kentucky Charolais Association 80 Kentucky Gelbveih Association 81 Kentucky Hereford Association 78 Kentucky Salers Association 84 Kentucky Simmental Association 76 Kuhn North America 17 Leitchfield Truck & Trailer 54 McBurneys Livestock & Equipment 59 Mid South Ag LLC 53 Miller’s Run Farms 55 MultiMin USA, INC 23 Neat Steel 62 Norbrook 14-15

84 Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Oak Hollow 7 Paris Stockyards 4 Pleasant Hill Fams 3 Red Hill Farms 49 Robert Elliott & Sons 18 Seedstock Plus 51 Silver Stream Shelters 26 Smithland Angus Farm 10 Stone Gate Farms 13 Storm Insurance 28 Tokeena Angus 12 Triple T Farms 20 Walters Buildings 10 White Hawk Ranch 27 Wm. E. Fagaly & Son 60 Woodall Angus 19 Yon Family Farms 9

Cow Country Classifieds To place a Classified call 859/278-0899

Lost Bridge Cattle Company

Livestock Hauling Indiana Kentucky Ohio Tennessee 513-678-1042 Ryan Gries

12 Top Quality Black Bred Heifers 1250 LBS. calving 3/22/17 Preg. Checked, calfhood vaccinated, wormed Bred to low birth weight bulls. More available. Call 502-827-2497 PERFORMANCE TESTED PUREBRED ANGUS BULLS FOR SALE Call 270/202-7186 for more info or check out for current availability. ANGUS & CHAROLAIS BULLS Compliance quality Angus & Charolais bulls for lease. Starting at $350. McCrory Farms, Benton, KY 270-527-3767 FOR SALE Fall yearling Polled Hereford bulls Good selection. Low birthweight, medium frame. JMS Polled Herefords, Knifley, KY 270-465-6984 RED ANGUS FOR SALE Bulls: Yearlings and 2 Year Olds, Open and Bred Heifers Contact: Johnnie Cundiff 606-305-6443 or 606-871-7438


Looking for honest dependable part time personnel to help promote beef at the Kentucky Expo Center in Louisville, KY. Currently taking applications for cashiers, food prep and cooks. Contact Maxine Bracken At Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association food service. Phone #502-773-3702 or email with a resume. ACH Holdings - Haynes Farms Fullblood & Purebred Embryos & Semen Stephen Haynes - 270-799-8685 760 Emily Court Bowling Green, KY 42101 Facebook: ACHH LIMOUSIN SORTING POLES-PADDLES-FLAGS Poles with your 8” decal. $5.70 each per 50. Sorting flags, $10.50. Sorting paddles $9. Kerndt Livestock Products. 800-207-3115 COMPREHENSIVE NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT PLANS (CNMPs) Financial assistance available through NRCS EQIP or Ky Div of Conservation RCPP. Ben Koostra, Lexington, KY - NRCS Technical Service Provider - 859-559-4662 BULLS FOR SALE Registered black Simmental bulls. Excellent EPD’s. Semen tested. Delivery Available. Maximize your profit with proven performance. Adam Wheatley 502-349-2665 PLACE YOUR CLASSIFIED TODAY As low as $15 per month Call Jacob Redway at 859-278-0899 OVER 20 BREEDING AGE HEREFORD BULLS FOR SALE Over 50 years of Line 1 Hereford Genetics. Chambliss Hereford Farms 270-668-7126

$15 for 4 lines and $5 for each additional line

Black Angus Bred Heifers

For Sale

Spring Calving Contact Barry McRoberts at 502-552-2050 McRoberts Cattle Company Bedford, KY REGISTERED ANGUS HEIFERS FOR SALE Open and bred. Ridgeview Angus 606-787-7307 PLACE YOUR CLASSIFIED TODAY As low as $15 per month Call Carey Brown at 859-278-0899 HORSE & LIVESTOCK BEDDING Quality sawdust and kiln-dried shavings. Delivered in bulk. Hillsboro, KY 606-232-2633 or 606-845-7790 REGISTERED ANGUS BULLS 18 months. Vet Checked. $2,000. Skean Angus, Alvaton, KY 270-535-4123. Call Tim or see bulls @ HEREFORD BULLS Low birth weight and high growth. BSE Tested. 18 months old. Sweet T Farm. 859-684-1509 REGISTERED GELBVIEH BULLS 6 registered Gelbvieh bulls. Passed BSE. Ready for service. 14-20 months old. Calving ease, low birth weight, docile bulls. Starting price at $2,250. Trent Jones. 270-590-5266 PLACE YOUR CLASSIFIED TODAY As low as $15 per month Call Jacob Redway at 859-278-0899 or email


CATTLE PRODUCTION SALE Registered Bulls - Bred Heifers - Open Heifers Sale Location: Eva Hawes Ag Expo Building Morgantown City Park Morgantown, KY

March 11, 2017 Sale Time 1:00 p.m. CST

Catalog Will be Available Feb 2017

See your ad here and reach over 10,000 cattlemen each month. Ads as low as $15 per month. For ad placement contact Jacob Redway at 859-278-0899.

Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Mister, I own a hundred cows... the largest farm owners in our community when I was growing up was “Aunt Retta” and “Cousin Martha”. They had a lot of pride in the land and lifestyle of their ----------------“fathers”. University of Kentucky Now, let’s fast-forward to the Extension Beef Specialist present. Eighty-one percent of the students majoring in animal science at UK are women. Ladies fter working for seven years have taken to agriculture like “ducks in Mississippi, I moved back to water” and, let’s be honest, some of to Kentucky in 1981 and one the males need to turn it up a notch. of my first producers meetings was When we’ve hired folks to work in a memorable one in Bowling Green. our beef IRM programs in recent An older gentleman, who worked as years, we have looked for the best a pharmaceutical representative, was people that we could find. We hired a jovial guy but, perhaps, a bit out people with names like Alison, Jerene, of touch. As he plied his wares, a Jennifer, Lori and Blair! These folks, woman asked him a question about along with several men, will always deworming cattle. He probably meant be associated with these successful no harm but he said something that programs. implied that she might have her Our land grant universities husband take care of that. Whoa are producing a lot of top notch boy, the lady stood up and calmly agricultural graduates that are women said “Mister, I own a hundred head and they are being very successful of cows and I am capable of making in the workplace. The U.S.D.A. my own decisions”. My gentleman estimates that one-third of the U.S. friend was thoroughly embarrassed farmers are women. Why was it and, although he apologized profusely, ever thought to be a novel idea for it was “message delivered”. women to be active in leadership That might have “played” in roles in agriculture? The University Mississippi where the cattlemen’s of Kentucky has the finest group association at that time had a separate of Extension Agents for Agriculture group for women – called the and Natural Resources (ANR) in the “Cowbelles” but as Bob Dylan sang, United States and one-third of our “the times they are (were) a ‘changin’”. ANR and Horticultural agents are When I studied vocational women. I doubt that number will ever agriculture in Tennessee (in the early decrease. ‘60s) it was all boys, except when we Sometime ago I was completing elected a “sweetheart” for the yearbook some forms that wanted to know pictures. By the time I enrolled in about our efforts for diversity and graduate school at UK in 1970, we asked if we had any programs for had several female students in our women and minorities. Well “Hello animal science classes. They were Pete”! All of our programs are for exceptionally good students, too. No everyone. Is separate ever really better? logical reason why they wouldn’t have Many of our specialists, agents and been but it did represent change. coordinators are women and the level Let me say this right now: I was of female participation in our “Master” country as country could be, but I was programs has grown steadily. We (and still am) proud of this change have 540 women Master Cattleman in the “farming landscape”. Two of graduates and probably a third of our

Dr. Roy Burris


Master Grazer participants are female, too. Some men still might not be sure how to interact with women in an area that a generation ago was dominated by males. I think the answer is simple – treat them with the same level of professionalism and respect that you would (or do) want accorded to your daughters – nothing less. I just wish that “Aunt Retta” and “Cousin Martha” could see us now.

Timely Tips for January Spring‑Calving Cow Herd •Start cows on the high magnesium mineral supplement soon. Consider protein supplementation if hay is less than 10% crude protein. If cows are thin, begin energy (grain) supplementation now. •Consider vaccinating the cows to help prevent calf scours. •Keep replacement heifer calves gaining enough to reach their “target” breeding weight (65% mature weight) and to be cycling by the start of the spring breeding season. •Study the performance of last year’s calf crop and plan for improvement. Plan your breeding program and consider a better herd sire(s). Select herd sires which will allow you to meet your goals and be willing to pay for superior animals. •Get ready for calving season! See that all equipment and materials are ready, including obstetrical equipment, record forms or booklets, eartags, scales for obtaining birthweights, etc. Prepare a calving area where assistance can be provided easily if needed. Purchase ear tags for calves and number them ahead of time if possible. Plan for enough labor to watch/assist during the calving period. •Move early‑calving heifers and

86 Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

cows to pastures that are relatively small and easily accessible to facilities in case calving assistance is needed. Keep them in good condition but don’t overfeed them at this time. Increase their nutrient intake after they calve.

