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Cow CountryNews Cattlemen’s Association

April 2017

Issue Highlights Summer Stocker Outlook for 2017 pg. 20 Forage Establishment - Top 10 Ways to get to do it over! pg. 24

Focus on Angus pg. 44-51 Fly Control for Cattle on Pasture pg. 58

Ky Cattlemen’s Assoc. 176 Pasadena Drive Lexington, KY 40503

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Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Great Meadows Angus Association


35th Annual Spring Sale Saturday, April 22, 2017 Ÿ 1:00 PM EDT Heritage Farm Ÿ Shelbyville, KY Selling 178 Head

Lot 71A: RF MISS BANDO 3061

Registered Angus Cattle & Semen


78 Bulls: Semen tested and ready for the approaching breeding season. (42) Spring 2016 Yearlings • (36) 2015 Yearlings 98 Females 30 Cows/20 Calves • 14 Spring Pairs • 11 Fall Pairs • 5 Bred Cows 13 Bred Heifers: AI bred to calve in the fall Schedule of Sale Activities: Excellent Genetics and Powerful Numbers All held at Heritage Farm 35 Open Heifers: Many are show prospects for 1024 Hinkle Lane the GMAA Incentive Program Shelbyville, KY 40065 Quality, bloodlines and numbers to satisfy the most discriminate breeders. Friday, April 21:

Sale Highlights

Lot 80: HERITAGE 7 008 TEN X 5104

5:00 pm Preview of Sale Cattle & Refreshments Entertainment by “Outta the Blue”,

10 Open Heifers and 21 Bulls from a bluegrass family band from Knoxville, TN. sale host Heritage Farm Saturday, April 22: 6 Spring Pairs and 3 Bulls from Reality Farms Lot 3: HERITAGE RB WORLD WIDE 643 9:00 am Inspection of Sale Cattle 6 Open Heifers and 6 Bulls from Reece Farms 11:00 am Complimentary Lunch 1:00 pm SALE 11 Head including 4 Fall Pairs from D&D Longview Angus See details on page 67.


Sale Manager:

Lot 4: HERITAGE 7008 TEN X 646

Tim Dievert 478 Dry Fork Road Danville, KY 40422 Off : 859/236-4591 • Mobile: 859/238-3195 E-mail: Logan Goggin: 859/516-3199 For Details and Online Sale Book: •


Outta the Blue Youth Incentive Program: See GMAA Website for details

Auctioneer: Eddie Burks, Park City, KY Ÿ 270-991-6398 Sale Day Phones: 859-238-3195 or 502-655-0164 Sponsored by: Great Meadows Angus Association President: Paul Bradshaw Ÿ Vice-Pres.: Tommy Manning Watch & bid online for free at Secretary: Pam Dockery Ÿ Treasurer: Earl Lord

Call today to get on the catalog list.



Lot 48: D & D RITA 336

Lot 50: D& D RITA 51A 9201


Lot 101: RF CAPITALIST 5051

Lot 102: RF CAPITALIST 55820

Lot 106: BHF PROPHET 305


Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Paris Stockyards 8 5 9 -9 8 7 -1 9 7 7

“Farmers doing business with farmers.”

Selling ev ery Thu rs da y a t 9 AM Rec eiv ing c a ttle W ednes da y 8 AM - 1 0 PM Call for more information Craig Taylor - 859-771-0146 Ÿ Sara Evans - 859-987-9945

West Kentucky Select BRED HEIFER SALE

For more information contact: -



All heifers are guaranteed bred to bulls with known EPDs and have met stringent requirements for health, quality and pelvic measurements.

All heifers qualify for KY Cost Share (CAIP) Most qualify for TN Cost Share (TAEP)

Sponsored by the Univ. of Kentucky and the Univ. of Tennessee Cooperative Extension Service and the Kentucky Department of Agriculture


Table of Contents COLUMNISTS 7 8 10 12 24 40 54 90 107

Chuck Crutcher, Spring Ritual Ryan Quarles, KY Farm Bureau Beef Expo Remains an Elite Show and Sale Dave Maples, Do Something About It Baxter Black, To Be Honest Jimmy Henning, Forage Establishment – Top 10 Ways to get to do it over! Dr. Michelle Arnold, Running on Empty? Lack of Energy in the Diet will Cause Cattle Deaths Glen Aiken, Why Depend on a Crude Measure of Protein? Gordon Jones, Capturing the Economic Benefits of Hybrid Vigor in Beef Production Systems Roy Burris, Longevity in the Cow Herd

FEATURE STORIES 14 18 20 32 34 36-38 39

Cattlemen Helping Cattlemen Beef Expo tops $1 million in sales for sixth year in a row Summer Stocker Outlook for 2017 Commissioner Quarles Applauds Passage of HB 265 NCBA President Testifies on Cattlemen’s Priorities for 2018 Farm Bill Bale Grazing Cattlemen Applaud President for Ordering Reconsideration of “Extremely Flawed” WOTUS Rule 42 Kentucky Soybean Production, Yield at Record Highs 44, 49 Angus Growth Reflects True Demand 46 Angus Unveils Long Range Plan 48 Upcoming Angus Events 50 Message from KY Angus Association President 56 11 Things People Believe About Bees that Aren’t True 58, 72 Fly Control for Cattle on Pasture in Nebraska 60 PLC, NCBA Applaud Senate Push for Transparency of Judgment Fund 62 What Financial Ratios Can Tell You 66 Quarles Praises Legislature’s Approval of Industrial Hemp Bill 68 The 3 Ds Strategy to Market U.S. Beef Worldwide 80 Summertime fescue toxicosis mitigation strategies 84-89 2017 Kentucky Beef Expo Results 90 The CPH Report 96 Positive Feedback on the Cattle Handling & Care Program 97 Eden Shale Update 16 28-29 78 92-93 94-95 96-97 100 108 109

County News Economic & Policy Update KJCA Membership Kentucky Beef Council Kentucky Beef Network News Releases Calendar of Events - Advertisers Index Classified Section: - Classified ads

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Cover Photo by: Melanie Blandford


52nd Annual Spring Sale 17th Annual Premier Bull Division Saturday • April

15, 2017 • 1 PM (EDT)

Central Kentucky Angus Sales Pavilion Ÿ Danville, KY

4 miles NE of Danville just off of Hwy 34 on Chenault Bridge Road and then Fork Church Road GPS Address: 2286 Fork Church Road, Lancaster, KY 40444


SELLING 114 HEAD 49 Premier Bulls:

22 2016 Yearlings • 21 2015 Fall Yearlings • 6 2015 Two-Year-Olds

Bulls must meet specified EPD, weight and health requirements to qualify as Premier Bulls.

53 Registered Females:

17 Open Heifers, 12 Bred Females, 14 Pairs

5 Commercial Angus Females:


4 Spring Pairs, 1 Bred Heifer

105 Straws Of Semen:

Sires include: Saugahatchee (33), Mytty In Focus (10), Gibb Illini (14), Ultravox, Fly Traveler, Hi Flyer and others.

SALE DAY SPONSOR: Central Kentucky Angus Association President: Bob Clark, Harrodsburg, KY President Elect: Butch Nunn, Upton, KY Vice President: Pete Dennen, Harrodsburg, KY Treasurer: John Goggin, Danville, KY Secretary: Joe Goggin, Danville, KY Jr Advisor: Jamie Marksbury, Buffalo, KY Past President: Tom McGinnis, Shelbyville, KY SALE DAY PHONES:

859/238-3195 or 859/583-0364

Auctioneer: Eddie Burks SALE MANAGER:

Central Kentucky Angus Association 2017 Calendar: April 15, 2017: 52nd Annual Spring Sale June 25, 2017: CKAA Picnic, Annual Meeting, Junior Show September 9, 2017: Ladies Day 2017 November 12, 2016: 54th Annual Fall Sale

Tim Dievert 478 Dry Fork Road • Danville, KY 40422 Office: 859-236-4591 • Mobile: 859-238-3195 E-mail: Logan Goggin: 859-516-3199 Details and online catalogs available at


LOT 65: D&D PAMELA 758

LOT 75: D&D ERICA 626

212th Sale Sponsored by the Central Kentucky Angus Association Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association 2017 Leadership REGION 1

KCA Regional Directors:

*Jeff Pettit, Vice President, 270-836-2963 Bobby Bell, 270-547-8547 Gary Woodall, 270-725-0819 Ricky Haynes Keith Johnson, 270-635-0723 Wayne Johnson, (270) 726-7896 Lanny Boyd, 270-889-9682 Martin Hayden, (270) 281-4076 JJ Tucker, (270) 257-8548 Dennis Wilson, 270-952-1714 Caleb Jenkin, 270-952-0767



Chuck Crutcher 4364 Berrytown Rd Rineyville, KY 40162 (270) 877-0239


Bobby Foree 2440 Eminence Rd Eminence, KY 40019 (502) 845-4947


Tim White 3660 Military Pike Lexington KY 40513 (859) 223-0326 1972-73 1974-77 1978-79 1980-82 1983-85 1986-87 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999




Ken Adams 90 East Horseshoe Ave. Upton, KY 42784 (270) 734-1443

Chris Cooper 2140 Tates Creek Rd. Richmond, KY 40475 (859) 200-7711



David Lemaster 1859 Irvine Road Winchester, KY 40391 (859) 749-0258

Steve Dunning 8200 Antioch Road Hopkinsville, KY 42240 (270) 498-8180


Cary King 250 Bright Leaf Drive Harrodsburg, KY 40330 (859) 734-2173

KCA’s Past Presidents:

Jere Caldwell* - Boyle Smith T. Powell* - Lincoln Larry Lovell - Union John Masters* - Mason Seldon Hail* - Laurel Bob Vickery - Wayne Glenn Mackie - Bourbon Dale Lovell - Muhlenberg Steve Henshaw* - Union Jerry Fraim - Grayson Glen Massengale* - Wayne Dell King - Christian Kenneth Lowe - Warren Dr. J.L.Cole - Monroe Harvey Mitchell - Mercer Jim Naive - Spencer Shelby Hughes - Logan Hoppy Lovell - Barren

2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016

Charles Miller - Jessamine Larry Clay - Perry Jack Kimbrough* - Shelby Mark Williams - Crittenden Paul Napier - Lincoln Eddie Young - Washington Greg Ritter* - Barren Don Pemberton - Christian Billy Glenn Turpin - Madison Scotty Parsons - Christian Corinne Kephart - Shelby Greg Robey - Mercer Mike Bach - Bath Don Reynolds - Hart Steve Downs - Marion Gary Woodall - Logan David Lemaster, - Clark


*Andy Bishop Vice President, 502-275-6177 Craig Thompson, 270-590-5174 Mark Thomas, 270-723-6175 Joe Stults, 270-358-8182 Joe Mike Moore, 270-670-7493 Frank Rowland, 270-646-0882 Reva Richardson, 270-735-2959 Steve Webb, 270-646-8277 Adam Thomas, 270-991-7108 Richie Thompson, 270-678-4000 Joe Lowe, Mike Bullock, Donald Reynolds, 270-528-5239 Gerry Bowman, 270-427-6922 Phyllis Gentry, 502-549-3798 Adam Estes, (270) 528-3302


*Jon Bednarski, Vice President, 502-649-8706 Chris McBurney, 502-741-7088 Irvin Kupper, 502-633-6858 Dallas McCutchen, 502-255-7020 John Ellegood, 502-532-7573

Kevin Perkins, 502-269-7189 Larry Bryant, 502-845-4615 Wanda Hawkins, 502-220-2264 Jerry Oak, 502-255-7502 Phillip Douglas, 502-845-4620


*Jeremy Jones, 859-749-2233 Mickey Staton, 606-674-2195 Endre Fink, 859-559-7765 Doug Marshall, 859-885-3919 Bo Tate, 859-661-2325 Larry Swetnam, 859-293-5600 Jason Sandefur, 859-987-0336 Randy Warner, 859-771-5280 Curtis Absher, 859-533-9888 Clay Wills, 859-749-8248 Jason Crowe, 606-723-6062


*Gary Ford, Vice President, 270-402-2194 Steve Devine, 859-583-7824 Steve Downs, 270-865-2611 Brent Woodrum, 859-583-3193 Ian Thomas, 859-613-2453 Anne Bays, 615-478-8450 Larry Parman, 606-878-7516 Greg Robey, 859-734-0067 Eddie Young, 859-262-5682 Adam Chunglo, 859-613-2985 Brenda Williams, 606-669-2909 Tommy Glasscock, 270-692-4336 * Denotes member of Executive committee

Cow Country News

Volume 30 Issue 4


The publisher reserves the right to refuse publication of any material which he feels is unsuitable for the publication. Although the highest journalistic ethics will be maintained, the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association limits its responsibilities for any errors, inaccuracies or misprints in advertising or editorial copy. Advertisers and advertising agencies assume liability for all content of advertisements printed, and also assume responsibility for any claims arising from such advertisements made against the publisher.


176 Pasadena Drive,Lexington, KY 40503 Phone 859/278-0899 Fax 859/260-2060 Web Site: or E-Mail:

Executive Vice President Dave Maples Administrative Assistant Amanda Fugitt Staff Accountant Kelly Tucker Director of Kentucky Beef Network Becky Thompson KBN Industry Coordinator Dan Miller KBC Director of Consumer Affairs Kiah Twisselman KBC Director of Education Niki Ellis KBC Director of Product Development

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Katelyn Hawkins Membership Coordinator Nikki Whitaker Communications Manager Jacob Redway Publication Coordinator Carey Brown National Advertising Sales Livestock Advertising Network,

Debby Nichols, 859/321-8770


Spring Ritual Chuck Crutcher

----------------Kentucky Cattlemen's Association President


am truly excited to serve this commodity group that we call the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association. Kid in a candy store, “You betcha”. Last month I attended the opening session of the Meade, Hardin and Larue County Master Cattlemen class. There are some comments going around that this is going to be the last session and I wondered if the classes today are as relevant as they were when I attended the first classes. This particular class given by Dr. Bullock is as current today as it was back then. Over 4000 individuals from across the state have attended the Master Cattlemen classes in their counties. The GOAP measures the investment of the tobacco dollars as the return back to the producer. The last measurement I heard was that for every dollar invested there was a two dollar return. We’ve also have heard about the value of higher education. I’m betting that if they studied the return to the producer through the Master Cattlemen series, the dollar return would be much higher than the actual dollars returned. I’d say that the visionaries: those specialists, agents and beef producers that assembled at Biltmore at the turn

of the century to lay out these programs exceeded beyond their dreams. It has been a busy month visiting with several different county associations. Meade, Marion, Daviess and Union Cattlemen’s Association meetings were well attended and had very informative programs. These counties are very involved in their communities, supporting school, youth and church programs with little fanfare. So many untold stories that need to be shared. Buddy, Steve, Caleb and Kevin you are true ambassadors of the beef industry. I was also able to attend the Union County bull sale. Ben Lloyd and Adam Onan started this bull sale 14 years ago as a way to market older bulls and has amassed over $1.3 million in sales. This little known sale brings in several different registered bulls to appeal to all cow/calf producers and has grown each year. Ben you are a credit to the beef industry. We need more like you. Early in February I received a letter from a farmer in Franklin County near Frankfort. He was expressing his concerns about the cattle industry and how he has diversified to meet the challenges of making a living farming. With his permission I shared his letter with the KCA board. Most of the board agreed that his concerns were of a farmer that was very passionate about preserving his way of life. It was very enlightening that at the Daviess County Cattlemen’s meeting I was talking to a farmer that expressed the same concerns. How are

we to survive? I hear you and I will carry your message forward. Another word that I heard at the winter meetings and is starting to spread is the word “centennial”. Sorry millennials, but you’re starting to be pushed aside just as you moved out the “baby boomers”. Centennials is a term for the younger era born at the turn of the century. Stay tuned to see what kind of twist they put on this term. This time of year makes me think of growing up on the farm with my six brothers. As spring time approached and the grass starting greening, Dad would tell us to put the sideboards on the wagon as we would be picking up rocks on Saturday. I grew up on a hillside farm in Flaherty. During the summer and fall that farm grew hay, grass, corn and a big garden. As we went into the winter we grew rocks or so it seemed. As the pastures dwindled those hillsides started sprouting rocks and grew till spring. They had probably been there all the time and only showed up as the grass disappeared. Anyway

come Saturday morning after Mom had fixed us a big breakfast of biscuits, gravy, sausage and eggs we headed out. Dad would drive and generally there would be two to a side. As you would imagine when you started out, arms were strong which led to some rocks bouncing out of the wagon, which led to the arguments that “you’re doing that on purpose”. The rocks really rolled off as the wagon got loaded. Well Dad would put up with mouthing for a while before straightening us out with a few choice words not to be repeated on Sunday. Back and forth on those hillsides we would go all day. On a good day we could clear a 20 acre field. For some reason they only grew on the hillsides and not in the bottoms. Just as we rotate fields today for better growth, those same hillsides grew new rocks every 5 or 6 years and we’d start again. Several conclusions can be drawn from growing up on a hillside farm. Mine was look that hillside over and try to be on the upper side when the wagon was getting loaded!


Middle Tennessee Hereford Association

Annual Sale

Saturday • April 22, 2017 • 11:30 am CT KY/TN Livestock Market • Cross Plains, TN Exit 112, I-65 North of Nashville

Selling Registered Horned and Polled Breeding Stock • Registered Females • Registered Service Age Bulls • Hereford Influenced Commercial Cattle For more information or catalogs contact: Dale Stith 918-760-1550 • Billy Jackson 615-478-4483

OAK HOLLOW 1C06 Kenneth D. Lowe (270) 202-7186

Joe K. Lowe II (270) 202-4399

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Kentucky Farm Bureau Beef Expo Remains an Elite Show and Sale Ryan Quarles

-------------Commissioner of Agriculture


he Kentucky Farm Bureau Beef Expo has crossed the $1 million barrier in sales for six years in a row. Buyers at the 31st annual Beef Expo in March paid $2,326 per lot. At a time when beef cattle prices are well below their peak of recent years, these numbers say something about the Beef Expo’s position as an elite beef cattle show and sale. Several Kentucky consignors enjoyed a good Beef Expo. The sale topper, the grand champion Angus female, came from Kentucky, as did the grand champion Gelbvieh female, which attracted the second-highest bid. We were especially gratified that these and other cattle went to buyers from other states. This event continues to prove that Kentucky has earned a national reputation for top-quality beef cattle genetics. Your hard work has made this possible. You do the everyday chores to keep your farms going. You have invested in your operations to help them run more efficiently and to improve the quality of your cattle. You also have a solid infrastructure behind you thanks to investments that have been made at the state level over the years. The Kentucky Agricultural 8

Development Fund awards grants for genetic improvement projects, cattle handling facilities, and on-farm improvements. Your local Cooperative Extension Ser vice office connects you to cutting-edge research. Kentucky Proud and the CPH-45 program provide marketing alternatives to help you get top dollar for your cattle. The Office of the State Veterinarian in the Kentucky Department of Agriculture is on the job to protect the health of Kentucky’s livestock. The state vet’s office works with its USDA counterparts, the state diagnostic labor ator ies, and private veterinar y practitioners to prevent foreign a n i m a l diseases f rom entering the Commonwealth and to control and eradicate disease outbreaks when they occur. As a result of their efforts, Kentucky has been classified tuberculosis free since 1987 and brucellosis free since 1997. To find out more about the services of the state veterinarian’s office and our partners, and to stay up to date on the latest livestock movement restrictions, go to These investments and others have positioned Kentucky’s beef cattle producers to prosper in good times and ride out the valleys in the price cycle. We must maintain this commitment to improve and protect our industry. We will fight for you in Frankfort and Washington to continue the momentum that we have built.

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

10th Annual Production Sale Sunday • April 30, 2017 • 1:30 p.m. at the farm, Frankfort, Kentucky Selling: Donors, Pregnancies, Fall Open Heiers, Bred Heifers, Spring Pairs, Fall Calvers, Bulls and Commercial Spring Pairs and Bred Females

Lawson Lucy Z376

sire: SAV Final Answer 0035 dam: Basin Lucy 112S

BW -.1; WW +58; YW +100; Milk +31; $W +66.45; $F +58.57; $G +17.34; $B +126.45 Headlinging the Lucy family is this daughter of the calving-ease sire, Final Answer, stemming from the renowned $390,000 valued Lucy 3829. Selling a fall heifer pregnancy sired by Command and she sells due fall 2017 to MJR Treasure.

Bridgeview Lucy 1602

sire: KCF Bennett Southside dam: Basin Lucy 262S

Bridgeview Rita 6110

BW I+2.4; WW I+66; YW I+121; Milk I+33; $W +69.74; $F +94.14; $G +36.88; $F +174.29

SALE MANAGED BY: 131 Robin Ct. Howell, MI 48855 517-546-6374

Bridgeview Lady Jaye 1601

sire: Plattemere Weigh Up K360 dam: GAR Predestined 2108

BW I+1.0; WW I+59; YW I+106; Milk I+32; $W +69.38; $F +70.49; $G +37.66; $B +132.00

sire: EXAR Stetson 3704B dam: Crazy K Lady Jaye 3115

BW I-.2; WW I+56; YW I+93; Milk I+23; $W +60.89; $F +46.18; $G +36.50; $B +125.46

With Guest Consignors: Triple C Farms, Ruber Farms & Hockensmith Cattle Co. The Sparrow Family

Cory - 859.338.5826 Kyle - 502-330-8914 Kip - 859.608.7798 Roger - 859.333.2707 3264 Jones Lane • Frankfort, Kentucky 40601 Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Do Something About It Dave Maples

-------------Executive Vice President


f you are a first time reader of Cow Country News we welcome you. Cow Country is the monthly publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association. The April edition is being mailed to some 20,000 Kentucky Cattlemen. I hope you can find some information in this edition that will be helpful to you. The editor, Carey Brown does a very nice job of gathering the timeliest and a diversity of information tailored specifically for you. You will find the

latest news and information as well as many ideas and suggestions. The information is there for you to use as you determine. The one thing about farming and especially being a beef farmer is that there is no one way to do it. There are about as many opinions and ways to manage your farm as one could imagine. All you have to do is read through this edition and you will see several different ideas. With all the options, I guess that is one reason that I enjoy being in the cattle industry. The success of the outcome depends on the little decisions that I make on my farm throughout the year. The decisions that are made depend on the information that one has and the available resources. One of the resources that I count on is

Sugar Creek Red Angus

the experience of the writers in Cow Country. I read their articles and when I see something that interests me often I follow up with a conversation or I research the topic from other people or farmers that have used the practice. With all the opinions and available research it is still up to the individual to implement the practice and become a master in the profession of growing beef cattle. We are very fortunate in Kentucky in that we have some wonderful resources. Kentucky is blessed with some of the best soil to grow grass and most years we have adequate water. Kentucky is also blessed to have a long history of being the center of livestock marketing options. As producers we just need to put the different practices of producing the highest quality beef together. I hope you enjoy this edition of Cow Country News maybe you can spot the idea that will help you or just possibly you will see a special advertisement where you connect and that relationship will last for decades. Also we welcome you to join the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association. Please find the application on page 93.

Why not do something about it.

Frank “Bart” Schnapf • Morganfield, Kentucky BULLS FOR SALE

270-836-0018 cell Come see us at the Farm Science Review, Booth 960 Wool 10

With all the talk regarding consumers wanting local and with beef producers not happy about country of origin labeling, why not do something about it? Long standing member of the Agriculture Development Board Wayne Hunt has said for years, “Put your assets on the table”. So the leadership at KCA is exploring the concept of a local ground beef project. But let’s take a minute and look at the assets that the Kentucky beef industry has. 1. The Kentucky Agriculture Development Board has invested millions of dollars in all aspects of

Kentucky Agriculture over the past 15 years and the beef industry has gotten its fair share. So we should be positioned to take advantage of, and own a branded product. 2. Today the consumer wants to know where and how their food is being raised. Local is the trend. 3. There have been a growing number of beef producers who are tired of foreign beef getting mixed in with U.S. beef. 4. Kentucky has several processing facilities and one in particular can processes 40 to 50 head a day. I know that is not a JBS or Tyson level plant but it is more than we have had in over twenty years. 5. Speaking of over twenty years that is about how long it has been since the Dawson and Baker Packing plant in Louisville has been closed. But guess what Tom Dawson and John Baker are still in the meat business, they never quit working. They are just at a different location. Dawson and Baker joined A. Thomas Meats and now they both have been acquired by Creation Gardens. Creation Gardens is a food distribution company. Within that company is the Butchery, a modern meat cutting and ground beef processing company with state of the art hamburger processing and packaging equipment as well as ultramodern steak cutting capabilities. They also have a desire to grow the ground beef business. 6. Kentucky has an ample number of beef cows destined to make hamburger. 7. There is a major retailer that has asked if KCA would develop the infrastructure to provide Kentucky beef to their stores. 8. This is a very difficult process with many hurdles to overcome but we are going to give it a try until there is a clear stop sign.

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association 43657_FESCUE-EMT-PrintAd_KY COW COUNTRY_FA.indd 1

11 3/9/17 1:32 PM


To Be Honest Baxter Black

----------------On the Edge of Common Sense


was walkin’ through the show barn at the Stock Show. As I passed two fellers sittin’ ‘round a tack box, I heard the words, “Well, to be honest...” I froze in my tracks! It’s been my experience that anything preceded by those four words usually turns out to be a windy conglomeration of half-truths, excuses, sales pitches and exaggerated claims bound to make

AG-KY Cow Country News-TurnKEY 916.indd 1


even the most gullible sucker have second thoughts. “Well, to be honest, the guy I bought her from said she’d settled every time that he bred her. So I think my A.I. man must have a faulty tank.” “Well, to be honest,” said the horse trader, “I’ve never seen him limp like that. It must be the humidity.” “ Well, to be honest,” said the purebred man to the show superintendent, “I’ve noticed that discoloration on her belly myself, and occasionally her calves have a white tail, but two years ago they built a nuclear power plant down the road from the farm. Shoot, even my Labrador bitch has spotted pups!’ “Well, to be honest, I’d never

thought of sellin’ this bull. His weight per day of age was tops in my herd and I’ve been offered $50,000 for him…but if you’re really interested...” “Well, to be honest,” said the fieldman to the breeder, “I’d like to help you put on your sale but I’m booked that day. When is it?” “Well, to be honest,” said the auctioneer after the sale, “It was dang good for what we had.” “Well, to be honest,” said the lady to her neighbor in Amway, “I believe in what you’re doin’ but I’m busy the next five years.” “Well, to be honest,” said the truck salesman, “I did flip it but it tracks as good as it ever did.” “Well, to be honest, I did buy one

of his bulls after he beat me at the state show, but he repossessed it after sixty days. I think mine are better anyway.” “Well, to be honest,” said the rancher to the vet, “I noticed her water broke yesterday.” “Well, to be honest,” said the husband to his wife, “I knew our anniversary was last Sunday. I was just waitin’ to see if you remembered.” “Well, to be honest, I did think of stoppin’ off for a quick one with the boys but I changed my mind, but you’ll never believe what happened...”

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

10/4/16 3:30 PM

Consignments to the Great Meadows Angus Association Spring Sale Open Heifer DOB: 03/11/2016 Tattoo: 101 AAA: 18614356 6 PATHFINDERS i50K Genomics, SNP Parentage EPD Percentiles CED 3% Marb 30%

BW YW SC DOC CEM Milk 10% 20% 25% 10% 3$ 65% $W $B YW SC CEM $W 30% 10%

BW 61

WW WDA YW 586 (adj) 254 (no creep) 790 @ 350days

AHIR Performance CSCF Everelda Duty Girl 101

Vaccines/boosters/worming current as of 2-24-17, Brucellosis 11-16-16. Negative PI of BVD. Complete medical history since birth documented and available. Lovely, very docile, feminine RB Tour of Duty 177 daughter. Outstanding Everelda Entense maternal bloodlines including HOF Sitz Everelda Entence 1137 combined with Mytty In Focus proven genetics and performance. She’s bred top and bottom to produce efficient, sound, fast growing offspring. Her mama is the essence of our CSCF “Easy keepin’ Registered Angus” seedstock focus: moderately framed, straight backed, correct udder and fertile—everything you’d want in a brood dam. This girl is a copy of her mama, plus the Tour of Duty spike in $Index, length, body capacity and soundness.

Open Heifer DOB: 03/23/2016 Tattoo: 012 AAA: 18611101 6 PATHFINDERS i50K Genomics, SNP Parentage EPD Percentiles CED BW WW YW 45% 35% 40% 55%

SC 10%

CEM 30%

$W 20%

AHIR Performance CSCF Cap Girl Blackcap 012

BW 73

WW 636 (adj)

WDA YW 2.95 (no creep) 782 @ 338 days

Vaccines/boosters/worming current as of 2-24-17, Brucellosis 11-16017. Negative PI of BVD. Complete medical history since birth documented and available. Stout and balanced Connealy Capitalist 028 daughter out of our outstanding McHenery Blackcap family dam Top End Blackcap 321. Her mama is a Mytty In Focus daughter who descends directly to the Angus HOF dam G A R Precision 706. This heifer was born within 7 days of a calendar year following her 2015 full sister, who we’ve retained and added to our brood herd. That’s the kind of reproductive performance that runs in this girl’s veins. She’ll mature into a thick, smooth, moderately-framed adult that’s pleasing to the eye. You’ll notice her tail was stepped on when she was just a week or two old, so it isn’t perfectly straight—“butt” her rear end is so nice you’ll hardly notice!

Background by Graphictwister / Freepik

Cool Springs Creek Farm 269 Paul Coomer Rd. Gradyville, KY 42742 270-205-1669

Eby Aluminum Trailers

Gooseneck steel and aluminum trailers

HAYES TRAILER SALES INC Russellville, Kentucky 800-766-7034 A SPECIAL THANK YOU

To our customers who made our March 6th sale such a success. Top Selling Bulls Lot 21 $5,000 Larry Hadley - W. Va. Lot 37 $4,700 Shannon Caudill - Owingsville, KY Lot 1 $4,600 Ben Cummings - W. Va. Top Selling Pairs Lot 64 $5,100 Zachary Gillum - Flemingsburg, KY Lot 63 $5,100 Brookhill Angus - Flemingsburg, KY Lot 62 $5,000 Brookhill Angus - Flemingsburg, KY Top Selling Bred Heifers Lot 72 $3,900 Zachary Gillum - Flemingsburg, KY Lot 84 $3,500 Gary McDowell - Winchester, OH Top Selling Open Heifers Lot 123 $2,300 Ann Roberson - Winchester, KY Lot 120 $2,200 Matthew Brown - Sadieville, KY Volume Female Buyer Eddie Hamilton - Science Hill, KY A good selection of yearling bulls for sale at the farm. For additional information please contact us.

