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Cow CountryNews Cattlemen’s Association

Issue Highlights Cave Spring Farm: A Lesson in Heritage - pg. 42-47 Pasture Management - pg. 50-53 Kentucky Dawgs Bite into the Local Food Market - pg. 62 Kentucky State Fair - pg. 70-73

August 2017

Ky Cattlemen’s Assoc. 176 Pasadena Drive Lexington, KY 40503


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Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


e Kentucky m to s lk ta e n o e m o s “When CATTLEMEN: . .. s s ra g e ry w e n a about “Due to dry

I don’t even listen!”

“I have used Marshall ryegrass for more than 28 years. This year it proved its worth to me again. We had a dry late summer and fall, then the rain came and Marshall came on strong, which saved my operation. I know what it can do under stress and without Marshall I would be in a “world of hurt”. I know what Marshall can do under the most extreme conditions.”

G U A R A NiTEnED e

Genu

Rodney Hilley TM

Powder Creek Cattle

weather last year we had no grass to cut for hay. We planted Marshall in September and the cattle were grazing in 6-8 weeks. We rotated 60 pairs on five acres paddocks. Marshall came on so strong that we didn't have to feed hay. Later we cut and rolled seven rolls per acre. Marshall really saved us this year and works for my cattle.” Donald Russelburg Morganfield, Kentucky

“We have been using Marshall ryegrass for ten years. We have tried other ryegrasses like Prime Cut, but they just didn't compare to Marshall. Marshall is by far the best ryegrass we have tried. This year we ran 86 pairs on 56 acres for six weeks, then we cut and baled five rolls per acre with rolls weighing 1800 lbs. each. We also noticed that our beans and corn planted after Marshall have increased their yields. Marshall is our ryegrass.” Bill & Jerry Thomas Morganfield, Kentucky

Marshall... America’s #1 Ryegrass!

*

®

Turner Seed Inc. of Kentucky Winchester, Kentucky 877 350 7331 The Wax Company 888 CALL WAX *For grazing. According to university grazing studies - AL AR LA MS ©2017 The Wax Company, LLC

Seeds for Southern Soils

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

3


Table of Contents COLUMNISTS 7 8 10 12 24 38 66 91

Chuck Crutcher, Pickin’ Blackberries Ryan Quarles, Kentucky State Fair an Agricultural Highlight Dave Maples, Animal Health Products Sales Tax Being Discussed Again in Frankfort Baxter Black, Balin’ Wheat Darrell Simpson, Establishing Cool Season Perennial Grasses Dr. Michelle Arnold, Recent Vaccination Research May Improve High-Risk Stocker Health Glen Aiken, Always Ask for the Rest of the Story Roy Burris, Some Thoughts on Mineral Supplementation

FEATURE STORIES

Save the Date!

10-14-17

3rd Annual Production Sale

Dennis Craig & Randy Sparks, Owners • 859-621-4182 Sammy Ayres, Manager • 859-983-9488 2661 Clintonville Road Winchester, KY 40391 www.solidrockangus.com 4

13 14 18 20 22 28 34 36 40 42 46 48 50 52 55 56 58 62 64 68 70 72

16-17 30-31 74 76-79 80-81 82-83 87, 89 92 93

USDA Detects a Case of Atypical Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy in Alabama NCBA Signs Coalition Letter in Support of Foot and Mouth Disease Vaccine Bank NCBA Applauds Bill That would Delay New Electronic Logging Devices Mandate Livestock Producers Applaud Withdrawal of WOTUS Rule In China, Perdue Welcomes U.S. Beef Back to Market Selecting the Best Business Structure for Your Farm What Every Young Family Farmer Should Know NCBA Wraps up Summer Meeting Quality Seed: The First Step to a Successful Crop Cave Spring Farm: A Lesson in Heritage Cave Spring Farm: Building History Cattlemen Applaud Administration’s Stated Goals for Renegotiating NAFTA Pasture Management: Understanding Plant and Root Growth in the Fall Grazing Alfalfa in the Fall and Winter What is PRF? Early Weaning Benefits First Calf Cows, Calves Generational Flow: Replacing Farmers and Ranchers in the Family Farm Kentucky Dawgs bite into the local food market Nancy Kloentrup DVM: A Passion for Life on the Farm Kentucky Cattleman Attends Elite Cattle Industry Conference 2017 KY State Fair: Ready, Set, App! 2017 Gourmet Garden Stage Schedule

County News Economic & Policy Update KJCA Membership Kentucky Beef Council Kentucky Beef Network News Releases Calendar of Events - Advertisers Index Classified Section: - Classified ads

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Cover photo by Jacob Redway, KCA Staff


CENTRAL KENTUCKY ANGUS ASSOCIATION

15 th Annual Ladies Day Sale

Saturday • September

9, 2017 • 1 PM (EDT)

Central Kentucky Angus Sales Pavilion Ÿ Danville, KY

4 miles NE of Danville just off of Hwy 34 on Chenault Bridge Road and then Fork Church Road GPS Address: 2286 Fork Church Road, Lancaster, KY 40444

BF Lucy 617 Reg. No. 18697463

Featuring a 150 Head Selection of Outstanding Pedigrees, Numbers and Performance! 42 Cow/Calf Pairs • 31 Bred Cows: 19 due this fall • 12 in Spring of 2018 18 Bred Heifers and 14 Open Heifers: Foundation Female quality in this group. 2 Herd Bulls • 2 Embryos

T D Evergreen 1416 Reg. No. 18533207

Consignments Include:

Large consignments from Everett Horn (50+head) 28 from Paul Winderl • 24 from Windward Oaks 7 Heifers from Green Oaks Farm • 5 from B & K 6 lots from Joe Burton/Ridgeview SALE SPONSOR: Central Kentucky Angus Association President: Bob Clark, Harrodsburg, KY Vice President: Pete Dennen, Harrodsburg, KY Treasurer: John Goggin, Danville, KY Secretary: Joe Goggin, Danville, KY Jr Advisor: Jamie Marksbury, Buffalo, KY Past President: Tom McGinnis, Shelbyville, KY

Auctioneer: Eddie Burks

SALE DAY PHONES: 859/238-3195 or 859/583-0364

Central Kentucky Angus Association 2017-18 Calendar: September 9, 2017: Ladies Day 2017 November 11, 2017: 55th Annual Fall Heifer Sale January 27, 2018: 54th Annual Winter Sale April 21, 2018: 53rd Annual Spring Sale June 2018: 28th Annual Junior Show and Picnic Reg. No. 18697468

B F BLACKBIRD 72

Maternal granddaughter of Basin Lucy 178E.

She sells along with two embryos by RAMPAGE.

SALE MANAGER:

Tim Dievert 478 Dry Fork Road Danville, KY 40422 Office: 859-236-4591 Mobile: 859-238-3195 E-mail: tdievertdievertsales.com Logan Goggin: 859-516-3199 Details and online catalogs available at www.dievertsales.com after 8-20-17

Reg. No. 18576109

WOF XSS EVENTRESS B001 897

His service is a feature in this sale.

Werner Lucy Reg. No. 16919340

D F Blackbird 2507 Reg. No. 17286357

QUAKER HILL RAMPAGE 0A36

38th Annual Fall Cow Sale and 213th overall sale sponsored by Central Kentucky Angus Association Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

5


Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association 2017 Leadership REGION 1

KCA Regional Directors:

*Jeff Pettit, Vice President, 270-836-2963 Bobby Bell, 270-547-8547 Gary Woodall, 270-725-0819 Ricky Haynes Keith Johnson, 270-635-0723 Wayne Johnson, (270) 726-7896 Lanny Boyd, 270-889-9682 Martin Hayden, (270) 281-4076 JJ Tucker, (270) 257-8548 Dennis Wilson, 270-952-1714 Caleb Jenkin, 270-952-0767

REGION 2

KCA 2017 EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE OFFICERS: PRESIDENT

Chuck Crutcher 4364 Berrytown Rd Rineyville, KY 40162 (270) 272-6269

PRESIDENT ELECT

Bobby Foree 2440 Eminence Rd Eminence, KY 40019 (502) 845-4947

VICE PRESIDENT

Tim White 3660 Military Pike Lexington KY 40513 (859) 223-0326 1972-73 1974-77 1978-79 1980-82 1983-85 1986-87 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999

6

SECRETARY/TREASURER

KCA PROGRAM CHAIRMAN

Ken Adams 90 East Horseshoe Ave. Upton, KY 42784 (270) 734-1443

Chris Cooper 2140 Tates Creek Rd. Richmond, KY 40475 (859) 200-7711

KCA PAST PRESIDENT

KBC CHAIRMAN

David Lemaster 1859 Irvine Road Winchester, KY 40391 (859) 749-0258

Steve Dunning 8200 Antioch Road Hopkinsville, KY 42240 (270) 498-8180

KBN CHAIRMAN

Cary King 250 Bright Leaf Drive Harrodsburg, KY 40330 (859) 734-2173

KCA’s Past Presidents:

Jere Caldwell* - Boyle Smith T. Powell* - Lincoln Larry Lovell - Union John Masters* - Mason Seldon Hail* - Laurel Bob Vickery - Wayne Glenn Mackie - Bourbon Dale Lovell - Muhlenberg Steve Henshaw* - Union Jerry Fraim - Grayson Glen Massengale* - Wayne Dell King - Christian Kenneth Lowe - Warren Dr. J.L.Cole - Monroe Harvey Mitchell - Mercer Jim Naive* - Spencer Shelby Hughes - Logan Hoppy Lovell - Barren

2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016

Charles Miller - Jessamine Larry Clay - Perry Jack Kimbrough* - Shelby Mark Williams - Crittenden Paul Napier - Lincoln Eddie Young - Washington Greg Ritter* - Barren Don Pemberton - Christian Billy Glenn Turpin - Madison Scotty Parsons - Christian Corinne Kephart - Shelby Greg Robey - Mercer Mike Bach - Bath Don Reynolds - Hart Steve Downs - Marion Gary Woodall - Logan David Lemaster - Clark

*(Deceased)

*Andy Bishop Vice President, 502-275-6177 Craig Thompson, 270-590-5174 Mark Thomas, 270-723-6175 Joe Stults, 270-358-8182 Joe Mike Moore, 270-670-7493 Frank Rowland, 270-646-0882 Reva Richardson, 270-735-2959 Steve Webb, 270-646-8277 Adam Thomas, 270-991-7108 Richie Thompson, 270-678-4000 Joe Lowe, 270-202-4399 Mike Bullock, Donald Reynolds, 270-528-5239 Gerry Bowman, 270-427-6922 Phyllis Gentry, 502-549-3798 Adam Estes, (270) 528-3302

REGION 3

*Jon Bednarski, Vice President, 502-649-8706 Chris McBurney, 502-741-7088 Irvin Kupper, 502-633-6858

Dallas McCutchen, 502-255-7020 John Ellegood, 502-532-7573 Kevin Perkins, 502-269-7189 Larry Bryant, 502-845-4615 Wanda Hawkins, 502-220-2264 Jerry Oak, 502-255-7502 Phillip Douglas, 502-845-4620

REGION 4

*Jeremy Jones, 859-749-2233 Mickey Staton, 606-674-2195 Endre Fink, 859-559-7765 Doug Marshall, 859-885-3919 Bo Tate, 859-661-2325 Larry Swetnam, 859-293-5600 Jason Sandefur, 859-987-0336 Randy Warner, 859-771-5280 Curtis Absher, 859-533-9888 Clay Wills, 859-749-8248 Jason Crowe, 606-723-6062

REGION 5

*Gary Ford, Vice President, 270-402-2194 Steve Devine, 859-583-7824 Steve Downs, 270-865-2611 Brent Woodrum, 859-583-3193 Ian Thomas, 859-613-2453 Anne Bays, 615-478-8450 Larry Parman, 606-878-7516 Greg Robey, 859-734-0067 Eddie Young, 859-262-5682 Adam Chunglo, 859-613-2985 Brenda Williams, 606-669-2909 Tommy Glasscock, 270-692-4336 * Denotes member of Executive committee

Cow Country News

Volume 30 Issue 8

IS PUBLISHED MONTHLY BY THE KENTUCKY CATTLEMEN’S ASSOCIATION.

The publisher reserves the right to refuse publication of any material which he feels is unsuitable for the publication. Although the highest journalistic ethics will be maintained, the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association limits its responsibilities for any errors, inaccuracies or misprints in advertising or editorial copy. Advertisers and advertising agencies assume liability for all content of advertisements printed, and also assume responsibility for any claims arising from such advertisements made against the publisher.

KCA STAFF

176 Pasadena Drive,Lexington, KY 40503 Phone 859/278-0899 Fax 859/260-2060 Web Site: www.kycattle.org or kybeef.com E-Mail: info@kycattle.org

Executive Vice President Dave Maples Staff Accountant Kelly Tucker Director of Kentucky Beef Network Becky Thompson KBN Industry Coordinator Dan Miller KBC Director of Consumer Affairs Kiah Twisselman KBC Director of Education Niki Ellis KBC Director of Product Development Katelyn Hawkins

Membership Coordinator Nikki Whitaker Communications Manager Jacob Redway Publication Coordinator Carey Brown National Advertising Sales Livestock Advertising Network,

Debby Nichols, 859/321-8770

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


PRESIDENT’S THOUGHTS

Pickin’ Blackberries Chuck Crutcher

----------------Kentucky Cattlemen's Association President

A

t the recent NCBA summer conference there was nothing but positive information on the export markets. Since the 1 st of the year there has been a 20% increase in the export trade. We are the #1 exporter of beef into Japan. COSTCO is now selling only US beef in their South Korean stores. In one store they employ 30 butchers, needing to fill the meat case 3 times a day with fresh beef. Of course the elephant in the room is the potential for US beef going into China. The first shipment of US beef should be arriving in port as you read this. The latest audit shows that $270.00 is being added to the carcass value through promotion using check off dollars. In looking long term, they believe that Af rica will be using more of our muscle cuts. Currently they use a lot of our liver, tongue and other lesser beef products. With a growing middle class, the future looks bright by increasing our market share in Africa. The only down side I heard all

week was that protein consumption was going down. This includes chicken and pork. All three have dropped at about the same pace. At one of the sessions on Feedlots and Marketing cattle, I was surprised to learn that the packing houses want a 900-1000 pound carcass. For years I’ve been hearing that our cows (1300 pounds and up) are too big; takes more to maintain. The retailers and restaurants are wanting a more uniform cut of meat and this is how they feel this can be accomplished. I’m loving my big ole cows right now! We have to satisfy the consumer and they have spoken. The recent Beef Q uality Assurance audit on carcasses also revealed that bruising is up slightly, but the size and location of the bruising has changed since the last audit in 2011. There is some bruising occurring on the backs of cattle, but it’s thought that it’s f rom the larger frame cattle as they’re being loaded onto trucks. I didn’t realize that a quarter bruise results in about a pound of meat being removed. In the loin and round area the dollars lost add up quickly, A few weeks back I saw a sign that said, U-Pick Blackberries. We had the same thing on our farm as I was growing up only it was “the boys” who picked the blackberries. You gotta remember I’m one of seven

PUREBRED SIMMENTAL • PUREBRED ANGUS • SIM/ANGUS

Bulls for sale Bred & Open Heifers for sale

Jennye Logsdon • 270-537-3259 • 2318 South Jackson Hwy • Horse Cave, KY 42749

We strive to provide our customers with a superior product with personal attention to innovation, professionalism, and integrity. www.BandLfarmcattle.com

boys. As I remember my Mom always knew when berry picking was right. A couple of days before we were to set out, she’d call the neighbor (on the crank telephone) and ask if it was okay to come over and picked blackberries. A couple of days later my mom would say “Boys get your buckets, you’re picking blackberries this morning”. While we were getting our buckets, mom would be fixing our “Yeti” water jug. We loaded up in the back of the Chevy pickup and to the patch we went. This neighbor’s farm was pretty well overrun with blackberries. They never mowed; just let the cows find what they could. As we unloaded from the truck, mom’s last words were, “I’ll be back by dinner time and those buckets better be full”. Dinner time back then meant 12 noon and not lunch time like it is today. Well,

we put that “Yeti” cooler under a shade tree and headed out to find a cow path that went through the blackberry patch. We didn’t have any cultivated patches with those berries just hanging in front of you. We tied those buckets around our waists with grass strings and off we went. You know tying that bucket around your waist gave you two hands to pick with and knock the June bugs off the black berries. The only thing really scary about picking berries was occasionally there would be a black snake on the top of some vines, but that didn’t keep you from filling the bucket. The buckets got filled and we sat under the shade tree till mom came back to get us. The worst thing about picking blackberries was occasionally chiggers would show up in the wrong places!

OAK HOLLOW FALL BULL SALE Monday, October 30, 2017 At The Farm - Smiths Grove, KY

OAK HOLLOW 1C06

Kenneth D. Lowe (270) 202-7186

Joe K. Lowe II (270) 202-4399

www.OakHollowAngus.com

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

7


COMMISSIONER’S CORNER

Kentucky State Fair an Agricultural Highlight Ryan Quarles

-------------Commissioner of Agriculture

T

he Kentucky State Fair is one of the highlights of the agricultural year in Kentucky. It’s a chance to rub elbows with our neighbors, reunite with friends from across the Commonwealth, and show off the best that Kentucky agriculture has to offer. The 113th edition of this great tradition is Aug. 17-27, and, as always, the Kentucky Department of Agriculture (KDA) is pleased to be a part of it. You will see the KDA staff working

for you from end to end of the Kentucky Exposition Center grounds. State Veterinarian Robert C. Stout and his staff check the health papers of all animals that enter the fairgrounds, to protect livestock from disease. KDA employees work the livestock shows, manage the agricultural exhibits, and perform numerous other duties to ensure that everyone has a good time at the fair. We host exhibits in the West Hall and the South Wing that demonstrate the importance of agriculture in our everyday lives. For the fifth year in a row, high

school cooking teams will compete for scholarships and the coveted skillet trophy during the Farm to School Junior Chef state tournament at the fair. Junior Chef is a KDA program that enables students to learn food handling and preparation

skills while teaching them why it’s important to use fresh local foods. I hope you’ll visit the Gourmet Garden stage and cheer on these bright and hard-working young people. Since last year’s event, a new fair

board has taken shape, and Jason Rittenberry has come on board as the new president and CEO. They are bringing energy and an innovative spirit to the fair while at the same time honoring its best traditions as a showcase for Kentucky agriculture. We look forward to working with them this year and for many years to come. Like me, many of you have fond memories of state fairs past – competing in livestock shows, enjoying a hearty Kentucky Farm Bureau Country Ham Breakfast, taking a spin on an amusement ride, watching your favorite performing artist on stage, and many others. I hope you’ll visit this year’s fair and make more memories. And if I or my staff can be of service to you during your visit, please don’t hesitate to ask.

19th Annual East KY Replacement Bred Heifer Sale

Sponsored by the East Kentucky Heifer Development Committee

LEE CITY STOCKYARDS

1:00 p.m. • SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 2017 • Viewing at Noon

Approximately 120 Head Consigned to the Sale COMMERCIAL AND REGISTERED HEIFERS SOME WILL BE SOLD IN LOTS OF 2 AND 3

Eby Aluminum Trailers

Gooseneck steel and aluminum trailers

HAYES TRAILER SALES INC Russellville, Kentucky 800-766-7034 hayestrailersales.com 8

• Heifers were A.I. bred to the ST Genetics Angus Bulls Concord, REG # AAA18148348, Apache REG # AAA18194405 and Ozzie REG # AAA17663847 • Black Angus clean up bulls were used with heifer acceptable CE scores • All heifers had to meet or exceed 160 sq. cm. pelvic area • Pelvic Area was age adjusted to one year of age on all heifers Heifers were assembled in October 2016 and have remained together and developed under the guidelines from Dr. Les Anderson, UK Extension Beef Specialist All sale heifers are source-verified and farm-raised. ALL HEIFERS QUALIFY FOR THE KY CAIP COST�SHARE

Guaranteed bred for 60 days after the sale Free delivery for purchases of 10 or more up to 200 miles.

Health records, sire information and heifer information will be provided in a sale catalog. Catalog will be available on sale day. For more information contact: Charles May Larry Clay Perry Co. Extension Office D & D Ranch (606) 436-2044 (606) 438-9914 Sale can be viewed at www.cattleusa.com Heifer data can be viewed at http://ces.ca.uky.edu/perry • Click on Ag & Natural Resource

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


In the feed on Monday.

On the field by Wednesday. After only 2 days, Rabon® Oral Larvicide starts killing fly larvae in manure1 You shouldn’t have to wait 30 days for a feed-through to take effect. Rabon offers fast feed-through fly control of the 4 major fly species when used as part of an integrated fly control program: STEP 1

Kill fly larvae: Feed cattle a supplement containing Rabon Oral Larvicide to start killing fly larvae after only 2 days1

STEP 2

Kill adult flies: Treat cattle with a pour-on such as CyLence® Pour-On Insecticide or Permectrin® CDS Pour-On Insecticide to kill existing adult flies, and to continue killing adult flies that emerge from old manure for the next 2-3 weeks

RABON Oral Larvicide

®

Learn more at BayerLivestock.com See product label for complete product information, indications and application instructions.

Data on file. Bayer, Shawnee Mission, KS.

1

©2017 Bayer, Shawnee Mission, KS 66201. Bayer, the Bayer Cross, CyLence, Permectrin and Rabon are registered trademarks of Bayer.

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

I171296

9


FROM DAVE’S DESK

Animal Health Products Sales Tax Being Discussed Again in Frankfort Dave Maples

-------------Executive Vice President

T

here have been several committee meetings in Frankfort this summer that could have a direct impact on your business. Governor Bevin has promised to call a special session this year to deal with tax reform. Under the leadership of Senate Agriculture Committee Chairman Paul Hornback and House Agriculture Committee Chairman Richard Health they led a listen

session with many of Kentucky’s Agriculture groups to discuss the desires of the Agriculture community on the possibility of the upcoming special session. The goal was to listen to the Kentucky Agriculture groups and develop a plan. Many see the Agriculture exemptions that farmers have as a possible easy target and a way to increase revenue. Governor Bevin has stated that, “everything will be on the table”. He has used the analogy that he will bring all the cows to the barn and some will get to go back to pasture and others will become hamburger. Agriculture is important to all Kentuckians in that food is a necessity of life. The group identified four areas of

Upcoming Dates

at Eden Shale Farm September 13 - Weaning Workshop

October 14 - Open House For More Info:

859-278-0899 • kbn@kycattle.org • edenshalefarm.com

legislation that should be protected. The first priority was House Bill 44 pertaining to property taxes. Farm Bureau is a strong proponent of supporting the current provisions of house Bill 44. Revenue from property taxes should continue to be limited to 4% plus new growth. The second priority was to maintain Kentucky’s sales tax exemptions for production agriculture. There was discussion of the sales tax on animal health products. Kentucky is one of only a very few states that have taxes on animal health products. It is easy to see that this industry has evolved outside the boundaries of Kentucky along with the jobs. Next was the road fund and need for improvements on rural roads and bridges. And House Bill 611, or the tobacco funds, has been an agriculture priority for over fifteen years. As Senator Hornback has discussed with me on several occasions he does not want to give up anything. One of the ideas is to come up with a farmer registration system. Each farmer would have a card that would be issued to qualified farmers or agriculture producers. The card could be used as an identifier when purchasing sales tax exempt

equipment and production inputs. A system like this could greatly reduce or eliminate costly audits. All agriculture groups will need to be ready to move if and when a special session is called. Just after the 4 th of July we had the opportunity to report to the tobacco oversite committee. We were asked to report on the Kentucky beef industry as well as the organization and program of works that the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association is involved with along with a report on the ways tobacco funds have been used by the beef industry over the past 15 years. I was so pleased by the comments from the committee in regards to our county associations. Several members of the committee were KCA members and they were proud of their county association. The counties are the backbone of the organization and the hard work can easily be seen in the numbers. Membership topped the 10,500 mark for the first time ever with 10,520 members. This is the eighth year in a row that the organization has exceeded the previous year’s membership. Thank you to everyone that makes KCA a great organization.

Woodall Angus

Semen available from Connealy Concord and Connealy Commonwealth. We are also a rep for all ST Genetics sires. Yearling Heifers for Sale. Angus & SimAngus Heifers.

23rd Annual Buyer’s Choice Bull Sale Tuesday • February 27, 2018 • At the Farm • Quality, KY David Woodall, DVM • 270-847-1010 Gary Woodall • 270-755-4252 619 McReynolds Rd. • Quality, KY 42256 E-mail: woodallangus@aol.com www.woodallangus.com

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Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


EASIER CALVING. MORE GROWTH. BETTER MARBLING.

USDA analysis shows the superiority of Angus at every stage.

BREED

BW

YW MARB

Angus

1.3 5.6 1.2 5.1

91 50 53 80

Hereford

That’s the power of the reliable, registered Angus bull.

Red Angus Simmental

0.59 -0.22 0.18 -0.20

Average 2014-born bulls, adj. to Angus base, U.S. Meat Animal Research Center Across-breed EPD Adjustments, BIF 2016. b Here’s the Premium study, 2014, Certified Angus Beef LLC c Packer Premium Survey, 2015, Certified Angus Beef LLC a

Some breeds talk about superior genetic merit. Registered Angus bulls prove it. They simply outperform the competition in calving ease, growth and marbling, according to USDA research.a That’s proof that the registered Angus bull you purchase comes with power and predictability, backed by a better balance of the traits you need to get profitable results.

An extensive, multi-year study shows Angus calves earn you more at sale time than similar calves of all other breeds – nearly $7/cwt.b more, on average. In fact, packers pay Angus producers $1 million in premiums per week.c

To subscribe to the Angus Journal®, call 816.383.5200. Watch The Angus Report 7:30 a.m. CST every Monday on RFD-TV.

That’s a lot of value brought to you by reliable, registered Angus bulls. Anything else is just hype.

ANGUS MEANS BUSINESS.

3201 Frederick Ave. | St. Joseph, MO 64506 www.ANGUS.org © 2016-2017 American Angus Association®

easier calving_1pg_4c_KentuckyCowCountry.indd 1

9/6/16 1:40 PM

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

11


COMMENTARY

Balin’ Wheat Baxter Black

----------------On the Edge of Common Sense

G

len said J.T. liked old pickups, too. But sometimes they had a mind of their own. Early one summer morning J.T. loaded his good dog, Sam, and headed down to the wheat field. It had been cut and he planned on balin’ some wheat straw as long as it still held the dew. It was a fine western Kansas mornin’. J.T. made two passes around the wheat field before the sun burned off the moisture. He parked the 930 Case with the New Holland round baler and decided he could make it to Winona just in time for coffee shop communion. He leaped aboard his ‘79 Ford 4-wheel drive and cranked the engine. Unfortunately, it didn’t crank back! Starter problems, he knew. It had happened before. Something electrical that required a little short circuiting wizardry. He raised the hood. Sam lay under the tractor waiting in the shade for his command to “Load up!” J.T. had no manual choke so he wedged a shotgun between the seat and the foot feed. Diggin’ through his Snap

It’s what’s on the inside that defines us. You know it, and we know it. Because we share the same values. Ingenuity, commitment, sense of pride… These are the values that built this country; They are the values that built this company.

