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Cow CountryNews Cattlemen’s Association

August 2013

Membership Issue Highlights Enjoy this issue on us! Sent to over 28,000 beef producers! Register Now for Kentucky Grazing School - pg. 25 Soil pH and Why You Should Care - pg.44 Animal Shelter Assistance Recipients Named - pg.82 Blue Grass Stockyards History and People - pg.92-101

Ky Cattlemen’s Assoc. 176 Pasadena Drive Lexington, KY 40503


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Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Call the Whayne Supply Agri-Business Specialist in your area!

That’s the sign of a great Dealer!

Charlie McDonner Louisville (502) 593-2130 Craig Pennington Dry Ridge (859) 443-9244 Gabe Stone Elizabethtown (502) 510-0097 Charlie B. Edgington Lexington (859) 229-0442

FARMREADY UNITS PRICED RIGHT TO ADD TO YOUR OPERATION!

Jerrod Murphy Owensboro (270) 313-7269 JB Moore Hopkinsville (270) 392-4798 Neal Milliken Mayfield (270) 210-5194

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Cat 246C Skid Steer Loader

Cat 252B2 Skid Steer Loader

Scott Murray Somerset (606) 280-0418

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All advertised units are subject to prior sale and prices are subject to change without notice. Units are FOB Whayne branch at which they are located.

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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TABLE OF CONTENTS COLUMNISTS 7 8 10 12 22 36 123

Don Reynolds, KCA Membership Moving Forward James Comer, Show Your Support at the Kentucky State Fair Dave Maples, Join Our Family Baxter Black, Dumb But Useful Garry Lacefield, Extended Grazing with Stockpiled Pasture Melissa Hart, Watching Grandma Roy Burris, A spirit of cooperation personified

FEATURE STORIES 24 25 26 27 28 34 39 40 41 42 44 46 47

U.S. Corn Acreage Up for 5th Straight Year Registration is Open for Kentucky Grazing School Corn Crop off to a late, but good start BoarBuster™ Thinks Outside the Box Trap UK research breaking down production barriers Storing Carbon in Healthy Soils Tips to Controlling Weeds in Grass Pastures Larry Graham Kentucky Round-Up to Feature Clinician Craig Cameron What’s the Dumbest Farm Animal What’s the Soil pH and Why Do I Care Past Foretells Terrific Future for Grassroots Beef Promotion Programs Name change reflects broad work of UK College of Agriculture, Food and Environment 48 Slaframine Toxicosis or “Slobbers” in Cattle 50 Beef Exports Up; Pork Down Slightly as Russian Impact Felt 52 Dodging Projectiles 54 A Weed Wiper is Good For You, Bad for Weeds 56 Electric Cattle Guard Saves Time 58 Kentucky Cattleman Attends Elite Beef Industry Conference 66 UK Ag Partners in Six-State Dairy Improvement Effort 67 K-State Research Finds Resistance to BRD Treatment 68 Kentucky’s retail food prices drop 3.1 percent in second quarter 70 Stories to Share 74 Ranch Manager App Makes Record Keeping Easy 76 Low Interest Rates - Will Your Life Insurance Survive 81 Minimizing Wheel Traffic Damage to Alfalfa 82 Recipients Named for Animal Shelter Assistance Program 84 Late Summer Seeding of Forage Crops 86 Kentucky State Fair 88 Farm Feasibility Analysis, Part I 92-101 Blue Grass Stockyards Marketing Group History and People 102 Sophistication of Kentucky’s Producers, food systems impresses visitors 103 UK research focusing on bringing back pollinators 105 Kentucky farmers, UK students get eye-opening experience in Argentina 110 2013 Woodland Owners Short Course to be held in conjunction with Kentucky Wood Expo 111 Supply and demand influence corn prices 14-15 16 18-20 30-32 60-62 72-73 78-79 106-107 108-109 106-107 112-121 119 124 125

National News State News County News Economic & Policy Update Membership Kentucky Junior Cattlemen’s Association Young Producer’s Council Kentucky Beef Network Kentucky Beef Council Kentucky Beef Network News Releases The CPH Report Calendar of Events Classified Section: - Classified ads - Advertisers Index

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Green Oaks Farm

Production Sale Sunday, September 29, 2013 • 1 pm EDT Green Oaks Farm • West Liberty, KY Sale Features: Rita 9M28 of Rita 5F56 PRED This full sister to the popular Rito 9M25 of Rita 5F56 PRED sells as a highlight along with progeny offering unlimited carcass genetics. She is very impressive with a tremendous future!

Donors and embryo progeny Spring cow/calf pairs Fall cow/calf pairs Spring bred heifers Breeding age bulls

WL 5899 2113 Eisa Erica 8013

Boyd Forever Lady 8128

GOF Rita Y21 of 5F33

This powerful daughter of Predestined and Eisa Erica 2113 sells with a heifer calf at side. Many Spring pairs like this will sell.

This impressive daughter of Rito 1I2 has been a GOF donor and is a direct daughter of the $225,000 Boyd Forever Lady 7120. She will have a calf at side sired by SAV Iron Mountain 8066.

This stout daughter of GAR Progress sells carrying the service of Connealy Confidence 0100 along with many other bred heifers of this caliber.

TRM Forever Lady 173 This bred heifer from the Forever Lady family sells due to calve in October to AAR TEN X 7008 SA.

GOF 41Z2

GOF 48Z2

This stylish September daughter of the popular calving ease sire Coleman Regis from a dam by GAR Predestined sells as a highlight in the open heifer division.

Proven genetics in this October daughter of the popular Connealy Consensus 7229 produced from the long time GOF donor, Rita 7090 – She will sell alongg with maternal sisters.

Kenneth and Debbie Whitt - Owners PO Box 757 • West Liberty, KY 41472 Home: 606-743-7070 Barn: 606-743-3525 Kenneth Cell: 606-495-5183 Lynn Reed - Cattle Manager • 606-495-6655 Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association 2013 Leadership KCA Regional Directors: REGION 1

REGION 3 continued

*Steve Dunning, Vice President, 270-498-8180 Bobby Shilts, 270-547-6470 Daniel Hayden, 270-570-2815 Richard Russellburg, 502-233-4285 Jeff Pettit, 270-884-5305 George Whitson, 270-725-5906 Lonnie Epley, 270-726-0844 Chris Milam, 270-726-1803 Lanny Boyd, 270-889-9682 Bob Tucker, 270-797-8263

REGION 2

KCA 2013 EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE OFFICERS: PRESIDENT

SECRETARY/TREASURER

KCA PROGRAM CHAIRMAN

Don Reynolds 1405 Jonesville Mill Rd., Magnolia, KY 42757 (270) 528-5239

Billy Glenn Turpin 1282 Miller Drive Richmond, KY 40475 (859) 623-7219

David Lemaster 1859 Irvine Road Winchester, KY 40391 (859) 749-0258

PRESIDENT ELECT

KCA PAST PRESIDENT

KBC CHAIRMAN

Steve Downs 830 Arthur Mattingly Rd Lebanon, KY 40033 (270) 865-2611

Mike Bach 1787 Wyoming Road, Owingsville, KY 40360 (606) 674-2953

Chuck Crutcher 4364 Berrytown Rd Rineyville, KY 40162 (270) 877-0239

VICE PRESIDENT

KBN CHAIRMAN

Gary Woodall 619 McReynolds Rd. Quality, KY 42256 270-725-0819

Bobby Foree 2440 Eminence Road, Eminence, KY 40019 (502) 845-4947

*Ryan Miller, Vice President, 859-779-5461 Jerry Gaddie, 270-325-3703 Dr. Kenneth Green, 270-879-0229 Bobby Druen, 270-432-5969 Andy Bishop, 502-275-6177 Wayne Pedigo, 270-670-9238 Laura Cooper-Green, 270-230-3463 Mike Elmore, 270-678-2494 Marty Lile, 270-202-3282 Eddie Jessie, 270-565-4371 Marion Crutcher, 270-877-5709 Tony Reynolds, 270-528-6142 Mitchel Logsdon, 270-524-0266 Kelly Flanders, 270-528-6272

REGION 3 *Bobby Foree, Vice President, 502-845-4947 John Ellegood, 502-532-7573

Corinne Kephart , 502-220-1748 Kevin Perkins, 502-269-7189 Paul Redmon, 859-749-7788 Chris Browning, 502-268-9181 Joe Lipps, 502-747-0792 Rondal Dawson, 502-829-5489 James Lyons, 859-361-1222

REGION 4 *Tim White, Vice President, 859-223-0326 Scott Turpin, 859-314-4615 Mike Stokley, 859-771-9195 Chris Cooper, 859-625-0090 Harold Rice, 606-652-4605 John Tudor, 859-624-3834 Clay Wills, 859-749-8248 Ron Ray, 859-858-4326 Jason Rose, 606-738-9756

REGION 5 *Dave Rings, Vice President, 270-866-5535 Tim Shepherd, 859-265-7804 Mike Spalding, 270-699-6587 Don Minton, 606-423-2675 Larry Clay, 606-438-9914 Bonnie Rings, 270-585-3500 Joe Goggin, 859-238-9437 Adam Chunglo, 859-613-2985 Phillip Reese, 606-787-1629 Cary King, 859-734-2173 * Denotes member of Executive committee

CowCountryNews

IS PUBLISHED MONTHLY BY THE KENTUCKY CATTLEMEN’S ASSOCIATION. 1972-73 1974-77 1978-79 1980-82 1983-85 1986-87 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997

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Jere Caldwell - Boyle Smith T. Powell* - Lincoln Larry Lovell - Union John Masters* - Mason Seldon Hail - Laurel Bob Vickery - Wayne Glenn Mackie - Bourbon Dale Lovell - Muhlenberg Steve Henshaw - Union Jerry Fraim - Grayson Glen Massengale* - Wayne Dell King - Christian Kenneth Lowe - Warren Dr. J.L.Cole - Monroe Harvey Mitchell - Mercer Jim Naive - Spencer

1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

Shelby Hughes - Logan Hoppy Lovell - Barren Charles Miller - Jessamine Larry Clay - Perry Jack Kimbrough - Shelby Mark Williams - Crittenden Paul Napier - Lincoln Eddie Young - Washington Greg Ritter* - Barren Don Pemberton - Christian Billy Glenn Turpin - Madison Scotty Parsons - Christian Corinne Kephart - Shelby Greg Robey - Mercer Mike Bach - Bath

*(Deceased)

Volume 27 Issue 8

The publisher reserves the right to refuse publication of any material which he feels is unsuitable for the publication. Although the highest journalistic ethics will be maintained, the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association limits its responsibilities for any errors, inaccuracies or misprints in advertising or editorial copy. Advertisers and advertising agencies assume liability for all content of advertisements printed, and also assume responsibility for any claims arising from such advertisements made against the publisher.

KCA STAFF

176 Pasadena Drive,Lexington, KY 40503 Phone 859/278-0899 Fax 859/260-2060 Web Site: www.kycattle.org or kybeef.com E-Mail: info@kycattle.org

Executive Vice President Dave Maples Staff Accountant Kelly Tucker Director of Kentucky Beef Network Becky Thompson KBN Program Coordinator Brandy Graves KBN Industry Coordinator Dan Miller KBC Director of Marketing Alison Smith

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

KBC Director of Consumer Affairs Caitlin Swartz Membership Coordinator Nikki Whitaker Communication Manager Leanna Jackson Publication Coordinator Carey Brown National Advertising Sales Connections Advertising & Marketing,

Debby Nichols, 859/321-8770


PRESIDENT’S THOUGHTS

KCA Membership Moving Forward Don Reynolds

-----------------

Kentucky Cattlemen's Association President

H

ope everyone is having a good summer. It started out being wet, and then it got very hot and humid. Everyone needs to take caution and drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration. On June 24, my wife, Patti and I enjoyed the scenery on our way to Bath County. Once we arrived, we were greeted by Mike and Mary Bach. Mike took us on a tour of his farming operation. We looked at his cattle, crops and met his son, Steven who was side dressing corn. In the afternoon, we met his daughter-in-

law and handsome grandson. They have a beautiful place and we enjoyed the afternoon with the Bach’s. Later that evening, we attended the Bath County Cattlemen’s annual picnic. The entertainment, delicious food and homemade ice cream made by Mary Bach was wonderful. I got the opportunity to talk with Mike Amburgey, President of Bath County Cattlemen and fellowship with the members was really nice. We really appreciated the warm hospitality shown to us by the Bach’s and fellow cattlemen. I wish the Bath County Cattlemen success as they continue to grow their membership. Later in the week, the KCA full Board met at the Daviess County extension office in Owensboro, KY. This was a planning meeting for the coming year. At the meeting, we broke into small discussion groups which included: Beef

is h T g n i t t e G I m A y h W y r t n u o C w o C f o e u s Is News? _____ A. You are already one of the 9,239 members of the KCA who receive Cow Country News every month. _____ B. We think you would be a great new addition to our team. Consider joining today! For membership beneits and an application, go to page 60-61.

Council, Convention, Membership, Communication, and Beef Network. We compiled some good thoughts and future ideas for the organization in 2014. However, please do not hesitate to call myself or the KCA office with any thoughts that can help us improve our organization. This month, I had the opportunity to meet Clifford “Rip” Rippetoe, who as of January 1, 2013 took office as the President and CEO of the Kentucky State Fair Board. Mr. Rippetoe seems to be very interested in the current agriculture events being held at the exposition center and wants to strive to make them even more successful. On a membership note, we are at an all-time record high number for members with approximately 9,239 KCA members. Our previous record high membership was 9,208 members, set in 2008. I want to

commend everyone for striving to increase our membership throughout this year. We could not achieve all of the membership goals in our great KCA organization without each and every member, as well as our wonderful KCA staff. Every member counts from the smallest county in our organization to the largest county. There is still plenty of potential for future growth and even higher membership. There are approximately 38,000 beef producers in the state of Kentucky, so there is plenty of room to grow.

Upcoming Events: August 3 - KBN Field Day at the Eden Shale Farm August 15-25 - Kentucky State Fair

Oak Hollow Performance Tested Purebred Angus Cattle Good Selection of Bred Heifers and Service Age Bulls for Sale For more information, contact the office at (270) 563-4987 or cell (270) 202-7186. Kenneth D. Lowe Smiths Grove, KY 42171 www.oakhollowangus.com

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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COMMISSIONER’S CORNER

Show Your Support at the Kentucky State Fair James Comer

-------------Commissioner of Agriculture

T

he Kentucky State Fair is the World Series of livestock exhibitions in Kentucky. The best exhibitors and show animals converge on Louisville to put their skills to the test in front of nationally recognized judges and a statewide audience. All their hard work, and everything they’ve learned about preparing and showing livestock projects, lead to the Kentucky Exposition Center in August. I remember well my days showing livestock at the state fair. A crowd of people would gather to watch the

shows. The judge, after lengthy and careful consideration, would reach his hand out to the winner. The crowd would applaud and cheer — even if the winner wasn’t their favorite. For a livestock exhibitor, the road to Louisville is a long one. To get there, they spend countless hours feeding, watering, grooming, bedding, and training their animals. They compete in preview and district shows and county fairs. They have days when everything falls into place, and they have days when nothing falls into place, no matter how hard they have prepared. How they handle both circumstances will go a long way toward determining how they do at the state fair — and in life. I firmly believe that competition builds character and helps young people learn how to get along. Competition helped me learn to win gracefully, to

get up and dust myself off from a loss, and to appreciate the efforts of the other competitors. And I believe it is our responsibility as adults to teach our young people to work hard and do their best. That’s why I encourage everyone to go to the livestock shows and cheer on these young exhibitors, even if you don’t have a rooting interest. Applaud the winners for their effort, and encourage the other competitors to learn from their mistakes and try again. While you’re at the fair, browse the 4-H and FFA exhibits in the West Hall, and see some of the brilliant projects our young people are creating. To find a schedule of livestock shows online, go to the Kentucky State Fair’s website, www.kystatefair. org, and go to Agriculture to find a schedule for each venue. You also

can pick up a program when you pass through one of the entrances to the Kentucky Exposition Center. I know I’m preaching to the choir, but these bright, hard-working young people are our future farmers, employees, business people, voters, and leaders. Visit the Kentucky State Fair, and show them your support.

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Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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Join or Renew your Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association Membership As the largest cattle producing state east of the Mississippi River, Kentucky is home to over 1.1 million beef cows and ranks 4th nationally in total number of farms. The Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association, a grassroots organization with 99 chapters in 120 counties, works to protect, advance and be a strong voice for the state’s 38,000 + cattle producers. KCA’s mission is to provide a strong, proactive voice for

all of Kentucky’s Beef Farm Families, serve as a resource for information and education for producers, consumers and the industry and be a catalyst for enhancing producer profitability. NOW IS THE TIME to join or renew your Kentucky

Cattlemen’s Association. Unite and become a unified voice for all cattle producers. Contact: Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

176 Pasadena Dr. Lexington, KY 40503 (859) 278-0899

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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FROM DAVE’S DESK

Join Our Family Dave Maples

-------------Executive Vice President

W

elcome to this special issue of the Cow Country News. I hope you enjoy reading the publication and ultimately consider joining the Association in order to continue receiving the monthly publication and to take advantage of all of the other benefits. Kentucky’s cattle industry is a big industry and as a business owner I know you are proud of your cattle and farming enterprise. Kentucky is home to the largest cow herd east of the Mississippi River ranking 8th nationally with over 38,000 beef cattle farmers. When you look at beef cows per unit of land, Kentucky has nearly 30 cows per square mile. This would rank

us third behind Missouri and Oklahoma nationally. KCA was established some 40 years ago and has grown to be one of the largest state cattlemen’s associations in the country. This year’s membership of 9239 will be the largest in the 40 year history of the Association. I personally, along with the producer leadership, would like to invite you to join KCA. As a proud Kentucky beef producer it is important to be informed on the issues and activities within our industry. With this August issue of Cow Country News I will be starting my fifteenth year as the Executive Vice-President of KCA and I would have to say that the past fourteen years have been very enjoyable. I, along with my family, have grown up with the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association and I need to thank the many producers, members, supporters and a wonderful support staff that have helped me grow and supported the ideas and goals of the Association.

KCA is a family of beef producers and like most families, everyone does not always agree on everything. There are many opinions and ideas and I have the opportunity to hear most of them. I really wish that we could solve everyone’s problem, but we can’t. It is a challenge working in an industry where we are all in the same industry but we are also in competition with each other. Conversations this past month have ranged from the beef production system should be all local and grass fed beef to the importance of a global market place. Then there are the conversations within the industry ranging from how producers market their livestock thru auction markets, order buyers and feedlots with the animals ultimately ending up in the large multinational packing plants. When it gets down to it the question always comes back to who profits the most. Over the years KCA has spent time on issues that affect all producers, like environment and animal rights issues. Just this month I have attended meetings with the Kentucky Division of Water regarding

the new models that EPA is suggesting Kentucky implement. It is very easy to blame the cattle industry for water quality problems. Animal care is going to be an ongoing issue that we are going to have to address and take serious. Local issues that affect Kentucky producers are the taxes on some animal health products. Kentucky is one of only a very few states that tax animal health products. Another issue that all cattle producers can embrace is the fact that the Packers and Stockyards Act has not been updated in some thirty plus years. Both of these issues should be easy corrections but they are not, and it takes time and timing to make the changes. These are just a couple of many issues that animal agriculture faces. KCA is committed to working on these issues on your behalf. Again, I welcome and encourage you to become a member of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association. We are a family of beef producers. I hope you see the importance and think that your industry is worth the effort. Join today to help protect and promote your business.

Today’s producers face the ever-increasing challenge of meeting the health and nutritional needs of their livestock and poultry while still making a profit. You can count on Gro-Tec’s Yeast Products to help improve an animal’s absorption of nutrients from its feed, which results in better health, growth, and reduced stress. Gro-Tec supplies superior quality yeast products to producers world-wide. Studies show that Gro-Tec’s Yeast Products are beneficial to a wide range of livestock resulting in:

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üReduced methane gas productionn üIncreased beneficial microbial activity üPromotion of cellulose colonization by fiber digesting bacteria üReduced breeding intervals üIncreased palatability üImproved body condition and increased performance

For more information please contact one of our representatives: Charlie Lowther Bob O’Nan Harold Sorrell Charles Tackett 859-516-2435 502-321-6886 606-209-1307 859-409-0731 Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


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Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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he pastor was making a point Sunday morning. He said, “Even God’s dumbest creatures can be useful.â€? I tried not to take it personally. However, if he’d seen my grade transcript from vet school, I would certainly qualify for half of it! But, he was talking about sheep. Most people would agree that sheep are useful. It has always baffled me why all the “All Natural, Organic, EcoGreenâ€? contingent turns a blind eye to the ewe. We make a hollow noise cheering on experimental energy sources; electric cars, and windmill arrays. But how can purists buy brand-name jackets that tout polyester, nylon and elastane ripstock as their ingredients? Does that sound green to you? Maybe they are persuaded by the claim of “A soft fleece backing that has natural moisture-wicking properties?â€? Does that mean sheep’s wool is really involved? Nope, their definition of “Fleeceâ€? is a ‘soft napped insulating synthetic wool.’ Oh‌synthetic wool. God gave us sheep to eat and insulate us. If you were condemned to live on a deserted island like Ireland for 5 years and were allowed to have only one species of animal, which would you pick? Fish? A horse? A pack of dogs? A litter of kittens? Cows? Bears? Pigs? Alligators, Possum, Goats, Parrots? There’s a case for the horse as transportation, but it would be like being married to

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

a high-maintenance wife. Something would always be wrong. Cows are equal to sheep in IQ and their SAT scores, but they are bulky and hard to handle. There is nothing fun about chasing cows afoot. Pigs are smarter which gives them an advantage over sheep if you’re playing checkers but since when has intelligence been an advantage when you are going to eat them? It’s also a disadvantage if you’re trying to make them follow. Dogs can be good company and, when you get down to it, they can eat each other. I know, some cultures eat dogs but on a small island it might be hard to eat your friend. On the down side, how would you like to live in a world that smelled like a kennel? I don’t know if I could survive 5 years on nothing but chicken. There are people who have done that but they are from Arkansas and are used to guinea hens, condors and possum. But there would always be the advantage if an alligator, rattlesnake or squirrel somehow invaded your island, you would still be able to say, “Everything here tastes like chicken.� Granted, one might make a case for llama, possibly, or rabbits. But to insure your survival it’s hard to beat sheep as a source of bedding, clothing, leather, meat, disposition, ear plugs, padding, reproduction, milk, and some might say beauty and companionship. AND, to top it off they’ll eat anything! To accomplish this recognition of sheep as the world’s best all natural, edible, cuddly, wearable, rideable, milkable, recyclable species on Earth, one that is dumb but useful, we must first educate an urban community who believe that meat comes in a plastic wrapper, milk comes in bottles, fur is faux, and fleece is really a ‘soft napped insulating synthetic wool’. Like Astroturf, I guess.


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NATIONAL NEWS

NCBA Educates Capitol Hill on Antibiotic Use in Livestock Paul H. Hill Fall Production Sale

October 21, 2013 11503 State Route 554 Bidwell, OH 45614

75 Show/Donor Prospects (Born 1/1/13 - 6/1/13)

Cow/Calf Pairs Bred Heifers Bred Cows

• More details in the September issue of Cow Country News!

For More Information Contact: Office: 740/367-7021 Fax: 740/367-7937 Email: champion@championhillangus.com Website: www.championhillangus.com Find Champion Hill Angus on Facebook!

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WASHINGTON (JUNE 24, 2013) he National Cattlemen’s Beef Association (NCBA) today gave an overview to more than 70 congressional staff members on antibiotics used in food producing animals as part of NCBA’s “Beef 101” educational series. “Beef 101” is an educational program for members of Congress and their staff, developed to continually educate those on Capitol Hill on issues important to the beef industry. Today’s session featured a presentation by Dr. Mike Apley, DVM, PhD, a clinical pharmacologist with Kansas State University, who discussed with attendees the judicious use of antibiotics in the beef industry as one of the critical tools to prevent the spread of disease and maintain a healthy herd. “The goal of producers is to manage cattle to avoid infectious diseases. Antibiotics are a valuable resource for treating both human and animal diseases,” Apley said. “Farmers and ranchers work with veterinarians to implement

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comprehensive herd-health management plans, and it’s important for veterinarians and producers to have the ability to best manage herd health and raise healthy cattle, which ultimately means a safe food supply.” During the presentation, Apley covered common myths about antibiotic use, such as the misconception that 70 percent of antibiotics used in the United States for human and animal uses are used for nontherapeutic use in food animals. In fact, Apley stated, some antibiotics calculated into that total have never been marketed in the United States. He added that a large percentage of the antibiotics used to treat and prevent illness in animals are ionophores, compounds not used in human medicine. Another myth dispelled during today’s session is that animal antibiotic use is not subject to significant government regulation. Contrary to that myth, all antibiotics labeled for use in livestock production have passed a stringent Food

and Drug Administration (FDA) approval process and have been shown to be safe and effective. FDA approves antibiotics to treat specific diseases or conditions at specific dosage rates for a specific time period, and this science-driven process helps protect human health while giving veterinarians and cattlemen the tools they need to keep cattle healthy. “Producers use antibiotics under the guidance of a veterinarian, and extensive regulations govern the use of animal health drugs. Many factors go into ensuring that veterinarians, farmers and ranchers have access to effective antibiotics to maintain animal health,” said Apley. “Unfortunately, there are a lot of misconceptions and outright misrepresentations about why and how antibiotics are used in the cattle industry. The truth is, cattle producers and veterinarians utilize many tools including vaccines, herd health management, genetics and animal nutrition to continue producing the world’s safest beef.”

Statement by NCBA President Scott George on House Passage of Farm Bill WASHINGTON, JULY 11, 2013 he U.S. House of Representatives in a 216 to 208 vote passed the 2013 Farm Bill (H.R. 2642) today. National Cattlemen’s Beef Association (NCBA) President Scott George, a beef and dairy producer from Cody, Wyo., issued the following statement on the passage of the legislation: “First, we thank House Agriculture Committee Chairman Lucas of Oklahoma, who in this very difficult environment produced a farm bill that passed out of the House and continues the process toward providing farmers and ranchers the certainty they need. Passage of a 2013 Farm Bill is the top priority for NCBA, and today the House took the unprecedented step in separating the nutrition title from the farm bill, and passing a bill that only

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encompasses agriculture. This step is a major departure from the usual business of agricultural policy, but I am pleased that cattlemen and women are one step closer toward final legislation which not only provides certainty for producers, but also incorporates priorities important to the cattle industry. “We are very pleased that this legislation includes disaster programs for our producers, which will extend disaster assistance for five years and retroactively covers losses in 2012 and 2013. The legislation authorizes conservation programs important to cattle producers as a tool to leverage private dollars with some federal support to further protect the land and natural resources. It contains language to prevent the United States Department of Agriculture from moving forward on the proposed GIPSA rule from the 2008

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Farm Bill. “There are also important amendments included in the legislation which rein in the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). These amendments provide regulatory relief to cattle producers, prevent EPA from releasing producers’ personal information to third parties such as environmental activist groups and prohibit EPA from regulating forest roads under the Clean Water Act (CWA).  “NCBA appreciates the efforts of Chairman Frank Lucas, Ranking Member Collin Peterson of Minnesota and their committee members who worked in a bipartisan fashion to pass a bill out of the Agriculture Committee. We will continue to work with the House and Senate conferees to ensure the final bill meets the priorities of America’s cattle industry.”


NATIONAL NEWS

ATTENTION TRACTOR OWNERS!

Livestock and Poultry Groups Urge Congress to Repeal the Renewable Fuel Standard

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4.9 billion bushels of corn, or about 40 percent of the nation’s crop. “Chicken producers are already competing with the

weather, ” said NCC President Mike Brown. “Why must we also compete with an inflexible federal mandate that voluntarily places another strain on our limited resources? I commend Sens. Barrasso, Pryor and Toomey for taking an approach that would let the free market decide whether corn should go to food or to fuel.”

Livestock and poultry groups called on the administration last fall to waive the RFS for the second time since 2008. And for the second time, in spite of the widespread drought and lowered harvest, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) refused to use the safety valve built into the biofuels mandate. “Cattlemen and women are selfreliant, but in order to maintain that we cannot be asked to compete with federal mandates like the Renewable Fuels Standard for the limited supply of feed grains,” said NCBA Policy Vice Chair Craig Uden, an Elwood, Neb., cattle feeder. “When EPA is unable to provide even a temporary waiver of the RFS during the worst drought in 50 years, it is apparent the RFS is broken and we appreciate the efforts of Sens. Barrasso, Pryor and Toomey to fix this flawed program.” NCBA, NCC and NTF call on Congress to repeal the RFS to ensure market stability certainty for rural American economies.

NCBA Statement on the Senate Passage of Comprehensive Immigration Reform Legislation WASHINGTON

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oday by a 68 to 32 vote, the full U.S. Senate passed their comprehensive Immigration and Border Security bill, S. 744. National Cattlemen’s Beef Association (NCBA) President Scott George, a cattle and dairy producer from Cody, Wyo., issued the following statement: “Border security and immigration have been one of our top priorities as set by our members in 2013. I am pleased

to see that the Senate has continued the conversation on this important issue that affects all Americans, but especially rural Americans and our members who live and ranch along our borders. This action by the Senate is a step in the right direction and we look forward to engaging with members of the House in ensuring the priorities of cattlemen and women are met in final legislation. “A strong year-round workforce is paramount to the success of the cattle industry. Cattlemen and depend on a

legal and stable workforce year round. We recognize that the first step in ensuring the success of our workforce is securing and maintaining our borders. The conversations taking place on the Hill right now are keeping these issues front and center and we truly appreciate those efforts.” - See more at: http://www. beefusa.org/newsreleases1. aspx?NewsID=2970#sthash.d8sA3YOz. dpuf

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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WASHINGTON ollowing an announcement by Sens. John Barrasso (R-Wyo.), Mark Pryor (D-Ark.) and Pat Toomey (R-Pa.) that they have introduced the bi-partisan Renewable Fuels Standard Repeal Act (S. 1195), the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association (NCBA), National Chicken Council (NCC) and the National Turkey Federation (NTF) urge Congress to repeal the Renewable Fuels Standard (RFS). “The RFS has been such a poorly managed mess, it’s time to drain the swamp,” said NTF President Joel Brandenberger. “The RFS needs a fresh start in order to put in place a smarter policy on the mix of fuel and feed.” The RFS last year required 13.2 billion gallons of corn-based ethanol to be blended into gasoline; it mandates that 13.9 billion gallons be blended in 2013, an amount that will use about

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STATE NEWS

Comer Hails ‘Historic’ Hemp Vote, Says Still More to Do to Restore Hemp Production to KY. FRANKFORT, KY.

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griculture Commissioner James Comer today cheered House passage of legislation to allow university research on industrial hemp. The measure was an amendment to the farm bill that passed in the U.S. House of Representatives. “Without a doubt, this was an historic day for industrial hemp in America,” Comer said. “There’s a long way to go in the legislative process. And I won’t be satisfied until Kentucky

farmers can legally grow industrial hemp again. But I am pleased that we have made it this far.” “We’re excited that the hemp amendment was included in the farm bill that was passed today,” said Eric Steenstra, president of Vote Hemp. “This moves us one step closer to our goal.” The amendment would allow colleges and universities to grow hemp for research purposes in states where hemp production is allowed by state law. U.S. Rep. Thomas Massie of Vanceburg was one of three co-sponsors

of the amendment and has filed a bill that would remove hemp from the federal definition of marijuana. Massie joined Comer, Rep. John Yarmuth, and Sen. Rand Paul to testify before the state Senate Agriculture Committee in support of a bill sponsored by state Sen. Paul Hornback to create an administrative framework for industrial hemp production in Kentucky. State Sen. Robin Webb also spoke out in favor of the bill, and state House Majority Floor Leader Rocky Adkins mounted a last-ditch effort that led to passage of the bill.

U.S. Sen. Mitch McConnell and Reps. Andy Barr, Brett Guthrie, and Ed Whitfield also have publicly supported restoring legal hemp production to Kentucky. “It wasn’t that long ago that people told us we wouldn’t even get a sponsor for the bill in the state Senate,” Comer said. “Now we have a state law for regulating hemp production, and one house of Congress has passed legislation to allow colleges and universities to grow hemp. This has been an amazing journey. And we’re not finished.”

Comer Unveils Project That Will Offer All-Kentucky Milk to Kentucky Consumers LEXINGTON, KY. griculture Commissioner James Comer today officially unveiled “Udderly Kentucky” milk, a new Kentucky Proud brand launched today in 32 Walmart stores in central and south-central Kentucky. “Udderly Kentucky” milk is 100% sourced from Kentucky dairy farms and 100% processed in Kentucky. In addition, a 7-cent-per-gallon premium will be returned directly to every participating Kentucky dairy farmer. “Udderly Kentucky” milk is trademarked by the Kentucky Department of Agriculture and processed by Prairie Farms Dairy in Somerset, Kentucky. This facility processes milk from 105 Kentucky dairy farmers in the region. Prairie Farms is offering “Udderly Kentucky” milk in whole, 2%, 1%, and skim varieties in gallon sizes. “This initiative has the potential for more direct farm impact than any program in Kentucky Proud history,” Comer said. “A lot of people don’t know that milk that is processed in Kentucky may still be milk that is shipped in from surrounding states. I want to encourage all Kentuckians to seek out the ‘Udderly Kentucky’ label and

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buy a product that puts money directly in the hands of our own dairy farmers.”  “When Commissioner Comer and his staff suggested this partnership with Walmart, we knew it was right for these farm families and for the Kentucky community that we serve,” said Tino Soto, a market manager who has served as regional buyer for Walmart. “Our company has exactly the same mission as your Commissioner: Increase farm impact and net farm income on our shelves. ‘Udderly Kentucky’ is one more addition to our line of Kentucky Proud products that range from Purnell’s breakfast sausage and WindStone Farms jam to Weisenberger Mill flour mixes, central Kentucky produce, and much more.” “Prairie Farms is a processing facility owned by farmers, so this is a natural fit for us,” said Mike Chandler of Prairie Farms. “We work with more than 100 area dairy farmers, and I’m so excited we will directly impact them by offering Kentuckians a product that goes from the farm to the table while never leaving the borders of the Commonwealth.” Commissioner Comer said “Udderly Kentucky” milk was soft-launched two

weeks ago in the initial 32 Walmart stores to assure that all shelves were set and the distribution pipeline was flowing efficiently. The test markets for “Udderly Kentucky” milk included Walmart stores in Barbourville, Bardstown, Berea, Campbellsville, Columbia, Corbin, Danville, Frankfort, Glasgow, Georgetown, Harrodsburg, Hardinsburg, Lawrenceburg, Lebanon, Leitchfield, Lexington, London, Manchester, Middlesboro, Monticello, Nicholasville, Richmond, Somerset, Stanford, Tompkinsville, Williamsburg, and Winchester. A list of locations where “Udderly Kentucky” milk is sold can be found at www.UdderlyKY.com. Three participating Kentucky dairy farm families are featured in initial marketing materials. Tony Compton of Fairplay in Adair County; Dante Carpenter and his daughter, Elise, from Russell Springs in Russell County; and Patrick Patterson from Long Cedar Dairy in Nancy promote the product in

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

advertising and store materials. More Kentucky farmers will be involved in subsequent marketing efforts. Funds for marketing were made available through the Kentucky Proud program, which receives its funding from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Board. The Board works to diversify Kentucky’s farm economy and provide more opportunities for growth. The number of dairy producers in Kentucky has declined by almost 50 percent since 2000. For more information on “Udderly Kentucky,” participating farmers, and benefits of the program, visit www. UdderlyKY.com.


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Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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COUNTY NEWS

Metcalfe County

Above: James Comer, Kentucky Ag Commissioner recently spoke at Metcalfe County’s quarterly meeting. Right: Metcalfe County Cattlemen’s Association and Cooking Committee recently awarded a $500 scholarship to a Metcalfe County High School Senior. Pictured is Bobby Druen, Metcalfe County Cattlemen’s Association President; Garrett Judd, scholarship recipient; and Clifton Lloyd, Cooking Crew Head Cook. Garrett plans to attend school to become an Auctioneer.

Metcalfe Cattlemen cooking for a 4-H fundraiser. The cattlemen in the photo are Clifton Lloyd, James Morris, and Jr Caffee.

Field Day at Hackley Farm BY JACK EWING, GRAYSON COUNTY EXTENSION AGENT FOR AGRICULTURE & NATURAL RESOURCES

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he forage field day at the Russell Hackley farm featured a story going back to the fall of 1971 when Russell seeded a new variety of fescue in cooperation with University of Kentucky College of Agriculture of a farm forage trial. That trial began the many years of research that moved Russell towards a totally endophyte free grazing program. He markets all of his forage production through grazing gains on stocker cattle. He manages his pastures with an intense rotational grazing system that allows him to maximize pounds of beef per acre of forage. Over 75 producers attended the program sponsored by the Grayson County Cattlemen’s Association and the Grayson County Extension Service. The evening program consisted of comparisons of Russell’s Stocker Grazing $”s per Acre and Jack’s cow/ calf Grazing $’s per Acre forage base 18

and fertility program. Fescue research specialist Dr. Tim Phillips, discussed Novel Fescues value and importance as we establish new pastures. Dr. Ray Smith and Dr. Garry Lacefield discussed Forage, Fence and Water on the pasture tour. Feedback from producers has indicated that there was a valuable information exchange created. One producer has already come to the Extension office and developed a plan and went into immediate action to establish a novel fescue seeding for this fall. Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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COUNTY NEWS

Shelby County Cattlemen’s Association Names Scholarship Recipients

Extended-Release Injectable Parasiticide 5% Sterile Solution NADA 141-327, Approved by FDA for subcutaneous injection For the Treatment and Control of Internal and External Parasites of Cattle on Pasture with Persistent Effectiveness CAUTION: Federal law restricts this drug to use by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian. INDICATIONS FOR USE LONGRANGE, when administered at the recommended dose volume of 1 mL per 110 lb (50 kg) body weight, is effective in the treatment and control of 20 species and stages of internal and external parasites of cattle: Gastrointestinal Roundworms Cooperia oncophora – Adults and L4 Cooperia punctata – Adults and L4 Cooperia surnabada – Adults and L4 Haemonchus placei – Adults Oesophagostomum radiatum – Adults Ostertagia lyrata – Adults Ostertagia ostertagi – Adults, L4, and inhibited L4 Trichostrongylus axei – Adults and L4 Trichostrongylus colubriformis – Adults Parasites Gastrointestinal Roundworms Cooperia oncophora Cooperia punctata Haemonchus placei Oesophagostomum radiatum Ostertagia lyrata Ostertagia ostertagi Trichostrongylus axei Lungworms Dictyocaulus viviparus

Lungworms Dictyocaulus viviparus – Adults Grubs Hypoderma bovis Mites Sarcoptes scabiei var. bovis

Durations of Persistent Effectiveness 100 days 100 days 120 days 120 days 120 days 120 days 100 days 150 days

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION LONGRANGE™ (eprinomectin) should be given only by subcutaneous injection in front of the shoulder at the recommended dosage level of 1 mg eprinomectin per kg body weight (1 mL per 110 lb body weight). WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS Withdrawal Periods and Residue Warnings Animals intended for human consumption must not be slaughtered within 48 days of the last treatment.