Stone Gate Farms

1669 M ill C reek R d. • Flemingsbur g, K Y 41041 C harles C annon: 606-849-4278 • C ell: 606-748-0747 Jere C annon: 606-849-4360 • C ell: 606-748-6306 C hris C annon: 606-748-0407 V ictoria C annon: 606-748-542 0 w w w . stonegatefarms. com • e-mail: stonegatefarms@ gmail. com

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



LOW-COST FARM LOANS AND LEASES From People Who Know Agriculture

Ÿ Long term, fixed rate mortgages Ÿ Lines of credit well under U.S. Prime rate

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Andy Bishop, Bardstown 502.275.6177 Ÿ Josh Dickson, Glasgow 270-670-4515 Ÿ Mike Eubanks, Madisonville 270-836-7790 Ÿ 14



ast week deadly and very destructive wildfires spread across parts of Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma and Texas. The most impacted areas lost fences, forage resources, harvested feed, an undetermined number of cattle and hogs, as well as homes, outbuildings, and sadly six individuals. The overall devastation from these fires is quite overwhelming, and the economic impact will be felt for years on many communities. Recovery efforts will take years and costs tens of millions of dollars. Yet there has been very little coverage of this disaster by the national news media. As a result, Kentucky livestock producers are mounting a major effort to help their counterparts in the Plains states recover from this disaster, and hopefully provide some needed relief to their farming and ranching operations. Producers and others are collecting fencing materials, feed, hay, replacement heifers, gates, as well as monetary donations to be sent to the most impacted areas. Some local fencing companies are also sending crews to the hardest hit areas to rebuild fences destroyed in the fires and help restrain free roaming animals. Several shipments of materials and feed left Kentucky the past several days, and many others are to be coordinated over the next several weeks. Two collections points are being established in the immediate area one at the Hardin County Cooperative Extension Service Office and the other at the Breckinridge County Extension Office in Hardinsburg. The first shipment from this area is scheduled for next Saturday, March 25th, and another scheduled the following Saturday, April 1st. Materials being collected in this area include: wooden fence posts, steel

fence posts, barbed wire, 12’ and 16’ gates. Monetary donations can be made as well, either to the Hardin County or Breckinridge County Cattlemen’s Association. Checks should be made payable to either organization and marked for Plains Wildfire Relief. You can also specify that your donation be used to purchase a certain material such as wood fence posts. Hay is not being accepted at this time, we have been told the need for that will come much later. Contact person in Hardin County is Chuck Crutcher, 270-272-6269 and in Breckinridge County, Bobby Bell 270945-9319. If other drop-off locations are designated, these two individuals will know those locations as they come available. Additional Info on Material Pricing: - Wood Posts - 4-5”x7’ (Size used in that area) @ $198/bundle of 36 posts 24 bundles/semi-trailer load = $4752 - Barbed Wire - $28.50/roll 48 rolls/ pallet

Additional Wildfire Damage Estimates: •Colorado - 45 square miles burned •Oklahoma - 545 square miles burned Several thousand hogs killed in fires •Texas - 750 square miles burned 1500 head of cattle killed by fires •Kansas - 1000 square miles burned, 625 square miles in Clark County, KS, 9,000 head of cattle lost in Clark County alone, 500+ head on one ranch. •Well over a million acres were burned in these wildfires. •Majority of folks who died in fires were livestock producers trying to save their livestock from the raging fires. •Governors in Kansas and Texas have lifted weight, height, and permits requirements on all trucks bringing livestock supplies to the affected states.

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association








FamilyT raditions April 22, 2017 at 1:00 pm

13th Annual Sale

Sunset View Farm Sale Facility, Auburn, KY






Selling 90 Opens, Breds, Bred Cows, Pairs plus genetic packages!



Ronnie Creek • 270.725.6730, mobile Bryan Creek • 270.725.6467, mobile 6325 Middleton Road • Auburn, KY 42206 e-mail:


Join us on April 23rd

Sunset View Farm, HTP Simmentals, Clear Water Simmentals Loschen Farms, Three Trees Farm, and Woodall Angus,


w w w. s u n s e t v i e w f a r m s . c o m


Doug & Debbie Parke Drew & Holli Hatmaker Paris, KY • 859.987.5758 859.421.6100, mobile

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Bracken County

Bracken County Cattlemen take an educational trip to Multigen and the new Stanford Stockyards. Attending were Dr. Stan Carnes, DVM of Multigen, Larry Cooper, Lance Bowling, David Appelman, Richard Teegarden, David Cummins, Tom Malone, and Danny Cooper.

The Bracken County Cattlemen’s meeting was held Thursday, March 9, at the Bracken County Extension office. A delicious roast beef dinner was catered by K’s Bestway and sponsored by Farm Credit, Maysville. Information on fly tags for cattle by Y tex was presented by Hinton Mills. A discussion on pinkeye control for cattle was presented by Bracken County extension Agent David Appelman. Pictured with Farm Credit employees (second from left) Aaron Meyer and Lindsey Phillips, were Bracken County Cattlemen directors (left to right) Dave Parker, Rob Krift, David Cummins, and Charles Klaber. Left: Attending the March meeting were Mike Denham with one of our youngest members, Ainsley Hamilton. Below: Madison Goecke and Gavin Hitch with Charles Klaber.


Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Safeguarding Your Future



that safeguarding beef’s image and reputation is a ’round-theclock effort made possible by your checkoff? “Consumers don’t always go to reliable sources to get the facts on beef production. Today especially, the world revolves around social media, and it doesn’t take long for an untrue comment to spread like wildfire. Your checkoff is providing information to reassure consumers that beef is a safe and wholesome choice for their families.” While you and Jana are managing your cattle business, your checkoff is developing strategies and delivering information that shares the true story about beef and beef production.

Ja n a M a lot Cow-calf producer Funded by the Beef Checkoff.

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Beef Expo tops $1 million in sales for sixth year in a row 31st annual Kentucky beef showcase attracts 213 consignors LOUISVILLE (MARCH 9, 2017)


ales at the 31st annual Kentucky Farm Bureau Beef Expo March 3-5 exceeded $1 million for the sixth consecutive year. “At a time when beef cattle prices are well below their peak of recent years, these numbers say something about the Beef Expo’s position as an elite beef cattle show and sale,” Agriculture Commissioner Ryan Quarles said. “ We’re especially pleased that Kentucky consignors had another successful Expo. This event continues to prove that Kentucky has earned a national reputation for topquality beef cattle genetics.”

ar ey itche

Sales totaled $1,147,805, an average of $2,326 per lot. The Beef Expo attracted 213 consignors with 493.5 lots. The 22 Gelbvieh cattle sold at the Expo brought $3,995 per lot to lead all breeds, followed by Angus, which averaged $3,774 for 47 lots. The sale-topper was the grand champion Angus female consigned by Burks Cattle of Park City, which sold for $12,000 to Daniel Harker of Hope, Indiana. She shared top honors with a Gelbvieh consigned by Green Hills Gelbvieh of Mt. Ulla, North Carolina. The grand champion Gelbvieh female,


Harvey Mitchell, Principal Broker -

B e a u tifu l fa r m a n d r a n c h s ty le h o m e m e tic u lo u s ly m a in ta in e d consisting of 90+/- acres in north west Mercer County. Home built in 2005, new HVAC in 2014, hardwood floors, tile floors, gas fireplace, la r g e m a s te r s u ite w ith s h o w e r /tu b c o m b o a n d w a lk in s h o w e r. F a r m b o r d e r s C h a p lin R iv e r a n d c o n s is ts o f g r e a t r iv e r b o tto m la n d a n d r o llin g p a s tu r e s . C u r r e n tly a c a ttle a n d h a y fa r m b u t w o u ld w o r k fo r h o r s e s o r liv e s to c k . G r e a t 8 4 ’ x 6 2 ’ s h o p / b a r n / le a n to s h e d a ls o h a s a 3 5 ’ x 1 6 ’ a p a r tm e n t c o n s is tin g o f o n e la r g e r o o m a n d o n e f u ll b a t h .


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Nathan Rock of South Carolina. The grand champion Simmental bull was consigned by Hammerhead Cattle Company of Campbellsville and sold for $10,500 to Matt Bixler of Worthington, Indiana. The Kentucky Department of Agriculture (KDA), Kentucky Farm Bureau, and Farm Credit Mid-America were the major sponsors of the Beef Expo. For more information about the KDA’s livestock marketing program and other ways the KDA affects every Kentuckian every day, go to View pages 84-89 for photos.

232 S. College Street · Harrodsburg, KY 40330 ·

Dan Campbell, Associate Broker -

E x c e lle n t fa r m , h ig h q u a lity la n d a n d g r e a t im p r o v e m e n ts . N u m e r o u s m e ta l b a rn s a n d s h e d s . R e a d y to g o to w o r k . O w n e r m o tiv a te d .

90 ACRE FARM. MERCER COUNTY,KY $495,000 MLS#1511174

re a l fa a lt L ic k c h is n c in g . C


266 ACRE FARM. LINCOLN COUNTY, KY $1,200,00 MLS# 1613280

O u ts ta n d in g g r a in o r liv e s to c k fa r m w ith tw o te n a n t h o m e s r e n te d . M a u r y a n d M c A fe e s o ils w ith 4 5 0 + a c r e s in c r o p la n d , 3 p o n d s , c r e e k , c ity w a te r, m e ta l s h o p , m a c h in e r y s h e d , 4 la r g e to b a c c o b a r n s a n d more. Located just inside Bourbon Co line about 1 2 m ile s fr o m L e x in g to n , 5 m ile s fr o m P a r is .

T h is is a C lo s e to S tilla b le . M u o f n e w fe n


Matt Mitchell, Realtor -

500 ACRE FARM. BOURBON COUNTY, KY $3,650,000 MLS# 1508154

407 ACRE FARM, BATH COUNTY, KY $1,139,600 MLS# 1623513

ro er

consigned by Pleasant Meadows of Glasgow, attracted a high bid of $11,800 f rom

Steve West, Realtor -

We have buyers looking for farms right now! Call us today if you’re thinking about selling your farm anywhere in KY!

Tracy Ison, Realtor -

282 ACRE CATTLE FARM. ALBANY, KY $479,000 MLS# 1603979

W h a t a b e a u tifu o ld h o m e o n a G o o d fe n c e a n N a tu ra l g a s flowing spring.

l s e ttin g . F iv g r e a t c a ttle d e x c e lle n t w e ll. C o n Hardwood

185 ACRE FARM. BOYLE COUNTY, KY $1,275,000 MLS#1623309

This is your chance to acquire one of the best farms in the region. Enjoy th e p r iv a c y a n d b e a u ty o f th e w o n d e r fu l lo g h o m e w ith its s tu n n in g k itc h e n , vaulted and exposed beam ceilings, finished basement and much more. T h e fa r m is fe n c e d a n d r e a d y fo r c a ttle o r h o r s e s a n d c o n ta in s a b e a u tifu l la k e . E x c e lle n t o u tb u ild in g s a n d c a ttle fa c ilitie s . L o ts o f r o a d fr o n ta g e w ith e n tr a n c e s o n tw o r o a d s . L o c a tio n , b e a u ty a n d fu n c tio n a lity . T h is fa r m h a s it a ll.

120 ACRE FARM MERCER COUNTY, KY $974,000 MLS# 1609231

W h a t a n o p p o r tu n ity to o w n a s tu n n in g h o r s e a n d liv e s to c k fa r m in th e h e a r t o f M e r c e r C o . R e m o d e le d h o m e , w ith a to p o f th e lin e k itc h e n . W o n d e rfu l d e ta c h e d 2 6 ’ x 2 9 ’ d e ta c h e d h e a te d g a ra g e . T h e 6 0 ’ x 4 0 ’ h o r s e s ta b le h a s 6 s ta lls , ta c k r o o m , w a s h r a c k a n d p le n ty o f h a y s to r a g e a lo n g w ith a tta c h e d 1 4 ’ x 3 8 ’ s h o p . T h e h a y a n d s to r a g e b a r n is a p p r o x im a te ly 8 6 ’ x 3 8 ’ w ith th r e e a tta c h e d s h e d s . G o o d fe n c e a n d w a te r th r o u g h o u t. B e a u tifu l v ie w s fr o m e v e r y a n g le . S tr o n g s o ils . A ll o f th is c lo s e to Harrodsburg, and just down the road from Frankfort and Lexington.

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


y e a r fa rm . w a te r. tin u o u s timber.


Introducing Premium Conditioning Options for 600 and 800 Series Mower Conditioners.

Now you can get the same premium conditioning systems used in our large 900 Series MoCo’s and self-propelled windrowers on our smaller 600 and 800 Series MoC’os. The steel V10 conditioning feature a chevron pattern that provide more crop-crimping action to help strip more moisture from the hay, helping to accelerate drydown. What’s more, the V10 steel rolls last longer, reducing repair costs and downtime. Partner that with the wide swath kit which spreads your windrow 25 percent wider and you’ll reduce your need to ted and rake and see big increases in dry down speed. See it in action at – then visit your John Deere dealer for more details.

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Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


2/1/17 11:17 PM


Summer Stocker Outlook for 2017 Table 1: Expected Variable Costs 2017



ith the warmer temperatures and the start of spring grass growth, stocker operators are contemplating placement of calves into summer grazing programs. As is often the case, calf prices have risen over the last several weeks as we have gotten closer to peak spring growth. Some operations likely placed calves during the winter, with the intention of purchasing stockers before the typical spring price peak. However, many more will place calves as pastures green up in the coming weeks. It is imperative that stocker operators pay careful attention to the market, their costs, and what can be paid for stocker calves this spring. The year 2016 was another tough year for stocker operators that did not utilize some form of price protection on the calves they placed in the spring. The overall calf market declined significantly enough from spring to fall so that most stocker operators would have lost money in 2016 if they were not hedged. Hedging offered some opportunities to place calves at a profit at the time of placement, but profits were generally only modest last year given the high price of most calves. Weather also factored into profitability last year. Even though spring and early summer were wet, the rains stopped coming in the late summer through fall. It is very likely that stocker operators who were stocked heavily were forced to sell feeder cattle earlier than they had originally planned, thus reducing profits. The purpose of this article is to assess the likely profitability of summer stocker programs for 2017 and establish target purchase prices for calves based on a range of return levels. While it is impossible to predict where feeder cattle markets will end up this fall, producers need to estimate this and not rely on the current price (March or April) for 750-850 lb feeder calves. The fall CME© feeder cattle futures (adjusted for basis) is the best way to estimate likely feeder cattle prices for fall. Grazing costs including pasture costs, veterinary and health expenses, hauling, commission, etc. are estimated and subtracted from the expected value of the fall feeders. Once this has been done, a better assessment can be made of what can be paid for stocker cattle this spring in order to build in an acceptable return to management, capital, and risk. One should also remember that the CME© feeder cattle futures contract has shifted upward by 50 lbs last fall. So, CME© feeder cattle futures are most representative of an 800 lb steer out west. Key assumptions for the stocker analysis are as follows: 1) Graze steers April 1 to October 1 (183 days), 1.5 lb/day gain (no grain feeding), 2% death loss, and 4% interest on calf. Given these assumptions, sale weights would be 775 lbs and 875 lbs for 500 lb and 600 lb purchased calves, respectively. Using a $134 CME© futures contract for October 2017 to estimate sales price, a 775 steer is estimated to sell for $129.50 and an 875 steer is estimated to sell for $124.50. This amounts to a $5 per cwt price slide for heavyweight steers. We have reduced price slide expectation again from last year as the feeder cattle market has continued to drop year over year. These sale prices are also based on the assumption that cattle are sold in lots of 40 or more head. Stocker operators who typically sell in smaller lots should adjust their expected sale prices downward accordingly. Estimated costs for carrying the 500 and 600 lb steers are shown in Table 1. Stocking rates of 1.0 acre per 500 lb steer and 1.2 acres per 600 lb steer were assumed in arriving at these charges. Most of these are self-explanatory except the pasture charge, which accounts for variable costs such as bush-hogging, fertilizer, and re-seeding. The last of these pasture costs are on a pro-rated basis and are considered a bare-bones scenario. Sale expenses (commission) are based on the assumption 20

that cattle will be sold in larger groups 500 lb Steer 600 lb Steer and producers Pasture Charge $25 $30 will pay the lower Vet $20 $20 corresponding Interest $16 $18 commission rate. However, producers Death Loss $16 $17 who sell feeders Sale $16 $16 in smaller groups Haul $15 $18 will pay the higher Mineral $10 $12 commission rate which will likely Other (water, etc) $10 $12 be around $30 per Total Variable Costs $129 $144 head based on the Note: Interest and death loss varies slightly by revenue assumptions purchase price. of this analysis. Any of these costs could be much higher in certain situations, so producers should adjust accordingly. Target purchase prices were estimated for both sizes of steers and adjusted so that gross returns over variable costs ranged from $25-125 per head. This gives a reasonable range of possible Table 2: Target Purchase Prices For purchase prices for each sized Various Gross Profits 2017 calf this spring. Results are shown in Table 2. For 500 lb Gross Profit 500 lb Steer 600 lb Steer steers, target purchase prices $25 $1.69 $1.53 ranged from $1.50 to $1.69 $50 $1.65 $1.49 per lb. For 600 lb steers, $75 $1.60 $1.45 target purchase prices ranged from $1.37 to $1.53 per lb. $100 $1.55 $1.41 When targeting a $75 per $125 $1.50 $1.37 head gross profit, breakeven purchase prices were $1.60/lb Notes: Based on costs in Table 1 and sales price of $129.50 and $124.50 for 775 for 500 lb steers and $1.45/lb lb and 875 lb sales weight respectively for for 600 lb steers. 500 lb and 600 lb purchased steers. As an example of exactly how this works for a 500 lb steer targeting a $75 gross profit: 775 lbs steer x $1.295 (expected sale price) $1004 Total Variable Costs - $129 Prof it Target - $75 Target Purchase Cost $800 Target Purchase Price = $800 / 500 lbs = $1.60 / lb For heifers, sale price for heavy feeders will be lower than comparably sized steers and they will not generally gain as well. In this analysis, we assumed the price discount for 800 lb heifers is $8 per hundredweight lower than 800 lb steers and we assumed heifers would gain 10% slower than steers. With these assumptions, purchase prices would have to be $.17/lb lower for 500 lb heifers and $.15 lower for 600 lb heifers compared to the steer prices found in Table 2. Thus Cont’d on pg. 22

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


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Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Indiana Beef Evaluation Program Lilly Hall, Animal Sciences 915 W. State St. West Lafayette, IN 47907-2054

Numbers: Indiana BeefTelephone Evaluation Program Lilly Hall, Animal(765) Sciences 915 Office: 494-6439 W. State St. Fax: (765) 494-9346 West Lafayette, IN 47907-2054

Bull Test Station: (812) 279-8554 Sale Day Phone: (812) 279-1282 Telephone Numbers: Web Site: Office: (765) 494-6439 Fax: (765) 494-9346 Bull Test Station: (812) 279-8554 Sale Day Phone: (812) 279-1282 Web Site:

79th IBEP Bull Sale 79th IBEP Bull Sale Thursday, April 20, 2017 - 6:00 p.m.

at the Springville Feeder Auction Thursday,of April 20, 2017 - 6:00 p.m. 10 miles northwest Bedford, Indiana on SR 54-58 at the Springville Feeder Auction 10 miles northwest of Bedford, Indiana on SR 54-58

130 Bulls Sell 130 Bulls Sell

Angus, Charolais, Hereford, Lim-Flex, Maine-Anjou, Red Angus,Simmental, Charolais, Hereford, Lim-Flex, Maine-Anjou, Red Angus, SimAngus, and Simmental Cross Angus, Simmental, SimAngus, and Simmental Cross

Sale will be Broadcast on Sale will be Broadcast on


West Lafayette - Beck Agricultural Center, 52West West- -new newlocation location West Lafayette - Beck Agricultural Center,4550 4550 US US 52 Contact: Karen Mitchell (765-474-0793, Contact: Karen Mitchell (765-474-0793, - Fulton County Fairgrounds, St. Rochester Rochester - Fulton County Fairgrounds,1009 1009W. W. Third Third St. Contact: Mark Kepler(574-223-3397, (574-223-3397, Contact: Mark Kepler

Only top-indexing bulls of their breed that pass the Only top-indexing bulls of their breed that pass the structural and breeding soundness exams sell.

structural and breeding soundness exams sell. Call or write for a sale catalog (also available online)

Call or write for a sale catalog (also available online) Visitors Welcome Any Time at Test Station at Feldun-Purdue AgatCenter, Visitors Welcome Any Time Test Station 3 miles northwest of Bedford on SR 158 & 458

at Feldun-Purdue Ag Center, 3 miles northwest of Bedford on SR 158 & 458 22

Cont’d o

pg. 2

when targeting a $75 per head gross profit, breakeven purchase prices were $1.32/lb for 500 lb heifers and $1.19/lb for 600 lb heifers. Of course, it is highly likely that your cost structure will be different from that presented in Table 1. If this is the case, simply shift the targeted gross profit up or down to account for this. If your costs are $25 higher per calf, then you would shift each targeted profit down by one row: For example, you would use the $125 gross profit to estimate a $100 gross profit. Another way to evaluate this is that a $1 increase in costs would decrease the targeted purchase price by $.20 per cwt for 500 lb steers and $.17 per cwt for 600 lb steers. It is important to note that the gross profits in Table 2 do not account for labor or investments in land, equipment, fencing, and other facilities (fixed costs). Thus, in the long-run, these target profits need to be high enough to justify labor and investment. In many locations, calf markets are already at levels that would place expected returns on the lower end of the range analyzed. This is all the more reason that stocker operators should carefully think through their budgets and make rational purchasing decisions. There is a tendency for calf prices to reach their season price peak when grass really starts growing in early spring. If calf prices do increase further, this would result in even tighter expected margins for stocker cattle placed in the upcoming weeks. Further, the last couple of years have taught us how volatile feeder cattle markets can be and how much impact that can have on profitability. Thus, price risk management will be

critical for calves placed this spring. Hedging, through the sale of futures contracts, provides solid downside risk protection, but will subject the producer to margin calls if cattle prices increase. Entering a cash forward contract with a feedlot or order buyer, or offering cattle through internet sales with delayed delivery, will reduce or eliminate price uncertainty, but will also limit marketing flexibility should weather conditions necessitate sale at a different time. Finally, strategies such as put options and Livestock Risk Protection (LRP) Insurance offer a less aggressive strategy that provides downside price protection (at a price), but more ability to capitalize on rising prices. Regardless of what makes the most sense for the individual producer, time spent considering price risk management is likely time well spent in these volatile markets. Links to two publications on using futures markets to manage price risk in feeder cattle and a publication on the use of Livestock Risk Protection (LRP) Insurance, can be found on the livestock page of the UK Agricultural Economics website: extcrops-livestock.php. The best way to ensure profitability is to budget carefully and to manage downside price risk. Greg Halich is an Associate Extension P rofessor in Farm Management Economics for both grain and cattle production and can be reached at or 859-257-8841. Kenny Burdine is an Associate Extension Professor in Livestock Marketing and Management and can be reached at kburdine@uky. edu or 859-257-7273.

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

St.Clair Farms Registered Angus Eighth Annual Production Sale Tuesday April 4, 2017 @ 6PM CST


35 Females

Coming 2 Yr old Angus and Sim-Angus bulls

Registered and Commercial Breds, Pairs, and Opens

Elite Genetics

AI Sires: 10X, Platinum, Rt Answer SitzSensation, Index & Dream Doctor


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SF Rocky 5318 AAA 18679965 CE +7 BW 0.2 WW 55 YW 100 MK 28

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SF Idol 5794 AAA 18679982 CE +5 BW 1.5 WW 51 YW 93 MK 32

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Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Forage Establishment - Top 10 Ways to get to do it over! JIMMY C. HENNING, UNIVERSITY OF KENTUCKY ather’s give advice - it is what we do. One bit of wisdom my father imparted to me goes like this: “You never have time to do it right, but you always find time to do it over.” Since I was probably not in a learning frame of mind when he said it, he must have found occasion to say it more than once. Ouch. I am going to apply this wise advice to forage establishment. Whether over-seeding clover on sod or prepared seedbed plantings, I have made every mistake I mention below. So consider this autobiographical.


Number Ten: Mother nature sabotages you. Obviously, lack of rain, unseasonable weather, and other conditions beyond your control are part of farming. Sound management philosophy is to control as many variables as you can. Nature is not under our control. Number Nine: Not understanding the seeding equipment. From spinner seeders to expensive no-till drills to cultipacker-type seeders, all can be successful when operated correctly. Biggest reasons for personal lack of success include wrong settings for depth with no-till seeders. Number Eight: Failing to achieve a firm seedbed. News flash, forage crops have small seeds. Small seeds typically mean less seedling vigor because they have smaller energy pools to draw from after germinating. An overly fluffy or cloddy seedbed will lead to deep seed placement, poor water movement in the soil profile, poor germination, poor emergence and poor seedling survival. Grasses are especially susceptible to poor establishment on fluffy seedbeds as their shallow, fibrous root systems do not penetrate as deeply or as quickly as most legumes. 24

Number Seven: Not controlling weeds. This factor actually spans both pre and post seeding. If the field to be seeded is full of perennial weeds or even dense white clover, a second seeding opportunity is likely in your future. And don’t forget to keep the post-seeding weed pressure under control by grazing or mowing. The biggest temptation to cut corners in this area is with no-till seedings into perennial grasses like tall fescue. Even when using herbicides to kill or burn down the existing vegetation, failing to allow enough time to really eliminate the perennial vegetation has given me opportunities to do seedings over. Plenty of ugly seedings have resulted from a spring spray of herbicide (burn down or translocated type) followed by drilling of the desired species without making sure that the kill is good. Better to use a combination of herbicide and rotational crop to smother escapes, suppress weeds and to give you another look at the effectiveness of kill. If you want to convert toxic, endophyte infected tall fescue to improved ‘friendly-endophyte’ tall fescue, go back and re-read number seven. Using translocated herbicides and smother crops will be necessary to prevent doing it over. Number Six: Not addressing fertility considerations. Just do the soil test. Fertility is one variable that you completely control. And hold back on the nitrogen when establishing legumes unless you have to use an ammoniated phosphate product for needed phosphorus. There will be enough competition from grass without making it worse by encouraging it with fertilizer N. Number Five: Seeding outside of optimum windows. This is tough. We seed outside the optimum window for all kinds of reasons, some good, others not so much. Can we agree that is

overly simplistic to never seed outside of the published ‘recommended’ seeding window? And what happens when you do? How do you manage that risk? Seeding outside of the recommended windows means you are accepting the greater risk of failure due to early/late seeding rather than experience 100% failure if you leave the seed in the bag. From personal experience, the better the soil the more able you are to push past the ideal seeding window because good soils will have better drainage and also high water holding capacity to support new seedlings. On the other hand, high clay soils or very shallow soils present extremes to the developing seedling - too wet when raining and too dry when not. The ‘window’ for seeding success becomes narrower as the soil resource becomes more marginal. Legumes germinate faster and their initial taproot gives them an advantage over grasses when moisture is limiting. Legumes tolerate drier and warmer conditions after emergence than the fibrous-rooted cool season grasses. Spring favors legumes. The cooler and typically wetter conditions of fall favor grasses. It takes multiple days (often 7 to 10) of moist conditions to get grasses to germinate. Legumes drilled into a firm, moist seedbed can emerge in two to three days. Number Four: Not taking into account the site limitations. What is the soil type? How deep is the topsoil? Does it drain well? Will it be able so supply water when the desired forage is ready to grow? The University of Missouri found the ability of a site/soil to provide water during the peak growth period was the single most important factor for the productivity of a forage. Warm season perennial grasses did not produce more total annual forage than cool season grasses when the site tended to be hot and dry during summer (thin soils). And a traditional cool season grass-based

forage mix is likely to be the best solution on a site that is cool and wet in spring and fall but dry during the summer. Put another way, the forage should be ready to grow when the site is prepared to supply water during favorable growing temperatures. Which direction does it face? Southern and western exposures are warmer and drier on average. Number Three: Not seeding a costeffective variety. The genetics of perennial forages have advanced significantly, and nowhere is that more evident than with the novel or ‘friendly’ endophyte tall fescues. There is Kentucky data on seedling vigor, yield and tolerance to abusive grazing now thanks to the work of Gene Olsen and the UK Forage team ( ForageVarietyTrials2.htm). Number Two: Not seeding the right mixture. Sometimes the components of a mixture work against themselves. Perennial grasses are generally poor competitors to legumes. Using small grains as ‘nurse crops’ is sometimes helpful but can limit stand establishment. Number One: Frankly, the number one reason we get to the opportunity to reseed is the person in the mirror. The attention supplied to a seeding outweighs any other factor. So many factors are manageable but are not. But if you read all the way to this point, you are likely someone who pays attention to the details and won’t be the cause of getting to repeat a seeding! Let’s take the time to do it right, and not do it over. Final note: As I write this, I am transitioning from being UK’s Director of Cooperative Extension to a role as a member of the forage extension team of the UK Plant and Soil Science Department. I hope to have the chance to interact with you at future KCA or Extension events. Glad to be back.

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



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Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



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Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


3/8/17 11:16 AM


2017 Revenue Protection Insurance SafetyNet Potentially Much Improved for Soybeans

The Agricultural Economics Depar tment publishes the Economic and Policy Update towards the end of each month. Each issue features articles written by extension personnel within the department and other experts across the country. Topics will vary greatly but regularly include marketing, management, policy, natural resources, and rural development issues. If you would like to recieve this newsletter by email, please contact Kenny Burdine at

You can also view current and past issues online at http://www. index.php?p=209 Co-editors: Kenny Burdine, Alison Davis, and Greg Halich




ebruary is when the projected price for Revenue Protection (RP) crop insurance is established based on the December 2017 corn and November 2017 soybeans futures contracts closing prices for this month. With the price discover y period halfway completed, the projected price for corn and soybeans are estimated at $3.96 and $10.20 per bushel, respectively. A projected price for corn at $3.96 would only be a $0.10/bushel increase over last year’s price and would be $1.69 per bushel below the guarantee in 2013 the year before the enactment of the current Farm Bill. The 2013 coverage may have been sufficient to provide a revenue guarantee that covered per Figure 1. 2017 Corn (blue) and Soybean (red) Revenue Protection Guarantee Compared to Total acre input costs and cash Variable Costs Plus Cash Rent for Various Coverage. rent, which is not the case this year. crop insurance guarantees for have historically not purchased RP In contrast, soybeans are corn and soybeans compared insurance at the 85% coverage projected to have an improved to the budgeted total variable level, managers should work with safety net in 2017 due to the rally in costs plus cash rent for corn and their crop insurance agent to the futures market throughout fall soybeans. The combination of evaluate the potential safety net and winter. The current projected lower production costs and better for the farm provided by buying up price for soybeans at $10.20/ safety net protection reinforces coverage in 2017. bushel would be a $1.35/bushel the anecdotal evidence of acreage increase over the 2016 price. shifting from corn to soybeans in Figure 1 compares the expected Western Kentucky. While farmers

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Policy Briefs

WILLIAM M. SNELL, EXTENSION PROFESSOR OBACCO: FDA has proposed a rule to limit tobacco-specific nitrosamine (N-nitrosonornicotine or NNN) in finished smokeless tobacco products (e.g., moist snuff and chewing tobacco) to 1.0 microgram per gram of tobacco on a dry weight basis. This proposed rule could have significant implications for dark tobacco growers. For details on the rule, and how to submit comments prior to the April 10, 2017 deadline, go to FR-2017-01-23/pdf/2017-01030.pdf. •TRADE: Trade received a lot of attention in the 2016 U.S. Presidential race with debate certainly heightened during the early months of the Trump administration regarding the impact of trade agreements and trade policy on U.S. jobs and economic growth. In recent years, record high agricultural trade has accounted for around 20% of the value of U.S. agricultural production and nearly 40% of Kentucky agricultural sales. While the U.S. exports ag commodities and products to more than 100 nations worldwide, our top three markets, China, Canada, and Mexico, comprise nearly one-half of U.S. ag export sales. These three markets are obviously the major nations in the middle of the current trade debate. Former USDA chief economist, Joe Glauber recently outlined significant challenges confronting U.S. farmers and food consumers if a trade war occurs (see likely-effects-trade-war-us-agriculturesad). Earlier this month, over 130 farm organizations and food companies sent a letter to President Trump indicating the importance of trade to the U.S. farm economy and expressing their support for expanding trade opportunities for U.S. agriculture. •FARM BILL: The 2014 Farm Bill will expire in September 2018 so policymakers, farm organizations, and other interested parties have already begun the debate on the next farm bill. The House Agriculture Committee held


its first full Committee hearing of the 115th Congress on February 15, 2017 titled Rural Economic Outlook: Setting the Stage for the Next Farm Bill. (Click on eventsingle.aspx?EventID=3643 for individual testimonies from the hearing). The Senate Ag Committee held a field hearing title Hearing from the Heartland: Perspectives on the 2018 Farm Bill at Kansas State University on February 23, 2017. (Click on http://www.agriculture. to review the Senate Ag Committee Field hearing). U.S. net farm income has declined 45% over the past three years, the largest three year decline since the Great Depression. The farm economy is forecast to struggle again in 2017 in response to ample world supplies of most ag commodities, a slowdown in global economies, and a strengthening U.S. dollar. This situation is creating liquidity and cash flow concerns for a growing number of farms across the nation. Despite the slumping farm economy, government payments are expected to decline in the last two years of the current farm bill given current price forecasts coupled with how the safety net was structured in the 2014 Farm Bill. Consequently, farm and commodity organizations are beginning to identify policy changes to provide an improved safety net for U.S. agriculture. Some of the early issues being discussed in the current farm bill debate are: •Annual flexibility in selecting safety net options (ARC vs PLC) •Modifying yield calculations and other changes in payment methodology within the ARC-CO •Timing of payments •Evaluating payment differences across counties • S t r e n g t h e n i n g /m a i n t a i n i n g crop insurance as the primary risk management tool •Conservation compliance issues impacting eligibility •Additional support for young or beginning farmers •Modifications to dairy and cotton safety net programs legislation.