On hi-tech tool kit, he fished out a fence stay and a pair of pliers. He shorted the faulty electrical connection. The starter kicked over and the engine caught. It was at that moment that J.T. realized that the ol’ ‘79 was in gear! It lunged into motion! He slammed the hood and dove out of the way! Out across the wheat field it chugged, pickin’ up speed! Sam came out from under the Chase tryin’ to jump in the back, but it was goin’ too fast! Down through the stubble it rumbled followed by man and dog in hot pursuit! The ol’ pickup displayed an unerring sense of direction and seemed to navigate itself through the bogs, rock piles and round bales. On several occasions when it was slowed by a mud hole or a steep rise, it looked like Sam might catch up. But the pickup had lots of pasture experience and always managed to elude the pore ol’ dog who thought he was bein’ left behind! Finally it nose dived into a washout, knocking the twelve gauge out of position and died of natural causes. J.T. followed the tracks and found it face down up against the bank. Sam was in the back where he belonged, but breathin’ heavy. J.T. eventually made it to the cafe around noon to tell the story. Everyone said it sure gave new meaning to the term “gunning the engine!” www.baxterblack.com

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Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Find us on

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FEATURE

USDA Detects a Case of Atypical Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy in Alabama

T

Atypical BSE is different, and it he U.S. Department of on the case. BSE is not contagious and generally occurs in older cattle, usually 8 Agriculture (USDA) announced exists in two types classical and years of age or greater. It seems to arise an atypical case of Bovine atypical. Classical BSE is the form rarely and spontaneously in all cattle Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE), a that occurred primarily in the United populations. neurologic disease of cattle, in an elevThis is the nation’s 5th detection of en-year old cow in Alabama.  This Kingdom, beginning in the late 1980’s, and it has been linked to variant animal never entered slaughter channels BSE.  Of the four previous U.S. cases, and at no time presented a risk to the Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) in the first was a case of classical BSE that food supply, or to human health in the people. The primary source of infection was imported from Canada; the rest for classical BSE is feed contaminated have been atypical (H- or L-type) BSE. United States. USDA Animal and Plant Health with the infectious prion agent, such as The World Organization for Inspection Service’s (APHIS) National meat-and-bone meal containing protein Animal Health (OIE) has recognized Veterinary Services Laboratories derived from rendered infected cattle.  the United States as negligible risk for (NVSL) have determined that this Regulations from the Food and Drug BSE.  As noted in the OIE guidelines cow was positive for atypical (L-type) Administration (FDA) have prohibited for determining this status, atypical BSE BSE.  The animal was showing clinical the inclusion of mammalian protein in cases do not impact official BSE risk signs and was found through routine feed for cattle and other ruminants since status recognition as this form of the surveillance at an Alabama livestock 1997 and have also prohibited high risk disease is believed to occur spontaneously Steve D owns T oddinHarned D avid Sandusk y cattle populations at a very low rate. tissue materials all animal feed since market.  APHIS and Alabama veterinary in all L eb anon Boston L eb anonTherefore, this finding of an atypical 2009. officials are gathering more information 270- 402- 3672

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case will not change the negligible risk status of the United States, and should not lead to any trade issues. The United States has a longstanding system of interlocking safeguards against BSE that protects public and animal health in the United States, the most important of which is the removal of specified risk materials - or the parts of an animal that would contain BSE should an animal have the disease - from all animals presented for slaughter. The second safeguard is a strong feed ban that protects cattle from the disease. Another important component of our system - which led to this detection - is our ongoing BSE surveillance program that allows USDA to detect the disease if it exists at very low levels in the U.S. cattle population.

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Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

13


FEATURE

NCBA Signs Coalition Letter in Support of Foot and Mouth Disease Vaccine Bank

“Simply Put, We Can’t Afford to Be Locked Out of Foreign Markets Again,” Uden Says WASHINGTON, D.C. (JULY 18, 2017) he National Cattlemen’s Beef Association (NCBA) today joined with more than 100 other agricultural groups and industry leaders in calling for Congress to establish and fully fund a robust Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) vaccine bank as part of the 2018 Farm Bill. The letter was sent to U.S. Senate Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry Committee Chairman Pat Roberts (R-Kansas) and Ranking Member Debbie Stabenow (D-Mich.), as well as U.S. House Agriculture Committee Chairman Mike Conaway (R-Texas) and Collin Peterson (D-Minn.)

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“An outbreak of FMD will have a devastating effect on all of agriculture – not just livestock producers – and will have long-lasting ramifications for the viability of U.S. agriculture, the maintenance of food security in this great nation, and overall national security,” the letter stated. “An outbreak of FMD would immediately close all export markets. The cumulative impact of an outbreak on the beef and pork sectors over a 10-year period would be more than $128 billion... The annual jobs impact of such a reduction in industry revenue is more than 58,000 in direct employment and nearly 154,000 in total employment.” As the letter was delivered to Capitol

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agricultural leaders was spearheaded by NCBA, the National Pork Producers Council, the American Sheep Industry Association, and the National Milk Producers Federation. The National Cattlemen’s Beef Association (NCBA) has represented America’s cattle producers since 1898, preserving the heritage and strength of the industry through education and public policy. As the largest association of cattle producers, NCBA works to create new markets and increase demand for beef.  Efforts are made possible through membership contributions. To join, contact NCBA at 1-866-BEEFUSA or membership@beef.org.

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Hill, NCBA President Craig Uden stressed the importance of investing in a FMD vaccine bank, rather than trying to contain an outbreak after the fact. “Simply put, we cannot afford to be locked out of valuable foreign markets again,” Uden said. “It’s taken us well over a decade to get back up to speed in Asia after the 2003 BSE scare, and we must have support and full funding for this FMD vaccine bank to protect for our vital industry. The consequences would be catastrophic.” Uden recently returned from a trade mission to China, which just reopened its borders to American-made beef for the first time in nearly 14 years. The letter to Capitol Hill’s

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Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


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Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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COUNTY NEWS

Metcalfe County

Kelsie Hodges being presented her scholarship “check” by President Robert Druen and Mousy Lloyd. Submitted by Moe Hensley

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Brad Carter with Burkmann Nutrition answers questions from the crowd.

Do you have county news you would like to share? Send your information by the 10th of each month to cbrown@kycattle.org 16

he quarterly meeting of the Metcalfe County Cattlemen was held on June 20 at the Metcalfe County Extension Service. Being the busy time of year it is, there were still several in attendance. The savory ribeye meal was prepared by the Cooking Crew, and the invocation was given by Ronnie Tucker. After routine business, Brad Carter with Burkmann Nutrition talked about maximizing profitability in your herd. He touched on fly control, genetics, implants and creep feeding. Staying on top of and controlling these things can improve your bottom line.  Kelsie Hodges was the recipient of a $500 scholarship. The scholarship was  co-sponsored by   the Metcalfe County Cattlemen Cooking Crew and the Metcalfe County Cattlemen Association. She plans to major in Animal Science. We wish Kelsie the best in her future endeavors.  There were several door prizes given away and the meeting was adjourned. Thanks to Burkmann Nutrition for sponsoring the nights activities.  

Jessamine County

SUBMITTED BY DOUG MARSHALL Jessamine County has a new Ag agent, Steve Musen. Steve started on July 1st and has already helped the Jessamine Co Beef Cattlemen cook hamburgers during the county fair. Steve spoke to the Jessamine Co Beef Cattle Assoc. at the July meeting.

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


COUNTY NEWS

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Congratulations to Montgomery County FFA for winning the Junior Chapter Meeting. Pictured accepting the award is Caytlyn Ingram and Kyle Workman. Sponsored by Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association and Jack Trumbo.

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Congratulations to Bradshaw Smoot, Taylor County FFA for winning the Beef Entrepreneurship award. Sponsored by Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association.

Several Kentucky juniors participated in the American Black Hereford Association Junior Nationals held in Bowling Green.

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Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

17


The “Breeders Cup” Sale presented by Boyd Beef Cattle & Guests

Saturday, September 2, 2017 Guest Consignors: Noon • Selling 60 Lots Cody & Lindsey Sankey Sale held at Boyd Beef Cattle Mayslick, KY

Open & bred heifers, Spring and Fall calving cows, and Embryos.

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Cottage Hill Farms Dennis and Heather Birdsall Flat Stone Lick Hopper Herefords Matheny Herefords Sunnyside Farm Wolf Farm

D406 Sells as Lot 8. January 2017 show prospect out of the 2015 Denver Champion Cow.

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6916 Sells as Lot 9. A fall 2016 donor prospect out of a full sister to TH Mr. Hereford 11X.

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Charlie Boyd II 606-584-5194

WASHINGTON (JULY 11, 2017)

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he National Cattlemen’s Beef Association today applauded inclusion of language in the U.S. House’s Transportation-HUD appropriations bill that will delay for one year a requirement mandating the use of the new Electronic Logging Devices (ELDs) for livestock and insect haulers. The U.S. House Appropriations Subcommittee on Transportation, Housing, and Urban Development approved its appropriations bill including this ELD language specific to the livestock and insect industries

of California for all his hard work on this issue,” Kester said. “I don’t think this delay would have gotten into the bill without Congressman Valadao and his staff.” NCBA said that if the language wins final passage, the livestock industry will have an additional year to work with the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) for the flexibility necessary to more fairly regulate the transportation of livestock, especially concerning the restrictions within Hours of Service (HOS) Rules. NCBA has relayed the message to FMCSA for the past year that their rule that limits driving time to 11

Sells as Lot 4. A powerful bred heifer from our famed Racheal cow family.

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NCBA Applauds Bill That would Delay New Electronic Logging Devices Mandate

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C3 Sells as Lot 17. Two year old by Boyd Legacy 3001 mated to the popular Select Sires Boyd Ft. Knox 17Y DXZ5 4040.

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on Tuesday night. The full committee could mark up the legislation as soon as next week. “A one-year delay will give us time to address our industry-specific concerns, and give us more time to work with federal regulators to add needed flexibility, as hauling livestock has many challenges and variables,” said fifth-generation California rancher and NCBA President-elect Kevin Kester. “I want to thank Congressman David Valadao from my home state

hours within a 14-hour window after the driver comes on duty, is simply too restrictive on the industry. “We hope that our continued work with FMCSA will allow them to understand the needs of our industry: balancing the welfare of livestock, the safety of our highly skilled drivers, and the need to get our animals moved in the safest and most efficient way possible for the driver, others on the road, and the animals,” Kester said.

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


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Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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FEATURE

Livestock Producers Applaud Withdrawal of WOTUS Rule

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ational Cattlemen’s Beef Association President Craig Uden and Public Lands Council President Dave Eliason today issued the following statements regarding the announcement that the Environmental Protection Agency has filed an official proposal to withdraw the 2015 Waters of the United States (WOTUS) rule: “This is another great step in the right direction, and the Administration deserves a great deal of credit for injecting some much-needed common sense into our nation’s environmental policies,” NCBA’s Uden said. “It’s important to remember, though, that this rule isn’t dead yet. The rulemaking process continues, and NCBA will submit and solicit additional comments on behalf of America’s cattle producers

so that they finally get the sanity and clarity they need on land use policy.” “We applaud President Trump and Administrator Pruitt for their leadership in repealing the 2015 WOTUS rule,” Eliason added. “Ranchers in the West are already subject to an elevated level of regulatory overreach, and the WOTUS rule as written would have only made the problem worse. It is reassuring to see the steps that this administration is taking to relieve some of that regulatory burden and provide certainty for our producers.” The National Cattlemen’s Beef Association (NCBA) has represented America’s cattle producers since 1898, preserving the heritage and strength of the industry through education and public policy. As the largest association of cattle producers, NCBA

works to create new markets and increase demand for beef. Efforts are made possible through membership contributions. To join, contact NCBA at 1-866-BEEF-USA or membership@ beef.org. The Public Lands Council has represented livestock ranchers who use public lands since 1968, preserving the natural resources and unique heritage of the West. Ranchers who utilize public lands own nearly 120 million acres of the most productive private land and manage vast areas of public land, accounting for critical wildlife habitat and the nation’s natural resources. PLC works to maintain a stable business environment in which livestock producers can conserve the West and feed the nation and world.

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Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


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Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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FEATURE

In China, Perdue Welcomes U.S. Beef Back to Market

Slices Ceremonial Prime Rib, Meets with Chinese Officials in Beijing (BEIJING, CHINA, JUNE 30, 2017)

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.S. Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue today joined with U.S. Ambassador to China Terry Branstad to slice a Nebraska prime rib in a Beijing ceremony, formally marking the return of U.S. beef to the Chinese market after a 13-year hiatus. Perdue celebrated the reintroduction of American beef products to China after shipments were halted at the end of 2003.  The return of U.S. beef and beef products is a part of the U.S.-China 100Day Action Plan announced by the Trump Administration on May 11, 2017, with the first shipment of U.S. beef arriving in China on June 19, 2017.  “Beef is a big deal in China and I’m convinced that when the Chinese people get a taste of U.S. beef, they’re going to want more of it. These products coming into China are safe, wholesome, and very delicious. This is also a good harbinger of the kind of relationship that can be developed. We hope there are other things we can cooperate on and we’re going to use U.S. beef as the forerunner.” President Trump, Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross, Treasury Secretary Steven T. Mnuchin, officials with the U.S. Trade Representative, and Secretary Perdue announced the deal brokered with China to allow the return of U.S. beef to China in May.  China has emerged as a major beef buyer in recent years, with imports increasing from $275 million in 2012 to $2.5 billion in 2016. The United States is the world’s largest beef producer and in 2016 was the world’s fourth-largest exporter, with global sales of more than $5.4 billion.  Earlier in June, the U.S. 22

U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue (center) ceremonially cuts into a Nebraska prime rib in Beijing, marking the return of U.S. beef to the Chinese market. Perdue is joined by Craig Uden (left), president of the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, and Luan Richeng (right), of state-owned Chinese importer COFCO. Department of Agriculture (USDA) announced the final details of a protocol to allow American companies to begin shipping beef exports to China. To date, producers and processors in Nebraska and Kansas are eligible to ship beef products to China, having followed the requirements set forth in the USDA Export Verification Program

and according to USDA’s Food Safety and Inspection Service export requirements. USDA maintains a public list of companies that are eligible, and will continue to update it as more companies complete the export documentation requirements. Also on Friday, Perdue held a series of meetings with Chinese government officials, including Vice

Premier Wang Yang and Minister of Agriculture Han Changfu, to discuss expanding trade between the United States and China. Following Friday’s events in Beijing, Perdue planned to travel Saturday to Shanghai where he will tour a major Chinese supermarket where other American products are offered.

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


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Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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FORAGES

Establishing Cool Season Perennial Grasses DARRELL SIMPSON, MUHLENBERG COUNTY EXTENSION AGENT FOR AGRICULTURE AND NATURAL RESOURCES

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ate August through mid to late September is an excellent time to establish cool season perennial grasses. Whether it be orchard grass, one of the novel endophyte fescues or even Kentucky 31, it is important that producers use the best management practices possible to ensure that their work and resources are not wasted in this effort. Hopefully, producers have taken some time to evaluate forage stands and have formulated plans to start the process of renovating fields if need be. Standard University of Kentucky recommendations are to take a soil sample, apply the necessary lime and fertilizer, review forage variety information at the UK website: ht t p: / / w w w .u k y .ed u / A g/ F ora ge/ , use certified seed, plant at the correct time, and at the correct depth for the seed being planted. I would also recommend that

producers order the desired seed well ahead of the seeding date. Finally, make sure that the field to be seeded has limited weed competition and prepare equipment well ahead of time so that it will be ready when the time is right to renovate or re-establish the forages. Soil sample depth should be based on whether a producer will no till or utilize a conventional seed bed. Three to four inches deep is sufficient if the field will be no till planted. Six to eight inches deep is sufficient for a conventional tilled seed bed. Regardless of the seed bed to be used, it is important to collect samples from the entire field. Producers can obtain a copy of AGR 16: Taking Soil Test Samples from their local county Extension Office or by going to w w w .c a .u k y .ed u and typing in the words taking a soil test in the search box. Producers should consult with their Extension Agent for Agriculture and Natural Resources if they have questions about the soil test recommendations once they receive the results. Remember, no matter how

James R. “Buddy” Smith and his grandson Austin Goodpaster from Anderson County make adjustments on the no till planter. Photo courtesy Tommy Yankee, Anderson County Extension Agent for Agriculture and Natural Resources. 24

expensive the seed is or how well the planting operation went, neither make up for a low soil pH or poor fertility. Forage establishment and long term production are heavily contingent on soil pH and fertility. Match the plant to the location and the desired use. Some cool season perennial grasses do not produce well in droughty or excessively wet soils. Consider these things along with whether the forage will be grazed or utilized exclusively for hay. If grazing, consider which months during the year it will be grazed. Seed costs for some of the novel endophyte fescues and orchard grass varieties are more expensive than some other seed thus producers may not want to utilize a novel endophyte field as a winter pasture, especially one that will also be

the hay feeding area. Planting date and planting depth are important. Several of our cool season perennial grasses can be seeded from mid - August to late September. Contact the county Extension Office for a copy of AGR- 18: Grain and Forage Guide. It contains a list of nearly every forage and grain crop grown in Kentucky with seeding rates, seeding dates, seeding depths, first harvest date, and potential yield. Although AGR -18 does list Spring planting dates for cool season grasses, I predominantly recommend late summer or early fall seeding dates for them. Cooler temperatures, adequate moisture, and limited competition from other plants tend to provide for an ideal environment for the cool season perennial grasses to get off to a good start. Take some time

The field shown in photo number two consisted of briars and a number of other broadleaf and grass type weeds in the summer of 2015. The field was clipped as low as possible with a rotary mower in mid – August 2015, allowed to regrow for approximately a week and then glyphosate herbicide was applied two weeks prior to planting. Lime and fertilizer were applied according to the University of Kentucky recommendations. A no till drill was utilized in September 2015 to plant orchard grass and white clover. Photo: Darrell Simpson

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


FORAGES

Photo number 3 is a close up of the forage stand in the field shown in photo number 2. Hay was harvested in the spring and fall of 2016. The forage has already been harvested twice in 2017 with a total of thirty nine 1200 pound rolls produced on thirteen acres. Photo: Darrell Simpson to adjust the seeding depth on the no till drill by setting the hydraulic down pressure, gauge wheel and the press wheel if the implement has those capabilities. Making those adjustments will hopefully allow for the seed to be placed at the desired depth and then covered accordingly. See photo at far left. Conventional seed beds often times need to have a cultipacker utilized prior to the planting operation so that the seed bed is firm and the seed is not placed to deep. A second pass across the field with the cultipacker after seeding may also be needed so as to provide for even greater seed to soil contact. Planting seed in a “fluffy” seed bed may affect the seeds ability to receive enough moisture from the soil to allow the seed to germinate and then establish an adequate root system. Regardless of the planting method, take some time to make sure that good seed to soil contact is being achieved.

Limit competition from undesirable weeds or other forage type plants. Utilizing a rotary mower or herbicides and oftentimes a combination of the two will help with seed bed preparation. Keep in mind that some herbicides may have a longer wait time after application resulting in the need to delay planting. The use of glyphosate products may delay planting a couple of weeks whereas producers can plant immediately after applying a paraquat product. Remember to always read and adhere to the product label from a personal protection standpoint as well as a means to insuring that there are no adverse effects on the seed. See photo at left. Ordinarily, I do not recommend that clovers be seeded in the late summer or early fall with cool season grasses. If the grass species is slow to start growing, the clover may overtake the grass stand due to leaf size and the shading effect of the clover. However; some producers prefer

to seed the two at the same time. If that is the case, utilizing the minimum legume plant seeding rate may help somewhat with the competition issue. Records regarding seeding date, seeding rate, and growing conditions such as precipitation, temperature, etc are important. Along with those records, it is important to keep a seed tag from the seed that was planted. If a problem arises, the seed tag will be a crucial piece of information needed to ascertain whether there was an issue with the seed or if other factors caused the problem. See photo above. Once the cool season perennial grass has been established, take a long term management approach. Do not allow animals to graze it too early or mow it too low. Adjust the top link of the tractors three point hitch system so that “scalping” does not occur and

three to four inches of forage remains. The root system needs to become well established for long term plant growth. If possible, harvest hay initially and then utilize it for grazing. Even then, try to utilize managed grazing practices that will allow for three to four inch tall forage to remain. This will allow for soil moisture retention, increased competition against weeds, and continued growth of the root system. Continue to lime and fertilize according to soil test results, control weeds by clipping or herbicide use, and consider overseeding on a regular basis. Cool season perennial grasses are instrumental to economical beef production in Kentucky an should be managed with that in mind. For more information contact your local Extension Agent for Agriculture and Natural Resources.

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BlueGrass GrassStockyards StockyardsofofRichmond, Richmond, LLC Blue L.L.C. Richmond, KY • 6:00 p.m. Richmond, Ky • 6:30 p.m.

Approximately Approximately 175125 BredHead HeifersSelling Selling 

Ÿ H eifers are guaranteed B V D - P I negative and many are calfhood vaccinated Ÿ B red heifers guaranteed safe in calf for 3 0 days after sale and are cost share approved (CAIP) Ÿ I nspected b y local screening committee and K D A representative  Ÿ Heifers were born and raised on consignors farm or they are source verified Ÿ H eifers are b red to calving ease b ulls with their E P D ’ s listed in sale catalog Ÿ P elvic area measured and developed under strict guidelines for health,  conformation and disposition  Ÿ H eifers will sell in lots ranging from 1 to 4 head per lot. M ost will b e 2 to 4 head per lot

Sale Sponsored by:

Madison Co. Beef Cattle Association, Ky. Department of  Agriculture, Madison County Cooperative Extension Service &  Blue Grass Stockyards of Richmond LLC

For more information, contact:

    Video of heif ers available at www.bgstock yards.com

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

25


K eeney ’ s Corner

“Mature Cow Herd Dispersal” Saturday, Sept. 9, 2017 at the Farm

Selling 72 Spring Calving Pairs Also Offering 7 proven Herd Sires Working females and the bulls that make them for sale always... Currently 4 -18 month old bulls we used this spring... $3500/hd

K eeney Angus

7018 - Lot 65A Calved January 2017

7034 - Lot 4A

58 9 3 Hwy . 8 0 W est • N ancy , K y . 4 254 4 • 5 mi. W of Somerset on Hwy . 8 0 6 06 / 3 05- 4 501 • e- mail: mwk eeney 1@ windstream. net www. faceb ook . com/ mik e. k eeney . 7 1

Calved January 2017

Take Care of Momma & She Will Take Care of You. 1A - Lot 11 4 Year Old

102A - Lot 17 4 Year Old

9A - Lot 14 4 Year Old

4051 - Lot 13 3 Year Old

5683 Rocky Step Rd., Winfield, WV 25213 Gary Kale, Owner Aaron Glascock, General Manager, 304-312-7060 Contact for Sale Catalog: Derik Billman, Herdsman, 330-432-3267 Dale Stith Josh Rardin, Herdsman,July304-593-5112 2017 / 1 (918) 760-1550 www.grassyrunfarms.com dalestith@yahoo.com 26

Quality Mineral Programs Lay The Foundation For Conception, Calving and Milk Production Contact Us Today About Your Mineral Needs

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Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

In Danville: 1-800-786-2875


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This stunning and historic home includes 6 bedrooms, 6.5 bathrooms. Highlights of the 235 acre property are 5 barns, 2 cattle corrals, 2 silos, a 3.5 acre pond (with a gazebo and a dock), a full court covered gymnasium with an airplane hangar bi-fold style door, a 1,500 feet private airstrip, and much more!

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Large farm alert! 800 acres! Tracts this nice and this large rarely come o n t h e m a r k e t . If y o u a r e l o o k i n g f o r a l a r g e w o r k i n g c a t t l e f a r m i n central KY please take note. This is a beautiful piece of property with great water throughout. Some woods, barns and excellent pastures.

4360 GOSHEN RD STANFORD, KY $1,175,000 MLS# 1613280

Excellent 266 acre farm, high quality land and great improvements. Nu m e r o u s m e t a l b a r n s a n d s h e d s . Re a d y t o g o t o w o r k . O w n e r m o t i v a t e d .

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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FEATURE

Your #1 Choice Selecting the Best Business for Fescue Country

Dutch Creek Forager 816 308

CED +11 BW -1.4 WW +57 YW +107 SC +1.09 DOC +33 MILK +21 $F +79

Reg.# 17751513

- 250 Pathfinder Angus cows in his extended pedigree, including both his dam and grandam. - Line bred 28 times to Luria of Wye 1022, weaned nearly 5 tons of calves in her lifetime and was known as the Angus breeds’ oldest living Pathfinder Angus cow at the time of her death. - Super slick hair coat – a must have for fescue-based pastures. According to the Fall 2017 sire evaluation report, Dutch Creek Forager 816 308 represents the top 5% of the Angus breed for reducing mature size and weight while being in the top 20% of the breed for growth and in the top 10% of the breed for feedlot value ($F). For those producers who consider docility an important trait, 308 ranks in the top 1% of the breed for calm natured, easy handling offspring. Dutch Creek Forager 816-308 earned his numbers the hard way, working under Kentucky conditions and grazing Ky 31 fescue. His calves have been progeny tested against two of the breeds most widely used, high growth AI sires, one from Kansas and the other from Nebraska. The Forager calves displayed better health and vigor and outperformed the western bred cattle in every way, which proves conclusively that western bred cattle probably need to stay in the west. The golden rule of seedstock selection is; nutritionally speaking, you can successfully relocate cattle to an environment with a higher level of nutrition, but you can seldom move down the ladder to a lower level of nutrition and expect consistent growth and reproduction. Cattle such as Forager 308 which can excel on endophyte infected fescue will be superior to all other cattle in any environment.

S on s f or sal e at the f arm .

S em en $ 2 0 / straw

DUTCH CREEK FARMS Doug & Susan Schlosnagle

Pleasureville, KY 40057 Visit our website at dutchcreekangus.com Follow us on Facebook at Dutch Creek Farms Forage Genetics Home: 502-461-7882 • Cell: 502-706-0008 • 502-321-2727 28

Structure for Your Farm BY JASON BRADLEY AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS CONSULTANT

W

hen it comes to your farm or ranch, nobody knows the operation like you. You know how many acres you’re operating, and you have inventories on all your commodities. Hopefully, you even know what assets and liabilities you have by taking a quick look at your net worth statement. But what steps have you taken when it comes to managing for taxes or assessing legal risks? By reviewing your operation’s business structure, you may find creating a business entity could provide your operation with added benefits. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture National Agricultural Statistics Service’s 2012 Census of Agriculture, agriculture operations could be categorized as: individual and family ownership (sole proprietorship), partnership, corporation, or limited liability company (LLC). Of all the operations reported, 84 percent were listed as sole ownerships, 6.3 percent as partnerships, 5 percent as corporations, and 4.7 percent as LLCs. But what are each of these, and should you consider moving your operation into one? Each of these structures has pros and cons that should be weighed out before investing in the process of becoming one.

Sole Proprietorship

Sole proprietorship is about as simple as it gets. You are the owner and the operator. You get all the profits, and handling the taxes is pretty straight forward. Any income made through the business is your income and is handled as such. Another advantage is there isn’t much to being in business. You have a product or service, you sell that product or service, and you’re in business. Now, while

you get to enjoy all the profits, you are also responsible for any losses or debts. A major downside to a sole proprietorship is that there is no legal separation between you and the business. The business can be held liable for any debts or liabilities you took on personally, and you may be liable for any of the business’s debts or liabilities. These liabilities include loans and lines of credit as well as the actions of you and your employees.