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Animal Safety Warnings and Precautions The product is likely to cause tissue damage at the site of injection, including possible granulomas and necrosis. These reactions have disappeared without treatment. Local tissue reaction may result in trim loss of edible tissue at slaughter. Observe cattle for injection site reactions. If injection site reactions are suspected, consult your veterinarian. This product is not for intravenous or intramuscular use. Protect product from light. LONGRANGE™ (eprinomectin) has been developed specifically for use in cattle only. This product should not be used in other animal species. When to Treat Cattle with Grubs LONGRANGE effectively controls all stages of cattle grubs. However, proper timing of treatment is important. For the most effective results, cattle should be treated as soon as possible after the end of the heel fly (warble fly) season. Environmental Hazards Not for use in cattle managed in feedlots or under intensive rotational grazing because the environmental impact has not been evaluated for these scenarios. Other Warnings: Underdosing and/or subtherapeutic concentrations of extended-release anthelmintic products may encourage the development of parasite resistance. It is recommended that parasite resistance be monitored following the use of any anthelmintic with the use of a fecal egg count reduction test program. TARGET ANIMAL SAFETY Clinical studies have demonstrated the wide margin of safety of LONGRANGE™ (eprinomectin). Overdosing at 3 to 5 times the recommended dose resulted in a statistically significant reduction in average weight gain when compared to the group tested at label dose. Treatment-related lesions observed in most cattle administered the product included swelling, hyperemia, or necrosis in the subcutaneous tissue of the skin. The administration of LONGRANGE at 3 times the recommended therapeutic dose had no adverse reproductive effects on beef cows at all stages of breeding or pregnancy or on their calves. Not for use in bulls, as reproductive safety testing has not been conducted in males intended for breeding or actively breeding. Not for use in calves less than 3 months of age because safety testing has not been conducted in calves less than 3 months of age. STORAGE Store at 77° F (25° C) with excursions between 59° and 86° F (15° and 30° C). Protect from light. Made in Canada. Manufactured for Merial Limited, Duluth, GA, USA.

The Shelby County Cattlemen’s Association Summer Picnic was held at the farm of Rob and Michele Canning. Three $1000.00 scholarships were awarded. Winners were Left to Right Tyler Bitzer, Kate Quarles, SCCA President Irvin Kupper, and Rachel White.

Barren County Cattlemen’s Association Holds Meeting Mr. James Comer, Kentucky Commissioner of Agriculture, spoke during the beginning of the Barren County Ag. Festival which was held at the Barren County High School in Glasgow, K.Y., June 22nd. During the Barren County Ag. Festival which was held at Barren County High School in Glasgow, June 22nd, members of the Barren County Cattlemen’s Association sponsored a booth. In this booth, folks registered for several drawings, the Barren County Fair was promoted, and it was a way to encourage more membership in the Cattlemen’s Association. The theme of the festival was “From Farm to Fork”, and it featured over 100 exhibits as well as live entertainment. This event was a showcase for agriculture in Barren County and was very educational. Shown in the picture above (Sitting from left to right) are Barren County Cattlemen Association members; Frank Rowland and Omer Barbour. Members of the Barren County Cattlemen’s Association Cooking Committee (right) are shown cooking delicious ribeye steaks, hamburgers, and hotdogs. They sold this delicious food to the public and it helped to promote the beef industry. Shown in the picture from left to right is; Trista Poland, David Billingsley, Warren Wisdom, and Brent Billingsley.

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


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LONGRANGE to work for an extended period and then quickly leaves the animal’s system. The short amount of time at sub-therapeutic concentrations helps ensure LONGRANGE doesn’t select for resistance any more than current dewormers, making it an effective and responsible choice.4,5 See the difference in your herd’s performance this season. Talk to your veterinarian about 100 to 150 days of parasite control in a single dose with prescription LONGRANGE.1,2 Available in 500 mL, 250 mL and 50 mL bottles. Administer subcutaneously at 1 mL/110 lbs.

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IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION: Do not treat within 48 days of slaughter. Not for use in female dairy cattle 20 months of age or older, including dry dairy cows, or in veal calves. Post-injection site damage (e.g., granulomas, necrosis) can occur. These reactions have disappeared without treatment. 1 2

Dependent upon parasite species, as referenced in FOI summary and LONGRANGE product label.

LONGRANGE product label. Rehbein S, Barth D, Cramer LG, Soll MD. Efficacy of the IVOMEC SR Bolus against macrocyclic lactone resistant Cooperia spp in cattle. Proceedings of 20th World Buiatrics Congress. 1998;769:1-2. 4 Dobson RJ, Lejambre L, Gill J. Management of anthelmintic resistance: inheritance of resistance and selection with persistent drugs. Int J Parasitol. 1996;26(8/9):993-1000. 5 Toutain PL, Upson DW, Terhune TN, McKenzie ME. Comparative pharmacokinetics of doramectin and ivermectin in cattle. Vet Parasitol. 1997;72:3-8. 3

®The CATTLE HEAD LOGO is a registered trademark, and ™LONGRANGE and THERAPHASE are trademarks, of Merial Limited. ©2013 Merial Limited, Duluth, GA. All rights reserved. RUMIELR1213-J (12/12)

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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FORAGES

Extended Grazing with Stockpiled Pasture growth than bluegrass (Table 1).

Dr. Garry Lacefield

----------------University of Kentucky Forage Specialist

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have repeated the theme “Everyday Grazed is Money Saved” many times in this column and now is an ideal time to take necessary steps to graze longer this fall and winter by using stockpiled pasture. Grazing represents the cheapest way to feed ruminants on a cost per pound of nutrient basis. Stored feed is usually the single largest item in livestock budgets and cost or amount of stored feed is usually the best predictor of potential profitability in most beef cattle operations. Extending the number of days when grazed forage can be the primary source of nutrition can enable producers to be lower-cost and more efficient in producing beef. Stockpiling is the practice of producing forage in late summer-fall for use in late fall and winter. Several questions need to be addressed relative to stockpiling such as: Which grass species is best for stockpiling? When should stockpiling begin? When, what kind, and how much fertilizer should be applied? When should the stockpiled material be used? What classes of cattle should be given access to stockpiled pastures? And finally, what grazing system should be used for most efficient use?

Grasses to Stockpile The best grass for stockpiling is a cool-season grass which will retain its green color and forage quality later into winter. In addition, the grass should be somewhat resistant to low temperatures and have the capabilities of forming a good sod. Kentucky has two adapted grasses which have these characteristics; tall fescue and Kentucky bluegrass. Tall fescue produces more fall and winter 22

Time to Begin Stockpiling Early August is the time to begin stockpiling for fall and winter use. Remove cattle, apply necessary fertilizer, and allow the grass to accumulate growth until November or December. During the stockpiling period, August 15 to November 1, other available forages such as sorghumsudan hybrids, sudangrass, corn, bermudagrass, grasslespedeza, and grassclover should be utilized. After frost, alfalfagrass and clovergrass growth should be grazed first before moving to grass fields.

Fertilizer Needed A soil test should be taken to determine the phosphorus, potassium, and lime necessary. Nitrogen should be topdressed at the rate of 40 to 60 pounds of actual N per acre on bluegrass, and 40 to 80 on tall fescue. Kentucky researchers have shown that bluegrass fertilized with 45 lbs of nitrogen per acre had a yield increase of 20 pounds of dry matter for each pound of nitrogen applied when nitrogen was applied August 15 and yields taken December 1. In the same study, tall fescue showed an even greater nitrogen use efficiency with 24.4 pounds of dry matter for each pound of nitrogen applied. Additional studies have shown the greatest response for early application of nitrogen (Table 2). Nitrogen applications before August 1 may encourage the growth of summer grasses such as crabgrass and subsequently reduce the production

of bluegrass and tall fescue. Source of nitrogen will influence efficiency. What is the quality of tall fescue in fall? The crude protein and digestibility of tall fescue is better during fall/ early winter than any other time of the year. This increased quality in fall has been shown in many studies which agree with the data in Table 3 from the University of Kentucky.

Utilization of Stockpiled Forages After frost, be sure to graze the grasslegume fields before the plants deteriorate. After these fields are grazed, the stockpiled grass field or fields should be grazed. Light stocking will cause a lot of waste as a result of trampling. To make most efficient use of the high quality feed in stockpiled fields, install a temporary electric fence across the field dividing it so the area to be grazed first has a source of water and minerals. Once the animals have grazed this area off, move the fence back, opening up a new strip. Repeat this system until the entire field is grazed.

Summary Stockpiling of adapted coolseason grasses such as tall fescue and bluegrass extends the grazing season, provides a good return of high quality forage for each pound of nitrogen fertilizer applied (providing other elements aren’t lacking and the nitrogen is applied early), and

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

provides the beef cow herd an ideal place for wintering and calving. Research has shown that utilizing stockpiled tall fescue can reduce the days required for hay feeding by over fifty percent and lower wintering cost.

Dates to Remember October 10 Kentucky Grazing Conference, Lexington January 17, 2014 Forages at KCA, Lexington February 20, 2014 34th Kentucky Alfalfa Conference, Bowling Green


Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

23


FEATURE

U.S. CORN ACREAGE UP FOR FIFTH STRAIGHT YEAR WASHINGTON, JUNE 28, 2013 .S. farmers successfully overcame a cold and wet early spring this year, planting 97.4 million acres of corn, up slightly from 2012, according to the Acreage report released today by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS). This is the highest acreage planted to corn since 1936 and marks a fifth year in a row of corn acreage increases in the United States. This growing season did not get off to a good start. Hampered by cold and wet weather in early spring in much of the major corn-producing region, U.S. growers had only 5 percent of the crop planted by April 28, making it the slowest planting pace since 1984. In May, however, the weather conditions improved significantly, helping U.S. corn growers to make great strides in

U

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planting. The week of May 19, farmers tied the fastest corn planting pace on record, planting 43 percent of the total crop during that one week. Overall, 63 percent of the corn crop was reported in good or excellent condition as of June 2, compared with 72 percent at the same time last year. Despite being hampered by the same weather problems in the early spring, for U.S. soybean growers, 2013 is estimated to be a record-setting year. According to the report, farmers planted a recordhigh 77.7 million acres of soybeans this season, up 1 percent from last year. By June 16, soybean emergence remained behind the 5-year average in most of the soybean-growing states. U.S. farmers also increased all wheat acreage this year. All wheat planted area for 2013 is estimated at 56.5 million acres, up 1 percent from last year. The

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wheat acreage increased in part due to an early row crop harvest, which allowed farmers to seed more acres. In contrast with the increase in acreage for the first three principal crops, U.S. all cotton planted area is significantly lower in 2013, compared with last year. All cotton acreage is estimated at 10.3 million, 17 percent below 2012 acres. As of June 23, an estimated 43 percent of all cotton crop was in good or excellent condition, compared with 50 percent rated in these two categories at the same time last year. NASS also released the quarterly Grain Stocks report today, showing U.S. corn stocks down 12 percent from June 2012, soybean stocks down 35 percent and all wheat stocks down 3 percent. Acreage, Grain Stocks and all other NASS reports are available online at www.nass.usda.gov.


FEATURE

Registration is Open for Kentucky Grazing School BY KATIE PRATT he 2013 Kentucky Grazing School will be Aug. 21-22 in Woodford County. Informational sessions will be held at the Woodford County Extension office, with hands-on activities taking place at the University of Kentucky’s C. Oran Little Research Center. Hosted by extension specialists from the UK College of Agriculture, Food and Environment, the school begins at 7:30 a.m. and ends at 5:30 p.m. EDT both days. Presenters will offer valuable educational information for new and experienced grazing systems managers. The school will cover grazing information specific to Kentucky and will focus on summer and fall grazing options. A unique feature of the program gives participants the opportunity to design a grazing system based on their property. Organizers ask that participants bring a printed aerial map of their farm to the school. Maps are available through the local Farm Service Agency or online through Google Maps. During the first day, participants will work in groups to install a rotational grazing system including assessing pasture yield and setting up small paddocks. Cattle will then graze the paddocks. On the second day, the participants will observe the grazed paddocks and hear reports from each

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group. In addition, UKAg specialists in forages, beef cattle, dairy cattle and veterinary science will present a variety of topics ranging from meeting nutritional needs on pasture to implementing a grazing system. A representative from the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Natural Resources Conservation Service will discuss available cost-share programs, and a representative from a fencing company will share fencebuilding tips. Members of a producer panel will also share their grazing experiences with school participants. Preregistration is necessary, and Aug. 14 is the deadline to register. Enrollment is limited to the first 45 registrants. Applications are available online at the UK Grazing website at http://www2. ca.uky.edu/grazer or through the county offices of the UK Cooperative Extension Service. Registration is $50 and includes all materials, grazing manual, breaks and lunch for both days. Checks should be made payable to the Kentucky Forage and Grassland Council. Checks and registration applications should be mailed to Kelly Kramer, 804 W.P. Garrigus Building, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40546-0215. For more information, contact UK master grazer coordinator Kelly Kramer at 859-257-7512 or by email at kelly. kramer@uky.edu.

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Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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FEATURE

Corn crop off to a late, but good start BY KATIE PRATT

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ven though Kentucky producers were about a month behind in planting corn this spring, the crop is looking really good thus far, said Chad Lee, grain crops specialist with the University of Kentucky College of Agriculture, Food and Environment. Despite many Kentucky producers not planting until the week of May 19, the National Agricultural Statistic Service rated 82 percent of the crop good or excellent as of July 1. Planting delays along with possible nutrient deficiencies due to cool, wet weather had some producers concerned about the crop, especially since many of the same ones had significant yield losses due to the 2012 drought. A few weeks ago, the

leaves of many plants were striped or turned slightly yellow or purple. Lee called this a transient deficiency. “A transient deficiency occurs when a young plant experiences periods of weather that remain extra cloudy and/or wet and/or cool,” Lee said. “These types of deficiencies rarely result in yield losses, even in corn that yields more than 250 bushels per acre.” He added that much of the crop has already bounced back thanks to a period of warmer, drier weather that helped the plants’ root systems expand and develop. Recent rainfall has allowed the plants to continue to grow. “The symptoms that appeared to be nutrient deficiencies earlier in the season are now looking better,” Lee said. “In most plants, the deficiency

symptoms started to disappear and were gone by the time the plant reached the V7 growth stage.” This is important, because during the V7 stage, the kernel row number on the dominant ear is determined, the root system is functioning well and the plant starts rapid growth. He added, even though the corn was a month late getting into the ground, Kentucky producers planted nearly 100 percent of their intended corn acreage. Lee did caution that it is still very early in the growing season and having a good start does not always translate into good yields. The weather conditions when the corn is pollinating will play the most critical role in final yields.

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Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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FEATURE

BoarBuster™ Thinks Outside the Box Trap BY JOSHUA GASKAMP AND JON BIERMACHER

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ncounters of widespread damage associated with feral hogs are becoming increasingly more frequent for farmers and ranchers in the South. One study reports that feral hogs cause at least $52 million in agricultural losses each year in Texas (Adams, et al., 2005) and raise concerns about disease transmission to livestock and humans, competition for resources with native wildlife, and contamination of drinking water. Additionally, feral hogs have made their way into urban settings and cause damage to golf courses, commercial properties and residential areas. Efforts to control hog populations will be increasingly important as

conflicts between the animals and humans increase. The list of hog control strategies is diverse and often dependent on the landowner’s or manager’s goals, knowledge and financial means. Trapping is often the most effective method to mitigate

d a m a g e . Josh Gaskamp, agricultural research assistant, H o w e v e r , monitors feral hog activity using an iPhone app previous trap developed with Roland Stolfa of the Computing designs have Services Department. resulted in only a fraction of the population and trap-wary hogs. In the July being removed, non-target captures Contʼd on pg. 36

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Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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FEATURE

18%

Injectable Solution for Cattle

ANTIMICROBIAL DRUG 180 mg of tildipirosin/mL For subcutaneous injection in beef and non-lactating dairy cattle only. Not for use in female dairy cattle 20 months of age or older or in calves to be processed for veal. CAUTION: Federal (USA) law restricts this drug to use by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian. BRIEF SUMMARY: for full prescribing information use package insert. INDICATIONS: Zuprevo™ 18% is indicated for the treatment of bovine respiratory disease (BRD) associated with Mannheimia haemolytica, Pasteurella multocida, and Histophilus somni in beef and non-lactating dairy cattle, and for the control of respiratory disease in beef and non-lactating dairy cattle at high risk of developing BRD associated with M. haemolytica, P. multocida, and H. somni. WARNINGS: FOR USE IN ANIMALS ONLY. NOT FOR HUMAN USE. KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN. TO AVOID ACCIDENTAL INJECTION, DO NOT USE IN AUTOMATICALLY POWERED SYRINGES WHICH HAVE NO ADDITIONAL PROTECTION SYSTEM. IN CASE OF HUMAN INJECTION, SEEK MEDICAL ADVICE IMMEDIATELY AND SHOW THE PACKAGE INSERT OR LABEL TO THE PHYSICIAN. Avoid direct contact with skin and eyes. If accidental eye exposure occurs, rinse eyes with clean water. If accidental skin exposure occurs, wash the skin immediately with soap and water. Tildipirosin may cause sensitization by skin contact. For technical assistance or to report a suspected adverse reaction, call: 1-800-219-9286. For customer service or to request a Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS), call: 1-800-211-3573. For additional Zuprevo 18% information go to www.zuprevo.com. For a complete listing of adverse reactions for Zuprevo 18% reported to CVM see: http://www.fda.gov/AnimalVeterinary/SafetyHealth. DO NOT USE ZUPREVO 18% IN SWINE. Fatal adverse events have been reported following the use of tildipirosin in swine. NOT FOR USE IN CHICKENS OR TURKEYS.

RESIDUE WARNING: Cattle intended for human consumption must not be slaughtered within 21 days of the last treatment. Do not use in female dairy cattle 20 months of age or older. Use of this drug product in these cattle may cause milk residues. A withdrawal period has not been established in pre-ruminating calves. Do not use in calves to be processed for veal. PRECAUTIONS: The effects of Zuprevo 18% on bovine reproductive performance, pregnancy and lactation have not been determined. Swelling and inflammation, which may be severe, may be seen at the injection site after administration. Subcutaneous injection may result in local tissue reactions which persist beyond the slaughter withdrawal period. This may result in trim loss of edible tissue at slaughter.

Made in Germany Distributed by: Intervet Inc d/b/a Merck Animal Health, Summit, NJ 07901 Copyright © 2011, Intervet Inc., a subsidary of Merck & Co. All rights reserved.

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UK research breaking down production barriers BY KATIE PRATT ccess to water is the biggest limiting factor to Kentucky soybean and corn yields. Researchers in the University of Kentucky College of Agriculture, Food and Environment are hoping they can help increase yields by breaking down a hard layer in the soil called the fragipan. The fragipan is formed by a naturally occurring chemical process that creates a cement-like layer in the soil. About 50 million acres in the United States and 2.7 million acres in Kentucky have a fragipan layer in the soil. In Kentucky, this layer is found in silty loess soil types usually between 20 and 24 inches below the soil surface. While it can be found throughout the state, it particularly affects soils and crop production in the Purchase and Green River areas. “In the summertime, it reduces the amount of water available to a crop, causing corn and soybeans to yield 20 to 25 percent less,” said Lloyd Murdock, UK soil scientist and the project’s principal investigator. “In wheat, the fragipan causes water to build up in the winter and early spring, so it affects root growth and final productivity too.” W i t h funding from the Kentucky S o y b e a n Promotion Board, Kentucky Corn Growers Association and Kentucky Small Grain Growers Association, Murdock and fellow UK soil scientists Tasios Karathanasis, Chris Matocha and John Grove hope they can find a relatively accessible and inexpensive material that

A

Fragipan, a cement-like layer found in some Kentucky soils, is limiting the yield potential of the state’s row crops. Photo by Katie Pratt, UK Ag Communications can break up the fragipan. They expect this product will be something producers can apply to the soil surface to penetrate the soil or a plant they can use in rotation with grain crops. “Our objective is to remediate the pan and increase yields by at least 10 percent,” Murdock said. “Over a 10-year period at today’s grain prices, a 10 percent yield increase could translate into an additional $1,400 to $1,500 per acre for producers and have a $2 billion impact on Kentucky’s agricultural economy.” Karathanasis and Matocha b e g a n conducting lab research in January to see if they can find a material that will break down fragipan samples taken from the soil at the UK Research and Education Center in Princeton. Materials they are currently studying

Over a 10-year period at today’s grain prices, a 10 percent yield increase could translate into an additional $1,400 to $1,500 per acre for producers and have a $2 billion impact on Kentucky’s agricultural economy.

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

include calcium carbonate, fly ash, municipal waste and poultry litter. These materials were mixed with water to emulate rainfall. In addition to visually observing the fragipan samples breaking down, the researchers will analyze the solution for inorganic and organic ions, pH level and released chemical binding agents. This will give them to clues to the chemical process that must occur for the fragipan to dissolve. Research will continue on these materials for the next several months, Karathanasis said. As Karathanasis and Matocha identify potential materials, Murdock and Grove will conduct field studies on them. They have already begun studying the extent that different depths of the fragipan affect yields. They are also looking at certain promising materials and plants.   “There are some early indications that poultry litter, annual ryegrass, magnesium and sodium will disperse the pan,” Murdock said. “Increasing soil pH will also disperse the pan. Some organic compounds also seem to do so, but we don’t know what those are yet.” The researchers hope to positively identify materials capable of breaking up the fragipan within five years.


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Ask your veterinarian to prescribe Zuprevo for the control and treatment of BRD. Visit usa.zuprevo-cattle.com/cowcalf for more information.

IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION: DO NOT USE Zuprevo 18% IN SWINE. Not for use in chickens and turkeys. Cattle intended for human consumption must not be slaughtered within 21 days of treatment. Do not use in female dairy cattle 20 months of age or older or in calves to be processed for veal. A withdrawal period has not been established for this product in pre-ruminating calves. The effects on bovine reproductive performance, pregnancy and lactation have not been determined. Swelling and inflammation, which may be severe, may be seen at the injection site after administration. Subcutaneous injection may result in local tissue reactions which persist 28 beyond slaughter withdrawal period. Full product information found on page __. Copyright ©2013 Intervet, Inc., a subsidiary of Merck and Co., Inc. d/b/a Merck Animal Health, 556 Morris Avenue, Summit, NJ 07901. All rights reserved. ZUPCA-82E

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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ECONOMIC & POLICY UPDATE

Kentucky Unemployment Tax for Agricultural Employers BY RUSH MIDKIFF arms in Kentucky have become larger over the years. Larger operations mean a bigger workforce. The larger payrolls have caused more of our clients in the Kentucky Farm Business Management (KFBM) program to become liable for Kentucky Unemployment Tax. Agricultural employers in Kentucky are liable for Kentucky Unemployment Tax only if they pay at least $20,000 in gross wages in a single calendar quarter, or if they have at least ten workers performing service in any part of 20 weeks out of a calendar year. They do not have to be the same 10 workers in each week, nor do the weeks have to be consecutive. Most employment is covered (taxable) and must be reported for unemployment insurance purposes.

F The Agricultural Economics Department publishes the Economic and Policy Update towards the end of each month. Each issue features articles written by extension personnel within the department and other experts across the country. Topics will var y greatly but regularly include marketing, management, policy, natural resources, and rural development issues. If you would like to recieve this newsletter by email, please contact Kenny Burdine at kburdine@ uky.edu.

You can also view current and past issues online at http://www.ca.uky. edu/agecon/index. php?p=209 Co-editors: Kenny Burdine, Alison Davis, and Greg Halich

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Both full-time and part time employment is covered. Temporary or seasonal employment is also covered. Even if the worker knows that a job is temporary, the work is covered unless it is otherwise excluded. If corporate officers receive any remuneration, their service is covered. This includes officers of Subchapter S corporations and members of Limited Liability Companies that have elected to be treated as a corporation for federal tax purposes. Officers of corporations may qualify for benefits if they become unemployed through no fault of their own. In sole proprietorships, service performed by the spouse, parent or child (below the age of 21) of the proprietor is non-covered (excluded from unemployment tax). In partnerships, service is non-covered if the worker is a spouse, parent or child

(below the age of 21) of each partner. There are no family exceptions for corporations. Co-op students are exempt (noncovered) as long as they are enrolled in school and are receiving academic credit for the work performed. A co-op student who continues to work between school terms will be covered during those periods. Employers only pay unemployment tax on the first $9,300 dollars earned by each worker in a calendar year. The amount over $9,300 is called excess wages. You must report each worker’s entire gross wages each quarter. However, you do not pay Kentucky Employment Tax on the excess wages. The taxable wage is going to increase by $300 per year each year until 2022. The taxable wage base will be $12,000.00 in year 2022.

The Economic Impact of Agriculture on the State BY ALISON DAVIS istorically, employment and value associated with Kentucky agriculture has been limited to production agriculture. However, the importance of Kentucky agriculture extends well beyond the farm. Last month we looked at the economic impact of agriculture in Fayette County, which included the contribution of almost all businesses that directly serve the agriculture industry (finance sector, veterinary, and transportation are examples) as well as food processing and manufacturing. This month, the College of Agriculture at the University of Kentucky released the economic impact of agriculture for the entire state. While it was not possible to complete the same comprehensive

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review of identifying all businesses dedicated to serving agriculture, we did include all production agriculture, farm inputs, and food processing/ manufacturing. The value of production agriculture in Kentucky is $6.1 billion; this includes cash receipts from commodities as well as revenues from additional sources of farm income, such as custom work, machinery hire and farm rental values. Cash receipts totaled nearly $5 billion including $2 billion in agricultural exports in 2011. The largest agricultural export originating from Kentucky is soybeans, followed by tobacco and corn. When the agriculture industry is

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

expanded to include food and fiber processing and manufacturing, the direct impact of agriculture increases by $24 billion and accounts for 143,000 workers. The total economic impact of agriculture is $46.3 Billion and represents 263,000 jobs in Kentucky (See table for specifics). This includes the multiplier effect that occurs because of the interdependence of agriculture and other sectors/ households buying and selling from each other. To read the full press release visit: http://agisamerica.org/ agricultural-impact-on-state-worthbillions


ECONOMIC & POLICY UPDATE

Another Perspective on Livestock Risk Protection Insurance BY KENNY BURDINE & GREG HALICH e have written previous articles and conducted many county programs on Livestock Risk Protection (LRP) Insurance for feeder cattle. In short, LRP is an insurance policy that pays producers an indemnity if the CME Feeder Cattle Index is below a certain threshold on a predetermined ending date. The CME© Feeder Cattle index is a 7-day weighted average of 650850 lb feeder steers in a 12 state region of the US. Therefore, it is a good measure of the overall feeder cattle market and is used to cash settle CME© futures prices. While Kentucky prices will differ from the index, they will tend to move together. This means that LRP insurance can provide compensation to Kentucky cattle producers when the overall feeder cattle market declines. From a risk management perspective, purchasing LRP insurance is very similar to purchasing a put option on the CME©. Coverage is available starting 13 weeks out and offered in 4 week intervals from there (13 weeks, 17 weeks, 21 weeks, etc.). Ending dates, coverage levels, and premiums change on a daily basis, based on futures and options trading, so what is available one day may not be available the next. There are a few advantages of LRP over put options. First, the insurance can be purchased locally through insurance agents or even through some lending institutions. Many producers already have relationships established with these individuals. Second, the premiums are subsidized 13% by the USDA, which may make purchasing LRP insurance a bit cheaper than purchasing a put option with a similar coverage level. Finally, there is no minimum number of pounds for which LRP coverage can be purchased, which means producers are not locked into 50,000 lb quantities as they are with CME© futures contracts. This makes it much easier for smaller producers to participate. The primary disadvantage of LRP insurance lies in its lack of flexibility. Once purchased, LRP insurance is worth nothing until its ending date. If the cattle

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are sold more than 30 days prior to the ending date, the insurance is void, which creates a problem in times when producers need to sell cattle early. While insurance is not voided if cattle are sold after the ending date, the producer would run the risk of prices dropping after the ending date, but before he or she sells the calves. Consider a producer who was targeting selling a group of calves in September, but favorable fall weather warranted continued grazing. If that producer had purchased a September put, they could simply sell that back and purchase an October or November put. LRP insurance does not offer a similar feature. One of the more common questions that we get about LRP insurance is how to choose coverage levels. While coverage levels change daily based on futures and options trading, they are generally available between 85% and 99% of the ending value. A good place to start is by considering how much risk can be taken. For example, a producer operating heavily on borrowed capital may be forced to purchase a high coverage level that offers the highest potential price floor. Conversely, a producer who has significant cash reserves may choose to self-insure more and purchase a lower coverage level, thereby spending less on premium. We recently considered this very question by examining LRP offerings in the spring of 2013 because that is when most summer grazers were likely placing calves into summer programs. Table 1 shows actual LRP offerings for April 1 of this year. As would be expected, higher coverage levels offer higher minimum net prices, but also come at greater premium. As can be seen in Table 1, to guarantee a minimum CME© index price of $149.13 a producer would spend more than $31 per head, where as a minimum price of $140.64 could be established for a little more than $5 per head. Purchasing a lower coverage level is analogous to selecting an insurance policy with a greater deductible; the producer must self-insure more of the decrease in price before receiving benefit from the

insurance. In addition to considering minimum price levels that producers would like to establish, risk perceptions should also be considered when selecting coverage levels. Obviously, the more downside risk that producers perceive, the higher the coverage level they should purchase. We used simulation to estimate the likely payouts from purchasing LRP insurance at each of the three coverage levels offered in Table 1. This was accomplished by assuming a normal price distribution with a mean expected ending value of $153.71 and drawing 5,000 observations from this distribution given three different risk levels. Results from simulations can be seen in Table 2, which reports the expected payouts from purchasing LRP insurance (indemnity received minus premium paid) on a per head basis. Risk levels were categorized by 10% levels, meaning the perceived price drop that one would expect to occur with 10% probability. In column 2 above, it was assumed that there was a 10% chance that prices fall by $10 per cwt or more. In column 3, this 10% risk level was assumed to be $12.50 per cwt. Finally, the 10% risk level was assumed to be $15 in the last column on the right. So, producers should choose the column that best describes their assessment of price risk. Note that as risk level (variation in price) increases, the

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

expected net insurance payouts increase as indemnities are received more often. As can be seen in Table 2, risk level has a large impact on the likelihood of LRP insurance netting a positive payout. Note in our simulation, that once the 10% risk level exceeded $15 per cwt, indemnities received actually exceeded premiums paid. While this is not likely to occur in private insurance, it is possible when premiums are subsidized, or when premiums do not fully reflect risk levels in the marketplace. It is also important to realize that a negative payout does not mean that LRP insurance should not be purchased. Consider the highest coverage level and lowest risk level ($10, 10%) from the chart. Over a large number of periods, a producer would be paying less than $10 per head on average to insure a minimum CME© index of $149.13. While premiums may exceed indemnities on average, LRP insurance greatly covers the downside by establishing a price floor. Producers interested in purchasing LRP insurance should consider how much downside risk protection they want in place and make a realistic assessment of how much price risk they perceive. Given the volatility that we have been seeing in the feeder cattle markets over the last several years, LRP insurance is likely worth serious consideration. 31


ECONOMIC & POLICY UPDATE

47th Annual UK Income Tax Seminars BY STEVE ISAACS & KATHY ROE he Agricultural Economics Department at the University of Kentucky announces dates and locations for the 2013 UK Income Tax Seminar Program. This is the 47th year of this Continuing Education program for tax practitioners and other professionals. The two-day course provides the latest review of Federal and Kentucky tax law and case rulings for practitioners with individual, corporate and partnership tax returns, and includes two hours of ethics content. The intended audience includes CPAs, Accountants, Tax Preparers, Enrolled Agents, Insurance and Banking Professionals, Attorneys, and Financial Planners. The course qualifies for continuing education units for IRS Enrolled Agents, Certified Financial Planners, Kentucky Department of Insurance,

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Kentucky Bar Association, and the National Association of State Boards of Accountancy, Inc. (NASBA). The 2012 seminars were offered at seventeen locations and were attended by 1,821 participants, an increase of 95 over 2011. The impact of the program, measured by the number of returns prepared by seminar participants is significant. Seminar participants reported filing nearly 330,000 Federal non-farm returns in 2011. That’s about 18% of the total returns filed in Kentucky in 2011 (the last year for which data are available). On the farm side, UK Income Tax Seminar participants reported preparation of 57,710 farm returns. That’s 69.8% of the total farm returns reported by the IRS in Kentucky. In addition to two days of training, participants will receive the Land Grant University Tax Education Foundation

workbook, a KyDOR workbook, the CCH Master Tax Guide, the IRS Farmer’s Tax Guide, and a searchable CD which covers the National Income Tax Workbooks from the previous five years. The face-to-face training and

the 2,000+ pages of materials are included in the $289 registration fee. For additional information, including registration forms, see the UK Income Tax Seminar web site at: http://www.uky.edu/uktax/

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Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

33


FEATURE

World’s largest soil dataset allows calculation of conservation impacts on soils’ ability to store carbon LEXINGTON, KENTUCKY

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ommitted to reducing agriculture’s carbon footprint, the USDA’s Natural Resources

Conservation Service developed the world’s largest soil carbon dataset that will help producers and planners estimate the impacts of conservation practices on soil carbon levels.

Soil has tremendous potential to store carbon, which reduces the levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, one of the leading greenhouse gases contributing to climate change. Storage potential varies among soils, land covers, land uses and management, and NRCS soil scientists took 148,000 individual soil samples and evaluated them for carbon content. This rapid carbon assessment, or RaCA, dataset serves as a baseline or “snapshot-intime” for the amount of carbon each soil type is holding. Several conservation practices, such as conservation crop rotations or planting cover crops, help increase carbon storage in soil. These conservation practices manage plants to take carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere and deposit it into the soil as organic matter. They also help reduce erosion and increase waterholding capacity and water infiltration, which increases the resiliency to drought, heavy precipitation and extreme temperatures. 

Landowners can calculate how much carbon their conservation practices, such as cover crops, can remove from the atmosphere with the new tools, COMET- Farm™ and the Agricultural Policy Environmental Extender, or APEX model. “This soil carbon dataset will help producers see what conservation practices will have the most benefit on their operation,” NRCS State Conservationist Karen Woodrich said. “It is important to equip landowners with the most up-to-date information and technical assistance so producers can make informed decisions that could increase farm income while mitigating climate change.” COMET- Farm™, developed in partnerships between USDA and Colorado State University, is a free online tool that allows producers to enter information about their farm or ranch management practices and receive general guidance on actions they can take to build carbon in their soil.

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Since 1938, Gallagher has brought experience and technology together to create quality animal and pasture management solutions for Kentucky producers.

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Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


FEATURE

This soil carbon dataset will help producers see what conservation practices will have the most benefit on their operation. APEX, developed in partnership with Texas Agrilife Research, Texas A&M, Agricultural Research Service and NRCS is planned for use by NRCS conservation planners and private technical service providers.  This tool will also assist NRCS and landowners with properly managing nutrients to keep a balance between soil carbon gains, production goals, and impacts on water quality. The rapid carbon assessment, COMET- Farm™ and APEX open the door to new possibilities for producers, said Dr. Adam Chambers, scientist with the NRCS air quality and atmospheric change team in Oregon. If carbon can be quantified, verified, and then sold into carbon markets, it is “another potential revenue stream for producers,â€? said Chambers. As of Jan. 1, of this year, California began regulating a cap and trade carbon credit market for industries. The first to do so, the state is looking for agricultural greenhouse gas emission reduction and carbon sequestration projects to provide offsets into their regulated markets, he said.   “The rapid carbon assessment provided baseline data on how much carbon is in each soil type. COMETFarm™ can then be used to show how different management practices can increase that soil carbon,â€? said Chambers, who is guiding the work in environmental markets for the agency through NRCS Conservation Innovation Grants projects. To find more information on COMET- Farm™,APEX, the Rapid Carbon Assessmentand how NRCS can help you mitigate climate change, visit your nearest NRCS field office.

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SHELBYVILLE Jacobi Sales, Inc. 2220 Shelbyville Road (502) 633-3266

CORBIN Siler Implement Company 6204 Cumberland Falls Highway (606) 528-6481

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Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

35


FEATURE Contʼd from pg. 27 2011 Ag News and Views article, Using Drop-nets to Capture Feral Hogs, we introduced drop-nets as a potential tool for more effective control. The results of that twoyear study indicated that 86 percent and 49 percent of feral hogs could be removed from established populations with drop-nets and corral traps, respectively. Certain characteristics of the drop-net proved to be vital to its success while others limited its usefulness. A suspended net could capture a large group of hogs, but needed an observer to activate the drop and euthanize the hogs. Using the advantages of both techniques, a new trap was developed. The BoarBuster™ trap system is a fully suspended corral trap that can be observed and dropped remotely

from anywhere with Internet service. The automated trap has been designed to send text or email messages upon motion activation and streams live video through a designated Web server. This trap technology allows the user to observe and activate the traps via smartphone or computer. The suspended feature of the trap allows animals to enter or leave from all directions, eliminating trap-wary behavior associated with conventional trap gates. The useractivated trigger eliminates nontarget animals from being captured. The corral design allows for captured hogs to be loaded out through an integrated door when convenient. Preliminary data suggests that the BoarBuster trap has the potential to capture 88 percent of the hogs from established populations while reducing the labor time per hog to

one-third of that needed by dropnets and corral traps. The BoarBuster™ trap technology was designed at the Noble Foundation to help mitigate the economic and ecologic damage caused by growing populations of feral hogs in the U.S. and other countries. The Noble Foundation is working with local manufacturing and distribution partners to bring this technology to the marketplace. The new technology is expected to benefit a number of potential users, including: Farmers, ranchers and landowners. City municipalities (e.g., animal and pest control, park and cemetery management). Federal land management authorities/agencies (e.g., Bureau of Land Management, Natural Resource Conservation Service).

S tate land management authorities/agencies (e.g., Oklahoma Department of Agriculture, Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation, Texas Animal Health Commission). Private and commercial land management companies (e.g., golf courses, gated communities, parks). Entrepreneurs engaging in feral hog trapping and mitigation services.   Feel free to contact us with questions about BoarBuster™ technology at jagaskamp@noble.org. Reference: Adams, C. E., B. J. Higginbotham, D. R. Rollins, R. B. Talor, R. Skiles, M. Mapston, and S. Turman. 2005. Regional perspectives and opportunities for feral hog management in Texas. Wildlife Society Bulletin 33: 1312-1320

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Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

37


FEATURE

Roaming Reporter Melissa Hart

-----------------

D

oing your homework doesn’t end when you get your diploma. Homework is sometimes required in daily living as I found out recently at my maiden voyage to the American Dairy Science Association (ADSA) Meetings. By coincidence, the ADSA meetings were held in the Indiana Convention Center the same week as the National Holstein Convention. Downtown Indy was filled with livestock enthusiasts walking the big city streets as animal scientists, graduate students and Holstein breeders converged for their annual conventions.

For this freelance writer, this was a dream come true having two major events just steps apart. While I’ve been to several Holstein conventions, I’ve never attended the ADSA meetings. I was excited to attend the “Hunger Gamesâ€? seminar where several well-known people were scheduled to speak. Temple Grandin was one of the headliners and I was settled into the room and ready to take notes‌.electronically of course. When covering an event, I usually try to record it on my phone so I don’t misquote anyone. I hit record, pulled out my camera and enjoyed listening to the speakers. When Temple came on, I continued to record but I wanted to get pictures from a different angle. So like any normal reporter, I got up and roamed the room to get some good shots of this very demonstrative woman while she unashamedly spoke her opinion and offered her experiential expertise. I took my pictures and was half way

back to my seat in the back of the room, ready to take one more picture when the moderator interrupted Temple and stated very emphatically, “Let me remind everyone of the rules that there are to be no photos taken in these meetings nor are you allowed to use recording devices of any kind. Thank you for cooperating.â€? Since I was the only one with a camera, standing up, with the viewfinder to my eye, I wondered why she didn’t just say, “Hey you! Ya,‌the red head with the camera, stop taking pictures and sit down!â€? But she was a professional, so she kept her comments for the general crowd. As I slunk back to my chair in the back of the room feeling like everyone in the scientific community was glaring at me, Temple Grandin spoke up and said, “Oh, that’s okay, I don’t have any research, you can take all the photos you want!â€? I sat down and put my camera away

Central Kentucky “Top of the Cropâ€? Replacement Heifer Sale Tuesday 2013 Monday October October 22 15,nd,2012 Blue Grass Stockyards of Richmond, L.L.C. Richmond, Ky • 6:30 p.m.