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Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


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Bill would eliminate requirement to remove dual wheels from large farm implements

griculture Commissioner Ryan Quarles today applauded the Kentucky House of Representatives for passing House Bill 265, which will help Kentucky farmers transport farm implements on Kentucky roadways. “ This bill is necessary to

dealer to the farm, or from field to field, to be transported without removing the dual wheels located on each side of the piece of equipment. Commissioner Quarles said that, under current law, the wheels must be removed before transporting an implement on Kentucky roads, adding to the time and expense of transporting large farm machinery.

enable Kentucky farmers to move equipment as efficiently and as safely as possible,” Commissioner Quarles said. “I am grateful to the House for its swift action on this legislation, and I urge the Senate to follow suit.” The bill adds a definition of a “nondivisible load” to state law, effectively allowing farm implements such as combines or large tractors being moved f rom the equipment

Commissioner Q uarles said technicians have been injured removing the wheels, and House Bill 265 eliminates that safety hazard. He said being able to leave the wheels attached would make the implement more easily visible to other motorists than if the axle is left exposed when the wheels are removed. House Bill 265 passed in the House by a 95-2 vote.



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Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


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Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



NCBA President Testifies on Cattlemen’s Priorities for 2018 Farm Bill $150M for FMD Vaccine Bank, Regulatory Relief, Trade Top Group’s Agenda

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n testimony on Capitol Hill today, Craig Uden, a fourth-generation cattle producer from Nebraska and the president of the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, called on Congress to authorize $150 million a year over five years for a “stronger and more adequate foot-and-mouth disease (FMB) vaccine bank” as part of the 2018 Farm Bill. Uden testified before the House Agriculture Committee’s Subcommittee on Livestock and Foreign Agriculture. “Foot-and-mouth disease is highly contagious and has the potential to spread widely and rapidly, debilitating our herds,” Uden warned subcommittee members in his oral testimony. “Analysts estimate that an FMD outbreak in the United States could potentially cost our nation’s livestock producers billions of dollars in the first 12 months alone. An FMD outbreak has the potential to cause enormous economic losses to not only livestock producers, but also to auction markets, slaughterhouses, food processors and related industries.” Uden also testified that the vast majority of cattlemen oppose the federal government’s involvement in determining how their cattle are marketed – whether through vehicles like Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration’s (GIPSA’s) interim final rule on competitive injury or through mandatory Country of Origin Labeling (mCOOL.)

“Our analysis of the (GIPSA) rule leads us to believe that if this rule is implemented, the packers will offer one price for all cattle, regardless of quality,” Uden testified. “We believe this rule would eliminate value-based marketing programs and negatively impact producers, making it more difficult to provide the types of beef products that consumers are clamoring for.” Uden continued on the issue of mandatory, government-dictated, country-of-origin labeling: “Repeal of the previous mandatory program was necessary since, after six and a half years of implementation, it provided no market benefit to beef producers or consumers. On top of that, it also violated trade agreements with two of our largest and vital trading partners.” Uden concluded his Farm Bill testimony by stressing the importance of international trade to the American beef industry. “Trade is vital to the beef industry, and protecting trade promotion programs such as the Foreign Market Development and Market Access Programs within the 2018 Farm Bill are important,” Uden said. “Ninety-six percent of the world’s consumers reside outside U.S. borders. We recognize that the growth and profitability of the U.S. cattle and beef industry is closely tied to our ability to market our products to those consumers.”

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



ANADA 200-591, Approved by FDA

Bale Grazing BY GREG HALICH For intramuscular and subcutaneous use in beef and non-lactating dairy cattle only. BRIEF SUMMARY (For full Prescribing Information, see package insert.) INDICATIONS: Norfenicol is indicated for treatment of bovine respiratory disease (BRD) associated with Mannheimia haemolytica, Pasteurella multocida, and Histophilus somni, and for the treatment of foot rot. Also, it is indicated for control of respiratory disease in cattle at high risk of developing BRD associated with M.haemolytica, P. multocida, and H. somni. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Do not use in animals that have shown hypersensitivity to florfenicol. NOT FOR HUMAN USE. KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN. Can be irritating to skin and eyes. Avoid direct contact with skin, eyes, and clothing. In case of accidental eye exposure, flush with water for 15 minutes. In case of accidental skin exposure, wash with soap and water. Remove contaminated clothing. Consult physician if irritation persists. Accidental injection of this product may cause local irritation. Consult physician immediately. The risk information provided here is not comprehensive. To learn more, talk about Norfenicol with your veterinarian. For customer service, adverse effects reporting, or to obtain a copy of the MSDS or FDA-approved package insert, call 1-866-591-5777. PRECAUTIONS: Not for use in animals intended for breeding. Effects on bovine reproductive performance, pregnancy, and lactation have not been determined. Intramuscular injection may result in local tissue reaction which persists beyond 28 days. This may result in trim loss at slaughter. Tissue reaction at injection sites other than the neck is likely to be more severe. RESIDUE WARNINGS: Animals intended for human consumption must not be slaughtered within 28 days of the last intramuscular treatment. Animals intended for human consumption must not be slaughtered within 33 days of subcutaneous treatment. Not approved for use in female dairy cattle 20 months of age or older, including dry dairy cows as such use may cause drug residues in milk and/or in calves born to these cows. A withdrawal period has not been established in pre-ruminating calves. Do not use in calves to be processed for veal. ADVERSE REACTIONS: Inappetence, decreased water consumption, or diarrhea may occur transiently. Manufactured by: Norbrook Laboratories Limited, Newry, BT35 6PU, Co. Down, Northern Ireland. The Norbrook logos and Norfenicol ® are registered trademarks of Norbrook Laboratories Limited.



rive through a major cattle producing area from December to March and you will see tractors hauling round bales. Sometimes they will be going from a barnlot directly to a feeding area. Sometimes they will be traveling on a public road to get to a more remote spot where cattle are located. Sometimes this hay will be fed in a drylot, sometimes it will be fed on the edge of a pasture next to the road, and sometimes you will even see this hay unrolled out in the pasture. There are usually at least a few weeks during a typical Kentucky winter when it is exceedingly muddy and difficult to feed these round bales without causing significant damage to pasture areas. Imagine not having to use a tractor during those periods to feed your hay. Now imagine not having to use a tractor to feed during the entire winter. Drive through a major cattle producing area in late March after the first few nice days of early spring and you will see buggy tracks every 30-40 feet traversing the pastures on many of these same farms, where fertilizer was just spread onto depleted soils. Now imagine this pasture growing the heaviest forage growth you have ever seen on that farm and imagine doing this without any commercial fertilizer whatsoever. Feeding hay without a tractor and lush pastures without fertilizing. Is this just a cattleman’s dream? Ten years ago, it would most likely have been just that, a dream in the depths of a dreary winter. However, the last few years we have seen a few farms in Kentucky change their hay feeding system and experience exactly this: Feeding round bales without using a tractor and building up the fertility of their pastures. How could this be possible? These cattle farmers are using a feeding technique called “Bale Grazing”.

What is Bale Grazing?

Bale grazing is a winter-feeding technique where bales are set out on pasture before winter and fed in a planned,

controlled manner, somewhat like rotational grazing. Temporary electric fence and posts are used to give cattle access to the bales that you want fed in the current move. The fence is moved to expose new bales, usually 25-100 feet in front of the current fence. The previous fence is then taken down to allow the cattle access to the new bales. Hay rings that protected the previous bales are rolled to the new bales and flipped over into place. The process is repeated every 1-7 days, depending on a number of factors that will be discussed later. Properly planned, you will not need to use a tractor the entire winter and nutrients will be deposited where they are needed. Simple, cheap, and effective. The major requirements for making the system work are 1) an open mind, 2) the capacity for advanced planning, 3) the ability to roll hay rings up to 100 feet, and 4) cattle trained to electric fence.


Ideally, hay is set out on pastures in late fall and early winter, right where you want it fed. In Kentucky we will normally have good conditions for driving out on pasture through Thanksgiving, and sometimes longer. These drier conditions are ideal for setting out bales without causing any damage, and doing it efficiently. Moreover, on most farms (reasonable slope), you can pull a loaded hay wagon with a pickup truck in dry conditions and roll the bales off, right into place without using a tractor. We have moved all our winter hay onto pasture in less than half a day using this method. In order set out the hay this early, you will need accurate estimates for your winter hay needs. Table 1 gives estimates on how many cow feeding days you can expect from various sized bales with a range

of waste rates (combined storage and feeding). This assumes a spring-calving 1300 lb cow. For example, if you are using 5x5 bales and assume a medium combined storage and feeding waste rate, you should expect about 28 cow-days of feeding from each bale. In other words, one bale would feed 28 cows for a day. If you were allocated three bales for each move, then you would expect about 28 x 3 = 84 cow feeding days from this hay. If you had 50 cows in your herd, then three bales would last 84 cow days / 50 cows = 1.7 days. If you expect to feed 50 cows for 120 days during the winter, then this would equate to 6000 cow feeding days (50 cows x 120 days). You would just divide the 6000 cow feeding days by the expected feeding days per bale, in this example 28, to arrive at an estimate of 215 bales needed for the winter. Bale grazing combines very well with stockpiled pasture. With this system, cattle get both hay and a strip of pasture with each move. Since stockpiled pasture is typically much better in both energy and protein compared to typical hay, the stockpile can effectively serves as both an energy and protein supplement. Table 2 provides estimates for the number of

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


cow grazing days you could expect from various scenarios. If we had 15 acres of stockpiled pasture that we rated as “Good” quantity and had a medium-high utilization rate, we could expect around 51 cow grazing days per acre. 51 cow grazing days per acre x 15 acres = 765 cow grazing days. Thus we would now subtract the estimated cow grazing days from the original estimate for cow hay feeding days to come up with the modified cow hay feeding days: 6000 cow hay feeding days less 765 cow grazing days = 5235 cow hay feeding days. Dividing this by the expected feeding days per bale, in this example 28, we get approximately 190 5x5 bales needed for the winter. Even if there is no real “stockpile”, your cattle will get some residual grazing from the pastures that will be bale-grazed. It is not going to be much, so I would recommend using the “Poor” stockpile category for this estimate. I like to use about a third of the overall pasture to bale graze each winter. If we had 100 acres of pasture in the previous example, a third of this would be 33 acres that we will bale graze on. Since we have 15 acres of real stockpile, we would feed hay on an additional 18 acres of pasture. 18 acres x 9 cow grazing days per acre (poor stockpile and med-high utilization rate) = 162 cow grazing days. We would subtract this from our modified total of 5235 cow hay feeding days to get 5073 cow hay feeding days. Dividing this by the expected feeding days per bale, again 28 in this example, and we get approximately

182 5x5 bales needed for the winter. These will be bale grazed on 15 acres of stockpiled pasture and an additional 18 acres of grazed pasture. As a practical matter when starting out, I would recommending setting out 80-85% of your calculated hay needs in late fall and plan to feed the remainder at easy access points in the pasture near the hay source. This way if you overestimated the required hay needs you will not have to move bales off pasture in April. After a couple of winters, you will be able to better calibrate your hay needs. If we set out 182 bales over 33 acres, this would mean we would be setting out 5.5 bales per acre on average. This is a fairly low density and is ideal for Kentucky conditions since we often have muddy conditions during the winter. It will keep pugging damage to a minimum by constantly moving cattle to new areas.

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At the same time, this amount of hay will deliver a surprising amount of nutrients to those pastures. Assuming 10% of N, P, and K from the hay remain with the animal, and 50% of the remaining nitrogen gets lost due to volatilization/leaching, this would still amount to roughly 9 lbs N,

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7 lbs P2O5, and 25 lbs K2O deposited to pasture for each 5x5 bale. So feeding 5.5, 5x5 bales per acre would amount to roughly 50 lbs of effective N, 38 lbs of P2O5, and 138 lbs K2O per acre. All as a by-product from feeding hay on pasture. However, it will not build up fertility as quickly compared to higher density bale grazing. If you have pastures that are extremely low in P and K and you are trying to build them up quickly, I would recommend 10, 5x5 bales (or their equivalent in other sizes) per acre. Just be prepared for a little more pasture damage in these areas. I would personally rather feed 2-3 years in a row at the lower bale rate on that low-fertility ground compared to one year of heavy bale grazing. Probably the most common mistake I see people making when they start bale grazing is setting out too many bales per acre. After winter feeding at that density they are surprised that these pastures get pugged excessively when it is wet.


Determining how often to move the temporary fence will depend on how many hay rings you plan to use and how much stockpiled pasture (if any) will be included with the move. As a general rule of thumb, I like to move the fence 2-3 times per week. Twice is ideal, three times maximum. So it is more an exercise of determining how many bales and how much pasture to give them to make sure they have enough to eat in that timeframe. Continuing with the previous examples where we have 50 cows and are feeding 5.5 bales per acre on good stockpiled pasture, we would thus on average, have .18 acre of pasture per bale (1 acre / 5.5 bales). The .18 acres would provide approximately 9.2 cow grazing days (.18 acres x 51 grazing days per acre), while the one 5x5 bale would provide approximately 28 cow feeding days. Thus each bale with .18 acres of pasture would provide 37.2 cow feeding days (28 days for the hay + 9.2 days for the pasture). 50 cows would require approximately 1.34 bales (1 bale x 50 38

cows/37.2 cow feeding days) and .24 acres of pasture (.18 acres x 50 cows/37.2 cow feeding days) per day. If you wanted to move fence twice a week, that would be a 3.5 day requirement. 3.5 days x 1.34 bales per day would be 4.7 bales per move, and 3.5 days x .24 acres of pasture would be .84 acres of pasture. From a practical standpoint, this would be equivalent to about 5 bales and .75 acre of pasture for one of the moves, and 4 bales and 1.0 acres of pasture for the other move that week. Obviously, you will have to be somewhat flexible and make adjustments since you have whole bale increments. Always start from a water source and move away from it. You do not need to, and do not want to set up a back-fence. Cattle will have access to areas previously bale-grazed. It is a good idea, when practical, to set up two forward fences. One for the current move and another for the next move. In case something happens to your first fence (wind blows it off a few posts, etc), you will still have an additional fence that will protect the bulk of the hay bales and stockpiled pasture. If cattle have access to a 10 acre pasture with 50 unprotected bales they can do a lot of damage in a couple days. Speaking of which, you need to keep your fence hot! Carry a voltmeter and make sure the fence has plenty of power. Find and correct any shorts before cattle figure it out. Be flexible with bale grazing. You do not need to stick to your pre-determined plan for the entire bale grazing season. If it is wet and you are currently bale grazing on poorly drained soil, move to firmer ground and come back after it dries up. Although there are probably few times when it is really needed, if you have a dry lot, you can use it during the worst mud conditions.

Secondary Benefits to Bale Grazing

There are a number of secondary benefits from bale grazing, most of them associated with improved herd health. Properly planned, bale grazing will provide continual access to fresh, clean pasture. Cattle will not be standing in the same general area all winter with a concentration of mud and manure.

Although hard to quantify, this is an important benefit. Cows will have plenty of space for calving. Cows and calves will typically have clean coats compared to conventional feeding. By adjusting the height of the electric fence you can effectively facilitate creep grazing by the smaller calves (fall calving). This allows them to get the first bite of fresh grass and there is also less chance these calves will get stepped on around the hay feeding area

seen are where someone tries bale grazing their entire winter hay supply on 5-10% of their pasture acreage. In the previous example, feeding 182 bales on 10 acres (10% of the pasture) would be just over 18 bales per acre. Aside from the high damage potential to the pasture, this would amount to 162 lbs on effective N, 126 lbs P2O5, and 450 lbs K2O. Obviously, we would be wasting a lot of nutrients in this situation as well as increasing the potential for pugging Creep Grazing can be Integrated with damage. Bale Grazing (fall calving) Keep your bale densities to a reasonable level and the shortterm pasture damage will be minimal. Also, do not constrict cattle to small areas. When I start bale-grazing a new pasture, I continue to give them access to the previous pasture, either compared to conventional bale feeding. in full or in part. You will have some When combining bale grazing with short-term damage, but done right it stockpiled pasture you will effectively be should be minimal. Keep your perspective getting an energy and protein supplement. on what matters: Long-run, there will be Even without a real stockpile, the cattle no comparison in pasture productivity will pick through the exposed pasture to between bale-grazed pastures and nonget some of their nutrients. A little fresh fertilized pastures, and there will be no grass goes a long way during the hay- comparison between the cost of nutrients feeding season. from properly planned bale grazing to those from commercial fertilizer. If you Concerns with Bale Grazing are interested in experimenting with Probably the main reason people are bale grazing for the 2017-2018 winter, afraid to try bale grazing is that they are please contact me and/or your county concerned it will damage their pastures. agricultural extension agent. While this is a legitimate concern, I have generally found it to be unfounded, Greg Halich is an Associate Extension provided that you plan well. Cattle can Professor in Farm Management Economics and will pug pastures to some degree for both cattle and grain production at during wet weather, but the degree that the University of Kentucky. He can be this occurs at low bale densities spread reached at or 859over 25-33% of the overall pasture will 257-8841. be minimal. Most of the problems I have

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



n n A pring Time Select Sa S April 22, 2017 le

Cattlemen Applaud President for Ordering Reconsideration of “Extremely Flawed” WOTUS Rule

Upper Cumberland Angus Association

Saturday • Noon

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raig Uden, president of the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association (NCBA) today released the following statement in response to President Trump’s executive action ordering the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Army Corps of Engineers to reconsider their controversial Waters of the United States rule: “This extremely flawed rule would force ranchers and feedlot operators to get permits or risk excessive federal penalties despite being miles away f rom any navigable water. It would be one of the largest federal land grabs and privateproperty infringements in American history, and the President should be applauded for making EPA and the Corps reconsider this debacle. Ultimately, this rule should be taken out behind the barn and put out of its misery.”

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Reg. No. 16925771 Featuring the reigning $Value and performance breed-leader, Quaker Hill Rampage 0A36 that will be represented in this event by six direct daughters that follow in their very popular sire’s foot prints by ranking in the top of the breed for growth and carcass EPDs.

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Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Running on Empty? Lack of Energy in the Diet will Cause Cattle Deaths


Have a Question or Topic you would like addressed? Email me at michelle.


rom a weather standpoint, the winter of 2016-17 has been a nonevent. Record temperatures recorded in February and very little measureable snow throughout winter has been a welcome change from previous years. Despite this unexpected warmth, submissions at the UKVDL and telephone conversations with veterinarians and producers confirm cattle are losing excessive body condition and some are dying of apparent malnutrition. This indicates winter feeding programs on many farms this year are not adequate to support cows in late pregnancy or early lactation – or their newborn calves – in spite of recent mild conditions. If producers are not supplementing cattle with adequate energy AND protein sources, hay of unknown nutritional quality often does not provide sufficient nutrition to meet the animal’s basic requirements.


This will result in depletion of body fat stores, followed by breakdown of muscle protein, and finally death due to insufficient nutrition. Near the end of most winters, both veterinary diagnostic laboratories in KY frequently receive older beef cows for necropsy. These cows often are brokenmouthed or toothless, some are old enough to vote, are heavily pregnant or in peak milk production and in poor body condition (BCS 2-3). However, this winter, ‘malnutrition’ cases include young cows and pre-weaning/weaning age calves, indicating serious nutritional deficiencies in the feedstuffs, especially the hay produced last year. The producer may first notice a cow getting weak in the rear end. Later she is found down and is unable to stand. Death follows within a day or two after going down. At necropsy, the pathologist finds no body fat stores but the rumen is full of bulky, dry forage material (poor quality hay). Normally there is a small but visible seam of fat on the surface of the heart that is the last storage area for fat. Once this fat seam is gone, there is no fat left in the body anywhere and these are

called ‘malnutrition’ cases. Despite having had access to free choice hay, these cattle have simply run out of gas due to lack of energy and protein. Although hay may look and smell good, unless a producer has had the hay tested for nutritional content, he does not know the true feed value of that harvested forage. It is often difficult for producers to bring themselves to the realization that cattle can actually starve to death while consuming all the hay they can eat – especially if crude protein levels are in the 3-4% range, and TDN is <40% – as is not uncommon in some late-cut overmature hay. Inadequate crude protein in the hay (below7-8%) means there is not enough nitrogen for the rumen microflora (“bugs”) to do their job of breaking down fiber and starch for energy. Digestion slows down and cattle eat less hay because there is no room for more in the rumen. Cattle are expected to eat roughly 2.5% of their body weight in dry matter but this may fall to 1.5% on poor quality hay. Many producers have purchased “protein tubs” varying from 16-30% protein to make up for any potential protein deficiencies but have failed to address the severe lack of energy in the diet. Remember, in the last 60 days of gestation, an adult cow (1200 pounds eating 2% of her body weight) requires feedstuffs testing at least 54-56%TDN (energy) and 8-9% available crude protein while an adult beef cow in the first 60 days of lactation requires 59-60% TDN and 9-10.5% available crude protein. In addition to cases of apparent malnutrition

in adult cattle, there have been multiple diagnostic submissions associated with ‘weak calf syndrome’ or full-term calves which were presumed to be stillborn. Almost without exception, there have been no gross or microscopic lesions or pathogens identified in fetal tissues or placenta indicating why this happened. However, maternal nutrition during the last trimester of pregnancy – particularly dietary protein level – has been welldocumented to play an important role in calf survivability. A weak cow may experience dystocia (difficult birth) resulting in lack of oxygen to the calf during delivery, leading to dead or weak (“dummy”) calves. Calves born to protein-deficient dams are less able to generate body heat and are slower to stand and nurse compared to calves whose dams received adequate dietary protein during the last 100 days of pregnancy. Colostrum quality and quantity from protein and energy-deficient dams is frequently not adequate for calf survival and performance. One study looking at diets during pregnancy found at weaning, 100% of the calves from the adequate energy dams were alive compared to 71% from the energy deficient dams. The major cause of death loss from birth to weaning was scours, with a death loss of 19% due to this factor. Mineral supplementation this winter is another area of concern, as copper and selenium levels in liver samples analyzed from a large number of cases have been far below acceptable levels. Copper and selenium are vital nutrients for immune system function and the absence of these nutrients is a big factor in development of disease. Selenium deficiencies in adult cows will lead to later reproductive problems of delayed conception, cystic ovaries and retained placentas. Additionally, grass tetany/hypomagnesemia cases received in late February in lactating beef cattle consuming only hay, with no access to fresh grass, strongly suggest 2016 hay

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


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supplies may also be lacking in magnesium. The best advice for all KY producers is to become “forage connoisseurs”! Become an expert judge of forage quality by testing your hay. Testing is simple, inexpensive and results are easy to interpret. Contact your local cooperative extension service if you need assistance to get this accomplished. If cows are losing weight, consider supplemental feed to help them through the next month to 6 weeks until grass is growing and is past the “watery” stage. Contact your nutritionist to review your feeding program. Energy AND protein are both crucial; protein tubs will not be sufficient in most cases to fulfill energy requirements. Adequate nutrition is not just important today but also down the road. Milk production, the return to estrus and rebreeding, and overall herd immunity are also impacted over the long term. Continue to offer a trace mineral mix high in magnesium in order to prevent hypomagnesemia or “grass tetany” at least through the first of May. It is important to understand that the winter of 2016-2017 has been exceptionally easy weather-wise but difficult for cattle in Kentucky. Cows of all ages are pulled down much more than typically seen in late winter. This fact, coupled with the knowledge that the quality was generally poor for hay baled in 2016, is one reason we are seeing an increase in health problems across Kentucky due to malnutrition in all ages of cattle as well as many stillborn and weak calves that do not survive. What has normally worked in years past (feeding hay exclusively throughout the winter) will not necessarily work this year. Remember the old adage regarding the effect of winter on late gestation and early lactation cattle, “February breaks them, March takes them.” Just like a car that looks great on the outside, it will not go anywhere without gasoline in the tank.

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Registered Female Consignors Several bull consignors in addition to: Heaven Hill Angus Ag-Chenault Farm JTC Simmental Green Oaks Farm Maple Leaf Holding

Commerical Consignors Steve Vice TD Cattle Company 4th Quarter Ranch DeBord Farms Mt. Moriah Angus

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For More information Contact: John McDonald 859.404.1406 / Jason Crowe 859.582.0761 Paula Reynolds 606.776.0655 / David Ward 606.424.5037 Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


2/28/17 2:10 PM


Kentucky Soybean Production, Yield at Record Highs


he U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) released the county estimates for corn and soybeans today from the 2016 production year. The two crops are significant to Kentucky agriculture, together bringing in nearly $1.6 billion in cash receipts in 2015. “It was good year for corn and a great year for soybeans,” said David Knopf, director of the NASS Eastern Mountain Regional Office in Kentucky. “Statewide, the soybean yield was a record high and production was at a record high for the fourth year in a row. Overall, corn yields were down from 2015 due to weather conditions and disease pressure.” Christian County is the leading corn producing county in Kentucky for 2016, with production totaling 15,166,000 bushels, harvested from 83,000 acres. The order remained the same as 2015, except Graves County replaced Henderson County at number

three. The top five counties, which account for 28 percent of Kentucky’s corn production, include: Christian County – 15,166,000 bushels Union County – 13,070,000 bushels Graves County – 11,575,000 bushels Daviess County – 10,898,000 bushels Logan County – 10,499,000 bushels Cumberland County outyielded Wayne County to take the top spot in 2016, producing 187.7 bushels per acre. Statewide, the average yield fell 13 bushels from 2015, but yields in Christian and Simpson Counties increased slightly. The top five counties for yield include: acre

Cumberland County – 187.7 bushels per Wayne County – 186.2 bushels per acre Christian County – 182.7 bushels per acre Warren County – 182 bushels per acre Simpson County – 180.5 bushels per acre Graves County is the leading soybean

producing county in Kentucky for 2016, with production totaling 4,778,000 bushels, harvested from 95,200 acres. The top five counties, which account for 22 percent of Kentucky’s soybean production, include: Graves County – 4,778,000 bushels Daviess County – 4,383,000 bushels Christian County – 4,030,000 bushels Logan County – 3,684,000 bushels Union County – 2,818,000 bushels Meade County had the highest soybean yield at 56.5 bushels per acre. The top five counties for yield include: Meade County – 56.5 bushels per acre Pulaski County – 54.9 bushels per acre Hart County – 54.8 bushels per acre Mercer County – 54.8 bushels per acre Boyle County – 54.3 bushels per acre County-level estimates are used by other USDA agencies to set standards for insurance and risk protection programs many farmers rely on to protect their operations. “Farm Service Agency (FSA)

relies on the county-level estimates for Agricultural Risk Coverage (ARC), Price Loss Coverage (PLC), County Loan Rates, and its disaster program calculations,” Knopf said. “The Risk Management Agency (RMA) uses the data for administering the Area Risk Protection Insurance Plan, establishment of transitional yields, and determining when to make crop loss insurance payments. When drought and flooding impact crop production, or even in a year with good yields, these data are crucial to the agriculture industry.” In April NASS will release county estimates for hay and tobacco. Hay – April 13, 2017 Tobacco – April 27, 2017 The complete listing of corn and soybean county estimates for each county is available online in the NASS QuickStats database: https://www.nass. For more information, call the NASS Kentucky Field Office at (800) 928-5277.

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Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Angus Growth Reflects True Demand

American Angus Association year-end reports point to growth for registered Angus genetics, demand for Certified Angus Beef®. WRITTEN BY JENA MCRELL, ANGUS MEDIA


he nation’s cattle producers are answering the call from consumers for high quality beef, as reflected in recently released figures from the American Angus Association®. Registrations for Angus cattle grew by 4.5% and totaled 334,607 head in fiscal year 2016, which ended Sept. 30. That’s the 15th largest number of registrations in the Association’s 133-year history. Also during fiscal year 2016, Angus breeders increased their sale offerings and participation in performance programs, and the Certified Angus Beef® (CAB®) brand achieved a major milestone following more than a decade of consecutive sales records.

“2016 was another outstanding year for the American Angus Association and its members,” says Allen Moczygemba, Association CEO. “The past year was a story of growth and unprecedented success for the Angus breed and its leadership position within the beef industry.” The membership organization reports registered Angus bulls averaged $5,605 per head in fiscal year 2016, from Oct. 1, 2015, to Sept. 30, 2016. Sales of registered Angus females reported to the Association averaged $5,036 per head. Angus genetics remained highly valued in spite of almost 10,000 more animals marketed by members vs. the prior year. Average prices in fiscal year 2016 remained 12% higher for registered Angus bulls and nearly 40% higher for registered Angus females than average

prices received in 2014, for example. “It’s important to keep the cattle market in perspective,following the recordsetting prices of 2015,” Moczygemba says. “Angus cattle sales have remained strong despite market fluctuations. That signals a growing demand for quality genetics, and quality beef, worldwide.” The Association and its four entities experienced outstanding growth across all business metrics, and total assets for the organization reached more than $60 million. Commitment to progress Of the nearly 335,000 calves registered with the Association in fiscal year 2016, more than 53% were produced by artificial insemination (AI) and embryo transfer (ET) calves represented 11% of total

registrations. Total females in the MaternalPlus® program are up more than 56% at 37,895 head enrolled in the Association’s inventory-based reporting system designed to capture reproductive trait data. The organization also witnessed an across-the-board increase in weight records submitted in fiscal year 2016, including birth weights, weaning weights and yearling weights. Carcass records are also up 26%, year over year. Performance records and phenotypic data help pave the way for genomic technologies. At Angus Genetics Inc. (AGI), genomic profile testing for Angus seedstock increased by 45% in fiscal year 2016, and uptake exceeded 100,000 tests Cont’d on pg.

Photo caption: Melanie Blandford 44

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


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Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Angus Unveils Long Range Plan

American Angus Association l eaders rev eal their pl ans for growth, l eadership and the industry’ s first G enomic E ducation C enter.


nticipation was evident Monday, allied industry partners, from marketers Nov. 7, as Angus breeders from to retailers and academia,” Moczygemba across the country crowded explained. “The result was the most into an Indianapolis, Ind., meeting hall comprehensive and far-reaching effort for the American Angus Association’s of its kind for the organization.” 133rd Annual Convention of Delegates. Extensive surveys, focus groups and The meeting was the capping event market analyses resulted in a bevy of of the three-day Angus Convention, valuable insight that revealed challenges where about 2,000 Angus seedstock and opportunities for the Association and commercial producers, academia and registered Angus genetics in a and allied industry met for educational rapidly evolving business. Main themes sessions and thought-leading keynote included changing market dynamics; lectures — all largely based on leadership, increased competition, technological innovation and business culture. and informational needs; and growing The annual meeting represents the culmination of the fiscal work of the world’s largest beef breed organization as well as the election of officers and new board directors. This year, members also gathered to hear Association CEO Allen Moczygemba unveil the Association’s Long-Range Strategic Plan (LRSP). “As an Association, we’ve been blessed with strong leadership that has had the resolve to plan for the future, to make the right decision at the right time,” Moczygemba told delegates and attendees. “Those landmark decisions ensured our breed was positioned for long-term growth. This new LongRange Strategic Plan, led by the Board of Directors, represents that same commitment to innovative decisionmaking so evident in Angus history.” international opportunities and beef Angus board directors and staff demand. pursued a long-range strategic planning The thorough assessment led process in 2016 to pioneer a new era Association directors to identify five core of progress and to grow the already areas of focus for the organization in the dominant position of the Angus breed next three years: genetics, commercial and brand. programs, leadership, product and “Our leaders spent months research. establishing the plan, gathering “The long-range plan will create important input from all sectors of the new opportunities and a framework beef cattle industry, from seedstock to for our future,” explained Jim Sitz, cow-calf producers, feedersScience to Montana AngusBooth breeder960 and Wool outgoing Come see us atfrom the Farm Review, 46

Association president and chairman of the board. “It includes an expanded focus on commercial producers, and also strengthens our genetic evaluation capabilities. I’m proud to say that we have assembled a plan and a team that challenge a complacent status.” In his opening remarks as the organization’s newly elected president, Kentucky cattleman Charlie Boyd said the Association’s plans are aggressive and offer the possibility to define the breed’s future. “I think this is one of the best plans

this organization has ever developed, and I’m proud of it,” Boyd said. “It will solidify Angus as the worldwide centerpiece for genetic evaluation and position our organization for further leadership within the industry.” Key points call for the establishment of the Genomic Education Center, a multi-use facility that will expand the Association’s Saint Joseph, Mo., headquarters as well as its capabilities to conduct research, disseminate

information and provide education to the industry; greater service and information sharing with the commercial cattle sector to drive the value of registered Angus genetics; an expanded industry leadership position; creation of recordkeeping platforms; global opportunities and brand awareness; and increased research emphasis on traits like fertility, feet and leg structure and other areas. “This plan demonstrates that the board and the membership are not taking anything for granted,” Boyd said. “We’re moving forward because it’s our obligation to our past and to doing what’s right for the future of Angus.” Moczygemba said the work now begins. “This isn’t a plan that will rest upon a shelf. In the weeks and months ahead, we will set these initiatives in motion in order to ensure success decades down the road,” he said. “It’s another right decision at the right time that will enable each of our 25,000 members to achieve our collective mission of enhancing the genetics of the Angus breed, broadening its influence and expanding the market for high-quality Angus beef worldwide. We’re poised for a new era.” ANGUS MEANS BUSINESS. The American Angus Association is the nation’s largest beef breed organization, serving nearly 25,000 members across the United States and Canada. It provides programs and services to farmers, ranchers and others who rely on the power of Angus to produce quality genetics for the beef industry and quality beef for consumers. For more information about Angus cattle and the American Angus Association’s programs and services, visit www.angus. org.