Partnership

This is where the water can start to become muddy. Partnerships can vary in size and structure. It includes two or more people who contribute to the business in a variety of ways. While a partnership is not required to have an agreement written out (although I would highly recommend it), you will need to register your partnership. Partnerships are typically easy to set up, and they are usually inexpensive. Partnerships also provide the opportunity to have skillsets on the team that differ than from yours. This structure allows for financial obligations to be shared, lessening the financial strain placed on an individual. While there are advantages of having more than one person involved, this can also be a downside. Everybody has an opinion and an idea that they feel is the right one, and sometimes the other person(s) in the business might not agree. It’s not “if ” but “when” a disagreement in a partnership will occur. Partners need to understand this and be ready to discuss, compromise and resolve any issue that may present itself along the way. Also, no matter how the partnership agreement is set up, there’s a chance that one of the partners is going to feel they are being shorted on their share of the profits because of how much time, money or effort they’ve put into the business. Again, this is something partners should be aware

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


FEATURE

of and ready to deal with. Unjust feeling about compensation and disagreements about business decisions are important things to consider when looking at partnerships, but, in my opinion, they are not the biggest issue. Depending on how the partnership is established, liabilities are shared among all the partners. This shared liability doesn’t necessarily stop at the partnership’s assets being used to settle the partnership’s debts. A partner’s share of the assets may be used to satisfy a partner’s personal debts, and a partner’s assets may be used to satisfy the partnership debts. Partnerships can be designed in ways that minimize these risks, but they are much more complex as limitations are put in place.

Corporations

Here’s where the water can get really muddy. Corporations become their own entities. They receive their own profits and are accountable for their own liabilities. Company investors and owners own shares of the corporation. There are two corporation types: S corps and C corps. Without going into the details of each of these, they both have advantages when it comes to liabilities and taxation. On the other hand, there is a lot of work

that goes into a corporation. The amount of time and paperwork that go into running a corporation may be more than what you need.

Limited Liability Company (LLC)

An LLC is a combination of the first three structures. One of the greatest advantages of an LLC is the liability protection of a corporation on a limited basis, while keeping some of the operating benefits of sole proprietorship or partnership. There are many different ways to structure an LLC that allow for it to best fit your operation’s needs. While an LLC may seem like a winwin business structure, it’s important to discuss all the options with a lawyer. Knowing the correct paperwork to file for each business structure and understanding the tax obligations are critical when establishing a business entity. If you feel like one of these business structures might provide some long-term benefits to your operation, speak to someone who can give you legal and tax advice. Just make sure they know the rules that will apply to you. Not all areas have the same requirements for businesses.

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Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

29


ECONOMIC & POLICY UPDATE

2016 Kentucky Farm Business Management Tobacco Summary BY LAURA POWERS, AREA EXTENSION SPECIALIST IN FARM BUSINESS MANAGEMENT, PENNYROYAL GROUP The Agricultural Economics Depar tment publishes the Economic and Policy Update towards the end of each month. Each issue features articles written by extension personnel within the department and other experts across the country. Topics will vary greatly but regularly include marketing, management, policy, natural resources, and rural development issues. If you would like to recieve this newsletter by email, please contact Kenny Burdine at kburdine@uky.edu.

T

here were 258 farms represented in the final analysis of the Kentucky Farm Business Management (KFBM) Program for 2016. Included in those farms are 55 farms with burley tobacco, 43 farms with dark air cured tobacco, and 37 farms with dark fired cured tobacco. Average production from all types of tobacco was the lowest over the last five years. Of the five regions reporting burley tobacco production, the Pennyroyal region reported the most farms (and acres) of production for all types of tobacco, but the Bluegrass region recorded the highest average yields of burley tobacco. The weather in 2016 played havoc on tobacco in the western part of the state. A very wet spring and early

summer resulted in yields two-thirds of what western Kentucky farmers would produce in an “average” year. For some farms, the only tobaccorelated revenue earned was from crop insurance as their total crop was destroyed. Central Kentucky farms fared much better, with some areas reported yields higher in 2016 than they were in 2015. Average tobacco yields for KFBM farms in 2016 were as follows: 1,493 pounds/acre of burley (down from 2,076 pounds in 2015); 1,582 pounds/acre of dark air cured (down from 2,546 pounds in 2015); and 1,961 pounds/acre of dark fire cured (down from 2,802 pounds in 2015). Prices for the 2016 crop for burley ($1.98 per pound) and dark air-cured ($2.38 per pound) tobacco were relatively stable with those in 2015. At $2.68 per pound, the average dark fire cured crop price was $0.09 higher than last year, due to reduced supplies and a modest increase in contract

prices.

Tobacco profitability remains a concern to producers. The chart below displays the Kentucky average crop value, by tobacco type from 2012 through 2016. Crop value is defined as gross sales of the crop in the current year (old or new crop) plus the change in inventory value. Gross value for the crop had been relatively stable over the last few years, although it took a hit for many western Kentucky producers in 2016, which brought the average for the entire state down. However, crop expenses, especially labor costs, continue to increase. For many tobacco farms, hired labor can be as much as 50% of total operating expenses. While there have been some advancements in labor mechanization in tobacco production, there has not been widespread, financially feasible options recently to significantly reduce labor requirements. For more information of KFBM average tobacco data for 2016, please see the upcoming tobacco summary on the KFBM website: www.uky.edu/Ag/ KFBM/

You can also view current and past issues online at http://www. ca.uky.edu/agecon/ index.php?p=209 Co-editors: Kenny Burdine, Alison Davis, and Greg Halich

30

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


ECONOMIC & POLICY UPDATE

Summary for Pennyroyal Grain Farms for 2016 BY RUSH MIDKIFF, AREA EXTENSION SPECIALIST/FARM BUSINESS MANAGEMENT, PENNYROYAL GROUP

I

n 2016, the average Pennyroyal grain farm was 3,064 acres, of which 2,845 were tillable acres. Average tillable operator acres, acres from which the farmer receives revenue, were 2,701 acres. The average Pennyroyal grain farm owned 32% of their tillable acres and rented the remainder on a crop share or cash rent agreement. Cash rent continues to be the dominant rental agreement as 53% of the acreage is cash rented and 15% is crop shared. Pennyroyal farms can also be sorted, according to their management returns,1 into high and low third groups. The high third sort averaged 3,612 tillable acres, of which 3,483 acres were tillable operator acres. In other words, 96% of their acres are tillable operator acres. This group owned 36% of their land, rented 12% on a crop share, and cash rented the remaining 52%. The low third group averaged 2,010 tillable acres, of which 1,913 acres are tillable operator acres. Tillable operator acres account for 95% of their total tillable acres. The low third group owned 33%, crop shared 16%, and cash rented 51%. Both cash and non-cash costs are analyzed on an accrual basis. Noncash costs include depreciation, unpaid labor, and an opportunity/ interest charge on both land and non-land resources. In 2016, Pennyroyal grain farms averaged non-feed costs of $848.59 per acre. Crop expenses made up 31% of all costs, land charge accounted for 22%, power and equipment 20%, other costs 13%, labor 10%, and building 4%. Non-feed expenses decreased

about $35 per acre from 2015 to 2016 for Pennyroyal grain farms. On a per acre basis, building was the only expense to increase from 2015 to 2016. Crop expenses, land charge, power and equipment, other costs and labor decreased on a per acre basis. The high third group saw decreases in all categories except land charge. The low third group showed decreases for all expenses on a per acre basis, except building costs from 2015 to 2016. Crop expenses account for the majority of the non-feed costs, thus it is essential to manage these costs efficiently to maintain profitability. Even a change in a single crop input can have a significant impact on the budget. With falling grain prices, there has been some relief in input costs. In 2016, Pennyroyal grain farms spent $263.50 per acre on crop expenses compared to 2015 crop expenses of $277.88. The average Pennyroyal grain farm spent $113.54 per acre on fertilizer, $68.40 on pesticides, and $81.55 on seed. The high third group had crop expense costs of $266.91 per acre; the low third group had crop expenses of $242.66 per acre. Pennyroyal area farms saw a decrease in net farm income (NFI) 2 and management returns in 2016, as did the entire state of Kentucky. NFI averaged $200,101 per KFBM farm, which was well below the five-year average of $399,844 and the ten-year average of $413,085. Management Returns averaged -$41,830 a decrease of $39,939 compared to 2015 returns of -$1,891. It is interesting to analyze the upper and lower third of Pennyroyal grain farms as well. The upper third had Management Returns of $89.27 per acre and NFI of $177.51 per acre. In 2016, the high third group had higher crop yields on all crops than the low third group

following suit with the last few years. Marketing strategies were similar between both groups as seen by similar prices on 2016 crops; however, the high third group was the better marketer of wheat. Old crop prices were similar between the two management groups, as well. The low third averaged management returns of -$162.47 per acre and NFI of -$74.25 per acre. The lower third owns 33 percent of their land base, while the high third farms own 36 percent of their land base. The high third was much more efficient in operating expense, as shown with the operating expense ratio of 68.97% versus 88.49% for the low third. This means the high third group received a dollar of gross revenue for 68.97 cents of

expenses vs the low group having to spend 88.49 cents to gross a dollar in revenue. That translates to nearly a 29% advantage in the NFI from the operations ratio for the high third group relative to the low third. More details of this information plus detail tables and charts will be forth coming. It will be available at http://www.uky.edu/Ag/KFBM. _____________________________ 1 Management returns are calculated by subtracting a capital investment charge for the operator’s equity and a charge for operator’s labor. 2 Net farm income includes returns to the farm for unpaid family and operator labor, the interest on invested capital, and management. ush Midki , Area xtension Specialist/Farm Business Management, ennyroyal Group rmidki uky.edu

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Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

31


I ntroducing M att & Traci J ack son

The Great Meadows Angus Association is pleased to announce that Matt Jackson with Jackson Marketing Solutions, LLC will be managing the 16th Annual Fall Production sale. The sale will be held October 28th at Reality Farms in Campbellsburg, KY. Visit www.jacksonmarketingsolutions.com for entry forms, catalog request, and info about the sale. You can reach Matt Jackson at 502-667-0142. We look forward to a fun filled day of exciting Angus opportunities and Great Meadows hospitality.

Upcoming GMAA Sales: October 28, 2017 April 28, 2018 32

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

33


FEATURE

What Every Young Family Farmer Should Know BY AUSTIN MILES, CATTLE AND TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH ASSOCIATE

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he 2012 Census of Agriculture compiled by the U.S. Department of Agriculture National Agricultural Statistics Service revealed some shocking (and maybe not so shocking) truths: farmers and ranchers are getting older, fewer in numbers, and there aren’t as many “new” producers entering the industry. While these facts may sound gloomy and disheartening, let’s look closer at some of the information and, more importantly, how young producers like myself can contribute to their family’s operations. When looking at the farm facts below one wonders, what does this mean for you and your family operation? How does a young producer get involved? What can or should you do to improve upon the legacy of the family farm or ranch? As a young producer, I have pondered these questions myself. Our family operation in Whitesboro, Texas, is the stereotypical small family farm as defined by the agriculture census. My greatgreat-grandfather homesteaded there more than 100 years ago. Since then, my family has raised everything from cotton and corn to peanuts and cattle. My grandparents both had jobs off the farm, as did my parents, as do I. While I’d like to think the farm has always been profitable, I know that is not the case; without outside income, our operation would not have survived. I’d like to reflect on my experiences as a young producer and share some observations that could hopefully aid and encourage other upstart farmers, ranchers and land managers.

Be willing to assume risk.

Risk can come in a variety of forms: financial, occupational or reputational. Any time you put skin in the game, you’re going to become more invested in the success and well-being of the operation. Be motivated and push the needle to 34

accomplish your goal(s).

Speak up, but know when to shut up.

Proposing new ideas can be seen as challenging the status quo but, in reality, without the injection of new ideas, an operation can become stagnant and possibly miss out on an opportunity to become more efficient and/or productive. It can be something as small as how and what we feed cattle to exploring new marketing opportunities for our crop, such as direct marketing to consumers. However, you can learn a lot from listening. Seek out those who have been in the business, who have had success and failure, and learn from their experiences. That kind of education is free and realworld tested.

Ask questions.

This goes hand-in-hand with my previous point. Sometimes being the silent observer is fine, but do not be timid about asking why things are done the way they are. Try to gain some perspective and history before you offer input or thought into why or how an operation could be doing something differently.

Get your hands dirty.

I’m very proud of the degrees on the wall of my office, but I’m equally proud of the experiences and lessons learned from others I have encountered and worked with in the field. I am convinced that formal education empowers a person to continue to learn after they graduate and enter the professional world. Who better to learn from than those already actively engaged and doing the work?

“Agvocating” is more than a hashtag.

Social media is a great way to connect with people who we would otherwise never meet yet alone interact with. It is an easy way to stay abreast of current events and industry news, and to share information and ideas. It is important

to promote our industry and heritage with photos, infographics, etc., but simply taking pretty pictures isn’t enough. Be mindful of the opportunities you may have to promote agriculture and be confident enough to do so, whatever the venue or whoever the audience may be.

Seemingly small things can yield major rewards.

Change can be as drastic or subtle as you make it. As a small operator, my goal for our farm is to be as efficient as possible with our finances, natural resources and livestock. This past winter, my dad and I decided to change how we feed hay. Historically, we’d put hay rings around a round bale, knowing we were wasting a significant portion of the bale (and money). My exposure to current research and different management techniques proved that we could do better with littleto-no additional effort required. Once we began rolling the bales out instead of simply setting them down with a hay ring, we noticed a greater portion of the hay was consumed and less was wasted. This decreased how many bales we needed to purchase to feed through the winter. That money we saved from not buying hay could be reinvested in our pastures through fertilizer this spring. Small improvements stack up quick and can quickly change the landscape and character of an operation.

Lead change and become involved.

American agriculture has overcome many challenges and obstacles in the past, but I feel our greatest contest is yet to come. With increasing regulation, more competitive global markets, and a general population who continues to grow removed from and distrust modern agriculture, we as an industry must ensure our livelihood and rural heritage endure. It is easy to sit back and say, “Well, I can’t do anything about it. I’m a little guy.” National and state organizations are the collective voice of our industry. It is imperative to not only become a

member but also be actively engaged in that organization, and promote its creed and mission.

Be able to admit when you need help.

Know your limits and when you need assistance. It is OK to admit you do not know something or your abilities aren’t as advanced as those around you. More importantly, be the helping hand when you are called upon by others.

Working with family is where memories are made and life lessons learned.

Some of my fondest memories growing up involve riding on the tractor and in the wagons during peanut harvest. I’ll never forget the smell and sounds of harvest as a young boy (and the stomachache from eating too many fresh peanuts). My working relationship with my grandfather and dad has changed since then from shotgun rider to partner, and for that I am truly blessed and grateful. Now that I have a family of my own, I take every opportunity I have to take my daughters with me to check cattle, get on the tractor, fix fence, etc. The time spent together is irreplaceable; I know that because my mentors and role models took the time to take me along on similar chores. Take time to give back to younger generations; they will be the caretakers of the future we are all working to make a reality. The future of agriculture in our great country is bright and full of opportunity for those willing to grasp it. As young farmers and ranchers, we are blessed with tools, technologies, techniques and information our predecessors could only dream about. Though we face challenges that previous generations did not, we are still in contest with some all too familiar ones. I am encouraged by the fact that so many still commit themselves to feeding and clothing their fellow man. It is a noble effort that is forgotten by so many.

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


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www.cgb-afs.com Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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11136 Heritage Farm Sign 6-16-17.pdf

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6/16/17

2:37 PM

HE RI T AGE FARM

I N AU GU RAL SAL E

Save T h is D ate:

M arch 3 1, 2018 1024 Hinkle Lane • Shelbyville, Kentucky Tom McGinnis Elias Hernandez 36

Tyler McGinnis Jim Jasper

FEATURE

NCBA Wraps up Summer Meeting

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ore than 700 of the nation’s cattle industry leaders wrapped up another successful Summer Business Meeting in Denver today, with the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association’s board of directors formally adopting policy positions on issues like international trade, tax reform, and modernizing the Endangered Species Act. “It’s been a great week for America’s cattle industry, and meetings like this allow us to network, share best practices across the beef supply chain, and come together to adopt the policy positions that we’ll fight for in Washington, D.C.,” said NCBA President Craig Uden. “I’m proud of everybody who took the time away from their busy operations to help set our industry’s direction for another important year.” Highlights of the week included the announcement of results of the checkofffunded 2016 National Beef Quality Audit and the celebration of six regional finalists for the 2017 Environmental Stewardship Awards. This year’s finalists, announced at a reception on Thursday evening, are Blue Lake Farm, LLC, operated by Rusty and Jessie Thomson, Sharon, S.C.; SFI, Inc., Seth and Etta Smith, Nemaha, Iowa; Sterling Cattle Company, Jimmy and Theresa Sterling, Coahoma, Texas; Flying Diamond Ranch, Scott and Jean Johnson, Kit Carson, Colo.; Jim O’Haco Cattle Company, Jim and Jeanni O’Haco, Winslow, Ariz.; and Munson Angus Farms, LLC, Chuck and Deanna Munson, Junction City, Kan. Joint Committees and Subcommittees met on Thursday and Friday to develop proposals for 2018 checkoff-funded research, education and promotion programs. Also on Friday, NCBA policy committees met to determine priorities and discuss strategies for 2018. The cattle industry’s next large-scale meeting will be the Cattle Industry Convention and NCBA Trade Show Jan. 31 - Feb. 2, 2018, in Phoenix, Arizona.

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


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Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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FEATURE

Recent Vaccination Research May Improve High-Risk Stocker Health

MICHELLE ARNOLD, DVM (RUMINANT EXTENSION VETERINARIAN, UKVDL Have a Question or Topic you would like addressed? Email me at michelle. arnold@uky.edu

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ovine Respiratory Disease (“BRD”), better known as pneumonia, continues to be the most common cause of feedlot death loss despite significant improvements in the vaccines and antibiotics available today. Although countless research dollars have been spent studying this disease, death rates are basically the same or even worse than ever before. The economic impact of BRD goes beyond death loss to include costs of treatment and prevention, production losses, and reduced carcass value. Now consumers are demanding the beef industry reduce antimicrobial use in the production of wholesome beef. Prevention of disease by vaccination should be the answer to improving animal health but the current vaccination recommendations are not meeting the challenge. However, recent research into delayed vaccination administration as well as new immune

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stimulants may prove useful to reduce sickness and death loss. Any discussion of vaccination protocols must begin with a basic understanding of immunity. Think of the immune system as the army fighting a war against foreign invaders into the lungs including the viruses and bacteria that cause BRD. The front line of active defense is the innate or “native” immunity comprised of the white cells known as neutrophils, monocytes and macrophages. These cells act quickly to get out of the bloodstream and into lung tissue to destroy as many abnormal cells and bacteria as they encounter but they often cannot finish the job alone. The reinforcements come in the form of “acquired” immunity. These are the disease-fighting cells (antibodies) developed after vaccination or natural exposure that recognize and destroy specific bacteria or viruses based on memory. Unfortunately, it may take days or even weeks to develop these memory cells and an effective antibody response in healthy cattle. But what about vaccinations given to high risk, highly stressed calves? Many of the physiologic stress effects associated

with weaning, handling, commingling, castration/dehorning, and transportation will increase the stress hormone cortisol in the blood, which can effectively shut down the immune system. Despite this fact, a full array of vaccines is typically administered to calves on arrival at the feed yard, the backgrounding facility or is completed at the yards before trucking to a feeding facility. All manufacturers of modified-live virus (MLV) vaccines recommend that the vaccine be given before risk of disease exposure and only to healthy cattle. This is the reason preconditioning programs insist on pre-weaning vaccination against BRD. However, very few calves arriving at auction barns have ever seen a vaccine besides blackleg and oftentimes calves begin incubating respiratory disease prior to the sale while waiting in the yards. Whether vaccination on arrival is due to tradition, convenience or an unknown health history, it is unlikely to be effective in a highly stressed calf. Bovine respiratory disease is definitely known as a stress-associated infectious disease caused by an interaction between host susceptibility, pathogens (diseaseproducing viruses and bacteria), and the

environment. Mannheimia haemolytica serotype A1 is the most common bacteria found in respiratory disease during the receiving period and the most important cause of death. This organism is an opportunist, gaining access to the lungs when host defenses are low. But is all stress the same? Acute or short-term stress typically occurs in well-managed calves on the home farm during routine vaccination procedures, whereas chronic stress is encountered more often in high-risk calves during initial processing at stocker or feedlot facilities. The protective vaccine response is actually good for cattle experiencing short-term stress, but chronically stressed cattle will have too much replication of the modified live virus resulting in nasal shedding of vaccine virus. Over-production of modified live vaccine virus in chronically stressed calves may cause them to show more symptoms of BRD and receive more treatments. Killed vaccines, on the other hand, do not have enough antigens to stimulate a protective response in stressed calves. So what is the answer? Recent studies have demonstrated that delaying the 5-way modified live

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


FEATURE

respiratory vaccination to 21-30 days post-arrival will give high-risk cattle the opportunity to overcome stress-induced immune dysfunction and mount a strong protective vaccine response to the later administration. Intranasal respiratory vaccines that stimulate immunity in the nose can safely be used on arrival for protection from viruses during the delay. Other means of intervention to positively impact calf health are currently under development. A new product recently marketed by Bayer Animal Health is Zelnate®, a DNA immunostimulant given on arrival to activate the innate immune system to fight BRD pathogens, especially M. haemolytica, at the time of stress and disease challenge. A recent study* published in 2016 investigated the use of Zelnate® and delayed MLV vaccination on feedlot health, performance, and carcass merits of auction-market derived feeder heifers. Briefly, the trial included 5179 six-weight heifers from Oklahoma and Texas received in a feed lot August to October. The heifers were divided into 4 treatment groups; Group One received MLV vaccine on arrival and again 30 days later, Group Two received Zelnate® and MLV vaccine on arrival and vaccine again 30 days later, Group Three received one dose of MLV vaccine 30 days after arrival, and Group Four received Zelnate® on arrival then MLV vaccine 30 days after arrival. They were fed for an average of 209 days (to slaughter weight) and results are summarized below: Calves receiving the delayed MLV vaccine required less treatment. There was actually no difference among the four groups in the percentage of calves treated once for BRD. However, across all pens, the chance of receiving retreatment was 37.05% for calves receiving delayed viral vaccine vs 43.97% for calves administered vaccine on arrival. The incidence of chronics was the same in the four groups. Overall death loss was less for cattle receiving the immunostimulant

(Zelnate®). No differences in final gain performance, dry matter intake or feed conversion were observed among groups. In this study, delaying the administration of MLV vaccine for 30 days resulted in a significant decrease in the number of calves requiring more than one treatment for BRD. The authors suggested the delay may have provided the opportunity for treated cattle to respond to antibiotics more effectively because the “interaction between stress and MLV antigens was not a factor”. Additionally, the immunostimulant Zelnate® consistently reduced overall death loss. One of the most important take-home messages from this research is that no vaccine or treatment reduced the number of calves treated only once for respiratory disease. Why didn’t the vaccine given on arrival reduce the number of pulls? Simply stated-timing. Newly purchased calves are often incubating disease and usually break around day 10-14 after arrival but protection from the vaccine may take up to 28 days to occur so the timing is just not right. It is time to re-think how health is managed in high-risk stocker calves. A majority of calves are marketed through sale barns, weaned on the trailer, commingled and are at considerable risk for BRD. Examining ways to stimulate the immune system is the new frontier currently under exploration to hopefully reduce sickness, death loss and antimicrobial use. Preconditioning programs like CPH 45 that require preweaning vaccinations and weaning on the farm for at least 45 days are still the best way to keep calves healthy at marketing and all the way through to finish. *Rogers KC, Miles DG, Renter DG, Sears JE, Woodruff JL. Effects of delayed respiratory viral vaccine and/ or inclusion of an immunostimulant on feedlot health, performance, and carcass merits of auction-market derived feeder heifers. Bovine Practitioner 2016; 50: 154-162 Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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FEATURE

Quality Seed: The First Step to a Successful Crop BY JAMES LOCKE SOILS AND CROPS CONSULTANT tarting with good quality planting seed is the first step to a successful crop. While we cannot control factors like weather and markets, we can almost always use good quality seed. So, what are the components of quality seed?

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Seed Viability

The U.S. Department of Agriculture  (USDA) requires all seed sold commercially to be tested and meet minimum germination standards. Most states also have their own seed laws setting minimum requirements, and most seed companies have minimum standards for seed they will market. However, the standard germination test tells only part of the story. Standard germination tests are conducted under ideal conditions, and they do not give a good indication of how the seed may perform under challenging field conditions. Running a vigor test provides a better estimate of field performance. Types of vigor tests include accelerated aging, cold, electric conductivity and seedling vigor classification tests. Seed that has an acceptable germination percentage but low vigor may not grow well or even germinate under adverse field conditions. Vigor testing is particularly valuable for seed that has been held over, stored under unknown or unfavorable conditions, or will be planted under lessthan-ideal soil or weather conditions. Additional information on seed testing and laboratory resources can be found here:  Seed Testing Laboratory Service Providers for Texas Agriculture.

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Varietal Purity

Variety selection is one of the most important decisions a producer makes. A number of factors must be considered when selecting varieties to plant. Regional adaptation, yield potential, end use (grazing, hay or harvest), disease and insect resistance, and herbicide tolerance traits all need to be considered. Refer to published variety trial results from unbiased sources, preferably for multiple years and from environments similar to your own, to select varieties that meet your goals. It is preferable to plant multiple varieties to spread out the risks from weather and diseases.

yields by 50 percent or more. In addition to causing yield losses from competition, weeds can reduce crop quality. Weed seed is one of the contaminants that will be docked at the elevator when grain is sold. So, how does one make sure they are able to meet these criteria for quality seed? The easiest way is to plant certified seed. Certified seed is the progeny of breeder, foundation or registered seed classes, and has passed necessary inspections to meet state and federal seed law requirements. Additionally, using certified seed ensures

vigor is often lower, resulting in weaker seedlings. It also may be infected with seed-borne diseases, in addition to weed seed previously mentioned. One way to keep the advantages of certified seed while reducing outof-pocket costs is to plant enough certified seed annually to provide your own planting seed for the next year. This works well because the genetic purity will be maintained for the first year. If seed is saved from subsequent years’ crops, the genetics will become increasingly diluted and the variety traits may not be preserved. Note that this is not an option for patented varieties or those carrying a patented gene. Using quality planting seed is a key production factor we can control. There are so many factors that we can’t control; it makes good sense to take advantage of the ones we can.

GUIDELINES FOR PRODUCTION, STORAGE AND USE OF PLANTING SEED

Seed Purity

State laws typically regulate how much and what types of weed seed and other contaminants are allowable in commercial planting seed. Weed seed contamination is a particular problem for bin-run seed. Even when seed has been cleaned, weed seed of similar size, shape or density are often difficult to remove. When these weeds are planted with the crop, they germinate with the crop and immediately compete for space, water, nutrients and sunlight. Weed competition can potentially reduce

compliance with the Plant Variety Protection Act (PVP). Oftentimes, producers purchase “variety not stated” seed for planting purposes. If any of this seed is from a PVP-protected variety, it is a violation. Most seed companies now aggressively pursue enforcement of their PVP rights. A common argument against using certified seed is that it increases production costs. While that may appear true on the surface, it may not be the case if all factors are considered. Bin-run seed usually has lower germination rates, which requires increased seeding rates to obtain the same stand. Even then, seed

Use good weed management practices to ensure weed seed will not be harvested with the crop seed. Apply fungicides to control seedborne diseases. Ensure harvest equipment is clean and properly adjusted. Clean seed to remove weed seed and foreign material before storage. Store seed under good conditions, and control storage insects. Perform seed germination and vigor test, and adjust seeding rates as needed for saved seed. Apply fungicides to saved seed to control seedling diseases.