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38

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

with several thoughts running through my head: I need to explain to the moderator that I’m not trying to steal anyone’s research‌. I wonder if I can just slip up there and apologize to her quick before the next speaker‌.. Why do I always do these things that get me in trouble‌.. It’s obvious I only have a bachelor’s degree and no more‌..I feel so uneducated right now‌. That’s why that lady sitting next to me said, “ You really need to sit down and do your homework‌ Oh no‌the next speaker is from Michigan State‌.I need to get out of here quick before she recognizes me‌. I exited the room as soon as Temple was finished and walked quickly down the hallway. Suddenly my thoughts changed to‌.Phew glad to be out of there‌.at least I have another silly experience to write about.


FEATURE

Tips to Controlling Weeds in Grass Pastures J.D. GREEN, EXTENSION WEED SCIENTIST

U

sing good pasture management practices can help eliminate weeds and unwanted plants in grass pastures and hayfields. To get the most quantity and quality from pastures, use management practices that encourage growth of a vigorous, dense stand of forage grasses and limit germination and growth of unwanted plants. Weed seed germinate in thin pasture stands, and unwanted plants are more prone to become established in these areas. Good management starts with timely mowing and good grazing practices. Mowing before weedy plants can produce seeds helps prevent production and spread of weeds. Where perennial weeds dominate, frequent mowing can curtail growth

by depleting their root reserves. If you use continuous grazing, be sure to avoid over-grazing that reduces the competitive capabilities of desirable forage species. Maintaining the optimum soil acidity/alkalinity and fertility levels

multiflora rose. In some cases, herbicide use may be the most effective weed-control method. However, it’s important to remember that you may not be able to effectively control all weeds with a single herbicide product applied

Generally, the best times to apply herbicides to grass pastures is in the fall to early winter months or in the spring after plants begin actively growing. is another weed prevention practice. Soil test on a regular basis to ensure that proper nutrients are available for pasture growth and quality. Also, keep fence rows and adjacent fields free of troublesome weeds such as musk thistle, poison hemlock, and

only one time. When considering herbicide use, determine the types of weeds to be controlled, their life cycles and the best time of year to apply the herbicide. If possible, avoid applying herbicides in mid-summer, because

Massey Limousin Annual Fall Sale

many common products for pastures can injure nearby, sensitive broadleaf crops like tobacco, vegetables and ornamentals, especially under high air temperatures and humidity. Generally, the best times to apply herbicides to grass pastures is in the fall to early winter months or in the spring after plants begin actively growing. Remember to note any precautions and abide by any grazing or forage harvest restrictions. As is true with any good weed management program, use a variety of practices to prevent and combat weed infestations in pastures. Timely mowing can be an effective mechanical weed control practice and grazing management can be a good cultural practice. Whereas, apply herbicides when the situation warrants their use.

Selling the entire Fall-Calving Cowherd. Due to the loss of lease pastures, they all sell.

Sat., August 31 - Noon London, KY For a catalog, text, e-mail or call R&R Marketing 615.330.2735 randy@rrmktg.com

Selling 90 Lots Purebred & Lim-Flex

L#2845

Donnie & Barbara Massey 1253 Old Whitley Rd. London, Kentucky 40744 606/864-6961 • Cell: 606/682-2125

MªSS¬Y LIMOUSIN

Joey, Melissa & Makayla Massey 80 Sublimity School Rd. London, Kentucky 40744 606/877-5571 • Cell: 606/682-2126 Josephlmassey@yahoo.com

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

39


OBITUARY

Larry Graham CADIZ, KY.

L

awrence H. “Larry” Graham, 84, of Cadiz, died July 13, 2013, at Barkley Plantation Assisted Living in Cadiz.  Larry was a farmer and a cattle producer and owned and operated Riverview Charolais Farms. He was also a retired insurance adjuster for Ohio Casualty Insurance Co. He was a U.S. Air Force veteran and a stock car driver at Beech Bend Park and other regional race tracks. He served on many local, state and national boards, including National Cattleman’s Association, American International Charolais  Association, Kentucky Beef Cattle  Association, Kentucky Charolais  Association and  Warren County Extension Board. He was an elder, deacon and sang in the choir of The Presbyterian Church in Bowling Green.  He is survived by wife Beverly Goodert Graham; daughter and sonin-law Lynn and Sam Cofield, Cadiz, daughter and her fiance, Meg Davis and Rick Hicks, Cadiz; son and daughter-inlaw Paul and Francis Graham, Bowling Green, son Pete Graham, Leitchfield; and six grandchildren, Graham and Grady Cofield, Cole and Taylor Davis and Ashleigh Graham and Rachel Graham. He was preceded in death by his father and mother, Lawerence B. and Margaret Hensley Beard Graham.  Memorial contributions can be made to The Presbyterian Church of Bowling Green, The Presbyterian Chapel of Cadiz or Trigg County Arrowcats of Cadiz.

40

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


FEATURE

Kentucky Round-Up to Feature Clinician Craig Cameron

K

entucky Round-Up is an annual event sponsored by the Kentucky Horse Council (KHC) that celebrates the magic of horses with live demonstrations, hands-on activities, and educational exhibits. Today KHC announces the addition of nationally known Craig Cameron as a featured clinician at Kentucky Round-Up 2014.  The event will be held February 15-16, 2014 at the Alltech Arena in the Kentucky Horse Park. Craig Cameron adds a level of excitement to the new two-day event, by raising the bar on the quality of horsemen education and entertainment. Cameron will be offering multiple clinics both on Saturday and Sunday, including some for the whole audience as well as some for individual paid participants. In addition to Cameron’s clinics, other new features will be added to the twoday Kentucky Round-Up, which started in February 2013 as a one-day event. The Round-Up will continue to focus on youth involvement by offering a new Youth Congress.  The RoundUp Youth Congress is open to youth nominated by horse associations, which are members of the Kentucky Horse Council.  Each association may send two youth members. The Congress will emphasize leadership and character training, and also feature a lunch talk by Craig Cameron. Additional information about Kentucky Round-Up will be released as details are confirmed.  News about Kentucky Round-Up 2014 can be found at www.kentuckyroundup.com/news/.

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

41


FEATURE

The “Breeders Cup” Sale presented by Boyd Beef Cattle & Guests Saturday, August 31, 2013 Noon • Selling 79 Lots Sale held at Boyd Beef Cattle Mayslick, KY Open & bred heifers, Spring and Fall calving cows, Embryos and Rare Semen

Catalogs on request

Guest Consignors: Cottage Hill Farms Doss Hereford Farm Flat Stone Lick Glenview Farm, LLC Grassy Run Farm Matheny Herefords Red Oak Point Farm Sunny Side Farm Wolf Farm

3014 A January 14, 2013 super show and cow prospect that is square made, complete and correct. She is sired by the $170,000 TH 22R 16S Lambeau 17Y.

3019 Sired by Lambeau 16Y this January 20, 2013 show prospect is super long, deep and complete.

3049 This February 14, 2013 daughter of JDH TS 26U Perfect Blend 30Y is powerfully constructed and zipper fronted. She needs to be on a show halter.

1181 A broody, freckled, fully pigmented cow prospect by MSU TCF Revolution 4R. Mated A.I. to Denver Champion Trust and due in early fall.

901 This is a top shelf 4 yr old power donor cow that is a full sister to Genex sire Boyd Masterpiece 0220. Investment opportunity in a program builder.

W25 The ideal phenotype with production to match. Easy keeping 4 yr old that is feminine, deep, has a beautiful udder, square hip and ideal pedigree.

For more information contact: Charlie Boyd Sr. (606) 563-4412

42

Dale Stith (918) 760-1550 dalestith@yahoo.com Ky. Auctioneer License #P1129

What’s the Dumbest Farm Animal BY FORREST PRITCHARD

A

t last, the answer to the question that we’ve all been asked and we’ve all considered from time to time. At one time or another, I’ve tried my hand at raising nearly every type of farm animal. Cows. Sheep. Pigs. Chickens. Care to get more specialized? Turkeys and goats, rabbits and ducks. To put it in proper perspective, let ’s delve into the obscure: guinea hens, peafowl, burros and even rainbow trout. Suffice to say, if it grazes or grunts, roosts or roots, chances are it’s spent time on our farm. Because I’m a livestock farmer, people love to share their opinions about animal intelligence with me. Some folks think cows are the dumbest farm animal, while others insist it ’s chickens. A vocal minority would have you believe that— when it comes to smarts—turkeys are the foulest fowl. Over the years, I’ve heard every opinion under the sun. “My grandfather used to raise chickens. You know, they were the dumbest birds…” “Ever yone says sheep are stupid, but have you ever watched a cow drooling and slobbering? I mean, dumb as bricks…” “I raised goats for a few years, and

they’d always get their horns stuck in the fence. You’d think that after a few times they’d figure it out…” In my line of work, I interact with animals daily. I’m just as likely to be feeding a fluffy baby chick as I am loading a thousand pound steer on the trailer, or trimming the hooves of a thoroughly uncooperative two hundred pound ram. And when things don’t go right—when the pigs tip over the new feeder and ruin their grain, or the turkeys roost on top of their hutch instead of sheltering inside—it’s tempting to throw my hands in the air and shout “Come on… why are you guys so  stupid?!” Take my word for it: when a goat climbs onto your car and takes multiple craps on your roof, it can be truly exasperating. But it wasn’t until years later, as I was out checking on my cattle, that I finally realized what the dumbest animal on the farm is. Everyone’s heard the phrase “the grass is always greener on the other side,” right? Well, on this day, the cows hadn’t finished eating the grass in their field. But there they stood, crowded around the gate, mooing incessantly for ‘greener grass’ just on the other side of the fence. “What’s the matter with them?” I asked myself, just like I had done for years. “Can’t they just eat what’s right

Einstein once wrote, “If you judge a fish by its ability to climb a tree, it will live its whole life believing that it is stupid.”

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


FEATURE

in front of them? They’re so spoiled. Why can’t they be patient?” In the distance, I could see that there was still plenty of grass in their field. But as I walked closer, I began to notice something else. Although there was still lots of grass, it had been trampled, pooped and peed on. Flies were now buzzing over top of the copious cow patties. To top it all off, there were scores of flattened impressions where the cattle had slept the night before. The pasture reminded me of a huge, all-night college party: replace the cow pies with beer cans, and you get the picture. Who in their right mind would want to hang out here once the party was over? Why is it we think our pets are so smart, yet are inclined to dismiss the intellect of farm animals? And that’s when it occurred to me. The dumbest farm animal wasn’t a cow, a pig or a chicken. As it turns out, the dumbest animal on the farm was me. The cows knew they were ready to move, even if I—the farmer— didn’t.  In the past, I would have forced them to remain in the field an extra day or two, making them eat around their own manure, grazing the grass down to its roots. But on this morning, by opening a gate, I also opened up my mind. I gave the cattle a fresh block of pasture and left the ‘soiled’ grass behind, giving it time to turn the poop and urine into useful fertilizer in the future. Imagine: allowing a cow think like a cow, instead of trying to make her think like a human. What a concept! This shift in philosophy was easily transferred to my chickens, pigs turkeys and sheep. I designed coops, fences and shelters based on

Don’t let this sweet face fool you. This guy really wants to poop on your car! my observations of how the animals naturally behaved. How would I act if I were a chicken out on pasture? Where would I find water if I were a lamb? Where would I sleep on a hot day if I were a pig? By changing my point of view, my job as a farmer became easier almost overnight. All it took was walking a mile in my cow’s shoes… I mean, err… hooves. Einstein once wrote, “If you judge a fish by its ability to climb a tree, it will live its whole life believing that it is stupid.” I had spent years of my farming career insisting animals do what  I  wanted, instead of letting them be themselves. In essence, I was telling cows to climb trees. Don’t get me wrong though… I don’t think I’ll ever be able to keep goats from pooping on my car. No matter how enlightened we become, some battles just can’t be won. But to be a good farmer, I need to pay attention to what my animals are trying to tell me. Most importantly, if I’m ever going to be a great farmer, I need the wisdom to listen to what they’re saying. - See more at: http://onpasture. com/2013/06/03/whats-thedumbest-farm-animal/#sthash. pc58Cxcr.dpuf

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

43


FEATURE

What’s Soil pH and Why Do I Care BY RACHEL GILKER / JULY 15, 2013 WWW.ONPASTURE.COM

important because it affects the availability of nutrients for your plants. Soil pH is supposed to be in a certain range, like a speed limit on a road. Go too far over or under, and the cops or the plants will let you know. The cops will give you a ticket, and the plants will give you a warning by growing poorly. Proper soil pH is important to your livestock too.  If your soil is too acidic, trace minerals become

E

very soil test you get back tells you what your soil’s pH level is, and you’ve probably used that to figure out ways to improve your pasture’s productivity. But what exactly is pH and what is it doing to your forages? Soil pH is a measure of acidity. It is

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less available for plant intake, so your animals don’t get all the benefits from grazing them that they might have. So what is pH? It is a scale of the concentration of hydrogen ions present.   That’s the H. The p of pH lets us know the scale is logarithmic, or that instead of counting 1, 2, 3, it would be like counting 1, 10, 100. The center of the scale, 7,  is neutral and is based on the number of ions present in pure water.   Each step to the left of the 7 shows an increase of 10 times in the number of hydrogen ions present.  (“But wait!� you say. “Why does the number get smaller if the number of hydrogen ions is increasing?�   We could tell you, but then you’d want to kill us.  So let’s just go with it.) If you’d like to do your own soil taste test rather than send it to a lab, here’s a scale to give you something to compare your soil’s taste to when you’re judging it’s pH.  Thanks to the Encyclopedia of Earth for this picture. Some folks describe soil pH by taste.  Acidic soil is sour or bitter, and soil becomes “sweeter� as you move closer to neutral. But this isn’t a very precise, or particularly palatable way to test for soil pH.  Usually we send it to a soil test lab instead of eating it, and they let us know our pH.  Based on the results the lab can

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

tell what we should add to our soil get it to the goal pH, usually 6-6.5 or 7. Thanks to Langton University Research and Extension for this chart

Why are we looking for a pH score between 6 and 7? That’s the soil sweet spot. It’s where most nutrients are available, and where plants and soil organisms do best.   You can see it best by taking a look at the chart above.  Notice how nitrogen begins to drop off when pH hits 5.5, and the impacts on phosphorus when pH is 6. Here’s how it happens.   Imagine a particle of soil as a kitchen table with only a certain number of chairs around it.  Each chair is a seat for an element of your soil.  If the chairs are all taken up by acidic hydrogen ions, there’s no room for anyone else to sit down.  If you want to kick some of those acidic fellows out of their chairs, you’ll add lime to your pastures. If you have sandy soil, your soil particle kitchen table has fewer chairs, so it takes less lime to improve the pH.  If you have clay-based soils, your soil particle kitchen table has LOTS of chairs, so the soil testing lab will tell you to add quite a bit more lime.


FEATURE

Where does soil acidity come from, anyway? Soil acidity comes from numerous sources, and some are simply unavoidable. 1) Hydrogen ions can be a result of the breakdown of carbon dioxide gas in soil water.  Roots and soil organisms release carbon dioxide. The carbon dioxide and soil water react, releasing H+  ions, and lowering the pH. 2) Another situation is a result of our good friend organic matter. You still want to invite organic matter to the party,

but you should know that sometimes organic matter will pick up some of those nonacidic cations and swoop them off through the soil profile. Oops. Also, soil organic matter tends to have lots of bits and pieces, and those bits and pieces break off easily, releasing hydrogen ions. 3) A third way that soil gets more acidic is when things oxidize. When ammonium (NH4+) gets turned to nitrate NO3-, all those H+s go into the soil. Half end up as water and half as ions- which adds 2 more hydrogen ions to the concentration for every ammonium ion that gets oxidized.

4) When plants take up ions through their roots, and we want them to do that so they grow, they release a cation or take up an additional negatively charged ion as well to maintain the same charge (ratio of pluses to minuses). Lots of times, they release hydrogen ions, lowering the pH. 5) Finally, there’s acid rain. Not just rain, but dust, fog, snow, all have acids in them that add hydrogen ions to the soil. Rain falling through the sky may start out pure, and just the simple fact that there is carbon dioxide, not pollution mind you, can drop the pH from 7 to 5.6. This is just

like what happens in the first source for acidity, above. All these ways to lower soil pH, and soil acidity is one of the biggest obstacles to production. What to do about pH depends on the soil you have. The more you know, the more you understand your soil and soil test results, the better decisions you can make. The better your grass will grow. - See more at: http://onpasture. com/2013/07/15/whats-soil-ph-andwhy-do-i-care/#sthash.SwDbs6ie.dpuf

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FEATURE

Past Foretells Terrific Future for Grassroots Beef Promotion Programs BY RICHARD GEBHART, CLAREMORE, OKLA., CHAIRMAN, FEDERATION OF STATE BEEF COUNCILS elebrating its 50th anniversary this year, the Federation of State Beef Councils has a proud history. As the beef industry plans for future industry-funded programs, it’s a history worth studying. At the heart of the effort have been state beef councils – in my opinion the best possible marriage of accomplishment and grassroots participation.  Collectively through the Federation, these state beef councils have given national programs a true producer-directed nucleus and direct accountability to the producers paying into the programs. State beef councils began appearing in the mid-1950s. Soon thereafter the

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National Beef Council was formed to move forward a national effort for beef promotion. When that organization was absorbed into the National Live Stock and Meat Board to form the Beef Industry Council in 1963, the country’s first truly cooperative state/national beef marketing program was established. A little more than 20 years later state beef councils became a critical element in the development of a mandatory $1-perhead national Beef Checkoff Program. They saw the value of combining their efforts to maximize both efficiency and power. When the new program began in 1986, these groups not only served as collection managers, but sat at the decision-making table, as well. Today more than 700 industry leaders serve on boards of 45 Qualified State Beef Councils directing statebased efforts, and more than 100 serve

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as directors for the Federation of State Beef Councils. The Federation and the Cattlemen’s Beef Board (CBB) each elect 10 representatives to sit on the Beef Promotion Operating Committee, which helps direct funding of national and international Beef Checkoff Program-funded efforts. Fu r t h e r m o re, p ro d u c e r representatives on state beef councils serve on committees with CBB representatives that provide direction for Beef Checkoff Program projects. These efforts are managed by beef producer organizations and overseen by both the CBB and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Among the Federation’s current state/national system features: It’s producer-directed. Producers in 45 states have a hand in this effort. It encourages producer access. Participation in the industry at a local or state level makes sense. Those who get involved at the state level have an influence in national discussions. It assures accountability. Regardless of organization, producer leaders at the state and national levels hold their hired hands accountable, and are in turn held accountable for their oversight and direction. It’s Inclusive. While states with the most beef production have a significant voice at the national level, they don’t operate the controls. Everyone has a

voice and – true to a cattleman’s sense of fairness – there’s always serious deliberation. It’s flexible. The Federation allows for changes as needed to address consumer demand issues. Its idea pool is deep. Because so many producers are involved, a wide variety of possible solutions to industry issues is evaluated.  It strikes a balance between state and national interests. A national program is important, but in surveys producers have stated they don’t want a system dictated from above. The Federation system, which relies on state representatives to provide both input and direction, strikes a proper state/ national balance. It’s time-tested. Over its 50 year history the Federation has taken steps producers requested to keep things on track. A decreasing cattle herd and greater competition will require that industry leaders work hard in the future to assure a checkoff program is flexible while remaining producer-directed, inclusive and successful.  Thanks to the foresight of beef producer leaders who developed state checkoffs, created a Federation to combine their forces and helped establish a national Beef Checkoff Program, we’re poised to build on history. Together, we’re a formidable state and national team.

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Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


FEATURE

Name change reflects broad work of UK College of Agriculture, Food and Environment BY LAURA SKILLMAN n July 1, the University of Kentucky College of Agriculture will become the College of Agriculture, Food and Environment. The new name better communicates the broad depth and evolving scope of the college’s degrees and programs. The change incorporates the college’s expanded role that occurred nearly a decade ago with the merger of the College of Human Environmental Sciences into the College of Agriculture and also responds to new needs and opportunities. Research, teaching and outreach programs within the college encompass farms, forests, food, fiber, families and communities. “While we continue our fundamental ties to production agriculture, we have expanded to include all the pervasive and

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essential enterprises based on renewable natural resources,” said Scott Smith, dean of the College of Agriculture, Food and Environment. “We are aligned with the wider and more diverse interests of those we serve, including a new and rapidly growing population of undergraduate students. And across Kentucky, many now see agriculture to include not only farming, but also agribusinesses, and the full reach of food systems from local to global.” Agriculture, food and environmental systems are key components of Kentucky’s economic future, and the college is playing a prominent role in those areas with its programs, Smith said. Home to 14 academic units offering 27 academic programs, the college had more than 2,500 students, and 476 students received bachelor degrees in the 2012-13 academic year.

Since 1865, the college has been committed to improving the quality of life for Kentuckians. It has carried out its federal land-grant mission, signed into law by former President Abraham Lincoln, by developing cutting-edge research through its Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station and by providing researchbased information to residents in all 120 counties through local offices of the Cooperative Extension Service. Each year, more than 3,300 plant samples are processed at the Plant Disease Diagnostic Labs; 60,000 cases a year are completed at the Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory; 61,000 soil analyses are completed at Regulatory Services; and more than 4 million people engage in a Cooperative Extension Service activity. “We did not select the new name with the acronym in mind, yet we recognized

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

that we may become known by our initials as CAFE.  If so, we embrace many of the qualities that suggests: service, the indoor and outdoor human environment, good fare and a community atmosphere.  Perhaps CAFE will even conjure up the image of a variety of excellent selections for our employees, students and constituents around the commonwealth-a great menu of opportunities.” The name change was approved in December 2012 by the UK Board of Trustees after first being approved by the college’s faculty and staff and endorsed by the University Senate. More information about the college and the programs it offers can be found at http://www.ca.uky. edu/ or contact the local extension office. A list of county office locations can be found at http://www.ca.uky.edu/county.

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FEATURE

Slaframine Toxicosis or “Slobbers” in Cattle BY DR. MICHELLE ARNOLD, LARGE RUMINANT EXTENSION VETERINARIAN, UNIVERSITY OF KENTUCKY

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n exceptionally wet summer weather pattern favors the growth of fungi growing on plants in the field and increases the risk for production of mycotoxins. Mycotoxins are naturally occurring compounds produced by fungi invading plant material, some of which are toxic to cattle. In the late 1940s and through the 1950s, beef and dairy producers reported outbreaks of excessive salivation (slobbering) in cattle associated with the consumption of second-cutting red clover (Trifolium pratense) and occasionally other legumes in the form of hay, pasture, or silage. It was not until the 1960s that “slobbers” was linked to a fungal pathogen, Rhizoctonia

leguminicola, which is also associated with the pasture disease “Black Patch” that occurs in red clover pastures. The forage disease derives its name from the appearance of affected areas in the field rather than the characteristic black or dark brown concentric or “target spot” lesions on the leaves of affected plants. The dead, brown, diseased leaves and stems may be confused with normal aging and drying of the clover plant. Growth of the Rhizoctonia leguminicola fungus is most prevalent in second-cutting red clover hay or pasture associated with periods of wet weather and high humidity, temperatures between 75°F and 85°F, and a soil pH of 5.9-6.5. In addition to red clover, it has also been reported to infect white clover, soybean, kudzu, cow pea, blue lupine, alsike clover, alfalfa, Korean lespedeza, black medic, cicer milkvetch, and sanfoin; however, infected red clover plants are usually

present in the same field. This fungus can overwinter on infected plants and survive at least two years on infected seed. This fungus produces a mycotoxin known as “slaframine”, an indolizidine alkaloid that is absorbed, acted on by the liver, and stimulates excessive secretion primarily from salivary glands and the pancreas. Consumption of hay or pasture infected with this mycotoxin by domestic livestock, especially cattle and horses, results in clinical signs within an hour. Excessive salivation is generally the first sign noticed by the producer. Other possible signs include diarrhea, feed refusal, bloat, tear shedding, stiff joints, frequent urination, and decreased milk production. In Normal, Healthy Red Clover most cases, exposure results in Photo courtesy of Jeff McMillian

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Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


FEATURE

mild symptoms with no lasting harmful effects. However, in the rare severe case, excess salivation and emphysema in the lungs may result in suffocation and death. Removal of cattle from infected pasture or discarding contaminated hay results in the end of slobbers within 24-48 hours and a full recovery. Slaframine intoxication has been observed in cattle, sheep, horses, goats, swine, poultry, cats, dogs, guinea pigs, rats and mice. Diagnosis is based on detection of plant lesions, the clinical signs shown by the animal, and the full recovery after the suspect forage is removed. Slaframine may be detected by a veterinary diagnostic laboratory from plant or forage samples but the analysis is somewhat expensive. There are other possible causes of excess salivation such as disorders of the mouth, esophagus, gastrointestinal or neurologic systems

that may be ruled out through physical examination by a veterinarian. Rabies is always a possibility for any animal with excessive salivation so caution must be exercised before placing one’s hands in an animal’s mouth. Treatment consists of removing the feed source causing the problem. Early removal from the offending forage typically results in rapid resolution of the problem with few, if any, lasting effects. Higher doses and longer exposure times may cause dehydration that leads to a drop in milk production, intestinal disturbances, and rarely abortion or death. Atropine, a prescription drug used by veterinarians, may be given soon after ingestion of slaframine to reduce the clinical signs. However, once salivation is very heavy, atropine is unlikely to reverse the effects. Prevention is limited because there is no method to detoxify pasture and hay

contaminated with this fungus. If mold is evident on the forage, a trial feeding to one or two less valuable animals may be warranted to avoid exposure of a large number of animals to slaframine. Seed should not be harvested from a known infected field. To minimize the severity of the problem when a field is infected: Harvest each cutting of red clover during early bloom (by 10% bloom) and definitely avoid letting the second cutting go to seed. Delaying hay harvest beyond the early bloom stage lowers the palatability and creates a build-up of the fungus. This ultimately results in dusty hay and reduced consumption. Mix later cuttings of red clover hay with other hay if slobbering problems exist to dilute the dose of slaframine. Store second-cutting red clover hay until next year’s feeding season, or feed it last during the winter following

harvest. In one controlled study, the fungus was less prevalent in hay after 10 months of storage and the level of slaframine was found to have decreased during that time by approximately 10 fold. In summary, although Black Patch occurs only sporadically, the right temperature, moisture, and soil pH may combine and allow Rhizoctonia leguminicola to thrive. Be aware of the possible consequences of this fungus, especially profuse salivation in cattle and horses. Good forage management, including the harvest of red clover hay at early bloom, will reduce the risk of problems when feeding this excellent, high protein forage. USDA, NRCS. 2013. The PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov, 9 July 2013). National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA.

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Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

49


FEATURE

Beef Exports Up; Pork Down Slightly as Russian Impact Felt

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xports of U.S. beef moved 3 percent higher in volume in May, and a healthy 9 percent in value, while pork exports dipped 3 percent in volume and 3.6 percent in value, according to statistics released by USDA and compiled by the U.S. Meat Export Federation (USMEF). The inability of the United States to ship beef and pork to Russia continues to put a damper on U.S. red meat exports this year. Excluding Russia, beef export volume for May increased 12 percent and export volume for the first five months of 2013 rose 3.5 percent instead of falling 3 percent. Similarly, May pork exports increased 3.5 percent in volume over last year’s totals if Russia is excluded. For January through May 2013, export volume would be down 5.8 percent instead of 9 percent if Russia is not included. An oversupply of domestic pork in many major export markets continues to pose a challenge to U.S. exports. “The loss of a key market like Russia ripples through the red meat industry,” said U.S. Meat Export Federation President and CEO Philip Seng. “The absence of one of the largest meat purchasers in the world affects the volume of product sold and, more importantly, the price that other customers need to pay for it in a competitive marketplace.”

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ummary of May beef results In May, total U.S. beef (muscle cut and variety meat) exports rose 3 percent over last year’s levels to 97,820 metric tons valued at $513.6 million, a 9 percent increase. They accounted for 10 percent of beef muscle cut production and 12.7 percent of beef and variety meat production, similar levels to last year. For January through May, export volumes dipped 3 percent to 440,840 metric tons valued at $2.26 billion, a 3 percent increase over last year’s record-setting pace. The value of beef exports in May equated to $231.67 per head of fed slaughter, up from $207.09 last year. The year-to-date export value averaged $220.59 per head, up more than $10 from last year’s total of $209.97. Markets where access for U.S. beef has improved this year led the way in May. Japan jumped 74 percent to 28,122 metric tons, just 8 percent shy of totals posted in May 2003. “We were confident that the market for U.S. beef in Japan would rebound when our access expanded,” said Seng. “Our team in Japan is working aggressively to explore untapped niches to maintain the growth momentum for beef.” Beef exports also rose to Hong Kong (56 percent to 7,182 metric tons) while Taiwan’s totals increased from 282 metric tons last year to 2,720 metric tons this May. Exports were also steady to higher for: Canada (13,975 metric tons, +1 percent), Egypt (11,364 metric

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tons, steady), Central/South America (3,979 metric tons, +15 percent driven by larger volumes to Chile) and the Caribbean (1,678 metric tons, +2 percent on larger volumes to Jamaica). Beef exports to Russia in May fell from 7,906 metric tons last year to 4 metric tons this year. For the year, exports to Russia are down 99 percent in volume (from 30,547 metric tons to 35 metric tons) and 99 percent in value (from $133.77 million). Besides Russia, countries where beef exports remain challenged include Mexico (15,140 metric tons, -4.5 percent), South Korea (7,367 metric tons, -33 percent), and ASEAN (1,372 metric tons, -59 percent on smaller volumes to Vietnam and the Philippines). Mexico is buying less beef as consumers turn to more affordable proteins like poultry and pork. U.S. poultry exports to Mexico were up 19 percent through May to 356,253 metric tons. At the same time, South Korea’s increased domestic beef production, combined with lowerpriced Australian product, has dampened demand for high-quality U.S. beef. Through May, Japan was the leading destination for U.S. beef with exports up 56 percent. They accounted for 20 percent of all U.S. beef exports by volume and 24 percent of export value. Mexico was No. 2 in volume but Canada was second in value. South Korea, Hong Kong, Taiwan and Egypt rounded out the top seven in value. The volume ranking was: Japan,

Mexico, Canada, Egypt, Korea, Hong Kong and Taiwan. Summary of May pork results Total pork exports in May improved over 2013 trends but still dipped 3.3 percent to 180,637 metric tons valued at $505.4 million, a 3.6 percent decline from last year. They accounted for 23 percent of muscle cut production and 26.4 percent of muscle cuts plus variety meat, similar to last May. For the first five months of the year, exports were down 9 percent to 882,905 metric tons valued at $2.47 billion, down 8 percent. The value of pork exports in May equated to $54.85 per head of fed slaughter, down from $56.47 last year. The yearto-date export value averaged $53.14 per head, down from $58.36 last year. May pork exports were led by another strong month for Mexico (52,295 metric tons, +11 percent) and steady year-overyear volumes to Japan (37,108 metric tons). Exports also were larger for Central/ South America (10,008 metric tons, +58 percent, led by growth to Colombia, Chile and Honduras), ASEAN (5,313 metric tons, +61 percent on larger volumes to the Philippines), Caribbean (4,210 metric tons, +85 percent with larger exports to the Dominican Republic, Bahamas, and Trinidad and Tobago) and Taiwan (2,688 metric tons, +142 percent). “The volume of U.S. pork that Mexico consumes is essential for our industry, and that is why we have focused

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Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


FEATURE resources on driving up per-capita pork consumption there,” Seng explained. “On the other hand, Japan is the leading value market for pork exports, and there we are concentrated on higher value branded and chilled products.” Pork exports to Russia in May fell from 12,250 metric tons last year to zero this year. For the year, exports to Russia are down 84 percent in volume and value (from 37,075 metric tons to 5,770 metric tons and from $109.5 million to $17.9 million). May pork exports to Canada were down 3 percent to 19,093 metric tons but remained up 3 percent for January through May. Exports to the China/Hong Kong region dipped 9 percent in May to 34,543 metric tons, but were larger than the previous two months. South Korea (8,645 metric tons, -19 percent) and Australia/New Zealand (4,251 metric tons, -28 percent) also were down in May. Through May, Mexico was the largest volume destination for U.S. pork but Japan was No. 1 in value. China, Canada, South Korea, Hong Kong, Australia and the Philippines rounded out the top eight countries in volume, with the same markets leading for value: Japan, Mexico, Canada, China, Korea, Australia, Hong Kong and the Philippines. Canada and the Philippines were the only top markets that saw export growth in the first five months of the year, but exports were robust to many of the smaller markets. Larger domestic supplies and market access issues have created a challenging atmosphere for U.S. pork exports thus far this year but exports showed positive signs of growth in May. Lamb exports up sharply Lamb exports reached three consecutive months above the 1,200 metric tons per month mark with 1,472 metric tons exported in May, an increase of 70 percent over last year. This put January through May totals up 14 percent to 5,840 metric tons with value over $13 million, up 30 percent. Export growth has been led by top markets Mexico and Canada, but also to Bermuda and Saudi Arabia. Complete export results for U.S. beef, pork and lamb are available online.

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Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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51


CATTLE SENSE

Dodging Projectiles BY CATHY BANDYK, QLF

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here is no shortage of quotable quotes regarding the topic of change. The only constant is change. The more things change, the more they stay the same. Change before you have to. One I like comes courtesy of Despair, Inc., accompanied by a photo of a tornado: When the winds of change blow hard enough, the most trivial of things can turn into deadly projectiles. Personally, I’ve just been through one of those stretches of gale‐force changes. In the past month the house filled to overflowing with graduation guests – and a week later we became empty nesters; we have (largely) gotten moved to Florida; two of the boys are spending the summer out of country, and out of daily reach; and there have been some major shifts in my work responsibilities. I guess it is understandable that I feel a little disoriented, and less in control of things than I’d like! I can definitely relate to the image of little things gone wrong wielding out‐of proportion power. The cattle industry also continues to deal with monumental changes. Markets, input costs, regulations, public perceptions, and competition for resources challenge traditional ways of doing business. And at the same time, there is a virtual tidal wave of new (and sometimes conflicting) information to

be evaluated, considered, and possibly integrated. In this scenario, too, there are decisions and choices that may appear to be minor that can actually have significant long‐term consequences. I think two things that are critical to avoiding these “projectiles” are perspective and priorities. If we keep a focus on our long‐term goals, and then make short‐term decisions that are consistent with them, the unavoidable changes in life can be much more positive. These are the concepts that actually are constant. If I put this into the context of beef cow nutrition, there are three grounding principles that feeding programs need to comply with – no matter how many changes there are in feed type, composition, availability, cost, or delivery method. In every case, feeding and supplementation programs need to be nutritionally sound, practical to deliver, and economically viable.

Nutritionally Sound Cowherd nutrition supports animal maintenance, reproductive performance, fetal calf development, milk production, and herd health. Typically, we are going to supply this nutrition via available forages and selected supplements. In forage‐based diets, supplements must: - Supply all essential minerals and vitamins not provided by the grass or hay; - Deliver any selected additives; - Meet the needs of the rumen

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microbes, in order to optimize the fermentation activity that releases the nutrients in fibrous feeds. Like any other living organism, the bacteria, protozoa, and fungi of the rumen require a balanced diet in order to live, grow, and reproduce. In their case, this includes ruminally‐available crude protein, an energy source they can utilize, and some additional growth factors. Cellulolytic (fiber‐digesting) bacteria have a particular need for ammonia, which can come from the breakdown of true amino acid proteins or non‐protein nitrogen sources such as urea. They can effectively utilize fiber and sugar (but not starch), so will benefit most from supplements that contain these energy forms, as well as a concentrated level of degradable protein. When life is good for these micro‐ organisms, they proliferate. Greater bacterial numbers lead to more total fermentation activity, which not only releases more energy from the feed the cow eats, but speeds the breakdown of this roughage. That in turn effectively creates room for the cow to consume more feed, and increase her overall plane of nutrition. Additionally, every microbial cell contains protein, synthesized from the nitrogen taken in from the rumen environment. Eventually, these microbes are replaced by new ones, and they flow on to the small intestine where they are digested. Since this ‘microbial cell protein’ makes up a significant portion of a beef cow’s protein supply, this is further reason to focus on microbial needs when selecting the nutritional make‐up of supplements.

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The form, volume, and frequency of feeding supplements can have an impact on both nutrition and management. All of the following need to be kept in mind while evaluating the fit of a particular feeding program to a specific operation: - Flexibility. If needed, can the supplement be effectively utilized for

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

multiple groups of animals, or varied feeding situations? - Convenience. Unless you have nothing else you need or want to do, convenience has value. Self‐fed products, especially those delivered by the supplier, can eliminate time consuming tasks including feed preparation, delivery, packaging disposal, etc. - Access. It is important that every animal receive the nutrition they need. But infrequent feed delivery, inadequate feeding space, waste or spoilage, or difficult access can all contribute to uneven intakes, either between animals or over time. Properly managed selffed supplements also offer the assurance that even the most timid animals will have opportunity to take a turn at the feeder. - Eff iciency. Waste and shrink can vary dramatically between different feeding programs. - Grazing Management. Some programs allow use of feeder placement to help direct and disperse grazing patterns. Routine supplement delivery can create an undesirable situation where animals suspend grazing activity for a portion of the day while gathering in anticipation of the feed truck. - Carrier role. When feed additives are being utilized, supplement choices need to include products and delivery programs that practically and effectively get the additive to the animals at the rate and schedule needed for desired responses.

Economically Viable Fact: the cheapest feed is seldom the best buy. Price per unit of nutrient means far more than price per ton. Valid economic comparisons need to be based on the total costs (purchase, handling, delivery) of getting the needed nutrition in front of the cows. This includes things like equipment, time, and transportation, which are driven by feed type, delivery frequency, and volume.


Seedstock Plus Fall Sale Dates! Seedstock Plus Showcase Sale VIII & 5th Annual Customer Appreciation Sale September 21, 2013 * 1 p.m. Kingsville Livestock, Kingsville, MO Selling: Elite Gelbvieh & Balancer Females! Bred Heifers, Open Show Heifer Prospects, Proven Cows and Embryo Packages! Something for Everyone!

Seedstock Plus Fall Bull Sale October 19, 2013 Joplin Regional Stockyards * Carthage, Missouri Selling: 175 Gelbvieh & Balancer Bulls! * Yearlings & 18 month old! • • • •

Guaranteed sight unseen purchases and free trucking or 75$ back if picked up! All Bulls are Semen AND Trich Tested! Videos available the week prior to the sale at www.seedstockplus.com! Every pedigree checked and ‘at risk’ bulls DNA tested ‘defect free’!

Reminder! Seedstock Plus markets 1000 Angus, Gelbvieh & Balancer bulls in TN, MO & AZ Annually!