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Green River Livestock Campbellsville, KY

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All bulls are guaranteed breeders, and cost share eligible. We have a great selection of high performing, easy calving bulls. Come pick your next great herd sire today.

Call Matt Craig at 502-604-0821. Watch for details on our 4th Annual Online Female Sale this fall.

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Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Upcoming Angus Events American Angus Association Regional Manager, Alex Tolbert


Angus Opportunity Sale at Buckner & Jeffries Angus Farm, Canmer, KY


Grassy Valley PT Angus Bull & Female Sale, Greeneville, TN


Partners in Performance Bull Sale at Muskingum Livestock, Zanesville, OH


Womack Cattle Ent. Online Show Heifer/Replacement Female Sale, Pembroke, KY





Branch View Angus, Hustonville, KY Crazy K Ranch, Michie, TN


Shady Brook Angus Farm, Leoma, TN


Champion Hill, Bidwell, OH

St. Clair Farms, Falls of Rough, KY

Central Kentucky Angus Ass’n Spring Sale, Danville, KY


Rock Ridge Farms Angus & Hereford Bull Sale, Lawrenceburg, KY



Great Meadows Angus Ass’n Sale, Shelbyville, KY


Upper Cumberland Angus Ass’n Sale at Hyder-Burks Sale Pavilion, Tennessee Tech Un., Cookeville, TN

Grass Time Partners Sale at Chenault Ag Center, Mount Sterling, KY Mark Davis Family Angus Online Sale, Shelbyville, TN


Sunset Ridge Cattle Co., Albany, KY


Miller Family Farms Online Show Heifer Sale, Decatur, TN



Quintin Smith Family/ Craigmore/Lanning & Guests, Lebanon, TN

4/29/2017 Black Gold Genetics, Crestwood, KY 4/30/2017

Bridge View Angus, Frankfort, KY


Five Peppers Online Embryo & Confirmed Pregnancy Sale, Murfreesboro, TN

Reality Farms LLC

794 Port Royal Road Campbellsburg, KY 40011 502-667-0142 Matt 502-667-0415 Roy

Family Owned Business







Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

FEATURE Cont’d o


annually for the first time. Cattle that have been genomically tested represent about 33% of total Angus registrations. The team of AGI scientists and researchers are also well positioned for the future. With the addition of AGI Genetic Research Director Stephen Miller and AGI Genetic Services Director Kelli Retallick, the organization now has the most talented education, research and customer service team in the beef genetics business, Moczygemba says. Promoting and growing the breed A for-profit entity of the American Angus Association, Angus Productions Inc. (API) is home to Angus Media and an extensive offering of communications and marketing capabilities. The company posted strong growth in audience engagement in fiscal year 2016, an indicator of thriving interest in registered Angus animals and pertinent news and information. Digital sale books, produced and

hosted by Angus Media, attracted 620,000 users who viewed almost 28 million online pages promoting cattle for sale by Association members — an increase of 65%. Angus Journal® and the Angus Beef Bulletin continue to lead the industry for both quality editorial content and advertising value. The Angus Report celebrated its five-year anniversary on RFD-TV in September 2016 and, during that span, has reached more than 11.5 million viewers nationwide. The 30-minute news program is the only one of its kind to share weekly breed information applicable to the entire beef business. As the nonprofit arm of the American Angus Association, the Angus Foundation generates support for the future of Angus education, youth and research. In fiscal year 2016, the Angus Foundation awarded more than $265,000 in scholarships for Angus youth, and outstanding educational and leadershipbased programs were hosted for both adults and junior members. These

included sessions for both beginners and advanced producers in Cattlemen’s Boot Camps, the Beef Leaders Institute (BLI), Leaders Engaged in Angus Development (LEAD), Raising the Bar and Women Connected conferences. In addition, the nonprofit invested in key research conducted with industry partners on heat tolerance, product tenderness, environmental adaptability and reproductive performance.

1 billion, and counting

Perhaps the greatest headline for the Angus breed in fiscal year 2016 is this: Certified Angus Beef LLC (CAB) surpasses 1 billion lb. of CAB® brand product sold. The world’s largest branded beef program recorded its first 90-millionlb. month in July, only to have sales exceed that mark in both August and September. Fueled by growing demand for quality beef both domestically and abroad, producers responded to growing incentives for raising quality Angus calves sired by registered Angus genetics.

Higher acceptance rates allowed graders to certify a record of more than 75,000 carcasses per week, totaling 12.6% higher, or 3.92 million for the year to set an annual CAB acceptance rate of 28.9%. That record is more than double the rate of 10 years ago when it was barely above 14%. “The increase in carcasses qualifying for the brand is a true testament to the value ranchers receive for their Angus-sired calves and the unending commitment of our members toward continuous genetic improvement,” Moczygemba says. The celebration of another outstanding year will continue during the 2016 Angus Convention, Nov. 5-7, where thousands of cattlemen and women are expected to gather for the threeday event in Indianapolis, Ind. Visit for more information. More news and information from the American Angus Association is available at For more year-end highlights from CAB, access the news release online.

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Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Greetings from KY Angus Association, It was a great pleasure to catch up and visit with so many of you recently at the 2017 KY Farm Bureau Beef Expo in Louisville. It was a very good set of cattle that was presented for the 61st Annual KY Angus Sweepstakes Show and Sale. I would like to say THANK YOU to KY Farm Bureau for their support of the annual beef showcase for our great state. Also THANK YOU to the KY Dept of Agriculture, especially the Division of Shows and Fairs and Division of Animal Health for all they do to make this event great for all involved.


Spring is just around the corner and with spring comes lots of new, new calves, new grass, new genetic decisions and new marketing opportunities. As we start the spring sales season, we have many KY Angus breeders across the state having production/ bull sales with lots of chances for all of us to improve our genetic base. Be sure to check out our calendar of events to find a sale near you and support our KY Angus breeders, their genetics will match up with any across our great nation. If you have purchased a registered Angus bull recently and would like to be a part of an Angus Source sale please contact any of our board of directors, Alex Tolbert or myself for more information. We as the KY Angus Association are in early discussions about how we can help our bull buyers help market their calves through Angus Source sales and boost their bottom line with Angus genetics.

The two most critical times of the year for proper trace mineral and vitamin supplementation in your cow herd are prior to calving and prior to breeding. CRYSTALYX® Breed-Up® products have higher levels of vitamins, more concentrated levels of trace minerals and contain organic forms of trace minerals for stronger, healthier calves this season.



Don’t forget coming up April 4, on we will be helping with an online embryo and semen auction to help fund the Joe Bill Meng scholarship endowment through the Angus Foundation. This will allow us to award a $1,000.00 scholarship each year in honor of Joe Bill. Also the KY Angus Field day will be help May 20 at Voyager Angus in Buffalo, KY.

Sincerely, Tim L. Jeffries President, KY Angus Association l 800.727.2502



Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Saturday May 20 UPCOMING






Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association


BULL and FEMALE SALE 6:00 PM • Friday, April 14, 2017


Held at the Bluegrass Stockyards in Albany, KY CED +5 BW +1.0 WW +53 YW +106 $W +57 $B +151

SR TEN X 5564

11/13/15 • AAR Ten X 7008 SA x EXAR Upshot 0562B SR RUBY 2522

9/28/15 • GAR Prophet x Connealy In Focus 4925 SR REMI 5585

70 Productive Females

50 Breeding Age Bulls Sell! • Angus Fall Yearlings • Sim-Angus Spring Yearlings

This five-year daughter of Rito 9M24 sells as one of the top fall cow-calf pairs along with her daughter at side by a son of Connealy In Focus 4925 and is rebred to KCF Bennett Fortress.


A powerful set of Simmental bulls will be selling sired by this proven Silver Towne herd sire who consistently transmits added muscle dimension and strong maternal traits.

A fancy set of fall bred heifers will be selling, including this granddaughter of Connealy In Focus 4925 – Bred AI to KCF Bennett Fortrress.


Several of the females selling will carry the service of this extremely popular Select Sires curve bending AI sire.

Call to request a sale catalog.

A���� � S��-A���� • Fall Pairs • Spring Pairs • Yearling Replacements


Sim-Angus bulls and females will be offered in the sale which will include sons of this breed leading sire from Select Sires.

Silver Towne Farms Doug Smith: (765)-969-0734 Laramie Smith: (317) 409-9212 52

CED +11 BW -.3 WW +63 YW +110 $W +72 $B +139


Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Why Depend on a Crude Measure of Protein? Glen Aiken



Research Animal Scientist/Agronomist USDA-ARS FAPRU

ne of my animal nutrition teachers once said, “A steak and baked potato make the perfect meal; you eat the steak for protein and the baked potato for the energy needed to digest the protein in the steak.” Proteins are the building blocks of the body. Organs and tissues are primarily composed of structural proteins, but enzyme and hormone proteins also are directly involved in constructing and maintaining these organs and tissues. Proteins are composed of combinations of 20 different amino

acids, which are composed of nitrogen, hydrogen, oxygen and a couple of amino acids contain sulfur. All mammals have an ability to produce 10 of these amino acids, and so are classified as nonessential in the diet. However, the other 10 amino acids cannot be manufactured by animals and, therefore, are classified as diet essential. In other words, if animals do not absorb the right amounts of these essential amino acids, they may not be capable of maintaining their body weights and their health can be compromised. For cattle and other ruminants, we rely on a measure of crude protein and not measures of these essential amino acids. This is because the amino acids in the diet will first feed the bacteria in the rumen, which will convert these amino acids to produce ammonia and other amino acids that meet the requirements

Green Oaks Farm West Liberty, KY

Green Oaks Farm has a group of select bred heifers for sale by private treaty.

Fall Bred Heifers

Spring Bred Heifers

Connealy Comrade Connealy Capitalist

Connealy Comrade Connealy Capitalist & others

GAR Surefire Connealy Capitalist KCF Bennett Fortress

Connealy Consensus Connealy Capitalist KCF Bennett Fortress

Sired by: Bred to:

Sired by: Bred to:

(to calve in Spring ‘18)

Watch for our featured lots in these upcoming sales: CKAA Ÿ GMAA

Proven Genetics

Kenneth and Debbie Whitt - Owners PO Box 757 • West Liberty, KY 41472 Home: 606-743-7070 Barn: 606-743-3525 Kenneth Cell: 606-495-5183 Lynn Reed - Cattle Manager • 606-495-6655 54

of the bacteria. Then the animal digests the bacteria. Ruminants have the advantage of being able to consume forages that are pre-digested by bacteria that degrade the fiber into volatile fatty acids, which the animal can utilize for energy. Unfortunately, 50 to 100 percent of the protein in the rumen is degraded. There are two problems with ruminal degradation of protein: Ammonia may generate in amounts from the degradation that can be excreted into the environment, and even though the bacteria produce the amino acids that are essential to the ruminants, there are five of these amino acids that are produced in amounts that can limit cattle performance. The effect is typically small, but definitely present. A major effort by cattle nutritionists, over the last three or four decades, has been to increase amounts of protein that escape the rumen un-degraded and made available for digestion by the animal. Tannins are secondary compounds produced by various legumes and other broadleaf plants, typically consumed by cattle that can bind proteins in the rumen and allow them to bypass the rumen and be available for post-rumen digestion. Ionophores (monensin, lasalocid, etc.) can inhibit the hyper ammoniaproducing bacteria that are primarily responsible for degrading protein in the rumen. Research conducted by USDAARS Forage-Animal Production Research Unit has demonstrated that certain phytoestrogens can also inhibit the hyper ammonia-producing bacteria to increase weight gain efficiency of beef steers. Crude protein is calculated by determining the percentage of nitrogen in the dry matter, following digestion with sulfuric acid and multiplying this percentage by 6.25. The 6.25 factor is used because amino acids contain an average of 16 percent nitrogen, such that 100 ÷ 16 = 6.25 (amount of protein is 6.25-fold greater than the nitrogen). Can it be assumed that all of the crude

protein in a feed or forage is protein? Absolutely not, there is always some non-protein nitrogen (especially in forages), but it really doesn’t matter, because the bacteria get the first “crack” at this nitrogen. The Nutrient Requirements for Beef Cattle, published in 2000 by the National Research Council, informs that the amount of rumen un-degraded protein (escape protein) in cattle diets depends heavily on the energy of the diet. Concentrate rations formulated to meet nutrient requirements or highquality forages (low bloom alfalfa, oats, annual ryegrass, etc.) can have low un-degradable rumen protein. Un-degradable protein can be high (30 to 50 percent) with lower quality forages that generally have less total digestible nutrients, and the low energy of these forages can reduce the availability of protein that escapes rumen degradation. Also, some protein will be bound up in indigestible fiber and not accessible to either the bacteria or animal. Wouldn’t it be nice if measures could be obtained for amounts of digestible and indigestible protein and non-protein nitrogen? Actually, this can be done, but it substantially adds to the cost and time for sample analyses. It has been fortunate that crude protein is a low-cost measure that can be used sufficiently to target in meeting protein requirements of ruminants. However, usefulness of this measure will depend on also having a good measures total digestible nutrients (energy) for the feed or forage. It should be emphasized that the required amounts of minerals and vitamins must also be met to maximize the absorption of protein by cattle. Once again, it goes back to knowing the nutrient concentrations of your forages and feeds. For your cattle to maximize their utilization of protein, the requirements for both protein and energy will have to be met. Next month, I will discuss meeting energy requirements of grazing cattle.

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Profit Through Genetic Progress ABS is committed to improving the efficiency and profitablity of your operation.

Circle A Angus Sire Alliance TOTAL PROFIT FEED EFFICIENCY ü Real World Data™ for real world profit ü Complete performance data from birth

to harvest including: • Calving Ease • Pre-weaning performance • Feedlot gain and intake • Carcass yield and quality ü Derived from large commercial contemporary groups ü The first modern beef selection index in 1996 and still the most comprehensive

ü The Feed Efficiency Index identifies the most profitable combinations of intake and gain

ü Backed by 19 years of individual progeny intake data

ü Feed efficiency genetics can account for as much as $40 value difference per calf

Jeremy Cox, Feeder Calf Marketing Specialist, Owner, Cox Cattle Company


“A decade ago, feedlots wanted to know the color of the cattle and if they had their shots. Today, feedlot managers demand health verification and are asking about the specific sires of the calves they are buying. They are willing to pay a premium for superior ABS genetics with documented feed efficiency and profitability.”

ü This index looks at lifetime value differences of a bull’s daughters

ü Includes Milk, Heifer Pregnancy and Cow

Stayability data in addition to performance, efficiency and carcass merit ü An excellent guide to balancing all economically important traits if you are retaining heifers

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7th Annual Black Angus 7th Annual Black Angus &SimAngus SimAngus 7th Annual Black Angus &&SimAngus

pring F emale CCattle attle ale pringF Female emaleC attleSS Sale ale SSSpring Selling Selling Selling

Saturday, Saturday, Saturday,

May 2017 May 2017 May 6,6,6, 2017

70+ Registered Registered 70+70+ Registered Angus Females, Angus Females, Angus Females, 15Registered Registered 15 15 Registered SimAngus Females, SimAngus Females, SimAngus Females, and andand 50+ Commercial 50+50+ Commercial Commercial Bred Heifers Bred Heifers Bred Heifers

Noon Noon Noon

the Farm onon the Farm on the Farm

Vernon, Alabama Vernon, Alabama Vernon, Alabama Please visit our website for updated sale information Please visit our website forfor updated sale information Please visit our website updated sale information and videos at and videos at at and videos


This sale broadcast theinternet. internet. ThisThis sale will bewill broadcast live live onlive the internet. sale will bebe broadcast onon the

Real time bidding & proxy bidding available. DVAuctionReal time bidding & proxy bidding available. DVAuction Real time bidding & proxy bidding available. DVAuction today! today! today! • L#5233 Carroll Cannon, Auctioneer • L#5233 Carroll T. Cannon, Auctioneer • L#5233 Carroll T.T. Cannon, Auctioneer

Broadcasting Real-Time Auctions Broadcasting Real-Time Auctions Broadcasting Real-Time Auctions

15185 County Road Vernon, AL 35592 205/695-6314 • Vernon, • 205/695-6314 15185 County Road 49 AL AL 35592 •49 • 205/695-6314 15185 County Road 49 Vernon, 35592 BILL & CAROL FREEMAN, Owners KYLE BAKER, Manager BILL & CAROL FREEMAN, Owners KYLE BAKER, Manager BILL & CAROL FREEMAN, Owners KYLE BAKER, Manager 205/712-0671 205/270-8299 (cell) 205/712-0671 (cell) 205/270-8299 (cell) 205/712-0671 (cell)(cell) 205/270-8299 (cell)

Register at at at Register 402/316-5460Register 402/316-5460 402/316-5460

229/881-0721 229/881-0721 229/881-0721

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Watch for our consignments to the following sales: CKAA SPRING KENTUCKY ANGUSSALE SWEEPSTAKES 15, 2017 April 16, 2016 1 PM February 20, 2016 CKAA Sale Pavilion - Danville, KY Ky Expo Center - Louisville, Kentucky 83 Spring Yearling Bulls 2 CKAA Spring Yearling Heifers SPRING SALE

April 16, 2016 Danville, Kentucky SALE GMAA SPRING April 23, 2016 1 PM 22, 2017 SPRING GREAT MEADOWS SALE Heritage Farm - Shelbyville, KY AprilYearling 23, 2016Bulls 18 Spring 7- 16 to 18 Month Old Bulls Heritage8Farm Kentucky SpringShelbyville, Yearling Heifers 11 Spring Yearling 5 Fall Pairs Bulls 26 Yearling Bulls 10 Spring Yearling Heifers 10 Spring Pairs

12 Yearling Heifers st Friday April April 22 21nd ·· 5-9PM Friday 5-9PM 12 Cow/Calf Pairs

Entertainment, food, First Year Breeding Season – 100% Guarantee and refreshments All Heritage Bulls will be covered 100% if they are not able to complete the first sale cattle preview. breeding season due to injury, infertility or the development of a physical impairment. The breeding season is defined as the 90 day period following the rd Saturday April 22 23nd turnout of the bull. 100% of the purchase price less the salvage value will be sale cattle 9AMto- the Inspection credited to a replacement if available or returned buyer. Allofclaims must be diagnosed by a veterinarian. 11AM - Complimentary lunch

Heritage Farm’s Junior Incentive 1PMProgram - Sale begins

“Outta the Blue” - This Bluegrass family band from

The Heritage Farm Junior Incentive Program rewards junior exhibitors who Knoxville, TN will perform Friday evening. purchase Heritage heifers and show them successfully at county, district and First Breeding Season – 100% Guarantee state levels. TheYear rewards are as follows: All Heritage Bulls will be covered 100% if they are not able to complete the first Reserve Grand breeding season dueShows to injury, infertility or the development County $300 $150 of a physical impairment. The breeding day period following the District Showsseason is defined $500 as the 90 $250 turnout of the(including bull. 100% of the purchase price less the salvage value will be CKAA Jr. Show) credited to a State replacement if available or returned to the buyer. All claims must $1000 $500 Fair Jr. Shows be diagnosed by a veterinarian. * All heifers guaranteed breeders!

Heritage Farm

1024 Hinkle Lane ~ Shelbyville, Kentucky 502.633.5100 (office) • 502.655.0164 (mobile) Tom McGinnis ~ Tyler McGinnis ~ Elias Hernandez ~ Jim Jasper 56


11 Things People Believe About Bees that Aren’t True

BY WILL CHANEY SENIOR RESEARCH ASSOCIATE 1 aising bees can be an extremely rewarding agricultural enterprise. Interest in beekeeping has increased drastically throughout much of the United States. Several factors have contributed to this increase such as the desire to produce backyard honey, provide pollinator sources and gain an extra source of income. When I have initial conversations with potential beekeepers, many of the questions I’m asked are grounded in myths that have existed for generations. Unfortunately, these myths have stopped many individuals from becoming involved in beekeeping. While bees are one of the most beneficial agricultural insects, the following myths make bees one of the most feared and misunderstood insects. Don’t let myths stop you from learning about bees.



Not all bees can sting. For example, male bees cannot sting. The stinger, or sting, is a modified egg-laying device. Therefore, only females have them. However, despite having a stinger, the females of many bee species actually cannot sting. Bees tend to sting to defend their nest, so most bees won’t sting unless they are provoked or feel threatened.


Honey bee workers can sting other insects repeatedly. However, barbs in their stingers get caught in the skin of the animals they sting, especially mammals with thick skin such as humans. Removing the stinger is fatal to the bee, so it dies afterward.


Although wasps belong to the same order of insects, they are not bees.

Bees are vegetarians, collecting pollen and nectar for their young. Wasps are carnivores. Some species can be very aggressive, especially if you disturb their nests. Bees are usually nonaggressive. The exception is Africanized bees, a species not commonly found in the United States.


Do not try this. Water will not affect a bee nest. Likely, you’ll just irritate the bees inside and increase your chance of getting stung.


Less than 5 percent of bee species make honey. Only honey bees and stingless bees produce enough honey to make it worth harvesting. Bumble bee hives may have a small amount, about one to two teaspoons. Bumble bees are annual, not perennial. They don’t need to produce a lot of honey to survive the winter.


Honey bee, bumble bee and stingless worker bees (females) work very hard. However, many males don’t do any work in the nest. Females of the solitary bee species may only work for a couple weeks.


Solitary bees live only a few weeks, just long enough to mate, build nests and produce offspring. Honey and bumble bee workers and males live about six weeks. The workers spend half their time working on the hive and the other half foraging for pollen and nectar. The queens live longer. Bumble bee queens live up to one year, and honey bee queens

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Quintin Smith Family/Craigmore/Lanning and Guests Angus Sale H







A long-believed myth about bees is that they do not sting at night, which in fact is incorrect. Bees will sting at any time for protection.





can live up to four years.



Quintin & Vicki Smith 5171 Cainsville Road Lebanon, TN 37090 (615) 444-8701 H (615) 207-0830 C

Sunday • April

23, 2017 • 1 p.m.

At the Horn Springs Sale Facility • 2135 Lebanon Road • Lebanon, TN

More than 150 Head Sell 125 Females • 25 Bulls • Embryos

Featuring the Progeny of These Famous Females The 2015 ROV Reserve Cow of the Year named the Reserve Grand Champion Cow in 2014 at the North American International, American Royal, Atlantic National, All-American Junior Show and Tennessee State Fair.


Only social bees live in hives. Ten percent of bee species are social, and only a small percentage of them build hives. Most bees are solitary, living in individual nests tunneled in the soil or tree trunks.


Though bees are pollinators, they will build nests miles away from flowers and other plants they pollinate. Whether or not you have flowers in your yard makes no difference if a bee scout spots a good place to create nest.

QVS GEORGINA 4142 The 2013 ROV Cow of the Year and 2013 ROV Dam of the Year who reigned as the 2012 North American International Grand Champion Cow/Calf.

QVS BK GEORGINA 293 The 2016 All-American Junior Show Grand Champion Cow/Calf, named Reserve Grand Champion Cow/Calf of the 2016 All-American, 2016 Tennessee State Fair and 2016 West Virginia State Fair.

JKS Miss Cheyenne 2267 The 2012 ROV Cow of the Year who reigned as the 2011 North American International Grand Champion Cow/Calf Pair.


If you seal up the entrance to a bee nest, you risk angering them. They may burrow into unwanted places such as the interior of your house. Bees have been known to tunnel through wood and drywall. Your best bet to is to contact your local bee professionals.


A bee colony consists of 20,000 to 60,000 honey bees and one queen. Worker honey bees are female; they live for about six weeks and do all the work. The queen bee can live up to five years; her role is to fill the hive with eggs.

JKS Miss Cheyenne 4209 The 2011 ROV Cow of the Year who reigned as the 2010 North American International Grand Champion Cow/Calf Pair.

QVS Georgina 2031 The 2014 ROV Reserve Cow of the Year named the 2013 All-American Grand Champion Cow/Calf Pair and Grand Champion Udder award winner named the 2013 American Royal Reserve Grand Champion Cow/Calf Pair. Auctioneer: Mike Jones, TN Lic# 1807

CQS Lady Betty 3207

For your free reference sale booklet, contact anyone in the office of the Sale Managers, TOM BURKE/KURT SCHAFF/JEREMY HAAG, AMERICAN ANGUS HALL OF FAME at the WORLD ANGUS HEADQUARTERS, Box 660, Smithville, MO 64089-0660. Phone (816) 532-0811. Fax (816) 532-0851. E-mail: •

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Fly Control for Cattle on Pasture s we transition into spring and before livestock producers turn cattle in to summer pastures, selecting this year’s fly control program should be considered. A thought to consider, did your fly control program work last year? If it did not, now is the time to consider a different method. There are many fly control options and strategies available to Nebraska livestock producers to help manage the three fly species that economically impact grazing cattle; the horn fly, face fly and stable fly.

are usually found on the backs, sides and poll area of cattle. During a warm summer afternoon they can be found on the belly region of cattle. Horn flies, both male and females flies, acquire more than 30 blood meals per day (Figure 1 ymm7). After mating the female fly will leave the animal to deposit eggs in fresh cattle manure. Eggs hatch within one week, and larvae feed and mature in the manure, pupating in the soil beneath the manure pat. Newly emerged horn flies can travel several miles searching for a host. The entire life cycle can be completed in 10 to 20 days depending upon the weather.

Horn Flies

Economic losses



Horn flies are small in size, approximately 3/16” in length and

Economic losses associated with horn flies are estimated at more

GERBER RIGHT KIND SALE Tuesday April 11, 2017 6PM EDST At the farm 5 mi. south on State Road 227 Richmond, Indiana

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than $1 billion dollars annually in the United States. Horn fly feeding causes irritation, blood loss, decreased grazing efficacy, reduced weight gains, and diminished milk production in mother cows. Additionally, horn flies have been implicated in the spread of summer mastitis. Studies conducted in the U.S. and Canada have shown that horn flies can cause weight gain loss in cattle, and calf weaning weights can be negatively impacted f rom 4 – 15 percent. Studies conducted in Nebraska have established calf weaning weights were 10-20 pounds higher when horn flies were controlled on mother cows. The economic injury level (EIL) for horn flies is 200 flies per animal. Yearling cattle can also be affected by the horn fly; other studies have shown yearling weights can be reduced by as much as

18 percent.

Control methods

There are many insecticide control methods available to manage horn fly numbers; backrubbers, dust bags, insecticidal ear tags and strips, pourons, oral larvicides, low pressure sprayers, mist blower sprayers, and the Vet Gun™. Backrubbers and dust bags are an effective way to reduce horn fly numbers if cattle are forced to use them. Insecticide ear tags and strips are a convenient method of horn fly control. However, many horn fly populations in Nebraska exhibit a degree resistance to the pyrethroid class of insecticides. The recommended management

J & D KERSTIENS GELBVIEH AUCTION VIEWING: MARCH 31, 2017 12 P.M. -4 P.M. AUCTION DAY: APRIL 1, 2017 Will Lunch at vided VIEWING AT 9 A.M. Be Pro April 1 on 12 p.m. AUCTION STARTS AT 1 P.M. LOCATION: J&D Kerstiens Gelbvieh - Jerome Kerstiens Farm Manager: Duane Cassidy 812-661-8005 3928 Old Huntingburg Rd. Huntingburg, IN 47546 8 miles north of I-64 on St Rd 231

30+ Gelbvieh/Angus Balancer Bulls Breeding Soundness Evaluation, BVD, Semen & Trich Tested

Born in: Fall of 2015

Call, email, text or write for a catalog 5324 State Road 227 South, Richmond, IN 47374 765-220-1070 58

Cont’d on pg. 2

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

**All Bulls Base Bid: $1800

Woodford Feed Company Mineral & Animal Health Workshop sponsored by

Thursday, April 6th Meeting at 3 p.m. Dinner at 5:30 p.m. EARLY CONSIGNMENTS INCLUDE



Held at HB Farms 1225 E Leestown Rd. Midway, KY 40347

RSVP by April 1st by calling Woodford Feed Company at 859-873-4811

Door Prizes!

Arnett’s Trailer Sales Dealer of Livestock, Flatbed & Custom Built Trailers

Stoll-Trailers • Corn Pro • Sure Pull • Homesteader

View Catalog online at : Auctioneer COL JOHN SPIKER

Ohio Valley

Limousin Association

Sale Consultant BILL HELTON 256-962-0256

For Catalog or Information Sale Chairman

Limousin Today Rep COREY WILKINS 256-590-2487



Arnett’s Trailer Sales

Bobby Arnett, Owner 7401 Indian Mound Drive • Mt. Sterling, KY 40353 (859) 499-3700 Office • (859) 499-3701 Fax Mobile (859) 497-1132 • Toll Free 886-676-3857

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



PLC, NCBA Applaud Senate Push for Transparency of Judgment Fund


he Public Lands Council and the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association applaud the introduction of the Judgment Fund Transparency Act, introduced today in the U.S. Senate. The bill, introduced by Senators Cory Gardner

(R-Colo.) and Deb Fischer (R-Neb.), and co-sponsored by Senate Judiciary Chairman Chuck Grassley (R-IA) and Senator Mike Crapo (R-ID), seeks to provide increased oversight and transparency of the Treasury Department Judgment Fund.

P U R E B R E D S IM M E N T A L • P U R E B R E D A N G U S • S IM /A N G U S

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Jennye Logsdon • 270-537-3259 • 2318 South Jackson Hwy • Horse Cave, KY 42749

We strive to provide our customers with a superior product with personal attention to innovation, professionalism, and integrity.


The fund was established in 1956 and is used to pay court judgments and settlements in cases brought against the federal government, if those costs are not otherwise covered by appropriated agency budgets. Currently, the Treasury has no reporting requirements or accountability to Congress or taxpayers. “The livestock industry fully supports Sens. Gardner’s and Fischer’s introduction of the Judgment Fund Transparency Act, a good-governance transparency bill which will serve as a major step forward in the effort to track currently unaccounted-for tax dollars being used to put our producers out of business,” said PLC and NCBA Federal Lands Executive Director Ethan Lane. The legislation would require the Treasury to issue a public report describing funds allocated, a brief

description of facts surrounding the agency request and an identification of the recipient of those funds. The legislation targets abuse of the fund by groups that consistently challenge the federal government in court and receive reimbursement. Lane asserted the bill would have a significant impact on the pervasive anti-agriculture lawsuits facing the government and livestock producers. “In order to defend their homes and businesses, our members often end up paying out-of -pocket for personal attorneys at the same time that their tax dollars are being funneled to activist groups that have mastered the art of manipulating these programs,” he said. “This legislation will help make government more accountable.”

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

USED GUARDRAIL FOR SALE Available in 13.5’ and 26’ Lengths

Great for Feed Lots and Containment Areas!

6’ & 8’ Galvanized Steel I Beam Posts “The Best Posts for the Best Corrals!”