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


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Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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FEATURE

Cave Spring Farm: A Lesson in Heritage BY NIKKI WHITAKER AND CAREY BROWN

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n 1775, Robert Boggs (1746-1827) traveled to Kentucky with the Transylvania Company; the same company that brought Daniel Boone to settle Fort Boonesborough. Like many pioneers in the company, Boggs set out to claim his own land once the fort was established. He explored the land northwest of the settlement, in present day Fayette County, while out with John Floyd’s surveying group, and he discovered a cave from which a spring-fed stream flowed. Boggs surveyed the land and claimed 1,000

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acres in his name. The next year, Boggs left his land to serve as captain in the Cherokee Expedition and then joined the American Revolutionary Army where he served alongside Washington in 1777-78 at Valley Forge. During the eight years he was away, Boggs spent three of those in the military and three of those in Virginia where he married his wife, Sarah Houston. After serving he was able to request the claimed lands through the Virginia Land Commission. Others tried to claim the land Boggs had surveyed for his own, while he was away. From 1780 to 1785, Boggs appealed to the Virginia Land Commission and slowly acquired his original 1,000 acres and an additional 1,276 acres. Finally, in 1784 Robert Boggs, along with his wife and their infant daughter, settled next to the cave spring and built their home. They lived in a double log house until the

main stone residence was completed in 1792. Robert and Sarah had ten children, 4 boys and 6 girls, and lived the remainder of their lives at Cave Spring Farm. That was the very beginning of a long history for Cave Spring Farm located in Fayette County, Kentucky. Today, that past is very well documented and immaculately preserved forever by the family that has taken care of the land for over 200 years. Samuel M. Cassidy III, the current owner of the land, does not take the responsibility of maintaining the past lightly. On a recent visit to the farm, Mr. Cassidy started the history lesson right away. There was much to see and learn around Cave Spring Farm. Unlike those before him, Mr. Cassidy was not born, nor did he grow up on this land but it has been in his family for

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

generations. His father was born on the farm and raised there until he was a teenager. He was a mining engineer for Consolidation Coal Company so life took them to other places but in 1964 his parents moved back to Cave Spring Farm. His father, Samuel M. Cassidy, Jr. spent many years of his life working on the family history. Thanks to those efforts, their roots have been traced back to 1547 and all of that work was done before computers. It involved a lot of traveling and visits to other countries. Altogether, over 22 years were put into discovering their family heritage and it is obvious that the importance of that


FEATURE

At right: Mr. Cassidy stands in front of the main house constructed in 1792. Inset: Mr. Samuel Cassidy, Jr. with his wife Frances, and their three children Samuel (far left), Charles and Catherine. work was not lost on his son. Even though he didn’t grow up in the house, the farm holds a very dear spot in his life. It is very evident while talking with him how proud he is of his heritage. History is all around you when you visit Cave Spring Farm. There are 6 buildings on the farm and a cemetery that are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Each building has been immaculately preserved, yet updated with modern conveniences (see page 46 for information on each building). While sitting on the back porch of the main house, underneath the 300 year old bur oak tree, you have an exceptional view of most of these structures as well as the farm. It is pretty easy to envision a time when settlers camped down by the creek, or the enormous amount of work it was to build a stone house in that time, or the amount of people and their stories that have been a part of this land for centuries. Inside of each of the current buildings, historical artifacts are tucked away in every corner. A visit with Mr. Cassidy through each of the rooms leads to fascinating bits of history, from stories dating back to 1775 to pieces of memorabilia that most will never see in a lifetime. You can find all sorts of items on display that have been found around the farm, including union and confederate bullets, Indian heads, hatchets to a stereopticon to old family photos, maps and farm tools. Cont’d on pg. Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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FEATURE Cont’d o

pg.

The personal tour that day included stops at each of the buildings on the historical register and ended with a look at agriculture around the farm. Cave Spring Farm has always been used as agricultural land. In its early years it was used for hemp. Kentucky’s first hemp crop was actually grown in Danville in 1775, the same year Robert Boggs first claimed the property later known as Cave Spring Farm. Kentucky was known as the greatest producer of U.S. hemp during the 19th and 20th century. Senator Henry Clay was a strong advocate of the thousands of acres grown in Kentucky. Peak hemp production in Kentucky was at over 18,000 acres in 1917 but World War 1 marked several changes to the markets as well as introduction of new sources of fibers. Tobacco also began to take off and quickly became the cash crop of choice. The farm grew many acres of tobacco over the years until the buyout came along. Cave Spring Farms still has its hemp house that was built before 1800. It was converted to a stable in 1968. Other crops such as corn and soybeans have also been raised on the farm and at one time the farm was even known for the mules that they raised. James Boggs, son of founder Robert Boggs, died in 1831 and at that time there were 77 mules, 45 mares and 3 jacks on the farm. The mules were raised for both southern and western markets and were by far the largest source of income during that time. Cattle have also played an important role on the farm. After the tobacco buyout, like many farms across the state, the cattle herd expanded. Mr. Cassidy will be the first to tell you that he lets farm manager, Lisa Baesler make all of the decisions on the farm regarding the cattle. Lisa moved to the farm in 1989 and became the full time manager in 2009. Lisa grew up around the cattle industry and initially came to the farm with her family. Her two sons work off of the farm and still help her when possible but the day-to44

day business is her responsibility. Initially when she took over they had mostly commercial cattle. Through the years, they bought a few registered cattle and really liked the performance. They have been using only registered Angus bulls for about 20 years now. Cave Spring Farm maintains 130 cows and calves and the herd is mostly registered Angus cattle with a few commercial cows.

Lisa has typically sold through the stockyards or through CKAA sales but has recently sold in White Farms/ Branch View Angus Genetics Feeder Calf Sale as well as a CPH Sale with good results. Lisa continues to

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


FEATURE At left: Lisa Baesler manages the farm including a Registered Angus herd. Right: Geneology line from Robert Boggs to Samuel Cassidy, III. Below: Some artifacts, including Union and Confederate bullets, found around the farm.

evolve the farm and admits that the farm still operates under many “old school” principals. However, she is interested in trying new things and has really enjoyed some of the hands-on learning sessions done at Eden Shale Farm. She has been able to utilize resources at Eden Shale Farm including a recent weaning school and hopes to introduce a fenceline feeding system for bulls when not in service. They also have lowered their stocking density in an effort to produce better cattle and for conservation practices on the farm. Farming so close to the city of Lexington has brought on several challenges as well. It is sometimes difficult finding other cattle farmers in the county. She has reached out to several local cattlemen and finds them very helpful. “I call on them a lot,” stated Baesler. “If I have a question or am in need of a few extra hands, they are always a phone call away and I feel very lucky to have them.” As town continues to inch closer to their land, they have joined a local neighborhood association to stop urban sprawl in their area. The farm sits

only a mile off of Richmond Road in Lexington. The interstate exits nearby have seen a lot of growth and even the towering signs from hotels and gas stations can be easily seen in the middle of the night, which is something Mr. Cassidy could do without. Getting products and services is another huge problem on the farm. Other than the larger chain stores, there aren’t a lot of general products and deliveries going to Lexington which creates some problems when trying to get certain products. Getting veterinarians to the farm during emergencies is another huge problem. “Unfortunately, there are no local cattle vets right here so if timing is urgent, I don’t have a lot of options. I rely on other local cattlemen to help out when needed in dire situations,” she stated “Usually they won’t take money in exchange for their time, but I love to cook and bake so I return the favor that way.” Lisa, like most cattle producers across the state of Kentucky, is making things work based on the land and cattle she has. They have taken advantage of cost share money and she is always

looking for ways to make things better and easier. All of the hard work is worth it knowing that she was able to raise her sons on the farm, is able to do what she loves, and has stunning views no matter where she is on the farm. The farm is a beautiful and mesmerizing piece of Kentucky history. The Cassidy family has gone to great lengths to preserve and maintain the farm and history that goes with it. When asked why he spends so much time and energy on upkeep of the farm, he answers very quickly, heritage. “Quite simply, it is all about heritage,” explained Mr. Cassidy. He finds it discouraging that so few pay attention to it these days. “This is one of the unique places in the state of Kentucky and I am going to keep it that way,” Mr. Cassidy stated. “I hope that my children feel the same way I do.”

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Robert Boggs 1746-1827 Jane (Boggs) Bell 1794-1835 Sarah (Bell) Lyle 1821-1873 James Lyle 1846-1890 Sarah (Lyle) Cassidy 1877-1949 Samuel Cassidy, II 1902-1992 Samuel Cassidy, III 1932-  

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FEATURE

Cave Spring Farm: Building History Cemetary

Tenant House Built about 1795, most pioneer ice houses were built with a round plan with very few being square or rectangular as at Cave Spring. Ice from a pond was stored in straw in the ice house from 1795 until about 1915-16 when ice delivery by wagon was begun. Electricity reached rural Fayette County about 1925. 46

Completed before 1800 for “house servants”. Field slaves lived in log cabins about ¼ mile downstream from the cave. In 1964 two wings were added; a kitchen to the west side and, a bedroom to the south side. In 1999 nearly 1000 sg. ft., 495 sg. ft. on two levels were added providing a master bedroom suite upstairs and a family room downstairs.

Ice House

The first burial was in 1791 and the last in 1868. Nearly all direct descendants of Robert Boggs since 1868 are buried in Lexington Cemetery. Octagonal in shape, the stone wall is 65 x 62 ft. on the two axes. Walls are 24” wide on top, sloping to 36” on the bottom & average 5 1/2’ tall above ground level. Capping the wall are precisely cut bush-hammered stones 9” thick & smooth as a sidewalk. An iron gate on the north face is opposite the family monument also facing north while all other head stones face east. In the south east corner are unmarked flat rocks set upright marking the graves of “house slaves.” “Field” hands were buried outside the wall perimeter & their stones have disappeared through cultivation.

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


FEATURE

HempHouse

Main House Constructed in 1792, this two-and-one-halfstory, three-bay stone house originally faced eastward. The structure was reorientated to face westward ca. 1845 thereby accommodating a new public road. Evidence of this change is visible in the absence of a central bay on the second level of the western facade and the existence of a somewhat more elaborate cornice with a deep fascia on the eastern facade. Windows are nine-over-six on the first floor and six-over-six on the second level. The first floor windows are surmounted by wellexecuted jack arches. Both the front and rear porches have chamfered posts with slender, square banisters. The gable-roofed front porch shelters the central bay, while the shed-roofed rear porch extends across the entire east facade. Square gable windows flank the chimneys of the main block. The south chimney is set flush with the exterior wall, whereas the north chimney is set outside the end wall.

The one-and-one-half-story stone kitchen to the south of the main block was initially connected to the house by a dogtrot which was enclosed ca. 1800 to create a dining room. The wing on the north end of the house is a 1968 addition consisting of a bedroom and bath. On the interior, the house originally consisted of a hall and parlor plan. Corner stairs with winders were located in the northwest and southwest corners of each room. The southwest stairs are somewhat wider and continue past the second floor to the attic. The partition dividing the first floor rooms was situated so as to make the north room the larger of the two. The original ash floors and walnut trim remain; however, the original mantles had been removed and Federal mantles from a house in Garrard County, Kentucky, now replace them. In the kitchen, the stone cooking fireplace with splayed jack arch remains in good condition. Enclosed corner stairs with winders in the northeast corner of the kitchen give access to the attic level.

Located southwest of the main house is the one-and-one-half story, brick hemp house and granary. A gableroofed building similar in proportion and scale to the smokehouse, this structure is laid in common bond and rests on a low, stone foundation. The door is located in the south gable end with single window centered in the gable peak above. A second, larger window pierces the west side wall. All openings have jack arches. The structure functioned as a hemp house and granary until 1900. Currently, the building is used as a stable for pleasure horses, and it remains virtually unaltered on the exterior.

Completed before 1800 as a combination smoke house & office, the two rooms separated by a solid brick wall 12 in. thick. The South end was the meat room & is brick-lined 13 x 14 ft., with a 21 ft. ceiling, allowing smoke to, originally, ooze through the shingles. This room is now the living room with windows, chimney & fireplace added. Two cuts were made in the 12 in. wall; one up three steps to the old office which is now the bedroom. The other, going upstairs to a second bedroom, the stairs being reversed from the original. The modifications were completed in 1964 with a 13 x 16 rear wing added to provide kitchen, bathroom, closet & HVAC room.

SmokeHouse

Located on the hilltop south of the main house and above the cave spring is the log house constructed ca. 1784. The one-and-one-half-story structure initially consisted of two pens connected by a dogtrot. Large, stone chimneys are located on the gable end walls. Ladders in each pen gave access to the upper level. Later, the dogtrot was enclosed and a stairway was added in the northeast corner of the passage.

Log House

Originally the structure was built nearer the creek, in close proximity to the cave. In 1872, a division of property between heirs caused the house to be moved. It continued in use as a residence until 1955 when it was relegated to hay storage and finally abandoned. In 1974, the log structure was acquired by the present owner and moved to the site it now occupies. The following year, it was remodeled and new windows were cut and a new porch added to the facade. Facing northward overlooking the farm, the log house currently serves as a guesthouse. Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

47


FEATURE

Cattlemen Applaud Administration’s Stated Goals for Renegotiating NAFTA WASHINGTON (JULY 17, 2017)

T

he National Cattlemen’s Beef Association today said the Trump Administration’s overall goals for renegotiating the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAF TA) are beneficial to the U.S. beef industry because they encourage the continuation of terms that have benefitted the industry for decades – specifically duty-free access and science-based sanitary and phytosanitary standards. The Administration this afternoon sent their goals to Capitol Hill. “As we have said before, it is

1951

2017

CELEBRATING

66 Years

difficult to improve upon dutyf ree, unlimited access to Canada and Mexico—and we are pleased that USTR’s objectives for NAF TA include maintaining existing reciprocal duty-f ree market access for agricultural goods,” NCBA President Craig Uden said. Uden said NCBA will continue to support the inclusion of strong sanitary and phytosanitary standards in NAF TA. NCBA has been an outspoken supporter of NAF TA because the terms of NAF TA developed Canada and Mexico into two very important export markets for U.S. beef. NCBA has expressed concern that any

changes to the terms of NAF TA that impact beef and cattle trade may jeopardize the industry’s current access to Canada and Mexico. While there may be calls f rom other segments of agriculture and other industries to update or renegotiate the terms of NAF TA, NCBA strongly encourages the Trump Administration to focus its efforts on those specific areas and leave alone the terms of NAF TA that have greatly benefitted the U.S. beef and cattle industry. NCBA will continue to advise the Trump Administration and Congress to not repeat the mistakes of the past

by using NAF TA to resurrect failed government marketing programs, such as Mandatory Country-ofOrigin Labeling (MCOOL). “As we learned f rom history, MCOOL failed to deliver higher values for producers or a safer food supply,” Uden said. “It did, however, result in further consolidation in the U.S. beef industry and the potential for $1 billion in retaliatory tariffs from Canada and Mexico. We must learn from the mistakes of the past, not repeat them.”

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Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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Brief Summary of Full Prescribing Information

Craig Iwanski, DVM Co-owner Central Veterinary Services Stockton, Kansas

Antibiotic 100 mg of tulathromycin/mL For subcutaneous injection in beef and non-lactating dairy cattle and intramuscular injection in swine only. Not for use in female dairy cattle 20 months of age or older or in calves to be processed for veal. CAUTION Federal (USA) law restricts this drug to use by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian. INDICATIONS Beef and Non-lactating Dairy Cattle BRD – DRAXXIN Injectable Solution is indicated for the treatment of bovine respiratory disease (BRD) associated with Mannheimia haemolytica, Pasteurella multocida, Histophilus somni, and Mycoplasma bovis; and for the control of respiratory disease in cattle at high risk of developing BRD associated with Mannheimia haemolytica, Pasteurella multocida, Histophilus somni, and Mycoplasma bovis. IBK – DRAXXIN Injectable Solution is indicated for the treatment of infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis (IBK) associated with Moraxella bovis. Foot Rot – DRAXXIN Injectable Solution is indicated for the treatment of bovine foot rot (interdigital necrobacillosis) associated with Fusobacterium necrophorum and Porphyromonas levii. Swine DRAXXIN Injectable Solution is indicated for the treatment of swine respiratory disease (SRD) associated with Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae, Pasteurella multocida, Bordetella bronchiseptica, Haemophilus parasuis, and Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae; and for the control of SRD associated with Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae, Pasteurella multocida, and Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae in groups of pigs where SRD has been diagnosed. DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION Cattle Inject subcutaneously as a single dose in the neck at a dosage of 2.5 mg/kg (1.1 mL/100 lb) body weight (BW). Do not inject more than 10 mL per injection site. Swine Inject intramuscularly as a single dose in the neck at a dosage of 2.5 mg/kg (0.25 mL/22 lb) BW. Do not inject more than 2.5 mL per injection site. CONTRAINDICATIONS The use of DRAXXIN Injectable Solution is contraindicated in animals previously found to be hypersensitive to the drug. WARNINGS FOR USE IN ANIMALS ONLY. NOT FOR HUMAN USE. KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN. NOT FOR USE IN CHICKENS OR TURKEYS. RESIDUE WARNINGS Cattle Cattle intended for human consumption must not be slaughtered within 18 days from the last treatment. Do not use in female dairy cattle 20 months of age or older. A withdrawal period has not been established for this product in pre-ruminating calves. Do not use in calves to be processed for veal. Swine Swine intended for human consumption must not be slaughtered within 5 days from the last treatment. PRECAUTIONS Cattle The effects of DRAXXIN on bovine reproductive performance, pregnancy, and lactation have not been determined. Subcutaneous injection can cause a transient local tissue reaction that may result in trim loss of edible tissue at slaughter. Swine The effects of DRAXXIN on porcine reproductive performance, pregnancy, and lactation have not been determined. Intramuscular injection can cause a transient local tissue reaction that may result in trim loss of edible tissue at slaughter. ADVERSE REACTIONS Cattle In one BRD field study, two calves treated with DRAXXIN at 2.5 mg/kg BW exhibited transient hypersalivation. One of these calves also exhibited transient dyspnea, which may have been related to pneumonia.

YOU CAN’T TAKE CARE OF BUSINESS UNTIL YOU TAKE CARE OF BRD. Helping control and treat bovine respiratory disease (BRD) has helped clients of Central Veterinary Services generate a better return on investment. “By using DRAXXIN® (tulathromycin) Injectable Solution metaphylactically, our clients have seen a reduction of 50% to 70% in first-time pulls,” says Dr. Craig Iwanski. “DRAXXIN is long-acting, and I know we’re going to get nice levels in the lung tissues,” he adds. “Healthier cattle stay at the bunk longer.” And that’s good news for clients with an appetite for profit. Talk with your veterinarian or visit draxxin.com/DrCraig.

Swine In one field study, one out of 40 pigs treated with DRAXXIN at 2.5 mg/kg BW exhibited mild salivation that resolved in less than four hours. STORAGE CONDITIONS Store at or below 25°C (77°F). HOW SUPPLIED DRAXXIN Injectable Solution is available in the following package sizes: 50 mL vial, 100 mL vial, 250 mL vial, 500 mL vial NADA 141-244, Approved by FDA

To report a suspected adverse reaction call 1-800-366-5288. To request a material safety data sheet call 1-800-733-5500. For additional DRAXXIN product information call 1-888-DRAXXIN or go to www.DRAXXIN.com

Made in Brazil.

DRX12019 032906 Revised: May 2011

Important Safety Information: DRAXXIN has a pre-slaughter withdrawal time of 18 days. Do not use in dairy cattle 20 months of age or older. Effects on reproductive performance, pregnancy and lactation have not been determined. On your phone, use the bar code scanner app to scan this code and watch a video about Dr. Craig’s veterinary practice.

For more details, please see full prescribing information. All trademarks are the property of Zoetis Inc., its affiliates and/or its licensors. ©2013 Zoetis Inc. All rights reserved. DRX13104

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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FEATURE

Pasture Management: Understanding Plant and Root Growth in the Fall GENE PIRELLI, EXTENSION ANIMAL SCIENTIST, OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY STEVE FRANSEN, EXTENSION FORAGE AGRONOMIST, WASHINGTON STATE UNIVERSITY orage is a vital resource for a livestock operation. It is a cheap source of feed for grazing animals and the best way to stay economically viable. The basis of any successful livestock grazing system is learning to manage the forage or pasture within environmental limitations, grower skills and knowledge. Selecting pasture species that are best adapted to your microclimate, and learning to manage growth habits of those crops, is critical tosuccessful pasture sustainability. A sustainable and long-lived pasture

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is dependent upon proper management of grazing animals and attention to soil fertility needs. This is a year round effort for successful grazing managers. There are many critical periods during the year that affect the amount of forage that is produced on a pasture. One of the most critical periods for western Oregon pastures, eastside irrigated pastures, and hay meadows is autumn. Management decisions made at this time affect the ability of the plants to overwinter, they determine when new growth is initiated in the spring, and how much total forage growth will be produced over the entire season. Overgrazing or excessive forage harvesting in the fall inhibits root system rebuilding and the formation of shoots for spring growth. Why is fall one of the most critical period of the forage cycle?

The answer is that two major plant activities occur during fall growth. One is root regeneration and the other is the formation of the shoots or growing points. Allowing the plants to store carbohydrates in the fall is essential for long-term forage production. The lower stems (or crown) rather than the roots are the major storage unit of complex carbohydrates in perennial grasses. The new root system will take up water from the soil plus important nutrients that nurture those new growing points. Both plant systems must work together to sustain pasture growth in the next grazing season. To support a high level of forage production, the root system is vital. Just as the parts of the grass plants that we see above ground have a growth cycle, so do the roots. This is also a time

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

when plant root systems are rebuilding from summer shedding. The actual time of new root growth varies depending upon the amount of moisture either by irrigation or rainfall, shortening daylengths, and the residual stubble height. You can determine if your pasture plants are undergoing root rebuilding by looking for new white roots developing from the crown tissue in the fall. New roots will be variable in length but easily seen if dug out of the ground with a shovel and washed free of soil with water. Growing points are developing in the fall to provide next spring’s forage growth. These young grass shoots, or tillers, are much like babies. Both need a steady supply of nutrients and protection from stress. In the fall, nutrients are supplied from the previous season’s


FEATURE

Table 1. Recommended residual heights for some grasses during dormant periods

GRASS MINIMUM

STUBBLE HEIGHT

Orchard Grass

3-4 inches

Smooth Brome

3-4 inches

Meadow Brome

3-4 inches

Tall Fescue

3-4 inches

Bluegrass

3-4 inches

Perennial Ryegrass

2 inches

Timothy

4–6 inches

tillers, which have stored carbohydrates in the bottom 3-4 inches of the plant. Often these older tillers are dormant and brown at this time of year, but they aren’t dead, and their storage function is critical. These older tillers also provide physical protection to the new tillers. If pastures are grazed or mowed lower than a 3-4 inch stubble height in the fall, these reserves are reduced, and the new tillers are starved, as well as being exposed to weather extremes. Usually root formation will slow or stop, and in the following spring these tillers will grow slower and have fewer roots to support themselves. Grass plants can be grazed down to a minimum height as shown in Table 1, but not grazed below that height. These recommended minimum stubble heights allow the plants the ability to store carbohydrates for vigorous re-growth in the fall. Grazing below this height will decrease your fall feed and subsequent spring growth. Table 1. Recommended residual heights for some grasses during dormant

periods Fall is a great time to take soil samples to test the fertility of the pasture soil. Soil tests should be taken during the same month each year for consistency. Early fall is also a good time to apply nutrients based on your soil test. Oregon State University Extension Fertilizer Guides can help you decide the type and proper amount of nutrients. Manure or other sources of nitrogen can be applied based on plant nutrient needs, but just make sure that you do not apply too much nitrogen. Vigorously growing plants, resulting from high nitrogen applications late in the fall, are more susceptible to winter damage because the growth retards winter dormancy. An excessive nitrogen application will inhibit the plant from starting into its over-wintering response. High nitrogen tends to reduce sugar concentrations so the plant tries to refill its depleted stubble sugar bank account. If plants are not allowed to rest and prepare for winter, they are very susceptible to winter injury or death from the first major cold winter

event. As temperatures change in the fall, plants protect themselves by producing a type of “antifreeze” called “Proline”. This “antifreeze” will accumulate in every living plant cell during the winter period only if excessive nitrogen is not available. Eastern and western Oregon grass hay growers should follow the same recommendations as folks with pastures. Many grass hay growers with cattle like to move the animals onto the hay field after the last cutting has been removed. This long held practice may do more damage than you realize. The remaining hay stubble is high in storage sugars, just like in the pasture. Livestock tend to readily eat this plant portion because it tastes good. Without adequate storage of basal sugars prior to winter, those plants

will have a distinct disadvantage in the spring. If you must graze hay fields in the fall, make sure you’ve given the field adequate time for regrowth to occur and to follow the same guidelines of stubble height minimums as for pastures. For long-term survival of pastures and hayfields, remember to keep an eye on stubble heights and don’t graze below them. Allow roots to rebuild and shoots to develop by not grazing hard in the fall. Make plans to get on a soil testing schedule, which is usually a test every three to five years. Use that information to make the most economical fertilizer applications. By following some of these management tips, your pasture should be productive for many years.

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Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

51


FEATURE

20th Annual

Belles of the Bluegrass Simmental Female Sale NEW DATE & LOCATION

Saturday

October 7th, 2017

Reality Farms 155 Batts Ln Campbellsburg, Ky Loads of quality from a great group of breeders, breds, pairs, opens and genetics lots.

Grazing Alfalfa in the Fall and Winter UNIVERSITY OF KENTUCKY

A

lfalfa is one of the most productive forage legumes grown in Kentucky. Traditionally, cutting it for hay has been the preferred method of harvest, but by following simple management practices it makes an excellent quality pasture. This is especially true in the fall because grazing also avoids the problem of slow hay curing due to low temperatures and high humidity. All classes of livestock can benefit from alfalfa in the fall. Alfalfa makes excellent pasture for weaned calves. It can add weight to yearling cattle

Alfalfa productivity will influence the number of animals a given area will support.

will be more productive.

Alfalfa Preparation for Fall/ Winter Grazing

Rotational grazing is essential to efficiently graze alfalfa and maximize stand life. There is flexibility in the length of a grazing period, but do not leave animals on a paddock for more than a week. Alfalfa should not be over-grazed due to the risk of damage to the crown and crownbuds. Move animals when the stubble height is grazed down 3 to 4 inches. Alfalfa can be grazed or harvested lower height during the growing season, but some stubble promotes winter survival especially during winters with excessive snow or ice. When rotationally grazing alfalfa, fencing doesn’t have to be complex. Simple low-cost electric fences that retain animals to one area are ideal. Properly managed grazing can have less impact on the plant than cutting for hay, because of the repeated wheel traffic during hay cutting, tedding, raking and baling.

To help alfalfa survive the winter, allow plants to grow without cutting or grazing for at least six weeks prior to the first killing f reeze ( < 24 °F). This rest period allows plants to store carbohydrates needed for winter survival and to develop new shoots in the spring. In Kentucky, alfalfa should not be grazed or har vested f rom mid-September until early November. Usually by

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Grazing in Fall/Winter

or increase cow condition prior to winter. Standing alfalfa also can serve as an excellent protein supplement for livestock grazing adjacent to crop residues. Most of the protein in alfalfa is derived from the leaves and managing to minimize leaf loss is essential to increase protein intake.

early November, even if there is no killing freeze, the plants have entered winter dormancy and will not begin regrowth after harvest or grazing. Stands that have been adequately winterized typically are less susceptible to winter damage and the following year’s first growth

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

It is important to have a sacrifice area while grazing alfalfa. Especially during periods in the fall and winter when soil conditions are wet from rain or snow. Crown damage f rom foot traffic on wet soils leads to a disease called crown rot. Crown rot is the leading contributor to loss of alfalfa stands over the winter. In order to protect plant stands, producers should place animals in their sacrifice area or sacrifice paddock during periods with wet soil conditions.