Call today to order a catalog! 877-486-1160 toll free! Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

53


FEATURE

A Weed Wiper is Good for You, Bad for Weeds BY JIM JOHNSON, NOBLE FOUNDATION

H

ave you ever needed to spray your pasture, but it was too windy? Or have you ever needed to spray but didn’t want to damage your clovers and other legumes? Do you want to save money, cut down on herbicide rates and help the environment? Then consider a weed wiper as your herbicide application method. If you can graze desirable forages so that weeds are 6 inches taller than the forages, a weed wiper will work for you. Many people are unfamiliar with wiper or wick applicators. However, they have been used for years to control volunteer corn in Midwestern soybean fields. The concept is simple. Herbicide solution, usually

Roundup (glyphosate), is supplied to an absorbent surface. The herbicide soaked surface only contacts weeds taller than the crop. Chemical is transferred to the surface of the weeds as the applicator “wipes” over them. There are many variations, but the principle is the same. Key elements include a surface that will hold solution without dripping, a way to prime the surface, a way to mount the unit so the height can be adjusted, and weeds that are taller than desirable plants. In one version, a pipe with small holes in the bottom is covered with an absorbent canvas. The pipe is filled with an herbicide solution. It is mounted horizontally on a vehicle so that it is above the crop, but will contact the weeds. The covering “wicks” the herbicide solution out of

the pipe through the small holes. The chemical is then applied to the weeds as the unit wipes over them. In the most basic unit, the pipe is used as the reservoir for the herbicide. Flow is regulated with a throttling valve that controls the amount and rate of air that gets inside the pipe,

thus regulating the amount and rate of solution that can leave the pipe. Other models connect the pipe to a tank with a pump. The pump is turned on and off as needed to prime the wiper. Better models mount a hooded spray boom above the wiping surface to wet it as needed.

Central Kentucky’s Premiere Dealer of Gooseneck Trailers Clements Ag Supply 1223 Lebanon Road - Springfield, KY 40069 - (8oo) 753 - 8796

54

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


FEATURE Rather than canvas, some wick applicators use braided cotton rope plumbed into a pipe. Rope sections are about 8 inches long and overlap. Many times it is necessary to wipe weeds from opposite directions to get thorough coverage. However, better models with hooded booms use a counter-rotating drum, which improves coverage and eliminates the need for this. Some units are mounted on the front of a 4-wheeler and others

are pulled behind like a cart with wheels on the ends. Mounting the unit to the front of a loader makes it easy to adjust the height on the go. There are many benefits to wiper applicators. First is the use of Roundup (glyphosate) herbicide. This allows control of almost any weed in any crop, as long as the weed is taller than the crop. An excellent example is johnsongrass control in bermudagrass hay. With the low cost

of generic glyphosate, weed control can be done very economically (less than $1 per acre for medium weed density). Glyphosate is also more environmentally friendly than other herbicides. With a properly adjusted wiper, herbicide is only applied to the weeds. This reduces the amount of herbicide used per acre and introduced into the environment and reduces or eliminates damage to non-target species. Wipers

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

can be used regardless of wind speed — a big advantage. They can also be used with herbicides containing 2,4D, pichloram, dicamba and triclopyr. This can provide increased control of tougher perennials like horse nettle, briars and tree sprouts. You can purchase wipers or wicks fully assembled, as kits you put together or build one completely from scratch. They can be small hand-held units or as large as 45 feet.

55


FEATURE

Electric Cattle Guard Saves Time BY DEVLON FORD, NOBLE FOUNDATION

C

attle are often kept in the same pasture for an extended period of time for varying reasons. At the Noble Foundation’s Coffey Ranch, for example, cattle are kept close to the working pens during calving season. During calving, we will go into the pasture two to three times, or more, per day to feed, check the cows and calves, and tag new calves as they are born. Opening and closing gates has never been anyone’s favorite chore. The earliest opportunities my sons got to “help me” was opening and closing gates as I drove through. In 2011, we revamped an old idea that we had used at the Pasture Demonstration Farm: an electric cattle guard. The idea is simple and

takes about half a day to construct and install. The previous model was 7 feet long and was centered in the fence line. The revised version is 3 feet, 6 inches long and placed with one edge in the fence. Materials used: Two schedule 40, 3”-diameter PVC pipes, cut to 3’ 6” 14 eye bolts - 3/8” x 6” 14 Springs - 3 1/2” to 4” long, 3/4” round with strong tension 12 1/2 gauge hi-tensile wire Flexible wire Construction guidelines: Using a 3/8” drill bit, drill holes through both pieces of PVC pipe, beginning 3” from the end on 6” centers. On a 90 degree angle, drill a hole at each end of the PVC to accommodate ground stakes.

Place one edge of each PVC pipe in line with your fence on a relatively level area, and secure it using ground stakes. The cattle guard can be as

wide as you need it to be. Take an eye bolt, attach a spring and place it in a pre-drilled hole. Attach hi-tensile wire to the end

CALLING ALL FARMERS State Fair Volunteers Needed! This year’s KY State Fair runs from August 15 to August 25 and KBC is in need of volunteers to help out with our “Ask a Beef Farmer” area located in the South Wing Lobby A. You will have an opportunity to talk to fairgoers about what you do each day to provide great tasting beef.

Herd Reduction Sale

Available Shifts:

40 spring calving cows Ÿ 35 fall calving cows 15 yearling Angus bulls Ÿ five 18-24 month old bulls Selling Bred Cows, Bred Heifers and Bulls at Private Treaty Females Bred To: ² SAV Mustang ² Boyd Scalebuster ² SAV Net Worth 4200 ² Future Direction

August 15-16 10 AM - 1 PM or 1 PM - 4 PM August 19-23 10 AM - 1 PM or 1 PM - 4 PM August 17-18 12 PM - 2 PM or 2 PM - 4 PM August 24-25 12 PM - 2 PM or 2 PM - 4 PM

Thorn Valley Angus 8375 Cemetery Road Bowling Green, KY 42103 Manager: Larry Atkinson Ÿ 270-799-1572

Contact Caitlin Swartz with questions. 859.278.0899 or cswartz@kycattle.org

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Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


FEATURE

The electric cattle guard lets us easily manage our herd without fear of them crossing it and wandering into unwanted areas. It has also eliminated the nuisance of opening and closing gates multiple times a day.

of the spring on both sides of the cattle guard. R e p e a t steps 3 and 4 until completed. Take a short piece of flexible wire, start at the outside eye bolt and wrap the wire between the nut and PVC pipe; wrap each eye bolt in the same manner, then connect a power line from the fence to the cattle guard. (This step need only be done on one side of the cattle guard.) Tighten bolts on each side of the cattle guard equally until the springs begin to separate. Run a short wire 3’ off the ground from the fence to the outside edge of the cattle guard on both sides. The electric cattle guard lets us

easily manage our herd without fear of them crossing it and wandering into unwanted areas. It has also eliminated the nuisance of opening and closing gates multiple times a day. This type of cattle guard is simple, easy to construct and costs less than a conventional metal cattle guard. Not counting the cost of the wire or ground stakes, this cattle guard can be built for under $75. There are a few maintenance issues and limitations with an electric cattle guard. First, the wires need to be 3 to 4 inches off the ground to

prevent them from creating a short, and the vegetation needs to be sprayed three to four times each year. Vehicles with low ground clearance or objects hanging down from trucks or other equipment have a tendency to pull the wire off the eye bolts and springs. We have successfully contained bulls as long as they were with the cows, but it cannot be used to keep the bulls away from the cows. The electric cattle guard has been a low cost, valuable asset in the dayto-day operation of the Coffey Ranch. It has increased the speed of checking and tagging cattle, and created easier access to the eastern part of the ranch .

Tim Dievert 478 Dry Fork Rd. • Danville, KY 40422 Office:859/236-4591 • Fax:859/236-2640 (C)859/238-3195 • tdievert@dievertsales.com www.dievertsales.com For catalogs and / or entry information on any of the following sales, please contact Tim Dievert

Saturday, September 14, 2013 Ÿ Noon CKAA Ladies Day Sale CKAA Sales Pavilion, Danville, KY A select, all female offering.

Saturday, September 21, 2013 D & D Longview Angus & Guests Consignors Sale D & D Angus, Columbia, KY

Saturday, September 28, 2013 Boyd Beef Cattle Production Sale Boyd Beef Cattle Farm, Mayslick, KY

Sunday, September 29, 2013 Green Oaks Farm Production Sale Green Oaks Farm, West Liberty, KY

Saturday, October 26, 2013 Ÿ Noon Fall Festival Sale, Volume XII Great Meadows Angus Association Heritage Farm, Shelbyville, KY

Saturday, November 2, 2013 Ÿ 1 PM CKAA 51st Annual Fall Heifer Sale CKAA Sales Pavilion, Danville, KY Featuring the 11th Annual Premier Heifer Division

15th Annual East KY Replacement Bred Heifer Sale Sponsored By the East Kentucky Beef Cattle Council

Lee City Stockyards

1:00 p.m. Sat. • September 21, 2013 • Viewing at Noon

Approximately 130 Head Consigned to the Sale Commercial and Registered Heifers Some will be sold in lots of 2 and 3 • Heifers were A.I. bred to the Select Sires Angus bull: FORWORD 6025 7AN366 • Black Angus clean up bulls were used with heifer acceptable CE scores • All heifers had to meet or exceed 160 sq. cm. pelvic area • Pelvic Area was age adjusted to one year of age on all heifers • All heifers have data available on intra-muscular fat • Heifers were assembled in October 2012 and have remained together and developed under the guidelines from Dr. Les Anderson, UK Extension Beef Specialist • All sale heifers are source-verified and farm-raised

Guaranteed bred for 60 days after the sale Free delivery for purchases of 10 or more up to 200 miles. Health records, sire information and heifer information will be provided in a sale catalog. Catalog will be available on sale day. For more information Contact: Larry Clay Charles May D & D Ranch Perry Co. Extension Office (606) 438-9914 (606) 436-2044 Sale can be viewed at www.cattleusa.com Heifer data can be viewed at http://ces.ca.uky.edu/perry. Click on Ag & Natural Resource

Ritchie manufactures a complete line of livestock watering products with the highest specifications in the industry. From a single horse Stall Fount to a fountain that waters up to 500 head, Ritchie fountains are top quality. Plus, every Ritchie fountain is backed by our 10 year limited warranty. For more information on the Thrifty King series and other Ritchie waterers contact:

Breeders Supply 800-432-9342 or 859-254-7791

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

57


FEATURE

Kentucky Cattleman Attends Elite Beef Industry Conference WASHINGTON (JUNE 14, 2013)

S

teve Dunning, owner/operator of Dunning Land and Cattle Co., was one of more than 50 young cattlemen and women selected to participate in the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association (NCBA) 34th Young Cattlemen’s Conference (YCC). Dunning was sponsored by the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association (KCA). The YCC program is a comprehensive, nationwide tour of beef industry sectors, created to enhance leadership skills in your beef industry professionals. “YCC is a prestigious and competitive program designed to foster the future leadership of our industry,” said Forrest Roberts, NCBA chief executive officer. “The participants selected to attend YCC were chosen because of their exceptional contributions to the beef industry and their potential to be a strong voice in our future development. I look forward to seeing Steve take an increased leadership role within NCBA and the beef industry.” Located in Christian County, Ky., Dunning Land and Cattle Co. is a 200 head cow-calf operation. He grew up on the family farm, helping his father and brothers row crop corn, wheat and soybeans, raise tobacco and cattle. He and his wife of 15 years, Julie, still live on the family farm which they have increased to 800 acres. When farming became difficult in the 1970s, Dunning left farming and started a swimming pool service and construction company which he successfully operated for 31 years, while still having an interest in the cattle business. In 2010 he sold the swimming pool business and is now a full time cattle farmer and produces his own hay. An active member of the local Christian County Cattlemen’s Association, he is current Vice President and Past 58

President, serves as the Vice President of Region I of KCA and serves on the State Executive Committee. The eight day tour began at NCBA headquarters in Denver, Colo., where participants were given an organizational overview of NCBA and the Beef Checkoff Program. While in Denver, the group also heard from representatives of Cattle Fax and the U.S. Meat Export Federation. They toured a Safeway retail store and learned about Rancher’s Reserve brand beef marketing efforts. The group spent a day in Greeley, Colo., visiting JBS Five Rivers feed yards and processing facilities. “It is really important for participants to see each sector of the beef industry – from farm to fork,” said Dunning. “Traveling from a cow/calf ranch to a feedlot and processing plant really drives home the point that our industry is composed of many sectors which are all committed to produce a healthy end product.” In Chicago, the group met with the senior management of the Chicago Mercantile Exchange at the Chicago Board of Trade. They had the chance to watch the activity on the trading floor and witness futures trading firsthand. Participants also visited Otto & Sons Industries, a family owned company providing quality products and custom solutions for the food industry since 1909. This tour offered a view of how boxed beef is turned into custom order portions for both major restaurant chains and some of the nation’s top steakhouses. The group then traveled to Washington, D.C., where participants received an issues briefing from NCBA’s government affairs staff about policy issues currently facing the cattle industry. The group then traveled to Aldie, Va., for a tour and barbeque at Whitestone Farms, one of the nation’s elite purebred Angus operations. 

The next day, these future leaders were given the opportunity to visit oneon-one with members of their state’s congressional delegation, expressing their viewpoints regarding the beef industry and their cattle operations. During their congressional visits, participants focused on issues including the 2013 Farm Bill, federal lands ranching and overreaching regulations proposed by the Environmental Protection Agency. They finished the day with a reception hosted by John Deere at the company’s Washington office. For more information on the YCC program or to nominate someone for

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

next year’s tour, contact your state cattlemen’s association or Marvin Kokes at 303-850-3339 or mkokes@beef.org. The National Cattlemen’s Beef Association (NCBA) has represented America’s cattle producers since 1898, preserving the heritage and strength of the industry through education and public policy.  As  the largest association  of cattle producers,  NCBA works to  create new markets and increase demand for beef.  Efforts are made possible through membership contributions. To join, contact NCBA at 1-866-BEEF-USA or membership@ beef.org


Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

59


MEMBERSHIP MEMBE ERSHIP

ittee ip Comm itt rship bers m e M e h t th m o r f fr A Meesssage f g the hands o in h c a re is s w e y N h s been of Cow Countr y News ha e tr u n s u is o l C ia c w e o p C s he This in Kentucky. T r 30 years. The free monthlyy rs e c u d ro p le tt a r ove le 28,000 c les to cattle sa test incentives fo roduc a ic rt re a g s n o r’ io e ti ct b u m e m p one of our information from es d lu c in h es. ic h w l membership du publication, ua n n a e th h rt o ll w the formation, is we info in s founded on a w ) A C (K n o the ociati KCA servees as atttlemen’s Ass C . y k y c k c tu n tu e n e K K in d try The beef cattle indus ongress, the state legislaatture an e th g in ct te ro p of C prriincipple of s of the est interest ttlemen in front b a c e y th k c ve tu n ha e s K y ll a alw A voice for a n size. Your KC ur m ission is to o O ti ra . e s p ie o c n f e o g a ss t le tyy, gard goveernmen ut the state , re ch as food safe u ho s g u es ro u s th is rs e ss c re u add ion cattlee prod opportunities to goal is the abolit r e u s o ho rs w he s p rt u fu ro g ip om membersh ond to attacks fr p s re to d n a , h, lt animal hea lture. us of animal agricu grams which foc ro p s rt o p p u s A KC ety ate beef council, to eduuccate consumers on a vari st d ie lif ua q e th As als eeff health profession e Masters of B d th n s a a rs h e n uc rt s s pa m y nce rogra on industr ure to plate. P in place to enha st re pa a m s o m fr a ra s g ic ro p p ce of beef to Q uality Assuran ef e B e th d n a y ucer education. d ro p h Advocac g u ro th ef age of be yst the quality and im th has been a cataly n o ti ia c o ss A ’s n leme hout t is is today wit e Kentucky Catt th ha , w rs e b ea y ot n 0 4 ld u r Fo Now CA co on every year. ti r profitability. K a e c iz u n d a ro rg p o g r u in o c n for enha fo Kentucky. who support in n rs o e b ti a m iz e n m a l a rg y o lo le the over 9,000 d be a part of the best beef catt th n a is the time to join is

Scholarships

Annual Convention 60

eetings LocaI ms & event As a member of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s you will receive:

• Cow Country News • Student scholarships available through the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Foundation • A unified voice for all cattle producers • Preferred pricing and special benefits with Whayne/Cat Agribusiness Division • Educational opportunities • Young Producers Council news and information • Preferred pricing and special benefits with McBurney’s Livestock Equipment • Annual KCA Convention and Trade Show • Involvement in your local County Cattlemen’s Association • An effective lobbyist representing you in Frankfort and Washington, DC

Legislative Issues

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


2014 Membership Application * Membership Year 10/1/13– 9/30/14 Name:__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Spouse Name:___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Farm Name:_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Address:________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ City:_______________________________________________________________ State:________________________________ Zip:_________________________ County:____________________________________________________________ Recruited By:_______________________________________________________ Phone: (___________)__________________-_____________________________ Fax: (___________)_________________-_________________________________ E-Mail:_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ * Payments of KCA membership dues are tax deductible for most members as an ordinary and necessary business expense. However, charitable contributions of gifts to KCA are not tax deductible for Federal Income Tax purposes. Due to new IRS regulations, $2.24 of your dues would not be deductible. Approximately $12 of your dues will go towards the monthly publication Cow Country News.

Please check the Membership(s) you would like to join: ___ KCA Membership : $30/yr

____ New

____ Renewal

(Membership Dues are $30 unless otherwise listed below.) ___ KCA Couple Membership (To add your spouse please add $15 to your KCA Membership) ___ Kentucky Junior Cattlemen’s Association: $10/year

___ New

___ Renewal

___ I would like more information on the Young Producer’s Council Total Membership: KCA:

$________________

KJCA:

$________________

Total Contributions: Cattlemen’s Foundation Donation (Voluntary): $_________ ** All donations to KCF are tax deductible.** Total Amount Enclosed:$____________

County Dues Dues are $30 except for the counties listed below. Allen $40 Anderson $25 Bourbon $20 Boyle $35 Bracken $25 Bullitt $20 Butler $25 Franklin $25 Highlands $20 (Boyd, Floyd, Johnson, Lawrence, & Martin) Hopkins $35 Laurel $35 Lewis $35 Lincoln $25 Louisville Area $20 (Jefferson, & Spencer)

McCreary $25 Magoffin $20 Menifee $25 Metcalfe $25 Mountain $25 (Breathitt, Knott, Lee, Leslie, Letcher, Morgan, Owsley, Perry & Wolfe) Oldham $35 Taylor $20 Twin Lakes $20 Warren $40 Washington $25 Wayne $25 Whitley $25 Woodford $25

Complete and return to: Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association 176 Pasadena Dr. • Lexington, KY 40503

For faster service, join online at www.kycattle.org Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

61


MEMBERSHIP

KCA Reaches Highest Membership Total in History BY NIKKI WHITAKER he Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association (KCA) has reached their highest membership total in the organizations 40 year history with 9,239 members. For the 2012-2013 membership year, KCA experienced an overall 5 percent increase in members.

KCA began rising considerably in 2004 reaching over 9,000 members in 2008, a gain of nearly 3,000 members in just four years. After a decline in 2009, KCA has been steadily increasing each year since. “My thanks and congratulations go to all the county and affiliate or ganizations who work hard to grow on a local level and view

Division 1 (151+ MEMBERS)

Division 2 (76-150 MEMBERS) Division 3 (0-75 MEMBERS)

Division 3 (CONTINUED)

Larue Green Casey Bath Clark Metcalfe Monroe Northern Kentucky Daviess Fleming Harrison Scott Boyle Trimble Laurel Franklin Allen Edmonson Jackson Bourbon Muhlenberg Fayette Campbell Anderson Ohio Purchase Area Mountain 78 Ohio

Clay Union Simpson Butler Livingston Bullitt Henderson Robertson Menifee Bracken Calloway McLean Magoffin Powell River Hills Knox Eastern Foothills Pike Lewis Gallatin McCreary Harlan Bell

T

2013 Barren Shelby Marion Jessamine Logan Grayson Madison Hart Lincoln Breckinridge Christian Warren Meade Adair Hardin Washington Mercer Henry

451 300 282 256 246 235 234 223 220 217 214 210 184 177 177 173 162 149

448 269 264 251 263 234 241 222 217 223 211 203 170 168 174 187 170 169

3 31 18 5 -17 1 -7 1 3 -6 3 7 14 9 3 -14 -8 -20

If you need anything for membership, please contact Nikki Whitaker at (859)278-0899 or nwhitaker@kycattle.org. 62

2013

2012 Difference

225 150 145 140 138 132 131 123 120 118 116 111 110 110 102 101 99 99 98 98 96 93 86 85 84 82 87 72

2012 Difference 118 147 137 94 122 113 121 112 116 120 110 105 112 119 86 108 96 86 116 80 107 91 98 86 82 85 -9 82

107 3 8 46 16 19 10 11 4 -2 6 6 -2 -9 16 -7 3 13 -18 18 -11 2 -12 -1 2 -3 72 -10

KCA as a valued association for Kentucky ’s beef producers. Our biggest asset is the over 9,000 loyal members who support KCA every year” says KCA President, Don Reynolds. Approximately 24 percent of Kentucky’s beef producers are KCA members and the association has high hopes to reach 10,000 members in the near future.

2013

Northeast Area 85 Caldwell-Lyon 81 Garrard 77 Mason 71 Nelson 67 Taylor 67 Owen 65 Trigg 64 Russell 62 Oldham 62 Wayne 61 Out of State 61 Todd 58 Grant 56 Woodford 54 Rockcastle 53 Whitley 52 Louisville Area 52 Montgomery 52 Webster 51 Pendleton 50 Hancock 47 Nicholas 47 Twin Lakes 46 Pulaski 41 Highlands 41 Crittenden 37 Estill 37 Clinton-Cumberland35 Carroll 35 Hopkins 33

2012 Difference 66 67 67 71 69 37 66 70 75 58 40 52 71 39 50 51 39 50 56 69 38 38 15 7 46 29 39 34 40 30 33

19 14 10 0 -2 30 -1 -6 -13 4 21 9 -13 17 4 2 13 2 -4 -18 12 9 32 39 -5 12 -2 3 -5 5 0

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

2013 33 31 30 30 30 27 23 23 21 21 21 17 14 11 10 5 4 4 3 2 2 1 0

2012 Difference 27 40 28 30 31 39 19 15 23 16 19 13 14 9 9 5 3 4 4 3 3 1 0

TOTALS AS OF: JULY 17, 2013 9239 8800

6 -9 2 0 -1 -12 4 8 -2 5 2 4 0 2 1 0 1 0 -1 -1 -1 0 0

439


Cover Crop

Forage

ê Extensively Tested, Proven Performer Application: ê Consistent High Forage Yields King is an aggressive producer ê Medium Maturity of short-term forage, suitable ê Rust Resistant for both beef and dairy. As a ê Cold Resistant cover crop or buffer strip, King ê Disease Resistant, provides many positive economic Including Gray Leaf Spot and environmental benefits.

ê Captures Residual Nitrogen ê Increases Water Infiltraon and Soil Moisture Holding Capacity ê Helps Prevent Soil Erosion ê Helps Increase Soil Organic Profile ê Aids in Weed Suppression ê Easily Controlled with Herbicides

Variety Description Gallant is a diploid medium red clover. It reaches 50% bloom at approximately the same time as Kenland, one day earlier than Arlington, and three days earlier than Marathon. Its flower color is 19% light pink, 35% medium pink, 35% dark pink, and 11% red. Approximately 72% of the plants exhibit leaf marks, and 88% have hairs on the stem. Gallant is highly resistant to northern and southern anthracnose, and resistant to powdery mildew. It has shown improved field resistance to black patch (Rhizoctonia) compared to Arlington, Marathon, and Kenland.

Gallant Red Clover

Breeding History Gallant is a 111-clone synthetic variety. Surviving plants were dug from a 3-year old yield trial at New Castle, KY, and intercrossed. The resulting population was subjected to two cycles of selection for resistance to Mycoleptodiscus root rot. Parent plants of Gallant trace to the varieties Royal Red, FSG 9601, FP345, Plus II, and 2 experimental breeding lines. Contact your local farm supply dealer for more info. Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

63


KENTUCKY LIMOUSIN BREEDERS ACH HOLDINGS LLC

MILAM CATTLE CO.

Bowling Green, KY Stephen, Emily & Carter Haynes 270-799-8685 or 270-799-8684

Olmstead, KY Chris Milam 270-847-0634

KLBA DIRECTORS David S. Campbell (2 year) Butler, 859-409-0811

CUMMINS POLLED LIMOUSIN Foster, KY David & Mary Ann Cummins 606-782-7003

Tom Daniel (1 year) Mt. Sterling, 859-585-1785 Pete Gray (1 year) Flemingsburg, 606-748-3763

MINERICH LAND & CATTLE 2ICHMOND +9s   Bob & Gwen Minerich gminerich@aol.com

Stephen Haynes (2 year)

ENGLEWOOD FARM

Bowling Green, 270-799-8685

PHARRIS FARMS LIMOUSIN

Lancaster, KY John Tobe - John Ethington 859-621-4411

James Hicks (1 Year)

Leitchfield, KY Mike & Rose Pharris 270-230-2836

Midway, 859-227-0490

Jennifer Hornback (2 year) Magnolia, 502-639-8507

64

HB FARMS

Richard Reynolds (1 year)

REYNOLDS LIMOUSIN

Midway, KY Greg Blaydes: 859-338-9402 James Hicks: 859-227-0490

Danville, 859-324-0897

Danville, KY Richard & Marcia Reynolds 859-332-7624

JEPSON LIMOUSIN

MAPLE SHADE FARM

SUNNYSIDE FARM

Franklin, KY Jesse & Connie Jepson 270-725-1060

Flemingsburg, KY Pete Gray - Martha Prewitt 606-748-3763 or 849-4249

Bowling Green, KY Dan & Margie Duvall 270-563-4897

LONGVIEW FARMS

MASSEY LIMOUSIN

TWIN OAKS FARM

Lewisport, KY Gary Long 270-295-3973

London, KY Joey Massey 606-877-5571

Eubank, KY Jon Anderson 606-305-8859

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


ENGLEWOOD FARMS MATURE COWHERD DISPERSAL held in conjunction with many of our

Fellow Kentucky Limousin Breeders

SEPTEMBER 28 at the Englewood Farms Sale Facility Lancaster, Kentucky ,UNCHx.OONs3ALExPM

CONSIGNORS... ACH Holdings LLC, Bowling Green, KY - Brad Kidd, Liberty, KY Campbell Farms, Butler, KY - GrandView Farms, Mt. Sterling, KY HB Farms, Midway, KY - Highview Farm, Lawrenceberg, KY Jeff Kaufman, Harrodsburg, KY - Jepson Limousin, Franklin, KY Jonathan Ray, Lancaster, KY - Twin Oaks Farms, Eubank, KY Tyler Green, Crossville, TN

3ELLING,OTSOF&ULLBLOODs0UREBREDs,IM &LEX /PEN(EIFERS "RED&EMALES 3PRING0AIRS &ALL0AIRS "REEDING !GE"ULLS

AUCTIONEER... C.K. “Sonny� Booth

SALE MANAGEMENT... Seedstock Consultants Specialized Sales

Solid Values, Futuristic Vision

*OHN%THINGTON #ATTLE-ANAGER   "OB+NUDSEN &ARM-ANAGER   *OHN4OBE /WNER   %NGLEMAN,ANE ,ANCASTER +ENTUCKY englewoodfarm@live.com - www.englewoodfarm.com

2300 Monument Ave., Richmond, VA 23220 .HLWK.LVVHH‡&HOO 3K‡)D[ EMAILKKSEEDSTOCK COMCASTNETsWWWKKSEEDSTOCKCOM

SALE CONSULTANTS... Mark Smith - 515/229-5227 Bill Helton - 256/962-0256

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

65


FEATURE

UK Ag Partners in Six-State Dairy Improvement Effort BY AIMEE NIELSON

T

he nation’s dairy producers have been celebrating June as Dairy Month for more than 75 years. In the past decade, celebrations have declined, just like the size of the dairy industry. Statistics show that more than two-thirds of the dairies in the Southeast have closed since 1995. The University of Kentucky College of Agriculture is joining five other universities to find out why and to try to find a way to reverse the decline. The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Institute of Food and Agriculture is funding the $3 million effort. Steve Oliver, assistant dean of University of Tennessee AgResearch and a professor of animal science, will lead the project. He explained the

study will focus on improving herd health and milk quality and quantity by lowering the incidence of mastitis. “The Southeastern dairy industry is in serious trouble,” Oliver said. “Although the nation is experiencing a surge in milk and dairy demand, the Southeast has experienced a greater than 37 percent decline in total milk production. Milk quality is also consistently the poorest of all the regions of the U.S.” The reason for the low milk quality in the region is the high levels of mastitis, an inflammation of the cows’ udders. “Improved milk quality and greater production quantities are all about consistent employment of good management practices for the health and well-being of the cow,” Oliver said. The University of Tennessee

Meeting of the House of Delegates

A special meeting of the House of Delegates will be called by the Board of Directors Tuesday, August 13, 2013 at 10:00am via conference call. The authority of the House of Delegates will be to review and accept changes to the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association By-Laws and Operational Policy. 66

Institute of Agriculture will serve as the study’s lead institution, and regional participants include the University of Kentucky, the University of Florida, the University of Georgia, Mississippi State University and Virginia Tech.   Researchers plan to reach out to challenged and underperforming dairies to enhance regional milk production and improve overall milk quality. Jeffrey Bewley is an assistant extension professor for dairy at the UK College of Agriculture. He is part of a UK team that includes Michelle Arnold, extension veterinarian; Donna Amaral-Phillips, extension professor and dairy specialist; Lori Garkovich, professor  in Community and Leadership Development; Amanda Sterrett, extension associate and graduate student and Derek Nolan, graduate student in UK’s Department of Animal and Food Sciences. “This grant provides an exciting opportunity for us to gain a deeper understanding of issues affecting milk quality at Kentucky dairy farms,” Bewley said. “Most of managing for mastitis revolves around keeping cows clean and proper milking procedures. Although some people argue that we cannot achieve low mastitis rates in the Southeast, we have many dairy producers in Kentucky who demonstrate this is very possible every day.” Bewley said the team will work with Kentucky dairy producers to assess factors affecting their milk quality. “The team of people we have put together for this program combines a unique skill set to help address this important issue,” Bewley said. “We are looking forward to working with Kentucky dairy farmers over the next five years in this project. We will be developing user-friendly support tools to help producers understand the economics of mastitis decisions.”

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

All research partners will work to identify economic, social and psychological factors that affect regional farmers’ limited adoption of known practices to control mastitis. The researchers plan to develop strategies to counter the rationale for non-adoption. Teams will conduct applied research and on-farm demonstrations focusing on strategies for controlling mastitis and enhancing milk quality. Stakeholders will also include veterinary practitioners, university students, extension personnel and other industry representatives serving the dairy community. They will train dairy producers to use current and new tools to make on-farm decisions that improve milk quality and therefore production. Methods will include printed publications, face-to-face meetings and online teaching tools (including DAIReXNET webinars) in both English and Spanish. Teams will develop continuing education programs for those serving the dairy industry and provide undergraduate and graduate student education for long-term solutions for the region. Directed internships could provide real-world experiences for students and result in a more knowledgeable workforce. Oliver said the effort should buoy hope for the battered Southeastern dairy industry by motivating producers to change management practices and improve animal health and well-being. “Implementation of cost effective, science-based mastitis prevention and control strategies can help producers improve milk quality, increase production and therefore improve industry profitability and sustainability,” he said. The partners will measure success by increased production and higher milk quality from the participating states.


FEATURE

K-State Research Finds Resistance to BRD Treatment In three years of Bovine Respiratory Disease data, K-State researchers find drug resistance to several BRD treatments BEEF PRODUCER ansas State Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory research this summer revealed that drug resistance in one of the primary pathogens that causes BRD, Mannheimia haemolytica, has increased over a three-year period. “We have been seeing an increase in the number of antibiotic resistant bacteria that cause pneumonia (also called BRD) in cattle,” said Brian Lubbers, assistant professor in the diagnostic lab, based at Kansas State University. “Many of these bacteria are resistant to, not one, but almost all of the antibiotics that we use to treat pneumonia in cattle.” The economic toll from BRD has been estimated to approach $1 billion

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annually in the United States alone, if drug and labor costs, decreased production, and animal death losses are taken into account. In three years of Bovine Respiratory Disease data, K-State researchers find drug resistance to several BRD treatments What hasn’t been examined in depth is the cost of antimicrobial resistance in BRD cases, Lubbers said. Together he and Gregg Hanzlicek, also an assistant professor in the diagnostic lab, examined records of cases in which specimens of bovine lung tissue were submitted to the diagnostic lab from 2009 to 2011. Most of the samples – 55 in 2009, 155 in 2010 and 180 in 2011, were from cattle in Kansas and Nebraska.

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They found that over that period, a high percentage of M. haemolytica bacteria recovered from cattle lungs were resistant to several of the drugs typically used to treat that pathogen. However, no specimens were resistant to all six antimicrobial drugs. Using resistance to three or more antimicrobials as the definition of multidrug resistance, 63% of the bacteria would be classified as multidrug resistant in 2011, compared with 46% in 2010 and 42% in 2009. “Antimicrobial resistance in veterinary medicine has received a considerable amount of recognition as a potential factor leading to antimicrobial resistance in human medicine,” Lubbers said.

“However, the contribution of multidrug resistance to limited or failed therapy in veterinary patients has received much less attention.” Because there are a limited number of antimicrobial drugs that can be used for treatment of BRD pathogens, Lubbers said, multidrug resistance in those pathogens poses a severe threat to the livestock industry. Lubbers said the lab considers this type of information to be part of ongoing disease surveillance. “The questions of how these bacteria develop or where they come from, how widespread they are, and what is the impact on cattle production are still unanswered,” he said.

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Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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FEATURE

41st Annual

DEBTER HEREFORD

BULL SALE Saturday, October 26, 2013

12 Noon • Debter Hereford Farm • Horton, AL

Kentucky’s retail food prices drop 3.1 percent in second quarter Marketbasket Survey tallies lowest total since 2010 KENTUCKY FARM BUREAU

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he latest Marketbasket Survey, conducted by the Kentucky Farm Bureau Federation in June 2013, indicates that average retail food prices in supermarkets across the state decreased noticeably during the second quarter of the year. According to the survey, the total cost of 40 basic grocery items was $112.70. This total reflects a decrease of $3.57, or 3.1 percent, from the same list of items reported in the previous quarter. The Marketbasket Survey’s most recent retail food price results fared better than the U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Consumer Price Index (CPI) data that was also released earlier today (reflecting figures through June 2013). The CPI data revealed that food-at-home prices increased nationally by 0.2 percent in the

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Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

last reported month (though prices were reported with decreases in two of the last four months). Overall, the national average price for food at home has grown by a total of 0.9 percent over the past 12 months. Today’s Marketbasket Survey total reflects a 0.3 percent decrease over the average price reported in the second quarter of 2012. Marketbasket Survey specifics: For the first time in more than five years, all six of the food groups recorded in Kentucky Farm Bureau’s Marketbasket Survey – beef, dairy, fruits and vegetables, grain, pork, and poultry – simultaneously experienced a decrease in average price. The dairy category showed the greatest total decrease with an overall average price drop of 6.0 percent ($1.45). Halfgallon vanilla ice cream had the greatest single-item decrease with an average price drop of $0.62. Among the few products that did experience an increase


FEATURE in average price in this survey, the highest single item was tomatoes, climbing an average of $0.24 per pound. Overall, 28 of the 40 items in the Marketbasket Survey experienced decreases in average price, 10 increased and two items (corn oil and vegetable oil) were unchanged. The Marketbasket Survey’s top three average price decreases reported for items in the second quarter of 2013 were:

Agricultural Economics in Food Prices:

Whether or not grocery prices fluctuate from quarter to quarter, it remains a fact that Americans continue to enjoy some of the lowest food prices in the world. Shoppers in the U.S. spend only about 10 percent of their disposable income on food each year. Those costs remain far lower than any other country in the world thanks to many of the agricultural efficiencies utilized in America. Today the average U.S. farmer produces enough food and fiber to provide for about ITEM     MAR 2013 JUN 2013 PRICE DECREASE 154 people – a dramatic jump from an average of 19 people per farmer Vanilla Ice Cream          $3.82 / 1/2-gal. $3.20 / 1/2-gal.    -$0.62 / 1/2-gal. back in 1940.                                                                                    -16.2% Yet while more food is now being produced on less land, the farmer’s Whole Smoked Ham   $2.67 / lb.       $2.20 / lb.     -$0.47 / lb. share of the retail food dollar in America is down. According to the U.S.                                                                                    -17.6% Department of Agriculture’s Food Dollar Series, a farmer earns less than Pork Spare Ribs          $2.80 / lb.            $2.42 / lb.          -$0.38 / lb. 16 cents per dollar spent on food, down significantly from the 31 cents                                                                                    -13.6% earned in 1980.

Survey Origins:

The Marketbasket Survey’s top three average price increases reported for items in the second quarter of 2013 were:

Kentucky Farm Bureau Federation has conducted its regional Marketbasket Survey over the past four decades as a tool to reflect local retail food pricing trends and their relationship to what farmers receive for their raw commodities. ITEM  MAR 2013 JUN 2013 PRICE INCREASE Cities reporting on the Kentucky Farm Bureau Marketbasket Survey for the Tomatoes                      $1.44 / lb.           $1.68 / lb.            +$0.24 / lb. second quarter of 2013 include: Alexandria, Ashland, Bardstown, Brandenburg,                                                                                     +16.7% Eddyville, Elkton, Flemingsburg, Glasgow, Grayson, Hartford, Hopkinsville, White Bread                   $1.49 / lb.           $1.68 / lb.            +$0.19 / lb. Irvine, Lawrenceburg, Lexington, Madisonville, Mayfield, Munfordville,                                                                                     +12.8% Owensboro, Owingsville, Richmond, Russellville, Salyersville, Shelbyville, Whole Fryers (chicken)     $1.20 / lb.           $1.32 / lb.          +$0.12 / lb. Shepherdsville, Somerset, Stanford and Walton.                                                                                     +10.0%

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Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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CATTLE SENSE

Stories To Share BY CATHY BANDYK, QLF

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ast week I had back-to-back trips, taking part in the annual meetings of the national animal science societies in Indianapolis and the Florida Feed Association near Sarasota. I have to admit I was pretty worn out by Saturday, but thanks to the many presentations and conversations I had to think about, I was also re-energized about being part of animal agriculture. There are a lot of exceptional people involved in addressing the challenges of feeding our growing population, while simultaneously reducing our carbon footprint and enhancing animal welfare. One recurring theme was the need to share these positive messages with the general public. This certainly isn’t new news, but meeting attendees were given some insights into how this should – and

shouldn’t – be done. The most widely recognized speaker I heard was Temple Grandin. She reiterated her commitment to the concept of complete transparency; if the public feels we are keeping anything behind closed doors, the assumption will be that there is something to hide. Within that framework, there was no question what her opinion was regarding the various ‘Ag Gag’ laws – they are “absolutely stupid!” But while Temple does a compelling job of getting right to the point, a presentation I had seen the day before challenged my thinking about how we best react. QLF and Elanco cosponsored a reception the first evening of the animal science meetings, and we featured Delbert Holzer, who works in the U.S. Food Brands division of Elanco Animal Health. In his role he deals with a large

amount of data and metrics that have been put in place to better understand the specific challenges that the livestock industry faces with consumers and activists, and the most effective means to respond. His presentation “Market Access and Technology – Influencing a Global Point of View” covered a lot of interesting ground. Holzer opened by comparing the typical actions of dissatisfied customers at the start of his career to today. We have moved from an individual having to document a question or complaint in a physical letter, which had to go into an envelope and be mailed, or making an interactive phone call to a company representative who can personally respond, to what is now an ‘activist opportunity.’ In the heat of the moment, virtually anyone can make use of social media to start a campaign to ‘take them

down.’ Luckily, Elanco’s research verifies that most of our consumers are not thinking about food and food production issues on a regular basis. Technology related to food production is not a top of mind concern, and few are thinking about it at the grocery store. Purchasing decisions continue to be driven first by price, and then by freshness and quality. In fact, most people simply do not want to think about technology in food. But here is an eye-opener: when forced to engage on the topic, they can be confrontational and agitated. According to Holzer, they have found that for the average consumer, the more they learn, the less comfortable they are. Think of it this way: if we pressure an audience to hear that we have made big improvements in food safety, the immediate response may not be ‘Good

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Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Precisely.