Call for Pricing. Neat Steel 606-787-7600

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Stop by for Us a tour of our facility Give A Call Today ~ Visitors(606) Always Welcome! 365-2654

Ÿ Complete Embryo Transfer and IVF Services ŸŸ Semen Semen Collection Collection (CSS Semen Semen Available) Available) (CSS Ÿ Artificial Insemination (AI) Ÿ And Reproductive Ultrasound Pregnancy Checks ŸŸ Carcass Carcass Ultrasound Ultrasound (UGC/CUP (UGC/CUP Lab Lab Certifi Certifi fied) ed)

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Minerich Land & Cattle is offering an outstanding set of Limousin-cross and Lim-Flex females, in groups, to suit the most discriminating cattlemen. All females are bred for fall calves. The heifers are AI-bred to tremendous calving-ease imousin bulls, then cleaned up with calving-ease Lim-Flex bulls. Mature females from 3-year-olds to 8-year-olds all sell bred to Minerich herd bulls. If you’re looking for a strong group of Limousin and Lim-Flex females—this is a buyer’s opportunity. Selling only in groups of 10 or more.

LFLC Bank Account Contact Bob Minerich or Mark Smith if you’re interested in fall-calving females with a solid Limousin influence. TB-Free Herd

COLE Cadillac 05C

Bob & Gwen Minerich, Owners (859) 582-6888, Bob-cell 2003 Barnes Mill Road • Richmond, KY 40475 Office: (859) 328-7118 • Fax: (859) 328-7120 • Mark Smith, Herd Consultant (515) 229-5227

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association





good set of financial records are a must when considering economic decisions in your operation. Understanding how to pull the needed data out of those records and interpreting them is key to providing you with the information that can be used to make your decisions. The five areas of financial performance outlined in the February 2017 Ag News and Views article, “Three Financial Records to Help You Make Better Decisions,” have ratios or calculations that can be used to benchmark the operation. While there are more than one or two indicators for each performance area,

this article will only show the ones we use most in our evaluations at the Noble Foundation.

Assets ÷ Total Current Liabilities


Measuring for solvency can be achieved by looking at the debt-toasset ratio. This ratio can tell you how much of the operation is owned by the operator. This is something lenders consider when evaluating the level of risk they would be taking on when issuing a loan. A good midpoint for this ratio is to have a total debt of half of the total assets, or a ratio of 0.5. A good goal is to have a debt-to-asset ratio of 0.3 or less. Debt-to-Asset Ratio = Total Operation Debt ÷ Total Operation Assets


The most common measurement for liquidity is a current ratio. Current assets are things that are cash or are expected to be sold within a year’s time. This could include the cash you currently have or crops and livestock you expect to sell. Current liabilities are the debt payments upcoming within the next year. A good current ratio to strive for is 2.0. This shows you have twice as many current assets as you do current liabilities. As this ratio moves closer to 1.0, the ability to pay outstanding debts becomes more strained. Current Ratio = Total Current

Cont’d on pg.

COLLINS FARMS 100 Home-Raised Angus Bred Heifers Bred to Elation and sons of Capitalist, Prophet and Confidence Ultrasound Pregnancy Checked • Many with sexed Embryos Complete Herd Health Program • GeneMAX Advantage tested for last five years

Open House Sale at the Farm Saturday

April 29

Noon (central)

Our heifers produce steers like these

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Our 26th Year offering our Heifers! Very happy to have them go to work in all corners of the Southeast. 62

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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Select group of yearling bulls for sale

E q u i p ment C onsi g nment A u c ti on Satu rd ay , A p ri l 8 , 2 0 1 7 9 : 0 0 A .M .

L oc ated : C h u c k M arsh al l A u c ti on C o. Fac i l i ty , 4 5 6 5 M ay sv i l l e R d . , Fl emi ng sb u rg , K y . , th ree ( 3 ) mi l es north of Fl emi ng sb u rg , K y . ( H w y 1 1 , M ay sv i l l e R d . ) . N i ne ( 9 ) mi l es sou th of M ay sv i l l e, K y . T R A C T O R S- C O N V E H IC FA R M E Q U I P M & E


R U C S- T T -M T E



T o c onsi g n, c al l C h u c k 6 0 6 - 7 8 2 - 0 3 7 4 or P h i l i p 6 0 6 - 7 8 2 - 2 5 9 2 N ote: W e w ill receiv e consignments starting M ond ay, A p ril 3rd throu gh Frid ay, A p ril 7th. 8:00 a. m. - 5:00 p . m. d aily. Deliv er you r items anytime d u ring these hou rs. N O c onsi g nments ac c ep ted sal e d ay . W e hav e tru cking av ailab le; contact P hilip @ ( 606) 782 -2 592 . C ommi ssi on rates: P rogressiv e rates at 10% u p to $ 1000 p er item, then 5% ov er $ 1000 p er item; $ 450 max imu m p er item; $ 10 minimu m p er item. $ 10 no sale fee p er item. 1% ad ministration fee on any p u rchase. C ash or good check d ay of sale. SE E P I C T U R E S O F C O N SI GN M E N T S @ w w w . au ctionz ip . com I D# 1198 or w w w . chu ckmarshall. com N O T E : A ll announc ements da y of sale take p reced ence ov er all ad v ertisements. N ot resp onsib le for accid ents, lost or da maged items. A ll items sell as is w here is w ith no gu arantee or w arranty actu al or imp lied . N ot resp onsib le for no show s. A u ction C omp any is not resp onsib le for p rice p rotection of any consigned item.

C h u c k M arsh al l , A u c ti oneer 6 0 6 - 7 8 2 - 0 3 7 4 or 6 0 6 - 8 4 5 - 5 0 1 0 Fl emi ng sb u rg , K Y - w w w . c h u c k marh al l . c om

Since 1988

3440 Ruddles Mills Road Paris, KY 40361 Contact: Candy Sullivan (859) 338-0170

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Cont’d o

pg. 2


Calculating profitability uses two different numbers. The first is the net farm income. The higher the net farm income, the larger the profitability of the operation. While this number is good for comparing an operation over time, a good net income for one operation could be terrible for another.



Net Farm Income = Gross Income (total income or revenue without anything taken out) – Cash Farm Expenses +/– Inventory Changes – Depreciation A rate of return-on-assets, or ROA, is used to show how well an operation’s assets create income. A ROA of 0.01 or less indicates the assets are not creating a desirable level of profit to the operation. A good ROA is considered to be 0.05 or greater. Return on Assets = (Net Farm Income + Farm Interest – Value of Unpaid Family Labor or Management) ÷ (Average of Beginning-of-the-Year Total Farm Assets and End-of-theYear Total Farm Assets)

Repayment Capacity



Repayment margin coverage ratio is a measurement for replacement capacity. This provides a measure of your operation’s ability to cover debt requirements. This is similar to solvency, however it takes into account off-farm income, living expenses and taxes. This number needs be greater than 1.0, but a number greater than 1.5 shows the operation has the ability to handle times of unfavorable markets. Replacement Ratio = (Net

Margin Coverage Farm Income +

Depreciation + Net Nonfarm Income – Family Living and Income Taxes + Interest Expense on Term Loans) ÷ (Scheduled Principal and Interest on Term Loans + Unfunded Capital Replacement Allowance)

Financial Efficiency

There are three different ratios that can help you evaluate financial efficiency. An asset-turnover ratio shows how the assets of the operation are creating value. Asset-Turnover Ratio = Value of Farm Production ÷ Average Farm Assets An interest-expense ratio shows how much of the operation’s gross income is going to interest. Ideally, this number should be less than 0.1. Interest-Expense Ratio = Amount Spent on Interest ÷ Gross Income Last is the net farm income ratio, which lets you see how much of the operation’s income is being retained by the operation. A ratio of 0.2 or greater indicates a strong net farm income ratio. Net Farm Income Ratio = Net Farm Income ÷ Gross Farm Income While these ratios are good indicators, they are only that – indicators. The levels mentioned above are starting points to work with. Each operation is different and will have different needs. An operation might have a low current ratio, but what isn’t shown in that number is the operation has a more steady cash flow, like a dairy or poultry operation. An operation that is just getting started would be expected to have a much higher level of debt than an operation that has been going for the last 40 years. By looking at the information provided by your financial records, you can better plan for the future of your operation.

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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Quarles Praises Legislature’s Approval of Industrial Hemp Bill FRANKFORT (MARCH 7, 2017)


griculture Commissioner Ryan Quarles today celebrated the passage in the Kentucky House of Representatives of landmark legislation that aligns Kentucky’s industrial hemp research pilot program with the federal Farm Bill and adds important law enforcement provisions. Senate Bill 218 now goes to Governor Matt Bevin for his signature. Senate Bill 218 bolsters the Kentucky Department of Agriculture’s (KDA’s) rapidly expanding industrial hemp program. The bill also gives KDA important tools to enforce program rules. “This bill is the product of six months of close collaboration and consensusbuilding with the Kentucky State Police and the University of Kentucky College

of Agriculture, Food and Environment,” Commissioner Quarles said. “I want to thank the members of the General Assembly for passing this legislation that will help Kentucky’s industrial hemp industry move forward.” Quarles added that the bill revises the legal framework that the General Assembly enacted in 2013, known as Senate Bill 50, to more fully align Kentucky law with the 2014 Farm Bill, which authorized state-level research pilot programs. It also charges UK’s Regulatory Services laboratory with responsibility for THC testing. The bill contains several important law enforcement safeguards. It requires applicants to submit global positioning coordinates for those fields or greenhouses that will be used to grow hemp, provide written prior consent for law enforcement to enter premises

where hemp is located, and submit to an annual criminal background check. Commissioner Quarles emphasized that the KDA is committed to working in close cooperation with law enforcement agencies across the Commonwealth. In January, the KDA approved 209 applications from growers to cultivate up to 12,800 acres of industrial hemp for research purposes in 2017, nearly triple the number of acres that were approved for the previous year and the largest state industrial hemp research project program in the nation. (Participants planted more than 2,350 acres of hemp in 2016, 922 acres in 2015 and 33 acres in 2014, the first year of the program.) The department also approved more than 525,000 square feet of greenhouse space for indoor growers and 11 new applications from processors (in addition

to 29 previously approved multi-year processor applications that were not required to reapply). For the first time in program history, the KDA is offering 2017 program applicants who were initially unsuccessful an opportunity to make their case to a three-person administrative appeals panel. Senate Bill 218 codifies this appeals process in law and allows the panel to hear arguments from program participants facing the revocation or suspension of their enrollment in the program. The KDA operates its program under the authority of a provision of the 2014 federal Farm Bill, 7 U.S.C. § 5940, that permits industrial hemp pilot programs by state departments of agriculture or universities in states where hemp production is permitted by state law.



Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Great Meadows Angus Association Sale 34th Annual Sale April 22, 2017 Heritage Farm • Shelbyville, KY


LOT # 52B 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157

TAT. # J284 5104 580 5109 46 48 03 581 609 626 605 632 641 619 616 613 629 649 624 618 635 640 5051 55820 52039 1567 1566 305 307 516 522 C23 C18 C011 61C 154 156 153 589 583 746 749 J286 9505 3915 3615 3515 874 1502 3615 4015 2615 4715 004 005 88 86 79 508 C43 D07 D39 D18 D003 D01 D05 D09 85 615 1606 671 674 673 606 629 6084 6071

REGIS # 18339407 18387097 18216981 18303488 18371463 18365487 18377827 18245188 18422173 18422171 18421891 18435616 18529855 18724806 18421618 18421617 18421620 18529863 18427082 18422095 18435533 18550155 18503510 18503529 18501215 18501458 18494122 18618540 18618551 18355954 18356004 18454831 18454834 18509294 18424507 18494689 18494691 18494688 18338347 18332397 18511066 18511065 18339410 18618552 18467023 18467021 18577737 18312212 18445112 18459707 18451224 18411451 18459635 18286420 18286422 18554197 18554195 18459198 18703878 18423729 18430237 18431192 18431170 18564135 18564134 18564138 18564142 18554194 18708434 18565805 18503676 18503677 18507603 18421615 18425080 18414995 18443488

D.O.B. 9/10/2015 10/27/2015 9/17/2015 11/8/2015 9/5/2015 11/4/2015 11/19/2015 9/18/2015 3/9/2016 3/17/2016 3/8/2016 3/27/2016 4/15/2016 3/13/2016 3/12/2016 3/12/206 3/21/2016 5/18/2016 3/13/2016 3/13/2016 4/3/2016 4/14/2016 08/28/15 9/2/2015 8/30/2015 11/16/2015 11/28/2015 12/10/2015 11/10/2015 8/26/2015 9/30/2015 9/25/2015 10/18/2015 3/21/2016 9/4/2015 9/15/2015 9/18/2015 9/9/2015 8/28/2015 08/10/16 8/7/2015 8/13/2015 10/4/2015 12/15/2015 08/30/15 8/8/2015 8/4/2015 09/22/15 9/16/2015 9/13/2015 8/29/2015 08/30/15 9/5/2015 8/16/2015 9/14/2015 10/18/2015 10/16/15 10/15/2015 9/28/2015 12/27/2015 1/16/2016 3/20/2016 2/3/2016 2/3/2016 1/29/2016 2/10/2016 3/15/2016 01/04/16 02/04/16 1/2/2016 2/8/2016 5/2/2016 4/11/2016 3/9/2016 3/24/2016 3/4/2016 2/22/2016

S E L L I N G 7 8 A N GU S B U L L S


BW 0.9 1.2 -0.2 -0.7 -1.3 1.1 3.4 0.4 0.8 1.2 1.0 0.9 1.7 2.4 1.5 1.7 1.7 1.0 -0.4 4.1 -0.7 3.5 0.9 1.6 -0.3 1.0 1.2 2.7 3.5 3.2 2.4 1.5 0.5 -0.3 3.5 1.4 0.3 1.4 1.2 -0.6 0.9 0.2 1.2 0.8 -1.1 3.2 5.7 1.0 2.1 -0.1 2.0 3.1 3.2 0.3 1.8 3.1 0.8 1.9 -1.3 1.9 -1.6 2.0 2.8 1.4 1.2 2.3 0.7 2.2 0.7 -0.5 -1.4 0.1 -1.7 1.5 1.2

WW 61 51 58 43 50 54 57 47 57 63 65 50 60 65 56 68 62 62 53 64 57 51 55 50 46 56 54 64 57 60 53 49 56 51 68 50 44 59 57 53 48 45 57 45 36 42 50 57 52 45 51 54 67 52 52 64 53 54 49 68 50 53 67 53 60 50 49 57 60 59 61 63 46 56 55

YW 98 98 102 84 77 91 102 83 98 107 115 92 109 112 108 118 103 120 95 106 100 84 95 89 84 104 86 110 105 108 92 88 98 92 112 92 84 104 98 90 87 79 103 80 63 82 83 96 92 84 89 102 122 90 93 113 98 102 86 125 90 91 116 95 101 87 87 101 104 106 117 107 82 106 97

S e e fu ll s a le d e ta ils o n p g . 3

CEM MILK MARB RE FAT $W $F $G $B 8 19 52.33 52.36 11 25 0.93 0.62 -0.048 47.60 52.18 153.72 12 28 0.96 0.66 -0.032 58.51 55.28 48.81 153.97 11 36 0.68 0.53 -0.014 47.58 39.58 41.23 124.49 15 23 0.63 1.14 0.037 52.68 22.38 42.66 110.75 11 19 0.94 0.86 0.025 44.84 44.53 48.90 121.64 5 17 1.10 0.87 0.031 36.82 66.29 49.00 159.10 13 26 0.90 0.57 0.022 45.67 35.01 46.66 97.74 13 21 0.71 0.96 0.014 48.68 55.22 43.42 137.40 10 30 0.92 1.08 0.014 63.48 61.50 53.20 135.91 10 28 0.82 0.75 0.028 61.80 72.01 37.02 162.43 10 23 0.94 1.03 0.024 43.75 48.13 46.35 161.45 10 26 0.87 0.71 0.060 53.37 67.03 33.70 157.29 7 29 57.48 75.71 8 27 1.05 0.78 -0.005 49.37 69.72 47.92 169.15 10 26 0.76 0.48 0.042 62.95 80.47 32.09 148.28 6 41 0.58 1.02 0.001 71.03 66.88 40.52 147.65 12 28 0.65 0.69 0.028 53.35 75.82 33.77 139.70 13 27 0.51 0.85 0.003 51.15 52.55 37.92 119.23 7 28 0.50 0.85 -0.040 55.60 68.94 37.83 159.77 12 28 0.74 0.36 0.082 66.96 56.72 29.45 103.88 9 23 0.36 0.73 0.055 43.43 36.30 26.62 89.97 12 24 49.48 51.12 9 30 0.42 0.70 0.094 56.76 44.31 21.73 100.52 10 27 45.10 37.49 9 32 1.05 0.55 -0.085 58.58 67.97 53.20 172.50 10 30 0.72 0.88 -0.530 63.55 41.27 46.13 168.07 11 64 0.94 0.69 0.047 66.75 67.85 42.30 133.83 10 32 0.87 0.68 0.018 50.64 63.75 40.87 156.05 0 23 0.61 0.95 0.037 56.59 69.33 35.37 150.57 8 27 0.59 0.44 0.015 50.56 69.34 35.37 110.93 23 0.72 0.49 0.028 40.98 42.60 37.15 122.50 10 23 0.82 0.18 0.056 49.19 55.94 30.51 122.70 12 24 0.60 0.62 0.044 57.65 50.00 32.63 125.52 9 20 0.71 0.73 0.053 58.83 68.24 37.41 118.59 8 33 50.08 49.17 11 28 41.95 38.89 11 28 54.36 64.95 13 31 0.92 0.43 0.051 56.90 55.22 37.07 134.42 14 25 0.32 1.08 0.155 63.39 46.59 14.37 86.19 9 25 43.20 41.50 10 26 44.10 29.29 10 28 52.07 64.53 8 27 0.38 0.74 0.042 46.77 31.42 27.24 107.99 10 26 0.41 -0.06 0.002 38.91 11.05 27.15 60.63 12 16 19.26 36.69 3 28 0.37 0.21 0.022 36.33 40.79 22.04 110.52 9 26 0.96 0.20 0.054 57.21 49.79 35.67 116.73 9 25 0.35 0.84 0.113 52.75 49.52 13.88 123.17 11 27 0.54 0.73 0.081 43.24 38.19 34.66 86.21 9 30 0.68 0.87 0.066 48.72 43.01 35.35 129.68 9 22 0.67 0.43 0.020 36.34 64.84 41.09 120.54 4 32 0.62 0.16 -0.010 61.09 84.31 27.63 154.09 9 28 0.87 0.65 -0.010 55.04 51.73 47.94 132.06 8 28 0.88 0.68 -0.002 50.12 56.73 47.29 137.26 0 32 55.58 78.36 11 21 0.67 0.45 -0.044 50.27 62.66 42.23 137.85 9 23 1.23 0.87 0.009 42.67 67.54 52.56 169.35 15 24 1.15 0.87 0.036 53.04 42.40 52.80 120.20 6 38 0.66 1.24 0.063 84.36 102.60 39.51 149.39 15 19 42.73 45.53 9 17 0.51 0.54 -0.033 38.42 45.23 37.49 121.61 10 22 50.84 81.90 7 30 0.61 0.54 -0.010 50.82 52.55 403.10 109.99 11 28 -57.59 58.62 10 27 0.66 0.94 0.015 52.11 39.99 44.38 104.36 11 33 1.10 0.99 -0.062 58.82 44.43 58.38 162.66 11 30 0.76 0.81 -0.017 55.56 65.13 46.46 140.38 10 26 0.44 0.91 -0.027 58.51 67.16 34.81 158.40 11 23 0.68 0.53 -0.009 55.50 74.23 40.37 136.52 12 28 0.99 0.59 0.018 69.73 79.83 42.18 157.79 13 33 0.85 0.48 -0.020 77.81 67.35 47.46 113.50 14 31 0.24 0.66 -0.120 64.65 40.36 23.91 130.00 11 29 0.74 0.77 0.052 60.97 77.13 33.02 167.24 10 27 0.71 0.68 0.009 52.69 55.51 44.82 132.44

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



The 3 Ds Strategy to Market U.S. Beef Worldwide


hen the U.S. Meat Export Federation (USMEF), contractor to the beef checkoff, is making plans to increase the movement of U.S. beef into export markets, they keep a “3-D” strategy in mind: 1) Develop, 2) Displace and 3) Defend. That is, Develop new markets and new sectors in existing markets, Displace the competition, and Defend the U.S. market share against aggressive competition by other beef exporters worldwide.

Developing New Beef Markets – A Case Study

Developing a new market for U.S. beef is not an overnight endeavor. Consider Central America: The region is home to many countries at various stages of development, yet the initial strategy in each country is to bring buyers and sellers together. Your beef

checkoff is supporting this effort through the annual Latin American Buyer Showcase, which brings hundreds of buyers and sellers together. Once those initial relationships have been established the growing pool of loyal beef users makes the product visible to other players, especially among those in the hotel, restaurant and institutional (HRI) sectors, and the impetus for them to also purchase U.S. beef grows stronger. Initially, many accounts in these target markets have been conservative with their U.S. beef orders. However, through educational seminars and workshops on alternative beef cuts, importers began diversifying their U.S. beef portfolios, adding brisket, top blade, flap steak and sirloin. Some importers have also begun to explore further opportunities with U.S. beef at retail – through both traditional and online purveyors.

Displacing the Competition – A Case Study

Multiyear efforts funded by the checkoff have been effective in replacing Australian beef in the meat cases of key retail chains in the country in South Korea. There, Costco store managers were provided with information about increasing consumer confidence in the safety of U.S. beef, along with consumer perception of the product’s quality. Because of these efforts, 15 Costco warehouses are converting from imported chilled beef from Australia to 100 percent U.S. product! With the increasing number of U.S. beef end-users in the market, as well as growth in consumer confidence in the product (now at 54 percent), Korea’s imports of U.S. beef will finally surpass imports of Australian beef. In 2016, U.S. beef exports to Korea jumped by 42

Quality Cover Est. 2007 Portable Shade

percent to nearly 395 million pounds, valued at $1.06 billion dollars – an increase of 31 percent from the previous year.

Defending Strong Markets for U.S. Beef – A Case Study

Despite the challenges of Mexico’s weak peso and higher U.S. prices, U.S. beef is performing well in Mexico. Checkoff-support efforts leveraged the increased supply of U.S. beef to win back customers in Mexico – especially by promoting economically priced alternative cuts such as rounds, which add quality and variety to menus and meat cases. Driving further growth, USMEF collaborated with partners in the Mexican market to tap into new market segments and channels with major importer, processor and retailer

859-351-2604 We sell covers to fit any brand.

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Hoop Barns Built to Last! 24’ to 140’ Wide Morristown, IN

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Paris, KY 68

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


accounts. For example, working with a new account, Grupo Bafar (a major importer and further processor that owns about 250 small convenience stores throughout Mexico), USMEF set up a joint promotion in 87 Carne Mart meat boutique stores located primarily in the Yucatan and Chihuahua regions. After promoting a product mix of nine different U.S. beef cuts, U.S. beef sales were up 37 percent in volume compared to the previous year.

Tools for the Three Ds

A variety of tools are used to develop new markets, displace competition and defend market share. These include building trade relationships and gathering intelligence about the market; working at world food trade shows to reinforce relationships and find new opportunities; building informed trade

teams that foster business relationships between buyers and sellers; providing seminars, training and promotions that encourage retailers and foodservice operators to add U.S. beef to their offerings and then expand those offerings; and communications efforts through traditional and online channels to reach targeted buyers and stimulate their purchases. Foreign marketing efforts are a vital part of “beefing up” beef consumption around the world. But, whether the marketing effort is down the street or on the opposite side of the globe, they all depend on the checkoff to serve as the catalyst that lights a fire under those marketing efforts. For more information about your checkoff investment, visit


FIRST PregCheck™ Fertility Rankings Chute-side Service

Large Herd Solutions Beau Ochsner 931.265.3093 © 2017 Genex Cooperative, Inc. All rights reserved.


Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Selling Semen, Bred Females, & Progeny by these & other HerdBuilder & GridMaster leaders at the 2017 Mountaineer Red Angus Classic April 8, 2017 • WVU Jackson’s Mill, WV


P707 X Revelation X Vacation X (Abigrace) Top 1% HB • Top 1% GM • Top 20% REA Top 2% Marb • Top 1% Stay • Top 24% Fertility (Leased by Select Sire)

PROFIT DRIVEN A7603 [Epic X P707 X Abigrace]

Top 1% HB • Top 5% GM • Top 1% HPG Top 1% Stay • Top 2% WW • Top 2% YW Top 3% Marb • Top 18% REA


[P707 X 5L Destination X B571] Top 1% HB • Top 6% GM • Top 34% CED Top 10% YW • Top 2% Stay Top 15% HPG • Top 5% Marb


[Mission Statement X Blue Moon X Abigrace] Top 4% HB • Top 1% GM • Top 5% BW Top 4% YW • Top 6% Marb • Top 1% REA sire of $100K leadoff bull in Brown spring sale


West Virginia Red Angus Association 1404 Kincheloe Road Jane Lew, WV 26378 (304)545-7677



Sale Manager: Dan & Alicia Stickel

Jane Lew, WV • (304)884-7993 RED ANGUS ASSOCIATION

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

T im Dieve rt 478 Dry Fork R d. • Danvi lle, K Y 40422

Black Gold Genetics n o i s i v i D y k c u t Ken Female Production Sale

plus 22 Angus Bulls - 10 Spring & 12 Fall!




C K A A SP R I N G SA L E C K A A Sale P avi lion, D anvi lle, K Y GR E A T M E A D O WS

April 29, 2017 • 12:30 p.m.

7980 Hanna Road • Crestwood, KY

Black Gold Rita 527

Black Gold Rita 5072


Contact Tim or Logan for assistance on any of these sales.

A T T EN T I O N CO W / CA L F P R O DU CER S aw ay from you r op eration



Sire: GAR Prophet • Dam: EXAR Rita 3463 Due 9-19-2017 to TEX Playbook 5437.

Sire: Plattemere Weigh Up K360 • Dam: GAR/DRMCTR Objective 9J86 Has a 3-1-17 heifer calf by Quaker Hill Rampage 0A36.

Black Gold Empire 588

Black Gold Ten X 585

D i e v e r t Sa l e s



Sire: AAR Ten X 7008 SA • Dam: Deer Valley Henrietta 2912

Sire: VAR Empire 3037 • Dam: EXAR Lucy 0905




Donald E Jones Jr., Owner 12251 E 625th Avenue PO Box 8638 • Robinson, IL 62454 Farm 618-544-7777 Travis Stewart, Managing Partner • 618-973-3310 Danny Lynn, General Manager • 573-721-6660 Kris Lynn Kentucky Division • 573-721-6663 Office 502-222-7403

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Cont’d o


practice to maintain horn fly control is to rotate insecticide classes. Animal sprays and pour-on products will provide 7-21 days of control and will need to be re-applied throughout the fly season. Oral larvicides prevent fly larvae from developing into adults. An important factor when using an oral larvicide is insuring steady consumption. An additional complicating issue using an oral larvicide is horn fly migration from neighboring untreated herds which can mask the effectiveness of an oral larvicide. The Vet Gun™ applies an individual capsule of insecticide to an animal and can provide control between 21 and 35 days.

Face Flies

Face fly adults closely resemble house flies except they are slightly larger and darker than the house fly. The face fly is a non-biting fly that feeds on animal secretions, nectar and dung liquids. The adult female face flies clustering around an animal’s eyes, mouth and muzzle, can cause extreme annoyance (Figure 2 Face flies will also feed on blood and other secretions around wounds caused by mechanical damage or other injury. Face flies are present throughout the summer but populations usually peak in late July and August. Face flies are most numerous along waterways, areas with abundant rainfall, canyon floors with trees and shaded vegetation, and on irrigated pastures.


Female face fly feeding causes damage to eye tissues, increases susceptibility to eye pathogens, and 72

if the proper moisture is present. The life cycle of the stable fly can take 14-24 days in Nebraska, depending on weather conditions. While the source of early season stable flies on pastured cattle it not well understood some probably develop from larvae overwintering locally. Other early season flies may be migrants from southern locations, but evidence is lacking. Nevertheless, we do know that stable flies can move at least 10 miles or more.

Economic losses

vector Moraxella bovis, the causal agent of pinkeye or infectious bovine keratoconjuctivitis. Pinkeye is a highly contagious inflammation of the cornea and conjunctiva of cattle. If coupled with the infectious bovine rhinotrachetis (IBR) virus, M. bovis can cause a much more severe inflammatory condition. Controlling face flies is essential in reducing most pinkeye problems.

Control methods

Achieving adequate face fly control can be difficult because of their habit of feeding around the face and the significant time they spend off the animal. Control is maximized when the cattle receive daily insecticide applications by either dust bags, oilers, sprays, or an insecticide impregnated ear tag/strip. Ear tags/strips should be applied at the label recommended rate. Both cows and calves must be treated if control is to be achieved. Pinkeye vaccines are available and should be considered if face flies and pinkeye have been a recurring problem. Currently, commercial and autogenous

pinkeye vaccines are available; please check with your local veterinarian about the use of these products in your area.

Stable Flies

Stable flies are serious pests of feedlots and dairies and of pasture cattle.

The stable fly is a blood feeder, mainly feeding on the front legs of cattle, staying on the animal long enough to complete a blood meal (Figure 3 y0of ). Their bites are very painful; cattle will often react by stomping their legs, bunching at pasture corners, or stand in water to avoid being bitten. The female stable fly deposits eggs in spoiled or fermenting organic matter mixed with animal manure, soil and moisture. The most common developing sites are in feedlots or dairy lots, usually around feed bunks, along the edges of feeding aprons, under fences, and along stacks of hay, alfalfa and straw. Grass clippings and poorly managed compost piles also may be stable fly developing sites. Winter hay feeding sites where hay rings are used can often be a source for larval development through the summer

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Stable flies cause similar weight gain losses to both pasture and confinement cattle. University of Nebraska research, recorded a reduction in average daily gain of 0.44 lbs. per head with animals which received no insecticide treatment compared to animals which received a treatment. The economic threshold of 5 flies per leg is often exceeded in Nebraska pastures.

Control methods

The only adult management option available for the control of stable flies on range cattle is use of animal sprays. Sprays can be applied using a low pressure sprayer or can be applied with a mist blower sprayer. Weekly applications of these products will be required to achieve reduction in fly numbers. Sanitation or clean-up of wasted feed at winter feeding sites may reduce localized fly development. If sanitation is not possible these sites may be treated with a larvicide (Neporex®). But, the application of either procedure may not totally reduce the economic impact of stable fly feeding.

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association


INFORCE™ 3 & ONE SHOT® BVD give you a lot of &s when it comes to calf immunization. It begins with intranasal INFORCE 3 & the rapid innate & active immunity it provides where IBR, BRSV & PI3 respiratory diseases start & continues with immune system priming against future exposure. Plus, when you administer ONE SHOT BVD subcutaneously, your calves receive superior Type 1 BVD & Type 2 BVD & Mannheimia haemolytica protection. Because when you start with a balanced immunization program, you help calves stay healthy & grow to their potential & prevent the spread of diseases & earn a better price at market & ... well, you get the picture. Learn more by contacting your local Zoetis representative or visiting

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Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

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Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


and Guests Production Sale Saturday •

April 22, 2017 • Noon

At the farm • Boaz, Alabama

Selling: 52 Angus Females

Tates Shane 8521 OP I1 His Service Sells

Selling Pairs, Bred Heifers, Bred Cows, 3-1s and Embryos Your Alabama Headquarters for SAV!

Jack Tate 5188 Horton Gap Road Boaz, AL 35956 (256) 572-4021 (Herd Est. 1977 – Member: AHIR®, BCIA since 1979)

Visitors Always Welcome! 76

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

T ir ed O f Ch ec k ing Cow s?

Allison Charolais Charolais B reed er S ince 1 9 6 2

Tighten Your 2 018 Spring Calv ing Season With Matchmaker MG A Cub es

B u l l s A v ai l ab l e

Bull calves out of HCR A and HCR SPIRIT 4007.