Health Risk When Grazing Alfalfa

Bloat remains a potential problem


FEATURE

Alfalfa Crown Rot

when grazing alfalfa in the fall, especially during the first three to five days after alfalfa has been exposed to f reezing temperatures. The risk of bloat is reduced substantially after a significant portion of the forage moisture is below 50% or the top half of the plant has dried down. When animals are first turned into alfalfa,

several basic steps can be taken to reduce the potential for bloat. Start by providing products containing poloxalene which are available in a small block form. The feeding rate of this supplement is one block to every five head of grazing cattle. Observe your stands before turning livestock into them to be sure that no immature alfalfa is present. Providing your animals with grass hay will further reduce the potential for block. Hay can be provided free of choice during the first two weeks of late fall/winter grazing. For more information and guidance, contact your local extension office .

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Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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Less people. Less effort. Added safety. Creep Feeders TurretGate is an advanced gate design that shuttles CATTLEback through the Turret, EQUIPMENTbehind waiting animals. re-positioning IS WHAT the need to swing the It eliminates WE BUILD! gate back open into the waiting MANUAL CHUTES animals and virtually the 150 Bu.eliminates 70 Bu. Side Single $ need for humans to be in with the Starting At 4,300 $3,500 $2,900 cattle. The gate is controlled APACHE FEEDremotely WAGONS and significantly reduces the stress on 20' $4,400 • 24' $5,200 animals. TurretGate helps your Apache Troughskeep 24' $1,350 animals calm and your people safe. FOB McBurney New Castle Let Livestock Equipment come to your farm to design and place a TurretGate system.

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Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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FEATURE

What is PRF? SUBMITTED BY STORM INSURANCE

H

ave you ever stood in your dry field and said, “I would pay $1,000 for a good inch or two of rain?” Pasture, Rangeland, Forage, otherwise known as PRF, is a Pilot Insurance program through the USDA that allows Cattlemen to buy insurance coverage on their pasture, rangeland, and/or forage acres to provide protection against lack of rainfall. The program is based solely on precipitation, known as the Rainfall Index, and is designed to provide protection from lack of rainfall which results in increased costs for feed, destocking, depopulating, or other actions. Not enough rain. You get paid. It’s really that simple. What determines how much rain

is enough? The Rainfall Index is an average of the rainfall in your area based on the data from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Climate Prediction Center (NOAA CPC). As a policyholder, you must select at least two, 2-month periods but have the option to buy up to six, based on when precipitation is most important to your operation. These periods are called index intervals. Insurance payments are determined by using NOAA CPC data for the grid(s) and index interval(s) the policyholder has chosen to cover. When the final grid index falls below their “trigger grid index,” the policyholder may receive an indemnity automatically; there is no claim or production to turn in. To be sure you understand the PRF policy fully; you will need to sit down with an approved crop insurance

agent to review the Grid ID and index grids for your area. Together, you will assign acreage to one or more grids based on the location, and use of the acreage to be insured. It is important that you look at these records with an agent trained to use the historical indices tools for your grid along with past production records to determine if this program will work for your operation and which periods work best for your forage production. Once you have the type of insurance needed for your operation, (hay, graze, or both) you will be asked to make several choices when insuring your grazing or hay production, including coverage level, index intervals, irrigated practice, productivity factor, and number of acres. You are not required to insure all your acres, but you cannot exceed the total number of grazing or haying acres

in your operation, including those that are rented. The PRF policy is for a single peril, lack of precipitation. Coverage is based on the experience of the entire grid. It is not based on individual farms, ranches, or specific weather stations in the general area. Everything is based off of the NOAA data, not your rainfall or production. PRF is now available in the 48 contiguous states with the exception of a few grids that cross international borders. PRF policies are sold only once a year. If you are interested in this type of insurance starting in 2018 you must meet with an agent before the sales closing date November 15th, 2017. After the sales closing date it is too late to purchase and you will have to wait another year. The sooner you talk to an agent the better.

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Larry Smith 502-321-0532 Shelbyville, KY

Chris Turnage 270-705-0017 Mayfield, KY

Elmer Jenkins 270-725-1627 Russelville, KY

Jason Stoermer 270-316-8313 Bowling Green, KY

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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FEATURE

Early Weaning Benefits First Calf Cows, Calves numerous times in scientific literature that a female in a body condition of four or less will have greatly reduced conception rates and a longer interval from calving to rebreeding, which translates into a smaller, younger calf at weaning henceforth.

How to Manage Early-Weaned Calves

BY ROBERT WELLS, PH.D. LIVESTOCK CONSULTANT

T

he southern Plains summer heat can be hard on pastures, cows and calves, especially first-calf cows. These cows are in a special class as they are still trying to maintain body condition, actively grow, support reproduction by gestating with her second calf, and lactating. Lactation is one of the most nutritionally intensive production stages a cow goes through on an annual basis. While the cow is trying to support all of the above physiological functions, forage quality diminishes due to grasses going into summer dormancy because of high temperatures and lack of moisture. As a result, the nutritional quality of forage is not enough to support continued growth of either the cow or calf. Early weaning of the calf can

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benefit both the cow and calf in this situation. The nutritional requirements associated with lactation will cease for the cow, and the calf can be placed on a high quality feed ration that will better support its genetic potential for growth.

Advantages of Early Weaning

Early weaning of the first-calf cow can help improve body condition score going into winter and subsequently calving season of the second calf. Additionally, it can help improve calving rates and lower dystocia percentages of the second calf. Once lactation ends, the nutritional requirements of the cow will drop by 15 to 20 percent. This allows the cow to use the excess nutrition (relative to what is needed for maintenance and gestation requirements) available in late summer and early fall forages for continued

growth and regaining body condition before the harsh effects of winter become prevalent. This reduces the need for higher levels of supplementation during winter, which translates into a direct cost savings. A cow that is not nutritionally deprived will have a better chance of carrying a calf to term. Additionally, if she is in adequate body condition at calving, she should have the necessary energy reserves to complete the birthing process unassisted. The cow’s body condition at calving of the second calf will dictate the cow’s condition 60 to 90 days later when is trying to rebreed for the third calf. The effects of early weaning can carry over into enhanced conception rates for the third calf by ensuring the female goes into the third breeding season in adequate body condition to support pregnancy. It has been demonstrated

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

The early weaned calf should be placed on a high quality, nutritionally dense ration in order for it to meet its genetic potential for growth. These young calves are very efficient at converting feed to gain, which helps to economically support the decision to place them on feed at such a young age. Prior to the typical weaning date/ age of a calf, the early-weaned calf can have feed conversion ratios that are equivalent to that of the pork industry: less than 5 pounds of feed per 1 pound of gain. Data indicates that British x Continental crossbred calves weaned at an average of 150 days of age and placed on a finishing ration will reach harvest weights greater than 1,250 pounds by 13 months of age and have a high percentage of animals that will grade choice or better. This equates to reduced days on feed, which saves money in the form of total feedlot yardage costs and feed resources used to produce the calf. The combined amount of feed saved from reducing cow winter feed supplementation and the increased total days on feed for the calf still results in a lower total amount of feed needed through the system. Couple this with increased conception rates for the second and third calf, and the potential for older, heavier calves for the rest of the cow’s life in the herd, and it is easy to see the advantage of early weaning calves off of first-calf cows when summer pastures become limiting in forage quality or quantity.


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Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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FEATURE

Generational Flow: Replacing Farmers and Ranchers in the Family Farm BY AMY HAYS ADULT EDUCATION MANAGER

H

ow to pass along a farming operation is a primary question farmers and ranchers think about from the time they take over from their family or start a new operation with the hope of growing multigenerational farm and ranch lands. As the average age of ownership continues an upward trend (from 50 years in 1982 to 58 years in 2012), there is a significantly important consideration in how transition will look between the current generation and the upcoming generation. The USDA Agricultural Statistics Service Data (Figure 1) shows a significant trend in a shrinking number of replacement farmers and ranchers who are 55 years and younger. There has been much discussion surrounding this data and information. Much of the discussion has focused on what types of support, consultation, programs and other supportive resources could help build those numbers so they are not dramatically significant. Something not immediately reflective in this data Contâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;d on pg.

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Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association


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Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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FEATURE

Contâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;d o pg. is an underlying complication in the availability of replacement farmers and ranchers in the 34- to 50-year-old age group that is related to a significant decrease in the size of this generation. Most people are surprised to know there are significant size differences in the number of individuals in each generation in the United States. There are currently five defined generations alive in the United States. Their population sizes vary with three of the five generations being about the same and two being smaller (Figure 1). Currently, the oldest generation is referred to as the Silent or Greatest Generation; the newest generation is referred to as Generation Z, Generation Next or post-Millennial. Take note that Gen X is approximately 20 million less in birth than the baby-boom generation, and 10 million less in birth than the millennial generation. In a most basic breakdown, this implies there are less potential offspring to pass land to in a traditional transition pattern (parent to 60

child) in the current transition where boomers will pass to Gen X. If we take a side-by-side look at the ages these generations were in 2012 (Figure 3) during the last Agriculture Census and place their principal operator numbers into a generational context, we get a clearer and potentially troubling look at the true movement of land utilizing traditional transitions (parent to child). All of these numbers can be put into context in that this is survey data and potentially not fully representative of true numbers. This can add to the potential that some of the information is absent in the survey of the true participation of younger transition farmers and ranchers. However, the birth dip in GenX does not fully eliminate that there are smaller generations between larger ones, which creates implications in the availability of families to transition directly from parent to child. Some transition plans might call for consideration of grandparent to grandchild. Some of the potential upsides to this

nontraditional shift in transition may be the increase in availability of lease or rent land as families wait for additional buy-in and workforces from younger generations returning to the farm or ranch. The 2017 Census of Agriculture might show a marked increase in secondary operators and lease operators. In addition, there might be an increase in the number of younger farmers and ranchers as the option to transition from grandparent to grandchild helps to bring in additional family into farm operations. This data can help us understand where additional information, support and services can be provided to meet the needs of incoming farmers and ranchers as well as target opportunities for the

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association

recruitment of new farmers and ranchers to meet the obvious need to replace land managers, regardless of the transition type that will occur. It is estimated that over the next five years, approximately 10 percent of the nationâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s lands will transition. Many families will choose a nontraditional transition simply because available replacement farmers and ranchers are decreasing at a statistically significant level related to a lack of available numbers within the population. Several articles deal with various ways and types of transition considerations. Each of them bring a perspective of what the landscape could look like in farming and ranching in the next 30 years.


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Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association

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FEATURE

Kentucky Dawgs bite into the local food market

BY RAY BOWMAN

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enr y County cattleman David Neville spent a quarter century using his marketing degree and commensurate skills for what he calls “corporate America.” Now he’s applying his expertise and some of the experience gained in the business world to help Kentucky producers sell their wares, most prominently a product of Neville’s own creation called Kentucky Dawgs. “I had what I thought was going to be a ‘one-off ’ conversation with the executive director of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association, Dave Maples, about getting local 62

beef into the Kentucky State Fair,” Neville recalls. In past years, the food booths run by KCA at the event have relied on beef, supplied by commercial vendors, that may have been raised or finished anywhere in the United States. The idea of using Kentuckysourced beef was attractive, but Neville indicates that a little something extra was needed to really seal the deal. Neville says a meeting at the University of Kentucky that touched upon nutritional applications for hemp and hemp oil sparked an idea. The discussion involved how to sell hemp foods and how to sell local beef, and the question was already on

the table about introducing a local beef product in the Commonwealth’s most high-profile venue. An all-beef sausage flavored with hemp oil and textured with hemp hearts (shelled hemp seeds) seemed to fit the bill. The oil comes from Victory Hemp Farms, also located in Henry County, so you might think utilizing the product wouldn’t pose a

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

major problem, right? Hemp is still an experimental crop in Kentucky and its use required some clarification from the federal authorities. Neville was cautioned that approval to use the additive might take as much as 2 years. “Fortunately, I’m hard-headed enough that I just kept after it,” Neville said. To help smooth the path and expedite approval for the use of hemp, Neville turned to another farmer from Lewis County, who also just happened to be his congressman. Rep. Thomas Massie followed up on Neville’s request and soon the USDA responded to the congressman by email, saying that hemp oil and seeds may be used for flavoring meat and poultry products without any additional approval. Rather than 2 years, the clarification took about 10 days. “We had, for the first time ever, approval to put hemp products in processed meat products, so away we go!” With that hurdle cleared, there was still a minor problem to be addressed. Neville knew n o t h i n g about making sausage. “I spent three years in the Army in Germany, so I knew what a good sausage was supposed to taste like,” Neville reflected. “I didn’t know how to make it, but I knew what it was supposed to be.” Webb’s Butcher Block in Meade County got things started, overseeing the production of the first Kentucky Dawgs that made their


FEATURE

WHAT DO YOU NEED? debut at the Kentucky State Fair last year. As a result of the initial offering, the Kroger supermarket chain approached Neville about the product and now features it in fiftytwo of their locations around the Commonwealth. Produced without the hemp, The Kentucky Dawg becomes the School Dawg which is now being embraced by school lunch programs to provide students with an alternative to conventional f rankfurters. After a successful trial run in Frankfort at the Capitol Annex cafeteria during the 2017 legislative session, Neville hopes to soon see Kentucky Dawgs available throughout the Kentucky State Park system. New products, such as a spicy Kentucky Hot Link, bologna and a Caliente Dawg targeted to Hispanic consumers are also in the works. The first Dawgs were made from two of Neville’s steers. Now the meat is sourced f rom cattlemen all over Kentucky. Often it is the trim from more sought-after primal cuts that is usually included in ground beef. Selling the trim for use in the production of the beef sausages provides growers who direct-sell their steaks and roasts with yet another revenue source. The local foods movement, focusing many times on value-added products like Neville’s brainchild, has been very successful in recent years. Of course, the quality must be there for customers to keep coming back, but almost as important is the sense of place, connection to the land and the support of regional agriculture local foods provide. “As I’ve said many times, David Neville is not irresistible, but this story we have is,” he muses. “It’s a story that needs to be told.”

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Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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FEATURE

Nancy Kloentrup DVM: A Passion for Life on the Farm BY LESLEY WARD rowing up on the outskirts of Cincinnati, 2017 Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association Hall of Fame inductee, Nancy Kloentrup DVM, had little interaction with horses and cattle. But, that all changed when she and her family traveled out west to South Dakota to visit some friends who had a cattle ranch. “That’s when I got really interested in life on the farm, and I really got a passion for it,” remembered Kloentrup. “My mom shared the same passion, so eventually we were able to buy some land in Northern Kentucky and move.” It wasn’t long before the family farm became home to several horses and a few cows. In high school, Kloentrup joined the Future Farmers of America and began raising Polled Herefords. “Back then I was mainly interested in horses, though,” admitted Kloentrup. That love of horses led her to the University of Kentucky where she entered the preveterinary program. But, once she got into vet school at Ohio State, she developed an interest in working on all large animals. “I really enjoyed the work I did with the dairy and the beef cattle,” said Kloentrup. “And I did a little bit of pig work when I got out of vet school.” After graduation, Kloentrup began practicing in Northern Kentucky. Being a full-time vet took a back seat for a few years, when she met and married cattle farmer and builder Todd Kloentrup. The couple bought a 55-acre farm in Kenton County, about half a mile down the road from Todd’s family farm, and christened it Poverty Hollow Farm. Kloentrup let her veterinary practice go from full-time to part-time as she raised the couple’s three daughters, Sarah, Rachel and Lisa. Her daughters were the reason she became involved with the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association. “My kids began showing Black Angus cattle, and we joined the Kentucky Angus Association,” explained Kloentrup. “At the

G

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Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

time, there was no Northern Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association, so some of the producers in our area got together and decided to start our own organization. They really needed people who had some knowledge to bring to the association, and who also had a bit of free time. “A lot of the producers around here work full-time and farm, and at the time I was raising kids and farming, but I had a few hours to devote to organizational activities.” It wasn’t long before Kloentrup began serving as secretary treasurer of the Northern Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association, a post she has held for more than 20 years. Kloentrup’s daughters kept her busy by showing their beef cattle at fairs and Black Angus shows around the state. When the Kenton County Fair 4H/FFA Livestock Committee launched a youth livestock program, Kloentrup was one of the first people to volunteer to help. “We’ve had a lot of excellent 4H agents who have helped us get a good program going,” said Kloentrup. “We saw the value of kids actually learning some life skills, like budgeting, along with the skills they needed to take care of the animals.” “The kids raised cattle, sheep and hogs and, after a period of time, they took their livestock to a show and sale.” “We had a lot of good support from businesses in the area. They would purchase the animals, so the kids were rewarded monetarily for their hard work and educational effort.” Kloentrups’s girls participated in the program for pretty much their entire 4H careers. “They were able to accumulate enough money to pay their college expenses, and they all graduated without any college debt,” said Kloentrup. “The livestock program helped them learn the value of education. The more you know, the better.” Kloentrup has been involved with the program for more than 20 years. “It’s really important to me to work with these kids, even though my daughters are no longer in it,” she explained. Although


FEATURE

none of her daughters currently raise cattle, Kloentrup hopes that one day her twoyear-old granddaughter, Leighton, will enjoy working with livestock. “She thinks she likes the cows,” laughed Kloentrup, as the little girl, a frequent visitor to Poverty Hollow Farm, played nearby. Today, the Kloentrups usually have about 40 to 50 Black Angus cows split between their two farms, but the farms produce more than cattle. “Like everyone else, we decided to diversify with more production,” explained Kloentrup. “We grow a lot of pumpkins, squash and gourds, and we sell them at a local farmer’s market in Fort Mitchell once a week.” “We also sell cuts of beef under our own Poverty Hollow Farm label. We take our steers to a processor that does USDA inspecting and packaging.” Poverty Hollow Farm is also a popular stop on the Kenton County Farm Tour each fall. “We’re located really close to urban areas, and there isn’t a lot of agriculture around here,” explained Kloentrup. “There are people who live just a few miles away who really have no idea about farm products or farm life. We offer them the opportunity on the tour to come to the farm and experience some of the things that happen here. It’s entertainment and education on the farm. We also serve brisket and burgers, and then people buy our beef and take it home.” Kloentrup says that she gets a lot of positive feedback from the public about her farm’s private label beef, and she has a lot of

repeat customers. “It’s more important than ever to target your product to meet the consumer’s demands. It’s essential to the viability of the beef industry” explained Kloentrup. “I think the KCA has done a really good job of helping people market their beef. Giving out nutritional information and emphasizing the nutritional benefits of eating beef is so important. As is dispelling the myths about beef. “The KCA has been really diplomatic about putting positive information out there to let consumers make their own choices.” “The public gets bombarded by all of this information on the Internet and television, and some of it can be negative toward farmers, whether it’s promoted by humane groups or nutritional groups. I think more people are seeing that farmers are educated, and that they care about the environment. They’re also learning that farmers really want to produce a product that is healthy to eat—and reasonably priced.” When she’s not selling her farm’s wares at the farmer’s market in Fort Mitchell, entertaining and educating visitors during the Kenton County Farm Tour or teaching kids how to care for their livestock, Kloentrup, a practicing vet, stays busy tending to her family’s herd. She continues to vaccinate the cows herself, delivers all the calves on the farm and takes care of any problems that require surgery. It’s a busy life, but thanks to Kloentrup’s life-long love of animals, it’s one she enjoys.

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Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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FROM THE LAB BENCH

Always Ask for the Rest of the Story Glen Aiken

-----------------

Research Animal Scientist/Agronomist USDA-ARS FAPRU

I

can still hear the late radio personality, Paul Harvey, saying, “And that was the rest of the story.” He was a remarkable storyteller who told stories about acts of kindness, perseverance or heroism that pulled at your heart, and at the end of the story, he would add information that “told the rest of the story” and have you say, “Well, I’ll be darned!” A favorite thing for agricultural scientists to do is talk about their research. A productive scientist can always talk at length about what his or her research is doing for agriculture. Yes, we can be kind of boring. Scientists focused on improving

the efficiency and sustainability of food animal production spend a great amount of time conceiving ideas, planning and designing experiments, and collecting and analyzing samples. The real hard part, though, is reporting the research after the data are analyzed and interpreted. It feels great to publish the results of an experiment in a scientific journal that demonstrates that a particular management treatment can cost effectively (assuming an economic analysis has been conducted) improve animal or pasture performance. My late friend and colleague, Dr. Haden Brown at the University of Arkansas, used to say about publishing research papers, “It’s time to put these research results on the glossy paper!” Some of my colleagues would say the final publication is the last thing to do, meaning they can move on to other projects. Others, like myself, prefer to work with extension specialists and agents to make sure the information is presented

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• • • •

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to cattle producers through extension programs, stakeholder conferences or popular press. Frankly, I do not know any cattle producers who subscribe to the Journal of Animal Science. So, it is time for the rest of the story. Again, we are proud and excited when our research indicates that our new technology can be implemented on the farm to improve productivity. However, most of us understand that with any technology there are advantages and some disadvantages. A case in point is one that Kentucky cattle producers should remember very well. It was determined in the early 1980s that toxic ergot alkaloids are produced by a fungal endophyte that infects ‘Kentucky 31’ tall fescue, which causes a toxicosis that adversely affects cattle reproduction and weight gain performances. Tall fescue is extremely adapted to the “Fescue Belt,” so killing the fescue and replacing it with other grasses, like orchardgrass or bluegrass, was not a feasible option. Many believed we could remove the endophyte from fescue and, therefore, have a hardy and productive grass that no longer possesses the toxins. A number of endophyte-free cultivars were commercially released and substantial acreage of toxic endophyte-infected tall fescue was plowed and replanted with the new endophyte-free cultivars. It was soon realized that, without the endophyte, the tall fescue plant is less productive and hardy. I have an opinion of the advantages and disadvantages of the managements that I and others have developed for mitigating or alleviating fescue toxicosis. All of these managements have been demonstrated to improve cattle performance on tall fescue:

1. Overseeding fescue with red clover. PASTURE BLASTER

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• • • •

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300 gallon low profile tank • 2 boomless Single axle durable trailer nozzles with Filling platform with handrail 36 ft. coverage 8 roller pump with 540 coupler

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• 7-function hydraulic boom control • Narrow 10 foot transport width

Advantage: Can substantially increase weight gain performance of calves while removing the need for costly nitrogen fertilizer. Disadvantage: Establishment of red clover can be difficult. Soil pH, phosphorus and potassium must be kept

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

at recommended levels and rotational stocking is necessary to maintain good stands of clover. Bloat can be a problem.

2. Feeding soy hulls at 0.75 to 1.0 percent of body weight.

Advantage: Market prices for soy hulls make it feasible to feed higher amounts to cattle. The feeding treatment can increase the number of animals a pasture can support. Disadvantage: A protein supplement call can be needed if the crude protein of the forage is limited.

3. Replacing toxic endophyte-infected tall fescue with novel non-toxic endophyte fescue.

Advantage: The only available technology to completely alleviate fescue toxicosis. Disadvantage: Although the cattle will not suffer from severe heat stress during the late spring and summer, grazing management will be needed to account for the higher forage intakes that could cause stand deterioration during the summer slump.

4. Chemical seed head suppression.

Advantage: Provides weed control while alleviating the highly toxic seed heads of toxic tall fescue. Disadvantage: Early spraying in late March and early April can cause excessive yellowing and a substantial lag in fescue growth. Continuous stocking of seed head suppressed fescue should be avoided. The pasture treatment will kill clovers and other desirable legumes. You probably can identify other advantages and disadvantages. There are new or existing technologies that can be adopted to meet a need on one’s farm; however, there inevitably will also be some disadvantages that must be understood. Keep researchers and extension specialists “in check” on this sort of thing; it’s part of our jobs! Next month, I will discuss management of pastures during the fall season.


27

7

Minerich Land and Cattle is offering a tremendous opportunity to progressive cattle breeders.

Wulfs Compliant

We have 40 Fall bred heifers and 40 Fall coming yearling heifers for sale immediately. These LimFlex and Limousin influence females can be sorted into any size group the buyer desires, from 5 to 40. The Fall Bred females are bred to calving ease bulls, pregnancy checked and will start calving around Sept. 5th. The Open Females have been handled on grass and will be perfect to turn with bulls this fall. Priced to sell, these cattle are all farm raised and farm fresh. Contact Bob Minerich for details or better yet, stop by and look them over, you won’t be disappointed. Bob and Gwen Minerich, Owners (859) 582-6888, Bob’s Cell 2003 Barnes Mill Rd • Richmond, KY 40475 Office (859) 328-7118 Mark Smith, Cattle Consultant (515) 229-5227

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

67


FEATURE

Kentucky Cattleman Attends Elite Cattle Industry Conference

R

epresenting Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association, Jeff Pettit participated in the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association’s 2017 Young Cattlemen’s Conference. More than 50 cattle producers and beef industry leaders from across the United States, attended the conference. Pettit was selected by fellow producers to participate in the 2017 class. Pettit lives in Sebree, Ky., where he and his wife Michelle operate Noash Construction, Inc. and Diamond P Cattle Company. Noash Construction specializes in the installation and maintenance of communication towers and Diamond P Cattle breed registered Red Angus and Red SimAngus cattle as well as selling Diamond P Cattle Company “Farm Fresh” beef. Pettit serves as the Board Chairman for the Webster County School Board and as the Region 1 Vice President of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association. He and Michelle have two children, Ashley and Nolan. Ashley is married with two daughters, Halle and Makenzie. Nolan is a junior at Eastern Kentucky University where he’s attaining a major in communications with a minor in Ag Business and Political Science. Jeff and his family attend church at Mt. Gilead General Baptist in Slaughter, Ky., and thank God daily for the many blessing He has bestowed upon each of them. NCBA’s YCC program is an opportunity for these young leaders to gain an understanding of the beef industry from pasture to plate. The YCC program also serves as a showcase for NCBA’s involvement in policy making, issues management, research, education and marketing. Beginning at the NCBA headquarters in Denver, Colo., this year’s YCC class gained an inside perspective on the many issues affecting the beef industry and the work being done on both the state and national level to address these issues 68

on behalf of the NCBA membership. While in Denver, participants were given an organizational overview of NCBA and the Beef Checkoff Program and CattleFax provided a comprehensive overview of the current cattle market and emerging trends. During a visit to a Safeway flagship store, the participants received a first-hand account of the retail perspective of the beef business. The group also toured the JBS Five Rivers’ Kuner feedyard, one of the largest in the nation, and the JBS Greeley packing and processing plant. From Denver, the group traveled to Chicago, Ill., where they visited the McDonald’s corporate campus and OSI, one of the nation’s premiere beef patty producers. The group also toured The Bruss Company, a manufacturer of portion-controlled steaks, which supplies restaurants across the United States. After the brief stop in Chicago, the group concluded their trip in Washington D.C., for an in-depth issues briefing on current policy issues including international trade and increasing environmental regulations. Following the issues update, the participants were given the opportunity to visit one-on-one with members of their state’s congressional delegation, expressing their viewpoints regarding the beef industry and their cattle operations. John Deere also hosted a reception at the new NCBA D.C. office during their time in the nation’s capital. With the beef industry changing rapidly, identifying and educating leaders has never been more important. As a grassroots trade association representing the entire beef industry, NCBA is proud to play a role in that process and its future success. More than 1,000 cattlemen and women have graduated from the YCC program since its inception in 1980. Many of these alumni have gone to serve in leadership positions on state and national committees, councils and boards. Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Hall of Fame Award Do you know an outstanding cattleman or cattlewoman? The Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association Hall of Fame is designed to honor a member of the organization that has given time, service, and talent to the betterment of the Cattlemen’s Association at the county and/or state levels.