Fall Calving Cow Herd • Breeding season continues. Keep fall calving cows on accumulated pasture as long as possible, then start feeding hay/grain. Don’t let these cows lose body condition! •Provide clean windbreaks and shelter for young calves. •Catch up on castrating, dehorning and implanting.

General •Provide water at all times. Cattle need 5 to 11 gallons per head daily even in the coldest weather. Be aware of frozen pond hazards. Keep ice “broken” so that cattle won’t walk out on the pond trying to get water. Automatic waterers, even the “frostfree” or “energy-free” waterers can freeze up in extremely cold weather. Watch closely. •Increase feed as the temperature drops, especially when the weather is extremely cold and damp. When temperature drops to 15°F, cattle need access to windbreaks •Feed hay in areas where mud is less of a problem. Consider preparing a feeding area with gravel over geotextile fabric or maybe a concrete feeding pad. •Consider renovating and improving pastures with legumes, especially if they have poor stands of grass or if they contain high levels of the fescue endophyte. Purchase seed and get equipment ready this month.


State and National Beef Promotion and Research Programs Information is required by 7 CRF 1260.201. Failure to report can result in a fine. Information is held confidential per 7 CRF 1260.203.

Today’s Date

ID Number (if known)________________________

Seller’s Name

Buyer’s Name







Seller’s Signature



Buyer’s Signature

Both the seller & the buyer are responsible for making sure that the $1 per head assessment is collected and remitted to the Kentucky Beef Council.

Date of Sale

*State of Origin

Total Number of Cattle Sold:

Person remitting form:



$1.00 per Head Federal Checkoff


$1.00 per Head State Checkoff



Total Checkoff Payment for Federal and State

Phone Number:

*If the cattle purchased came from another state within the last 30 days, indicate from which state the cattle were purchased.

Send Report and Remittance to:

For additional information: call



Kentucky Beef Council 176 Pasadena Drive Lexington, KY 40503 email

According to the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, an agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to respond to a collection of information unless it displays a valid OMB control number. The valid OMB control number for this information collection is 0581-0093. The time required to complete this information collection is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination in all its programs and activities on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, disability, and where applicable, sex, marital status, familial status, parental status, religion, sexual orientation, genetic information, political beliefs, reprisal, or because all or part of an individual's income is derived from any public assistance program. (Not all prohibited bases apply to all programs.) Persons with disabilities who require alternative means for communication of program information (Braille, large print, audiotape, etc.) should contact USDA's TARGET Center at (202) 720-2600 (voice and TDD). To file a complaint of discrimination, write to USDA, Director, Office of Civil Rights, 1400 Independence Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20250-9410 or call (800) 795-3272 (voice) or (202) 720-6382 (TDD). USDA is an equal opportunity provider and employer.

Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


APRIL 8, 2017 Hustonville, KY


Largest Angus Sale in Kentucky

Sale bull info available now! go to Benefits of a BV bull: 1 GUARANTEED-first breeding season. 2 INCREASE your calf pay weight 3 PERFORMANCE: 50+ calving ease bulls, 80+ bulls with 50+ WW, and 50+ bulls with 100+ YW. 4 AFFORDABLE: Last year 35 bulls sold between $2,500 - $3,500 5 All bulls i50K genomic tested for increased EPD accuracies. 6. Buy a PROGRAM, not just a bull.

100 bulls 80 femalES & 100 Commercial Females

Breed average BW with upper percentile growth and carcass traits.

CED Sale Avg. 6 Breed % Rank 50

BW 1.6 55

EPD average for sale bulls.

WW 57 25

YW 100 25

CW 44 25

MARB 0.6 40

RE 0.7 25

$W 51.30 30

$F $G $B 60.10 35.00 132.30 30 40 20

Guest Consignors: Twin Creek Angus 270-337-2128 Joe D. Burton & Sons 606-305-3081 88

Danny Smith 606-706-0355 Josh Nunn 270-872-3579

James S. Coffey 859-238-0771 Donald S. Coffey

Cow Country News, January 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Cow Country News - January 2017  

The Cow Country News is a monthly publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association. Highlighting the latest cattle news, sale information...

Cow Country News - January 2017  

The Cow Country News is a monthly publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association. Highlighting the latest cattle news, sale information...