Bred for calving ease and growth Bulls for both purebred and commercial reeders John Allison, Owner 545 Eminence Road New Castle, KY 40050 502-220-3170

David Carter, Farm Manager 502-706-0075

Keeney’s Corner Cow experience helped me recognize winning genetic races was cows meet standards than any notOur beef improvement, buthigher is in actuality a burden beef producers must overcome. Theby primary difficulty in all this is that the yet conceived inexperienced bureaucrats... mainstream seems to believe in the trickle down theory, starting at the top and working backwards where going downhill is more profitable and easier for them. Qualified engineers know a house with a poor foundation will crumble, that the strength of anything is in the foundation. The foundation of the beef industry is the working cow herds and my cows have told me the trickle up theory would be better, beginning with a stronger foundation in harmony with nature. We just fed out a group of steers using our tru-line mating system that made 80% YG 2, 80% CH , gaining 3.5lbs per day, and leading when you wantwhen better cows, to mainstream the Iowa test in total profitability compared or40the bullsmaternal that make them, bulls give us call. Angus sires. Tru-X yearling willa be for sale at private treaty April 1, semen tested, slowly fed and sound footed, ready to breed cowsBull or heifers May 15, $1950 . Call Annual and Heifer Sale April 6, early, 2013 we have standing volume orders from Montana, Arkansas, and Missouri.

K eeney A ng u s Keeney Angus

5 5893 8 9 3 H Hwy. w y . 8 80 0 W West est • •N Nancy, anc y , K Ky. y . 4 42544 2 5 4 4 • • 5 5 mi W of of Somerset Somerseton onHwy. H w y . 80 8 0 mi.. W 6 606/636-6500 0 6 / 3 0 5 - 4 5 0 1 • •e- e-mail: mai l : k eeney 1 @ w i nd stream. net w w w . k eeney sc orner. c om

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T 1-800-786-2875 od d H arned D av i d Sand u sk y B oston L eb anon 5 0 2 -2 4 9 -2 3 5 4 2 7 0 -6 9 2 -7 7 9 3

Central Kentucky Premier Heifer Sale Ju ne 3rd , 2 017 • 1:00 P M


M arion C ou nty Fairgrou nd s • L eb anon, K Y

• A p p rox imately 1 5 0 h ei f ers w ill sell from p rod u cers in M arion, N elson and W ashington C ou nties. • Bred to calv e in the fall starting Sep temb er 1st. • G u aranteed b red to b u lls w ith know n E P Ds and hav e met stringent req u irements for health, q u ality and p elv ic measu rements. • G u aranteed p regnant 30 d ays p ast sale.

• Free d eliv ery of 10 head or more u p to 100 miles.

For M ore I nformation V isit w w w . heifersales. com or C ontact: T od d H arned B oston 5 0 2 -2 4 9 -2 3 5 4

T erry Geog h eg an B ard stow n 5 0 2 -8 2 7 -0 7 7 1

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

D av i d Sand u sk y L eb anon 2 7 0 -6 9 2 -7 7 9 3





June 9-10

Save The Date KY Junior Cattlemen's Leadership Camp

REPORTERS: Kalli Flanders

KJCA Directors

The Kentucky Cattlemen’s Foundation is proud to sponsor the KJCA Leadership Camp for Junior Cattlemen ages 13-21.

Directors At Large: Abigal Smoot, Gabriel Sharp, Trey Tucker & Jessica Tucker

The theme for this year is Kentucky's great commodities. We will be touring different livestock and crop operations and studying their business models.

REGION 1 Zach Imbruglio & Walter Steely

Full agenda and applications will be available May 1 on under the Youth Activities tab.

REGION 2 Megan Underwood & Kailey Thompson REGION 3 Quentin Sowder & Jeremy Miller REGION 4 Addie White & Will Blaydes REGION 5 Julia Weaber & Reba Prather

Kentucky's Great Commodities

Friday, June 9 - Saturday, June 10 KCA Office - Lexington Visit for more info

ADVISOR Nikki Whitaker and Niki Ellis


Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Cowboy Up For A Cure


Hosted By: Alpha Gamma Delta, FarmHouse, and UK Rodeo Team

April 8th 7:00pm Gates Open At 6pm The Kentucky Horse Park Alltech Arena Tickets @ cowboyupforacure


Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association



Summertime fescue toxicosis mitigation strategies Taking the endo-“fight” to fescue country JASON SMITH, ASSISTANT PROFESSOR AND EXTENSION BEEF CATTLE SPECIALIST, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL SCIENCE, UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE INSTITUTE OF AGRICULTURE s we prepare for summertime heat and humidity to set in across the mid-South, it won’t be long until many of the region’s beef cattle grazing endophyte-infected tall fescue will be waging their own war. And while we often only hear about the negative aspects of fescue, it’s important to keep in mind that as beef cattle producers in the mid-South, tall fescue is one of our best friends and worst enemies - all rolled into one. Without tall fescue, many of our pastures and hayfields would be far less productive. Instead, they’re capable of supporting stocking rates that are 5 to 100 or more times greater than that of many other parts of the country, with fairly low input. Nonetheless, endophyte-infected tall fescue does come with its disadvantages. Those pesky fungal endophytes that provide the plant with its resiliency to heat and drought also produce compounds that can have negative consequences on performance when consumed by the animal. Over the years there have been many attempts at fix-all cures for mitigating the negative effects of tall fescue on animal performance. Although some have yielded small improvements in average daily gain or reproductive success, many have yielded inconsistent results. This is due to the fact that tall fescue toxicosis is a multi-faceted condition, with the reduction in performance resulting from combined effects on a number of different physiological systems. The multi-faceted nature of the condition makes it difficult to completely alleviate, which ultimately will require rendering the compounds unavailable to interact with the animal at the metabolic level. Nonetheless, there are some methods, “proven-in-time” so



to speak, that are capable of alleviating fescue toxicosis to a substantial degree. These nutritional management practices are based upon reducing the amount of the compounds that are consumed by cattle, or countering the negative effects that appear following consumption. Aside from providing continuous access to shade and cool, clean drinking water, one of the most effective means of mitigating the negative effects of endophyte-infected fescue is to establish and maintain pasture diversity, primarily through inter-seeding a legume such as red clover. Although this is a highly recommended practice, it must be incorporated long before the onset of fescue toxicosis, as mid-summer establishment of legumes in an existing fescue stand is rarely successful. However the basis upon which legumes mitigate fescue toxicosis is not unique to a specific legume (at least not that we know of ), but rather a function of dilution. It just so happens that fescue stands better co-exist with red clover than most other legumes. In addition to pasture diversity, midsummer dilution can be achieved by supplementing cattle with other nonfescue feedstuffs. Daily supplementation with a fiber-based commodity byproduct such as corn gluten feed, distiller’s grains, or soyhulls can mitigate a substantial portion of fescue toxicosis. Commodity blends and other complete feeds, as well as non-fescue pastures and hays can be equally effective. Dilution of these compounds can also be achieved by clipping pastures immediately following seed-head emergence. This is possible because the majority of the toxic compounds accumulate in the seed, with much lower and often negligible concentrations accumulating in the leaf and stem. Ideally, pastures should be clipped as high as possible while ensuring that the majority of seed heads are removed. Additionally, the benefits

of seed-head elimination do not end with toxicosis mitigation, as clipping stimulates vegetative forage regrowth while reducing weed prevalence, assuming that soil moisture is not a limiting factor. Eliminating seed heads will also aid in pinkeye prevention, as seed heads scratch the cornea of the eye and provide opportunity for invasion by bacteria that are spread by face flies. Mineral supplementation is another effective fescue mitigation strategy that should not be overlooked. The compounds that result in fescue toxicosis bind to some micro-minerals such as copper and zinc, rendering them unavailable to the animal. This of critical importance, as the majority of pasture forages in the mid-South are deficient in copper and zinc, and also contain critically high levels of other minerals such as sulfur. Sulfur interacts with copper to form a relatively insoluble complex, thus reducing the availability of copper to the animal. These factors may also be the reason why some symptoms of fescue toxicosis often mirror those of a copper deficiency. In order to address this issue, ensure that cattle have continuous year-round access to a free-choice mineral supplement that is fortified with relatively high levels of copper and zinc. Additionally, avoid feeding trace mineralized salt in place of a free-choice mineral supplement, as it does not contain a sufficient amount of minerals to meet beef cattle requirements in almost all forage-based production scenarios. Never “cut” a commercially-manufactured freechoice mineral supplement with salt to reduce consumption. Within a specific self-limited formulation, free-choice consumption is generally proportional to the mineral needs of the animal. Limiting consumption with the addition of salt may lead to mineral deficiencies that could worsen the degree of toxicosis, or result in other costly metabolic conditions.

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

The exact formulation or level of individual minerals in the free-choice mineral supplement that is “right” for your operation depends upon the mineral composition of your forages. In order to identify your best option(s), conduct a forage analysis and consult your Extension agent or nutritionist for guidance. Many mineral supplements that were previously marketed for cattle grazing tall fescue were medicated with chlortetracycline (CTC). Although this has recently changed due to the fact that CTC transitioned to veterinary feed directive (VFD) status at the turn of the year and is no longer labelled for growth promotion and feed efficiency, the benefits associated with feeding CTC to cattle grazing tall fescue were a function of its normal effects on average daily gain and feed efficiency. These effects are independent of management setting. Thus, CTC does nothing to specifically combat fescue toxicosis. Any improvements in performance were merely a function of CTC’s role as a growth promotant rather than mitigation of fescue toxicosis. Although there are currently no fix-all cures for fescue toxicosis, the aforementioned management strategies have been proven in practice to decrease the negative effects of endophyteinfected tall fescue on cattle performance throughout the heat and humidity of the summer months. Hopefully time will shed some light upon new technologies or strategies that completely mitigate the negative effects of this forage species that is essential to beef production in the mid-South. In the meantime, consider clipping pastures to remove seed heads, feeding a good quality free-choice mineral supplement, and if necessary, supplementing cattle with other feedstuffs to reduce the severity of fescue toxicosis. And, as always, ensure that cattle have continuous access to shade and cool, clean drinking water.


State and National Beef Promotion and Research Programs Information is required by 7 CRF 1260.201. Failure to report can result in a fine. Information is held confidential per 7 CRF 1260.203.

Today’s Date

ID N um b er (if k nown)_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

Seller’s Name

B uy er’s Name

A d d ress

A d d ress



Z ip


Seller’s Signature


Z ip

B uy er’s Signature

Both the seller & the buyer are responsible for making sure that the $1 per head assessment is collected and remitted to the Kentucky Beef Council.

Date of Sale

* State of Origin

T otal N um b er of Cattle Sold : X

Person rem itting f orm :


$1.00 p er Head F ed eral Check of f $1.00 p er Head State Check of f B uy er

T otal Check of f Pay m ent f or F ed eral and State = =

Phone N um b er:

*If the cattle purchased came from another state within the last 30 days, indicate from which state the cattle were purchased.

Send R ep ort and R em ittance to:

F or ad d itional inf orm ation:




Kentucky Beef Council 176 Pasadena Drive Lexington, KY 40503 email

According to the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, an agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to respond to a collection of information unless it displays a valid OMB control number. The valid OMB control number for this information collection is 0581-0093. The time required to complete this information collection is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination in all its programs and activities on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, disability, and where applicable, sex, marital status, familial status, parental status, religion, sexual orientation, genetic information, political beliefs, reprisal, or because all or part of an individual's income is derived from any public assistance program. (Not all prohibited bases apply to all programs.) Persons with disabilities who require alternative means for communication of program information (Braille, large print, audiotape, etc.) should contact USDA's TARGET Center at (202) 720-2600 (voice and TDD). To file a complaint of discrimination, write to USDA, Director, Office of Civil Rights, 1400 Independence Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20250-9410 or call (800) 795-3272 (voice) or (202) 720-6382 (TDD). USDA is an equal opportunity provider and employer.

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Cat�le Histor� in Kent�cky

The First Fair

BY NIKKI WHITAKER In 1814, a notice was published by the Kentucky Agriculture Society in the Kentucky Gazette. It read: “‘A meeting of the members of the Kentucky Society for promoting Agriculture will take place at Fowler’s garden, on the last Thursday in next September, and continue for three days, at which time and place the Society will award twenty-three silver cups. Members are requested to be punctual in their attendance.” The notice was signed by committee members Hubbard Taylor, James Shelby, Robert Wickliffe, Robert Crockett, and Elisha Warfield. These five men, ranging from 28 to 54 years of age, saw the need to organize an event that would display the improvements in cattle breeding that had begun twenty-five years earlier with the importation of purebred Shorthorn cattle into Kentucky. The place to host the first fair of its kind in Kentucky was the home of Captain John Fowler. Captain John Fowler came to Kentucky in 1783, and was one of the founders of the Kentucky Agricultural Society. Sometime before 1800, Fowler established “Fowler’s Gardens” on three hundred acres near Lexington. This large tract of land on the eastern edge of Lexington was used for fairs, picnics, barbeques, political gatherings, and other events. Closer looks at the five committee members show influential politicians, layers, and military men. All different except for their one commonality, they had an interest in the improvement of agriculture in Kentucky. Hubbard Taylor (1760 - 1840) was a land surveyor who first came to Kentucky in 1780. He traveled back and forth from his land holdings in Virginia from 1781-1788. He made his last trip to Kentucky in 1800 and settled on 500 acres of farmland located on the Fayette and Clark County line, calling his home “Springhill”. In his last will and statement he wrote, “My avocation through life has been exclusively agricultural - I gave my children as good an education as the difficulties of our country and my means would admit.” General James Shelby (1784 - 1848) was the first of eleven children fathered by Kentucky’s first Governor, Isaac Shelby. Governor Shelby bought and developed two tracts of land that together totaled twenty nine hundred acres along the present Old Richmond Rd, Walnut Hill, and Jacks Creek. James, along with his siblings, improved the farmland and established their homes within the original deed. Five “Shelby” homes in all dotted the landscape showcasing the breathtaking architecture of that time. James designed his own home calling it, “Richland”. Robert Wickliffe (1775-1859) was born while


his parents were en route from Virginia to Kentucky. His exciting birth might explain his tough exterior. Wickliffe was a shrewd lawyer and politician, known as “Old Duke”. He was the brother of Kentucky Governor Charles A. Wickliffe and for years was the most extensive slaveholder in the state. He studied law at Bardstown and soon married Margaretta Howard, the daughter of a legendary Kentucky pioneer and hemp farmer, John Howard, acquiring much of her inheritance. When Margaretta died, leaving him a widower with seven children, Wickliffe married Mary Owen Todd Russell, the only living child of the pioneer surveyor, Colonel John Todd. Upon marring her, he acquired her remaining twenty-seven acres and house “Glendower”, which became known as the Wickliffe Mansion. He died in 1859 as one of the richest men in the state. Robert Crockett (1786 - 1834) was the son of Colonel Joseph Crockett, who was a pioneer of Jessamine County. In May 1784, Col. Crockett settled his family on a nineteen-hundred-acre farm on Hickman Creek in Jessamine County, five miles northeast of Nicholasville. Two years later, Robert Crockett was born, the second child to be born in Jessamine County. Robert was a man of great energy and enterprise. At the age of 21, he began the structure of what is now known as the “Union Mills” on Hickman Creek, consisting of a grist mill, powder mill, and a granary three stories high. The enterprise proved to be a failure however, and Robert was forced to turn over the property to his debtors. He served as a US Marshal until the close of the campaign against the British and Indians. He then moved with his family to a farm in Logan County, where he remained until his death from typhoid fever at the age of 48. His wife passed a few days later, having contracted the same disease. Dr. Elisha Warfield (1781-1859), is by far the most recognizable name in the group. Dr. Warfield was an American physician and a Thoroughbred racehorse owner and breeder whom Thoroughbred Heritage calls “one of the most important early figures in Kentucky racing and breeding.” Before he grew in the racehorse enterprise, Dr. Warfield was a Shorthorn breeder in Fayette County. His home, “The Meadows”, stood on 600 acres of present downtown Lexington, starting at Loudon Ave and extending to Broadway and Winchester Pike. He is famous for his study of soil and pastures and the improvement of land for both cattle and horses. The first fair in 1814 was a success. First and second premiums were paid to notable names such as Henry Clay, Lewis Sanders, and even Dr. Warfield. Two years later, the fair opened to all Kentuckians and was known as the Kentucky State Fair. The rise and progress of agriculture in Kentucky would not have grown so quickly without the formation of the Kentucky Agriculture Society and its members. *This is the seventh of a multi-part series looking at the history of domestic cattle into Kentucky.

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association



Angus Sale Totals Sale Managed by Dievert Sales

Grand Champion Angus Bull

consigned by Burks Cattle

Reserve Champion Angus Bull consigned by Reese Johnson

Beefalo Sale Managed by Kyle Skidmore

Grand Champion Female consigned by Burks Cattle

Reserve Champion Angus Female consigned by Boyd Beef Cattle

Grand Champion Beefalo Bull consigned by 4M Farms

Reserve Champion Beefalo Bull consigned by Frosty Pines Farms

Grand Champion Beefalo Female consigned by Miller Cattle Co.

Charolais Sale Totals Sale Managed by Jeff Harrod

Grand Champion Beefalo Female consigned by Miller Cattle Co. 84

Grand Champion Charolais Bull consigned by Knotts Landing Farm

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association


Reserve Champion Charolais Bull consigned by Druin Charolais

Grand Champion Charolais Female consigned by Reibold Farms

Reserve Champion Charolais Female consigned by Harrod Farms

Grand Champion Gelbvieh Bull consigned by 3G Ranch

Reserve Champion Gelbvieh Bull consigned by 3G Ranch

Reserve Champion Gelbvieh Female consigned by Daryl & Carrie Derossett

Grand Champion Balancer Bull consigned by Hill Country Cattle Co.

Gelbvieh Sale Totals Sale Managed by Slaughter Sale Mgt.

Grand Champion Gelbvieh Female consigned by Pleasant Meadows

No Photo Available Reserve Champion Balancer Bull consigned by 3G Ranch

Grand Champion Balancer Female consigned by Jen Joe Farms

Reserve Champion Balancer Female consigned by Green Hills Gelbvieh

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association



Hereford Sale Totals Sale Managed by Earlene Thomas

Grand Champion Hereford Bull consigned by Perks Ranch

Reserve Champion Hereford Bull consigned by Darryl Rainey/NJB Limited

Limousin Sale Totals Sale Managed by K&K Seedstock

Grand Champion Hereford Female consigned by Hopper Herefords

Reserve Champion Hereford Female consigned by Perks Ranch

Grand Champion Limousin Bull consigned by Megan Greenawalt

Reserve Champion Limousin Bull consigned by Devan Cox

Grand Champion Limousin Female consigned by Megan Greenawalt

Red Angus Sale Totals Sale Managed by Johnnie Cundiff

Reserve Champion Limousin Female consigned by Quentin Ethington 86

Grand Champion Red Angus Bull consigned by 3 Aces Cattle Co.

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association


Reserve Champion Red Angus Bull consigned by Shady Knoll Cattle

Grand Champion Red Angus Female consigned by Quentin Ethington

Reserve Champion Red Angus Female consigned by 3 Aces Cattle Co.

Red Poll Sale Totals Sale Managed by Kyle Young

Grand Champion Red Poll Bull consigned by Shuterâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Sunset Farm

Reserve Champion Red Poll Bull consigned by Derek Dew

Shorthorn Sale Totals Sale Managed by Aegerter Marketing Services

Grand Champion Open Heifer consigned by Jackson Farms

Reserve Champion Female consigned by Shuters Sunset Farm

Grand Champion Shorthorn Bull consigned by SharBen Shorthorns

Reserve Champion Shorthorn Bull consigned by Oler Farm

Grand Champion Shorthorn Female consigned by Bonnell Cattle Co.

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association



Res. Champion Shorthorn Female consigned by Martindell Farm

Grand Champion Plus Female consigned by Shoufler Shorthorns

Res. Champion Plus Female consigned by SharBen Shorthorns

Grand Champion Simmental Bull consigned by Hammerhead Cattle Co.

Reserve Champion Simmental Bull consigned by Dotson Cattle Co.

Res. Champ. Simmental Female consigned by Hudson Pines

Grand Champion Percentage Open Female consigned by Maycee Moore/Young

Simmental Sale Totals Sale Managed by DP Sales

Grand Champion Simmental Female consigned by Bramlet Simmentals


Res. Champ. Percentage Open Female consigned by B & K Farms 88

Grand Champ. Bred Female consigned by Madluke Cattle Co.

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association


Top 5 Overall KY Heifer Show

Pen Heifer Show & Sale

Grand Logan Boyd, Angus

Sale managed by DP Sales Management, Paris, Ky.

Reserve Laurel Culp, Mainetainer 3rd A.K. Phillips, Simmental

Pen Heifer Results

4th Morgan Phillips, % Simmental

CH Commercial Open Heifer Penconsigned by Beshears Simmental

5th Allie Jo Schnieder, Simmental

CH Commercial Spring Bred Heifer Penconsigned by Neal Brothers Simmental CH Commercial Fall Bred Heifer Penconsigned by Cooper Canada

Top 5 Overall KY Steer Show

CH Commercial Cow/Calf Pen consigned by Black Gold Genetics

Grand Jacklyn Duzan

CH Registered Open Heifer Penconsigned by Roy & Cooper Canada CH Registered Fall Bred Heifer Penconsigned by Black Gold Genetics CH Registered Spring Bred Heifer Penconsigned by Debord Farms

Reserve Jeremy Miller 3rd Jacob Marksbury 4th Anna Reffitt 5th Laurel Culp


The Balanced Breed ST R I N G E R FA R M S Bruc e Stringer 128 T eresa A ve nue Ÿ Somerset, K Y 42501 606-875-3553

DI A M O N D J SA L E R S Donald J ohnson 11660 N . H w y 1247 • E uba nk, K Y 42564 606-379-1558

W I L L I S FA R M S • Danny W illis 964 Johnson R d • Frankfort, K Y 40601 502- 803-5011 • dr w c21@ aol.c om M att C raig, Farm M gr. 502 -604-082 1

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association





he CPH Report expands the analysis of CPH-45 sales to estimate the economic value of preconditioning calves prior to marketing. This analysis consists of two main components. First, is the CPH Advantage – which compares prices received in the CPH Sale to the average weekly statewide prices reported by the Market News Service of the Kentucky Department of Agriculture. The second component is the Estimated Net Added Value – which compares the CPH Sale value of a calf with the estimated value of the calf at weaning. In these estimates we use a 60 day preconditioning period and an average daily gain of 2.5 lbs. per day. Costs incurred during the preconditioning period such as feed, health program, interest, death loss and differences in sales commission are subtracted from the added value to arrive at an estimated net return. The following charts are an analysis of three CPH-45 sales held in Guthrie, Owensboro, and Lexington (sale held at Stanford). Several items specific to certain sale sites are as follows: -Owensboro sells with a 2% pencil shrink. -Owensboro and Guthrie charge less commission for CPH calves than at their regular sales. -Lexington and Owensboro 4 weight CPH calves were only given credit for 2.0 lbs. of gain during the preconditioning period due to small beginning weights. -Only weight classes of 20 or more head were used in comparisons. More details on how these figures were calculated can be found in the column definitions below. Also, visit the CPH-45 website at www.cph45. com. If you are interested in selling 90

in a CPH-45 sale, contact your local County Extension Agent for Agriculture and Natural Resources.

Column Definitions for summary charts Start Wt. -Average CPH weight minus 150 lbs. Avg Price Wean -Average price of calves at weaning for the dates listed (60 days prior to CPH Sale). Avg CPH Weight Average weight of the calves at the CPH sale. CPH Price -Weighted average price of calves at the CPH sale held on the date listed. State Avg Price -Weighted average price of calves as reported by KDA on the dates listed. CPH Advantage -Difference between the CPH price and the state average price reported the week of the CPH sale. Cost of Gain -Average cost of gain using average feed prices for the dates listed. An additional 10% was added to calculate heifer cost of gain. Net Added Value -The net returns per head after feed, vet/tag ($12.00), mineral ($3.75), commission (varies by sale), interest (6.0%) and mortality (0.5%). Special Note -Labor and equipment costs were not included.

Estim ated A dded N et R eturn s O w en sboro - CPH - 4 5 ( 60 day s - 2. 5 lbs A v erage D aily G ain - 150 lbs gain ) 9 59 H ead

N o H ead

A v g. Start W eight

24 29

2/ 2/ 2017


12/ 5- 12/ 10 A v g Price W ean

A v g. CPH W eight

2/ 2 CPH Price

368 368

Hf St

119.41 139.99

468 468

131.5 156

122.28 141.26

9.22 14.74

0.44 0.40

106.99 149.61

102 87

407 410

Hf St

115.82 138.09

557 560

122.46 140.34

116.76 132.37

5.70 7.97

0.50 0.45

119.18 132.37

131 171

482 517

Hf St

108.86 127.57

632 667

116.72 126.58

110.36 123.80

6.36 2.78

0.62 0.56

103.17 83.34

61 172

583 590

Hf St

107.32 122.16

733 740

113.71 127.47

106.77 119.49

6.94 7.98

0.73 0.66

81.06 104.99








- 1.12



W td. A v g


$ 121. 19


$ 125. 3 1

$ 119 . 65

$ 5. 66

$ 0. 60

$ 9 6. 4 2

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

1/ 3 0- 2/ 4 12/ 5- 1/ 23 Est. State CPH A v g. Cost N et A dd A v g. Price A dv an tage of G ain Value

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association



I'm a KCA member because...

Division 1 (151+ MEMBERS) 2017 Barren Breckinridge Shelby Marion Adair Grayson Logan Bath Madison Lincoln Larue Washington Clark Hart Mercer Hardin Warren Casey Meade Christian Jessamine Green Harrison

430 342 341 298 270 264 249 237 236 223 199 199 183 181 178 170 165 164 161 160 157 155 145

2016 Difference 512 401 338 303 248 290 290 212 270 251 230 209 187 205 199 225 206 159 170 200 217 174 159

-82 -59 3 -5 22 -26 -41 25 -34 -28 -31 -10 -4 -24 -21 -55 -41 5 -9 -40 -60 -19 -14

If you need anything for membership, please contact Nikki Whitaker at (859)278-0899 or 92

Division 2 (76-150 MEMBERS) Division 3 (0-75 MEMBERS) 2017 Henry Monroe Northern Kentucky Allen Daviess Fleming Laurel Metcalfe Scott Franklin Trimble Pulaski Northeast Area Anderson Edmonson Garrard Mountain Boyle Purchase Area Webster Campbell Jackson Owen Fayette Bourbon Muhlenberg Caldwell-Lyon Russell Mason Hancock

129 125 124 122 119 117 116 115 108 105 105 102 96 95 93 92 89 86 84 81 81 80 76 75 71 71 69 67 53 51

2016 Difference 150 135 132 108 123 120 134 121 111 111 124 113 115 89 84 96 85 96 79 79 81 106 80 81 92 97 82 83 78 98

-21 -10 -8 14 -4 -3 -18 -6 -3 -6 -19 -11 -19 6 9 -4 4 -10 5 2 0 -26 -4 -6 -21 -26 -13 -16 -25 -47

2017 Bracken 153 Woodford 67 Louisville Area 66 Taylor 66 Out of State 65 Nelson 62 Todd 62 Clinton-Cumberland56 Trigg 55 Grant 54 Oldham 53 Rockcastle 53 Ohio 51 Whitley 49 Pendleton 48 Highlands 45 Carroll 40 Wayne 39 Union 39 Estill 38 McCreary 38 Lewis 36 Robertson 35 Simpson 29 Montgomery 29 Clay 29 Nicholas 29 Calloway 28 Butler 27 McLean 24 Bullitt 23

Division 3 (CONTINUED)

2016 Difference 27 57 66 72 62 70 63 59 63 66 65 63 75 51 49 54 50 50 42 39 48 27 31 27 51 33 40 27 37 35 43

126 10 0 -6 3 -8 -1 -3 -8 -12 -12 -10 -24 -2 -1 -9 -10 -11 -3 -1 -10 9 4 2 -22 -4 -11 1 -10 -11 -20

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

2017 Livingston Twin Lakes Menifee Hopkins Crittenden Henderson Magoffin River Hills Powell Knox Eastern Foothills Pike Bell Harlan Gallatin

22 20 19 18 17 15 9 7 7 6 5 4 1 1 1

2016 Difference 26 23 21 22 27 16 13 13 8 5 9 4 1 1 2

-4 -3 -2 -4 -10 -1 -4 -6 -1 1 -4 0 0 0 -1

TOTALS AS OF: MARCH 15, 2017 9544 10131 -587

2016-17 Membership Application * Membership Year 10/1/16– 9/30/17

Name:_________________________________________________________Spouse Name:____________________________________________________________ Farm Name:_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Address:__________________________________________________________City:____________________________State:______Zip:______________________ County:___________________________________________________________Recruited By:_______________________________________________________ Phone: (___________)__________________-____________________________Fax: (___________)_________________-_________________________________ E-Mail:_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ * Payments of KCA membership dues are tax deductible for most members as an ordinary and necessary business expense. However, charitable contributions of gifts to KCA are not tax deductible for Federal Income Tax purposes. Due to new IRS regulations, $2.24 of your dues would not be deductible. Approximately $12 of your dues will go towards the monthly publication Cow Country News.

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(Membership Dues are $30 unless otherwise listed below.)

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If you would also like to join the National Cattlemen’s Beef Assoc... The NCBA is now a State Marketing Partner with the KCA. You can pay your dues to both organizations with one check, at the same time.

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For faster service, join online at Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



Easy Sheet Pan Meatloaf & Vegetables

While it is April the cold weather has seemed to set in later this year in Kentucky. What makes cool evenings better than a family favorite meal such as meatloaf? Easy Sheet Pan Meatloaf and Vegetables pairs together the use one of the newest trends in cooking and the comfort of a classic beef dish. Sheet pan cooking allows you to only use on dish to prepare your meal and lining your sheet pan with foil will make clean up that much easier. INGREDIENTS 1-1/2 pounds Ground Beef (93% or leaner) 1 can (8 ounces) tomato sauce, divided 1 cup dry bread crumbs 1 small onion, finely chopped 1 egg 2 teaspoons Worcestershire sauce 1 teaspoon dried thyme leaves 1/2 teaspoon salt 1/4 teaspoon pepper 2 pounds red potatoes, cut into 3/4 inch cubes 1/2 teaspoon garlic salt 1/2 teaspoon pepper Topping: 1 tablespoon packed brown sugar 1 teaspoon dry mustard

KBC attended Hardin County 4-H Livestock Club to teach them the basics of cooking a steak. Above: (L to R) Holly Hatfield, Rilee Leasor, Avery Harned, Clayton Thomas & Kayleigh Thomas

INSTRUCTIONS FOR EASY SHEET PAN MEATLOAF AND VEGETABLES 1. Heat oven to 400°F. Reserve 1/4 cup of tomato sauce; set aside.  2. Combine Ground Beef, remaining tomato sauce, bread crumbs, onion, egg, Worcestershire sauce, thyme, salt and pepper in large bowl; mixing lightly but thoroughly. 3. Shape beef mixture into 8 x 4 x 2-inch loaf on parchment-lined sheet pan.  Vegetables: 1. Toss potatoes with nonstick cooking spray, garlic salt and pepper.  Spread potatoes evenly around the meatloaf on the sheet pan. 2. Place sheet pan on the center rack of oven, bake in preheated 400°F oven for 40 minutes. Meanwhile, combine reserved tomato sauce with brown sugar and dry mustard.  Spread sauce evenly over top of the meatloaf, stir potatoes, and continue cooking another 20 minutes or until instant-read thermometer inserted into center of meatloaf registers 160°F.  3. Remove meatloaf and let stand 10 minutes before slicing.  Test potatoes for doneness and return to oven if needed while meatloaf rests. Cut meatloaf into slices. Serve with potatoes.