2018 applications must be postmarked by August 31, 2017. Call Jacob Redway at 859-278-0899 with questions. Application available at kycattle.org/halloffame.html

2017 Inductees:

Region 1 - Bobby Shilts Region 2 - Russell Hackley Region 3 - Nancy Kloentrup Region 4 - John Venable Region 5 - Gene Lanham

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

69


FEATURE

Ready, Set, App! Buy tickets, see “what’s hot”, check concert line-ups, hit “Tastes of the Fair” and more.

T

he Kentucky State Fair announces the release of its new mobile app, now available free on both Google Play and the App Store. The app is designed so that fairgoers can make the most of their experience. From saving money by purchasing advance tickets, to discovering “Tastes of the Fair” favorites, to reminiscing over Fair photos with fun filters, visitors appreciate the app’s benefits before, during and after the Kentucky State Fair. Highlighted features include:

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• Tastes of the Fair: find those oncea-year Fair food favorites • What’s Hot: see what’s “trending” at the Fair • My Schedule: create daily schedules of “must-see” music and entertainment • News: get weather, parking and breaking news updates • Now and Next: see what’s going on now, and later • Main Stage: order tickets for I Love the 90s Tour, Alabama and Southern Uprising Tour

• Fun Photo Filters: use filters to create unique Fair photos • Find Your Fun: check out which entertainers are on stage and what animals are in the stalls A video introducing the app is available on the Kentucky State Fair’s Twitter, Instagram and Facebook page. Advance tickets and parking for the Kentucky State Fair go on sale July 9 and can be purchased online via the app through 10 p.m. Aug. 16, as well as at participating Kroger locations. During

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

the Fair, full-price tickets and parking can be purchased via the app. In Advance During the Fair Adult/Senior/ Child (6-12)* $7 $10 Parking $5 $10 *Children 5 and under are free. The 2017 Kentucky State Fair is Aug. 17-27 at the Kentucky Exposition Center. For more information, visit www.kystatefair.org or find the Fair on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram or its blog.


Top Kentucky State Fair

10

Ribeye Sandwich

Be sure to stop by any Cattlemen’s cooking booth to get the fair’s most talked about steak sandwich.

Fudge

Everyone has their go to fudge spot. New lavors are fun, but nothing beats the classics.

World Championship Horse Show

Cloverville

Since 1902, the horse show has brought people from all over the workd to Freedom Hall. Over 2,000 Saddlebred horses will be on display. Aug. 20 - 26 morning show seats in upper level are free.

Experience the world of 4-H through exhibits, demonstrations and performing talents in the West Wing.

Country Hams

With over 700 4-H hams on display and an entire breakfast devoted to auctioning the Grand Champion professional ham, you can’t go to KY State Fair without seeing this iconic piece of KY history.

Honey Sticks

Honey sticks for $0.25 each are the best, cheapest fair souvenir/snack in the West Wing

Freddy Farm Bureau

Since 1958, Freddy has been greeting fair goers. Sitting 13 ft. high, Freddy is the unof icial meeting place of the state fair and provides a great photo opportunity to remember your time at the fair.

FFA Exhibits

Check out the farm models, chapter displays and horticulture products submitted by FFA chapters across the Bluegrass.

Cattle Shows

Dairy Shows Aug. 18 - 20 Beef Shows Aug. 25 - 27

Cattle Barns

Not only is the cattle barn a place for reunions, but it can also be a great opportunity to share the beef industry with consumers.

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

71


FEATURE

2017 Gourmet Garden Stage Schedule Sponsored by Kentucky Beef Farmers

Thursday, August 17

9:00AM Kentucky Farm to School Junior Chef Competition 11:00 AM Kentucky Farm to School Junior Chef Competition 1:30 PM Cooks vs. Cons Competition 3:00 PM Beef: A Kentucky Tradition 4:00 PM Roberta Cattan: Certified Executive Chef 5:00 PM David Danielson of Churchill Downs

Friday, August 18 9:00 AM Kentucky Farm to School Junior Chef Competition 11:00 AM Kentucky Farm to School Junior Chef Competition 1:30 PM Cooks vs. Cons Competition 3:00 PM Basics About Beef 4:00 PM John Wilson: Jeff Ruby’s Steakhouse 6:00 PM Evan Williams® Bourbon Cooking Competition

Saturday, August 19 9:00 AM Kentucky Farm to School Junior Chef Competition 11:00 AM Kentucky Farm to School Junior

72

Chef Competition 1:30 PM Cooks vs. Cons Competition 3:00 PM Beef: A Kentucky Tradition 4:00 PM Kathy Douglas: Fresh Chef Experience 5:00 PM Devon Rosenblatt: The Kitchen

Sunday, August 20 10:00 AM Brunch with Beef 11:30 AM Patty Schnatter: Zeggz Amazing Eggz 1:30 PM Cooks vs. Cons Competition 3:00 PM Basics About Beef 4:00 PM Josh Gardner: The Epic Cure 6:00 PM Kentucky Beef Council Backyard Burger Competition

Monday, August 21 9:00 AM Kentucky Farm to School Junior Chef Competition 11:00 AM Kentucky Farm to School Junior Chef Competition 1:30 PM Cooks vs. Cons Competition 3:00 PM Beef: Life of the Party 4:00 PM Calandra Bright: Kroger 6:00 PM KY Pork Producers Cooking Competition

Tuesday, August 22

9:00 AM Kentucky Farm to School Junior Chef Competition 11:00 AM Kentucky Farm to School Junior Chef Competition 1:30 PM Cooks vs. Cons Competition: 3:00 PM Beef: Life of the Party 4:00 PM Corey Kinney: Cue on Main 6:00 PM The Great American SPAM® Championship

Wednesday, August 23 9:00 AM Kentucky Farm to School Junior Chef Competition 11:00 AM Kentucky Farm to School Junior Chef Competition 1:30 PM Cooks vs. Cons Competition 3:00 PM Beef: A Kentucky Tradition 4:00 PM Al Sims: Professional Chef 5:00 PM Roberta Cattan: Certified Executive Chef 6:00 PM Jayson Munoz: Commonwealth Kitchen and Bar

5:00 PM Gina Brown: Everyday Fresh

Friday, August 25 10:00 AM Kentucky Farm to School Junior Chef Competition Finals 1:30 PM Cooks vs. Cons Competition 3:00 PM Beef: A Kentucky Tradition 4:00 PM Reeva Carver: KY FCCLA 5:00 PM Ashlie Williams: Canned Country

Saturday, August 26 9:00 AM Meade Co. Extension 10:00 AM Brunch with Beef 11:00 AM Jenny Beth Kroplin: Southeast United Dairy Association 12:00 PM Basics About Beef 1:30 PM Cooks vs. Cons Competition 4:00 PM Secrets of Bluegrass Chefs Live Taping 6:00 PM Gimme Back my Skillit!

Thursday, August 24

Sunday, August 27

10:00 AM Best in Kentucky Awards 11:00 AM Kentucky Farm to School Junior Chef Competition 1:00 PM Kentucky Farm to School Junior Chef Competition

10:00 AM Basics About Beef 11:00 AM Serge Katz: Flavaville Food Truck 12:00 PM Dan Pullen & Brenzelda Gomez: UL Alumni Club

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Backyard Burger Contest Aug. 20th

Are you a burger connoisseur? Do you have a winning burger recipe? Enter KBCâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Backyard Burger contest at the Kentucky State Fair. Visit www.kystatefair.org for more details

2016 Winner The Breakfast Burger Ingredients: 80/20 ground beef 1 tsp. all-purpose seasoning 2 Tbsp. canola oil 2 eggs 6 slices of bacon, cut in half 4 waffles 1/8 c. balsamic vinegar 1/4 c. maple syrup 2 Tbsp. light brown sugar Glaze: Combine balsamic vinegar, maple syrup and brown sugar in small pot. Let simmer until reduces and becomes thicker. Set aside. Build your burger: Start with 1 waffle, add hamburger patty, glaze with balsamic reduction, add bacon, add egg, drzzle with more reduction. Top off with final waffle.

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association

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KENTUCKY JUNIOR CATTLEMEN’S ASSOCIATION

2017

KJCA OFFICERS PRESIDENT: Sara Crutcher VICE-PRESIDENT: Kathryn Goodman SECRETARY: Wyatt Banks TREASURER: Nelson Paul

REPORTERS: Kalli Flanders

KJCA Directors Directors At Large: Abigal Smoot, Gabriel Sharp, Trey Tucker & Jessica Tucker REGION 1 Zach Imbruglio & Walter Steely

KJCA Field Day

REGION 2 Megan Underwood & Kailey Thompson REGION 3 Quentin Sowder & Jeremy Miller REGION 4 Addie White & Will Blaydes REGION 5 Julia Weaber & Reba Prather ADVISOR Nikki Whitaker and Niki Ellis

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Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Kentucky Beef Council PRIV ATE TRE ATY SALES CHECKOFF INVESTMENT FO RM

State and National Beef Promotion and Research Programs Information is required by 7 CRF 1260.201. Failure to report can result in a fine. Information is held confidential per 7 CRF 1260.203.

Today’s Date

ID Number (if known)________________________

Seller’s Name

Buyer’s Name

Address

Address

City

State

Zip

City

Seller’s Signature

State

Zip

Buyer’s Signature

Both the seller & the buyer are responsible for making sure that the $1 per head assessment is collected and remitted to the Kentucky Beef Council.

Date of Sale

*State of Origin

Total Number of Cattle Sold:

X

Person remitting form:

Seller

$1.00 per Head Federal Checkoff

=

$1.00 per Head State Checkoff

=

Buyer

Total Checkoff Payment for Federal and State

Phone Number:

*If the cattle purchased came from another state within the last 30 days, indicate from which state the cattle were purchased.

Send Report and Remittance to:

For additional information: call

859-278-0899

or

Kentucky Beef Council 176 Pasadena Drive Lexington, KY 40503 email

beef@kycattle.org

According to the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, an agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to respond to a collection of information unless it displays a valid OMB control number. The valid OMB control number for this information collection is 0581-0093. The time required to complete this information collection is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination in all its programs and activities on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, disability, and where applicable, sex, marital status, familial status, parental status, religion, sexual orientation, genetic information, political beliefs, reprisal, or because all or part of an individual's income is derived from any public assistance program. (Not all prohibited bases apply to all programs.) Persons with disabilities who require alternative means for communication of program information (Braille, large print, audiotape, etc.) should contact USDA's TARGET Center at (202) 720-2600 (voice and TDD). To file a complaint of discrimination, write to USDA, Director, Office of Civil Rights, 1400 Independence Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20250-9410 or call (800) 795-3272 (voice) or (202) 720-6382 (TDD). USDA is an equal opportunity provider and employer.

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

75


MEMBERSHIP

the Membership A Message from

Comm ittee

f hing the hands o c a re is s w e N y ews e of Cow Countr Cow Country N he T This special issu . y k c tu n e K producers in s for over 30 ve ti n e c in 20,000 cattle st te a re tion our member’s g includes informa h has been one of ic h w , n o ti a lic the monthly pub on, is well worth ti a rm years. The free fo in le a s articles to cattle from production hip dues. (KCA) represents n o ti ia annual members c o ss A ’s attlemen ky. The Kentucky C dustry in Kentuc in le tt a c e th f o KCA the future young farmers, d n a an investment in ts n e d u st s dedicated to help farm fam ilies to d e d e e Through program n n io irect tucky education and d e th g in id voice for all Ken v e ro p th is s a es rv e s erations. KCA and government re tu la is g le continue for gen te a st the e nt of Congress, est interest of th b e th cattlemen in fro ve ha s y a ission is to alw operation size f o ss le rd a g agencies. Ou r m re , ate ddress throughout the st pportunities to a o r u o cattle producers rs he rt fu A membership spond to attacks re to d n a or type. Your KC h lt a he l od safety, anima imal agriculture. n a f issues such as fo o n io lit o b a se goal is the pports programs u s A C K il, from groups who c n u o state beef c As the qualified rofessionals to p h lt a he d n a rs te. industry partne m pasture to pla o fr s ic p to which focus on ef e b of ef ers on a variety cacy and the Be o v d A educate consum ef e B f o nd as the Masters nce the quality a ha n e to Programs such e c la p in ce programs are Q uality Assuran ucer education. d ro p h g u ro th ef en’s Association m le tt a C image of be y k c tu n rs, the Ke . KCA could ty ili b ta fi For over 40 yea ro p r e c u g prod ho lyst for enhancin ta a c a loyal members w n 0 e e 0 b ,5 s 10 ha r ve o e today without th to join and be e m ti e th is not be what it is w o ear. N nization every y a rg o r u o rt o p p su on in Kentucky. ti a iz n a rg o le tt a t beef c a part of the bes

LocaI meetings & events Scholarships

Legislative Issues

Annual Convention

76

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association

77


MEMBERSHIP

“My family and I enjoy working with other cattlemen in our county as well as the state. KCA is the common thread that ties us together.” Don Reynolds – Hart County

I'm a KCA member because...

Division 1 (151+ MEMBERS) 2017 Barren Breckinridge Shelby Marion Grayson Adair Logan Madison Bath Lincoln Jessamine Larue Washington Mercer Hart Clark Christian Warren Hardin Casey Meade Green Harrison

465 446 360 332 282 278 273 263 254 240 240 208 205 195 194 193 191 184 183 169 167 166 159

2016 Difference 512 401 338 303 290 248 290 270 212 251 217 230 209 199 205 187 200 206 225 159 170 174 159

-47 45 22 29 -8 30 -17 -7 42 -11 23 -22 -4 -4 -11 6 -9 -22 -42 10 -3 -8 0

If you need anything for membership, please contact Nikki Whitaker at (859)278-0899 or nwhitaker@kycattle.org. 78

Division 2 (76-150 MEMBERS) Division 3 (0-75 MEMBERS) 2017 Henry Northern Kentucky Fleming Daviess Monroe Laurel Allen Metcalfe Trimble Northeast Area Pulaski Franklin Scott Anderson Garrard Mountain Jackson Edmonson Boyle Webster Purchase Area Owen Campbell Russell Caldwell-Lyon Bourbon Muhlenberg Fayette Mason Hancock

141 136 133 131 130 128 126 117 116 115 114 112 111 104 103 98 98 97 95 92 88 87 83 82 82 80 79 78 63 56

2016 Difference 150 132 120 123 135 134 108 121 124 115 113 111 111 89 96 85 106 84 96 79 79 80 81 83 82 92 97 81 78 98

-9 4 13 8 -5 -6 18 -4 -8 0 1 1 0 15 7 13 -8 13 -1 13 9 7 2 -1 0 -12 -18 -3 -15 -42

2017 Bracken 156 Taylor 83 Clinton-Cumberland77 Woodford 74 Louisville Area 72 Out of State 71 Nelson 69 Todd 65 Ohio 63 Trigg 61 Grant 59 Rockcastle 57 Oldham 56 Pendleton 53 Whitley 51 Highlands 47 McCreary 44 Wayne 44 Carroll 44 Estill 42 Butler 42 Union 39 Robertson 39 Lewis 39 Nicholas 36 Montgomery 35 Simpson 33 Twin Lakes 33 Clay 31 Calloway 30 Bullitt 26

Division 3 (CONTINUED)

2016 Difference 27 72 59 57 66 62 70 63 75 63 66 63 65 49 51 54 48 50 50 39 37 42 31 27 40 51 27 23 33 27 43

129 11 18 17 6 9 -1 2 -12 -2 -7 -6 -9 4 0 -7 -4 -6 -6 3 5 -3 8 12 -4 -16 6 10 -2 3 -17

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

2017 McLean Livingston Menifee Hopkins Crittenden Henderson Magoffin River Hills Powell Eastern Foothills Knox Pike Gallatin Bell Harlan

26 25 23 22 19 16 12 8 7 7 6 4 2 1 1

2016 Difference 35 26 21 22 27 16 13 13 8 9 5 4 2 1 1

-9 -1 2 0 -8 0 -1 -5 -1 -2 1 0 0 0 0

TOTALS AS OF: JULY 15, 2017 10573 10470 103


2016-17 Membership Application * Membership Year 10/1/16– 9/30/17

Name:_________________________________________________________Spouse Name:____________________________________________________________ Farm Name:_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Address:__________________________________________________________City:____________________________State:______Zip:______________________ County:___________________________________________________________Recruited By:_______________________________________________________ Phone: (___________)__________________-____________________________Fax: (___________)_________________-_________________________________ E-Mail:_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ * Payments of KCA membership dues are tax deductible for most members as an ordinary and necessary business expense. However, charitable contributions of gifts to KCA are not tax deductible for Federal Income Tax purposes. Due to new IRS regulations, $2.24 of your dues would not be deductible. Approximately $12 of your dues will go towards the monthly publication Cow Country News.

County Dues

Please check the Membership(s) you would like to join: ___ KCA Membership : $30/yr

____ New

____ Renewal

Dues are $30 except for the counties listed below.

(Membership Dues are $30 unless otherwise listed below.)

Allen $40 Anderson $25 Bourbon $20 Boyle $35 Bullitt $20 Butler $25 Franklin $25 Highlands $20 (Boyd, Floyd, Johnson, Lawrence, & Martin) Hopkins $35 Laurel $35 Lewis $35 Lincoln $25 Louisville Area $20 (Jefferson, & Spencer)

___ KCA Couple Membership (To add your spouse please add $15 to your KCA Membership) ___ Kentucky Junior Cattlemen’s Association: $10/year

___ New

___ Renewal

___ I would like more information on the Young Producer’s Council Total Membership: KCA:

$________________

KJCA:

$________________

Total Contributions: Cattlemen’s Foundation Donation (Voluntary): $_________ ** All donations to KCF are tax deductible.** Total Amount Enclosed:$____________

If you would also like to join the National Cattlemen’s Beef Assoc... The NCBA is now a State Marketing Partner with the KCA. You can pay your dues to both organizations with one check, at the same time.

McCreary $25 Magoffin $20 Menifee $25 Mountain $25 (Breathitt, Knott, Lee, Leslie, Letcher, Morgan, Owsley, Perry & Wolfe) Oldham $35 Taylor $20 Twin Lakes $20 Warren $40 Wayne $25 Whitley $25 Woodford $25

NCBA Annual Producer Dues: # Head

Dues

# Head

Dues

#Head

Dues

1-100

$150

751-1000

$900

1751-2000

$1900

101-250

$300

1001-1250

$1150

2001+

$1900

251-500

$450

1251-1500

$1400

501-750

$650

1501-1750

$1650

+ .38/hd

Complete and return to: Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association 176 Pasadena Dr. • Lexington, KY 40503

For faster service, join online at www.kycattle.org Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

79


KENTUCKY BEEF COUNCIL

Three-Way Crumbled Beef Sandwiches Makes 4 servings Total recipe time: 20-25 minutes 1 pound Ground Beef 1/2 cup chopped onion 2 teaspoons minced garlic 1/2 teaspoon salt 1/4 teaspoon pepper 4 soft hoagie rolls (6 to 7 inches long each) Toppings: Ketchup, yellow mustard, diced onion, chopped tomatoes, shredded lettuce (optional) Courtesy of the Beef Checkoff

INSTRUCTIONS FOR THREE-WAY CRUMBLED BEEF SANDWICHES 1. Heat large nonstick skillet over medium heat until hot. Add Ground Beef, onion and garlic; cook 8 to 10 minutes, breaking into small crumbles and stirring occasionally. Remove drippings; season with salt and pepper. 2. Split rolls, cutting almost, but not all the way through. Evenly fill rolls with beef mixture. Top with condiments, as desired or prepare using recipe variations below. Coney Island Variation: Prepare recipe as directed through Step 2. Top beef mixture with heated chili or chili beans, chopped onions, shredded Cheddar cheese and yellow mustard, as desired. Philly Steak Variation: Prepare recipe as directed above, adding thinly sliced mushrooms with ingredients in Step 1. Remove skillet from heat. Top beef mixture with process cheese dip or sliced Provolone cheese. Cover; let stand 3 to 5 minutes or until cheese is melted. Continue as directed in Step 2. Italian Variation: Prepare recipe as directed in Step 1. Remove skillet from heat. Sprinkle beef mixture evenly with shredded mozzarella cheese. Cover; turn off the heat and let stand 2 to 3 minutes or until cheese is melted. Continue as directed in step 2. Top with heated marinara sauce and chopped giardiniera. Test Kitchen Tips •Cooking times are for fresh or thoroughly thawed Ground Beef. Ground Beef should be cooked to an internal temperature of 160ºF. Color is not a reliable indicator of Ground Beef doneness.

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Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


KENTUCKY BEEF COUNCIL

Catch Up With Katelyn Katelyn Hawkins- Kentucky Beef Council Director of Product Marketing

I am a meat scientist. I thrive in a cooler, quality and yield grading beef carcasses. I feel right at home performing cut yield tests to better understand just how much edible muscle is yielded from a beef animal. Recently, I had the opportunity to share my love of meat science with agriculture teachers from across Kentucky through KBC’s first teacher professional development workshop #TEACHPRIME. On July 13th, KBC hosted 15 agriculture teachers to share with them an in-depth understanding of quality and yield grading beef carcasses as well as providing them a hands on meat cutting experience in partnership with the University of Kentucky Meat Lab. We stressed the importance of quality and yield grading not only in relation to how we price beef in the meats industry, but also for teachers to help their students become more informed on making purchasing decisions when it comes to beef. The highlight of the event for many was our time spent at the UK Meat Lab. After

touring the facility to gain more insight on the process of converting muscle to meat, teachers learned from Dr. Rentfrow how to break down a ribeye roll in accordance with the Beef Alternative Merchandising (BAM) guidelines. By using BAM, a ribeye roll, traditionally cutting roughly 12 oneinch ribeyes, will yield 22 portions of cuts including ribeye cap steaks, ribeye filets, and meat for kabobs or salad toppers. It has the potential to add 30% value to the cut as well as offers more options for consumers at the retail and foodservice level. Following the demonstration, the group put their skills to the test breaking down ribeye rolls. Teachers walked away from the experience with the confidence to try something like this in their classrooms and the knowledge to share with their students as to how the beef industry has modified over the years to keep up with consumer demand for beef. While at the #TEACHPRIME event, teachers also joined KBC in celebrating Lexington Burger Week. The third year of Lexington Burger Week has proven to be bigger and better as it has grown to 44 participating restaurants. KBC has been a partner in Lexington Burger Week since day one providing a culinary experience for consumers to share with friends and family. There truly is nothing like sharing

how your day was or catching up with old friends over a gourmet burger for only $5. July has indirectly become burger month for KBC as we will be sponsoring burger weeks in Lexington ( July 10th – 16th) and Louisville (July 24th – 30th) as well as adding social media support for Cincinnati Burger Week (July 17th – 23rd) with its eight Northern Kentucky participating locations. We are very excited to see the numbers on how many burgers were sold during each week putting your Checkoff dollars to work increasing beef sales. As I have officially hit my 2 year mark at the Kentucky Beef Council I am reminded daily how blessed I am to work for such a hardworking group of men and women. Men and women who work diligently to raise healthy cattle and pride themselves on providing families with a nutritious product to gather around their table each night with the ones they love. I am a meat scientist and you are a cattle producer. Together we are changing the face of the beef industry and reminding everyone “Beef, It’s What’s For Dinner”!

Sincerely,

Katelyn

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

81


KENTUCKY BEEF NETWORK KBN is Supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund

Another Round of Master Cattleman Programs Starting This Fall

W

in Kentucky. The program includes 10 different sessions with topics covering all aspects of beef production. Master Cattleman is designed to increase producer’s overall productivity and profitability. In order to successfully complete the program, participants must attend 8 of the 10 sessions and also have a current BQA certification.

e are pleased to announce that the Master Cattleman program will be offered again this fall to meet the continued demand for this successful educational effort. The Master Cattleman program was developed by the University of Kentucky in cooperation with the Kentucky Beef Network. The Counties Involved program is offered through funding received from B rec ki nr idge a ndG ra ys on the Kentucky Agriculture B oyl e,G a rra rd,L inc ol n,M erc er Development Board. a l l a t in,C a mpbel This is one of the most G ra nt ,C a rrol l ,K ent on,G B oon e P , en l d et on O , w en highly recognized programs offered by the University of M uhl enbe rg,C rit t ende n, T rigg,C hrist ia n, Kentucky Beef Extension C a l dw el l specialists. Over 4,000 M c C ra c ke n,F u l t on,C a rl isl e,C a l l ow a y , producers have already H ic km a n,M a rsha l l participated and seen the benefits of learning more B ut l er,S impson, W a rren,L oga n, A l l en about beef cattle management

All program attendees receive a set of materials that serve as a ready reference for future use and those who complete the program requirements receive a personalized farm gate sign. Six regional groups will be hosting the Master Cattleman sessions this fall. Groups are composed of multiple counties and the program material is

Schedule S ept ember25–N ove mber27 S ept ember19–N ove mber21 l,

Master Grazer Fall 2017 Grazing School

O

n the 27th and 28th of September, UK Agriculture Extension will be hosting their Fall Grazing School at the Woodford County Extension office in Versailles, KY. If you would like to attend the school please contact Zach Workman, Master Grazer Coordinator at (859) 257-7512/ zewo222@uky.edu. Or feel free to visit our website http:// www2.ca.uky.edu/grazer/ for any other information about the Master Grazer Program. Registration is limited to the first 45 individuals, so if this is something you would like to be a part of Pre-register as soon as possible. The registration fee will be $50.00. This fee includes all materials, manuals, snacks, and lunch for both days of the program. 82

consistent throughout the state. Below is a list of the counties and the dates that they will be starting the program this fall. For additional information on the program or to enroll, please contact your local county agriculture agent or Ben Crites at benjamin.crites@uky.edu.

S ept ember19–N

ove mber21

O c t ober17–D

ec ember19

O c t ober2–D

ec ember1 1

A ugus

ove mber21

t 8–N

Session

Reproduction

KBN Facilitators Ben Lloyd

Ron Shrout

Charles Embry

Tim Graves

Whitesville, KY The fall grazing school will focus on (270) 993-1074 rotational grazing and demonstrate the strridge@aol.com growth of warm season as well as cool season annual crops that make good forage for cattle and small ruminants. Participants have ranged from lifetime farmers all the way to those just starting out. In the past the majority of participants have reported back saying they have implemented practices learned from the program. Even those who did not said that they took something away from the school that was beneficial towards their production systems. Our goal is to educate farmers in order to make the most efficient use of their farm and to encourage beneficial grazing practices.