CATTLE SENSE

for you!’ Morelikely, it will be ‘What?! I need to be worrying about food safety?� Similarly, in one test group, the industry’s positive statistics about reduced water use per unit of product was shared, with the expectation that this would elicit a very positive response. Instead, it generated distress that water must be being withheld from these poor animals! The take-home message was that we shouldn’t insist on telling too much. As industry representatives, we don’t always need to teach. This may seem to contradict our goal of transparency, but that isn’t necessarily so. We need to have all the information available – what we do, why we do it, how we continue to improve. It is important to be able to tell people that those web pages and YouTube videos are available any time they want to look at them. For most people, that’s good

enough, and they probably won’t ever actually go research the information. Farmers and ranchers enjoy a large level of public trust, and we can best support that by communicating simple stories that make them feel good about who we are and what we do – not with lots of technological data and science. For some of us, that is a rather difficult assignment. Later in the week I heard a presentation from a HR specialist who had come to the feed industry from another field. She shared that she had been overwhelmed by how technical the business, and the successful people in it, were. I know I like to talk (with lots of supporting facts and figures) about improved efficiencies, because I care about making the best use of our limited resources, as well as making sure our beef production system is sustainable in terms of economics, environment,

and society. I am also quick to want to respond to every negative story or situation that comes across my desk or computer. But to do the most good, I may need to retrain myself a bit. To that end, I will wrap up with some “lessons learned� that were shared in Holzer’s presentation: _ Be prepared to answer questions – when asked; _ No surprises for retailers or regulators; _ There is no benefit to differentiating on negatives; _ Monitor the right metrics, and only respond when it is a significant issue (i.e., do not give credence to loud but fringe voices); _ Avoid permanent decisions ‘in the storm’ _ Realize that most consumers are uncomfortable with the idea of anyone

making money producing food; _ Don’t underestimate how little most people know about agriculture and food production and processing; _ Keep in mind that terms like “growth promotion� and “efficiency� are perceived as negative, with connotations of causing stress to animals. At the end of the day, all of us from the cow/calf producer to the retailer or restaurant are in the food business. There are areas where we need to improve, and there are messages we need to communicate more effectively. But we don’t need to overcomplicate things. We have the privilege of producing and selling something that people want, that people like, and that people affiliate with special events and good times, and our primary goal should be to simply not mess that up.

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Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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KENTUCKY JUNIOR CATTLEMEN’S ASSOCIATION

2013 KJCA OFFICERS PRESIDENT: Nick Chism VICE-PRESIDENT: Emily Perry SECRETARY: Sara Crutcher TREASURER: Austin Cole REPORTERS: Stephanie Mattingly

Kathryn Goodman builds herd on her own THE NEWS ENTERPRISE BY BECCA OWSLEY athryn has her own herd of five, soon to be seven, head of cattle. “She’s done it all herself and I’m so, so proud of her,” Maelynda said. Mom is proud because her 16-yearold daughter acquired the grants and loans to purchase and care for a herd of Hereford show cattle. A Central Hardin High School student and FFA member,  Kathryn showed her cattle in five counties and three states, earning

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35 to 40 awards this season, her first season showing cattle. It all started with an interest in cows and encouragement from others. On her second day of agriculture class her advisor told her about a livestock grant. She applied for it and received $400 to go toward her first heifer.She bought her first cow, Annabelle, from Hansel Pile Jr. who also shows cows. Pile allows Kathryn to work on his farm to earn the feed for her herd, allowing her to spend

her money on other things needed for showing cattle. Her first show with Annabelle didn’t go so well because Annabelle wanted to lead Kathryn around the ring instead of Kathryn leading Annabelle. After that experience she almost quit but stuck with it, building a trust with the cow until it began to cooperate. Kathryn even laid on the cow as it slept sometimes while visiting arenas during show season. Kathryn became involved with the

KJCA Membership Application NAME: _______________________________________________________________________________________

KJCA Directors AGE:_______

Directors At Large: Russell Ball & Hannah Sharp REGION 1 Nolan Pettit REGION 2 Tyler Wilkerson & Kathryn Goodman REGION 3 Bradii Walton REGION 4 Travis Drumm & Rod White

ADVISOR Brandy Graves

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BIRTHDATE:_______________________________

ADDRESS: _____________________________________________________________________________________

COUNTY:______________________

PHONE NUMBER: (______)________-______________________

E-MAIL:________________________________________________________________________________________

BREED(S) SHOWN/RAISED:______________________________________________________________________

DOES YOUR HOUSEHOLD CURRENTLY RECEIVE THE COW COUNTRY NEWS? NO__ YES___

Membership fee: $10 membership/$10 renewal Send form along with your membership fee to: Nikki Whitaker 176 Pasadena Drive Lexington, KY 40503

Questions, please contact: Brandy Graves ( bgraves@kycattle.org ) or Nikki Whitaker at 859-278-0899

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


KENTUCKY JUNIOR CATTLEMEN’S ASSOCIATION from a rescue out West. The donkey helps break the cattle for showing. A lead is attached from the cow to the donkey. The cow is then lead around the field calmly by the donkey. Rosebud also comes in handy in keeping coyotes away, Kathryn said before she became interested in cows, she had horses and pigs.Her love of “She’s always loved animals,” Kathryn Goodman’s mom, Maelynda, said as she watched animals began in 4-H and continues through her her daughter feed cattle. involvement in FFA. Cattleman’s Association and found “Without FFA I wouldn’t be where out she could get loans to expand her I’m at right now because I would have herd. With a loan she added four more never had thought there were grants out cows. One cow will calve in October there to help a little high schooler be and another was artificially inseminated a part of such a big industry,” Kathryn in hopes of producing another calf, said. expanding her herd to seven cows. When she’s not showing cattle, The cows mean a lot to Kathryn.“I she hangs out with friends, rides four get to see them grow and develop into wheelers, goes mudding, hunts dear, producers,” she said. fishes and watches movies.While some Kathryn hopes to go to the boys think a girl owning a herd of University of Kentucky to major cattle is a bit weird, most think it’s cool in agriculture business. Her goal is and admit they couldn’t do it, she said. to work in the cattle industry and travel There’s a lot that goes into controlling the world to talk about all aspects of a 2,500-pound animal during a show, the industry. It’s not just about what she said.Sometimes when she’s showing you see in the grocery meat section, she cattle it’s hard to do normal teenage said. activities like going to the pool but FFA advisor Derek Smith admires she likes the motivation it gives her to Kathryn’s drive and determination succeed.“Most 16-year-olds don’t have to succeed.  “Not many high school to worry about five big animals,” she students take on such a responsibility as said. “Six animals counting the donkey.” Kathryn has,” he said. Becca Owsley can be reached She has not only worked hard to at (270) 505-1741 or bowsley@ build her herd so quickly, she will have  thenewsenterprise.com. many connections throughout the livestock industry, he said.”It won’t be Getting to know Kathryn Goodman: hard for her to pursue her dream career after college,” Smith said. Movie: “Sweet Home Alabama” Usually, Kathryn spends 45 minutes TV: “Duck Dynasty” a day brushing, feeding and talking to Music: Country the cows. But when it’s time to show Church: Rough Creek Baptist Church cattle she spends a lot of time training Favorite cow: Annabelle, her first. Hobbies: Hunting and fishing them to be led around a ring so they’ll Pets: Dusty the Yorkie, Lady the be calm during competition. Labrador and Rosebud the donkey Along with her cows she also has a donkey named Rosebud she acquired

2013 KY Junior Cattlemen’s/KY Department of Ag. Fall Classic September 28-29, 2013 Jessamine County Fairgrounds • Nicholasville, KY

Tentative Agenda Friday, September 27, 2013 - Noon Stalling available Saturday, September 28, 2013 - 8:00-11:30am Prospect Market Check In - 10:00am-5:00pm Contest Registration/Cattle Check In/Photo Entries Accepted - 8:30am-9:30am KJCA Ad Design Contest - 9:30-11:00am KJCA Sales Talk - 11:00am KJCA Skillathon Contest - 12:00pm Lunch - 12:30pm Prospect Market Show - 2:00-3:30pm KJCA Team Fitting Contest - 3:30-5:00pm KJCA Judging Contest - 5:00pm Deadline for Photo Entries - 5:15-6:30pm Showmanship Clinic - 6:45pm KJCA/KDA Showmanship -

7:30pm

KJCA/KDA Cookout

Sunday, September 29, 2013 KJCA/KDA Cattle Check In - 7:00-8:30am - 8:00am Church Devotion - 8:30am Breakfast - 9:30am KJCA/KDA Fall Classic Cattle Show -

2:00pm

KJCA Fall Classic Banquet Awards/Meal

Check for update information on the KJCA website at www.kycattle.org/ fallclassic.html. Like us on Facebook at KY Junior Cattlemen and we are on Twitter at @KJCA13! KJCA/KDA Fall Classic Hotel Headquarters Holiday Inn Express 164 Imperial Way • Nicholasville, KY 40356 859-885-8080 Rooms will be available at $99 plus tax until Friday, September 6, 2013 let them know you are with the KY Junior Cattlemen Room block. Other hotels in Nicholasville, KY: Home Place Inn- 859-885-9889 Howard Johnson Inn- 859-997-8712

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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FEATURE

Ranch Manager App Makes Record Keeping Easy BY SARA NEUMEISTER

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few years back, Arthur Baetzel of Westview, KY began his search for a user friendly software program to help him keep records on his cattle. At this point, he’d rather give up his tractor than this program. It’s called Ranch Manager and can be used for what seems to be a limitless list of cattle records. Each cow is stored by their ear tag number. If you click on that number you can find out when she was born, bred, treated and when she will calve. You can find out her pedigree, look at her picture, her weight, average daily gain, how much she’s cost you and how much she’s made you in her lifetime. You can keep track of where you bought different animals and how much they cost and because it helps you track animal success, it’s easy to go back and find more from where that came from. This is made easy with a contact list. You can also keep track of your farm supplies like seed, feed, and vaccinations, vet bills, how much they cost and where you got them. This makes comparison shopping easy- you can out shop your wife with

features like that! There’s also a feature that will graph all of this information, making it easy to look at. Ranch Manager keeps track of farm finances and can be set up in the same format as your tax forms. At the end of the day you can add up input costs and find out if you’re raising your cattle profitably. One of the best partsyou can access all this information on an app on your iPhone so no matter where you’re at, you can know exactly what you need to know about each cow. You can also input information from the breakfast table, the feed store, the cattle chute, your tractor or while standing out in the middle of your herd using this app. It offers a note section on each cow where you can record if you think you need to watch a cow for pink eye, if she looks like she’s coming in heat or if you think she’s close to calving. As you download all this information, it goes to a server and that server sends it to your personal computer as well. The app can then download the updated information onto another iPhone, iPod or iPad. There are an unlimited number of ports for the information, making

the system ideal for farmers who have a business partner or multiple hired hands. It also offers features like maps in order to keep track of cattle who are on different farms or in different paddocks, a check list so that you can check off each cow as you’re looking at them in the field, which is especially handy during calving season. This keeps information organized and accessable, eliminating mis-communication and all the guess work that comes with poor record keeping. “It’s also so user friendly,” says Baetzel “I’m 50 years old. I’m not a tech savy person, but I have absolutely no problem using this system. It helps that there’s a “how to” tutorial that comes with the software and it takes you through step by step. If that doesn’t do the trick, you can always call or email Wayne.” How many people are on a first name basis with the writers of their cattle records software program? Apparently Wayne and Maria Boland of Colorado enjoy providing fast, free, quality, personal customer service and support to the farmers who use their program. They of all people should know where

farmers are coming from- they farm as well. That’s what inspired them to start the program. It all started as a Birthday gift to Wayne’s dad and it quickly got popular with the locals. They decided to launch the product in 2005 and it is now world-wide. Most improvements they’ve made to the program have been the ideas of customers- other farmers. As for farmers who are into more than just cattle- Ranch Manager offers modules for almost any type of herd you can think of from wildlife to goats to horses to dogs. All contacts roll seamlessly from one module to the other. One module is $124.99 and every module added after that is just $50 each. It’s a one time fee and all updates are free. The app is $149.99 but as Baetzel says “It’s invaluable.” After the initial cost you just pay another 39.99/year if you want an additional device (for example: a computer, an iPod AND an iPhone). If you’re not sold on it yet, give it a try on a 30 day free trial. If you have any questions, check out the website: www.lionedge.com or give Wayne and Maria a call at (720)870-5086 or email maria@lionedge.com

Arthur Baetzel, can learn a lot about his cattle directly from an app on his phone. He finds the software invaluable to his farming operation.

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Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


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“Keeping Cattle healthy and gaining weight through the weaning stage is vital for profitability. We weaned these calves in some of the worst weather imaginable and never had to treat the 1st calf. They really liked the feed, and started eating it right away and we were very pleased with the gain we got‌..that’s why here at Hammerhead Cattle Co. we won’t wean calves without PurinaÂŽ Precon 5TM Cattle Starter.â€? - Cody Rucker, Cattle Manager, Hammerhead Cattle Co. Â&#x; Campbellsville, KY

To learn more about PurinaÂŽ PreCon 5TM Cattle Starter visit your local dealer: Bardstown Mills Bardstown, KY 502-348-3949 Big Barn Farm Store Garrison, KY 606-757-9208 C & F Farm Supply Hiseville, KY 270-453-3595 Calhoun Feed Service Madisonville, KY 270-821-5034

Tapp’s Feed Shelbyville, KY 502-633-1060

Caneyville Milling Caneyville, KY 270-879-3221

Green River Feed Mill Morgantown, KY 270-526-5641

Liberty Feed Midway, KY 859-846-5000

On Traxx Supply Westview, KY 270-257-8100

Clements Ag Springfield, KY 859-336-3112

Heritage Feed Bowling Green, KY 270-842-6171

Marion Feed Mill Marion, KY 270-965-2252

Phillips Agri Campbellsville, KY 270-789-3085

Day & Day Feed Columbia, KY 270-384-2209

Hinton Mills Flemingsburg, KY 606-845-1821

Metzger’s Country Store Simpsonville, KY 502-722-8850

Sonora Farm Supply Sonora, KY 270-949-2276 www.cattlenutrition.com

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Thompson & Shearer Farm Supply Nicholasville, KY 859-885-4980 Woodford Feed Versailles, KY 859-873-4811

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FEATURE

Low Interest Rates - Will Your Life Insurance Survive

L

ast month my wife and I bought a new home with more space and a bigger yard for the kids. I never thought I’d see a day when banks were willing to lend money for 30 years at 4% - but they are - so I took full advantage of the opportunity. There has never been a better time to borrow money, but what do these low interest rates mean for savers, retirees, or…life insurance policies? Since the stock market fell off the proverbial cliff in 2008, the Federal Reserve has kept interest rates low in an attempt to “stimulate” the economy. The National Average for a 1-Year CD is less than 1%, and 10 Year Treasury Bonds are paying a whopping 2.5%. So why does this spell potentially bad news for your existing life insurance policies? During the 1980’s and 1990’s interest rates were much higher than they are today. Many life insurance policies at the time were sold under “blue sky” assumptions

If your family is counting on money from a life insurance policy - you need to take steps to make sure that your life insurance policy doesn’t die before you do. that policy cash values would earn an average of 6 – 12% annually. Because of these high interest rate assumptions, clients thought they would always have sufficient cash values to support policy death benefits. But as rates have continued to fall, these strategies failed. Many life insurance policies that were bought with the intention of providing permanent death benefits have begun to implode. Can you imagine paying on a life insurance policy for 30, 40, even 50 years only to find out that the policy has lapsed, expiring completely worthless, and that no money

will be paid out to your family? If your family is counting on money from a life insurance policy to keep the family farm alive, pay estate taxes, pay off debt or just simply relieve some of the financial pressures that come with farming - you need to take steps to make sure that your life insurance policy doesn’t die before you do. So, what can you do? Request an “in-force” illustration from your current life insurance company and have it reviewed by a life insurance specialist or other qualified financial professional. An “in-force” illustration is basically a physical

exam for your life insurance policy and will reveal how “healthy” your existing policy is. It will show how the policy is expected to change using current interest rates, death benefit costs, and other fees. Depending on your age and how good or bad the numbers look, you have several options: sit tight and do nothing, put more money into the policy, or do a tax-free swap to another policy that has a guaranteed death benefit. If your life insurance policy is owned by a trust, you will want to involve the trustee in the life insurance review process. Bottom line: review your life insurance while these interest rates are at all-time lows. Mac Jarboe is a life insurance specialist and f inancial planner based out of Lexington, Kentucky. He is a Chartered Life Underwriter and Chartered Financial Consultant.

9th Annual Gateway Regional B r e d H e i f e r Sale Selling 350 Spring Bred Heifers

Monday, October, 21st 2013 at 6:30 p.m. Bluegrass Stockyards East Mt. Sterling, Kentucky 3025 Owingsville Road, Highway US 60 East

Heifers have completed extensive Spring and Fall health programs All Heifers meet requirements for Kentucky Phase I CAIP Cost Share and Tennessee program All are examined safe in calf by a competent veterinarian through palpation or ultrasound. All service sires AI or natural are calving ease acceptable bulls. Approximately 60% are bred AI. Largest percentage bred AI of any heifer sale in Kentucky. Heifers have been screened by Kentucky Department of Agriculture graders for structure, frame, muscle, disposition and any imperfections. Sold in uniformed groups by breed, frame and expected calving due dates. Free delivery of ten or more purchased up to 200 mile radius. Premium Heifers of this caliber are difficult to locate, and will increase in value. This sale presents the opportunity to acquire quality and quantity. Let us contribute to your success.

For more information Contact: John McDonald Phone (859) 404-1406 Email: JohnK.McDonald@ky.gov Preview Cattle after 9-20-2013 at: www.bgstockyards.com Catalogs available two weeks prior to sale. Sale day phone # 859-498-9625

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BETTER EARLY SEASON YIELDS! Ideal for dairy and beef grazing, Verdure has vigorous early growth, allowing stock to get on the pasture earlier. Grazing animals eat more Verdure tetraploid annual without feeling full, meaning greater daily gain/milk production potential. To find out how you can purchase Verdure ryegrass, contact

Central Farm Supply of Kentucky 800-777-5923 CentralFarmKY.com

Tim Gayheart: 859-229-4437

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Attention Kentucky Cattle Farmers!!! Your Life Insurance Company Doesn’t Want You to Get Your Hands on this FREE Report www.FarmLifeInsuranceReport.com Interest rates are at all-time lows, and many life insurance policies are in danger of expiring completely worthless.

65% of Life Insurance policies are underperforming, priced incorrectly, or are completely inappropriate.1 Kentucky’s Cattle Farmers are eligible to receive a personalized FREE “Life Insurance Audit Report.” This report will show you how you can: • Reduce or potentially eliminate your • Use life insurance to protect assets from Long Term Care costs premiums • Increase your death benefit • Make improvements to your • Make the most of Trust Owned policies underwriting classification There are two easy ways to request your personalized report: Get started on your FREE report online at www.FarmLifeInsuranceReport.com Or call our 24-hour recorded message line at 1-800-266-7783 1

Source: Ash Brokerage Life Insurance Study Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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YPC Member Spotlight: Ben Loy Mission Statement: To establish a program that creates a strong network of young Kentucky Cattlemen who are interested in the advancement of the industry through involvement, leadership, and educational opportunities.

Upcoming Field Day and Meetings Princeton Research Farm Tour August 10th Ÿ 10AM-2PM CST University of KY Research & Education Center 1205 Hopkinsville Street Princeton, KY 42445 Agenda: Discussion of mineral needs for beef cows and stocker cattle Comparing Mineral tags using spreadsheets Reading and Understanding a Feed Tag Taking a hay sample and Interpreting a Forage Analysis Understanding Co-product Feeds Considering Tubs as a Supplement Farm Tour

Barren & Warren County Tour Ÿ September 14th-15th Barren River Lake State Resort Park 1149 State Park Road Lucas, KY 42156 Ÿ 800-325-0057 Mention- KCA - Young Producer’s Council for special rate Room Block is for Friday and Saturday Night Room Cut Off: August 4, 2013 Prices: Lodge rooms are 89.95 plus tax per night Cottages are $169.95 per night. They will sleep 2 couples

Highlights for the Tour: Purebred Angus Farm Stocker Operation CPC Commodities Diversified Cattle, Crops, and Dairy Operation Discussion with Barren Beef Group on Cooperative Marketing Strategies

Visit www.kycattle.org for more details. 78

BY SARA NEUMEISTER

B

en Loy is a full time farmer from Glens Fork, KY. He grew up farming, got extremely involved in FFA in high school and ended up deciding to attend Western Kentucky University for Agriculture Education. When he received his degree he decided he had to stick to what he loved most and started his career living off the land. Before long he got involved in his local Cattlemen’s Association and quickly became a leader. He is a past president and vice president. After talking to his friends, Andy Bishop and Ryan Miller (previously spot lighted in this young producer series), he became involved in the beginning of the YPC. “What I like about YPC is that it’s a stepping stone to leadership on the state level. There are fewer young farmers than ever and in 10-20 years, we will have to step up and take leadership roles to keep this organization going and to work for a strong cattle industry. This is a great way to prepare ourselves for that. It also gives us a great opportunity to network amongst each other as well as a source to seek advice from more seasoned farmers.” This industry is one that Loy is

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Needmore Farms in Adair County is operated by young cattleman Ben Loy and his family. Left to right: Nikki holding Ava, Lily, Claire and Ben Loy. extremely invested in. He raises about 400 stockers a year, bringing them from around 300 pounds to around 800 lbs. He also raises about 75 momma cows and backgrounds his own calves. All this happens on about 500 acres of family farms and 150 acres of leased land. Loy partners with his dad Dwayne on “Needmore Farms”, the name coming from his father who always wanted to farm more. “We always say we need more time, need more money and need more farms,” remarks Loy at a time when high corn prices has made cattle land harder to find than ever. He does his best to make the most of every acre he owns. Loy uses the Gordon Hazard grass theory to improve profitability with less financial risk by using pasture land as a main feed source. When he brings in stockers he has a receiving ration then just provides a mineral supplement and lets the cattle harvest forage and legumes from pastures for the cheapest rate of gain possible. Especially with such high feed


KENTUCKY BEEF NETWORK

KBN is supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund

Young Producers Attend Daviess County Field Day BY CARLY GUINN costs, and the abundance of rain that has pastures looking the best they’ve ever been, Loy has found the best results with tall fescue and rotational grazing and says it prevents him from feeding his profits away. Other advice from Ben Loy: we are competing against other protein sources like chicken, so it’s important to produce a good quality, consistent product. We can do that by taking advantage of educational programs , NRCS programs, bull programs , vaccinations and running tests such as PI for BVD so you can get sick cows out of your herd before more get infected. He also says that it’s important not to over extend yourself with things like too much equipment. It’s imperative to take advantage of the latest technology and do your best to keep up with the times but it’s not important to keep up with your neighbors. Buy only what you need and what you can afford. In a business where a lot of times margins are tight, it’s easy to cross a line into a non-profitable line of hard work. Loy’s motivation is his family. He and wife Nikki have 3 girls: Lily, 7, Claire, 3 and Ava, 10 weeks. Lily and Claire are already into farming. They help with the garden and the chickens but most love feeding bottle calves. In fact, if Loy ever has a bottle calf, he goes on out to buy a Holstein steer to bottle feed because, “If you’re going to feed one, you might as well feed two and I don’t want the girls to have to fight over who’s gets to feed the baby,” he laughs. When it comes down to it, the name “Needmore Farms” is appropriate for more than one reason. He might need more farms to raise cattle on but we need more farms and young farmers like Ben Loy in our state to help raise farm families and a healthy, wholesome protein for the people who love it most, Americans.

O

ne purpose of the KCA’s Young Producers Council is to learn the tricks of the trade from other cattle producers. This is exactly what we did at our field day in Daviess County July 13th. The start of our day featured Dr. Gregg Rentfrow, Associate Extension Professor in the Meat Science department at UK. The topic of our discussion was Consumer Trends in Beef Quality. Dr. Rentfrow explained that our job as young farmers is to feed 9 billion people with less land mass, increased government regulations, increased input costs, consumers wanting fewer ingredients in their food, and dealing with a society that doesn’t understand agriculture…easy right? Other interesting facts that Dr. Rentfrow shared was that the average consumer spends $6000 on food per year and $2700 of that is spent on dining out. In 1982 we spent about 11% of our grocery bill on processed foods and sweets, while in 2012 we spent about 23%. This shows the ever changing dynamics of consumer demands and trends. Today consumers are looking for convenience items, heat and eat, and cooked in less than 10 minutes items. This means that the beef industry needs to make changes as well. Consumers are looking for locally grown, grass fed, organic, or natural products. New beef cuts are being promoted as well such as the flat iron, beef country style rib, and the top loin filet. The most astonishing fact that Dr. Rentfrow shared was that consumers trust HSUS the most when it comes to food. The next most “trustworthy” source is PETA, and then they believe the farmers. This needs to change! After getting geared up to raise the best beef possible, we headed out to see how it was done. Our first stop

was to Richard Russellburg’s farm where we met with Ben Lloyd, KBN Field Associate. Mr. Russellburg showed us several of his feed storage facilities which can hold a total of about six semi loads. Between the gravity bed wagon utilized as a feed bin and the side of the barn converted into a bulk storage area, Mr. Russellburg showed us that you can make the best of what you have. We noticed that there were multiple stacks of five gallon buckets so the question came up if he ever had buckets that just wouldn’t separate. His response was “Well I never met two buckets that I couldn’t get apart”. Next we headed to Gerold O’Brian’s farm where we met with Jeremy McGill from Gallagher. It was here we learned important fencing applications. When working with poly wire, Jeremy recommended white rather than yellow because to a cow, white contrasts to the grass and dirt. He also explained that the proper pounds of tension on a fence

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

is very technical…tighten until it stands up and looks pretty. Mr. O’Brian’s farm started with only a perimeter fence four short years ago. Today he has separated fields and uses portable fencing for rotational grazing. The O’Brian farm is also doing forage cutting research testing the hay quality when cut at different lengths using different fertilizer amounts. The YPC’s next field day will be held on August 10th in Princeton KY where we will talk about feeds and nutrition. The September outing will be in Barren County with several farm tours (please see opposite page for more information). If you are interested in knowing more about upcoming dates please “Like” us on Facebook or contact Becky Thompson at the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association Office. 79


Are you doing your part to keep consumers lovin’ beef?

When you sell your calves at the local auction market, you pay your $1-per-head beef

checkoff to invest in maintaining strong demand for your product. But did you know that when you sell an animal to your neighbor, you also need to pay your share of the checkoff? The beef checkoff returns $5.55 for every $1 invested. Your checkoff promotes the benefits of beef in a healthy diet, discovers ways to keep the U.S. beef supply safe and shares management practices that keep animals healthy. So when you trade any beef or dairy animal, be sure to invest your fair share into the future of your industry.

Kentucky Beef Council

www.kybeef.com

To learn more about beef checkoff compliance, go to mybeefcheckoff.com or visit the Kentucky Beef Council at www.kybeef.com or call 859-278-0899

My beef checkoff…keeping consumers lovin’ beef. MyBeefCheckoff.com

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Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Funded by the Beef Checkoff.


FEATURE

Minimizing Wheel Traffic Damage to Alfalfa BY DAN UNDERSANDER, UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN

What damage is caused by wheel traffic?

W

heel traffic is known to increase soil compaction which, on some soils, reduces macropore air perm-ability, soil water infiltration and root development of alfalfa. All of which reduce yield. However, our research has indicated that the largest effect of wheel traffic is to break off regrowing alfalfa stems thereby reducing next cutting yield.

How much is yield of next cutting reduced? We compared harvesting (wheel traffic) at 2 days after cutting vs 5

days after cutting. As the graph shows, yield of the next harvest was reduced about 6% for each day delay in traffic application after cutting. Yield loss was largely due to reduction in number of stems from breakage by the tires. This is shown in the picture below where traffic was applied on the right 5 days after mowing but not on the left. Pictures were taken 10 days after mowing. no traffic traffic 5 days after mowing

What is recommended to reduce yield loss from wheel traffic? We believe the following management recommendations will reduce yield loss due to wheel traffic: 1) Plant traffic tolerant varieties (check www.uwex.edu/ces/forage for test results).

2) Use small tractors when possible to reduce soil compaction, i.e. don’t use larger tractor than necessary for raking, or leave loader on tractor when harvesting 3) Avoid unnecessary trips across the field when harvesting: – Mowing and conditioning in a single operation. – Loaded wagons/trucks should be driven off the field in as little distance as possible. – If bales are dropped, collect with least driving possible and as soon as possible. – Do not drive on alfalfa field when harvesting crop of adjacent field.

covered with wheel tracks (however, the affected area has greater weight applied to it). This could be another benefit of contract harvesting. 5) Avoid use of tractors with dual wheels. 6) Harvest (drive on field) as soon after cutting as possible: - Make silage from higher yielding fields, hay from lower yielding fields. - Use wide swath to allow hay/ haylage to dry faster. - Make wrapped bales to allow harvest of wetter hay. - Apply manure immediately after harvest.

4) Consider using larger harvesting equipment to reduce the percent of field

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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FEATURE

RECIPIENTS NAMED FOR ANIMAL SHELTER ASSISTANCE PROGRAM LEXINGTON, KY, JULY 10, 2013

Assistance program totaling $5,000.

The Kentucky Cattlemen’s Foundation on Wednesday, announced the 5 winners of the Animal Shelter

The winners of the grants were presented this week to shelters around the state. Winners include:

Estill County Animal Shelter, Irvine, KY - $750 will be used to spay/ neuter all animals that are adopted from their animal shelter, which serves 5 counties.

Animal Refuge Center, Vine Grove, KY - $1500 will be used to provide additional shelter for their dogs to protect them from inclement weather by adding a stable, durable metal roof

Estill County Animal Shelter accepts a $750 check from the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Foundation. Pictured from left to right are Emily and Will Beckley, Estill County Cattlemen’s members, presenting the check to Wallace Taylor, Estill County Judge Executive.

The Shelby County Animal Shelter accepts a $1,000 check from the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Foundation to provide new equipment for the shelter animals. Pictured left to right are Rusty Newton, Shelby County Animal Shelter Director; Carey Brown, KCA; and Bradley King, Shelby County Animal Control Officer Supervisor.

Harlan County Shelter Director, Duncan Caldwell accepts a $1,000 check from the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Foundation presented by Carey Brown, KCA.

Penny Edwards, Animal Refuge Center manager, accepts a $1,500 check from the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Foundation, given by Chuck Crutcher, Hardin County Cattlemen’s Association.

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Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


FEATURE above the outdoor kennels. Shelby County Animal Shelter, Shelbyville, KY - $1,000 is going to purchase equipment like cages to increase the quality and efficiency of animal care in Shelby County. Harlan County Animal Shelter, Harlan, KY - $1,000 will be used to purchase animal food to alleviate

other expenses on the shelter. Bowling Green/Warren County Humane Society, Bowling Green, KY - $750 will be used to help equip their new low-cost/high-volume spay and neuter clinic. The Animal Shelter Assistance program was funded in its third year from a donation made by Boyle County cattle farmer Jim Gage. Gage

realizes the importance of helping your local animal shelters and knows that both farmers and shelters are in the business of taking care of animals. “I like donating to local animal shelters because I can see the animals and know who my donation is helping,” states Gage. In its third year the Animal Shelter Assistance program received

25 applications from across the state. The Kentucky Cattlemen’s Foundation mission is to pursue opportunities that promote the profitability of the cattle industry in Kentucky through educational and philanthropic endeavors. For more information visit www.kycattle.org or call 859-278-0899.

“Trust the Tub”

7500 Grade Ln, Louisville, KY 40219

Ingredient selection and formulation coupled with manufacturing expertise produces Triple Trust™ Low-Moisture blocks with predictable intake. Under consumption is costly in terms of lower production because livestock don’t consume needed nutrients, while overconsumption simply wastes nutrients and money from your pocketbook. Trust the Tub™ and make sure your livestock get the nutrients needed with the Triple Trust™ Low-Moisture Block.

1-800-777-5923 www.centralfarmky.com Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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FEATURE

Late Summer Seeding of Forage Crops BY STEPHEN K. BARNHART, DEPARTMENT OF AGRONOMY, IOWA STATE UNIVERSITY

L

ate summer can be an excellent time to establish forage crops, provided there is sufficient moisture for germination and good seedling growth. It is also a good time to seed bare or thin spots in spring established forage stands. The following steps will improve the chances for successful late summer forage stand establishment. Plan-Ahead For best success, taking care of some preparatory steps a few months, or years, ahead of the actual seeing may be necessary. • Test soils and apply needed, corrective lime and/or fertilizer during previous

• Forage legumes such as red clover and alfalfa can be seeded up to the dates listed above if moisture is present. Slow establishing species like birdsfoot trefoil or reed canarygrass should be planted in early August. Most forage grasses such as Kentucky bluegrass, smooth bromegrass orchardgrass, tall fescue and timothy can actually be seeded 15 days or more later than the dates listed above. •  Don’t plant warm-season prairie grasses as a late-summer seeding. •  Keep in mind that the above dates This is late-summer seeding, not assume sufficient moisture to establish the crop. Planting later than the dates fall seeding • Seed as early as possible. Seedlings mentioned above is sometimes successful require six to eight weeks of growth depending on fall and winter weather after emergence to have adequate patterns, but there is increased risk vigor to survive the winter. Seed by of failure and reduced yield potential Aug. 10 in the northern third of Iowa, for the stand as planting is delayed. by Aug. 20 in central parts of the •  A good rule of thumb for alfalfa is to state and by Sept. 1 in southern Iowa.  have six to eight inches of growth before

cropping seasons; corrective fertilizer can be incorporated during forage seedbed preparation.   • Begin to control problem perennial weeds a year or more ahead of seeding. • Be careful with herbicide selection in crops grown it the field before the forage seeding because some may have residual soil activity and will harm new forage seedings if proper waiting periods are not observed. Read the labels for details.

a killing frost. Prepare a firm seedbed if using tillage Loose seedbeds dry out very quickly. Deep tillage should be completed several weeks ahead of seeding so rains can settle the soil before final seedbed preparation. A cultipacker or roller is an excellent last-pass tillage tool. The soil should be firm enough for a footprint to sink no deeper than 3/8 to 0.5 inch. Late-summer pasture interseeding and no-till forage seeding is an excellent way to conserve moisture, provided weeds are controlled prior to seeding. Remove all straw after small grain harvest. Any remaining stubble should either be left standing, or clipped and removed. Do not leave clipped stubble in fields as it forms a dense mat that prevents good emergence. 

Keeney’s Corner This month`s commentary is from Keeneyscorner.com, written by Dylan Biggs, TK Ranch, Hanna, AB, CA, home of 700 cows in the Canadian “outback” Mike, it is an upside down world for sure! You mentioned “a new consciousness” once you accept this path, sounds a little heavy and over the top, but it has been no exaggeration for me. I look at virtually every aspect of cattle breeding differently now than I use to. It just keeps sinking in, and the more it sinks in, the more I understand how disconnected from reality the mainstream racket is. I spent years looking at breed publications, sale catalogs, AI sire directories, EPD reports, pedigrees and on and on, and now I realize what a complete waste of time and energy it was. At the same time, ignoring what was functional and sound in my own breeding, because it could never be as good as......and the status quo wonder why I seem a little jaded, dare I say, a little negative. Invest your time and money in a circus for 20 years just to realize I was one of the clowns. The farther I get away from the circus, the more satisfied and content I feel, and I like my cattle better also. The mainstream does not want breeders content or satisfied, it is best if you are perpetually seeking, searching, yearning for the freak, for the next best, latest, greatest sire that will fix all your problems. Keep bringing them in the front door and kicking the culls out the back, and around and round the little mouse goes, and down the drain goes your money, time and effort. Like you say Mike, a hell of a circus! If you get dizzy on the merry-go-round, we`ll be right here offering a clear perspective of predictability and enhanced commercial profitability.

Keeney Angus 5893 Hwy. 80 West • Nancy, Ky. 42544 • 5 mi. W of Somerset on Hwy. 80 606/636-6500 • e-mail: mwkeeney1@windstream.net www.keeneyscorner.com

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Eby Aluminum Trailers

Gooseneck steel and aluminum trailers

HAYES TRAILER SALES INC Russellville, Kentucky 800-766-7034 hayestrailersales.com

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


FEATURE

Don’t plant alfalfa immediately after older established alfalfa. Autotoxic compounds are released by old alfalfa plants that inhibit growth and productivity of new alfalfa seedlings. It is best to rotate to another crop for a year or more before going back to alfalfa; however, thickening up seedings within 12 to 15 months of the original planting date is considered to be a low-risk practice  because autotoxicity concerns are greatest with older alfalfa fields. Seed when soil moisture is adequate or a good rain system is in the forecast. There is a higher risk of seedling failure when planting seeds into dry soil, as there may be just enough moisture to germinate the seed but not enough for seedling establishment. Plant seed shallow and in firm contact with the soil. Carefully check seeding depth, especially when no-tilling. Drills with press wheels usually provide the greatest success in the summer. Broadcasting seed on the surface without good soil coverage and without firm packing is usually a recipe for failure in the summer. Use high qualit y seed of known varieties. Cheap seed often results in big disappointments and shorter stand life. Make sure legume seed has fresh inoculum of the proper rhizobium.

J&D Kerstiens Gelbvieh Cream of the Crop Fall Bull Sale Saturday, October 5, 2013 At the farm, Huntingburg, IN • 1 mile north of Huntingburg 8 miles north of I64 on State Road 231

Selling 100 Gelbvieh & Balancer: 35 Bulls 25 Open Heifers 20 First Calf Pairs 10 Sring Bred Cows & Heifers 10 Fall Bred Cows & Heifers

Open for bidding 11:00 a.m. – 3:00 p.m. EST Lunch provided during bidding time 11:00 – 3:00 Bidding closes at 3:00 p.m. EST

AI Sires represented:

Mytty M tt IIn F Focus

EGL Lock N Load X415

AAA13880818

AMGV1168609

JDKG Ruger 186P • AMGV896048 TMGC SB Arnold 225W • AMGV1126696

Don’t har vest new summer seedings this fall. Allow them to establish well and develop winter hardiness. Stephen K. Barnhart is a professor of agronomy and the Iowa State University Extension forage agronomist. He can be reached at 515-294-7835 or by emailing sbarnhar@iastate.edu.

• Viewing: October 4, 2013 • Sale: October 5, 2013

Catalog upon request. Please contact:

J&D Kerstiens Gelbvieh Carolina C li Fortune F t AMGV687061

Jerome Kerstiens 1345 Cobblestone Rd, Jasper, IN 47546 812-482-2688 jdkerstiens@psci.net Farm Manager: Duane Cassidy 812-661-8005

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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KENTUCKY STATE FAIR

Kentucky State Fair Takes Center Stage August 15-25 ADVANCE TICKETS THROUGH AUGUST 14 (Available at Kroger locations) Adult $8 Child (3-12) $4 Senior (55+) $4 Infants 2 and under Free.