Below: (L to R) Nikki Ellis, Paige Geer (president of Hardin County 4-H Livestock Club, Chuck Crutcher, Sara Crutcher & Katelyn Hawkins

Picadillo-Style Meatloaf Variation: Prepare meatloaf as above, omitting thyme and adding 1/3 cup finely chopped green bell pepper, 1/4 cup raisins, 1 teaspoon ground cumin and 1/2 teaspoon dried oregano leaves to Ground Beef mixture. 94

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Catch Up With Katelyn Katelyn Hawkins- Kentucky Beef Council Director of Product Marketing

Kitchen hacks and fun facts. Two of my favorite things besides meat science and mules. From placing a damp paper towel under your cutting board to prevent it from sliding around while you cut to the fascinating revelation that the second most tender cut in a beef carcass sits next to the toughest cut only to be separated by the thin ridge of the shoulder blade. Recently I have had the opportunity to share this information and much more with Family Consumer Science Extension Agents during their in-service training hosted every February. KBC worked with UK Extension specialists to host a modified Pasture to Plate for FCS agents all across the state in Clark and Warren Counties with a total of 59 in attendance. Classification of cattle, the stages of the life cycle, production costs, harvesting, carcass breakdown, and food safety were some of the topics covered by UK Extension. KBC provided the agents

with information on resources they can access from our office about cooking beef, tips for purchasing beef, cut selection in the retail market, as well as how to plan recipes for their educational events. Many agents have reached out to us since the sessions for beef cooking advice as well as invited us to host cooking sessions at their offices. Traditionally we think of April as a time for rebirth and bright colors. If you’re my 5 year old nephew it’s all about the Easter basket, candy, and playing in mud puddles. At KBC, April brings collaborations with the Kentucky Derby Festival to promote beef when the entire world is watching Kentucky for the fastest two minutes in sports. We work closely with the Kentucky Derby Festival (KDF) and Kroger to host the Kentucky Derby Burger Challenge to crown the winner of the burger that will be featured in a Louisville restaurant, on the cover of the Courier Journal and in many TV appearances, as well as be samples at a number of Derby events. Over the past six years this contest has become one that many people in the Louisville area love talking about

from consumers to TV personnel to even some of the area chefs. During Derby seasons we also talk with the public about the health benefits of beef. We have had a presence at the Kentucky Derby Festival Marathon Running Expo with our team beef members to challenge athletes from all over the U.S. to think about how much protein they need to power their bodies and connect the role beef can play in their training regimen. New this year we will be working with the YMCA and KDF to participate in the Family Fun Run after the Marathon to engage with kids on the importance of beef in their diet. We are kicking off this spring with some of our infamous promotions and events, but KBC has new and exciting things headed your way this year so be on the lookout for us and stay tuned to our Cow Country article!



Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


KENTUCKY BEEF NETWORK KBN is Supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund

Positive Feedback on the Cattle Handling & Care Program BY BEN CRITES & DARRH BULLOCK roper handling and care of cattle is important to the beef industry and beef producers as a whole. In 2014, a team of specialists developed the Cattle Handling and Care educational program and a certification process was implemented to identify beef producers that successfully completed the program.The Cattle Handling and Care program is offered to producers in a classroom setting and certification lasts for three years. The program centers on an educational video that covers a multitude of topics that include: Genetic Influences, Proper Handling Techniques, Transportation, Proper Nutrition, Body Condition Scoring, Dystocia, Castration, Dehorning, Vaccinations, Eye Disorders, Disease, Lameness, Pasture/Housing and Humane Euthanasia. Upon completion of the video the participants are administered an exam. For certification, a producer must answer 30 out of 35 questions correctly. Farmers that are successfully certified receive a barn sign for displaying, a laminated chute-side aid and a trailer bumper sticker with weight limits. Between the summer of 2014 through the end of 2016, a total of 2,026 farmers were Cattle Handling and Care certified in Kentucky. In December 2016 and January 2017 a survey was sent to all certified farmers, one per household, that had been certified prior to December 1, 2016 which totaled 1,519 surveys. Four hundred ninety-two surveys were completed for a response rate of 32.4%. Results from the returned surveys were very encouraging. When asked if the video was an effective delivery tool, 98.4% responded positively and 96.1% felt


KBN Facilitators Ben Lloyd

Whitesville, KY (270) 993-1074

Charles Embry

Cave City, KY (270) 646-5939

Heath Mineer

Flemingsburg, KY (606) 209-1391


Ron Shrout

Winchester, KY (606) 205-6143

Tim Graves

Springfield, KY (859) 481-3954 gravesconstru353@bellsouth. net

that becoming certified was an effective use of their time. Four hundred thirteen producers (84.6%) indicated that they had made practice changes due to the program. Figure 1 illustrates the percentage of producers who implemented changes in a variety of management areas. Areas that showed the greatest change were improved handling facilities (68.4%), improved handling techniques (58.8%), improved cattle sorting techniques (56.2%), improved nutrition management (51.8%), improved heard health (51.2%) and improved genetic improvement in calving ease (44.9%). When asked if the chuteside aid, bumper sticker or barn sign were useful resources, the positives responses were 61.7%, 23.6% and 56.0%, respectively. Of the respondents, 95.0% were either likely or very likely to recommend the program to other beef farmers. The survey also asked producers to provide comments on the Cattle Handling and Care program, producers were very supportive of the program and provided great feedback. Some producers responded with, “a good resource for beginning cattlemen,” “very effective class,” “this is a must have program,” and “I cannot think of a resource that the Cattle Handling and Care class missed.” These survey results from the first two years of the program indicate that a handling and care certification program can be successful in fostering practice changes in beef cattle farmers. If you would like more information on the Cattle Handling and Care program and how to participate in the program, please contact your local county agriculture extension agent or the UK Beef IRM Coordinator, Ben Crites, at benjamin.crites@ or (859)-257-7512.

CPH 45 Sale Dates 2017 March March 14, Steers & Heifers, Stanford


April 18, Steers & Heifers, Paris April 27, Steers & Heifers, Owensboro


June 13, Steers & Heifers, Stanford June 22, Steers & Heifers, Springfield


July 10, Steers & Heifers, Guthrie


August 10, Steers & Heifers, Owensboro

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Eden Shale Update

Dan Miller

----------------Kentucky Beef Network Industry Coordinator


pring time has snuck into Kentucky early this year. It’s not often that we have grass growing, tree’s blooming, and hear spring peepers the first week of March. But one thing is certain, it has made for an easy start to the calving season. We started calving at Eden Shale on February 19 th. So far we have had good luck calving and everything has come unassisted. Having dry pastures for the calves to navigate has been a blessing this spring. Hopefully the remainder of the spring will remain just as nice and we can finish calving season as easily as it has begun. The nice weather has also given us a chance to spread some fertilizer in both pastures and hay fields. Our winter wheat crop is looking good and I expect it to yield a promising hay crop again this year. I have already hosted several tours at the farm this spring. The Governor’s Office of Ag Policy toured the farm in early March, Washington County brought a group of producers to the farm, and Steve Musen (Owen

County Ag Agent) brought the Owen County Farm Start group to Eden Shale for a tour. All of the tour groups have been very interested in both the water harvesting and the fenceline feeding system that Dr. Higgins designed. There will be a field day featuring the fenceline feeding system on April 6 th. This field day will discuss site selection, individual feeder design, and the functionality of each design. There will be cattle actively using the feeders at that time so producers will be able to do a side by side comparison of each design. That day will also include a discussion from Dr. Matt Springer (Wildlife Extension Specialist with UK) about managing black buzzard populations around cows that are calving. He will be demonstrating the different types of decoys that are available and how to use them properly. The field day on April 6 th will start at 10:00am and should conclude by 12:00 noon. The address to the farm is 245 Eden Shale Rd, Owenton, KY 40359.If you would like to attend, please RSVP by calling the KCA office at 859-278-0899 or email kbn@ The field day is free to attend. If you would like to see some pictures of the fenceline feeding system, please visit the Eden Shale Farm blog at www.edenshalefarm. com.

Fenceline Feeding System Field Days at Eden Shale Farm 245 Eden Shale Road Owenton, KY 40359

April 6th, 2017 • 10 AM ET May 9th, 2017 • 3 PM ET Dr. Steve Higgins, UK

- View 5 different system designs - Installation Considerations - Site Selection

Dr. Matt Springer, UK

Follow-up Field Day

- Summary on individual feeder performance - Cattle Preference - Hay Feeding Data

- Black Buzzard Control

Call KCA to RSVP at 859-278-0899 or email 

Eden Shale Farm

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


For M ore Inf orm a tion:

In the pasture

Commercial cattlemen trust registered seedstock breeders to make documented genetic improvements that provide them the opportunity to succeed. From 2004-2014, the 2015 AICA National Cattle Evaluation Genetic Trend illustrates Charolais seedstock breeders are doing their job!

Lower birth weight MORE LIVE CALVES Increased weaning weight MORE POUNDS AT WEANING

The trend shows dramatic improvements in every trait of economic importance.

In the feedlot Higher yearling weight MORE POUNDS, EFFICIENTLY

2004-2014 NCE Charolais Genetic Trends BW





REA Marb

At harvest

2004 0.8 19.1 33.7 1.6 11.4 .18 .01 2014 0.4 26.8 49.0 3.4 16.9 .32 .04

Increased carcass weight MORE POUNDS AT HARVEST Larger ribeye BETTER YIELD GRADES More marbling HIGHER QUALITY GRADES

More pounds. More profits. Charolais keep it real. © American-International Charolais Association 2016


kins Ad Farms

6.5x3.75 bw-Cow Country News.indd 1

Southeast Field Representative


12/2/15 7:30 AM

2 7 9 B u llo c k R d . E u b a n k , K Y 4 2 5 6 7 A d k in s F a r m s @ h o tm a il.c o m

David, Rhonda, Michael & Nicholas

John Bruner

3200 St. Rose Road Lebannon, KY 40033 270-692-7793

606-271-0582 473 Edward Meece Road Science Hill, KY 42553

M ontgom ery Cha rola is

H ayde n Farm

HAMILTON FARMS Pat Hamilton 502-867-3386

LT Ledger VIP Free Lunch LT Bluegrass

h arol ai s Farm

P olled B reedi ng Since 1966 R obe rt A mbur gey, Jr. 3171 C amargo R d. • M t. S terling, K Y 40353 859-498-2764 ( H ome) 859-404-3751 ( M obi le)

iJ mmy & L i nd a E van s 960 V allandi ngham R oad Dry R idge , K Y 41035 859-428- 2740

Cox Charolais

Allison Charolais John Allison

1194 Smith Ridge Road • Campbellsville, KY 42718 270-465-7584 (H) 270-403-4562

Bards tow n, K Y 40004 James H ayde n

Bulls Sired By:

Darby Montgomery 36 Thompson Road • Lancaster, KY 40444 859-339-3922 BULLS FOR SALE

545 Eminence Road New Castle, KY 40050

Bulls & Select Heifers for Sale

502-845-2806 502-220-3170

Ha rrod Fa rm s


B ecca, Je nna and Ja ke 645 Evergreen Rd. Frankfort, KY 40601 Je ff H arrod: 502 -3 3 0-6745 Charolais, Hereford & Commercial Cattle


Floyd Wampler (423) 612-2144


T J A d k in s : 6 0 6 - 8 7 5 - 5 0 9 4 S h e r m a n & P h y llis A d k in s : 6 0 6 - 3 7 9 - 5 1 2 9

A mb u rge y C

Kentucky Charolais Association Chuck Druin 2291 Drane Lane Eminence, K Y 40019 502 -3 2 1-1160 or 502 -3 2 1-5919 Je ff H arrod: 502 -3 3 0-6745 Ja cob M iller: 502 -507-4987

502- 349-0128 502- 349-0005 502- 507-4984 j hayde n@ hayde nsteel.c om

C a n d y S u lliv a n 3 4 4 0 R u d d le s M ill R o a d P a r is , K Y 4 0 3 6 1

8 5 9 -3 3 8 -0 1 7 0

S u lliv a n C h a r o la is

Quality Charolais Cattle in the Heart of the Bluegrass

Floy d’ s Cha rola is

Bulls & Heifers For Sale at the Farm

2 03 9 N ina R idge R oad L ancaster, K Y 40444 H ome: 859-792 -2 956 • Cell: 859-3 3 9-2 653

jeffries charolais paul r. jeffries 606-510-4537

1590 jeffries lane

hustonville, ky. 40437 chris cooper 606-669-9009 chris jeffries 606-669-2426

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

HOMES, FARMS & LAND MUDDY FORD RD 153.467 acres of rolling land approx 2 miles from Toyota. Only 1.2 miles from Hwy 62 and within close proximity to I-75. Very desirable property with many possibilities. Nice elevated home site for custom home. Would make a nice horse farm. Partly cleared with pasture land and fencing. A rare find in this area. Some tillable land and 3 ponds for water source. Build Here -- Hunt Here -- Play here. WHITE OAK RD

Own a piece of the Bluegrass with this gorgeous approx. 79 acre farm offering lots of great crop/cattle farm and several ponds, one of which is spring fed. Excellent property for farming or for building that dream home, also lots of wooded acreage as well for a prime hunting location. Property also a possible development potential because it backs up to Victoria Estates. Several beautiful building sites, set up for mobile home, already on property. Only 8 minutes from Frankfort! GLASS PK

19 acres, one owner, 1.5 story roomy home of approximately 2470 sq. ft.. Master bedroom on 1st floor, 2-car detached garage, 28 X 40 metal building; beautiful trees, partially cleared yet lots of deer. There are 3 nice-sized bedrooms, 2.5 baths, living room and cozy family room with fireplace, covered back deck and a large front porch. 1136 DELAPLAIN RD Currently zoned A-1 with potential for development with possible sewer in front. Older home, gently rolling land. Home is in nice condition with beautiful floors, nicely remodeled, appliances in kitchen will remain in home. The storage building, white barn, and black barn are on the property. The grain storage bin does not stay with the property. **This home & 12 Acres+ will not be Sold until MLS# 1704160 119 acres is Sold or Sold together as a package.** Well located, gently rolling farm of 119.20 acres with 2500+ ft. of road frontage. Grain storage bin will not stay. Preserved acreage & cannot be further subdivided. $299,900.

Direct 859.608.2003, Office 502.863.2424 Email â&#x20AC;˘ ABR, CRS, GRI, SRES Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Association

Alma L. Hopkins 99



he Washington County Livestock Center in Springfield, KY has recently hired Jim and Glenna Gibson to host special internet sales as well as CPH-45 sales throughout the year. The Washington County Livestock Center is a farmer owned livestock sales facility specializing in the sales of multi species of livestock.

FEATURE Jim and Glenna bring with them over 20 years of experience in online sales. They started in the spring of 1995 at the Springfield market before leaving to work for Blue Grass Stockyards. While at Blue Grass they started the video/internet sales and managed them for 16 years. They are both excited to return to Springfield and revive the internet sales in that area. At this time we plan to host an internet sale on the second Monday of each month. They have also set a date for the first CPH 45 sale on June 22. CPH 45 is a feeder calf sale in Kentucky that benefits producers


Pa t Tilghm a n 6 9 0 Lic k Bra nc h Roa d Gla s gow , K entu c k y 4 2 1 4 1

and purchasers of high quality feeder cattle. Cattle in the program must meet several requirements. Visit for more information. The Washington County Livestock Center will release more CPH sale dates as they are planned. “We are looking forward to working with our customers here in Kentucky as well as other states in the Southeast to provide them with another marketing option to sell their livestock,” stated Jim and Glenna. The Washington County Livestock Center was rebuilt in 1973 and opened a year later. They host feeder sales every Monday

GE L B V I E H Na m e: Fa rm

at 9 AM, regular sales each Friday at 1 PM and have a sheep and goat sale on the third Saturday of each month at 1 PM. Washington County Livestock Center President Len Benedict is happy to have the Gibson’s back in Springfield. “We are really excited to offer internet and CPH sales to our customers and looking forward to working with Jim and Glenna again,” stated Benedict. If you would like more information please call Jim Gibson at 859-333-2378, Glenna Gibson at 859-333-4706 or visit


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Addres s :

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Telep hone Nu m b er: E-M a il Addres s :

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Clifford Farms

W illiam M cI ntosh , President ( 502 ) 867-3 13 2 Jo e Piles , V ice President ( 502 ) 507-3 845 Pat Tilgh man, Secretary/ Treasu rer ( 2 70) 678-5695

3459 Ky Hwy 1284E C yn th i ana, K Y 4103

C attle for Sale at all times.

Black &


Since 1937

G old G



Gelbvieh, Simmental, & Commerical Cattle

R a n d y & W a n d a W a d e 8 5 9 -2 3 4 -4 8 0 3 M ik e , S h e lle y & R o n in M e y e r 8 5 9 -2 9 8 -9 9 3 1 K e v in , S h a n n o n , & K a m b e r F a r r e ll 8 5 9 -5 8 8 -9 1 2 1

B ri an W . D ye r D V M

O w ner/ M anager

G E L BV I E H / BA L A N C E R S 2050 G lasgow R oad Bur kesvi lle, K Y 42717 Brian, L aur en, K risten Barry, E mily & Jul ia

Fu ll Circ le Fa rm s

Regis tered Gelb v ieh Ca ttle B rad B u rke 989 M etcalf M ill R d. • Ew ing, K Y 4103 9 ( H ) 606-2 67-5609 • ( C) 606-782 -13 67 gb b 789@ w indstream. net

Pleasant Meadows Farm Meeting modern industry demands: • Added Fertility • Increased Efficiency • More pounds of calf weaned American Gelbvieh Association 303-465-2333 | 100

L in C a rr 6 9 0 L ic k 2 7 0 . 6 7 8 . 5 6 9 5 Ÿ p le a

G a ry d s e y T ie & D B ra n c s a n tm

& P a t ilg h m a a ry l D h R o a d e a d o w

T ilg h m n Jo n e s e ro s s e t G la s g o s fa rm @

a n F a m ily t F a m ily w , K Y 4 2 1 4 1 h o t m a il. c o m

Eddie Reynolds 277 Old Bee Lick Rd. Crab Orchard, KY 40419 606-379-2281(H) 606-305-1972(C) Bulls & Females for sale

East B ernstadt, K Y 606-843 -6583 cell 606-3 09-4662

B la c k R e p la c e m e n t H e ife r s & B u lls A v a ilb le E m b r y o tr a n s p la n t & A I s ir e d c a lv e s

L arry C

P h o n e ( 8 5 9 ) 6 3 5 - 3 8 3 2 • B a r r y c e ll ( 8 5 9 ) 9 9 1 - 1 9 9 2 B r a d c e ll ( 8 5 9 ) 3 9 3 - 3 6 7 7 • B e n c e ll ( 8 5 9 ) 3 9 3 - 3 7 3 0 F a x (8 5 9 ) 6 3 5 -3 8 3 2 • b a r4 @ tw c .c o m

Bee Lick Gelbviehs

K ilb ou rne G elb vieh

Mockingbird Hill Farms

B ar I V L ivestock

B a rry , B e th & B e n R a c k e • B ra d R a c k e 7 4 1 6 T ip p e n h a u e r R d . • C o ld S p r in g , K Y 4 1 0 7 6

l ark &

Sons L L C

R egi stered Gel b vi eh C attl e Registered Gelbvieh Cattle 1153 R ob ert L and is R oad -G reensb u rg, K Y 42 743 Shane Wells 10172 Provo Rd. Rochester, KY L a r r y C la r k , O w n e r & O p e r a to r H: 270-934-2198 C: 270-791-8196 (2 7 0 ) 2 9 9 -5 1 6 7 (2 7 0 ) 3 3 7 -2 8 0 1 L p c la r k a n d s o n s @ m s n .c o m

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Get your Beef Signs Today!

Limousin Breeders of The Bluegrass


B.F. Evans Cattle Company Byron Evans

F u llb lo o d & P u r e b r e d ŸE m b r y o s & S e m e n S te p h e n : 2 7 0 -7 9 9 -8 6 8 5 7 6 0 E m ily C o u r t ŸB o w lin g G r e e n , K Y 4 2 1 0 1

a c h h l i m o u s i n @ i n s i g h t b b . c o m Ÿ F a ceb ook : A C H H L im ou sin

Buck’s Limousin Farm

Get your Beef, It’s What’s for Dinner customized sign today. These are great for hanging on barns and around town and busy roads! Signs are 8’ wide x 4’ tall and cost $200 per sign.

“The Best Kept Secret in Eastern Kentucky” John Buck: (606) 474-7451 • (606) 922-8174 2494 South St. Hwy. 7, Grayson, KY. 41143 “cattle for sale - private treaty”


KBC will cost share 50% of the cost on a sign per county association. Form must be submitted by the county. For More Information Contact: Call Steve Dunning for more information at 270-498-8180 or Niki Ellis at 859-278-0899.




13 13

G ettings L imou sin

CUM M INS POLLED LIM OUSIN D a v id & D o n a ld P . C u m m in s Da niel Gettings 4 3 1 2 W illo w - L e n o x b u r g R d . F o s te r, K Y 4 1 0 4 3 Elb ow Bend & Center Point Rd. Tom p k ins v ille, K Y 4 2 1 6 7 D a v id 6 0 6 - 7 4 7 - 5 8 8 6 Ÿ ( C ) 6 0 6 .7 8 2 .7 0 0 3 2 7 0 -4 8 7 -9 4 5 4 or 2 7 0 -2 0 2 -7 7 5 5 E m a il: c u m m in s d @ w in d s tr e a m .n e t “ Regis tered Lim ou s in a nd Angu s Genetic s ” Greg Blaydes 859-338-9402 James Hicks 859-227-0490

5 1 7 1 C a m a rg o -L e v e e R d . M t. S te r lin g , K Y 4 0 3 5 3 8 5 9 - 4 9 8 - 0 0 3 0 Ÿ8 5 9 - 5 8 5 - 1 7 8 5 Ÿ 8 5 9 - 5 8 5 - 8 3 8 8 J o n a th a n R a y 8 5 9 -3 3 9 -1 1 3 7

k y r iv e r lim o u s in @ y a h o o .c o m 3 5 5 In d ig o P o in t L a n c a s te r, K Y 4 0 4 4 4




la nd & c a ttle c om p a ny Ed and Becky Chenault P.O. Box 1718 Richmond, KY 40476 859-661-0330 Bill & Susan Hurt 859-230-4288

T o m & C h r is D a n ie l


Schedule of Events Friday, May 12, 2017 Cattle Arrive/Check in Friday May 12, 2017, 6:30 pm Annual Dinner and Membership Meeting (Sale Facility) Consignors and buyers welcome. Saturday, May 13, 2017, 10 am View Cattle Saturday, May 13, 2017, 11 am Annual Sale Check out our website: for the catalog. And follow us on Facebook: Santa Gertrudis Breeders of the Carolinas

P.O. Box 1509 599 Ray Allen Lane Versailles, KY 40383 Byron 859-509-8046 Rose Ann 270-543-1960

L a u ra B e th R a y 8 5 9 -7 9 2 -1 8 3 0

k e n tu c k y r iv e r lim o u s in @ y a h o o .c o m

1225 E. Leestown Rd. Midway, KY 40347

Maple Shade Farm

P e te M a r th a P r e w itt Ÿ7 2 E m a il: m a p F le m

G ra y Ÿ6 0 6 -7 4 8 -3 4 S e c r e s t C r o s s in le s h a d e 1 @ w in d s in g s b u r g , K Y 4 1 0

7 6 3 g Ÿ6 0 6 -8 4 9 -4 2 4 9 tre a m .n e t 4 1

Pharris Farms Limousin B o b M in e r ic h , 8 5 9 - 5 8 2 0 0 3 B a r n e s M ill R d . ŸR ic h m m in e g w e n @ a o l.c “ C a ttle fo r s a le p r iv a te

Ri c c i


2 -6 8 8 8 o n d , K Y 4 0 4 7 5 o m tre a ty ”

o l a nD

Ricci & Brenda Roland 423 Lebus Lane Cynthiana, KY 41031 859-234-3986 859-234-7344

Sunnyside Farm Dan & Margie Duvall 233 Sunnyside Gott Rd. Bowling Green, KY 42101 270-563-4897

T r ip le


im o u s in

Mike & Daniel Pharris 2888 Salt River Rd. Leitchfield, KY 42754 270-242-6697 or 270-230-2836 Ro


T e r r y W . M c P h e tr id g e 6 0 6 -8 4 3 -6 9 0 3 C e ll: 6 0 6 - 5 2 4 - 9 2 4 1

g Oaks Fa rm

1 6 4 5 W in d in g B la d e R d . E a s t B e rn s ta d t, K Y 4 0 7 2 9


Bill, Greg & Scott Tichenor 3595 St. Rt. 85 West Ÿ Centertown, KY 42328 Home: 270-232-4334 Ÿ Cell: 270-256-0023

A lle n & J o n A n d e r s o n

P a u l & B r a d K id d

2 6 0 H e n d e rs o n R d .

8 2 5 4 H W Y 7 1 1 ŸW e s t L ib e r ty , K Y 4 1 4 7 2

E u b a n k , K Y 4 2 5 6 7

6 0 6 -7 4 3 -7 3 4 9 Ÿ6 0 6 -7 3 8 -9 4 9 3 Ÿ6 0 6 -4 9 5 -6 3 9 6

A lle n : 6 0 6 - 8 7 2 - 8 0 7 2 ŸJ o n : 6 0 6 - 3 0 5 - 8 8 5 9

Schedule of Events CowinCountry News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association Friday, May 12, 2017 Cattle Arrive/Check Friday May 12, 2017, 6:30 pm Annual Dinner and Membership Meeting (Sale Facility) Consignors and buyers welcome.


A ngus - The B us iness B reed K E N TU CK Y A N G U S A SO 2016-

KY Angus Association Membership Application Name:____________________________________________ Farm Name:_______________________________________ Address:__________________________________________ City:__________________State:_______ Zip:___________ Phone: Bus-_______________________________________ Res-_____________________________________________ Email:___________________________________________

Return to: Anne DeMott 1220 Angus Trail • Lexington, KY 40509 Annual Dues $35

Contact Anne DeMott to pay for your Kentucky Angus Association dues! 1 • BOYD BEEF CATTLE 6077 Helena Rd. Mayslick, KY 41055 Charlie Boyd II: 606-584-5194 • Blake Boyd: 606-375-3718 • email:

2 • BRANCH VIEW ANGUS 927 Old Liberty Pike • Hustonville, KY 40437 859/238-0771 • James S. & LuAnn Coffey Donald & Donna Coffey Evelyn Hoskins Annual Production Sale- 2nd Saturday in April

3 • BURKS CATTLE CO. 531 Rick Rd. Park City, KY 42160 Eddie Burks • 270-991-6398

4 • BURTON & SONS ANGUS Joe D. or Karen Burton Ÿ Bryan Carman, Partner, Ridgeview Angus 480 Hominy Hill Rd. Nancy, KY 42544 Joe: 606-305-3081 Ÿ Bryan: 606-875-3453



K Y A ngu s e

e de T im Jeffries Ÿ C amner, K Y e de G il R ay C ow les Ÿ e e A nne DeM ott Ÿ L exi ngton, K Y 7 • COFFEY ANGUS FARMS 661 Hopewell Road Liberty, KY 42539 Matt Coffey - (270) 799-6288 Dewey Coffey - (606) 787-2620 Genetics for Maximum Profitability since 1984 8 • D&D LONGVIEW ANGUS Danny & Debbie Burris 550 Willie Nell Road Columbia, KY 42728 270-348-5766 • 270-250-3701 • 270-250-1277

9 • EAGLE REST PLANTATION Jimmy Don Robinson 7665 Paducah Road Kevil, KY 42053 270-462-2150

17 • MUD RIVER ANGUS 10 Oak Hill Drive Russellville, KY 42276 Wayne Johnson 270/303-6354 Gary Johnson 270/498/7208



10 • FALL CREEK ANGUS 448 Corder Farm Road Monticello, KY 42633 Ronnie Corder 606/348-6588 11 • HAINES ANGUS FARMS 5294 Park City- Glasgow Rd. Park City, KY 42160 Kenneth Haines, Jr. 270/749-8862

6 • CLAIREBROOK FARMS, LLC BLUE RIDGE CATTLE PO Box 192, Carlisle, KY 40311 Paul B. Mulhollem, 859/289-7019 Chad Daugherty, 217/369-0466 Watch for our consignments in upcoming KY sales!


19 • OLD BARK FARM 370 Ferrill Hill, Buffalo, KY 42716 Kenley Conner 270/358-8057 Registered Angus Cattle

R ic h a 1 2 4 0 H o m e r s ta llo

rd a D o g - (2 n s @

n d G le n d a S ta llo n s w o o d K e lly R o a d H o p k in s v ille , K e n tu c k y 4 2 2 4 0 7 0 ) 8 8 5 - 4 3 5 2 C e ll- ( 2 7 0 ) 8 3 9 - 2 4 4 2 b e lls o u th .n e t

22 • ANNE PATTON SCHUBERT 4040 Taylorsville Rd • Taylorsville, KY 40071 Phone: (502) 477-2663 • Fax: (502) 477-2637 Gordon Schubert, Cowboy

13 • HIGHVIEW FARMS 827 West Main Street Campbellsville, Kentucky 42718 Ben T. Cox DVM 270-469-5517 Registered Angus Cattle

23 • SHAW FAMILY ANGUS Jim & Cathy Shaw 935 Miller Road • Hodgenville, KY 42748 Cell: 270-769-8260 Quality Registered Angus Cattle since 1975


W illia m N . O ffu tt IV 3 7 9 0 P a r is R o a d G e o r g e to w n , K Y 4 0 3 2 4 P h o n e : (8 5 9 ) 5 3 3 -2 0 2 0 E m a il: m ille r s r u n fa r m @ a o l.c o m W e b s ite : w w w .m ille r s r u n fa r m .c o m Heifers for sale


20 • PLEASANT HILL FARMS Gil, Mary, Corbin, Caroline, and Catherine Cowles 500 Rockfield Richpond Road Rockfield, KY 42274 270/843-9021 • Fax 270/843-9005 Located 7 miles west of Bowling Green, 1/2 mile off Hwy 68/80 21 • RAGS ANGUS FARM

12 • HERITAGE FARM Tom McGinnis 1024 Hinkle Lane • Shelbyville, KY 502-633-1634, home • 502-633-5100, work 502-655-0164, cell

14 • HILL VIEW FARMS Jimmy Gilles 5160 Lee Rudy Road Owensboro, KY 42301 Located 15 mi. W of Somerset 270/686-8876 Bulls & females sold private treaty. Inquiries Welcome. Sell only what we would buy. 270/929-5370 5 • CARDINAL HILL FARMS 15 • JOHNSON FARMS ANGUS 405 Cedar Grove Rd. • Glasgow, KY 42141 Angus Bulls & Females Mike Elmore: (270) 404-6589 Slaughters, KY Bob Johnson: ( 270 ) 427-1410 Keith: 270-635-0723 www. Reese: 270-635-1137

4 K

18 • FOUR KINGS ANGUS 250 Bright Leaf Dr. • Harrodsburg, KY 40330 Cary & Kim King Email: Cary Cell - 859-613-3734 • Colby Myers - Purebred Manager



24 • SMITHLAND ANGUS FARM 5202 East Hwy 80, Russell Springs, KY 42642

Charles “Bud” & Pam Smith 270/866-3898 Henry & Melissa Smith 270/866-2311 25 • ST. CLAIR FARMS REGISTERED ANGUS Eric & Sherry St. Clair 13433 Falls of Rough Road • Falls of Rough, KY 40119 (H) 270-257-2965 (C) 270-617-1079 Performance Tested Bull & Female Sale April2016

26 • TWIN CREEK FARM Shawn, Melissa, Devin & Dylan Gibson 270/337-3072 or 270/692-5304 Dennis & Emily 270/337-2128 or 270/402-4338 Watch for us in Branch View Production Sale in April

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

CPH-45... Let it Work for You!


Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association 859.278.0899 Kevin Laurent UK Ext. Associate 270.365.7541 x 226

Tim Dietrich KDA Beef Marketing Specialist 502.782.4109 Supported with Kentucky Agriculture Development Funds

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Roy , J es s ic a a nd Coop er Ca na da


6 0 0 Cu m b erla nd Driv e • M orehea d, K Y 4 0 3 5 1 8 5 9 -2 2 7 -7 3 2 3 racekan n o n @ h o tm ail. co m

A tten tio n K en tucky J un io rs !