Master Cattleman Topics End Product Environment Facilities Forages Genetics Health Management Marketing Nutrition

Cave City, KY (270) 646-5939 dale.embry@yahoo.com

Winchester, KY (606) 205-6143 ronshrout@bellsouth.net

Springfield, KY (859) 481-3954 gravesgrandview@gmail.com

Jacob Settles

Springfield, KY (859) 805-0724 jacob.settles4@yahoo.com

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


KENTUCKY BEEF NETWORK

Eden Shale Update

Dan Miller

----------------Kentucky Beef Network Industry Coordinator

D

uring late spring and early summer there never seems to be enough time to get all the work done on the farm. Between spreading fertilizer, breeding cows, and making hay there is little time left for other projects. Now that we have those chores behind us, we have shifted our focus to some other projects that temporarily got put on the back burner. One of those projects is spreading manure. Our nutrient management plan for Eden Shale Farm states that the manure needs to be spread on hay ground. In the spring this is hard to do because it takes so much more time to haul manure than it does commercial

fertilizer. So we spread urea on the hay ground in April and then once the first cutting is removed, we spread the manure back over the hay fields. This is simply because we have more time to devote to the task once the hay is baled and the fields are dryer than in the spring so we tear up less sod. We recently had to replace some plumbing on one of our rain water collection systems. We had originally used some corrugated pipe and had not put any screens in the collection system. Birds had made nest in the barn gutters and that straw ultimately made its way into the plumbing and caused blockage. We replaced the corrugated pipe with schedule 40 pvc pipe and added screens to all the inlets on the gutters. Hopefully that will correct the problem in the future. One of our biggest projects of the summer has been to replace the old working facility in the paddocks. The old pens were all made of wood and were too rotten to be able to work

cows safely. Thanks to Dr. Glen Aiken with USDA, we were able to secure funding to update the old handling facility. The new pens are all 60â&#x20AC;? tall, heavy duty panels built by Tarter. The head gate, tub, and alley will be Pearson brand, supplied by McBurney Livestock Equipment. This is a very sturdy system and should be able to service the needs of the farm for many years to come. Please mark your calendars for these upcoming dates at the farm. September 13th will be a Weaning workshop where we will be running calves through the chute, giving vaccinations, implanting steers, etc. We will also be covering calf health during weaning, and developing

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association

feed rations for weaned calves. Eden Shale Farm will be hosting our annual Open House Field Day on October 14th. This is a day to come see all the projects that we have completed in the past year, and to see the cow herd. More information about these events can be found on our blog at www. edenshalefarm.com. 83


F or M ore I nform at ion: Commercial cattlemen trust registered seedstock breeders to make documented genetic improvements that provide them the opportunity to succeed.

In the pasture

From 2004-2014, the 2015 AICA National Cattle Evaluation Genetic Trend illustrates Charolais seedstock breeders are doing their job!

Lower birth weight ■ MORE LIVE CALVES Increased weaning weight ■ MORE POUNDS AT WEANING

The trend shows dramatic improvements in every trait of economic importance.

In the feedlot

2004-2014 NCE Charolais Genetic Trends BW

WW

YW

CE

CW

REA Marb

2004 0.8 19.1 33.7 1.6 11.4 .18 .01 2014 0.4 26.8 49.0 3.4 16.9 .32 .04

More pounds. More profits. Charolais keep it real. © American-International Charolais Association 2016

KENTUCKY CHAROLAIS ASSOCIATION

kins Ad Farms

Higher yearling weight ■ MORE POUNDS, EFFICIENTLY

At harvest

Increased carcass weight ■ MORE POUNDS AT HARVEST Larger ribeye ■ BETTER YIELD GRADES More marbling ■ HIGHER QUALITY GRADES

■ Southeast Field Representative ■ Floyd Wampler (423) 612-2144

EVENTS:

6.5x3.75 bw-Cow Country News.indd 1

12/2/15 7:30 AM

TJ Ad k i n s : 6 0 6 - 8 7 5 - 5 0 9 4 Sh e r m a n & Ph y l l i s Ad k i n s : 6 0 6 - 3 7 9 - 5 1 2 9 2 7 9 Bu l l o c k Rd . Eu b a n k , K Y 4 2 5 6 7 Ad k i n s F a r m s @ h o t m a i l . c o m

M ont g om ery C h arolais

Open Charolais Show at KY State Fair Noon • Friday, August 25th State Fairgrounds • Louisville, KY

LEANING PINE FARMS, LLC John Bruner

Darby Montgomery 36 Thompson Road • Lancaster, KY 40444 859-339-3922 BULLS FOR SALE

606-271-0582 473 Edward Meece Road Science Hill, KY 42553

Amb urgey C h arolais Farm

jeffries charolais

P olled B reeding S ince 1966 Robert A mburgey , Jr. 3171 Camargo Rd. • Mt. S terling, KY 40353 859-498-2764 ( H ome) 859-404-3751 ( Mobile)

Cox Charolais

1194 Smith Ridge Road • Campbellsville, KY 42718 270-465-7584 (H) 270-403-4562 Bulls & Select Heifers for Sale

Harrod F arm s T H E N E X T G E N E R A T IO N

Becca, Je nna and Ja ke 645 Evergreen Rd. Frankfort, KY 40601 Je f f H arrod: 502-330-6745 Charolais, H eref ord & Commercial Cattle

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K ent uc k y C h arolais A ssoc iat ion Chuck Druin 2291 Drane L ane Eminence, KY 40019 502-321-1160 or 502-321-5919 Je f f H arrod: 502-330-6745 Ja cob Miller: 502-507-4987

Board of Directors Meeting Noon • Saturday, August 26th State Fairgrounds • Louisville, KY

S A N D U S K Y FA R M S

David, Rhonda, Michael & Nicholas 3200 St. Rose Road Lebannon, KY 40033 270-692-7793

H ayde n Farm loomfield d. B ardstown, KY 40004 James H ayde n

paul r. jeffries 606-510-4537

1590 jeffries lane

hustonville, ky. 40437 chris cooper 606-669-9009 chris jeffries 606-669-2426

iJ mmy & L inda E vans 960 Vallandingham Road D ry R idge, KY 41035 859-428-2740

Allison Charolais John Allison

545 Eminence Road New Castle, KY 40050

502-845-2806 502-220-3170

Bulls & Heifers For Sale at the Farm

ome ffice Mobile 502-349-0128 502-349-0005 502-507-4984 j hayde n@hayde nsteel.com

C a n d y Su l l i v a n 3 4 4 0 Ru d d l e s Mi l l Ro a d Pa r i s , K Y 4 0 3 6 1

8 5 9 -3 3 8 -0 1 7 0

Su l l i v a n C h a r o l a i s

Quality Charolais Cattle in the Heart of the Bluegrass

F loy d’ s C h arolais

2039 N ina Ridge Road L ancaster, KY 40444 H ome: 859-792-2956 • Cell: 859-339-2653 floydj@windstream.net

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


CPH-45... Let it Work for You!

WWW.CPH45.COM

Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association 859.278.0899 Kevin Laurent UK Ext. Associate 270.365.7541 x 226

Tim Dietrich KDA Beef Marketing Specialist 502.782.4109 Supported with Kentucky Agriculture Development Funds

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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R oy , J essic a and C ooper C anada 6 0 0 C um b erland D riv e • M oreh ead, K Y 4 0 3 5 1 8 5 9 -2 2 7 -7 3 2 3 racek annon@ hotmail.com

Swain Select Simmental

12113 G reen V alley Dr. • L ouisville, K Y 40243

f rederick sw ain@ bellsouth. net • w w w . sw ainselect. com

Fred & P h y l l is 502- 24-5 3866 502- 594560

1156 B

Kentu ky Simmental Of

ers

resident erek ingle 502-845-2589

Se retary S ott ellenkamp 606-407-0440

i e res ohnny oore 270-434-4616

reasurer onya hillips 606-584-2579

K E N T U CK Y SI M M E N T AL ASSO CI AT I O N MEMBERSHIP APPLICATION NAME ___________________________ ____________ FARM NAME__________________________________ ADDRSS_____________________________________ CITY_________________STATE_____ ZIP__________ PHONE (BUSINESS)___________________________ (HOME)______________________________________

86

Call or visit one of th ese Simmental b reeders for cattle th at work !

www.k entuck ys immental.c om

C h i & A ngi e 502- 479727 502- 287- 2116

J udy and R ondal Daw son uz z ard R oost R oad She lby ville, K Y 4065 502- 593- 5136 j rdaw son22@ outlook .c om

RC C

Ratliff Cattle Company

100 Carpenter Ridge Salyersville KY, 41465 docrat2@yahoo.com Jim Ratliff 606.496-6522

“UNBELIEVABULL SIMMENTALS” Graves Grandview Simmental Farm imothy raves 560 Rudd Lane Spring eld, KY 4006 5 4 1 54 • gravesgrandview@gmail. om

Brian & Heather Swain 3906 Pottertown Road Murray, KY 42071 270-293-4440 wksbswain@murray-ky.net

S immental and S imA ngus B ulls for S ale 1 9 3 9 H u n t e r t o w n Ro a d V e r s a ille s , K Y 4 0 3 8 3 B ulls for S ale C hris A llen 8 5 9 -3 5 1 -4 4 8 6 callenuk y@ hotmail.com

S end appl ication to: T ony a P hillips , 8190 S tonelick Rd. May sv ille, KY 41056 Membership F ee is $25.00 WAYWARD HILL FARM

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

D r. H enry A llen 8 5 9 -2 2 9 -0 7 5 5


NEWS RELEASES

EXCITING HAY TOOL ADDITION FROM BUSH HOG... THE BSRE SERIES HAY RAKES

B

ush Hog is excited to introduce the new BSRE line of economy wheel V-rakes. Manufactured and assembled here in the USA by a firm whose name is synonymous with tough, dependable equipment that consistently outperforms in the field, the BSRE line of V-rakes from Bush Hog upholds that tradition. Available in 8 and 10-wheel versions and ranging in operating widths from 16-1/2 feet to just under 21 feet, models within the BSRE family of rakes can meet the needs of a wide range of users… from the cost conscious cow-calf operator to the small acreage hay producer, the BSRE rakes excel in the hay field. “Key to the unit’s in-field success is the simple cam adjustable, rake tine pressure system,” says Marc Ivey, Bush Hog’s Product Development Manager.

This feature allows the operator to quickly adjust the rake tine ground pressure to match the ground condition and crop type. The BSRE’s high clearance frame allows the unit to handle the heaviest of crop volumes without interfering with crop flow. When you encounter extra heavy crop conditions in the spring or following a rainy period, the leading rake wheel on each wing of the 10-wheel model can be raised and pinned up when less crop volume is needed in your windrow. An optional kicker wheel kit is available for use on all BSRE rake models… the kicker wheel “fluffs” the center of your windrow resulting in quicker and more consistent drying. Tested and perfected in a number of different grass and crop conditions across multiple states, the BSRE rakes are the right tool for today’s hay producers. Contact your local Bush Hog dealer, call (334) 874-2700 or email marc.ivey@ bushhog.com for more information on the new BSRE hay rake models from Bush Hog.

Limousin Breeders of The Bluegrass

LBB

B.F. Evans Cattle Company Byron Evans

F u l l b l o o d & Pu r e b r e d Ÿ Em b r y o s & Se m e n St e p h e n : 2 7 0 - 7 9 9 - 8 6 8 5 7 6 0 Em i l y C o u r t Ÿ Bo w l i n g Gr e e n , K Y 4 2 1 0 1

a c h h l i m o u s i n @ i n s i g h t b b . c o m Ÿ F aceb ook : ACH H L i m ou si n

Buck’s Limousin Farm

“The Best Kept Secret in Eastern Kentucky” John Buck: (606) 474-7451 • (606) 922-8174 2494 South St. Hwy. 7, Grayson, KY. 41143 johnbuck474@windstream.net “cattle for sale - private treaty”

CPL

Two $2 , 5 00 Scholarships are ava ilable through the K entucky Cattlemen’ s Association and are funded by the K entucky Cattlemen’ s Foundation These scholarships are awarded to third or fourth year K entucky students currently enrolled in a College of V eterinary M edicine. A strong background in K entucky’ s Cattle Industry as well as intentions to return to K entucky and pratice food animal medicine is suggested for this scholarship. Application Criteria: • Applicant exh ibits academic exce llence. • Applicant demonstrates outstanding leadership skills. • Applicant completed a Pre- ve terinary M edicine curriculum at a K entucky U nive rsity. • Applicant is a current student in an accredited College of V eterinary M edicine. • Applicant has a strong background in K entucky’ s live stock industry. • Applicant intends to pursue a career invo lvi ng food animal medicine in K entucky. • Applicant must be entering the third or fourth year of ve terinary school. *Students who hold the scholarship during their third year of ve t school may reapply for the scholarship for their fourth year of ve t school.

D ead line: A ugu st 31, 2017 A p p licat ions ar e avai lab le f r om : County Association Presidents, KCA Office, or on the w eb at w w w .k ycattle.o rg

Chenault

land & c at t le c om pany Ed and Becky Chenault P.O. Box 1718 Richmond, KY 40476 Ed.chenault@foxent.us 859-661-0330 Bill & Susan Hurt 859-230-4288

Gettings L imousin

C U M M I N S P OL L E D L I M OU S I N Da v i d & Do n a l d P. C u m m i n s D aniel G et t ing s 4 3 1 2 W i l l o w - Le n o x b u r g Rd . F o s te r, K Y 4 1 0 4 3 E lb ow Bend & C ent er P oint R d. T om pk insv ille, K Y 4 2 1 6 7 Da v i d 6 0 6 - 7 4 7 - 5 8 8 6 Ÿ ( C ) 6 0 6 . 7 8 2 . 7 0 0 3 2 7 0 - 4 8 7 - 9 4 5 4 or 2 7 0 - 2 0 2 - 7 7 5 5 Em a i l : c u m m i n s d @ w i n d s t r e a m . n e t “ R eg ist ered L im ousin and A ng us G enet ic s” To m & C h r i s Da n i e l

Greg Blaydes 859-338-9402 James Hicks 859-227-0490

5 1 7 1 C a m a r g o - Le v e e Rd . Mt . St e r l i n g , K Y 4 0 3 5 3 8 5 9 - 4 9 8 - 0 0 3 0 Ÿ8 5 9 - 5 8 5 - 1 7 8 5 Ÿ 8 5 9 - 5 8 5 - 8 3 8 8 J o n a t h a n Ra y 8 5 9 -3 3 9 -1 1 3 7

KCF Veterinary Medicine Scholarship

P.O. Box 1509 599 Ray Allen Lane Versailles, KY 40383 Byron 859-509-8046 Rose Ann 270-543-1960 bfevanscattlecompany@gmail.com byron.evans59@yahoo.com

k y r iv e r lim o u s in @ y a h o o .c o m 3 5 5 In d i g o Po i n t La n c a s t e r , K Y 4 0 4 4 4

La u r a Be t h Ra y 8 5 9 -7 9 2 -1 8 3 0

k e n tu c k y r iv e r lim o u s in @ y a h o o .c o m

1225 E. Leestown Rd. Midway, KY 40347

Maple Shade Farm

Pe t e Ma r t h a Pr e w i t t Ÿ 7 2 Em a i l : m a p F le m

Gr a y Ÿ 6 0 6 - 7 4 8 - 3 4 Se c r e s t C r o s s i n le s h a d e 1 @ w in d s in g s b u r g , K Y 4 1 0

7 6 3 g Ÿ6 0 6 -8 4 9 -4 2 4 9 tre a m .n e t 4 1

Pharris Farms Limousin Bo b Mi n e r i c h , 8 5 9 - 5 8 2 0 0 3 Ba r n e s Mi l l Rd . Ÿ Ri c h m m in e g w e n @ a o l.c “ C a ttle fo r s a le p r iv a te

2 -6 8 8 8 o n d , K Y 4 0 4 7 5 o m tre a ty ”

Ri c c i R o l a nD Ricci & Brenda Roland 423 Lebus Lane Cynthiana, KY 41031 859-234-3986 859-234-7344 rolandlimousin@earthlink.net

Sunnyside Farm Dan & Margie Duvall 233 Sunnyside Gott Rd. Bowling Green, KY 42101 270-563-4897

Tr i p l e

K Li m

o u s in

Mike & Daniel Pharris 2888 Salt River Rd. Leitchfield, KY 42754 270-242-6697 or 270-230-2836 Ro

llin

Te r r y W . Mc Ph e t r i d g e 6 0 6 -8 4 3 -6 9 0 3 C e ll: 6 0 6 - 5 2 4 - 9 2 4 1

g Oaks Fa rm

1 6 4 5 W i n d i n g Bl a d e Rd . Ea s t Be r n s t a d t , K Y 4 0 7 2 9

TICHENOR FARMS

Bill, Greg & Scott Tichenor 3595 St. Rt. 85 West Ÿ Centertown, KY 42328 Home: 270-232-4334 Ÿ Cell: 270-256-0023 tichenorfarmsgreg@yahoo.com

Al l e n & J o n An d e r s o n

Pa u l & Br a d K i d d

2 6 0 H e n d e r s o n Rd .

8 2 5 4 H W Y 7 1 1 Ÿ W e s t Li b e r t y , K Y 4 1 4 7 2

Eu b a n k , K Y 4 2 5 6 7

6 0 6 -7 4 3 -7 3 4 9 Ÿ6 0 6 -7 3 8 -9 4 9 3 Ÿ6 0 6 -4 9 5 -6 3 9 6

Al l e n : 6 0 6 - 8 7 2 - 8 0 7 2 Ÿ J o n : 6 0 6 - 3 0 5 - 8 8 5 9

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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Kentucky Hereford Association K HA I nvites any H ereford Breeder to Become a M emb er!

D ues are $ 25. S end to 2396 U nion City Rd. Richmond, KY 40475 U pc oming E

KHA Officers

P resident: Vince P oppl ewell P resident-elect: L .W . B eckley S ecretary/ T reasurer: E arlene T homas 859-623-5734 thomasep@ roadrunner.com

-HEREFORDS -

C o d e e Gu f f e y • 1 8 1 5 Gr a s s y Sp r i n g s Ro a d V e r s a ille s , K e n tu c k y 4 0 3 8 3 Ph o n e : 5 0 2 - 5 9 8 - 6 3 5 5 Em a i l : r o c k r i d g e h e r e f o r d s @ g m a i l . c o m w w w .r o c k r id g e h e r e fo r d s .c o m

Hereford Sh ow at K Y State Fair August 25 8: 00 A.M

aW t ch for Fall Sale entry forms & info

Joe B. Gray

Wells Farm

10787 New Bowling Green Road Smiths Grove, KY 52171

270-590-4579

WOLF FARM

Registered Polled Herefords Bulls & Females for sale Tim & Peggy Wolf 12939 Peach Grove Rd. Alexandria, KY 41001 Home: 859-635-0899 Ÿ Cell: 859-991-3484

Peyton’s Well Polled Herefords Th e Lo w e l l At w 1 3 3 Ed g e w o St a n f o r d (6 0 6 ) 3 6 5 -2 5 2 0 (6 0 6 ) 6 6 9 -1 4

o o o d , K h o 5 5

Y

d F a m ily Dr i v e

m e /f a x c e ll

Victor- influenced cattle bred for performance on grass.

“Black cows need a good Hereford Bull”

BE CK L E Y HE RE FO RD S L.W. Beckley D.V.M L. Wayne Beckley 284 Pyrse Lane 1420 Fitchburg Rd. Irvine, KY 40336 Ravenna, KY 40472 Cell: 859-779-1419 Home: 606-723-3021 Clinic: 606-726-0000 Cell: 859-779-0962 www.beckleyherefords.com

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s n 7

9 y

K3 CATTLE REGISTERED HEREFORDS KYLE BUSH

Po l l e d H e r e f o r d s F r o z e n C a m p Ro a d • C o r b i n , K Y 4 0 7 0 1 K e v i n , An g e l a , d a W e lls K e n l e a & K y l e r Mu r r a y - H o m e 6 0 6 -5 2 8 -1 6 9 1 - H o m e - C e ll 6 0 6 - 6 8 2 - 8 1 4 3 - C e ll a h o o .c o m

K3CATTLE@YAHOO.COM

198 HICKS PIKE CYNTHIANA, KY 41031

Boyd Beef Cattle

5035 Main Street • Mayslick, KY 41055 Charlie Boyd II · 606-584-5194 Annual Bull Sale second Saturday in March Hereford and Angus Bulls

T K 4 H erefords T ony & Kathy S tapl es 992 Knotts Road B randenburg, KY 40108 270-422-4220 tstapl es@bbtel.com

Jackson Farms

Paul L. Hankcock 8559 KY 56 Owensboro, KY 42301 270-771-4194

Ch amb liss Hereford Farms Brad, C arla, C lay an d Clint Ch amb liss 916 W inch ester Blvd. E liz ab eth town, K Y 42701 Home ( 270) 982- 3905 • Cell ( 270) 68 - 7126 fax 270- 735-9922 www.chamblissherefordfarms.com

Jackie D. Perkins II 367 Mt. Pisgah Rd. • Bremen, KY 42325 270-543-3586 Breeding to produce good cows since 1981.

WCN Polled Herefords Since 1961

Bi l l & Li b b 2 2 2 0 C e l i n a Ro a d Bu Ph o n e ( 2 7 0 ) 4 3 3 - 7 2 5 6 “ Ev e r y c a l f n e e d

y No r r i s r k e s v ille , K Y 4 2 7 1 7 C e ll ( 2 7 0 ) 4 3 3 - 1 5 2 5 s a w h ite fa c e ”

Sweet T Farm

Pile Stock Farm

Registered Polled Herefords

Pete & Gayla Szak 1040 Hick Hardy Rd. Cynthiana, KY (859) 484-2265

Hansell Pile, Jr. 12045 St. John Rd. Cecilia, KY 42724 270-735-5192•270-862-4462 12 miles West of Elizabethtown

Windy Hills Farm

859-588-4531

R egistered P olled H eref ords 8103 B ill Moss Road • W hite H ouse, T N 37188 H ome/ Fax: 615-672-4483 Cell: 615-478-4483 billy@ j acksonfarms.com ® “F arming t h e S ame L and S ince 1834”

Registered Polled Herefords Monty G. Hancock 7300 KY 56 Owensboro, KY 42301 270-771-4118

Thomas Farm

“Cattle for sale at all times”

4 3 9 F la tw o o d Bo b b y & Br e 6 0 6 -5 2 3 -0 5 6 6 0 6 -3 4 4 -0 4 1 w e lls _ fa r m @

Contact Earlene Thomas for more information: 859-623-5734 www.kentuckyhe reford.org

MPH Farms

P olled Hereford and Gelb vieh Cattle 3459 KY H wy . 1284 E . Cyt hiana, KY 41031 ( 859) 234-6956 B en, Jane, S helby a nd L incoln Eric & Ronnie Thomas 2396 Union City Rd. Richmond, KY 40475 (859) 623-5734 • Eric’s Cell (859) 314-8256

v ents :

Bulls • Heifers • Show

TS

F

TS TS Tucker Stock Farms F F

“ Re g i s t e r e d An g u s a n d Po l l e d H e r e f o r d s ”

TUCKER STOCK FARMS TUCKER STOCK FARMS

TUCKER STOCK FARMS

“Breeding Polled Herefords for over 58 Years” John Tucker “Registered Angus and Polled “Registered AngusHerefords” andIIPolled Herefords” 1790 Hidden Valley Lane Breeding cattle for sale at all times. John A. Tucker II John A. Tucker II Hudson, KY 40145 HiddenHerefords” Valley Lane 1999 Walnut Hill Rd. • Lexington, KY “Registered 40515 1790 Hidden Valley Lane Angus and 1790 Polled 270-617-0301 Hudson, KY 40145 Hudson, KY 40145 (859) 271-9086 • cell (859)533-3790 (270) 257-8548 (270) 257-8548 Office 257-8167 Office for (270) 257-8167 John A. Tucker II (270) “Bulls always Sale”

P opplew ell’ s Herefords

R eg i st er ed H er ef o r d & A ng u s F ar m

Service Age Bulls O p en and Bred Females For Sale Vince, Tracy & Alex H ome ( 270) 866-4480 1526 Clearf ork Rd. Cell ( 270) 566-1852 Russell Sp rings, KY 42642

O AHl d A & F K H a Al m l e Cm b e r r e • Pre o k v e n F b l o a o d r l i m n e s s

1790 Hidden18-month-old Valley 18-month-old AngusLane & Polled Hereford Bulls For Sale Angus & Polled Hereford Bulls For Sale Hudson, KY 40145 (270) 257-8548 Office (270) 257-8167

Polled LINEBRED Hereford Bulls For Sale Pr i v a t e t r e a t y s a l e s • V i s i t o r s 18-month-old a l w a y s w e l c o m e Angus & LINEBRED VICTOR DOMINO CATTLE VICTOR DOMINO CATTLE

1 8 7 4 O l d F a l l C r e e k Ro a d • Mo n t i c e l l o , K Y 4 2 6 3 3

Reed Bertram 606-348-7486 David Bertram 606-278-3630 www.of cf arms.com

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Multi-Trait Multi-Trait Selection Selection Fertility Disposition

Danny Miller

Fertility Calving Ease Calving Ease Disposition Milking Ability Milking Ability

www.jmsvictordomino.com 4850 Ridge Rd. 4850 Caldwell RidgeCaldwell Rd. Knifley, KY 42753 Knifley, KY 42753 270-465-6984 270-465-6984

270-465-6984 • 270-566-2694


NEWS RELEASES

PURINA ANIMAL NUTRITION INTRODUCES ACCURATION® HI-FAT BLOCK

P

urina Animal Nutrition introduces Purina® Accuration® Hi-Fat Block, a self-fed, high-fat protein supplement for cattle consuming inadequate or lowquality forage. The supplement delivers 10 percent fat to provide additional energy and balance forage nutrient deficiencies. “Accuration® Hi-Fat Block provides energy to help your cattle maintain optimal

body condition and performance,” says Anthony Robinson, associate marketing manager with Purina Animal Nutrition. “It’s ideal for replacement heifer development, cows or heifers in mid- to late-gestation, balancing deficiencies of fall forages and for cattle on large range pasture.” Accuration® Hi-Fat Block not only delivers a higher fat percentage, but it also contains Intake Modifying Technology® to help improve forage management. “Intake Modifying Technology®

K E N T U CK Y OP E N

S HOW

supports snack eating, causing cattle to be able to eat more forage and get the benefit out of the forage they eat,” says Robinson. “It puts cattle in control of consumption – if they need more energy, they’ll typically eat more supplement; if they don’t need more energy, they’ll typically consume less.” This new product expands the existing line of Accuration® supplements, which are available in block, liquid and tub forms. Accuration® Hi-Fat Block is available in 200- and 500-pound blocks and 200pound plastic tubs.

Accuration® Hi-Fat Block is a vital part of the Purina® All Seasons™ Cattle Nutrition Program, helping ensure cattle energy needs are met year-round. Ask your local dealer for Accuration® Hi-Fat Block or visit purinamills.com/cattle to learn more. For more information on supplementation and forage management, sign up to receive monthly cattle management tips: http://bit.ly/2p6Fcr5.

GE L BV I E H ASSO CI AT I O N

G E L BV I E H & BA L A N C E R S HOW K E N T U C K Y S T A T E F A IR L OU I S V I L L E , K Y

– S A T U R D A Y , A U G U S T 2 6 , 2 0 1 7 @ 1 1 : 0 0 A . M . ( E ast ern) 4 - H/ F F A S HOW – T h ursday , A U G U S T 2 4 , 2 0 1 7 William McI ntosh, P resident ( 502) 867-3132 Jo e P iles , Vice P resident ( 502) 507-3845 P at Tilghman, Secretary/ Treasurer ( 270) 678-5695

Clifford Farms 3459 Ky Hwy 1284E Cyn th iana, K Y 41031 Since 1937

Cattle for S ale at all times.