BEGINNING AUGUST 15

Adult at the Gate $10 Child (3-12) at the Gate $6 Senior (55+) at the Gate $6 (Only $1.00 on Senior Day ) Infants 2 and under Free

THRILLWAY HOURS

Thursday, August 15 – Noon Friday, August 16 – Noon Saturday, August 17- Noon Sunday, August 18 – Noon Monday, August 19 –Noon Tuesday, August 20 – 2 pm Wednesday, August 21 – 2 pm Thursday, August 22 – 2 pm Friday, August 23 – Noon Saturday, August 24 – Noon Sunday, August 25 – Noon

THEME DAYS

EXHIBIT AND GATE HOURS

Thursday, August 15 – County Fairs Day Monday, August 19 – Military Monday (Active Duty and Veterans’ families will Receive discounts with ID) Tuesday, August 20 – Senior’s Day - $1 admission before 6 PM Wednesday, August 21 – Early Bird Discount by NOON Thursday, August 22 – Farm Bureau Day Sunday, August 25 – Last Blast

Gates open at 7 a.m. and exhibits open at 9 a.m. The midway and tents close around midnight and exhibit halls close at 10 p.m.

THRILLWAY PROMOTIONS

PARKING Parking: $8 per vehicle.

Thursday, August 15 – $20 wristband Friday, August 16 – $20 wristband Saturday, August 17 - $25 wristband NEW! Sunday, August 18 – $20 wristband *Monday, August 19 - $15 wristband Tuesday, August 20 – $20 wristband Wednesday, August 21 –$20 wristband Thursday, August 22 –$20 wristband Friday, August 23 – $20 wristband Saturday, August 24 - $25 wristband NEW! Sunday, August 25 - $15 wristband *Military Day $12 wristband with military ID. No age restrictions on wristbands! NEW!  Thrillway Express Access - $15 (available on a first come first served basis) Gates open at 7 a.m. and exhibits open at 9 a.m. The Thrillway and tents close around midnight and exhibit halls close at 10 p.m. (Some areas close earlier on Sunday, August 25)

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Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


KENTUCKY STATE FAIR

The Stars of A&E’s Duck Dynasty To Appear at the Kentucky State Fair LOUISVILLE, KY. (JUNE 26, 2013) illie, Korie, Si and Kay Robertson, stars of A&E’s Duck Dynasty, will entertain fans of the reality show and outdoor enthusiasts alike on the last day of the 2013 Kentucky State Fair. “A Conversation with the Robertsons” will be a part of the Main Stage Concert Series in Freedom Hall on Sunday, August 25 at 3:00 p.m. Duck Dynasty, A&E’s most-watched series, features a Louisiana bayou family living the American dream as they operate a thriving family business “We are thrilled to have the Robertsons bring a new type of entertainment to the fair this year,” said Kentucky State Fair Board CEO Clifford “Rip” Rippetoe. “They have a large fan base who watch and follow

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them for their values, lifestyles and hobbies.” The Robertson family operates West Monroe, Louisiana-based companies Duck Commander and Buck Commander. They sell their famous handmade duck calls and decoys out of salvaged swamp wood,along with other duck hunting and deer hunting merchandise. The family operated business is the bas is of the A &E Duck Dynasty television show. Willie Robertson, CEO of Duck Commander and Buck Commander, grew up with the family business and has been in and around hunting his entire life. As executive producer of the show, he has a passion for inspiring future hunters by showing the outdoor lifestyle in an entertaining way. Korie Robertson, Willie’s wife,

serves as the office manager of Duck Commander. Alongside Willie, she has helped to expand their enterprise. Si Robertson is most recognizable on the show for his blue cup and ability to never stay on task. He makes all of the reeds for the Duck Commander calls while sharing stories and offering his advice to the others. Kay Robertson is the revered matriarch o f the family. Known as Miss Kay, her cooking is recognizable with show fans for bringing the family together. Her most famous dishes being banana pudding, fried deer steak, crawfish pie and sticky frog legs. Family cookbook, “Miss Kay’s Duck Commander Kitchen: Faith, Family, and Food,” will be published November 5, 2013. The 2012 Christmas episode ended

season two as the most watched A&E episode at the time, only to be surpassed by the season three finale which totaled 9.6 million viewers. Tickets to see “A Conversation with the Robertsons”go on sale Monday,July 1 at 10 a.m.,are $48 and $38 and include Kentucky State Fair gate admission. Tickets are available at the Freedom Hall and Kentucky International Convention Center Ticket Offices and all Ticketmaster outlets. Charge by phone at 1-800-745-3000, or purchase online at www.ticketmaster. com The Kentucky State Fair is August 15-25 at the Kentucky Exposition Center. For more information and continued updates on the 2013 Kentucky State Fair, visit the official website at www.kystatefair.org.

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Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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FEATURE

Farm Feasibility Analysis, Part I BY MEG GRZESKIEWICZ, WWW.ONPASTURE.COM

A

s part of her continuing series on how to choose the right land to lease, Meg takes us to the next step: Analyzing Carrying Capacity and Planning for rotational grazing. Everyone knows that things aren’t always what they seem. Maybe you’ve found what seems like the perfect pasture to lease or buy, or maybe you’ve looked at one that’s less than ideal. Especially in agriculture, there are a lot of “invisible” factors that will make the reality of your new enterprise different from your early impression. Do not skip the one final step before either signing papers or walking away: revealing these hidden factors through a farm feasibility analysis. A feasibility analysis is a set of basic projections that will give you a

look into the future of your operation. It will show you the maximum carrying capacity and profit potential for a certain piece of land, and how much money and work will be needed to reach that potential. This article is first in a two-part series. I’ll discuss stocking decisions first, then financial projections and operation growth next month. Step 1: Estimating available forage. Before you can start planning your grazing rotation, it is imperative that you know how much grass you’ll have to work with. It is easiest to do this well into the growing season on a fully-rested piece of ground. At other times of the year or when the area is being grazed, you’ll have to adjust your estimate accordingly. You can use a rising plate meter, a pasture stick, or even a tape measure. If you need help,

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ask a farming friend or a local extension agent. There are countless resources online as well. Make sure that you are measuring forage in pounds or tons of dry matter (DM) rather than wet weight. Take measurements at many locations across the property. Once you know how much DM per acre your land is currently producing, divide the number in half. You’ll want to move your animals when they have consumed no more than half of the standing forage in any paddock. Regularly removing more than half of the forage will reduce the amount of litter your animals trample and the amount of stockpile you build. Multiply this number (the amount of available forage per acre) by the number of grazeable acres. This will give you the total amount of forage DM you’ll have in one full rotation.  If you allow full recovery between rotations,

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this is the amount of DM you’ll have in each growing season rotation. Step 2: Determining livestock DM intake. Next you need to calculate the amount of DM that each of your animals will consume every day. Beef cattle and horses consume 2-4% of their body weight in DM daily. Sheep and goats range from 2-5%, and dairy cattle take in 3-5% daily. Multiply the mature weight of one animal by the correct percentage (in decimal form, for example, 2% = 0.02) to get individual daily intake in pounds of DM. The average 1,000-lb beef cow eating 3% of her weight will consume 30 lbs of DM every day. Estimating Dry Matter This isn’t the quickest thing to do, but there’s a flyer from Iowa State University Extension that describes a

Saturday, September 21, 2013 12 Noon CDT At the farm • Columbia, KY

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Cattle may be viewed at the respective farms prior to sale day. Contact the owners for arrangements. Complementary Lunch will be provided on Sale day. Sale Location: From the Louie Nunn (Cumberland) Parkway, take exit 46 on the west side of Columbia. Exit onto Hwy 61 and 80. Follow Hwy 80 West for 4 miles to the Jones Chapel Road. Turn left on Jones Chapel and go 1.7 miles and then left on Willie Nell Road. Go 1/2 mile to Longview Angus Farm. Guest Consignors: Elk Creek Angus: J M Shelley - 270/378-0318 Bear Creek Farms: Michael Wright - 270/384-1691 Owners: Sale Manager: & Caney Creek Angus: Jimmie Todd - 270/699-1308 D & D Longview Angus Dievert Sales Service HighView Angus: Dr. Ben Cox 270/469-5517 Danny & Debbie Burris Tim Dievert 550 Willie Nell Rd. • Columbia, KY 42728 478 Dry Fork Road Auctioneer: Res: 270-384-5766 Danville, KY 40422 Eddie Burks, Danny: 270-250-3701 Off: 859-236-4591 Park City, KY Debbie: 270-250-1277 Mob: 859-238-3195 270-991-6398 danddlongviewangus@gmail.com tdievert@dievertsales.com

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Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


FEATURE

very accurate way to do it, and then a few ways to get a decent estimate quickly. Visit www.extension.iastate. edu/publications/PM1758.pdf   Remember that your animals will grow and reproduce! If you plan to run stocker cattle, use their end weight for calculations rather than their starting weight. Plan for lactating cows with calves, not first-trimester dry cows. This is where the animal unit (AU) method of forage allocation is helpful, but you don’t have to use it. Step 3: Choose your rotation length. The carrying capacity on your land is directly linked to the length of your forage recovery period, and therefore your rotation length. Observe or find out how long it takes in your area for a grazed grass plant to grow 3-4 new mature leaves. This is the

point at which it is fully recovered, and its productivity won’t be hurt by another grazing. To be sustainable, your rotation must be long enough to allow every paddock full recovery before you come back to it. Not letting your grass grow back completely means that there will be a lot less forage mass for your animals to eat. This tremendously decreases the carrying capacity of your pasture. Step 4: Decide how often to move your herd. The more frequently you move your animals, the higher density you can graze at. This accelerates land improvement, animal performance and drought preparedness. Less frequent moves mean decreased rest periods for forage, higher risk of internal parasite Contʼd on pg. 90

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Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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FEATURE Contʼd from pg. 89 infection, and uneven grazing due to lower densities. I recommend moving a beef herd every day or every other day in a mob-grazing scenario. However, you need to balance production with your quality of life and your other responsibilities. Even if you can only move your herd once a week or month, it’s better than not rotating at all. Step 5: Calculate the carrying capacity of your land. Always underestimate the amount of forage you have and overestimate what your livestock will eat. It’s better to be pleasantly surprised with extra forage than to run out. The easiest way to calculate carrying capacity is by using once-daily moves, since you’ve determined animal intake per day. Divide the total amount of forage DM available in one full rotation

by the number of days you have chosen. This will give you the amount of forage DM that you can allocate to your animals per day. Divide that number by the daily DM intake of one animal. The result will be the number of animals that your land can sustainably carry. If you don’t want to move your herd every day, divide the number of days in your full rotation by the number of days between moves. This tells you how many times you’ll move your herd in one rotation. Next, divide the total amount of forage available in the full rotation by the number of moves you’ll have. The answer will be the amount of forage you have to work with in each move.  Multiply the daily DM intake of one animal by the number of days between moves. This gives you the DM intake of each animal in one move. Finally, divide the amount of forage

available per move by the animal intake per move. The answer is your carrying capacity in head. You don’t have to stock your land to its capacity in your first year. It’s a good idea not to, because your calculations are only estimates. Plan to leave yourself some extra grass and buy more animals in the future. It’s stressful and discouraging to run out of grass during your first year on a new farm, especially if a drought occurs. After spending the summer of 2012 in Missouri, drought is on my mind a lot! Step 6: Lay out your grazing rotation. The last step in rotation planning is to decide how your animals will move around your land. Make multiple copies of your property map. Draw a few sample paddock layouts, considering the land characteristics you

observed during your tour. How will you utilize water sources and shade/ shelter features? Will you build or tear down any fence? How will you avoid interference with utility access, hunters and other land users? Where should your animals be at certain times of the year? Your rotation plan will probably change a little when you begin grazing, but it will give you a solid starting point. Next month I will explain the second component of your farm feasibility analysis: the financial projections. These forecasts will give you insight into startup costs, ways to grow your operation, and management decisions that will yield the highest profits. - See more at: http://onpasture. com/2013/07/08/farm-feasibilityanalysis-part-i/#sthash.EFacXasg.dpuf

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Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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Angus Genetic Trend for Marbling and Ribeye Area National Cattle Evalution Fall 2012

3.0

0.60

80

2.5

0.50

70

2.0

0.40

60

1.5

0.30

50

1.0

40

0.5

30

0.0

0.10

80 19 82 19 84 19 86 19 88 19 90 19 92 19 94 19 96 19 98 20 00 20 02 20 04 20 06 20 08 20 10

19

-0.30 76

-1.5

78

-0.20

19

-1.0

19

-0.10

72

0.00

-0.5

74

07

05

20

03

20

01

20

99

20

97

19

95

19

93

19

91

19

89

19

87

19

85

19

83

19

81

19

19

19

79

0

Animal Birth Year

Animal Birth Year

A registered Angus bull is much more than just another bull. He’s a risk reducer, a quality builder, and a product enhancer. With the world’s most comprehensive genetic-evaluation system standing behind him, he has built-in predictability — and that reliability is the cornerstone of reducing risk. 3201 Frederick Ave. • St. Joseph, MO • 64506 www.ANGUS.org © 2012-2013 American Angus Association®

Ribeye

0.20

19

10

Marb

19

BW EPD YW EPD MW EPD

20

EPD

90

BW EPD, lb

YW and MW EPD, lb

Angus Genetic Trend for Birth (BW), Yearling (YW) and Mature (MW) Weight EPDs

Genetic trends show his calves will be born easily, requiring less labor. They’ll grow VETMHP]ERHIJ½GMIRXP]ERH]SYGEROIITLMW daughters as replacements.

When it’s time to sell his calves, they’ll command more than just buyer interest. They’ll bring more premiums and put more dollars in your pocket. Best of all, a registered Angus bull helps you raise much more than just cattle. He puts your herd on track to deliver the industry’s highest-quality beef — the Certified Angus Beef ® brand — for consumers. That’s the advantage of a registered Angus bull. Put one in your pasture today. Angus means business.

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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FEATURE

A look back at Blue Grass BY RACHEL STINE

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n between pristine horse country and historical sites, nestled in the hills, Lexington is home to the Blue Grass Stockyards – named after the famous Kentucky grass. “Climb up on the walkway, look down over the lights and the crowd, and you can just sense a different atmosphere. You can almost feel the air heavy with tradition,” says David Holt, part-owner of the company that’s been in his family for more than three decades. Today, Blue Grass in Lexington is one of seven barns owned by Blue Grass Livestock Marketing Company.

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But at one time, as a single barn, it sold 336,000 cattle in one year. “Several times we were almost number one in sales. We were only consistently outdone in volume by Oklahoma City,” Holt says. “East of the Mississippi, no one could touch it.” With its blue painted wood – one of the only wooden yards left in the country – the facility is just as functional and successful as it was when it began selling cattle nearly 70 years ago.

Roots The physical facility that houses the stockyards originated in the early 1900s,

Jim Akers, COO of Blue Grass says. “Originally a part of the Swift Packing Company, the yards were used as a buying station for the packing company. Right after World War 2, it became an auction market as it is today.” Owned by a half dozen farmers around Lexington, eventually it came under a group of owners including Jim Doty. In 1976, Doty sold his share of the yards to a group of people who would impact what Blue Grass has become today – Kenneth Holt and Eugene and Etna Barber and their sons, Larry and Gene. From the beginning, the Larry and Gene brother duo had an established

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

order buying business while Kenneth took the duty of managing the sale barn. When they all first bought in, there were two additional existing owners. Shortly after, one passed away and the other sold out, so the yards were now completely run by the Barber and Holt families.

Changing times After they first purchased the stockyards, the initial goal of Holt and the Barbers was to keep it running and growing. However, they soon started to notice that the old-fashioned system of weighing and sorting cattle was inefficient.


FEATURE

A map that hangs in the Lexington stockyards shows a lot of history of auction markets across the state. Many are no longer in operation.

“Today, we can start a sale at 8:30 and be completely done in a few hours, whereas 35 years ago, we weren’t getting done until midnight,” Gene says. He actually recounts some weary sales that lasted days, with cattle selling all through the night. That was hard on Blue Grass staff, their customers and the cattle, he adds. Two years after purchasing the stockyards, they came up with a plan to cut down sale time. Meeting with architects and studying the flow of cattle, they completely renovated the yards. This change reduced sale time by twothirds.

In addition, they switched to a weigh-out system, Gene says. Instead of the old way of selling based on weights when cattle came in the barn, now it happens in the ring in front of the buyer. “The investment in modernization helped everyone. We’re more efficient today and the cattle are handled less and therefore not as stressed.” David Holt, Kenneth’s oldest son, has been involved with Blue Grass Stockyards from the beginning, working alongside his dad. Today, he manages the original stockyards and is part-owner of Blue Grass Marketing Group along with the Barber brothers and 8 other men.

David recalls many people thinking the yards would shut down during the renovation, but they never did. “It just kept growing and growing. When the new, renovated ring was opened, it really blossomed.” Then, in 1981, the partners purchased ‘Blue Grass 2,’ another stockyard in Lexington. Selling in the original barn on Mondays and Tuesdays, they added a Wednesday sale at the second barn. David describes the decade of ’76-’86 as the ‘golden days’ in the business. “There were a lot of facilities and lots of competition. But Blue Grass outdid the competition because of support from

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

buyers. It has class, and everyone who works there wants to do a good job.” Busy with their own cattle trading, the Barber/Holt families sold the facility twice in the ’80s and ’90s, both times buying it back. Blue Grass 2 was closed down during one of these transitions and never reopened, while the original barn again flourished under the leadership of Gene, Larry, Kenneth and David, who bought it back to keep in 2001. They initiated the changes that grew their geographical customer reach and made it a success today. Contʼd on pg. 94 93


FEATURE

Blue Grass Livestock Marketing Group at the grand opening of the Albany stockyards. Contʼd from pg. 93

Regionalization In the mid-2000s, the partners began to launch a barn expansion that would lead to the purchase or construction of six additional yards. Larry says it started with the idea to build another barn around Lexington. But when the old Mt. Sterling barn came up for sale, they bought it. Then they also purchased the existing Richmond barn, followed by the Maysville and Campbellsville locations. Brand new facilities have been built at Stanford and Albany. The idea behind the additional barns is to take the stockyards to the farmer, Gene says. “We bought or built yards where the most cattle in Kentucky are. The goal is to make it convenient to the producer. Now they can sell cattle in their own 94

backyards.” With the addition of more barns, the Barber-Holt team added new partners – some were managers of acquired facilities, while others were involved with cattle or agriculture locally. Around this time, they also hired Chief Operating Officer Jim Akers and the central management team. Akers attributes the Blue Grass’s efficiency to its unique structure. “Our team takes care of the business side of things for all of the barns – the payroll, regulation, accounting and more,” he says. “That allows our managers to be solely focused on running a good sale and servicing customers at their barn.” Michael Noe, manager of the Stanford barn, agrees the management team helps him do his job. “I’ve known cattle my whole life. I can take care of the farmers and their animals, but I’m not a computer person. The management staff does a great job taking care of that for me.”

Blue Grass today With the new barns comes stateof-the-art design and technology, Akers says. Similar to the renovation of the original Blue Grass yards in Lexington, the goal for the new barns is speed and efficiency of sales. “We now utilize an extremely high degree of computerization,” he adds. “Sellers and buyers can check in using our online system before even getting to the sale. They can pick up their iPad during a sale and look over the sale order and view what they’ve already purchased.” Blue Grass also offers an online auction twice a month (see technology story). Akers says they also offer other value-added programs they offer to help the farmer leave the lot with more money in his pocket. Source and age verification, record keeping consultation, natural programs, marketing for specific

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

breeds and heifer development programs are just a few examples. “We try to be flexible and involved in the industry to understand what the producer needs,” he says. However, we have been able to maintain the feel and style of the old auction system while implementing all the technology.” The Blue Grass employees say the service of the ownership also extends to everyone who works for the company. “I always feel like I can pick up the phone and talk to any one of them just like an ordinary person,” Bret Carver, manager of the Albany barn, says. “Even before coming to work here, I always knew Blue Grass had a reputation of doing things with integrity, even if it costs them a little more.” Carver adds that another thing that stands out about the Blue Grass owners is that they work alongside him. They attend weekly auctions, meetings and are available to learn from. Gene says that without individual


FEATURE barn managers, their operation couldn’t function. The changes that spurred the expansion have been productive for Blue Grass. “Spreading out to seven markets, finding high-quality managers and trusting them to make decisions worked well,” he says. “We’re now selling more volume with less labor per animal than when we were selling in one yard.” Larry likens when he first got involved with Blue Grass versus today to driving a Model T versus a new car. “Everything’s easier, quicker, more convenient,” he says. The new system is also better on the cattle, David adds. “With less-crowded structures and a better animal flow, we don’t have to push them as hard. All our employees are trained and focus on safety first.” While the love of the people, cattle and the industry has been there since the beginning, much has changed from the first sales in Lexington. With all

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of the changes, one thing has remained constant: helping keep cattle the livelihood of Kentucky farmers. “Dad always told me he’d rather have 100 people selling 1 calf than 1 person with 100. Blue Grass isn’t a ‘cookie cutter’ company – we work to meet the needs of producers regardless of their size, location or specific need,” David says. “It’s a trickle effect. If 100 people are happy, they’re going to tell their neighbors.” Visit the historic stockyards in Lexington, and you can’t miss the giant map on the wall. It shows the location of any stockyard that ever existed in Kentucky. Because of dwindling of small family businesses, inflation, city ordinances, fire, or some other cause, most of them are gone. What’s made Blue Grass stand the test of time? Larry says it’s a combination of reputation and history. “Blue Grass in Lexington is an old, established firm. It’s been a tradition I

can remember as a boy. Like Cheerios is to cereal. Whether it’s been us or the folks before, there’s always been the desire to do the very best, serve the industry and be a step ahead.”

He says whether it’s when the lights are on during the heat of a sale, or after the dust has settled and checks are sent out, it’s always been about the people.

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We sell Valco Feed Bins 95


FEATURE

Blue Grass’s family tree has strong roots BY RACHEL STINE

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rowing up down a dirt road by the river where their daddy trapped fur, Larry and Gene Barber always wanted to follow in his footsteps. There were no highways or trucks – instead their father, Eugene, drove cattle with a horse and wagon. Communication happened by word of mouth instead of by modern technology. Although they’ve seen change after change happen to the industry, one thing has remained the same – cattle have been the Barber’s livelihood for three generations. To Larry and Gene and their lineage before them, it’s been more than a job or even a passion. They have lived, breathed and devoted their lives to leaving the business better than they found it. “We’ve been fortunate enough to always be in livestock,” Gene says. “I’ve gotten the chance to make it grow, and if I had it to do again, wouldn’t do anything differently.” It’s this ‘can-do’ attitude that led the brother pair to lead one of the most successful stockyards in the country. And they do it not only

because they love it, but because they want to give back to the industry.

The start of two operations The advent of highways and better trucks and trailers in the ’50s allowed Gene and Larry to reach customers Eugene hadn’t been able to in the past. One of the father-son trio would take day trips up north – to Ohio, Indiana and Illinois – delivering cattle to the thousands of producers feeding small groups of cattle. “A lot of times I wouldn’t leave until they had placed an order for another bunch,” Gene laughs. Thus was born Barber & Sons Cattle Company, with Gene and Larry carrying on what Eugene began. Over time, their family name got to be well known and synonymous with quality. Gene is quick to attribute most of that to his father’s humble beginnings. “Dad started us towards the modern way of the cattle business,” he says. “He modeled an outstanding reputation and taught us the most important thing is to be honest. I credit him for building our business.” While the Barber Brothers were busy making a name for themselves in the cattle world in the ’60s and ’70s, Kenneth Holt was getting out of the army and beginning his family farming operation. Aside from raising tobacco, he also began trading cattle at nearby stockyards. His son, David, would ride along and began to learn the trade. Oftentimes, they would purchase cattle at the Blue Grass Stockyard facility in Lexington.

“We’ve been fortunate enough to always be in livestock,” Gene Barber (above right) says. “I’ve gotten the chance to make it grow, and if I had it to do again, wouldn’t do anything differently.” Both the Holt and the Barber families shared a mutual friend, Jim Doty, who owned a stake of the Blue Grass Stockyard. Larry says he remembers a recurring conversation with Doty as a boy.

“They were more than partners – they’ve become good friends.” says David Holt, (left), of his partners Gene and Larry Barber (right).

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Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

“I used to joke and tell him when I grew up he was going to sell me the stockyards,” he says. “Then one day I got a call. It was Jim. He said ‘You better talk to your parents (Eugene and his wife, Etna) and your brother because I want to sell you Blue Grass.’” While Larry had never really been serious, he and his family decided within a day to purchase stake in the yards. David says Doty also wanted his family to have an interest in the business, so Kenneth also bought in. “Dad went out on a limb, even though he didn’t have a lot of money,” David says. “And it just kept growing, so much that it got to be the biggest east of the Mississippi real quick in the early ’80s.”

Family ties Although the Barber and Holt families knew of each other, they Contʼd on pg. 98


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Supported with Kentucky Agriculture Development Funds Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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Feature Cont’d from pg. 96 didn’t have a personal relationship until they went into business together. David says while he always thought a lot of the Barbers, once he got to work with them daily, Larry and Gene became like second dads to him. He remembers Eugene as never knowing a stranger. “They were more than partners – they’ve become good friends.” David worked in many different roles at the stockyards for years, and eventually became a partner with his dad and the Barbers. Eugene, Etna and Kenneth have since passed away, although they still remained active in the auction nearly every day they could. David now manages the original barn in Lexington, which still runs the most volume of cattle of the

seven Blue Grass barns. He says he works closely with Gene and Larry on pricing and describing of cattle. The Barbers are able to give him an inclination of what price he can tell Blue Grass customers their lot will bring. In turn, David is able to let the brothers know the number and quality of cattle that will be selling, so they can pass that on to their buyers and know what to expect prior to arriving at the sale. “There’s a level of trust,” David says. “They use the information I give them, and I use what they give me. We each know we won’t over describe the cattle, and we get it pretty close. We help one another do our jobs.” Do the families butt heads? Absolutely, they say. “You can’t have a partnership without conflicts of interest sometime.

Jim Dause, above, was the sale barn manager at the Richmond market before being bought by Blue Grass Stockyards. He stayed on as manager and eventually became part owner in the group.

98 Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

But we’ve never had any trouble working together to run a business. We do this as a group, and that’s what makes this work.” Gene says the success the group has had in staying together so long comes from what his dad taught him – honesty and hard work. He says he and Larry have been partners all their lives and are a good balance. “When buying cattle, Larry’s pretty conservative and I’m pretty liberal. So together, we come to a medium and balance one another out,” Gene says. “We get along really fine.”

Visionaries During the past 30 years, several other sale barns have faded and closed throughout Kentucky. The volume of cattle sold has dwindled down from


Feature

“The original group has brought heritage and technology together. It’s no different today than it was in ’76 when they bought the Stockyards – they’ve always been innovators. Many of the things they started are now accepted as normal procedure today,” stated Blue Grass COO, Jim Akers.

its high. David attributes Blue Grass’s continued growth and success to the group’s forward thinking. “Gene’s preached free trade since the ’80s, and given his heart and soul to keep it,” he says. It was Gene who was behind the idea to bring in more partners and expand Blue Grass to the seven locations it services today. Jim Dause managed the Richmond sale barn that was bought by Blue Grass. Afterwards, he stayed on as barn manager, eventually becoming part-owner. “I felt out of my league going into business with those boys who have been in this thing forever,” he says. “In board meetings, we don’t always agree, but their opinion weighs very heavily on me. So much that if Gene Barber (who is president of the Blue Grass organization) told me it was raining, I wouldn’t have to get up to check and

see. I’d know it’s raining.” The expansion of Blue Grass to the seven markets, embracing modern technology, re-designing barns to more efficiently move cattle through, and being innovators in outweight sales are many of the reasons Blue Grass has not only survived, but thrived through the changing industry, Jim Akers, the group’s COO, says. “The original group has brought heritage and technology together. It’s no different today than it was in ’76 when they bought the Stockyards – they’ve always been innovators. Many of the things they started are now accepted as normal procedure today.” One of Blue Grass’s marketing taglines is “A history of integrity, service and high prices.” Through the Barber and the Holt families, and now, their other 8 partners, Blue Grass has consistently carried that legacy on. Many of the partners in Blue Grass Marketing Group have young sons,

and David says he hopes they carry that mission on. He, along with Larry and Gene and the other partners have an interest in keeping Blue Grass successful for two reasons – they love what they do, and they want to see the cattle industry remain strong. “I used to listen to my dad and Eugene talk about families growing up in this business,” he says. “But I didn’t really realize it until I started to recognize all the kids who used to come to the auction to sell one calf, come back grown up 25 years later with a truckload. Now, they have their own six-year-old kids who have their own bucket calves. That’s when it really hit me it’s about the generations.” Both then and now, families have been the core of the Blue Grass Stockyards.

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FEATURE

Online sales boost Blue Grass’s business BY RACHEL STINE

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or the cattle buyer or seller, the familiar smell, worn-in bleachers and auctioneer’s chanting are typical of sale day. Or are they? Today, you can trade cattle without ever leaving your office chair. You can see the animals in high definition and learn almost everything about them by the click of a mouse – or even the touch of an iPhone screen. Blue Grass Marketing Company and many other stockyards now offer online livestock sales –for the convenience of both the buyer and seller.

A new way to buy and sell Seeing a need for a niche, Blue Grass Stockyards has offered sales over the Internet since 2001. Selling load lots of cattle twice a month, they began selling around 5,000 cattle per year, primarily into Kentucky and four nearby states. Since then, they have seen growth to nearly 50,000 cattle per year, into 9 states throughout the Southeastern United States, according to Jim Gibson. Gibson and his wife, Glenna, were hired to manage Blue Grass’s online sales back when they first began. By word of mouth and some local advertising, along with an increased interest from buyers and sellers, the Internet division really began to take off. With this rise in popularity, Blue Grass hired Jeremy Shryock to manage the day-to-day activities of meeting with producer-sellers, photoand videographing cattle and working with buyers to arrange pickup. The trio still makes up Blue Grass’s online division today.

How it works Most customers who are interested in selling their cattle through Blue Grass’s website are larger producers. That’s because all cattle sold online are 100

in load lots – typically around 50,000 pounds, Shryock says, although there are a few exceptions. Blue Grass hosts special calf pools around Virginia and West Virginia in the fall, where producers can contract their animals to a larger pool to be sold as one lot. Jim Akers, COO of Blue Grass Marketing Group, explains that the group employs around 20 fieldmen throughout the Southeast who make contact with customers who want to sell their lots online. “They go to the customer and evaluate, take photos and video, and fill out very detailed forms about the health, genetics, condition, size and weight of the cattle,” he says. Next, the paperwork comes to Shryock, who puts the sale order together and posts it to the website. Potential buyers can study the cattle via their computers for the days leading up to the twice-monthly sales, he says.

Online auctions take place on second and fourth Wednesdays of the month. These auctions look much different because – although they take place in the Lexington barn’s sale ring – no cattle are present, Shryock says. They actually remain on farm until the sale is complete. From there, they are picked up directly by the buyer. During the auction, buyers can bid three ways: online, in person, or over the phone. Schryock says Blue Grass also generates contracts for both the buyer and seller and arranges

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Above: The online auction that takes place during the KCA Convention is one of many that Blue Grass Stockyards Marketing Group puts on during the year. transportation for the buyer, just one of the advantages to selling online.

Why sell online? For both the seller and buyer, not having to transport animals from the farm to sell them is a positive for doing business via the Internet. The


FEATURE

7KH3529(17RRO)RU:HHG&RQWURO seller doesn’t have to pay to truck animals to the sale barn, and the buyer doesn’t have to worry about disease coming from co-mingling with other cattle. Post-sale, the Blue Grass group handles all of the organization and paperwork – convenient for everyone. Another plus for buyers is the convenience of purchasing online. Even though they don’t see the live animals, they know all there is to know about them ahead of time based on the photos and descriptions Blue Grass posts. Shryock knows buyers in Lexington who prefer to sit in their offices instead of attending the physical auction because of the flexibility – they can bid on the lots they want, instead of sitting all afternoon waiting on one, he says. He adds that the online sales have also helped Blue Grass by expanding their audience. “We can now sell all over the Southeast United States,� he says. “The Internet allows us to reach people we would have otherwise never touched in the past.� Likewise, Shryock adds that their buying audience has also geographically increased, resulting in more money in the producer’s pocket. “We list the customer’s name with their cattle. They start to get a reputation for delivering exactly what our site lists,� he says. “It’s all about reputation. Buyers know week in and week out, the cattle are what we say they are.� While online sales aren’t necessarily for everyone, for the reassurance to the buyer and premium price to the seller, the 10 percent of Blue Grass’s cattle that are sold online are just one more niche they provide. Changing to meet the shifting needs of the farmer has always been Blue Grass’s focus. Online marketing is just one more way they excel for their customers.

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Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association

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FEATURE

Sophistication of Kentucky's producers, food systems impresses visitors BY CAROL LEA SPENCE

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small group of Cooperative Extension agents and specialists from around the country visited Lexington recently and left three days later with an appreciation for Central Kentucky’s food system and the farmers who supply it. “I did not expect to come to Lexington and find this very sophisticated, high-end market, and a whole bunch of producers equally sophisticated, figuring out how to service that (market). That does not exist everywhere,” said Thomas Maloney, senior extension associate in the Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management at

Cornell University in Ithaca, N.Y. Maloney was one of eight Fellows who came to Kentucky through a partnership between the U.S. Department of Agriculture Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program, commonly known as SARE, and the National County Agents Association. Every six months during the two-year program, the Fellows visit one of the country’s four geographical regions. In 2012, the Northeast sponsored the trip, which was hosted in Maryland. Lexington hosted the southern part of the program. In six months, the group will travel to Iowa. University of Kentucky College of Agriculture’s Professor Lee Meyer, an economist and sustainable agriculture specialist, lined up rural and urban

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Foster, KY David & Mary Ann Cummins 606-782-7003 Englewood Farm Lancaster, KY John Tobe - John Ethington 859-621-4411 HB Farms Midway, KY Greg Blaydes: 859-338-9402 James Hicks: 859-227-0490 Kentucky River Limousin

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859-339-1137 102

KLBA Directors Massey Limousin London, KY David S. Campbell (2 year) Joey Massey Butler, 859-409-0811 606-877-5571 Tom Daniel (1 year) Milam Cattle Co. Mt. Sterling, 859-585-1785 Olmstead, KY Pete Gray, (1 year) Chris Milam Flemingsburg, 606-748-3763 270-847-0634 Stephen Haynes ( 2 year) Bowling Green, 270-799-8685 Pharris Farms Limousin Leitchfield, KY James Hicks, (1 Year) Mike & Rose Pharris Midway, 859-227-0490 270-230-2836 Jennifer Hornback, (2 year) Reynolds Limousin Magnolia, 502-639-8507 Danville, KY Richard Reynolds, (1 year) Richard & Marcia Reynolds Danville, 859-324-0897 859-332-7624 Sunnyside Farm Longview Farms Bowling Green, KY Lewisport, KY Dan & Margie Duvall Gary Long 270-563-4897 270-295-3973 Twin Oaks Farm Maple Shade Farm Eubank, KY Flemingsburg, KY Jon Anderson Pete Gray - Martha Prewitt 606-305-8859 606-748-3763 or 849-4249

farms, food processors and restaurants for the guests to visit. He concentrated on two overall themes for the tour: the impact of nontraditional agricultural enterprises, such as equine and aquaculture operations, on sustainability and the changing

processors are pulling the farmers,” he said. “So often, we’ve seen farmers producing things and then trying to figure out how they’re going to market their products. It’s exciting to see (what’s going on here).” Delia Scott, horticulture extension

The thing that I find fascinating is that (here) the consumers and the processors are pulling the farmers. tobacco enterprise. “One of the purposes of these trips is to help these agents and specialists see things in a new light and help them change their practices,” Meyer said. “Even more importantly, however, is to give them the basis for them to be leaders in this field.” The first 24 hours of their visit included stops at equine businesses Bittersweet Acres Farm, a horse boarding operation in Fayette County and WinStar Thoroughbred Farm in Woodford County; FoodChain, an aquaculture farm in innercity Lexington; Kentucky State University’s Aquaculture program and Buffalo Trace Distillery in Frankfort. During their second day in town, they visited the Clark Farm in northern Fayette County, the Greathouse Farm in Woodford County, Four Hills Farm in Mercer County, and Marksbury Farm Market in Garrard County. They rounded off their trip the next day with morning sessions in Lexington at Good Foods Co-op and the UK Horticultural Research Farm. During one of the afternoon “debriefing” sessions, Maloney brought up the important role consumers and processors have in building a successful local food system. “The thing that I find fascinating is that (here) the consumers and the

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

agent in Fayette County, and Keenan Bishop, agriculture and natural resources extension agent in Franklin County, weren’t surprised with the strength of the local food system; as agents, they play a vital role in it. The two agents joined the Fellows for tours of operations with which they had some familiarity. “I’m looking at it through a different set of eyes, really from an outsider’s perspective, because they (the farmers and owners) give us an inside scoop on things,” Scott said. “Hearing the Fellows’ different viewpoints about the strengths and weakness of each operation as it relates to sustainability has been interesting.” Bishop joined the group for networking reasons, and also to educate himself so he can help his clientele. “Sustainable agriculture has a different definition for everybody,” he said. “This is not only about educating the public about what is sustainable, but we’ve got a lot of young folks who are interested in getting back into farming and don’t necessarily want to do it the traditional way. That doesn’t necessarily mean they want to do it organically, but they want to be more sustainable. It is possible to do it commercially, and that’s what we’ve been discussing this whole trip.”


FEATURE

UK research focusing on bringing back pollinators BY KATIE PRATT

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olf courses may provide a haven to rebuild dwindling pollinator populations which in turn could boost ecosystem health and benefit everyone, said researchers in the University of Kentucky College of Agriculture . In a project called Operation Pollinator, Emily Dobbs, a graduate student in entomology, and her adviser, UK entomology Professor Dan Potter, are working with five Lexington golf courses to attract pollinators and monarch butterflies by establishing areas of native wildflowers. “The goal is for the wildflowers to provide a diverse group of pollinators with a food source and refuge and for the wildflower mixture be a sustainable choice for turf managers in Kentucky,” Dobbs said. In the past five to 10 years, researchers estimate that pollinator populations have declined anywhere from 30 to 60 percent, depending on the pollinator. Potter believes habitat loss and fragmentation caused by urban development are the main culprits. “By augmenting pollinator habitat with sites like these, we can help to conserve their benefits for gardens and the like,” Potter said. “In the case of monarchs, these areas will provide stepping stones for them, or weigh stations, as they migrate from North America to Mexico each winter.” One wildflower mixture targets monarch butterflies. Two other mixtures were designed to attract bees native to Kentucky, which includes small, solitary bees like halictids and andrenids and large, social bees like bumble bees. Dobbs received help developing the mixtures from Sharon Bale, UK extension floriculturist, and Diane Wilson of Applewood Seed Company in Arvada, Colo. All flowers used in the mixtures

are native to Kentucky and are either perennials or self-seeding annuals. They designed the mixtures for season-long bloom, which aids in aesthetics in addition to providing the ideal pollinator habitat. Thus far, some of the top performing species have been lanceleaf coreopsis, plains coreopsis and bergamot. The Swiss-based company Syngenta started Operation Pollinator in Europe more than a decade ago. Dobbs’ research project is the first one for golf courses in North America. The first year of data collecting for the three-year project was in 2012. During the growing season, roughly from June through October, Dobbs and Samantha Marksbury, a recent UK graduate in entomology and animal sciences, collect pollinators from the flowers in the plots throughout the summer and fall using a variety of methods. Research plots are located on five Lexington golf courses and on UK’s Spindletop Research Farm. Each plot is 10 meters wide by 40 meters long (or about 32 ft. by 131 ft.). The goal is for the plots to be an option for golf course managers instead of the traditional or naturalized roughs, but they could also use them around tee boxes and greens, Dobbs said. Once researchers have the best mixture for pollinator populations, it will be released to the public. Dobbs and Potter said in addition to golf courses, the mixture could work on horse farms, parks and personal property. While researchers developed the wildflower mixtures specifically for Central Kentucky, they may also perform well in states in the turf industry’s transitional zone, which includes Kentucky and at least sections of neighboring states. Dobbs said golf course superintendents were receptive to the project, and in the coming years, Marriott plans to establish the mixture on 11 of their golf courses across the United States.