K J SA Sta te Show

to e held une & 4, 201 elson County Fairgrounds ardstown, KY



Sw ai n Sel ec t Si mmental

G reen V alley D r. • Loui sv ille, K Y 4023

fred erick sw ain@ b ellsou • w w w .sw

F r e d & Ph y l l i s 5022 45- 386 5029-5 4560

Ch i & An gi e 5027-4 729 50287-2 12 16

atch the Cow Country ews for more information. 1 156 B

Kentucky immental resident Derek ingle 502 -845-2 589 ice res ohnny oore 2 70-43 4-4616

f cers

ecretary Lori raves 859-481-8143 reasurer onya hilli s 606-584-2 579

K E N T U C K Y SI M M E N T A L A SSO C I A T I O N MEMBERSHIP APPLICATION NAME ___________________________ ____________ FARM NAME__________________________________ ADDRSS_____________________________________ CITY_________________STATE_____ ZIP__________ PHONE (BUSINESS)___________________________ (HOME)______________________________________


C al l or vi si t one of th ese Si mmental b reed ers f or c attl e th at w ork !

w w w .k entu c k ys i mmental .c om

J udy and R ondal D aw son uz z ard R oost R oad hS e lby v ille, K Y 4065 5025931365 j rdaw son22@ out look .com


Ratliff Cattle Company

100 Carpenter Ridge Salyersville KY, 41465 Jim Ratliff 606.496-6522

“UNBELIEVABULL SIMMENTALS” Graves Grandview Simmental Farm imothy raves 560 Rudd Lane ring eld, KY 40069 59 4 1 954

Brian & Heather Swain 3906 Pottertown Road Murray, KY 42071 270-293-4440

S immental and S imA ngus B ulls for S ale 1 9 3 9 H u n te rto w n R o a d V e r s a ille s , K Y 4 0 3 8 3 B ulls for S ale C hris A llen 8 5 9 -3 5 1 -4 4 8 6 callenuk y@

Send a pl ication to: T onya P hillips , 8190 Stonelick R d . M aysv ille, K Y 41056 M embe rship F ee is $25.00 WAYWARD HILL FARM

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

D r. H enry A llen 8 5 9 -2 2 9 -0 7 5 5



that your checkoff dollars achieve marketing directives that inspire consumer confidence in beef? “The beef checkoff helps us do a better job of connecting with consumers. On my own, I can’t do all the market research and message development needed to keep beef ‘top of mind’ with consumers, retailers, nutritionists, and others who influence beef consumption. By working together, our investment really can impact our bottom line by maintaining beef demand.” While you and Brian are managing your cattle businesses, your checkoff is influencing consumers’ behavior and confidence in purchasing beef.

Bri a n Mede iros Dairy and beef producer Funded by the Beef Checkoff.

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Kentucky Hereford Association e

P reside nt: V ince P oppl ew ell P reside nt-elect: L .W . B eckley Secretary/ T reasur er: E arlene T homas 859-623- 5734 thomasep@ roadr unne r.c om

K H A I nvi tes any H eref ord B reed er to B ec ome a M emb er! Due s are $25. S end t o 2396 U nion C ity R d. R ichmond, K Y 40475

U p c omi ng E e

ed e e d e e M ay 1 1, 0172 C ontac t: L ow el l A tw ood 6069145

Dale & Connie Lisembee 1 2 9 4 7 J ohnson M ill R d. C rofton, K Y

Cell: 270-889-7116 Home: 270-424-5541


tate Sh ow / Ju ni or P revi ew Sh ow Ju ne 2n d & 3r d H orse C ave , K Y B u rl ey F i el d s L i ve stoc k C enter M ore d etai l s w i l l f ol l ow .

Joe B. Gray 10787 New Bowling Green Road Smiths Grove, KY 52171

4 3 9 F la tw o B o b b y & B 6 0 6 -5 2 3 -0 6 0 6 -3 4 4 -0 w e lls _ fa r m

U nde rw ood F arms

P ol l ed H eref ord and Gel b vi eh C attl e 3459 K Y H w y. 1284 E . C ythiana, K Y 41031 ( 859) 234 -6956 Ben, J ane, S helby a nd L incoln

R egistered P olled H erefords V itaFerm Dealer Doug & Darrelyn U nde rw ood 1883 O ld M

ac R oad • C ampbe

( 270)

llsvi lle, K Y 42718


Thomas Farm

Eric & Ronnie Thomas 2396 Union City Rd. Richmond, KY 40475 (859) 623-5734 • Eric’s Cell (859) 314-8256 “Cattle for sale at all times”


Registered Polled Herefords Bulls & Females for sale Tim & Peggy Wolf 12939 Peach Grove Rd. Alexandria, KY 41001 Home: 859-635-0899 Ÿ Cell: 859-991-3484

Peyton’s Well Polled Herefords o o o d , K h o 5 5


d F a m ily D r iv e

m e /fa x c e ll

Victor- influenced cattle bred for performance on grass.

“Black cows need a good Hereford Bull”

B E C K L E Y H E R E FO R D S L.W. Beckley D.V.M L. Wayne Beckley 284 Pyrse Lane 1420 Fitchburg Rd. Irvine, KY 40336 Ravenna, KY 40472 Cell: 859-779-1419 Home: 606-723-3021 Clinic: 606-726-0000 Cell: 859-779-0962


Wells Farm

C o d e e G u ffe y • 1 8 1 5 G r a s s y S p r in g s R o a d V e r s a ille s , K e n tu c k y 4 0 3 8 3 P h o n e : 5 0 2 -5 9 8 -6 3 5 5 E m a il: r o c k r id g e h e r e fo r d s @ g m a il.c o m w w w .r o c k r id g e h e r e fo r d s .c o m


2017 S

Contact Earlene Thomas for more information: 859-623- 5734 Ÿ w w w .ke ntuc kyhereford.or g


T h e L o w e ll A tw 1 3 3 E d g e w o S ta n fo rd (6 0 6 ) 3 6 5 -2 5 2 0 (6 0 6 ) 6 6 9 -1 4

ve nts:

Boyd Beef Cattle

5035 Main Street • Mayslick, KY 41055 Charlie Boyd II · 606-584-5194 Annual Bull Sale second Saturday in March Hereford and Angus Bulls

T K 4H

eref ord s

T ony & K athy Stapl es 992 K notts R oad Brande nbur g, K Y 40108 270- 422- 4220 tstapl es@ bt el.c om

o d re 5 6 4 1 @

s n 7

9 y



MPH Farms


Jackson Farms

R egistered P olled H erefords 8103 Bill M oss R oad • W hite H ous e, T N 37188 H ome/ Fax: 615-672- 4483 C ell: 615-478-4483 bi lly@ j acksonfarms.c om ® “F ar m i n g t h e Sam e Lan d S i n c e 1834”

Registered Polled Herefords Monty G. Hancock 7300 KY 56 Owensboro, KY 42301 270-771-4118

Paul L. Hankcock 8559 KY 56 Owensboro, KY 42301 270-771-4194

C h amb l i ss H eref ord Farms B rad , C arl a, C l ay an d C l i nt C h amb l i ss 916 W i nc h ester B l vd . E l i z ab eth tow n, K Y 42701 H ome ( 270) 9823905 • C el l ( 270) 68 - 7126 fax 270- 735-9922 w w w .c hambl issherefordf arms.c om

WCN Polled Herefords Since 1961

B ill & L 2 2 2 0 C e lin a R o a d P h o n e (2 7 0 ) 4 3 3 -7 2 “ E v e r y c a lf n e

Pile Stock Farm

ib B 5 e

b y N u rk e 6 C e d s a

o r r is s v ille , K Y 4 2 7 1 7 ll ( 2 7 0 ) 4 3 3 - 1 5 2 5 w h ite fa c e ”

Sweet T Farm

Registered Polled Herefords

Hansell Pile, Jr. 12045 St. John Rd. Cecilia, KY 42724 270-735-5192•270-862-4462 12 miles West of Elizabethtown

Windy Hills Farm Jackie D. Perkins II 367 Mt. Pisgah Rd. • Bremen, KY 42325 270-543-3586 Breeding to produce good cows since 1981.


P o lle d H e r e fo r d s F r o z e n C a m p R o a d • C o r b in , K Y 4 0 7 0 1 K e v in , A n g e la , d a W e lls K e n le a & K y le r M u r r a y - H o m e 6 0 6 -5 2 8 -1 6 9 1 - H o m e - C e ll 6 0 6 - 6 8 2 - 8 1 4 3 - C e ll a h o o .c o m

Pete & Gayla Szak 1040 Hick Hardy Rd. Cynthiana, KY (859) 484-2265

Bulls • Heifers • Show Calves



TS TS Tucker Stock Farms F F

“ R e g is te r e d A n g u s a n d P o lle d H e r e fo r d s ”


“Breeding Polled Herefords for over 58 Years” John Tucker “Registered Angus and Polled “Registered AngusHerefords” andIIPolled Herefords” Breeding cattle for sale at all times. 1790 Hidden Valley Lane John A. Tucker II John A. Tucker II Hudson, KY 40145 1999 Walnut Hill Rd. • Lexington, KY “Registered 40515 HiddenHerefords” Valley Lane 1790 Hidden Valley Lane Angus and 1790 Polled 270-617-0301 Hudson, KY 40145 Hudson, KY 40145 (859) 271-9086 • cell (859)533-3790 (270) 257-8548 (270) 257-8548

TUCKER STOCK FARMS Offi 257-8167 Office for (270) 257-8167 John A. Tucker IIce (270) “Bulls always Sale”

Pop p lew ell’ s Heref ords

Re g i st e r e d He r e f o r d & An g u s F a r m

Service A ge B u lls O p en and B red F emales F or Sale V ince, Tracy & A lex H ome ( 2 70) 866-4480 152 6 Clearfork R d. Cell ( 2 70) 566-1852 R u ssell Sp rings, K Y 42 642

O A l H d A & F K H a A l m l e Cm b e r r e • P e r o k v e n F b l o a o d r l i m n e s s

1790 Hidden18-month-old Valley 18-month-old AngusLane & Polled Hereford Bulls For Sale Angus & Polled Hereford Bulls For Sale Hudson, KY 40145 (270) 257-8548 Office (270) 257-8167

Polled Hereford Bulls For Sale P r i v a t e t r e a t y s a l e s • V i s i t o r s 18-month-old a l w a y s w e l c o m e Angus & LINEBRED LINEBRED VICTOR DOMINO CATTLE VICTOR DOMINO CATTLE

1 8 7 4 O ld F a ll C r e e k R o a d • M o n tic e llo , K Y 4 2 6 3 3

R eed B ertram 606-3 48-7486 D avid B ertram 606-2 78-3 63 0 w w w . ofcfarms. com

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

Multi-Trait Multi-Trait Selection Selection Fertility Disposition

Danny Miller

Fertility Calving Ease Calving Ease Disposition Milking Ability Milking Ability 4850 Ridge Rd. 4850 Caldwell RidgeCaldwell Rd. Knifley, KY 42753 Knifley, KY 42753 270-465-6984 270-465-6984

270-465-6984 • 270-566-2694


Longevity in the Cow Herd productive to stay in the herd. Longevity might simply be due to the absence of problems. Everyone probably has different reasons and different levels of tolerance for culling cows and bulls in ----------------their herds. My philosophy is probably University of Kentucky a little different, too. Most often, cows Extension Beef Specialist are culled for reproductive reasons. You don’t have to be a “rocket scientist” to figure out that open cows don’t make ongevity can be defined many any profit. I always cull cows that are open different ways by beef producers. (nonpregnant) at “preg checking” time. We However, I’ll just use the can argue that it might be more economical definition – how long a beef cow or to keep a barren cow a year than to purchase bull stays in your herd. They may leave a replacement heifer but I choose to keep your herd for a variety of reasons but every pressure on the cow herd to be productive. time it happens it represents a significant Reproduction isn’t a highly heritable trait but expense to your operation. This is generally selecting cows and heifers that are productive the difference in their salvage value and what it costs to replace them. However, you could in our particular environment is a good longpossibly be replacing an inferior animal with term goal. One of the first things that effects one that is more profitable. That is what we longevity in our herd is disposition. I believe hope for. in eliminating problems as soon as they A cow doesn’t have to be highly

Dr. Roy Burris


appear. A crazy cow or bull is a liability and needs a dose of “trailermycin”! Calves are evaluated every time they go through the chute and bulls are selected based on their disposition (or docility scores). Docile animals generally perform better and create fewer problems. Thus, docility does affect longevity. There are enough things that can go wrong in your cow herd without selecting rogue animals. How long should a good cow stay in the herd? I love getting heifer calves out of old commercial cows and both bull and heifer calves out of old purebred cows. If a cow calves every year and is in her “teens”, she is special. I want to keep her as long as I can – but she needs to still have some salvage value and be suitable for marketing. I remember two Brangus cows in our herd here – G5 and G6. G5 was a nice specimen and went directly into the “purebred” group. G6 was not as good looking (to me) and went into the commercial herd. After a few years, G5



















































































COWS wts.




























Feeder cattle prices were mixed from $2 lower to $2 higher this week. Calves were steady to $1 lower. Market cows were $1 higher this week. -Ethan Oberst

was gone but G6 had bred on the first heat every year. She then went into the purebred group and we still have bulls and cows that are her descendants. “Broken” or “smoothmouthed” animals need to be evaluated but as long as they are pregnant and in good body condition, it is great to generate one more heifer from that “ole cow”. Udder problems will get cows on our list, too. We select for clean, tight udders with small teats and cull those that are appear to be problematic. Heavy milking cows with pendulous udders and large teats are difficult for a newborn calf to nurse and that initial intake of colostrum milk is critical to their health. These udders also tend to be “dirtier” and can cause more scours. I don’t care to “milk-out” cows when they calve – you are just perpetuating a problem. Eye problems (like cancer-eye) and any type of lameness will also cause problems and affect longevity. Be on the look-out constantly (especially in bulls) for abnormal hoof growth (like screw-claw). These problems seem to appear frequently now days and should be culled for and selected against. Lack of production, poor production or inferior quality of calves can be reasons for culling cows and bulls. I am of the opinion that your best source of breeding stock (other than your own herd) is from producers that have been vigilant over many years in culling rigorously and selecting problem free animals. When purchasing a new bull this spring, ask to see his grandmother. If she is still in the herd after several years, his odds are better too. Longevity and “stay ability” are traits of economic importance in our cow herds.

TIMELY TIPS FOR APRIL Spring Calving Cow Herd

•Prevent grass tetany! Provide magnesium in the mineral mix until daytime temperatures are consistently above 60oF. Mineral supplement should be available at all times and contain a minimum of about 14 percent magnesium. Make sure that your mineral mix also Cont’d on pg.

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association



April 6 KBN Fenceline Feeding System Field Day, Owenton, KY, See ad on pg. 97 April 6 Woodford Feed Company Mineral & Animal Health Workshop, Midway, KY, See ad on pg. 59 April 8 Cowboy Up for a Cure Rodeo, Kentucky Horse Park, See ad on pg. 79 April 8 Chuck Marshall Real Estate & Auctions Equipment Consignment Auction, Flemingsburg, KY, See ad on pg. 63 April 21 EKU Open House, See ad on pg. 26 April 21 Chatel Farms Feeding Facility Showcase, Reidsville, GA, See ad on pg 29 May 9 KBN Fenceline Feeding System Field Day, Owenton, KY, See ad on pg. 97 June 9-10 KJCA Leadership Camp


March 27 Solid Rock Angus 2nd Annnual Bull Sale, Winchester,KY, March 27 Oak Hollow First Choice Bull Sale, Smiths Grove, KY April 1 Grassy Valley Angus Annual Production Sale, Greeneville, TN April 1 Buckner & Jeffries Angus Opportunity Sale, Cammer, KY April 1 Wye Angus Annual Sale, Queenstown, MD April 4 St. Clair Registered Angus Annual Production Sale, Falls of Rough, KY, See ad on pg. 23

AD INDEX ABS Global 55 AG SPRAY 65 Agri Financial 14 Accelerated Genetics 12 Allison Charolais 77 Alma Hopkins(Rector Hayden) 99 Amburgey Charolais Farm 32 Arnett’s Trailer Sales 59 Arrow Cattle Co. 43 B & L Farm Cattle Company 60 Bayer Animal Health 53 Black Gold Genetics 71 Blue Grass Stockyards 31 Branch View Angus 112 Bridgeview Angus Farm 9 Bromagen Commodities 26 Burkmann Feeds 32, 77 Bush Hog 42 Byron Seeds 75 CKAA Annual Spring Sale 5 CPC Commodities 63 CPH 45 State Ad 103 Cardinal Hill Farms 110 Cargill 11 Central Farm Supply 2, 30 108

April 8 Branch View Angus Sale, Hustonville, KY, See ad on pg. 112 April 8 Crazy K Ranch Annual Sale, Michie, TN April 10 Grass Time Partners Annual Bull/Female Sale, Mt. Sterling, KY, See ad on pg. 41 April 15 CKAA Spring Sale, Danville, KY, See ad on pg. 5 April 21 Rock Ridge Farms Bull Sale, Lawrenceburg, KY, See ad on pg. 45 April 22 GMAA Spring Sale, Shelbyville, KY, See ad on pg. 3 April 22 Upper Cumberland Angus Association Spring Time Select Sale, Cookeville, TN, See ad on pg. 39 April 22 Windy Hill Angus and Guests Production Sale, Boaz, AL, See ad on pg. 76 April 23 Quintin Smith Family/Craig more/Lanning and Guests Angus Sale, Lebanon, TN, See ad on pg. 57 April 27 Great Meadows Spring Sale, Shelbyville, KY April 29 Black Gold Genetics Female Production Sale, Crestwood, KY, See ad on pg. 71 April 30 Bridgeview Angus Sale, Frankfort, KY, See ad on pg. 9

April 22 Amburgey Charolais Farm Bull & Female Sale, Mt. Sterling, KY, See ad on pg. 32 October 7 Spirit of the Bluegrass Sale, See ad on pg. 63



April 1 DeBruycker Charolais Bull Sale, Great Falls, Montana April 15 Central KY Charolais Classic, Bowling Green, KY, See ad on pg. 73

Central KY Charolais Sale 73 Central KY Premier Heifer Sale 77 Chuck Marshall Auction 63 Collins Farms 62 Cool Springs Creek Farm 13 CowCo 64 Crimson Classic Sale 60 Dievert Sales Service 71 Dogwood Farm 83 Dow Agro/Mosaic 33 FPL Food, LLC 29 Four Kings Angus 47 Genex 69 Gerber Land & Cattle 58 Glenview Farms 47 GrassTime Partners Sale 41 Great Meadows Angus Assn. 3, 67 Green Oaks Farm 54 Green River Fence 47 Hayes Trailer Sales 13 Heritage Farms 56 Indiana Beef Evaluation Program 22 J & D Kerstiens 58 John Deere 19 Keeney Angus 77 Kentucky Angus 102 Kentucky Charolais Association 98 Kentucky Gelbvieh Association 100


March 31 J&D Kerstiens Gelbvieh Auction, Huntingburg, IN, See ad on pg. 58


April 1 Burns Farms Annual Female Event & Spring Bull Sale, Pikeville, TN April 22 Middle TN Hereford Assn. Annual Sale, Cross Plains, TN, See ad on pg. 7 May 11 KY Certified Hereford Influence Sale, Blue Grass South June 2-3 KHA State Show, Horse Cave, KY, See ad on pg. 106


April 1 Laurel Co. Cattlemen’s 5th Annual Commercial Open Heifer Sale, London, KY May 6 Ohio Valley Spring Sale, Mineral Wells, WV, See ad on pg. 59 April 8 Knoll Crest’s Total Performance Bull Sale, Red House, Virginia, See ad on pg. 25 April 11 Gerber Right Kind Sale, Richmond, Indiana

Kentucky Hereford Association 106 Kentucky Hoop Barns 66 Kentucky Prime Realty 18 Kentucky Salers Association 89 Kentucky Simmental Association 104 Knoll Crest Farm 25 Kuhn North America 35 LG Seeds 49 Limestone Farm 53 Limousin Breeders of the Bluegrass101 McBurneys Livestock & Equipment 65 Mid South Ag LLC 66 Middle TN Hereford Assoc. 7 Minerich Land & Cattle Co. 61 MultiGen 61 Neat Steel 61 Norbrook 36, 37 Oak Hollow 7 Ohio Valley Limousin Association 59 P.H. White 69 Paris Stockyards 4 Peck Farm Supply 34 Performance Feeds 75 Priefert 30 Quality Cover Buildings 68 Quintin Smith Family Angus 57 Reality Farms LLC 48

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

April 14 Bull & Female Sale, Albany, KY, See ad on pg. 52 April 20 IBEP Bull Sale, See ad on pg. 22 April 22 Family Traditions Sale, Auburn, KY, See ad on pg. 15 May 6 Timberland Cattle Spring Female Cattle Sale, Vernon, AL, See ad on pg. 55 May 23 West Kentucky Select Bred Heifer Sale, Guthrie, KY, See ad on pg. 4 June 3 Central KY Premier Heifer Sale, Lebanon, KY, See ad on pg. 77

Polled Shorthorn

March 18 The Gathering 2017 at Waukaru Farm, Rensselaer, IN

Red Angus

April 1 “The Andras Kind” Red Angus Bull Sale, Manchester, IL April 1 SERAA Grasstime Auction, Cullman, AL April 8 Mountaineer Red Angus Classic, Jackson’s Mill, WV, See ad on pg. 70

Santa Gertrudis

April 29 Crimson Classic Sale, Cullman, AL, See ad on pg. 60 May 13 Santa Gertrudis Breeders of the Carolinas Sale, Chester, SC, See ad on pg. 101


April 1 Bulls of the Bluegrass Sale, Mount Sterling, KY June 3-4 KJSA State Show, Bardstown, KY, See ad on pg. 104

Ridley (Crystalyx) Rock Ridge Angus Santa Gertrudis Breeders of the Carolinas Silver Stream Shelters Silver Towne Farms Southeastern Farm Supply St. Clair Farms Stone Gate Farms Sugar Creek Red Angus Sullivan Charolais Sunset View Tarter Gate The Lemily Group Timberland Cattle Tru Test UCAA Spring Time Select Sale United Producers West Virginia Red Angus Assn. Walters Buildings West KY Select Bred Heifer Sale Willis Farms Windy Hill Angus Woodford Feed Co. Y-Tex Zoetis

50 45 101 35 52 111 23 13 10 63 15 27 8 55 26 39 65 70 32 4 47 76 59 21 74

Cow Country Classifieds T o p lace a Classif ied call 859/ 278- 0899

Lost Bridge Cattle Company

L ives to ck H aulin g Indiana Kentucky Ohio Tennessee 513-678-1042 Ryan Gries

PERFORMANCE TESTED PUREBRED ANGUS BULLS FOR SALE Call 270/202-7186 for more info or check out for current availability. ANGUS BULLS FOR LEASE Low birthweight Registered Angus & Charolais bulls for lease. Starting at $350. McCrory Farms, Benton, KY 270-527-3767 FOR SALE 19-20 month old Polled Hereford bulls Good selection. Low birthweight, medium frame. JMS Polled Herefords, Knifley, KY 270-465-6984 ACH HOLDINGS - HAYNES FARMS Fullblood, Purebred Limousin Cattle & Bulls, Embryos, Semen & Seedstock Stephen Haynes - 270-799-8685 760 Emily Court Bowling Green, KY 42101 Facebook: ACHH LIMOUSIN HEREFORD BULLS Low birth weight and high growth. BSE Tested. 18 months old. Sweet T Farm. 859-684-1509 CHAROLAIS BULLS FOR SALE Harmon Charolais 812-738-7958 Performance tested All Breeds Bulls 812-279-8554


Jeff, Michelle Nolan Pettit 5745 US HWY 41 SOUTH, SEBREE, KY 42455 270-836-2963 • JP@DIAMONDPCATTLE.COM


WOLF FARMS Registered polled Hereford bulls for sale. A.I. sired. Excellent EPD’s. Semen-tested. Backed with 30 years of total A.I. breeding. Tim Wolf. 859-991-3484 REGISTERED GELBVIEH BULLS 6 registered Gelbvieh bulls. Passed BSE. Ready for service. 14-20 months old. Calving ease, low birth weight, docile bulls. Starting price at $2,250. Trent Jones. 270-590-5266 REGISTERED HORNED AND POLLED HEREFORD BREEDING STOCK See Middle TN Hereford Assn’s ad on Pg. 7 for more info. STOLTZFUS SPREADERS Lime/Chicken Litter/Fertilizer Leo TMR Mixers- Manure Spreaders JD-6400-4wd-loader-platform $24,995 Schulte 20 ft cutter - FX520 $19,350 Call Charlie @ 859-608-9745 REGISTERED BLACK ANGUS & CHAROLAIS BULLS Angus AI Sires include 10X & 5050. 18-20 months old. $2800 each. Charolais bulls AI Sires include Gridmaker & WR Wrangler. 18-24 month old. $2800 each David Sandusky 270-692-7793

$15 f or 4 lines and $5 f or each ad d itional line

Registered Red Angus Bulls For Sale • Free Delivery

Four Winds Farm New Castle, KY

502-296-1044 ANGUS HEIFER & COWS Bred to calve in fall. First calf heifers, second calf heifers, and older cows. Pre-checked. Rand Angus Farms 502-639-4085 LIMOUSIN, ANGUS & LIM-FLEX BULLS & FEMALES FOR SALE HB Farms Midway, KY Greg Blaydes (859) 338-9402 James Hicks (859)227-0490 REGISTERED BLACK SIMMENTAL HEIFERS & REGISTERED SIMMENTAL BULLS Michael Reynolds, 270-842-2205 RED ANGUS FOR SALE Bulls: Yearlings and 2 year olds, Open and Bred Heifers Contact: Johnnie Cundiff 606-3056443 or 606-871-7438 SORTING POLES-PADDLES-FLAGS Poles with your 8” decal. $5.70 each per 50. Sorting flag, $10.50. Sorting paddles $9. Kerndt Livestock Products. 800-207-3115

A dair Cou nty, K Y G reen R iver L ake Cattle & H orse F A R M S @ A B SO L U TE A U CTI O N Sat, A p ril 8th @ 10 A M CD T 2 82 A cres, m/ l, in M u ltip le Tracts & Comb inations, w / 2 H ou ses, B arns, & Sp rings! D onnie & Su e B u rton Prop erty 2 70-3 84-1111 G oldenR u leA u ction. com Ch ris W ilson, A u ctioneer CALL US TODAY! Call Jacob Redway today to advertise to over 10,000 cattle producers in Kentucky. The Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association offers print and digital options. Call us at 859-278-0899.

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Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


Cardinal Hill Farms

Spring Fling

Private Treaty Bull & Female Sale Service Age Performance Bulls and Bred Heifers w/ Outstanding EPD’s sired by:

Ten X • C C & 7 • Consensus • Conversion • Liberty Trust Rock Star • Stud & more!

CHF Lady Consensus 1516 CHF Forever Lady 1532

CHF Hilltopper 1517

CHF Mandate 1066

Pu t a C a rd ina l H il l b u l l in y ou r p a stu re, a nd “ R est E a sy ” ! M i k e E l more ( 2 7 0 ) 4 0 4 - 6 5 8 9 B ob J oh nson ( 2 7 0 ) 4 2 7 - 1 4 1 0 4 0 5 C ed ar Grov e R d . Gl asg ow , K Y 4 2 1 4 1 mi k e@ c ard i nal h i l l f arms. c om w w w . c ard i nal h i l l f arms. c om Be sure to check out our entries in the CKAA and GMAA Spring Sales. 110


Cont’d o


contains adequate selenium, copper and zinc. You can ask your feed dealer about the UK Beef IRM High Magnesium Mineral. •Watch cows and calves closely. Save every calf (you can cull/sell them later). Calves can be identified while they are young and easy to handle. Commercial male calves should be castrated and implanted. Registered calves should be weighed at birth. •Cows that have calved need to be on an adequate nutritional level to rebreed. Increase their feed after calving. Don’t let them lose body condition. •Don’t “rush to grass” although it can be really tempting. Be sure that grass has accumulated enough growth to support the cow’s nutritional needs before depending solely upon it. Cows may walk the pastures looking for green grass instead of eating dry feed. This lush, watery grass is not adequate to support them. Keep them consuming dry feed until sufficient grass is available to sustain body condition. We’ve spent too much money keeping them in good condition to lose it now! •Make final selection of heifer replacements. Consider vaccinating with a modified-live BVD vaccine. •Purchase replacement bulls at least 30 days prior to the start of the breeding season. Have herd bulls evaluated for breeding soundness (10-20% of bulls are questionable or unsatisfactory breeders). Get all bulls in proper condition for breeding. •If you are going to use artificial insemination and/or estrus synchronization, make plans now and order needed supplies and semen. •Prebreeding or “turn-out” working is usually scheduled for late April or May - between the end of calving season and before the start of the breeding season (while cows are open). Consult your veterinarian about vaccines and health products your herd needs. Make arrangements now for products needed and have handling facilities in good working order. Dehorn commercial calves before going to pasture.

Fall Calving Cow Herd

•You may let calves creep-graze wheat or

Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association

rye, if it is available. Calves will benefit from extra feed until spring grass appears. •Consult with your veterinarian about a preweaning working of the herd. •Pregnancy check cows now and cull open ones at weaning. •Reimplant feeders. •Plan marketing strategy for feeder calves.


•“Condition” purchased calves prior to grazing. They should be processed and fed a conditioning diet prior to being placed on pasture. You can also use this time to introduce them to electric fences which are used in rotational grazing. •Don’t go to pastures too soon, give plants some growing time. Then stock at two to three times the July rate and rotate rapidly. •Provide a good mineral supplement which contains a rumen modifier (Rumensin, Bovatec, etc.) along with adequate levels of copper and selenium. The UK Beef IRM Stocker mineral with Monensin will work well in this case.


•We’ve made a muddy mess this winter, so be prepared to reseed bare spots. •Get everything ready to make high quality hay in May! Have equipment serviced and spare parts on h a nd. O rder b a l er tw ine no w . Be p rep a red to h a rv est a n a deq ua te sup p l y o f h a y w h en y o u h a v e th e opportunity. Re-supply the extra hay that you fed out of the barn. This past winter caused most producers to exhaust their hay supply, so it’s time to re-stock. •Make plans to improve hay feeding areas to avoid muddy conditions like we have faced this winter. Consider geotextile fabric with gravel or concrete feeding pads. •Prepare for the grazing season. Check fences and make necessary repairs. Check your corral, too. •Plan now for fly control ... decide what fly control program that you will use but don’t put insecticide eartags on cattle until fly population appears.

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SOUTHEASTERN FARM SUPPLY 807 S Dixie Street, London, KY 40741 Phone: 606-864-6603 Toll Free: 800-692-7082 Cow Country News, April 2017, A publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association


APRIL 8, 2017 Hustonville, KY


Largest Angus Sale in Kentucky

100 bulls 80 femalES & 125 Commercial Females

Selling 200+ Females

BV Tour of Duty 5518 | Reg#18439444 • Top 15% WW, YW. Nine EPDs in the top 20% summarized with a top 5% $B. • Selling 10 paternal brothers.

EPD % Rank

CED +3 70

BW +2.9 85

WW +58 15

YW +104 15

MILK +32 4

$W +63.38 10

$F +71.66 10

$B +150.95 5

BV Prophet 5519 | Reg#18440483 • Powerful EPD profile with top 2% WW, 3% YW and 4% $W, 10% Doc, $QG and $F. • Selling 5 paternal brothers and 4 threequarter brothers.

EPD % Rank

CED +4 65

BW +2.2 75

WW +67 2

YW +115 3

BV Pinpoint 5565 | Reg#18438316 • Calving ease with top 10% $W and $B. Selling 7 paternal brothers.

EPD % Rank

CED +9 25

BW +1.2 50

WW +48 50

YW +91 35

MILK +32 4

$W +62.46 10

$F +50.53 35

$B +144.41 10

MILK +29 15

$W +67.03 4

$F +74.49 10

$B +108.21 50

BV 12E7 Rito 5534 | Reg#18439510 • Outstanding EPD profile with ten in the top 5% of the breed. Including top 1% WW, YW, CW, $F, and $B. 5534’s Pathfinder dam and her two Pathfinder sisters are three of the best cows we’ve owned. • 5534 jumped through all the numerical hoops, recording ratios of WW 117, YW 119, GR 131, IMF 141, and RE 110. Study his performance, he is a true breeding piece from a great cow family. • Selling 5 paternal brothers. EPD % Rank

CED -11 95

BW +5.3 95

WW +69 1

YW +128 1

MILK +29 15

$W 58.27 15

$F $B +100.08 +179.39 1 1

Sale book available now:

Guest Consignors:

Twin Creek Angus 270-337-2128 Joe D. Burton & Sons 606-305-3081

James S. Coffey 859-238-0771 Donald S. Coffey

Danny Smith 606-706-0355

Cow Country News - April 2017  

The Cow Country News is a monthly publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association. Highlighting the latest cattle news, sale information...

Cow Country News - April 2017  

The Cow Country News is a monthly publication of the Kentucky Cattlemen’s Association. Highlighting the latest cattle news, sale information...