B lack &

859.234.6956

G old G elbvi ehs

Gelbvieh, Simmental, & Commerical Cattle

Ra n d y & W a n d a W a d e 8 5 9 -2 3 4 -4 8 0 3 Mi k e , Sh e l l e y & Ro n i n Me y e r 8 5 9 -2 9 8 -9 9 3 1 K e v i n , Sh a n n o n , & K a m b e r F a r r e l l 8 5 9 -5 8 8 -9 1 2 1

Brian W . D ye r D V M

O wner/ Manager

G E L B VI E H / B A L A N CE RS

2050 G lasgow Road B urkesvi lle, KY 42717 B rian, L auren, Kristen B arry , E mily & Julia

F ull C irc le F arm s

R eg ist ered G elb v ieh C at t le Brad Burke 989 Metcalf Mill Rd. • Ewing, KY 41039 ( H ) 606-267-5609 • ( C) 606-782-1367 gbb789@windstream.net

Pleasant Meadows Farm

Meeting modern industry demands: • Added Fertility • Increased Efficiency • More pounds of calf weaned American Gelbvieh Association 303-465-2333 | www.gelbvieh.org

Gary & Pat Tilghman Lindsey Tilghman Jones Family Carrie & Daryl Derossett Family 690 Lick Branch Road Glasgow, KY 42141 270.678.5695 Ÿ pleasantmeadowsfarm@hotmail.com

Kilbourne Gelbvieh East Bernstadt, KY 606-843-6583 cell 606-309-4662

Bl a c k Re p l a c e m e n t H e i f e r s & Bu l l s Av a i l b l e Em b r y o t r a n s p l a n t & AI s i r e d c a l v e s

Mockingbird Hill Farms

L arry Clark &

Bar I V L ivestock

Ba r r y , Be t h & Be n Ra c k e • Br a d Ra c k e 7 4 1 6 Ti p p e n h a u e r Rd . • C o l d Sp r i n g , K Y 4 1 0 7 6 Ph o n e ( 8 5 9 ) 6 3 5 - 3 8 3 2 • Ba r r y c e l l ( 8 5 9 ) 9 9 1 - 1 9 9 2 Br a d c e l l ( 8 5 9 ) 3 9 3 - 3 6 7 7 • Be n c e l l ( 8 5 9 ) 3 9 3 - 3 7 3 0 F a x (8 5 9 ) 6 3 5 -3 8 3 2 •b a r4 @ tw c .c o m

Bee Lick Gelbviehs

Eddie Reynolds 277 Old Bee Lick Rd. Crab Orchard, KY 40419 606-379-2281(H) 606-305-1972(C) Bulls & Females for sale

Sons L L C

Registered Gelb vieh Cattle Registered Gelbvieh Cattle 1153 Robert L andis Road-G reensburg, KY 42743 Shane Wells 10172 Provo Rd. Rochester, KY La r r y C l a r k , O w n e r & O p e r a t o r H: 270-934-2198 C: 270-791-8196 (2 7 0 ) 2 9 9 -5 1 6 7 (2 7 0 ) 3 3 7 -2 8 0 1 swells@logantele.com Lp c l a r k a n d s o n s @ m s n . c o m

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

89


A ngus - T he Business Breed K E N T U C K Y A N G U S A SO 2016- 2017 K Y Angus Association Officers:

KY Angus Association Membership Application Name:____________________________________________ Farm Name:_______________________________________ Address:__________________________________________ City:__________________State:_______ Zip:___________ Phone: Bus-_______________________________________ Res-_____________________________________________ Email:___________________________________________

Return to: Anne DeMott 1220 Angus Trail • Lexington, KY 40509 Annual Dues $35

Contact Anne DeMott to pay for your Kentucky Angus Association dues! 1 • BOYD BEEF CATTLE 6077 Helena Rd. Mayslick, KY 41055 Charlie Boyd II: 606-584-5194 • Blake Boyd: 606-375-3718 www.boydbeef.com • email: cboyd2@maysvilleky.net

2 • BRANCH VIEW ANGUS 927 Old Liberty Pike • Hustonville, KY 40437 859/238-0771 • www.branchviewangus.com James S. & LuAnn Coffey Donald & Donna Coffey Evelyn Hoskins Annual Production Sale- 2nd Saturday in April

3 • BURKS CATTLE CO. 531 Rick Rd. Park City, KY 42160 Eddie Burks • 270-991-6398 www.burkscattle.com

C IA T IO N

4 • BURTON & SONS ANGUS Joe D. or Karen Burton Ÿ Bryan Carman, Partner, Ridgeview Angus 480 Hominy Hill Rd. Nancy, KY 42544 Joe: 606-305-3081 Ÿ Bryan: 606-875-3453

President: T im Jeffries Ÿ Camner, KY V President: G il Ray C owles Ÿ oc field Sec res : A nne D eMott Ÿ L exi ngton, KY 7 • COFFEY ANGUS FARMS 661 Hopewell Road Liberty, KY 42539 Matt Coffey - (270) 799-6288 Dewey Coffey - (606) 787-2620 Genetics for Maximum Profitability since 1984 8 • D&D LONGVIEW ANGUS Danny & Debbie Burris 550 Willie Nell Road Columbia, KY 42728 270-348-5766 • 270-250-3701 • 270-250-1277

17 • MUD RIVER ANGUS 10 Oak Hill Drive Russellville, KY 42276 Wayne Johnson 270/303-6354 Gary Johnson 270/498/7208

9 • EAGLE REST PLANTATION Jimmy Don Robinson 7665 Paducah Road Kevil, KY 42053 270-462-2150

DD

R

10 • FALL CREEK ANGUS 448 Corder Farm Road Monticello, KY 42633 Ronnie Corder 606/348-6588 11 • HAINES ANGUS FARMS 5294 Park City- Glasgow Rd. Park City, KY 42160 Kenneth Haines, Jr. 270/749-8862

6 • CLAIREBROOK FARMS, LLC PO Box 192, Carlisle, KY 40311 Paul B. Mulhollem, 217/621-3123 Chad Daugherty, 217/369-0466 Watch for our consignments in upcoming KY sales!

90

19 • OLD BARK FARM 370 Ferrill Hill, Buffalo, KY 42716 Kenley Conner 270/358-8057 Registered Angus Cattle

Ri c h a 1 2 4 0 H o m e r s ta llo

rd a Do g - (2 n s @

n d Gl e n d a St a l l o n s w o o d K e l l y Ro a d H o p k i n s v i l l e , K e n t u c k y 4 2 2 4 0 7 0 ) 8 8 5 - 4 3 5 2 C e ll- ( 2 7 0 ) 8 3 9 - 2 4 4 2 b e lls o u th .n e t

22 • ANNE PATTON SCHUBERT 4040 Taylorsville Rd • Taylorsville, KY 40071 Phone: (502) 477-2663 • Fax: (502) 477-2637 Gordon Schubert, Cowboy

13 • HIGHVIEW FARMS 827 West Main Street Campbellsville, Kentucky 42718 Ben T. Cox DVM 270-469-5517 Registered Angus Cattle

23 • SHAW FAMILY ANGUS Jim & Cathy Shaw 935 Miller Road • Hodgenville, KY 42748 Cell: 270-769-8260 www.shawfamilyangus.com Quality Registered Angus Cattle since 1975

16 • MILLERS RUN FARM

W i l l i a m N. O f f u t t IV 3 7 9 0 Pa r i s Ro a d Ge o r g e t o w n , K Y 4 0 3 2 4 Ph o n e : ( 8 5 9 ) 5 3 3 - 2 0 2 0 Em a i l : m i l l e r s r u n f a r m @ a o l . c o m W e b s ite : w w w .m ille r s r u n fa r m .c o m Heifers for sale

OLD BARK FARM

20 • PLEASANT HILL FARMS Gil, Mary, Corbin, Caroline, and Catherine Cowles 500 Rockfield Richpond Road Rockfield, KY 42274 270/843-9021 • Fax 270/843-9005 Located 7 miles west of Bowling Green, 1/2 mile off Hwy 68/80 21 • RAGS ANGUS FARM

12 • HERITAGE FARM Tom McGinnis 1024 Hinkle Lane • Shelbyville, KY 502-633-1634, home • 502-633-5100, work 502-655-0164, cell

14 • HILL VIEW FARMS Jimmy Gilles 5160 Lee Rudy Road Owensboro, KY 42301 Located 15 mi. W of Somerset 270/686-8876 klburton01@windstream.net Bulls & females sold private treaty. Inquiries Welcome. Sell only what we would buy. 270/929-5370 5 • CARDINAL HILL FARMS 15 • JOHNSON FARMS ANGUS 405 Cedar Grove Rd. • Glasgow, KY 42141 Angus Bulls & Females Mike Elmore: (270) 404-6589 Slaughters, KY Bob Johnson: ( 270 ) 427-1410 Keith: 270-635-0723 www. cardinalhillfarms.com Reese: 270-635-1137 mike@cardinalhillfarms.com

4 K

18 • FOUR KINGS ANGUS 250 Bright Leaf Dr. • Harrodsburg, KY 40330 Cary & Kim King Email: Carymking@yahoo.com Fourkingsangus.com Cary Cell - 859-613-3734 • Colby Myers - Purebred Manager

APS

SF A

24 • SMITHLAND ANGUS FARM 5202 East Hwy 80, Russell Springs, KY 42642

Charles “Bud” & Pam Smith 270/866-3898 Henry & Melissa Smith 270/866-2311 25 • ST. CLAIR FARMS REGISTERED ANGUS Eric & Sherry St. Clair 13433 Falls of Rough Road • Falls of Rough, KY 40119 (H) 270-257-2965 (C) 270-617-1079 www.stclairangus.com Performance Tested Bull & Female Sale April2016

26 • TWIN CREEK FARM Shawn, Melissa, Devin & Dylan Gibson 270/337-3072 or 270/692-5304 Dennis & Emily 270/337-2128 or 270/402-4338 Watch for us in Branch View Production Sale in April

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


CATTLE MANAGEMENT CALENDAR

Some Thoughts on Mineral Supplementation economically as possible. First, individual mineral consumption can be quite variable. The biggest thing that effects consumption is the supply. Minerals should be available at all times. It isn’t ----------------the end of the world if cattle go a few University of Kentucky days without minerals but a pattern Extension Beef Specialist of empty feeders will not allow the cows to “level off ” their mineral intake. ineral nutrition of beef cattle Feeders should be located near shade is poorly understood. Or, and/or water so that cattle will come in at least, there are a lot of contact with minerals frequently. Most differing opinions. And, there are major mineral supplements are formulated for minerals and trace minerals, different 2 to 4 ounces of intake and are, of course, form and availability of minerals, best if consumed at that level. Salt is the antagonists, interrelationships and ratios, primary driver of intake so DON’T add additives, expensive and cheap minerals, salt to the feeders. Speaking of feeders – they need to be different mineral needs for various covered. I heard a presentation recently classes of cattle and stages of production about looking for the most “weatherwhich all can be considered. We also fast” mineral supplements. Supplements have FDA regulations that govern what were being tested for their stability in we can legally do. Don’t despair. We can open feeders. I have a thought on that, still take what we know about mineral too. Loose minerals are too expensive nutrition and meet the animals’ needs as

Dr. Roy Burris

M

to feed in open tubs. They should be protected from the weather. “Bull proof ” feeders, with a flap on top like

SOUTHEAST FEEDER CATTLE PRICES 14 July 2017 STEER

wts.

HEIFER

AL

AR

FL

GA

LA/MS

KY/TN

9-10

134-139

135-140

131-136

133-138

134-139

142-147

8-9

142-147

143-148

140-145

142-147

142-147

146-151

7-8

144-150

147-153

142-148

144-150

144-150

148-154

6-7

150-159

155-164

147-156

149-158

150-159

152-161

5-6

153-164

158-169

151-162

153-164

153-164

155-166

4-5

154-166

164-176

157-169

157-169

154-166

167-179

AL

AR

FL

GA

LA/MS

KY/TN

134-140

136-142

129-135

131-137

132-138

136-142

133-142

137-146

130-139

131-140

132-141

140-149

137-148

143-154

136-147

138-149

137-148

141-152

139-151

148-160

138-150

138-150

142-154

149-161

MONTHLY MARKET BEEF UPDATE!

COWS wts.

AL

AR

FL

GA

LA/MS

KY/TN

UTIL

64-74

64-74

66-76

67-77

60-70

61-71

CN/CUT

59-69

61-71

58-68

59-69

58-68

58-68

BULLS

89-99

89-99

88-98

91-101

90-100

84-94

Feeder cattle were $2 to $3 higher this week. Calves were $4 to $5 higher. Market cows were steady this week. -Troy Applehans

the one in the picture, work well for this purpose. Calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P) are the individual minerals that we think of first. We prefer about a 2 to 1 ratio of Ca to P. Forages are usually high in Ca and need some extra P added. Phosphorus is expensive and Calcium (think limestone rock) is cheap. So this can add to the cost. However, when feeding grain or grain by-products the opposite is true. Phosphorus is high and we need to add ground limestone to raise the calcium level for prevention of “water belly”. This is getting more common in this area, with the feeding of grain by-products and some finishing of cattle and sheep. Trace minerals are important, too – especially Copper (Ca), Selenium (Se), Zinc (Zn) and Manganese (Mn). They should be included at the required levels and in the required form to be most available and beneficial. Interestingly, we got really interested in mineral supplementation in Kentucky many years ago when we found that copper oxide was the primary form used for copper and that it was not available to Cont’d on pg.

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

91


CALENDAR OF EVENTS

General August 2 KJCA Field Day, See ad on pg. 74 August 17-27 Kentucky State Fair, Louisville, KY August 31 Midwest Beef Summit, Owensboro Convention Center August 31 KCA Hall of Fame Awards Due, See ad on pg. 69 September 7 CPC Fall Field Day, See ad on pg 2 September 11 Blue Grass Stockyards and Regional Marketplace Grand Opening, Lexington, KY, See ad on pg. 37 September 10-15 FACTS Tour, California

Angus September 9 CKAA Ladies Day Sale, Danville, KY, See ad on pg. 5 September 22 The Bluegrass Trifecta Angus Production Sale, Carlisle, KY, See ad on pg. 41 October 14 Solid Rock Angus Production Sale, Paris, KY, See ad on pg. 4 October 21 Whitestone Farm Sale, Aldie, VA

AD INDEX

AG SPRAY 66 Agrifinancial 35 American Angus Association 11,20 American Red Poll Association 53 American Simmental Association 33 Arrow Cattle Company 15 B & L Farm Cattle Company 7 Bayer Animal Health 9, 19 Belles of the Bluegrass 52 Blue Grass Stockyards 37 Bluegrass Trifecta Angus Sale 41 Boyd Beef Cattle 18 Bromagen Commodities 65 Burkmann Feeds 26 Bush Hog 48 Byron Seeds 63

October 21 Circle A Angus Ranch Fall Bull and Heifer Sale Iberia, MO, See ad on pg. 29 October 28 GMAA Annual Fall Sale, Campbellsburg, KY October 30 Stone Gate Farms Annual Fall Sale, Flemingsburg, KY, See ad on pg. 13 October 30 Oak Hollow Fall Bull Sale, Smiths Grove, KY, See ad on pg. 7 November 11 CKAA Fall Sale, Danville, KY February 27 Woodall Angus Buyer’s Choice Bull Sale, Quality, KY, See ad on pg. 10 March 31 Heritage Farm Inaugural Sale, Shelbyville, KY, See ad on pg. 36

Charolais

August 25 Kentucky Charolais Show, KY State Fair, See ad on pg. 84 October 7 Spirit of the Bluegrass Sale, Blue Grass Stockyards, Lexington, KY, See ad on pg. 32

Gelbvieh

August 26 Kentucky Gelbvieh & Balancer Show, KY State Fair, See ad on pg. 89 CKAA Ladies Day 5 CPC Commodities 2 CPH-45 85 Capital Classic Heifer Sale 67 Cargill 95 Central Farm Supply 59 Central KY Ag Credit 96 Central KY Premier Heifer Sale 13 Central KY Top of the Crop Heifer Sale25 Circle A Angus 29 Dievert Sales Service 53 Dutch Creek Farm 28 East KY Replacement Heifer Sale 8 FPL Food, LLC 54 Four Kings Angus 14 GMAA 32 Grassy Run Farms 26 Green River Area Heifer Sale 51 Green River Fence 31

Hereford August 25 Kentucky Hereford Show, KY State Fair, See ad on pg. 84 September 2 The “Breeders Cup” Sale, Mayslick, KY, See ad on pg. 18 September 9 Grassy Run Farms Mature Cow Herd Dispersal, Winfield, WV, See ad on pg. 26

Limousin

September 2 Tme to Shine Limousin Sale, London, KY

Red Poll

Multi-Breed August 11 Fall Roundup Sale & BBQ, Blue Grass Stockyards, Lexington, KY September 16 Seedstock Plus Showcase Sale, Kingsville, MO, See ad on pg. 61 September 16 East KY Replacement Bred Heifer Sale, Lee City Stockyards, See ad on pg. 8 October 16 Central KY “Top of the Crop” Replacement Heifer Sale, Richmond, KY, See ad on pg. 25

Hayes Trailer Sales Heritage Farms JMS Polled Herefords John Deere KLMA Keeney Angus Kentucky Angus Kentucky Charolais Association Kentucky Gelbvieh Association Kentucky Hereford Association Kentucky Prime Realty Kentucky Salers Association Kentucky Simmental Association Limestone Farm Limousin Breeders of the Bluegrass McBurneys Livestock & Equipment Mid South Ag LLC Minerich Land & Cattle Neat Steel

October 21 Seedstock Plus Fall Bull Sale, Carthage, MO, See ad on pg. 61 October 27 Capital Classic Premier Heifer Sale, Owenton, KY, See ad on pg. 67 October 28 Yon Family Farms Fall Sale, Ridge Spring, SC November 4 Central KY Premier Heifer Sale, Lebanon, KY, See ad on pg. 13 November 4 Green River Area Bred Heifer Sale, Owensboro, KY, See ad on pg. 51

8 36 17 21 57 26 90 84 89 88 27 92 86 35 87 54 67 67 14

September 29-30 Red Poll National Sale and Meeting, Murray, KY, See ad on pg. 53

Simmental September 9 Silver Towne Farms Annual Production Sale, Winchester, IN, See ad on pg. 23 September 16 Family Matters Simmental Production Sale, Augburn , KY October 7 Belles of the Bluegrass Simmental Sale, Campbellsburg, KY, See ad on pg. 52

Oak Hollow Priefert Sansom Cattle Co. Seedstock Plus Shady Bottom Ranch Silver Towne Farms Solid Rock Angus Southern States Coop Stoll Trailers Stone Gate Farms Storm Insurance Sullivan Charolais Walters Buildings Wax Company Wm. E Fagaly & Son Woodall Angus Zoetis

SALERS

The Balanced Breed S T RI N G E R FA RMS B ruce S tringer 128 T eresa A ve nue Ÿ S omerset, KY 42501 606-875-3553 92

D I A MO N D J S A L E RS D onald Johnson 11660 N . H wy 1247 • E ubank, KY 42564 606-379-1558

W I L L I S FA RMS • D anny W illis 964 Johnson Rd • Frankfort, KY 40601 502-803-5011 • drwc21@aol.com Matt Craig, Farm Mgr. 502-604-0821

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

7 39 12 61 4 23 4 23 20 13 55 32 29 3 12 10 49


Cow Country Classifieds To place a Classified call 8 5 9 / 2 7 8 - 08 9 9

Lost Bridge Cattle Company

WM. E. FAGALY & SON

L ivestock Hauling Indiana Kentucky Ohio Tennessee 513-678-1042 Ryan Gries

PERFORMANCE TESTED PUREBRED ANGUS BULLS FOR SALE Call 270/202-7186 for more info or check out www.oakhollowangus.com for current availability. ANGUS BULLS FOR LEASE OR SALE Low birthweight Registered Angus & Charolais bulls for lease or sale. Starting at $350. McCrory Farms, Benton, KY 270-527-3767 FOR SALE 19-20 month old Polled Hereford bulls. Good selection. Low birthweight, medium frame. JMS Polled Herefords, Knifley, KY Danny 270-566-2694 Trent 270-566-2000 See ad on pg. 17 FOUNDATION SALE III October 7, 2017, 1 PM CST United Producers, Bowling Green, KY Selling FULLBLOOD & PUREBRED LIMOUSIN Genetics For info call : A C H Holdings, LLC Stephen Haynes 270-799-8685 CALL US TODAY! Call Jacob Redway today to advertise to over 10,500 cattle producers in Kentucky. Call us at 859-2780899. RED ANGUS FOR SALE Bulls: Yearlings and 2-year-olds, Open and Bred Heifers Contact: Johnnie Cundiff 606-305-6443 or 606-871-7438

$15 for 4 lines and $5 for each additional line

&

Jeff, Michelle Nolan Pettit 5745 US HWY 41 SOUTH, SEBREE, KY 42455 270-836-2963 • JP@DIAMONDPCATTLE.COM

WWW.DIAMONDPCATTLE.COM RED ANGUS • RED SIMMENTAL RED SIM-ANGUS • FARM FRESH BEEF

BULLS FOR SALE Registered black Simmental bulls. Excellent EPD’s. Semen Tested. Delivery Available. Maximize your profit with proven performance. Adam Wheatley 502-349-2665 REGISTERED GELBVIEH Weaned registered Gelbvieh bulls & bred females. Contact Trent Jones 270-590-5266 STOLTZFUS SPREADERS Lime/Chicken Litter/Fertilizer Leo TMR Mixers- Manure Spreaders 20 ft Schutle Batwing-$19,000 John Deere 7410/cab/ 2WD $27,500 www.redbarnandassociates.com Call Charlie @ 859-608-9745 LIMOUSIN, ANGUS & LIM-FLEX BULLS & FEMALES FOR SALE HB Farms Midway, KY Greg Blaydes (859) 338-9402 James Hicks (859)227-0490 CALL US TODAY! Call Jacob Redway today to advertise to over 10,500 cattle producers in Kentucky for the month of September The Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association offers print and digital options. Call us at 859-278-0899. REGISTERED REDBONE COON HOUNDS FOR SALE Pups and started dogs. 606-282-8323, Lincoln County, KY

100 used cattle waters available. 15 Used Feed Bins with Augers from 4–15 Tons. Used Cattle Handling Facilities, 3 Available. Guard Rail.

Call 513-678-1042

FALL 2015 BULLS FOR SALE Registered Gelbvieh/Angus Balancer bulls. Homo black and black. Breeding Soundness Evaluation. BVD tested, Semen and Trich tested. Calving ease EPDs. Also fall bred females. Huntingburg, IN J&D Kerstiens 812-482-2688 or Duane Cassidy at 812-661-8005 REGISTERED POLLED HEREFORDS Cost-share eligible bulls. 17-24 months old. 9-12 month old heifers. Call George Horton at 606-3487334 40 RED ANGUS-SIMMENTAL CROSSED BRED HEIFERS Safe in calf to Red Angus bulls. Will start calving end of Feb. as 2 year olds. 1100 lbs. Call Lynn at 502-220-7156 or Steve at 502-321-9560 REGISTERED BLACK ANGUS & CHAROLAIS BULLS AI Sired. 15-18 months old. David Sandusky 270-692-7793 FOR SALE 9 AI sired Registered Angus heifers and bulls for sale. Call 606-787-7307 SORTING POLES-PADDLES-FLAGS Poles with your 8” decal. $5.70 each per 50. Sorting flag, $10.50. Sorting paddles $9. Kerndt Livestock Products. 800-207-3115

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

COMPREHENSIVE NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT PLANS (CNMPS) Livestock manure management and water quality BMPs - Financial assistance available through NRCS or Ky Division of Conservation. Ben Koostra, Lexington, KY - NRCS Technical Service Provider 859-559-4662 HERDSMAN POSITION OPEN Progressive cow-calf operation has an opening for a cow-calf professional. Will help with calving, breeding and general farm work. This is an entry level position, will be supervised by owner and farm foreman in central Kentucky. Housing and salary. Please call 515-229-5227 MUNDY’S FARM - VERSAILLES, KY Registered Polled Herefords. Young heifers, bulls, brood cows for sale. 559-348-3818 or email dairynutr@aol.com ROUND BALES AND GRASS HAY Stored inside. $25 per roll. 502348-5006 or 502-439-2497 ANGUS HEIFERS 3 early fall calving heifers. Approximate weight 1100-1150. Home: 859-236-6095 or cell: 859-516-4851

See y our a d her e a nd r ea ch over 1 0 , 0 0 0 ca ttlem en ea ch m onth. A ds a s low a s $ 1 5 p er m onth.

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CATTLE MANAGEMENT CALENDAR Cont’d o

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the cattle, so we started a more active research and education program in beef minerals. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulates how we use mineral supplements and the claims that can be made. For example, there is a huge difference between free-choice and feed mixing mineral supplements. If directions are given for mixing into a feed, it isn’t cleared for free-choice feeding – meaning the work hasn’t been done to prove efficacy or intake. We shouldn’t go off label. We are also governed by the veterinary feed directive (VFD) for antibiotics which are also used for humans. Here’s something to watch for – the FDA regulates (approves or disapproves) label claims that are proposed for products. However, a company can avoid this by naming their mineral supplement as they please. That is a big deal here in the “fescue belt”. Since I could name my mineral supplement “Best Fescue Mineral” which implies that I have a label claim for improved performance when I might not. Look for approved label claims and pay less attention to testimonials and names of products. Naming products suggestive names and/or calling them “feed mixing” minerals circumvents the process of getting products approved and labeled properly. Proper mineral supplementation is important for optimum growth, reproduction and immunity of beef cattle. I have added a feed tag of the mineral supplement that we use at UK-Princeton. You can use it as a guide for free-choice mineral.

Timely Tips for August Spring-Calving Cow Herd •Bulls should have been removed from the cow herd by now! They should be pastured away from the cow herd

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with a good fence and allowed to regain lost weight and condition. It is a good time to evaluate physical condition, especially feet and legs. Bulls can be given medical attention and still have plenty of time to recover, e.g., corns, abscesses, split hooves, etc. Don’t keep trying to get open spring cows bred – move them to fall calving or sell them when they wean this year’s calf. •Repair and improve corrals for fall working and weaning. Consider having an area to wean calves and retain ownership for postweaning feeding rather than selling “green”, lightweight calves. Plan to participate in CPH-45 feeder calf sales in your area. •Fescue pastures don’t generally produce much this month, however rain in July has given us some forage going into the usually dry months. Keep rotating pastures to permit calves to continue gaining weight. Keep minerals available at all times.

Fall-Calving Cow Herd •Dry cows should be moved to better pastures as calving time approaches. Cows should start calving next month. Yearling heifers may begin “headstart” calving later this month. Plan to move cows to stockpiled fescue for the breeding season, so it will soon be time to apply nitrogen fertilizer. •Prepare for the fall-calving season (usually September). Get ready, be sure you have the following: -record book -eartags for identification -iodine solution for newborn calf ’s navel -calf puller -castration equipment

General •Keep a good mineral mix available

at all times. The UK Beef IRM Basic Cow-Calf mineral is a good choice. •Do not give up on fly control in late summer, especially if fly numbers are greater than about 50 flies per animal. You can use a different “type” of spray or pour-on to kill any resistant flies at the end of fly season. •Avoid working cattle when temperatures are extremely high – especially those grazing high-endophyte fescue. If cattle must be handled, do so in the early morning. •Provide shade and water! Cattle will need shade during the hot part of the day. Check water supply frequently – as much as 20 gallons may be required by high producing cows in very hot weather.

Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

•Cattle may also be more prone to eat poisonous plants during periods of extreme temperature stress. They will stay in “wooded” areas and browse on plants that they would not normally consume. Consider putting a roll of hay in these areas and/or spraying plants like purple (perilla) mint which can be toxic. •Select pastures for stockpiling. Remove cattle and apply nitrogen when moisture conditions are favorable. Stockpiled fescues can be especially beneficial for fall-calving cows after calving. •Take soil samples to determine pasture fertility needs. Fertilize as needed, this fall.


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Cow Country News, August 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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Greg Robey

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Cow Country News - August 2017  

The Cow Country News is a monthly publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association. Highlighting the latest cattle news, sale information...