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OMB #0581-0152

Beef Promotion and Research Program Private Treaty Sales Checkoff Investment Form Provided for in the Beef Promotion and Research Order Section 1260.172, paragraph (2) assessments: Any producer marketing the cattle of that producer’s own production in the form of beef or beef products to consumers, either directly or through retail or wholesale outlets, or for export purposes, shall remit to a qualified state beef council or to the Board an assessment on such cattle at the rate of one dollar ($1) per head of cattle or the equivalent thereof.

Date________________ Sellers Name_________________ Address______________________ City/State/Zip________________ Seller Signature_____________

Buyers Name_______________________ Address____________________________ City/State/Zip_______________________ Buyers Signature___________________

Both the seller and the buyer have the responsibility to have the $1 per head assessment collected and remitted to the qualified state beef council. This form is designed for the seller to use in private treaty sales.

Total Number of Cattle Sold_________ X $1 per head=$_____________ Date of Sale_____________________________________________________ State of Person remitting assessment Seller_______ Buyer_________ State of Origin of Cattle__________________________________________ Brand Inspection Number (if Applicable)__________________________ Send Form & Remittance to: Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association, 176 Pasadena Drive, Lexington, KY 40503 Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1.8 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the form. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspects of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing the burden, to Dept. of Agriculture, Clearance Officer, STOP 7602, 1400 Independence Avenue, S.W. Washington, 20250-7602. When replying refer to the OMB Number (OMB #0581-0152) and Form Number in your letter. Under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, no persons are required to respond to a collection of information unless it displays a valid OMB control number. The U.S. Dept. of Agriculture prohibits discrimination in its programs on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, religion, age, disability, political beliefs, and martial or familial status. (Not all prohibited bases apply to all programs.) Persons with disabilities who require alternative means for communication of program information (Braille, large print, audio tape, etc.) should contact the USDA Office of Communications at (202) 720-5881 (voice) or (202) 720-7808 (TDD). To file a complaint, write to the Secretary of Agriculture, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Washington, D.C. 20250 or call (202) 720-7327 (voice) or (202) 720-1127 (TDD). USDA is an equal opportunity employer.

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Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


FEATURE

Kentucky Farmers, UK students get eye-opening experience in Argentina BY KATIE PRATT group of Kentucky farmers and graduate students in the University of Kentucky College Agriculture, Food and Environment now have international agriculture experience. They took a weeklong trip to Argentina, organized by Chad Lee, UK grain crops specialist and Lucas Borras, adjunct professor of crop production at the National University of Rosario in Argentina. “I want to help improve the agriculture system in Kentucky,” Lee said. “Everyone on the trip got to see a different approach to production agriculture. When you see things done in a different way, it can help you view your operation or research from a different perspective and find areas for improvement.” The graduate students were from the college’s Department of Plant and Soil Sciences. Farmers who attended were alumni of the CORE Farmer Program, the Kentucky Corn Growers’ Association’s Crop Observation and Research Education program. The program is a leadership and technology course for young farmers. “I believe we saw what the future of farm business management will soon look like for the best farms here in the U.S.,” said Chris Kummer, a farmer from Franklin. “I have been farming 23 years and have had the opportunity to be involved in many innovative projects using the newest technology, but what I saw on this trip changed the way I am now approaching my business.” Ray Allan Mackey, president of the Kentucky Corn Growers’ Association said the trip was an opportunity of a lifetime for the young farmers. “These young members of the Kentucky Corn Growers’ Association will be producing grain for export markets in competition with South American farmers for their entire careers,” he said. “We see

A

great value to Kentucky’s overall farm community in understanding the farming practices, logistical systems and government structure of their Argentine counterparts. Now these farmers’ task is to share their perspectives with as many of their peers in Kentucky as possible.” Agriculture in Argentina is very different from agriculture in the United States; it is a risky endeavor, as farmers there do not have government subsidies. To reduce their risks, farmers form groups called Regional Consortiums of Agriculture Experimentation, also known as CREA. The groups, usually comprised of eight to 12 members, compare production and economic notes, share research and critique each other’s operations. They also hire an adviser who visits each operation and provides farmers with personalized recommendations. While in the South American country, the group visited the University of Rosario and agribusinesses. They also visited with grain farmers in CREA groups in the Humid Pampas region of Argentina, which has the country’s most fertile farmland. The Argentine producers were willing to discuss their successes and challenges with their North American counterparts. The participants not only interacted with Argentinian farmers, but they also interacted with each other. “Our students could talk with the farmers about what they’re struggling with here and learn how that could apply to their research,” Lee said. While participants were responsible for most of the costs of the trip, the Kentucky Corn Growers’ Association Board assisted in some of the funding. As a result of the trip, Borras brought a group of Argentine CREA advisers to visit UK this summer. A couple of Kentucky farmers on the trip were able to host the Argentines in exchange.

KCA HALL OF FAME AWARD Do you know an outstanding cattleman? The Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association Hall of Fame is designed to honor a member of the organization that has given time, service, and talent to the betterment of the Cattlemen’s Association at the county and/or state levels.

2014 applications must be postmarked by August 1, 2013. Call Leanna Jackson at 859-278-0899 with questions. Application available at kycattle.org. Congratulations to our 2013 Inductees Region 1 Martin Hayden, Daviess County

Region 2 James Henry “J.H.” Manion, Grayson County

Region 3 Dr. Jack Kimbrough, Shelby County

Region 4 Charles Miller, Jessamine County

Region 5 Jere Caldwell, Boyle County

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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Coming to a Farm Near You in 2013 Graze 300

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Kentucky Professional Cattleman • Prepare cattlemen to professionally represent the beef industry • Training in methods to successfully interact with the media. • Beef producers explain and defend basic production practices

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Kentucky Beef Network, LLC 176 Pasadena Drive Lexington, KY 40503 Ÿ Phone: (859) 278-0899 Ÿ Fax: (859) 260-2060 Ÿ www.kycattle.org

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Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Eden Shale Field Day & Open House August 3rd, 2013 s 8:30AM - 2:30PM EST 245 Eden Shale Road s Owenton, KY 40359

Agenda 8:30 AM 9:00 AM 10:00 AM 10:45 AM 11:00 AM 11:45 AM 12:30 PM 1:15-2:30 PM

2:30 PM

Optional Farm Tour Registration Eden Shale Farm Ribbon Cutting Repurposing buildings for Winter Feeding - Dr. Steve Higgins, University of Kentucky Pasture Walk to look at Eden Shale Cows Lunch Fall 2013 Market Outlook - Jim Akers Blue Grass Marketing Group Rotate through stations A: Introduction to Graze 300 Program & Demonstration of managing around fescue toxicosis - Dan Miller, Kentucky Beef Network - Dr. Jeff Lehmkuhler, University of Kentucky - Glen Aiken, USDA ARS Forage Research Division B: Portable shade structures for pastures - Dr. Steve Higgins, University of Kentucky C: Weed Control for Pastures - Dave Owens and Jeff Clark, Dow AgroSciences Closing Comments and Door Prizes

RSVP by August 1st to the KCA Office - 859-278-0899 or the Owen County Extension Office - 502-484-5703

Door Prizes are sponsored by Southern States Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association

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KBC Current Events

KENTUCKY BEEF COUNCIL

Education: Kentucky School Nutrition Association (KSNA): KBC staff presented “Putting ZIP Back into School Lunches” to over 80 school foodservice associates. During the presentation, staff talked about the new meal plans and how beef plays an important role in a nutrient-rich diet. Attendees also learned about five new recipes that are tailored to school foodservice. KBC also attended the KSNA’s food show and sampled one of the new recipes.

Industry Information: Kentucky Livestock Coalition Roundtable Meeting: Several KBC and KCA staff attended the Livestock Coalition’s Animal Welfare meeting. HSUS’s Paul Shapiro and LaRue county farmer Caleb Ragland had an open dialogue about animal welfare and animal rights. Several prominent members of the Kentucky agricultural community were in attendance.

Promotion: Dave Maples and Caitlin Swartz attended the Barren County Agriculture Day in June. Every aspect of the agricultural community was highlighted at this event. KBC sampled Citrus Marinated Beef and Fruit Kabobs, and spoke with event goers. Thousands were in attendance, and Commissioner Jamie Comer spoke on behalf of Kentucky Ag.

Promotion: American Grill Master Experience: KBC’s Caitlin Swartz participated with Beef Grill Master Michael McDearman, in the Sam’s Club National BBQ Contest. The contest and promotional event was held at the Lexington area Sam’s Club and several hundred people stopped by to sample various recipes from Mr. McDearman, even former UK Basketball Coach Joe B. Hall. Mr. McDearman will be featured on the next season of BBQ Pitmasters.

Education: Kentucky Junior Cattlemen’s Leadership

Camp: KBC’s Alison Smith instructed Junior Cattlemen’s members on how to make a beef stir fry during KJCA’s annual leadership camp. KBC’s Caitlin Swartz also listened to oral reasons during the livestock evaluation portion of camp.

Education: Kansas Chef ’s Tour: KBC sent Chef Michael Riggs, Culinary Educator at Bowling Green Technical College, to the Kansas Chef ’s Tour. During the tour, chefs visited Cargill’s Research and Development Center, met with KS cattle ranchers, attended auction markets and several other stops to learn how beef gets from pasture to plate.

Like Kentucky Beef Council on Facebook and follow us on Twitter for updates, recipes and giveaways! KBC is now on Pinterest! Follow our boards for the latest and greatest beef dishes. 108

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


KENTUCKY BEEF COUNCIL

BQA Tip of The Month

Popcorn Steak Bites

Beef management programs should be _______ based and _______ driven. Makes 4 servings Answer: Beef management should be science based and common- sense driven. 1 pound beef Cubed Steaks, cut 1/2 inch thick 6 cups ridged potato chips (any flavor) 1/3 cup all-purpose flour 1 teaspoon pepper 2 large eggs, slightly beaten

To learn more about the Beef Quality Assurance Program, visit www.BQA.org.

Events Dipping Sauce: Ranch or Thousand Island dressing, mustard, ketchup or barbecue sauce

1.

Cut beef steaks into 1x1-inch pieces; set aside.

2.

Place chips in bowl of food processor. Cover; pulse on and off to form fine crumbs.

3.

Combine pepper and flour in a shallow bowl. Place crushed chips and eggs into two additional shallow bowls. Dip steak pieces in flour, then into egg, then into crushed chips, turning to coat all sides and pressing chips onto steak pieces.

July 27

Campbell County Backroads Tour, Ron McCormick’s Farm

August 2 KCA Executive Meeting, Lexington 2

Chaney’s Ag Night, Bowling Green

10

LaRue County Extravaganza

12

Dash and Dine Fox 41, Louisville

20

Kroger Meat Training, Lexington

15-25

2013 Kentucky State Fair, Louisville

4.

Spray rack of broiler pan with nonstick cooking spray. Place beef bites on rack in broiler pan so surface of beef is 6 inches from heat. Broil 8 to 10 minutes or until 160°F. Serve immediately with dipping sauces, as desired.

While the kids are winding down their summer breaks, get them into the kitchen and mix up some delicious popcorn steak bites, perfect for little hands to dip as they wish! Total recipe time: 35-45 minutes

Courtesy The Beef Checkoff

Reminders

Beef Counts Program: Help fight hunger in Kentucky with BEEF! Visit www.kybeef.com for program details, or contact the KCA office at 859.278.0899.

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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FEATURE

2013 Woodland Owners Short Course to be held in conjunction with Kentucky Wood Expo LEXINGTON, KY., (JULY 12, 2013)

B

oth novice and experienced woodland owners will learn how to attract more wildlife, produce a cash timber crop and provide a place for family recreation at one of the Woodland Owners Short Courses offered in each of the three geographicalregions of Kentucky. For the first time, one of the regional programs will be held in conjunction with the Kentucky Wood Expo. Many woodland owners are not aware of the wide variety of organizations and programs available to help them care for their woodlands. The 2013 Woodland Owners Short Course will connect landowners with professionals who can help them achieve their particular management goals. Participants in the Central Region Woodland Owners Short Course can also attend the Kentucky Wood Expo, where they will have the opportunity to view equipment demonstrations and meet hardwood industry professionals. Expo activities will include programs and exhibitors targeted toward forest landowners, arborists and finished wood processing, as well as lumberjack, knuckleboom loader and skidder competitions. There will be something for the entire family, with plenty of food,

local entertainment, a silent auction and a childrenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s educational program. More than 10 Kentucky forestry, wildlife and natural resource

are just beginning. Landowners who have recently acquired woodlands or who are beginning to think about management and pondering their options should

Many woodland owners are not aware of the wide variety of organizations and programs available to help them care for their woodlands. organizations work in partnership to plan, conduct and evaluate the one-day short course. Local planning committees have developed the regional programs with local needs in mind, so each regionâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s course will vary slightly from the others. In the West Region, the course is scheduled for Aug. 10 at the Daviess County Cooperative Extension office in Owensboro. From there, transportation to the Felix Barker Tree Farm will be provided. The East Region course is scheduled for Aug. 17 at the Lewis County Cooperative Extension office in Vanceburg, with a trip planned to the Philip Traxler Tree Farm. In Central Kentucky, the course will take place Sept. 21 at MastersonStation Park Fairgrounds on Leestown Road in Lexington. The Central Region field site will be the Masterson Station Reforest the Bluegrass site. Concurrent tracks target either the seasoned woodland owner or those who

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enroll in the Green Track, while more experienced woodland managers can register in the Gold Track. Past graduates of the short course will also find valuable information by returning to the course through the Gold Track. Depending on the track and the region, sessions will cover such topics as tree identification; tree planting; croptree management; management of storm-damaged timber; wildlife habitat improvements; woodland certification; timber harvesting and sales; Ag WaterQuality Plans and cost share programs; timber theft and trespass; hunting leases; financial assistance and threats to forest health including the emerald ash borer and other forest pests. Each short course begins at 9 a.m. local time and concludes around 4:30 p.m. Lunch is included. Preregistration is strongly encouraged as space is limited. East and West Region sessions are $20 for individuals, $30 for couples.

The Central Region short course is $25 for individuals or $40 for couples, which includes the Kentucky Wood Expo advance-order ticket. Those planning to attend the East or West Region short course are encouraged to attend the wood expo and join the Central Region participants for the equipment demonstrations. Advance tickets can be ordered for $5 each when registering for the short course. The 2013 Woodland Owners Short Course is the result of a partnership between UK Cooperative Extension Service, UK Department of Forestry, Kentucky Division of Forestry, Kentucky Department of Fish andWildlife Resources, Kentucky State University, Kentucky Tree Farm Committee, Kentucky Woodland Owners Association, Kentucky Natural Resources Conservation Service, Kentucky Forest Industries Association, Practicing Foresters Institute, Sustainable Forestry Initiative Implementation Committee and theKentucky Chapter of the Association of Consulting Foresters of America Inc. For a detailed listing of course topics at each location and to register, visit the short course website at http://www. ca.uky.edu/forestryextension/WOSC. php. Registration can also be done via phone by calling 859-257-7597.

The Southern Circle Polled Hereford Sale

Saturday, August 31st, 2013

Smith Livestock Center Â&#x; Martin, TN Â&#x; University of TN Martin Campus

42 Lots of Quality Females Cow/Calf Pairs Bred Cows Bred Heifers Ready to Breed Open Heifers

Mobile & Stationary 12â&#x20AC;&#x2122; - 20â&#x20AC;&#x2122; Sizes &DSDFLW\

&HUWLĂ&#x20AC;HG /HJDOIRU7UDGH *URXS$QLPDO6FDOH Mechanical or Load Cell Based Scales Digital Readout Â&#x160; Rubber Floor Â&#x160;3ULQWHU$YDLODEOH

110

8 SILENCER Chute Models Including Extended & Tilt 3 Models of SILENCER Chute Carriers

For more info or to request a sale book contact: Bobby Singleton Â&#x; 615-708-1034

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association


FEATURE

Supply and demand influence corn prices BY DAN CHILDS, NOBLE FOUNDATION n a free market economy, price is ultimately determined by the supply and demand for a product or commodity. Short-term price gyrations often occur and can be influenced by market reactions to news concerning such things as weather, government reports and/or policy. Corn is a commodity that reflects this scenario. Profitability in the cattle industry is heavily influenced by the price of corn. Corn, fed whole or further processed, is used as an energy supplement in growing rations and as a main ingredient in the diet of cattle being finished for slaughter. In addition, the byproducts produced from corn processed for food and fuel, such as corn germ, hominy feed, corn gluten feed and distillers grain, are used extensively in cattle rations. Having an understanding of corn market dynamics can be useful in helping cattle owners manage the price of feed, one of the major costs of production. The price of corn is largely determined by supply and demand. On the supply side, there are basically three sources of U.S. corn. The first source comes from leftover stocks from the previous year. This usually provides between 1 and 2 billion bushels, although the 2013 number will likely be roughly 750 million bushels due to the reduced 2012 crop. The second and largest contributor to supply is current domestic production. In the last 10 years, the nation’s corn crop has varied from 10 to 14 billion bushels. Weather plays an important role in crop production. This is especially true in regard to planting and harvest dates, both of which impact the total size of the crop. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) publishes several crop reports each year:

I

a late March report on acres expected to be planted; weekly crop progress reports from April through November; and estimated ending stock reports in January, March, June and September. These reports often cause wide price swings as the market interprets the numbers. The third source comes from international imports - typically only a few million bushels. However, imports will be higher than average in 2013 because of high U.S. corn prices. Current estimates for 2013 are near 150 million bushels. All these sources added together have provided the U.S. corn market with an average of 13 to 14 billion bushels during the last 10 years. There are also three major sources of demand for corn. The first category is feed and residual. On average during the last 10 years, roughly 4.5 to 5 billion bushels, or 35 percent of the corn, is used for feed. There has been a significant decline in the amount of corn used for feed during the last five years. The second source of demand is exports. The U.S. is a major supplier of corn to many countries, including Japan. Over the last decade, the U.S. has, on average, exported just short of 2 billion bushels each year. This accounts for less than 15 percent of the total supply. The final category, at roughly 40 percent of the supply, is food and industrial use. The largest component in this category is ethanol production. Year-end stocks can also be considered part of demand since the market prefers to have some cushion going into the next crop. Supply and demand interact to determine price. The market does react to short-term events, but knowing the sources of supply and demand, and when estimates of these are released, will provide the opportunity to purchase corn and cattle feed at lower prices.

Blue Ridge Cattle

Ellingson Secretary 2011 Reg # 17323393

New herd sire owned with Griffith Angus Ewing, KY and Ellingson Angus St. Anthony, ND. Semen is available from Accelerated Genetics.

2013 BLUEGRASS INVITATIONAL ANGUS FEMALE SALE Dec 6, 2013 Chenault Ag Center Mt. Sterling KY Sale will feature females bred to Ellingson Secretary 2011. Blue Ridge Cattle LLC Ÿ Carlisle, KY Chad Daugherty Ÿ Herd Manager Ÿ 217.369.0466

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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NEWS RELEASES

MULTI SPECIES INSECT CONTROL

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ly control for hobby farmers with multiple types of animals can be even more daunting, if possible, than it is for owners of just one species. Cattle, horses, dogs â&#x20AC;&#x201C; how do you decide which product is right for each one? Or maybe you take the â&#x20AC;&#x153;one size fits allâ&#x20AC;? approach, but with that nagging doubt in the back of your mind whether what youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re using is truly appropriate for every animal.  Flys-XÂŽ Ready To Use Insecticide, from W. F. Young, Inc., makers of AbsorbineÂŽ animal care products, is your answer for multi-species insect control. Flys-X consists of a water-based (aqueous) formula that contains pyrethrins, a botanical insectide. It can be used on lactating and non-lactating beef and dairy cattle, and kills horn

flies, house flies, face flies, mosquitos, gnats and blood-sucking lice on cattle, horses and dogs, as well as killing fleas and brown ticks on dogs. Flys-X comes ready to use (no mixing or diluting required) in a 32 oz. refillable spray bottle and gallon size. â&#x20AC;&#x153;There are so many hobby farmers who are looking for effective answers to their livestockâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s insect control needs,â&#x20AC;? said Jaime McKinley, Vice President of Marketing & New Business Development, W. F. Young. â&#x20AC;&#x153;For example, high fly populations can be detrimental to both weight gain and milk production.â&#x20AC;? Flys-X also kills fleas and brown dog ticks when used as a premise spray. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Flys-X is a great solution to help livestock, horse and dog owners keep pest populations under control,â&#x20AC;? McKinley said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Absorbine is pleased to provide insect control options that are

easy and affordable.â&#x20AC;? AbsorbineÂŽ is excited to branch into the livestock market. Since 1892, the family-owned company has been providing an assortment of high-quality equine care products to discriminating horse owners. AbsorbineÂŽ is dedicated to bringing that same level of excellence to livestock products. For more information, visit www. absorbine.com.

Yankowsky, Business Unit Manager for livestock products.    Agri-Mectin Plus Clorsulon  is a sterile injectable  dewormer that offers the advantages of ivermectin 1%, plus clorsulon to expand treatment and control of liver flukes in cattle. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Across the United States, there are several regions that are endemic, essentially where the soil and environment are wet and support snail habitats. When snails become infected with the parasite Fasciola hepatica,  they shed a motile ciliated form that attaches to grass and are subsequently ingested by grazing cattle, migrate to their liver where they grow and shed eggs back into the environment to continue the cycle again,â&#x20AC;? added Yankowsky. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Infestations can lead to weight loss, compounded with

AGRILABSÂŽ EXPANDS RANGE OF DE-WORMERS WITH AGRI-MECTINÂŽ PLUS CLORSULON FOR CATTLE

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griLabs has added Agri-Mectin Plus Clorsulon to its range of branded anthelmintics.   â&#x20AC;&#x153;With the addition of Agri-Mectin Plus Clorsulon we are able to provide an economic alternative to those producers and veterinarians in areas where liver flukes are a concern,â&#x20AC;? said Adam

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112

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association


NEWS RELEASES reduced milk output, and have a negative impact on reproduction efficiency and general body condition scores. Producers should work with their veterinarian to determine the most appropriate parasite control program for their operation,” said Roger Winter, DVM, Technical Services Manager for AgriLabs. Visit AgriLabs.com for more information.

MONTY’S PLANT FOOD COMPANY WORKS TO EDUCATE GROWERS ABOUT BENEFITS OF HUMICS

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onty’s Plant Food Company, manufacturer of natural soil enhancement and plant fertility programs designed to maximize crop yields, has launched TheTruthAboutHumics.com, a website dedicated to educating the agriculture industry about the benefits of humics.  Humic substances are produced by the biodegradation of dead organic matter. Humics is a popular topic in modern agriculture because of the benefits they provide to soil. Humics stimulate microbial activity, help break up compaction, assist in transferring micronutrients from the soil to the plant, enhance water retention, increase seed germination and improve the breakdown of plant residue. Monty’s products utilize an advanced, proprietary humic technology that has been used successfully on soils ranging from heavy clay to light sand. They are also uniquely designed to meet farming

challenges, without clogging spray tips, settling out or damaging equipment. The TruthAboutHumics.com links to information such as answers to frequently asked questions to provide more background and understanding about the role of humics in modern agriculture.  “We do a lot of education in the field about humics,” said Joe Dedman, vice president of agronomy, Monty’s Plant Food Company.  “Growers have a lot of questions about how humics can work for them. Many of them have heard about humics, but want to know more.  It’s our hope that these new educational tools will create a better understanding of how humics can help maximize yields.” For more information about Monty’s plant, soil and specialty products, visit http://www.montysplantfood.com or Facebook.com/MontysPlantFood.

REVOLUTIONARY NEW INSECTICIDE DELIVERY SYSTEM SET TO CHANGE FUTURE OF ANIMAL DOSING

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martVet, a leading international innovator in animal healthcare, has announced the launch of a revolutionary new delivery system, set to change the landscape of parasite management in cattle. Using best practice methods, a rancher working alone can dose up to 100 cattle per hour. The VetGun is the only dosing system not requiring animal handling; herding; yarding; or running cattle through the

SALERS

KING BEE CATTLE Dan Engle 290 Clines Road • Science Hill, KY 42553 home: 606/423-2971 • cell: 606/875-0076

chute. It allows dosing to take place in the field from a safe distance, thereby reducing stress and the chance of injuries to cattle and ranchers alike. VetGun is a precision-engineered CO2powered application device that delivers a new dosage form called a VetCap. The VetCap is a purpose developed gelatin capsule filled with a specialized pour-on developed by SmartVet  for remote delivery using the VetGun. The VetCaps are fired from the VetGun and specially designed to fragment upon  impact, taking almost instantaneous effect at relieving a horn fly burden. The first VetCaps commercially available are the AiM (Advanced Insecticide Management) line of products. AiM-L®, (Lambda Cyhalothrin with Piperonyl Butoxide) has been developed for control of horn flies, face flies, biting lice and sucking lice on beef cattle. “VetGun is so quick, simple and effective that one person working alone can treat an entire herd in the field, resulting in  major savings of labor; time and money. Not only does it allow for convenient timing of insecticide application to deliver maximum parasite control, it also allows for precise dosage control,” said Randall Tosh, SmartVet’s Vice President of Business Development.  He continued, “It also reduces animal stress which in turn leads to improved feed conversion efficiencies, weight gain, overall health and productivity which add to the producers’ profitability. VetGun can even substantially contribute to alleviating horn fly resistance.” The VetGun Delivery System is being lauded by industry specialists

such as RFD T V D o c Ta l k’s D r . Dan Thompson, D V M Professor of Clinical Sciences in the College of Veterinary Medicine and Director of the Beef Cattle Institute at Kansas State University.  Launched in June 2013,  VetGun and the AiM-L VetCaps  will only be available in select states until national rollout is completed in 2014. To see the VetGun in action, view the video demonstration at www. smartvet.com VetGun and VetCaps were developed by SmartVet, leading innovators in large animal healthcare. Based in Olathe Kansas, SmartVet was co-founded by a fourth generation cattle rancher and specializes in finding simple, logical solutions to everyday animal health challenges. For more information or demonstration video, visit www.smartvet. com or email info@smartvet.com. VetGun and VetCaps are distributed by AgriLabs. Call 1-800 542 8916 or visit www.agrilabs.com. Cont'd on pg. 114

The Balanced Breed DIAMOND J SALERS Donald Johnson 11660 N. Hwy 1247 • Eubank, KY 42564 606/379-1558

DEL-SU FARM Howard & Sue Edwards 420 Rose Road • Somerset, KY 42501 606/679-1675

KONOW FARMS Joe, Chad, & Corey Konow 4170 Robey Bethel Grove Road Franklin, KY 42134 270/586-8780

WILLIS FARMS • Danny Willis 964 Johnson Rd • Frankfort, KY 40601 502/803-5011 • drwc21@aol.com Matt Craig, Farm Mgr. 502-604-0821

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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NEWS RELEASES Cont'd from pg. 113

SOUTHERN STATES COOPERATIVE ANNOUNCES NEW GROWTH STRATEGY

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outhern States Cooperative today announced a new Agronomy Business Unit to better serve the needs of core agricultural customers. Southern States offers a range of products and services to help growers in the field. “We have reorganized our wholesale crops division, with 67 retail stores located in 13 high volume agronomy districts, to form the new Agronomy Business Unit.  Our new growth strategy will enable us to be more streamlined and efficient from sourcing products to application in our farmers’ fields,” said Tom Scribner, Southern States president and CEO.  “For years Southern States has been organized around wholesale and retail business units.  To ensure we create great customer experiences, we are aligning our infrastructure and associates to meet the evolving needs of our farmer producers and rural lifestyle customers.” “As we celebrate our 90th anniversary, we are recommitting our efforts to provide farmers with the latest in technology and support,” said Scribner. “True to our mission of helping people grow things, it is our belief that an intense focus on the producer will allow us to meet and exceed our customer’s needs. The agricultural industry is changing rapidly and we plan to be at the forefront of those improvements.    Our board of directors has approved investments in new equipment, personnel and facilities to better serve our farmer producers in key markets.” As part of the multi-pronged strategy, Southern States will expand offerings with branded dealers, independent dealers and commercial accounts. Additionally, a small number of retail locations – less than 2 percent of total retail reach – will be closed or consolidated across the 17-state commercial region by lateJuly. Additional retail stores, as well as independent dealers for Southern States branded products, will be added 114

in the future.  Stores will focus on rural America customers in high-growth markets including cow calf operators, equine customers, gardeners and rural enthusiasts.  Scribner added that Southern States is investing in a series of operational changes, including inventory management and point-of-sale systems that will improve the experience and ease of doing business for all customers. Customers will begin to see these changes in mid-July and throughout the fall. Founded in 1923, Southern States is a farm supply and service cooperative that has approximately 200,000 members. One of the nation’s largest cooperatives, Southern States provides a wide range of farm inputs, including fertilizer, seed, feed, livestock and pet feed, as well as other items for the farm and home. The Cooperative serves its members and non-member customers through 1200 retail outlets in 17 states. For more information about Southern States, visit www.southernstates.com/pr,

YAMAHA ANNOUNCES ALL-NEW THREE-PERSON VIKING™ SIDE-BY-SIDE VEHICLE REAL-WORLD POWER, UTILITY AND RELIABILITY WITH ALL-DAY COMFORT; ASSEMBLED IN THE U.S.A.

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amaha Motor Corp., U.S.A. has announced the all-new Viking™ EPS Side-by-Side (SxS) vehicle designed to serve Real World Tough demands of farmers and ranchers and to set a new standard in the threeperson multipurpose SxS segment. Every Yamaha Viking is being manufactured exclusively in the U.S.A. at Yamaha’s factory in Newnan, Georgia, for worldwide distribution. The new Viking was designed and engineered as a robust and high-capacity utility vehicle. It combines Yamaha’s most powerful four-wheel drive engine to date with a comfortable and confidenceinspiring three-person cab, precision steering and class-leading handling.

“This is the most comfortable and off-road capable vehicle in its class based in large part on feedback from farmers and ranchers, who asked for a rugged, high-capacity utility vehicle that is also comfortable and fun to drive,” said Mike Martinez, vice president of Yamaha’s ATV/SxS Group. “The all-new Viking is the only SxS to offer true three-person seating capacity with other features that farmers and ranchers want like electric power steering and enough cargo capacity to hold a fully-loaded pallet.” The Viking’s exclusive passthrough bucket seating features a unique off-set center position (set 5 degrees back) that improves comfort with maximum shoulder room for all three occupants. This is the only vehicle in its class with three-point seat belts for everyone, plus headrests all around, adjustable handholds for both passengers and a textured floorboard with dedicated foot wells. Its seating position even provides for more head room than competitive models without sacrificing critical ground clearance. All told, the Viking boasts the most comfortable and secure seating in its class. “With the introduction of the allnew Viking, Yamaha is once again taking a leadership position in the growing multipurpose SxS segment of the offroad business,” Martinez said. “The Viking tops its competition with precise steering and superior handling, excelling in the areas of durability, reliability, ease of use and cargo and towing capacity. The Viking’s class-leading handling and off-road performance make it the only SxS vehicle that can claim true utilitypointed design while still providing a fun, confidence-inspiring experience in an agricultural, hunting or recreational setting.”

Strongest Engine Power comes from Yamaha’s strongest four-wheel drive engine to date—a  686cc liquid-cooled 4-stroke, SOHC, single-cylinder, 4-valve fuel-injected engine that provides peak performance at maximum capacity. This durable engine has been optimized for work-

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

ing conditions with strong low-end torque while quick throttle response and smooth power delivery are maintained throughout the rev range. Yamaha Fuel Injection delivers consistent starts and power even at high elevation and in cold weather, and the 9.7 gallon fuel tank allows for long days in the field or on the trail. A more powerful engine requires a more effective cooling system, and Yamaha has developed a system that keeps the Viking cool even during tough chores and at low speeds with optimum design, location and components that create the most efficient airflow through the large radiator. While the Viking’s 700cc-class engine already makes more power than some larger 800cc-class machines, the vehicle’s handling and off-road capabilities truly set it apart.

Durable Machine; Confident Handling Yamaha’s three-way On Command ®system, featuring 2WD, 4WD and 4WD with differential lock, is a driver-controlled system with an automotive-type rotary dial selector. This driver-controlled system gives the driver the control and confidence to lock in all four wheels based on the terrain—a significant benefit over other automated systems on competitive models. Yamaha’s Ultramatic™ transmission with high, low and reverse has proven to be the industry’s most durable CVT system with dual speed gearing and an automatic centrifugal clutch that maintains constant belt tension for reduced wear and the industry’s most natural feeling all-wheel engine braking. This reduced wear has contributed to Yamaha’s proven durability, and the engine braking gives the driver confidence, especially on hills and in rough terrain.  The Viking’s optional Electric Power Steering (EPS) system provides the industry’s best balance of light feel with positive feedback from the terrain. The system reads steering wheel torque, vehicle speed, On Command setting


NEWS RELEASES and negative feedback to determine the appropriate amount of assist in any given situation. The Viking’s utility functions combined with Yamaha’s proven durability were designed for hard work, tough chores and long days in the field or on the trail. The rear steel cargo bed was purpose-built for durability and convenience. Large enough to carry a fully loaded pallet, the assisted dump bed can pack up to 600 pounds of equipment and supplies while the standard twoinch receiver hitch is rated to pull 1,500 pounds. The Viking’s chassis also contributes to its off-road capability with nearly 12 inches of ground clearance at the lowest point, a full steel/composite smooth skid plate front-to-back and side-to-side, and an optimized frame with up-turned side rails allowing for smoother transitions over obstacles. The Viking features light, natural-feel handling in both the EPS and non-EPS configurations. The front and rear suspensions outperform the

competition even with heavy loads. There simply is no more secure feeling vehicle when tackling rugged terrain—especially at full capacity.

Comfortable Ride The Viking’s long-travel, four-wheel independent suspension is perfectly balanced to provide a plush and comfortable ride with a quality damping feel in rough terrain, all while carrying either a light or full load. The gas charged shocks help reach the delicate balance of damping and resistance with one or three people, fully loaded or empty. The all-new Maxxis Big Horn 2.0 tires were designed specifically and exclusively for the Viking with maximum performance and durability. The new Big Horns provide an optimized balance of sidewall and tread center stiffness in a tire that delivers an excellent combination of traction, precise steering and comfort. The Viking’s large diameter front and rear brake discs with dual piston calipers on all four wheels ensure good balance

and power during braking—with or without cargo. The Viking also comes equipped with a mechanical parking disc brake. Little extras are a big deal when they help increase productivity and fun. Things like marine-grade electrical connections and wiring, a sealed maintenance-free battery, digital meter and easily accessible and serviceable foam air filter and engine are built into the Viking to help owners stay on task or trail—and out of the shop. The all-new Viking EPS and nonEPS models will be available starting this August. Standard models come in Steel Blue, Hunter Green (with sun top), Red (with sun top) and Realtree AP HD camo (with sun top). The non-EPS models start at $11,499 MSRP while the EPS models start at $12,499 MSRP. A Special Edition Tactical Black model will be available in spring 2014. Details at www.YamahaOutdoors. com.

JAY BUSBY PARTICIPATING IN THE KENTUCKY AGRICULTURAL LEADERSHIP PROGRAM

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illiam ( Jay) Busby of Fayette County, Kentucky is a member of Class X of the Kentucky Agricultural Leadership P r o g r a m (KALP). K A L P , housed in the University of Kentucky College of Agriculture, Food, and Environment is an intensive two-year program designed for young agricultural producers and agribusiness individuals from Kentucky and Tennessee who want to be on the cutting edge of decisions that affect Cont'd on pg. 117

By Anne Stewart Clark

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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Angus - The Business Breed KENTUCKY ANGUS ASSOCIATION KY Angus Association Membership Application Name:____________________________________________ Farm Name:_______________________________________ Address:__________________________________________ City:__________________State:_______ Zip:___________ Phone: Bus-_______________________________________ Res-_____________________________________________ Email:___________________________________________

Return to: Anne Clark • 777 Mills Lane • Frankfort, KY 40601 Annual Dues $35

2012-2013 KY Angus Association Officers: President: Kenley Conner ph. 270/358-8057 V. President: James Coffey ph. 859/238-0771 Sec/Tres.: Anne Clark ph. 606-782-1118 Contact Anne Clark to pay for your Kentucky Angus Association dues! 8 • EAGLE REST PLANTATION Jimmy Don Robinson 7665 Paducah Road Kevil, KY 42053 270-462-2150

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24 20 14

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4 5 1013 15 15 22 18 6 3 23 7 21 19 121 9 17

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9 • FALL CREEK ANGUS 448 Corder Farm Road Monticello, KY 42633 Ronnie Corder 606/348-6588

17 • MUD RIVER ANGUS 10 Oak Hill Drive Russellville, KY 42276 Wayne Johnson 270/303-6354 Gary Johnson 270/498/7208

1 • BEAVER CREEK BLACK ANGUS Warren Smith 1084 Hutcherson Road Glasgow, KY42141 270-678-6655 • www.beavercreekangus.com

10 • FOUR KINGS ANGUS 250 Bright Leaf Dr. Harrodsburg, KY 40330 Cary & Kim King Cary Cell - 859-613-3734 • Colby Myers - Purebred Manager

18 • OLD BARK FARM 370 Ferrill Hill, Buffalo, KY 42716 Kenley Conner 270/358-8057

2 • BOYD BEEF CATTLE 6077 Helena Road • Mays Lick, KY 41055 Charlie Boyd II 606-763-6418 Charles Boyd Sr. 606-763-6688 Fax 606-763-6343 • E-mail cboyd@maysvilleky.net

11 • GREEN OAKS FARM

19 • PLEASANT HILL FARMS Gil, Mary, Corbin, Caroline, and Catherine Cowles 500 Rockfield Richpond Road Rockfield, KY 42274 270/843-9021 • Fax 270/843-9005 Located 7 miles west of Bowling Green, 1/2 mile off Hwy 68/80

4K

Kenneth & Debbie Whitt, Owners PO Box 757 • West Liberty, KY 41472 Res. 606-743-7070 • Cell 606-495-5183 Lynn Reed, Cattle Manager Cell 606-495-6655

“Breeding Cattle Today for the Future”

Registered Angus Cattle

3 • BRANCH VIEW ANGUS 7580 Danville Pike • Hustonville, KY 40437-9404 Mr. & Mrs. J.L. Hoskins 606/346-3571 • 859-229-8210 Mr. & Mrs. Donald Coffey 606/346-2008 James S. Coffey 859/238-0771 www.branchviewangus.com Annual Production Sale- 2nd Saturday in April

12 • HAINES ANGUS FARMS 5294 Park City- Glasgow Rd. Park City, KY 42160 Kenneth Haines, Jr. 270/749-8862

20 • ANNE PATTON SCHUBERT 4040 Taylorsville Rd • Taylorsville, KY 40071 Phone: (502) 477-2663 • Fax: (502) 477-2637 Gordon Schubert, Cowboy

4 • BRIDGE VIEW ANGUS Roger, Cory, Kip & Kyle Sparrow 3264 Jones Lane Frankfort, Kentucky 40601 Cory (859) 338-5826 Kip (859) 608-7798 Ÿ Kyle (502) 330-8914

13 • HEAVENHILL Heavenhill Angus 1138 Hume- Bedford Rd. Paris, KY 40361 Geo. A. Rassenfoss, Jr. 859/987-6181 Dennis E. Rassenfoss, 859/619-5204

21 • SMITHLAND ANGUS FARM 5202 East Hwy 80, Russell Springs, KY 42642

5 • CLAIREBROOK FARMS, LLC BLUE RIDGE CATTLE PO Box 192, Carlisle, KY 40311 Paul B. Mulhollem, 859/289-7019 Chad Daugherty, 217/369-0466 Watch for our consignments in upcoming KY sales! 6 • COFFEY ANGUS FARMS 661 Hopewell Road Liberty, KY 42539 Matt Coffey - (270) 799-6288 Dewey Coffey - (606) 787-2620

14 • HERITAGE FARM Tom McGinnis 1024 Hinkle Lane • Shelbyville, KY 502-633-1634, home • 502-633-5100, work 502-655-0164, cell

7 • D&D LONGVIEW ANGUS Danny & Debbie Burris 550 Willie Nell Road Columbia, KY 42728 270-348-5766 • 270-250-3701 • 270-250-1277

116

15 • HILL VIEW FARMS Jimmy Gilles 5160 Lee Rudy Road Owensboro, KY 42301 270/686-8876 270/929-5370

DD

16 • MT. MORIAH ANGUS FARMS Bob, Kathy & Rob Clark 1446 Kennedy Bridge Rd. Harrodsburg, KY Home/Barn: 859.748.5558 Email: mtmoriahfarms@gmail.com www.mtmoriahangus.com

OLD BARK FARM

APS

Charles “Bud” & Pam Smith 270/866-3898 Henry & Melissa Smith 270/866-2311 22 • ST. CLAIR FARMS REGISTERED ANGUS Eric & Sherry St. Clair 13433 Falls of Rough Road • Falls of Rough, KY 40119 (H) 270-257-2965 (C) 270-617-1079 www.stclairangus.com 4th Annual Performance Tested Bull & Female Sale - March 5, 2013 23 • TWIN CREEK FARM Shawn, Melissa, Devin & Dylan Gibson 270/337-3072 or 270/692-5304 Dennis & Emily 270/337-2128 or 270/402-4338 Watch for us in Branch View Production Sale in April 24 • WARDLOW ANGUS RANCH Ryan & April Wardlow 58 Mullikin Ln. Bedford KY, 40006 615-207-0881 Cell 502-255-0499 Home “Using the past to think forward”

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


NEWS RELEASES Cont'd from pg. 115 agriculture, rural communities and society. The program identifies motivated and energetic people who seek to improve their leadership, management, and communication skills. Graduates then use those skills to meet the challenges facing agriculture and to enhance the quality of life in rural communities. Busby is one of the twenty-two applicants selected for Class X. The program dates back to the mid-1980s and was originally called the Philip Morris Agricultural Leadership Development Program. Currently more than 100 financial supporters, including the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund, Kentucky agribusinesses, farm organizations, program alumni and participant fees provide funding. The program consists of ten domestic seminars devoted to important agricultural issues. Sessions also focus on improving participants’ communication, leadership and management skills. Class members visit a variety of Kentucky farms and agribusinesses, Frankfort and Washington D.C., and will travel to other states and nations to explore agriculture in different settings. Busby works for Bluegrass Stockyards. He helps oversee customer relations, internet sales, CPH sales, and business development for seven stockyards in Kentucky. He also farms part time in Fayette County. His farming operation consists of stocker cattle and cow/calf pairs. He graduated with a B.S. from Eastern Kentucky University. He is a member of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association. Agriculture issues that Jay considers important are food safety and traceability, agricultural finance, and price protection. Jay’s wife, Leslie, is a Contracting Executive at Humana. They have two children.

WHAYNE SUPPLY COMPANY AWARDS CHALLENGER TRACTOR

W

hayne Supply Company, one of the nation’s oldest and largest Caterpillar dealerships,

company also remains committed to top quality customer service and prides itself in playing a major role as good corporate citizen in all of the communities it serves. For more information about Whayne Supply Company’s products and services, please call 1-800-494-2963 or visit www. whayne.com.

Whayne Supply Company awarded Scott Lowe, Murray, KY a Challenger tractor after he was selected KY Young Farmers Association Member of the Year contest. is proud to present Murray, KY farmer, Scott Lowe, with a new 240 engine horsepower and 205 PTO MT645D Challenger Wheel Tractor, complete with 200 free hours usage throughout the year. The tractor is a result of Lowe’s honor as the winner of the 2013 Kentucky Young Famers Association Member of the Year Contest. The Challenger Wheel Tractor is provided by the AG Division of Whayne Supply Company and was presented to Lowe at the recently held KYFA State Convention. The Kentucky Young Farmers Association is a leadership development organization for adults enrolled in young farmer classes. The Association is sponsored by the KY Community and Technical College System. Lowe won the top spot based on his outstanding farming and AG related operations, and participation in Young Farmer and other leadership activities. The honor is the highest award given by the Association, Headquartered in Louisville, KY, Whayne Supply Company is consistently ranked as one of the top Caterpillar dealerships in the country. Whayne also represents a variety of other major equipment lines and maintains extensive parts inventory and service capabilities. Today, as it always has throughout its history, Whayne continues to serve the needs of the construction, mining, agriculture, and industrial markets. The

EFFECTS OF COMMINGLING BEEF CATTLE

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ommingling beef cattle or mixing cattle from multiple sources is a common practice among producers today. However, it does pose some potential cattle health risks, like bovine respiratory disease (BRD), which continues to cause severe economic loss for producers.1 A study showed that when calves are commingled from various sources and transported to different locations, it can result in varying periods of stress, nutritional deficiencies and exposure to infectious agents, 2 all of which can rob producers of profits and ultimately affect their bottom line. The following are management strategies for producers to help decrease the risks of commingling and protect economic returns. Consider a preconditioning program The management of cattle prior to transport or arrival at feedyards plays an important role in their overall health and performance. 3 In a study conducted at Oklahoma State University they were measuring average daily gain and suggested ranch calves that were weaned, transported and commingled potentially endured a greater amount of stress compared to ranch calves that were preconditioned, transported and commingled.2 “Preconditioning programs, such as the MERIAL® SUREHEALTH® Calf Preconditioning Program, are a great way for cattle producers and feeders to extract more profit from a calf crop,” says Marc Campbell, DVM, veterinary technical services, Merial. “Preconditioning programs are designed

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

to help reduce stress for calves at weaning and also improve their immune systems by deworming and getting rid of suppressive effects of worms, which helps them to perform better postweaning.4 Plus, the SUREHEALTH Limited Health Warranty takes away some of the potential risk for feeders.” The MERIAL SUREHEALTH Calf Preconditioning Program is the only nationwide, veterinariancertified preconditioning program. SUREHEALTH protocols include parasite control with an IVOMEC® (ivermectin) Brand Product; two rounds of vaccinations; a Pasteurella vaccination with RESPISHIELD® HM; a 45-day weaning period; and other best management practices, such as castration and dehorning. “The great thing about the SUREHEALTH Program is that many producers likely already meet most of the protocols for certification,” Dr. Campbell says. “By making a few adjustments and taking advantage of the program, they can improve the marketability of their calves and their profit margins.” Dr. Campbell adds that another management strategy producers should consider to minimize the effects of commingling is prevention. Use precautionary measures “The causes of BRD are numerous and complex, and stress is considered a critical component,” 1 Dr. Campbell says. “The majority of deaths due to BRD occur shortly after arrival to the feedlot or within the first 45 days.”5,6 Producers receiving cattle from various locations can reduce the likelihood of their cattle developing BRD by treating cattle upon arrival with a rapid response antimicrobial like ZACTRAN® (gamithromycin) from Merial. In a 10-day BRD control study, ZACTRAN controlled BRD in the majority of lightweight, longhaul, high-risk cattle for the duration of the study.7 Dr. Campbell adds that producers should work with their veterinarian to find a treatment program that best fits their operation. For more information, please see www. merial.com. 117


Roy, Jessica and Cooper Canada 600 Cumberland Drive • Morehead, KY 40351 859-227-7323 rac racekannon@hotmail.com

Swain Select Simmental 12113 Green Valley Dr. • Louisville, KY 40243 frederickswain@bellsouth.net • www.swainselect.com Fred & Phyllis 502-245-3866 502-599-4560

Chi & Angie 502-477-9727 502-287-2116

Kentucky Simmental Officers

Judy and Rondal Dawson 1156 Buzzard Roost Road Shelbyville, KY 40065 502-593-5136 jrdawson@shelbybb.net

“UNBELIEVABULL SIMMENTALS”

Kentucky Simmental Officers President: Derek Tingle 502-845-2589 Vice Pres: Johnny Moore 270-434-4616 Secretary: Tonya Phillips 606-584-2579

KENTUCKY SIMMENTAL ASSOCIATION Call or visit one of these Simmental breeders for cattle that work! www.kentuckysimmental.com • Send application to: Tonya Phillips, 102 Burgess Ct., Georgetown, KY 40324 • Membership Fee is $25.00

MEMBERSHIP APPLICATION NAME ____________________________________ FARM NAME________________________________________________ ADDRESS______________________________________________CITY_________________STATE_________ ZIP______

Graves Grandview Simmental Farm Timothy Graves 560 Rudd Lane Springfield, KY 40069 (859) 481-3954 • gravesconstru353@bellsouth.net

Wayward Hill Farm

1939 Huntertown Road Versailles, KY 40383 Chris Allen Bulls for Sale Dr. Henry Allen 859-351-4486 859-229-0755 callenuky@hotmail.com

PHONE (BUSINESS)_______________________________ (HOME)___________________________________________

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Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


CPH-45

CPH Report KEVIN LAURENT UK EXTENSION ASSOCIATE ANIMAL SCIENCES

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he CPH Report expands the analysis of CPH-45 sales by calculating the net added returns per head for all sales on all classes of cattle across the state. Each month, we examine the results from the previous monthâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s sales using actual prices and costs to determine profitability for those producers participating in CPH-45 sales. This report summarizes the CPH-45 sales held in Guthrie - June 24 and Lexington - July 10.

Column Descriptions Weaning Weight - represents the payweight of the cattle at the time of weaning. Sex - sex of the calf. Wean Avg. Price - the average price of calves in that weight category as reported on the KDA Market Reports approximately 50 days prior to the CPH sale ($/cwt). CPH Weight - the payweight at the CPH sale assuming an average daily gain of 2.6 lbs/day. CPH Price - the average price of calves in that weight range at the CPH sale held on the date listed ($/cwt). State Avg. - the average price of calves in that weight category as reported on the KDA Market Reports the same week as the CPH sale ($/ cwt). CPH vs State Avg. Price-the difference in $/cwt between the CPH price and the state average price. Cost of Gain - the cost of gain using average feed prices (bulk feed3 ton minimum) for the dates listed. Rations are formulated for 2.8 lbs. of average daily gain. An additional 10% was added to calculate heifer cost of gain.

Estimated Net Added Returns - the net returns per head to labor, management and capital after feed, vet/tag($15.00), mineral ($3.75), commission (3% & $2/

head), mortality (0.5%) and interest (6.0%) expenses. For more information on how these figures were calculated or to look at all sales, visit the CPH-45 website at

www.cph45.com/ If you are interested in selling in a CPH-45 sale, contact your local County Extension Agent for Agriculture and Natural Resources.

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association

119


Kentucky Hereford Association KHA Invites any Hereford Breeder to Become a Member! Dues are $25. Send to 2396 Union City Rd. Richmond, KY 40475

KY State Fair Hereford Show • August 24, 2013 @ 8:00 AM Kentucky Fair and Expo Center • Louisville, KY

KY Hereford Autumn Purebred & Hereford Influenced Sale November 23, 2013 • Chenault Agricultural Center • Mt Sterling, KY Entry forms will be available soon.

KHA Officers President: Tony Staples Secretary/ Treasurer: Earlene Thomas 859-623-5734 Elm Tree Farm, LLC thomasep@roadrunner.com Jody Huckabay Visit our website at 566 Hume-Bedford Road • Paris, P i KY 40361 6 61 Office: (859) 987-4856 • Cell: (859) 983-2272 www.kentuckyhereford.org info@elmtreefarmky.com • www.elmtreefarmky.com

Polled Hereford and Gelbvieh Cattle 3459 KY Hwy. 1284 E. Cythiana, KY 41031 (859) 234-6956 Ben, Jane, Shelby and Lincoln

------- M -------

Masters Herefords 383 Walker Parke Road Richmond, KY 40475 Frenus & Donna Masters Home: 859-623-3077 • Cell 859-582-7487

Underwood Farms Registered Polled Herefords VitaFerm Dealer Doug & Darrelyn Underwood 1883 Old Mac Road • Campbellsville, KY 42718

(270) 789-7788

Thomas Farm

Eric & Ronnie Thomas 2396 Union City Rd. Richmond, KY 40475 (859) 623-5734 • Eric’s Cell (859) 314-8256 “Cattle for sale at all times”

Boyd Beef Cattle 5754 US 62 • Mayslick, KY 41055 606-763-6688 • 763-6497 • 763-6418 Annual Bull Sale second Saturday in March Hereford and Angus Bulls

WOLF FARM

TK4 Herefords

Tim & Peggy Wolf 12939 Peach Grove Rd. Alexandria, KY 41001

Tony & Kathy Staples 2880 Fairgrounds Rd. Brandenburg, KY 40108 270-422-4220 tstaples@bbtel.com

Registered Polled Herefords Bulls & Females for sale

Wells Farm

ROSECREST FARM

Polled Herefords 439 Flatwoods Frozen Camp Road • Corbin, KY 40701 Kevin, Angela, Bobby & Brenda Wells Kenlea & Kyler Murray 606-523-0569 - Home 606-528-1691 - Home 606-344-0417 - Cell 606-682-8143 - Cell wells_farm@yahoo.com

1276 Winchester Road Paris, KY 40361 H. Charles Miller Office: 859-987-7500 Cell 859-953-1125

MPH Farms

WCN Polled Herefords Since 1961

Registered Polled Herefords Monty G. Hancock 7300 KY 56 Owensboro, KY 42301 270-771-4118

Paul L. Hankcock 8559 KY 56 O wensboro, KY 42301 270-771-4194

Chambliss Hereford Farms Brad, Carla, Clay and Clint Chambliss 916 Winchester Blvd. • Elizabethtown, KY 42701 Home (270) 982-3905 • Cell (270) 668-7126 fax 270-735-9922 www.chamblissherefordfarms.com

Pile Stock Farm

Registered Polled Herefords

Hansell Pile, Jr. & Hans Branham 12045 St. John Rd. Cecilia, KY 42724 Phone (270) 862-4462 Highway 1357 or St. John Rd. - 12 miles West of Elizabethtown or Leave KY. 86 at Howevalley Go North 2 miles

Bill & Libby Norris 2220 Celina Road Burkesville, KY 42717 Phone (270) 433-7256 Cell (270) 433-1525 “Every calf needs a white face”

Sweet T Farm

Pete & Gayla Szak 1040 Hick Hardy Rd. Cynthiana, KY (859) 484-2265

Bulls • Heifers • Show Calves

TS

TS TS Tucker Stock Farms F F

F

“Registered Angus and Polled Herefords”

John Tucker II 1790 Hidden Valley Lane Hudson, KY 40145 270-617-0301 “Bulls always for Sale”

Peyton’s Well Polled Herefords The Lowell Atwood Family 133 Edgewood Drive Stanford, KY (606) 365-2520 home/fax (606) 669-1455 cell

Victor- influenced cattle bred for performance on grass.

Windy Hills Farm “Breeding Polled Herefords for over 58 Years” Breeding cattle for sale at all times. 1999 Walnut Hill Rd. • Lexington, KY 40515 (859) 271-9086 • cell (859)533-3790

Popplewell’s Herefords

BBL Beef

“Black cows need a good Hereford Bull”

BECKLEY HEREFORDS L.W. Beckley D.V.M L. Wayne Beckley 284 Pyrse Lane 1420 Fitchburg Rd. Irvine, KY 40336 Ravenna, KY 40472 Cell: 859-779-1419 Home: 606-723-3021 Clinic: 606-726-0000 Cell: 859-779-0962 www.beckleyherefords.com

120

LINEBRED VICTOR DOMINO CATTLE

Jackie D. Perkins II 367 Mt. Pisgah Rd. • Bremen, KY 42325 270-525-6533 Breeding to produce good cows since 1981.

Registered Hereford & Angus Farm

Service Age Bulls Open and Bred Females For Sale Vince, Tracy & Alex Home (270) 866-4480 1526 Clearfork Rd. Cell (270) 566-1852 Russell Springs, KY 42642

Raising Polled Hereford for over 50 Years Sarah & Bo Layne 866 Capitol Hill Rd. • Fountain Run, KY 42133

270-670-4287 bblayne@scrtc.com

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Multi-Trait Multi-Trait Selection Selection

Danny Miller

www.jmsvictordomino.com 270-465-6984 • 270-566-2694

Old Fall Creek Farms AHA & KHA member • Proven bloodlines Private treaty sales • Visitors always welcome 1874 Old Fall Creek Road • Monticello, KY 42633

Reed Bertram 606-348-7486 David Bertram 606-278-3630 www.ofcfarms.com


NEWS RELEASES

KY JUNIOR CATTLEMEN BRINGS HOME NATIONAL CHAMPION.

T

he 2013, National Fullblood Limousin Junior and Open Shows was held at the Oklahoma Expo Center on June 8 and 9th in Shawnee, Oklahoma. Judge was Gardiner Smith of Shelbyville, Tennessee, formerly of Eastfield Limousin, EAFF brand.

Junior Show:

Carter Haynes of Bowling Green, KY won the Grand Champion Fullblood Limousin Female Junior Division with ACHH Maid In USA 1165Z a 3-3-12 daughter of Posthaven P Urban Cowboy out of ENGD Wild Storm 911W, owned by A C H Holdings, LLC. Carter Haynes also exhibited the 2013 Fullblood Junior National Reserve Grand Champion Bull with ACHH “Topper” 1137Z, DOB 10-112, Dam was Miss Fan Fan 17U, and the Sire SVL Polled Impact 516U.

In the Open Show, C a r t e r won the Division III Champion Female with ACHH Maid In USA 1164Z which is a full embryo sister to the Junior Grand Champion ACHH 1165Z who was also awarded the PEOPLES CHOICE AWARD on June 9th. Carter Haynes is the son of Stephen and Emily Haynes of Bowling Green, Kentucky and are the owners of A C H Holdings, LLC and Haynes Family Farms, which raises registered Fullblood and Purebred Limousin on their farms in Warren, Grayson and Edmonson counties.

Top left: Grand Champion Female and People's Chocie award. Top right: Grand Champion Fullblood Limousin Female Junior Division winner. Bottom right: 2013 Fullblood Junior National Reserve Grand Champion Bull

KENTUCKY GELBVIEH ASSOCIATION Gentle-G Farms

Clifford Farms

Annville, Kentucky

Mike Moore 606-438-3261 Gelbvieh heifers and bulls for sale from some of the leading A.I. sires.

DYER FARMS 2050 Glasgow Road Burkesville, KY 42717 270-864-5909 or 270-864-3310 Bulls- Heifers Available- Black/ Gold Brian- Hall- Barnie- Barry Registered Gelbvieh Craig, Tammy, Tyler & Kolt Bitzer Shelbyville, KY 502-829-9264

Pleasant Meadows Farm Ple Gary, Pat & Carrie Ann Tilghman Daniel, Lindsey & Clayton Jones 690 Lick Branch Road Glasgow, KY 42141 270.678.5695 Ÿ pleasantmeadowfarm@hotmail.com

JM GELBVIEHS Purebred & Percentage Gelbvieh Cattle

Jimmy & Nicholas Marcum Paint Lick, Kentucky 40461 859/925-4159 • 859/582-6180

Cattle for Sale at all times.

3459 Ky Hwy 1284E Cynthiana, KY 41031 Since 1937

859.234.6956 Black & Gold Gelbviehs

Bray’s Gelbvieh 1568 Bray Ridge Road Bedford, Kentucky 40006 Phone: 502.255.3584 Full Circle Farms

Registered Gelbvieh Cattle Brad Burke 989 Metcalf Mill Rd. • Ewing, KY 41039 (H) 606-267-5609 • (C) 606-782-1367 gbb789@windstream.net

Kilbourne Gelbvieh East Bernstadt, KY 606-843-6583 cell 606-309-4662 Black Replacement Heifers & Bulls Availble Embryo transplant & AI sired calves

Double-Doc Farm Gelbvieh Cattle Darrell, Beth, Justin & Jessica Johnson 50 Tar Lick Road • Parksville, KY 40464 Farm- (859) 332-2270 Cell- (859) 583-5655 doctorj212@att.net

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Bar IV Livestock Barry, Beth & Ben Racke • Brad Racke 7416 Tippenhauer Rd. • Cold Spring, KY 41076 Phone (859) 635-3832 • Barry cell (859) 991-1992 Brad cell (859) 393-3677 • Ben cell (859) 393-3730 Fax (859) 635-3832 • bar4@insightbb.com

Bee Lick Gelbviehs Eddie Reynolds 277 Old Bee Lick Rd. Crab Orchard, KY 40419 606-379-2281(H) 606-305-1972(C) Bulls & Females for sale

Mockingbird Hill Farm (270) 934-2198 Shane & Felicia Wells Registered Gelbvieh Cattle 10072 Provo Road

Rochester, KY 42273

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For a directory of our members contact: Kentucky Charolais Association: 4430 Bloomfield Rd Bardstown, KY 40004

*Fall 2010 Charolais National Cattle Evaluation

Kentucky Charolais Association Contact Rob Amburgey, KCA President for further information at 859-885-7883

Harris Charolais Farm

Adrian & Conda Harris 577 Sims Pike Ÿ Georgetown, KY 40324 Office: 507-867-9966 Cell: 859-983-1804

Show Prospects Available!

Masters Charolais Farm Charlie & Rose Ann Masters 3850 Helena Road Mayslick, KY 41055 (606) 849-4969

1442 Lillies Ferry Road Winchester, KY 40391 (859) 744-8909 CHISM JOHN • MARSHA • WES • NICK

S & K Farms Charolais

Steve Kelly

Jan Kelly

Shanna Kelly

Kyle Kelly

1250 New Liberty Turnpike • New Liberty, KY 40355 Phone (502) 463-2935 • Cell (502) 750-1552 email: kellyswayne@bellsouth.net

Kemper Charolais Farms Bob Kemper 502-641-4211

2000 Hwy. 127 N Owenton, KY 40359

Floyd’s Charolais 2039 Nina Ridge Road Lancaster, KY 40444 Home (859)792-2956 • Cell(859)339-2653 floydj@windstream.net

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Hayden Farm 4430 Bloomfield Rd. Bardstown, KY 40004 James Hayden

Red River Valley Farm

Jimmy & Linda Evans 960 Vallandingham Road Dry Ridge, KY 41035 859/ 428-2740

Home: Office: Mobile: 502-349-0128 502-349-0005 502-507-4984 jhayden@haydensteel.com

Amburgey Charolais Farm Polled Breeding Since 1966 Robert Amburgey, Jr. 3171 Camargo Rd. • Mt. Sterling, KY 40353 859/ 498-2764 (Home) 859/ 404-3751 (Mobile)

Lee & Candy Sullivan Paris, KY candy@sullivancharolais.com

Cox Charolais

1194 Smith Ridge Road • Campbellsville, KY 42718 270-465-7584 (H) 270-403-4562 Bulls & Select Heifers for Sale

Montgomery Charolais Darby Montgomery 36 Thompson Road • Lancaster, KY 40444 (859) 339-3922 BULLS FOR SALE

859-338-0170

Quality Charolais Cattle in the Heart of the Bluegrass

Allison Charolais John Allison 545 Eminence Road New Castle, KY 40050

502-845-2806 502-220-3170

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Bulls & Heifers For Sale at the Farm


CATTLE MANAGEMENT CALENDAR

A spirit of cooperation personified The Pennyrile Area Certified Preconditioned for Health (CPH) feeder calf sale was being held at the Kentucky-Tennessee Livestock Market in Guthrie, Kentucky (just ----------------outside of Clarksville, TN) and University of Kentucky provided an excellent opportunity Extension Beef Specialist for cooperation across the state line. Several agents and specialists of both he Cooperative Extension universities met to explore the possibility Service “extends” the efforts of of expanding the sale to attract more the land grant college systems farmers and buyers and expand our to our clientele – frequently across efforts. The key, no doubt, to the success state lines. This spirit of cooperative, of this effort was John Bartee, because coupled with a “can do” attitude has of his “stature” in the area. John was a been exemplified to me for the past man of conviction, ability and few words. several years by the Extension Agent in After some discussion, he said simply Montgomery County, Tennessee – Mr. “Let’s do it” … and we did. That effort was expanded to include John Bartee. Since John’s untimely certified heifer replacement sales to passing yesterday (as I write this), I can’t benefit cattlemen in both states, too. help but reflect on the man and several John (from UT) and Kevin Laurent joint beef projects in which Kentucky (UK) worked tirelessly to make the and Tennessee cooperated successfully.

Dr. Roy Burris

T

program a success for both states … and it is. Dr. Lehmkuhler, Dr. Johns, Blair Knight and I worked closely with John for several years on the Mid-South Stocker Conference – which is the result of a lot of collaboration between agents, specialists and industry representatives from both states. This has been a very successful educational program for Mid-South stocker producers due in large-part to John Bartee’s efforts and attitude. There were several times when we, as a group, were stuck on how to get something done and, after some discussion, John would say simply “I’ll take care of it” … and he did. Dr. Warren Gill of UT (now Middle Tennessee State University) worked on an IFAFS grant with myself, and several others, to survey the sulfur levels in fescue and copper levels in beef cattle. Sulfur was found to be at

antagonistic levels (greater than 0.35%) in much of the fescue pastures while deficiencies in copper were apparent in cattle in Tennessee and Kentucky. John personally saw to it that his area of the state was represented in the study and then worked tirelessly to get farmers to use better mineral supplements for their cow herds … and they did. John Bartee exemplified the best of the Cooperative Extension Service and the spirit of cooperation amongst states. He will be missed by a lot of people – not only in Tennessee, but in Kentucky, too. We have a lot of men and women in agriculture in Kentucky and Tennessee who dedicate their lives to the agricultural community. I salute all of you. I am just sad now that there is one less. Cont'd on pg. 126

SOUTHEAST FEEDER CATTLE PRICES 19 July 2013 STEER

wts.

HEIFER AL

AR

FL

GA

LA/MS

KY/TN

AL

AR

FL

GA

LA/MS

KY/TN

8-9

126-130

126-130

124-128

125-129

125-129

130-134

121-125

121-125

120-124

121-125

118-122

121-125

7-8

135-139

135-139

132-132

133-137

130-134

136-140

130-135 121-125

128-133 129-136

129-134 122-129

130-135 123-130

122-127 133-140

129-134 123-130

6-7

140-145

140-145

138-143

139-144

133-138

139-144

130-137

130-137

129-136

130-137

125-132

131-138

5-6

138-145

140-147

137-144

138-145

133-140

138-145

128-138

134-144

127-137

128-138

130-140

130-140

4-5

140-150

146-156

139-149

140-150

135-145

143-153

135-145

142-152

134-144

135-145

133-143

134-144

3-4

155-165

172-182

153-163

154-164

155-165

152-162

COWS

MONTHLY MARKET BEEF UPDATE!

wts.

AL

AR

FL

GA

LA/MS

KY/TN

UTIL

75-85

76-86

73-83

74-84

72-82

75-85

CN/CUT

73-78

74-84

68-78

69-79

67-77

73-83

BULLS

93-103

92-102

95-103

96-104

90-100

94-104

Feeder cattle were $2 - $5 higher this week. Calves ranged from steady to $5 higher. Market cows were steady to $1 lower. — Troy Applehans

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

123


CALENDAR OF EVENTS

Scholarships & Awards August 1 KCA Hall of Fame applications due, Details on pg. 105

General

August 3 Eden Shale Field Day & Open House, Owenton, KY, Details on pg. 107 August 10 Princeton Research Farm Tour August 21-22 Kentucky Grazing School, Woodford County, Details on pg. 25 September 5 CPC Fall Field Day, See ad on pg. 103 September 14-15 YPC Barren & Warren County Tour, Lucas, KY, More details on pg. 78 September 28-29 KJCA Fall Classic, Details on pg. 73 October 10 KY Grazing Conference, Lexington, KY Details on pg. 22 October 30 Governor's Office of Ag Policy Conference, See ad on pg. 99

Angus

September 14, CKAA Ladies Day Sale, Danville, KY September 21 D & D Longview Angus & Guests Consignor Sale, Columbia, KY, See ad on pg. 88

ADVERTISERS INDEX ADM Alliance Nutrition AgriLabs AmeriAg American Angus Assn. Arnett's Trailer Sale Bevins Bischoff Enterprises LLC Blitz Builders Blue Ridge Cattle Boyd Beef Cattle Breeders Supply & Equipment Burkmann Feeds

124

126 49 51 91 38 8 95 44 111 42 57 36

September 28 Boyd Beef Cattle Production Sale, Mayslick, KY September 29 Green Oaks Farm Production Sale, West Liberty, KY See ad on pg. 5 October 21 Champion Hill Fall Production Sale, Bidwell, OH, See ad on pg. 14 October 26 Fall Festival Sale, Shelbyville, KY October 28 Stone Gate Farms Annual Fall Sale, Flemingsburg, KY, See ad on pg. 25 November 2 CKAA Fall Heifer Sale, Danville, KY December 6 Bluegrass Invitational Angus Female Sale, Chenault Ag Center, Mt. Sterling, KY, See ad on pg. 111

October 26 Debter Hereford Bull Sale, Horton, AL, See ad on pg. 68 Nov. 8 & 9 Grandview/CMR Herefords Dispersal Sale, Como, MS Nov. 23 KY Hereford Autumn Purebred & Hereford Influenced Sale, Mt. Sterling, KY, Details on pg.

Limousin

August 31 Massey Limousin Annual Fall Sale, London, KY, See ad on pg. 39 September 28 Englewood Farms Mature Cowherd Dispersal, Lancaster, KY, See ad on pg. 65

Multi-Breed

August 31 Boyd Beef Cattle The "Breeders Cup" Sale, Mayslick, KY, See ad on pg. 42 August 31 The Southern Circle Polled Hereford Sale, Martin, TN, See ad on pg 110

August 15 Select Commercial Female Sale, Staunton, VA, See ad on pg. 90 September 21 East KY Replacement Bred Heifer Sale, Lee City Stockyards, See ad on pg. 57 September 21 Seedstock Plus Showcase Sale VIII , Kingsville, MO, See ad on pg. 53 October 19 Seedstock Plus Fall Bull Sale, Carthage, MO, See ad on pg. 53 October 21 Gateway Regional Bred Heifer Sale, Mt. Sterling, KY, See ad on pg. 76

Cargill Animal Nutrition 59 Caudill Seed 48 Central Farm Supply 43,76 & 83 Central Kentucky Ag Credit 128 Central KY Premier Heifer Sale 27 Champion Hill 14 Clements Ag Supply 54 Connections Marketing 115 Country Home Products/ Dr Power Equipment 15 COWCO 112 Cowherd Equipment 99 CPC Commidities 103 CPH 45 97 D&D Longview Angus 88 Debtor Hereford Farm 68

Dievert Sales Service 57 DigiStar 67 East KY Heifer Sale 57 Ellegood Farm Products 36 Englewood Farm 64, 65 Gallllagher 34 Gateway Regional Bred Heifer Sale 76 Gold Standard Labs 11 Governor's Office of Ag Policy 99 GrassWorks Weed Wiper 101 Green Oaks Farm 5 Gro-Tec Inc 10 Hayes Trailer Sales 84 Hinton Mills 19 Hopewell Farms 24

Gelbvieh

October 5 J&D Kerstiens Gelbvieh Cream of the Crop Fall Bull Sale, Huntingburg, IN, See ad on pg. 85

Hereford

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association

( Call 859-278-0899

to get your sale date listed in the Cow Country News

Calendar of Events! Read by over 9,000 Kentucky Cattlemen each month! October 26 6th Annual Commercial Bred Heifer Sale, Rural Retreat, VA, See ad on pg. 50 November 2 Central KY Premier Heifer Sale, Lebanon, KY, See ad on pg. 27

Simmental

September 21 KenCo Family Matters Simmental Production Sale, Sunset View Sale Facility, Auburn, KY

IDEXX Laboratories IMMVAC J & D Kerstiens Keeney Angus Kentucky Hoop Barns Kubota Kuhn KY Angus KY Charolais KY Gelbvieh KY Hereford KY Limousin Breeders Assoc. KY Salers KY Simmental Lawson Tractor & Implement LG Seeds

112 37 85 84 89 35 45 116 122 121 120 102 113 118 46 67


Cow Country Classifieds To place a Classified call 859/278-0899

Moore’s Meat Processing Plant Since 1977 • Complete on the farm slaughtering. • Custom cutting, wrapping and freezing. 380 Crossfield Drive Versailles, KY 40383

859-873-7004 “34 Years in the Business” PERFORMANCE TESTED PUREBRED ANGUS BULLS FOR SALE Call 270/202-7186 for more info or check out www.oakhollowangus.com for current availability. ANGUS & CHAROLAIS BULLS Compliance quality Angus & Charolais bulls for lease. $350. $100 pasture walk. McCrory Farms, Benton, KY 270-527-3767 FOR SALE Fall yearling Polled Hereford bulls Good selection. Low birthweight, medium frame. JMS Polled Herefords, Knifley, KY 270-465-6984

BRANGUS BULLS Service age, Steiner Ranch Bloodlines. Passed BSE, July 1 Weight 1400 lbs. Graystone Farms, New Castle, KY 859.619.8001

PREMIUM ANGUS BULLS FOR SALE All AI Sired. Call for appointment. Somerset, KY. 606-622-6327

Mac Jarboe 77 Maple Creek Livestock Services 4 Massey Limousin 39 McBurney Livestock 40- 41 Merck Animal Health 28-29 Merial 20-21 Mid South Ag 24 MidSouth Cattle Sales 25 Millers Run Farm 88 Miraco 81 Montgomery Tractor Sales 50

FOR ADDED VALUE Get the BEST no-till FORAGE DRILL (6” spacing $843/row) or HAY MOWER, (only 5 moving parts, no gearbox) at the BEST price. Tigerco Distributing 800-432-4020 www.aitchisonco.nz www.tigercoinc.com EMPLOYEE WANTED

$15 for 4 lines and $5 for each additional line Concrete Materials Company

Since 1931 • Concrete Feed Troughs • 350 Gallon Water Tanks • 12’ & 16’ Cattle Guards • Concrete Storm Shelters • Septic Tanks & Cisterns Located in Richmond, Danville and Ravenna

(859) 623-4238

CMC

On a diversified family farm (cattle, swine and row crops) in south central Kentucky. Duties include farm machinery operator, farm machinery maintenance, crop production, and livestock management. Housing and benefits are available. Email resume to mail@redhillfarms.net

BUY EARLY FOR FALL For sale. Breeding Age Hereford Bulls. Eric Thomas, Richmond, KY 859-314-8256 BORDER COLLIES Registered Border Collie puppies ready early August. Parents trained on cattle. Up-to-date on shots & deworming. $200 270-585-1824 Dave Rings

SORTING POLES-PADDLES-FLAGS Poles with your 8" decal $5.20 each per 100. Sorting flags, $10.25. Sorting paddles $9. Kerndt Livestock Products 800-207-3115 ANGUS BULLS For sale or lease. Registered and Commercial. Great genetics. Rand Angus Farm 502-268-5875 or cell 502639-4085 CALL TODAY TO PLACE YOUR AD Call and ask for Leanna or Carey to place your classified for as little at $15!

BLACK HEIFER CALVES Total of (7) - 12 month old Black heifer calves. Roughly 500 -850 lbs. 3/$2,000 or $700/ piece. Please call 502-370-8168. Stamping Ground, KY SALERS Performance tested Purebred and Optimizers. Bulls and Females For Sale at Willis Farms 502-604-0821 or 502-803-5011 Redbone CALL 859-278-0899 TO PLACE YOUR AD TODAY!

Neat Steel Newport Laboratories No Bull Oak Hollow Angus Oregro Seed Paris Stockyards PLP AgSystems Purina Mills Red Brand Fencing Seedstock Plus Select Commercial Female Sale

13 55 26 7 23 4 17 75 71 53 90

Smart Vet 49 Smoky Mtn Cattle 110 Southern Circle Polled Hereford Sale 110 Southern States 26,69 Stone Gate Farms 25 Sutherland Shorthorns 89 Tarter Gate 127 The Cattle Range 123 Thorn Valley Angus 56 Thrive Green 27

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

For Sale: 25 Registered Angus Heifers 7-9 M.O. Sires include: Poss Total Impact (#15885405) Connealy Impression (#15543702) Connealy Final Product (#15848422) rdda Big Rig 2461R of SCC (#15261868) GAR MC Total J6002 (#15514790) Avg. weight 650 lbs. $1,400 each if Buyer takes all. Call Charlie Simpson Ÿ Edmond, OK (405) 210-6933 or (405) 478-8047

LEITCHFIELD TRUCK & TRAILER

800-718-0326 Livestock Trailers Flat & Equipment Trailers Lime/Fertilizer/Litter Spreaders Financing Available

www.leitchfieldtrailers.com COONHOUND PUPS FOR SALE Excellent bloodlines. Lincoln County 606-282-8323 or 606-355-7093 ANGUS COWS & HEIFERS Bred to calve in September. Preg Checked. Mud River Angus Farm 270-303-6354 or 270-726-7896

Top of the Crop Heifer Sale Tru Test Turner Seed Walco Farms Walters Buildings Wax Company Whayne Supply Wire Fence Stapler Wm. E. Fagaly & Son

38 87 33,63 8 52 2 3 32 12

125


CATTLE MANAGEMENT CALENDAR Cont’d from pg. 123

Timely Tips for August Spring-Calving Cow Herd • Bulls should have been removed from the cow herd by now! They should be pastured away from the cow herd with a good fence and allowed to regain lost weight and condition. It is a good time to evaluate physical condition, especially feet and legs. Bulls can be given medical attention and still have plenty of time to recover, e.g., corns, abscesses, split hooves, etc. Don’t keep trying to get open spring cows bred – move them to fall calving. • Fescue pastures are not likely to produce much this month. Provide emergency feed such as a neighbor’s idle pasture, summer annuals or hay. Keep rotating pastures to permit calves to continue gaining weight. Keep minerals available at all times.

126

• Repair and improve corrals for fall working and weaning. Consider having an area to wean calves and retain ownership for postweaning feeding rather than selling “green”, lightweight calves. Plan to participate in CPH-45 feeder calf sales in your area.

- record book - eartags for identification - iodine solution for newborn calf ’s navel - calf puller - castration equipment

Fall-Calving Cow Herd

• Provide shade and water! Cattle will need shade during the hot part of the day. Check water supply frequently – as much as 20 gallons may be required by high producing cows in very hot weather. • Avoid working cattle when temperatures are extremely high – especially those grazing highendophyte fescue. If cattle must be handled, do so in the early morning. • Keep a good mineral mix available at all times. The UK Beef IRM Basic Cow-Calf mineral is a good choice. • Do not give up on fly control in

• Dry cows should be moved to better pastures as calving time approaches. Cows should start calving next month. Yearling heifers may begin “headstart” calving later this month. Plan to move cows to stockpiled fescue for the breeding season, so it will soon be time to apply nitrogen fertilizer. • Prepare for the fall-calving season (usually September). Get ready, be sure you have the following:

General

Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

late summer, especially if fly numbers are greater than about 50 flies per animal. You can use a different “type” of spray or pour-on to kill any resistant flies at the end of fly season. • Cattle may also be more prone to eat poisonous plants during periods of extreme temperature stress. They will stay in “wooded” areas and browse on plants that they would not normally consume. Consider putting a roll of hay in these areas and/or spraying plants like purple (perilla) mint which can be toxic. • Take soil samples to determine pasture fertility needs. Fertilize as needed, this fall. • Select pastures for stockpiling. Remove cattle and apply nitrogen when moisture conditions are favorable. Stockpiled fescues can be especially beneficial for fall-calving cows after calving.


Cow Country News, August 2013, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association

127


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